Journal of International Multidisciplinary Academic Researches
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|1 THE PROBLEMS AND RESOLUTION ADVISORY RELATED THE SPORTS
PARKS BUILT BY THE LOCAL GOVERMENT
(MERSIN EXAMPLE), CansIn KÜLEKÇ? TATLI, Mehmet GÜNDO?DU
Aim of this study is to identify the problems related to sports parks built by local authorities in Mersin province and suggest solutions related to those problems. 166 participants who regularly used the sports parks built by local authorities in Mersin province participated in the study. A questionnaire that consisted of 28 questions 6 of which were demographic and 22 were close-ended questions was applied to the participants. Frequency analyses were used at SPSS 11.0 program to analyze the data of the study. Results of the study revealed that the users of these parks were women at middle or above-middle age, and as for their professional characteristics, housewives were the most frequent job group that used sports parks. The main reasons for using sports parks were pursuing a healthy life and weight control. It was also found out that the main reason for people to prefer sports parks was doing sports in open air and their being free of charge. Furthermore, some other findings on exercise types in these parks, their being sufficient in terms of health, and the rate of people benefitting from these parks were also obtained. Key words: Local authorities, sports, sports parks
|2 THE EFFECT OF LEADERSHIP STYLES OF SCHOOL PRINCIPALS ON
ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOURS OF TEACHERS, Bayram Ali YILDIRIM, Ahmet Cezmi SAVA?
The aim of this study was to find out the effect of leadership styles of school principals on organizational citizenship behaviors of teachers. Participants of the study were 125 preschool, class and branch teachers who were randomly selected. Data of the study were collected through Multifactor Leadership Scale and Organizational Citizenship Behaviors Scale. In order to find out the relationship among variables, multiple regression analysis was applied through SPSS 20 program. According to the results of this analysis, there was a positive relationship between overall average of leadership styles of school principals and organizational citizenship behaviors sub-dimensions and membership morality dimensions. Key words: Leadership, leadership styles, organizational citizenship behavior.
|3 PERCEIVED CONFLICT MANAGEMENT STYLES OF PRIMARY SCHOOL
PRINCIPALS AND STRESS LEVEL IT CAUSED ON TEACHERS: GAZ?ANTEP
?AH?NBEY COUNTY SAMPLE, Kerim YILDIZ
The aim of this study was to find out the effects of conflict management styles used by primary school administrators on stress levels of teachers. Participants of the study were 470 primary school teachers, 228 of whom were female and 242 male, working in ahinbey County of Gaziantep province. Data were collected through Rahim Organizational Conflict Inventory II - ROCI II, and they were analyzed by using SPSS 15.0 package program for Windows. Results of the study revealed that school principals used integration, appeasement, avoidance and negotiation styles at moderate level according to the perceptions of teachers. As for ruling styles, they used it at below-moderate level. Integration style used by principals was observed to cause more stress on teachers compared to other styles. Perceptions of female teachers on the usage of appeasement and negotiation styles were found to be statistically lower than male teachers (p0.05). In addition, perceived conflict management styles and stress level stemmed from conflict management styles did not reveal any significant difference in terms of age groups and education level of teachers (p>0.05). The correlation analysis between used conflict management and the stress level it caused on teachers showed that there was a significant relationship between used conflict management and stress level it caused on teachers. It can be derived from those findings that ruling style used by administrators in conflict management increased stress level of teachers at a statistically significant degree (p>0.05), as to the other conflict management styles, they decreased stress level of teachers. Key Words: Conflict, Conflict management, stress
|4 THE IMPORTANCE OF PLYOMETRIC TRAININGS IN DEVELOPMENT OF
JUMPING PERFORMANCES IN SPORTIVE GAMES, O?uz GÜRKAN
There are various factors affecting training and competition performances of athletes. Motoric characteristics the athletes have play an important role among these factors. Especially the motoric characteristics the athletes have peculiar to a branch of sports affect the results of a competition directly. Among these motoric characteristics, jumping force has a distinct role, as it is an important factor in winning a game both in team sports and individual sports. From this aspect, especially in sport branches that depend mainly on jumping performance, the development of jumping skills of athletes becomes crucial. Although there are various methods to develop jumping performances, especially the plyometric trainings are thought to have important positive effects. Results of various studies in literature support this idea. This study focused on jumping performance in sports and the importance of plyometric trainings in developing jumping performance. Key Words: Jumping, jumping force, plyometric training.
|5 EFFECTS OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND PARTICIPATION TO SPORTS ON
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT IN CHILDREN, Özkan KESK?N
The effects of participation to sports on general health have been well known. Through various studies in literature, it has been revealed that participation to sports has positive effects on physical, metabolic, psychological and spiritual health. In addition to benefits in terms of health, participation to sports provides some benefits in terms of social development as well. In this respect, in order to provide societies with socially developed individuals, physical education and participation to sports can be said to have an utmost effect. Especially children at younger ages are thought to be easy going and harmonious individuals in terms of social life provided that they are participated in sports activities at early ages. Having reviewed the literature in the field, it was seen that the number of studies focusing on the relationship between sports and socialization were plentiful, however, as to the number of studies investigating how much physical education and participation to sports activities effected social development in children, it was quite limited. In this framework, this study aimed to find out the effects of physical education and participation to sports on social development in children. Keywords: Physical education and sports, kids, socialization