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In a Transphobic Society published in

Published by
Dr. Preetha Menon, Ms. Sreenidhi The study on In a Transphobic Society was carried out with the objectives of (a) assessing the extent of transphobia in the participants (b) comparing the sexes on transphobia and (c) finding the relationship between transphobia and demographic factors such as sex, age and occupation of the participants. From in and around urban Coimbatore, 150 individuals (87 male and 63 female) in the age range of 19 to 55 were randomly selected. The participants completed the Case Study Schedule and Transphobia Inventory. The results indicated that (a) the participants on the whole were moderately prejudiced against transgender (b) there were no sex differences in transphobia (c) there was a statistically significant positive correlation at 0.01 level between age and transphobia and (d) there was a statistically significant positive correlation at 0.01 level between occupation and transphobia.Extensive research on various psychological and social issues related to transgender was recommended.
Azithromycin in Periodontics published in

Advances in Human Biology

Published by Springwood Publication
Chirayu Shah, Monali Shah, Deepak Dave, Prasad Nadig, Amit Shah. Azithromycin is an azalide, a subclass of macrolide antibiotics. Azithromycin is used to treat many different infections, including acute otitis media, nonstreptococcal bacterial pharyngitis, gastrointestinal infections such as traveler's diarrhea, respiratory tract infections such as pneumonia, cellulitis, babesiosis, bartonella infection, chancroid cholera, donovanosis, leptospirosis, lyme disease, malaria, mycobacterium avium complex disease, neisseria meningitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, pertussis, scrub typhus, toxoplasmosis, and salmonellosis. It is used to prevent bacterial endocarditis and some sexually transmitted infections including those from unprotected sex or sexual assault. Azithromycin could have a triple role in the treatment and resolution of periodontal diseases: suppressing periodontopathogens, anti-inflammatory activity and healing through persistence at low levels in macrophages and fibroblasts in periodontal tissues, even after a single course of three tablets. If future periodontal research confirms these properties, it could become a valuable host-modulator in periodontal treatment.
Perceptions of Openness to Diversity: Demographics and the Role of Conflict published in

Proceedings of the 2017 Academy of International Business Southeast Asia Regional Conference (AIBSEAR)

Published by Lingnan University
Jan Selmer, Jakob Lauring, Karsten Jonsen Aiming to explore whether demographic groups of varying status positions differ in terms of their perception of work group members’ openness to deep-level and surface level diversity, we also investigated the effect of task group conflict and relational group conflict on perceptions of openness to diversity. We focused on perceptions of the work group’s openness to value dissimilarity (deep-level) and openness to visible dissimilarity (surface-level). Based on responses from 489 academics in multicultural university departments, we found that there are differences between demographic groups with regard to perceptions of the work group’s openness to value dissimilarities. No significant differences could be found in relation to openness to visual dissimilarities for any of the demographic sub-samples. We also found that there were differential effects of contextual adverse circumstances in the form of relational group conflict and task group conflict on the perceptions of the two types of work group openness to diversity.
Vitamin D Deficiency Among Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome and its Relation to In-Hospital Complications published in

Published by
Hyder O Mirghani, Osama S Mohammed, Abdullah A Alyoussuf d to assess vitamin D deficiency among patients with acute coronary syndrome and its association with in-hospital complications. The study included 99 patients with acute coronary syndrome admitted to the coronary care unit at King Khalid Hospital. Socio-demographic data and coronary risk factor were extracted from patients admission chart. Patients had vitamin D level measured, together with, HbA1c, liver and renal function tests, serum electrolytes including calcium and magnesium, high sensitive CRP, and Lipid profile. Out of 99 patients with acute coronary syndrome, mean age, was 51.8 years (SD11.3), the majority were men (84.8%), vitamin-D deficiency, and insufficiency was present in 62%, and 24.5% respectively. No correlation was evident between vitamin- D deficiency and various vascular risk factors, as well as in-hospital coronary heart disease complications P>0.05.
Capital in the Twenty-First Century - Thomas Piketty published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Mr. N. Ragothaman, Dr. S. Vasantha -
Rare Case of Osteochondroma of Spine published in

Published by
DR ANKUR PATEL, DR G D THARADARA Osteochondromas are common benign tumors most often occurring in the meta-diaphyseal region of long bones. Spinal osteochondromas, however, are rare. Only one to four percent of osteochondromas occur in the spine. The Author reports a rare case of osteochondromas of cervical spine in a young female which usually occurs between 5th 7th decades. 28 year old female patient presented with persistent neck pain posteriorly with palpable mass without radiculopathy since 2years.Radiografic evaluation was done suggestive of bony overgrowth in lower cervical region. Magnetic resonance imaging and CT scan suggested possibility of exostosis. Patient was operated for wide resection of it. She was followed up post operatively. At present Patient is better clinically and also radiologically
HISTOPATHOLOGICAL STUDIES OF AQUEOUS METHANOLIC LEAF AND BARK EXTRACT OF DOLICHANDRONE ATROVIRENS published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Saminathan Kayarohanam*1, S. Kavimani2 The present study was aimed to investigate the complications of untreated diabetes on histomorphology of rats. Diabetes mellitus was experimentally induced in male wister rats by administration of streptozotocin. The establishment of diabetes mellitus was confirmed by fasting blood glucose levels. The animal was divided in to five groups. Group group one rats served as healthy controls that received vehicle in a similar manner other four is treated by the aqueous methanolic leaf and bark extract Dolichandrone atrovirens given in the dose of 200 mg/kg, p.o and 400 mg/kg, p.o. For histomorphological study of different organs, 50% of the animals were sacrificed after 14 days. The blood glucose level of diabetic rats was raised significantly throughout the experimental period. Further, histomorphological alterations were registered in kidneys and liver. The results show gross examination of liver and kidney did not show any abnormalities. It is clear from these results that Dolichandrone atrovirens leaves extract and bark is free from hepatic and renal toxicity.
How Herding Effects acts behind recent chit fund scams (With a survey of Investment Avenue in Asansol Durgapur Industrial area) published in

Published by
PARTHA MUKHERJEE, Dr. P.P. SENGUPTA Making investment decisions is important and distinct concepts. It differs from person to person. Behavioral finance is the study that seeks to identify such dimensions of financial decision-making. Our study aims to gain knowledge about key factors that influence investment pattern and investment decision. Keeping in mind paper aims: (1) To study the profile of investors in terms of demographic variables. (2) Applying the behavioral finance to identify the possible behavioral factors influencing the investment decisions of individual investors at Asansol-Durgapur Industrial area. (3) Seeks to understand correlation between perception of investors financial belief and financial need. Spearman's correlation between these two variables (Belief & need) shows (R=0.452). Data was collected through self-constructed questionnaire (cronbach alpha= .56) Financial planners and financial institutions get a clear picture before launching an investment instrument. General people also aware about the factors act behind chit fund scams and also for other scams.
Analytical Studies on the Behaviour of 3D RC Frame With Ferrocement Panel as Infill published in

Published by
N. Jayaramappa Masonry is a major infill material which is used in RC frames throughout the world; we have accepted that the masonry increases the stiffness of structure. The vertical live load and dead loads due to masonry do not pose much of problems to the RC frame in the absence of lateral forces of wind or earthquake, but concentrated masses of masonry accelerates the lateral forces during the affect of wind forces and earthquake forces. The frame exhibits diagonal crack failure at brick infill at a relatively slow rate of increase before they started to break down. After collapse of masonry infill, the infill frame shall act as a soft story so that the infill didn't take any load after collapse. In the present study Ferrocement panel is used as infill in place of masonry, because of its major advantages such as light weight, thin section, easy of construction, economy of materials total mass is less than masonry per length, better utilization of human resources and architectural flexibility in addition to these advantage it also create monolithic action. RC frame of four story, single bay, with Ferrocement panel as infill is generated using ETAB software. Assigned material properties, sectional properties, boundary conditions, dead load and lateral force in terms acceleration to the model, displacement controlled pushover analysis is carried out, the seismic performance of a buildings are evaluated in terms of i) Pushover curve, ii) Performance point and Capacity-Demand spectrum, iii) Plastic hinge formation etc.
Monetary Policy Stance: Comparison of Different Measures for Pakistan published in

RESEARCH JOURNAL SOCIAL SCIENCES

Published by TanzeemeAsatiza, Pakistan
MUHAMMAD NADIM HANIF, SAJAWAL KHAN, and MUHAMMAD REHMAN This paper estimates monetary policy stance measures like Monetary Conditions Index (MCI), Financial Conditions Index (FCI), and Bernanke and Mihov Index (BMI) for Pakistan. The estimated monetary policy stance guides whether the policy is tight, neutral or loose relative to its objectives. And thus, it may help policy maker adjusting policy instrument(s) to guide the economy in desired direction. It also helps in knowing which monetary policy transmission channel is more effective along with the impact of various monetary policy measures upon the desired goals. Despite the fact that supply shocks are found to be dominant in Pakistan which gives little room to monetary policy to play an effective role as stabilising tool, movements in exchange rate and monetary aggregates turn out to be more important than the interest rate in policy transmission mechanism. Being a small open economy facing persistent current account deficits, exchange rate consideration are thus playing major role in monetary policy transmission in Pakistan. State Bank of Pakistan has been targeting monetary aggregate until recently and has just recently started active use of interest rate as policy instrument. It may take some time for interest rate channel to take lead. The comparison of different estimated measures shows that MCI performs better as measure of monetary policy stance (compared to FCI and BMI) in the case of Pakistan.
Khunaji's al-Jumal in the Context of Logic Studies in the Seventh and Eighth Century (AH) and the Commentaries Written on His Work published in

Tasavvur / Tekirdag Theology Journal

Published by Tekirdag Namık Kemal University Faculty of Theology
Ramy Mahmoud The science of logic has occupied an important role in Islamic history. Especially when al-Gazali 505-1111 has come and claimed that who learned Islamic sciences, without learning the Logic we cannot trust in his knowledge. From this time The science of logic has been flourished and quietly began to include in many sciences even Tefsir and Fiqh. After that, Al-razzi 606/1210 has established a big school in Islamic philosophy in general and in logic in particular. al-Khonaji 646/1248 one of his important students. Who moved from Iran to Egypt and became Qadi al-Qudat (Chief Islamic justice). He has improved The science of logic by his books; like Keshf al-Asrar. In the sixth/twelfth one of his books has been spread in Muslim world and became the first step for who wanted to learn Logic. Beside that we have a lot of scholars has made commentaries on this book. In this article we focused on (Metn al-Jumal) by al-Konaji with his spreading in the Sixth. Seventh h.centuries.
published in

European Journal of Contemporary Education

Published by Academic Publishing House Researcher
INDIAN SIGN LANGUAGE RECOGNITION WITH IMPLEMENTATION OF SPEEDED UP ROBUST FEATURES ALGORITHM published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Jeevan Musale*, A P Mane n This paper automatic gesture recognition is used for Indian Sign Language (ISL). In Indian sign language for representing alphabet we use both hands. We suggest an a method used in dealing with addresses local - global ambiguity which increases the range of possible interpretations of natural language, and a computer has to find a way to deal with this identification, inter - class variability increases for each hand gesture. Hand parts are firstly separated and then detected by skin color model refer ence i.e. HSI. In this system the well - built points are removing out for recognition process using Speeded Up Robust Features algorithm of each hand posture. The multi class linear support vector machines (SVM) is used to arrange each hand posture, becaus e of it for the system a identification rate of 93.3% is achieved. The performance of this suggested approach is analyzed with well - known classifiers like SVM and experimental results are differentiated with the conventional and existing algorithms which i ndicate the better efficiency of the proposed approach
TOXICITY OF CARBOFURAN TO A BRACKISH WATER OLIGOCHAETE PONTODRILUS BERMUDENSIS. BEDDARD (1891). published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Rakesh. S, Phani kumar.M*, Ch. Bharathi, D. Satti Babu, M.Ramakrishna and A. Ravi kumar Carbamate (Carbofuran) is found toxic to brackish water Oligochaete Pontodrilus bermudensis at low salinity concentration. The pesticide is highly toxic in low salinity concentration (20% salinity is equal to 6.8). Behavioural and symptomatically changes in the worm are more pronounced in Carbofuran exposed worms. The results showed that the toxicity of the pesticide as synergistic at low concentrations of sea water.
Study of Different Reproductive Tract Infections in Pregnant vs Non Pregnant Females published in

Published by
Dr. Ajay Prajapati, Dr. Pragya Jauhar, Dr. Parsis Parmar, Dr. Satish K. Kadikar Reproductive tract infections (RTI) is a global health problem in women, especially in South East Asian region countries. They may progress to serious complications and may cause a high degree of morbidity during the sexually active period of life. The present study was undertaken from July 2014 to July 2015 to find the prevalence of reproductive tract infection among 50 pregnant vs 50 non pregnant women of reproductive age, prevalence of suggestive symptoms of RTI, their pattern in pregnancy and relation of these symptoms with socio-demographic variables, reproductive characteristics. Among the patients attending the Gynae OPD of S.C.L. Hospital, Saraspur , Ahmedabad, 50 women in each pregnant and non pregnant of the reproductive age group (15 to 45 yrs) were interviewed through a pre designed and pre tested schedule after obtaining their informed consent. Following the prospective study of RTI in 50 pregnant and 50 non pregnant women, it was found that majority of women with RTI belonged to age group of 26-34 years, had an early marriage, with one or more abortion, with no contraceptive practice, lack of reproductive hygiene and who were poorly nourished and immunocompromised. Education of women, improvement of nutritional status, routine screening, early diagnosis and treatment can prevent majority of RTI among women.
A REVIEW ON FLOATING DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEM published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Karthik Kumar Reddy D*1 , Kavitha K 1 , Rupesh kumar M2 , Jagadeesh singh SD1 , Srinivasan S1, Jyothi M1 The purpose of this review on floating drug delivery systems (FDDS) is to compile the recent literature with special focus on the principal mechanism of floatation to achieve gastric retention. One of the most feasible approaches for achieving a prolonged and predictable drug delivery profiles in the gastro intestinal tract is to control the gastric residence time, using gastroretentive dosage forms that will provide us with new and important therapeutic options. From the formulation technological point of view, the floating drug delivery system is considerably easy and better approach. The development of FDDS are including physiological and formulation variables affecting gastric retention, approaches to design single unit and multiple unit floating systems, advantages, formulation variables and their classifications are covered in detail. This review also summarizes the in vitro techniques, the in vivo studies to evaluate the performance and application of floating systems. These systems are useful to several problems encountered during the development of pharmaceutical dosage form. An attempt has been made in this review article to introduce the readers to the current technological developments in floating drug delivery.
PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF SPINACIA OLERACEA L published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
K.N.V. Rao*, Bushra Tabassum, S. Raghu Babu, Alagara Raja, David Banji. Spinacia oleracea in an annual herb belongs to the family Chenopodiaceae and it is widely distributed,cultivated in India. The whole plant is medicinally important. Thus the present study is conducted to identify the presence of phytochemical constituents. The fresh and dried leaves of Spinacia oleracea were subjected to cold maceration. In this method 2 polar solvents are used i. e water and ethanol. All the four extracts were found to be rich in bio active compounds like flavonoids, carbohydrates-reducing sugars, monosaccharides, glycosides of cardiac, coumarins, anthraquinones, and steroids. In this study effect of drying and effect of solvent on extractability is determined. The extractability is more in fresh leaves than the dried leaves. And in the solvents the extractability is more in water compared to ethanol. There is no effect of drying on phytochemical constituents of fresh and dried leaves of Spinacia oleracea.
Floristic Analysis of Manendragarh Flora District-Koria (Chhattisgarh) INDIA published in

Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Published by Scientific and Academic Association
Mantosh Kumar Sinha1* and Deepima Sinha2 Koria district in Chhattisgarh lies between 22 58' and 23 51' North Latitude and 8159' and 82 45' East Longitude and has a forest area of 81.23%. Average rainfall is 121.36 cm. and annual mean temperature is 24C.The district is dominated by Upper Gondwana rocks which are rich in deposition of coal. The district has a sizeable tribal population using enormous range of plants for their basic needs, sustenance and livelihood. The district has very rich plant diversity, including medicinal plants. Some plants species are on the verge of extinction. Keeping these points in view the present investigation was planned to enumerated floristic analysis of the medicinal plants observed in the wild conditions reveals that there are 284 genera and 364 species distributed in 93 families of seed plants. Three genera and four species of pteridophytes were also observed. Analysis also shows that there are 235 genera and 304 spp. representing dicot plants and 49 genera and 60 spp. representing monocots. The familywise Dicot/Monocot Ratio was 6.75; whereas, generawise D:M ratio was 4.79. At species level it was found to be 5.06. The generic coefficient was found to be 78.021.
Creation of Digital Cadastre For Anua-IFA IKOT OKPON/USE OFFOT Housing Estate UYO, AKWA IBOM State Nigeria published in

Published by
Ojiako J. C. , Emengini, E. J. , Umoh N. U. , Igbokwe E. C. The agencies of Akwa Ibom State Government charged with allocation and management of lands are yet to incorporate digital method of data management and are currently encumbered with analogue cadastral plans and records. In Uyo, Government estates records are scattered all over Government agencies and are not integrated into a digital format thus comprehensive analysis of parcels in estates using Geographic Information System (GIS) has not been carried out. This research focuses on the creation of a digital cadastre for part of Uyo using Anua-Ifa Ikot Okpon/Use Offot Housing Estate as a case study. The layout plan of the estate was scanned, georeferenced and digitized to get locational data. Non spatial data was obtained through statutory bodies and social survey. The result of database queries shows thematic maps with existing allocation patterns in the estate. The database tables show detailed characteristics of such parcels, blocks and owners.
FUNCTIONAL STRUCTURE OF THE AUTOMATED SYSTEM OF THE CHOICE OF OPTIMUM PRODUCTION MODES published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Andrey Mastislavovich Korneev; Alexander Pavlovich Devin; Gregory Rashitovich Mirsaitov; Maxim Andreyevich Knyazev Functional structure of the automated system selection of optimum production modes is described in this article. By the example of beer enterprise the basic methods of designing such systems are reviewed. The main stages of beer production are named and technological processes are determined.
Strengthening the human capital through HPWP for Indian Textile and Clothing Industry published in

Published by
Shipra Sharma The Indian Textile Industry is the second largest employment provider giving direct employment to over 45 million people and accounting to 21 percent of the total employment generated in the Indian economy. The estimates of the growth and opportunities in this sector see major augmentation in manufacturing, processing and garmenting sectors of the textile and apparel Industry. In order to sustain the continued expansion, the Human Resources Practices need to be strengthened and improved. The up gradation of the technology would require facilitating the technical skills of the manpower and greater financial implications on Human Resources Development. The applications of High Performance Work Practices (HPWP) help the organization achieve their mission, objectives, strategy, culture and enhance the reputation of the organization in the long run.
Problems Threatening the Tigris Trout (Salmo tigridis Turan, Kottelat & Bektaş, 2011) Stock in Çatak Stream and Some Recommendations published in

Commagene Journal of Biology

Published by ABADER
Mustafa AKKUŞ [1] , Mustafa SARI [2] This study was carried out to reveal the problems threatening Salmo tigridis stock inhabited in Çatak Stream and to offer some solutions to overcome these problems. Çatak is the largest stream of the region and located at 81 km southern of the Van city center. Salmo tigridis, which is only distributed in Çatak and Bahçesaray streams, faces the danger of extinction. In this study, it was observed that sand-graveling activities at Çatak Stream muddied the stream and destroyed appropriate reproduction habitats. Another problem is that Çatak Stream's over-destruction of vegetation in the catchment basin increases flood risk and flood-related sudden flow increases. In addition, it was determined that studies carried out for river improvement and flood control disturbed the natural flow regime of the stream, leading to deterioration in the base and coastal structure. Another threat is the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) that escape from fish farms. Catching with prohibited methods and fishing gears is also a problem that threatens the future of native trout stock in the stream. With this study, the problems that threaten the tigris trout stock in Çatak Stream were identified and some proposals were presented.
STUDIES ON ANTI-MICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF SCOPARIA DULCIS published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
P.K Valsalakumari1*, Dr. N.Narayanan2, Dr.B. Parimala Devi1, C.K.Mohandas1, Helen William1 The antimicrobial and antifungal effects of of ethanol extracts of Scoparia dulcis and its cream base formulation were investigated. The isolated fractions and formulation were tested against different bacteria like Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli, and fungal strains such as Candida albicans and Aspergillus niger. The ethanolic extract and cream based formulation exhibited significant antimicrobial activity against gram positive organism and antifungal activity against all the tested organisms compared with respective reference drugs.Thus a stable dosage form of the herbal medicinal plant,Scoparia dulcis can be used against gram positive bacterial infections and fungal Infections.
INSIDE RECOMMENDATION SYSTEM: SURVEY, RESEARCH AREA published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Vishwas Patel * , Mosin Hasan With the increase in E - commerce, Recommendation Systems are getting popular to provide recommendations of various items (movies, books, music) to users. To build the Recom mendation System (RS) , Collaborative Filtering (CF) techniques are proven efficient. The main t wo C ollaborative Filtering techniques are User - Based and Item - B ased, but from survey it can be said that item - based CF provides better recommen dations. A novel approach , Ratio - B ased CF provide s recommendat ion depending upon the item has more accuracy amongst item - based CF technique. The problem with CF techniques is more execution time i.e. O(mn). To improve the execution time a parallel platform or techni que can be adopted to reduce the time complexity of recommendation system. Hence, for better and faster reco mmendation parallel Ratio - Based Collaborative F iltering algorithm should be used
Redox Reactions of Cobalt (III) Complexes of ?-Hydroxy Acids by Nicotinium Dichromate in Surfactants published in

Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Published by Scientific and Academic Association
A.Nazim Ahmed, Mansur Ahmed, N.Sakthi Guru The kinetics of one electron transfer mode seems to be unavailable for NDC with Cobalt (III) bound and unbound complexes of ?-hydroxyacids in surfactant medium, NDC oxidizes Cobalt (III) bound and unbound ?- hydroxyacids. It rules out the synchronous C-C bond fission and electron transfer to Cobalt (III) centre. Oxidation of above complexes increases with increase in temperature. The increase in the rate is observed with increase in the concentration of the surfactant. The added Cetylpyridinium chromate enhances the rate of oxidation of a reaction much more than ALS. Similar trends has been observed in lactato, glycolato and mandelatoCo (III) complexes
Effect of Specific Preparatory Training on Selected Physiologicalvariables of Inter Collegiate Football Players of various Positions published in

Published by
Manas Das, Dr. M. Srinivasan The purpose of this study is to find out the effects of specific preparatory training on selected physiological variables of inter collegiate football players in various playing positions. To achieve this purpose total subjects twenty four intercollegiate college men-football-players (8 forward 8 mid fielder, 8 defenders) from faculty of general and adapted physical education and yoga, Maruthi college of physical education and Sri Rama Krishna Mission college of arts and science, colleges in Coimbatore, were selected as subjects by applying the random sampling techniques. The subjects selected into theirposition wise namely forward, midfield and defender position each group consists of eight subjects. The subjectsage ranged from 17 to 28 years and they formed a true random group design. The selected criterionphysiological variables were namely vital capacity and cardio respiratory endurance. The vital capacity was measured by wet spiro meter and cardio respiratory endurance was measured by 12 min/run walk test. The training period consists of twelve weeks Monday to Friday 5 pm to 6 pm. The data were collected pre, mid and post testswere conducted initial and middle and end of training periods. After the training, the collected data were analyzed by applying the one way repeated measures (ANOVA) test. If obtained F was significant new mans kuel test was used to significant difference treatment means pre, mid and post means. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was applied to determine the significant difference among the three groups. If obtained F was significant Scheffes post hoc test will be used. In all thecases 0.05 was fixed level of confidence. The results of the study shows that there is significant improvement in vital capacity, cardio respiratory endurance due to effect of preparatory training in forward position, mid field position and defender position inter collegiate football players.
EVALUATION OF ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF JASMINUM SPECIES USING SOLVENT EXTRACTS AGAINST CLINICAL PATHOGENS published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Sushant Shekhar and Prasad M.P* are commonly used even today. Some chemical compounds from these plants have been purified and been commercialized by the pharmaceutical industries. Jasminum is a genus of shrubs and vines belonging to the olive family (Oleaceae). It contains around 200 species which are native to tropical and warm temperate regions of the Eurasia, Australasia and Oceania. Jasmines are cultivated throughout the country. However, the largest area under Jasmine flower production is in Tamil Nadu followed by Karnataka. The annual production of jasmine is more than 15 tones in India. In the present investigation different species of Jasminum like Jasminum grandiflorum, Jasminum sambac cultivar variety, Jasminum aungustifolium, Jasminum sambac wild variety, Jasminum sambac cultivar variety, Jasminum auriculatum, Jasminum humile and Jasminum officinale were extracted with various solvents and the concentrated crude extracts were checked for its antibacterial activity against selected human pathogens viz., E.coli, Bacillus sp., Streptococcus sp., Salmonella sp., Pseudomonas sp., Serratia marcescens, Klebsiella pneumonia and Staphylococcus aureus. It was found that most of the samples showed antimicrobial activity against some of the pathogens. The methanolic and ethanolic extract was found to be a better solvent to elute the chemical compound and show antimicrobial activity. Jasminum sambac wild variety, showed the highest activity along with Diethyl ether extract against Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Conjoint application of biofertilizer and phosphorous levels on growth, nodulation, nutrient uptake and productivity of lentil [Lens culinaris Medikus] in red and lateritic soils of West Bengal published in

Journal of Crop and Weed

Published by Crop and Weed Science society
P. K. BISWAS, 1M. K. BHOWMICK, M.C. KUNDU, S. MONDAL AND G.K. GHOSH A field experiment was conducted during rabi season of 2011-12 and 2012-13 at Agricultural Research Farm, Institute of Agriculture, Visva-Bharati, Sriniketan, Birbhum, West Bengal to study the effect of biofertilizers [Untreated control, Rhizobium, PSB (phosphate solubilizing bacteria) and Rhizobium + PSB] and phosphorous levels (0, 30, 45 and 60 kg P O ha-1) on growth, 2 5 nodulation, productivity and nutrient content of lentil in red and lateritic soils of West Bengal. The results showed that the application of 60 kg P O ha-1 being at par with 45 kg ha-1 recorded the maximum plant height (38.5 cm) at harvest, dry matter 2 5 accumulation (125.47gm-3), seed yield (703.4 kg ha-1), stalk yield (1392.6 kg ha-1) and uptake of N (32.87 and 24.99 kg ha-1 in stalk and grain, respectively), P (6.61 and 4.77 kg ha-1 in stalk and grain, respectively) and K (15.71 and 7.49 kg ha-1 in stalk and grain, respectively) at harvest. Among seed inoculation treatments, Rhizobium + PSB produced significantly taller plants (40.0 cm), maximum dry matter accumulation (114.78 g m-3), seed yield (709.10 kg ha-1) and stalk yield (1363.30 kg ha-1), harvest index 33.99% and uptake of N (82.51kg ha-1) and P (19.33 kgha-1) at harvest than other biofertilizers treatments. Combined effect of 60 kg ha-1P O + Rhizobium +PSB produced significantly higher grain yield (1024.30 kg ha-1) and phosphorous uptake by grain 2 5 (5.32kg ha-1) than other combinations except 45 kg P O kg ha-1+ Rhizobium +PSB. Yield advantages were obtained due to 45 Kg 2 5 P O ha-1 + PSB (10.52, 17.48 and 9.89%), 45 kg P O + Rhizobium + PSB (20.31, 27.88 and 19.62%), 60 kg P O + PSB (26.59, 2 5 2 5 2 5 34.56 and 25.87 %) and 60 Kg P O + PSB + Rhizobium (27.70, 35.74 and 26.97%) as against only seed inoculation with PSB 2 5 (802.1 kg ha-1), only Rhizobium (754.6 kg ha-1) and only 30 kg P O ha-1 (806.7 kg ha-1), respectively.
Cranial Anatomical Landmarks For Helical Computed Tomography (CT) Visualization of Rabbit Bulbourethral Glands published in

Published by
Rosen Dimitrov The bulbourethral glands of ten sexually mature clinically healthy rabbits 12 months of age, from the New Zealand white rabbit breed with weight between 2.8 kg and 3.2 kg were studied.The animals were positioned in ventrodorsal (supine) recumbence. Contrast enhancement was applied. The glands were visualized by helical anatomic CT at the transverse plane through the cranial part of the 2nd coccygeal vertebra (dorsally), tabula of ischium (laterally) and the sciatic part of the pelvic symphysis(ventrally). Should be written as separate words - We can therefore conclude that contrast anatomical helical ?? study of the rabbit bulbourethral glandsis definitive to be obtained imaging anatomical data for the glandular morphology
A Survey on Wireless Sensor Network Protocols? published in

International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing - IJCSMC

Published by Mohammad Zainuddin
T.Mythili, R.T.Narmadha, R.T.Nivetha? In this research work, a survey on Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) and their technologies, standards and applications was carried out. Wireless sensor networks consist of small nodes with sensing, computation, and wireless communications capabilities. Many routing, power management, and data dissemination protocols have been specifically designed for WSNs where energy awareness is an essential design issue. Routing protocols in WSNs might differ depending on the application and network architecture. A multidisciplinary research area such as wireless sensor networks, where close collaboration between users, application domain experts, hardware designers, and software developers is needed to implement efficient systems. The flexibility, fault tolerance, high sensing fidelity, low cost, and rapid deployment characteristics of sensor networks create many new and exciting application areas for remote sensing. In the future, this wide range of application areas will make sensor networks an integral part of our lives. However, realization of sensor networks needs to satisfy the constraints introduced by factors such as fault tolerance, scalability, cost, hardware, topology change, environment, power consumption and efficient energy.
مدى تطبيق معلمي الرياضيات في مديرية تربية شمال الخليل للأنشطة التعليمية (Van Hiele) المبنية على نموذج فان هايل في التفكير الهندسي published in

Al-Quds Open University Journal for Educational & Psychological Research & Studies

Published by Deanship of Scientific Research, Al-Quds Open University
د. عادل عطية ريان هدفت الدراسة الحالية إلى التعرف على مدى تطبيق معلمي الرياضيات للأنشطة التعليمية المبنية على نموذج فان هايل (Van Hiele) في التفكير الهندسي، كما هدفت إلى اختبار دلالة الفروق بين متوسطات درجة التطبيق وفقاً لمتغيرات: الجنس، والمرحلة التعليمة، والمؤهل العلمي، وسنوات الخبرة. ولتحقيق هذه الأهداف تم تطبيق أداة الدراسة بعد أن تم التحقق من صدقها وثباتها على عينة مكونة من (208) معلماً ومعلمة تم اختيارهم بطريقة طبقية من جميع معلمي ومعلمات الرياضيات في مديرية تربية شمال الخليل. أظهرت نتائج الدراسة أن درجة تطبيق معلمي الرياضيات للأنشطة التعليمية المبنية على نموذج فان هايل مرتفعة، وجاء مجال التصور في الترتيب الأول يليه مجال الاستدلال شبه الرسمي، فمجال التحليل، وفي الترتيب الأخير جاء مجال الاستدلال المجرد، كما تبين وجود فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية عند مستوى (α ≤ 0.05) بين متوسطات درجة التطبيق وفقاً لمتغير الجنس لصالح المعلمات، والمرحلة التعليمية لصالح معلمي المرحلة الثانوية والأساسية العليا، والمؤهل العلمي لصالح معلمي حملة درجة البكالوريوس والماجستير، في حين لم تكن الفروق دالة وفقاً لمتغير سنوات الخبرة.
ELIMINATION OF DIRECT AZO DYE RED 80 IN AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY HETEROGENEOUS PHOTOCATALYSIS published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Said Alahiane*, Asma Sennaoui, Samir Qourzal, Fatima Sakr, Ali Assabbane The photoelimination, at ambient temperature, of aqueous solutions of Direct Red 80 dye (DR 80) in the presence of TiO 2 and ZnO catalystshas been studied in the presence of UV radiation generated by an artificial light source.We have determined the influence of several physico - chemical parameters (the mass of the catalyst, the initial concentration of dye and the initial p H of the solution) which govern the kinetics of degradation of this pollutant in order to be in optimum conditions .The catalysts used show a good photocatalytic activity. Indeed, for the first 15 minutes of irradiation, approximately 96% and 87% of the dye is eliminated in the presence respectively of TiO 2 and ZnO. The kinetics of photocatalytic degradation were investigated and modeled by the Langmuir - Hinshelwood equation, by which the k rate constant and the K LH adsorption equilibrium constant were evalua ted.The results showed that the pH significantly affects the process of the elimination of the dye. The maximum rate of degradation of DR 80 is observed at pH = 3
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE DYNAMICS OF CYTOKINE PROFILE IN PATIENTS WITH PSORIASIS AS A RESULT OF UVA-1 PHOTOTHERAPY AND PUVA published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
*Rasskasow Jaroslav Alexandrovich, Bakulev Andrey Leonidovich, Telichko I.N., Telichko S.I. Objectives: The study examined clinical (PASI) and laboratory criteria during long-wavelength ultraviolet therapy (UVA-1) and PUVA therapy in treatment of patients with psoriasis. Material and methods: The patient group comprised 70 adults with medium to severe and severe psoriasis in the progressive phase of dermatosis. For laboratory evaluation a number of indicators of cytokine profile were used, in particular IL-1?; ?-INF; IL-17; IL-10. Results: As a result of phototherapy treatments statistically significant differences in the impact of these psoriasis therapies on cytokine profile indicators of the patients had not been received.
Effect of Furadan on Protein Content, Reduced Glutathione and Lipid Peroxidation Level on Liver of Bufo Melanostictus Schneider, 1799 published in

Published by
Puspanjali Parida, Lopamudra Panigrahi, Lakshmipriya Mohanta Bufo melanostictus (n=20) of various sizes (body weight: 90g- 120g) were divided into four groups of 5 animals each. Group I (control) animals received distilled water; Group II-IV (experimental) treated orally with 3l per 1gm of body weight of furadan (0.005mg of furadan dissolved in 1ml of acetone). The treated animals were sacrificed after the time intervals of 24 hour, 48 hour and 72 hour (Group II-IV) whereas the control animal was sacrificed immediatetly (0h) and the liver was dissected out and kept at 00C. The protein content, reduced glutathione level (GSH) and lipid peroxidation (LPX) level were measured in the liver of B. melanostictus in both control and experimental group. Variation of different parameteres of liver were observed at different time intervals. On the basis of the results, It is concluded that furadan even at low dose altered the biochemical parameters and induces oxidative stress.
Antagonistic Effect of Camel’s Urine on Some Pathogenic Bacterial Species published in

PSM Veterinary Research

Published by PSM Publishers
Abdelrahman A. Humaid This work was designed to study antagonistic effect of camel’s urine on some pathogenic bacterial species. The best effect of camel’s urine was shown by camel’s sterilized urine followed by the heated urine while, the least effect was by the raw urine. The antibacterial activity of camel’s urine was very slightly and determinedly evident after 48 hours of incubation against Staphylococcus aureus, Micrococcus lotus, Bacillus cereus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella sp. and Escherichia coli. However, it was observed that the antibacterial activity of camel’s urine induced discriminatively marked inhibition zones of growth after 72h of incubation. The most microbes detected after 72h incubation were mainly Escherichia coli, Bacillus cereus, and Micrococcus lotus. It could be concluded that the camel’s urine have antimicrobial activities and resistance against the bacterial growth in the early stage of incubation, but the inhibitory effects of this urine on the bacterial growth were distinct after 72h of incubation. Keywords: Camel's urine, antagonistic effect, Staphylococcus aureus, Micrococcus lotus, Bacillus cereus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella sp, Escherichia coli.
Impacts of Forest Fires on Environment: Role of Environmental Ngos in Satara District published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. M. S. Shinde Forest fire is a common phenomenon in the world and forest fire is as old as the forest itself. Forest fires destroyed considerable forest resources and its biodiversity. It is degrading environment and affects on flora and fauna. Forest fires cause soil erosion, floods, natural vegetation, loss of animals and birds. Forest fire is one of the major environmental issues facing today, due to the carbon being released in the atmosphere, and it is commonly called Green House Effect. The GOs and NGOs conduct various activities for the protection of environment and sustainable development for the survival of society. The NGOs play a vital role in maintaining the balance of nature. When the government cannot solve these problems, the non-governmental organizations have entered in the field of environmental protection and conservation.
أثر استخدام استراتيجية حل المشكلات في تدريس مادة التربية الوطنية في تنمية مهارات اتخاذ القرار لدى طلبة الصف العاشر الأساسي في الأردن published in

Al-Quds Open University Journal for Educational & Psychological Research & Studies

Published by Deanship of Scientific Research, Al-Quds Open University
أ. ياسمين داود السمارات هدفت الدراسة إلى معرفة أثر استخدام إستراتيجية حل المشكلات في تدريس مادة التربية الوطنية في تنمية مهارات اتخاذ القرار لدى طلبة الصف العاشر الأساسي في الأردن. وتكونت عينة الدراسة من (141) طالباَ وطالبة، تم اختيارهم بالطريقة القصدية من أربع مدارس، وتم تقسيمهم إلى مجموعتين، ضابطة، وتكونت من مدرستين: الأولى للذكور وبلغ عدد طلبتها (30) طالباً والأخرى للإناث وبلغ عدد طلبتها (35) طالبة؛ و تجريبية وتكونت من مدرستين الأولى للذكور وبلغ عدد طلبتها (36) طالباً والأخرى للإناث وبلغ عدد طالباتها (40) طالبة للعام الدراسي (2008/2009). ولغايات تحقيق أهداف الدراسة قامت الباحثة ببناء أداة الدراسة وهي: اختبار مهارات اتخاذ القرار، وتم التأكد من صدق الاختبار بعرضه على مجموعة من المحكمين وللتأكد من الثبات تم استخدام طريقة كرونباخ ألفا وكان الصدق والثبات مقبولين لأغراض الدراسة. وقد أظهرت النتائج تفوق المجموعة التجريبية في تنمية مهارات اتخاذ القرار؛ وتفوق الذكور على الإناث؛ وعدم وجود فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية بين مستويات التحصيل.
Improving Mobile WiMAX EAP-TTLS Authentication with Minimum Downtime and Securing its Management Channel published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Apostol Cristian Gabriel, Ciprian Racuciu Increasing the level of security with minimum downtime in a wide area WiMAX network, with thousands of fixed and mobile subscribers will encounter practical problems. We refer mainly to increase authentication, protecting the management channel, the moment of changing AAA server policy, the x.509v3 digital certificates generation, the EAP.xml configuration and the CAs recognized by the network. Doing this with minimum downtime to the active services and with a limited number of system engineers is also a challenge. The approach presented in this paper is a solution for increasing the security level of a live geographically dispersed WiMAX network, independent from the vendor
DETERMINANTS OF OUTCOME AMONG PATIENTS ATTENDING CARDIAC EMERGENCY WITH ACUTE CHEST PAIN OF CARDIAC ORIGIN IN LUCKNOW DISTRICT, UTTAR PRADESH, INDIA published in

European Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr Girhepunje
Prashantha B*1, MZ Idris2, N Ahmad3, M Agarwal4, SC Yadav5, VK Singh6. Background: India, accounts for 5.24 million deaths annually due to NCD s and 20 DALY s lost per 1000 population per year due to cardiovascular diseases. They also contribute to 35.3% of total morbidity. Objectives: To study the distribution of outcome and the factors contributing to complications and non-survival in patients attending cardiac emergency with acute chest pain of cardiac origin in Lucknow district. Material and Methods: A Descriptive Longitudinal Study was conducted in the cardiac emergency of CSMMU, a tertiary care center, following systematic random sampling technique on a sample size of 220 during study period of one year August 2010 to August 2011. Data was collected through preformed and pretested schedule and analysed using SPSS 17.0 software. Results: The rate of complications during hospital stay was about 29.1%, out of which 29.7% were persistent and the commonest complication was arrhythmias (22.3%), followed by LVF (7.3%). The rate of complications after 3 months of follow up was about 21%, out of which 27.9% were persistent and the commonest complication was recurrence of chest pain (9.5%), followed by LVF (6.3%). Overall in-hospital mortality rate of patients with acute chest pain of cardiac origin was 5% and total mortality rate upto 3 months of follow up was 13.7%. The factors responsible for complications in patients with acute chest pain of cardiac origin were: uncontrolled DM, stage I and stage II hypertension, presence of dyslipidaemia, lack of regular exercise and lower socio-economic class. The factors leading to non-survival were: uncontrolled DM, stage I and stage II hypertension, presence of LVF at admission, having renal or electrolyte abnormalities, LVEF <40 % and having BPL card. Conclusions: IEC activities should be targeted to the high risk groups on short term approach to educate about the immediate action that can be taken after chest pain and about the appropriate health centers for treatment of chest pain so that some lives can be saved before reaching the hospital. As pain onset during night was associated with the delay and delay in arranging transport was significantly associated with the adverse cardiac outcomes, calling for help and ambulance services should be made available to the people with acute chest pain.
SEASON WISE DISEASE INCIDENCE AND MORTALITY PATTERN OF BENGAL GOATS UNDER VILLAGE CONDITIONS IN NADIA DISTRICT OF WEST BENGAL published in

Published by
Dr. Nirmal Kumar Tudu, Dr. Krishna Kishor Goswami The present study was conducted in Nadia district of West Bengal during January, 2010 to December, 2013 with the specific objective to study on season wise disease incidence and mortality pattern of the Bengal goats under village conditions in Nadia district of West Bengal. The overall disease incidence of pre-weaning kids during pre-weaning stage was found to be 46.15%. The overall mortality pattern of pre-weaning kids during preweaning stage was found to be 9.71%. The overall disease incidence of adult Bengal goats was found to be 10.43%. The overall mortality pattern of adult Bengal goats was found to be 3.03%. Season wise incidence of stillbirth of Bengal goats during summer, monsoon and winter were 12.87%, 10.11% and 6.49% respectively. Mortality due to various diseases in pre-weaning kids and adults could be minimized by identifying the cause and giving proper treatment.
Effects of Lifestyle Habits on Biological Age, of 20-25 Years of Age in Gujarati and Punjabi Communities in Mumbai City published in

Published by
Ankita Ghag, Mrs. Anuradha Shekhar Mumbai being a diverse capital of religion and traditions; have varied dietary practices but identical lifestyle habits resulting in similar body composition. About 200 individuals with mean age 32 9.1, were studied i.e. 100 from each community (50 males and 50 females) respectively. A purposive sampling technique was used to collect the samples. A pre-tested questionnaire (Annexure 1) were used along with body composition analyzer (Tanita BC541) was used to assess biological age. Faulty eating practices, lack of physical activities and stressful life is leading todays young population towards lifestyle disorders. Emotional and mental stress was also observed (p=0.05). Summary and Conclusion: The male subjects from both the communities were seen to be significant correlated with the age and biological age (p=0.609). Both Gujarati and Punjabi communities was found to have positive correlation in junk food consumption and anthropometric measurements. To some extent physical activities and sleeping patterns has greater influence on health when it came it social and emotional well being.
TESTING AND ANALYSIS OF COMPOSITE MATERIALS UNDER TENSILE LOADING WITH DIFFERENT LAP JOINTS published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Mr. Hariharan E The composite structural members are highly used in the following applications such as aerospace, automobiles, marine, architecture etc., has attracted extensive attention in the past decades. A numerical and experimental study was carried out to identify the ultimate strength and failure modes of Bonded-single lap joints, Riveted-single lap joints and Hybrid-single lap joints at two different layers (3&4 Layer). In our project work, the effect of bonded, riveted, hybrid lap joints at different layer is analyzed in ANSYS and compared with the experimental test. ANSYA FEA tool has been utilized to investigate the stress distribution characteristics of a composite single lap joint under tensile loading. The experimental results are compared with FEA results using ANSYS. Our objective is to investigate the characteristics of failure modes and strength of composite single lap joints at two different layers with zero-degree fiber orientation using ANSYS.
Accidental Ingestion of a Dental Bur Seen in a Paediatric Patient - A Case Report published in

Advances in Human Biology

Published by Springwood Publication
Rohan Bhatt, Applu Atrey, Ashish Kaur, Lipee Dave. Background:This article presents a case of accidental ingestion of dental bur by a patient during routine dental treatment. This article also points out the possible barrier techniques to prevent swallowing and ingestion of dental foreign objects by patient. An outline of the complications of swallowing/ingestion of foreign objects as well as the required diagnostic measures to be taken following the accidental swallowing and the different treatment options has been laid in brief.
A Study on Role of E-Commerce in Supply Chain Management published in

Published by
Mrs. B. Chitra Supply chain management is delivering the right product to the right place, at the right time and at the right price and is one of the most powerful engines of business transformation. It is one of the leading cost saving and revenue enhancement strategies in use today. At the end of trends that started off from Business Process Reengineering, Total Quality Management and ERP that have all addressed only the inner workings of an Organization, SCM aims at integrating the companys internal systems to those of its suppliers, partners and customers. Electronic commerce, commonly known as e-commerce or e Commerce, or e-business consists of the buying and selling of products or services over electronic systems such as the Internet and other computer networks. E-commerce does not just mean trading and shopping on the Internet. It means business efficiency at all operation levels. Executives know it is critical to effect business operations, but until now quantifiable performance measures have been as scarce as the number of corporate executives who heard of the phrase supply chain management (SCM).
TRADITIONAL INDIAN PAINTING RETRIEVAL SYSTEM BASED ON CURVELET TRANSFORM AND COMPARISON THE RESULT USING GABOR FILTER published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Pooja Manjarekar, Priya Saxena Today the technology in which relevant images from a large databases are searched according to the user’s interest is famous by the name of Content based Image Retrieval or CBIR. Since last two decades it has become an active and fast advancing field amongst the researchers. Last decade is witness of the progress achieved in both theoretical as w ell as in system development. However this area of technology is still full of challenges that researchers from multiple disciplines are being continuously attracted to work with. As we are well known about the hierarchy of spectral methods of texture feature extraction starting from Fourier Transform (FT) to the latest Gabor filter transform, which became very popular for many useful applications still was found to lag the curved p oint singularities or can say curve lines along the edges of images. In this paper to overcome this problem we have chosen to work with Curvelet transform. The dataset of retrieval system we are presenting here is made up of three Indian traditional painti ngs named as Warli, Madhubani and Fadd. As mentioned earlier Curvelet transform will be applied to get the result. In the second part of this paper we shall also compare the result with Gabor transform.
THE PROBLEMS OF THE STUDYING PSYCHOLOGICAL DERMATOGLYPHICS OF THE SCHIZOPHRENIA PATIENTS published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Sanobar Narzikulovna Akbarova; Albina Nigmatjanovna Sahojko The article analyzed literary data about connection between dermatoglyphics and schizophrenia. Problems on a way of studying of hereditary-psychological lines of persons sick of a schizophrenia are revealed. Some not studied parties psychological dermatoglyphics are described.
The Comic and Serious Duality in Kingsley Amis Lucky Jim published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Ms. RASHMI RANI, Dr POOJA BEGDE The current study examines how Amis Lucky Jim provides double modes between comedy and seriousness at the same time. The study deals with criticizing the ground realties of the socio cultural and educational aspects of the British lifestyle in the period after the Second World War. As a result the study reveals the reflection of the social hierarchies in the British community as a main predicament affecting the lower middle class people and their simple aspirations of a decent living. From this angle, Lucky Jim expresses Amis anger and dissatisfaction with the world around him. In doing so the study describes the events of the novel by quoting and analyzing them to encrust the combination between the apparent comedy and embedded seriousness in Lucky Jim. The general impression one gets out of this microcosm is that it is a genuine picture of the British academy in the years following the hectic years of the Second World War.
Experimental Study on Properties of Granite Waste in Self Compacting Concrete published in

Published by
M. Manikandan, Dr. T. Felixkala The main objective of this study utilizes the granite waste in self-compacting concrete. The effect of using granite powder and granules as constituents of fines in mortar or concrete by partially reducing quantities of cement as well as other conventional fines in self compacting concrete. The mixtures are prepared based upon cement or sand substitution by the granite waste and their properties are evaluated both in fresh state and in hardened state of self-compacting concrete. The possibility of using granite powder as replacement of sand and partial replacement of cement with fly ash, silica fume, slag and superplasticiser in concrete. The percentage of granite powder added by weight was 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100 as a replacement of sand used in concrete and cement was replaced with 7.5% silica fume, 10% fly ash, 10% slag and 1% superplasticiser. The workability test is conducted on fresh concrete using Slump Flow test, L- Box test, and V Funnel test. In the further study hardening test are Compressive Strength, Flexural Strength, Split Tensile Strength are conducted and compared for different proportions of granite waste at different curing periods on hardened concrete specimens.
A Study on Employee Stress Management with Reference to Rane Madras, Chennai published in

Published by
P. Vidya, S. Deepa Stress is an all pervading modern phenomenon that takes a heavy toll of human life. Different situations and circumstances in our personal life and in our job produce stress. Job related factors are work overload, time pressures, poor quality of supervision, insecure political climate, role conflict and ambiguity, difference between company values and employee values. The stress is so widespread; it has a very high cost for individuals, companies and organizations, and for society. For the company or organization, the costs of stress take many forms. These include absenteeism, higher medical costs and staff turnover, with the associated cost of recruiting and training new workers. It has also been shown in recent years that stress takes a heavy toll in terms of reduced productivity and efficiency.
EVALUATION OF NOISE INDUCED HEARING LOSS IN RAIL ENGINE DRIVERS USING BERA published in

European Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr Girhepunje
1Shilpa Waghmare*, 2Ruchir Khare and 3Dr. Kiran Patel Background: Noise-induced hearing loss is an increasingly prevalent disorder that results from exposure to high intensity sound, especially over a long period of time. About thirty million workers are exposed to hazardous noise, with an additional nine million exposed to solvents and metals that put them at risk for hearing loss. This present study is a cross-sectional study that compares the hearing status of rail engine drivers, exposed to heavy noise for a duration of 10 years or more, and subjects working in quiet environment, matched for age, sex and work routine. Aim and objectives: To evaluate Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potentials in persons exposed to heavy occupational noise environment and to correlate the BAEPs and the hearing capability. Material and Methods: The study group comprised of 60 subjects exposed to continuous loud noise. The inclusion criteria included loco-pilots (rail engine drivers) of age group 40-50yrs, employed in Western-Central Railway, Jabalpur, and exposed to continuous loud noise (>85dB) for more than 10 yrs. Results: The degree of hearing loss was more profound in subjects serving for very long duration. 80% (4/5) of the subjects who were exposed to loud noise for more than 20 years had severe degree of SNHL, while only 3.7% (1/27) of them working for 11-15 years duration had severe degree of hearing loss. The mean absolute latencies of waves I, III and V were found to be less prolonged in the right ear as compared to the left ear in cases with mild and moderate degrees of SNHL. Only in severe cases the mean absolute latencies of these waves were more prolonged in the right ear than the left ear. Conclusion: Medical professionals and authorities concerned should make efforts to reduce the incidence of noise induced hearing loss which can be brought down to practically negligible using inexpensive and effective interventional technique. The effort may be in the direction of early detection or early intervention by making available ear plugs and ear muffs. The effort may also be in the direction of designing such machines which produce less sound.
Study of Elongated Styloid Process in Dry Human Skulls and its Clinical Importance. published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Pinky R. Chauhan,Dr. Taruna V. Rathod,Dr. Astha A. Jain,Dr. Maulik D. Patel,Dr. Dipali J. Trivedi,Dr. T.C.Singel Aim and Objective: The objective of present study is to know the incidence of elongated styloid process and to determine the average length of styloid process. Materials & Method: .The present study was conducted on 110 dry human skulls of unknown age and sex taken from Anatomy Department at B. J. Medical College, Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad and GMERS Medical college, Gandhinagar. Results: Out of 110 unknown dry human skulls, 16(14.5%) had elongated styloid process. Conclusion: Knowledge from the present study will be helpful to the clinicians, dentists and otolaryngologists for treatment of Eagles syndrome.
A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF EFFICACY OF TWO DIFFERENT SAMPLES OF AMRITA GUGGULU IN THE MANAGEMENT OF VATARAKTA published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Usha Sharma1, Krishna Kumar Sharma2 and Mohita Bohra3 Vata-rakta is the major example of Vata Vyadhi, caused due to Avarana pathology. The literature enlists a number of Guggulu Prayogas in the management of Vata-rakta. In Chakradutta, Vatavyadhi Rogaadhikaar, Chapter 23, two types of Amrita Guggulu, Pratham and Dwitiya, here named Sample I and Sample II are described. This is a single-blind comparative clinical study with a pretest and post-test design, wherein a minimum of 60 patients of both sex, suffering from Vata-rakta, in an age limit of 20 to 60 years, were selected and randomly categorized into two groups. The 30 patients of group A were treated with oral administration of Tab Amrita Guggulu Sample I 500 mg thrice a day and the group B patients with Tab Amrita Guggulu Sample II of the same dose pattern with Anupana of Amritaadi Kashaya 72 ml with each dose. The therapeutic effect of the treatment was assessed in both the groups based on specific subjective and objective parameters. The results obtained were analyzed statistically in both the groups. In both the groups, statistically significant improvement was observed in all the criteria of assessment. The outcome of the study revealed a better therapeutic efficacy of Amrita Guggulu Sample II than Amrita Guggulu Sample I in Vata-rakta. The use of Amrita Guggulu Sample II as Shamana Aushadha was a perfect selection in the management of Vata-rakta. As a preliminary study, it has paved the further scope of study with bigger sample size in management of Vata-rakta.
SHARE MARKET PREDICTION USING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK published in

International Education and Research Journal

Published by
Saudagar Shoaib, Ranpise Ajit, Nimbalkar Sushant, Prof. Shrinivas Halhalli The share market is dynamic in nature that means to predict share price is very complex process by general prediction or computation method. Its main reason is that there is no linear relationship between the market parameters and target closing price, so use of Neural Network is a choice of interest for share market prediction. Apart from Neural Network the proposed system consists of three more algorithms: Regression, Forecasting and Moving average. Using these algorithms, the basic idea behind this system is to predict the future share values based of the past values. Also, use of these algorithms leads the system to result in better output as well as increases the efficiency.
SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERISATION & ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF ESSENTIAL ( OMEGA-3-FATTY ACID ) THIOSEMICARBAZIDE OF LINUM USITATISSIMUM (LINSEED) SEED OIL published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
*Shobha Borhade There are two subclasses of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), omega-3-fatty acid ?-Linolenic acid or ALA (18:3n-3) & omega-6-fatty acid gamma-linolenic acid or GLA (18:3n-6), . Linum usitatissimum (Linseed) seed oil used for synthesis of thiosemicarbazone derivative contains 28.05 % alpha-linolenic ( omega-3 fatty acid ) & 18 % linoleic ( omega-6 fatty acid ). Seed oil was extracted by n-hexane & fatty acid present in the seed oil is necessary for the synthesis of derivative with thiosemicarbazone. Thioemicarbazones are potent intermediates for the synthesis of pharmaceutical and bioactive materials and thus, they are used extensively in the field of medicinal chemistry Omega-3 fatty acid thiosemicarbazide of Linum usitatissimum (Linseed) seed oil was synthesized. The absorption spectra, infrared spectra and X-ray diffraction of essential ( omega-3-) fatty acid thiosemicarbazide was studied. The antibacterial activity of essential fatty acid thiosemicarbazide was studied.
STUDY OF WIRELESS ENERGY TRANSMISSION published in

International Engineering Journal For Research & Development

Published by Mr.Amit Manikrao
Mrunali J.Panse ,Shailesh Sisat This article deals with the perception of communicating power without cables. A recent trend in power supply design is the development of charging systems that are capable of wireless power transfer. In this the charging device is not connected to the power supply. Various technology are available for wireless transmission of electricity. The new technology for wireless energy transmission is the resonance inductive coupling. With the help of this technology energy is transferred to the middle distances. In this technology we use two coils ,one is the transmitting coil and other is the receiving coil. An alternating current is passed through the transmitting coil and generates the magnetic field , due to this voltage is induced in the receiver coil. This can be used to power devices. In this paper we discussed the phenomenon of wireless energy transfer, its applications, advantages and disadvantages.
AN EXPLORATIVE STUDY TO ASSESS THE BARRIERSTO NURSE-PHYSICIAN COMMUNICATION AMONG STAFF NURSES IN SRM GENERAL HOSPITAL, KATTANKULATHUR published in

International Education and Research Journal

Published by
Ms. Whyte Lydia Maureen,Ushapriya Mathiazhakan Objectives: The present study was therefore conducted to explorethe barriers to nurse-physician communication among staff nurses in SRM general hospital, kattankulathur. Design and Methods: The research design adopted for this study was descriptive design which was used to explore the barriers to effective communication among physicians and nurses.The total sample size consists of 100 staff nurses working in SRM hospital.Non probability convenience sampling technique was used to collect the data..Schmidt quality of nurse-physician communication scale to explore the barriers to effective communication among physicians and nurses. Results: The study reveals that 37% of nurses have mild barriers, 55% of the nurses have moderate barriers and 8% of the nurses have severe barrier. Conclusion: Nursing and medicine are inseparably intertwined in hospital care. Patient outcomes are contingent upon the physicians' skills in diagnosis and treatment, as well as upon nurses' continuous observations and their skills in communicating the right information to the right professional partner.
Multivariate analysis for genetic divergence in Mungbean (Vigna radiata L. wilczek) published in

Published by
Manoj Katiyar, Sachin Kumar The objective of this study was to assess the genetic divergence available in mungbean accessions, based on Euclidean distances for the identification of genetically diverse and agronomically superior accessions. Wide physio-morphological divergence was obtained for all the traits under study. Principal component analysis, which transformed for all the metric traits into single index of similarity, yielded ten eigen vector and roots. Based on first seven principal components (which accounted for 93.57% of the total variation), non-hierarchical Euclidean cluster analysis grouped the fourty five mungbean accessions into seven well characterized groups.
A Difference-Cum-Exponential Type Estimator for Estimating the Population Mean Under Stratification published in

