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Globus Journal of Progressive Education

ISSN(p):2231-1335 | ISSN(e):2582-7200
Journal Papers (152) Details
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Indexed Journal

1 ELEMENTS OF POETRY: MAGNIFYING HUGOT LINES OF FILIPINO COLLEGE STUDENTS, Enna S. Bodoso
In the Philippines, social media burst with these popular lines, Hugot lines, especially among college students; hence, this study was conducted to find out the prevalent themes and elements of poetry in the selected Hiligaynon (a local dialect in the province of Negros Occidental) hugot lines of Literature 1 students of Carlos Hilado Memorial State College – Alijis Campus, Bacolod City, Negros Occidental, Philippines. One hundred (100) hugot lines were selected and encoded, and then were grouped according to themes. They were analysed using thematic and textual analyses. To determine the validity of themes and other elements of poetry, three inter raters were invited to give their feedback and suggestions. Elements of poetry such as rhyme, figures of speech, imagery and symbolism were also identified. Being inspired, frustrated and “bitter” are some of the mood prevalent on those hugot lines.
2 ANXIETY AND PERFORMANCE IN MATHEMATICS OF GRADE FOUR PUPILS , Jeannie L. Samante, Alfredo D. Alave
The descriptive-correlational research examined the relationship between the level of anxiety and performance in mathematics among 234 pupils enrolled at one of the elementary school in the Division of Bacolod City during the school year 2016-2017. The Meece’s Math Anxiety Questionnaire and 5- point. The last three-quarter grades were used to measure the level of performance in mathematics. Result revealed that the participants’ level of anxiety by sex and section were moderate and their level of performance in mathematics as a whole was satisfactory. Also, there was a significant relationship between the level of mathematics anxiety and mathematics of the grade four pupils.The level of anxiety of the pupils also affects their performance in mathematics. The poor performances are associated with high anxiety indeed mathematics anxiety is a proxy for poor mathematics performance. The result of the study was the basis for treatment to improve students' performance in mathematics.
3 CONTENT ANALYSIS OF MISSION STATEMENTS OF SELECTED STATE UNIVERSITIES IN THE PHILIPPINES: BASIS FOR STRATEGIC EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT PLANNING , Abigail C. Gomez, Anabella C. Gomez
Mission statements play a vital role in any university system, more especially in the strategic planning of the universities. Conducting this study through content analysis allowed the researchers to deconstruct the mission statements of selected five state universities in the CALABRAZON Region of the Philippines. Findings reveal major themes which emerged from the analysis. These themes were construed by the researchers as vital elements in crafting university mission statements: description, role, objectives, strategies, and graduate outcomes of the universities. Three universities declared their commitment to do their mission. Major roles of the universities are to serve as producers, providers and nurturers. Universities vary in their objectives but are mostly similar in strategizing for the areas of instruction, research, extension, and production activities to meet specific objectives. Overall, mission statements still differ from one another even if their thrusts might be similar in ways to respond to their clientele and mandate of their university charter. These objectives and strategies were deemed aligned and fundamental in conceptualizing the strategic educational management plans of the universities
4 CUSTOMER-CENTERED  LIBRARY  SPACES : A CARLOS HILADO MEMORIAL STATE COLLEGE-ALIJIS’ EXPERIENCE , Ma. Lorela J. Santes
This study explored the learning space needs of library customers at Carlos Hilado Memorial State College-Alijis (CHMSC-A) as basis for a proposed customer-centered library spaces. Researcher-made questionnaire was used to determine the learning space needs of the library customer based on the Learning Space Attributes of Cunningham and Tabur. Percentage was used to determine the respondents profile in terms of number of hours spend in the library per week, department they belong, status and reasons for using the library. Weighted mean was also used to determine the importance of learning space attributes which determine the respondents learning space needs. Chi-square was also used to determine the significant relationship between the respondents profile and learning space needs. The result of this study indicated that library customers regarded comfort and image, uses and activities, and access and linkages as the most important learning space attributes. Library customers value the library as a place, which can offer an academic ambiance for their work, a forum for engagement with others, and a flexible space that meets their various learning space needs.
5 A STUDY ON TRANSFORMATION OF EDUCATION SYSTEM THROUGH NEW EDUCATION POLICY , Dr. Bhawna
Ministry of Human Resource Development of Government of India has projected an elaborate and all– encompassing National Education Policy (NEP2020). Before Independence, the education in India was under the complete control of the “Masters, the British Empire”. The education policies, like the one drawn by Macaulay, as would be obvious, were not for providing any quality education to the Indians, but to churn out the “Babus”, clerks and bureaucrats, to serve the masters, pure and simple. After independence, the society went through series of changes, policies were charted and certain reforms were brought in, but the impact was still not achieved. In 2015, the GOI adapted “2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (SD)”and since then the impetus has been initiated. The final culmination of a long drawn and all inclusive process is NEP2020. NEP 2020 has been a very elaborate planning document. The salient feature of the issues, principles, aims and, vision, challenges, and solutions have been dealt with this article. The main focus has been on the higher education and its implementation. Due importance also has been accorded to other issues such as vocational education, research and online and digital education to mention a few. Overall, it is commendable and a very positive step forward on the part of the government. Only the time will judge, how much net effective output is actually garnered.
6 A STUDY ON GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY AND ICT , Sudhir Kumar Mishra
Educators are asked to investigate and get a variety of inventive Learner-Centered, Pedagogical Teaching and Learning Approaches, in order to create choices as opposed to the standard systems for Lecture. The practical and capable use of innovation depends upon really prepared teachers/instructors. They should have the choice to respect the probability of these advancements and have inspiring outlook. To finish Technology based learning in the Teacher Education Program so as the understudy instructors while they become instructors in school would no doubt use Technological devices in Classroom.
7 RETHINKING THE DIGITAL DIVIDE IN THE TIME OF CRISIS , Abel V. Alvarez, Jr.
The idea of inclusivity in education has become an abstract phenomenon in the time of the pandemic crisis. While studies show that most advanced countries are adaptive to the so-called new normal, the other side of the world is struggling to adapt to emergency remote education due to the notion of the digital divide. The disparity of society’s access to the digital world has been present even in the pre-pandemic era. However, it has predominantly visible in today’s dystopian society as it continuously navigates in the pandemic world. This paper attempts to discuss and to share a glimpse of the digital situation during the pandemic crisis. Interestingly, it presents that the digital divide widens learning spaces and significantly creates social injustices. Hence, it is highly recommended in the post-pandemic world for countries to invest in digital infrastructures, provide affordable and accessible supportive digital learning tools, resources and materials, and strengthen and expand digital literacy programs for all.
8 EVALUATION OF SELECTED INSTITUTIONAL LICENSURE EXAMINATION FOR TEACHERS REVIEW MATERIALS , Philip John T. Segundino, Venjeline Mondragon, Althia Cyda Carnaje, Sheryl Grace Silaya, Cheryhel Panagiton, Aiza Seiton, Anthony Servano
This descriptive study was conducted to determine the performance of graduatesin the selected Institutional LET Review Materials when taken as a whole and when categorized as to different areas such as Curriculum Development, Assessment of Learning, and Principles of Teaching. Moreover, this further aimed to find out if a significant difference existed in the performance of the graduates in the Selected Institutional LET Review Materials of Iloilo Science and Technology University. The respondents of the study included the 50 Teacher Education graduates who were chosen purposively. Existing LET review materials were used as an instrument for the study. Frequency, percentage, SD, and ANOVA were used as statistical tools. Results of the study revealed that the graduates got a low performance in their scores when taken as a whole and when categorized as to different areas. Moreover, no significant difference was noted in the performance of the graduates in the selected institutional LET review materials when categorized as to different areas. It can be concluded, that the Professional Education subjects are considered as a difficult subject area which needed more focused and attentive. Thus, it is recommended that for the improvement of the exam performance, addressing five important areas concern: (1) students, (2) faculty, (3) curriculum, (4) policies, and (5) methods of evaluation in the delivery of instruction
9 VIDEO GAME ENGAGEMENT AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS , Conie Santolices, Charlon Molase, Aina Semolava, Llywwyllynn Farparan, April Joy Tabugsoc, Rona Jane Moncal
Video games can be either online that can be played through the use of android or smartphones using an internet connection, or offline. With this, the researchers were encouraged to study how a video game is correlated to the engagement and academic performance of the students. The researchers determined the respondents of the study through a pre-survey where junior high school students were asked to answer the question of whether they are playing videogames or not. The research instrument that was used in this study was a researcher-made instrument duly validated by the panel of experts. For Descriptive data analysis, mean, percentage, and standard deviation were used while for Inferential data analysis, Pearson (r) was used. The findings of the study showed when taken as a whole, the length of engagement of the students in the school was between zero to one hour; when grouped according to grade level, the length of engagement of the students in Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9 and Grade10 was between zero to one hour; The academic performance of the students when grouped according to grade level were as follows: Grade 7, Grade 8 and Grade 10 students had a good academic performance with the mean of 82.03, 82.15 and 82.10 respectively while Grade 9 students had a poor academic performance with the mean of 78.91. There was no significant linear relationship between the length of engagement and academic performance. The p-value is .101 which is greater than the 0.05 level of significance which leads to accepting the null hypothesis. This infers that engagement in a videogame can not affect the academic performance of the students. The students must learn how to manage their time and separate personal things from school matters. They must learn how to be responsible enough in prioritizing important things related to their study and set aside those things that can distract them or cannot help them to improve their academic performance..
10 SELF-EFFICACY, ANXIETY, AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN MATHEMATICS OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS  , Jessica T. Ducay, Alfredo D. Alave
This descriptive- correlational study examined the relationship between the self-efficacy, anxiety, and academic performance of students in mathematics. The participants of the study were Grade 10 students enrolled in Sicaba National High School of Academic Year 2018-2019. The adopted questionnaire of Bearneza (2016) Self-efficacy and Anxiety in Learning Mathematics Questionnaire was used. The grades of the respondents were used by the researchers to measure the level of their academic performance in mathematics. Findings imply that experiences of failure contribute to higher sense of mathematics anxiety. The findings further signify that despite the high level of self-efficacy that the student’s confidence is in functioning intellectually by means of his/her adaptive behavior but due to his/her negative experiences in the past the level of anxiety is high. There was a significant relationship between self-efficacy and anxiety, anxiety and academic performance of the student’s self- efficacy predicts academic performance in mathematics. The findings of this study provided information in designing supplemental activities to improve academic performance in mathematics.
11 GAMEAHOLICS: A CLOSER LOOK INTO THE PHENOMENON OF COMPUTER ADDICTION , Janeth F. Falcunit
Computer games are the most popular form of entertainment in modern societies today. The researcher observed that there is a problem regarding excess and unhealthy use of playing computers. Based on these observations, the researcher is motivated to conduct a study entitled “Gameaholics: A Closer Look into the Phenomenon of Computer Addiction.” This study highlighted the reasons behind the phenomenon of computer game addiction among the students of Central Philippines State University (CPSU)-Hinigaran Campus for the academic year 2020-2021. In order for the researcher to know the reasons behind the phenomenon of computer game addiction among the students of CPSU- Hinigaran Campus, the qualitative research design was employed since the objective of this study was to know the reasons behind computer addiction. Moreover, this study applied purposive sampling design since the participants were selected purposively through the set criteria. Specifically, the researcher used one-on-one interview in collaborating, understanding, and investigating the participants’ experiences. Interviews were audio recorded. Thematic approach was used in data analysis. Through thematic analysis, it was found that Spirited: Race to the Top and Escapism: A Shelter from the Storm, Cut-and- Dried, Eyes on the Prize, Thrill and Challenge: Invitation to Addiction were the common theme formed in relation to the objective of this study. Further, the researcher also discovered an additional theme, Fatigue; What I feel, which focused on Physical Exhaustion. This theme surfaced as the participants expressed their reason why they were hooked in computer games too much.
12 DEVELOPMENT OF SESSION GUIDES ANCHORED ON THE RETROSPECTION OF THE CHALLENGES AND ISSUES OF EXTENSION ACTIVITIES , Ma. Salome R. Magbanua
This mixed developmental research design combined an interview and FGD to develop session guides anchored on the retrospection of the Teacher Education extension activities of ISAT U Miagao Campus. The study underwent two phases: Phase one investigated the problems and challenges encountered in the implementation of the Teacher Education extension activities. Findings revealed that the problems or challenges in the implementation of the Teacher Education extension activities of ISAT U encountered by the student-partners revolved on inadequacy of extension support materials, need for utilization of varied instructional methods and techniques, time constraint, lack of rapport with the extension service providers, and the need for technology integration to encourage students’ interest and engagement. Furthermore, the school partners pointed out inadequacy of extension support materials and resources, time constraint, need for technology integration to encourage students’ engagement and interest, and low socio- economic characteristics of the student partners as the dominant problems and challenges that hinder the implementation of the Teacher Education extension activities. The extension service providers also encountered problems on inadequacy of extension support materials and resources, time constraint, meager extension financial resources, fostering faculty engagement and absence of monitoring and evaluation on the extension activities. Phase Two was the development of Session Guides which included the stages such as preparation, construction, validation, pilot testing, refinement, and the final development. Needs Assessment survey was utilized to determine content selection incorporated in the session guides. On the basis of these results, an extension toolkit containing power point presentations, downloaded videos, activities and the session guides entitled “Mentoring the Young Minds: English Literacy Enrichment Program“ was developed.
13 TEACHING AND MOTHER TONGUE PROFICIENCY OF PRE – SERVICE TEACHERS: HOW COMPETENT , Vanessa Joy Z. Judith
This study determined the Teaching Competence and the Mother Tongue Proficiency of the Pre - Service Teachers of the Bachelor of Elementary Education students major in General Education, Home Economics and Livelihood Education and Early Childhood Education respectively in Carlos Hilado Memorial State College for Academic Year 2016 -2017 when taken as a whole and grouped according to major and sex and the significant difference and relationship between teaching competence and mother tongue proficiency. The descriptive method of research was used in this study. Stratified random sampling was employed in the selection of participants. There were ninety seven (97) participants in this study. Mean, Standard Deviation, ANOVA and Pearson r were used to analyze the data. The data for the teaching competence were taken from the Teaching Evaluation and Rating Sheet and Mother Tongue Proficiency was based on the grades by the respondents in their EDMOTO (Mother Tongue) subject. The study revealed that: (1)teaching competence of the pre-service teachers when taken as a whole and grouped according to major and sex was “very high”, (2) the mother proficiency of the pre-service teachers was when taken as a whole and grouped according to major and sex was “good”, (3) significant difference and significant relationship exists between teaching competence and mother proficiency.
14 NURSING STUDENT’S PERCEPTION REGARDING HEALTH PROMOTION AND HEALTH EDUCATION , Fazal Rahman, Muhammad Hussain, Muhammad Afzal, Syed Amir Gillani
Background: Promoting health is a key component of nursing practice- By helping nurses change individuals, society and healthcare system by promoting the health of individuals, families, communities and populations. Purpose: The aim of the study is to show the understanding of nursing student’s perception regarding health education and health promotion. Study design: Cross sectional study. Setting: Lahore School of Nursing, the University of Lahore. Duration: 4 months from September 2019 to December 2019. Methodology: this study was done on 135 nursing students selected through convenient sampling method from Lahore School of Nursing, the University of Lahore. Data was collected by modified questionnaire adopted from (Halcomb, 2010) to understand the perception of nursing students regarding health promotion and health education. Results: This study finds out that 90% n=122 participants have positive perception regarding health promotion and health education. Although there were some signs that nursing students were introduced to the concept of health promotion as a socio-ecological strategy that integrates changes in the economy, policy, organization and climate. This socio-ecological approach was not viewed by the majority of student nurses as having a role modeling faculty or nurses. Conclusion: students nurses to be recognized as future high quality health promoters, collaborates with wellbeing advancement leaders, and effectively teach nursing education. There is a need to made changes in the nursing curriculum to reflect appropriate and accurate health promotion concepts and performed health promoting behaviours which have strong impact on individual health.
