Sovremenna? ?konomika: problemy, tendencii, perspektivy

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1 Clyster Policy in the Region, Lapygin Denys Yurevich
Part clarifies existing scenarios in the region to build innovative changes proposed by constructing a network of regional clusters. A specific of the region determines the list of possible clusters. Interaction between the clusters allows obtaining a synergistic effect which enhances the synergy of each cluster separately. Formation of a network of regional clusters creates a new situation in managing the economy of the region, when some of the powers of the regional administration in the coordination and management of the processes of socio - economic development of the region can take over management of a network of regional clusters.
2 Development of Competitive financial intermediation in the Context of Provision of non-inflationary Monetization of Economy, Davoyan Lidia
Article devoted to the problems of increasing the efficiency of financial intermediation in the context of provision of non-inflationary monetization of economy. As the recent global financial and economic crisis showed, the dilemma between the provision of the economy with sufficient money supply, especially with “long money” from one side and the provision of macroeconomic stability (what in tandem we call non-inflationary monetization) is the outstanding issue not only for transition and emerging economies, but also for mature economies. Within the article there was an attempt to find the mechanism and ways of solving the abovementioned problem mainly in transition and emerging markets. With this purpose the inflationary consequences of money supply growth in the conditions of underdeveloped financial institutes are revealed within the article as well as the concept of financial intermediation deepening in these economies is substantiated.
3 Investment of Pension Accumulation in Objects of State-Private Partnership, Linev Igor Viktorovich
In article the problem of “scissors” between excess liquidity of pension accumulation, and requirements of financing of projects of state-private partnership, with acceptable level of profitability and risk is investigated. Various options of overcoming of this gap on the basis of foreign and domestic experience are offered.
4 Relevance of Dividend to Profitability of Nigerian Firms, Ebiringa Oforegbunam Thaddeus Okoroegbe Chris Obi Henry Kenedunium
This paper established that dividend policy is relevant to firm profitability. A combination of ordinary least square and vector autoregressive (VAR) model was used in analyzing short and long run relationships between dividend policy of firms quoted in the Nigerian stock exchange and their profitability. The results show that capitalized dividend has significant positive effect on profitability in the short run, while dividend payout has significant positive effect in the long run. The paper recommends that management of firms must adopt flexible dividend policies that grant shareholders fair and equitable share of profits made in order to build and sustain investors’ confidence and trust on management. This is necessary for profitability and sustainable growth of firms.
5 Structural Problems of the Greek Economy and Policy Recommendations, Kotsios Panagiotis
The goal of the current article is to explore structural problems of the Greek economy and make policy recommendations. Greece is currently faced with large macroeconomic problems as a shrinking GDP, budget deficits, large accumulated national debt, high employment, poverty and a business sector faced with closures and job losses. Many foreign and domestic economists and politicians claim that these problems were created mainly due to low government revenues and high government expenses. Based on this belief, they propose and apply a set of policies that aim specifically at these two factors: decreasing government expenses e.g. through reducing civil servants and minimising health costs, and increasing government revenues e.g. by creating new taxes. This research assesses the effect of the previous factors on the economy, based on statistical comparisons with other European countries. Moreover, it uses comparisons in order to assess the effect that other factors may have on the economy, particularly the trade balance, industrial production and entrepreneurship.
6 Agricultural Production Cooperatives in Bulgaria – Evolution, Present Status, Problems and Possibilities for Development, Todorova Stela Atanasova
In the transition period of Central and Eastern European countries to market economy the cooperative enterprise appears a mean, which tries to fill the institution's vacuum in the rural sectors of these countries. In addition to the problems that the agricultural production cooperatives had faced in the socialist period, the new economic conditions created new ones that the cooperatives in the former socialist countries will have to overcome. The object of this paper is to examine the evolution of Agricultural Production Cooperatives during the transition from centrally planned to market economy, the problems standing in the way of their development, their advantages and shortcomings, restricted production structure imposed by the macroeconomic environment, as well as their opportunities to suit the country's economic conditions. The paper considers the current status of the Agricultural Production Cooperatives and generalizes the main problems referring to their organization and management, investment process, etc. The possibilities for overcoming these problems are also analyzed and conclusions are derived about the lines of their development.
7 Disadvantages and Tendencies of Development of the Personal Income Tax in the Russian Federation, Yaburova Dinara Vladimirovna
The article is devoted to the personal income tax in Russia, its disadvantages and tendencies of development. Tax burden on wages in Russia is compared with the tax burden on wages in France. The comparison is made by such parameters as the type of scale, tax rates, amount of contributions to the social funds and amount of tax deductions. This research indicated that it is necessary to reform the personal income tax in Russia. In this case improvement of social and demographic situation can be achieved and legalization of incomes increased.