Bonfring International Journal of Data Mining

Published by BONFRING
H.S. Jhajj and L. Kusam Lata In survey sampling, stratification is helpful in improving precision of estimators over simple random sampling in case of heterogeneous population. In the present paper, a difference-cum exponential type estimator of population mean under two phase stratified random sampling design has been proposed for the case of heterogeneous population. The expressions for bias and mean squared error of the proposed estimator have been obtained up to first order of approximation. It has been shown that proposed estimator is efficient than linear regression estimator under the same sampling design for some range of variation in the values of constants involved. The results obtained have also been illustrated numerically as well as graphically by taking data from the population considered in the literature
REVIEW ON CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE AND ITS TREATMENT: HEMODIALYSIS published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Alphi John*, Krishnakumar K, Panayappan L, Leo Mathew* Chronic renal failure is recognized as a major health problem affecting approximately 13% of the United States population. Majority of the Indian population is suffering from chronic diseases like diabetes or hypertension. Because of negligence, unawareness or poor control of these disease conditions results in renal failure. Reports say that out of one lakh ESRD patients only 20,000 get proper treatment. This is mainly due to the lack of awareness of the disease and treatment options, inadequate access to health centers and, inability to afford the cost. In the last two decades prevalence of ESRD in India has increased. It became a global threat with significant morbidity and mortality rate. So, it decreases overall quality of life of the patients, potentially affecting their physical and mental health, functional status, independence, general well-being, personal relationship and social functioning. It was also proven that the QOL of ESRD patients are very poor and they have to undergo a lifelong treatment for their survival.
ON ADVERTISEMENT LEXIS. SLOGAN BASED RESEARCH published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Shakhnoza Yunusova The article deals with the on advertisement lexis of in the Uzbek language. And also analyzed the slogans formation of methods in language.
CONTEMPORARY MATHEMATICAL TOOLS OF FORECASTING: OVERVIEW OF METROPOLIS HASTINGS ALGORITHMS published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Clement Ayarebillah Ali*, Francis T. Oduro This paper used the Metropolis Hastings Markov Chain Monte Carlo algorithms to forecast and monitor the dynamics of HIV/AIDS prevalence rates in Ghana. The study sampled four sites in Upper East Region and explored them with these algorithms. Even though there were many Monte Carlo algorithms, the study discovered that the independence Metropolis - Hastings’ were the most suitable and appropriate for this mathematical forecasting and monitoring. We therefore, recommended for the continuous and extensive use of these algorithms in immunological s urveys to help modify the continuous use of prevalence rates.
DIGITAL LIQUID LEVEL METER USING ATMEGA328 MICROCONTROLLER published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Deode Amol Anandrao , Prof. N. R. Kolhare Monitoring Systems are necessary to understand the changes that take place in environments. The data collection systems are useful and effective tools to collect information from bulk storage tanks and to monitor the same. The measurement of liquid inside the tank is most important and such systems are useful in industries which are categorized as safety critical systems. W ireless liquid monitoring system using ultrasonic sensors is developed. The system is tested and found to be running as expected. The features of the microcontroller were utilized to build an efficient system which is both low - power and easy to maintain. The installation of the system is easy and makes it more compatible for different environments.The CC2500 module used which uses the serial communication link to and from the microcontroller. This link and uses Command s to communicate with the module and configures the same to GUI mode and sends and receives packet of data wirelessly.Microcontroller Atmega328 is a heart of the system. It is used to control overall operation of the system. The ultrasonic sensor is placed with its face directed to the liquid surface. The module is connected to the microcontroller which is used to determine the depth of the liquid in the tank. The PC module directly connects to the unit which collects these values and represents them on the graphically. The data is tabulated and the variation of liquid is shown on a graph. For plotting graph there is a GUI (Graphical User Interface).
Determinants of Bio Cultural Vulnerability and Health Care Fallacies Among Two Major Ethnic Group Inhabitants of Eastern Uttar Pradesh published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Vineet Kumar Verma, A. K. Kapoor Indias achievements in the field of rural health care delivery have been less than satisfactory and that burden of diseases among the rural Indian population remains high. The present study is to understand the determinants of bio-cultural vulnerability and their emerging threat among Rajput and Sonar of eastern Uttar Pradesh State. This study is attempts to deal with aspects that have a bearing on the health status and health care system particularly of the two dominate caste groups i.e. Rajput and Sonar. The so called determinants of health are medicinal practices, perception about health and new health care interventions - play a crucial role in the health status of the both caste group. The present study looks into the factors relating to health care services among Sonar and Rajput of eastern U.P, but it is a matter of fact that the better health achievements of the State are not truly reflected in all sections of population
IMPLEMENTATION PAPER ON REAL ESTATE MONITORING SYSTEM published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Sunidhi Kabra*, Vivek Mishra, Kshitiz Kesharwani, Shivaanshu Nagarkar With the enhancements in the Internet and computer technology, we are now able to do most of our work automatically, for example, e - wallet, online payments, etc. As a whole, Internet has made our lives simpler. Making use of modern day Internet and computer technologies, we have come up with an online system useful in the field of construction. Our co ncept, Real Estate Monitoring System, enables any individual constructor to automate the manual logs maintained at a construction site. By this automation, the owner will be able to keep an eye on the daily consumption of different material, various transa ctions and the material ordered at the construction site. This system would, therefore, avoid the need of the owner to visit the construction site daily and thus save overall time. Many forms are provided to the supervisor to fill in the daily consumption. These forms include the daily material consumption form, material ordered form, order status form, and add employee form, etc. These forms are updated by the supervisor present at the construction site and the data entered is stored in the database. The o wner, at home, logs into his account and views the data updated by the supervisor. The view provided to the owner is in the form of dynamic tables, i.e. the data being shown in the tables is altered as soon as it is changed by the supervisor. All that the owner needs to do is just refresh the page. Thus, the system provides an overall authenticity as the supervisor is owner’s one of trusted persons. Also, the time wasted by the owner in visiting the construction site everyday is saved and he can look forwar d to his other ongoing projects. The forms provided to the supervisor are simple and accept single values. Thus, avoiding the complexity of the html page and making the work much easier. The views provided to the owner are in the form of simple tables whic h can be easily understood by anyone.
Psychological Stress and Achievement Of Science Students of Different Types of Institutions published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Narendra Kumar This study attempts to assess the psychological stress and achievement of senior secondary science students studying in different types of institutions. A sample of 631 students was randomly selected from different institutions in Meerut province. They were administered Psychological Stress Scale for Science Students (PSSSS) developed by the researcher himself. Mean, S.D., and t-test were used to analyze the data. Results show that science students were found to be differed significantly on total psychological stress and achievement. Highest psychological stress was found in the students of Govt. Aided Schools and lowest in the students of Kendriya Vidyalayas, while highest achievement was found for the students of Kendriya Vidyalayas and lowest for the students of Govt. Aided Schools.
Correlation of Pap Smears with the Cervical Biopsy for Screening Carcinoma Cervix in and Around Mangadu published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr.K.R.Umadevi Introduction: Cervical cancer is a cancer arising from the cervix. It is due to the abnormal growth of cells that have the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body. Early on there are typically no symptoms. Later symptoms may include: abnormal vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain or pain during sex. Aim: To evaluate the frequency of accurate diagnosis from Pap smears. Materials and Methods : A total of 500 Pap smears and their corresponding Cervical biopsies over a 2 years period is included in the study. Materials and Methods: A total of 500 cases over a period of 2 years were included in the study. Cytological and Histopathological studies were performed for all the cases. Results: Age ranges from 21 years to 65 years with a mean age of 43 years. Majority of the patients fall in the category of Inflammatory smear where as few were in Malignant category. Inflammatory lesion was present in 287 cases. Features of Dysplasia were observed in 138 cases and 20 cases were frankly malignant. Atrophic changes were seen in 40 cases, where as 15 cases were normal. Conclusion: Inflammation of the Genital tract was a common Pathology. Pap smears and Cervical biopsy is a valuable tool for Screening of malignancy which can be done easily with low cost, outcome of malignancy can be prevented by early detection of malignancy in the cervix.
SUBSTITUTED PYRIDINE CATALYSED DOMINO SYNTHESIS OF PYRAZOLINES AND PYRIMIDINES. published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Rajesh Babu.K, Luke paul.V, Dr. Madhava Rao.V* A novel and efficient base catalysed domino synthesis of pyrazolines and pyrimidines through chalcones as intermediate compounds were reported. The base employed as catalyst to synthesize ab ove compounds was alkyl substituted pyridines due to more basic strength, low volatility and low toxicity. In order to synthesize chalcones, catalytic amount of Cu + was added to make active methyl group more active. We achieved good yields and products were characterized by IR, 1 H NMR and Mass spectral data.
Dilemma of Crossing Borders and Nationalism as Projected in Amitav Ghoshs the Shadow Lines published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Rinu Yadav In this research paper, I have tried to draw that Amitav Ghosh emphasizes on bringing out the futility of drawing lines across a nation to form two nations. His novels are concerned with the theme of crossing of frontiers- especially those of nationality, culture and language. With reference to the topic selected here Amitav Ghosh questions the validity of geographical boundaries and celebrates the union of aliens pulled together by self-propelling empathy and attachment. Amitav Ghosh aims to drive home the meaning of nationalism in the minds of the readers, through the characters in the novel. The narrators grandmother thinks nationalism, a holy and sacred word which has become the focus of political thinking in the nineteenth and twentieth century. The use of history and politics in the work of art is familiar territory for Amitav Ghosh. As a writer, he has been immensely influenced by the social and political milieu of the country. Also, the stories and events he heard from his parents during his childhood made an indelible impression on his mind. The image of changing India, politically and socially, cast a deep shadow on his mind, is drawn out and discussed here.
ESTIMATION OF BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETER OF HUMAN BREAST CARCINOMA IN DIFFERENT LOCALITIES AROUND CHENNAI CITY, TAMIL NADU. published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Pushpa Rani.V* One hundred and eighty breast cancer subjects were considered and classified into three groups according to their age: 31-40, 41- 50 and 51- 60 years. They were clinically diagnosed at different hospitals located in an around Chennai City, Tamilnadu, India. Hematology analyzers provide accurate quantitative information about blood cells and can even identify specimens with abnormal cells. It was used for in vitro diagnostic use in clinical laboratories. The instrument employs a non-optical scanning system providing a counting rate in excess of six thousand individual cells per second with a counting interval of 15 seconds. All the biochemical parameters of total protein, Total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, albumin, globulin, urea, bilirubin, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein, very low-density lipoprotein, acid phosphatas, SGOT, alkaline phosphatase, SGPT, LDH were analyzed by using colorimetry. This study suggesting that there was a significant increase in total plasma, lipids, total cholesterol, LDL - cholesterol, VLDL, Phospholipids, triglycerides, free fatty acids in malignant breast cancer patients. The present study also revealed that this work is very useful for the diagnosis of a broad range of breast pathologies and as far as we are concerned, similar work had not been made in the literature.
Pesticidal Properties on the Leaf Extracts of Strychnos-Nux-Vomica Plant published in

Journal of Innovations in Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences

Published by innovational publishers
Mity Thambi, Tom Cherian Strychnos-nux-vomica which belongs to the family loganiacea is a medium-sized tree. Other names of Strychnos-nux-vomica are Kanjiram, Kuchla, Kupilu. In India, the quality/toxicity of traditional medical crude and processed Strychnos seeds can be controlled by examining the toxic alkaloids using established HPLC methods and/or HPLC-UV methods. Strychnos nux-vomica is also used in homeopathy. Strychnos has not been proven effective for the treatment of any illness. Since the seeds contain strychnine poison, conventional doctors do not recommend it as a medicine. In the present study reveals that, plant extracts of Strychnos-nux-vomica leaves in ethyl acetate solvent is highly toxic against adults of Sitophilus oryzae. Higher doses and exposure time are required to achieve 100% mortality for the adults of Sitophilus oryzae. The ethyl acetate extract of Strychnos-nux-vomica could be used as a potential grain protectant against Sitophilus oryzae. The use of botanical materials as insecticides will benefit our agricultural sector. They are not only of low cost, but have no environmental impact in term of insecticidal hazard. Therefore, the findings of the current experiments strongly support the use and exploration of botanicals in pest management practices.
SYNTHESIS AND EVALUATION OF Beta-CYCLODEXTRIN-EPICHLOROHYDRIN INCLUSION COMPLEX AS A PHARMACEUTICAL EXCIPIENT published in

Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences

Published by University of El Oued
K.N Poornima, R Deveswaran, S Bharath, B.V Basavaraj, V Madhavan A water soluble Beta-cyclodextrin-epichlorohydrin complex (Beta-CDEPI) was synthesized by one-step condensation polymerization. Drug- Beta-CDEPI inclusion complexes were prepared and characterized. Inclusion complexes prepared using lyophilization technique was used to formulate orodispersible tablets. Compatibility studies showed no interaction and characterization proved substantial inclusion complex formation. Drug content was found between 97-99%. In-vitro disintegration time was found to be less than 3 minutes and all the formulations showed complete drug release of 100% within 15 minutes. The formulations were found to be stable for a period of 6 months. Beta-CDEPI polymer enhances the solubility and thus effectively can be utilized to improve the aqueous solubility of poorly water soluble drugs.
Employability of Persons with Disabilities in Various Work Environments published in

Published by
Madhusudanan. S The employability of persons with disabilities in various work environments are explored. Case study research design and purposive sampling are adopted. The participants had poor perception with regard to the issue; they showed thoughtless attitude and discrimination against disabled individuals even based on their caste. Participants had apprehension in providing barrier free environment. The participants ranked the disability categories for providing employment. Mild locomotor disability was ranked first by all; mental retardation, mental illness and leprosy cured was ranked sixth, seventh and eighth. The realisation of Universal Declaration of Human Rights is far away
ACCURACY IMPROVEMENT THROUGH THE USE OF ELECTRONIC DISCHARGE MACHINING INSTEAD OF CONVENTIONAL MACHINING published in

International Education and Research Journal

Published by
S.Ravinder Reddy, Anil Kumar N, K.Prashanth Reddy, G Sudhir Kumar Yadav, Dr Dipak Ranjan Jana In this empirical study, at first conventional machining process been carried out for making a Blind-hole (very fine) in harder material such as 20mncr5 with the help of boring tool and there after measurement have taken. All the data have been plotted in the statistical quality control (SQC) chart. There after the same work has been carried out in Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) processes through “Cu” as an electrode & measurement has been taken as well as the data's have been plotted in the SQC chart. A remarkable improvement has been observed in terms of accuracy of the work which has been shown in the graph. So, instead of using conventional machining process we shall use Non-conventional machining process for getting higher Metal Removing Rate (MRR), along with achieving higher accuracy in terms quality of the work.
Food fortification and micronutrient malnutrition published in

Food Science Research Journal

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
RAKSHA S. DAVE AND VEENA S. SAMANI Food fortification is the addition of vitamins and minerals to a staple food or condiment consumed in fairly consistent and huge amounts. Pre-determined quantities of vitamins and minerals beneficial to the health and well-being of the population are added at the processing stage. The decision regarding which additive to use is based on the severity of the vitamin and mineral deficiencies in the consuming population, the added cost of delivering these nutrients and the compatibility of the food vehicle to their acceptance. Fortification of common food staples and condiments with micronutrients is one of the key strategies to control micronutrient malnutrition and should be done judiciously to maximize its benefits for the people. International Association of Infant Food Manufacturers (IFM) is also developing its new strategies and research and development to explore the opportunities in Asian and African countries in order to increase their reach for the healthy society with vast range of fortified food products including salt, sugar, flour, chocolates, milk, etc. Still there is a vast gap to be filled up in fortification and micronutrient malnutrition with the joint efforts from industry players, public and private partners, Social institutions, Financial institutions, Government, and most important the consumers.
TRENDS IN THEINTERNATIONAL PRICES OF COCONUT OIL AND OTHER COMPETING OILS published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Gigi Elias, -
An Emerging Trend of Anaerobes: Porphyromonas Levii Causing Necrotic Vulvo Vaginitis. A Case Report published in

International Journal of Basic Medical Sciences and Pharmacy

Published by IJBMSP
Mubarak Zeb, Hina Tariq, Waqar Khan, Effa Khan, Arif Hussain, Badar Jehan Farooqi, Sikandar Khan Sherwani Prophyromonas levii is a gram negative anaerobic rod. It is non-motile chemoorganotroph bacteria. It was previously included in the genus named Bacteroides, but non on molecular basis, 16S rRNA studies it belongs to genus porphyromonas. Porphyromonas levii also isolated from female vagina also consider as normal vaginal flora. It can cause brain abscess, otitis media, mastoiditis, chronic osteomylitis and bacterial vaginosis in human. In our case a 13 years old girl was admitted in a tertiary care hospital with yellow foul smelling vaginal discharge, itching, and abdominal pain. After bacterial culture the anaerobic organism is identified as Porphromonas levii. Porphyromonas levii have caused Vulvo vaginitis which reflects that rare pathogen can also capable of causing of this disease. This also highlights the importance of culture and sensitivity in management of diseases. In our society the importance of culture and sensitivity should be highlighted, as well as the microbiology laboratory should be standardized, well equipped and well trained staff. Porphyromonas levii is an anaerobic bacteria and required strict anaerobic condition and technical skills to be cultivated, this can only be possible if Microbiology laboratory in our community are standardized, and else we would be missing the diagnosis of this emerging pathogen.
SYMMETRICAL DIVISION OF SQUARE AND CIRCLE (INTO 32) IS REFLECTED BY THE CORRECT DECIMAL PART OF THE CIRCUMFERENCE (0.14644660941) OF CIRCLE HAVING UNIT DIAMETER published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
R.D. Sarva Jagannadha Reddy* Square and circle are different, in being, the former a straight line entity and the latter a curvilinear one. When a circle is inscribed in a square and the composite construction is divided symmetrically into 32 segments, it helps in finding the real Pi value.
PRECIPITATE MESSAGE MANIFEST PROTOCOL FOR VEHICULAR AD HOC NETWORKS? published in

International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing - IJCSMC

Published by Mohammad Zainuddin
Ramya. K, Nithya. N? Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) adopt the Expedite Message Authentication Protocol (EMAP) and Certificate Revocation Lists (CRLs) for their security. In any EMAP system, the authentication of a received message is performed by checking if the certificate of the sender is included in the current CRL, and verifying the authenticity of the certificate and signature of the sender. In this paper, We propose a Message Authentication Acceleration (MAAC) protocol for VANETs, which replaces the time-consuming CRL checking process by an efficient revocation check process. The revocation check process uses a keyed Hash Message Authentication Code (HMAC), where the key used in calculating the HMAC is shared only between non-revoked On- Board Units (OBUs). The MAAC protocol uses a novel probabilistic key distribution, which enables non-revoked OBUs to securely share and update a secret key .By conducting security analysis and performance evaluation, the MAAC protocol is demonstrated to be secured and efficient.
ON THE INTEGRABILITY OF THE FUNCTIONS WITH MONOTONE DECREASING FOURIER COEFFICIENTS WITH RESPECT TO MULTIPLICATIVE SYSTEMS published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Gulmira Saginganovna Kenzhebekova In this work one generalization of the theorem of Hardy-Littlewood about Fourier series with monotone coefficients with respect to multiplicative systems is proved.
Awareness among women regarding deforestation and fuel wood saving practices followed by them published in

Asian Journal of Home Science

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
DEEPIKA BISHT AND RUPA BAKHSHI The present investigation was undertaken to know the awareness of rural and urban respondents regarding deforestation, its causes and effects and to study the firewood saving practices followed by respondents. The study was conducted on 60 rural and 60 urban respondents of Ludhiana district and the results showed that only 10 per cent of rural and 88.33 per cent of the urban respondents were aware about deforestation. As regards energy saving techniques while using fuel wood about 60 per cent rural respondents used to follow such practices. The urban households were not found to be using firewood at all.
Density-Based Spatial Clustering with Noise A Survey? published in

International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing - IJCSMC

Published by Mohammad Zainuddin
Naveen Kumar, S.Sivasathya? Spatial data mining is the task of discovering knowledge from spatial data. Density-Based Spatial Clustering occupies an important position in spatial data mining task. This paper presents a detailed survey of density-based spatial clustering of data either by classification or clustering. The various algorithms are described based on DBSCAN (Density-Based Spatial Clustering of Application with Noise) comparison them on the basis of various attributes and different pitfalls.
STUDY OF PAINT APPLICABILITY AND BIODEGRADATION OF MICA BASED STARCH-G-PEHA/MICA BIONANOCOMPOSITE published in

European Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr Girhepunje
Bipranarayan Mallick*1 and Prafulla K Sahoo2 2-Ethyl hexyl acrylate (EHA) was grafted onto starch with mica as additive to synthesize starch-g-Poly (2-ethylhexylacrylate)/mica bionanocomposites by emulsion polymerization using ammonium persulfate (APS) as initiator. The bionanocomposite was studied for greater biodegradability and water resistant property with varied range of mica content to be used in paint industry. The bionanocomposites were characterized by FTIR and TGA for grafting pattern, thermal behavior and morphological arrangement. The intercalated structure of (starch-g-PEHA)/mica due to dispersion of nano scale mica into galleries of starch-g-PEHA biocopolymer were characterized by XRD study and TEM micrography. The coating, antifungal activity and ageing properties were studied drawing thin films with the bionanocomposites and biodegradability with water resistant properties were compared to establish its novelty over the previously reported (starch-g-PEHA)/SS and (starch-g-PEHA)/MMT bionanocomposites.
Kikuchi-Fujimoto Disease Rare Cause for Axillary Lymphadenopathy published in

Published by
Dr. Elroy Saldanha, Dr. Reshmina C. C. D Souza, Dr. Erel A. I Diaz, Dr. Rithesh Joseph D Rsquo Cunha Background: Kikuchi's disease refers to histiocytic necrotising lymphadenitis more common cause for cervical lymphadenopathy. We present a case of bilateral axillary lymphadenopathy for 3 months duration who underwent biopsy confirmation for the same. Patient was treated symptomatically and with steroids. Discussion: Kikuchi's disease is a very rare disease and mainly presents with cervical lymphadenopathy. Unusual manifestations of isolated KFD include axillary and mesenteric lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, parotid gland enlargement, skin rashes, arthralgias, myalgias, aseptic meningitis, bone marrow haemophagocytosis and liver dysfunction. Differential diagnosis like malignant lymphoma, tuberculous lymphadenitis and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has to be considered on such unusual presentations.
Mental Health Education to Youth published in

Published by
Rajendra Baikady There are more than 1522 colleges and 567universities in India with more than 07 million students enrolled across the country. Depression, anxiety, substance abuse, eating disorders, and other serious mental health problems are prevalent on campuses across the nation. A large national survey of college students identified rates of depression (44%), episodic binge drinking (45%), and suicidal thoughts (10%) that highlight the need for adequate mental health care. Suicide is currently the second-leading cause of death among college students; resulting in approximately 1100 deaths per year college-age adults are especially vulnerable to mental health problems, in part because many such problems first emerge in the late teens or early 20s. Its also notable that there is no coverage of Mental Health aspects in the Syllabus of Education Except specializations. There is a need for the inclusion of mental health component in the syllabus of each and every course and in a specific level. This paper is an attempt to develop a module on mental health education that can be offered as a compulsory paper for all the under graduation courses irrespective of discipline across the country.
STUDY & SURVEY ON WIRELESS CHARGING & TECHNOLOGY published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Harshal Sharma* In the modern world, we have often heard a word - wireless charging technology. Actually what is it all about? So th is paper is giving you the whole package about wireless charging technology. Wireless charging is a technology through which power is transmitted through an air gap to the electrical devices for the motive of replenishment of energy. At present wireless ch arging techniques and development of commercial products have provided a promise to address the energy bottleneck of portable battery powered devices. The incorporation of wireless charging into existing wireless communication system brings a series of cha llenges like implementation, scheduling, and power management. The paper presents a detailed view on wireless charging techniques along with its need, invention, advantages, disadvantages and standards. It will also present working of one these technologie s. It is a hectic task to carry the charger of mobile phones everywhere or any electronic gadget while travelling and it is very cruel when your mobile phone getting off by the time you urgently need it, so today’s world requires the complete technology so here is an overview of existing wireless charging techniques. The paper also discusses about the problems and challenges which takes place while implementing wireless charging technology. In addition it also envisions practical future of wireless charging technology.
ASSESSMENT OF COMMON ETIOLOGICAL FACTORS OF GINGIVAL RECESSION published in

International Education and Research Journal

Published by
Dr. Maya S. Indurkar, Dr. Namita Dewan Aims : Recession defects are one of the most common findings in periodontal problems affecting individuals of almost all ages to some degree. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate common etiological factors of gingival recession and hence its treatment and/or prevention. Methods and Material: A total of 120 individuals suffering from gingival recession were examined. Data was collected by an interview with the help of a proforma and then the clinical examination was carried out. The presence of gingival recession was recorded using Miller's classification of gingival recession. Various indices like Silness and Loe Plaque Index, Greene and Vermillion Oral Hygiene Index, Russel's periodontal Index were recorded. Statistical analysis: The data thus obtained was subjected to statistical analysis using Chi square test. Results: The prevalence of gingival recession was found to increase with age . High frequency of gingival recession was seen in males (61.6%) compared to females. Gingival recession was commonly seen in mandibular incisors, lateral incisors and canines. The most common cause for gingival recession was dental plaque accumulation (93.3%) followed by faulty toothbrushing (75.8%). Other causes were smokeless tobacco habit (30%), frenal pull (15.8%) and malposition.(15.8%). Conclusions: It is important to identify the cause of gingival recession in a patient so that prevention can be done or appropriate treatment can be given.
COMPARISON OF GDI BASED D FLIP FLOP CIRCUITS USING 90NM AND 180NM TECHNOLOGY published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Gurwinder Singh*, Ramanjeet Singh Energy performance requirements are forcing designers of next - generation systems to explore approaches to lease po ssible power consumption. Power consumption is majorly affected by power supply voltage. Scaling of power supply voltage is major factor to reduce power consumption. The technique to achieve ultra - low power is to operate the circuit with supply voltage les s than threshold voltage. The region where supply voltage is less than threshold voltage is called sub threshold region. Ultra - low power consumption can be achieved by operating digital circuits at sub threshold region. Here proposed sub threshold circuit is based on GDI (Gate Diffusion Input) technique. GDI technique allows reducing power consumption, delay, area of the digital circuit while maintaining low complexity of logic design as compared to other CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) circu its. In this article a new implementation of efficient D - Flip - Flop (DFF) using Gate - Diffusion - Input (GDI) technique, is presented. This DFF design allows reducing power - delay product and area of the circuit, while maintaining low complexity of logic design . Performance comparison with other DFF design techniques is presented, with respect to gate area, number of devices, delay and power dissipation, showing advantages and drawbacks of GDI DFF, as compared to other methods. A D - flip - flop is proposed by using different technologies for VLSI system for making high performance processing element. The performanc e is carried out by tanner tool .
REVIEW ARTICLE ON MORBIDITY PATTERN IN ADOLESCENT GIRLS published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Uzma Eram* Most of the surveys show that health status of adolescent girls are at sub - optimal level. It is also an intense anabolic period when requirements for all nutrients increase. The health problems of adolescents are very different from those of younger children and adults. Majority of adolescents still do not have access to information on reproductive health and rights, nor do they have access to preventive and curative services. This study was done to review the literature on various morbidities among adolescent girls. The health and nutritional status of adolescent girls is very poor in rural areas. It is because of gender discrimination in the families. Regular health che ck – ups and periodical examination in the schools and families should be done by health workers. De - worming should be done on a mass level at regular intervals. Adolescent clinics should be opened in the health centres.
Review of Mac Protocol Using Contention Window for Wireless Body Area Network published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Priya Hd Singh, P. Meena Priya Dharshini, M. Tamilarasi Wireless Body Area Network focus on the MAC layer which is a sub layer of the Data link layer. In this layer the bits are organized into frames to provide hop-to-hop delivery. To reduce the collision when more than two nodes tries sending data on the same channel Back off algorithm is proposed. In this work a dedicated control channel is designed for its application. The priority algorithm sets the traffic priorities and the traffic is then classified based on the priority. Concept of contention window is used to assign values to nodes for resource allocation.
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND IN VITRO ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF MARSILEA QUADRIFOLIA published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Arul Meenatchi K and *Agnes Jenitha X The present study was to investigate the presence of phytochemicals and antioxidant activity of petroleum ether, Methanol and Aqeous extracts of Marsilea quadrifolia (Family: Marsileaceae). Phytochemical analysis and antioxidant analysis has been studied using standard procedures. Phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of steroids, phenols, resins, tannins, flavonoids, terphenoids, carbohydrates, amino acids, protein in the leaves extracts. In this study Hydrogen peroxide scavenging activity, DPPH antioxidant activity, Total antioxidant activity of the extracts of Marsilea quadrifolia are analysed. Our findings provided evidence that Petroleum ether, Methanolic, and Aqueous extracts of leaves certain antioxidant activity and its justifies their use in traditional medicine for the treatment of different diseases.
Changing Manufacture Sector: An Overview published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Mr. Mukesh. H. V, Mr. Venkatesh. R World economy is recovering from global economic crises, all countries are back to the starting point and new race as began. Out of which, India is one of the fastest growing economies. This growth is mainly leveraged by 1991 economic reforms. But presently economy is experiencing lack of momentum due to several reasons. A major reform is critical for future growth. Manufacturing sector is lagging behind in comparison with other sectors and as well as in comparison with emerging economies. This issue needs immediate address and major icebreaking reform is requires. The new government has taken up such steps in the form of Make in India campaign. This paper analysis the present status of overall economy, manufacturing sector, Make in India campaign, and Make in India issues and challenges.
Desain Pembelajaran Student’s Conceptual Construction Guider Berdasarkan Kesulitan Mahasiswa Calon Guru Fisika pada Konsep Gerak Parabola published in

JPPPF - Jurnal Penelitian & Pengembangan Pendidikan Fisika

Published by Pendidikan Fisika UNJ
Duden Saepuzaman, Saeful Karim This research is motivated finding of the student difficulties in projectile motion. In general, the difficulties students in understanding the concept of projectile motion as follows. First, draw the vector component’s in the direction x (horizontal) and y (vertical). Second, distinguish the velocity vector’s, the vector component of velocity, the velocity vector component in the x and y directions. Third, too focus on formula’s for half a projectile trajectory, maximum height, maximum distance. Fourth, always assumed final velocity moving object projectile when it hits the ground is always zero. Fifth, the velocity to zero at the top (only the speed in the vertical direction is zero). Sixth, the acceleration is owned by the object in the x and y directions. Seventh, found some students use the law of sines cosines rule’s on the determination of the distance/ height (although the determination of the distance/ high based on the speed information). In Prediction, the process of learning that takes less facilitate the development of thinking ability of students to build its own concept (constructivism). This research aims to create a lesson plan called Student's Conceptual Construction Guider. The method used is descriptive analysis method. Conceptual understanding of students are evaluated through tests shaped conceptual description. The results showed that the learning Student's Conceptual Construction Guider can facilitate the development of thinking ability of students to build its own concept in understanding the concept of a projectile motion.
Biologic Therapy For Ocular Inflammatory Diseases: An Update published in

International Journal of Ophthalmology & Eye Science (IJOES)

Published by SciDoc Publishers
Marina Mesquida, Uveitis comprehends a wide and heterogeneous group of intraocular inflammatory conditions potentially sight-threatening and variable therapeutic strategies have been proposed. Classical treatment with steroids and conventional immunosuppressive agents is often used as first-step. However, a number of patients may not respond properly or tolerate these medications with well-known side effects. Over the last two decades, advances in the understanding of the pathogenesis of autoimmune uveitis, as well as improved biotechnology, have enabled the development of a new class of drugs called biologics, which provide selective targeting of the immune mediators of the inflammation cascade. Biologic therapies were introduced as a new option for patients with autoimmune rheumatic conditions refractory to conventional therapy and due to their success have posteriorly been used in ophthalmology to treat ocular inflammatory disorders. These new agents may potentially provide more effective and less toxic treatment than conventional therapy. Biologic therapies include a wide variety of drugs with different mechanisms of action, including monoclonal antibodies against cell surface markers, cytokines and their receptors, or recombinant forms of natural inhibitory molecules. Although some results are based on investigations with insufficient clinical trials, the majority of biologics indicate preferable outcomes on refractory uveitis, with remarkable promise to increase the possibility of long-term remission. The development of these new drugs is one of the most revolutionary advances in recent years, and the promise of shifting paradigms makes it an exciting time for uveitis specialists worldwide.
A Glimpse of Child Abuse in the History of English Literature published in

Published by
Ruchee Children are visualized as angels and most innocent creation of god. Despite this fact they are most victimized, exploited, marginalized and abused members of the society. The lively, happy and jovial picture of children is quite visible in the folk tales, childrens stories, fairy tales and fables .It has always been assumed that all the children on earth are safe and sound in the very hands of caregivers and caretakers. But the darker side of reality is that the protectors are actually the violators. This truth is quite implicit even in the happiest and world renowned tales like Cinderella, Beauty and the Beast and Hansel and Gretel, etc. This is true not only in the case of female children but also applicable in the case of male children. Literature is the mirror of the society and a vent to those hidden realities of culture, religion and society which never come to surface or which are not sanctioned by the constructors of the social norms until triggered. It is only possible through the pathway of literature that these realities come out consciously or unconsciously in the wrap of aesthetic vocabulary in acceptable way. One of such theme pertaining to childhood is child abuse which has never been talked about so openly due to orthodoxy, patriarchy, societal taboos, religious restraints and psychological constraints. The present paper seeks to trace the brief history of child abuse in literature.
Improving nutritional security through kitchen gardening in rural areas published in

Asian Journal of Home Science

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
K. CHAYAL, B.L. DHAKA, M.K. POONIAAND R.K. BAIRWA Malnutrition is a serious nutritional problem in rural areas, resulting in different types of diseases, hampering physical growth and retarding brain development. For poor people households, vegetables and fruits are often the only source of micronutrients in the family diet. Homestead production of fruits and vegetables provides the poor people the direct access to important nutrients that may not be readily available or within their economic rich. Hence, kitchen gardening is an important strategy to improve household nutritional security. Present study was conducted in Bundi district of Rajasthan to quantify the impact of kitchen gardening to improve nutritional security of households in rural areas. The result suggests that kitchen gardening has proved a feasible livelihood strategy for resource poor people in terms of nutrient as well as calorie intake and economic performances.
Potential of Fungicides on Spore Germination And Mycelial Growth of Fruit Rot/Anthracnose Disease of Banana Caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
C. S. Azad, J. N. Srivastava, Gireesh Chand The efficacy of fungicides was tested in vitro employing poisoned food technique against C. gloeosporioides. Efficacy of five fungicides viz., Bavistin 50 WP, Kavach 75 WP, Indofil M-45, Blitox-50 and Azadiractin at concentration of 100, 150, 200, 250, 500 and 750 g/ml each were evaluated to study their effect on spore germination of C. gloeosporioides. All the treatments were found effective in suppression of germination of C. gloeosporioides at variable concentrations. Among fungicides Bavistin-50 was found most effective and 100 per cent inhibition was obtained at 150 ppm whereas, Kavach 75 WP gave the similar results at 500 ppm whereas Azadirachtin was found least effective in suppression of spore germination. Five different fungicides viz., Bavistin 50 WP, Kavach 75 WP, Indofil M-45, Blitox-50 and Azadirachtin at 200, 250, 300, 500, 750, 1000, 1250 and 1500 g/ml each were evaluated to study their effect on mycelial growth of C. gloeosporioides by poison food technique on PDA. Among five fungicides, Bavistin-50 WP was found to be the best even at 250 g/ml concentration inhibiting the growth of C. gloeosporioides whereas Azadirachtin was found less effective for inhibiting the radial growth of C. gloeosporioides as compared to the other four fungicides.
Identifying Similar Biophysical Characteristics among Nesting Beaches of Green Turtles of Turkey Using Remote Sensing Techniques published in

International Journal of Remote Sensing Applications (IJRSA)

Published by Science and Engineering Publishing Company (SEP)
Kristina H. Yamamoto, Sharolyn J. Anderson, Rebecca L. Powell, Donald G. Sullivan, Paul C. Sutton We introduce the use of remote sensing analysis in providing new insight in characterizing green turtle nesting habitat. A maximum likelihood classification (MLC) and a multiple endmember spectral mixture analysis (MESMA) were conducted on a Landsat image that contained six nesting beaches in Turkey that represent varying degrees of importance. Both techniques highlighted similarities of the vegetative cover as a function of distance from the shoreline for beaches of similar importance. These similarities in percentage and change of vegetative cover allow for categorization of nesting beaches which may be applied to other nesting areas throughout the green turtles range.
Characteristics of Rainfall Over West Khandesh Region of Maharashtra [India] published in

Published by
Dr. B. D. Patil The study region falls under assured rainfall zone and 70 percent area has received rain with amounting 500 mm to 1200 mm. Study area has receives rain mainly from South-West monsoon which comes in beginning of the June and withdraws on the end of September. The average annual rainfall of the study area is 780 mm, Nawapur and Akkalkuwa tahsil have received highest rainfall of amounting 1139 and 1219 mm. respectively. Both tahsil has situated on the windward valley of between Satpura and Shyadri mountain. A whereas Sakri tahsil received lowest rainfall of 514.1 mm .The physiographic characteristics of Nawapur and Akkalkuwa tahsils is that, they has been situated at the foothills of Satpura and Sahyadri respectively and secondly they fall under the high rainfall zone. However Sakri tahsil has been observed variation in rainfall characteristics in terms of less rain receiving areas. The Western part of the tahsil has received maximum rainfall while Eastern part of the tahsil has received less rainfall as well as observing minimum rainy days. Thereby, Sakri tahsil has an annual rainfall of about 514.1 mm (2003).
????? ? ????? ??????? ?? ??????????? ????? ?????????? published in

Eurasian Union of Scientists

Published by Ltd International Education Center
??????? ????? ??????????, ????????? ?????? ?????????? Currently legislators are actively working towards the elimination of differences between the accounting and tax accounting. It touched and the loss from assignment of claims.
Impact of Social Media Endorsement on Fashion Brands published in

Published by
Dr. Mudita Sinha, Prof. Bhavana Kanthy Celebrity endorsements are widely used advertising strategies used for the marketing of different products. The present study investigates the differences in brand name memorability and credibility of celebrity-endorsement in Twitter and Facebook. Celebrity endorsements were previously seen in print magazines as well as television commercials. However, in recent years, the inception of social media as a popular source of daily media consumption has provided another venue for celebrities to endorse different items on an even more personal level. Twitter and Facebook are currently one of the most popular social media sites. These sites allow individuals to post Tweets or short updates about their thoughts, activities, or opinions that have a great impact on purchase pattern.
ASPEK HUKUM KEGIATAN WISATA RUANG ANGKASA (SPACE TOURISM) MENURUT HUKUM INTERNASIONAL published in

Dinamika Hukum

Published by Faculty of Law, Jenderal Soedirman University, Indonesia
Aryuni Yuliantiningsih The activities of States in the exploration and use of outer space began since Uni Sovyet was launching Sputnik sattelite at 1957 and than followed the first manned spaceflight launched namely Yuri Gagarin at 1961. In their activities, manned spaceflight get law protection according Space Treaty and Rescue Agrement. Article 5 Space Treaty regulate that State Parties to the treaty shall regard astonauts as envoys of mankind in outer space and shall render to them all possible assistance in the event of accident, distress, or emergency landing of another State Party. In the other side, the activities of commercial use of outer space is developing, the one is space tourism. This matter not yet be regulated so if there are many problems about the law protection of space tourists and the activities of outer space that performed by private enterprises, the treaties of outer space can be applicated. Key word : space tourism, outer space treaty
Bioprospecting of Biochemical Parameters of Wheat Under Salinity Stress After Bioferilizer Treatment published in

Published by
Rajnish Prakash Singh, Prabhat Nath Jha Microbial inoculums termed as Biofertlizers are gaining a lot of interest now a day for improving the plant growth and productivity as a alternative to chemical fertilizers and pesticides. In developing countries like India, agriculture is an important sector for economy. However increasing soil salinity causes a major loss of agricultural economy. The present study demonstrated the efficacy of biofertilizer Enterobacter cloaceae to growth improvement by analyzing the various biochemical parameters of wheat under various level of salinity stress. Microbial isolate was isolated from salt rich lake Sambhar lake to growth improvement and development as bioferilizers for plants growing around the salt rich region. The seeds of wheat were treated with microbial inoculums with salt stress and the observed changes in biochemical parameters were analyzed after 15 days of study period. Results illustrated that plants treated with Enterobacter cloaceae showed significant improvement in various biochemical parameters responsible for plants sustainability as compared to untreated control plants.
Human Rights Awareness in India published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Asstt. Prof. Sunita Kaler India has adopted multipronged strategy for ensuring human rights for its citizens. On the one hand, it incorporated into its Constitution as Fundamental Rights the various human rights provided for in the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). On the other hand, keeping in view the ethnic diversity and highly divisive society of India, it also practices the policy of protective discrimination for certain traditionally deprived sections of society like the Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST), as well as girls and disabled persons.Indian education system from a human rights perspective, it has followed a Value and Awareness Model of human rights education, wherein human rights are not taught as a separate subject, instead, various values related to human rights have been integrated in all subjects and in all stages of school curriculum.The NHRC is an embodiment of Indias concern for the protection and promotion of human rights. It recommended that 10 December each year be observed as Human Rights Day in all schools across the country. Today more than 40 universities in the country have introduced certificate, diploma, under-graduate and post-graduate courses in Human Rights.India took positive steps in strengthening laws protecting women and children, and, in several important cases,prosecuting state security forces for extrajudicial killings.
CAMEL Model, A Conceptual Framework For Financial Performance Evaluation Of Banks In India published in

Published by
Nayan m. Gadhia The development or progression of any economy is heavily dependent upon optimum utilization of available resources and operational efficiency of the various sectors. Banking sector always plays a very important role in the development of any economy. Banking sector is one of the important and rapidly growing sectors in India. The importance may be viewed in the context of help or support in stimulation of capital formation, encouraging innovation, influence or direction to economy, monetization in addition to monetary policy. Therefore, performance evaluation and analysis of banking sector is very important and effective measure to ensure sound financial system and economy. Evaluation of Indian Banking Sector is not an easy task to do. CAMEL model or rating is a supervisory rating system originally developed in the U.S. to classify a banks overall performance. CAMEL model measures the performance of banks by applying important parameters like Capital Adequacy, Assets Quality, Management Efficiency, Earning Quality and Liquidity. In this paper, an attempt has been made to explain the concept of CAMEL model for performance evaluation of banks in India.
High Operation Efficiency of Semiconductor Electrooptic Modulators in Advanced Lightwave Communication Systems published in

International Journal of Basic and Applied Science (IJBAS)

Published by Insan Akademika Publications
Ahmed Nabih Zaki Rashed Photonic links have been proposed to transport radio frequency (RF) signals over optical fiber communication systems. External optical modulation is commonly used in high performance RF photonic links. The practical use of optical fiber communication systems to transport RF signals is still limited due to high RF signal loss. In order to reduce the RF signal loss, highly efficient modulators are needed. For many applications, modulators with broad bandwidths are required. However, there are applications that require only a narrow bandwidth. For these narrow band applications, the modulation efficiency can be improved through the resonant enhancement technique at the expense of reduced transmission bandwidth. Therefore we have been investigated to get the best performance of the transmission bit rate capacity and product of different semiconductor materials based electrooptic (EO) modulators over wide range of the affecting parameters.
Alpha-foetoprotein (AFP)-producing ovarian tumour in an elderly woman: case report of a primitive endodermal tumour. published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Giuseppe Loverro, Leonardo Resta, Alessandra Punzi, Federica Pezzuto, Edoardo Di Naro, Teresa Marrano, Gabriella SerioGiuseppe Loverro, Leonardo Resta, Alessandra Punzi, Federica Pezzuto, Edoardo Di Naro, Teresa Marrano, Gabriella Serio Yolk sac tumours of the ovary (YST) are rare and highly malignant tumours occurring in children and young adults. Cases of pure or mixed endodermal sinus tumours of the ovary arising in post-menopausal women are exceptional. Prognosis is good in the early stage, with a 5-year survival rate of 95%. After surgery, chemotherapy (bleomycin, etoposide, cisplatin) is the current standard therapy. Serum alpha-foeto protein (AFP) is a useful marker in the diagnosis and management of YST. We present a case of a tumour producing alpha-foetoprotein (AFP) that affected a 77-year-old woman, treated with combined chemotherapy, and who is disease-free at 18 months after diagnosis (the last follow-up) .
Log Usage Analysis: What it Discloses about Use, Information Seeking and Trustworthiness published in

International Journal of Knowledge Content and Technology

Published by International Journal of Knowledge Content Development & Technology
David Nicholas, David Clark, Hamid R. Jamali, Anthony Watkinson The Trust and Authority in Scholarly Communications in the Light of the Digital Transition research project1) was a study which investigated the behaviours and attitudes of academic researchers as producers and consumers of scholarly information resources in respect to how they determine authority and trustworthiness. The research questions for the study arose out of CIBERs studies of the virtual scholar. This paper focuses on elements of this study, mainly an analysis of a scholarly publishers usage logs, which was undertaken at the start of the project in order to build an evidence base, which would help calibrate the main methodological tools used by the project: interviews and questionnaire. The specific purpose of the log study was to identify and assess the digital usage behaviours that potentially raise trustworthiness and authority questions. Results from the self-report part of the study were additionally used to explain the logs. The main findings were that: 1) logs provide a good indicator of use and information seeking behaviour, albeit in respect to just a part of the information seeking journey; 2) the lite form of information seeking behaviour observed in the logs is a sign of users trying to make their mind up in the face of a tsunami of information as to what is relevant and to be trusted; 3) Google and Google Scholar are the discovery platforms of choice for academic researchers, which partly points to the fact that they are influenced in what they use and read by ease of access; 4) usage is not a suitable proxy for quality. The paper also provides contextual data from CIBERs previous studies.
A Novel Approach to Harness Maximum Power from Solar PV Panel published in

The journal of CPRI

Published by Central Power Research Institute
Mrityunjaya Kappali Uday Kumar R Y Among alternate sources of electricity, Solar Photo Voltaic (PV) energy is gaining prominence due to its plentiful availability. It is not being opted for in large numbers as grid parity of cost has not been achieved. By harnessing more power per unit installed capacity of the solar panel, the cost can be reduced. One of the methods of realizing this is by Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) wherein a power electronic converter is used to match the load with the PV panel. Widely employed approach for MPPT is to monitor the power generated by the PV panel and keep on adjusting the duty cycle of converter so that this power is always maximum. Present paper proposes a novel method to realize MPPT for standalone solar PV system with resistive (R) load. It is shown that the output power becomes the maximum when the load voltage becomes the maximum. Conversely, varying the duty cycle of the converter such that load voltage is always maximum leads to harnessing maximum power output. This approach can be referred to as Maximum Load Voltage Point Tracking (MLVPT). Only one parameter i.e. load voltage needs to be monitored. It is simpler than monitoring PV panel power as in that case it’s necessary to measure both panel voltage and current and then find their product. The proposal of MLVPT for realizing MPPT is substantiated by theoretical explanation. Simulation as well as experimentation are also carried out. The results are found to be in close conformity with the theoretical findings.
Comprehensive review of near surface mounted technique used in Flexural published in

Published by
Parth D. Shahand, Prof. Yashwant Sinhzala Significant research on strengthening reinforced concrete (RC) structure with Near-surface mounted (NSM) fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) reinforcement has been done in recent years.Strengthening issue solved by use of this NSM FRP reinforcement include the optimization of construction details, models for the bond behaviour between NSM FRP and concrete, reliable design methods for flexural and shear strengthening, and the maximization of the advantages of this technique.This paper provides a comprehensive review of existing research in this area, and outlines directions for further research.
Thirty years of evolution of the Sedrun landslide (Swisserland) from multitemporal orthorectified aerial images, differential Digital Terrain Models and field data published in

International Journal of Remote Sensing Applications (IJRSA)

Published by Science and Engineering Publishing Company (SEP)
Pascal Allemand, Christophe Delacourt, Daniela Gasperini, Johan Kasperski, Pierre Pothrat The 3D displacement fields of the Sedrun landslide located in Switzerland in the Grison canton have been computed for two periods (1973 to 1990 and 1990 to 2003) by combining Digital Terrain Models (DTM) differences and correlation of aerial ortho-images. The displacement fields, which are similar for the two periods, have been compared to the tectonic structures which exist at the surface of the landslide. Zones of major velocity gradient visible on displacement maps correspond to areas marked by strong br
Studies on splash erosion under simulated rainfall published in

International Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
VIRENDRA N. BARAI*, GAJANAN U. SATPUTE1 AND ATUL A. ATRE Splash erosion is recognized as the first stage in a soil erosion process. Quantification of splash erosion for various combinations of land slopes and rainfall intensities with the help of rainfall simulation system and modified Morgans splash cup was tried in this study. The clay soil was used to study the splash erosion. The directional splash soil loss rate (kg ha-1), i.e. upslope and down slope were found increasing with increase in rainfall intensity and land slope. The rate of increase in down slope splash was comparatively more than upslope. The highest soil splash i.e. 16369 kg ha-1was observed for combination of 10 per cent land slope and 7.75 cm h-1 rainfall intensity in clay soil. The results obtained showed that maximum average vertical movement of splashed material was 83 cm in clay soil, for the combination of rainfall intensity 7.75 cm h-1and land slope 10 per cent. The maximum average horizontal movement of splashed material was found 100.5 cm for the combination of rainfall intensity 7.75 cm h-1 and land slope 10 per cent. The Splashed soil material was spread near about 100.5 cm in the down slope direction and 69.0 cm in the upslope direction which highlights the need to modify the size of splash cup to study the realistic soil movement during splash erosion.
INNOCUOUSNESS + KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT A CONTRIBUTION TO PROCESS IMPROVEMENT published in

Global Journal of Engineering Science and Research Management (GJESRM)

Published by Somil
García Pulido, Yadrián Arnaldo*1, Castillo Zúñiga, Victor Javier2 , Medina León, Alberto3 , Medina Nogueira, Daylín4 , Mayorga Villamar, Carmen Manuela5 The processes improvement is inherent to the business management. In the competitive current market, the businesses adaptation capacity is fundamental. The continuous improvement becomes into the reason of being of the companies, being adapted to the clients, being more efficient and winning in flexibility in the face of an extremely unstable economy. Several tools have been developed with the objective of improving the processes, however the integration of elements of other knowledge areas has been not very employee. The knowledge management offers a solid base to promote the continuous improvement and the HACCP system methodology allow to carry out this objective. The present investigation proposes a way for the processes improvement starting from the elements combination of knowledge and innocuousness management. The proposal leaves of the determination of the process critical activities sustained in the information and the pursuit and control of the corrective measures, what generates new information that stimulates the continuous improvement. At this way the processes are more and more efficient and effective in function of the market and the business characteristics, what assures the business success.
Employee Engagement in REVL Private Limited, Coimbatore published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
R.DIVYA,Dr. M. VELUMANI Engagement of workers in the different organizations is rarely studied and poorly understood, even though these employees have a significant influence in the institution and the quality of their performance contributes to the quality of relationships with other. In addition, theoretical and practical understanding of workers in different organizations is needed in order to prioritize and implement engagement building interventions targeted towards improving their employees performance, public satisfaction, and other organizational outcomes. The present research proposes to identify the determinants and outcomes of employee engagement at REVL.
Detection of Microalbuminuria by Measuring Urinary Protein To Creatinine Ratio Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients. published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
BHAVANI K, DR. VANITHA GOWDA MN OBJECTIVE: Diabetic nephropathy is the commonest cause of Chronic Kidney Disease in India. Use of urinary microalbumin in screening is limited due to its high cost. The study aimed to determine optimal cut-off value of P:C ratio for the prediction of microalbuminuria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 90 patients of type 2 diabetes with random urine samples showing - or (traces) with dipstick test for proteins, were included. Urinary Microalbumin, and total urinary Protien to creatinine ratio were done on random urine samples. RESULTS: 48 subjects had microalbuminuria and 42 subjects had normalbuminuria. Optimal cut-off value for PC Ratio for detection of microalbuminuria was >0.08 with a sensitivity and specificity of 78.83 and 97.62 respectively. CONCLUSION: Measurement of urinary total Protein to Creatinine Ratio is simple, inexpensive and showed strong positive correlation with the Albumin Creatinine Ratio AND may be more efficient and cost effective than using the albumin to creatinine ratio.
Ethnoveterinary Remedies Used for the Management of Poultry Farm in Certain Villages of Assam published in

Published by
Dr. Jugabrat Das Survey was conducted in certain villages (latitude 26.050 N and longitude 92.810 E) of Kamrup district, Assam under Dimoria developmental block from January, 2013 to April, 2014 to investigate the ethnoveterinary practices used for the management of poultry farm. A total of 15 plant species were reported, the extract of which were administered orally with different ingredients or alone. The purposes of use were to treat against respiratory disorders, excretory disorders, diarrhea as well as to enhance growth. Traditional practice of herbal medicines for poultry health management can diminish the cost of production thereby give more benefit to the farmers.
IN VITRO AND IN VIVO ANTI HEPATOTOXIC EVALUATION OF ALPINIA GALANGA ON D- GALACTOSAMINE INDUCED TOXICITY published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Srividya Ammayappan Rajam*, Sameer Kumar Varma, Vishnuvarthan Vaithiyalingam Jagannathan Alpinia galangal is a rhizome belongs to the family Zingeberaceae. Qualitative phytochemical analysis of plant extracts showed the presence of majority of the compound including terpenoids, flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins, saponins and glycosides. The hydro alcoholic hot extract has shown high total phenol content 14.50 0.210 mg/g and hydro alcoholic cold shown 12.59 0.295 mg/g. Alpinia galangal hydro alcoholic extract prepared by hot maceration showed potent antioxidant activity with IC value 7.7 0.121 ?g/ml. The antihepatotoxicity produced by the extract at concentration of 200 and 400 ?g/ml was effective against the D- Galactosamine induced hepatotoxicity, whereas at the concentration of 600 and 800 ?g/ml it was found to be cytotoxic for both the hydro alcoholic extracts prepared by cold and hot maceration process. A significant increase in the levels of ASAT, ALAT, ALP, total Bilirubin, direct Bilirubin (P<0.001) and a significant reduction in the levels of TGL, total proteins and albumin (P< 0.001) was observed in hepatocytes exposed to D- Galactosamine when compared to normal hepatocytes. These cells when treated alone with different extract of Alpinia Galanga showed a significant restoration of the altered biochemical parameters towards the normal (P< 0.001) when compared to D- Galactosamine treated group) and were dose dependent. A similar result was obtained with the silymarin. The antihepatotoxic effect of extracts of Alpinia galangal was found to be 200 400 ?g/ml concentration.
Arsenic contamination in ground water: an environmental issue published in

Journal of Crop and Weed

Published by Crop and Weed Science society
S. K. SANYAL Arsenic (As) is a naturally occurring element in the earths crust and is found throughout the environment. Increased As concentration in groundwater is generally associated with geogenic sources (Nordstrom, 2002; Smedly and Kinniburgh, 2002; Chakraborti et al. 2010; Sanyal, 2013) and has positive interaction with soil minerals (Kima et al. 2012). Of late, groundwater contamination in the Bengal delta basin of the Indian sub-tropics and Bangladesh, bound by the rivers Ganga and Padma, is of great concern to the world since the latter affects the soil-plant-animal/ human systems.
GREEN SYNTHESIS, SPECTRAL, THE RMAL AND BIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS OF Cr (III), Ni(II) AND Cu(II) COMPLEXESOF 4-AMINOPYRIDINE AND NITRITOLIGANDS published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
K. Dhaveethu1, S.Padmavathy1, T. Ramachandramoorthy1, K. Thirunavukkarasu2* Microwave assisted synthesis is called green synthesis because of the following reasons: 1) pollution free synthesis 2) reduction of reaction time from many hours to few minutes 3) its instantaneous in-coreheating of materials in a homogeneous and selective manner 4) its ability to increase the probability of molecular impacts 5) decrease in the activation energy and 6) no need of solvents. Microwave-assisted synthesis of Cr(III), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes with 4aminopyridine and nitrite ligands is reported with spectral characterizations and thermal studies. IR results reveal the O-coordinated nature of coordination of nitrite ligand (O-nitrito) and the 4aminopyridine ligand coordinates to the metal ions through its ring nitrogen atom. Electronic spectra suggest distorted octahedral geometry for Cr(III), Ni(II) complexes and tetragonally distorted octahedral Cu(II) complex. EPR studies identify the distortion in the geometry of the complexes. XPS studies confirm the O-coordination of nitrite ligand and the oxidation state of the metal ions. The complexes were screened for antibacterial and antifungal activities on pathogenic bacteria and fungi. The complexes show better activity against these bacteria and fungi than the free ligands. A correlation is observed with the microbial activities of the complexes and their structure.
DESIGN OF UNIVERSAL ACCESS USING RFID TAG: A REVIEW published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Miss.Bhede Snehal V.*, Prof.M.N.Kakatkar Time and efficiency are matter of priority now. Smart card em erges as one of the converging technologies. This review paper contains smart access using smart card in toll gate control, and in bus ticketing system. RFID plays major role in auto ID applications like RFID contact less smart cards. Proposed system will present an automated system for ticketing in the Public Transport System (PTS) which is based on passenger identification and also system presents automated system for toll collection. This is a user friendly system, which will automatically identify the p assenger and deduct the passenger’s fare. The Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) card and IoT are used to make the identification of passenger and transaction very precise. The cards being reusable, they are much more convenient compared to the paper ba sed ticketing system. RFID cards are distributing among the public. The unique ID in the RFID cards is stored in a database in the internet along with personal data and creates accounts for each person. By accessing this database, it is thus possible to id entify the person, check his account and deduct the fare from his/her account. System thus reduces human errors and efforts. The rapid development of Internet of things (IoT) technology makes it possible for connecting various smart objects together throug h the Internet. The RFID reader used is EM18. Minicomputer Raspberry Pi is used as control unit and programming is done using Python.
A STUDY ON CUSTOMER PERCEPTION ABOUT FAST FOOD QUALITY OF CHICK PUNCH IN TRICHY REGION published in

Published by
Vignesh. J, P. Guru ?e purpose of conducting this research project is to examine the factors of food quality, service quality as well as restaurant environment that influenced customer satisfaction and revisit intention of chick punch fast food restaurant in Trichy. ?e literature reviews are included in this research as to provide better understanding towards the influential factors on dining experience as well as provide justification towards the research questions and research problems. Primary data were collected through survey questionnaire for this research purposes and 26 sets of questionnaire were distributed to the target respondents which are from several areas in Trichy. In this study percentage analysis & chi square test used to interpret the data collected. ?e data collected through survey questionnaires are able to be analyzed and results obtained are discussed in the form of table as well as charts. In addition, major findings of this research project were discussed in order to understand the relationship between food quality, service quality and restaurant environment towards customer satisfaction as well as relationship between customer satisfactions and revisit intention. On the other hand, the limitations faced in this study will be addressed and recommendations will be developed to assist future researchers in managing these limitation.
PSYCHOPATHOLOGICAL ENDOCRINE IMBALANCE IN SCHIZOPHRENIA PATIENTS WITH POSITIVE, NEGATIVE AND COGNITIVE SYMPTOMS published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Yalaga Rama Rao1, Uma Devi Pongiya*1, Mohammed Rafiq Khan2, and P.Chinnasamy3 Objective: This study aims to determine the status of plasma estrogen, prolactin and thyroid stimulating hormone in schizophrenic patients with positive, negative and cognitive symptoms. Design and settings: A total of 60 schizophrenic patients of age group 18-65 years of both sexes from good socio-economic background were selected and the patients were divided into three groups namely schizophrenics with positive symptoms, negative symptoms and cognitive symptoms with 20 patients in each groups. They all met DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV) criteria for schizophrenia. Sixty age and sex-matched healthy normal control subjects with no individual and familial history of mental illness were recruited to participate in this study. Fresh blood samples were collected and plasma was separated to measure the status of hormones by ECLIA method in the plasma of 60 schizophrenia subjects and 60 healthy controls. Results: It was observed from the study that plasma levels of hormones indicated abnormalities significantly in all schizophrenic patients. These data reveal that hormonal imbalance in schizophrenic patients. Conclusion: These findings also provide a theoretical basis for the development of novel therapeutic strategies, such as hormone supplementation. This may suggest the hope for use of hormonal therapy in clinical trials to prevent and treat schizophrenic patients.
Comparative study of neoplastic lesions of gastrointestinal specimens received at tertiary care centre of Municipal corporation, Ahmedabed, Gujarat, India. published in

Published by
Dr. Rupal P. Mehta,Dr. T.Y. Vijapura,Dr. Alpa A. Shah,Dr. Seema R. Patel,Dr. Keyur G. Patel,Heli M. Kapadia,Vishal S.Patel Surgical 61 gastrointestinal specimens are compared and analysed. We have done study of only whole gastrointestinal specimens from stomach to rectum (excluding all small biopsy).Out of 61 cases, 26 cases are neoplastic. Out of 26 neoplastic lesions, 23 lesions are malignant, 1 is intermediate and 2 are benign. AIM: Total 61 gastrointestinal specimens are compared and analysed. Our aim of study is to evaluate neoplastic lesions of GIT. Out of total 61 cases, 26 cases are neoplastic. Out of 26 neoplastic lesions, 23 lesions are malignant, 1 is intermediate and 2 are benign. To compare Benign, Intermediate and Malignant GIST. Out of 4 cases of GIST, 2 is Benign, 1 is Intermediate and 1 are Malignant GIST.
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar as a crusader for the Annihilation of Caste published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Rajender Pondra, Gajula Kumar Caste system in Indian Society is a class structure that is decided by birth. It divides people based on the profession and birth. Caste system in India is a system of social stratification which consists of two different concepts like Varna and Jati. There were four Varnas such as Brahmins, Kshtriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras during the Vedic Society. Dalits were always excluded from this Varna System and treated as Untouchables. Many Indian leaders and thinkers wrote and fought against the caste system and the practice of untouchability. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar theorized the necessity of Annihilation of Caste and dedicated his life for the eradication of caste system in India. Indeed, He is the first thinker who disseminated the idea that Annihilation of the caste system is the only solution to the problems associated with it. This paper tries to discuss the role of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar as a leader, human rights activist, thinker, writer and reformer for the eradication of the caste system in India. In the beginning it talks about Ambedkars life as a struggle. Then it establishes Ambedkar as a human rights activist and a champion of womens rights. It further explores Ambedkars vision for the casteless Indian society through Annihilation of Caste.
STUDY ON DRUG UTILISATION& PRESCRIBING PATTERN AND USE OF ANTIBIOTICS IN THE MANAGEMENT OF DIABETIC FOOT ULCER INSURGERY WARDS OF RMMCH, ANNAMALAI UNIVERSITY. published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Shalem Lakkepogu1*, T.Ashwini1, B.Pragna Malavika1, Dr.Madhusudhan.S.1 , Dr.Anvar Ali.A2 The present study represents the current prescribing trend in surgery ward and it highlights certain short comings in the existing prescribing practice. A non-invasive prospective observational study was carried out surgery ward of RMMCH. Patients included were of age 20 years and above whereas pregnant women, pediatric patients, patients who are not willing to cooperate were excluded from the study. Majority of the patients in the surgery ward were diagnosed with diabetic foot ulcer (48.9%), followed by acute appendicitis. Antibiotic therapy is required for treating majority of diseases in surgery ward. 76.4% of the patients admitted in the surgery ward were cured effectively. Out of 96 patients included for the study, 60 (62.5%) were males and 36 (37.5%) were females patients, majority are of age group 35-40 [34.04%]. Among prescriptions included for the study 44 (45.83%) prescriptions had two antibiotic drugs combinations, followed by (33.33%) prescriptions had antibiotic monotheraphy. 21 (21.87%) prescriptions were found to have drug to drug interactions, out of which 17 (17.70%) had synergistic effect and 4(4.16%) had antagonist effect. 10(10.64%) prescriptions were found to have medication errors out of which 7 (7.45%) contribute dose error followed by 3 (3.19%) duplication error. Primary antibiotic therapy for management of diabetic foot includes insulin , oral anti-diabetic or combination of both. Ceftriaxone (76.8%) even though has low activity against reported higher incidence of gram positive organisms such as staphylococcus aureus and streptococcus species it is used as the first choice of drug. The antibiotics prescribed in our hospital were both from Tamilnadu Essential Drugs List (TN-EDL) and as well as out of Essential Drug List.
A STUDY ON SATISFACTION OF EMPLOYEES TOWARDS WORKPLACE ENVIRONMENT AT TNPL, KARUR published in

Published by
Vennila. M, Dr. Sathya Priya. J ?e Work place environment has been developed to provide a common framework within which the concern can develop its own policies. In this project, the research is done in TNPL Ltd., Karur in order to know about the current work environment and the work practices of TNPL. ?is research is done in order to improve the present environment that improves the quality of work and also to give suggestion about the present culture of the organization. ?is improves the quality of the work done by the employees. ?is study includes the research about how the organization is helping staff to maintain healthy and rewarding lifestyles that will in turn lead to improvements in productivity and performance. It also includes the strategies to achieve balance between organizations that is partly depending on their function, the types of work roles they offer and their workforce profile
EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF SELF CURING CONCRETE published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Sagar Dushing*1, Prof. A. J. Mehetre. * Curing of concrete is maintaining satisfactory moisture content in concrete during its early stages in order to develop the desired properties. However, good curing is not always practical and often neglected in many cases. Several investigators asked the question whether there will be self-curing concrete. Therefore, the need to develop self-curing agents attracted several researchers.The aim of this investigation is to study the strength and durability properties of concrete using water-soluble Polyethylene Glycol as self-curing agent. The function of self-curing agent is to reduce the water evaporation from concrete, and hence they increase the water retention capacity of concrete compared to the conventionally cured concrete. The use of self-curing admixtures is very important from the point of view that saving of water is a necessity everyday (each one cubic meter of concrete requires 3m3 of water in a construction, most of which is used for curing). In this study, compressive strength and split tensile strength of concrete containing self-curing agent is investigated and compared with those of conventionally cured concrete.It is found through this experimental study that concrete cast with Polyethylene Glycol as self-curing agent is stronger than that obtained by sprinkler curing as well as by immersion curing.
A REVIEW ON DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF ANALYTICAL METHOD published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Tejes Jatar*, R.N.Kachave, Chaudhari S. R Analytical method development and validation play important role in discovery , development and manufacture of pharmaceuticals. Method development is the process of proving that an analytical method is acceptable for use to measure the concentration of an API in a specific compound dosage form which allow simplified procedure to be employed to verify that an analysis procedure , accurately and consistently will deliver a reliable measurement of an active ingradient in a compound preparation. The analytical method validation is essential for analytical method development and tested extensively for specificity, linearity, precision, range, and robustness.
Programming of Braced Domes Using Formex Algebra published in

