1 Tibetan Spiritual Leader and Highest Indian Medal : Why India Refrains From Conferring the Bharat Ratna on the Dalai Lama , Kunsang Thokmay ( Aka Darig Thokmay)
The Dalai Lama, the spiritual leader of Tibet, is, in fact, a loyal and grateful guest of India, who has tirelessly been branding and promoting the Indian classical traditions throughout the world. However, the Indian government, no matter of which political ruling party, is very cautious about embracing this Buddhist monk and officially appreciating his contributions to the country.  It is known that the Dalai Lama has been the sensitive political issue between China and India, and that he is often a political card in the diplomacy between the two neighbouring countries; but that is not the whole story. History has proven that the Indian society still can easily go outraged when it comes to sensitive religious matters. Thus, the government has no choice but to be extremely sophisticated and walk a tightrope concerning highlighting any spiritual leader among many others.   
2 Indian Constitutionalism and Press Freedom in India Since Independence , Nitesh Rai
Press freedom plays a very crucial role in any democratic structure. It not only bridges the gap between the ordinary people and the government rather it also exposes the corrupt practices of the executives before the public. It is the biggest source of information any citizen can avail. This paper would try to locate the idea of press freedom in India under the framework of Indian constitutionalism. It would map the journey of press freedom in India and how over the period of time press freedom gone through several changes. In the light of various judicial pronouncement and different political regimes press freedom, press freedom in India became more resilient. With the introduction of social media which brought revolution in terms of information exchange, new kind of problems start arising such as the issue of fake and hate news. All these above-mentioned factors have impacted the very idea of press freedom and demand a comprehensive analysis of the subject matter. This paper has tried to include a few recent developments in order to catch the reality of the contemporary time. What this paper does not do or intend to do is any set of strict regulation as what should be done to overcome the obstacles coming in the way of ensuring press freedom in India. I firmly believe that this can only be done by calling all the stockholders on a common platform where the can deliberate upon the issue in length
3 Institutionalization and Change in the Indian Lok Sabha , Sunil Ahuja
This paper examines legislative development in the Indian Lok Sabha employing the concept of institutionalization, a widely noted model of legislative change. Developed and applied by Nelson Polsby to the U.S. House of Representatives in an article published in 1968, this model has been extended systematically to only a couple of other legislatures. In this paper, I extend the application to the Lok Sabha. The findings, as in other applications, show mixed results regarding the establishment of boundaries, the growth of internal complexity, as well as the development of universalistic rules. As a model of legislative change, institutionalization provides some very broad strokes, but not necessarily precise mechanisms that would similarly explain the evolution of all legislative bodies.
4 Congress Led UDF Wins on anti Modi, Anti Incumbency wave in Kerala : an analysis of the Electoral Performance of Various Political Fronts in 2019 Lok Sabha Election in the State , Shibi Kiran M
The 2019 Lok Sabha election marks the first time a non-Congress government comes to power for a second time, consecutively, with an absolute majority. The Indian National Congress (INC) party managed to increase its seats tally from 44 in the previous general election to 52 this time. Much against the national voting pattern, Kerala managed to get INC 15 seats, the highest it got anywhere in India. This paper analyses the causes of INC-led United Democratic Front’s spectacular win in the state apart from looking into the causes of the Communist Party of India (Marxist)-led Left Democratic Front’s defeat, and the failure of Bharatiya Janata Party-led NDA.
5 Why Prevalence of Peace in Kashmir Correlates with Afghanistan , Abdul Qahar Bakshi
This study evaluates the conflict between India and Pakistan over Kashmir and provides analysis of the impact it has on peace in Afghanistan. It further expatiates on why Pakistan and India have been continuously claiming relative ownership of the valley (Kashmir), which in effect has culminated in three dimensions: Making the Kashmir conflict tied to the so-called militancy, future security of Afghanistan and what role India would play considering the trilogy. Furthermore, due to existing barbed relations between India and Pakistan, Afghanistan continues to be a battlefield for these two regional hegemons. In effect, this conflict destabilizes Afghanistan scene and breeds the insurgency in the region to a protracted extent. The deployment these two archrivals in Afghanistan in essence embodies offensive realism. Ergo, if Pakistan sees India’s power growth in Afghanistan as being a threat, it could open up conflict in the Kashmir territory, which to all appearances catalyze escalation in more militancy serving no side good.  Against this backdrop, India therefore, cannot be as much of use in building security in Afghanistan until the Kashmir conflict is fully settled.
6 History of Jharkhand Movement : Regional Aspirations has Fulfilled Yet , Amiya Kumar Sarkar
This paper attempts to analyze the creation of Jharkhand as a separate state through the long developmental struggle of tribal people and the condition of tribal’s in the post Jharkhand periods. This paper also highlights the tribal movements against the unequal development and mismatch of Government policies and its poor implementations. It is true that when the Jharkhand Movement gaining ground these non-tribal groups too became part of the struggle. Thus, Jharkhandi came to be known as ‘the land of the destitute” comprising of all the deprived sections of Jharkhand society. Hence, development of Jharkhand means the development of the destitute of this region. In reality Jharkhand state is in the grip of the problems of low income, poor health and industrial growth. No qualitative change has been found in the condition of tribal people as the newly born state containing the Bihar legacy of its non-performance on the development front. 
7 The Export Control Regime of Biological Weapons , Monalisa Joshi
Constituting the global biological weapons control regimes are various international instruments and a range of policies. These include policies like export controls, technology denial, biosafety and biosecurity, national and international prohibitions. This paper describes the existing international export controls of agents, materials, equipment, and technology related to biological weapons. The central conclusion is that export control of biological weapons, in place of being an appropriate response to the advances in biological sciences, has been a function of security perceptions of states.
8 An Appraisal of Sea Robbery Control in Nigerias Waterways : Lessons from Niger Delta Region , Adongoi Toakodi, Otodo Ifenychukwu, Azibasuam Adioni Arogo
This study examined strategies adopted by relevant security agencies to curb sea robbery in   Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. A multi-stage sampling technique was employed to select respondents’. A Sample of 400 was derived using Taro Yamane sample size determination technique. Questionnaires and oral interview were the instruments used for data collection, while data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics. Results revealed that the joint task force (JTF) is selective in carrying out its constitutional mandate as their presence is felt only in critical facilities, which implies that security is porous and much is needed to guarantee safety of lives and properties on Nigeria territorial waters. Consequent upon this finding, crime-mapping as indicated on GIS map of sample states is recommended.