15 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT BY PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP: A MOVE TOWARDS QUALITY ENHANCEMENT IN EDUCATION , Dr. Bhawna
Public Private Partnership has been the buzzword in policy debates on development strategies. There are many questions that need to be critically examined in this context. What is public-private partnership? How does it work in the case of education sector? Is it new model? What are the strengths and weakness of the PPP as a development strategy? Many researchers have explored the applications of PPP to improve the efficiency of infrastructure delivery. This study aims to review the existing PPP research to explore the status quo, trends and gaps in research for PPP infrastructure projects. A systematic process involving a three -phase word frequency analysis, cluster analysis and a search on potential research topics helps us to provide enough potential articles related to PPP research and reduce arbitrariness and subjectivity involved in the research topic analysis .While examining the implications for educational development, the author presents a critical review of some of the somewhat familiar and some not so familiar arguments. He examines some of the baffling questions, highlighting the possible ramifications of PPP for education Development in India, partly drawing from the limited experience of the emerging and prevailing diverse models of PPP in India and abroad.
16 SHAKESPEARE’S TWELFTH NIGHT AS A COMEDY , Appalal Abdulgaffar Attar
William Shakespeare happens to be the greatest writer of the world. He is called the Bard of Avon. He is a great playwright and poet. His 37 plays include his tragedies, tragi-comedies, histories (covering Roman plays), sonnets, and comedies. The present play focuses on his fine drafting of upholding the language. The essential spirit of the play ‘Twelfth Night’ is captured in its title. The world of Twelfth Night is one of comedy and comic excess; and among all of the characters in the play, it is the drunken, misbehaving and prankish Sir Toby Belch who epitomizes its humorous nature. In Twelfth Night, despite the festive spirit of the play, Shakespeare invites his audience to notice certain problematic aspects of the story. Reductively, the theme of Twelfth Night is the joy and pain of love. The play was written in Shakespeare's older years and he attempts to see love for all that is both good and bad about it. This may explain why Twelfth Night has a subtitle, What You Will (the only play that has one, between). Twelfth Night explores a variety of themes and issues. The major theme of celebration and festivity was prevalent in all of the sources from which Shakespeare drew.
17 PERCEPTIONS OF USING SOCIAL MEDIA NETWORKS AMONG SPECIAL EDUCATION TEACHERS IN THE KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA , Dr. Ibraheem Mohammed Alsawalem
This study investigates the perceptions of using social media networks among special education teachers in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The sample population of this research consists of 160 special education teachers (100 males and 60 females) specialized and trained only for teaching students with intellectual disability and enrolled in the Education Department in Riyadh, kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The instrument used to gather data from the participants included a self-designed online questionnaire. Results showed that Saudi special education teachers always used social media network for personal purposes. Twitter was the highest application which used by those teachers. Generally, they revealed a positive perception towards the use of social media networks. The study recommends more studies in this area so as to closely understand how and why special education teachers utilize or not social media in their classes in order to develop best practices for implementing social media in teaching and learning special education classes in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Keyword
18 IM DEVELOPMENT FOR LITERARY CRITICISM AND TEACHING OF LITERATURE: CLASSROOM EXPERIENCE , Aragon, Douglas Angel II A.
With the advancement of technology and series of curriculum reform, teachers are challenged to recalibrate their teaching methodology and delivery of instruction. Teachers may adopt ways to improve the quality of instruction everyday. In order to achieve this goal, teachers may opt to use variety of instructional methods and techniques such as developing research-based instructional materials that will aid the current teaching-instruction modality. In this context, this paper aimed to develop an instructional material in Literary Criticism and Teaching of Literature to enhance instruction in these fields. The content of the proposed IM was based from CMO 30 s. 2004 to align with the expected competency based standards for education students specializing English and Literature. There were 100 English majors used as respondents for the need assessment, grouped as follows: 57 freshmen, 33 sophomore and 10 juniors. These respondents noted that “learning is best achieved in the presence of sample output exercises reflected in the handouts (WM 1.29)” and “handouts promote the habit of self-individualized learning (WM 1.38)”, lastly, “teaching the theories requires textbooks and references (WM 1.49)”. All the responses fall in the interpretation of strongly agree. Three experts in the field evaluated the content validity of the two instructional materials: The Lectures on Discourse and Teaching of Literature. The instructional materials were evaluated on the following criteria: content, organization, effectivity and preference. The Lectures on Discourse was rated 4.30 while the Teaching of Literature was rated 4.28 both with an interpretation of very satisfactory, recommended for utilization if corrections are typographical in nature; then editors can correct them and return it to the writer then re-submit again the IM for further evaluation. Meanwhile, there were four selected stories used as specimen-texts for this study. The first layer of criticism used content thematic approach to identify the content, which discussed the cultural issues of the texts and the second layer used symptomatic reading to examine the deeper meaning. The actual experience of the respondents in doing the literary analysis provided the insight in establishing the chronology and suggested content of the lecture notes. The actual output from the literary analysis served as sample models in the exercises part. Homi Bhabha’s (1994) postcolonial framework established the concept of postcolonial symptoms while Francis Johnson’s (1975) framework established the framing of the instructional material. At the end of this attempt, this paper hoped that it may open up a series of literary studies to other perspectives and multidisciplinary approaches and develop instructional materials generated from the exercises made by the students to serve as additional reference in appreciating literature and criticism particularly for a student-directed group environment.
19 LEARNING OUTCOMES IN BASIC SEWING THROUGH INSTRUCTIONAL VIDEOS , Raynor F. Ereje
This research entitled, “Learning Outcomes in Basic Sewing through Instructional Videos” was conducted to find out the effectiveness of instructional videos in improving the Basic Sewing Performance of 104 first year students of St. Joseph School- La Salle, school year 2011-2012 utilizing the Quasi-Experimental research design. The Instructional Videos and LectureDemonstration teaching methods were implemented as interventions. Additionally, the video was divided into three parts namely basic tools and materials in sewing, basic hand stitches, and Eco-bag making. Each video starts with a short introduction, review of the previous sewing topic/activity, and lesson proper on basic sewing topics basing from the course syllabus. Safety and proper work habits were also integrated in the video as additional reminder to students to always observe safety while doing their sewing activities and project. A researcher-made achievement test was used consisting of 30-item test that measures students’ ability in basic sewing tools, materials, hand stitches and Eco-bag making topics. The achievement test is designed to measure the learning outcomes of the students. The results in the pretest and posttest of the students in the Achievement Test were the bases for evaluation of the effectiveness of the two teaching approaches. It showed that improvement in the students’ Basic Sewing performance was evident after the implementation of the interventions in each group however, the group under the Instructional Videos instruction showed great improvement in the achievement test in contrast with the performance of Lecture-Demonstration method group. Taking into account the results of the study, the use of instructional videos is proven to be effective in raising basic sewing performance of students.
20 THE USE OF MOTHER TONGUE IN INSTRUCTION: PUPILS’ PERFORMANCE ACROSS THE YEARS , Juliet S. Trujillo
Language contributes to the meaningful and participative learning environment for children. thus the main purpose of this study is to determine the pupils' performance using the mother tongue as medium of instruction for the three consecutive academic years starting 2015-2016, 2016-2017 and 2017-2018 in the Division of La Carlota City, Negros Occidental, Philippines. Specifically, it determines the perceived effects of using mother tongue to the pupils' performance as assessed by their teachers; and the challenges encountered by the teachers in using the mother tongue in delivering the instruction. This study used mixed methods in gathering the data. In the quantitative approach, documents of 27 pupils analyzed using the mean percentage scores to determine their performance in various subjects with the mother tongue as medium of instruction. In qualitative, ten teacher participants who are the implementers of the native language were involved in a focus group discussion (FGD). The findings showed that improvement in pupils' cognitive, motor skills, and affective ability observed for three consecutive years of the implementation of the mother tongue. Teachers' general views of challenges were lack of instructional materials in the teaching mother tongue, lack of translated terms, and programmed training. Nevertheless, these did not hinder them from delivering quality instruction. It recommended that higher education must strengthen its curriculum in primary school to produce resourceful, innovative, and well-rounded teachers in teaching mother-tongue.
21 GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM IN STATE UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES: AWARENESS, COMPLIANCE AND WOMEN EMPOWERMENT , Dr. Mary Leanne A. Laganhon
This study sought to determine the awareness, compliance, and women empowerment on Gender and Development program of State Universities and Colleges in the Province of Negros Occidental during the School Year 2014-2015. Respondents of this study were the 22 GAD program implementers and 285 teacher-beneficiaries who have been employed during the said school year. This study employed the descriptive research design. Gathering of data was done by administering the self-made questionnaire to all the respondents. Processing of data was done with the use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software. The data were analyzed according to the research problems. Frequency and percentage scoring were used in determining the respondents’ profile. The mean was employed in determining the respondents’ extents of awareness, compliance, and women empowerment; the MannWhitney U was employed in determining whether or not significant difference existed when respondents were grouped and compared according to selected variables; and Spearman’s rho was employed in finding out whether or not significant relationship existed when said major variables were correlated. The study revealed the following results: Of the total GAD implementers, the group with most number of respondents came from the older group; followed by the Catholic group. More than half of the respondents had longer length of service whereas the least number of respondents came from the younger group and the non-Catholic groups. On the other hand, from the total of 285 teacher-beneficiaries, more than half of them came from the group with shorter length of service. The same is followed by the Catholic group. On the other hand, the groups with lesser number of respondents came from those with longer period of service and the non-Catholic. The respondents’ extent of awareness on GAD program was of high extent when taken as a whole across the five areas and even when determined by selected variables; the extent of compliance of the implementers on GAD program was of high extent in all five (5) areas and when considered by selected variables; and respondents’ overall extent of women empowerment on GAD program was of high extent with respect to all five (5) areas and when determined by selected variables. The p-values showed significant difference existed between the extents of awareness of the respondents when grouped and compared according to sex, length of service, and civil status, except age and religion; the p-values showed no significant difference existed between the extents of compliance of the implementers on the GAD program when grouped and compared according to selected variables; and the pvalues revealed significant difference existed between the extents of women empowerment of the respondents when grouped and compared according to age and length of service, except sex, religion, and civil status. The p-value displayed significant relationship existed between the extent of awareness and extent of compliance; the p-value showed significant relationship existed between the extent of awareness and extent of women empowerment; and finally, the p-value exhibited significant relationship existed between the extent of compliance and extent of women empowerment.
22 TEACHERS’ SELF-CONCEPT, TASK PERCEPTION, AND JOB PERFORMANCE IN SELECTED SCHOOLS OF DISTRICT III DIVISION OF NEGROS OCCIDENTAL , Dr. Roxanne M. Rivera
This study focused on the teachers’ levels of self-concept, task perception, and job performance in the selected public high schools with at least a population of 50 teachers in District III, Division of Negros Occidental during the School Year 2015–2016. The sample size of 214 respondents was determined using the Yamane’s Formula. This study utilized both self-made and standardized questionnaire in gathering the data. The validity rating is 4.75. The reliability rating is 0.777. Computations were processed through the SPSS. The statistical tools that were used using the SPSS were frequency count and percentage rating, the mean, the Mann Whitney U and the Spearman Rho. Based on the gathered data, the following are results of the study. It was found out that the respondents’ levels of self-concept when grouped according to age, sex, civil status, average family monthly income, and educational attainment were very high. The result of the respondents’ levels of task perception when grouped according to age, sex, civil status, average family monthly income, and educational attainment, the result were very high. Moreover, the respondents’ level of job performance when grouped according to age, sex, civil status, average family monthly income, and educational attainment, showed high results. Lastly, there was a significant relationship between the respondents’ levels of self-concept and task perception. On the contrary, there were no significant relationships between the respondents’ levels of self-concept and job performance, and task perception and job performance.
23 TEACHERS AND STUDENTS’ DIFFICULTY AND COPING STRATEGY TOWARDS TECHNOLOGY AND LIVELIHOOD EDUCATION PROGRAM , Aljaven Bruce C. Laganhon
This study sought to determine the teachers and students’ difficulty and coping strategy towards Technology and Livelihood Education Program of Domingo Lacson National High School, Bacolod City during the School Year 2016- 2017.Respondents were 26 teachers and 313 students. It employed the descriptive research design and utilized self-made questionnaires. Specifically, it identified the profile of the respondents in terms of age, sex, length of service, educational attainment, and subject taught (for teachers) and age, sex, year level, and specialization (for students).The level of difficulty of teachers was moderate on physical facilities and assessment tools while high on instructional materials and competencies. Students were low on physical facilities and competencies while moderate on instructional materials and assessment tools. The extent of coping strategy of teachers was moderate on physical facilities and instructional materials while great on assessment tools and competencies. Students were moderate on physical facilities, assessment tools, and competencies while low on instructional materials. Significant difference exists in the level of difficulty of teachers on assessment tools when grouped according to age and on physical facilities when grouped according to subject taught. Significant difference exists in the level of difficulty of students on instructional materials and assessment tools when grouped according to age and on physical facilities and assessment tools when grouped according to specialization. Significant difference exists in the extent of coping strategy of teachers on instructional materials and assessment tools when grouped according to age and on physical facilities when grouped according to subject taught. Significant difference exists in the extent of coping strategy of students on instructional materials, assessment tools, and competencies when grouped according to year level and in all areas when grouped according to specialization.
24 DISASTER PREPAREDNESS IN SAGAY CITY , Robert S. Pardillo, Isabelita Perigua
Republic Act 10121 otherwise known as “Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act of 2010 provide a systematic outline to guide implementers a very clear path on disaster preparedness. In November of 2013, Philippines experience typhoon Yolanda, Sagay City was one of the cities who experience this great ordeal of disaster. Thus the purpose of this study was to determine the level of disaster preparedness in the Division of Sagay City as perceived by the school administrators, teachers, and students. The level of disaster preparedness of the participants was determined based on four thematic areas namely: school buildings and facilities, program and project implemented, schools as evacuation centers and teachers and students training. The study was done by sourcing out data from 61 school administrators, 267 teachers and 379 students of the 65 elementary and secondary schools of the Division of Sagay City through a researcher-developed questionnaire which was anchored to the Gawad KALASAG checklist of the Office of the Civil Defense. The questionnaire was supplemented with Focus Group Discussion. Statistical tools employed were frequency and percentage to determine the school profile and mean, used to determine the level of disaster preparedness. To determine the differences among variables t-test and analysis of variance were used. The findings of the study revealed that there is a significant difference on the area of programs and project implemented interpreted based on its mean that younger and older school administrators differ significantly in their perceptions of the level of disaster preparedness of the implementing school. Older administrators implement more programs on disaster preparedness compared to their younger counterpart. Among students, the grade level is significant; it is because that high school student experienced the same level of preparedness when they were in the elementary. While when students are grouped according to the age, the result is not significant in the assessment of the four areas of the level of preparedness
25 THE SELF-EFFICACY AND ANXIETY IN LEARNING MATHEMATICS OF COLLEGE STUDENTS , Francis Jose D. Bearneza
The study is aimed to determine the Level of Self-efficacy and Anxiety in Learning Mathematics of the First Year College Students of the Carlos Hilado Memorial State College for Second Semester Academic Year 2015-2016. The Descriptive-Correlational research design was employed, because this method is used to discover relationships among variables and to allow the prediction of future events from present knowledge (Stangor, 2015). Utilizing the Yamani’s formula, the number of sample was 347 participants out of total population of 4375 First year College Students. Both of the students’ level of Self-efficacy and Anxiety in Learning Mathematics when taken as whole was high, the level of self-efficacy of the participants when grouped according to campus, sex and father’s educational attainment was high, however, when grouped according to field of specialization, the BSHRM illustrated a low self-efficacy level. Furthermore, there was a significant difference on the level of Selfefficacy when grouped according to sex. While on the level of Anxiety, the Talisay and Alijis campus; female participants; AB, BSIT, BEED, BSHRM, BSENTRP and BSCRIM; and participant’s whose father with Elementary Graduate, High School Level and High School Graduate Educational Attainment has a high level of Anxiety in Learning Mathematics. Moreover, there was a significant difference on the level of anxiety when grouped according to father’s educational attainment. The results also showed that there was a weak negative relationship between the level of Self-efficacy and Anxiety of students’ in learning mathematics.