Published by
Dr. D. R. Panchal The term 'space structure' refers to a structural system that involves three dimensions. There are numerous examples of space structures that are built for sports stadiums, gymnasiums, cultural centers, auditoriums, shopping malls, railway stations, aircraft hangars, leisure centers, transmission towers. A dome configuration is most suitable in space structure. Formex algebra is a comprehensive technique for algebraic representation and rapid processing of the configuration of any type of structure. Formex algebra is a mathematical system that consist of a set of abstract objects, known as formices and a number of rules in accordance with which these objects may be manipulated. Here various configuration of braced dome structure are created using formex algebra. These configurations of domes directly utilize in any professional software and analysis & design can be done.
Decision-Making using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Virendra Rajput, Dr.A.C.Shukla This paper aims at examining the applicability of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) in Two Wheeler Industry. For this purpose, customer needs are determined through direct interviews, observation and data analyses. The quantification and prioritization of customer needs are done on the hierarchy diagram providing accurate ratio-scale priorities. The relationship, which is between product and customers requirements, is determined by Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). A well researched methodology has been adopted for the synthesis of priorities and the measurement of consistencies. A consistency ratio has also been calculated.
Methods for Modelling the Water Treatment in Environmental Management Study published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Anna Antonyov Atilde Acirc The contribution presents some mathematical models of the water treatment in the flotation tank. Flotation is one of the methods for clarification the waste water that is specifically contaminated for instance with some oil mixtures or dispersion colorants. The flotation method is highly acceptable for enterprises especially for both its input as well as operating costs. To manage the water recycling, the mathematical modelling might be used to control the flotation process in the tank. The modelling is based on experimental data and uses the methods of statistics, numeric mathematics and differentiation. The proposed models show changes in concentration of impurities in the waste water. The research results are proposed as a part of environmental management study.
Water An Elixir of Life (A Review) published in

Published by
Dr Sanjay Sharma Water can exist in all three states of matter solid, liquid and gas. Under ambient conditions it is liquid. Only 2.5% of the Earth's water is fresh water, and 98.8% of that water is in ice and groundwater. Less than 0.3% of all freshwater is in rivers, lakes, and the atmosphere, and an even smaller amount of the Earth's freshwater (0.003%) is contained within biological bodies and manufactured products. Water is most widely used chemical by all living beings, water has some unique properties , Life depends upon these unique properties of water ( Luck, 1985).Availability of water is one of the criterions used by Astronauts for searching existence of life on different planets. Water has large heat capacity, high thermal conductivity, high water content in organisms prevent local temperature fluctuations. Due to high latent heat of evaporation it is resistant to dehydration and considerable coolant. Water is an excellent solvent due to its polarity, high dielectric constant and small size, particularly for polar and ionic compounds and salts. Without water, biological processes particular metabolic processes could not exist.
Dynamics of manganese fractions in a calcareous under AICRP-LTFE soils published in

International Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
SUKHA RAM MEENA*, M.S. SOLANKI AND DESHRAJ Surfaces soil samples (0-15 cm) were collected to study the dynamics of Mn fractions in the selective treatments of the LTFEs conducted on groundnut-wheat crop sequence at Instructional Farm, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh, during the year 1999 (Initial year) and 2010-2011 (12th year) after completion of crop cycle. The selected treatments were T1- 50 % NPK of RD in Gnut-Wheat sequence, T2 - 100 % N P K of RD in groundnut -Wheat sequence, T3 -150 % N P K of RD in groundnut -Wheat sequence, T4 - 100 % N P K of RD in groundnut -Wheat sequence + ZnSO4 @ 50 kg/ha once in three year to groundnut only (i.e. 99, 02, 05 etc), T5 - N P K as per Soil Test, T6 - 100 % N P of RD in groundnut -Wheat sequence, T7 - 100 % N of RD in groundnut -Wheat sequence, T8 - 50 % N P K of RD in groundnut -Wheat sequence + FYM @ 10 t/ha groundnut and 100 % N P K to Wheat, T9 - Only FYM @ 25 t/ha to groundnut only, T10 - 50 % N P K of RD in groundnut -Wheat sequence + Rhizobium + PSM to groundnut and 100 % N P K to Wheat, T11 - 100 % N P K of RD in groundnut -Wheat sequence (P as S S P) and T12 - Control. The water soluble Mn was found very trace. The FYM application recorded the highest values of DTPAMn at 12th year. Overall decline in reducible form of Mn were found, but it was found significant only at 12th year. Overall mean registered decrease in total Mn content on the long run basis. After 12th year residual Mn increase in T9 whereas in other treatments. Per cent available and exchangeable of Mn found non significant after 12th year. There were overall decreased in total available form of Mn after a long run
Bionomics of Western Flower Thrips, Frankliniella Occidentalis Pergande on Rose published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
H.G. KANARA, M.F. ACHARYA A lab trial was conducted during 2012-13 at Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, JAU, Junagadh to study the bionomics of rose thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis Pergande. Laboratory studies revealed that the female laid their eggs in the leaf tissues by sharp ovipositor. The average incubation period was found 5.28 day. The larva passed through two distinct instar and average duration of each instar was 1.72 and 4.76 day, respectively. The total larval period was on an average of 6.48 day with the total pupal period of 3.96 day. The average pre-oviposition, oviposition and post-oviposition period were 3.12, 32.68 and 4.20 day, respectively. The number of progenies produced by a single female varied from 28 to 69 with an average of 58.8. The average longevity of male and female was 21.60 and 42.36 day with entire life span of 25.52 and 48.40 day, respectively. The sex ratio of male to female was worked out as 1:1.73 at a constant temperature of 25 1C
Assessment of Risk Factors for age Related Cataract in a Rural Population of Southern India published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Manju J. Loya, Pranay Gandhi, Lokesh Kc Age related cataract is the major cause of blindness in India.1,2 The prevalence of age related cataract and cataract surgery is higher in this rural southern Indian population than reported for most other populations studied.3 A previous study reported an earlier age of onset for age related cataract among people from the Indian subcontinent compared to other populations.4 Despite the public health significance of cataract in India, there are few reports on the risk factors for age related cataract from India.57 This paper reports on certain risk factors for age related cataract in a rural population aged 40 years and above in southern India.
Assessment of nutritional dificiency of pre-school children in Surendra Nagar city of Gujarat published in

Asian Journal of Home Science

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
RINA D. RENSIYA, HEMANGI D. MEHTAAND DAXABEN N. MEHTA Pre-school children of Surendranagar city were selected as sample. The study has been done in 100 Anganvadi on 1000 respondents. It was found that only 136 pre-school children had nutritional deficiency out of 1000 and also they had dental problem more than any other deficiency.Out of all, about 13.6 per cent pre-school children had different types of nutritional deficiency. Out of total, 3.5 per cent pre-school children had dental fluorosis, 3.4 per cent had dental caries, 3 per cent had phrynoderma, 2.1 per cent had bitot spot and 1.6 per cent had conjuctival xerosis
Unleashing the Entrepreneurial Potential of Women:initiative of Coca Cola Company published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr B. Syam Sundar The greatest revolution in a country is the one that affects the status and living conditions of its women Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru.
Trial Women: Empower Women EDITORIAL published in

ACTA MEDICA INTERNATIONAL

Published by TEERTHANKER MAHAVEER UNIVERSITY
Prof.S.K.JAIN Department of Anatomy TMMCRC,TMU Moradabad,UP 244001 INDIA. NO
AGAVE SISLANA: A PLANT WITH HIGH CHEMICAL DIVERSITY AND MEDICINAL IMPORTANCE published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Devesh Tewari*, Y C Tripathi, Nishat Anjum Agave species has been used from an ancient era for the production of fiber and alcohol, however apart from the fibre, Agave species especially A. sisalana is rich in the phytoconstituents responsible for the potent medicinal activities. An attempt is made to emphasize the reported phytochemicals and therapeutic utilization of Agave sisalana plant with some of its other beneficial uses globally.
COMPARISON OF ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY WITH DIFFERENT SOLVENTS IN TWO MEDICINALLY IMPORTANT SPS. OF CLERODENDRUM published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Jasvinder Kaur Chahal1* and Renu Sarin2 Plants are valuable source of natural products such as bioactive compounds and antioxidants which are very beneficial for human health conditions in todays senario. In the present study two traditionally important plants of spp. Clerodendrum (C. inerme and C. phlomidis) were used for the investigation of antioxidant activity. Clerodendrum is widely distributed plant in different regions of Asia. The dry powder was extracted with three different solvents (Ethanol, Ethyl acetate and Water). The extract was screened for its potential of antioxidant activity using DPPH Radical Scavenging Activity. The results indicate that the scavenging activity of C. inerme leaf is higher then C. phlomidis leaf. Both solvents viz. Ethyl acetate and Ethanol showed good activity for radical scavenging potential and might be used as a natural source of potent antioxidant agents.
INFLUENCE OF INDUSTRIA L ENTERPRISES ON ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC SAFETY OF A REGION published in

The Russian Academic Journal

Published by Institute of Political and Mediametric Studies
Aleksandr Bezkorovayniy Current problems of influence of machine-building enterprises on the environment of Ukraine and the main factors and ways of providing of stable ecological and economic development of a region are considered in the article. The machinery engineering is a diversified industry that includes heavy, electrical and technical, radio and electrical, transport engineering. Own ecological peculiarities are inherent to each of the branches, among which are content and quantity of waste, toxicity of pollutions, and a regime of their emission to the atmosphere. The machinery engineering as well as other industries is accommodated in regions of development of the metallurgy, concentrated in cities, and produces considerable amounts of waste, which pollutes the air, water, and the soil. A particular harmful influence on the environment is typical for the majority of types of a business activity. Some engineering enterprises in the process of their functioning produce significant quantity of substances that pollute the environment. This is related with mechanical wear and obsolescence of technologies and equipment used by the enterprises. The author revealed the main ways of providing of stable ecological and economic development of both a region and a state, among which are balanced development of regions, creation of regional committees of stable development of cities, districts, and regions, change of the policy of usage of natural, labor, and other resources of our state by the developed countries, development of high-tech productions, membership of Ukraine in different international economic and political organizations, improvement of the ecological legislation of Ukraine and adoption of the Ecological code, implementation of ecological insurance, enhancement of the economic and finance mechanism of realization of the national ecological and economic policy of stable development, extension of ecological education, and realization of projects on developing natural resources involving foreign investors. Taking into consideration regional peculiarities of appearance of ecological and economic problems, there is a need to create a real economic mechanism of cooperation between nature protection institutions, industrial enterprises, ecological social movements, and regional communities that enables to provide mutual preparation and realization of projects and programs aimed at an ecological and economic direction.
Job Satisfaction of Private Sector Bank Employees (A Study of Udaipur and Rajsamand Districts ICICI Bank) published in

Published by
Sangeeta malpani, Dr. M.G. Varshney Job is the basic need of human beings without job we cant survive in this world. We do work for earning money and money is the means of fulfill our needs. Every one want to be achieve higher level of Job satisfaction from their work. Job satisfaction is a psychological concept we can feel it and not explain it. There are a lot of variable which affect our job satisfaction level these factors are related with individual, job, work environment and a lot of other variables. Satisfied employees are the power full sources of any economy activity. Job satisfaction improves the work efficiency of employees. Job satisfaction is beneficial both employees and employer. This paper is related the job satisfaction level of private sector bank employees. Private sector banks also play a vital role in present senariya. The main purpose of the study is to explain the levels of job satisfaction among employees of private sector bank and the factors affecting to job satisfaction.
A Comparative Study on Data Aggregation in Wireless Sensor Networks by using Directed Diffusion and Ant Colony Algorithm? published in

International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing - IJCSMC

Published by Mohammad Zainuddin
M. Shailaja? Wireless sensor networks uses Data Aggregation concept for reducing energy consumption. Data Aggregation gathers correlated sensing data and aggregates at the intermediate nodes to reduce the number of messages exchanged network. This paper considers the problem of comparing the energy consumptions of Directed Diffusion and Ant Colony Algorithm for data aggregation. Directed diffusion is data-centric. All nodes in a directed diffusion-based network are application-aware. This enables diffusion to achieve energy savings by selecting empirically good paths and by caching and processing data in-network. The ant colony system provides a natural and intrinsic way of exploring search space in determining data aggregation. Every ant will explore all possible paths from the source node to the sink node. The data aggregation tree is constructed by the accumulated pheromone
EFFECTS OF ETHYL CELLULOSE & HYDROXY PROPYL METHYL CELLULOSE POLYMER ON THE RELEASE PROFILE OF DILTIAZEM HYDROCHLORIDE SUSTAINED RELEASE PELLETS published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Nuzhat Mariam Elias, Shahana Sharmin*, Ishtiaq Ahmed Objectives: In the present study, the effect of cellulose polymers Ethyl Cellulose (EC) & Hydroxy Propyl Methyl Cellulose (HPMC 5 cps) was evaluated on the release profile of drug from sustained release pellet. Diltiazem Hydrochloride, an antihypertensive, cardio protective agent and slow channel blocker was used as a model drug to evaluate its release characteristics from different pellets formulations. Methods: Diltiazem Hydrochloride sustained release pellets were prepared by drug loading (drug binder suspension) on neutral pellets followed by different percentages of spraying, i.e. 2%,4%, 6%, 8% and 10% coating suspension using Ethyl Cellulose & Hydroxy Propyl Methyl Cellulose polymer in a fixed 85:15 ratios respectively. The in vitro dissolution studies of Diltiazem Hydrochloride from these sustained release pellets were carried out in pH 7.2 phosphate buffer for 1,2,3,4,5,6,7 and 8 hr using USP-I method. Results: Statistically significant differences were found among the drug release profile from different formulations. Polymer content with highest concentration of Ethyl Cellulose on the pellets shows highest release retarding rate of the drug. The retarding capacity decreases with the decreased concentration of Ethyl Cellulose. The release mechanism was explored and explained with zero order, first order, Higuchi and Korsmeyer?s equations. Conclusion: Finally the study showed that the profile and kinetics of drug release were functions of polymer type, polymer concentration & the physico chemical properties of the drug.
ONE-POT SYNTHESIS OF 2-(CYCLOHEXYLAMINO)-6,7-DIHYDRO- 3-(2-HYDROXYPHENYL)-6,6-DIMETHYL-1H-INDOL-4(5H)-ONES AS POTENTIAL ANTICANCER AGENTS published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Suresh C. Jadhavar, Hanmant M. Kasaraliker, Bhimrao C. Khade and Sudhakar R. Bhusare* An efficient method was described for the synthesis of 2- (cyclohexylamino)-6,7-dihydro-3-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-6,6-dimethyl- 1H-indol-4(5H)-ones catalyzed by [Hmim]HSO4. The one-pot synthesis was achieved via reaction of cyclohexyl isocyanide, substituted salicylaldehyde, dimedone and ammonium acetate in ethanol at room temperature condition. All synthesized derivatives were evaluated for inhibition of cancer cell. The obtained derivatives were evaluated for their in vitro antitumor activity against MCF-7 cell lines compared to the reference drug (Adrimycin). Compounds were found to be the most active against cell lines exhibiting IC50, TGI and GI50 values ranging MCF-7 cell lines.
SYSTEM FOR AGRICULTURE RECOMMENDATION USING DATA MINING published in

International Education and Research Journal

Published by
Nilesh Dumbre, Omkar Chikane, Gitesh More Agriculture in today's life is not like as our forefather done. The strong Climatic changes due to many reasons like global warming cause difficulty to understand climatic conditions. So the farmers unable to understand which crop to select by which the production will improve. By understanding soil and climate conditions by using these data mining system farmers will be able to take right crop at right place which will improve yields. So it is easy for farmers to decide which crop to take in unpredictable climate conditions. This project will help to solve these agriculture problems using data mining algorithms. Algorithms like Genetic Algorithm (GA), Association Rule Mapping (ARM). Knowledge Discovery in Databases (KDD) is the centroid of this project from which we can really understand the concept of data mining.
ROLE BAUIRZHAN MOMYSHULY IN THE KAZAKH MILITARY PROSE published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Zhibek Amirovna Otesh The article focuses on the formation of the military literature in Kazakh prose. Since the theme of the Second World War was not considered as an art, professional writers not to bother giving a picture of the war years and the more distortion of history. But being a participant in the war, and as the founder of military subjects in Kazakh literature B.Momyshuly defined the role and importance of military literature.
Unconventional Shale Gas Prospects in Indian Sedimentary Basins published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Annapurna Boruah Natural gas is rapidly substituting fuel to suffice the growing energy requirement of todays world. The rising oil prices, high input cost in exploration and production of hard oil resources and relative abundance of gas resources have fuelled the interest towards gas resources. As the consumption of natural gas is increasing rapidly, it is essential to identify and develop the available energy resources. India has the immense prospects of unconventional shale gas resources. Commercial exploration of these shale gas resources can effectively make the global natural gas curve more elastic. The commercial shale gas exploration requires exhaustive investigations of all the shale rock properties of hydrocarbon bearing shale beds having significant organic matter and maturity. This paper presents overview of shale gas resources as well as the prospective shale gas horizons in Indian sedimentary basins.
Cause Effects and Control of Water Pollution in River Tawi published in

Published by
Mr. Naseeb Kumar Bhagat, Dr. Manohar lal, Mrs.Radika Mhajan water is an elixir of life and play an important role in each and every sphere of life. During the last few decade the quality of water deteriorated during the last few decades primarily due to anthropogenic activities. The dumping of solid waste surface run off, agricultural run off, untreated sewage, washing and bathing activities are some of the common factors for causes of water pollution in river Tawi.
Autoimmune disorders associated with type 1 diabetes mellitus in Saudi children and adolescent published in

Basic Research Journal of Medicine and Clinical Science

Published by Akpojevwa Justin
Nasir A. M. Al-Jurayyan Background: Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus are at increased risk of developing other autoimmune disease. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of various autoimmune disorders in 305 patients with type 1 diabetics. Design: A retrospective, hospital based-study. Materials and Methods: The associations of other autoimmune disorders in type 1 diabetic were reviewed. Diagnosis of CD was based on positivity of screening serum, and proved by histopathological findings of intestinal biopsy specimen. Thyroid dysfunction was assessed by anti-microsomal peroxilase (TPO) and antithyroglobulin (anti-TG) antibodies coupled with diagnostic thyroid function (TSH and FT4), while for adrenal dysfunction was based on low serum cortisol and high serum ACTH. Results: The cohort includes 305 Saudi children and adolescents, 163 (53.4%) were females and 142 (46.6%) males. Thyroid dysfunction was evident in 65 (21.3%) patients, of those, 26 (8.5%) patients had evidence of overt hypothyroidism. Thirty-nine (12.8%) patients had sub-clinical hypothyroidism. Thyroid microsomal peroxilase (TPO) and thyroglobulin (TG) antibodies were done in the sera of 114 (37.4%) patients. Seventy-six (66.7%) patients were euthyroid, 20 (17.5%) patients with overt-hypothyrodism and 10 (15.8%) patients with sub-clinical hypothyroidism. Interestingly, in 16 (80%) patients with overt hypothyroidism were positive for both TPO and TG antibodies) while the majority of the euthyroid patients (93.2%) both TPO and TG antibodies were negative. Sixty-two (20.3%) patients were referred for endoscopy and biopsy. In 26 (8.5%) patients, the biopsies were abnormal. Only one patient was found to be adrenal insufficient with autoimmune polyendocrinopathy syndrome (APSI). Conclusion: The prevalence of other organ-specific disorders is high in patients with type 1 diabetics. After autoimmune thyroiditis, the second most commonly reported is celiac disease. Although, further follow-up period is needed to determine the natural history of these autoantibodies in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. The current strategy for screening should be reviewed. Keywords: Autoimmune disorders, type 1 diabetes mellitus, Saudi, children, adolescent
Assessment of the Risk Factors of Oral Candidiasis among Commercial Sex Workers in Ijebu Ode Local Government Area of Ogun Satate, Nigeria published in

Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Published by Scientific and Academic Association
Quadri J.A1, Ojure M.A2 and Mosobalaje F.K3 Small amount of candida fungus are present in the mouth, digestive tract, and skin of most healthy people and are normally kept in check by other bacteria and microorganisms in the body. However, certain factors such as low immunity, oral sex, long term and long term antibiotic therapy, can disturb the delicate balance, causing the fungus candida to grow out of control, causing thrush. This research was carried out to assess the risk factors of oral candidacies among commercial sex workers in Ijebu-Ode area of Ogun state. Purposive sampling method was used to select the areas for the study while simple randomly sampling was used to select the fifty (50) commercial sex workers. Questionnaire was administered and analyzed using chi-square test at 0.05 level of significance. The finding shows that 48% of the subjects were at different time on long term antibiotics therapy while 40% do practice oral sex which is one of the major risk factors of oral candidiasis; it also showed that 40% commercial sex workers had STI (sexually transmitted infection) at different times. It appeared from the result that 44% of commercial sex workers have experienced oral candidiasis. Two of the three hypotheses were accepted. The outcome of the research shows that there is need for more education on the risk factors of oral candidiasis among commercial sex workers and teenagers, so that the menace of this deadly disease can reduced if not totally eradicated.
SAFETY ANALYSIS AND RISK ASSESSMENT FOR BRIDGES HEALTH MONITORING WITH MONTE CARLO METHODS published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Hao Yang 1,2 , Xiangyang Xu 2* With the increasing requirements of building safety in the past few decades, healthy monitoring and risk assessment of structures is of mo re and more importance. Especially since traffic loads are heavier, risk Assessment for bridges are essential. In this paper we take advantage of Monte Carlo Methods to analysis the safety of bridge and monitoring the destructive risk. One main goal of hea lth monitoring is to reduce the risk of unexpected damage of artificial objects
A New Energy Efficient Routing Scheme for Data Gathering published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED RESEARCH TRENDS IN ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

Published by Editorin-chief
Vaginal Dryness, its Related Health Problems and Coping Strategies of Menopausal Women in The Urban Community . published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Ms. Mercy. P. F. , Rev. Angelline Sr. Aileen Mathias. Aim: To determine the vaginal dryness, its related health problems and coping strategies of menopausal women in the urban community. Materials and methods: A descriptive survey approach was used and it was conducted in the urban community with the sample size of 100 menopausal women with in the age group of 45-60 yrs. convenient sampling technique was used. The numerical rating scale was used on vaginal dryness, its related health problems and checklist on coping strategies adopted for it. Result: The study result revealed that73 % of the subjects had mild vaginal dryness, 22 % had moderate and remaining 5 % had severe vaginal dryness. Coping strategies adopted by majority of menopausal women was average (90%). And there was no association between the coping strategies adopted for vaginal dryness, its related health problems and selected baseline variables. Conclusion: The study concluded saying that the most of the menopausal women have vaginal dryness, its related health problems and they adopt various coping strategies to manage the vaginal dryness, its related health problems.
Legal bases of the organization and production of forensic examination: status, gaps and development prospects published in

Legal Science and Law Enforcement Practice

Published by Tyumen Advanced Training Institute of the Ministry of the Interior of the Russian Federation
Muzhenskaya N.E. The main regulatory legal acts forming the system of legal regulation of the organization and production of forensic examination are reviewed in the article. It is stated that in general production of forensic examination is sufficiently regulated by the current legislation. However, many existing methods of production are fixed in forensic examination guidelines and instructions of departmental and sector levels. Recommendations on objects research; criteria for evaluating objects research; rulesfor collecting samples for comparative studies etc. while producing auto-technical and certain types of biological, gemological, construction and technical, forensic examinations, as well as certain types of examination of materials, substances, goods and food are a subject to departmental regulation. At the same time methods of production of a significant number of forensic examinations, including criminalistics expert examination have not been settled by legislative, departmental or any other legal regulation. Rules of evidence evaluation suggest fixing methods of these studies at the interagency level, by means of issuing joint orders of the departments responsible for their production. Such methods must be scientifically justified and contain the following information: name of the objects of study, tasks to an expert in a particular type of forensic examination (study of a specific object), the procedure for study of a particular object of examination, an indication of methods that can be applied in a particular case, conditions of forensic examination production: order and quantity of samples for comparative examination, information about conclusions (definitive, probable).
Water requirement satisfaction index of rainfed sown groundnut cultivars (Arachis hypogaea L.) during two individual precipitation years in middle Gujarat Agroclimatic zone published in

Asian Journal of Environmental Science

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
P.M. GULED,A.M. SHEKH, H.R. PATELAND VYAS PANDEY A field experiment for the two years was conducted during the Kharif seasons of 2009 and 2010 with six sowing window combinations with the first sowing done at the onset of monsoon followed by successive sowings at an interval of 15 days along with the varieties namely V1-M 335 (Virginia spreading type), V2-GG 20 (Virginia semi-spreading type) and V3-GG 5 (Spanish bunch type) to study the crop water requirement satisfaction index (CWRSI) for assessing the sufficiency of rainfall vis-a-vis the crop water requirements and its effect on pod yield. The performance of groundnut crop in terms of pod yield from the present study suggested that, sowing of groundnut should be taken up for variety V1 between 26th to 27th week, as a good rainfall amount and distribution of 823 to 852 mm under early/normal onset of monsoon as observed during 2010 which resulted in commercial production of groundnut. Whereas, sowing of groundnut should be taken up for variety V2 between 26th to 27th, because reasonably a good crop can be produced on as little as 269 to 298 mm of rainfall under late onset of monsoon as observed during 2009 crop growing season as the rainfall amount and distribution had determined the crop performance due to the crop water requirements were actually met by the available water vis-a-vis soil moisture content, actual evapotranspiration (AET) resulting in improved CWRSI of the crop. The correlation and regression studies revealed that the CWRSI, soil moisture content, AET and rainfall were having highly significant positive correlation during pod development phase and for the entire crop duration. However, the stepwise regression revealed that the CWRSI during pod development phase determined 93% variation in the pod yield. Whereas, rainfall and AET together had resulted in determining 89% variation in the pod yield for the entire crop duration.
Effectiveness of Pre-and Post-Archwire Insertion Acetaminophen Vs. Non-Pharmacologic Management of Pain During Orthodontic Tooth Movement published in

International Journal of Dentistry and Oral Science (IJDOS)

Published by SciDoc Publishers
Nicole D. Teifer1 , Larry J. Oesterle2*, W. Craig Shellhart3, Sheldon M. Newman4 Introduction: Some patients undergoing orthodontic treatment perceive discomfort at levels that may negatively impact their feelings about their treatment and decrease their compliance. The purpose of this investigation was to study the effectiveness of either pre- or post-archwire insertion acetaminophen versus a placebo or telephone call in controlling discomfort. Materials/Methods: A total of 120 patients, aged 12 to 18 years, undergoing fixed comprehensive orthodontic treatment were randomly assigned to one of six experimental groups: (1) 600 mg acetaminophen pre-treatment, 600 mg acetaminophen post-treatment; (2) lactose placebo pre-treatment, 600 mg acetaminophen post-treatment; (3) 600 mg acetaminophen pre-treatment, lactose placebo post-treatment; (4) lactose placebo pre-treatment and post-treatment; (5) courtesy phone call pre-treatment, courtesy phone call posttreatment; (6) no courtesy phone call pre-treatment or post-treatment. Medication group subjects were instructed to take the oral medications at prescribed time intervals before and after initial archwire insertion. The patients level of discomfort was assessed using a 100mm visual analogue scale (VAS) approximately 1 hour prior to initial archwire placement and at 3, 7, 19, 24, 31, and 48 hours after archwire placement. Results: The peak level of mild to moderate discomfort occurred 19 hours after archwire placement and the differences in VAS scores between the six groups and gender were not statistically significant. Conclusions: All of the interventions were equally effective in controlling the pain following initial orthodontic appliance placement,indicating a relatively low level of pain.
Treatment Of Cases of Organophosphorous Compound Poisoning According to Symptom Score System published in

Published by
Dr. Mukesh N. Rathod,Dr. Dhrupal C. Suthar,Dr. Rizwan N. Ansari,Dr. Nisheeth M. Patel,Dr. Vaibhav S. Chaudhari IMS AND OBJECTIVES The present study of patients presented with organophosphorous poisoning was carried out with the following objectives, 1) To study the clinical course of patients of organophosphorous poisoning having various grades of severity as managed by symptom score method. 2) To correlate the level of cholinesterase activity in blood with severity grading by symptom score method. 3) To study severity of toxic effects of various organophosphorous compounds consumed by our patients of organophosphorous poisoning. MATERIAL AND METHODS All the adult patients admitted in our hospital with an alleged history and signs / symptoms suggestive of OP poisoning were considered s study material. Clinical diagnosis of OP poisoning was established by detailed clinical and circumstantial history as well as smell of organophosphorous compounds from body parts, clothes, breath and gastric aspirate obtained from stomach wash. After an emergency stomach lavage with a wide bore stomach tube, a detailed clinical examination was done in each patient. Before specific therapy with atropine was given, blood for plasma cholinesterase level estimation was sent to the laboratory. The normal reference value for plasma cholinesterase is 2900-5800 units/l. A particular score was given to certain symptoms/signs of OP poisoning when present and total score was calculated as follows, SYMPTOM SCORE Nausea/vomiting/sweating/diarrhea 1 for each Excessive salivation/lacrimation/miosis/fasciculations 2 for each Coma/convulsion 3 for each Admission pseaudocholinesterase below 10% of normal 4 Each patient was categorized in mild,moderate or severe grade as per the total score as follow, score grade <4 Mild 4-8 Moderate >8 severe CONCLUSION The clinical severity guidelines which we used in the study was very simple, easy, informative but had only limited diagnostic correlation with the plasma cholinesterase level when reduced to <10% of normal value only. While no consideration was given to mild or moderate reduction in scoring for severity and/or treatment. Though plasma cholinesterase level do correlate with severity of poisoning, it doesnt have any added significance in either diagnosis or management and when clinical features do suggest diagnosis and severity of poison, this investigation may not be insisted unless for academic interest. The therapeutic guidelines given in the symptom score method was found to be effective and safe in mild to moderate grade of poisoning , however further study with more sample size in severe grades is required to opine in severe cases.
EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF DIFFERENT SHAPED ISOLATED FOOTINGS UNDER STATIC LOAD AND IMPACT LOADING ON SANDY SOIL AND BLACK COTTON SOIL published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Mr Arpit Agrawal*, Mr Arpit Chawda Any Civil Engineering Structure must rest on a strong foundation or as per the strength criteria. Bearing capacity and settlement are the two major criteria for designing of foundation. Also it is not always subjected to monotonic loading but it may be subjected to impact loading. The examples are lifts, bri dges foundation, machine foundation, offshore structure, wind waves etc. In this dissertation work, with the experimental investigations work an attempt has been made to study the behavior and suitability of various shaped footing specimens which may be a choice for laying of foundation. For this purpose the area of footing specimens has been kept same as 400 cm2 for all shapes of footings and thereafter the dimension are fixed accordingly. As a consideration for knowing of effect of settlement the disserta tion work is studied under black cotton soil and sandy soil as two different strata. Also, in this dissertation work, the loading on the footing has been differentiated as static and Impact loading so that settlement tests were conducted on all specimens and load intensity – settlement curves are to be plotted. It is also required to verify the suitability of the shape as per loading on different types of soil. It is concluded after studying the load intensity settlement behavior that hexagonal footing sho ws least settlement while square and rectangular footing shows maximum settlement at same loading intensity. Experimentally it is found that hexagonal footing shows better performance while other footing shows considerable behavior.The study is carried out using two types of soil namely, sandy soil and black cotton soil as strata which suggest that penetration is more for black cotton soil. In this test study the density and moisture content of the soil were kept same as existing in the field. Load intensit y – settlement curves are compared with standard behaviour and studied for further conclusions and scope.
Visual Perception Oriented CBIR envisaged through Fractals and Presence Score published in

ICGST Journal of Graphics, Vision and Image Processing

Published by ICGST LLC, Delaware, USA
Suhas S Rautmare and Anjali S Bhalchandra The objective of this research is to validate the feasibility of successful content based image search using fractals. Fractal based approach has been embedded into one of the theories of visual perception of an image. An important function of selective visual attention is to direct our gaze rapidly towards objects of interest in our visual environment. Two distinct pathways in human visual perception for scene recognition are what pathway and where pathway. They work simultaneously to perceive scene as a whole. The proposed approach simulates human visual perception mechanism similar to that of the brain. The Hausdorff Fractals have been used in what pathway and Presence Score has been used in where pathway to generate a composite feature vector. The feature vector captures color, shape, texture information and significant region of interest of the image through fractals and presence score. In order to improve retrieval performance in the sense of accuracy and time, similar images are clustered together through maxdistnace and maxclustersize based clustering approach. The results obtained with an optimum sized feature vector are good enough to validate the approach and the conceptualized analogy between human and computer based image processing. The search has also been successfully extended using text annotation to web search through Google to provide wider coverage of CBIR
Changes in Cardiovascular Risk Factors of Professional College Studentsafter Twelve weeks of Isolated and Combined Brisk walking and Yogic Practices published in

Published by
K. Senthilnaathan, Dr. N. Vijayaregunathan Aim of the study was to find out the effects of isolated and combined brisk walking and yoga practices on selected cardio vascular Risk factors of professional college men students. The study was conducted on forty five (N=45) men players studying Karaikdudi Institute of Engineering Technology, Karaikudi Tamilnadu, India were selected as subjects. The selected players were assigned in to three groups of fifteen each(n=15), Group I underwent Brisk walking, Group II underwent Yogic practices, and Group III underwent Combined brisk walking and yogic practices. Total Cholesterol (TC) and Triglycerides (TGL) were selected as dependent Cardiovascular Risk Factors. The data on Total Cholesterol (TC) and Triglycerides were assessed by Blood Sample Tests. The training period was limited to 8 weeks duration. All the subjects were tested on selected dependent variables prior to and immediately after the training periods. The data collected data from the three groups prior to and immediately after the training programme on the selected criterion variables were statistically analyzed with Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). Whenever the F ratio for adjusted post test means was found to be significant, Scheffes post hoc test was followed to determine which of the paired mean differences was significant. In all the cases 0.05 level of confidence was fixed to test the hypotheses. Total Cholesterol (TC) and Triglycerides showed significant difference among the groups. Combined brisk walking and yogic practices group showed better performance than Brisk walking group and yogic practice group. Key words: Brisk walking, Yogic practice, Total Cholesterol (TC) and Triglycerides (TGL)
Formulation and validation of integrated pest management (IPM) modules for better economic return of cabbage crops in kullu valley, Himachal Pradesh published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Sarla Shashni Integrated Pest Management (IPM) modules of different chemical, bio pesticides and insecticides were formulated to check its effects on the insect, pest, disease incidence and yield attributes of cabbage crop in Kullu valley, Himachal Pradesh. The study was carried out in field condition of rabi season, 2011 with five modules viz. M1, M2, M3, M4 and M5 (control). Yield in q/ha, net additional return and net return per rupee invested was analyzed statically using appropriate transformation. Result shows that the implementation of IPM modules reduces the number of insecticide/pesticide application with good economic return to the farmers with added advantage to environment and human health.
Characterisation of the Dicotyledonous Wild Edible Plants of The District of Bardhaman, West Bengal published in

Journal of Innovations in Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences

Published by innovational publishers
Kaustuv Bhattacharyya, Sudhendu Mandal The paper aims to document the traditional knowledge about wild edible plants of the Bardhaman district of West Bengal, India with special reference to the dicotyledons. During the present investigation, a total of 44 species of dicotyledonous wild edible plants belonging to 42 genera and 27 families (sensu Takhtajan, 2009) have been inventorised. Among them 19 are trees, 11 are herbs, 7 are shrubs and 7 are climbers. Majority of the species are fruit-bearing (28). Some edible plants have great economic value and are linked with the socio-economic development of the rural people of the district. Some other species may be introduced in the agroforestry systems, which could become the potential photosynthetic pool to counter environmental degradation.
A Study of Schwartz Jampel Syndrome published in

Published by
Dr. P. Viswajyothi Schwartz-Jampel syndrome (SJS) is a term now applied to 2 different inherited, autosomal recessive conditions, sometimes termed SJS type I and SJS type II. Both are very rare. SJS type I has 2 recognized subtypes, IA and IB, which are similar, except that type IB manifests earlier and with greater severity. 3 yr old boy is brought by his mother to neuro OPD with chief complaints of Chest deformity since 2 yrs, Intermittent abnormal facies since 1.5yr and Abnormal gait since 1yr
Development and sensory evaluation of value added products published in

Food Science Research Journal

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
VINITASINGH ANDANJALIVERMA Maize is used as food, as feed for livestock and as raw material for industry The level of incorporation in developed products were T1(20%), T2(40%), T3(60%) and T4(80%). These products were analyzed for its organoleptic acceptability by panel members. This revealed that 60 per cent incorporated Laddoos and 60 per cent incorporated Namkeen had better quality in terms of taste and flavour, body and texture, colour and appearance and overall acceptability than control and other incorporated products. Analysis of variance revealed that 60 per cent incorporated Laddoos was liked extremely while 60 per cent incorporated namkeen was liked very much.
Barriers to Weight Management: Perspectives of Plus-Sized Black Women published in

AMERICAN RESEARCH JOURNAL OF NURSING

Published by AMERICAN RESEARCH JOURNALS
Jolene Lynn,,Peggy Ward-Smith Obesity, the number one health condition in the United States, is especially prevalent among Black, middle-aged, urban women. The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the experience of being plussized, from the perspective of these individuals. Interview data were obtained from nine participants, using phenomenological research methods and focus group format. Data were analyzed into significant statements, which were placed into these. Three themes emerged from these data: (1) health consequences, (2) barriers toward weight management, and (3) motivators toward weight management. These individuals knew that being plus-sized had health consequences, and could describe specific barriers and motivators that would be helpful. Including this information in any planned intervention will increase involvement, and improve the health status of this population. (122 words)
The Study of Different Presentations of Breast Lumps in Radiographic Imaging published in

ACTA MEDICA INTERNATIONAL

Published by TEERTHANKER MAHAVEER UNIVERSITY
Shalini Saraswat1, Amit Kumar2 1Assistant Professor, Department of Radiodiagnosis, Teerthanker Mahaveer Medical College & Research Centre, Moradabad - 24400, U.P.,India, 2Assistant Professor, Department of ENT, Teerthanker Mahaveer Medical College & Research Centre, Moradabad - 24400, U.P.,India Introduction: Breast USG is an established and accurate tool for the primary evaluation of breast lumps and pathology. It also compliments X- ray mammography in further evaluation and characterization of breast masses and thus avoids surgeries in benign breast diseases and pathology. Method: For USG examination of the breast lumps, a linear-array transducer of 5-7 MHz frequency is required with a good resolution machine. Results: We present a pictorial essay on the role of USG in evaluation and characterization of various breast lumps and pathology. Conclusion: Breast sonography considerably improves the visualization and evaluation of lumps in mammographically radiodense breasts and helpful in the characterization of it, either as solid or cystic lesion. It also improves the specifi city of X-ray mammography when used as an adjunct to it. It is also helpful in guiding FNAC/biopsy from the breast masses. Keywords: Breast, Sono-mammography,ultrasound, X- ray mammography
EFFECT OF PHYSICOCHEMICAL CONDITIONS ON RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF NATURAL HYDROCOLLOIDS published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Ajay Kumar Sav* and Purnima Dhanraj Amin In present study, effect of concentration, electrolyte and heating conditions were investigated for selected four types of hydrocolloids, namely fenugreek gum, guar gum and locust bean gum and Xanthan gum on their rheological properties. The results revealed that hydrocolloid concentration has profound effect on their viscosity; increase in concentration increases the viscosity correspondingly. The viscosity was follows the trend: GG>XG>LBG>FG. In presence of certain electrolyte, viscosity of Xanthan gum and galactomannan containing fenugreek gum, guar gum, locust bean reduced significantly. It indicates interaction between polysaccharide and ions. Hydrocolloids solubility and swellability increases on heating that led to increase in viscosity in case of galactomannan containing gum whereas xanthan gum lost its viscosity.
Teaching Effectiveness of Secondary School Teachers in Relation to Their Sense of Humour published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Umender Malik, Sarita Teaching effectiveness means the perfection, the optimum level of efficiency and productivity on the part of the teacher. This study explores the relationship between teaching effectiveness and sense of humour of secondary school teachers. The results explore that significant difference in teaching effectiveness and Sense of humour among male and female school teachers. Moreover significant difference also find in teaching effectiveness among secondary school teachers with sense of humour.
The Relationship between the Presence of Enterotoxin Type B Gene and Antibiotic Resistance in Staphylococcus aureus published in

Journal of Applied Biotechnology Reports

Published by Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences
Ali Choopani, Mohammad Heiat, Elham Amini, Mojtaba golpuch, Hossein Aghamollaei Staphylococcus aureus is a hazard to human health since they can cause a wide variety of hospital-associated infections ranging from minor skin infections to post-operative wound infections and food poisoning which produces many different virulence factors, including enterotoxins (SEs). Although studies have been done regarding the difference between virulence factors of sensitive strains and resistant to antibiotics, the aim of this study was to investigate this topic in different patients. This cross-sectional study was performed on 100 patients admitted to a hospital in Tehran. After preparing of wounds samples, antibiogram study was done by disc diffusion method and prevalence of staphylococcal enterotoxin type B or seb gene was confirmed by Polymerase Chain Reaction. Data was analyzed using SPSS 17 software. Results showed that the highest percentage of isolates with positive seb gene is about 7% which related to amoxicillin (6.6%), penicilline and cotrimoxazole (6.5%). More than 90% of isolate are resistant to amoxicillin, penicillin and cotrimoxazol. According to results, a significant relationship between seb gene and resistance to related antibiotics was not observed.
CORRELATION OF SERUM VITAMIN D3 LEVEL WITH EXTENT AND SEVERITY OF CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE . published in

Published by
Dharmendra Kumar Mekle, Somnath Raghuvanshi INTRODUCTION:Coronary artery disease (CAD) are the number one cause of death globally: more people die annually from CAD than from any other cause(1).An estimated 17.3 million people died from CADs in 2008, representing 30% of all global deaths(1). Of these deaths, an estimated 7.3 million were due to coronary heart disease and 6.2 million were due to stroke(2).Aim: To determine mean serum 25 hydroxy vitamin D level and extent and severity of coronary artery disease patients. Material and method:A cross-sectional study and Patients with 50% or more stenosis of at least one coronary artery as a case and without stenosis or less than 50% stenosis in coronary artery on coronary angiography as a control group. Conclusion: Vitamin D insufficiency, in this study was noted in 86.66% of patients in cases as compared to 56.66% of controls, and p value was 0.000387(<0.01) this difference is statistically significant..
Role of Visha in Chikitsa- A reminder published in

Published by
Dr. Supreeta. L. D, Dr. Ajith Kamath. M , Dr. Mahesh . Savalagimath, Dr. Arun. Gupta Visha are the substances which when administered prove fatal either sooner or later. This fatality is due to the qualities of visha that are exactly opposite to the nature of oja which is the vital component of life and causes destruction of life.Though they are previewed as visha, the same qualities can be utilized in the treatment after proper shodhana, which alters basic toxic properties like vyavaayi, vikasi, sookshma and yogavahi. Thus many visha are used in the formulations in order to increase the potency, bioavailability, therapeutic values. Hence Ayurveda highlights that when visha is utilized in a proper way can become the best medicine. Though basically they are visha, when properly administered along with pathyas they act as vishaghna, rasayana in many conditions.The present paper discusses about utility of visha in the making of formulations which are indicated in the untreated, chronic, auto immune diseases and also in acute management.
PROBLEMS OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH OF THE BASIC CRAFTS TRADITIONS OF GANJA (XIX-THE FIRST HALF OF XX CENTURIES) published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Elnur Latif oglu Hasanov For the first time in this scientific work have been researched the basic typical characteristics of craftsmanship branches and traditions of Ganja on the basis of innovative scientific technologies and methods.
Phytochemical evaluation of Ocimum basilicum (Sweet basil) leaves collected from Abakaliki-Nigeria, using Gas chromatography-Mass Spectrometry published in

ADVANCES IN BIOMEDICINE AND PHARMACY

Published by INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC PUBLISHING CO
Uraku AJ Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) is also known as King of herb’s belonging to lamiaceae family. The present study was designed to investigate the probable bioactive components from the leaves of Ocimum basilicum using Gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS) technique. Six compounds were identified from the methanolic leaf extract; which were identified as; hexadecanoic acid (8.37%), hepta - 9,10,11 - trienoic acid (17.04%), octadecenoic acid (8.37%), 5- (hydroxymethyl) heptadecane (13.75%), eicosane aldehyde (37.36%) and octadecyl vinyl ether (15.12%) among the major chemical constituents. The company of these phytocompounds in the plant extract may at least be conscientious for the aclaimed remedial and protective potentials of Ocimum basilicum and thus it is recommended as plant of phytopharmaceutical significance.
PERCEPTION OF TEACHERS ABOUT EVALUATION OF CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL NEEDS published in

International Education and Research Journal

Published by
Dr. Poonam, Neha Gupta Teaching in an inclusive classroom demands a broader and challenging role of teacher. She has to act as a guide, a counsellor, a strategist, etc. therefore assessment and evaluation procedures in an inclusive classroom are not the same as in a regular one. The focus of the present research is to study the changes teachers have put to effect in their evaluation process after the implementation of Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) for Children with Special Needs (CWSN) and the challenges faced by the teachers regarding CCE of CWSN.
Correlation and path coefficient analysis in tuberose published in

Journal of Crop and Weed

Published by Crop and Weed Science society
VANLALRUATI , T. MANDAL AND S. PRADHAN Department of Floriculture and Landscaping, Faculty of Horticulture Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya Mohanpur-741252, West Bengal Genetic variability studies in tuberose were carried out among 11 varieties for 18 characters at Horticultural Research Farm of Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya. Days to spike emergence (DAP), length of flower spike and number of spikes per plot showed highest phenotypic and genotypic variance. Higher heritability associated high genetic advance was observed for length of rachis indicating the presence of additive gene action. A study on the association of various morphological traits through correlation and path co-efficient analysis showed that leaf area, diameter of florets, length of florets, length of flower spike, weight of flower spike, florets spike-1, length of rachis and weight of 10 florets exhibited significant and positive correlation with that of spike yield. Spike weight imparted maximum positive direct effect on spike yield followed by field life, floret diameter, florets per spike and spike diameter. Similarly, weight of 10 florets imparted maximum negative direct effect on spike yield followed by leaf area and spike length.
Color Image Segmentation using IMOWT with 2D Histogram Grouping? published in

International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing - IJCSMC

Published by Mohammad Zainuddin
Christo Ananth, A.S.Senthilkani, S.Kamala Gomathy, J.Arockia Renilda, G.Blesslin Jebitha, Sankari @Saranya.S.? In this paper, a novel algorithm based on 2D histogram Grouping for color Image Segmentation is proposed. The proposed method uses intermediate features of maximum overlap wavelet transform (IMOWT) as a pre-processing step. The coefficients derived from IMOWT are subjected to 2D histogram Grouping. This method is simple, fast and unsupervised. 2D histograms are used to obtain Grouping of color image. This Grouping output gives three segmentation maps which are fused together to get the final segmented output. This method produces good segmentation results when compared to the direct application of 2D Histogram Grouping. IMOWT is the efficient transform in which a set of wavelet features of the same size of various levels of resolutions and different local window sizes for different levels are used. IMOWT is efficient because of its time effectiveness, flexibility and translation invariance which are useful for good segmentation results.
Transition Metal Complexes using pH metric study published in

Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Published by Scientific and Academic Association
Ayesha Durrani & Megha Jadhav pH-metric study has been used for simultaneous equilibrium of metal ion with different ligands such Leucine, cystein, glycine & tyrosine. P-amino benzoic acid is used as a primary ligand where as other are used as secondary ligand in ternary complexes. The ionic strength was maintained i.e. 1.0m NaClO4 and complex formation was observed. The results were computed using SCOGS software program.
LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY A GOLD STANDARD TREATMENT PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF 200 CASES UNDERWENT THIS PROCEDURE published in

Published by
Dr. Md Jeelani, Dr. S. Vijaya Shankar, Dr. V. Surekha Gallbladder disease are one of the most common problems affecting the digestive tract. Gallstones are the common the problem about 22-30% cholecystitis secondary to gallstones is common in about 80- 90% of the cases. Some are silent stones. A female, forty, fertile, fatty with right hypochondrium pain should have a suspicion of cholecystitis. A gallstoneobstructing CBD leads to obstructive jaundice. If it obstructs cystic duct causes gallbladder distension inflammation and oedema. Over study shows increased incidence of male : female ratio and age. Objective : To study the male female ratio of GB disease and complication and presentation of the disease and advantages of the laparoscopic procedure. Conclusion : Gallbladder diseases are common with variable presentation and change in the male to female ratio of incidence.
HEATHY ALTERNATIVE OFFERINGS FOR TOURISTS SITES IN NORTH-EASTERN POLAND. published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Dorota Kozlowska; Wojciech Ryszkowski Health education should provide the overall development of fitness and efficiency; health improvement; immunity; inurement; ageing prevention; full physical strength, mental recovery; satisfaction of health needs; and respect for your health and life. The health function is connected with reducing the stress and fatigue which results from biochemical and physiological changes experienced in day to day life.
SELF NANOEMULSION: ADVANCE FORM OF DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEM published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Mr. Girish C. Soni, S.K. Prajapati, Nirvesh Chaudhri* The main objective this study is to prepare and evaluate the self nanoemulsifying drug delivery (SNEDDS) system in order to achieve a better dissolution rate of a poorly water soluble drug. The aim of the present work was to prepare a novel self nanoemulsion drug delivery system (NE) to enhance the solubility. Lipid based self nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS) was explored to improve the oral bioavailability of a poorly water-soluble drug candidate, using spontaneous emulsification method. Nanoemulsions have ability to enhance the oral bioavailability of poorly water soluble or lipophilic drugs through selective lymphatic pathways. Self emulsifying drug delivery system has gained more attention due to enhanced oral bio-availability enabling reduction in dose, more consistent temporal profiles of drug absorption, selective targeting of drug(s) toward specific absorption window in GIT. SEDDS are liquid to semisolid in nature, but it has drawbacks as formulation development, quality control, stability etc. These liquid SEDDS can be converted into solid dosage form without affecting drug release property.
Aryl Substituted Thiazolyl 4-Thiazolidinopyrazoles and Isoxazoles: Novel Anti-Microbial and AntiInflammatory Agents published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Iram Khan, Bhawani Singh A new class of aryl substituted thiazolyl 4-thiazolidinopyrazoles and isoxazoles has been synthesized and evaluated for their anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory activities. Gram positive bacteria Bacillus cereus, and gram negative bacteria Escheria coli were used for estimation of anti-bacterial activity and Fusarium oxysporium and Aspergilus nigar fungi were used for evaluation of anti-fungal activities. In the present work, activities of synthesized compounds were evaluated by the Disc Diffusion Method using inhibition zone technique. The zone of inhibition was determined in comparison to the standard drugs i.e. Ciprofloxacin for bacteria and Fluconazole for fungi. The anti-inflammatory activity is expressed in percent inhibition by carrageenan induced paw oedema method using Idomethacine as standard drug. Results indicate that these compounds belong to a new class of highly potent anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory agents. Five compounds have used for the screening of anti-bacterial activity and as well as five for anti-fungal activity and three compounds evaluated as anti-inflammatory agents.
LUNG CANCER IN ADEN, YEMEN published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Gamal Abdul Hamid*1, Afif Nabhi2, Nasser Baom2, Shada Yassin1, Abha AlGallabi1 BACKGROUND: Cancer becoming an increasingly important cause of premature mortality in developing countries as their populations expands and their lifestyle becomes westernized. The incidence of lung cancer is low in Yemen, but emerging statistics indicate that its incidence is increasing in the last few years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of histopathologically confirmed lung cancer patients who were registered and treated at Aden oncology centre during the period from January 2011 December 2013. RESULTS: A total of 80 patients were studied. There was a preponderance of males (82.5%) as compared to females (17.5%).Smoking history was present in 82.5% of the all patients and 97% of male patients. Adenocarcinoma was observed in 40% followed by squamous cell carcinoma in 37.5%, while 17.5% had small cell carcinoma and 5% undifferentiated large cell carcinoma. The prevalence of adenocarcinoma was higher in non-smokers whereas incidence of squamous cell carcinoma and small cell carcinoma was higher among smokers. In this study, most patients (75.0%) presented with an advanced-stage tumor (IIIB or IV). Distance metastasis was seen in 55%. Chemotherapy formed the main treatment modality alone in 90% of patients. The overall survival rate of more than one year was seen in 50%. CONCLUSION: The outcome of lung cancer is poor . The 1-year survival rate for lung cancer has increased. Increased survival is possible if the disease is detected early, treated adequately with multimodality approach. Our findings justify the need to plan and develop effective programs aiming at the control and prevention of the spread of lung cancer.
Automatic Circular Blade Sharpening Machine published in

Published by
Mr. E. Esakki Vigneswaran, S. Hari Shankar Elango The main purpose of this paper is to design and implement an Automatic circular blade sharpening machine using PIC16F877A and latest motor drivers .In this system we are having four outputs and two inputs. The four output devices are turntable motor, grinder motor, feed motor and a solenoid coil. And the two inputs are cycle start switch and home position sensor. This machine is designed to grind the blade in the shape of circular automatically which is designed for the beef flesh cutting application. The circular blade is to be mounted on the blade holder only by adjusting the center screw of the blade holder. Then we have to adjust the grinder motor position according to the diameter of the blade. By pressing the auto cycle start button after the completion of all the settings, the grinding cycle begins. After the grinding process the grinder motor will be settled down in its home position. And then the solenoid will be activated and it removes the burr with the help of turn table motor movement and thus the cycle will be completed.
A Study on Emotional Intelligence And Its Impact on Job Performance of Employees In Hyundai Dymos at Sriperumbudur, Chennai. published in

Published by
B Asha The Indian economy has witnessed a tremendous improvement over last two decades. The Indian Government has permitted to enter multinational corporations in India with which the opportunities for professionals have arisen. The automotive industry of India is one of the largest in the world and fastest growing business sector. The compound annual growth rate of Indian automobile industry from 1951 to 1991 was growing rapidly after economic liberalization and globalization. As a result industry has seen a rising attrition ratio in almost any form of Business. The present study is done on Emotional Intelligence and its impact on job performance of employees in Hyundai Dymos, Chennai. Data were collected from a sample size of 120 respondents in the company. The results of the study showed that the employees in the organization perform satisfactorily with the proper relationship that existed between the superior and subordinates in the work environment.
THE ORGANIZATION OF MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING TECHNOLOGY AT RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS published in

University Economic Bulletin. Collection of scientific articles of scientists and post-graduate students

Published by State Higher Educational Establishment �Pereyaslav-Khmelnytskiy State Pedagogic University after Grygoriy Skovoroda�
Londarenko O.O., Podpryhora О.А The article reveals the essence of the management accounting organization technology at the research institutions. The current concern of the article lies in the necessity to improve the control over the use of the Ukraine public finances. The objective of the article is to research and generalize the basic of the management accounting organization technology at the research institutions. Today, public research institutions are legal entities based on state ownership for which scientific or scientific and technical activities is the primary and more than 70 percent of the total annual volume of work performed. Government support of the institutions is necessary, as they contribute to the creation of innovations and thus ensure sustainable development of the national economy. The research institutions activities are financed by the state budget of Ukraine. In order to improve the control over the state finances the necessity of management accounting subsystem implementation in the activities of research institutions is grounded. The advisability of the management accounting subsystem formation is caused by the specificity of research institutions and the nature of budgetary institutions financing. The technological parts of the management accounting are defined; they are: a detailed account and targeted analysis of the institution current performance indicators. The main stages of the management accounting implementation in the research institutions practice are determined; these are: the setting stage; the implementation stage; the technological parts stages of detailed accounting (the primary stage of accounting organization; the current stage of accounting organization; the final stage of accounting organization) and targeted analysis (the preparatory stage of analysis organization; the current stage of analysis organization; the final stage of analysis organization). The stages are characterized according with the accounting data base, technological aspects and responsible persons. The effective organization of the management accounting technology at the research institutions is considered to provide the information base to forecast the development prospects of the institution.
Validitas Modul Pembelajaran Berbasis Guided Inquiry pada Materi Fluida di STKIP PGRI Sumatera Barat published in

JPPPF - Jurnal Penelitian & Pengembangan Pendidikan Fisika

Published by Pendidikan Fisika UNJ
Silvi Trisnaa, Aidhia Rahmi Fundamental physics is one subjects for Physics Education’s Department in STKIP PGRI West Sumatra. For supporting the course and geting a good result it require the lecturer’s note like module. The developed a lecturer’s note is a module based guided inquiry that is expected to make students more active, creative and critical thinking as well as skilled in the discovery of the facts in Physics. Guided inquiry is a learning model which there are some activities that are scientific, students submit ideas before the topic studied, then investigate a phenomenon or phenomena. After that, the student explained that based on existing facts and compare them scientifically. This type of research is research and development using a Plomp’s model is passing through the stages: (1) the initial investigation (preliminary research), (2) design and realization (prototyping phase), and (3) testing and assessment (assessment phase). On the preliminary research, curriculum analysis will be doing, so students analysis, and analysis of the concept. On prototyping phase the module for the Physics at the fluid is designed. Next, we get the formative evaluation that includes self evaluation, prototyping (expert reviews, one-to-one and small group). We get the validity at this stage. The research data was obtained through the validation module sheet, which then produces a valid module.
Perception of Secondary School Teachers About Constructivism published in

Published by
Dr. Umme Kulsum -
DIRECTIONS OF IMPROVING MECHANISMS FOR IMPLEMENTING SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENTS INTO INDUSTRY published in

University Economic Bulletin. Collection of scientific articles of scientists and post-graduate students

Published by State Higher Educational Establishment �Pereyaslav-Khmelnytskiy State Pedagogic University after Grygoriy Skovoroda�
Liubov Fedulova The article highlights the problems of implementing the scientific developments into the industrial production; proposes the ways of improving mechanisms of cooperation between science, education and business with the aim of creating integral balanced system which ensures the necessary level of implementing the results of scientific activities into the industry. Aim of the article is determination and substantiation of the directions for improving mechanisms of cooperation between science, education and business with the aim of creating integral balanced system which ensures the necessary level of implementing the results of scientific activities into the industry. As a result of research the following conclusions were made. Search for the effective ways of integrating science, education and business lasted for the whole period of Ukrainian independence and they have not been found by now. It is necessary to build the scheme “science – higher educational institution – production”, which will be improved in the process of implementation; establish effective system of scientific accompaniment of production technologies with the aim of increasing their competitiveness and further stable development. The serious problem of science is even not low level of financing, but absence of demand. Macroeconomic analysis of scientific and technological development showed that the share of new products in GDP in the last years does not exceed 1%, activity of enterprise producing scientific products – 2.3%. Science was almost excluded from the process of economy reforming and did not provide the necessary scientific connection necessary for activating the factors of economic growth. It is necessary to accelerate the process of considering the draft law about the industrial policy on the Ukrainian territory. This legislative document shall constitute the basis for the support of real sector of economy where instruments and mechanisms of development support will be offered and priorities and preferences will be determined
EXOGENOUS MELATONIN INHIBITS IMMUNE FUNCTION IN SHAWS JIRD (MERIONES SHAWI) published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Hanan A. El-Bakry* The pineal hormone melatonin is reported to be a fundamental immunomodulator in a variety of species. Nevertheless, evidence supporting the immunoregulatory role of melatonin is conflicting, and information concerning its role in desert animals is scarce. The present study addressed the effects of exogenous melatonin administration on immune function in a wild-caught desert rodent species (Shaws jird; Meriones shawi). The serum levels of cytokines (TNF?, IL-1?, IL-6, IFN? and IL-4) and immunoglobulins (IgA and IgE) were measured by ELISA assay; the frequency of CD8+ cells (cytotoxic T-lymphocytes) or IgM+ (immunoglobulin M) cells was assessed by immunohistochemistry; the percentage of splenic lymphocyte populations in the white pulp was assessed by quantitative image analysis. In addition, the levels of TNF? and IL-4 mRNAs in the thymus and spleen were assessed by Semi-quantitative RT-PCR. Daily administration of melatonin (50 ?g/ml of drinking water for 8 weeks) decreased both humoral and cell-mediated immunity in Meriones shawi. It significantly decreased the secretion of Th1 cytokines (IFN? and TNF?) and the production of Th2 cytokines (IL4). It also lowered the serum levels of IL1? and IL6 which are secreted by activated macrophages, and decreased the serum levels of IgA and Ig E. Similarly, the cellularity of splenic white pulp and red pulp, and the frequency of CD8+ and IgM+ cells were markedly decreased. Melatonin also down-regulated the level of gene expression of TNF? and IL-4 in thymus. Male jirds did not differ from female jirds in any of these parameters. Altogether, these results demonstrate for the first time that exogenous melatonin has immunosuppressive effects in Meriones shawi.
Shampoo consumption in is on rise. Even in rural areas, the penetration of this product is very fast. In the developed states like Gujarat, Punjab and Haryana and even elsewhere, products like shampoos along with hair oils, talcum powder and beauty creams are considered essential cosmetics in urban and rural masses. In Gujarat, though the rural population is on decline as per the Census 2011, more than eighteen thousand villages provide a vast market for shampoo and allied products. In view of ongoing changes on socio-economic and demographic fronts like increasing levels of education, rising income of villagers, high media exposure, changing occupational structure and infrastructural improvements coupled with Information Technology reaching at the doorsteps of village households, the life style of rural masses have changed. So is in the consumption pattern of villagers for a number of products stretching from cosmetics to consumer durables. This research paper not only highlights the marketing scenario in rural Gujarat but also attempts to uncover various facts of shampoo consumption in the survey areas. published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
R. Royal Rongmei The paper reflects on the construction of subject position and the role of media in restructuring the society. Looking at the concept of subjective interpellation from the structuralists perspectives, the paper tries to institutes the ideological functions in structuring anti-dam activists as protesters. A critical analysis has been made to inquire about the ideological practice in the media texts in sustaining power relations of the state.
Scattered Calcification in Psoas Due to Renal Tuberculosis: A Rare Entity published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. AVANISH KUMAR SAXENA, Dr. AMRITA GUPTA, DR VARUN KUMAR AGARWAL, DR ANKIT JAIN, DR NITIKA MITTAL Tuberculosis remains a serious public health issue worldwide. Even in the era of effective chemotherapy, TB still accounts for a substantial number of deaths annually. Early diagnosis is challenging, even in areas with abundant medical resources1 . In 2012, there were an estimated 12 million TB cases globally, including 8.6 million new cases, and 1.3 million fatal cases2 . Renal tuberculosis autonephrectomy is the end stage of chronic renal tuberculosis infection and results from the caseous necrosis and progressive cavitation of the kidney. Resultant calcification may mimic the appearances of a renal calculus on plane film X-ray. The IVU has been considered as one of the most useful tests for obtaining anatomical and functional details of the kidneys.
THE EMPIRICAL STUDY OF PERFORMANCE FOR BUSY FUND MANAGER: EVIDEICE FROM TAIWAN EQUITY FUND published in

International Journal of Business and Applied Social Science (IJBASS)