9 About Time Model Code of Conduct Becomes a Law , Shikhar Yadav, Sushant Kumar
The Election Commission of India (ECI), the nation’s ‘impartial’ election ombudsman has severely damaged its own credentials and has failed to fulfil its Constitutional mandate. The run-up to the 2019 General Elections has seen numerous dubious incidents, potentially violative of the Model Code of Conduct, and yet the Commission’s response to these violations has remained woefully inadequate. The gravity of the situation can be understood from the fact that 66 former bureaucrats have written to the President, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, accusing the ECI of a “weak-kneed response,” over violations of the MCC. This article shall highlight whether or not a need has arisen to give the Model Code of Conduct a statutory status.
10 Social Justice and Empowerment of Dis Advantaged Groups : With Special Emphasis on SC and ST Target Groups , John Stevenson Patra
    Social justice is a concept of fair and just relations between the individual and society. This is measured by the explicit and tacit terms for the distribution of wealth, opportunities for personal activity, and social privileges. In Western as well as in older Asian cultures, the concept of social justice has often referred to the process of ensuring that individuals fulfill their societal roles and receive what was their due from society. Social justice is an arena only partly covered by law; rest is covered by social and political ideas and practices. Ethical ideas about honor, right, respect, autonomy, claim, share, revenge, and shame also play significant role in determining mores of justice. A sense of entitlements also has a role to play. Justice thus propels variety of forms – from social-economic rights, to the forms of attaining justice, forms of redistribution of wealth, the form of due process, and most important the subjective experiences of justice as distinct from the attempts to construct certain objective tests of justice. Social Justice & Empowerment aims to build an inclusive society wherein members of the target groups can lead productive, safe and dignified lives with adequate support for their growth and development. It aims to support and empower its target groups through programs of educational, economic and social development, and rehabilitation wherever necessary.
11 Crime, Unemployment and Society in India : Insights from Rape Data , Prashansa Srivastava
This paper empirically analyses the relationship between unemployment and rape, using data from 11 states of India. This is undertaken to test whether there is a positive or negative association between unemployment and crime, in particular rape, using the tools of econometrics. Three significant results emerge. First, there exists a negative association between rape and unemployment in India. Second, literacy rates have a positive coefficient with the reasonable interpretation being literacy increases reported rape not actual rape. Third, positive gender developments have a crucial bearing on violent crime against women.
12 Ten Ideologies -The Great Asymmetry between Agrarianism and Industrialism By S Jaipal Reddy , Ketki Tara Kumaiyan
Of late the literary horizon is flooded with a score of books every fortnight that exudes brilliance. For bibliophiles like us, it is like the divine manna for thought and rumination and nourishes our famished souls. One such path-breaking work that has caught the eye of one and all is the opus titled ‘ Ten Ideologies-The Great Asymmetry between Agrarianism and Industrialism’ authored by the venerated politician –cum-scholar S. Jaipal Reddy. This masterly oeuvre Ten Ideologies –The Great Asymmetry between Agrarianism and Industrialism as the name suggests not only reconnoiters a league of ideologies ranging from Nationalism to Globalism but at the same time plummets deep into the depths of how these ideologies have had a lasting impact in shaping the philosophical discourse. A treasure trove of intellectual insights, Mr. Reddy has astutely reflected not only upon the primordial –isms of Nationalism, Liberalism, Socialism, and Capitalism but also has copiously shared his discernments on contemporary issues like Feminism, Environmentalism, Nuclear Pacifism, and Globalism. In other words, this work satiates not only the palettes of men with grey matter but serves as an interesting read for the hoi-polloi who want to explore and delve deep into understanding the basic nuances of an –ism. As far as its thematic content is concerned, the opus has been divided into two broad parts viz., Part I-The Four Great Movements and Part II-Ten Ideologies. The first part is essentially a prognosis of the traditions of the ‘First Wave’ of Agrarianism and its transition into ‘Second Wave’ Industrialism– where the two waves are metaphors for the two phases as employed by Alvin Toffler. It is here that the imperative role of the Four Great Movements is deliberated upon and how these helped transmogrify an Agrarian society into an industrial one. The first was the Renaissance; the second was Humanism; the third was the Reformation and the last revolution or the culmination came to be known as Scientific Revolution. In this part, he has essayed the prominent role played by Leonardo Da Vinci, Galileo, Raphael, Petrarch, Erasmus, Thomas More, Rudolpgus Agricola, Michel Montaigne, Muntzer, Calvin, Zwingli, Giordano Bruno, Francis Bacon to name a few. The second part discusses the sublime subject of ideology in its normative and empirical dimensions. Max Learner very aptly said “Ideas are weapons” and it is in keeping with this epigram that this portion of the book discusses the various genres of –isms, the genealogical development of each ideology and the distinctive contributions of various thinkers and change-makers in each age have also been scrutinized right from Pericles to Elon Musk of today . Overall it is an engaging read and is a must-have for its pedagogical clarity and substantial edifying impact for both people within and without academia. This kind of meticulous treatment of the subject and the scrupulous execution of the same is very rare and for once we have a work here that is so incisively balanced.  