26 PREPAREDNESS, ACCEPTANCE, AND COMMITMENT AS PREDICTORS OF EFFICACY OF THE WELLNESS PROGRAM FOR DRUG SURRENDERERS , Arjay Y. Alvarado
This correlational study anchored on the Model of Community-based Treatment, and Seligman’s Positive Psychology utilized Multiple Regression Analysis to investigate the levels of preparedness, acceptance, and commitment of illicit drug surrenderers who voluntarily surrendered, enrolled, and graduated from the wellness program in a selected local government unit in Negros Occidental, Philippines and to see if these three domains are related and predictors of the efficacy of the program. The wellness program for drug surrenderers is the first step of Community Based Rehabilitation Program of the national government - a jump start to the rehabilitation of the surrenderers. Results showed that the levels of preparedness and acceptance of the respondents are “High”, whereas, their level of commitment is “Moderate”. Taken collectively, the respondents’ perceived efficacy of the wellness program is “Moderate”. There were no significant differences in the level of efficacy of the wellness program as perceived by the respondents in all aspects of their demographic profile. Respondents’ preparedness toward rehabilitation is significantly related to their perceived level of efficacy of the wellness program. Moreover, preparedness is the best predictor of efficacy. Acceptance and commitment domains are not related and predictors of efficacy of the wellness program.
27 PROFESSIONAL AND INSTRUCTIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES: BASIS FOR IMPROVEMENT AMONG GENERAL EDUCATION FACULTY , Dr. Jose Lizael B. Lampinez
This study aimed to determine the professional and instructional responsibilities among General Education faculty of a Maritime School in Bacolod City during the Second Semester of the School Year 2016-2017. The respondents was taken from the total population of three thousand two hundred forty three (3,243) which comprises of General Education Faculty, Bachelor of Science in Marine Transportation and Bachelor of Science in Marine Engineering students and ESLP students from first year to fourth year. Using the Slovin’s formula with 5% margin of error, 352 will be taken as the sample population of the respondents. The study revealed the following results. The level of professional and instructional responsibilities of the General Education faculty is very high as perceived by the faculty and the students of a Maritime School in Bacolod City. This finding can be attributed to the various training as well as from the constant feedback derived from the faculty evaluation of the department heads of the school. The perceptions of the faculty and the students as regards the level of professional and instructional responsibilities of the faculty are comparably the same. The perceptions of the faculty and the students as regards the level of professional and instructional responsibilities of the faculty are comparably the same. As for the recommendations, General Education faculty department heads should improve observation, evaluation, and feedback mechanism. General Education faculty professional relationships should be enhanced. Preparation and planning of instruction is always a must. A conducive classroom environment, readiness of instruction, and professional responsibilities must always be observed.
28 TREADING UNKNOWN WATERS: THE ADOLESCENT FATHERS’ CHALLENGES AND HOW THEY HAVE COPED WITH THESE CHALLENGES , Dyan T. Gapulan
The adolescent males are partners to the phenomenon of adolescent pregnancy, yet there is no current intervention found to address their concerns. In this research, qualitative research design was used to understand the challenges experienced by the adolescent fathers and the ways they have coped with these challenges. No current data shows the population of the adolescent fathers, yet some pregnant adolescents identified some partners who are also adolescents themselves. The researcher started from two (2) participants who are enrolled in the state college, utilizing purposive sampling at this stage and the participants identified more enrolled adolescent fathers, which started the snowball sampling, thus coming up to the eight participants. The researcher made use of an unstructured interview guide to identify the challenges experienced by the adolescent fathers and the coping they have employed to overcome these challenges. From their responses, two main themes were identified for their challenges, which are: societal and personal challenges. The societal challenges include: family affairs, girlfriends (now life partners) and their fears of judgment. Their personal challenges include: financial and baby worries, the need for “me” time and student blues. Their coping manifest two themes: avoidant/emotion-focused coping and proactive/problem-focused coping, which include: budgeting, appease and communicate and acceptance. The results of this research will be made a basis for implementing a program for the deterrence of adolescence pregnancy and fatherhood.
29 IMPACT OF TEACHER-STUDENT INTERACTION ON STUDENT MOTIVATION AND ACHIEVEMENT , Fazal Rahman, Ijaz Ali, Maria Faiz, Samreen Bibi
Background: Students approximately spend six hours with teachers each day on average, for a hundred and eighty days during a year. Therefore, it originates as not at all amazement that academics have an unlimited quantity of influence on their students. This influence will meaningfully influence the educational surroundings, which in turn, impact on learner’s motivation and achievements. Aim of the study: The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of teacher-student interactions on student motivation and achievement. Methodology: Descriptive cross sectional correlation study method. Questionnaire on Teacher interaction and Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire was used to measure the variables. Random sampling technique was used in this study. Data was collected from faculty members and students of Lahore school of nursing, and Department of physiotherapy, University of Lahore. The sample size for this study was 217 in which 20 participants were faculty member and 197 participants were students. Results: This study was to analyze a statistically vital correlation between teacherstudent interactions and student motivation. Teachers take the time to make positive relationships then students ought to or are going to be able to develop the need for fulfillment. The strength or perception of positive teacher- student interaction ran parallel with student motivation.
30 MILIEU, ATTITUDE AND COGNITIVE ASPECTS OF STUDENT-CENTERED LEARNING IN NURSING EDUCATION: A CORRELATIONAL STUDY , Rachelle S. Garcia
Recently, student-centered learning has found its place in the Philippine nursing education yet there was very limited literature as to how Filipino learners take it. This article: (a) described the assessment of implementation of student-centered learning (SCL) in the B.S. Nursing (BSN) program and (b) determined the relationships of attitude, milieu and cognitive aspects of SCL. This correlational study underwent institutional review before a sample of 250 nursing students completed the 50-item 4-point Likert Questionnaire with Chronbach α 0.94. This study showed that Filipino nursing students assessed the implementation of both social and physical milieu as mostly acceptable. Furthermore, SCL was assessed as completely acceptable to be fittingly supportive of the nursing students’ self- directedness, inventive skills, reasoning skills and made them even more innovative, critical thinker, expressive, and collegial. They assessed the entire SCL experience as suitable and adaptive to the demands of real-life challenges. This study supported other study findings that SCL milieu, attitude and cognitive aspects are interrelated to each other. This may be suggestive that further enhancing the SCL milieu would correspondingly generate more desirable attitudes and cognitive attributes among nursing students. Full implementation of SCL may be recommended to other nursing schools.
31 A PROPOSED STRATEGY BASED ON BRAIN-BASED LEARNING AND ITS EFFECT ON ACHIEVEMENT AND TRANSFER ENGINEERING FOR SECOND-GRADERS MIDDLE SCHOOL STUDENTS IN MATHEMATICS , Dr. Sahar Jabbar Dawood Al-Yassri, Dr. Hassan Kamil Risen
The aim of the research is to know the use of a proposed strategy based on brain-based learning and its effect on achievement and conversion engineering for second-graders middle school students in mathematics. To achieve the goals of this research, the researchers adopted the experimental approach. Since the current search included a separate variable and two dependent variables, I used the experimental design with two groups (experimental and control). With the post-test, the experiment was applied to the second intermediate class students in (Al-Ma’ali Secondary School for Girls) / for the academic year 2018-2019, and the research sample consisted of (81) students who were randomly divided into two experimental groups consisting of (40) students, and they were studied according to strategy (Brain- based learning) and the control group, and it consisted of (41) students who studied according to the usual method. The two groups were rewarded in the variables (time age calculated by months and test of previous mathematical knowledge and previous achievement in mathematics). The experiment was applied in the second semester (second course) For the academic year (2018-2019), the research resulted in a statistically significant difference at the significance level (0.05) between the mean scores of the experimental group and the control group in the achievement test in favor of the grades of students of the experimental group, and there is a statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0.05) between Average score for the experimental group and the control group in the conversion engineering test in favor of the grades of the experimental group students.
32 UNDERSTANDING STUDENTS’ CONCEPTION ON CLASSROOM ASSESSMENT AND THEIR PERFORMANCE IN THE COURSE ASSESSMENT OF LEARNING: INFLUENCE TEACHING-LEARNING PEDAGOGY , Roldan C. Bangalan, Jocelyn B. Hipona
Background and Objective: Assessment is the process of gathering evidences of students’ performance over a period of time to determine learning and mastery of skills. It facilitates teachers in decision making about learning progress through systematic information gathering. Methods and Findings: This study made use of descriptive-correlational research design and forty-three third year college students taking up Bachelor of Elementary Education and Bachelor of Secondary Education enrolled in a university with a seal of center of excellence in education was selected to be part of the respondents. The findings of this study revealed that students mostly agreed that assessment made students accountable and improved the quality of teaching and learning. Conclusion: The students have different conceptions on assessment and that assessment is essential for effective and efficient teaching and learning to take place.
33 ISSUES AND CONCERNS OF THE ACADEMIC WELLBEING OF LESBIANS, GAYS, BISEXUALS AND TRANSGENDERS: A QUALITATIVE STUDY , Alma Trinidad Radaza Taragua
Background and Objective: Entering the academe is a challenging and stressful situation for all students especially to LGBTs. The academic wellbeing of students can be affected by several factors. Methods and Findings: This qualitative study explore the issues and concerns of the academic wellbeing of the LGBT students in the university. The target population are college students who are the generation Z and now at ages 18-23 years old. The researcher came up with two major experiences to delineate the students’ academic experiences Issues and concerns affecting academic wellbeing identified four (4) themes and nine sub-themes and respondents perceptions on how school authorities address their issues and concerns. Conclusion: There were issues and concerns identified pertaining to academic bullying. The types of bullying were more of the verbal assault, non-touching physical discrimination, and insensitivity of others.
34 A COMPARISON ON THE LEVEL OF SATISFACTION AND ITS RELATIONSHIP ON THE ACCEPTANCE TO THE UTILIZATION OF THE LEARNING MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS ON NURSING STUDENTS , Emy D. Delgado
Background and objective: The globalization of LMSs in HEI has created a plethora of studies on integration of information and communications technology. The utilization of LMS has become an epidemic. It spreads continuously throughout the nursing profession, especially in the undergraduate nursing programs. Methods and Findings: This study through purposive sampling included the undergraduate nursing students in three selected nursing schools who were enrolled between second semester and summer from 2018 to 2019 and were taking up nursing management courses. The nursing students, regardless of their year level, have a higher level of satisfaction in using the features of both CANVAS and MOODLE. Conclusion: Creating an effective LMS Utilization Model is essential to ensure that issues and challenges are completely addressed and LMSs are consistently utilized to be able to achieve a higher level of acceptance and satisfaction among nursing.
35 LEADERSHIP IN YOUNG FILIPINO CHILDREN SURVEY (LYFCS) , Juzy Laygo-Saguil
Background and Objective: Leadership development among young children has remain an abstract concept in traditional school setting, especially in the Early Childhood Education centers. Teachers are lacking a clear definition of who a child leader is. Research on the aspect of leadership focusing on Filipino children is scanty. In addition, little material is available to teachers’ perception on leadership among Filipino preschool children. There is no existing instrument focusing on leadership in young children in the Philippines. This study will explore the Early Childhood Education teachers’ perception on child leadership and the development of a survey instrument to validate the teachers’ child leadership recognition. Methods and Findings: Exploratory Sequential Mixed Methods Research (MMR) Design was selected in order to broadly explore and analyze the Kindergarten teachers’ perception on child leadership. Focus Group Discussion was first conducted with ten (10) private school teachers for the qualitative part of the study. The top five (5) leadership descriptors that emerged are : sought out by peers; responsible; empathetic; communicates well; and collaborative. The twenty-five (25) items of the Leadership in Young Filipino Children Survey (LYFCS)* was prepared according to the results obtained from the FGD, and was assessed using a Likert-type response format. Ninety-five (95) Child Development Center teachers, selected through purposive sampling technique, participated in the quantitative part. Conclusion: By using an exploratory sequential mixed methods research design to uncover the kindergarten teachers’ perception of leadership in young children, the tool Leadership in Young Filipino Children Survey (LYFCS)* was unveiled.
36 GOING THE DISTANCE: PERCEPTIONS OF TEACHERS IN OPEN AND DISTANCE CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT , Abel V. Alvarez, Jr., Dan Russell M. Ventura, Joan H. Opiniano
Background and Objective: The enactment of the Republic Act 10912 or Continuing Professional Development (CPD) Act of 2016 requires Filipino professionals to engage in lifelong learning practices by earning the required or minimum number of CPD units. However, issues such as affordability and accessibility to CPD seminar-workshops impede professionals to enroll and actively engage in professional development. As such, this paper aims to investigate the perceptions of secondary school professional teachers in a particular school in Manila, Philippines about the use of online and distance learning approaches in continuing professional development. Methods and Findings: Using a qualitative case study research design, the data were collected through employing semi-structured interviews with 10 purposively selected professional teachers. Four themes emerged in this study: efficiency, accessibility, contextualization, and social network. Interestingly, the findings outline that the online and distance learning approach catalyzes in providing an avenue for lifelong learning engagement. This reflects the notion of opening a new learning pathway for professionals to continue engaging in improving their field of practice by utilizing open and distance learning programs. Conclusion: Nonetheless, the results of this study can contribute to policymakers to rethink the way they plan, develop, and deliver CPD programs which will also address the existing and emergent issues, for instance, in complying CPD units in the Philippine context.
37 A STUDY ON ENVIRONMENTAL APPROACH TO TEACHING , Soumitra Ghosh, Dr. Nidhi Goel
Teacher education system is a very important vehicle to boost the standard of faculty education. The strengthening and revivification of the teacher education system, is thus, a robust means that for conveyance quality education within the country. Academics play a significant role within the improvement of the standard of education. Therefore, in any assessment of the tutorial system, it’s necessary to grasp whether or not there area unit enough academics, WHO don’t seem to be solely well qualified to show totally different subjects, however also are able to address the dynamic programme and growth in information.
38 HOW WILL MODERN TECHNOLOGIES CHANGE THE WAY OF TEACHING , Dr. Bhawna
Technology is gift of God. It is the mother of civilizations of arts and sciences. Technology has certainly changed the way we live. Undoubtedly, technology plays an important role in every sphere of life. Several manual tasks can be automated, thanks to technology. Also, many complex and critical processes can be carried out with ease and greater efficiency with the help of modern technology. Thanks to the application of technology, living has changed and it has changed for better. Technology has revolutionized the field of education. The importance of technology in school cannot be ignored. In fact, with the onset of computers in education; it has become easier for teachers to impart knowledge for students to acquire it. The use of technology has made the process of teaching and learning all more enjoyable.
39 A STUDY ON TEACHER EXPERTISE AND SCHOOLROOM PROCESSES , Tridip Mandal, Dr. Nidhi Goel
The increasing requests for responsibility and school change consistently challenge the jobs of school pioneers. Today, school initiative is never again assignment driven as such, yet genuinely convincing as feelings and change are interlinked at the smaller scale dimension of authoritative practices. The reasons for the investigation were to look at the dimensions of Principal Change Leadership; Teachers serve education that is an efficient instrument of man creating. The lecturers learn this art through pre-service and in-service teacher education programme. A weak programme of teacher education cannot serve this purpose. not like within the past once the teacher was entrusted with transferring the contents.