Published by Dr. Yuval Rottenstreich(Editor In Chief)
Chiung-Wen Kang, Ph.D Candidate College of Finance and Banking, National Kaohsiung First University of Science and Technology No.1, University Rd, Yanchao Dist., Kaohsiung City, Taiwan (R.O.C.) Phone: 886-9212-51295 Mail: yang886536@gmail.com Ming-Chun Wang, Ph.D Associate professor Department of Money and Banking, National Kaohsiung First University of Science and Technology No.1, University Rd, Yanchao Dist., Kaohsiung City, Taiwan (R.O.C.) Yi-Ling Chen, Ph.D Associate professor Department of Asia-Pacific Industrial and Business Management, National University of Kaohsiung 700, Kaohsiung University Rd, Nanzih District, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan (R.O.C.) Chin-Chuan Ou Graduate student Department of Money and Banking, National Kaohsiung First University of Science and Technology No.1, University Rd, Yanchao Dist., Kaohsiung City, Taiwan (R.O.C.) This paper explores the trading activity of busy fund manager in the mutual fund industry for 10 years (2002 Q1 to 2012 Q2) of domestic stocks in Taiwan. It investigates the past busy behavior of the fund’s manager affected the future performance. On the other side, it also reflects the past performance led the fund manage future busy behavior. The empirical result shows that the busy behavior of the busy fund manager indeed has a negative influence to the performance which is one of the contributions. It also shows significant relationship between the fund performance of manager and the profile of mutual funds. The prior studies were mostly focus on manager and board member busy behavior of the firm which may causes management inefficiency and ineffectively. The issue of relationship between mutual fund performance and busy manager behavior is still inadequate. This article is not only exploring the behavior of the busy fund manager but also discuss the phenomenon of financial industry of mutual fund in Taiwan. It offers a new thinking of financial system and will submit the suggestion to financial industry and academic. The meanings of management are discussed in the paper.
Malignant Phyllodes Tumor: A Rare Presentation published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Reeta Dhar, Dr. Ujwala Maheshwari, Dr. Richa chopra Introduction. Phyllodes tumours are rare fibroepithelial lesions.Accurate preoperative pathological diagnosis allows correct surgical planning and avoidance of reoperation. Treatment can be either wide local excision or mastectomy to achieve histologically clear margins. Discussion. The exact aetiology of phyllodes tumour and its relationship with fibroadenoma are unclear. Women aged between 35 and 55 years are commonly involved. The median tumour size is 4 cm but can grow even larger having dilated veins and a blue discoloration over skin. Palpable axillary lymphadenopathy can be identified in up to 1015% of patients but <1% had pathological positive nodes.Mammography and ultrasonography are main imaging modalities. Cytologically the presence of both epithelial and stromal elements supports the diagnosis.The value of FNAC in diagnosis of phyllodes tumour remains controversial. Surgical management is the mainstay and local recurrence in phyllodes tumours has been associated with inadequate local excision. The role of adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy remains uncertain and use of hormonal therapy has not been fully investigated. Conclusion.The preoperative diagnosis and proper management are crucial in phyllodes tumours because of their tendency to recur and malignant potential in some of these tumours.
SPONTANEOUS PRIMARY INTRA VENTRICULAR HAEMORRHAGE A RARE CASE REPORT published in

Published by
Dr.PothulaRamarao, Dr.PuttaSrilatha, Dr.Chakra Pani, Dr.BharathBhushan Reddy, Dr.Gundrathi VamsiVihari Intra ventricular haemorrhage without intra parenchymal bleed is very rare with poor outcome .It accounts for 3.1 % of all intra cranial haemorrhages .Hypertension is important predisposing factor with high mortality rate 41 80 % Here we are reporting a case of 40 years old male who had spontaneous primary intra ventricular haemorrhage without neurological deficit recovered completely with conservative management.
DEVELOPMENT OF A METHOD AND ALGORITHMS OF CALCULATION OF THE AREA OF A CONVEX POLYGON WITH THE USE OF COMBINATORICS published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Alexandr Nikolayevich Shevtsov;Zhanara Askerbayevna Keulimzhayeva The article is developed algorithm of calculation of the area of a convex polygon on the basis of formulas combinatorics.
Comparative study of physical properties with organics and rice-crop establishment methods of winter maize (Zea mays L.) in calciorthents published in

International Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
SUDHANSHU BHOOSHAN1, AWADH KISHOR PRASAD1 AND PAWAN KUMAR SRIVASTWA* An experiment was conducted during the Rabi season of 2011-12 at south Kisan Vidhya Peeth block of Crop Research Centre of Rajendra Agricultural University, Bihar, Pusa (Samastipur). The experiment was conducted in a Split Plot Design with 30 treatments, which were replicated three times to the comparative study of physical properties with organics and rice-crop establishment methods of winter maize (Zea mays L.) in calciorthents. The main plot treatments consisting of six methods of rice-crop establishment A1 (ZT), A2 (DS), A3 (PDS), A4 (PT), A5 (SRI) and A6 (PT + BM) and the sub plot treatments consisting of five different form of the organic matter enrichment i.e., B1 (M), B2 (Vc), B3 (1/3CR),B4 (M+Vc), and B5 (control).
Design Guidelines to Address Global Challenges: Lessons from Global Action Networks published in

Journal of Organization Design

Published by Organizational Design Community
Steve Waddell Traditional organizations appear to be incapable of adequately addressing critical global issues such as war, climate change, and economic inequality. Addressing these issues suggests the need for organizational innovation to develop global social contracts. Successful innovation must address four integration imperatives: (1) integrate effort and resources across organizational sectors (business, government, civil society) and sense-making, (2) create successful individual to global aggregations, (3) integrate the short and long term, and (4) integrate major issue areas. A new type of organization, Global Action Networks, aims for this integration. Based upon analysis of this new type of organization, five design principles for global social contract organizations are proposed.
ANALISIS PENGARUH PENDAPATAN TERHADAP JUMLAH INFAQ PESERTA PENGAJIAN ROHANI Studi Kasus Majelis Talim di Masjid Al-Aman, Sidoarum, Godean, Sleman published in

ECONOMIC: JURNAL EKONOMI DAN HUKUM ISLAM

Published by Islamic Univerity Darul Ulum Banyuwangi
Zein Muttaqin Nowadays, there are growing religious study community that urges people to deepen religious teachings. This community appears as learning, warning and preparation forum to face trial in the after life. It is assumed that by following religious community, people will improved their understanding about religious teachings that will affected their life behavior. The purpose of this research is to analyze the effect of intensity to attend religious community, income and comprehension toward the infaq of attendee of religious community and to explain the infaq behavior of attendant of religious community. This field research is a quantitative research. There are 50 samples that used in this research which consists by ladies. In this research, the writer is using primary data that procured by questionnaire distributions. The data analysis technique that used in this research are descriptive data analysis and multiple regression analysis. As for the hypothesis that suggested in this research is that intensity to attend religious community, income and comprehension are affecting the infaq of attendee of religious community. The result of this research shows that intensity to attend religious community (not affecting), income (affecting) and comprehension (not affecting) toward the infaq of attendee of religious community. Most of behavior that shown in this research is unconsciously by attendee as manifestation form God words in the Quran and Sunnah. Intensity, income and comprehension variables are affecting only 38,9 percent, whereas 61,1 percent is affected by other variables outside this research.
Pathotype characterization of Xanthomonas oryzae pv oryzae isolates ofWest Bengal and evaluation of resistance genes of bacterial blight of rice (Oryza sativa L.) published in

Journal of Crop and Weed

Published by Crop and Weed Science society
S. DEBNATH, 1P. SATYA AND B. C. SAHA Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Pundibari -736165, Cooch Behar, West Bengal 1Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibre, Barrackpore, West Bengal Bacterial blight is the second most important disease of rice. Hence characterization of the pathotype that causes bacterial blight and identification of resistance genes were attempted as a preliminary step towards identifying some resistant sources. In order to do that, six isolates collected from different parts of West Bengal were screened against near isogenic lines to identify variability in virulence. All the NILs were found to possess varying degree of susceptibility to resistance against all the isolates with significant differences in disease progress. The pyramided lines showed broad spectra of resistance against all the Xoo isolates and most durable resistant monogenes were xa5, xa13 and Xa21.
Insects and Mites Infesting Plants Used In Unani System of Medicines With Assessing Bioefficacy of Some Green Pesticides Towards Control of a Pest Species , Ferrisia Virgata, Homoptera:pseucoccidae. published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Zoha Ahmed, S. K. Gupta, N. Debnath This paper reports 8 species of Insects and 22 species of mites infesting plants used in unani system of medicine. The results of the bio-efficacy of 3 green pesticides along with a conventional synthetic pyrethroid compound are also included highlighting good performance of the extracts of Pongamia pinnata and Butea monosperma.
Mucocele of the Glands of Blandin-Nuhn-An Uncommon Occurrence published in

Published by
Dr. Usha Hegde, Dr. Bhuvan Nagpal, Dr. Jaishankar H P, Dr. Sahith Kumar Shetty Mucoceles are soft tissue masses which are benign in nature resulting from the retention in the salivary duct or extravasation of mucus into the surrounding tissues of the lamina propria. They occur in varying locations on oral mucosa where accessory salivary glands are present, most frequently, located on the lower lip. Development of a mucocele on the ventral aspect of the tongue is rarely seen. This article presents a case of mucocele of the glands of Blandin and Nuhn in a 13 year old female patient.
PHARMACOGNOSTICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL REVIEW ON AYURVEDIC PLANT ANKOLAH-[Alangium salvifolium (Linn. F) Wang. (Alangiaceae)] published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Bidhan Mahajon*, Rupashri Nath, Remadevi R. Alangium salviifolium (Linn. F) Wang. is commonly known as Ankolah, a well known medicinal plant in Ayurveda. It is a small tree found over the plains and foothills throughout India. In Ayurveda the roots and the fruits of this plant are used for the treatment of rheumatism and haemorrhoid. Externally it is used for the treatment of bites by rabbits, rats and dogs. The plant is also popular in folk medicine and has been studied for its anti-inflammatory, antifertility and cardiotonic etc activities. Its dried seeds have traditionally been used to treat various ailments. Present study aimed to document the all available data regarding the Pharmacognostical and Phytochemical study of this important medicinal plant. Various text books and related information from internet were collected and analysed here. Review suggests that still various area of action of this plant yet to be explored to justify its traditional uses.
ANTI -ULCER ACTIVITY OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF DIOSPYROS VIRGINIANA IN RATS published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
S. Priya*1 and S. Nethaji2 Ulcer disease is one of the common diseases in the world. Treatment of ulcer with synthetic drugs such as proton pump inhibitors, H2 receptor antagonists and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs has shown adverse effects, relapses, drug interactions. Medicinal plants containing active chemical constituents are useful in prevention and treatment of various diseases. Literatures suggest that herbal formulations of medicinal plants are considered to be potential source for the treatment of ulcers. This study was focused to evaluate the protective activity of Diospyros virginiana leaf and bark ethanolic extracts against HCLethanol induced ulcers. This plant both extracts significantly reduced the ulceration induced by acid alcohol when compared to that of standard ranitidine.
SUDDEN CHANGE OF THE CROSS - SECTION OF REINFORCED CONCRETE COLUMN AT SLAB LEVEL: EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Mohamed A. Tarkhan Architects prefer the square or circular cross - section of the reinforced concrete (RC) columns in the garages or commercial floors in building. However in the upper residential floors, they prefer the elongated rectangular sections to be embedded in the partition walls. Therefore, the cross section of the RC columns may change suddenly between the floors. This study introduce a first attempt to investigate the behavior under compression of R C columns with sudden change of the cross section at the slap level. Five RC column specimens were tested under concentric loading. The columns have square cross - sections at the lower part and change to rectangular cross section with the same area at the u pper part. Some specimens have short cantilevers at the top head of the lower columns Variable parameters were studied as the slab confining effect, the reinforcement, and the short cantilever depth . Load s, axial displacement , strains, and failure patterns were studied for each column specimen . The results indicate that this system can be used in construction with some provisions about the steel ties distribution and the overlap length. The presence of the slab and steel ties are very effective to increase the axial capacity of the connection. Also, increasing the short cantilever depth is able to increase the ultimate capacity up to a certain depth equal s the offset of the upper column edge from the lower column edge
DPSK - DWT OFDM SYSTEM FOR RELIABLE DATA TRANSMISSION USING BARCODE SYSTEM IN MOBILE DEVICES published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
E. Akhila*, K. Ramesh DPSK - OFDM modulation scheme is implemented in the proposed work to handle the complexity issue in flexible manner for hassle - free data transmission in mobile devices. Barcode scheme has ability to convert the readable form of information into un - understandable form to provide complexity free transmission. Barcode print ed on paper has interference free appearance which does not have any leakages while digital barcodes has observed while pixels are leaked into their corresponding black pixels which is called as intersymbol interference. The proposed barcode based DPSK - OFD M system are designed to reduce the issues frequently occurs in handheld device transmission with low complexity and high performance as resultant outcome. The contribution work continued to proposed work is implemented on DWT - OFDM which results in low com plexity than the proposed work with high performance as outcome.
MODEL MANAJEMEN STRATEGIS PEMBERDAYAAN EKONOMI UMAT MELALUI ZAKAT,INFAK, SEDEKAH (Studi Kasus pada LAZIS Qaryah Thayyibah Purwokerto) published in

ECONOMIC: JURNAL EKONOMI DAN HUKUM ISLAM

Published by Islamic Univerity Darul Ulum Banyuwangi
Siti Maghfiroh Manajemen strategis menjadi sesuatu yang penting bagi sebuah organisasi baik profit oriented (mencari keuntungan) maupun non profit oriented (tidak mencari keuntungan). Setiap organisasi mengaplikasikan model manajemen strategis ini berbeda antara satu dengan yang lain tergantung kebijakan manajemen. Secara sederhana model manajemen diawali dari sebuah pengamatan dan perencanaan kemudian diakhiri dengan evaluasi. Senada dengan hal tersebut, Lazis Qaryah Thayyibah pun mengaplikasikan model manajemen strategis mulai dari awal pendirian dengan pengamatan situasi dan kondisi lingkungan, serta dalam kegiatan operasional yaitu penghimpunan dan pendistribusian dana Zakat, Infak, dan Sedekah (ZIS) untuk memberdayakan masyarakat. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian lapangan (Field Research), dimana penyusun akan mengumpulkan data dengan melakukan studi mendalam (in depth study) dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui model manajemen strategis dan pengelolaan ZIS melalui pendekatan deskriptifkualitatif. Hasil penelitian ini adalah bahwa model manajemen strategis yang dilakukan oleh LAZIS Qaryah Thayyibah dimulai dari pertama, Pengamatan Lingkungan yang terdiri analisis eksternal (berupa peluang dan ancaman) dan analisis internal (berupa kekuatan dan kelemahan). Pengamatan ini tidak dilakukan secara langsung tetapi fleksibel dan sesuai kebutuhan. Dari semua faktor ini menyatu dalam rangkaian model manajemen strategis yang diterapkan oleh Lazis Qaryah Thayyibah. Kedua, Perumusan Strategi, dalam tahapan ini adalah lebih pada penguatan visi misi, serta bagaimana memanfaatkan peluang, ancaman, kekuatan, serta kelemahan untuk membentuk strategi dalam pengelolaan dan pemahaman kepada masyarakat tentang pengetahuan ZIS. Ketiga Implementasi Strategi, setelah terbentuk beberapa strategi langkah selanjutnya adalah menuangkan dalam berbagai program. Dan sebagai program unggulan yaitu beasiswa dan pemberdayaan ekonomi umat melalui pengguliran kambing. Keempat, Evaluasi dan pengendalian, sebagai bentuk evaluasi dan pengendalian, LAZIS mengadakan evaluasi setiap selesai melaksanakan program secara bersama serta untuk perbaikan program-program selanjutnya.
RST Approach for Efficient CARs Mining published in

Bonfring International Journal of Data Mining

Published by BONFRING
Thabet Slimani In data mining, an association rule is a pattern that states the occurrence of two items (premises and consequences) together with certain probability. A class association rule set (CARs) is a subset of association rules with classes specified as their consequences. This paper focuses on class association rules mining based on the approach of Rough Set Theory (RST). In addition, this paper presents an algorithm for finest class rule set mining inspired from Apriori algorithm, where the support and confidence are computed based on the elementary set of lower approximation inspired from RST. The proposed approach has been shown very effective, where the rough set approach for class association discovery is much simpler than the classic association method
Performance of School Students in Social Science with Baroque-Fused Teaching published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr B. William Dharma Raja, S. Christobelleela Bai, J. Kirupa Kani Music seems to be part of the natural state of things, evolved in humans before language. It has the power to feel alive. It can calm us, animate us, comfort us, thrill us or serve to organize us at work. It can improve learning and create a feelgood. Music primes the mind to develop personal skills, to learn and share knowledge, and to cultivate a genuine love of learning. This attempted to explore if there is any significant difference between the conventional method of teaching and music-fused teaching in the performance of tenth standard students in Social Science. The study reveals that Baroque-fused teaching contributed for the students performing better in Social Science.
OPTIMIZATION AND EVALUATION OF FORMULATION FOR pH DEPENDANT SOLUBLE DRONEDARONE HYDROCHLORIDE published in

European Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr Girhepunje
K. Ramesh1, 3*, B. Chandra Shekar2 and P. Khadgapathi3 The brand name of marketed Innovator product for Dronedarone Tablets 400 mg is MULTAQ (dronedarone) 400 mg tablets, it is an antiarrhythmic drug indicated to reduce the risk of hospitalization for atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients in sinus rhythm with a history of paroxysmal or persistent AF. The recommended dose is one tablet of 400 mg twice a day with morning and evening meals. Dronedarone hydrochloride is showing pH dependant solubility, the solubility of drug substance is more in the pH range of 3.0 to 5.0. In order to have a bioequivalent generic product to that of marketed Innovator product, it is recommended to have the similar dissolution profiles in FDA recommended dissolution media. The present work was attempted to map the dissolution profiles of Dronedarone from tablet dosage to that of corresponding innovator product (MULTAQ 400 mg tablets) profiles in FDA recommended dissolution media by optimizing the quantity of granulating fluid (Purified water), concentration of both surfactant (Poloxamer P407) and super disintegrant (Crospovidone). Based on the in vitro dissolution profiles of test product formulation, it was clearly evident that rate of dissolution of Dronedarone from tablet dosage form is showing increasing trend with decreasing concentration of Poloxamer P407 and increasing concentrations of Crospovidone and more over the quantity of purified water is also playing an important role with respect to granulation consistency, disintegration time and in-vitro dissolution profiles.
Political Economy of Community Radio in India published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Jayanta Kumar Panda The concept of mass communication is incomplete without the reference to technology that is to say No technology no mass communication. In due course of time radio has turned into a vital agent of socio-cultural and political change. It is instrumental in creating social awareness and is a device of empowerment as well. No doubt the influence of radio on Indian society is phenomenal Radio has impacted on Indian society in big way. When the area covered by a radio station is reduced to just ten kilometres of aerial distance then we come across a unique concept known as Community Radio (CR). CR operates using Frequency Modulation (FM). In the realm of media and communication studies Political Economy is generally referred to the studies that seek to correlate economic and political aspects of a communication system that operate in a global capitalist structure. It is concerned with understanding how communication figures in political economic formations more generally. Encouraged by the unparalleled and extraordinary demand for the CRS, the government of India plans to set up a large number of CRS all across the nation with a special focus on educational institutions.
Study of Respiratory Failure in Organophosphorus Compound Poisoning with Reference to Ventilatory Support Outcome published in

Published by
Dr. Sreeramulu Diguvinti, Dr. Pushpalatha Nemali, Dr. U. Sunitha, Dr. B. N. Venkata Raghava Organophosphorus (OP) compound poisoning is one of the most common poisonings in India. Globally, OP compound poisoning is a serious occupational hazard accounting to more than 80% of pesticide poisoning related hospitalisation. India being a agricultural country OP pesticide remains the main agent for crop protection and pest control.It is therefore likely to have adverse effects on farmers who accidentally exposed while handling the pesticide. However because of low cost and easy availability it became agent of choice for self poisoning. In developing countries like India the mortality rate can be as high as 25%. High mortality rate could be due to lack of hospital services in vicinity, inadequate transport facility, increased patient to care givers ratio. The fatal issue is often related to delay in diagnosis or an improper management. Management of severe poisoning is difficult requiring intensive care and use of atropine and oxime cholinesterase re activators
Plasticizers: A Vital Excipient in Novel Pharmaceutical Formulations published in

Current Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Empro Professional Scientific Association (EPSA) Publications
Ashwani Mishra, A K Pathak Plasticizers have got significant role in pharmaceutical formulations because of their vital importance in the formulations like gastro-retentive films, ocular films, transdermal films, buccal films, oro-dispersible films. Flexibility, Endurance, Resistibility and Stability which are suitable properties of formulation could be easily achieved by using plasticizers which ultimately imparted desired characteristic in the formulation by the radical use of this excipient. In this review an effort was made to disclose importance, theories and plasticizers mechanism in different novel pharmaceutical formulations to understand its versatility efficiency, utility and tendency to modified different novel pharmaceutical formulations. Keywords: , Formulations,Plasticizers, Films.
Polarity Classification Using Twitter Data? published in

International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing - IJCSMC

Published by Mohammad Zainuddin
Paramjot Singh? Polarity Classification over Twitter offers different organizations a fast and effective way to monitor the feelings/emotions of general public towards their brand, business, politicians etc. A wide range of features for training polarity classifiers for Twitter datasets have been researched in recent years with varying results. In this paper, we introduce a novel approach for automatically classifying and adding semantics as additional features the polarity of Twitter messages. These messages are classified as positive or negative or neutral with respect to a query term. The paper focuses on addressing polarity classification for product features in product reviews by building semantic association between product features and polarity words. The results show that our method is encouraging.
Impact of Job Stress on Career Orientation of Working Women published in

Published by
M. C. Shivakumar, Dr. S. Venkatesh In the modern, competitive, globalized world, stress has become part of job. Complications, contradictions, work pressure, over work-load, restlessness, identity crisis, lack of coordination, failures, and lack of success have been considered to be major responsible factors for job stress. The present study examined the impact of job stress on career orientation of women working in degree collages. The field study data for the cross section of people collected and used for the present analysis. Data collected from 350 women employees working in degree collages. It has been found from the study that the career orientation of women has not been influenced by job stress. However, teaching and research extension works of women employees have been significantly and negatively influenced by job stress. Therefore, the job stress of has to be reoriented to ensure the career orientation of women faculty working in degree collages for better performance
SAFETY MARGIN OF COSMETICS: A REVIEW published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Praveen Nasa* Cosmetics are daily used products. Everybody use cosmetics in one or other forms. Almost all of the cosmetics used by humans caused a lot of adverse effects. These adverse effects are mainly due to the ingredients added in the cosmetics. These ingredients are mainly added as preservative, stabilizer, fragrance and coloring agent. But these ingredients entered into the body by penetrating the skin. However the serious adverse effects occurred on long term use of these ingredients. These adverse effects mainly includes cancer and organ system toxicity. The main classes of cosmetics which have low margin safety include: shampoos, hair dye, lotions, nail polishes, facial makeup etc.
GENDER DIFFERENCES IN PREDICTION SELF-FULFILLING PROFESSIONAL PRESENTATION published in

FUNDAMENTAL AND APPLIED RESEARCHES IN PRACTICE OF LEADING SCIENTIFIC SCHOOLS

Published by Publishing Group: Accent graphics communications; CYS MIEH; Dr. Lunov Vitalii
Hovorun T., Koskina D. The article deals with the problem of sex differences on job and social status has many biological and social explanations. Much of understanding of economic status differentiation begins with biologically and socially oriented studies. The first one represent the most evolutionarily differences, which stress on data explaining heterogeneous sex outcomes womens roles for housekeeping and bringing up children, mens for social and vocational activity.
PRODUCTION, CHARECTERIZATION AND IN-VITRO STUDY OF FIBRINOLYTIC ENZYME FROM LOCALLY ISOLATED MICROCOCCUS LUTEUS B-07 published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Pallavi K. Aradhye1* and Meera D. Chavan2 Background: Thrombosis, stroke and other cardiovascular diseases are major causes to increase the mortality rate than any other disorders. Microbial fibrinolytic enzyme system is finding very safe, stable and effective treatment on such thrombolytic disorders. Being non-pathogenic, saprophytic in nature Micrococcus luteus B-07 is selected for current study. Objective: To find out the efficiency of microorganism to degrade blood clot at normal physiological conditions. Methodology: Protease producing Micrococcus luteus B-07 was screened on milk nutrient agar plates; its identification was done by biochemical tests and genetic analysis. Production of fibrinolytic enzyme from Micrococcus luteus B-07 was achieved in soy meal wheat powder broth for which conditions were maintained at 330C 20C and pH 7.2. Fibrinolytic activity checked on fibrin agar plate against plasmin as standard and in-vitro blood clot lyses with 5% of blood clot. The effect of various environmental factors such as temperature, pH and various metal ions on crude enzyme was read at 660 nm. Results: Clear zone of protease production was observed around growth of B-07 isolate. Further in this study it was revealed that the B-07 enzyme produces 665.5 U/ml of fibrinolytic units. Complete dissolution of 5% blood clot within 19 h. The B-07 enzyme showed maximum absorption at 660nm for 40 0C temperature and pH 7.0. The same enzyme gets inhibited with Co++, Cu++, Mg++ and Fe++ ions and the activity was enhanced by Zn++ and Ca++ ions. Conclusion: The fibrinolytic enzyme isolated from Micrococcus luteus B-07 has definite and obvious thrombolytic effects in vitro. The enzyme exhibited similar fibrinolytic activity as that of plasmin on fibrin agar plate. It suggests that the enzyme acts like plasmin without the need of plasminogen activator.
BIOEQUIVALENCE STUDY OF DOFETILIDE IN HEALTHY HUMAN VOLUNTEERS UNDER FASTING AND FED CONDITIONS published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
R Arunkumar*, A Ruckmani, Lakshmipathy Prabhu R, Pradeep G Nayar, M Chokkalingam, D Rajasekaran, O Arjun Arumugam Dofetilide is an antiarrhythmic agent belonging to class III. It is indicated for the conversion and maintenance of sinus rhythm in atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter. The objective of this study is to investigate the bioequivalence of generic dofetilide 0.5 mg in comparison with Tikosyn (dofetilide) 0.5 mg under fasting and fed conditions in healthy human volunteers. The study was designed as a two period, two treatment, two way , cross over, open label study. 12 healthy, adult, male subjects were enrolled after obtaining written informed consent. Six of them received the medications under fasting conditions and the remaining six under fed conditions, both generic and innovator drugs with the wash out period of 5 days in between. Blood samples were collected for dofetilide estimation in K3EDTA blood collection tubes. QTc interval was recorded at scheduled time points to assess the effect of the drug on ECG. There was no adverse effect observed during the study. The generic and innovator products were well tolerated. Both the formulations produced an increase in the QTc interval, which returned pre-dose level within 8 to 12 hours. The drug concentration was measured using LCMSMS with the validated bioanalytical method. Pharmacokinetic and statistical analysis were done using WinNonlin and SAS. The results indicate that the generic dofetilide produced pharmacokinetic parameters cmax, AUC0-t and AUC0-inf that met bi oequivalence limits of 80-125 under fasting conditions but failed to meet the BE limits under fed conditions for cmax whereas it met the limits for AUC0-t and AUC0-inf.
A NOVEL ON FAST PARALLEL FILE TRANSFER USING REPLICATION? published in

International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing - IJCSMC

Published by Mohammad Zainuddin
K.Sabarigirivason?, R. Giridharan Data replication is the most critical component of data-intensive grid computing environment. The need for data replication arises in various areas of data analysis such as high-energy physics, bio-informatics, climate modeling and astronomy. In addition to grid data environments, data replication is the key part of various data sharing applications such as digital libraries, persistent archival environment and content distribution. Parallel file replication where a large file needs to be simultaneously replicated to multiple sites is an integral part of data-intensive grid environment. Propose a tool that creates multiple distribution trees by pipelining point-to-point transfer and optimizes the file replication time to multiple sites. One of the key parts in data replication is the replica catalog that manages the mappings for files from the hierarchical namespace to one or more physical file locations, thus providing an efficient and transparent file sharing on a Grid. Managing and coordinating the data movement process is the crucial performance issue.
BENIGN TERTIAN MALARIA: REALLY BENIGN published in

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research

Published by Dr Girhepunje
Dawra Saurabh, Satyanand K, Dawra Romika*, Nair Rajesh, Radhakrishnan AP There has been a recent trend to brand vivax malaria as a complicated one. A number of case reports are being published enumerating complications of vivax malaria. Although there is no doubt that complications can occur with any disease, however in comparison to falciparum malaria, complications in vivax malaria are only exceptions and not the rule. Besides a number of co- existing viral infections may also give rise to these complications, a number of which, we are unable to diagnose with the present level of investigations.
Self Help Group - a Boon for Empowering Women A Study. published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Sunder Arumugam Self Help Group has grown to the extent of not only helping their own selves but also their families and the community at large. They have struggled a lot to reach this stage. The hard work has shown them the light of success. And contrary to this, there are also a few groups who exist just in paper. The activities of the group has become very diversified in nature and are venturing into new areas and have shown better results both in terms of socio and economic aspects. And especially with the advent of banks and other financial institutions coming forward to help the groups with financial support, there is no looking back. A large number of families in rural India have accredited SHGs for their economic development. With the present trend, it can be well said that the SHGs are likely to achieve many more laurels.
Valve induction generators of radial excitation with combined windings. published in

Electrical Engineering & Electromechanics

Published by National Technical University
V.D. Lushchik The design and principle of operation of inductor generators with combined windings are described. The theoretical substantiation of advantages of considered generators is presented. The data of experimental investigations of generators with combined windings and, for comparison, generators, which are made in series are presented.
Effectiveness of Information Booklet on Knowledge Regarding Milestone Development of Infants Among The Primigravid Women in A Selected Hospital in Mangalore published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Ms. Chinju Varghese, Brigit A. P Sr Deepa Peter Child development refers to the process in which children go through changes in skill development during predictable time periods called developmental milestones. Developmental delay occurs when children have not reached these milestones by the expected time period.1 Mothers are the primary care giver, if they possess adequate knowledge regarding milestone development of infants through information booklet, then they can apply the same in their practice. A evaluative approach with pre-experimental (one group pre-test post-test) design was used for the study. The participants were 50 primigravid women selected through purposive sampling. Pre-test was conducted using structured knowledge questionnaire regarding milestone development of infants. An information booklet regarding developmental aspects of infants were administered for the group after the pretest. After 7 days a post test was conducted. Paired t test was done and found that the calculated t value 21.904 which was higher than the table value t49= 2.00 significant at 0.05 level of significance. The results showed, the effectiveness of information booklet in the enhancement of knowledge regarding milestone development of infants
REKONSTRUKSI KONSEP KEBEBASAN HAK BERSERIKAT BAGI SERIKAT PEKERJA PADA HUBUNGAN INDUSTRIAL BERBASIS NILAI KEADILAN published in

Dinamika Hukum

Published by Faculty of Law, Jenderal Soedirman University, Indonesia
Gunarto The concept of freedom of association for trade union rights provided for in Law No. 21 of 2000 on Trade Unions, aimed at providing protection of workers, and improve the welfare of workers. But social facts to still many industrial dispute, and there were so many layoffs. Legal research methods to use social research. So in this perspective, freedom of association for trade union rights are not viewed from the norms of the country, but seen from the values of living in society, although freedom of association rights are influenced by state regulations. Construction of freedom of association for trade union rights as set out in Law No. 21 of 2000 on Trade Unions, still reflects the capitalistic character. The impact caused the number of industrial disputes and layoffs for workers, because employers view workers as a factor of production rather than as business partners. So the necessary reconstruction of freedom of association rights for workers with social justice based values to create a harmonious industrial relations. A reconstruction model using prismatic law, which took a good system of capitalistic model and the socialist model and the model adapted Pancasila industrial relations with the values of Indonesian. Keywords : Reconstruction, Freedom Right of Association, trade unions, justice
THE FORMATION OF ETHNIC TOLERANCE THROUGH THE PARADIGM OF CULTURAL AND HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE KAZAKH SOCIETY published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Gulbarshin Spanovna Konkina; Nazira Izbastyyevna Yessimkhanova The article considers cultural and historical aspects of the kazakh society and their role in the formation of ethnic tolerance.
THE SOCIO ECONOMIC POSITION OF NON MUSLIMS OF PROVADIA IN THE MIDS OF 19TH CENTURY ACCORDING TO THE TEMETTUAT REGISTERS, NUMBERED 12189 published in

Studies of the Ottoman Domain

Published by Mehmet Yavuz ERLER
Levent KÜÇÜK Provadia, having a great importance in the Balkans, was a district in Silistre Province in the mentioned period in this study. In this period, Provadia was a cosmopolite city where mostly Muslims lived with Christians, Jewishes and Gypsies. Temettuat Registers were prepared for the records of property, fields, animals and all belongings in the regions where Tanzimat reforms were applied in the first half of the 19th century. Our study subjected to the Provadia in the Temettuat texts. Keywords: Provadia, Temettuat, Tanzimat Reforms, Financial Reforms.
Effect of polyamines on quality attributes of stored peach fruits published in

International Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
SUMMY ULLAH* AND S.K. JAWANDHA Peach is a perishable fruit and it is difficult to maintain the fruit quality at ambient conditions for a longer time. A study was conducted to enhance the storage life of peach fruits under cold storage conditions. For storage study, peach fruits of cv. Shan-i- Punjab were harvested at physiological mature stage and subjected to post-harvest dip treatments of polyamines viz; spermidine, spermine and putrescine before storage and kept at 0-10C and 90-95% relative humidity for a period of 32 days. During storage fruits were evaluated for quality parameters after 8, 16, 24 and 32 days of storage. During investigation period fruit quality parameters changed with advancement of storage period. Results revealed that postharvest treatments of spermidine, spermine and putrescine were effective in maintaining the peach fruit quality and extending post-harvest life under cold storage conditions. Putrescine @ 3 mmol L-1 treatments was found effective in maintaining firmness, pulp: stone ratio, total soluble solids, acidity, reducing sugars and non-reducing sugars during the entire storage period
PROSPECTS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF DOMESTIC TRADE IN UKRAINE published in

Journal of Research on Trade, Management and Economic Development (JRTMED)

Published by Trade Co-operative University of Moldova, Publishing House
Victor APOPII Its necessary to mention that several factors have played an important role in the past 30 years in the expansion of internal and world trade, including emerging trade and development opportunities and challenges for all countries, in particular, developing countries, in the context of the growing integration of economies, national markets, rapid globalization, liberalization of tariffs, and other barriers to trade, foreign direct investment, increasing contribution of trade to development. The given study is disclosing the theoretical and methodological aspects of the impact of globalization processes on the nature of the development and dynamics of domestic trade. The relevance of this problem is determined by the lack of fundamental research in this area. It is determining scientifically the directions and trends of the globalization impact on the system of internal trade.
Automatic Sleep Stages Detection Based on EEG Signals Using Combination of Classifiers published in

Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering Innovations

Published by Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University
R. Kianzad1,* and H. Montazery Kordy1 Sleep stages classification is one of the most important methods for diagnosis in psychiatry and neurology. In this paper, a combination of three kinds of classifiers are proposed which classify the EEG signal into five sleep stages including Awake, N-REM (non-rapid eye movement) stage 1, N-REM stage 2, N-REM stage 3 and 4 (also called Slow Wave Sleep), and REM. Twenty-five all night recordings from Physionet database are used in this study. EEG signals were decomposed into the frequency sub-bands using wavelet packet tree (WPT) and a set of statistical features was extracted from the sub-bands to represent the distribution of wavelet coefficients. Then, these statistical features are used as the input to three different classifiers: (1) Logistic Linear classifier, (2) Gaussian classifier and (3) Radial Basis Function classifier. As the results show, each classifier has its own characteristics. It detects particular stages with high accuracy but, on the other hand, it has not enough success to detect the others. To overcome this problem, we tried the majority vote combination method to combine the outputs of these base classifiers to have a rather good success in detecting all sleep stages. The highest classification accuracy is obtained for Slow Wave Sleep as 81.68% in addition to the lowest classification accuracy of 43.68% for N-REM stage 1. The overall accuracy is 70%.
RE-USABLE NANO Fe3O4 CATALYSTS FOR HIGH YIELD SYNTHESIS OF 1,5-BENZODIAZEPINE DERIVATIVES EITHER IN SOLUTION NOR UNDER SOLVENT-FREE CONDITIONS published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
D. Maheswara Reddy*, G. Govindu, P. Ashok Gajapathi Raju and V. Krishna Reddy Re-usable nano Fe3O4 catalyzes efficiently, the condensation of o-phenylenediamine with various ketones either in solution nor under solvent-free conditions to afford the corresponding 1,5-benzodiazepine derivatives in good to excellent yields (<99%). The catalyst was magnetically separated and reused three times without significant loss of catalytic activity. Mild reaction conditions, clean reaction media, simple workup and easy purification are advantages of this methodology. All the title compounds were confirmed from their elemental analysis, IR, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and Mass Spectral data.
Predictors Affecting the Ranking in Women Armwrestling Competition published in

Montenegrin Journal of Sports Science and Medicine

Published by Montenegrin Sports Academy
Seluk Akp?nar1, Raif Zileli2, Emre ?enyzl2, Seydi A. Tunca3 1Nev?ehir University, Faculty of Education, Physical Education and Sport Department, Nev?ehir, Turkey 2Bilecik ?eyh Edabali University, Physical Education and Sport Department, Bilecik, Turkey 3Gazi University, School of Physical Education and Sport, Ankara, Turkey The purpose of this study was to investigate the predictors contributing to be in the first three places with right arm in women armwrestling. Thirty-one female senior armwrestlers competed in Turkish National Championship voluntarily participated in this study. The data were collected from six different weight classes. Handgrip strength, auditory reaction time, forearm length, and forearm circumference were determined as the predictors. All the measurements were taken after weigh-ins had been done and before the first day of national championship competition. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to predict whether a competitor in women armwrestling would be in the first three places with right arm, to be a winner or non-winner. Relative handgrip strength and forearm length were found significant predictors (p < .05). This result suggests that strength can be viewed as the main predictor in right arm ranking for women competitors; however, in order to apply different techniques during the match, forearm length also found to be an effective factor to be a winner. Thus, this anthropometric measurement can be used for the talent identification for women armwrestlers.
Cholesysto Ascariasis- Experience from a Tertiary Care Hospital in Eastern India published in

Published by
Dr. Md Mazharul Haque, Dr. Sandeep Kumar Jaiswal Cholecysto Ascariasis ie. presence of Ascaris lumbricoides in the gall bladder - a form of Hepatobiliary ascariasis is commonly reported from highly endemic regions like south asia, south America, parts of Middle East and Africa1. In humans, the usual habitat of Ascaris lumbricoides is the proximal small intestine2. When the worm load is high, then the worms tend to migrate from the usual site and invade the biliary system like CBD, Hepatic ducts, Cystic duct, Gall Bladder, IHBRs etc3. Material & Methods: Patients attending the department of general surgery, Katihar Medical College hospital with the diagnosis of Cholesysto Ascariasis were included in the study. Results: Some cases of Cholesysto Ascariasis can be managed conservatively. The worm some time retreats to the intestine but many cases require surgical intervention. Conclusion: Cholecysto ascariasis may present with biliary colic or with various complications like acute cholecystitis, cholangitis, gangrenous gall bladder, perforation of gall bladder etc. Sonography has been shown to have a high diagnostic accuracy in the diagnosis of Cholesysto Ascariasis. Some of the cases can usually be managed conservatively but many cases require surgical intervention.
Perception Of Visitors Related With Psycohogical Pricing In The Food And Beverage Businesses: Case Of Ankara published in

Journal of Tourism and Gastronomy Studies

Published by ?rfan yaz?c?o?lu
Emrah rgn, Ali Soluno?lu, zgr Yayla Although pricing is one of the strongest drivers of profitability, little empirical research has examined how a firm should organize pricing internally. As it is known, food and beverage service products are the ones that are affected by the interests of the staff, design, atmosphere and the ambience of the establishment only when the customers can get insight and information into the nature of the product on benefiting from the product besides their tangible nature. Psycolojical pricing is one of the items in the price strategies. This study aims to put forward position of psychological pricing strategies in terms of behavior of consumer purchasing in food and beverage establishment and to explain the strategies of psychological pricing strategies in detail.
Weed management in field pea (Pisum sativum L.) published in

Journal of Crop and Weed

Published by Crop and Weed Science society
R. K. MATHUKIA, P. V. GADHIYA AND D. M. PANARA An experiment was conducted at Junagarh Agricultural University, Gujarat to judge the profitability and suitability of different weed management in field pea under clay soil. Experiments with 12 different treatment combination indicates that depend upon the availability of labour, profitability of rabi field pea could be achieved through 2 hand weeding and intercultural operation at 20 and 40 days after sowing. The study also reveals that application of pendimethalin @ 0.75 kg ha-1 or oxyfluorofe @ 0.18 kg ha-1 also suitable for the purpose.
Ethical and Unethical Activities in Business (Conceptual Study) published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Anbalagan Heroji Business ethics is the study of rightness and weakness of the acts that involved in the production & exchanges of goods and services. It is a set of moral principles and rules of conduct applied to business. Every organization including small industries also helps in countrys growth. Business ethics are moral values and principles that determine our conduct in the business world. It refers to the commercial activities, either with other business houses or with a single customer. They can be applied to all aspects of business; from generation of an idea to its sale. Business use the society for its resources and functioning, thereby obligating it to the welfare of the society. Many organizations now implement the code of ethics in their company polices, which they implement during induction and regular training. A Code of Ethics "is generally a more blanket statement of values and beliefs that defines the organization or group" Ethical activities create good will to the organization. It includes Investors, Employees, Customers, Competition, Government etc; The lack of business ethics in the market, is the reason the world economy is presently in crisis. Unethical activities include monopoly, tax evasion, destroying competitors etc. will affect business environment. We should overcome these unethical behaviors by giving proper ethical trainings to the employees.
VIRTUAL FUNCTION USING FLIPPED CLASSROOM published in

International Education and Research Journal

Published by
Lalitha V. P Manonmani S Dr. Shanta Rangaswamy As the name suggests in flipped class or inverted class the lecture and homework sessions are interchanged. The effective flipped classroom is one in which the in class time is spent more in creative thinking and peer to peer discussions. We have utilized flipped classroom concept for Object oriented programming with C++.The Objective is to make students apply the learnt concepts toreal world problems or projects so that higher level cognitive work can be achieved than lower level cognitive work where only listening an d understanding the concepts play major role.
The Challenging Role of Women Empowerment in Rural India published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr.A.SatishBabu, Mrs. S. SanthaKumari, Mr.ShaikIrshad The study deals with various key issues related to women in rural development in India. In case of traditional societies, women are engaged in routine household activities. In modern societies they are participating almost all sorts of activities like academics, administration, politics, and social work and so on. Rural areas are ultimately marked by poverty and backwardness. Our country is agriculture based one. Major portion of national economic growth is contributed by rural economy. To share in this growth, rural women have to take responsibility of the society. Entrepreneurship is treated as a key for women empowerment mainly in the rural areas. So there is a need of continuous attemptto inspire, motivate, co-operate and encourage women entrepreneurs particularly in rural areas.This paper gives a brief idea about the role of women entrepreneurs in enhancing the economic development of our country, challenges faced by them and also it throws light on the requirements to become rural women as successful entrepreneurs.
A STUDY OF JOB SATISFACTION AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHER IN RELATION TO THEIR MENTAL HEALTH published in

Published by
Faizia Qamar, Dr. Jarrar Ahmad This study explored the effects of mental health on job satisfaction . A convenience sample of 500 school teachers, males and female from rural and urban private and government schools. The Job Satisfaction Scale by Meera Dixit and, Mental health check list by Pramod Kumar were used for data collection, while t-test, was used for statistical analysis. The results revealed that male and female primary teachers are almost similar on the measure of job satisfaction.. The results show that high mental health and low mental health primary school teachers are differ significantly on the measure of job satisfaction.. The analysis also showed that high mental health male and high mental health female primary school teachers are not differ significantly on the measure of job satisfaction. Further the results showed that low mental health male and low mental health female primary school teachers are not differ significantly on the measure of job satisfaction. The results show that high mental health male and low mental health male primary school teachers are not differ significantly on the measure of job satisfaction . Further the results showed that high mental health female and low mental health female primary school teachers are not differ significantly on the measure of job satisfaction
UNPLANNED LAND UTILIZATION AND LIVING ENVIRONMENT OF SLUM DWELLERS OF KALIKA COLONY OF JAMMU CITY AND ITS IMPACT ON URBAN LIFE published in

Published by
HARDEV SINGH,SALONI ndia is one of the largest country in the world. There is a great disparity in not only in its morphological structure but in socio-economic and in other cultural aspects as well. On the one hand we have world largest cities; on the other hand we have largest slum areas as well like Dharavi in Mumbai. Slums in Jammu city rise day by day. Slum of kalika colony in Bawe area are very congested and the environmental conditions of the slum are very poor. Migration from villages to cities creates many socio-economic problems. The density of population of cities rises and civic amenities fall short of needs. Law and order situation deteriorates. Prices of essential commodities rise. Housing situation become acute and rents soar. New entrants start living on pavements and thatched huts and slum develops. Basic amenities like electricity, potable water, toilets may be lacking in slums and there is no drainage. Heaps of garbage is found here and there .Hygienic conditions are not there-thus slum dweller fall easy prey to diseases like cholera, malaria, jaundice etc. During rainy season; it is real hell for slum dweller. Houses in the form of huts, thatched huts, Juggies, tents etc are very closely spaced and very dense with population. Parents, Grandparents and children all are living in a single tent. Some families have even more than 20 persons in single hut of 1 Marla. It leads to many ill and mental problems of their children. Slums are considered to be the major issue within many urban areas.
REVIEW: DEPRESSION A MAJOR PSYCHOTIC ILLNESS published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Rahul Saxena, Manoj Rathore, Dr. Matadeen Bharti Due to the clinical and etiological heterogeneity of depression disorder, it has been difficult to elucidate its pathophysiology. Current findings suggest with the most valid empirical foundation and the highest clinical relevance are reviewed with respect to their strengths and weaknesses for treatment of depression. The selected theories are based on studies investigating psychosocial stress and stress hormones, neurotransmitters such as serotonin, norepinephrine, dopamine, glutamate and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), neurocircuitry, neurotrophic in depression. Neurochemicals imbalances namely norepinephrine and serotonin, are thought to underline depression most. This view is supported by clinical evidence. Antidepressant treatments, including psychological and biological approaches, should be tailored for individual patients and disease states. Adjoin with side effect, complete relieve is difficult. Here complete analysis is also to be required so correlating disease with basic functional loss of brain.
EFFECTS OF INITIAL MOISTURE CONTENT AND HEATING RATE ON WHEAT (OAKES) DRYING KINETIC PARAMETERS published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Sammy Sadaka 1, * , Gagandeep S. Ubhi 1 and Griffiths Atungulu 2 The goal of this study was to determine the effects of initial moisture content an d hea ting rate on the drying kinetic parameters of wheat under non - isothermal conditions. Wheat (OAKES) samples at initial moisture contents of 20.7%, 18.5%, 16.8%, and 14.8% wet basis (w.b.) were dried using a thermogravimetric analyzer. The analyzer was set at five heating rates (2, 3, 4, 5 and 10 o C/min) to determine the drying kinet ic parameters, i.e., activation energy, of the heated samples from room temperature of 30°C to 170 o C. The experimental moisture ratio data were fitted to the four empirical models, namely Page, Newton, Logarithmic, and Henderson models. The goodness of fit criterion was used to determine the best - fitting model. Heating rate and initial moisture content affected the activation energy required for drying wheat. Increasing the heating rate expedited the drying curve. The heating rate of 10°C/min for wheat at an initial moisture content of 14.8% w.b. resulted in the greatest activation energy of 28.174 kJ/mol. The heating rate of 2°C/min for wheat at an initial moisture content o f 20.7% w.b. resulted in the lowest activation energy of 14.760 kJ/mol. The Logarithmic and Henderson models were adjudged as best fit models for the entire drying curves by R 2 , RMSE, and X 2 . This study highlighted that the energy required to dry wheat fro m 20.7% w.b. to acceptable safe level could be minimized by reducing the heating rate
MULTIDIMENSIONAL ROLE OF TEACHERS IN HIGHER EDUCATION published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Dr. Jyoti S.Kawalekar* Education at all levels can shape the world of tomorrow, equipping individuals and societies with the skills, perspectives knowledge and values to live and work in sustainable manner. The higher education system in India has developed in a noteworthy way, particularly in the Post-independence period, to become one of the prime systems of its kind in the world. It has been used as a reliable tool to build a knowledge-based information society. The main aim of Higher education is to contribute to the development and improvement of society as a whole in the sustainable manner. It also aims at meeting the needs of all sectors of human activity. In this context good Faculty is a must for any higher education institution aspiring for Quality. The whole process of education is shaped and molded by a personality called the teacher who plays a pivotal role in any system of education. Educational progress depends upon the quality of teachers. Education in this century has become more complex than before, it has created a global market place for students and scholars. Universities and Institutions of higher education are producing graduates for global market. Today education has become a tradable commodity which has promoted crossborder higher education. This calls for empowered, competent and dedicated teaching faculties.
Impact of Shrimp Culture In Chilika Area, East-Coast of India: A Study of Krushnaprasad Block of Puri District, Odisha published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Bibhuti Bhusan Dora, P. K. Kara Commercial shrimp farming in India expanded rapidly after trade liberalisation initially were introduced in early 1990s. This paper examines the social, economic and environment impact that has been generated in the community along Odishacoast in East India. The result suggests that macro-level policies such as trade liberalization are useful at the national level, but at the local level they can generate imbalanced growth. Although the shrimp farming has generated substantial foreign exchange at the local level, it has widened the gap between rich and poor. To protect the livelihoods of the rural communities and the environment India needs to formulate effective coastal resource management policies and established adequate institutions at the local level this will help ensure a stable source of income from shrimp farming for small scale farmers and minimise adverse impact on the local environment.
Effects of Strength Exercises on Physical Variables of B.p.ed Students published in

Published by
Krishna R. Yadav, Dr. Sundar Raj Urs. The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of strength training exercises on selected physical variables like legs strength, arms strength, and abdomen strength. Total of 30 B.P.Ed students were selected as subjects from Shri K.G. Nadgir college of Physical Education, Dharwad, st: Karnataka. The ages of students were between 21 to 26 years. The study was limited to the following physical variables of legs strength, abdominal strength and arms strength. Explosive leg strength was measured by standing broad jump and was recorded to the nearest of a centimeters. Arms strength was measured by Arm strength index was computed by the application of Rogers formula. Pull-ups and push-ups and was recorded in the numbers. Abdominal strength was measured by bent knee sit- ups and was recorded in numbers. To find out the effect of strength training exercises on selected physical variables, dependentt test was applied and the level of significance was set at the 0.05. The study indicates that six week of strength training, increase muscular strength. In same way it is evident from the results of present study on physical variables like Arm Strength, Abdominal Strength and Leg Strength got positive effect. So it can be conducted that the study reveals that arm strength, abdominal strength and leg strength increased by strength training.
SUBSTANTIATION OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE VOLUMETRIC-TYPE FUEL-WATER FILTER FOR FILTRATION OF DIESEL FUELS published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Aleksandr Nikolayevich Semernin; Nikolay Aleksandrovich Semernin; Dilshot Arifovich Shamahmudov The first and second parts of this article provide the information about the most common methods of fuel filtration from mechanical impurities and water. The third part is devoted to the calculation of the design parameters of the fuel-water filters of any sizes. The results of experimental studies of prototypes of the filters are presented in the fourth part of the article. The general conclusions and recommendations on the use of the fuel-water filters are given in the end of the article.
INVESTMENT CLIMATE REGION published in

The Russian Academic Journal

Published by Institute of Political and Mediametric Studies
Y.N. Kolyadenko This paper investigates the economic substance of the investment climate in the region. The approaches to the interpretation of the concept of investment.
Biodegradation of PCB118 by Pseudomonas mendocina strain CL-10.4.coated with superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Amruta Vagal, Radha Srinivasan, Arjumanara Surti PCB118 is a compound used in commercial PCB mixtures. A novel bacterial strain degrading PCB 118 was isolated from soil identified as Pseudomonas mendocina strain CL-10.4. by 16S rRNA sequence analysis. PCBdegrading activity was checked by GC-MS analysis and Enoic acids, Acetophenones, Acetic acids were degradation products. Pseudomonas mendocina cells were coated with magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles, immobilized by external application of magnetic field. Nanoparticles were monodispersed in aqueous solution with an average size of 9.56 nm, magnetization of about 15emu/g and near zero coercivity indicating that the Fe3O4 nanoparticles had superparamagnetic properties. Degradation of PCB 118 by free and coated cells of this bacterium was studied. The rate of degradation of PCB118 coated cells was at par to the free cells with advantage of magnetic separation and possible reuse for second batch of PCB degradation.
EFFECT OF PROBIOTICS IN THE PREVENTION OF ANTIBIOTIC ASSOCIATED DIARRHOEA AND CLOSTRIDIUM DIFFICILE INFECTION published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
N. Uma Maheswari* and S. Abinaya Diarrhoea as a common side effect of antibiotics, causes increased treatment costs and extended length of stay in acute health care facilities. Clostridium difficile as a cause of diarrhea has become a major issue in many countries, resulting in a search for the best way to prevent its occurrence. Prevention primarily revolves around control of antibiotic use, followed by comprehensive infection control procedures once outbreaks occur. C.difficile have become more frequent, more severe, more difficult to treat and more likely to recur after initial treatment. Although most people become infected with C.difficile in the hospital, the infection has also become more common in patients who have not been hospitalized or through community- acquired infection. Cefotaxime, amikacin and ampicillin were mainly responsible for causing AAD. Therefore conservative use of antibiotics would be beneficial to decrease the occurrence of AAD. Hence the present study was planned as C.difficile infected samples were collected from 50 patients, out of fifty, 10 male, 28 female and 12 children. The results of our study were clearly showed that 7 samples are frequently associated with childrens 5-12 years age group. Commercial antibiotics and probiotics were administrated for the control of AAD; Lactobacillus casein was effectively control the diarrhea than antibiotics.
Identification and Characterization of the Effectively Arsenic Tolerant Bacterial Strains from the Potential Arsenic Contaminated site in 24-Parganas (North) District of West Bengal, India published in

Nature Environment and Pollution Technology

Published by Technoscience Publications
Debanjana Sengupta, Arup Kumar Mitra and Sudeshna Shyam Choudhury Arsenic is a common menace in the state of West Bengal particularly in the district of 24-Parganas (North) and (South). The major source of arsenic being geologic in nature. Soil samples collected from one such particular location Baduria were tested for the presence of arsenic (As), and on an average the As content of the soil was 2.18mg/kg. Different bacteria were isolated by serial dilution and were also tested for As tolerance. On the basis of their tolerance, three organisms (viz. C-7, A-2, A-1) have shown remarkable percentage uptake of As 43%, 22.17% and 14% respectively, which was highest for C-7 strain. Azithromycin and Streptomycin were found to be more effective to control C-7 with an inhibition zone of 4.5 cm, but for A-2 and A-1 it was Azithromycin with inhibition zone of 3.8cm and 3.5cm respectively. These organisms were characterized and identified by 16S rDNA technique, BLAST results and the cluster analysis by NTSYSpc ver. 2.02e program, and found to be Bacillus sp. strain CCBAU 51490 (C-7) (GenBank Accession Number EF377314.1), Bacillus subtilis sub sp. subtilis strain DSM 10 (Genbank Accession Number NR_027552.1) (A-2) and Pseudomonas otidis strain MCC 10330 (Genbank Accession Number NR_043289.1) (A-1). They can be used in the treatment of As contaminated sludge generated industrially from As treatment plant. This can give a new insight in microbial arsenic trapping with minimum toxic implications in the nature.
PLC - BASED SCHOOL AUTOMATION SYSTEM published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Lokhande Aniket * , Gadekar Vrus hali, Ghude Nikhil, Awati Rabaah, Chidre.S.R. In our day to day in school we observe that in school too much human effort is required to open and close the gate of school, ring the bell after every 1 hour,and tube lights and fans in the class are on even if there is no one in the class .It does not save power as well as time .Due to this drawback we implemented automatic operation of school using PLC.
INFLUENCE OF SODIUM HYDROXIDE CONCENTRATION ON THE STRENGTH OF FLYASH BASED GPC published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Manimaran, E*, Mohankumar, G Substitute for cement is the global research need and apart from high volume flyash concrete. The recent research on the bulk utilisation of flyash is the development of GPC to promote the green concrete avoiding the CO2 emission from cement production and finds its way in a most typical means of development. This article brings out the d evelopment of low calcium flyash based GPC to achieve the required equivalent characteristic strength of 30MPa. GPC with different molarity of sodium hydroxide in the activating solution is produced by both hot and ambient curing methods for comparison. T he activator/ flyash ratio by mass is taken as 0.35 and the liquid ratio as 2.5. It is concluded that, ambient curing is adequate for low calcium flyash based GPC.
Exchange Rate Risk in the Foreign Exchange Market: A Challenge on Corporate Profitability published in

Bonfring International Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management Science

Published by BONFRING
P. Sivarajadhanavel and Dr.S. Chandrakumaramangalam Foreign exchange market is the largest traded market across the globe. In India, foreign exchange market opened for trade during the decade of 1970's and most of the transaction done through banks. Many companies in India emerged as a global player during this period, but they need to face the exchange rate risk of volatility in the global trade as the exchange rate against US dollar has raised five folds during this period. Importantly the risk exposure of Indian companies to its foreign trade has also increased dramatically. Conceptually the foreign exchange market faces risks of transaction exposure, translation exposure, and operating exposure which seems to be part of the exchange rate determination system. The hedging measures to be part of the risk management practices in the foreign exchange system across the global market. The exchange currency of US dollar is taken in the account of the foreign exchange market and its impact corporate profitability is being discussed with reference to information technology major Infosys. As exchange rate has challenged Indian corporate at many periods of interval, due to volatile movement of exchange rate directly impact on the corporate profitability. Infosys risk hedging being analyzed to know how it manages the exchange risk volatility and impact on corporate profitability is studied reference to information technology (IT) industry. The historical picture of the exchange rate of INR against major currencies like US dollar, Euro, Pound sterling, and Yen, surprised many corporate as it had direct impact on the corporate profit. This paper brings out the problem of exchange rate risk and its effect on corporate profitability on IT industry
SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND SPECTRAL STUDIES OF SCHIFF BASES DERIVED FROM ACETOPHENONE published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Dr.Z. M.Gadhawala* and Rizvan M. Doi New series of Schiff bases derived from 1, 3 Di phenyl -1Hpyrazole- 4-carbaldehyde and Sulpha Drugs have been synthesized in high yields via condensation in Methanol in the presence of catalytic amounts of Glacial acetic acid. These Schiff bases, useful as intermediates in organic synthesis.These Schiff base derivatives were characterized by, IR,1H-NMR, Mass spectral analysis, U.V Spectra and elemental analysis.
?? ?????? ??? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ?? ?? ???????????? published in

Zbirnik naukovih prac fiziko-matematicnogo fakultetu DDPU

Published by Donbas State Pedagogical University, Department of Physics and Mathematics
???????????? ?.?., ???????? ?.?., ?????? ?.?. ?????? ?????????? ????????????i? ????i? ???????i? ??????i? ?? ??????i???? ??????????? ????????, ????????? i? ????????? ?i????i? ?? ???????? ?????. ????? ???????? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ????i?i? ??? ??????? ???i? ??????i?, ?? ????????? ???? ???????? ??i ??????????????????i ??????i???i? ??????i?, ?i??i?i ?i? ??????i???? ??????i???i? ?i?? ??? ??????? ?????i???i??.
DRUG RELATED PROBLEMS IN THE TUBERCULOSIS PATIENT AT THE PERSAHABATAN HOSPITAL (RSUP PERSAHABATAN) published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
*Diana Laila Ramatillah, Siti Suhartini, Aprilita Rinayanti Tuberculosis is the critical infection or chronic which is caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria 6 . This infection is obtained from an individual who contracted TB active through the air (airborne) 6. The patient, Mrs. EN. Age 44 years old, entered RSUP Persahabatan on the 10 th of March 2014 with the diagnosed CAP (Community Aquired Pneumonia). TB lungs BTA (+) LLKPO (Lesi wide case drug break) DM type II was not controlled and dyspepsia syndrome. The medical therapy during the treatment was 4FDC, sukralfat, ceftriaxon, ranitidin, streptomisin, humalog and levemir. Based on the result of the clinic secretariat at the ward of lungs disease in RSUP Persahabatan, it could be concluded that there were DRPs (Drug Related Problems) such as the correlation between the medical therapy and the clinical condition such as the reduction of appetite , hipertrigliserida and hipoalbuminemia (indication without the medicine), the regimen of dose which was not appropriate in used of ranitidin dan sukralfat (the dose of the medicine is too low), the medicine interaction (rifampisin and INH; INH and ethambutol; rifampisin and pyrazinamide; INH dan pyrazinamide) and the failure of the patient in receiving the medicine.
Cataract surgery in Ibadan, Nigeria: Visual outcome and post-operative refractive error published in

Published by
Oluyemi Fasina, Izuka A Okwudishu, Charles O Bekibele Background: Cataract is the leading cause of blindness worldwide and can be treated by various surgical techniques with good visual outcome. Objective: To describe the visual outcome and post-operative refractive status among patients who had cataract surgery in a tertiary centre. Methods: In a retrospective study, the demographic data, type of cataract, surgical procedure and complications, visual outcome and post-operative refractive status of the treated eye were retrieved from the hospital records of all adult patients who had cataract surgery. Results: Four hundred and sixty eyes of 456 patients (mean age 61.2 ± 17.3 years, Male: Female = 1.1: 1) had cataract surgery during the study period January 2012 and December 2014. The pre-operative visual acuity was < 3/60 in 415 (90.2%) eyes. All the surgeries were performed under local anaesthesia with 331 (72%) eyes undergoing extracapsular cataract extraction while 129 (28%) had small incision cataract surgery. Visual outcome in those who had a minimum of six weeks follow-up revealed unaided visual acuity of ≥ 6/18 in 185 (56.9%) eyes. Following refraction, 237 (72.9%) eyes had acuity of ≥ 6/18. Post-operative spherical refractive error ranged from ­6.75D to +4.50D (mean -1.61 ± 1.41D) while cylindrical error ranged from 0.00DC to 6.00DC (mean 2.33 ± 1.80DC). Pre-existing ocular problems contributing to poor post-operative visual outcome included glaucoma (50; 15.4%), and age-related macular degeneration (10; 3.1%). Conclusion: Extracapsular cataract extraction gave better visual outcome compared with small incision cataract surgery, but a higher incidence of post-operative cylindrical error was observed.
Optimized Neural Network for Classification of Multispectral Images published in