13 Gandhi s Search for Perfect Perfect Diet, Eating with the World in Mind By Nico Slate , Sangeeta Vijay
Mahatma Gandhi truly belongs to all time and all mankind. He was universally acknowledged as apostle of Truth and Non violence. He is also known as the father of Indian Nation. He has been hailed as a Liberal Political Philosopher, Philosopher of Politics of Peace and Protest, Political agitator per excellence, Politician among saints and saint in Politicians and Dramatics of Art of life. It has no exaggeration to say that he was one of the most prominent philosophers who influenced 20th century in a different manner. Moreover he is recognized as the man of the Millennium. Gandhian Philosophy is still popular and relevant even in the 21st century across the world, as it is based on humanist, sustainable and holistic perspectives. The year 2018-19 is 150th birth anniversary year of Mahatma Gandhi. Recently the book titled “Gandhi’s Search for Diet, Eating with the world in mind” written by Nico Slate has been published. The main focus of this book is on how intricately meshed were the Gandhi’s ideas and practices concerning eating, morality, ethics and political activities. The author highlights Gandhi’s views on non violence, religious tolerance and rural sustainability developed in coordination with his dietary experiments. His rejections of sugar, chocolates and salt expressed his opposition to economies based on contract labor, slavery and imperialism.     This study has been divided into seven chapters preceded by an introduction and at the end recipes from Gandhi’s diet, notes, index and bibliography have been appended. The introductory part of the book summarizes a general view of the diet scale of Mahatma Gandhi. According to Nico Slate to understand the man and his life and to connect two of history’s perennial questions how to live and what to eat? Gandhi says the vigour of mind is possible only in healthy body. He believes in the profound connection between the body, purpose and achievements. The scale that mattered was not only weight of body rather all the good health comprised with body. Gandhi developed an ecological diet which respects many connections between the food, physical health, social and political environments. Gandhi redefined the nutrition as a way to improve the world. The pillars of his diet- vegetarians, limiting salt and sweet, rejecting processed food, eating raw food, fasting- were all deeply connected to politics and in  particular, to his conception of non violence what he called Ahimsa. From the chapter one to seven in this book the author highlights new insight into important periods in Gandhi’s life as they relate to his developing food ethic: his student years in London, his politicization as a young lawyer in South Africa, the 1930 Salt march challenging British colonialism, and his fasting as a means of self – purification and a new canvas for creating new knowledge pertaining to the India’s struggle for independence. his book is unique as it has not only described the Diet of Gandhi but also integrate with values. The scholarly endeavor of Nico Slate undoubtly provides a new knowledge pertaining to the Gandhian thought. The printing quality of the book is good. Language is perfect to understand. Analysis is appropriate with illustrations. It is useful and valuable for scholars of Gandhian studies, Social Sciences, History, Political Science, sociology, medicine and Food and Nutrition studies.  
14 Presidential Democracy-India s Dire Need for Better Governance by Jashwant B Mehta , Ajay Singh
In concern to the review of this book, I want to add some lines written by our famous parliamentarian and farmer Lok sabha speaker Mr. Somnath Chaterje in Business Today on 08 Jan 2012. He wrote "What I am worried about is the way our most important three organs are functioning in this country, as well as the media, I must confess. It seems that everybody wants more power than the Constitution has given them. Or people are not interested in discharging the obligations which the constitution has imposed on them. I think judicial overreach is a matter of great concern. I have repeatedly said that matters of policy are for the government, not for the Courts. But today not only matters of policy, we are deciding what punishments should be given, what sort of fine government should impose, even the dresses of school teachers are being decided by the courts. Executive and legislature are also not functioning these days. That is of greatest concern to me. According to my, the greatest problem for our country today is the politics of confrontation.  As a Speaker on several occasions, I had expressed my agony that members are not attending to their duties in the Parliament. Now decisions to disrupt the Parliament are taken even before the house convenes at 11 am. Because parties meet and decide before that today they won't allow parliament to function. And in that situation, parliament does not function. I also ask myself, what is the alternative or substitute for parliamentary democracy in this country?" I think Jaswant B Mehta is presented with the best possible answer of the Chaterjee's questions by his book Presidential Democracy: India's Dire Need for Better Governance. In this book, Mehta is given an Institutional Cure for Indian Institutional Melody. The exercising seven decades of parliamentary Democracy, we were witnessed of the so many undesirable things like dictatorship under the very popular prime minister, helplessness of very genius prime minister and many more corruptions under a very honest prime minister. In these situations, Mehta's argument for the presidential system by his book is very relevant, current and necessity for our political set up. Presidential Democracy: India's Dire Need for Better Governance is authored by Mehta, who has no political background, The journey of the High Rise Buildings to Presidential Democracy: India's Dire Need for Better Governance via Presidential System-A Better Alternative? And Quest for a better Democratic Alternative is the journey of the transformation of a man who became more and more stronger with his beliefs. When he defines Democracy as a rule of the Politician, for the politician and by the politician, it is the clear reflection of the common man's belief about democracy as a rule off the people, far the people and buy the people. So it is very necessary to change this scenario. This book is for that. Presidential Democracy: India's Dire Need for Better Governance not only a title for safe or a Library, It is the most rigorous conclusion of long-time studies and analysis of several liberal democracies like the USA, Germany, Britain, France, Australia, Japan, and others. By this book, the Author proved himself as a great researcher of the Indian Political System. He never hesitates to express his thoughts in this book, He proved that our system is a by-product of the love for the Britain of our constitution-makers. He has also expressed his thoughts of the dissatisfaction with our present political system by the use of the common man language like "we are not fit for democracy, Democracy is not going to solve our problems" Author is fully devoted to his ideology that parliamentary Democracy is not fit for Indian Situations and Presidential form of government can be the best alternative for this largest democracy of the Word. Mehta is an Engineer and it is showing in the construction of the chapters in this book. Presidential Democracy: India's Dire Need for Better Governance is well constructed, In thirteen Chapters construction, he has used cartoons, figures and illustrations like sandstone and cement….. Great. In between the Role of Indian President (Introduction) to the Urgent Need for Alternative Democracy (Epilogue) the author used his views and build his ideas in the chapters. He has taken good theoretical bases for his ideas- In the chapters Democracy vs. Dictatorship; he has created a base for Presidential Democracy. In Stability he has tried to seek out the evils of Parliamentary Democracy, By the chapter The Cabinet he has shown how present system denied the quality and ability, Chapter Ministerial Corruption is a real picture of the government in the absence of Check and Balance while The legislature completely deals with legislative procedures of the system of India and others. In the Chapter Endless Games of Defections, Toppling, and Shameless Lust for Power, author focused on the History, how a leader change his liability from one party to another, how this game was played in India, In Chapter Checks and Balance authors checks the Indian Political System on the ground of Separation of Powers, in this chapter he has also checked that how India Refuse the Reforms, Chapter Promotion of Leadership Qualities is very interesting, Author explained how Direct Elections of Presidential Democracy promote positive impact and what are the benefits of Fixed Tenure. Chapter Selection of Candidates deals with the candidature by the Parties and the basics of Parties and National Interests. In the Chapter, Electoral Reforms author examines the reforming measures of the Electoral process and in the last two chapters, the Author strongly proposes the US Model of Presidential Democracy for a better alternative for our system. Overall Jaswant B Mehta has emerged as a researcher, writer and guide with the optimistic approach, who is dissatisfied with the present form of Government, warns at many places and very optimistic about Presidential Democracy. He has a strong belief that the separation of power of the alternative system can be helpful to prevent corruption and Fixed Tenure can be helpful for Stability. Finally, publisher Forum for Presidential Democracy has proper right to getting heartily thank for publish the Book. Book can be more attractive by the change of some fonts, style, and spaces. As a reader and like a scholar of Political Science and Indian Political System, I would like to see this book on my reading table, and I think this book should be a part of all libraries and all the readers who are interested in Political Systems.  