40 ELEMENTS OF POETRY: MAGNIFYING HUGOT LINES OF FILIPINO COLLEGE STUDENTS , Enna S. Bodoso
In the Philippines, social media burst with these popular lines, Hugot lines, especially among college students; hence, this study was conducted to find out the prevalent themes and elements of poetry in the selected Hiligaynon (a local dialect in the province of Negros Occidental) hugot lines of Literature 1 students of Carlos Hilado Memorial State College – Alijis Campus, Bacolod City, Negros Occidental, Philippines. One hundred (100) hugot lines were selected and encoded, and then were grouped according to themes. They were analysed using thematic and textual analyses. To determine the validity of themes and other elements of poetry, three inter raters were invited to give their feedback and suggestions. Elements of poetry such as rhyme, figures of speech, imagery and symbolism were also identified. Being inspired, frustrated and “bitter” are some of the mood prevalent on those hugot lines.
41 ROLE OF FEMINISM IN SHAPING INDIAN ENGLISH NOVEL , Dr. Sunita Chaudhary
Feminism has played a significant role in shaping the Indian - English novel. Since it came rather late in India, has spread its wings in all spheres of Indian-English Literature. Feminism is a voice of suppressed and downtrodden woman. The feelings of anxiety, aversion and boredom have been part of feminism. The present section aims at clarifying the concept of womanhood (feminism) as it emerges from the works of eminent Indian writers in English. A consistent picture of the changing social realities has been presented and it is still being tabled by the Indian-English novels. The writers who appeared in Indian-English literary scene are of great importance. They gave birth to a new era which held out for the Indian woman opportunities for a dynamic participation in social life. Indian-English novelists, especially women novelists have made themselves as a significant entity by making the novel itself an instrument of social reform. They have sociological and reformist motivation with their invariable theme that is woman.
42 WOMEN EMPOWERMENT THROUGH PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES , Dr. Narender Singh Siwach, Dr. Sunita Chaudhary
Indian women are still trying to establish their own identity. Even today in 21st Century, females in our country are not able to take stand for themselves. A society, which does not allow' a girl to do something simple as primary education, is unlikely to let her participate in sport without any hurdles. There are some problems faced daily by Indian girls like education (deprivation), sexual harassment, old fashioned customs, sponsorship problems, lack of good coaches, social morality etc. Regular participation in activities improves the wellness of women and a lot of other benefits. Our primary responsibility is to promote physical activity in girls especially in the Primary phase of schooling. We have provided better environment, involvement of parents, change attitude, better facilities, incentives and fair selection process to improve the participation of Indian women in physical activity. Motor activity does not develop the physical potency only but also mental and emotional capabilities of girls.
43 A RESEARCH ON IMPORTANCE OF ORGANIC WASTE MANAGEMENT IN EDUCATION , Poonam Batra, Dr. Bharat Ranjan
The current manufacturing administration generally doesn't bother about the urgency of environmental protection against monetary advantages. This assertion depicts an indifferent mentality environment, particular issues to ensure food security, and most importantly the production of the enormous amount of untreated waste. EU has been preparing certain rules and tools to curtail the volume of waste, particularly for organic ones to get treatment to attain optimal recycling and to bypass issues with respect to landfilling and incineration. Farming is an important factor to create organic wastes and has the capability to engulf other wastes from separate places. Agricultural management or treatment with the help of soil to produce plant could be beneficial for financial or ecological aspects and cater contribution to sustainable development. In that regard, it's important to consider the genre of soil protection and necessity of farming nutritional plants. It could provide sustainable management for crop remains. This technique is useful for Mediterranean soil type which has a low level of organic components. It's effective to reinforce the capability in terms of carbon dioxide fixation apart from elevating the fertility of the soil. In order to handle this systematically, future scholars need a multidimensional creation along with an experimental modification in the sphere of agricultural engineering. The connection between some of the fundamental topics in these types of subjects is (soil science, fertilizers management, plant production, animal husbandry, farm machinery) funding for future foundations and operation of a combined strategy for organic waste treatment. These are accepted as the features of separate topological cases. Those aspects must be integrated into the academic curriculum in Agricultural Engineering institutions. Aside range of reviews and surveys from experimental results of organic waste recycling with respect to farming will be demonstrated.
44 ANALYSIS OF MENTAL ABILITY IN CHESS BETWEEN LIVE GAME AND VIRTUAL GAME , Mohit Khanna, Dr. Amresh
Computer games are a pervasive piece of practically all kids’ and young people’s lives, with 97% playing for in any event one hour out of each day in the United States. Most by far of research by analysts on the impacts of “gaming” has been on its negative effect: the potential mischief identified with brutality, enslavement, and sadness. We perceive the estimation of that examination; in any case, we contend that a progressively adjusted point of view is required, one that considers the conceivable negative impacts as well as the advantages of playing these games. Considering these potential advantages is significant, partially, in light of the fact that the idea of these games has changed drastically in the most recent decade, getting progressively mind boggling, assorted, sensible, and social in nature. A little however huge group of research has started to rise, generally over the most recent five years, reporting these advantages. In this article, we condense the exploration on the constructive outcomes of playing computer games, concentrating on four principle areas: psychological, inspirational, passionate, and social. By incorporating bits of knowledge from formative, positive, and social brain science, just as media brain research, we propose some up-and-comer instruments by which playing computer games may cultivate genuine world psychosocial benefits. Our point is to give sufficient proof and a hypothetical reason to motivate new projects of research on the to a great extent unexplored emotional well-being advantages of gaming. At long last, we end with a call to mediation specialists and professionals to test the positive employments of computer games, and we recommend a few promising bearings for doing as such.
45 A STUDY OF ATTITUDE OF TEACHER EDUCATOR TOWARDS WRITING LESSON PLAN AND OBJECTIVE IN BEHAVIOUR TERM , Dr. Tabassum Nazim
The duties of a teacher demand from him actual classroom teaching. He has to teach daily one or more subjects to one or more classes in his school. But first we should be know that what is a lesson plan? A lesson plan is a teacher's detailed description of the course of instruction for one class. A daily lesson plan is developed by a teacher to guide class function. This article focus on the attitude of teacher educator related to writing lesson plan with the consideration of behavior.
46 CHILDREN WITH EMOTIONAL AND BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS IN SAUDI ARABIA: A TEACHER PRELIMINARY SCREENING , Hassan Maajeeny
Children with emotional and behavioral disorders, although a distinct category of children with special needs, are neither identified nor served in Saudi Arabia. The aim of this study was to extend previous efforts to estimate the prevalence of emotional and behavioral disorders among children in Saudi Arabia in order to evaluate the need for intervention services. In the current study, teachers of students aged 4-17 years in Saudi Arabia were surveyed using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire – Teacher version. The findings of the study suggest that students with emotional and behavioral disorders in Saudi Arabia may account for almost 25% of the population of school students between the ages of 4 and 17. The findings also revealed that teachers complained the most about behaviors that are related to conduct followed by problems with peer relationship.
47 ETHICS AND ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING OBJECTIVES , Appalal Attar
This paper talks about ethics in the field of teaching and learning process and English Language Teaching beyond its outdated objectives. Besides LSRW skills, sociability, politeness, self-respect, sympathy, honesty and so on, are also essential in conversation, communication and social life. A new and better world cannot be created if these things are ignored in either a speech or a piece of writing. Creating a new better world should be everyone’s objective or motive. Consequently, it is the objective of English language teachers also. His role comprises the imbibing human morals in student community. The purpose of this paper is to show that human values are sheathed in the objectives of English language teaching. In order to attain the above purpose, the Dialectical Materialistic method is used. This method supports us study and examine the objectives of English language teaching in the light of rationalism and humanism. This method is valuable being used by Karl Marx.
48 COMMUNICATION STYLES AND MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES TOWARD DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION , Vanessa Joy Z. Judith
This study determined the Communication Styles and the dominant Multiple Intelligence of Education students of educational services of Carlos Hilado Memorial State College for Academic Year 2017 -2018.Specifically when taken as a whole and grouped according to year level and sex, difference in the communication styles when grouped according to year, sex and Multiple Intelligences and relationship between type communication styles and multiple intelligences. The participants of this study were the second year to fourth students in the College of Education for Academic Year 2017- 2018.The Communication Styles and Multiple Intelligences Descriptive Questionnaires were utilized. Means, Standard Deviation, One- Way ANOVA and Pearsons’ r were used. The study revealed that:(1) The dominant communication styles of the College of Education students when taken as a whole and grouped according to year level and was Pragmatist, (2) the dominant multiple intelligence possessed by the College of Education students when taken as a whole was Interpersonal. According to year level, second year was interpersonal, third year was logical, and fourth year was intrapersonal. As to sex, both male and female possessed intrapersonal intelligence, (3)no significant difference that exists between communication styles and personal variables, and (4)No significant difference that exists between multiple intelligences and personal variables.
49 THE INFLUENCE OF MEDIA IN CHILDREN’S LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT , Dr. Salwa Saeed Al-Harbi
Along with the rise of child-targeted programming became the belief that TV would be a very effective educational tool that could subconsciously or at a subliminal level feed information to the young mind and, with that, vocabulary growth would occur. Much programming was created that dealt with the direct educating of children that tried to create a way of communication with the child as a target. The paper discusses the influence of TV in children’s language development. It investigates the notion that children’s educational TV programs may result in vocabulary learning. It stresses the values of these educational programs, but also emphasizes that TV and other screen media have become a reality of life, and it is wise to utilize them only as a supportive tool for educating children. The interactions of parents co-viewing such programs with their children are necessary to optimize the child’s language learning from TV programs that target children. The paper concludes with the implications of the current research as well as suggestions for further research
50 LANGUAGE REMEDIATION ACROSS TEACHERS’ ORIENTATION IN LANGUAGE DISFLUENCIES , Evelyn C. Bandoy, Mick Mars P. Silvano
Results revealed that the remediating language teachers are moderately aware about language disorders and disfluencies. After the teachers received the orientation, all the indicators had an “extremely aware” adjectival rating. There was a significant increase in the evaluation scores of teacher-respondents before and after the orientation was given. Furthermore, there is a significant difference between the teachers’ level of awareness before and after the orientation. It is evident that the mean scores of students increased by just 0.05. Before the teachers received the orientation, students’ test scores got a mean of 27.07 and 27.12 thereafter. There was no significant difference in the pretest and posttest scores of the student-respondents. There was also no significant positive relationship between the teachers’ level of awareness on language disfluencies and the students academic performance measured in scores, r(38) =.23,p>.15 before the orientation was given to remedial teachers. Before the orientation, the correlation between the teachers’ level of awareness and the students’ level of performance had a small strength of association (r=-0.23). This further means that when teachers’ level of awareness increases, the students’ level of performance decreases and vice versa. After the orientation, it had a large strength of association (r=0.88). This further means that when the teachers’ level of awareness increases, the students’ level of performance also increases and vice versa.
51 ARGUMENT FOR TENURE IN THE AMERICAN HIGHER EDUCATION , Dr. Majed S Allehaibi
The article presents the arguments concerning tenure in academic institutions. Proponents of tenure argue that it protects professors from social sanctions, such as criticism by political or religious powers outside campus that may disagree with the professor’s research findings and thus might pressure the institution to fire him or her. Opponents of tenure argue that the security that comes with tenure allows professors to become incompetent and slothful. After assessing the advantages and disadvantages of tenure, this article concludes that tenure could be an incentive attracting competent faculty members and allowing them to embark on long-term, risky research projects.
52 INNOVATION IN INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES & DESIGN , Dr. Surinder Sangwan
In this themed issue, “Innovation in Instructional Strategies & Design,” the author hope to show the types of innovation in instructional strategy as well as methodologies to study impact of innovation continue to show variety and ingenuity. In this article, the author tried to explain (a) need of innovation (b) summarize the definitions extent in the literature (c) briefly describe several taxonomies for innovation (d) various innovative instructional strategies (e) discuss the implications for teacher for instructional strategies and design. In teacher education, research and practice. The challenge is available to all the learners in all venues of education to assess their practices according to a defensible rubric that will determine its innovativeness. This article is to make us aware as teachers to use the different innovative instructional strategy (IS) for teaching, enhancing and enriching the quality of higher education system.
53 RESEARCH ON ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION – A META ANALYSIS , Aashka Tyagi, Ayushi Tyagi, Shobha Kashyap, Vandita
Despite the wealth of information which exists concerning environmental behavior, it is not known which variable or variables appear to be most influential in motivating individuals to take responsible environmental action. A meta-analysis of environmental behavior research was undertaken in an attempt to determine in this research. This study discuss that exhaustive search of the empirically based environmental behavior research conducted over the past decade yielded a substantial number of studies representative of a broad academic base. The characteristics and findings of these studies served as the data for the meta-analysis. As a result of the meta-analysis, the following variables were found to be associated with responsible environmental behavior: knowledge of issues, knowledge of action strategies, locus of control, attitudes, verbal commitment, and an individual's sense of responsibility. A model of predictors of environmental behavior is proposed.
54 ASSESSING INNOVATION IN TEACHER EDUCATION , Ankit Goel, Ekansh Agarwal
In this themed issue, “Assessing Innovation in Teacher Education,” the authors hope to show that the types of innovation in teacher education as well as methodologies to study impact of innovation continue to show variety and ingenuity. In this article, the authors (a) need of innovation (b) summarize the definitions extant in the literature, (c) briefly describe several taxonomies for innovation, (d) discuss the implications for teacher education research and practice.
55 TEACHER EDUCATION – NEW INNOVATION IN TEACHING , Dr Meenakshi Sangwan
Education plays a very vital role in a life. Today the world is changing so we have change the pattern of education also pattern. Old method of education is out off use now cramming the fact in child’s mind is having no use so we have to search methods which can be develop with the help of technology which can give student maximum understanding of subjects. It is important to change the teaching methods of education. Teacher faces a lot of problem to interaction because of the old techniques in education. This articles discuss that the today’s need to reinvention and new idea that make teaching methods more effective should be implemented.
56 HIGHER EDUCATION IN PROSPECTIVE OF QUALITY , Dr Puneet Kumar, Sugam Mishra
With the dawn of globalisation there is a need to change the very approach towards higher education. Education must be viewed as a tool for the holistic development of an individual. Under changing scenario, quality is essentially required in higher education to respond effectively to the challenges posed by globalisation. Now today, it is well established fact that higher education provides the competencies that are required in different spheres of human activity. In the academic world quality assessment has traditionally assumed two apparently contradictory objectives: quality improvement and accountability. Without ensuring quality in higher education, the task of making India a knowledge society shall remain a distant dream. So, by providing an appropriate platform to all the stakeholders in education so that they come out with innovative and novel solutions to the problems plaguing quality education in India. This paper will describe about importance and developing quality in higher education system.
57 A STUDY ON YOGA FOR HEALTHY LIFESTYLE , Anita Dangwal, Dr. Sukhbir
This paper recommends yog instructing will transform one to endure extra extreme exercise stack. Distinctive staff has discovered that yog instructing produces a major change in manual aptitude scores and engine speed. Yogi’s zone unit equipped for outstanding accomplishments of continuance. “Way of life”, in clear terms, might be a cutting edge use to hint anyway one is defrayment time and additionally the conduct and demeanors. This can be including the point of life as stunning by an individual. To a great extent the point of life is limited by the station of life, i.e. understudy, business and winning, family life and retirement. Today, an understudy needs to actuate savvy grades and in this manner centers around the imprints/grades. Notwithstanding, discovering is arranged towards that objective and prominently to put one at the section of business.
58 STUDY ON VOCATIONAL TEACHER TRAINING IN EDUCATION , Dr. Seema Sharma
The present paper explains about vocational teacher training and its importance. The objective of this note is to assess and describe the need for introducing Vocational education at higher and tertiary levels and for establishing a Vocational University. The note also summarizes the present Indian and International Vocational Education scenario and its problems.