ACEEE International Journal on Signal & Image Processing

Published by ACEEE
Rajesh K. Agrawal, Dr. Narendra G. Bawane The proposed work involves the multiobjective PSO based optimization of artificial neural network structure for the classification of multispectral satellite images. The neural network is used to classify each image pixel in various land cove types like vegetations, waterways, man-made structures and road network. It is per pixel supervised classification using spectral bands (original feature space). Use of neural network for classification requires selection of most discriminative spectral bands and determination of optimal number of nodes in hidden layer. We propose new methodology based on multiobjective particle swarm optimization (MOPSO) to determine discriminative spectral bands and the number of hidden layer node simultaneously. The result obtained using such optimized neural network is compared with that of traditional classifiers like MLC and Euclidean classifier. The performance of all classifiers is evaluated quantitatively using Xie-Beni and indexes. The result shows the superiority of the proposed method.
Study on Health, Nutrition and Educational Status of Institutionalized Street Children published in

Published by
Vijayasree, Bandikolla, Dr. D. Sarada The present study was taken up to investigate into the health, nutritional and educational status of street children in Tirupati. A sample of 35 children were randomly selected for the study. Questionnaire, interview schedules were used to collect information regarding their health, nutrition and education. The data was tabulated and results discussed.
ANTIBACTERIAL AND ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY OF LEAVES EXTRACT OF SOYMIDA FEBRIFUGA A.JUSS. published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
*Shubhangi Sharad Bhide, Suvarna Prabhakar Gajare, Kirti Sahu, ACP, Wardha. Rohan, soymida febrifuga plant belonging to family meliaceae.The bark of this plant has been proven to have many pharmacological activities. In this experiment the antimicrobial activities of the plant leaves were studied on different bacteria and fungus using different techniques like well diffusion method and minimum inhibitory concentration. In the well diffusion method petroleum ether,chloroform,methanol, water and total aqeous were prepared and tested against some gram positive strains(B.subtillis,S.aureus) and gram negative strains( E.coli, P.vulgaris, P.aeurginosa) and were compared with standard(tetracycline).The water(zone of inhibition 23.33) and total aqeous (17.6) gave very significant result to compare with the standard (24) for S.aureus. By minimum inhibitory concentration the result on different strains were studied, like A.niger,A.flavones,P.aeurginosa and C. albicans. The methanol and water extract gave thebmost significant result the MIC(mg/ml) for water extract against P.aeurginosa and C.albicans were found to be 1.25 mg/ml.
IMPLEMENTATION OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK FOR AUTOMATIC IRRIGATION BY USING GPRS published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
rof. S. K. Ghabhane [Arbat , 4 (12 ): December , 2015 ] ISSN: 2277 - 9655 (I2OR), Publication Impact Factor: 3.785 http: // www.ijesrt.com International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology [ 820 ] IJESRT INTERNATIONAL JOURNA L OF ENGINEERING SCI ENCES & RESEARCH TECHNOLOGY A REVIEW: - IMPLEMENTATION OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK FOR AUTOMATIC IRRIGATION BY USING GPRS Renuka Suresh Arbat * , P rof. S. K. Ghabhane Electronics & Telecommunication , RGIT,Mumbai,India ABSTRACT An automated irrigation system was developed to use of water for agricultural crops. The system has a distributed wireless network of various parameters like soil - moisture, temperature sensors, humidity sensor, light etc. A gateway unit handles sensor inf ormation, triggers actuators, and transmits data to a web application. The total system architecture includes a set of sensor nodes, a base station, and an internet data centre. With an ATmegh32 microprocessor and embedded operating system, screen display, system configuration and GPRS based remote data forwarding. Through a Client/Server mode the management software for remote data centre achieves real - time data distribution and time - series analysis. Farmers go through large financial losses because of wro ng prediction of weather and incorrect irrigation methods. In this paper, with the evolution of miniaturized sensor devices coupled with wireless technologies, it is possible remotely monitor parameters such as moisture, temperature and humidity.
Flexural Behavior of Tbsfrc Subjected to Sustained Elevated Temperature published in

Published by
Dr Deepa A Sinha A detailed investigation is made to study the flexural behaviour of steel fibre reinforced concrete with ternary blends on the beam specimen when subjected to sustained elevated temperature of 200oC, 400oC, 600oC, 800oC and 1000oC for 3 hours and then allowed to cool. The mix design was carried out for M30 grade concrete which yielded a proportion of 1:1.86: 2.41 with a w/c ratio of 0.45. Before mixing, 30% of cement was replaced by (FA + SF) or (FA+GGBFS) or (FA+MK) according to the proportions such as (0+0), (30+0), (25+5), (20+10), (15+15), (10+20), (5+25) and (0+30) respectively. It has been found that the TBSFRC containing (FA+GGBFS) and (FA+MK) offer higher resistance to sustained elevated temperatures upto 600oC and 800oC, where as the blend containing (FA+SF) offers resistance only upto 400oC
Abundance of sucking insect pests of Bt cotton and their natural enemies under different intercropping systems published in

Asian Journal of Bio Science

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
D.R. KADAM*1, D.B. KADAM1 AND S.M. UMATE2 The abundance of sucking pest of Bt cotton was studied under different intercropping systems during Kharif 2013 at VNMKV, Parbhani, Maharashtra. The results revealed that all intercropping systems were superior over sole cotton in respect of sucking pest population. Cotton + greengram and cotton + blackgram were the most effective intercropping systems that recorded lowest incidence of sucking pests followed by cotton + soybean and cotton + sesamum.
Voltage Sag Mitigation in a Three-Phase Induction Motor using DSTATCOM and DVR published in

The journal of CPRI

Published by Central Power Research Institute
Ramprasad B V and Khyati Mistry Voltage sag in distribution system is one of the most frequently occurring power quality problem. There are many solutions to mitigate voltage sag. This paper describes one such technique to mitigate voltage sag occurring during starting of three phase induction motor by using power electronic devices called Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR) and Distribution Static Compensator (DSTATCOM). This paper is organized with brief introduction of voltage sag and its characteristics, structure and control principles of DSTATCOM & DVR. The performance of both DSTATCOM and DVR to mitigate voltage sag caused by starting of three phase induction motor is observed and compared. The simulation models of both the devices are analyzed and results are shown.
Characterization of Mycobacteriain Hiv/Aids Patients published in

Published by
Kanwalpreet Kaur, Pushpa Devi, Kanwardeep Singh Background: Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is the most common life threatening opportunistic pathogen infecting HIV/AIDS Patients in developing countries. Recent studies have shown that incidence of non tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) is also on the rise. Tuberculosis (TB) and HIV co-infection has put a huge pressure on health care facilities as there are many challenges in its diagnosis and treatment. Differentiating NTM from MTB is of utmost value as treatment strategies are totally different in these cases. Methods:In this prospective study of one hundred and six HIV seropositive individuals presenting with symptoms of pulmonary or extra-pulmonary TB, appropriate samples were collected and processed. The organisms were identified by microscopy(Ziehl-Neelsen staining)for acid fast bacilli (AFB), conventional culture [(Lowenstein-Jensen (LJ. media)] and automated culture(BACTEC MGIT 320) methods. MTB and NTM were differentiated by conventional methods and immunochromatographyassays using MPT64 antigen. Results: Twenty two Mycobacteria were isolated from one hundred and six samples. Ten cases were positive on ZN staining, twelve on LJ where as nineteen were positive on MGIT. Out of 22 isolates 19 were M. tuberculosis and 3 were NTM (M.aviumcomplex 2 andM. fortuitum 1). Conclusions: MGIT is better thanLJ medium & ZN stainingto detect Mycobacteria.MPT64 appears reliable with excellent sensitivity and specificityto differentiate between MTB and NTM.
Studies on Drying Characteristics of Prawn and Fish published in

Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Published by Scientific and Academic Association
D.Kamalakar, L.Nageswara Rao, K.Siva Prasada Rao and M.Venkateswara Rao Preservation usually involves preventing the growth of bacteria, fungi (such as yeasts), and other micro-organisms (although some methods work by introducing benign bacteria, or fungi to the food), as well as retarding the oxidation of fats which cause rancidity. Food preservation can also include processes which inhibit visual deterioration, such as the enzymatic browning reaction in apples after they are cut, which can occur during food preparation. Main objectives of the study are to know the drying character of prawn and fish and the effect of temperature on drying rate.
VISUAL REPRESENTATION OF ENERGY FLUX DENSITY IN THE BACKSPACE OF CIRCULAR APERTURE REFLECTOR ANTENNA FOR MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Marina Yurevna Zvezdina; Yuliya Aleksandrovna Shokova; Andrey Viktorovich Shokov; Maksim Andreevich Andronov; Vladimir Igorevich Tyulpin The results of electromagnetic situation research in the backspace of mobile system reflector antennae are given. It is shown that in spite of mirror construction details the energy flux value in antenna backspace at phase center level is twice as big as the permissible exposure limit. The visualization results for energy flux density distribution are given, the possible implementation is shown.
ENHANCING PRIVACY FOR USERS USING LOCATION BASED SERVICES published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Manoj Kumar S Location - based services (LBS) require users to continuously report their location to a potentially untrusted server to obtain services based on their location, which ca n expose them to privacy risks. Unfortunately, existing privacy - preserving techniques for LBS have several limitations, such as requiring a fully - trusted third party, offering limited privacy guarantees and incurring high communication overhead. In this pa per, we propose a user - defined privacy grid system called dynamic matrix framework (DMF); the first holistic system that fulfills four essential requirements for privacy - preserving snapshot and continuous LBS. (1) The system only requires a semi - trusted th ird party, responsible for carrying out simple matching operations correctly. This semi - trusted third party does not have any information about a user’s location. (2) Secure snapshot and continuous location privacy is guaranteed under our defined adversary models. (3) The communication cost for the user does not depend on the user’s desired privacy level, it only depends on the number of relevant points of interest in the vicinity of the user. (4) Although we only focus on range and k - nearest - neighbor queri es in this work, our system can be easily extended to support other spatial queries without changing the algorithms run by the semi - trusted third party and the database server, provided the required search area of a spatial query can be abstracted into spa tial regions.
Analysis of field structure and justification of voltages of diagnostics by partial discharges of shielded twisted pairs insulation published in

Electrical Engineering & Electromechanics

Published by National Technical University
A.V. Bezprozvannych, A.G. Kyessaeyv An analysis of the electrostatic field of a cable twisted shielded pair for various types of test voltage: symmetric bipolar, unipolar and asymmetric is carried out. Voltage selection affects the location of the most probable place of arising of the partial discharges, phase characteristics of which are used for technical diagnostics of insulation.
PRACTICABILITY INVESTIGATION & DESIGNING OF FILE AND WEB BASED INFORMATION EXTRACTION ALGORITHM published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Karan Pahlani Information extraction (IE) aims at extracting specific information from huge amount of documents. Now a day’s internet became a great source of information and contains immeasurable amount of data which makes it tedious for normal users to retrieve relevant data, therefore it is a demand of present time to have a efficient information extraction system that convert web pages and their data into user friendly structures for this purpose many extraction system has been developed with variable performance this paper will going to throw light on such one IE system. This research paper introduces a method that uses rule based technique to induce an extraction. This research paper enables the user to gather more relevant piece of information and helps to improve the search keyword to extract efficient desirable knowledge for end user
Experiences in Implementing an ICT-Augmented Reality as an Immersive Learning System for a Philippine HEI published in

Asia Pacific Journal of Education, Arts and Sciences

Published by Lyceum of the Philippines University, Batangas City
Nestor R. Valdez, Marcelo V. Rivera and Jaderick P. Pabico The use and implementation of virtual learning environments (VLEs) in higher education instruction has been in place since the advent of computer networking and popularized by the accessibility of the Internet. Because of the fast-paced advances in hardware and software technologies that stimulate the human senses, the number and the quality of researches on the use of three-dimensional (3D) environments to augment the experiences of learners have increased in recent years. Since VLEs can be customized for the learners' needs, they have been used to provide a virtual immersion that is otherwise difficult, if not impossible, to experience in real-world (e.g., teaching the effect of varying planetary gravities on objects). This paper presents the experiences in building and implementing a 3D avatar-based virtual world (3DAVW) as a VLE (3D-AVLE) for the Technological University of the Philippines-Taguig (TUP-T), a higher education institution (HEI) in the Philippines. Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) systems were used, such as the OpenSimulator and various 3D renderers, to create a replica of the TUP-T campus in a simulated 3D world. The 3D-AVLE runs in a single server that is connected to the learners' computers via a simply-wired local area network (LAN). The use of various networking optimization techniques was experimented on to provide the learners and the instructors alike a seamless experience and lag-less immersion within the 3D-AVLE. With the current LAN setup in TUP-T, the optimal number of concurrent users that can be accommodated without sacrificing connectivity and the quality of virtual experience was found to be at 30 users, exactly the mean class size in TUP-T. The 3DAVLE allows for recording of the learners' experiences which provides the learners a facility to review the lessons at a later time. Classes in fundamental topics in engineering sciences were conducted using the usual teaching aid technologies such as the presentation software, and by dragging-and-dropping the presentation files to the 3D-AVLE, resulting to increased learning curve by both the instructors and the learners.
ORIENTATION TRAINING FOR EMPLOYEES TO REDUCE THE TURNOVER RATE IN AJAD INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL published in

Asia Pacific Journal of Advanced Business and Social Studies

Published by Asia Pacific Institute of Advanced Research
Hessah Al-Dossary This research explores the most prominent factor that leads to high employee turnover and leads to dissatisfaction with the working environment. I conducted the self-assessment in order to check whether the school meets the standard that it should be at or not. I conducted this by giving the employees a protocol that has some questions about the school. This questionnaire is adopted from Massachusetts Cultural Council. It is an ethnographical research which uses mixed methods design and associate qualitative, along with quantitative data analysis. I used three techniques namely observation, interview and document analysis. The aim of this study is to design a program to reduce the rate of employee turnover at Ajad School through orientation training. This will help to reduce job tardiness as it will facilitate increased job satisfaction, better understanding of employee’s roles and thus, improve their job performance. Overall, results revealed a deficiency in proper training of new employees. Lack of orientation training meant that employees were unaware of their job descriptions, their duties and what was expected of them. As a result, the employees found it difficult to accomplish basic tasks, were dissatisfied with their work and the company and this greatly affected their performance. Lack of orientation training was, as such, the cause for the high employee turnover in the school. Keywords: Employees Turnover, Orientation, Dissatisfaction
COMPUTER AIDED MODELING AND ANALYSIS OF CRANK AND SLOTTED LEVER QUICK RETURN MECHANISM published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Shahbaz .M. Sheikh * , Sujata .P. Khartade, Prof. S .A. Dahake In this paper we have calculated the time ratio and angle turned by crank during return stroke (α) for different lengths of crank for constant distances between the pivots. From these calculations we obtained maximum time ratio and the most efficient ratio of length of crank to the distance between the pivots. Also a CAM model of mechanism is made on PTC Creo parametric 3.0 for simulating the results. Various dimensions of links made on PTC Creo parametric 3.0 which give maximum time ratio are as shown in the figures. By using some suitable scale the links are fabricated to obtain the crank and slotted quick return mechanism having best possible time ratio.
SHUKRA DHATU IN AYURVEDA: AN APPROACH ALONG WITH MODERN ENDOCRINOLOGICAL ASPECT OF PHYSIOLOGY OF NORMAL MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Dr. Arvind Kumar* Shukra Dhatu is the extreme Dhatu of our body. Various physiological and pathological aspects of Shukra Dhatu are described in classical Ayurvedic texts. Dhairya (Patience and courage), Chyavana (Timely ejaculation), Preeti (Sexual desire) and Dehabala (Physical strenght) are the principle functions of Shukra Dhatu but Garbhotpadan (Production of off-springs) is its primary vital function. Daurbalya (Generalized weakness), Panduta (Pallor), Shrama (Fatigue), Shukra Avisarga (Delayed or absence of ejaculation), Rati Anabhimukhata (Loss of libido) and Maithune Ashakti (Problematic or not satisfactory coitus) are the principle signs and symptoms of Shukra Dhatu Kshaya. Present study is carried out by making a thorough review about Shukra Dhatu which includes its status during childhood, production, nourishment, Sarvashariragatatva (Presence throughout the body), physical and functional characteristics along with the signs and symptoms of its Kshaya. Modern endocrinological aspect includes a thorough review about androgens (Testosterone) along with its childhood inhibition, production, regulation, functions and age related decline in adult males.
CORROSION INHIBITION OF CARBON STEEL XC70 IN H2SO4 SOLUTION BY FERROCENE DERIVATIVE 3-(FERROCENYLMETHYLAMINE)BENZONITRILE published in

Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences

Published by University of El Oued
T. Zaiz, T. Lanez In this work, we studied the efficiency of corrosion inhibition of carbon steel XC70 in H2SO4 0.5 M solution using ferrocenyl compound prepared in our laboratory, this compound is: 3- (ferrocenylmethylamine)benzonitrile (FC). The inhibitory potential of this compound was determined by electrochemical techniques based on Tafel segments. The results show that the studied compound has an efficiency of inhibition which depends on its concentration the adsorption of these compounds on the surface of the metal is a chemical adsorption. The compound FC had the best ability of inhibition at a concentration of 50 ppm (IE = 84.37%).
DRUG UTILIZATION PATTERN OF ANTIHYPERTENSIVES IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN SOUTH INDIA published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Juno J. Joel1*, Nittu Daniel1, Raghav Sharma2, Shastry C.S1 The study was carried out with the aim to understand the drug utilization pattern of antihypertensive drugs in the medicine wards of a tertiary care teaching hospital. Total of 210 patients were included in the study, during the period of six months. The collected data include patients informations on demography, drug therapy and length of hospital stay. Antihypertensive drug utilization was measured in terms of DDD/100 bed days. 118 males and 92 females were identified in the study. Calcium channel blockers were the most commonly prescribed drug class. Over all antihypertensive utilization was found to be 59.86 DDD/100 bed-days. Amlodipine was the most consumed drug in the wards (33 DDD/100 bed-days). Mean SD of patients age and length of hospital stay were 60.7 11.72 and 7.91 5.4 respectively.
SUPPORT PERSONNEL SAFETY OF COMPANIES published in

The Russian Academic Journal

Published by Institute of Political and Mediametric Studies
V. Kushcheva This article presents a set of measures to prevent adverse effects on the economic security of the enterprise by eliminating or reducing the risks and threats associated with the staff of his intellectual capacity and labor relations as a whole.
Radiation technology in agriculture published in

Journal of Crop and Weed

Published by Crop and Weed Science society
S. F. D'SOUZA Radiations and radioisotopes are used in agricultural research to induce genetic variability in crop plants to develop improved varieties, to manage insect pests, monitor fate and persistence of pesticides, to study fertilizer use efficiency and plant micronutrient uptake and also to preserve agricultural produce. Use of radiation and radioisotopes in agriculture is one of the most important fields of peaceful applications of atomic energy for societal benefit and BARC has contributed significantly in this area especially in the development of new mutant crop varieties and food irradiation for enhancing food safety, reduce post harvest losses, enhance shelf life and as a quarantine measure for enabling international trade in food and agricultural commodities.
Constraints Faced by Farm Women in Soil and Water Resource Conservation: A Case Study published in

Published by
Dr. Neeta Khandelwal, Dr. Harish Gupta To recognize and quantify the importance and occurrence of several adoption constraints in the Udaipur district of Rajasthan, pre-designed interview schedule was used to collect data from 100 tribal and 100 non-tribal farm women regarding soil and water conservation (SWC) techniques. Important adoption triggers appraised such as limited fertile land availability, lack of training, faulty site selection and inadequate subsidy etc. consequently; the region's SWC adoption rate was low. Level of constraints for soil conservation faced by tribal women was slightly higher than that of non-tribal women albeit similar in water management. The calculated Z-value for constraints encountered in management of soil (2.95) & water (0.17) were respectively greater & lesser than tabulated Z value. Thus, it was deduced that differences were prevalent only with regard to soil constraints between tribal and non-tribal women.
INSIGHT: PERSONAL ASSISTANT MOBILE APPLICATION FOR THE VISUALLY IMPAIRED IN SRI LANKA published in

Asia Pacific Journal of Contemporary Education and Communication Technology

Published by Asia Pacific Institute of Advanced Research
N.D.K. Guruge, R.A.G.P. Ranasinghe, S.H.P.D.L. Abeywardana, D.M.S.N. Siriwardhana, Dhammika H. De Silva Smart phones play a major role in people's life nowadays. However, it has become a challenging task for visually impaired people to get involved with smart phones in their day to day activities because of the limited accessibility to the input mechanism. “Insight” is a personal assistant mobile application mainly focusing on visually impaired, which will give them a hand in their routine tasks. This application provides a tangible input mechanism based on braille which will simplify the task of using mobile phones. Two types of keypads are used in the application according to the input needed to provide. There are several main components included in this application. Learning module, speed dialer, messaging, calculator, gaming module, scheduler, public transportation assistance and navigation instructions provider are those components. The main objective of this project is to provide equal opportunity for the visually challenged people to get the experience of a sighted person would get, using a mobile phone without any restraint due to their impairment. Keywords: Visually Impaired, Smart Phones, Input Mechanism, Braille, Equal Opportunity
Impact of Saving Deposits of Commercial Banks on Gdp published in

Published by
Deepti Sharma, Mamta Ranga The present paper is an attempt to highlight the impacts of total saving deposits with commercial banks on Indian GDP. The study is purely based on secondary data which covers 13 financial years (2000-01 to 2012-13), and the analysis of which was made through the application of Karl Pearsons coefficient of Correlation and Multi Regression OLS model (Ordinary Least Square). The study exhibited a strong positive correlation between total saving deposits with commercial banks and GDP (r=.991) and indicated that total saving deposits with commercial banks is the most important predictor of GDP with R square value of 0.983 which showed that total saving deposits with commercial banks accounts for 98.3 per cent of variations in GDP; and b-value {Unstandardized co-efficient (B=2.124)} indicated that as saving deposits with commercial banks increases by one unit (1 billion), GDP increases by 2.124 units. It was further indicated through the results that if impact of saving deposits with commercial banks remain constant, then there are other factors which are explaining GDP up to 20119.046 units.
Local Anesthetic Agents - Current perspectives on action, metabolism, excretion and toxicity effects published in

Published by
Basheer Ahmed Khan, Mazarulla Khan, Mohammed Ishaq, Parveen N This article reviews the action, metabolism, excretion and toxicity effects of local anesthetics in the management of pain during surgical and dental procedures. In this article, the efficacy of various local anesthetics has been discussed. Local anesthetics have similar chemical structure but differing pharmacokinetic properties and spectra of pharmacodynamic effects that influence selection of agents for use in various clinical situations. The structure and mechanism of various local anesthetics may enable the clinicians to exploit the safety of using them. However, indepth mechanism and the toxicity of the LA are yet to be studied in detail.
Privatisation of Education- A Study in Kerala Context published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Sindhu Krishnadas. T The education in Kerala is facing some crisis. The school curriculum failed to equip students with the skills necessary for a modern economy. In Kerala people shows an obsession to secure white collar jobs and reluctance to do manual work. Though the unemployment rates in Kerala are the highest in India, the states requirements for manual labour in occupations like farming, construction, quarrying, earthworks etc. are increasingly met by laborers from neighboring states. Educational institutions in Kerala still lay emphasis on traditional courses in arts and science subjects. Curricula were not adapted to the changing needs of the economy. The job markets in foreign countries are now seeking specialized labourers. Traditional pattern of education provided by the institutions of Kerala cannot meet the needs of these job markets. The failure of the public system of education to add new specializations to existing courses, as also to start new courses in emerging areas, has led to the migration of students to other states. The courses in fast growing areas like computer education travel and tourism, hotel management, foreign languages etc. are provided by private institutions in Kerala. In Kerala, social, religious and political organizations acted as pressure groups for the establishment of new institutions. But it has been criticized that the education system of Kerala lacks quality. The lack of proper investment is the main constraint for themodernization and diversification of the education sector. Private agencies played a major role in the expansion of the educational sector in Kerala. These institutions are liberally aided and supported by the government. The number of private aided schools and colleges outnumber the government- owned institutions. Now the government is sanctioning the private self- financing institutions. The paper tries to analyse the impact of privatization on the education of Kerala.
CLOUD COMPUTING METHODOLOGY INVESTIGATION WITH DYNAMIC RESOURCE ALLOCATION published in

International Education and Research Journal

Published by
Pravin Chavan, Sagar Kokare, Srinivas Dharawath Cloud Computing is one of the emerging areas in the various fields related to computer science and can be exercised for on demand dynamic resource allocation for providing reliable and guaranteed services to the consumer. Cloud systems are 'on demand' as they offer a way of providing required resources to consumers as and when they need it. It is pay-as-you-use manner service. In Cloud systems, a pool of resources is shared by several users. So making these resources available in most optimal way is a challenging task. Cloud computing provides opportunity to dynamically scale the computing resources for applications. These resources are shared among customers using virtualization technology. Using these resources efficiently is an open challenge. Since, cloud computing consists of large number of resources, testing application and resource policies on cloud computing environment may be time consuming and difficult. To ease the problem of modeling and testing policies, we use Virtual Machine, for cloud computing environment.
?????????? ????????? ? ??????? ??????????????? ?????????? ???????????? (?? ??????? ??? ???) published in

Eurasian Union of Scientists

Published by Ltd International Education Center
????????? ???? ?????????? The project approach, while being an effective instrument for functioning of an organization under conditions of the economy of changes, is rapidly progressing both abroad and in Russia. The problem of establishment and development of the environment for the project activity in an organization (the corporate project management system) is particularly urgent for the Russian business. In the context of achieving the purposes of the strategic development program the project-based approach acquires an ever increasing importance in the JSC RZD. Separate lines of realization of the project management in the JSC RZD are analyzed in the report.
Adoption of Mobile Commerce in Small- and Medium-sized Businesses published in

Proceedings of the 2015 Academy of International Business Southeast Asia Regional Conference (AIBSEAR), Global Businesses and Consumers in a Networked World

Published by Lingnan University
Chi Wai Chung, Alan W L Lam, Alfred W S Loo The emergence of mobile commerce (M-commerce) has created new opportunities for businesses because of the development of new paths of information spread and exchange. Furthermore, the advent of mobile communication caused the emergence of online trade relations that allow consumers to receive information and buy products long distance. However, M-commerce is still on the rise because few research studies can provide sufficient explanation on how it contributes to consumer behavior, organizational performance, and productivity. The current study seeks to define the influence of Mcommerce on consumer behavior and perception and to analyze the factors affecting the adoption and utilization of M-commerce, as well as factors contributing to the spread of Mcommerce among small and medium-sized businesses. The review of literature and qualitative analysis have focused on issues, such as technological progress, employee engagement, customer satisfaction, M-commerce development, and innovation in the context of business activities carried out through mobile devices. The studies have revealed that M-commerce has become a valuable contribution to the development of online commerce in the sphere of traditional business management and in the context of small- and medium-sized businesses.
Obturator for Cleft Palate A Case Report published in

Advances in Human Biology

Published by Springwood Publication
Nalam Sai Gautam, M Sridhar. Background: Cleft lip and palate is associated constellation of problems that need to be solved for successful habilitation. Neonates with a cleft palate have difficulty in eating which may lead to failure to thrive. One of the immediate problems to be addressed in newborn is difficulty in feeding. Obturators are fabricated to overcome such problems in infants. The obturator prevents the tongue from entering the defect and interfering with the spontaneous growth of palatal shelves towards the midline. It also helps to position the tongue in correct position to perform its functional role in the development of jaws and contributes to speech development. A case of 1month old infant with cleft palate for whom obturator was made is presented here.
ECO-FRIENDLY MANAGEMENT OF PROMINENT WEEDS OF LEGUMINOUS CROP (GLYCIN MAX) EMPLOYING INDIGENOUS MICROBES OF GADARWARA AREA published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Manjula Pathak, Anuradha Dave, Jaya Singh and Saurabh Gupta* Soybean a "miracle crop" is outstanding in its nutritive value. It has 43 percent biological protein and 20 percent fat. It is also rich in vitamins, mineral salts and essential amino acids. The intensity and distribution of weed species in the soybean crop are functions of a complex interaction among soil properties, rainfall patterns, temperature and cultural practices. Soybean yield losses resulting from weed interference and the cost of weed control constitute some of the highest costs involved in the production of the crop Looking to the potential of microbial herbicides, the present paper was based on develop and exploit some indigenous strains of fungal pathogens as bioherbicides to manage some of the problematic weeds of soybean. On the basis of primary screening 40 fungal strains isolated from various parts in which five of the most potential ones were selected for secondary screening. These were against screened and Aspergillus sulphureus was found to be the most potential agent effective against a wide range of host and induced maximum phytotoxic damage and thus, selected for further investigation.
DETECTION OF OPTICAL INHOMOGENEITIES OF BIOLOGICAL TISSUE US-ING TPSF CONFORMAL MAPPING published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Anton Yurievich Potlov A new method of direct (without inverse problem solution using methods of diffuse optical tomography) optical inhomogeneity, such as cysts, hematomas, tumors etc. detection in biological tissue. The basis of the method is preprocessing of the surface obtained from a collection of time-resolved data (TPSF) in the Cartesian frame with consecutive conformal mapping to two cylindrical surfaces.
DEVELOPMENT OF CRITERIA FOR IDENTIFICATION OF NATURAL LEATHER AND DIFFERENT KINDS OF FUR published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Tatyana Ilyinichna Guryanova; Irina Nikolaevna Antimonova; Elena Ivanovna Akopova; Nadezhda Yurievna Bystrova In the article actual problems of identification of natural leather and leatherlike materials as well as fur of different animals are considered. The methods for their identification are offered which allow to identify natural fur and leather with great deal of reliability.
A NOVEL APPROACH TO ROBUST AND SECURE IMAGE STEGANOGRAPHY BASED ON HASH AND ENCRYPTION published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Er. Parminder Singh *, Er.Parminder Singh Saini There has been widespread use of digital data over the internet. The security of the data is of utmost concern for the users. Steganography and cryptography are two different techniques for data security. The main purpose of cryptography is to make message unintelligible, while steganography even conceals the existence of the hidden message. Digital images are excellent carriers of hidden information. In the present paper, a method has been proposed for LSB steganography which carries three fold security mechanism. The method uses Diffie - Hellman, RSA algorithm with a hash function. The proposed method ensures high data security, stability and ruggedness. The results of the proposed method have been compared based upon PSNR and MSE. These have been found to b e very encouraging .
Study of Beneficial Role of Vitamin D in Chronic Low Back Pain published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Ch. Ramakrishna Rao, Dr. W. Maruthi Introduction. Low Back pain (LBP) is the most common neurologic complaint of patients attending outpatient clinics of Orthopedics, Neurology and in general practice. In most cases, the cause may be difficult to determine. In such cases, Vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency is observed as the predominant biochemical marker. Aim. To study the association between low vitamin D levels and chronic low back pain and the beneficial role, if any, of replacement therapy with vitamin D. Methods. From April, 2014 to March, 2015, total number 50 patients with chronic low back pain were assessed clinically and with investigations like CBP including ESR, serum creatinine, plain radiograph, CT, and MRI of the lumbosacral spine. Local pathologic conditions, renal impairment, chronic liver disease were excluded and they are labeled as patients with idiopathic chronic low back pain. Serum calcium, phosphate, PTH, and 25-hydroxy vitamin D level (Electro Chemiluminescence assay) were performed and patients are categorized as having deficient, insufficient and sufficient levels of vitamin D. Oral therapy with 25(OH) cholecalceferol was administered with doses ranging from 3000-5000units/day. Clinical reassessment of lower back pain was made after three months of vitamin D therapy. Oral painkillers were strictly avoided from use. Results. All the patients deficient in vitamin D, 84% of patients having insufficient vitamin D levels and 42.85% of patients with sufficient vitamin D levels have shown remarkable symptomatic relief. Conclusions. It is prudent to include measurement of vitamin D in investigation protocol of patients suffering from lower back pain which is amply revealed by this study.
PATTERN OF INJECTABLE ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTION AND ITS USE IN AMBO HOSPITAL IN-PATIENT PEDIATRIC WARD, WEST SHOA ZONE, OROMIA, ETHIOPIA published in

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research

Published by Dr Girhepunje
Diriba Alemayehu Gadisa1* and Amelework Gidisa Duresa2 Introduction: Pediatric Injectable antibiotic prescription is a major concern in terms of public health, since infections are the most frequent cause of childhood disease. Irrational prescribing is a habit which is difficult to counteract and this may lead to ineffective treatment, health risks, patient non-compliance, drug wastage, wasting resources and unnecessary expenditure. Objective: The aim of this hospital-based cross sectional study was to assess the pattern of Injectable antibiotic prescription and its use in the in-patient Pediatric ward of Ambo Hospital. Methods: Retrospective cross sectional study of medication records of hospitalized pediatric patients who received injectable antibiotic from February, 2013 to February, 2014 GC at in-patient pediatrics ward of Ambo Hospital. The study employed a cross-sectional quantitative survey. Results: At the Ambo Hospital from February, 2013 to February, 2014 GC, totally 1524 children were admitted and 1156(75.85%) of them were treated with the injectable antibiotics. A total of 512 client documents were collected and analyzed out of which 292 (57.03%) were male and 220(42.92%) were female. Pneumonia was most frequently seen and treated at all age groups that was 27.34%, 13.67%, 3.71%, 4.88% and 1.17% for 0-1, 1-3, 3-5, 5-10 and 11-14 years age groups. Chloramphenicol injection +Penicillin-G crystalline 161(53.48%) were the most frequently prescribed combined antibiotics while ceftriaxone accounted for 198(38.66 %) of the single frequently prescribed injectable antibiotic. Most often an inappropriate use of injectable antibiotics prescribed was interms of inappropriate indication; ceftraxone 93(39.9%) and Cloxacillin injection 11(73.33%) and CAF injection 80(40.40%) of them took this drug for inappropriate duration of treatment which followed by ampicillin 59(64.13%) and gentamicin 49(47.50%) from 92 and 103 pediatric patient who took it respectively. Conclusion: In the hospital most frequently antibiotic prescribed were ceftriaxone, CAF, and penicillin G crystalline while Pneumonia was the most frequently diagnosed disease. Significant number of patients was prescribed with inappropriate over all injectable antibiotics as per WHO indicators.
EVALUATION OF PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND PHARMACOGNOSTICAL ACTIVITY OF THE LEAVES OF PISONIA GRANDIS R. Br. published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Palanisamy.P1*, R.Margret Chandira1, B.S.Venkateswarlu1, B.Jaykar2, A.Pasupathi1, N. K. K. Sreedharan1, J.Gomathi Pisonia grandis (Nyctaginaceae) is an evergreen tree, 9-12m height and widely distributed throughout india. The leaves of plant used in treatment of hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, fever and ulcer. The present study was carried out to investigate morphological, microscopical, physicochemical and phytochemical screening of leaves of pisonia grandis. Morphological studies of leaves showed the presence of various diagnostic characters. The preliminary phytochemical screening of alcoholic extract showed positive results for alkaloids, phenolic compounds, tannins, proteins , aminoacids and flavonoids . Morphological studies of leaves showed the presences of various diagnostic charaters. The present studes pharmacognosy and phytochemical evaluation of pisonia grandis. In the microscopical studies leaves showed the abaxial epidermis, abaxial side, adaxial epidermis, adaxial side, lamina phloemxylem,parenchymatous ground tissue, stomata raphide. The result of the study could be useful for identification and preparation of monograph of the plant.
Effect of planting methods on turmeric production at farmer`s field published in

Published by
Bikramjit Singhm, R S Chhina The study was conducted at three different locations in district Gurdaspur in Punjab to find out the best planting method for turmeric cultivation. Three different planting methods i.e. manual sowing on flat field at a spacing of 30 x 20 cm, manual sowing on ridges at 60 x 15 cm and sowing with semi-automatic potato planter at 60 x 15 cm were evaluated during the study. Significantly higher yield was observed in case of ridge sowing at spacing of 60 X 15 cm whether it is manually sown or sown with semi-automatic potato planter as compared to flat sowing at spacing of 30 X 20 cm. The highest yield (23.58 t/ha) was noted in case of manual sowing on ridges which was statistically at par with the crop sown with semi-automatic potato planter (23.50 t/ha.). Highest net returns (Rs 1,63,750/ ha) was obtained where the crop was sown with semi-automatic potato planter with the BC ratio of 3.30 followed by manual sowing on ridges (Rs. 1,61,750) with BC ratio of 3.19
Development of stress scale for aged published in

Asian Journal of Home Science

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
SHABNAM ANSARI AND RENU DHAKAR The aim of the study was to construct and validate a scale for assessment of stress in aged widows and widowers. The stress scale consisted of 56 questions on various aspects of stress. A pilot study was conducted and forty aged citizens (20 widows and 20 widowers), between the age range of 60 to 80, were selected from Kanpur (U.P.). The content of structured scale was validated by panel members. The reliability and validity of tools were computed. In view of high validity and reliability scores, this tool was found to be an acceptable instrument to assess the level of stress of widows and widowers.
Damage assessment of attemperator of thermal power plant boilers published in

The journal of CPRI

Published by Central Power Research Institute
Dhiraj Gourkhede M Due to rapid growth and development and the demand for power, has pushed steam plant design into new territories of temperature and thermal cycling. Coupled with this has been the tendency for plant suppliers to buy rather than design critical items of equipment in the hope of minimising exposure to the consequences of malfunction however, this has seen an upsurge of trouble in several areas –particularly with attemperator. Although simple in concept, attemperator can cause serious problems if details of their design are not properly considered, and/or if they are not properly applied to the systems they are to serve. This paper presents by using optical fiber based video imaging technique to identify the affected regions in the attemperator which causes the malfunctioning of the boiler which may resulting catastrophical failure and damaging its components. This will result in reduced frequency of forced outages of the plant which in turn lead to substantial savings to the utility.
Influence of Herbicides on Yield of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L). Moench) in the US Virgin Islands published in

Basic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Review

Published by Akpojevwa Justin
Dilip Nandwani Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L). Moench) is a highly valued vegetable and grown for fresh market in the US Virgin Islands. Weed competition is an important factor affecting vegetable production. A preliminary study was conducted to evaluate preemergence application of two herbicides Preen Plus (trifluralin) and Scythe (pelargonic acid) on weed control in okra. Two cultivars of okra cv. Clemson Spineless, and Red Burgundy were grown in replicated field plots at the Agricultural Experiment Station University of the Virgin Islands, Kingshill. Trifluralin (2 oz. /10 sq. ft., granular) and Pelargonic acid (5% v/v) applied a day prior to transplanting okra plants into the field. No emergence of weeds was observed in treated plots within the first two to three weeks after application. Plants recovered from initial injury a few weeks after transplanting. Clemson Spineless produced higher yield (393g/plant). Red Burgundy had longer pods and comparable yield (329.4/plant). Trilfluralin was effective in suppression of a range of broadleaf and grasses in okra field. Keywords: Vegetable, Yield, Weeds, Tropical Climate
A REVIEW: HOLISTIC APPROACH FOR MANAGEMENT OF ANTHRAX published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
K. D. Rakholiya*1, J. B. Kathiriya3, V. D. Vora1, G. S. Sutaria1, K. N. Akbari1, M. J. Kaneria2 Anthrax is a zoonotic disease caused by Bacillus anthracis. Herbivores are the natural host. Anthrax kills many animal species. Human acquire the disease incidentally by contact with infected animal or animal products. The incidence of disease has decreased dramatically in developed countries as a result of animal vaccination programs and improved industrial hygiene. Three forms of anthrax are naturally occurring, namely; cutaneous, gastrointestinal, and inhalational. About 95% of human anthrax is cutaneous and 5% respiratory. Gastrointestinal anthrax is very rare, and has been reported in less than 1% of all cases. Diagnosis can be made by Gram stain, stool samples, blood tests, skin tests or by culture of body fluids or lesions. Serologic tests including enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and polymerase chain reaction are available in specialized laboratories. Penicillin is the drug of choice for the treatment of anthrax infections. Other acceptable alternatives include ciprofloxacin, Ampicillin, Ciprofloxacin and doxycycline. Combination of drug also used and alternative source is medicinal plant to treat anthrax disease. There is need for new, safe and effective treatments to supplement traditional antibiotic therapy.
Financial Soundness of Cement Industry of Bangladesh: An Empirical Investigation Using Z-score published in

Published by
A N K Mizan, Md Mahabbat Hossain For measuring the financial health of a business firm, there are lots of techniques available. But the Altmans Z-score has been proven to be a reliable tool across contexts. Bangladesh cement industry is a unique one because; the industry is producing a higher amount of cement than the local demand having no supply of local raw materials. The main objective of the study is to assess the fundamental financial health of this industry using Z-score model. All listed cement firms are considered in this study. The required information has been collected from the annual reports of the selected companies and from other sources. The study revealed that two firms, Heidelberg cement and Confidence Cement, are financially sound whereas other three are not in a good position. The findings of the study can be useful for the managers to take financial decision, the stockholders to choose investment options and others to look after their interest in the concern cement manufacturers of the country.
Contract Farming: Role of Farmers and Processing Firms published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Preetinder Kaur Contract farming is a contractual agreement between the two parties- one is farmer and other is any private firm. It includes the main features such as pre-determined price, quality and quantity of finished product at the time of delivery. Contract farming provides a true relationship between the farmer and firm. Firms guide and monitor the farmers throughout the duration of contract. Present research paper made an attempt to study the organization structure and relationship between contract farmers and firms mainly PEPSICO, PAGRO and UBL are selected from Malwa region of Punjab. Keeping in view the objectives of the paper an appropriate methodology is adopted. As far as methodology is concerned, paper is totally empirical and based on primary data. For the collection of data interview schedule was made and conducted on farmers who were tied into contract farming.
Different strategies for coping with Stress published in

Published by
Dr. Jamal Akhtar, Sarah Kazmi Rizvi -
THE EFFECT OF PERCEIVED ORGANIZATIONAL SUPPORT ON WORK TO FAMILY CONFLICT: A TURKISH CASE published in

Reserach Journal of Business and Management (RJBM)

Published by PressAcademia
Cem Kahya, Mustafa Kesen Organizations support for their employees plays crucial role in the success and effectiveness the employees. This support may be a distinctive factor in decreasing conflict levels of employees to optimal levels. The main purpose of this study is to reveal the role of perceived organizational support on work-family conflict. For this purpose, the survey based study was conducted on 90 officers working in Bayburt University. The result shows that perceived organizational support has a negative effect on work-family conflict.
Evaluation and Comparison of the Crustal Structure of the Indus Block up to Kutch Region and Saurashtra Region using ga Inversion of Surfacewave Dispersion published in

Published by
Vishwa Joshi, B. K. Rastogi We have computed Group velocities of the fundamental mode Rayleigh wave using an earthquake of MW 5.2 (Lat: 39.50?N, Long: 73.81?E). This earthquake was recorded at seven stations of Saurashtra region and eight stations of Kutch region by seismic network of Institute of Seismological Research, Gujarat (India). The period of observed group velocity data ranges from 6 to 60 sec for Saurashtra and 6 to 68 sec for Kutch. The dispersion curves have been inverted for crustal structure using Genetic Algorithm (GA) inversion; it gives the average crustal structure along the path. We have evaluated crustal structure of the Indus block up to Saurashtra and then up to Kutch. The thickness of crust up to Saurashtra is 43.61 km with S-wave velocity of 4.53 km/sec and thickness of crust up to Kutch is 44.91 km with S-wave velocity of 4.46 km/sec whereas previous study of Indus block up to Bhuj (Kutch) indicates 44.19 km thick crust with 4.39 km/sec S-wave velocity. According to these results, it is inferred that the crust of the Kutch region is thicker than that of Saurashtra region.
INNOVATIONS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF KAZAKHSTANS EKONOMY published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Bazarkul Bekbenbetova; Akbota Maratovna Rakhmetova In article the main trends of development of national economy and questions of increase of investment activity.
BUILDING A MULTIDIMENSIONAL DATABASE INIT KSUCTA published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Nazgul Bolatbekovna Nauryzbayeva; Tamara Nikolayevna Rubleva In this article the technology of multidimensional databases is considered.
ANDROID BASED PORTABLE HEALTH SUPPORT SYSTEM published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Mr.Nalage Vipul Vijaykumar, Mrs. Pise A.C. In the most recent decade the health support system have drawn extensive considerations of the specialists. The prime objective was to build up a solid patient observing system with the goal that the medicinal services master can screen their patients, which are either hospitalized or executing their day by day life exercises. In this system we introduce an android cell phone based remote health support observing system that can give constant data about physiological states of a patient. This system is intended to quantify and screen essential physiological information of a patient so as to precisely portray the status of her/his wellbeing and wellness. The system comprises of sensors, the information procurement unit, microcontroller and programming. The patient's temperature, pulse , ECG chart and so forth will be observed, shown, and put away by our system. The field test will be done of the proposed system to ensure reliability and accuracy
A Study on Peptic Perforation- Relationship of Operation Time Interval with Mortality published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr Jaimin Shah, Dr Mehul Mehta, Dr Jatin Modi, Dr Jainam Shah The peptic perforation (PUO) is one of the commonest abdominal surgical emergencies. Common causes are H.pylori, increased inadvertent use of NSAIDS, smoking and stress of modern life. During last few years there has been great revolution in availability of the newer broad spectrum antibiotics, better understanding of disease, effective resuscitation, prompt surgery under modern anaesthesia techniques, and intensive care unit resulted in reducing the mortality. However still many risk factors are associated with prognosis, so aim our study to find out the significance of the Perforation-Operation Interval with respect to prognosis, in patients with peritonitis which is caused by peptic ulcer perforation. Methods: A prospective randomized study was conducted of 50 patients in Smt. NHL Municipal Medical College-Smt SCL Hospital. All were indoor patients with diagnosis of peptic perforation in stomach and/or duodenum excluding other sites. Each patient was study in detail with relevant clinical history, examination, laboratory investigations and management. The perforation-operation interval was calculated from the time of onset of the symptoms like severe abdominal pain or vomiting till the time the patient was operated. Results: Out of the 50 patients 42 were males and 8 were females, with a male:female ratio of 5.2:1. Their ages ranged between 16-70 years. Out of the 50 patients, 26 patients (52%) presented within 12 hours of the onset of severe abdominal pain (Group A), 13 patients (26%) presented between 12-24 hours of the onset of severe abdominal pain (Group B) and 11 patients (22%) presented after 24 hours. There was no mortality in Group A and the morbidity was more in Group B and Group C. There were 2(4%) deaths in Group C. Conclusion: The problem of peptic ulcer perforation with its complication, can be decreased by decreasing the perforation operation time interval, which as per our study, appeared to be the single most important mortality and morbidity indicator in peptic ulcer perforation.
EVALUATION OF PRODUCTION PRODUCTIVITY USING OVERALL EQUIPMENT EFFECTIVENESS published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Ibrahim Badi*, Ali Shetwan, Zakaria Maafa, Abd - Alrhman Al - Shaafi The purpose of this paper is to evaluate production productivity by the use of the Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) indicator. The OEE measures how effectively an equipment is utilized. A case study at Libyan Iron and Steel Company was conducted. The results show that the OEE for production line 2 is much better than production line1. However, the average OEE for both production lines are 67.62% and 72.79% respecti vely. These low values of OEE are a result mainly of the reduction in the quality rate. The average quality rate for both production lines 1 and 2 are 95.47% and 92.94% respectively.
INFLUENCE OF CREATIVE AND DIDACTIC GAME ON FINE MOTOR SKILLS IN CHILDHOOD published in

Asia Pacific Journal of Advanced Business and Social Studies

Published by Asia Pacific Institute of Advanced Research
Nelly Koleva In this report, a comparison is made between coordination of the hands and dexterity of children in the preparatory group of 6 and 7 years. There are investigated individual components of fine motor skills related to the mental and intellectual development of the child's personality. In connection with the experiment, two groups of children are formed: one, got a creative and didactic game, and the other- a game that has no connection in terms of control and evaluation of the group. All subjects were pre and post tested within an interval of two months. The creative and didactic game was presented to the experimental group in this interval. Each was administered three times to provide a reliable average. Analyses showed a statistically significant difference between the two groups with regard to right/left handskills speed (P£0/002). The game used to evaluate data for the study is the art that have lately become popular among children which is "Rainbow-Loom" (knitting silicone rubber bands). An analysis of this study showed a significant difference between the two groups in terms of speed in dexterity of the left and right hand. Further studies reveal that there is no connection between height, weight and age, in the skills for speed of the hands on one hand and the coordination eye-hand and hand-hand, on the other. Besides, sex in the experimental group is also not relevant to the ability of coordination. There is an important relationship between the rapidity of the left and right hand, and age. Keywords: Creative and Didactic Game; Coordination "eye-hand", "hand-hand"; Fine motor skills, Speed of Hand Skills.
INNOVATIVE RESEARCH OF THE MAIN FEATURES OF SOME CRAFT AND OTHER LOCAL TRADITIONS OF GANJA published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Elnur Latif oglu Hasanov In this scientific work for the first time have been researched the basic typical characteristics of craftsmanship traditions of Ganja on the basis of innovative technologies and methods. Some main local national traditions also were investigated from the ethnographic-archaeological point of view in this article.
ANTIOXIDANT EFFECT OF A HERBAL FORMULATION IN PARACETAMOL INDUCED TOXICITY IN ALBINO RATS published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Yuvarani S1, Radhika J*2, Jothi G2, Sangeetha.D1 Oxidative damage is implicated in the pathogenesis of a number of diseases. There are positive links between accumulated free radicals and drug induced toxicity. The interest in screening the antioxidant potential of plant-derived compounds to reduce the risk of diseases is increasing globally. The present study was designed to analyse the antioxidant potential of a herbal formulation comprising of Atrocarpus heterophyllus Lam (leaves), Curcuma amada Roxb (Root) and Piper longum Linn (fruits) in paracetamol induced toxicity. Wistar strains of Albino rats were used as the experimental models. The rats were divided into six groups comprising of six rats each. Group I served as a normal control. Group II was induced with paracetamol at a dose of 2g/kg bw as a single dose. Group III was induced with paracetamol and orally administered the formulation at a dose of 100mg/kg bw for 15 days. Group IV was induced with paracetamol and orally administerd the formulation at a dose of 200mg/kg bw for 15 days. Group V was induced with paracetamol and administered Liv 52 at a dose of 3ml/kgbw/day for 15 days. Group VI received the formulation alone at a dose of 200/kg bw for 15 days. The effects of the plant extract on lipid peroxidation (LPO), enzymatic antioxidant Superoxide dismutase (SOD), Non enzymatic antioxidant Reduced glutathione (GSH) and protein (tissue and serum) were analysed. The disease control group showed a marked elevation in the LPO levels and a decrease in the protein levels and antioxidant status, which was reversed to near normal in the plant and Liv 52 treated groups. The present study suggests the antioxidant potential of the herbal formulation.
Comparative Evaluation of Bupivacaine Plain Versus Bupivacaine with Dexmedetomidine in Spinal Anaesthesia for Vaginal Hysterectomy Cases published in

Published by
Dr. Dhananjay Batwara, Dr. Urmi Dave, Dr. Vandana Parmar, Dr. Pratik Doshi, Dr. Deepa Gondalia, Dr Poonam Nehra Background: The study aimed to compare the analgesic efficacy and recovery characteristics of Fentanyl and Butorphanol under TIVA (Total Intravenous Anesthesia) for laparoscopic cholecystectomy and find out the better analgesic along with Propofol. Patients and methods: Seventy two patients of ASA grade I and II of either sex in the age group of 20-60 years undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were allocated to one of the two groups of 36 each. Group I received Inj. Fentanyl in the doses of 2 g/kg while patients in group II received Butorphanol in doses of 25g/kg. All the patients were induced with Inj. propofol 2 g/kg and intubated with 100 g/kg Vecuronium. Anaesthesia was maintained by Oxygen, Nitrous oxide and Propofol. Intra-operative hemodynamic parameters (HR, MAP) were noted. Recovery time, post operative sedation, duration of analgesia using visual analogue pain score and post operative complications were noted. Results were compared among the groups using the unpaired t test and chi square test. In all cases, p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Demographic characteristics as well as duration of surgery, baseline pulse rate, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure were comparable in both the groups. Intraoperative and post operative hemodynamics in butorphanol group were more stable when compared to Fentanyl group. All the patients in butorphanol group were sedated but arousable and had analgesia for 3 hours post operatively while in case of Fentanyl group, patients required rescue analgesia within 30 minutes after extubation and patients were not sedated. No significant intra operative complication was observed in both the groups. The incidence of nausea and vomiting was slightly more in butorphanol group. No incidence of respiratory depression was noted in both the groups. Conclusion: Both Butorphanol and Fentanyl are cardio stable. Less haemodynamic variations are observed in the Butorphanol group. Recovery time in Butorphanol group was more (5.86 min) when compared to that in Fentanyl group (3.33 min) which is not clinically significant. Post operative sedation and analgesia remained for longer duration in Butorphanol group. Thus we can conclude that butorphanol is better alternative to Fentanyl in terms of haemodynamic stability and prolonged analgesia.
Projections of Motherland in the Perceptions of the Turk Migrants from Bulgaria to Bursa published in

ADAM Academy Journal of Social Sciences

Published by Ankara Dusunce ve Arastirma Merkezi
Slavka Karakusheva One of the constructs that problematize the identity categories in the perceptions and the narratives of the Turkish migrants from Bulgaria, settled in Bursa, is the concept of motherland. The motherland has got two dimensions in their perceptions and in different situations one of them prevails in the construction and transformation of identities. On one hand stands the image of the historical homeland and it is associated with place of birth and origin. On the other hand is the category of the symbolic motherland that constructs the ethnic identity. The migrants exist in a complicated situation generated by their confusion with the categorization of own and foreign and the construction that sets it the homeland. Leaving the country of origin, they believe that they return to the real motherland, in which they are related by ethnicity and by blood. Entering the new conditions however they face identity differences they were not prepared about. Leaving the past on the other side of the border opens a nostalgia line and prospect visions or dreams in the individual everyday existence. Both homelands are strong constructs which still influence the individual perceptions and the community identification both from inside and from outside point of view. The paper will explore how these two belongings and perceptions about the native exist within one and the same identities we are Turks but also we are from Bulgaria. Keywords: Turks; Bursa; migrants; motherland; identity; communities.
Concept development among rural pre-school children published in

Asian Journal of Home Science

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
LATA PUJAR, SARASWATI HUNSHAL AND KAMALAVVA BAILUR The present study was carried out with an objective to study the effect of intervention on concept development among rural pre-school children. The sample for the study constituted 62 children in the age of 3-4 years who were attending Anganwadies in three adopted villages of Dharwad taluka. Information on concept was collected with the help of Boehm Scale. School based intervention programme was conducted for two months to improve childrens knowledge about different concepts. The results indicated significant improvement in the concept development of children where in more number of children were fell under medium category at pre-test and after intervention more number of children were fell under high category of concept development. An intervention programme enhanced the cognitive abilities and knowledge of different concepts among the rural pre-schoolers.
THE PERCEPTION OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS ABOUT THE ACCOUNTING COURSE AND THE ACCOUNTANTS ACTIVITIES published in

Revista de Gest?o, Finan?as e Contabilidade

Published by University of State of Bahia
Claudio de Souza Miranda, Raissa Alvares de Matos Miranda, Adriana Maria Procpio Arajo The main objective of this study is to analyze the perception of high school students about the accountant and his profession and the subjects studied by accountants at the university. Although the number of Accounting courses has expanded all over Brazil, most of the people don't know what exactly an Accountant does. Many are the myths and stereotypes made by people about this profession. International studies as Vaivio e Kokko, 2006 and Schlee et al, 2007 point to a low perception about the profession "Accountant" mostly the high school students. To evaluate the perception of these students about these aspects, a survey was built and posted on a website that was widely released. The research strategy used was the survey and the number of good responses obtained was 1.046. The research assessed the perception of the students in relation to the subjects studied in the accounting courses, professional activities, labor market, ethics at the activities and the value given to the professionals. The results obtained demonstrate that in some situations related to the profession are ignored. Many myths and stereotypes pointed in the international studies were found in this sample.
A Study of Wage and Salary Administration in Simplex Mills Co. Ltd published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Mahesh C. Dabre Wage and Salary Administration deals with establishment and implementation of sound policies and pracWage and Salary Administration deals with establishment and implementation of sound policies and praczational problems, development and maintenance of wage structure, establishing rules for administering wages, wage, incentives, profit sharing, wage changes and adjustments, supplementary payments, compensation costs etc. The Primary data collected through questionnaire and interview method. Secondary data collected through books, journals and internet. All respondents got regular wages and salaries, wage incentives and other facilities also. Their relationship with management is sound.
Social Issues of Tribal Women in Education, Health and Unemployment published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
D. S. V. Krishna Kumari We know Gandhi did wonderful deeds and is well respected, but we want to learn about tribal leaders. - Sonal Ratwa (Tribal Teacher). This paper investigates the issues and challenges among the tribal women in comparison to the non-tribal women in the newly states by drawing upon data from the National family health in terms of standard of living, education and other socio-demographic indicators. There is a need for proper understanding of the different health aspects of tribal women and their specific health needs so that relevant health measures can be prepared and implemented, More particularly, there is a need for undertaking a region-specific study of the health of the tribal women, which will make planning for their welfare more successful. In this investigates the maternal health care practices, health condition, education and unemployment among the tribal women in comparison to the tribal women. Education as a means of advancement of capacity, well being and opportunity is uncontested and more so among communities on the periphery. Low literacy rates in tribal communities continue to indicate a need for overarching support that tactless issues from health, education and unemployment of non-tribal population.
Different Media-Mix Used for Knowledge Gain and Retention of Simple Agricultural Technologies published in

Published by
Manvar V. S, P. K. Wakle, R. R. Chole Effective communication is the basis of success of any extension programme. Extension agents have much number of methods available for exchanging information with farmers, research workers and other members of the agricultural system. Different extension teaching methods used, either as single method or combination of methods, the effectiveness to different extension teaching methods vary. So the study was conducted to know which media-mix treatment is effective in communicating the simple cotton production technology in nine villages from Parbhani tahsil of Parbhani district of the Maharashtra State. Nine different media-mix treatments were used in this experiment. It was observed that the lecture + method demonstration + group discussion was the most effective media- mix treatment in terms of how-to knowledge gain as well as retention by the farmers
PROPERTIES OF STRETCHABLE COVER SPUN YARNS DEVELOPED FROM LYOCELL AND SPANDEX published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Swati Sahu*, Alka Goel Present paper reports the effect of change of spandex denier on the properties of stretchable lyocell - spandex cover spun yarn. The core component was spandex with 20D and 40D while sheath consisted of lyocell yarn; eco - friendly regenerated cellulosic yarns. The stretchable cover spun yarns were produced in a hollow spindle spinning f rame. ANOVA was applied to study the significant effect of presence of spandex as well as effect of variation in denier of spandex was also noted. It was observed that yarn count, tenacity, breaking strength, elongation and imperfection of yarn was influen ced due to presence of spandex. However, change in the denier of spandex affected all parameters except tenacity and unevenness.
Assessment of Prognostic Factors for Visual Outcome in Traumatic Cataract published in

Published by
Dr. Palak N Shah To assess the visual outcome of traumatic cataracts and the factors for visual prognosis in cases of ocular trauma at a tertiary eye care centre.Aprospective study was conducted at a tertiary eye care centre from July 2012 to May 2014 comprising 50 eyes of 49 patients with all types of ocular trauma causing cataract.All patients underwent complete ophthalmological examination including USG and UBM whenever appropriate.Various surgical procedures were performed for visual recovery.BCVA and time from injury to complete recovery were noted.Favourable visual acuity was cosidered to be ?6/18. Young Males were more commonly affected than females; wooden material was the most common object causing injury.58% patients achieved favourable outcome which was independent of age,type of operative procedure and time from injury to recovery.Open globe injuries were 2 times more likely to achieve favourable outcome.Commonest structure affected by trauma apart from lens was cornea and so the fact that corneal scar and irregular astigmatism were the commonest causes for suboptimal post-operative visualrecovery
INTERACTION KINETICS OF ENROFLOXACIN WITH HYDRATED SODIUM CALCIUM ALUMINOSILICATE A TOXIN BINDER IN BROILER CHICKEN AUTHORS published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Dr. P. Mekala*, Dr. A. Jagadeeswaran, Dr. A. Arivuchelvan, Dr. P. Senthil Kumar, Dr. K. Nanjappan and Dr. T. R. Gopala Krishna Murthy The study was conducted to explore the influence of hydrated sodium calcium aluminosilicate (HSCAS), a toxin binder commonly used in poultry feed, on the pharmacokinetic behavior of enrofloxacin in broiler chicken. Control group received normal feed free of toxin binder whereas HSCAS group was supplemented with HSCAS @ 0.5% in feed. Enrofloxacin was administered as single pulse dose (@10mg.kg-1) through drinking water to both the groups. Blood samples were collected at predetermined time intervals after drug administration and plasma was separated and analyzed for enrofloxacin concentrations using HPLC. Highly significant (p<0.01) decrease in mean plasma concentration of enrofloxacin was noticed in HSCAS group at 4 and 6h which was preceded (2h) by significant (p<0.05) decrease when compared to control group. The Cmax of HSCAS group was significantly (p<0.01) lower than the control group (0.970.06 vs 1.380.04?g.mL-1). Tmax was significantly (p<0.05) delayed in HSCAS group (6.67?0.67 vs 4.33?0.67h) when compared to control group. Highly significant increase in Vd ss/F (9.34?0.48 vs 7.21?0.20L.kg-1) was noticed in HSCAS group when compared to control group. Relative bioavailability of HSCAS group was calculated to be 88.8815.03% by treating the bioavailability of control group as 100%. The other pharmacokinetic parameters did not differ significantly though there were numerical differences. Integration of PK/PD parameters revealed that the dose of enrofloxacin (10mg.kg-1) was sufficient to treat only moderately sensitive organisms (MIC?0.125?g.mL-1) both in the presence and absence of toxin binder and increase in dosage is needed to treat less sensitive organisms. Hence it is suggested to either increase the dosage of enrofloxacin or withdraw the feed containing HSCAS during enrofloxacin treatment in broiler chicken in order to prevent the emergence of resistance as well as to obtain clinical cure.
المكان في شعر محمود درويش published in

