||Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun (JIP), the International Journal of Social Sciences, is a leading peer-reviewed and open-access journal, which publishes scholarly work, and specializes in the Social Sciences, consolidates fundamental and applied research activities with a very wide-ranging coverage. This can include studies and reviews conducted by multidisciplinary teams, as well as research that evaluates or reports on the results of scientific teams. The main objectives are to promote interdisciplinary thinking and to provide scholars a platform to exchange knowledge from a variety of perspectives and locations, which had a significant impact and a real contribution to the community at large, practical, and academic worlds. JIP published by SCAD Independent. Published 3 times of year (January, May, and September) with p-ISSN: 2338-8617 and e-ISSN: 2443-2067. JIP to offer open access to its content, with the principle that making research freely available to the public and supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. JIP has become a CrossRef Member. Therefore, all articles published will have a unique DOI number, and JIP also has been accredited by the Ministry of Research Technology and the Higher Education Republic of Indonesia. JIP is licensed under a Creative Commons 4.0 International License (CC-BY-SA) or an equivalent license as the optimal license for the publication, distribution, use, and reuse of scholarly works. Access permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at the digital libraries and open access journal databases.