59 INCLUSIVE EDUCATION AND ITS APPLICATION , Priyanka Rani
Inclusive education means to provide the education to all children with any disability without making any discrimination through the medium of high networking. This is based on the philosophy of equal opportunity. All students have equal opportunity to get education. It is also about developing and designing of classrooms, programs and many activities. With the help of these all students enjoys learning and participate together. Inclusive education tries to bring all students in one classroom. It helps the education system strengthening to reach all students. There are many practices to boost the inclusive education like collaborative instruction, co-operative learning, peer tutoring, self-regulated learning, team teaching, coteaching, circle of friends, parents involvement, E-learning, web-based learning . The scholar wants to draw attention towards the inclusive education and its practices.
60 PEDAGOGY OF INCLUSION , Dr. Supreet Kaur
Education is one of the significant factors instrumental to the development of a country. Inclusive Education is a new approach towards educating the children with disability and learning difficulties with that of normal ones within the same roof. It brings all students together in one classroom and community, regardless of their strengths or weaknesses in any area, and seeks to maximize the potential of all students. This paper aims to focus on that pedagogy is pivotal for sustaining an inclusive teaching and learning environment.
61 INCLUSIVE EDUCATION IS THE NEED OF THE HOUR –WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO RIGHT OF CHILDREN TO FREE AND COMPULSORY EDUCATION ACT 2009 AND NATIONAL CURRICULUM FRAMEWORK – 2005 , Dr. Sangeeta Solanki
With the enforcement of the Right for Children to Free and Compulsory education act 2009, education becomes a fundamental right for all children in the age group of 6 to 14 year. The values of equality, social justice , democracy and the creation of a just and human society can be – achieved only through provision of INCLUSIVE-EDUCATION for all. The increase in the access and enrollment rates shows substantial progress in respect of achieving the education for all goals. However, still the aspects of equality and quality in education remains unaccomplished due to the debatable quality of teaching- learning processes and learning outcomes etc. This paper will highlight the significance of inclusive education with special reference to RTE 2009 and NCF 2005.
62 DIGITALIZATION OF EDUCATION THROUGH UNDERSTANDING OF ICT , Surishma Singh, Adnan Nasir
The focus of the central government needs to be now on encouraging states to take steps for improvements in quality of education. It is in this context, that steps are being undertaken to create a single scheme for school education by merging the different Centrally Sponsored Schemes with the broader goal of improving school effectiveness like that of Operation Black Board, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Rashtriye Madhyamic Shiksha Abhiyan, etc. This sector-wide development programme / scheme with various digitalization method would envisage one comprehensive strategic plan for development of the school education.
63 A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE OF BOYS AND GIRLS OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL , Dr. Rachna Tyagi
In the heyday of the psychometric it was generally believed that intelligence was a single entity that was inherited, and that human beings initially a blank slate could be trained to learn anything, provided that it was presented in an appropriate was. Now-days an increasing number of researchers believe precisely the opposite; that there exists a multitude of intelligences, quite independent of each other; that each intelligence has its own strengths and constraints; that the mind is far from concern birth of nation; and that it is unexpectedly difficult to teach things that go against early nine theories of that challenge the natural lines of force within an intelligence and its matching domains
64 QUEST FOR HARMONY IN THE NOVELS OF KAMALA MARKANDYA , Dr. Sunita Chaudhary
Indian novelists in English have either glorified and idealized their woman or have exposed their pathetic and pitiable plight. In the novels dealing with east-west encounters, they project the best of their cultural heritage, the quintessence of their Country's transcendental traditional values, embodies in back drop, they are Damini armed with indomitable courage and unflinching determination. Women are often found trapped in a myth of the wife and mother or the animal: May be she had been an animal, only a nice obedient, domestic one, sitting on a cushion, doing as she was told. And in return she had been fed and sheltered. Kamla Purnaiya Taylor, who often writes under the pen name Kamala Markandaya, was born in Bar 1924. Her family was Brahmin, the highest caste in Hindu society. She was educated at the University of Madras, India and worked briefly for a weekly newspaper before emigrating to England in 1948. There is a husband with whom she lived today in London. They have one daughter. Markandaya has made England her home, but than also she has made many visits to prolific writer and has published fill today ten novels: Nectar in Sieve, 1954, Some Inner Fury (1955), A Silence of Desire (1960), Possession (1963). A Handful of Rice (1966), The Coffer Dames (1969), The Nowhere Man 1972, Two Virgins (1973), Golden Honey Comb (1977) and Pleasure City (1987). She has written short stories and other miscellaneous articles also that have apparel in magazines and journals. He concern are largely sociology, her novels, therefore explore the issues regarding human relationship in term of the part played by the social, economic and political forces
65 A STUDY ON TEACHING MAJOR PROGRAM WORK WITH ESSENTIAL DEGREE , Alka Singh, Dr. Nidhi Agarwal
In education, the term skilled development could also be employed in regard to a good kind of specialized coaching, formal education, or advanced skilled learning supposed to assist directors, teachers, and alternative educators improve their skilled information, competence, skill, and effectiveness. Once the term is employed in education contexts while not qualification, specific examples, or extra rationalization, however, it should be tough to work out exactly what “professional development” is touching on. This paper describes about the study on teaching major program work related to essential degree.
66 ROLE OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGISTS IN MENTAL HEALTH OF STUDENTS , Poonam Batra, Dr. Bharat Ranjan
Mental health has become an integral part of all organizations especially schools and this was proven with the proper evaluation of schoolbased psychology intervention by Educational psychologists that is happening in the schools of Israel in order to enhance the mental health of not only the students but also the educational staff. The results of the intervention by Educational psychologists proved that there was a decrease in the general anxiety, distress and depression symptoms among the participants that came from the schools that laid emphasis on mental health. Thus, it would be appropriate to say that a student who studies in a school that practices intervention by Educational psychologists helps in dealing with their mental health in a better manner.
67 HISTORIOGRAPHY OF PROVINCIAL ADMINISTRATION OF THE MUGHAL EMPIRE , Amar Nath Mishra, Dr. Rajeev Jain
With the other historiographies it is evident that, useful conceptual innovation notwithstanding, the vantage-point taken by maritime historians precludes an examination of the pattern of overland and maritime trade between the subcontinent and her neighbours. A perspective or vantage-point rooted on the sub-continent itself is needed; the next sub-section examines the debate about one element of sub-continental trade relations after 1498 which provides the steppingstone to such an investigation.
68 DIGITAL LITERACY COMPETENCIES IN THE 21st CENTURY , Dr. Pramod Mishra, Pradeep Kumar Sharma
With the advancement in science and technology in the last decade people of the world are now connected through technology. Literacy means being able to read and write. Digital literacy involves digital reading and writing techniques in various multimedia forms. It can include words, texts, visual displays, motion pictures, graphics, audio and video. Digital literacy shares refers to the reading and writing of digital texts, for example being able to ‘read’ a website by navigating through hyperlinks and ‘writing’ by uploading digital photos to a social networking site. Digital Literacy refers to the interest, attitude and ability of individuals to appropriately use digital technology and communication tools to access, manage, integrate, analyze and evaluate information, construct new knowledge, create and communicate with other. It also refers to the knowledge, skills, and behaviors used in a broad range of digital devices such as smartphones, tablets, laptops and desktop PCs. The JISC Developing digital literacy guide has mentioned about seven types of digital literacy: media literacy, information literacy, digital scholarship, learning skills, communication and collaboration, career and identity management and ICT literacy. In a remarkably short span of time, the world and its people and cultures are largely driven by the Internet, smart phones, computers. Some components which are related to digital literacy include computer literacy, network literacy, media literacy, network literacy, scientific literacy. The paper focuses on the digital literacy competencies in the 21st century.
69 A STUDY ON DIGITALIZATION OF EDUCATION THROUGH UNDERSTANDING ICT  , Dr. Bhawna
It is years together, we are getting educated dayby-day. The process of just seating in classroom and learning will have extremity. There are several mediums & resource of education. In modern days, diversifying technology is at the top. The digitization is the exact solution for simplicity of arranging methods .Great things are promised by technology with it also to transform how people collaborate and communicate with each other. Research for years on classrooms technology, its adoption into the particular field seems to be very little. A modern classroom is basically Information and Communication Technology based Classroom. This aims at converting traditional classrooms into interactive sessions by combining best hardware with syllabus-complaint, multimedia content. Education sector shall have drastic change. In many colleges computers will be heavily used by teachers and students. This article explores this theme and discusses how a digital classroom is basically an ICT based classroom solution, helping convert traditional classrooms into interactive sessions.
70 INTEGRATING ICT IN CLASSROOMS: DELIMITING PRIVATE TUTORING , Manpreet Kaur
ICT when implemented into the classroom teaching adds enormous value to the quality of teaching, making it a holistic learning experience for the students. It makes education students–centered, visual, time-saving & motivates the young minds to make creative assignments. The effective incorporation of ICT in schools & other educational institutes will once again win the concerned parents who are sending their children in private tuitions after having lost their faith in the school education.
71 ROLE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN QUALITY ENHANCEMENT OF HIGHER EDUCATION , Saima Khanam
The main focus of this paper is to examine the role of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in enhancing the quality of higher education in India. ICT had been emerged as a powerful tool for smooth diffusion of knowledge and information among learners and changed the view of learning from teacher centered to student centered, thereby providing them with more effective ways of learning. While we glorify the role of ICT in enhancing higher education system, we also need to assess the difficulties, challenges and problems in its implementation, especially in India. The present paper examines certain important issues related to the implementation of ICT in higher education in India and provide valuable suggestions that would help in the effective implementation of ICT, thereby improving the quality of higher education.
72 E-LEARNING: AN INNOVATIVE TECHNIQUE IN EDUCATION , Dr. Ram Mehar
The prospect of new India is changing rapidly as there is endless use of IT in every business and in every public service. IT upheaval of the country empowered India to become a service economy. India has a favourable demographic payback. But this dividend would turn into a catastrophe if it doesn’t find a way out to enlighten and make her youth skilful. Acknowledging this and also fulfilling the statutory commitment, RTE was made a fundamental right and education schemes like SSA, RMSA etc. were instigated. But still India grapples with the problems of low literacy rates, lack of good quality teachers and hence hampers the way to procure the benefits of our demographic dividend. To revamp the course of educational set up and to reform the shortcomings in the way of an efficient educational system, E-learning has been promoted as the next break through. E-learning is the learning utilizing electronic technologies to access educational curriculum outside of a traditional classroom. The present paper attempts to discuss the meaning of E-learning, its position in India and the benefits it can provide to the educational system.
73 THE ROLE OF ICT IN HIGHER EDUCATION FOR THE 21ST CENTURY: ICT AS A CHANGE AGENT FOR EDUCATION , Sonia Tyagi
Using Information and communication Technology (ICT) in Education can significantly contribute to a good quality of education and its effectiveness. ICT is the mode of education that use information and communications technology to support, enhance, and optimise the delivery of information. ICT has become an integral part of today’s teaching learning process. Effective use of technology can motivate students, make our classes more dynamic and interesting and renew teacher enthusiasm as they learn new skills and techniques. Worldwide research has shown that ICT can lead to an improved student learning and better teaching methods. A report made by the National Institute of Multimedia Education in Japan, proved that an increase in the use of ICT in education with integrating technology to the curriculum has a significant and positive impact on students’ achievements.
74 ADJUSTMENT PROBLEMS FACED BY CHILDREN WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES REFERENCE TO INCLUSIVE EDUCATION , Ramesh Kumar Awasthi
This study unconcealed that adolescents within the multiple reading and mathematics disabilities classes and mathematics incapacity solely class showed considerably a lot of impairment on depression and immature behavior measures than adolescents with reading incapacity solely or adolescents with typical action. The other study has provided proof for higher levels of emotional issues, furthermore as behavioral difficulties and a spotlight issues, among children with dyslexia cases.
75 THE FRAGRANCE OF GENDER EQUALITY IN ISLAM , Rahila Bano
It is about gender equality and women rights in Islam. The focus of this paper is to identify how the Islam religion has dealt with gender equality and women’s right.
76 A STUDY ON WOMEN’S LIBERATION IN ARUNDHATHI ROY’S “THE GOD OF SMALL THINGS” , Pratibha Rao, Prof. (Dr.) Kul Bhushan
Arundhati Roy's The God of Small Things is a cruel attack on the casteism and male shut leaning portion of the Indian culture wherein men overpower women, the high society cover the persecuted with hostile silliness, and moreover the people who plunder others for improvement and progress. The epic also revealed political pietism as found in the microcosm of Ayemenem. Ayemenem, a little town in Kerala, transforms into a smaller than usual galactic world, a stage for the approval of social camouflage where women and untouchables are viciously abused and misdirected.
77 ELEMENTS OF POETRY: MAGNIFYING HUGOT LINES OF FILIPINO COLLEGE STUDENTS, Enna S. Bodoso
In the Philippines, social media burst with these popular lines, Hugot lines, especially among college students; hence, this study was conducted to find out the prevalent themes and elements of poetry in the selected Hiligaynon (a local dialect in the province of Negros Occidental) hugot lines of Literature 1 students of Carlos Hilado Memorial State College – Alijis Campus, Bacolod City, Negros Occidental, Philippines. One hundred (100) hugot lines were selected and encoded, and then were grouped according to themes. They were analysed using thematic and textual analyses. To determine the validity of themes and other elements of poetry, three inter raters were invited to give their feedback and suggestions. Elements of poetry such as rhyme, figures of speech, imagery and symbolism were also identified. Being inspired, frustrated and “bitter” are some of the mood prevalent on those hugot lines.
78 ANXIETY AND PERFORMANCE IN MATHEMATICS OF GRADE FOUR PUPILS , Jeannie L. Samante, Alfredo D. Alave
The descriptive-correlational research examined the relationship between the level of anxiety and performance in mathematics among 234 pupils enrolled at one of the elementary school in the Division of Bacolod City during the school year 2016-2017. The Meece’s Math Anxiety Questionnaire and 5- point. The last three-quarter grades were used to measure the level of performance in mathematics. Result revealed that the participants’ level of anxiety by sex and section were moderate and their level of performance in mathematics as a whole was satisfactory. Also, there was a significant relationship between the level of mathematics anxiety and mathematics of the grade four pupils.The level of anxiety of the pupils also affects their performance in mathematics. The poor performances are associated with high anxiety indeed mathematics anxiety is a proxy for poor mathematics performance. The result of the study was the basis for treatment to improve students' performance in mathematics.
79 CONTENT ANALYSIS OF MISSION STATEMENTS OF SELECTED STATE UNIVERSITIES IN THE PHILIPPINES: BASIS FOR STRATEGIC EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT PLANNING , Abigail C. Gomez, Anabella C. Gomez
Mission statements play a vital role in any university system, more especially in the strategic planning of the universities. Conducting this study through content analysis allowed the researchers to deconstruct the mission statements of selected five state universities in the CALABRAZON Region of the Philippines. Findings reveal major themes which emerged from the analysis. These themes were construed by the researchers as vital elements in crafting university mission statements: description, role, objectives, strategies, and graduate outcomes of the universities. Three universities declared their commitment to do their mission. Major roles of the universities are to serve as producers, providers and nurturers. Universities vary in their objectives but are mostly similar in strategizing for the areas of instruction, research, extension, and production activities to meet specific objectives. Overall, mission statements still differ from one another even if their thrusts might be similar in ways to respond to their clientele and mandate of their university charter. These objectives and strategies were deemed aligned and fundamental in conceptualizing the strategic educational management plans of the universities
80 CUSTOMER-CENTERED  LIBRARY  SPACES : A CARLOS HILADO MEMORIAL STATE COLLEGE-ALIJIS’ EXPERIENCE , Ma. Lorela J. Santes
This study explored the learning space needs of library customers at Carlos Hilado Memorial State College-Alijis (CHMSC-A) as basis for a proposed customer-centered library spaces. Researcher-made questionnaire was used to determine the learning space needs of the library customer based on the Learning Space Attributes of Cunningham and Tabur. Percentage was used to determine the respondents profile in terms of number of hours spend in the library per week, department they belong, status and reasons for using the library. Weighted mean was also used to determine the importance of learning space attributes which determine the respondents learning space needs. Chi-square was also used to determine the significant relationship between the respondents profile and learning space needs. The result of this study indicated that library customers regarded comfort and image, uses and activities, and access and linkages as the most important learning space attributes. Library customers value the library as a place, which can offer an academic ambiance for their work, a forum for engagement with others, and a flexible space that meets their various learning space needs.
