||Journal of KaramanoÄŸlu Mehmetbey University Faculty of Letters (EFAD) is the publication organ of KaramanoÄŸlu Mehmetbey University Faculty of Letters and has been in publication since 2018. EFAD is a peer-reviewed, national academic journal that reflects the latest developments and innovations in the field of social and human sciences, examines scientific issues and problems, and offers original, national and international research articles. Journal of KaramanoÄŸlu Mehmetbey University Faculty of Letters (EFAD) is a national academic journal published in one volume and two issues per year (June and December), conducting double-blind arbitration process and scanned in indexes and platforms. All content responsibility of the articles published in the journal belongs to the authors and does not reflect the institutional view of our faculty. Manuscripts may not be published elsewhere or in part without permission from the publisher.