Education College Journal

Published by Education College
م. هيام عبد الكاظم ابراهيم الخلاصة يعدّ الشاعر محمود درويش من أبرز الشعراء الفلسؕينيين الذين يتسم شعرهم بالارتباؕ بالمكان ، وتعكس اشعاره علاقة متينة بالمكان منذ نزوح عائلته وهو تحت سن العاشرة ، ثم الخروج من الوؕن المغتصب ، وعلاقة درويش بالمكان بارزة لها تفاعلاتها ضمن الخؕاب الشعري ، ويتسم المكان في شعر درويش بوصفه قضية انسانية .
ROLE OF C-PEPTIDE AND C-PEPTIDE GLUCOSE RATIO IN ASSESSING DECREASED BETA CELL FUNCTION IN CHRONIC PANCREATIC DISORDERS published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
*Sujatha Rani Akuri1, Dr. Dawood Suleman2 C-peptide to Glucose ratio is considered as a better marker for beta cell function in newly detected diabetes patients. Present study, we are studying Serum C-peptide to Glucose ratio levels of 30 chronic pancreatic disorder patients and 20 healthy volunteers to rule out the prediabetes in chronic pancreatic disorder patients. From this study by analyzing the result we found that the mean of fasting serum C-peptide to Glucose ratio levels in cases as 1.267 with a standard deviation of 0.506 is lower when compared with controls with mean value observed in the control group is 2.105 with a standard deviation of 0.732. The P value of fasting serum levels of C-peptide to Glucose ratio in cases and controls is 0.0001. The mean of 2nd hour serum C-peptide to Glucose ratio levels in cases as 4.214 with a standard deviation of 1.647, the mean value observed in the control group is 5.136 with a standard deviation of 0.968 is higher in controls. The P value of 2nd hour serum levels of C-peptide to Glucose ratio in cases and controls is 0.0001, hence there is a significant difference showing low levels in cases. Serum C-peptide to Glucose ratio levels are higher in controls compared to cases. This indicates that there is significant beta cell dysfunction in cases compared to controls. This leads to the diabetic condition in chronic pancreatic disorder patients.
Thermal Management of LEDs for Lighting Solution published in

The journal of CPRI

Published by Central Power Research Institute
Ingole Sunil B and Sundaram K K Lighting is rapidly transitioning from conventional lamp resource such as high-pressure sodium, metal halide, mercury vapor, and fluorescent to high brightness light-emitting diodes. Standard incandescent lamp have luminous efficacy as 16 lm/W, whereas LEDs are expected to be 90 to 140 lm/W, with the life of LEDs to be 50,000 hrs. As efficiency and drive current increase, the total lumens per emitter increases, reducing the initial cost of light and by providing energy savings. In LED lighting about 30% energy is distorted in light, whereas 70% is parting as heat. The junction to ambient resistance can be varied by using active cooling systems. Also the term used is Enhancement Factor (EF) of the active cooling devices. Enormous scope is observed in deviation of material and their combinations for effective thermal investigation. Variety of active and passive heat removal techniques are reported and hybrid systems are evolving. A range of aspects of thermal management, its need and scope is presented in view of developing LED lighting solutions for general household and corporation applications, which will be of great help for saving nation’s wealth, by saving power utilization in lighting the country.
BABY FACE GENERATOR published in

International Education and Research Journal

Published by
Shilpa Patil, Monica Valvi This paper having method of generating face of baby from two parent images. In thisface detection and facial feature marking are implemented first and then feature extraction was done to collect the useful information from each image. In feature marking only face was selected and remaining part was removed. After feature extraction, extracted features are combined and placed onto the base baby face at corresponding location.
Condition of Women Working in the Unorganised Sector published in

Published by
Dr. Madhu Sudan Dash Labouring women in the informal sectors are an important segment on the labour force in India. But the plights of the women working in the unorganized sector are more awful as compared the organized sector. As far as the impact of technology is concerned, there is shift from subsistence to a market economy which has a dramatic negative impact on women
Seed storage quality as influenced by forms of seed and containers during storage in marigold (Tagetes erecta) published in

International Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
TEJASHWI P. KUMAR1, B.N. RADHA*, K. VISHWANATH1, G.G.E. RAO1 AND NAGARAJ HULLUR1 Studies were conducted to know the effect of forms of seed and container on seed quality in marigold at Department of Seed Science and Technology, University of Agricultural Sciences. The treatments included two forms seed (dry flower and cleaned seed ), five containers (cloth bag, single layer polythene bag with silicagel, single layer polythene bag without silicagel, double layer polythene bag with silicagel, double layer polythene bag without silicagel). The experiment was conducted in Completely Randomized Design in factorial concept in four replications stored for 10 months under ambient conditions.The results indicated that seed stored in the form of dry flower and stored in double layer polythene bag with silicagel recorded highest germination (53.25%), root length (5.13 cm), shoot length (3.98 cm), vigour index (503), seedling dry weight (4.53 mg), germination rate index (4.53) and field emergence (52.50%) with lowest electrical conductivity (0.898 dSm-1) at the end of storage period compared to cleaned seeds.Irrespective of treatments, moisture content of seed stored in polythene bag with silicagel decreased gradually and maintained constant after certain period, while it remain unchanged during storage in the seeds stored in polythene bag without silicagel. However, seed moisture content fluctuated in concomitant with the prevailing atmospheric relative humidity in seed stored in cloth bag
Knowledge Portal as a New and Innovative Approach for The Public Libraries in a way of Self Service Application: a Study of Offshoot Technology published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. D. K. Shrivastava, Pritima Vyas Knowledge Portals (KPs) are highly integrative Knowledge Management Systems (KMS) that promise to synthesize widely dispersed knowledge and to interconnect individuals in order to provide a one-stop knowledge shop. Yet, KPs face major challenges in practice, as the intricacies of knowledge exchange are subject to varied individual and social factors. At the same time, growing anecdotal evidence from case studies indicates KPs enormous potential. In this paper, describes the concepts of the knowledge portal, feature, components architecture, process and disadvantage of knowledge portal..It concludes with the remarks that the Public library and Community Centre Professionals should play a proactive role in the creation of the knowledge portal and accept the advantage offered by the knowledge portal. It also discusses the importance and beneficiary Role of Knowledge Portal for the Public Libraries and also highlighted the various facet and issues of Knowledge Portal. Information and Communication technology (ICT) and it offshoot technologies such as Internet, Intranet, electronic databases, web directories , web Portal and E Portals, Knowledge Portals etc. have played a significant Role in the Public Libraries and Community Centers. Owing to various information needs, integration and collaboration of knowledge, single point access to resources and information technology has changed the scenario of the Public library and information centers in information organization. Public Libraries and Community Centers are creating a library portal and knowledge portal to fulfill the need of their users. To cope with these problems Public Libraries and Community Centers have been creating knowledge portal.
Proximate Composition and Effect of Solvent on the Distribution and Concentration of Active Chemical Components of Piper Guineense Seed Using GCMS published in

Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Published by Scientific and Academic Association
1Udofia, P. G., 2Essien N., 3Ukpe, R. A. and 2Robert, A. N. The proximate and gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy (GCMS) studies of 50:50acetone/DEE, acetone and DEE extracts of Piper guineense seed were carried out. The result showed 0.80% moisture, ash, 1.37%, crude protein, 10.77%, crude fibre, 9.81% and carbohydrate 79.61% from the plant material. Binary solvent of acetone/DEE showed 21 spectral lines, followed by acetone with 19 while DEE showed 18 molecules. Concentrations of the molecules even when all were present in chromatograms of the three solvent systems were different, but the retention times were slightly different in some cases. Most molecules in the three solvents were present in isomers of the original compound. Therefore different extracts showed different extraction coefficient in their ability to extract secondary metabolites from Piper guineense seed.
CONSTITUTIONAL PATRIOTISM BETWEEN FACTS AND NORMS published in

Asia Pacific Journal of Advanced Business and Social Studies

Published by Asia Pacific Institute of Advanced Research
Melis Menent History of thought has offered many rigorous ways of thinking about the world. Many great idea(s) have benefited from surrounding disciplines. The call for changing the world rather than interpreting it has been made by Marx long ago. This appeal for change through thought, one might think, has arrived at a standstill with the political impasses our world is witnessing today. Habermas’ magnum opus ‘Between Facts and Norms’offers a track between the world as it is and the world as it should be. The legal reading, he provides offers a functioning solution bridging the gap between the social and the philosophical. The missing link in this work, I argue, is the notion of a developed understanding of constitutional patriotism. Introduced by Habermas and later developed to a larger extent by Muller, constitutional patriotism is a form of political attachment seeking to transform conventional national(istic) ties. Interdisciplinary by nature, constitutional patriotism sits into the framework of ‘Between Facts and Norms’, between Is and Ought and between theory and practice perfectly. Communication as the glue of a broader theory is harmonised into the theory of CP through Kohlberg’s idea of development. While I develop the notion under Philosophy as the main discipline, CP in practice addresses conflict resolution stream of international relations too. International human rights law and the principle of democracy are the theoretical components of constitutional patriotism. In practice, these theoretical normative pillars transform in light of the political problem at hand. In this paper, I would like to present constitutional patriotism as a concept which is philosophically defensible and workable in practice. Keywords: Habermas, Identity, International Human Rights Law, Democracy.
Surgical Closure of ASD’s and Concomitant Procedures Needed in Adults: A 3-Year Cardiac Centre Experience published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENDORSING HEALTH SCIENCE (IJEHSR)

Published by AEIRC
Ahson Memon, Azeem Khan, Ghufranullah Khan, Junaid Ansari, Objective The study aims to evaluate the surgical closure of Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) and concomitant surgical procedures needed at Cardiac Care Centre. Introduction An ASD is a hole of variable size in the atrial septum. A patent foramen ovale that is functionally closed by overlapping of limbic tissue superiorly and the valve of the fossa oval inferiorly (in response to the normal left-to-right atrial pressure gradient) is excluded. ASDs generally permit left-to-right shunting at the atrial level. Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC) is a condition in which some but not all pulmonary veins connect to the right atrium or its tributaries, rather than to the left atrium. Methodology A prospective cohort study was done at Tabba heart institute. 115 consecutive patients were reviewed and investigated. All the patients with surgical closure of ASD and concomitant surgical procedures who returned for follow-up from June 2011 to May 2016 in the study were included as population sample. Results Total ASD repair only patients were 80 and patients who needed concomitant procedures too were 35. The size of the defect ranged from 3mm to 58mm, with a mean of 26.96±11.02mm. The relative frequencies of different ASDs were secundum 57 (80.2%), primum 4 (5.6%), and sinus venosus 10 (14.08%). Major post-operative complications by Age group and by procedure were evaluated and presented. Conclusion It was concluded from our results that surgical repair of atrial septal defects and its variants is associated with very low morbidity in different age groups due to its excellent results.
EFFECT OF FEW FORMULATION VARIABLES ON ENTRAPMENT EFFICIENCY OF SILVER SULFADIAZINE NIOSOMES published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Sanket Dharashivkar*1, Sangeeta Sahasrabuddhe2 and Ashok Saoji3 Conventional formulation of silver sulfadiazine (SSD) available in market has been shown to decrease wound-related infections and morbidity in burn wounds but required to be applied two to four times a day. Niosomally encapsulated SSD can prove beneficial to obtain a sustained release. SSD is not soluble in most of the polar and non polar solvents. Therefore, the objective of this study is to investigate the effect of organic and aqueous solvents used in the manufacturing of niosomes and some other formulation variables on the entrapment efficiency of SSD. Niosomes were developed by ethanol injection methods using span 60 and tween 60 with cholesterol. Formed niosomes were evaluated for entrapment efficiency, vesicle size, photomicroscopy, in vitro release, scanning electron microscopy, in vitro antimicrobial activity and stability. Different formulation factors were found to affect the entrapment efficiency. Optimized niosomes had shown the sustained release of 98.14 % over 28 hours. In vitro antimicrobial study using Staphylococcus aureus revealed that the niosomal formulation of SSD shows a better zone of inhibition (16 mm) in comparison to conventional dosage form (14 mm) even when used in half the concentration of conventional dosage form.
Need of New Conservation Paradigm Due to Climate Change in the Age of Humans. published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Renu Bala Singla In what is being called the Anthropocene epoch, the Age of Humans, we have become a force of nature. Humans have dramatically changed the speed, pathways, and components of the biogeochemical cycles of the Planet. Aquaculture, urbanization adds new habitats that pose novel challenges and opportunities to the survival of organisms and species. The undergoing changes of the biota that result from the environmental shifts affect the rate or speed of ecosystem functioning, but not the fundamental functioning of ecosystems. New paradigm for conservation in the Anthropocene could be applying adaptive conservation to all human activities. This notion is different from traditional conservation in that conservation principles are relevant to all human activities, not to protected areas only.
ANALYSIS OF THE STATUS OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN SOLVING THE PROBLEMS OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT IN THE ENTERPRISE published in

The Russian Academic Journal

Published by Institute of Political and Mediametric Studies
V. Podlubnyy The author offers an analysis of modern information systems, which are used for the management of staff and the allocation of priority in their development. Internet portal serves as the most perfect tool that actually use in information systems personnel management.
Synthesis and biological evaluation of new pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine derivatives published in

Mediterranean Journal of Chemistry

Published by Abdelaziz SOUIZI
Asma Agrebi1,*, Fatma Allouche1, Hamadi Fetoui2 and Fakher Chabchoub1 Several new pyrazolopyrimidine compounds were achieved from aminocyanopyarazole 1. The starting material 1 was initially coupled with orthoester at refluxed with various primary amines, ammonia, hydrazines and hydroxylamine to furnish a series of pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidines. The reaction of imidate 2a-b with hydrazide derivatives led to the formation of pyrazolo[3,4-d][1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-c]pyrimidines. Some of the synthesized compounds 3a and 4c were evaluated for their anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and nociceptive activities. We start by studing the toxicity of these two molecules by measuring the corresponding DL50. The DL50 of 3a and 4c are estimated to 1333.2mg / kg and 1593.5mg / kg respectively. Pharmacological evaluation showed that compounds 3a and 4c at doses (5.5-22.2 mg / Kg, i.p) exhibited anti-inflammatory activities compared to Ibuprofen (150 mg / Kg, i.p), used as a refer ence drug. Further, our study showed that the injection of derived pyrazolopyrimidines on hyperthermic animal leads to a decrease in temperature after 1 hours of treatment compared to paracetamol used as reference. In addition, the injection of derived pyrazolopyrimidines at different doses contains a potent nociceptive activity. This effect is dose-dependent compared to aspirin.
Data Encryption Methods Used in Secure ATM Transactions? published in

International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing - IJCSMC

Published by Mohammad Zainuddin
CH. Krishna Prasad, G. Srinivasa Rao, Dr. M.V. Siva Prasad? Data security is an important issue in current scenario of banking financial operation specially with transaction of secure and confidential data. It must be send with high security at the time of communication. In this paper we will discuss various types of encryption methods and standards which are used in secure banking data transmissions to make more data security. Especially here we discuss the communication security methods used between Auto teller machine and bank server banking financial operations, when we transmit data from an Auto Teller Machine to bank server it must send in encrypted form so that an unauthorized user cannot access the secure information directly at the time of data communication. using this paper I will try to explain different data security that how the data transactions can make more secure with different security techniques used in ATM transactions. Various security levels of data and encryption standard used in banking data transaction security. Encryption methods are built into the communication network to prevent unauthorized transactions that could protect the data from unauthorized access. This paper focuses on Data Encryption Standard and Advanced Encryption Standard, these are the encryption standards used by the banks to protect the data and for secure data transmission.
TÜRKİYE BÜYÜK MİLLET MECLİSİ BÜTÇE GÖRÜŞMELERİNDE KIBRIS KONUSUNDAKİ TARTIŞMALAR (1956-1960)/DISCUSSIONS ABOUT CYPRUS IN THE TURKISH ASSEMBLY BUDGET SESSIONS (1956-1960) published in

Studies of the Ottoman Domain

Published by Mehmet Yavuz ERLER
Mehmet EVSİLE Turkish Assembly Budget discussions has become an important platform to discuss the national problems since the Republic was declared. When the Cyprus conflict was mentioned in these discussions, the representatives had chance to announce their opinions about the issue.The Cyprus affair caused some conflicts between Turkey, Greece and Great Britain after the II. World War. Within the period 1956 to 1960, the phases that happened in the sessions of the United Nations, Zurich Conference and London Agreement were reflected to the Budget discussions held in the same year. Many books and articles were published about the Cyprus conflict by historians, international relation experts and law experts and the conflict was discussed in detail in all aspects. In this study, the knowledge obtained from the Turkish Assembly newspaper were put together and the undiscussed parts were completed and the details that are not mentioned in other studies were added to the literature. Keywords: Cyprus Problem, Cyprus Republic, Turkish-Greece Affairs, Zurich Conference, London Agreement
Hemangioblastoma of The Fourth Ventricle: A Case Report published in

Published by
Nishi Tandon, Naseem Fatima, Apoorva Kumar, Anand Narain Srivastava Hemangioblastomas (HMB) are one of the most frequently occurring vascular tumors of the Central nervous System (CNS). Histologically they are benign tumors representing 1-2% of all intracranial neoplasms but when posterior fossa tumors are considered alone, the percentage rises to 7.3. Most commonly they develop in the cerebellum of male adults in the third through fifth decades of life. Here we report a case of 60 years old male who presented with headache for past 2 years and weakness in lower limbs for last 8 months; his neurological examination revealed 12th cranial nerve involvement, power in lower limbs 3/5, superficial reflexes diminished & deep reflexes exaggerated. MRI showed a well defined mass showing peripheral enhancement, cystic in nature involving left cerebellar hemisphere & vermis which was causing compression of fourth ventricle. A sub occipital craniotomy was done and a diagnosis of hemangioblastoma was made on histopathological examination.
Analysing the Effect of Different Financial Ratios on the Performance of the Indian Pharmaceutical Industry published in

Published by
Nishkam Prabodh, Yoshita Agrawal This paper presents an overview of the Indian pharmaceutical industry, including statistical figures of the major players in the Large Cap, Mid Cap and Small Cap domains. Using the financial ratios of these companies, this paper suggests an econometric model that infuses the effects of these ratios in order to ascertain the financial performance of the company. It a sumes ROE to be the main indicator of the performance of a firm/sector and identifies the relationship between ROE and the different factors and from there on suggests conclusions for the decision makers.
Travel, Monsters and Taxidermy: the Semiotic Patterns of Gullibility published in

Religacin. Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades

Published by RELIGACIN-RGN. Centro de Investigaciones en Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades desde Amrica Latina
Mássimo Leone Early modern travelogues often strove to convey efficacious representations of newly discovered worlds (plants, animals, people, customs, etc.) to an increasingly curious European readership. At the dawn of modernity, the new scientific discourse clashed and frequently blurred with the medieval passion for monsters, resulting in paradoxical arrangements of words and images. To semioticians, these hybrid texts are extremely precious, for they reveal how symbols, icons, and sometimes also indexes variously combine in relating the unknown to common sense while pleasing the curiosity of readers. The essay concentrates, in particular, on Melchisédech Thévenot’s Relation de divers voyages curieux, a monumental 17th century collection of previous travelogues, which sought to present and often validate the bizarre findings of ancient and medieval explorations through the frame of a modern, pseudoscientific edition. The current reader probably does not believe in the same monsters as the early modern aficionado of travelogues would, yet the public discourse is still grappling with the issue of determining what is true, what is false, and what is a paradoxical mixture of both in the present-day circulation of words, images, and relics.
Health status of post menopausal women published in

Asian Journal of Home Science

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
P.S. HUNDEKAR, S. BADAMI, S. ITAGI AND V.S. YADAV Research into the menopause is relatively recent. One hundred years ago, when life expectancy was shorter, most women did not live long after the menopause and so little was known about it. The present study examined the general and mental health status of post menopausal women. Symptomatic middle-aged women (n = 120 M age = 49.9, S.D.= 3.6) completed measures Mental Health Scale (MHI) developed by Davies et al. (1998) and Physical and General Health, PGI (Wig and Verma, 1978) were administered. Results found that, majority of the respondents perceived themselves as they were having many health problems and became more mentally disturbed. So, to cope with such health disturbances they have to follow regular suitable exercises, nutritious balanced food and rest.
EFFECT OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF ANANAS COMOSUS LEAVES ON GLUCOSE TOLERANCE AND ACETIC ACID-INDUCED PAIN IN SWISS ALBINO MICE published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
M.M. Faisal, Fairuj Maliha Mhazabin Hossa, Shahnaz Rahman , A.B.M. Anwarul Bashar, Shahadat Hossan, Mohammed Rahmatullah* In oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), methanol extract of Ananas comosus leaves, when administered orally to glucose-loaded Swiss albino mice at doses of 50, 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg body weight led to dose-dependent reductions in blood glucose levels. At these doses, the percent reductions in blood glucose levels were, respectively, 6.5, 20.2, 30.5, and 46.9% compared to control animals. A standard ant hyperglycemic drug, glibenclamide, when administered at a dose of 10 mg/kg body weight reduced blood glucose levels by 47.3%. The extract at the afore-mentioned four doses, also dose-dependently reduced acetic acid-induced abdominal constrictions in mice by 29.6, 37.0, 44.4, and 48.1%, respectively. A standard analgesic drug, aspirin, when administered at doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg reduced the number of abdominal constrictions, respectively, by 44.4 and 55.6%. Preliminary phytochemical screening showed presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins and tannins in the extract, which components can be responsible for the observed blood glucose lowering and analgesic effects.
PRIORITY COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES OF ROSTOV AGGLOMERATION published in

The Russian Academic Journal

Published by Institute of Political and Mediametric Studies
Andrey Moiseenko This article presents the main existing and potential competitive advantage Rostov agglomeration ensuring the socio-economic development and growth of living standards.
Laser irradiation effects on ultrafine carbon-coated LiFePO4 using a modified solid state synthesis and olive oil as carbon source published in

Mediterranean Journal of Chemistry

Published by Abdelaziz SOUIZI
Ghazi Ben Amor*, Noureddine Amdouni, Habib Boughzala and Jean Marc Grenche Nano-size LiFePO4/C composite was synthesized via a modified solid state reaction method. Olive oil is used as carbon source. The conventional solid state process was modified by introducing two initial steps of slurry phase blending of the ingredients and solvent removal by rotary evaporation, so as to get an intimate mixing and homogenous dispersion of reactants and conductive carbon in the sample. Both structure and morphology of the LiFePO4/C composite sample have been characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Mssbauer spectrometry, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Raman spectroscopy. The LiFePO4/C composite exhibited a high crystallinity. The particles of synthesized LiFePO4/C were fine and homogeneous in size, with an average diameter of 100nm. Since the thermal effect of laser irradiation may possibly alter material surface, particular attention has been paid in characterizing the structure and component of the material surface by Raman spectroscopy. Electrochemical measurements show that the LiFePO4/C composite cathode delivers an initial discharge capacity of 146 mAh g?1 between 2.5 and 4.3Vat a C/10 rate (a charger rated C/10 would return the battery capacity in 10 hours).
LOW COST LIGHT WEIGHT CONCRETE MAKING BY USING WASTE MATERIALS published in

Global Journal of Engineering Science and Research Management (GJESRM)

Published by Somil
Mr.Dipanjan Mukherjee This paper discusses about a very simple lab experiment of light weight concrete making. A concrete cube is prepared by using sand, cement, water, over burnt brick bats & fly ash. Fly ash is used as a cement replacement and over burnt brick bat is used as a coarse aggregate. Both fly ash & over burnt brick bats are considered as waste materials of thermal power plant & construction sites. Mix design is done for M20 grade of concrete As per IS 10262-2009. Finally it was seen that 16.67% reduction of weight without increase the cost. It was also seen that for M20 grade of concrete it provides 94.9% strength at 28 days compression test. This is quite significant & this ordinary mix design also gives satisfactory performance of lightweight concrete cube making.
RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT, CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES AT THE DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING AT PRINCE MOHAMMAD BIN FAHD UNIVERSITY published in

Asia Pacific Journal of Advanced Business and Social Studies

Published by Asia Pacific Institute of Advanced Research
Tahar Ayadat, Omar Ouda, Alaa Salman, Danish Ahmed, Andi Asiz The main objectives of this paper are to present advanced research development and activities at the Department of Civil Engineering at Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University (PMU) and to discuss expected research outcomes and its contributions to Saudi’s society. Currently the department is supported by five teaching staffs comprises of four full time professors with PhDs and one laboratory instructor at master degree’s level. The research areas within the department are very diverse incorporating main civil engineering faculty expertise in the fields of environmental, geotechnical, construction and structural engineering with minor research activities in the area of engineering education. The research infrastructures such as advanced computer simulation and state-the-art engineering laboratories are being established in the department and graduate program which will offer initially master degree under civil engineering is being developed. Research strategies, challenges and opportunities at the department -- with the university being focused on teaching activities while building foundations for research infrastructures-- will be discussed. Discussion followed by recommendations will be given to improve research performance at the department. Keywords: Research Development, Challenges, Opportunities; Civil Engineering; PMU.
A VALIDATED REVERSE PHASE HPLC METHOD FOR THE SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATION OF IRBESARTAN AND AMLODIPINE IN PHARMACEUTICAL DOSAGE FORM published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
G.Kumara Swamy1*, J.M.R. Kumar 2, J.V.L.N.Seshagiri Rao3. A simple, sensitive and precise reverse phase high performance liquid chromatographic method has been developed for the simultaneous estimation of Irbesartan and Amlodipine in bulk and Pharmaceutical dosage forms. The mobile phase consisted of Potassium dihyrogen ortho phosphate pH 3.4 adjusted with ortho phosphoric acid ) in the ratio of 60:40 /v/v delivered at a flow rate of 1.0 ml / min and wavelength of detection at 250 nm. The retention times of Irbesartan and Amlodipine were 5.8 min and 3.1 min respectively. The developed method was validated according to ICH guidelines. The method with high percent recovery and short retention time of Irbesartan and Amlodipine were found to be simple, rapid and reproducible. The proposed method can be used for determination of these drugs in combined dosage forms.
PHYSICOCHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION AND INSTRUMENTAL ANALYSIS OF THE POLYHERBAL SIDDHA CONTRACEPTIVE FORMULATION MAAVILINGATHY MATHIRAI published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
B.Sathya*, V.Velpandian, M.Pitchiah Kumar. MLM is a traditional Siddha medicine. The aim of the present study was to standardize the physico-chemical traits of the Siddha polyherbal formulation Maavilingathy Mathirai (MLM). The organoleptic characters, physico-chemical characters like ash values, pH value, specific gravity, solubility were analyzed. The total ash value was found to be 9.2%w/w, acid insoluble ash value is 1.08%w/w, water soluble ash value is 2.9%w/w, and loss of drying at 105 c is 0.048% w/w. The pH value is 7.4 and specific gravity is 0.925. The water soluble extractives and alcohol soluble extractives were found to be 7.93% w/w and 5.16 % w/w. The SEM analysis of the sample showed the presence of nano and micro particles. The quantitative analysis of the sample revealed the content of carbon, oxygen, magnesium, aluminium, silica, sulphur, chloride, potassium, calcium. The FT-IR spectroscopy applied in the mid infra-red region 4000 cm-1 to 400 cm-1 revealed the presence of functional groups like primary aliphatic amines, aromatics, alkanes, alkynes, esters, ethers, alkyl halides. This study highlights the suitable application of modern standardizing techniques for bringing the herbal formulation into focus.
Assesment of Water Quality of Ashti Lake with the help of some Chemical Parameters published in

Published by
P.S. Salunkhe, A.L. Shaikh, D.S. Nikam, K.R. Rao Water is the prime need of almost all living organisms. It is essence of life; very human existence is totally dependant on water. Water quality is affecting day by day due to over pollution, industrialization, agricultural ingress etc. During present investigation few chemical parameters from water of Ashti lake, Solapur district, Maharashtra were assessed during the period of 1 year from July 2011 to June 2012. All the parameters have shown seasonal fluctuations. All the parameters were within the desirable limits of tolerance as computed by WHO. The results were discussed with recent literature.
THE EFFECTS OF GINKGO BILOBA EXTRACT ON COGNITIVE DEFICIT IN SCHIZOPHRENIC PATIENTS published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
1Hamid Jafari, 2*Ali Nazeri Astaneh, 3Omid Rezaei, 4Behrooz Dolatshahi, and 5Sahel Hemmati Garakani Background: Recent human and animal studies have presented new evidences on beneficial effects of some herbs on improving cognitive function. The present study aimed to assess therapeutic effects of Ginkgo biloba on cognitive function in hospitalized schizophrenic patients. Methods: This randomized double-blinded controlled trial was conducted on 40 consecutive patients with the diagnosis of schizophrenia who were hospitalized in rehabilitation wards at Razi Psychiatric center in Tehran in 2014. The study subjects were randomly assigned to two groups receiving Ginkgo biloba extract (120 mg/day) or placebo for three months. On admission and also after completing treatment protocol, neurobehavioral cognitive status was assessed using the NCSE tool in both groups. Results: Among eight aspects of cognitive ability including attention, perception, repetition, naming, visual memory, short memory, similarities and judgment, our study showed significant improvement in the components of perceptual skill, short memory, and reasoning following treatment with this herb when compared to the placebo group. Regarding drug-related side effects, 10% of treated patients suffered gastrointestinal complications such as nausea and gastric pain led to discontinuing the treatment protocol in these patients. Conclusion: Significant improvement is expectable in some aspects of neurobehavioral cognitive status including perceptual skill, short memory, and reasoning by administrating Ginkgo Biloba extract. However, administrating the drug with the maximal effective dose and achieving minimal side effects should be considered.
??????????????? ????????? ????????? ???????????? published in

International informational and analytical journal ?Crede Experto: transport, society, education, language?

Published by the Irkutsk Branch of the Moscow State Technical University of Civil Aviation
??????? ?. ?. ? ?????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????? ? ????????? ???????????????? ?????????????? ????????????. ????????? ???????????? ???????????? ? ???????? ???????? ??????????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ??????????????? ??? ????????????? ??? ?????????????? ????????????.
Predictors of Academic Performance in Professional Nursing Courses in a Private Nursing School in Kalibo, Aklan, Philippines published in

Asia Pacific Journal of Education, Arts and Sciences

Published by Lyceum of the Philippines University, Batangas City
RYAN MICHAEL F. ODUCADO and AYESHA C. PENUELA Many efforts have been made to define an array of factors related to what determines students board exam performance, but few studies were conducted in the Philippines as to what can predict academic performance of nursing students. This descriptive correlational study was an attempt to increase understanding of the academic and nonacademic attributes of academic performance in professional nursing courses. Correlations among overall performance in professional nursing courses and the following variables:sex, monthly income, type of high school attended, residence, High school GPA, NAT ratings; as well as grades in English content courses, Math content courses, Science content courses were computed for the 60 students of Batch 2013 of Saint Gabriel College with complete records from the school registrar. The secondary data obtained were statistically analyzed with the use of the weighted mean, rank, Chi square, Pearson r and regression analysis. Type of school attended, and all academic factors were correlated with academic performance in professional nursing courses. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed performance in English and Science courses as predictors of respondents academic performance in professional nursing courses. This study concludes that academic factors are better predictorsof academic performance in professional nursing courses. The challenge for the colleges and schools is to develop strategies aimed at addressing these factors that are appropriate to specific contexts and student cohorts.
Line Integration of Bidirectional Inverter with Buck Boost for Microgrid published in

International Journal of Research in Science & Technology

Published by Dr. D. J. jayadev
M.Shyamala, M.Palaniselvi and A.Chitra Line-interactive uninterruptible power supply (UPS) systems are good candidates for providing energy storage within a micro-grid. Power can be imported from the grid by the UPS to charge its battery in grid-connected mode. The UPS supplies local distributed loads in parallel with other sources in stand-alone mode. In this paper, Power flow is controlled using the frequency and voltage drooping technique. It improves the reliability, economy and efficiency.
Indian Women Entrepreneurship: An exploration of Ins and Outs at home and in society published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Sk. Shakila Bhanu Post independent Indian women are confined to the status of secondary citizen. However, the position of women has been changing for a few decades in all walks of life that includes even economy. It has been proved that assimilating women into social economies can yield a broad range of economic gains: increased profits; productivity gains; better corporate leadership and more efficient use of talents and skills. The present paper showcases the social economic escalation of selected Indian female entrepreneurs in their respective dream fields. The paper also explores their race overbarriers in their journey of professional and personal life
Severity and Outcome of Acute Pancreatitis in Relation to Bed Side Index for Severity of Acute Pancreatitis [Bisap] and Ct Severity Index [Ctsi] Scores published in

Published by
Dr. Rakesh Sanol, Dr. Kamlesh Bhadreshwara, Dr. Ankit Vaishnav, Dr. Mohd. Azim Qureshi, Dr. Jovin George Mathew Background: Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory process of the pancreas with involvement of regional tissuesor remote organ systems and with potentially devastating consequences. Early prediction of outcome of acute pancreatitis within 24 hrs by clinically based bed Side Index of Severity of Acute Pancreatitis [BISAP] Score and radiological based CT Severity Index [CTSI] later on being useful in initiation of early treatment, assessing severity, to prevent morbidity and mortality. In those who survive, it can progress to chronic pancreatitis resulting in malabsorption and permanent diabetes. Aim: The aim was to study severity and outcome of acute pancreatitis in relation to BISAP Score and CTSI. Materials and Methods: This was an observational and prospective study. The present study enrolled 50 patients who were diagnosed as acute pancreatitis and patients with chronic pancreatitis were excluded from the study. Vital data like pulse rate, blood Pressure, temperature, respiratory rate, conscious level using Glasgow coma scale, serum amylase, lipase, Chest x-ray, US abdomen and CT abdomen [both CECT & NCCT] were done. BISAP Score was obtained at the time of presentation or within 24 hours of presentation and radiological based CT Severity Index [CTSI] was calculated using the Balthazar grading system and Necrosis Scoring system to assess the severity, morbidity and mortality. The results: In this study, the most common etiology being alcohol intake followed by gall stones. BISAP Score< 2 predicted mild pancreatitis, Score > 3 had organ dysfunction and Score 4 had 100% mortality. The relation between CTSI score and Organ dysfunction showed increased organic dysfunction and higher mortality with higher CTSI Scores. p value < 0.0001 was calculated using Pearson Chi-square test and found to be statistically significant. Conclusions: Both BISAP and CTSI scores had positive correlation with morbidity and mortality
Prospective Research Study to detect the prevalence of Osteoporosis in Central Madhya Pradesh published in

national journal of medical and dental research

Published by indra publishing house
Deepak Nadkarni, D.R. Galfat Osteoporosis is ubiquitous public health problem. Assessment of BMD by ultradensiometer and evaluation of osteoporosis by T. score basis is done in elderly & high risk patients, 327 patients were included in study, 190 patients were male & 137 were female patients. 226 were below age of 45 years and 101 patient were between age group 45 to 85 years. In our study 10 males & 32 females were osteoporotic our study is comparable to study conducted by Patel & Sharma. The Aim of this study is to detect the prevalence & magnitude of osteoporosis in community in order to take preventive & curative measures. Key words: Osteoporosis, Ultradensiometer, Calcaneum, BMD
Accounting Practices of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in the Tirunelveli Municipal Corporation of Tamilnadu published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
D.HEPZIBAH VINSYAH JEYASEELI, Dr. E. RAJA JUSTUS Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) have a crucial role to play because of their potential contributions to: improvement of income circulation, employment creation, poverty reduction and the export growth and development of entrepreneurship, industry and rural economy. The MSMEs have been promoting grassroot economic growth and equitable sustainable development is significant. Every business needs to keep track of basic accounting. For MSMEs, it becomes all the more important. Accounting gives us the financial snapshot of the enterprises in order to make decisions about the current status or projected future health of the enterprises. However, the applications of these techniques are limited in MSMEs in India. There is a wide gap between theory of accounting and the actual practices by the MSMEs. The importance of maintaining proper books of accounts and sound accounting practices has been emphasized in ensuring proper financial management in MSMEs. Against this backdrop, the present paper attempts to investigate the accounting practices followed by MSMEs in the Tirunelveli Municipal Corporation through data based on responses to a structured interview schedule.
British Literature: A Study of Traditional and Cultural Founding in The Waste Land By T.S.Eliot published in

Published by
Mr. Rajender Pondra T.S.Eliot had been very influential in shaping Modernist Poetry. He was instrumental in bringing about a innovative change in the language and images of the 20th century poetry. His poetic shorthand became inspirational model for many 20th century poets across the World. Eliotian devices are use of concrete shocking images, ironic use of myth and far-reaching symbolism. These devices became the benchmark for the 20th century poetry. T.S.Eliots The Waste Land is not only understood to be a metaphor of the cultural pessimism and sterility but also tries to depict a culture that is dying and carving for having rebirth. It is clearly evident in his poem that the legend of the Fisher King is entangled with other myths and legends of injury, barrenness, and rebirth. Eliot's vividness is to present this situation as a landscape, a landscape of drought and ruin, a mountain of stones. All these things throw light on the very iconography of broken and scattered belief systems in his poem. This Paper is an attempt to study T.S.Eliots The Waste Land. This Paper is also an attempt to trace the use of Traditional and Cultural founding in the T.S.Eliots The Waste Land.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY TO EVALUATE THE ANTIDEPRESSANT ACTIVITY OF MUCUNA PRURIENS IN MICE published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Sarvesh Singh, Anjula Sachan, Hemant Singh, Pratap Shankar*, Dheeraj Kumar, Amod Kumar Sachan, Rajendra Nath and Rakesh Kumar Dixit Introduction: Depression is a widespread illness in the modern population. Many herbal medicines have been used as alternative therapy for depression. Mucuna pruriens, belonging to family Fabaceae, has been used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine for various ailments. Present study was undertaken to evaluate the anti-depressive activity of acute and chronic administration of Mucuna pruriens in forced swimming test (FST). Methods: The study was conducted on 30 male Swiss albino mice. Animals were divided into five groups (n = 6 /group): control (normal saline, p.o.), the three doses of Mucuna pruriens (100, 200, 400 mg/kg, p.o.) and standard dose of imipramine (20 mg/kg, p.o.) for 30 days treatment. The pharmacologically validated model forced swimming test (FST) was used to take as a measure of antidepressant activity. Results: Mucuna pruriens showed dose dependent decrease in immobility time. At the dose of 200 mg/kg it reduced immobility time significantly on day 20 and day 30 while at the dose of 400 mg/kg it significantly reduced the Immobility time on day1, Day10, Day 20 and Day 30 (p < 0.05) in experimental model (FST) as compared to control group. Conclusions: This study demonstrated the anti-depressant activity of Mucuna pruriens in Swiss albino mice. The antidepressant activity of Mucuna pruriens was comparable to that of standard drug, imipramine.
ANALYTICAL METHOD DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION FOR THE SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATIONOF BUDESONIDE AND FORMOTEROL IN BULK AND DOSAGE FORM USING RP-HPLC METHOD published in

INDO AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES

Published by Dr. CHANDRASEKHARA RAO BARU
Syed Vakeeluddin*, Osman Ahmed, Kauser Fathima The present research work related to new method development of Formoterol Fumarate and Budesonide was found satisfactory, simple, precise, accurate with good resolution, shorter retention time and among the other degradation products both Formoterol Fumarate and Budesonide were well separated with all accurate results. Low limit of quantitation and limit of detection makes this method suitable for use in quality control. The less retention time obtained for the both drugs which reduces the run time enhances the usage of this method. This is the first reported method for stability indicting simultaneous quantitative analysis of Formoterol Fumarate and Budesonide, and is a significant advance in chromatographic analysis of such pharmaceutical mixtures.. Forced degradation study results have shown good separation from degradation peaks. Hence we can clearly say that the proposed method is Economic, stable and truly novel validated method than the other reported methods.In the present developed method the acceptable validation parameters makes this method of analysis more acceptable for the routine analysis in quality control department in industries approved testing laboratories,bio-pharmaceutical and bio-equivalence studies and in clinical pharmacokinetic studies. Key Words: Formoterol Fumarate , Budesonide, RP-HPLC.
Assessing the determinants of net profit from the enterprises in West Bengal published in

Journal of Crop and Weed

Published by Crop and Weed Science society
K. PRADHAN, P. TALUKDAR AND D. ROY In such a research niche wherein rural entrepreneurship is the need of the hour, the present study has undertaken to analyse the socio-psychological, socio-personal and communication related determinants of the net profit from the rural enterprise which directly contribute to the rural entrepreneurship development and management. The present study was conducted in Cooch Behar district of West Bengal. Purposive, multistage and random sampling procedures were followed for to select the respondents. The net profit from the rural enterprises is considered as the consequent variable for the study and the sixteen other variables were considered as antecedent variables for the study. The data were collected with the help of structured interview schedule through personal interview method. The collected data were processed into statistical analyses like coefficient of correlation, multiple regression and factor analysis. The variables annual income, land holding, material possession, house type, management orientation, risk orientation and social participation are positively and significantly associated with the net profit from the rural enterprises. The variable family size is negatively and significantly and the variable annual income is positively and significantly contributing towards characterizing the net profit from the enterprise. The sixteen predictor variables put together have explained 37.30 per cent variation embedded with the predicted variable, net profit from the rural enterprises. The five factors namely economic and social competency, family and farm interaction, educational exposure, capacity orientation and personal trait are identified which reflect the conglomeration of predictor variables in explaining the variations embedded with the net profit from the enterprises.
Study o Weight and Metabolic Effects of Lifestyle Modification in Overweight Patients published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr.Jayesh Dutt , Dr.Dharmesh V. Patel BACKGROUND- Obesity is an increasing burden in the fast developing nations like India. It remains a major concern because of the increased prevalence of diseases like Diabetes, Hypertension and IHD. METHODS- We have studied the effects of lifestyle modification in overweight patients by different anthropometric and biochemical parameters on OPD basis; comparing the values at a span of 6 months. RESULTS- The problem of obesity is more prevalent in female than males. There was a marginal change in weight, blood sugar levels and HDL levels. LDL showed a modest decrease following lifestyle modification. CONCLUSION- There was no significant change in different parameters by lifestyle modification of 6months. The probable reason being a shorter duration of the study
THE ECONOMIC MECHANISM OF REPRODUCTIVE EFFICIENCY OF RESOURCE POTENTIAL OF THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR published in

The Russian Academic Journal

Published by Institute of Political and Mediametric Studies
Maxim Gorshkov The author formed a common economic mechanism of reproductive efficiency of resource potential of the agricultural sector. It includes economic, legal, environmental and social practices of development and regulation of reproduction of resources at all levels - from the state to the individual enterprise with the development of the territories. The proposed mechanism can be detailed for the formation of the general concept of effective environmental management and targeted programs for national and regional development.
An Introductory Note on Carriage of Goods by Sea Act, 1925 published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Ram N. Sharma Once the goods are loaded on board on ship and all clearance certificates issued by the regulating authorities, the journey of goods commence via sea route. The agreement to carry goods from one port to another is known as the contract of afreightment between the shipowner and the shipper. This contract contains the terms and conditions on the basis of which the shipowner for the agreed consideration carries the goods of the shipper from one port to another. Having regards to Carriage of Goods by Sea Act, 1925, it covers the carriage of goods from one country to another. To remove the legal barriers, the international conference held on Maritime Law at Brussels in October 1922. There were various different terms of carriage, which in the interest of all concerned needed to be universally accepted and consequently coded. This conference in Brussels gave birth to the Hague Rules of 1924. It contains the uniform Rules relating to Bills of Lading. These rules were given statutory effect in the shape of Carriage of Goods by Sea Act, 1924 in United Kingdom. India having adopted the Brussels convention passed the Indian Carriage of Goods by Sea Act, 1925, which incorporates The Hague Rules codifying the general law relating to carriage of goods by sea from any port in India to any other port in India or outside India. It means Carriage of Goods by Sea Act, 1925 is applicable to goods carried by national costal vessel within the country and exported goods carried by foreign going vessel. Consequently, it stands to reason that every contract of carriage of goods by sea whether it be the hire of the whole ship to carry the shippers goods (hereaftercharterparty) or goods of different shippers are carried in a general ship, by issuing a Bill of Lading under the Indian Bills of Lading Act, 1856. Thus both the charterparty as well as Bills of Lading has to incorporate the Hague Rules as part of the contract of carriage
EFFECTS OF ASPARTAME ON DOPAMINE CONCENTRATION IN RATS BRAING published in

alfuratagriculture

Published by Al-Qasim Green AgricultureCollege
Hassan G. AL-Awady Riyam S. Hassan This study aimed to determine the effect of aspartame on the dopamine concentration in brain adult rats. For this study 24 adult male rats and 24 adult female rats were used, with age of 60-65 day, and an average live weight between (165-185) gm. The experiment has designed depend on the concentration on the daily dose, where the animals randomly divided into three groups, each group contains 12 animals (six males & six females). And the control group included six males and six females as well. The first group G A gavagedwith aspartameconcentration of (40 mg / kg/ per day), the second group G B gavage with concentrated aspartame (54 mg/kg/per day) and the third group G C gavage aspartame dosed of (70 mg/ kg/ per day), while the control group dosed with 1ml physiologic solution daily. All groups had their daily dosages through the mouth, and the experiment continued from October 2015- January 2016. After the dosage’s period of time completed, samples of blood were taken to study the concentration of the dopamine in the brain.The results of the study showed that; rats not have significant differences (P> 0.05) in dopamine concentration in animals’ brain from the first group G A comparing with control group. The second group G B, which dosed with concentration dose (54 mg/ kg/ per day), did not show significant differences (P >0.05) when it compared with control group for both sexes. As well the third group dosed with concentration dose (70 mg/ kg/ per day), showed highly significant decrease (P <0.01) in the level of dopamine in the brain comparing with control group and other groups . conclude from study that the high concentration of aspartame lead to decrease the dopamine concentration in brain rats, also conclude that female rats were more sensitive to aspartame than male .
QUALITY OF WATERS OF AQUIFER WEBS OF BISKRA REGION published in

Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences

Published by University of El Oued
F. Bouchemal, N. Bouchah, S. Achour Controlling the quality of water distributed together with sound resource management is a factor of economic and social development. Also, the chemistry and knowledge of geological and hydrogeological aquifer, the object of this work, we identify the water quality examined through physical-chemical parameters. The study of these parameters more precisely the region of Biskra reveals a generally high mineralized whose origin is essentially the geological nature of enclosing land. However, the waters of the continental interlayer (Albian) are the chemical profile weakest; however, its high temperature makes it difficult to use both to supply drinking water as well as for irrigation. After synthesis of the results for different sheets (groundwater, Miopliocene, Eocene, Albian), the limestone is most interesting at least for drinking water, part of its rate of mineralization (medium), the acceptable temperature (24C) and its relatively low salinity (1 to 3 g/l). However, these waters are not used directly for human consumption. They requires further treatment.
Enhancing nutritional quality of extruded product by incorporating an indiginous composit powder published in

Food Science Research Journal

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
SHASHI JAIN, DHEERA PATNI AND DASHRATH BHATI Nutrition and diet are important factors in combating deficiency diseases among children. The incidents of protein energy malnutrition and micro-nutrient deficiencies especially vitamin A and iron are common among under five aged children in India. There is a strong thrust to develop such snacks which not only provide maximum nutrient but also must be liked by this group. Extruded products are most popular in children. In present study an effort has been made to develop a ready to cook extruded product using an indigenous composite powder rich in micronutrients. This composite powder named Udaipur ACRIP Mix was developed by Foods and Nutrition unit of AICRP on Homes Science and is rich in vitamin A and iron. This powder was prepared from dried carrot, spinach, mint, lotus stem, rice flacks, and niger seeds. The reference extruded product was prepared with wheat, bengal gram and maize flour in the ratio of 30, 25 and 45 per cent, respectively. Whereas in experimental products, Udaipur AICRP Mix (UAM) powder was added in different ratio i.e. 5, 10, 15 and 20 per cent with the replacement of maize flour. Addition of UAM up to 10 per cent in raw material was found most acceptable at nine point hedonic rating scale. The mean scores for organoleptic characteristics of sweet and savory snack developed with composite flour ranged from 7.8 to 8.7 at nine point hedonic rating scale. The control and experimental product were analyzed for their proximate and iron composition by the standard method. Results revealed that the protein, fat, energy and iron content for reference was 12.25g, 1.45g, 381 kcal and 4.58 mg, respectively. While with addition of UAM 10 per cent, contain protein 15.31g, fat 4.0g, energy 410 kcal and iron 11.68 mg. The extruded product stored for three month for its shelf life evaluation and showed no significant difference in organoleptic quality during the storage of product
Reflections and Lessons Learnt from an International Medical Camp in Kazakhstan published in

International Journal of Ophthalmology & Eye Science (IJOES)

Published by SciDoc Publishers
Nesaratnam N As a member of a team of 84 medical volunteers from the UK, USA, Canada and Russia, I travelled to Kazakhstan in August 2013 to take part in an international medical camp covering the town of Saran and nearby villages. Based in the Ophthalmology and Optometry clinics, I was able to gain a better understanding not only of ocular pathology, but also of the attributes needed for a successful medical camp. In this article, I reflect upon the role of the ophthalmologist, medical student and general volunteer in forming a shared collaboration with local doctors and patients, and consider lessons that can be implemented in daily clinical practice.
Static Sphere of Dust of Uniform Densityusing Anisotropic Line Element published in

Published by
C. D. Marathe The Schwarchild problem of static sphere of perfect fluid is solved without using the relation 0 ; = ik T k . Hence solution for a static sphere of dust of uniform density has been obtained by putting pressure P = 0 in the solution for the fluid. A new field equation is discussed
Employee Engagement in Private Sector Banks with Respect to Erode District. published in

Published by
S. Kiruthika, Dr. V. Kavitha Employee engagement is about building a truly great relationship with the workforce. People are the most important and valuable asset of every organization. Organization should prefer to maximize wealth through maximizing their human capital. It is a paradox that the valuable human resources are given less importance and attention during the wealth maximization process. A nation with abundance physical resources will not be benefited unless the human resources are effectively deployed. Unlike other resources, human resources are not a depleting asset. Business leaders are not simply saying that our people are our most important asset, they are actually beginning to mean it too. The study focused on employee first, a customer second is the new dimension which strengthens the concept of employee engagement in banks. This paper is trying to throw the light of the various factors focus on employee engagement in private sector Banks with special reference to Erode district.
DESIGN OF RAIN WATER HARVESTING SYSTEM AT SPSU UDAIPUR published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Avinash Ojha * , Lokesh Gupta Rainwater harvesting and conservation in principle is a simple technique of catching and holding rainwater where it falls such as rooftops, land surface or rock catchments using simple techniques such as jars and pots as well as more compound technique for instance undergroun d check dam. These techniques usually found in Asia and Africa arises from practices engaged by primeval civilization within these regions and still performs as a major source of drinking water supply in rural areas. Effectiveness of the rainwater harvesti ng depends on appropriate design of the systems. Be it storage or a recharge structure, an inappropriately planned system will guide to operational problems, thereby raising the operation and maintenance cost. This research study mainly focous on design of rain water harvesting system at Sir Padamapat Singhania University(SPSU), Udaipur. This also includes the design of recharging dug wells or abandoned bore well. This facility will collect water from roof top and carry it all the way up to recharge dug wel l or abandoned bore well. Running cost of the facility is almost trivial. Water harvested from the roof catchments usually is of acceptable quality for household requirements. Depending upon household requirement water collection capacity can be increased as needed within the available catchment area .
Assessment of Hydropower Potential Through Canal Falls Situated Along Vadodara Branch Canal published in

Published by
R.S.Patel, G.I.Joshi, Dr.G.S.Joshi Reduction of fossil fuel and the failure to meet the rising demand of electricity are the some drawbacks for the economic development of India. Hydropower is a renewable, non-polluting and environmentally benevolent source of energy. It is perhaps the oldest renewable energy technique for electricity generation. Hydropower, large and small remains the most of the renewables for electrical power production. It is recognized that small hydropower project (SHP) can play significant role in meeting energy requirements in remote & hilly regions where extension of grid is uneconomical. This research paper is an in-depth scenario on proposed SHP going to begin on Vadodara Branch Canal (VBC) of Narmada Canal system. VBC is off take at 81.804 km of Narmada Main Canal (NMC) having total length of 115.05 km. The objective of this paper to analyses and assess the potential of hydropower generation through various canal falls situated along the VBC. The whole project is carried out by Sardar Sarovar Narmada Nigam Limited (SSNNL). In this paper the evaluation of daily, monthly and yearly hydropower generation through canal falls is shown.
Analysis of WebLog Usage Mining For Intelligent Recommendation published in

IJICAR - International Journal of Integrated Computer Applications & Research

Published by Research Promoters Pvt. Ltd.
Priyanka D. Doltade, Sarika K. Bodage, Ajinkya V. Bochare, Rahul A. Patil Nowadays weblog usage is tremendously increased. There is need of storing the log for further requirements and analysis. This huge amount of weblog is stored into Web Server Log. Web server log keeps the records of web usage of web users. All this information which is saved in web log will be used for different purposes. For example, different preprocessing techniques can be applied on recorded weblog; from this we can get useful patterns and analysis of web usage in a particular area or location. In this paper we are doing the analysis of web usage of users based on the location, age along with other parameters which helps in improving the quality of web services in terms of providing faster web browsing to clients and based on their frequent usage of a particular website, ISP will provide buffering to those particular websites only.
Dysphagia : Foramen magnum meningioma - a rare presentation published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr Viral Patel, Dr Jit Brahmbhatt, Dr Harsh Shah, Dr Tanmai Dhawan, Dr Khushbu Patel, Dr K. J. Pathak We present a case of a foramen magnum meningioma that highlights the importance of the neurologic exam when evaluating a patient with dysphagia. A 46-year-old woman presented with an 18-months history of progressive dysphagia, chronic cough and weight loss. Prior gastroenterologic and laryngologic workup was unrevealing. Her neurologic examination revealed an absent gag reflex, decreased sensation to light touch on bilateral distal extremities, hyperreflexia, and tandem gait instability. Repeat esophagogastroduodenoscopy was normal, whereas laryngoscopy revealed marked hypopharyngeal dysfunction. Brain magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated aforamen magnum mass consistent with meningioma. The patient underwent neurosurgical resection of her mass with near complete resolution of her neurologic symptoms. Pathology confirmed diagnosis of a WHO grade I meningothelial meningioma. Conclusion : CNS pathology is an uncommon but impressive cause of dysphagia. Our case demonstrates the importance of a thorough neurologic survey when evaluating such a patient.
RISK OF FIBROMYALGIA IN RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS PATIENTS IN TAIWAN: A NATIONWIDE POPULATION-BASED STUDY published in

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research

Published by Dr Girhepunje
Shu-Ching Chiu, MSNa,, Mei-Ling Lin, Ph.D,Shu-Chen Yang, MSN, Lee-Wen Pai, MSN, Chuan- Mei Chen, MSN, Horng-Mo Lee, Ph.Db, Yueh-Chin Chung, Ph.D,* Background: The burden of Fibromyalgia (FM) with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is sufficient to warrant recognition as a high-priority disorder in governmental health strategies. However, the components of RA patients with FM have not been studied extensively in Taiwan. Objective: We investigated the incidence rates, risk factors, healthcare utilization, and comorbidities of FM with RA in Taiwan. Methods: The data enrolled in the National Health Insurance Research Database from 1996 to 2010 were evaluated. The statistical methods included t test, ANOVA, and odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results: A total of 873 RA patients with FM were women (75.4%), a health service utilization rate of 98.1% for Western medicine, and both Western (rate of 1.9%) and Chinese medicines (rate of 1.5%). In all year and age groups, the health service utilization rates were significantly higher for females than males (p < 0.05). The percentage rates were highest in people aged ? 75 years (25.7%). The affiliation-adjusted percentage rates were 34.2 in clinics and 31.4 in medical centers (p < 0.01). The disorders of the muscle, ligament, and fascia of FM with RA-to-RA odds ratio was 21.43 (95% CI 2.88159.46). Conclusion: The mean annual incidence was 7.16 per 100,000 person /year. The findings may serve as data for 98.1% of Western medicine utilization among RA patients with FM, with peaks in the females, and clinics for treatment. Musculoskeletal disorder and anxiety were the most common comorbidities. Education program may help the RA patients with FM of life care.
Status of estradiol in premenopausal women with essential hypertension in Karkuk City: A cross-sectional study published in

Merit Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Science (MRJMMS)

Published by Larry Dave
Asst. Prof. Dr. Faisal GH. Al-Rubaye (PhD; MBChB.)1*, Asst. Prof. Dr. Yaldiz Hasan Tahsein (PhD; BSc.)2 and Lecturer Dr. Esraa Abdulkareem Mohammed (F.I.C.O.G; C.A.B.O.G; MBChB.)3 High Blood Pressure (BP) results from a complex interaction of genetic, environmental and demographic factors. The level of endogenous estrogens may be a critical risk factor in hypertensive diseases, Estrogens exert an effect on the endothelium and smooth muscle cells in the vascular wall, where they inhibit cell proliferation and induce vasodilatation. The aim of this study is to assess the status of estradiol in women with HyperTensioN (HTN). The present study is a cross-sectional study that was carried out between 2011 to 2012) at Karkuk Teaching Hospital/Karkuk governorate/Iraq. Parameters measured include serum estradiol and calculating Body Mass Index BMI) in premenopausal women with HTN. The results of this study shows a total of 100 Premenopausal women with HT were involved in this studyG1: (n=100). A matching group of hundred apparently healthy women who were included as controls (n=100), Serum estradiol was significantly reduced in Premenopausal women with HT G1 when compared with controls (p < 0.05); a significant negative correlation was found between estradiol and Body Mass Index (n=100; r = 0.8; P< 0.05). In conclusion, women with HT were having low level of serum estradiol compared with controls; this estradiol was negatively correlated with body mass index. The above results suggest importance of hormone therapy in maintenance of vascular tone. Keywords: Estradiol, hypertension, premenopose
Key Pre Distribution Using Quantum Key Channel A Survey published in

Published by
MD.Sarwar Pasha, A. Bala Ram Modern optical networking techniques have the potential to greatly extend the applicability of quantum communications by moving beyond simple point-to-point optical links, and by leveraging existing fibre infrastructures. We experimentally demonstrate many of the fundamental capabilities that are required. These include optical-layer multiplexing, switching, and routing of quantum signals; quantum key distribution (QKD) in a dynamically reconfigured optical network; and coexistence of quantum signals with strong conventional telecom traffic on the same fibre. We successfully operate QKD at 1310 nm over a fibre shared with four optically amplified data channels near 1550 nm. We identify the dominant impairment as spontaneous anti- Stokes Raman scattering of the strong signals, quantify its impact, and measure and model its propagation through fibre. We describe a quantum networking architecture which can provide the flexibility and scalability likely to be critical for supporting widespread deployment of quantum applications.
Study the effect of hairy root transformation on rapid growth (growth morphology) of Nepeta cataria in vitro cultures published in

Journal of Innovations in Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences

Published by innovational publishers
Nermeen M. Arafa, Ahmed M.M. Gabr, Mona M. Ibrahim, Shevchenko Y., Iryna Smetanska the current study, an efficient protocol for in vitro plant regeneration and genetically transformed root induction by agrobacterium rhizogenes strain A4 was developed. Powerful response for hairy roots induction was achieved using stem explants cultured on co-cultivation half strength MS-medium containing 500 mg/l cefotaxime. Contrary leaf explants does not have any response for hairy roots induction. Maximum shoot number (23.601 2.073) and root number (13.604 1.673) were investigated in the transformed plants with lengths 21.611 2.073 cm and 10.923 0.741cm, respectively. The highest value of hairy growth (1.506 0.104 g) was attained after 15 days of Culture. Hairy root lines were successfully confirmed by PCR using the rolB gene. Collectively, our results demonstrate that we have successfully used the methodology of transformation to induce hairy root culture of N. cataria and facilitate a valuable alternative approach for regeneration a genetically transformed roots.
Research Paper on Performance Appraisal of Nurses in Hospitals (With Specific Reference to Saurashtra Region) published in

Published by
Khushbu S. Dave Performance appraisal is a formal, structure system of measuring and evaluating as an employees job related behaviors and outcomes to discover how and why the employee can performed more effectively in the future. The performance is measured against such factors as job knowledge, quality and quantity of output, initiative, leadership abilities, supervision, dependability, co-operation, judgment, versatility and health. In any top-notch organization, not just in healthcare, performance appraisals are essential if the company is going to achieve its mission and ensure a competent staff and safe environment, for its external and internal customers. Additionally today, nurses must be held accountable for fiscal responsibility if the hospital is going to remain solvent. The objective of this paper is to analyses the parameters that should be considered for the performance appraisal of nurses in hospitals and based on the parameters what weigtage should be given to each parameter.
The Effect of Market Orientation and Relationship Memory on Relationship Performance in a Partnership Scenario published in

Proceedings of the 2017 Academy of International Business Southeast Asia Regional Conference (AIBSEAR)

Published by Lingnan University
Yen-Chun Peng, Chen-Chieh Chang, Michael Yao-Ping Peng Previous scholars argued that a successful company should utilize the abilities of knowledge exploration and knowledge exploitation to create competitive advantages. However, the coexistence of both abilities in one company is likely to lead to the crowding-out phenomenon and affect organizational performance. Considering that both partnership market orientation and relationship memory possess the features of knowledge exploration and knowledge exploitation in the partnership, this study aims to explore the symbiotic relationship between partnership market orientation and relationship memory, and the influence of partnership market orientation and relationship memory on relationship performance in a partnership scenario. A 1,000 questionnaires were distributed via mail to 1,000 large manufacturers in Taiwan, and 124 valid samples were retrieved, with a valid return rate of 12.40%. The data were analyzed using LISREL. The empirical results showed that both “a partnership market-oriented” and “relationship memory” have a positive influence on “relationship performance”; “a partnership market-oriented”, and “relationship memory” show no significantly different explanatory power on relationship performance. Finally, this study proposed managerial implications and suggestions for future studies.
Epidemiology, diversity and resistance to antibiotics in Salmonella strains isolated from human in two cities of Niger Republic published in