15 निर्वाचन : लोकतंत्र की आधारशिला , अर्चना सिंह
Hkkjr lalnh; ,oa la?kh; O;oLFkk ij vk/kkfjr ,d laoS/kkfud yksdrU= gS ftlds g`n; esa fu;fer Lora= ,oa U;k;laxr fuokZpu ds izfr xgjh fu"Bk gSA Hkkjrh; lUnHkZ esa fuokZpu dk O;ofLFkr v/;;u dqN iz'uksa ls lac) gS & Hkkjrh; jktuhfr esa fuokZpu dk O;kid vFkZ D;k gS fujUrj ifjofrZr gks jgk Hkkjr dk lkekftd ,oa jktuhfrd ifjos'k fdl izdkj fuokZpu dh izfØ;k dks izHkkfor djrk gS D;k Hkkjr esa fuokZpu iw.kZr% eqDr ,oa U;k;laxr fof/k }kjk lEiUu gks ikrk gS fuokZpuksa ds lQy lEiknu esa ck/kd rRo D;k gS rFkk bu ck/kd rRoksa }kjk mRiUu pqukSfr;ksa ij fot; izkIr djus gsrq D;k lq>ko ;k izLrko miyc/k gS izLrqr “kks/k i= bu iz”uksa ds mRrj dk ,d iz;kl gSA
16 भारतीय राज्यों का पुनर्गठन , स्मिता पाण्डेय
Lora=rk izkIr djus ds lkFk gh Hkkjr ds ewy HkkSxksfyd {ks= esa ls dqN izkUrksa vkSj fj;klrksa dks feykdj uofufeZr jkT; ikfdLrku dk fuekZ.k gqvkA vuqPNsn 01 ds vuqlkj Hkkjrh; {ks= dks rhu Jsf.k;ksa esa ck¡Vk tk ldrk gS&¼1½ jkT;ksa ds {ks= ¼2½ la?k {ks= ¼3½ ,sls la?k {ks= ftUgsa fdlh Hkh le; Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk vf/kxzfgr fd;k tk ldrk gSA ;|fi Hkkjrh; lafo/kku dk <k¡pk la?kh; gSA MkW0 ch0 vkj0 vEcsMdj ds vuqlkj ^jkT;ksa dk la?k* mfDr dks la?kh; jkT; ds LFkkiu ij egRo nsus ds nks dkj.k gSa&,d] Hkkjrh; la?k jkT;ksa ds chp esa dksbZ le>kSrk dk ifj.kke ugha gS] tSlk fd vesfjdh la?k esa] jkT;ksa dks la?k ls foHkDr gksus dk dksbZ vf/kdkj ugha gSA ;g la?k gS] ;g foHkDr ugha gks ldrkA iwjk ns'k ,d gS tks fofHkUu jkT;ksa esa iz'kklfud lqfo/kk ds fy;s caVk gqvk gSA izLrqr “kks/k i= esa jkT;ksa ds iquxZBu ls laoaf/kr iz”kklfud rFkk la?kh; pqukSfr;ksa dk v/;;u fd;k x;k gSA
17 गाँधी जी के सिद्धांत की वर्तमान में प्रासंगिकता , वेद प्रकाश सिंह
xk¡/kh n”kZu dk mís”; gh jkT; laLFkkvksa ds lEcU/k esa O;kid fl)kUrksa dk vUos’k.k djuk gSA izkjEHk ls gh Hkkjr esa /keZ dh rqyuk esa jkT; :ih laLFkk dk egRo de jgk gS blfy;s izkphu Hkkjrh; n”kZu esa ^jktuhfr* ds cnys ^/keZuhfr* ;k ^jkt/keZ* “kCn dk vf/kd iz;ksx gqvkA xk¡/kh th us ik”pkR; jktuhfrd fpUru dks nks’kiw.kZ crkdj /keZ vkSj vfgalk ds vk/kkj ij jkT; dh uohu dYiuk izzLrqr dhA if”peh yksdra= dks xk¡/kh th nks’kiw.kZ ,oa fgald ekurs gSa vr% ,sls jkT; ls O;fDr dk dY;k.k lEHko ugha gSA 1909 esa izdkf”kr ^fgUn Lojkt* uked izfl) iqLrd esa ^lalnh; yksdra=* dh vkykspuk djrs gq, dgk gS fd blesa tu izfrfuf/k nyxr jktuhfr ls izsfjr gksdj dk;Z djrs gSA budh fu’Bk vius ny ds izfr gksrh gS u fd jkT; ds izfrA ;s izfrfuf/k turk dh HkykbZ ds y;s dqN Hkh ugha dj ikrsA ^^vr% mudh fLFkfr ml os”;k vkSj oa/;kd`r efgyk dh fLFkfr gS tks Øe”k% u rks fdlh ds izfr oQknkj gksrh gS vkSj u ftlesa l`tu dh {kerk gksrh gSA**
18 एनी बेसेंट के सामाजिक विचार , अम्बुजेश कुमार मिश्र
izLrqr “kks/k i= dk ewy mís”; ^^,uh cslsUV ds lkekftd fopkj ** dk fo”kn~ fo”ys’k.k v/;;u izLrqr djuk gSA ,uh cslsUV ekul iVy esa Hkkjr ds izfr vxk/k izse vkSj vifjfer lgkuqHkwfr FkhA Hkkjr dks mUgksaus viuh tUeHkwfe ds ln`”k ekuk vkSj fgUnwRo dks viuk /keZA mUgkasus fgUnwRo ds iqu:Fkku dk izcy iz;kl fd;k rFkk lekt lq/kkj vkUnksyuksa esa ;ksxnku fn;kA mUgkasus izkphu ewY;ksa ds vk/kkj ij lekt ds iquxZBu dks lkekftd iqu:Fkku ds :i esa ns[kkA os Hkkjr dh lkekftd O;oLFkk esa fufgr tkrh; foHksn fookg esa O;kIr cqjkbZ;k¡ ;Fkk& iqufoZokg] fo/kok fookg] fo/kqj fookg dks ,oa f”k{kk esa ;Fkksfpr