8 About accounting Interpretation some margin Purchases, short Sales and financial Instruments Leading, Kolev Nikolay
It is axiomatically that financial markets are not only the most sensitive, but also the most dynamic. On these markets are born daily new financial instruments, and also die exhausted attractiveness instruments. This is an ongoing process that requires adequate changes in the accounting information system of banks. This manuscript presents some views on the necessary accounting interpretation of three attractive financial operations, namely: short sales; margin purchases; lending of financial instruments. Accounting interpretation in this article is limited to the current accounting entries and accounting valuation of shares in cases where they are subject to those three types of transactions.
9 Evaluation of the optimization Methods Impact on the Dimensions of the Sub-Processes, Dimitrov Ivan Tenev Yangyozov Petko Dimitrov
This research present the methodology, through which quantitative evaluation can be made of the rate of impact of each optimization method on the dimensions of the sub-processes within a business process. To that end, first of all the methods of optimization of the sub-processes, four of the most often used dimensions in the practice, as well as the four aspects of business optimization are presented. A classification scheme has been drafted which reflecting the impact of the optimization methods on the dimensions of the processes. Next, it describes the steps of ascertaining the type of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method which must be used - traditional AHP, triangular fuzzy AHP, trapezoidal fuzzy AHP or wide-trapezoidal fuzzy AHP, as well as of determining the membership function. Further, the entire methodology is presented through an algorithm built of three main blocks. The steps of performing the traditional and the fuzzified AHP methods are considered. The essence of functioning of the presented methodology is described.
10 Situation in the Region: Stakeholders Assessment, Lapygin Yuri Nickolaevich Lapygin Denis Yurevich
Strategy development in the region is important from the outset to involve in the process of analyzing the situation in the region, the main group effect on strategically important decisions taken, then decisions will be made consistent, and the implementation will take place with less resistance, as stakeholders will be able to harmonize and unify their positions from the start.
11 Increasing investments Activity of Population: Dynamics, Directions and Reserves, Fedyasheva Galiya Chara-Batirovna Kostyuchenko Anton Valerevich
The population of Uzbekistan is actively involved in the investment process from year to year, increasing their wealth by building a new modern housing, business development in manufacturing and services. However, despite the wide participation in the real investments, there are large reserves of free use of public funds in the form of investments in financial assets. In the medium term is necessary to take measures to raise public funds into the economy through the development of investment institutions such as the stock market, pensions and insurance.
12 Economic Content and Classification of Innovations, Pugina Larisa Ivanovna
The article clarifies the issues of economic contents of innovations and classification of innovations. There are two approaches to understanding innovation - narrow and wide. With a narrow approach innovations are identified with new appliances and with technology. Wide approach defines innovation as a new thing in a variety of areas (technical, production, management, financial, organizational and other areas). The paper classifies innovations in terms of the shape of their economic realization of innovation as a result of scientific thought, new ideas that do not have even the commodity form; innovative product as a commodity on the market , that is dedicated to selling innovation, innovation as implemented and used in the production of innovation.
13 Socially Responsible Business and Competitiveness in Serbia – Attitudes of Students, ?o?kalo Dragan ?or?evi? Dejan Bogeti? Sr?an Beši? Cariša
In this paper the authors attempt to point out the importance of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and its implementation in contemporary business. Also, the authors deal with competitiveness of enterprises, as well as activities that promote CSR in Serbia. Special significance is given to the review and analysis of research results of Serbian students’ (young population) attitudes on CSR and competitiveness. Throughout a three-year period the research has included 1,990 of examinees. Most of the surveyed examinees were the students from four universities and business schools directed towards business and management. The research has been conducted with the structured questionnaire. Among the other facts, the research has shown that a great number of examinees were not informed of CSR. Students experience the Serbian economy as uncompetitive and have identified several factors that are responsible for the lack in development of competitiveness.
14 VI National Interuniversity Scientific Conference “Science and Education in the Development of Industry, Social and Economic Spheres to the Russian Regions” within the all-Russian Scientific “Readings named after Zworykin”, Rodionova Elena Viktorovna
Problem of entrepreneurship development in Russia, the activation of this mechanism and a considerable amount of research and scientific activities are the subject of many scientific papers. However, in light of recent events in the global system of economic and political relations (the impact of negative trends in the global financial and economic crisis, the sanctions against the Russian Federation, etc.) there are not so a lot of positive prospects. We offer a short report about the Conference held in Murom (Murom Institute) in once again.