81 A STUDY ON TRANSFORMATION OF EDUCATION SYSTEM THROUGH NEW EDUCATION POLICY , Dr. Bhawna
Ministry of Human Resource Development of Government of India has projected an elaborate and all– encompassing National Education Policy (NEP2020). Before Independence, the education in India was under the complete control of the “Masters, the British Empire”. The education policies, like the one drawn by Macaulay, as would be obvious, were not for providing any quality education to the Indians, but to churn out the “Babus”, clerks and bureaucrats, to serve the masters, pure and simple. After independence, the society went through series of changes, policies were charted and certain reforms were brought in, but the impact was still not achieved. In 2015, the GOI adapted “2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (SD)”and since then the impetus has been initiated. The final culmination of a long drawn and all inclusive process is NEP2020. NEP 2020 has been a very elaborate planning document. The salient feature of the issues, principles, aims and, vision, challenges, and solutions have been dealt with this article. The main focus has been on the higher education and its implementation. Due importance also has been accorded to other issues such as vocational education, research and online and digital education to mention a few. Overall, it is commendable and a very positive step forward on the part of the government. Only the time will judge, how much net effective output is actually garnered.
82 A STUDY ON GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY AND ICT , Sudhir Kumar Mishra
Educators are asked to investigate and get a variety of inventive Learner-Centered, Pedagogical Teaching and Learning Approaches, in order to create choices as opposed to the standard systems for Lecture. The practical and capable use of innovation depends upon really prepared teachers/instructors. They should have the choice to respect the probability of these advancements and have inspiring outlook. To finish Technology based learning in the Teacher Education Program so as the understudy instructors while they become instructors in school would no doubt use Technological devices in Classroom.
83 RETHINKING THE DIGITAL DIVIDE IN THE TIME OF CRISIS , Abel V. Alvarez, Jr.
The idea of inclusivity in education has become an abstract phenomenon in the time of the pandemic crisis. While studies show that most advanced countries are adaptive to the so-called new normal, the other side of the world is struggling to adapt to emergency remote education due to the notion of the digital divide. The disparity of society’s access to the digital world has been present even in the pre-pandemic era. However, it has predominantly visible in today’s dystopian society as it continuously navigates in the pandemic world. This paper attempts to discuss and to share a glimpse of the digital situation during the pandemic crisis. Interestingly, it presents that the digital divide widens learning spaces and significantly creates social injustices. Hence, it is highly recommended in the post-pandemic world for countries to invest in digital infrastructures, provide affordable and accessible supportive digital learning tools, resources and materials, and strengthen and expand digital literacy programs for all.
84 EVALUATION OF SELECTED INSTITUTIONAL LICENSURE EXAMINATION FOR TEACHERS REVIEW MATERIALS , Philip John T. Segundino, Venjeline Mondragon, Althia Cyda Carnaje, Sheryl Grace Silaya, Cheryhel Panagiton, Aiza Seiton, Anthony Servano
This descriptive study was conducted to determine the performance of graduatesin the selected Institutional LET Review Materials when taken as a whole and when categorized as to different areas such as Curriculum Development, Assessment of Learning, and Principles of Teaching. Moreover, this further aimed to find out if a significant difference existed in the performance of the graduates in the Selected Institutional LET Review Materials of Iloilo Science and Technology University. The respondents of the study included the 50 Teacher Education graduates who were chosen purposively. Existing LET review materials were used as an instrument for the study. Frequency, percentage, SD, and ANOVA were used as statistical tools. Results of the study revealed that the graduates got a low performance in their scores when taken as a whole and when categorized as to different areas. Moreover, no significant difference was noted in the performance of the graduates in the selected institutional LET review materials when categorized as to different areas. It can be concluded, that the Professional Education subjects are considered as a difficult subject area which needed more focused and attentive. Thus, it is recommended that for the improvement of the exam performance, addressing five important areas concern: (1) students, (2) faculty, (3) curriculum, (4) policies, and (5) methods of evaluation in the delivery of instruction
85 VIDEO GAME ENGAGEMENT AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS , Conie Santolices, Charlon Molase, Aina Semolava, Llywwyllynn Farparan, April Joy Tabugsoc, Rona Jane Moncal
Video games can be either online that can be played through the use of android or smartphones using an internet connection, or offline. With this, the researchers were encouraged to study how a video game is correlated to the engagement and academic performance of the students. The researchers determined the respondents of the study through a pre-survey where junior high school students were asked to answer the question of whether they are playing videogames or not. The research instrument that was used in this study was a researcher-made instrument duly validated by the panel of experts. For Descriptive data analysis, mean, percentage, and standard deviation were used while for Inferential data analysis, Pearson (r) was used. The findings of the study showed when taken as a whole, the length of engagement of the students in the school was between zero to one hour; when grouped according to grade level, the length of engagement of the students in Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9 and Grade10 was between zero to one hour; The academic performance of the students when grouped according to grade level were as follows: Grade 7, Grade 8 and Grade 10 students had a good academic performance with the mean of 82.03, 82.15 and 82.10 respectively while Grade 9 students had a poor academic performance with the mean of 78.91. There was no significant linear relationship between the length of engagement and academic performance. The p-value is .101 which is greater than the 0.05 level of significance which leads to accepting the null hypothesis. This infers that engagement in a videogame can not affect the academic performance of the students. The students must learn how to manage their time and separate personal things from school matters. They must learn how to be responsible enough in prioritizing important things related to their study and set aside those things that can distract them or cannot help them to improve their academic performance..
86 SELF-EFFICACY, ANXIETY, AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN MATHEMATICS OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS  , Jessica T. Ducay, Alfredo D. Alave
This descriptive- correlational study examined the relationship between the self-efficacy, anxiety, and academic performance of students in mathematics. The participants of the study were Grade 10 students enrolled in Sicaba National High School of Academic Year 2018-2019. The adopted questionnaire of Bearneza (2016) Self-efficacy and Anxiety in Learning Mathematics Questionnaire was used. The grades of the respondents were used by the researchers to measure the level of their academic performance in mathematics. Findings imply that experiences of failure contribute to higher sense of mathematics anxiety. The findings further signify that despite the high level of self-efficacy that the student’s confidence is in functioning intellectually by means of his/her adaptive behavior but due to his/her negative experiences in the past the level of anxiety is high. There was a significant relationship between self-efficacy and anxiety, anxiety and academic performance of the student’s self- efficacy predicts academic performance in mathematics. The findings of this study provided information in designing supplemental activities to improve academic performance in mathematics.
87 GAMEAHOLICS: A CLOSER LOOK INTO THE PHENOMENON OF COMPUTER ADDICTION , Janeth F. Falcunit
Computer games are the most popular form of entertainment in modern societies today. The researcher observed that there is a problem regarding excess and unhealthy use of playing computers. Based on these observations, the researcher is motivated to conduct a study entitled “Gameaholics: A Closer Look into the Phenomenon of Computer Addiction.” This study highlighted the reasons behind the phenomenon of computer game addiction among the students of Central Philippines State University (CPSU)-Hinigaran Campus for the academic year 2020-2021. In order for the researcher to know the reasons behind the phenomenon of computer game addiction among the students of CPSU- Hinigaran Campus, the qualitative research design was employed since the objective of this study was to know the reasons behind computer addiction. Moreover, this study applied purposive sampling design since the participants were selected purposively through the set criteria. Specifically, the researcher used one-on-one interview in collaborating, understanding, and investigating the participants’ experiences. Interviews were audio recorded. Thematic approach was used in data analysis. Through thematic analysis, it was found that Spirited: Race to the Top and Escapism: A Shelter from the Storm, Cut-and- Dried, Eyes on the Prize, Thrill and Challenge: Invitation to Addiction were the common theme formed in relation to the objective of this study. Further, the researcher also discovered an additional theme, Fatigue; What I feel, which focused on Physical Exhaustion. This theme surfaced as the participants expressed their reason why they were hooked in computer games too much.
88 DEVELOPMENT OF SESSION GUIDES ANCHORED ON THE RETROSPECTION OF THE CHALLENGES AND ISSUES OF EXTENSION ACTIVITIES , Ma. Salome R. Magbanua
This mixed developmental research design combined an interview and FGD to develop session guides anchored on the retrospection of the Teacher Education extension activities of ISAT U Miagao Campus. The study underwent two phases: Phase one investigated the problems and challenges encountered in the implementation of the Teacher Education extension activities. Findings revealed that the problems or challenges in the implementation of the Teacher Education extension activities of ISAT U encountered by the student-partners revolved on inadequacy of extension support materials, need for utilization of varied instructional methods and techniques, time constraint, lack of rapport with the extension service providers, and the need for technology integration to encourage students’ interest and engagement. Furthermore, the school partners pointed out inadequacy of extension support materials and resources, time constraint, need for technology integration to encourage students’ engagement and interest, and low socio- economic characteristics of the student partners as the dominant problems and challenges that hinder the implementation of the Teacher Education extension activities. The extension service providers also encountered problems on inadequacy of extension support materials and resources, time constraint, meager extension financial resources, fostering faculty engagement and absence of monitoring and evaluation on the extension activities. Phase Two was the development of Session Guides which included the stages such as preparation, construction, validation, pilot testing, refinement, and the final development. Needs Assessment survey was utilized to determine content selection incorporated in the session guides. On the basis of these results, an extension toolkit containing power point presentations, downloaded videos, activities and the session guides entitled “Mentoring the Young Minds: English Literacy Enrichment Program“ was developed.
89 TEACHING AND MOTHER TONGUE PROFICIENCY OF PRE – SERVICE TEACHERS: HOW COMPETENT , Vanessa Joy Z. Judith
This study determined the Teaching Competence and the Mother Tongue Proficiency of the Pre - Service Teachers of the Bachelor of Elementary Education students major in General Education, Home Economics and Livelihood Education and Early Childhood Education respectively in Carlos Hilado Memorial State College for Academic Year 2016 -2017 when taken as a whole and grouped according to major and sex and the significant difference and relationship between teaching competence and mother tongue proficiency. The descriptive method of research was used in this study. Stratified random sampling was employed in the selection of participants. There were ninety seven (97) participants in this study. Mean, Standard Deviation, ANOVA and Pearson r were used to analyze the data. The data for the teaching competence were taken from the Teaching Evaluation and Rating Sheet and Mother Tongue Proficiency was based on the grades by the respondents in their EDMOTO (Mother Tongue) subject. The study revealed that: (1)teaching competence of the pre-service teachers when taken as a whole and grouped according to major and sex was “very high”, (2) the mother proficiency of the pre-service teachers was when taken as a whole and grouped according to major and sex was “good”, (3) significant difference and significant relationship exists between teaching competence and mother proficiency.
90 NURSING STUDENT’S PERCEPTION REGARDING HEALTH PROMOTION AND HEALTH EDUCATION , Fazal Rahman, Muhammad Hussain, Muhammad Afzal, Syed Amir Gillani
Background: Promoting health is a key component of nursing practice- By helping nurses change individuals, society and healthcare system by promoting the health of individuals, families, communities and populations. Purpose: The aim of the study is to show the understanding of nursing student’s perception regarding health education and health promotion. Study design: Cross sectional study. Setting: Lahore School of Nursing, the University of Lahore. Duration: 4 months from September 2019 to December 2019. Methodology: this study was done on 135 nursing students selected through convenient sampling method from Lahore School of Nursing, the University of Lahore. Data was collected by modified questionnaire adopted from (Halcomb, 2010) to understand the perception of nursing students regarding health promotion and health education. Results: This study finds out that 90% n=122 participants have positive perception regarding health promotion and health education. Although there were some signs that nursing students were introduced to the concept of health promotion as a socio-ecological strategy that integrates changes in the economy, policy, organization and climate. This socio-ecological approach was not viewed by the majority of student nurses as having a role modeling faculty or nurses. Conclusion: students nurses to be recognized as future high quality health promoters, collaborates with wellbeing advancement leaders, and effectively teach nursing education. There is a need to made changes in the nursing curriculum to reflect appropriate and accurate health promotion concepts and performed health promoting behaviours which have strong impact on individual health.
91 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT BY PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP: A MOVE TOWARDS QUALITY ENHANCEMENT IN EDUCATION , Dr. Bhawna
Public Private Partnership has been the buzzword in policy debates on development strategies. There are many questions that need to be critically examined in this context. What is public-private partnership? How does it work in the case of education sector? Is it new model? What are the strengths and weakness of the PPP as a development strategy? Many researchers have explored the applications of PPP to improve the efficiency of infrastructure delivery. This study aims to review the existing PPP research to explore the status quo, trends and gaps in research for PPP infrastructure projects. A systematic process involving a three -phase word frequency analysis, cluster analysis and a search on potential research topics helps us to provide enough potential articles related to PPP research and reduce arbitrariness and subjectivity involved in the research topic analysis .While examining the implications for educational development, the author presents a critical review of some of the somewhat familiar and some not so familiar arguments. He examines some of the baffling questions, highlighting the possible ramifications of PPP for education Development in India, partly drawing from the limited experience of the emerging and prevailing diverse models of PPP in India and abroad.
92 SHAKESPEARE’S TWELFTH NIGHT AS A COMEDY , Appalal Abdulgaffar Attar
William Shakespeare happens to be the greatest writer of the world. He is called the Bard of Avon. He is a great playwright and poet. His 37 plays include his tragedies, tragi-comedies, histories (covering Roman plays), sonnets, and comedies. The present play focuses on his fine drafting of upholding the language. The essential spirit of the play ‘Twelfth Night’ is captured in its title. The world of Twelfth Night is one of comedy and comic excess; and among all of the characters in the play, it is the drunken, misbehaving and prankish Sir Toby Belch who epitomizes its humorous nature. In Twelfth Night, despite the festive spirit of the play, Shakespeare invites his audience to notice certain problematic aspects of the story. Reductively, the theme of Twelfth Night is the joy and pain of love. The play was written in Shakespeare's older years and he attempts to see love for all that is both good and bad about it. This may explain why Twelfth Night has a subtitle, What You Will (the only play that has one, between). Twelfth Night explores a variety of themes and issues. The major theme of celebration and festivity was prevalent in all of the sources from which Shakespeare drew.