lq/kkj gsrq izcy iz;kl dhA Hkkjrh; lkekftd O;oLFkk esa fufgr tkfrxr HksnHkko] [kku&iku lEcU/kh ¼e| fu’ks/k½ ,oa izfrcU/kksa rFkk vLi`”;rk dh dVq vkykspuk dhA vNwrks)kj dk;ZØe ds vkjEHk dj vLi`”;rk dh leL;k dks tks /keZ ls lEcfU/kr u gksdj LoPNrk] LokLF;] f”k{kk ,oa fu/kZurk ls lEcfU/kr gS] ds mUewyu gsrw Bksl iz;kl dhA fL=;ksa dh leL;k ds lek/kku gsrq 1917 esa dkaxzsl ds okf’kZd vf/kos”ku ftldh v/;{krk os Lo;a dh Fkh] esa fL=;ksa dks erkf/kdkj iznku djus ls lEcfU/kr izLrko ikl djk;k rFkk 1917 esa gh fL=;ksa dks lkekftd] jktuhfrd vf/kdkj iznku djus ds mís”; ls ^ohesUl bf.M;k ,lksfl;s”ku* dh LFkkiuk dhA lkekftd lq/kkjksa ds Øe esa gh mUgksaus ^lsod cU/kq* rFkk ;ax esUl ,lksfl;s”ku* dh Hkh LFkkiuk dhA ^lsod cU/kq* laLFkk ds ihNs mudk mís”; lkekftd cqjkbZ;ksa tSls cky fookg] tkfr O;oLFkk] fo/kok fookg] fons”k xeu vkfn dks nwj djuk FkkA
19 पंडित दीनदयाल उपाध्याय का एकात्म मानववाद सम्बन्धी विचार , महेश कुमार सिंह
izLrqr 'kks/k&i= dk eq[; mn~ns'; ^ia0 nhun;ky mik/;k; dk ,dkRe ekuookn laca/kh fopkj* dk fo'kn~ fo'ys"k.k izLrqr djuk gSA okLro esa ^,dkRe ekuookn* ,d ,sfrgkfld fopkj Ük`a[kyk dh dM+h ds :i esa mRiUu gqvk] ftldh uwru dM+h ia0 nhun;ky mik/;k; iz.khr~ ^,dkRe ekuookn* gSA ia0 nhun;ky mik/;k; th dk ekuuk gS fd Lora=~;ksÙkj Hkkjr esaa fopkj eaFku dh izfØ;k dks Hkkjrh; jktuhfrd n'kZu dh ladfyr iz;Ru dh fn'kk esa fparu dks vxzsrj djus dh vko';drk gSA Hkkjr dk viuk ,d oSf'k"V~; gS fd og fofHkUu ekuoh; ,oa lkaLd`frd /kkjkvksa dks vius esa lekfgr dj ysrk gSA ftlesa jktkjke eksgu jk; ls ysdj ia0 nhun;ky mik/;k; rd dk ik'pkR; ,oa Hkkjrh; thou n'kZu] O;ogkj o rRoKku dk la?k"kZiw.kZ dky[k.M dk oSpkfjd oSf'k"V~; uojlk;u ^,dkRe ekuookn* Hkkjrh; iz[kj euh"kk dk izfrfuf/kRo djrk gS] tks Hkkjr dks Hkkjr cuk, j[kuk pkgrh gS ij nqfu;k ls dV dj ugha] tks Hkkjr dks vk/kqfud cukuk pkgrh gS ij if'pe dh izfrd`fr ugha] tks tkxfrd Kku&foKku dk mRd"kZ pkgrh gS ij v/;kRe dks NksM+dj ugh] tks lalkj ds uwru iz;ksxksa esa ;ksxnku djuk pkgrh gS ij Lo;a dks Hkwy dj ughaA
20 पंडित दीनदयाल उपाध्याय के आर्थिक चिंतन में राष्ट्रवाद , ममता मणि त्रिपाठी
iafMr nhu n;ky mik/;k; dk fparu mPp dksfV dk rFkk Hkkjrh; laLd`fr] lH;rk vkSj ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds vuq#i gSA nhu n;ky mik/;k; Hkkjrh; tula?k ds usrk vkSj Hkkjrh; jktuhfrd ,oa vkfFkZd fparu dks oSpkfjd fn”kk nsus okys iqjks/kk FksA nhun;ky th lektokn vkSj lkE;okn dks dkxth vkSj vO;kogkfjd fl)kUr ds #i esa ns[krs Fks mudk Li’V ekuuk Fkk fd Hkkjrh; izfjizs{; esa ;s fopkj u rks Hkkjrh;rk ds vuq#i gS vkSj uk gh O;kogkfjd gSA Hkkjr dks pykus ds fy, Hkkjrh; n”kZu gh dkjxj oSpkfjd midj.k gks ldrk gS] pkgs jktuhfr dk iz”u gks] pkgs vFkZO;oLFkk dk iz”u lc dh lek/kku;qDr foospuk vius oSpkfjd ys[kksa esa dh gSA Hkkjrh; jktuhfr dSlh gks] bldk Lo#i D;k gks] bu lkjs fo’k;ksa dks iafMr nhu n;ky mik/;k; usa Hkkjrh; vFkZuhfr fodkl dh fn”kk esa j[kk gSA
21 नानाजी देशमुख : व्यक्तित्व, कृतित्व और उनके विचारों की प्रासंगिकता , दर्शना
orZeku le; esa jktuhfr lk[k dk ladV gSA jktuhfr ewY; foghu gksrh tk jgh gSA jktuhfr yksxksa ds fy, ,d ykHknk;d m|ksx curk tk jgk gSA xzkeh.k {ks=ksa ls iyk;u c<+rk tk jgk gSA xk¡o jkstxkj vkSj ;qokJe dh vuqiyC/krk ds ladV ls tw> jgs gSA dgha ck<+ dgha lw[kk dh fLFkfr gSA “kgjksa ij vuko”;d cks> c<+rk tk jgk gSA U;k;ky;ksa esa eqdneksa dh ck<+ lh vk x;h gSA ,sls esa vkt jk’Vª_f’k  ukuk th ns”keq[k ds fopkj lokZaf/kd izklafxd gSaA