International Journal of Current Research

Published by VIBUS INNOVATIVE PUBLISHING SOLUTIONS
ALIO SANDA Abdelkader, SAMNA SOUMANA Oumarou and BAKASSO Yacoubou In sub-Saharan Africa, Salmonella cause of acute gastroenteritis and invasive disease. The aim of this study was to assessthe diversity the distribution and antibiogram profile of Salmonella isolates in two cities of Niger. Salmonella strains isolated from patients duringthe period 2015-2016 were biotyped using Api20E and serotyped withspecific antisera. All strains were subjected to a set of 18 antibiotics to study their antibiogram, using the Baeur–Kirby disk diffusion method.Biochemical analysis revealed ten (10) phenotypic clusters. Serotyping resulted intoseventeen (17) different serotypes with Paratyphi A as the most prevalent (14.75%) of all Salmonella strains followed by Paratyphi B (11.48%), Typhimurim (9.84%), Typhi (6.56%), Paratyphi C (3.28%), Poona (3.28%).The proportion of Paratyphi A in infants (< 5 years old) represented 50%.Overall, high resistance to ampicillin (49.06%), amoxicillin (47.06%), trimethoprime-sulfamethoxazol (45.60%); chloramphenicol (35.30%);colistin (20.75%) and amoxicillin + clavulanic acid (20.60%) was observed.This study showed the diversity of Salmonella biotypes, serotypes and antimicrobialssusceptibility.The level of the antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella in Niger is quite high. Therefore, there is an urgent need to establish a close monitoringof resistance in Salmonella in Niger to assist in recommendations on the use of antimicrobials in both human and animals.
PHARMACOGNOSTICAL AND QUALITY CONTROL PARAMETERS OF ORIGANUM MAJORANA LINN. STEM AND ROOT. published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Prerna Singla 1*, Neeru vasudeva1 Objective: To study and evaluate various pharmacognostical and quality control parameters of both stem and root part of Origanum majorana Linn (Family: Lamiaceae). Methods: Morphology, microscopy, physicochemical analysis, preliminary phytochemical screening, quantitative estimation and other standardisation parameters as per WHO guidelines. Results: Stems are reddish square in shape having descending, multi-branched branches with weak, hairy, round and green with red speckles all over it The stem specimen are usually 40-150 cm long and 0.5 to 1.5 mm in diameter. The fracture is short, whereas roots are 0.2 mm to 0.6 mm in diameter, sub - cylindrical in shape and longitudinally wrinkled with transverse fissures. Fractures are long, irregular and fibrous. Rootlets and root scars are also present. Powder microscopy shows the presence of parenchyma, phloem fibres and xylem vessels in stem and parenchyma, phloem fibres and cork cells in roots. Phytochemical screening of both the parts reveals presence of terpenoids, flavonoids and tannins in ethanol extracts whereas saponins and carbohydrates are present in aqueous extract and their quantitative estimation is reported. Conclusion: The parameters reported in the present paper, may be helpful in authenticity and adds to the existing knowledge and would be useful for quality control of the plant.
Corporate Governance: Major Issue published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Sudhinder Singh Chowhan Corporate governance is a term that refers broadly to the rules, processes, or laws by which businesses are operated, regulated, and controlled. The term can refer to internal factors defined by the officers, stockholders or constitution of a corporation, as well as to external forces such as consumer groups, clients, and government regulations. The corporate governance system resembled the bank-based German model where these institutions could have played a big role in keeping their clients on the right track.
A STUDY ON ROLE OF EMPLOYEE WELFARE MEASURES IN MOTIVATING THE EMPLOYEES AT TAMILNADU NEWSPRINT AND PAPER LTD, KARUR. published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
M. Vinotha, Dr. Sathyapriya. J ?e study tells about the role of welfare measures in motivating the employees of Tamilnadu Newsprint and Paper Limited, the sampling technique used for this study is simple random sampling technique. ?e tools used for the study is percentage analysis and Chi-square test. ?e sampling size used for the study is 94. Data were collected through questionnaire.
The Impact of Contemporary Neurotechnology on Diagnosing and Treating Patients with Disorders of Consciousness - A Review published in

Published by
Farisco Michele1*, Petrini Carlo2 Disorders of consciousness, especially Vegetative State, are assessed from a theoretical (historical and ethical) and empirical (neuroscientific) points of view, through a review of the most relevant recent literature. Both the potentiality of neuroscientific investigation and the limitations of its clinical (diagnostic and prognostic) application are underlined, showing the urgency of a collaboration between science, law and ethics in order to define the most appropriate nosography and to ensure the best therapy to patients with disorders of consciousness.
Thermodynamics of Solvation for nano Copper Carbonate in Mixed DMFH2O Solvents at Different Temperatures published in

Published by
Mohamed N .H .Hamed, Esam A.Gomaa, Sameh G .Sanad The molar solubility for nano copper carbonate (CuCO3) in different percentages of dimethyl formamide (DMF) and water were measured at 292.15, 303.15, 308.15 and 313.15 K. From the molar solubilities for nano CuCO3, the solvation parameters like, activity coefficient, solubility product, free energy of solvation, enthalpy of solvation and entropy of solvation were estimated. All these solvation parameters were discussed.
PREPARATION AND EVALUATION OF MICROSPHERES BASED LONG-ACTING DEPOT INJECTION USING A NOVEL BIOMATERIAL AS A POLYMER published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Apeksha Saraf* The aim of this study was to develop depot formulation of risperidone by employing cholesterol as a rate-retarding carrier. Microspheres were prepared by emulsion-solvent evaporation method. Different formulation variables for solvent evaporation method, viz, effect of theoretical drug loading, concentration of surfactant, presence of gelatin in internal phase and presence of salt in external aqueous phase were optimized. The microspheres were characterized for their encapsulation effeiciency, particle size, surface morphology, drug release profile and drug release kinetics. The optimized formulation showed consistent drug release for upto 15 days time period.
DETERMINATION OF KNOWLEDGE AND AWARENESS LEVEL ON GLOBAL WARMING (A CASE STUDY IN ISPARTA PROVINCE OF TURKEY) published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES & RESEARCH TECHNOLOGY

Published by somilshah
Nilufer Yazici Global warming is one of the most important environmental problems in whole the world because of its many effects such as on temperature, drought and floods. So, results of the present and future studies will play important role in solution of the problem. In this context, a questionnaire included demographics, socioeconomic and knowledge about global warming of individuals was conducted with 400 voluntarily individuals selected between end of 2016 and beginning of 2017 to determine the knowledge levels and awareness of people on global warming to contribute solution of the problem. Results of the present study showed that 94% of individuals had knowledge about global warming based on data analysis. Individuals come to mind first in terms of global warming of melting of glaciers (20%) and climate/seasonal changes (21%).
O LUGAR DA FILOSOFIA NA CONTEMPORANEIDADE published in

Published by
Claudecir Dos Santos; Odair Neitzel The distinctive experience of taking and being a place in the history of mankind can symbolize at the same time, strength and weakness of those who experience this phenomenon. However, who can this feat, winning the condition to find itself in different historical times, review its essence and evaluate their existence. This is the case of philosophy. Throughout history, both she occupied a place, as was this place. And today, what is the place of philosophy? It is around this question emerging from the main reflections that give life to this work. Basing on concepts and ideas of the philosophers Pierre Hadot, Walter Benjamin and Giorgio Agamben, this article proposes a debate on the place of philosophy in contemporary times, trying to understand if this place actually exists, and who can live in it.
Continuous Comprehensive Evalua tion: Emerging Concerns in Assessment published in

SCHOLARLY RECSEARCH JOURNAL FOR INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES

Published by AMIT PUBLISHERS & COMPANY
JITENDER KUMAR and ARTI PASRICHA It is utmost important to mak e continuous and comprehensive evaluation as an integral part of teaching and learning process to promote standard of Education. CCE refers Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation, a system of school based assessment that covers all the aspects of a student s development. It was designed to reduce the student stress related to board exams, and to introduce a uniform and comprehensive pattern for student evaluation across the country. It emphasizes on two broad objectives: (a) Continuity in Evaluation and (b) Assessment of broad based learning. Clearly, it attempts to shift emphasis from testing to holistic learning with an aim of creating young adults, possessing appropriate skills and desirable qualities in addition to academic excellence. Therefore, the CCE scheme brings about a paradigm shift from examination to effective pedagogy. Conventionally the teacher is seen as the information giver; knowledge flows only one way, from teacher to student. In a collaborative classroom (or the CCE method), emphasis is on shared knowledge and decision making. For some teachers finding time for planning collaborative instruction is a most difficult challenge. Practicing modes and modalities of CCE is a challenge before traditional teachers. Therefore it is absolutely e ssential that teachers need to be provided with orientation about the CCE scheme incorporating both the scholastic and co - scholastic areas of learners growth. In order to make CCE effective there has to be collective understanding among all concern i.e. c hild, teacher, parent and institutions of higher education about what is being evaluated
AMPLITUDO OSILASI POSISI DOMAIN WALL BAHAN FEROMAGNETIK NANOWIRE BERKONTRIKSI SEGITIGA KETIKA DIBERI MEDAN LUAR AC DENGAN AMPLITUDO 2 MILITESLA published in

SPEKTRA: Jurnal Fisika dan Aplikasinya

Published by Fisika Universitas Negeri Jakarta
W. Nursiyanto, B. Soegijono, E. Djatmiko Banyak para peneliti menyoroti bahan feromagnetik bentuk nanowire dalam kaitan dengan aplikasi magnetic storage, sebagai penyimpan data berbasis magnet. Oleh karena itu, telah dilakukan pengamatan amplitudo osilasi domain wall (DW) pada bahan feromagnetik nanowire berukuran 2000 × 200 × 5 nm3 dengan kontriksi (notch) simetri berbentuk segitiga yang diberi medan magnet luar AC dengan amplitudo 2,0 mT dan variasi frekuensi dari 0,3 GHz sampai 2,0 GHz. Diperoleh data yang berasal dari operasi simulasi mikromagnetik dengan menggunakan perangkat lunak bernama “Object Oriented Micromagnetic Framework” (OOMMF) berdasarkan persamaan dinamika spin magnet Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert (LLG). Hasil pengolahan data pengamatan memperlihatkan bahwa osilasi DW memiliki frekuensi yang sama dengan frekuensi medan magnet luar yang diberikan. Posisi DW untuk bahan Fe tidak mengalami pergeseran dan menghasilkan nilai amplitudo DW yang stabil. Sedangkan bahan Ni dan Co mengalami pergeseran dari posisi ekuilibrium yaitu ke arah sumbu xpositip dan nilai amplitudo DW semakin kecil dengan meningkatnya frekuensi medan luar. Kata-kata kunci: feromagnetik, nanowire, notch, osilasi, amplitudo. Abstract Many researchers interested to know about the nanowire ferromagnetic material for the application of magnetic storage as magnet-based data storage. Therefore, it has been observed amplitude of the domain wall oscillation in the nanowire ferromagnetic material by dimension of 2000 × 200 × 5 nm3 have given the symmetrical triangular notch in the center. After that, external magnetic field with amplitude of 2.0 mT and variation of frequency from 0.3 GHz to 2.0 GHz given to the sample. The data get from micro magnetic simulation by using software called "Object Oriented Micro Magnetic Framework" (OOMMF) which it working based on magnetic spin dynamics equation of LandauLifshitz-Gilbert (LLG). The results showed that oscillations DW have same number with frequency of the external magnetic field. For Fe material, DW position does not shift from the position of equilibrium and produce amplitude of DW almost stable. While for the material Ni and Co, the result was different showed that position of DW have shifted to the x-axis positive and have amplitude tend smaller when the frequency of the external field increased. Keywords: ferromagnetic, nanowire, notch, oscillation, amplitude.
A MOBILE MULTIMEDIA CLOUD COMPUTING ON THE WEB published in

Published by
Gayathri V, Priyadarsini K The healthcare industry has begun to utilize web-based systems and cloud computing infrastructure to develop and creasing array of online personal health record (PHR) systems. Although these systems provide the technical capacity to store and retrieve medical data in various multimedia formats, including images, ideas, voice, and text, individual patient use remains limited by the lack of intuitive data representation and visualization techniques. As such, further research is necessary to better visualize and present these records, in ways that make the complex medical data more intuitive. In this study, we present a web-based PHR visualization system, called the 3D medical graphical avatar (MGA), which was designed to explore web-based delivery of a wide array of medical data types including multi-dimensional medical images; medical videos; text-based data; and spatial annotations. Mapping information was extracted from each of the data types and was used to embed spatial and textual annotations, such as regions of interest (ROIs) and time-based video annotations. Our MGA itself is built from clinical patient imaging studies, when available. We have taken advantage of the emerging web technologies of HTML5 and WebGL to make our application available to a wider base of users and devices. We analyzed the performance of our proof-of-concept prototype system on mobile and desktop consumer devices. Our initial experiments indicate that our system can render the medical data in a fashion that enables interactive navigation of the MGA
REVIEW PAPER OF ENERGY ENHANCEMENT AODV ROUTING PROTOCOL IN (MANET) published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Sharnjeet Kaur*, Er. Aayushi Chadha MANET is a collection of wireless mobile nodes that are able to communicate with each other without using infrastructure or any centralized administration. The Mobile nodes act as a host node as well as router node. A MANET is self-configuring, infrastructures network of mobile device connected without wires. In MANET every device is free to move in any direction means the source node can be send packet or data any destination easily in any network. In MANET each node cooperate and dynamically establish and maintain routing in network. Routing is very complex in these network due to moving nodes in any direction. Efficient routing protocol makes MANET reliable. Energy efficiency is a major problem of mobile Ad-hoc network as mobile nodes will be powered by batteries with limited capacity, insufficient source of energy and are difficult to replace or recharge. In MANET, Energy efficiency is an important challenge which leads to proposal of an Energy Efficient Enhanced AODV Routing Protocol that reduces delay, overhead, increases packet delivery ratio and consumes lesser energy compared to AODV. In this paper, a review of different protocols based on Energy Efficient Routing is done.
Management of Medically Compromised Patient in Periodontal Practice: An Overview (Part 1) published in

Advances in Human Biology

Published by Springwood Publication
Monali Shah, Deepak Dave, Rahul Dave, Ashit Bharwani, Amit Shah. Background: Periodontal management of the medically compromised patients require acquisition of complete health history as well as dental history of the patient. This should include documentation via questionnaire as well as a verbal history. Preferably an oral history should also be obtained as a review of systems. The dental history should also include questions related to current oral conditions such as periodontal disease or oral ulceration and past dental treatment and potential complications from prior intervention including treatment failure and the delivery of anesthesia or post-treatment medication. The first step in managing the patients with medical problems is acquiring thorough health history of the patients. The second step for the periodontist is to fully understand the significance of the diseases that may have affected the patient. Each identified condition can affect periodontal treatment in a unique manner. The periodontist needs to understand the potential complications that can occur as a consequence of the treatment of a medically compromised patient. Also deciding pre-treatment or post-treatment medication or emergency care is required. This part of review focuses on a number of medical problems that the periodontist might encounter in daily practice that necessitate extra knowledge and care to prevent potential complications causing otherwise unnecessary morbidity and mortality of the patients. These include diabetes, multiple drug interactions and important cardiac diseases.
Higher Education and Quality Improvement: A challenge for India published in

Published by
Dr. (Mrs.) Renu Agarwal, Mr. V. Manoharan, Dr. V. P. Matheswaran Since independence, higher education has always been identified as a critical component of Indias growth story. The Indian higher education system continues to demonstrate many structural shortcomings which in turn create challenges in meeting future expectations. The need of the hour is to upgrade the Indian Higher Education system to train the increasing proportion of young population so India can truly realize the prophesized Demographic Dividend. This paper describes some challenges faced by India and suggestions to improve quality of higher education.
MATHEMATICAL MODELING SYSTEM INTEGRITY-CYCLE OF LIFE ACTIVITY - FIRST GOAL PEDAGOGOMETRIKI PROPOSED SIMULATION TRAINING ACTIVITIES METHODS OF MATHEMATICAL LOGIC REGARDING THE INTEGRITY OF THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS-SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION GUIDE BASED ON MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL THEORY OF ACTIVITY, PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND STEPWISE FORMATION OF MENTAL ACTIONS WITH RESPECT TO INTEGRITY OF THE SYSTEM LIFE CYCLE published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Sergey Alexandrovich Mishchik Proposed simulation training activities methods of mathematical logic regarding the integrity of the educational process-system implementation guide based on mathematical modeling of psychological and pedagogical theory of activity, psychological and pedagogical System analysis and stepwise formation of mental actions with respect to integrity of the system life cycle.
Modeling and Simulation of Self Excited Induction Machine for Wind Power Generation published in

ACEEE International Journal on Electrical and Power Engineering

Published by ACEEE
R. Janakiraman and S. Paramasivam Objective of this paper is to propose modeling and simulation of self-excited induction machine for wind power generation (SEIMWPG). The earlier models of such generators capable of generating electric power are facing huge mechanical losses due to wear and tear in the tightly coupled mechanical gear systems. Due to this heavy arrangement in each and every constituent mechanical assembly, the earlier design could not provide maximum efficiency. In this paper the proposed model focuses on the performance of the system using the concept of variation of mutual inductance in the generator windings. This new model can be possible to generate maximum power with the variation of mutual inductance of stator and rotor windings irrespective of the variation of wind velocities. The complete system is modeled and simulated in the MAT LAB/ SIMULINK environment. The results of this renewable model and design are to promote green energy systems in the future.
Brick Masonry Shallow Dome as an alternative to Conventional Floor Slab published in

Published by
V. K. Dogra, Dr. S. N. Sinha Spherical domes have been built to cover large circular areas in many old buildings. Use of these domes is often limited to the topmost / last floor due to large value of rise at the centre. Domes can be used as floors also, provided the rise at the centre is comparatively small, so that the curved top surface could be leveled with little filling. Analysis of spherical dome for uniformly distributed load due to self weight, varying load of the fill and uniformly distributed load on the projected plan area due to floor finish / superimposed load, is presented in this paper. Graphs of meridional and hoop stress with respect to increase in rise at the centre are presented for shallow spherical domes built with 115 mm thick brick masonry. Study reveals that brick masonry shallow dome is a potential alternative to conventional floor slab for circular areas.
LOBBYING ACTIVITIES OF FIRMS WITH VARIOUS INTERESTS published in

Asia Pacific Journal of Advanced Business and Social Studies

Published by Asia Pacific Institute of Advanced Research
Yumiko Baba We examine lobbying activities of two players theoretically and experimentally by using Tullock contests. Players’ interests can be different. In one extreme, two players’ interests are independent where the winner takes all. In the other extreme, players’ interests are perfectly aligned where the winner and the loser enjoy the prize value equally. Choosing the host cities of the FIFA World Cup and of the Olympic Game are in the former example and two firms in the oil industry engaging in the lobbying activities against the tough environmental regulation are in the latter example. Our model incorporates all the other intermediate cases. Our model is also interpreted as a model of lobbying activities of two firms cross holding each other’s shares. We show theoretically that the equilibrium amounts of investment of players are the same in the simultaneous and in the sequential contests. Based on our theoretical results, we ran experiments to examine whether players’ investment decisions were influenced by how aligned their interests were. Players over-invested and variances were large both in the sequential and in the simultaneous games, but they played the Nash equilibrium 76.49% of the time in the simultaneous game and 75.30% in the sequential game when their interests were perfectly aligned. Furthermore, our experiment observed that investment decisions between the simultaneous and the sequential contests are similar, except the case where two players’ interests were perfectly aligned. Keywords: Tullock Contest, Lobbying &Experiments.
MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF FLY ASH IMPREGNATED NATURAL FIBRE REINFORCED POLYMER COMPOSITE published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Albert A composite material is the combination of two or more materials, which are having different phases and the properties superior to the base material. T he effect of the coir fiber and 75?m flyash particles on mechanical properties are going to be presented in this paper. The composites containing varying amounts of coir and fly ash were prepared using compression moulding method. The composites were systematically produced by applying high energy during a controlled dispersion process, in order to reduce th e size of agglomerates and to gain a homogeneous distribution of individual particles within the epoxy resin. The fly ash impregnated coir fibre yields significant improvement in mechanical strength compared to the coir fibre composite materia
PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION INTO FOLK MEDICINAL PRACTICES OF KHULNA AND BAGERHAT DISTRICTS, BANGLADESH published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
A.S.M. Homaun Kabir Chowdhury, Md. Hasan Shahriar, Md. Sadekur Rahman, Md. Palash Uddin, Md. Al-Amin, Md. Mizanur Rahman, Md. Towhid Ahmed Bhuiyan, Shadia Afrin, Shuly Chowdhury, Md. Masud-ur-Rahman, A.K. Azad, Mohammed Rahmatullah* Background. Folk medicinal practitioners (Kavirajes) form the primary health-care providers among the rural population of Bangladesh. The objective of this study was to document the folk medicinal practices of two Kavirajes practicing in Khulna and Bagerhat districts of the country. Methods. Interviews of the Kavirajes were carried out with the help of a semi-structured questionnaire and the guided field-walk method. Results. The Kaviraj from Khulna district used 15 plants distributed into 13 families in his formulations. The Kaviraj from Bagerhat district used 10 plants distributed into 10 families in his formulations. A comparative analysis of the plants used showed marked differences in the selection of medicinal plants for treatment by the two Kavirajes. Conclusion. The study suggests that because of the quite individualized nature of treatment by Kavirajes as to selection of medicinal plants and diseases treated, it is necessary to conduct as many surveys as possible among individual Kavirajes to obtain a comprehensive view of the medicinal plants used in the country.
Effecttivenness of Birthball Usage During Labour on Pain and Child Birth Experience Among Primi Parturient Mothers : A Randomized Interventional Study published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Mrs. M. vaijayanthimala, Dr. A. Judie Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of birthball usage during labour on pain and child birth experience of primi parturient mothers. In addition , it also tested the effect of bithball usage on labour outcome. Participants and setting: The study was conducted in Government general hospital, Thambaram in Chennai, Tamilnadu with 3000- 3500 annual births. 240 low risk primi parturient mothers were recruited and were allocated bySimple random sampling technique into the two arms of the study,but only 106 in study and 105 in control group participants completed the trial. Intervention: The study group underwentbirthball exercise programme consisted of 15 minutes videotape followed by live demonstration on birthball positioning and movements during prenatal checkups. Members of study group were asked to practice the swaying movements and positions on birthball at least 20 minutes after the 36 weeks of gestation. Each women in study group was given birth ball during labour and encouraged every hour to practice movements withbithball. Both the groups were received standard nursing care in all aspects of childbirth. Measurement and findings: In active stage of labour (3-6 cm of cervical dilatation) the women completed the demographic and obstetrical information and pain was measured by 0- 10 numerical rating scale and child birth experience was measured by modified labouragentry scale. This study revealed that there was high significant difference found in pain and child birth experience at p=0.001 level between study and control group. Mothers in study group had shorter duration of first stage , less need for augmentation and pain medication and fewer caesarian delivery than control group. Conclusion: The study concluded that, clinical implementation of birthball usage during labour could be an effective non pharmacological intervention in reducing pain perception and andimprove the child birth experience.
CONCEPTS BIBLE AND BIBLEISMS published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Svetlana Iliinichna Shamarova The article covers the structure of the Bible (Old and New Testament), its time provenance, the most famous translations of the Bible into various languages of the world. Besides, definitions of bibleisms and its basic groups of singling out are presented under different criteria.
KENT MOBİLYASI TASARIMLARINDA KENT ile UYUMUN İNCELENMESİ ve KULLANICI İSTEKLERİ DOĞRULTUSUNDA DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ published in

Journal of the International Scientific Researches

Published by Dr. Hayrullah Kahya
Arş.Gör. Makbulenur BEKAR, Prof.Dr.Cengiz ACAR, Arş.Gör.Elif KAYA ŞAHİN
GRANISETRON A NOVEL DRUG FOR PAIN ALLEVIATION IN PROPOFOL INJECTION. published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Dr Swati Bhatt*, Dr Bipin Kumar Pathak and Dr M.R. Upadhyay Backgrounds and Aims: The reported incidence of pain on injection of propofol, a common anaesthetic drug used for induction and maintenance, varies between 28% and 90% in adults if vein on the dorsum of the hand is used. The aim of our study was to study the effect of Granisetron pre-treatment for alleviating pain on Propofol intravenous injection and to observe side effects and complication of drug if any. Materials and Methods: Sixty women, aged 18-50 years, ASA grade I & II scheduled for planned Diagnostic and Operative Laparoscopic surgery under G.A. were randomly assigned to one of the two groups. Control (group N) Patients received 2ml of Normal saline (0.9%) IV while the Granisetron group (group G) received 2ml of Granisetron (1mg/ml) IV, and were accompanied by manual venous occlusion for 1 min. Then the initial 25% of total calculated induction dose of Propofol (2mg/kg) IV was given over 10 sec and Patient was asked to rate any sensation of pain while injecting the Propofol. The patient (blinded) was asked to score the pain on injection of Propofol with a four-point scale; 0= no pain, 1= mild pain, 2= moderate pain, 3= severe pain. Results: Data were analysed with student t test & chi squire test. Twenty five (41.66%) patients complained of pain in the group N as compared with eight (13.33%) in the group G. Pain was reduced significantly in the Granisetron group (P<0.01).Severity of pain was also lesser in the Granisetron group compared with Control group. Conclusion: Pre-treatment with Granisetron along with venous occlusion for 1 minute for prevention of Propofol induced pain is was highly effective in reducing the incidence & intensity of pain.
SUPERSTITIONS AMONG FEMALE ADOLESCENTS published in

SCHOLARLY RECSEARCH JOURNAL FOR INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES

Published by AMIT PUBLISHERS & COMPANY
Charanjit Kaur Dhillon Superstitions are beliefs or feelings which are irrational and cannot be explained by reasons or fact s. Even in this age of science, space and technology people still are in the grip of superstitions. The main objective of the study was to know the level of superstitions among the girls of age - group 14 to 16 years and to know the difference in the leve l of superstition s among girls grouped on the basis of type of school, income and education of their parents. Superstition Scale by Dixit and Dubey was used to collect data for the study . The sample consisted of 86 convent and 122 government school girls and he nce, 208 girls f rom both the schools . T he study found that most of the gi rls were not superstitious. T here was found a significant difference in the superstition level of girls grouped on the basis of the type of school , income and education of parents.
ECONOMIC PREREQUISITES OF USE OF ME THODS OF ECOLOGICAL AUDIT AT THE ENTERPRISES OF SYSTEM OF WATER USE published in

The Russian Academic Journal

Published by Institute of Political and Mediametric Studies
Margarita Sycheva Development of the market relations in Russia led to change of conditions and a mode of use of water resources in the course of economic activity. The modern system of water use of the country is estimated as inefficient, poor quality of providing the population testifies to it drinking water, an unsatisfactory qualitative condition of water objects, a large number of water management accidents, because of wear of water supply systems and hydraulic engineering constructions and orientation to extensive water use. One of the main reasons of it is inadequacy and an inefficiency of the economic mechanism of stimulation of rational water use. This article considers modern economic instruments of regulation of water use.
TÜRK KÜLTÜRÜ İÇİNDE BOZKIR (KONYA) DÜĞÜN GELENEĞİNİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ EVALUATION OF BOZKIR (KONYA) WEDDING TRADITION IN TURKISH CULTURE Оценка Свадебных Традиций Бозкыра (Конья) В Турецкой Культуре published in

Karadeniz Black Sea International Scientific Journal

Published by Kultur Ajans
Atilla Kartal Toplumların temel taşı ailedir. Aile birliğinin kurulması evlilikle başlamaktadır. Evlilik sadece neslin devamı olarak değil, toplumsal kabulün ve statünün onaylanma aşamasından geçtiği bir süreçtir. Bu çalışmamızda evlenme geleneğine bağlı olarak Bozkır ve köylerindeki geçmişten günümüze süregelen veya unutulan düğün gelenekleri ele alınacaktır. The headstone of society is family. The foundation of family unity begin with marriage. Marriage is not for just the next generation, social acceptance and status is a process passing through the approval phase. In our this study, Wedding traditions is going to be examining to depending on the marriage tradition related with Bozkır and its villages from past to nowadays incoming or forgotten. Фундаментом общества является семья. Основой семьи является брак. Брак не служит исключительно для продолжения рода, и не является просто способом получения социального признания, статуса в процессе утверждения. В этой работе свадебные традиции будут изучены нами на основе действующих или забытых традиций бракосочетания Бозкыра и его округов.
The Creative Art of Effusive Reading to Develop Inherent Skills for E.s.l Students. published in

Published by
Mr. K. V. Ram Mohan, Dr. Madhavi Kesari Research has revealed that fluent readers with regular reading habits tried to imprint certain strategies and skills to understand the texts. Extensive reading provides the learners to have an enormous exposure of printed materials especially outside the classroom activity to have ample scope to read and pick up the rational thinking how the language fits to their level of understanding the texts. Nation (2001) claimed that when learners read, they not only learn new words and enrich their known ones, but they can also improve their syntactic knowledge.[01].The students meet the same words repeatedly in different topics like Short stories, Magazines, comics etc., and autonomous retention of vocabulary takes place instinctively and reading fluency. This paper sheds light on various shades of reading through practical methods to have an experience in reading texts and to utilize their latent cognitive and Metacognitive skills to explore the world of innovative methods of developing the language to become life-long readers. The sample study was conducted on 200 students in three different Engineering colleges at B.Tech level in various disciplines to test their reading habits and language proficiency. The workshop was conducted for a week and the students were asked to read a variety of books at their level of understanding. They were examined in particular areas such as Grammar, sentence formation, vocabulary etc., to employ their inherent and constructive ideas to understand the texts at their own comfortable zone of learning. The students were given some tips to learn Prefixes and suffixes to understand the topics rather than to refer Dictionary at every level. The findings revealed that effusive reading of different printed materials with minimum use of Dictionaries rather than detailed analytical aspect of learning words, vocabulary, grammar will have an effective way of learning in anxiety free Environment. This will build up their inherent and constructive ideas in all the relevant fields such as Grammar, idiomatic phrases, sentence formation etc., to achieve experience with reading texts to become life-long readers.
MONITORING AND CONTROLLING OF ELECTRICAL LOADS FROM THE SUBSTATION BY USING ZIGBEE TECHNOLOGY published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
P. Suneel*, Dr.V.Usha Reddy This paper proposes an innovative design to develop a system to monitor and control various electrical loads from the substation. The design generally consists of two units, one in the substation unit, called as transmitter unit, and another one is the Main station called as controlling and receiving unit. The transmitter unit is where the power is monitored continuously by PIC (Peripheral Interface Controller) microcontroller. Zigbee is used for transmitting the signals that are obtained. The controlling unit in the main station receives the transmitted signals by means of zigbee receiver and displays in the laptop and reacts in accordance to the received signal.
A Study on the Problems Faced by Msmes in Coimbatore District published in

Published by
MR. J. PRASATH,MR. R. KANAGARAJ Coimbatore is one among the industrially developed and commercially vibrant districts of Tamilnadu. It has got high concentration of small scale industries and medium and large scale industries. It is known as the Manchester of South India because of its well developed textile industry and other industrial base. The third largest city of the state, Coimbatore, is one of the most industrialized cities in Tamil Nadu, known as the textile capital of South India or the Manchester of the South. The successful growth of cotton that served as a foundation for the establishment of its famous textile industry. The result has been a strong economy and a reputation as one of the greatest industrial cities in South India. There are more than 25,000 small, medium, large scale industries. Coimbatore is also famous for the manufacture of motor pump sets and varied engineering goods. The development of Hydro electricity from the Pykara Falls in the 1930 led to a cotton boom in Coimbatore.
Diversity and Distribution of Phytoplankton in the River Hiran published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Yogendra Kumar Payasi Present work was carried out to investigate the diversity and distribution of phytoplankton in the River Hiran. Samples were collected from five sampling stations, namely Kimdeshwar, Khitoula, Ghat Simariya, Khinni and Hirapur for two consective years. A total of 66 species of phytoplanktons were collected from the Hiran river. The greatest phytoplankton density from 830.4 to 4549.9 org/l was found at site S-1, while the least phytoplanktonic density 138.4 to 588.2 org/1 was reported at stations S-5. The phytoplankton represented in greatest number of Cyanophyceae and the least density of Dinophyceae. The phytoplankton represented in the order of Cyanophyceae > Bacillariophyceae > Chlorophyceae > Dinophyceae
AN OVERVIEW OF EBOLA. AN EMERGING VIRUS published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Reddy, P.B* Ebola virus is one of the most virulent virus and emerged as a crisis in West Africa and WHO declared it a public health emergency of international concern. WHO also declared similar emergencies for polio and the swine flu pandemic in 2009. The present eruption linked with Ebola disease in African continent is believed to be one of the huge epidemic disease caused by the Ebola viral infections. It is believed that Ebola has been transmitted to the Western regions through the tourists from wide spread countries like Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Nigeria. Now this disease is spreading through the contact in any form from the infected persons or patients. The infection is characterized by unexpected onset of fever, chills, malaise, gastrointestinal, respiratory, cutaneous, and neural symptoms. Until now, no definite therapeutics or vaccines have been approved for this lethal disease. Initially it infects macrophages and endothelial cells by producing an anti interferon Protein 24 (eVP24) which prevents interferon-based signals. The mechanism of Ebola virus on the function of the immune system is still unclear hence no standard treatment is available. Countries affected to date including India do not have the capacity to manage an outbreak of this size and complexity on their own. In this article I reviewed recent research articles from Google scholar,scimago,webscience and other database sources and tried to collect the updated information on epidemiology, pathogenesis and treatment of Ebola virus infection which will be helpful for researchers and doctors to design drugs for the treatment of Ebola virus disease.
METHODOLOGICAL BASIS OF ENTERPRISE COMPETITIVENESS ANALYSIS OF THE AIRLINES published in

University Economic Bulletin. Collection of scientific articles of scientists and post-graduate students

Published by State Higher Educational Establishment �Pereyaslav-Khmelnytskiy State Pedagogic University after Grygoriy Skovoroda�
Poberezhna Zarina The article is devoted to solution of important applied problems of evaluation the competitiveness of the airlines as objects of corporate investment. There are no methodological approaches to the definition of competitiveness in terms of corporate sustainability and emission activity of the airlines. The subject of the research in this article is a methodological support of enterprise competitiveness analysis of the airlines as objects of investments. The aim of the study determined the rationale for the methodological support of enterprise competitiveness analysis of the airline through the establishment-type corporate sustainability and the level of emission activity. Objectives of the study are: justification of the methodical approach to assessment of the creditworthiness of the airline; identify competitive investment rating and competitiveness of the airline; forming methodological foundations for the corporate analysis of the level of issue activity of the airline, the type definition of corporate sustainability and competitiveness. Methodological basis of research are the theory of corporate and investment management. The research process used empirical and combined methods of economic research. According to the study methodical approach to corporate analysis of the creditworthiness of the airline, which unlike the existing account values of emission activity and the type of corporate sustainability of the airline. In contrast to the known approach, enterprise analysis allows you to determine the level and type of competitiveness of the airline. The use of the proposed methodological approach in the practice of the investment activities of airlines will allow you to determine their competitive advantage in the process of raising funds from corporate investors in the markets of investment resources.
Empirical Study-Impact of Various Related Variable on Dividend Pay-Out Ratio published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Avani Shah, Dr. Manoj Shah Dividend policy decision has a significant effect on the credit standing of the firm, its share prices and its future growth. Various variables affect while taking decision regarding dividend decision, this paper attempted to study the effect of least related variable on dividend payout. For study purpose top three listed companies from Information and Technology sector has been taken. The study has been made for five years during 2009 to 2014. Variables like liquidity, size and growth, leverage and provision for taxation have been considered for study purpose. Correlation matrix is used to know the relationship of various variables with dividend payout and simple regression model has been used to know the effect of least related variables on dividend payout. The study found that there is no much influence of least related variable on dividend payout.
Systemic sclerosis (Scleroderma) among adults attending the Rheumatology Clinic of a Tertiary Institution published in

Published by
Oguntona SA, Olatunde OA, Bakare OB Background: Systemic sclerosis is a multi-systemic autoimmune disorder characterised by the generation of autoantibodies, massive deposition of collagen and other matrix substances in the connective tissues and alterations of the microvasculature. Methods: This was a prospective study of all the cases of scleroderma seen between January 2012 and June 2015 at the Rheumatology Clinic of the Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital. All the patients with the diagnosis of scleroderma were included. Excluded from the study were patients with other skin lesions not typical of scleroderma. Results: Six hundred and six patients with rheumatologic disorders were seen over the study period but eight of them had scleroderma. All the eight cases of scleroderma were females. The age range was 36-52 years with a mean age of 45 years (SD ± 11.4 years). All the cases had arthritis and diffuse skin lesions. Other features included sclerodactyly, microstomia and salt and pepper skin appearance in all the eight cases while Raynaud’s phenomenon and leg ulcers were not frequent. Inflammatory marker (erythrocyte sedimentation rate) was significantly elevated in all the cases. Renal and cardiovascular complications were the leading causes of death. Conclusion: Diffuse systemic sclerosis is a more serious disease than the limited form. Early referral of patients with skin lesions suggestive of scleroderma to a specialist centre is recommended as symptomatic treatment helps to improve the quality of life.
PROPERTIES OF CONCRETE WITH RED MUD AS PARTIAL REPLACEMENT OF CEMENT WITH HYDRATED LIME AND SUPERPLASTICIZER published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Siddu Karthik C S*, Panditharadhya B J, Sowmyashree T, Arpitha D J In this research an attempt has been made to produce different grades of concrete using huge industrial waste such as red mud as a partial replacement of cement with the hydrated lime. This project presents the results of investigation on production of concrete members using a combination of materials which predominantly includes red mud and lime. The present study is mainly focused on the compressive strength, split tensile strength, flexural strength and durabi lity properties of concrete, which are the important parameters to be studied in concrete production of different proportion of raw materials for different grades of concrete. However, when used in combination with 30% red mud, cement and 5% lime the compo sites shows significant compressive strength of 27.3N/mm 2 and 50.05 N/mm 2 for M20 and M40 grade of concrete. Tensile strength of 2.60 N/mm 2 , 4.98 N/mm 2 for M20 and M40 grade of concrete. Selected combinations of mixes were later used to produce beam of siz e 500 x 100 x 100mm. These beams are tested for flexural strength of results 2.4 N/mm 2 and 3.29 N/mm 2 for M20 and M40 grade of concrete. From this study it is revealed that 30% replacement of red mud along with 5% hydrated lime is found to be optimum
Application of Tax Audit and Investigation on Tax Evasion Control in Nigeria published in

Journal Of Accounting, Finance And Auditing Studies

Published by Ahmet G?KG?Z
Clement Olatunji Olaoye Ayobolawole Adewale Ogundipe Tax evasion has always being a bane to any tax system and there are diverse arguments on tax audit and investigation as a curb to this anathema. Based on this, the study examined the application of tax audit and investigation on tax evasion control in Nigeria. It specifically investigated the impact of desk audit-DEKAUD, field audit-FIAUD, back duty audit-BAKAUD and tax investigation-TAXINV on tax evasion control in Nigeria. Relevant data was sourced fromthe administration of questionnaire and response from it analyzed with ordered logistic regression and Spearman's rho measure of association. It was revealed that from the Likelihood ratio test: Chi-square(4)= 325.11 [0.0000] and cut1 to cut11 that the overall model is significant at 5% levelin explaining the variation in tax evasion control in Nigeria. DEKAUD has a tendency to significantly reduce the occurrence of tax fraud in Nigeria (z=5.8743, p<0.00001); FIAUD indicated effect of 0.14 (z=, p=0.15720) on tax evasion control in the country; BKAUD showed significant influence on the control of tax evasion (z=4.1856, p<0.05); Tax investigation does not influence significantly the level of fraud control (z= 1.1017, p>0.05).It was concluded that tax audit in the form of desk and back duty are highly instrumental in the reduction in tax evasion, while tax investigation and field audit does not influence the control of tax frauds in the form of evasion. The study recommended that revenue agency should frequently engage in desk and field audit as they both contribute largely to the control of tax evasion in the country, while in the conduct of field audit and tax investigation, they must put in place adequate machinery in the form security personnel to help protect tax inspectors so as to mitigate the occurrence of fracas between tax inspectors and tax evaders which makes it impact not to be felt on tax evasion control.
Gamblers Fallacy And Its Role In Portfolio Allocation Decisions: An Experimental Study published in

Published by
Sanjana Kadyan Human beings are often prone to several cognitive and behavioral biases that are not recognized by conventional theory. This study examines the role of Gamblers Fallacy and Trend Chasing (Hot Hand Fallacy) in influencing the decisions taken by participants with the help of two experiments. In the first experiment, the subjects were asked to predict the outcome of a coin toss after observing the results of the previous seven outcomes of the coin toss. The second experiment was devised to test for the role of Gamblers fallacy and Trend chasing in portfolio decisions made by the subjects. The participants were allocated 2 perfectly negatively correlated risky assets giving the same dividend. At the beginning of each period, the participants could trade the stocks with the experimenter at no additional cost due to the fixed selling (and purchasing) price. So the participants could eliminate all risk and maximize their expected payoffs by simply keeping a balanced portfolio. The results of the first experiment give substantial evidence for the committal of Gamblers Fallacy. The second experiment results showed that people held imbalanced portfolios but did not provide us with a clear trend of Gamblers Fallacy or Trend chasing in portfolio allocation decisions, given the small sample size and budget constraint of this pilot experiment. Improvisations in the experimental design, sample size and salience could give more robust results.
Radiation Doses to Patients Undergoing Some Selected X-Ray Diagnostic Procedures published in

Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Published by Scientific and Academic Association
Nworgu O. D.1 and Bamidele L.2 The level of dose and its distributions in adult patients undergoing seven selected common types of x-ray examination in two public hospitals in Nigeria were investigated using exposure parameters. A total of 224 patients were included in this investigation. The ages of the patients involved were from 18 years to 75 years, while their average weights ranged from 67kg to 73kg. Mean, median, first and third quartiles, and maximum to minimum ratio of Entrance Surface Doses (ESDs) are determined. The results show that for each of the examinations, the individual ESD values were found to be comparable with those from similar studies in Ghana, Sudan and in Nigeria. When compared with established international reference doses, the mean ESDs were found to be below the reference values, except in chest AP and pelvis AP where the ESDs of 0.47mGy and 12.0mGy were recorded. The value of ESD obtained was validated by direct measurement using thermo luminescent dosimeter (TLD). The difference between the calculated and the measured radiation dose was quite small.
MODELING OF THE INFORMATION BASE OF DECISION-MAKING IN THE WATER SECTOR published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Ylmeken Muhitovna Smailova Provides General tasks and problems of designing a database of information system designed storage, processing and analysis of data for decision-making in the field of content and operation of water management systems and structures.
Study on Efficacy of Veterinary Medication for Effective Rumen Function - A Strategy to Minimize Greenhouse Gas Emission published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Ravikumar R. K, Amol S Kinhekar, Vipin Kumar The role of rumen physiology is paramount for proper digestion and for producing desirable animal output. Under this circumstances, the environmental concern of livestock as major factor in greenhouse gas emissions needs to be addressed. The greenhouse gas emissions are posing severe challenges for consumption of animal produce. The rumen pH is vital for the microenvironment of the ruminants. This study investigated the efficacy of a common indigenous veterinary medication for effective rumen function. It is paramount that balanced rumen microbes, protozoa have to be sustained for optimum digestion. This study had found that common medicinal herb ginger (Zingiberofficinale) had maintained the pH of the rumen environment and reduced the gas production. The research study had illustrated the importance of a medicinal herb used in indigenous veterinary system for overcoming greenhouse gas emissions as well as for proper rumen fermentation.
ESSENTIAL OIL CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF ALPINIA OFFICINARUM RHIZOMES FROM WEST BENGAL published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Kamal Jhunjhunwalla*, Rabindra Kumar Singh, James Barker, Steve Barton, Rosa Busquets This study describes the composition of the volatile oil of Alpinia Officinarum rhizomes of West Bengal. The essential has been obtained by the process of steam distillation. 73 components were identified by mass spectrometry. Identified molecules comprise 93.6% of the total oil. The major components are 1,8-cineole (44.85%), alpha terpineol (7.42%), beta pinene (5.04%) and gamma cadinene (3.86%). This study reveals a 1,8-cineole content of 2505mg/kg of West Bengal Alpinia Officinarum rhizomes.
A REVIEW ON PV WIND BASED HYBRID POWER SYSTEM WITH MPPT CONTROLLERS published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Anil Kumar Kashyap*, Mr. Amit Agrawal An exercise of power effectively of renewable energy is more important in the present scenario. This paper proposes a detailed review on Hybrid power system with solar in addition with MPPT controllers. Standalone solar power system is the best choice for a rural area to supply uninterrupted power. Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) is ordinarily involved in photovoltaic (PV) systems to maximize the output power from PV arrays regardless of the weather changes. Quick reaction and high tracking accuracy are two essential design requirements in MPPT control.
STUDYING EFFECT OF TITANIUM DIOXIDE NANOPARTICLES ON IMPROVING QUALITY AND QUANTITY OF STRAWBERRY ( FRAGARIA ANANASSA ) published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Elahe Hashemi Dehkourdi 1 , Mousa Mousavi 1 *, Norollah Moallemi 1 , Mohammad Hadi Ghafarian Mogharab 2 This experiment was conducted to assess the influence of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (anatase TiO 2 NPs) on strawberry (c.v Queen Eliza and Paroos) in a hydroponic condition. Hoagland solution supplemented with TiO 2 NPs at seven concentrations of 0, 1.5, 3.5, 5.5, 7.5, 9.5 and 11.5 mg/l was used. The results indicated that the hydroponically application of anatase TiO 2 NPs in the nutrient solution, compared with the control, increased different characteristics of strawberry plant such as chlorophyll content of leaves, weight and size, as corbic acid , TSS and TSS/TA ratio of the fruit, pH of the fruit extract and yield (gr/plant). The best results were obtained when using a high concentration (11.5 mg/l) of TiO 2 NPs.
AN EMPIRICAL STUDY ON CUSTOMERS? PREFERENCE TO BSNL LANDLINE SERVICE IN ERODE CITY published in

GE-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT RESEARCH

Published by Associated Asia Research Foundation
Dr. P. Parimaladevi, S. Loganayaki In the ages of information, telecom services have became essential device of human development. Today internet has transformed our life in a great manner. People rely on internet for their day to day services . The market of internet is increasing and the demand for greater bandwidth and faster connection speeds have led to various technologies to be emerged. Broadband is one of them and used widely. This paper has drawn up with the objective of identifying and analyzing the customers? preference, various schemes offered and the satisfaction level of customers with the BSNL landline services.
EFFECT ON COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF CONCRETE WITH PARTIAL REPLACEMENT OF CEMENT BY MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE INCINERATION ASH published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
V. Alivelu Mangamma The municipal solid waste incineration ash reduces are worldwide studied topic over the last decades, so that utilize the municipal solid waste is the one of the possibilities is to use MSWI in concrete production as it is done the bottom ash features the most convenient composition in concrete and it is a available in highest amounts among the MSWI ashes the bottom ash was used as pa rtial replacement of cement of cement in concrete strength has to find ,if the prepared concrete will get sufficient durability or not. The behavior of concrete with the bottom as is differed from the control material due to presence of sulphats and chlori des in bottom ash.
OCCUPATIONAL EFFICACY AND JOB SATISFACTION OF SCHOOL EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATORS IN KASHMIR published in

SCHOLARLY RECSEARCH JOURNAL FOR INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES

Published by AMIT PUBLISHERS & COMPANY
SHABIR AHMAD BHAT,YASHPAL D NETRAGAONKAR The present study was conducted to compare the occupational efficacy and job satisfaction of school educational administrators in District Kashmir , J&K (India). The sample for the study consisted of 100 school administrators who were heading different educational institutions in Kashmir , J&K (India). The investigator used two standardized tools Sanjaypot Pethe, Sushma Chowdari an d Uppinar Dhar self occupational efficacy scale and Job Satisfaction Scale by Amar Singh and T.R Sharma ) to collect the data from the field. The investigator used different statistical analysis viz, percentage, mean, S.D and t - test to analyze the data. It was found that male and female School Educational Administrators in School Education differ significantly on Occupational Efficacy. Male and female School Educational Administrators in School Education differ significantly on Job Satisfaction.
Structural Appraisal of the Gravity Map of Dharwar Craton, India Through Gradient Techniques published in

Published by
K. Satish Kumar, K. Bhagya, G. Ramadass An attempt has been made to understand the complex nature of the new Bouguer gravity anomalies over Dharwar Craton in relation between geology, structure and tectonics in the study region bounded between 73 30' E -78 30' E Longitudes and 12 N-17 N Latitudes. Disposition of Schist belts, Younger Granites and Various Faults ( f1-f12) and other gravity lineaments, (9-Gravity Highs (H1-H9), 7 Gravity lows (L1-L7)) were delineated. These signatures are also observed in vertical and tilt derivative maps. The structures are identified for the Dharwar formations are alternating bands of Synclines and Anticlines with dense greenstone rocks, and separated by anticlinal ridges of low density younger granites. These findings are significant in view of the paucity structural data in the Dharwar Craton and form a Geostructural data base.
Heavy metals characteristics of settled particles during dust storms in Basrah city- Iraq published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Mohanad Hamid Alaberi The collected dust storms samples were from Basrah city- south Iraq. The heavy metals with the dust storms were studied and it used as indicator for pollution byused three of main indices; geo- accumulation (I- geo), contamination factor (CF), and pollution load index (PLI).The higher concentrations of Co, Zn, Pb, and Ni in Harthah, Qarmmat Ali, Ashar, Fao, and Umm Qasir areas may be as a result to effect of urbanization and industrial processes problems that represented byemission of factory chimneys , household electric power generator, motor vehicle fuel combustionand Impacts of waste flaring associated gas from oil drilling sites. I-geo for Co, Zn, Pb, and Ni in the studied sites shows relatively values of class 1, which indicated the slightly polluted, while I-geo for Fe and Cu shows relatively values of class 0, which indicated no pollution. The contamination factor for Co, Zn, Pb, and Ni classified as class 2, which indicator to moderately contamination, while the contamination factor for Fe and Cu classified as class 1, which indicator for low contamination. PLI values in the all of studied sites classified as class 2 (Deterioration on site quality) indicating local pollution, except in Qurnah ( S2 and S3) and Abu Al Khassib (S14 and S15) , that show the range of PLI values between 0.91 to 0.97 which indicate denote perfection with (class 0) and appear no pollution .
GOLD NANOPARTICLE: AS NOVEL CARRIER FOR DRUG DELIVERY published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
*Hemangi Shinde, Prfo K.R.Jadhav, Dr. A.Y. Pawar Nanoparticles have successfully come to aid various disease states, but the advances in biomedical imaging depend largely on the shape, size, and selectivity of the nanoparticles to the target. Among nanoparticles, gold nanoparticles demonstrate special advantages in this field due to their unique properties, small size and high surface area-to-volume ratio. These particles have been widely used in various biomedical applications and drug delivery systems due to their inert nature, stability, high dispersity, non-cytotoxicity and biocompatibility. Gold nanoparticles are being used effectively in laboratory based clinical diagnostic methods while concurrently showing great promise in vivo either as a diagnostic imaging agent or a therapeutic agent.Gold Nanoparticles have appeared as an attractive candidate for various drug molecules or considered as extraordinary molecular carrier for the targeting including DNA, RNA, proteins, pepetides,drugs, genes and other molecules of therapeutic significance. This Review focuses on gold therapy and its biodistribution in humans, characteristics, types, synthesis methods, and functionaliztion of gold nanoparticles and its emerging applications various fields.
TEACHER EDUCATION: PRESENT CONCERNS AND ISSUES published in

Published by
Sheerein Humaira, Dr. M. H. Quasmi The National Curriculum Framework (NCF) 2005 moves away from the textbook culture to child centered pedagogy which means giving utmost importance to childs experiences, their voices and their participation. It thrusts upon the constructivist approach to knowledge. Thus, when the concept of knowledge and learner changes, the role of teacher needs to be viewed afresh as well. NCF (2005) advocates that the role of a teacher is not to impart knowledge i.e. but rather be a facilitator and being to supportive to learning so that a learner constructs knowledge on his/her own. It provides a broad framework for preparation of teachers. It talks about the ongoing professional development of teachers. It talks about the pedagogic and curricular approach which bears a lot of responsibility and ownership on the part of the teacher. It emphasis a lot of teacher-initiated activities in the classrooms. The question is: Whether the present teacher education system is able to fulfill the expectations outlined in the NCF? Or is NCF merely setting up altitudes which are far from reach? This paper highlights the issues and concerns which needs to be resolved in order to bring about a paradigm shift in teacher education.
Optimization and production of bioethanol from cashew apple juice using Saccharomyces cerevisiae culture by solar energy published in

Engineering Technology in India

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
Y.P. KHANDETOD, A.G. MOHOD, S.H. SENGAR, H.Y. SHRIRAME AND A.S. PATIL Ethanol fuels unlike petroleum are renewable and can be produced from locally available cashew apple fruit juice (variety Vengurla-4) grown in the Konkan region of Maharashtra, India. The production and use of ethanol in the country has the potential to generate income in the rural areas by boosting the agricultural sector thus bringing social economic development and environmental benefits. The objective of this study was to show the ways ethanol production. Production of ethanol involves two processes fermentation and distillation. Raw fermented cashew apple juice after fermentation was used for ethanol production. Distillation process using concentrating solar cooker having the total distillation rate per day of the system was 2230 ml for first distillation with average distillation efficiency of the system as 33.41 per cent that increase the ethanol percentage up to 18.6 per cent from initial 12 per cent. After second distillation the value of ethanol concentration obtained was 35.5 per cent. Due to higher temperature, the water also evaporated along with ethanol. So it was not possible to get higher concentration of ethanol. Specific gravity and acid value of the 35.5 per cent ethanol were found to be 0.947 and 1.044 mg KOH/ g, respectively. These results indicate that cashew apple juice is a suitable substrate for yeast growth and the fermentation juice can be used for ethanol production.
INVITRO ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY AND ANTI -INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY OF ETHANOLIC LEAF EXTRACT OF COCCULUS HIRSUTUS published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Dr. S.Umamaheswari*, K.S. Sridevi Sangeetha Aim is to study the invitro antioxidant and anti-inflammatory action of the ethanolic extract of leaves of Cocculus hirsutus. Preliminary Phytochemical anlalysis showed the presence of flavones, flavonoids, triterpenoids, anthocyanins, coumarins, proteins, reducing sugars, alkaloids, tannins, glycosides and quinines. The invitro antioxidant study was done by DPPH, Nitric oxide radical generation and reducing power assay. The anti-inflammatory study was done by HRBC (Human Red Blood Cell) assay. Ethanolic extract of the leaf of the plant showed significant antioxidant activity and the anti inflammatory activity. The maximum percentage of inhibition by DPPH method was found to be 56.73 % at the concentration of 800 g/ml and the maximum percentage of inhibition by Nitric oxide method was found be 58.6 %. The invitro anti inflammatoy activity was found to 79.77 % at the concentration of 25 g and it increases with increase in concentration at the concentration of 800 g it was found to be 94.74%. The antioxidant and the antinflammatory activity is may due to the presence of flavonoids. From the above it was concluded that the ethanolic leaf extrac of cocculus hirustus having in vitro antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity. Further investigation has to be done in experimental animals to find out the mechanism of action.
REMOVAL OF DYES IN TEXTILE EFFLUENT USING BITTER GOURD, POTATO AND BRINJAL ENZYMES published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Ashwini K*, Sharphudhin J In this study an effort has been made to use per oxidases enzyme of bitter gourd (momordica charantia) and plant polyphenol oxidases enzymes of potato (solanum tuberosum) and brinjal (solanum melongena) for the treatment of various important dyes used in textile industries. Potato, brinjal and bitter gourd is a commonly available plant in India. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of peroxidase and poly phenol oxidases enzymes in the degradation of dyes present in textile effluents under various experimental conditions like pH, Time intervals and Enzyme concentration on the basis of the one-factor-at-a-time (OFAT) method. And also evaluated the physico-chemical parameters of effluent after addition of enzyme extract. The maximum decolourisation of bitter gourd, potato and brinjal enzyme activity was achieved at pH 6.0, 10.0 and 3.0 with 4, 2 and 3 hrs of incubation and with an enzyme concentration of 0.8,0.6 and 1 ml. The maximum decolourisation percentage obtained by potato enzyme extract is 95% and hence this study results demonstrate that, among these three enzyme extracts the potato (Solanum Tuberosum) poly phenol oxidase enzyme is an effective biocatalyst for the treatment of effluents with dyes from textile industries and also most of the physico-chemical parameters values has also been reduced after addition of this enzyme extract.
Navigating The Possible Legal Pitfalls Of Virtual Teams published in

Journal of Organization Design

Published by Organizational Design Community
Carolyn M. Plump, David J. Ketchen, Jr. Virtual teams are an increasingly popular element of organizational designs. While virtual teams offer important advantages including increased collaboration, greater flexibility, and cost savings they may also create legal issues. Specifically, using virtual teams may lead executives to unwittingly violate labor and personnel laws. The results can be costly, including the loss of key personnel, damage to a companys reputation, and financial harm. Viewing virtual teams from a legal point of view, we identify pitfalls that virtual teams may encounter and offer ways to avoid them.
Analysis of physical and chemical properties of dill seed published in

Engineering Technology in India

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
N.N. DESAI, V.M. MODI AND D.B. PATEL The different physical properties of dill seeds, namely size in term of length, breadth and thickness; sphericity; bulk density; porosity; angle of repose and co-efficient of static friction against different surfaces (wood, steel and glass) were determined at 5.9 per cent moisture content. The average length, breadth and thickness of the dill seeds as 5.06 mm; 2.07 mm and 1.17 mm, respectively. The size and sphericity of the dill seeds found to be 2.28 mm and 0.451, respectively. The average value of bulk density and porosity at 5.9 per cent (d.b.) were found 444.88 kg/m3 and 60.04 per cent, respectively. The average value of angle of repose was 38.22o. The co-efficient of static friction against wood, steel and glass were found to be 0.740, 0.591 and 0.464, respectively. The average values of the chemical composition such as moisture content, crude fat, crude fibre, protein, carbohydrate and total ash were 5.9 per cent (d.b.) 2.63, 32.61, 12.25, 51.25 and 7.66 per cent, respectively.
ON SOME DEPENDENCIES STATISTICAL METHODS FOR MODELING OF LONG-TERM STRENGTH OF POLYMERS. published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Vladimir Nikolayevich Kestelman;Arne Jnsson;Alexandr Nikolayevich Shevtsov Purpose of the article is to study the processes of thermo-fluctuation degradation of polymer chains without loading.
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF TWO STANDBY INNOVATIVE SYSTEMS WHERE OPERATION OF ALL STANDBY UNITS IS NECESSARY ON THE FAILURE OF MAIN UNIT published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Upasana Sharma*, Gunjan Sharma The present paper gives the comparative study with respect to profit between two models for boil er working in thermal power plant. The system consists of one high pressure boiler, which is a main unit and two/three low pressure boilers, which are cold standby units. Model I comprises one main unit and two standby units and Model II comprises one main unit and three standby units. Upon the failure of main unit in Model I as well as in Model II, all the standby units will start functioning together. The system will be in failed state on the failure of main unit and any of the standby unit. Comparative S tudy for MTSF and profit has been done for both models graphically. The system is analyzed by making use of Semi - Markov processes and Regenerative Point Technique
AN SUPERVISED METHOD FOR DETECTION MALWARE BY USING MACHINE LEARNING ALGORITHM published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Nisha Badwaik*, Vijay Bagdi There is Explosive increase in mobile application more and more threat, viruses and benign are migrate from traditional PC to mobile devices. Existence of this information and access creates more importance which makes device attractive targets for malicious entities. For th is we proposed a probabilistic discriminative model which has regularized logistic regression for android malware detection with decompiled source code. There are so many approaches for detection of android malware has been proposed by using permission or source code analysis or dynamic analysis. In this survey paper, we use a probabilistic discriminative model for detection of malware by using supervised method. It also shows that probabilistic model based on regularized regression also it works well with permission. These three tools will give us complete part of analysis for the existing system which will gives us a complete part of analysis for exiting system. From this tool we get source code patterns. These patterns are studied and network database is train for getting malware and normal app signature
To Know How Femoral Nerve Block [FNB] with 0.75% Ropivacaine is an Aid to Regional Anesthesia [SAB] For Femur and Hip Surgeries published in

Published by
Dr. Anitha Kulkarni, Dr. W. S. Thatte, Dr. Tejeswi Sai Context: Femoral nerve block is safe and reliable for surgeries on anterior thigh ,knee and post-op pain management .15-20ml of drug used, which diffuses underneath fascia iliaca and also blocks lateral cutaneous nerve of thigh, complimenting FNB. Aims: To assess efficacy of femoral block in reducing pain due to femur fracture before positioning patient for spinal anesthesia. To access efficacy of femoral block in providing post-operative analgesia ,using VAS score. Materials and Methods: Femoral block was given, to 30 patients aged 18-60 years ASA grade I-IV ,with 15-20ml of Inj. 0.75% Ropivacaine (3mg/kg) Hemodynamic parameters, onset and duration of post-op analgesia was recorded. 30 minutes after FNB, Sub Arachnoid block was given with Inj.0.5% heavy Bupivacaine . This study was compared with femur, knee surgeries done only under SAB with 3.5 ml 0.5% heavy Bupivacaine. Results: Femoral nerve block with 0.75% Ropivacaine helped in decreasing pain and keeping hemodynamic parameters stable while giving sub-arachnoid block. Post op analgesia ,lasted more than 10 hrs.
Consumer preferences for the innovative curtains published in

Asian Journal of Home Science

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
ANITA RUHIL, NIRMAL YADAV, KRISHNA KHAMBRA AND NISHA ARYA An attempt has been made through this study to know about the consumer preference for the creative innovative curtains in order to incorporating the latest information regarding innovative curtains by using computer technology. Twenty five innovative designed curtains were developed by incorporating various designing techniques /features using Corel Draw. Among the total of twenty five innovative designed curtains, the five designs were preferred by the experts. These designs were developed with the combinations of different designing techniques/features i.e. embroidery, patch work, shirring, Toran, cowl effect etc.
PHYTOCHEMICAL STUDY AND IN VITRO ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF PISTACIA LENTISCUS L. (PISTACIACEAE) IN BOUMERDES MOUNTAINOUS REGION (ALGERIA) published in

Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences

Published by University of El Oued
L. Bendifallah, A. E. Benmahfoud, Y. Hameni, S. Mameche Pistacia lentiscus L. (Pistaciaceae) is widespread in the Mediterranean basin. It is among the most important medicinal plants in Algeria that is known for its antifungal and antimicrobial properties. For this study, the leaves were collected from the mountainous region of Boumerdes, in northern Algeria. In such a propitious context, the aim of this study was to enhance Pistacia lentiscus as a medicinal herb. The phytochemical screening methods are used. For their antimicrobial activity, extracts of tannin and polyphenols were screened against three pathogenic bacterial strains and one pathogenic yeast strains using agar well diffusion method. The phytochemical analysis results showed a remarkable combination of chemical components including a high content in tannins, in leucoanthocyanins, in glucosids, alcaloids, flavono?ds and in saponosids. The tannins and the polyphenols have strong antimicrobial activity against some species. The maximum zone of inhibition was noted for polyphenol and tannin extracts against Staphylococcus aureus (17mm, 9mm) and an antifungic activity against candida albicans (07mm, 19mm). These results indicate to some benefits of Pistacia lentiscus leaves which can use to treatment the microbial infection.
Anthropometry application: For ease and efficiency in designing of workplaces published in