93 PERCEPTIONS OF USING SOCIAL MEDIA NETWORKS AMONG SPECIAL EDUCATION TEACHERS IN THE KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA , Dr. Ibraheem Mohammed Alsawalem
This study investigates the perceptions of using social media networks among special education teachers in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The sample population of this research consists of 160 special education teachers (100 males and 60 females) specialized and trained only for teaching students with intellectual disability and enrolled in the Education Department in Riyadh, kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The instrument used to gather data from the participants included a self-designed online questionnaire. Results showed that Saudi special education teachers always used social media network for personal purposes. Twitter was the highest application which used by those teachers. Generally, they revealed a positive perception towards the use of social media networks. The study recommends more studies in this area so as to closely understand how and why special education teachers utilize or not social media in their classes in order to develop best practices for implementing social media in teaching and learning special education classes in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Keyword
94 IM DEVELOPMENT FOR LITERARY CRITICISM AND TEACHING OF LITERATURE: CLASSROOM EXPERIENCE , Aragon, Douglas Angel II A.
With the advancement of technology and series of curriculum reform, teachers are challenged to recalibrate their teaching methodology and delivery of instruction. Teachers may adopt ways to improve the quality of instruction everyday. In order to achieve this goal, teachers may opt to use variety of instructional methods and techniques such as developing research-based instructional materials that will aid the current teaching-instruction modality. In this context, this paper aimed to develop an instructional material in Literary Criticism and Teaching of Literature to enhance instruction in these fields. The content of the proposed IM was based from CMO 30 s. 2004 to align with the expected competency based standards for education students specializing English and Literature. There were 100 English majors used as respondents for the need assessment, grouped as follows: 57 freshmen, 33 sophomore and 10 juniors. These respondents noted that “learning is best achieved in the presence of sample output exercises reflected in the handouts (WM 1.29)” and “handouts promote the habit of self-individualized learning (WM 1.38)”, lastly, “teaching the theories requires textbooks and references (WM 1.49)”. All the responses fall in the interpretation of strongly agree. Three experts in the field evaluated the content validity of the two instructional materials: The Lectures on Discourse and Teaching of Literature. The instructional materials were evaluated on the following criteria: content, organization, effectivity and preference. The Lectures on Discourse was rated 4.30 while the Teaching of Literature was rated 4.28 both with an interpretation of very satisfactory, recommended for utilization if corrections are typographical in nature; then editors can correct them and return it to the writer then re-submit again the IM for further evaluation. Meanwhile, there were four selected stories used as specimen-texts for this study. The first layer of criticism used content thematic approach to identify the content, which discussed the cultural issues of the texts and the second layer used symptomatic reading to examine the deeper meaning. The actual experience of the respondents in doing the literary analysis provided the insight in establishing the chronology and suggested content of the lecture notes. The actual output from the literary analysis served as sample models in the exercises part. Homi Bhabha’s (1994) postcolonial framework established the concept of postcolonial symptoms while Francis Johnson’s (1975) framework established the framing of the instructional material. At the end of this attempt, this paper hoped that it may open up a series of literary studies to other perspectives and multidisciplinary approaches and develop instructional materials generated from the exercises made by the students to serve as additional reference in appreciating literature and criticism particularly for a student-directed group environment.
95 LEARNING OUTCOMES IN BASIC SEWING THROUGH INSTRUCTIONAL VIDEOS , Raynor F. Ereje
This research entitled, “Learning Outcomes in Basic Sewing through Instructional Videos” was conducted to find out the effectiveness of instructional videos in improving the Basic Sewing Performance of 104 first year students of St. Joseph School- La Salle, school year 2011-2012 utilizing the Quasi-Experimental research design. The Instructional Videos and LectureDemonstration teaching methods were implemented as interventions. Additionally, the video was divided into three parts namely basic tools and materials in sewing, basic hand stitches, and Eco-bag making. Each video starts with a short introduction, review of the previous sewing topic/activity, and lesson proper on basic sewing topics basing from the course syllabus. Safety and proper work habits were also integrated in the video as additional reminder to students to always observe safety while doing their sewing activities and project. A researcher-made achievement test was used consisting of 30-item test that measures students’ ability in basic sewing tools, materials, hand stitches and Eco-bag making topics. The achievement test is designed to measure the learning outcomes of the students. The results in the pretest and posttest of the students in the Achievement Test were the bases for evaluation of the effectiveness of the two teaching approaches. It showed that improvement in the students’ Basic Sewing performance was evident after the implementation of the interventions in each group however, the group under the Instructional Videos instruction showed great improvement in the achievement test in contrast with the performance of Lecture-Demonstration method group. Taking into account the results of the study, the use of instructional videos is proven to be effective in raising basic sewing performance of students.
96 THE USE OF MOTHER TONGUE IN INSTRUCTION: PUPILS’ PERFORMANCE ACROSS THE YEARS , Juliet S. Trujillo
Language contributes to the meaningful and participative learning environment for children. thus the main purpose of this study is to determine the pupils' performance using the mother tongue as medium of instruction for the three consecutive academic years starting 2015-2016, 2016-2017 and 2017-2018 in the Division of La Carlota City, Negros Occidental, Philippines. Specifically, it determines the perceived effects of using mother tongue to the pupils' performance as assessed by their teachers; and the challenges encountered by the teachers in using the mother tongue in delivering the instruction. This study used mixed methods in gathering the data. In the quantitative approach, documents of 27 pupils analyzed using the mean percentage scores to determine their performance in various subjects with the mother tongue as medium of instruction. In qualitative, ten teacher participants who are the implementers of the native language were involved in a focus group discussion (FGD). The findings showed that improvement in pupils' cognitive, motor skills, and affective ability observed for three consecutive years of the implementation of the mother tongue. Teachers' general views of challenges were lack of instructional materials in the teaching mother tongue, lack of translated terms, and programmed training. Nevertheless, these did not hinder them from delivering quality instruction. It recommended that higher education must strengthen its curriculum in primary school to produce resourceful, innovative, and well-rounded teachers in teaching mother-tongue.
97 GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM IN STATE UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES: AWARENESS, COMPLIANCE AND WOMEN EMPOWERMENT , Dr. Mary Leanne A. Laganhon
This study sought to determine the awareness, compliance, and women empowerment on Gender and Development program of State Universities and Colleges in the Province of Negros Occidental during the School Year 2014-2015. Respondents of this study were the 22 GAD program implementers and 285 teacher-beneficiaries who have been employed during the said school year. This study employed the descriptive research design. Gathering of data was done by administering the self-made questionnaire to all the respondents. Processing of data was done with the use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software. The data were analyzed according to the research problems. Frequency and percentage scoring were used in determining the respondents’ profile. The mean was employed in determining the respondents’ extents of awareness, compliance, and women empowerment; the MannWhitney U was employed in determining whether or not significant difference existed when respondents were grouped and compared according to selected variables; and Spearman’s rho was employed in finding out whether or not significant relationship existed when said major variables were correlated. The study revealed the following results: Of the total GAD implementers, the group with most number of respondents came from the older group; followed by the Catholic group. More than half of the respondents had longer length of service whereas the least number of respondents came from the younger group and the non-Catholic groups. On the other hand, from the total of 285 teacher-beneficiaries, more than half of them came from the group with shorter length of service. The same is followed by the Catholic group. On the other hand, the groups with lesser number of respondents came from those with longer period of service and the non-Catholic. The respondents’ extent of awareness on GAD program was of high extent when taken as a whole across the five areas and even when determined by selected variables; the extent of compliance of the implementers on GAD program was of high extent in all five (5) areas and when considered by selected variables; and respondents’ overall extent of women empowerment on GAD program was of high extent with respect to all five (5) areas and when determined by selected variables. The p-values showed significant difference existed between the extents of awareness of the respondents when grouped and compared according to sex, length of service, and civil status, except age and religion; the p-values showed no significant difference existed between the extents of compliance of the implementers on the GAD program when grouped and compared according to selected variables; and the pvalues revealed significant difference existed between the extents of women empowerment of the respondents when grouped and compared according to age and length of service, except sex, religion, and civil status. The p-value displayed significant relationship existed between the extent of awareness and extent of compliance; the p-value showed significant relationship existed between the extent of awareness and extent of women empowerment; and finally, the p-value exhibited significant relationship existed between the extent of compliance and extent of women empowerment.
98 TEACHERS’ SELF-CONCEPT, TASK PERCEPTION, AND JOB PERFORMANCE IN SELECTED SCHOOLS OF DISTRICT III DIVISION OF NEGROS OCCIDENTAL , Dr. Roxanne M. Rivera
This study focused on the teachers’ levels of self-concept, task perception, and job performance in the selected public high schools with at least a population of 50 teachers in District III, Division of Negros Occidental during the School Year 2015–2016. The sample size of 214 respondents was determined using the Yamane’s Formula. This study utilized both self-made and standardized questionnaire in gathering the data. The validity rating is 4.75. The reliability rating is 0.777. Computations were processed through the SPSS. The statistical tools that were used using the SPSS were frequency count and percentage rating, the mean, the Mann Whitney U and the Spearman Rho. Based on the gathered data, the following are results of the study. It was found out that the respondents’ levels of self-concept when grouped according to age, sex, civil status, average family monthly income, and educational attainment were very high. The result of the respondents’ levels of task perception when grouped according to age, sex, civil status, average family monthly income, and educational attainment, the result were very high. Moreover, the respondents’ level of job performance when grouped according to age, sex, civil status, average family monthly income, and educational attainment, showed high results. Lastly, there was a significant relationship between the respondents’ levels of self-concept and task perception. On the contrary, there were no significant relationships between the respondents’ levels of self-concept and job performance, and task perception and job performance.
99 TEACHERS AND STUDENTS’ DIFFICULTY AND COPING STRATEGY TOWARDS TECHNOLOGY AND LIVELIHOOD EDUCATION PROGRAM , Aljaven Bruce C. Laganhon
This study sought to determine the teachers and students’ difficulty and coping strategy towards Technology and Livelihood Education Program of Domingo Lacson National High School, Bacolod City during the School Year 2016- 2017.Respondents were 26 teachers and 313 students. It employed the descriptive research design and utilized self-made questionnaires. Specifically, it identified the profile of the respondents in terms of age, sex, length of service, educational attainment, and subject taught (for teachers) and age, sex, year level, and specialization (for students).The level of difficulty of teachers was moderate on physical facilities and assessment tools while high on instructional materials and competencies. Students were low on physical facilities and competencies while moderate on instructional materials and assessment tools. The extent of coping strategy of teachers was moderate on physical facilities and instructional materials while great on assessment tools and competencies. Students were moderate on physical facilities, assessment tools, and competencies while low on instructional materials. Significant difference exists in the level of difficulty of teachers on assessment tools when grouped according to age and on physical facilities when grouped according to subject taught. Significant difference exists in the level of difficulty of students on instructional materials and assessment tools when grouped according to age and on physical facilities and assessment tools when grouped according to specialization. Significant difference exists in the extent of coping strategy of teachers on instructional materials and assessment tools when grouped according to age and on physical facilities when grouped according to subject taught. Significant difference exists in the extent of coping strategy of students on instructional materials, assessment tools, and competencies when grouped according to year level and in all areas when grouped according to specialization.
100 DISASTER PREPAREDNESS IN SAGAY CITY , Robert S. Pardillo, Isabelita Perigua
Republic Act 10121 otherwise known as “Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act of 2010 provide a systematic outline to guide implementers a very clear path on disaster preparedness. In November of 2013, Philippines experience typhoon Yolanda, Sagay City was one of the cities who experience this great ordeal of disaster. Thus the purpose of this study was to determine the level of disaster preparedness in the Division of Sagay City as perceived by the school administrators, teachers, and students. The level of disaster preparedness of the participants was determined based on four thematic areas namely: school buildings and facilities, program and project implemented, schools as evacuation centers and teachers and students training. The study was done by sourcing out data from 61 school administrators, 267 teachers and 379 students of the 65 elementary and secondary schools of the Division of Sagay City through a researcher-developed questionnaire which was anchored to the Gawad KALASAG checklist of the Office of the Civil Defense. The questionnaire was supplemented with Focus Group Discussion. Statistical tools employed were frequency and percentage to determine the school profile and mean, used to determine the level of disaster preparedness. To determine the differences among variables t-test and analysis of variance were used. The findings of the study revealed that there is a significant difference on the area of programs and project implemented interpreted based on its mean that younger and older school administrators differ significantly in their perceptions of the level of disaster preparedness of the implementing school. Older administrators implement more programs on disaster preparedness compared to their younger counterpart. Among students, the grade level is significant; it is because that high school student experienced the same level of preparedness when they were in the elementary. While when students are grouped according to the age, the result is not significant in the assessment of the four areas of the level of preparedness
101 THE SELF-EFFICACY AND ANXIETY IN LEARNING MATHEMATICS OF COLLEGE STUDENTS , Francis Jose D. Bearneza
The study is aimed to determine the Level of Self-efficacy and Anxiety in Learning Mathematics of the First Year College Students of the Carlos Hilado Memorial State College for Second Semester Academic Year 2015-2016. The Descriptive-Correlational research design was employed, because this method is used to discover relationships among variables and to allow the prediction of future events from present knowledge (Stangor, 2015). Utilizing the Yamani’s formula, the number of sample was 347 participants out of total population of 4375 First year College Students. Both of the students’ level of Self-efficacy and Anxiety in Learning Mathematics when taken as whole was high, the level of self-efficacy of the participants when grouped according to campus, sex and father’s educational attainment was high, however, when grouped according to field of specialization, the BSHRM illustrated a low self-efficacy level. Furthermore, there was a significant difference on the level of Selfefficacy when grouped according to sex. While on the level of Anxiety, the Talisay and Alijis campus; female participants; AB, BSIT, BEED, BSHRM, BSENTRP and BSCRIM; and participant’s whose father with Elementary Graduate, High School Level and High School Graduate Educational Attainment has a high level of Anxiety in Learning Mathematics. Moreover, there was a significant difference on the level of anxiety when grouped according to father’s educational attainment. The results also showed that there was a weak negative relationship between the level of Self-efficacy and Anxiety of students’ in learning mathematics.
102 PREPAREDNESS, ACCEPTANCE, AND COMMITMENT AS PREDICTORS OF EFFICACY OF THE WELLNESS PROGRAM FOR DRUG SURRENDERERS , Arjay Y. Alvarado
This correlational study anchored on the Model of Community-based Treatment, and Seligman’s Positive Psychology utilized Multiple Regression Analysis to investigate the levels of preparedness, acceptance, and commitment of illicit drug surrenderers who voluntarily surrendered, enrolled, and graduated from the wellness program in a selected local government unit in Negros Occidental, Philippines and to see if these three domains are related and predictors of the efficacy of the program. The wellness program for drug surrenderers is the first step of Community Based Rehabilitation Program of the national government - a jump start to the rehabilitation of the surrenderers. Results showed that the levels of preparedness and acceptance of the respondents are “High”, whereas, their level of commitment is “Moderate”. Taken collectively, the respondents’ perceived efficacy of the wellness program is “Moderate”. There were no significant differences in the level of efficacy of the wellness program as perceived by the respondents in all aspects of their demographic profile. Respondents’ preparedness toward rehabilitation is significantly related to their perceived level of efficacy of the wellness program. Moreover, preparedness is the best predictor of efficacy. Acceptance and commitment domains are not related and predictors of efficacy of the wellness program.
103 PROFESSIONAL AND INSTRUCTIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES: BASIS FOR IMPROVEMENT AMONG GENERAL EDUCATION FACULTY , Dr. Jose Lizael B. Lampinez
This study aimed to determine the professional and instructional responsibilities among General Education faculty of a Maritime School in Bacolod City during the Second Semester of the School Year 2016-2017. The respondents was taken from the total population of three thousand two hundred forty three (3,243) which comprises of General Education Faculty, Bachelor of Science in Marine Transportation and Bachelor of Science in Marine Engineering students and ESLP students from first year to fourth year. Using the Slovin’s formula with 5% margin of error, 352 will be taken as the sample population of the respondents. The study revealed the following results. The level of professional and instructional responsibilities of the General Education faculty is very high as perceived by the faculty and the students of a Maritime School in Bacolod City. This finding can be attributed to the various training as well as from the constant feedback derived from the faculty evaluation of the department heads of the school. The perceptions of the faculty and the students as regards the level of professional and instructional responsibilities of the faculty are comparably the same. The perceptions of the faculty and the students as regards the level of professional and instructional responsibilities of the faculty are comparably the same. As for the recommendations, General Education faculty department heads should improve observation, evaluation, and feedback mechanism. General Education faculty professional relationships should be enhanced. Preparation and planning of instruction is always a must. A conducive classroom environment, readiness of instruction, and professional responsibilities must always be observed.