22 उत्तर प्रदेश के नगरीय स्थानीय निकायों में राजनीतिक सहभागिता : एक विश्लेष्णात्मक अध्ययन , प्रमिला यादव
Hkkjr esa lafo/kku }kjk yksdrU=] yksddY;k.kdkjh rFkk lekurk ,oa U;k; ij vk/kkfjr jkT; ,oa 'kklu dh LFkkiuk dh xbZ gSA blesa turk dh tkx:drk ,oa tu lgHkkfxrk vko';d ,oa egRoiw.kZ gksrh gSaA Hkkjrh; yksdra= dks la?kh; Lrj ls izkUrh; rFkk LFkkuh; Lrj rd izlkfjr fd;k x;k gSA Hkkjr esa LFkkuh; 'kklu nks Hkkxksa esa foHkDr gS& xzkeh.k LFkkuh; 'kklu ,ao uxjh; LFkkuh; 'kkluA c<+rs vkS|ksfxdj.k] f'k{kk ds izlkj] foKku ,oa rduhdh izlkj ls u dsoy uxjksa dh la[;k esa o`f) gqbZ gSA oju~ uxjhdj.k us uxjh; leL;kvksa ,oa pqukSfr;ksa dks Hkh c<+k fn;k gSA bl dkj.k uxjh; 'kklu ,oa iz'kklu dh vko';drk ,oa egRo Hkh c<+ x;k gSA blh lUnHkZ es izLrqr “kks/k i= mRrj izns”k esa uxjh; “kklu ij dsfUnzr gSA
23 राजस्थान में निःशुल्क दवा योजना : एक विश्लेष्णात्मक अध्ययन , संगीता विजय, सुनीता गुर्जर
fo'o LokLF; laxBu ds vuqlkj Hkkjrh; tula[;k dh 65 izfr'kr dh vko';d nokvksa rd fu;fer igq¡p ugh gSA 23 izfr'kr ls vf/kd chekj bykt ugha ysrs D;ksafd muds ikl [kpZ djus ds fy, i;kZIr iSlk ugha gSA 40 izfr'kr ls vf/kd vLirkyksa esa ejhtksa dks ysus ds fy, mudh laifÙk cspuh iM+rh gSA Hkkjr tsusfjd nokvksa dk lcls cM+k ns'k gSA cfYd de e¡gxh nok mRikndksa esa ,d gSA czkthy] bDokMksj vkSj FkkbySaM tSls ,d ntZu ls vf/kd ns'kksa esa ljdkjh LokLF; dk;ZØeksa dk L=ksr Hkkjr gSA fdUrq Hkkjr esa tsusfjd nokb;ksa dh rqyuk esa MkWDVj czk.MsaM nokb;k¡ vf/kd fy[krs gSA blfy, e¡gxh gksrh gSA tcfd xq.koÙkk dh n`f"V ls nksuksa leku gSA Hkkjr esa QkekZL;qfVdy m|ksx dh mYys[kuh; lQyrk ds mijkar Hkh yksxksa dks fdQk;rh nokvksa rd igq¡p ,d dfBu dk;Z gSA blh i`"BHkwfe esa fu%'kqYd nok ;kstuk dh 'kq:vkr dbZ jkT;ksa esa dh xbZ rkfd ukxfjdksa dks LkLrh ,oa xq.koÙkk iw.kZ LokLF; lsok,¡ miyC/k gks lds vkSj jkT; dk dksbZ Hkh O;fDr nok ds vHkko esa bykt ls oafpr u jg ldsA loZizFke rfeyukMw esa thou cpr mipkj ;kstuk ¼23tqykbZ] 2009½] gfj;k.kk esa nokvksa dh eq¶r vkSj fuckZ/k vkiwfrZ ¼2009½] gfj;k.kk esa eq¶r bykt ;kstuk ¼2014½] jktLFkku esa eq[;ea=h fu%'kqYd nok ;kstuk ¼2011½]fcgkj esa LokLF; xkajVh ;kstuk ¼2011½] xqtjkr esa eq[;ea=h ve`re ;kstuk ¼2012½]dsjy esa tsusfjd nokvksa dh eq¶r vkiwfrZ ;kstuk ¼2012½] e/;izns'k esa ljdkj oYyHk HkkbZ iVsy Ýh esfMlu ;kstuk ¼2012½] NÙkhlx<+ esa eq¶r tsusfjd nok ;kstuk ¼uhfr½ ¼2013½] iatkc esa eq¶r LokLF; ns[kHkky ;kstuk ¼2013½] egkjk"Vª esa jktho xka/kh thounkf;uh vkjksX; ;kstuk ¼2013½] mM+hlk esa fuekZ;k eq¶r fpfdRlk ;kstuk ¼2015½] tEew&d'ehj esa eq¶r nok uhfr ¼2016½] vle esa eq[;ea=h fu%'kqYd nok ;kstuk ¼2017½] fgekpy izns'k esa bafnjk xak/kh eq¶r fpfdRlk ;kstuk ¼2017½ ykxq dh xbZA jktLFkku esa eq[;ea=h fu%'kqYd nok ;kstuk 2011 esa vkjEHk dh xbZA izLrqr ”kks/k i= jktLFkku jkT; esa fu%'kqYd nok ;kstuk ds lanHkZ esa ,d fo”ys"k.kkRed v/;;u ij dsfUnzr fd;k x;k gSA
24 भारतीय अर्थव्यवस्था और सतत विकास , गोपाल प्रसाद, अमित कुमार
lrr fodkl dh vo/kkj.kk dk loZizFke iz;ksx 1987 esa czVySaM fjiksVZ ‘gekjk lk>k Hkfo’; ds rgr fd;k x;k FkkA la;qDr jk’Vª la?k }kjk oSf”od Lrj ij lkekftd U;k;] ekuo xfjek] “kkafr ,oa lqj{kk LFkkfir djus ds fy, o’kZ 2000 eas  vkB lglzkCnh fodkl y{;kas ds lkFk 18 layXu y{;ksa dks 2015 rd izkIr djus dk y{; j[kk x;k FkkA o’kZ 2015 esa 8 lglzkCnh fodkl Yk{;ksa dks gh foLrkfjr dj 17 lrr fodkl y{;ksa eas ifjofrZr dj fn;k] ftlds vUnj 169 layXu y{; lfUufgr gSA bUgsa 2030 rd izkIr djus dk y{; j[kk x;k gS] ftldk “kh’kZd gS “viuh nqfu;k eas cnyko % lrr fodkl ds fy, 2030 dk ,tsaMk” A
