Protection of human subjects and animals in research
All studies conducted on human subjects or animals should be approved by the ethics committee or the institutional review board of
the institution where the study was performed. When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the
procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation
(institutional and national). When reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate whether the institutional and national
guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed (see ICMR guidelines: icmr.nic.in/ethics_SOP.pdf
andicmr.nic.in/animal_ethics.htm). Patients have a right to privacy that should not be infringed without informed consent. Identifying
information, including patients names, initials or hospital numbers, should not be revealed in written descriptions and photographs. If it
is not possible to ensure anonymity, written, informed consent should be obtained from the patient and submitted to the Journal.
Identifying details should be omitted if these are not essential but patient data should not be altered to attain anonymity.
Authors must agree in writing to transfer to the Journal the copyright for all material submitted, in case of its publication by the Journal.
The published manuscript may not be reproduced elsewhere, wholly or in part, without the prior written permission of the Journal.
Plagiarism is the use of others published and unpublished ideas or words (or other intellectual property) without attribution or
permission, and presenting them as new and original rather than derived from an existing source. This applies to all forms of
documents, published (print or electronic) or unpublished. Authors should make sure that their manuscripts are free from plagiarized
material. Providing a reference to the material quoted verbatim from previously published material does not absolve the user of
plagiarism. Detection of plagiarism would lead to rejection of the manuscript and debar the publication of any material from the
concerned authors for at least three years. The Journal may also send this information to the head of the institution where the authors
work with a request for an inquiry in the matter. The Journal may also publish such correspondence in its pages to inform its readers of