Asian Journal of Home Science

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
SIMRANPREET KAUR, HARPINDER KAUR AND M.K. SIDHU Anthropometry is a science which involves the systematic measurement of the physical properties of human body, primarily dimensional descriptors of body size and shape. Anthropologists have been measuring humans for hundreds of years, but for only the last fifty years or so have the dimensions been used in an organized fashion to improve the design and sizing of the things we use in everyday life. Anthropometric data are a necessary and basic tool for improving human machine interface to achieve a healthier, safer and more efficient workforce. The data are used in ergonomics to specify the physical dimensions of workplaces, equipment, furniture and clothing so as to fit the task to the man and to ensure that physical mismatches between the dimensions of equipment and products whereas the corresponding user dimensions are avoided. Various researches showed that improper dimensions of workplace demands a high degree of physical effort which can lead to musculo skeletal problems and ultimately decrease the working capacity of workers. Keeping this concept in mind, the present study was undertaken to find out the postural problems faced by the women workers at their workplace i.e. kitchens and suggest ergonomically based guidelines for redesigning of their workplace to reduce postural difficulties. For this purpose, related anthropometric data of women respondents were collected. This anthropometric data were further used to calculate the appropriate dimensions of workplaces and some guidelines were also framed on the basis of ergonomic principles to reduce the postural discomfort of respondents
Comparing empathy in young adults of divorced and married parents published in

Published by
Megha Kar, Jayasankara Reddy. K The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between the marital status of parents of young adults and their empathy level, in the Indian context with a sample drawn from Bangalore, Karnataka. This study employed a quantitative method utilizing comparative analysis to measure the empathy level of young adults, of married parents and divorced parents, across the domains of Fantasy, Perspective Taking, Empathetic Concern and Personal Distress. The contradiction between the the previous literature, suggesting that marital conflict and divorce may culminate in reduced empathetic functioning, and current finding, that there exists no significant difference between the same, may be attributed to a cultural difference. These findings provide scope for a more in depth qualitative study of the impact of parenting styles, parent-child relationships, social support, age and personality factors as well as those of culture in regard to the relationship between empathy level and marital status of parents.
STUDY OF RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ANTIDEPRESSANTS INTERACTION AND TOXICITY AMONG PATIENTS: A CASE STUDY published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Dr. Seyed Sam Banisadr*1, Dr. Padmaja K2, Dr. Mahesh M. Nosenoor3, Dr. Sumi Jose4 This study aims at examining the relationship between antidepressants interaction and toxicity among patient with antidepressant interaction. The essential information was collected in a year from the information in the health records of 108 patients admitted to Imam Khomeini Hospital due to the interaction of antidepressants caused toxicity. The existing drug interactions and their severity, according to Hansten & Horns classification, were categorized in three groups: severe, moderate and mild drug interaction. The results indicated that there is a significant relationship between drug items and toxicity level caused by drug interaction, and with the increasing number of used drugs, patients are more likely to have severe toxicity. In addition to this, the maximum drug interaction was found among patients who used two different types of antidepressants (more than 60%), as the maximum interaction was observed among antidepressants groups of two drugs Tricyclic Antidepressant (TCA) & Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI) (more than 32%), which had a significant relationship with severe toxicity among patients. finally, there was no significant relationship between gender and toxicity caused by drug interaction.
Medicinal Plants and their Anti-Tuberculous Property published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Gaurav Tyagi Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of tuberculosis, was responsible for the infection in approximately 9 million people worldwide in 2013 alone. All people who get infected with TB dont develop active disease. Those who dont develop the active diseases are referred to as latent TB cases. As per WHO, people with active disease might infect 10-15 people in their vicinity. Non-compliance of the available drug regimeleads to the emergence of drug resistance tuberculosis which is even more difficult to manage. There is a constant need to upgrade the armamentarium that we have for the treatment of tuberculosis. In the present situation, synthetic as well as drugs from the natural sources might play an important role in combating the pathogen. India with a vast variety of fauna can be a good contributor to the ever expanding field of natural anti-tuberculous agents.
ESTABLISHMENT OF METHODS FOR MICROBIAL RECOVERY: MISCELLANEOUS NON-STERILE PHARMACEUTICAL DOSAGE FORMS (STUDY I) published in

European Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr Girhepunje
Mostafa Essam Eissa* and Ahmed Mohamed Mahmoud Microbial contamination of pharmaceutical products is of critical concern in drug manufacturing industry that impacts both the consumers and the manufacturers. Development and verification of the sensitivity for bioburden detection and enumeration in the dosage forms is crucial in minimizing the risk of delivering unsafe products with masked contamination to the market. In the present study, selected group of 14 non-sterile pharmaceutical products including drugs with known antimicrobial properties - were tested for the ability to recover low level inoculums of pharmacopeial standard strains after applying specific neutralization and manipulation processes. The neutralization techniques included dilution, filtration, chemical neutralizers or combination of two or more of them together in a single procedure. Preliminary test was conducted to ensure non toxicity of the neutralization media or processes. The average combined microbial recovery of Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans (2025C), C. albicans (3035C) and Aspergillus niger (2025C) and A. niger (3035C) from all tested pharmaceutical dosage forms was 1.020.20, 0.950.17, 0.910.24, 0.990.29, 0.890.26, 0.960.24 and 0.790.19 respectively. The tested items passed the criteria of microbial enumeration and detection of specified pathogens as specified by USP 38NF 33 <61> and <62>. Interestingly, a tablet formula of Tinidazole and Norfloxacin combination and Fluconazole capsule showed high total microbial recovery (1.090.30 and 1.090.19 respectively) among other products after applying combined modified neutralization process.
Quality improvement of wool fabric using neem extract published in

Asian Journal of Home Science

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
SANTOSH HOODA, KRISHNA KHAMBRAAND NIRMALYADAV Herbal antimicrobial finish has been imparted to the wool fabric using methanolic neem extract by exhaust method. Finish was applied in tw/13o concentrations (3g/l and 5g/l) on grey as well as enzymatically scoured wool fabric and compared. The antimicrobial activity of the finish was accessed by quantitatively by AATCC-100 test method in terms of bacterial reduction. Effectiveness of finish was also accessed after washing the samples, using standard ISO: 6330-1984E with pre-determined number of washing cycles. Fabric strength and bending length was assessed using standard test method. It was observed that neem has been found effective against bacterial growth on wool fabric even after 20 washing cycles. neem treated scoured wool fabric showed very good antimicrobial activity than neem treated grey wool fabric. Tensile strength of treated sample was found to be lower than that of the untreated one. Fabric became stiffer after neem application and stiffness increased with increase in treatment concentration.
Role of Nutrition in Coping with Stress (Review) published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr Sanjay Sharma Stress, refers to the after effects of a person failing to respond properly to an event that has occurred in their life. If in a person emotions are bottled up inside without releasing, this behaviour brings stress upon the body and gets worse with time. Stress is shown to happen in three stages. The first is an initial state of alarm which produces a rush of adrenaline in the persons body. The second stage is a short term resistance mechanism that body sets up to cope with the problem. The final stage is a state of exhaustion in the body. The persons who suffer from stress may have symptoms such as; Muscle tension, loss of focus/concentration, headaches, increased heart rate, having a short temper, loss of appetite. Chronic Stress can cause long term illnesses to the body for examples; Diabetes, Depression, Mental health problems, Heart/Cardiovascular problems, Bowel/Digestive Problems. A balanced diet is one of the best ways to combat the effects of stress because when under stress, the body uses essential nutrients and these can be replenished by taking balanced diet. With the healthy balanced diet we can reduce the impact that stress has on body and effectively repair any damage that has been done prior to this.
METHOD DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF LENVATINIB DRUG BY RP-HPLC IN PHARMACEUTICAL DRUG DOSAGE FORM published in

INDO AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES

Published by Dr. CHANDRASEKHARA RAO BARU
Y. Prashanthi* , Mohammed Asif Ahmed , K. Vijaya , Riyazuddin A novel approach has used for the development and validates a rapid, simple and an isocratic RP-HPLC method with PDA detector for the estimation of Lenvatinib drug in pharmaceutical drug dosage form. Lenvatinib was separated using YMC C 18, 4.6 X 150 mm, 5 µ analytical column, a Waters HPLC system and a mobile phase consists of water and methanol in the ratio of 30:70 % v/v, delivered at 0.6 ml/min with 20 µl injection volume. The detector wavelength was at 240 nm. The system suitability parameters for Lenvatinib drug such as theoretical plates and tailing factor were found to be 4384.4, 1.6 respectively. Linearity was established for Lenvatinib in the range of 20 – 100 µg/ml concentration levels with a correlation coefficient of (r2 ) 0.999. The repeatability and reproducibility precision values were found to be 0.75 and 0.31 % respectively. The accuracy values were found to be in the range of 98 – 102 %. The limits of detection and quantification values were 0.48 µg/ml and 1.46 µg/ml respectively. The method was validated for specificity, system suitability, precision, accuracy, LOD and LOQ parameters as per the ICH guidelines. This method can be used for the estimation and analysis of Lenvatinib drug in active pharmaceutical ingredients and pharmaceuticals. Keywords: Lenvatinib, Lenvima, High Performance Liquid Chromatography, Photo Diode Array detector, Estimation
NON-IONIC SURFACTANT BASED VESICLE 'NIOSOME' AS A POTENTIAL OCULAR DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEM published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Raju. Manda*, Dr. R.Suthakaran, Virajaji Kaya, Bonagiri Sreedevi, B. kusuma Pravallika. The common principle for the success of pharmacotherapy is that the suitable drug should be present at the site of action in an effective concentration for a desired period of time. In ophthalmic treatment the site of action may be any ocular tissue, depending on where the disorder is located. Hence the drug should be targeted to many different sites within the eye. Poor bioavailability of drugs from ocular dosage form is mainly due to the tear production, non-productive absorption, transient residence time, and impermeability of corneal epithelium. Though the topical and localized application are still an acceptable and preferred way to achieve therapeutic level of drugs used to treat ocular disorders but the primitive ophthalmic solution, suspension, and ointment dosage form are no longer sufficient to combat various ocular diseases. The use of niosomes in combating the ophthalmic disorders is gaining momentum in the present scenario. This article reveals the importance in using niosomes as a potential ocular drug delivery system and highlights the need for the successful formulation, method of preparation and its characterization etc. to meet the future challenges and thereby rendering the dosage form for ocular therapy more effective.
A Case Report on Autogenous Method for Aesthetic Rehabilitation of Fractured Anterior Tooth published in

Published by
Dr. Udhya. J M. D. S, Dr. Varadharaja M. M. M. D. S, Dr. Vignesh Kumar . V M. D. S The fractures of the anterior teeth are a common form of dental trauma that mainly affects children and adolescents. One of the therapeutic options for managing coronal tooth fractures when the tooth fragment is available and there is no or minimal violation of the biological width is the Autogenous reattachment of the dental fragment. Reattachment of fractured tooth fragments can provide good and long-lasting esthetics (because the tooths original anatomic form, color, and surface texture are maintained). It also restores function, provides a positive psychological response, and is a relatively simple procedure. Patient cooperation and understanding of the limitations of treatment is of utmost importance for good prognosis. This article reports on case of coronal tooth fracture that were successfully treated using ultra conservative Autogenous biologic method of esthetic rehabilitation by fragment reattachment.
Modified Auto Regression Model for Race of Adults published in

Published by
S. C. Thasleema, B. Sarojamma Auto regressive model is relation between present time series variable and past time series values. Generally regression gives relation between dependent variable and independent variables. In time series a univariate variable relates chronologically. In this paper two modified auto regressive models by incorporating time to first modified auto regressive model and second modified autoregression model is incorporated by adding time and also dividing factorials to past time series values. Root mean square error criteria are used to choose best among three models i.e. auto regressive model, modified autoregressive model-1 and modified auto regressive model-2. The datapercent of people 25 years and over who have completed high school or college, by race, Hispanic origin and sex, for the period, of 23years i.e., 1990-2014(non institutionalized population). Among the fitted 15 models, 5 for auto regressive, 5 for modified auto regressive model-1 and 5 for auto regressive model-2 for orders 1, 2, 3,4 and 5. Among three auto regressive models, modified auto regressive model-2 is the best for the given data.Among 15 models, 5th order modified auto regressive model-2 is the best
Operationalisation of Breast Crawl as a Method of Early Initiation of Breast Feeding and its Impact in a Tertiary Care Hospital published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr.Shachi Patel, Dr. Uma Nayak Background: Research suggests that early initiation of breastfeeding is a cost efficient means over and above exclusive breastfeeding and is an independently effective intervention to achieve improvement in health care indicators. Objective: To implement breast crawl as a method for early initiation of breast feeding in our hospital set-up (enchasing the first hour of birth) and to study the effect of breast crawl on feeding practices, on babys weight gain, and on morbidity pattern Design: randomized control trial Settings: Hospital based study over 1 year, at Department of Pediatrics, Neonatal division and Labor room of Obstetric Department in Rukamani Chainani building of Government Medical College and S.S.G hospital, Vadodara. Intervention: Two introductory seminars of two hours duration each was held, which included a talk on the concept of breast crawl, lactation management in brief and the protocol of the thesis was briefed. The concerns and queries that arose were discussed and settled amicably. Photographs and posters were put in the labor room complex to help the nursing staff, telephone number of researcher and of the NICU on call resident were displayed such that supervision could be offered to babies on breast crawl. Each baby after birth and after cord was cut and who satisfied the inclusion criteria was randomized into either the breast crawl group or conventional care group. Antenatal and other demographic data was collected from records and personal interview, daily monitoring was done in form of weight gain or weight loss; breastfeeding practices were observed and problems regarding feeding were noted and morbidity if any was recorded. Result: Breast crawl had a significant positive impact on the onset of lactation (P<0.05) as well as extent of neonatal weight loss on day 3 (p<0.001). Conclusion: Our study adds to the body of evidence that breast crawl results in positive breast feeding outcome. Breast crawl as a method of early initiation for breast feeding was convincingly established in this study. Breast crawl had a major impact on early initiation of breastfeeding not only in normal mothers and normal babies but also in presence of difficult modes of deliveries and perinatal problems.
Character Association and Path Analysis for Yield and Yield Components in Okra [Abelmoschus Esculentus (L.) Moench] published in

Published by
Sreenivas Gogineni, Dr. Arya. K, Dr. Sheeba Rebecca Isaac, Dr. Jessy M. Kuriakose Correlation and path analysis were carried out in ten different okra hybrids for fruit yield and its component traits. The correlation analysis indicated that fruit yield was significantly associated with fruit length, fruit girth, fruit weight, number of fruits per plant, plant height and duration at both genotypic and phenotypic level, indicating mutual association of these traits. Path coefficient analysis revealed that number of fruits per plant had maximum direct contribution (0.698) towards total yield followed by fruit weight (0.467), fruit girth (0.075) duration (0.042) and plant height (0.014). However, days to first flowering and fruit length exhibited negative direct effect. Hence, selection should be practiced for these characters in order to isolate superior plant types for improvement of fruit yield.
EVALUATION OF ANTI-DIABETIC ACTIVITY OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF DESMOSTACHYA BIPINNATA ON ALLOXAN INDUCED DIABETES IN RATS published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Ravindra Babu Sajja* and Sraddha Bhaskari D The present study was carried out to evaluate the antidiabetic activity of ethanolic extract of Desmostachya bipinnata whole plant (EDB) in alloxan induced diabetic rat model in which the rats were treated with alloxan (150mg/kg, i.p). The study was carried out on a 14 day protocol and the parameters monitored were blood glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, SGOT, SGPT, ALP, creatinine, urea, uric acid, body weights and oral glucose tolerance were evaluated.. Our study clearly indicated that the ethanolic exract of Desmostachya bipinnata whole plant showed significant antidiabetic activity at both doses (200mg/kg and 400mg/kg) as significant decrease (P<0.05) in Blood glucose, cholesterol,TG,SGOT, SGPT, ALP, urea, uric acid and creatinine levels was observed. The ethanolic exract of Desmostachya bipinnata whole plant also showed significant increase (P<0.05) in body weight when compared with diabetic control rats.The results indicated that the whole plant extract of Desmostachya bipinnata at high dose (400mg/kg) exhibited significant (P<0.05) antihyperglycemic activity than low dose of (200mg/kg) of whole plant extract in diabetic rats.
Theories of Truth published in

Published by
Aloke Bhunia On characteristic of any proposition we know is that it must be true. If it is not true, we cannot be said to know it. Truth is involved in knowing. A proposition can be true without being known to be true, but it cannot be known to be true without being true. The word true is used in many senses. Philosophers are concerned only with the sense of true in which truth is property of characteristic of proposition. A true proposition describes a state-of-affairs which is actual that is, which actually exists and a false proposition reports a state-of-affairs which does not actually exist. When a sentence is used to report a state-of-affairs, and this state of affairs is actual, then the proposition that the sentence expresses is true. Further, any other sentence that is used to express the same state-of-affairs will also express a true proposition. There are different kinds of truth, and we can discover the truths of different propositions in many different ways, for example, truth as correspondence, truth as coherence, truth as pragmatic etc . According to the correspondence theory of truth a proposition is true if it corresponds with a fact; that is with a state-of-affair. How does a true proposition corresponds to a facts? According to A. C. Ewing, the word Correspondence suggests that when we make a true judgment, we have sort of picture of the real in our minds and that our judgment is true because, this picture is like the reality it represents. According to the pragmatic theory of truth , truth is what Works, and true proposition is one that works. Suppose, I believe that there are living organisms on mars.. If I go to Mars and fined living organisms there, then indeed my belief has turned out to be true (i.e. it works) and it is true because that proposition describes and actual state of affairs. Coherence is a relation among propositions. A group of proposition is coherent means each of them supports the other ones they are mutually supporting. Whatever the relation of a group of propositions may be to each other, the question of truth does not arise until we consider whether any or all of these propositions reports an actual state of-affairs in the world. In this sense coherence is a matter of degree.
Effects of Training on the Lepidemic Profile of Young Soccer Players published in

Published by
Bekris Evangelos The aim of the current study is to examine the effects of soccer on the lipidemic profile of young males. Specifically the researcher examined how the anthropometric characteristics, the weekly exercise frequency and the level of aerobic capacity affect players cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) levels.128 males, who were divided into three groups based on their weekly frequency and kind of physical exercise, participated in this study. One-way ANOVA analysis was used for the differences between the three groups while post hoc Bonferroni test was used for the comparisons between the groups. The significance level was defined at p<0,05.This study concludes that 2-3 soccer training sessions per week benefits TG and HDL-C levels. In addition, VO2max levels positively affect HDL-C values. On the other hand, body mass index and body fat percentage was not related with any parameter of lepidemic profile.
SECURITY ISSUES IN MOBILE CLOUD COMPUTING (MCC) published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Anureet Kaur As we all witness the incredible growth of mobile device in past 10-15 years. We can see several thousands of mobile applications available in market which runs on different platforms. With this drastic growth of mobile technology there are various characters of mobile technology that impedes them to provide efficient services .Cloud computing has gained significant attention in last few years. Mobile computing is now integrated with cloud computing to harness the advantages of cloud and overcome underlying challenges of mobile devices. After integration of mobile and cloud computing, there are various security issues that need to be addressed while working on cloud environment. This paper describes few security issues and their possible solutions in mobile-cloud integration. Also overview of cloud computing including its types, features, applications and hierarchy in discussed.
DIALOGUE AS A STRATEGY IN MODERN EDUCATIONAL SPACE published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Anna Vladimirovna Shutaleva; Evgeniya Anatolevna Putilova In article such actual perspective for Russia of the XXI century as possibility of application of problem and dialogue strategy in modern educational space is analyzed. The special attention is paid to problems of influence of education on formation of the human person and indicators of efficiency of education. Competence-based approach allows to designate an adaptation context in a system personality-society which staticizes uniqueness of an inclusiveness of the personality in educational process.
Organizing Healthcare For Changing Markets: The Case of Ascension Health published in

Journal of Organization Design

Published by Organizational Design Community
Eric S. Engler, Stephen L. Jones, Andrew H. Van de Ven This case describes a Ministry Positioning process that will enable the management of Ascension Health to enact designs suitable for the rapidly changing healthcare industry. Ascension Health is the largest not-for-profit healthcare system in the United States with $21 billion in annual revenues and a presence in 24 states and the District of Columbia. Because the design of a large organization for a fast-moving environment is too complex and ambiguous to be fully planned in advance, the focus of the case is on the processes of learning while designingthat is, learning how to learn from designing organizations. The main lessons drawn from the Ministry Positioning process are discussed.
AN ANALYSIS ON FOLKLORE IN IRAN published in

Asia Pacific Journal of Advanced Business and Social Studies

Published by Asia Pacific Institute of Advanced Research
Dr. Latifeh Salamatbavil Culture is basically one of the expanded and more complicated issues in human life raised from the interaction between human, nature and the evolution of social concept. Folklore is considered one of the building blocks of culture including: traditions, customs, ethics, celebrations, habits, literature, arts, etc. The folklore of every society indicates the thoughts, ideals, cultural values and moral principles all around the world. Moreover, it is directed into a better recognition of different nations. From the beginning of the 19th century, the scientific studies of folklore scientifically started which examined the beliefs, verbal literature and the behaviours of people considered so as to identify social realities. The current essay is based on a descriptive-analytical method presenting some of the folkloric elements. It is concluded that getting acquainted with the folklore of different societies is led into recognizing their social facts. Holistically, attempting to comprehend the folkloric concepts of certain societies can make nations get closer to one another. Keywords: Folklore, Culture, Sociology, Ethics, Celebration
Social Networking and Adolescents: Issues and Concerns published in

SCHOLARLY RECSEARCH JOURNAL FOR INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES

Published by AMIT PUBLISHERS & COMPANY
JITENDER KUMAR and ASHA CHHABRA Participation with technology for social purpo ses has become the mainstream communication method for many people in the past several years. In particular adolescents in schools have adopted these forms of communication as the paramount way to keep in touch with family and friends. Social networking is a current phenomenon that consists of both web - based communication with Internet users through websites (Face book, MySpace, YouTube) and interaction with others via cellular phones. Social Networking websites, such as Facebook, Twitter and MySpace are th e most popular places for these students to spend their time. These young people are the most prolific users of social network sites (SNS). Emerging studies find that youth spend a considerable portion of their daily life interacting through social network ing. The rise of the internet age has enabled us to live a life at a faster pace. Because of the freedom the web provides, millions of people can communicate at the same time. Never before in human history, has there been a time like this. Whats most intr iguing about this revolution is that children and teens are leading the way. And because of their limited capacity for self - regulation and susceptibility to peer pressure, children and adolescents are at some risk as they navigate and experiment with socia l networking. Present paper conceptualizes that there are frequent online expressions of offline behaviors, such as bullying, clique - forming, and sexual experimentation, that have introduced problems such as cyber bullying, privacy issues, and sexting. O ther problems that merit awareness include Internet addiction and concurrent sleep deprivation.
Evaluation to the level of some inflammatory markers in hypothyroid insulin resistant patients published in

Baghdad Science Journal

Published by College of Science for Wome, University of Baghdad
Shaima Razaq* Khalid I.Al-Lehibi** Sabah N.Alwachi*** Hypothyroidism is a condition in which thyroid hormones levels decreased in the blood. These hormones are necessary for energy production and body viability. In many occasions this condition is accompanied or followed by different metabolic disorders. The current study is conducted in the "Specialized center for endocrinology and diabetes" and carried on 70 hypothyroid patients and 60 randomly chosen individuals with normal thyroid function .Both groups were submitted to laboratory tests to evaluate thyroid function (T3,T4.TSH). The study involved evaluation of the relationship between hypothyroidism and insulin resistance (IR) . Health problem related to many diseases , became common lately. Insulin resistance diagnosed through two important tests: C-peptide (CP) and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Patients are considered to have definite insulin resistance (DIR), if they have impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and high level of CP. If one of the tests is abnormal, the patients have possible insulin resistance (PIR). The current study show that both conditions (hypothyroidism and insulin resistance) are associated and common in women, old and overweight individuals. The results show a significant (P<0.01) increase in levels of TNF-? reaching 6.461.02 pg/ml and 50.62.14 pg/ml respectively , in hypothyroid patients with DIR compared to control and the high levels of these parameters refer to subclinical inflammation . The non-specific inflammatory marker CRP , which refers to systemic inflammation , also increases in all hypothyroid patients (Insulin resistant or none) The current study also includes the study of correlations between inflammatory parameters in the study groups. The results show that there was a negative significant correlation between TNF-? and TSH (P<0.01) in DIR hypothyroid patients. Patients with PIR show positive significant correlation between levels of CRP and TNF-? (P<0.01).
Standardization of process for preparation of instant Halwa Mix from unmarketable potatoes published in

Food Science Research Journal

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
R.V. KALE, SYED IMRAN HASHMI, M.S. RANJANE AND S.M. LOKHANDE Unmarketable potatoes due to their small size are difficult to handle and so fetch low price to the growers and are considered as waste. The processing of unmarketable potatoes could prevent colossal losses, adds value to the produce and gives better returns to the growers. In present investigation, efforts were made to utilize unmarketable potatoes in preparation of instant Halwa mix. Physical properties of unmarketable potatoes and chemical properties of potatoes found to be acceptable in utilization of developing food product due to high carbohydrate content. Different Halwa recipes were analyzed for their organoleptic quality characteristics and economical feasibility. The results showed that good quality instant Halwa mix from unmarketable potatoes, with better sensorial quality could be prepared with economical feasibility.
DEVELOPMENT OF CRITERION RELIABILITY RESEARCH SKILLS IN THE PROCESS OF LEARNING MATHEMATICS published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Georgy Tokmazov mathematical modeling of the dynamics of the criterion of reliability of research skills in the process of learning mathematics with accounting attempts to analyze research activities relative to the flow of the training error and the degree of compliance of the simulated entirety major research skills
Chhuo Dance in Purulia : Preservation of Bengal Folk Culture in Respect of Historical Value published in

Published by
Vivekananda Maiti India is marked by its rich traditional heritage of Tribal/Folk Arts and Culture. The tribal/folk art and cultural forms have played an instrumental role in reinforcing national integrity, crystallizing social solidarity, fortifying communal harmony, intensifying value-system and promoting the elements of humanism among the people of the country.West Bengal is not an exception of that cultural tradition. The districts of West Bengal, like Purulia, Bankura and west Midnapur are belonging in to the same cultural periphery. Among various dance forms, the Chhuo Dance is popular in West Bengal, India and also in various countries of the globe. The Manbhum, presently belongs to the Purulia District in West Bengal. In 1838 A.D, Purulia was formed as a district town of Manbhum; but previously, it was under a division Chottonagpur in Behar. Many areas of the region are under Jharkhand state have witnessed conscious efforts to conserve their tribal/folk culture for the purpose of enriching their heritage culture. But we are not trying to preserve tribal/folk culture like Chhuo dance. Socially and economically marginalised tribal people used to express their devotion to God Siva, through Chhuo dance. At present, however, it is a form of dance. It has high socio-cultural value and enriches our popular cultural heritage. But the community, dancers, artists, who act as carriers and follower of this culture, are growing to poor day by day. These marginalised and poor people are not going to stop their cultural tradition. The State government can preserve this popular folk culture through financial support. Academically this art and cultural tradition can be marked as heritage culture, by which this form of cultural tradition enriches our popular folk culture and we can enrich our cultural history.
Effectiveness of Cooling Gel Pads on Episiotomy Pain Reduction and Promotion of Wound Healing Among Postnatal Mothers published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Angel Rajakumari . G Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of cooling gel pad on episiotomy pain reduction and promotion of wound healing among postnatal mothers. Participants and setting: The study was conducted in Vijaya Hospital, in Suryapet, Telugana, India in with 700 annual births. The primi gravida mothers were recruited and were allocated by non-probability purposive sampling technique into the 30 of them for study group participants. Intervention: The study group received cooling gel pad to apply the episiotomy wound area of the mother. The cooling pad gel was given by investigator for 20-30 minutes again the same step is repeated in a morning and evening session for four times. Measurement and finding: The women completed the demographic and obstetrical information and pain was measured by 0- 10 Modified combined numerical categorical pain intensity scale and REEDA Scale assessed by the episiotomy wound. This study revealed that there was high significant difference found in pain at p<0.001level of study group. Conclusion: The evidence that the use of a specifically designed cooling gel pad is a safe and effective localised method to alleviate perineal trauma without any adverse effects on healing
An Anthropological study of mortality in relation to fertility among Yanadi tribal community of Nellore district, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA. published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr.G.Ravi Kumar A number of studies have shown that mortality has a direct impact on fertility behavior. This study attempts to examine the influence of mortality (including the perception of mortality) on the fertility behavior of Yanadis--the 2nd largest tribal group in Andhra Pradesh, India. All mortality events showed high rates among the Yanadi women; 50% of them had experienced some form of pregnancy wastage including infant or childhood mortality. It was also noticed that 24% of the women had experienced 1 or more infant deaths and 21% had experience early and later childhood deaths. In view of the long-term perspectives for reducing mortality and fertility among these tribals, immediate priority should be given to maternal and child health programs.
OSTEOPOROSIS:THE EMERGING SILENT KILLER published in

Published by
Dr. Hanuman Prasad Jaipal, Dr. Meenakshy Gora Osteoporosis is a global problem which is increasing in significance as the population of the world both groups and ages. Osteoporosis is often called the silent disease in which the density and quality of bone are reduced, leading to weakness of the skeleton and increased risk of fracture, particularly of the spine, wrist and hip. Osteoporosis and associated fractures are an important cause of mortality and morbidity. According to World Health Organization (WHO), osteoporosis is second only to cardiovascular disease as a global healthcare problem.Since osteoporosis affects the elderly population which is growing, it will put a bigger burden to the healthcare system as treatment is expensive.This disease can be easily prevented by lifestyle modification, by diagnosing of osteoporosis at early onset by BMD Test through DXA.We can prevent the patient from complication of osteoporosis through proper medication at early stage and can prevent the patient from surgical intervention.
Multimodality Sensor System for Sleep- Quality Monitoring? published in

International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing - IJCSMC

Published by Mohammad Zainuddin
Ms. Snehal R. Sawale, Prof. Vijay S. Gulhane Multimodality is the mixture of textual, audio, and visual modes in combination with media and materiality to create meaning. The influence of sleep conditions to human health and performance is currently well known but still underestimated and monitoring devices are not widespread. This paper describes methodology and prototype design of a sleep monitoring. Sleep monitoring is an important issue and has drawn considerable attention in medicine and healthcare. Given that traditional approaches, such as polysomnography, are usually costly, and often require subjects to stay overnight at clinics, there has been a need for a low-cost system suitable for long-term sleep monitoring. In this paper, we propose a system using low-cost multimodality sensors such as video, passive infrared, and heart-rate sensors for sleep monitoring. We apply machine learning methods to automatically infer a persons sleep state, especially differentiating sleep and wake states. This is useful information for inferring sleep latency, efficiency, and duration that are important for long-term monitoring of sleep quality in healthy individuals and in those with a sleep-related disorder diagnosis. Our experiments show that the proposed approach offers reasonable performance compared to an existing standard approach (i.e., actigraphy), and that multimodality data fusion can improve the robustness and accuracy of sleep state detection.
A REPORT ON A STUDY OF CHANGE IN CUSTOMER PERCEPTION ON BAZAAR WAR - THE BIGBASKET VERSUS NILGIRIS published in

International Education and Research Journal

Published by
Soumendra Roy, Arnab Roy, Sandeep Kumar, Sounak Ghosh, Rohit Chowdhury E-Commerce is process of doing business through computer networks. A person sitting on his chair in front of a computer can access all the facilities of the Internet to buy or sell the products. Unlike traditional commerce that is carried out physically with effort of a person to go & get products, ecommerce has made it easier for human to reduce physical work and to save time. In this paper the customer perceptive towards Grocery Shopping in the form of E commerce and Traditional commerce. The main advantage of e-commerce over traditional commerce is the user can browse online shops, compare prices and order merchandise sitting at home on their PC.
Improving Selfish Node Detection in ZigBee Wireless Network with Shortcut Tree Routing? published in

International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing - IJCSMC

Published by Mohammad Zainuddin
Mr. A. Mohanasundaram, Mr. R. Regin, Dr. P. S. Prakash? The ZigBee tree routing and Bluetooth is used in many resources, limited devices and applications. ZigBee tree routing is not requiring any routing table and route discovery cost to send a packet to the destination. But, the ZigBee tree routing has the basic limitation that a packet follows the tree topology. So ZigBee tree routing is cannot provide the correct routing path. In this project work, a shortcut tree routing protocol is proposed that offering the near advantageous routing path and as well as maintains the advantages of the ZigBee tree routing such as no route discovery overhead and low memory consumption. The key idea of the shortcut tree routing is to calculate remaining hops from an arbitrary source to the destination using the hierarchical addressing scheme in ZigBee. Each source or intermediate node forwards a packet to the neighbour node with the Slight remaining hops in its neighbour table. The shortcut tree routing is completely distributed and compatible with ZigBee standard in that it only using the addressing scheme and neighbour table without any changes of the specification. The mathematical analysis proves that the 1- hop neighbour information improves overall network performance by providing an efficient routing path and distributing the traffic load concentrated on the tree links. The efficient performance rating, it shows that the shortcut tree routing achieves better to performance compared to Ad Hoc On Demand Distance Vector with limited overhead of neighbour table maintenance as well as overwhelms the ZigBee tree routing in all the network conditions such as network density, network Structures, traffic type and the network traffic.
Screening for asymptomatic proteinuria and haematuria in children in El-ferdous Village / White Nile State/ Sudan published in

Basic Research Journal of Medicine and Clinical Science

Published by Akpojevwa Justin
Elsharif Ahmed Bazie, Omer Saeed Magzoub Mass screening for proteinuria and haematuria enhances the awareness of renal diseases and improves the chances for an early diagnosis and therapy. Early diagnosis is the cornerstone for prevention of kidney failure. Even if progression cannot be slowed, patients who have been diagnosed early have better survival when commencing renal replacement therapy. Objectives: The objective of this study is to determine asymptomatic renal disease in children in particular proteinuria and haematuria in asymptomatic children. Subjects and methods: It is a community based study of prevalence of asymptomatic proteinuria and haematuria in children at Elferdous village-White Nile State where 213 children aged 2-18 years were included. A detailed history, a thorough clinical examination, a questionnaire and a full renal profile was done for each child with proteinuria, haematuria or both. The data was collected and analyzed using SPSS version 18. Results: The data was collected from 213 children. Male to female ratio was 1.31:1. Their age ranged from 2-18 years. 25 children (11.7%) were found to have proteinuria. Those with haematuria were also found to be 25 children (11.7%). 7 children (3.3%) of those with haematuria had schistosomiasis and 14 children (6.5%) had both proteinuria and haematuria. All of them had normal renal profile and normal GFR. Conclusion and recommendation: The prevalence of proteinuria and haematuria was significant. Urinary screening programmes in children must be a routine especially in school age children. Those with proteinuria need more renal investigations while those with haematuria we need to look for other causes for haematuria e.g. bilharsiasis. Keywords: asymptomatic proteinuria, haemtaturia, children Sudan.
SOLID DISPERSION INCORPORATED GEL SYSTEM: A NOVEL APPROACH IN TRANSDERMAL DRUG DELIVERY. published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
1S. A. Ghuge*, 1A. B. Darekar, 2R.B. Saudagar Solid dispersion incorporated gel is the unique approach in topical drug delivery system to enhance the in vitro transdermal penetration of poorly soluble drugs. This article reviews preparation technique for solid dispersion incorporated gel as a recent and newer technology for transdermal drug delivery system. Drug Penetration through the skin in gel form is depends upon the aqueous solubility of drug. Drug insolubility is one of the formulation barrier and Solid dispersion is favorable approach to improve solubility and bioavailability of poorly soluble drugs. It refers as dispersion of active ingredient in different carriers like?-cyclodextrin, PEG, PVP, Sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS) and Urea at determined concentration. Gels are semisolid polymeric matrix system in which drug is dispersed in different polymers like carbomer, HPMC, polaxomer and natural gums. Solid dispersion of drug is incorporated in gel, of suitable polymer with trituration to get homogenous dispersion of drug in gel. The resulting solid dispersion incorporated gel is characterized for various physicochemical parameters like, pH, drug content, spreadability, viscosity, extrudability, and in vitro drug release. Solid dispersion incorporated gel is the safe and effective way of treatment for poorly soluble drugs used in management of different diseases.
New record of Rouxs Forest Lizard Calotes rouxii (Dumril & Bibron, 1837) (Reptilia: Squamata: Agamidae) from Sandur and Gulbarga, Karnataka, India with a note on its known distribution published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Aditya Srinivasulu, C. Srinivasulu Rouxs Forest Lizard Calotes rouxii (Dumril & Bibron, 1837) is chiefly a forest-dwelling draconine agamid that is widely distributed in the Western Ghats and occasionally reported from the Eastern Ghats and other localities in the central peninsular India. We report the presence of this species for the first time from Sandur forests in Bellary district, Karnataka based on a voucher specimen and from Gulbarga township based on sighting record. A detailed distribution map showing localities from where the species is known is also provided.
Influence of biofertilizer application methods and inorganic fertilizers on growth, seed yield and economics cost of okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench] under sub-tropical irrigated area of Jammu published in

International Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
INDER JEET SHARMA, R.K. SAMNOTRA1 ANDVIJAY KUMAR* The investigation was carried out to find out the effect of biofertilizer application methods and inorganic fertilizers on the growth, seed yield and economics of okra under sub-tropical irrigated area of Jammu at Vegetable Research Farm, FOA, and SKUAST- Jammu, Main Campus Chatha during the spring- summer seasons. The experiment was laid out in split plot design with five levels of inorganic fertilizers i.e. 0%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% of recommended dose of fertilizers (60:30:30:: N: P: K) and two methods of biofertilizers application i.e. seed and soil application with three biofertilizers, Azospirillum, Azotobacter and Phosphorus solubilizing bacteria. The treatments C4- 100 % recommended dose 60: 30: 30 kg NPK per ha significantly increased plant height (55.34 cm), stem diameter (5.43 cm), number of branches per plant (5.65), number of fruit (12.29), fruit size, diameter (2.10 cm) and length (20.37cm) and seed yield per quintal (12.01 q /ha.). The economic cost was highest C3 treatments RDF gross return (Rs. 97840.00), net return (Rs. 66201.00) and B: C ratio (2.09). In biofertilizer application methods T2 (seed application of Azospirillum) significantly recorded highest plant height (55.75 cm), stem diameter (5.29 cm), number of branches per plant (5.90), number of fruit (12.34), fruit size, diameter (2.15 cm) and length (20.46 cm) and seed yield per quintal (11.87 q /ha.) and economic cost was also highest gross return (Rs. 94920.00), net return (Rs. 64355.00) and B: C ratio (2.11) as compared to other treatments. The interaction between fertilizers x biofertilizers was found some significant and non significant growth attributes and seed yield
SOCIAL ECONOMIC ORIENTATION: NGOS ISSUES IN PARTICIPATION AND ACTIVITIES-A STUDY published in

Published by
Ms.G.NIRMALARANI, Dr.PK.Muthukumar A Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) is any association having a definite cultural, economic, educational, religious or social cause or any non-profit voluntary citizens group which is organized around specific issues, such as education, environmental conservation, social welfare, rural development sanitation, healthcare or human rights, on a local, national or international level. The present research study focuses on the social economic orientation of NGOs in participation and activities in Coimbatore District which concentrates of sixteen as sample study in marketing and functional areas in the study area. NGOs have shown their inability to impact government policies at various levels. One reason for this is the fact that NGOs tend to compete, rather than collaborate on various issues. As a consequence, they have not emerged as a collective force to represent the interests of their members. Based on a study of 16 in Coimbatore district, it is clear and to conclude that the NGO activities are dictated by the donors or the governments policies, rather than by the needs of the people
Physico - Chemical Characteristics of Dye Effluent & Ground Water Samples in Karur District, Tamil Nadu, India published in

Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Published by Scientific and Academic Association
T. Marimuthu1*, S.Rajendran2,3 , M. Manivannan4, R. Nagalakshmi5 and N. Karthiga6 Chemical Characteristic of the ground water quality at Chinnandankovil in Karur City, Tamil Nadu, India was carried out during September to November 2008. Two water samples from dye effluent industry and Eight Bore well water samples representing study area were collected and almost of all the samples values were within the permissible limit of World Health Organization (WHO) and Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) prescribed for drinking water standards pH 7.72 to 9.2, total dissolved solids (TDS) 310 to 6850 mg/L , Electrical conductivity (EC) 361 to 9800 micro mho/cm, phenolphthalein alkalinity (PA) range 20 to 130 mg/L, Totalalkalinity (TA) 127 to 730 mg/L, Total hardness (TH) 113 to 934 mg/L, chloride 37 to 3375 mg/L, Ca 27 to 192 mg/L, Mg 11 - 143 mg/L, Na 336 to 846 mg/L, K 18.4 to 30.1 mg /L, Fe 0.11 to 2.28 mg/L, free ammonia 0.47 0.57 mg/L, Nitrite 0.01 0.54 mg /L, Nitrate 1 14 mg /L, Sulphate 10- 247 mg /L, Fluoride 0.0 - 2.2 mg/L, Phosphate 0.02 to 0.28 mg /L, Tidys test (as O mg/L) 0.4 78 mg /L, dissolved oxygen (DO) 2.8 to 4.1 mg/L, biological oxygen demand (BOD) 81 to 234 mg/L, chemical oxygen demand (COD) 216 to 700 mg/L. However further it will need proper monitoring of the ground water quality in the study area.
A Rare Case of Aspergillus Fumigatus Necrotizing Pneumonia in Immunocompetent Pediatric Patient published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Kalpana. T. Suryavanshi Aspergillus fumigates is a saprophytic mold, having potential to cause fatal infections in immunosuppressed & neutropenic patients. Pathologic sequalae is dependent on host human system & it is rare to see it in immunocompetent patients. Our rare case depicts necrotizing pneumonia in otherwise healthy pediatric patient. Patient was incompletely treated in other hospitals for unresolving pneumonia before referred to our hospital. Bronchosopy, aerobic culture of respiratory specimens could diagnose the rare case of Aspergillus fumigates necrotizing pneumonia but unfortunately we lost the patient to follow up.
Assessment of Quality of Life in patients with Migraine Receiving Topiramate published in

Indian Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Published by Innovative Publication
Dwajani. S and Ugargol. A.P Improvement in the total mean MIDAS score was observed in these patients receiving TPM. The frequency, intensity and duration of migraine attack were reduced thereby improving the quality of life in migraineurs. Use of topiramate can improve the QOL and wellbeing of these patients.
IN SEARCH OF INVERSION ANALOGY CHROMOSOMES BITS AND MACHINE LEARNING published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES & RESEARCH TECHNOLOGY

Published by somilshah
Zhanyl S.Ixymbayeva In this paper we proposed stated, a genetic algorithm is a programming technique that mimics biological evolution as a problem-solving strategy. Given a specific problem to solve, the input to the genetic algorithm is a set of potential solutions to that problem, encoded in some fashion, and a metric called a fitness function that allows each candidate to be quantitatively evaluated. A genetic algorithms (GA) are machine learning search techniques inspired by Darwinian evolutionary models. The advantage of GA over factor analytic and other such statistical models is that GA models can address problems for which there is no human expertise or where the problem seeking a solution is too complicated for expertise based approaches.
New Era of Smart Customer Relationship Management published in

Published by
Dr. George Thomas Achieving competitive advantage and creating a superior customer experience is more difficult than everand more essential. When a single action can mean the difference between success and disaster, data and analytics have increasingly become the basis for smarter decisions and competitive advantage. When the pace of business continues to accelerate and customers have ever higher expectations, cloud has become a vital catalyst for innovation and a growth strategy in market. In a mobile world that demands constant connectivity and collaboration; new systems of engagement, drive greater productivity and appreciation from customers beyond doubt today.
A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge of Antenatal Mothers Regarding Prevention of Parent to Child Transmission of Hiv in A Selected Hospital at Mangalore published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Beena Joseph, Rev. Angelline Sr. Aileen Mathias Aim: To assessthe effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge of antenatal mothers regarding Prevention of Parent to Child Transmission of HIV and to find out the associationTo find out the association of the pre test knowledge score of antenatal mothers with a selected demographic variable.Materials and methods:A study was conducted to assessthe effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge of antenatal mothers. Total 60 Primi those who are in first registration selected by using purposive sampling technique. The study was conducted in PPTCT center during the OPD visiting timings. After introducing the purpose of the study, written consent was obtained. Pretest was conducted 20 minutes to assess the knowledge of Primi mothers regarding Prevention of Parent to Child Transmission of HIV by using structured knowledge questionnaire. The Structured Teaching Programme was conducted on the same day of pretesting for 30 minutes using charts, flash cards, Pamphlets and slides. The posttest to assess the effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme was conducted on the respective department by using the same tool on 8thday Results:Findings showed that The knowledge level of antenatal mothers regarding Prevention of Parent To Child Transmission of HIV was in pretest (2, 3.3%) of subjects had good knowledge, (12, 20%) subjects had average knowledge, (45, 75%) subjects had poor knowledge, and (1, 1.7%) had very poor knowledge. In the posttest, (19, 32%) of subjects scored excellent knowledge, (40, 66%) scored good knowledge, (1, 2%) of subjects scored average knowledge regarding the Prevention of Parent to Child Transmission of HIV.The mean posttest knowledge score (?2=17.10) with standard deviation of (1.50) was higher than mean pretest knowledge score (?1=8.72) with standard deviation of (1.25). The calculated t value of 43.06 was greater than tabled valuet59=1.67, P<0.05. It shows that the structured teaching programme was effective
Effect of Anticancer drugs Cisplatin and 5-Fluorouracil on Collagen Contents in fresh water bivalve, Parreysia corrugata (M). published in

Published by
Mr. Gawali R. D , Dr. Zambare S. P Cisplatin and 5-Fluorouracil are potent and valuable anticancer drugs widely used for chemotherapy against solid tumors. These drugs exhibits effective chemoprevention in cancer therapy and also lead to several manipulations and cytotoxicity. In present toxicity studies, sub-lethal doses of cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (LC50/10 for 96 hours) were given to an experimental model, the fresh water bivalve,Parreysiacorrugata for 30 days. TheCollagencontents were estimated from different tissues of control and treated bivalves by using the method of determination of hydroxyproline in tissues as given by Woessner (1961). It was found that collagencontents were decreased in tissues with increase in period of exposure to experimental bivalves. It was also observed that the decrease in amount of collagen content in tissues was more in cisplatin treated bivalves than that of 5- fluorouracil treated bivalves.
ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF A TRADITIONAL MEDICINAL PLANT AGAINST PATHOGENIC MICROORGANISMS CAUSING URINARY TRACT INFECTION published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
A.K. U mera Begam1* and R. Senthilkumar2 Bacterial pathogens have evolved numerous defense mechanisms against antimicrobial agents; hence resistance to old and newly produced drugs is on the rise. The phenomenon of antibiotic resistance exhibited by the pathogenic microorganisms has led to the need for screening of several medicinal plants for their potential antimicrobial activity. Thus the present study was undertaken to investigate the antibacterial activity of the aqueous extract of a traditional medicinal plant which is used in our daily cuisine, against few urinary tract infection causing pathogens like Streptococcus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Entereococcus and Enterobacter by well diffusion method. Our studies concluded that crude extracts of the selected plant especially exhibited significant activity against Streptococcus and the activity was found to be more pronounced than the control standand drug commonly employed as antibiotic for treating the infection. It can be concluded that these plants can be used to discover natural products that may serve as lead for the development of new pharmaceuticals addressing the major therapeutic needs.
Continuance Intention to Use Facebook: A Study of Perceived Enjoyment and TAM published in

Published by
K. Praveena and Sam Thomas The use of social networking sites has emerged rapidly as an ideal platform for social interaction. Different social networking sites are characterized according to their usage like business networking, entertainment and social interactions. Facebook, the most commonly used site for social interactions has the large number of users worldwide. This study aims to identify the continuance intention of using facebook, through an extension of the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). TAM is one of the most useful models used for predicting user acceptance. Perceived Enjoyment was added to the TAM variables to explain the continuance intention to use Facebook. A survey method was adopted and the sample constituted students of undergraduate and post graduate courses. The results reveal that the model explains 36% variation in the continuance intention to use Facebook. Perceived Enjoyment was seen to be a strong determinant of attitude towards using Facebook in this study.
MICROBIOLOGICAL SENSITIVITY PATTERNS IN RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS; A PROSPECTIVE OBSERVATIONAL STUDY published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Ashok Kumar. D1, Krupa Sagar. N1, B. Sarada1, Mallesh. M1, M. Venkata Subbaiah2 and M.Purushothaman3, A respiratory tract infection is an infection anywhere in the respiratory tract. This study summarizes that surveillance of the bacteria isolated from patients over prolonged periods not only can provide important information for day-to-day decision making in antimicrobial therapy in individual hospitals . Out of 527 patients 347 (65.84%) were males and 180 (34.15%) females(34.15%). Minimum of 70 (13.28 %) were in 30 40 age group, 447 (84.81%) were shown growth and 80 (15.18 %) have not shown growth of any isolates. 93 % of Kp sp. isolated were sensitive to AZM and 9% were sensitive to AMX. And about 7% of Kp sp. isolated were resistant to AZM and 91 % were resistant to AMX. Ec showed 100 % sensitivity to AZM and 100 % resistance to CIP, GEN, COT, CTX and AMX. Pa showed 100 % sensitivity to GEN and 0% sensitive to P and AMX. S. p showed about 91% sensitive to CIP and 14% were sensitive to AMX. And about 8% of S. p isolated was resistance to CIP and 85% resistance to AMX. Sal showed about 100% sensitive to CTX, P and 0% to AMX. Sau showed about 100% sensitive to GEN and 0% sensitive to P, AMX. Over all sensitivity and resistance of GEN was 92.78%, 7.22% respectively. Similarly CIP was 84.32%, 15.68%; AZM was 80.54% and 19.46%, CTX 79.56%, 20.44%; COT 63.42%, 36.58%; P 27.39%, 72.61%; and AMX 9.77%, 90.23%. Antibiotic therapy was changed in 279(62.41%) of patients after culture report and antibiotic therapy was not changed in 168(37.58%) of patients after culture report. The study provides important data, which can help to guide physicians to choose the appropriate treatment regimen for RTI. Abbreviations ? GEN- Gentamicin, CIP- Ciprofloxacin, AZM- Azithromycin, CTX- Cefotaxime, COT- Co-trimoxazole, P- Penicillin and AMX-Amoxicillin. ? Sp - Streptococcus pneumoniae ,Kp - Klebsiella pneumoniae, CONS - Coagulase Negative Staphylococci, Sau - Staphylococcus aureus, Pa - Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Ec - E. Coli.
Qualidade de vida no trabalho: proposta de avaliao para os profissionais de micro e pequenas empresas do setor logstico published in

Revista Metropolitana de Sustentabilidade

Published by Celso Machado Junior
Orlando Roque da Silva, Jucelaine Lopes de Oliveira and Adani Cusin Sacilotti The concept of Management of Quality of Work Life (MQWL) search to develop mechanisms for the individual has balance between their professional and human life. The great challenge for organizations is to match the organizational need, dictated by the market with its rapid businesses changes and individual needs. Understanding the individual as an entire person with numerous and diverse interests and knowledge that can be directed to the activities performed in the organization is one of the conditions for having this compliance. This work, following the proposals made by Richard Walton, is an indication for evaluation especially for micro and small enterprises. The purpose of this article is observe the concepts and establish variants understood as fundamental in the production environment of micro and small enterprises sector logistics. Keywords: Quality of work life; Logistics; Evaluation model.
A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT OF DECCAN AND ORIENT CEMENT COMPANIES published in

THINK DIFFERENT INTERNATIONAL MULTIDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL

Published by MAATRUSHREE FOUNDATION
1) Mukti R. Barot 2) Dr. Prashant M. Joshi 3) Dr. Pramod Thakur Working capital plays crucial role in business firm because the success of any business depends upon the optimal level of working capital. For carrying out smoothly day-to-day operations of the firm, enough working capital is required, so proper management of working capital is needed because a working capital is the lifeblood of any business firm. With the help of this kind of management, we can uphold proper level in a various component of working capital i.e. cash receivables, inventory, payables etc. In this study, the researcher has selected two cement company- the one is Deccan Cement Ltd and second is Orient Cement Ltd because cement industry also play significant role in Indian economy for economic growth. Cement industry also plays key role as like the development of social, industrial and commercial infrastructure etc. The cement Industry is one of core industries of the nation. The cement industry is one of the oldest sectors of India. The total use of cement during the whole year is the best an indicator of economic development. Cement industries provide direct and indirect employment in our country. Thus, it is understood that the part of cement industry is vital in the economic development and growth of a nation. This study is based only upon secondary data and related data have collected from website of companies, company‘s annual reports and financial websites like money control .com. For the study researcher ,has covered the period 2011-12 to 2015-16. For the data analysis, the researcher has selected the technique of ratio analysis.
Human Peripheral Blood Derived Hematopoietic Stem Cell: History, the Isolation Methods and Investigation of Different Parameters Effects on Their Differentiation to the Body Cells published in

Published by
Javad Mohammadnejad Blood and the system that forms it, known as the hematopoietic system, consist of many cell types with specialized functions. Red blood cells (erythrocytes) carry oxygen to the tissues. Platelets (derived from megakaryocytes) help prevent bleeding. Granulocytes (neutrophils, basophils and eosinophils) and macrophages (collectively known as myeloid cells) fight infections from bacteria, fungi, and other parasites such as nematodes (ubiquitous small worms). Some of these cells are also involved in tissue and bone remodeling and removal of dead cells. B-lymphocytes produce antibodies, while T lymphocytes can directly kill or isolate by inflammation cells recognized as foreign to the body, including many virus-infected cells and cancer cells. Many blood cells are short-lived and need to be replenished continuously; the average human requires approximately one hundred billion new hematopoietic cells each day. The continued production of these cells depends directly on the presence of Hematopoietic Stem Cells (HSCs), the ultimate, and only, source of all these. Peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) are rapidly becoming the primary rescue modality for autologous transplantation and are now actively being investigated in the allogeneic transplant setting. Many investigators and clinical researchers believe that PBSC are likely to replace bone marrow stem cells entirely, for use in clinical transplantation in the not too distant. Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are the blood cells that give rise to all the other blood cells. They give rise to the myeloid (monocytes and macrophages, neutrophils, basophils, eosinophils, erythrocytes, megakaryocytes/platelets, dendritic cells), and lymphoid lineages (T-cells, B-cells, NK-cells). The definition of hematopoietic stem cells has changed in the last two decades. The hematopoietic tissue contains cells with long-term and short-term regeneration capacities and committed multipotent, oligopotent, and unipotent progenitors.
English Engagement Markers: A Comparison of Humanities and Science Journal Articles published in

Language Art

Published by Mohammad Beygi
Rahman Sahragard, Solmaz Yazdanpanahi Engagement markers (hereafter, EMs) are crucial interpersonal devices to interact with readers through texts. However, little is known about the differences of EMs use in Humanities and Science journal research articles (hereafter, RAs), as well as the changes in markers use over the passage of time. The present study provides a quantitative and contrastive analysis based on two corpora consisting of four disciplines of Humanities RAs (Psychology, Sociology, Economics and Law) and four disciplines of science RAs (Mathematics, Geology, Physics and Biology). Sixteen articles from each discipline were selected randomly from a pool of journal RAs. All sections of the articles were scrutinized for the purpose of the study. The obtained results indicate that Humanities RAs make use of more EMs than Science RAs. Also, the findings of this study suggest that directives are used more than other markers both in Humanities and Science RAs. Regarding the use of EMs in the decades of 1990s and 2000s, a significant increase in the use of EMs was observed with the passage of time, both in Humanities and Science RAs.
ANALYSIS OF THE FEASIBILITY OF EXCHANGE OF AIR CONDITIONING EQUIPMENT ALTERNATIVE FOR REDUCING OPERATING COSTS: A case study at an institution of primary and secondary education published in

Revista de Gest?o, Finan?as e Contabilidade

Published by University of State of Bahia
Luiz Felipe de Arajo Pontes Giro, Joo Marcelo Alves Macdo, Vincius Gomes Martins, Augusto Cezar da Cunha e Silva Filho The Accounting through financial statements, aims to support its users with general information about the reporting entity information. However, general information may not be useful enough for the internal user can act more competitively in a new market. The study aimed to screen the general to present the importance of accounting information in managerial decision-investment in a secondary school, analyzing the exchange of air conditioning equipment in three rooms of the institution, in order to highlight the reduction of operating costs for the entity. Thus, it was used as the main tool for case study analyzing the Net Present Value of investment in exchange for the equipment to determine the viability of the investment or not. As a secondary tool was used to calculate Payback Time showing how long the investment will be recovered. He came to the result that the exchange of equipment in two of the three cases analyzed is feasible, from an economic standpoint. The case presented should be considered not viable from the perspective of other variables such as customer satisfaction, eg, without showing objective of this study
Scheduling of OFDMA Networks at Relay Stations and Analyse QoS published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED RESEARCH TRENDS IN ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

Published by Editorin-chief
S.Brenija Stanley AP, ECE, Vins Christian Womens College of Engineering, Nagercoil, India 1 For opportunistic network coding, let as present a novel model for network coding aware RSs. Here, an opportunistic network coding problem is reduced to an opportunistic sub channel scheduling problem. It is necessary to originate an optimization problem, which aims at maximizing the average weighted-sum rate for both downlink and uplink sessions of all MSs, while sustaining the quality-of-service (QoS) requirements of each MS. By solving it, an Adaptive Fuzzy resource scheduling algorithm that optimally and opportunistically schedule sub channel, transmission power, reduced power consumption, network coding, and time duration of each phase in each time-slot. To determine the resource share for flows attached to the same subscriber station (SS), a user-level proportional-loss scheduler is elected. The experimental results, shows how each of network coding strategy and dynamic TDD affects the network performance with various network environments.
Development of a novel water soluble ?-cyclodextrinepichlorohydrin polymer complex to improve aqueous solubility published in

Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Published by Scientific and Academic Association
R.Deveswaran*, Harika Puppala S.K, S.Bharath, B.V.Basavaraj, V.Madhavan The purpose of this work is to synthesize and evaluate a novel water-soluble ?-cyclodextrinepichlorohydrin (?-CDEPI) polymer that could be useful as a carrier to improve the aqueous solubility of poorly soluble drug, aceclofenac. The melting point of synthesized ?-CDEPI was 230-2400C. Solubility of aceclofenac in distilled water was enhanced to marked extent using the ?-CDEPI polymer as compared with pure aceclofenac. The FTIR studies confirmed the formation of polymer complex of ?-cyclodextrin with the addition of epichlorohydrin by preserving the basic structural units. This also confirmed the absence of any chemical interaction between the drug and the prepared complex. The drug content of all prepared complexes was found to be in the range between 97-100%. Dissolution studies results revealed that the dissolution rate of complex prepared by kneading process was found to be faster as compared to physical mixture and pure drug. The dissolution rates of complexes were found to be greater than that of the pure drug due to the wetting effect of the cyclodextrin during the dissolution. The results of the formulations were found to be statistically significant. Thus, the synthesized complex was useful in improvement of dissolution rate of poorly water soluble drug aceclofenac, thereby leading to better absorption in gastrointestinal tract.
REDISTRIBUTION OF TOTAL INCOME BETWEEN OF INTEGRATED PROJECT PARTICIPANTS published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Anatoly Aleksandrovich Naumov The paper discusses methods for estimating the effectiveness of integrated projects based on the procedure of compounding financial flows. In particular proposed new scheme for calculating the NFV index for projects. These schemes are based on the method detailed flow. The new indicator was called as ?NFV?_DF (Net Future Value for Disintegration Flows). The use of detailed flow analysis allows the problem of integrated investment projects analysis to their practical using.
CONVOLUTION STRUCTURE OF FRACTIONAL QUATERNION FOURIER TRANSFORM published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
V. D. Sharma*, P. B. Deshmukh The quaternion are a number system that extends the complex numbers. It uses in theoretical and applied branch of mathematics. The main applications of quaternion are filter design and color image processing. It has vital role in animation field. The aim of our work is the convolution structure of Fractional Quaternion Fourier Transform is given which is useful in image processing. Also we have proved some basic properties like associative, distributive, linear, shifting for the convolution of Fractional Quaternion Fourier Transform.
KNOWLEDGE AND INNOVATIONS AS THE BASIS OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT published in

University Economic Bulletin. Collection of scientific articles of scientists and post-graduate students

Published by State Higher Educational Establishment �Pereyaslav-Khmelnytskiy State Pedagogic University after Grygoriy Skovoroda�
Michael Schaefer The article is dedicated to the new approaches and significance of knowledge and innovations in the economic development of society. The author illustrates interconnection between the education and practical training of the specialists; shows that the new knowledge supports the technical process, and economy of knowledge ensures the social development. Concept of society shows the role of knowledge and innovations in the economic development and ensures considerable growth of GDP and social changes in the global economy. Economy changed due to innovations in the technologies, globalization and business. Due to new knowledge economy complies with the new realities, new concept of the national economic policy is oriented at the development of competitiveness, economic globalization and cooperation. Universities play important role in the formation of knowledgeable society and development of innovations, increasing competitiveness of students on the international labor markets. University functioning in cooperation with the companies and enterprises is very effective. Practical meaning of this article lies in the generalization of significance of knowledge and innovations in the economic development of society. This will assist in determining the priorities of education and innovation activities in the concepts of economic development.
Abundance of Pisces and Status of Water of mathabhanga-Churni River in Indo-Bangla Border Region. published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Bidhan Chandra Biswas, Ashis kumar Panigrahi Measurement of water quality parameters plays a vital role in determining the pollutional load and correctness of a particular water body for aquatic organisms. The present investigations was carried out to measure the physiochemical parameters of Mathabhanga- Churni river in Indo-Bangla Border region to assess the pollution status for a period of one year from June 2012-to May 2013. The calculated physiochemical parameters revealed that the average ranges of Temperature, pH, DO, BOD, COD, Hardness, Alkalinity, Nitrate, Organic carbon and Freeco2 were 33.150c and 19.260c, 8.4 and 6.4, 5.1mg/l and 0.88mg/l, 46mg/l and 2.04mg/l, 420mg/l and 250mg/l, 660mg/l and 322mg/l, 560mg/l 380, 95mg/l and0.99 mg/l, 54mg/l and 16.4mg/l, 22mg/l and 05mg/l respectively. The results obtained from study showed that the measured parameters exhibit a great seasonal variation in different months of the year during the investigation and showed great difference in standard criteria of water quality indicates huge pollution effect on aquatic organisms especially on fish faunal diversity.33 fishes were identified during the investigation from one year and most of the species were carps and cat fishes. Labeo rohita, Cirrhina mrigala, Catla catla are dominant among carps and Heteropneustus fossilis,Clarius batrachus,Notopterus notopterus, Mystus cavasius, Mystus vitatus are most common among the cat fishes. Eutopiictys vacha, Puntius sophore, Notopterus chitala,Corica saborna and Gudusia chapra, Rita rita are rarely found during investigation. The river faces a great ecological threat affecting the fish diversity. Some protecting measure should be taken to combat water pollution in order to save the valuable natural resources.

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