25 उच्च शिक्षा में प्रथम पीढ़ी के विद्यार्थियों को प्रभावित करने वाली चुनौतियाँ : लखनऊ जिले का समाजशास्त्रीय अध्ययन , सुनीता भारती
bl “kks/k i= esa ;g n”kkZus dk iz;kl fd;k x;k gS fd mPp f”k{kk esa izFke ih<+h ds fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks muds lkekftd&vkfFZkd dkj.kksa ls fofHkUu izdkj dh pqukSfr;ksa dk lkeuk djuk iM+rk gSA Hkkjrh; ifjisz{; esa mPp f”k{kk esa ÁFke ih<+h ds fo|kfFkZ;ksa ij cgqr de v/;;u fd;s x;s gSA ÁFke ih<+h ds fo|kfFkZ;ksa ls rkRi;Z ,sls fo|kfFkZ;ksa ls gS tks vius ifjokj esa dkWyst ;k fo”ofo|ky; esa f”k{kk izkIr djus okyk igyk gSA mlds vfrfjDr ifjokj esa mPp f”k{kk fdlh Hkh lnL; us ugh izkIr dhA ÁFke ih<+h ds fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks mPp f”k{kk ÁkIr djusa esa vR;f/kd dfBukb;ksa dk lkeuk djuk iM+rk gS muds vfHkHkkodksa dk mPp f”k{kk ÁkIr u dj ikuk mudh vkfFkZd ,oa lkekftd vkfn dkjd ÁFke ih<+h ds fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks ÁHkkfor djrs gSA ÁFke ih<+h ds fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks muds vfHkHkkodksa ds }kjk dkWyst ,oa fo”ofo|ky; ds pquko ds fy, mfpr ekxZn”kZu ugha fey ikrk gSA orZeku le; esa mPp f”k{kk ds Álkj dks ns[krs gq, fuEu Lrj ls Hkh vkus okys ÁFke ih<+h ds fo|kFkhZ dkWystksa esa Áos”k ys jgs gSA fdUrq mUgsa Áos”k ÁfØ;k ds le; Hkh mudh fLFkfr dks ns[krs gq, Hkh mUgsa Áos”k ysus esa dfBukb;ksa dk lkeuk djuk iM+rk gSA mUgsa v/;;u d{k esa ikB~;Øe ,oa Hkk’kk ls lEcfU/kr leL;kvksa dk lkeuk djuk iM+rk gS mPp f”k{kk esa ÁFke ih<+h ds fo|kFkhZ lkekftd vUr% fØ;k djus esa ladksp djrs gSA tc mPp f”k{kk esa ÁFke ih<+h ds fo|kfFkZ;ksa dk Ldwy ls dkWyst esa Áos”k gksrk gS rks ml ÁfØ;k ds nkSjku Hkh mUgsa vusd dfBukb;ksa dk lkeuk djuk iM+rk gSA ÁFke ih<+h ds fo|kfFkZ;ksa dh pqukSfr;ksa dk foLr`r :i ls vkxs izLrqr fd;k tk;sxkA
26 जनपद बलिया की भू-गार्भिक संरचना : एक संक्षिप्त अध्ययन   , आलोक कुमार श्रीवास्तव
fdlh {ks= dh Hkw&xkfHkZd lajpuk u flQZ mlds /kjkryh; Lo:i ds bfrgkl o orZeku dh |ksrd gS cfYd mlds leLr HkkSxksfyd i{kksa mPpkop] viokg] e`nk ouLifr] [kfut] Ñf’k m|ksx] O;kikj] rduhdh rFkk lkekftd] lkaLÑfrd ,oa jktuhfrd ifjn`”;ksa ds fu/kkZj.k ,oa mlds lokZxh.k ewY;kadu esa leFkZ gSA çLrqr v/;;u esa blh mn~ns”; ls tuin cfy;k dh Hkw&xkfHkZd lajpuk dh O;k[;k dh xbZ gSA çLrqr v/;;u bl ifjdYiuk ij vk/kkfjr gS fd Hkw&xkfHkZd lajpuk fofHkUu HkkSxksfyd i{kksa ,oa lokZaxh.k fodkl dks fofo/k :iksa esa fu/kkZfjr ,oa ewY;kafdr djrh gSA v/;;u esa çkFkkfed ,oa f}rh;d nksuksa gh izdkj ds rF;ksa ,oa leadksa dk iz;ksx fd;k x;k gS ftldk laxzg O;fDrxr ,oa fofHkUu jktdh; foHkkxh; L=ksarks ls fd;k x;k gSA v/;;u esa ;FkklEHko lkj.kh] ekufp= ,oa vkjs[kksa dk iz;ksx fd;k x;k gSA
27 बाढ़ :एक आपदा , नीरज कुमार सिंह, सुधीर कुमार सिंह
ck<+ 'kCn lqurs gh gekjs fnekx esa fdlh {ks= dh tyIykfor rLohj mHkj vkrh gS] tgkW ds yksx vusdkusd leL;kvksa dk lkeuk dj jgs gksrs gSaA foxr dqN n'kdksa ds vfu;ksftr fodkl us ck<+ dks ,d ekuo tfur vkink ds :i esa LFkkfir fd;k gS] ftlls cM+s iSekusa ij vkfFkZd ,oa lkekftd leL;k;sa mRiUu gks jgh gS vxj le; jgrs ge fu;ksftr fodkl ds fy, dne ugh mBk;saxs rks Hkfo"; esa ck<+ vkSj Hkh xaHkhj leL;k ds :i esa gekjs le{k pqukSrh izLrqr djsxhA
28 पर्यावरण और जलवायु परिवर्तन , राम प्रीती मणि त्रिपाठी
gekjk Hkkjrh; n”kZu i;kZoj.k laj{k.k dh n`f’V ls ftruk le`) gS mruk fdlh vU; ns”k dk ughA Hkkjr esa izkphu dky ls gh lw;Z] i`Foh] ty] ok;q] vfXu ouLifr;ksa] lfjrkvksa vkSj ljksojksa vkfn dks iwtuh; ekuus dh ijaijk jgh gS ftlds ewy esa i;kZoj.k laj{k.k dk Hkko gh fufgr gSA lw;ksZikluk] xzgksa dh vH;FkZuk] vfXu iwtk] o`{kiwtk vkfn dh ijaijk,¡ fodflr dj geusa lnSo i;kZoj.k laj{k.k dks vkxs c<+kus dk dk;Z fd;k gSA gekjs ns”k esa tSo fofo/krk dks lajf{kr j[kus rFkk mls le`) cukus ij iwjk /;ku fn;k x;k gSA Hkkjr ds vusd vkfnoklh {ks= esa Ik”kqvksa] o`{kksa] ouLifr;ksa vkfn dks iwtus dh izkphu ijaijk gSA xk; Hkkjrh; lekt esa iwtuh; gSA jktLFkku dk fo”uksbZ leqnk; vkt Hkh dkys fgjuksa dks “kqHk ekudj mldh iwtk djrk gSA gekjs Hkkjrh; n”kZu esa i;kZoj.k dks bZ”oj ds izfr#i ds #i esa lEekfur ,oa laj{k.kh; ekuk x;k gSA rSrjh;ksifu’kn esa dgk x;k gS fd& bZ”oj vkRek ls vkdk”k dh] vkdk”k ls ok;q dh] ok;q ls vfXu dh vkSj vfXu ls ty rFkk ty ls i`Foh dh mRifŸk gqbZ gSA  vFkoZosn ds HkwfelwDr esa dgk x;k gS&vj.;a rs i`fFkoh L;ksueLrq] ekrjr~ vkS’kf/k uke~] ek rs eeZ foe`Xofj ekrs ân;efiZre~A
29 अमरकांत की कहानियों में राजनीतिक संवेदना : एक अनुशीलन , मनोज सिंह
vejdkar us tc fgUnh dgkuh ds {ks= esa izos”k fd;k rks og dgkuh esa ,d u, mUes’k dk dky Fkk vkSj vkxs pydj] ys[kdksa vkSj vkykspdksa dh ,d= lgefr ls] bls gh ^u;h dgkuh* dh laKk nh xbZA vejdkar us fgUnh dgkuh dks fprau dk ,d u;k vk;ke fn;k] mUgksus O;oLFkk dks lgh jkg ij ykus ds fy, “kklu ra= ij [kqy dj fy[kkA mudh dgkfu;ksa esa jktuSfrd folaxfr;ksa] “kks’k.k ,oa vke vkneh dh la?k’kZ”khyrk ds lkFk gh lkFk lektokn dk Loj yksdra=h; vkLFkk ds lkFk eglwl fd;k tk ldrk gSA vejdkar dh dgkfu;ksa dk Qyd cgqr gh O;kid gS] os lkekftd] jktuSfrd] /kkfeZd laosnuk dks viuh dgkfu;ksa esa egRoiw.kZ LFkku nsrs gSA os ,d ,sls dgkuhdkj gS tks lekt esa O;kIr leL;kvksa dh /kqjh dks jktuSfrd folaxfr;ksa ls tksM+dj ns[kus dk lkgl fn[kkrs gS vkSj viuh dgkfu;ks esa mldk eq[kfjr :i ls o.kZu djrs gSA bl :i esa vejdkar fuf”pr gh ^ubZ dgkuh* esa ^ubZ ijEijk* ds lw=/kkj gSA
30 प्रगतिशील जीवन मूल्य और परिवर्तनकारी विचार , अनिल कुमार यादव
izxfr'khy vkUnksyu ds fodkl esa izxfr'khy ys[kd la?k dh Hkwfedk vR;Ur egRoiw.kZ FkhA fdUrq tSls&tSls ;g vkUnksyu vkxs c<+k lkfgR;dkjksa esa oSpkfjd la?k"kZ Hkh c<+rk x;kA ,d vksj izxfr'khy vkUnksyu ds lg;ksxh Fks tks ckn esa fojks/kh cu x;s rks nwljh vksj u;h fopkj/kkjk ds cqf)thoh] ys[kd vkfn Fks ftudk bl vkUnksyu dks iw.kZ lg;ksx izkIr gqvkA QkWlhokn ¼QkflTEk½ dh ijEijk ls dE;qfuLVksa vkSj izxfr'khy ys[kdksa dh fopkj/kkjk esa ,dk,d ifjorZu gqvkA ,d vksj iar tSls yksx Fks tks izxfr'khy vkUnksyu ls nwj f[kldrs tk jgs Fks rks nwljh vksj fujkyk tSls yksx Fks tks izxfr'khy /kkjk ds fudVLFk gksrs tk jgs Fks] vkSj bl rjg izxfr'khy ys[kdksa esa cM+s iSekus ij oSpkfjd ifjorZu fn[kk;h nsus yxrk gSA oSpkfjd n`f"Vdks.k ls flrEcj 1947 esa bykgkckn esa vk;ksftr vf[ky Hkkjrh; fgUnh izxfr'khy ys[kd la?k dk fo'kky vk;ksftr vlk/kkj.k egÙo dk jgkA lkfgR;dkjksa ds vUrfoZjks/k [kqydj lkeus vk;sA izxfr'khy ys[kd la?k ds vUrfoZjks/k dh vfHkO;fDr cEcbZ vf/kos'ku ¼1947½ esa Hkh feyrh gSA vkxs pydj fgUnh lkfgR; lEesyu Hkh izxfr'khy fopkj/kkjk dks leFkZu izkIr gqvkA