104 TREADING UNKNOWN WATERS: THE ADOLESCENT FATHERS’ CHALLENGES AND HOW THEY HAVE COPED WITH THESE CHALLENGES , Dyan T. Gapulan
The adolescent males are partners to the phenomenon of adolescent pregnancy, yet there is no current intervention found to address their concerns. In this research, qualitative research design was used to understand the challenges experienced by the adolescent fathers and the ways they have coped with these challenges. No current data shows the population of the adolescent fathers, yet some pregnant adolescents identified some partners who are also adolescents themselves. The researcher started from two (2) participants who are enrolled in the state college, utilizing purposive sampling at this stage and the participants identified more enrolled adolescent fathers, which started the snowball sampling, thus coming up to the eight participants. The researcher made use of an unstructured interview guide to identify the challenges experienced by the adolescent fathers and the coping they have employed to overcome these challenges. From their responses, two main themes were identified for their challenges, which are: societal and personal challenges. The societal challenges include: family affairs, girlfriends (now life partners) and their fears of judgment. Their personal challenges include: financial and baby worries, the need for “me” time and student blues. Their coping manifest two themes: avoidant/emotion-focused coping and proactive/problem-focused coping, which include: budgeting, appease and communicate and acceptance. The results of this research will be made a basis for implementing a program for the deterrence of adolescence pregnancy and fatherhood.
105 IMPACT OF TEACHER-STUDENT INTERACTION ON STUDENT MOTIVATION AND ACHIEVEMENT , Fazal Rahman, Ijaz Ali, Maria Faiz, Samreen Bibi
Background: Students approximately spend six hours with teachers each day on average, for a hundred and eighty days during a year. Therefore, it originates as not at all amazement that academics have an unlimited quantity of influence on their students. This influence will meaningfully influence the educational surroundings, which in turn, impact on learner’s motivation and achievements. Aim of the study: The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of teacher-student interactions on student motivation and achievement. Methodology: Descriptive cross sectional correlation study method. Questionnaire on Teacher interaction and Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire was used to measure the variables. Random sampling technique was used in this study. Data was collected from faculty members and students of Lahore school of nursing, and Department of physiotherapy, University of Lahore. The sample size for this study was 217 in which 20 participants were faculty member and 197 participants were students. Results: This study was to analyze a statistically vital correlation between teacherstudent interactions and student motivation. Teachers take the time to make positive relationships then students ought to or are going to be able to develop the need for fulfillment. The strength or perception of positive teacher- student interaction ran parallel with student motivation.
106 MILIEU, ATTITUDE AND COGNITIVE ASPECTS OF STUDENT-CENTERED LEARNING IN NURSING EDUCATION: A CORRELATIONAL STUDY , Rachelle S. Garcia
Recently, student-centered learning has found its place in the Philippine nursing education yet there was very limited literature as to how Filipino learners take it. This article: (a) described the assessment of implementation of student-centered learning (SCL) in the B.S. Nursing (BSN) program and (b) determined the relationships of attitude, milieu and cognitive aspects of SCL. This correlational study underwent institutional review before a sample of 250 nursing students completed the 50-item 4-point Likert Questionnaire with Chronbach α 0.94. This study showed that Filipino nursing students assessed the implementation of both social and physical milieu as mostly acceptable. Furthermore, SCL was assessed as completely acceptable to be fittingly supportive of the nursing students’ self- directedness, inventive skills, reasoning skills and made them even more innovative, critical thinker, expressive, and collegial. They assessed the entire SCL experience as suitable and adaptive to the demands of real-life challenges. This study supported other study findings that SCL milieu, attitude and cognitive aspects are interrelated to each other. This may be suggestive that further enhancing the SCL milieu would correspondingly generate more desirable attitudes and cognitive attributes among nursing students. Full implementation of SCL may be recommended to other nursing schools.
107 A PROPOSED STRATEGY BASED ON BRAIN-BASED LEARNING AND ITS EFFECT ON ACHIEVEMENT AND TRANSFER ENGINEERING FOR SECOND-GRADERS MIDDLE SCHOOL STUDENTS IN MATHEMATICS , Dr. Sahar Jabbar Dawood Al-Yassri, Dr. Hassan Kamil Risen
The aim of the research is to know the use of a proposed strategy based on brain-based learning and its effect on achievement and conversion engineering for second-graders middle school students in mathematics. To achieve the goals of this research, the researchers adopted the experimental approach. Since the current search included a separate variable and two dependent variables, I used the experimental design with two groups (experimental and control). With the post-test, the experiment was applied to the second intermediate class students in (Al-Ma’ali Secondary School for Girls) / for the academic year 2018-2019, and the research sample consisted of (81) students who were randomly divided into two experimental groups consisting of (40) students, and they were studied according to strategy (Brain- based learning) and the control group, and it consisted of (41) students who studied according to the usual method. The two groups were rewarded in the variables (time age calculated by months and test of previous mathematical knowledge and previous achievement in mathematics). The experiment was applied in the second semester (second course) For the academic year (2018-2019), the research resulted in a statistically significant difference at the significance level (0.05) between the mean scores of the experimental group and the control group in the achievement test in favor of the grades of students of the experimental group, and there is a statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0.05) between Average score for the experimental group and the control group in the conversion engineering test in favor of the grades of the experimental group students.
108 UNDERSTANDING STUDENTS’ CONCEPTION ON CLASSROOM ASSESSMENT AND THEIR PERFORMANCE IN THE COURSE ASSESSMENT OF LEARNING: INFLUENCE TEACHING-LEARNING PEDAGOGY , Roldan C. Bangalan, Jocelyn B. Hipona
Background and Objective: Assessment is the process of gathering evidences of students’ performance over a period of time to determine learning and mastery of skills. It facilitates teachers in decision making about learning progress through systematic information gathering. Methods and Findings: This study made use of descriptive-correlational research design and forty-three third year college students taking up Bachelor of Elementary Education and Bachelor of Secondary Education enrolled in a university with a seal of center of excellence in education was selected to be part of the respondents. The findings of this study revealed that students mostly agreed that assessment made students accountable and improved the quality of teaching and learning. Conclusion: The students have different conceptions on assessment and that assessment is essential for effective and efficient teaching and learning to take place.
109 ISSUES AND CONCERNS OF THE ACADEMIC WELLBEING OF LESBIANS, GAYS, BISEXUALS AND TRANSGENDERS: A QUALITATIVE STUDY , Alma Trinidad Radaza Taragua
Background and Objective: Entering the academe is a challenging and stressful situation for all students especially to LGBTs. The academic wellbeing of students can be affected by several factors. Methods and Findings: This qualitative study explore the issues and concerns of the academic wellbeing of the LGBT students in the university. The target population are college students who are the generation Z and now at ages 18-23 years old. The researcher came up with two major experiences to delineate the students’ academic experiences Issues and concerns affecting academic wellbeing identified four (4) themes and nine sub-themes and respondents perceptions on how school authorities address their issues and concerns. Conclusion: There were issues and concerns identified pertaining to academic bullying. The types of bullying were more of the verbal assault, non-touching physical discrimination, and insensitivity of others.
110 A COMPARISON ON THE LEVEL OF SATISFACTION AND ITS RELATIONSHIP ON THE ACCEPTANCE TO THE UTILIZATION OF THE LEARNING MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS ON NURSING STUDENTS , Emy D. Delgado
Background and objective: The globalization of LMSs in HEI has created a plethora of studies on integration of information and communications technology. The utilization of LMS has become an epidemic. It spreads continuously throughout the nursing profession, especially in the undergraduate nursing programs. Methods and Findings: This study through purposive sampling included the undergraduate nursing students in three selected nursing schools who were enrolled between second semester and summer from 2018 to 2019 and were taking up nursing management courses. The nursing students, regardless of their year level, have a higher level of satisfaction in using the features of both CANVAS and MOODLE. Conclusion: Creating an effective LMS Utilization Model is essential to ensure that issues and challenges are completely addressed and LMSs are consistently utilized to be able to achieve a higher level of acceptance and satisfaction among nursing.
111 LEADERSHIP IN YOUNG FILIPINO CHILDREN SURVEY (LYFCS) , Juzy Laygo-Saguil
Background and Objective: Leadership development among young children has remain an abstract concept in traditional school setting, especially in the Early Childhood Education centers. Teachers are lacking a clear definition of who a child leader is. Research on the aspect of leadership focusing on Filipino children is scanty. In addition, little material is available to teachers’ perception on leadership among Filipino preschool children. There is no existing instrument focusing on leadership in young children in the Philippines. This study will explore the Early Childhood Education teachers’ perception on child leadership and the development of a survey instrument to validate the teachers’ child leadership recognition. Methods and Findings: Exploratory Sequential Mixed Methods Research (MMR) Design was selected in order to broadly explore and analyze the Kindergarten teachers’ perception on child leadership. Focus Group Discussion was first conducted with ten (10) private school teachers for the qualitative part of the study. The top five (5) leadership descriptors that emerged are : sought out by peers; responsible; empathetic; communicates well; and collaborative. The twenty-five (25) items of the Leadership in Young Filipino Children Survey (LYFCS)* was prepared according to the results obtained from the FGD, and was assessed using a Likert-type response format. Ninety-five (95) Child Development Center teachers, selected through purposive sampling technique, participated in the quantitative part. Conclusion: By using an exploratory sequential mixed methods research design to uncover the kindergarten teachers’ perception of leadership in young children, the tool Leadership in Young Filipino Children Survey (LYFCS)* was unveiled.
112 GOING THE DISTANCE: PERCEPTIONS OF TEACHERS IN OPEN AND DISTANCE CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT , Abel V. Alvarez, Jr., Dan Russell M. Ventura, Joan H. Opiniano
Background and Objective: The enactment of the Republic Act 10912 or Continuing Professional Development (CPD) Act of 2016 requires Filipino professionals to engage in lifelong learning practices by earning the required or minimum number of CPD units. However, issues such as affordability and accessibility to CPD seminar-workshops impede professionals to enroll and actively engage in professional development. As such, this paper aims to investigate the perceptions of secondary school professional teachers in a particular school in Manila, Philippines about the use of online and distance learning approaches in continuing professional development. Methods and Findings: Using a qualitative case study research design, the data were collected through employing semi-structured interviews with 10 purposively selected professional teachers. Four themes emerged in this study: efficiency, accessibility, contextualization, and social network. Interestingly, the findings outline that the online and distance learning approach catalyzes in providing an avenue for lifelong learning engagement. This reflects the notion of opening a new learning pathway for professionals to continue engaging in improving their field of practice by utilizing open and distance learning programs. Conclusion: Nonetheless, the results of this study can contribute to policymakers to rethink the way they plan, develop, and deliver CPD programs which will also address the existing and emergent issues, for instance, in complying CPD units in the Philippine context.
113 A STUDY ON ENVIRONMENTAL APPROACH TO TEACHING , Soumitra Ghosh, Dr. Nidhi Goel
Teacher education system is a very important vehicle to boost the standard of faculty education. The strengthening and revivification of the teacher education system, is thus, a robust means that for conveyance quality education within the country. Academics play a significant role within the improvement of the standard of education. Therefore, in any assessment of the tutorial system, it’s necessary to grasp whether or not there area unit enough academics, WHO don’t seem to be solely well qualified to show totally different subjects, however also are able to address the dynamic programme and growth in information.
114 HOW WILL MODERN TECHNOLOGIES CHANGE THE WAY OF TEACHING , Dr. Bhawna
Technology is gift of God. It is the mother of civilizations of arts and sciences. Technology has certainly changed the way we live. Undoubtedly, technology plays an important role in every sphere of life. Several manual tasks can be automated, thanks to technology. Also, many complex and critical processes can be carried out with ease and greater efficiency with the help of modern technology. Thanks to the application of technology, living has changed and it has changed for better. Technology has revolutionized the field of education. The importance of technology in school cannot be ignored. In fact, with the onset of computers in education; it has become easier for teachers to impart knowledge for students to acquire it. The use of technology has made the process of teaching and learning all more enjoyable.
115 A STUDY ON TEACHER EXPERTISE AND SCHOOLROOM PROCESSES , Tridip Mandal, Dr. Nidhi Goel
The increasing requests for responsibility and school change consistently challenge the jobs of school pioneers. Today, school initiative is never again assignment driven as such, yet genuinely convincing as feelings and change are interlinked at the smaller scale dimension of authoritative practices. The reasons for the investigation were to look at the dimensions of Principal Change Leadership; Teachers serve education that is an efficient instrument of man creating. The lecturers learn this art through pre-service and in-service teacher education programme. A weak programme of teacher education cannot serve this purpose. not like within the past once the teacher was entrusted with transferring the contents.
116 ELEMENTS OF POETRY: MAGNIFYING HUGOT LINES OF FILIPINO COLLEGE STUDENTS , Enna S. Bodoso
In the Philippines, social media burst with these popular lines, Hugot lines, especially among college students; hence, this study was conducted to find out the prevalent themes and elements of poetry in the selected Hiligaynon (a local dialect in the province of Negros Occidental) hugot lines of Literature 1 students of Carlos Hilado Memorial State College – Alijis Campus, Bacolod City, Negros Occidental, Philippines. One hundred (100) hugot lines were selected and encoded, and then were grouped according to themes. They were analysed using thematic and textual analyses. To determine the validity of themes and other elements of poetry, three inter raters were invited to give their feedback and suggestions. Elements of poetry such as rhyme, figures of speech, imagery and symbolism were also identified. Being inspired, frustrated and “bitter” are some of the mood prevalent on those hugot lines.
117 ROLE OF FEMINISM IN SHAPING INDIAN ENGLISH NOVEL , Dr. Sunita Chaudhary
Feminism has played a significant role in shaping the Indian - English novel. Since it came rather late in India, has spread its wings in all spheres of Indian-English Literature. Feminism is a voice of suppressed and downtrodden woman. The feelings of anxiety, aversion and boredom have been part of feminism. The present section aims at clarifying the concept of womanhood (feminism) as it emerges from the works of eminent Indian writers in English. A consistent picture of the changing social realities has been presented and it is still being tabled by the Indian-English novels. The writers who appeared in Indian-English literary scene are of great importance. They gave birth to a new era which held out for the Indian woman opportunities for a dynamic participation in social life. Indian-English novelists, especially women novelists have made themselves as a significant entity by making the novel itself an instrument of social reform. They have sociological and reformist motivation with their invariable theme that is woman.
118 WOMEN EMPOWERMENT THROUGH PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES , Dr. Narender Singh Siwach, Dr. Sunita Chaudhary
Indian women are still trying to establish their own identity. Even today in 21st Century, females in our country are not able to take stand for themselves. A society, which does not allow' a girl to do something simple as primary education, is unlikely to let her participate in sport without any hurdles. There are some problems faced daily by Indian girls like education (deprivation), sexual harassment, old fashioned customs, sponsorship problems, lack of good coaches, social morality etc. Regular participation in activities improves the wellness of women and a lot of other benefits. Our primary responsibility is to promote physical activity in girls especially in the Primary phase of schooling. We have provided better environment, involvement of parents, change attitude, better facilities, incentives and fair selection process to improve the participation of Indian women in physical activity. Motor activity does not develop the physical potency only but also mental and emotional capabilities of girls.
119 A RESEARCH ON IMPORTANCE OF ORGANIC WASTE MANAGEMENT IN EDUCATION , Poonam Batra, Dr. Bharat Ranjan
The current manufacturing administration generally doesn't bother about the urgency of environmental protection against monetary advantages. This assertion depicts an indifferent mentality environment, particular issues to ensure food security, and most importantly the production of the enormous amount of untreated waste. EU has been preparing certain rules and tools to curtail the volume of waste, particularly for organic ones to get treatment to attain optimal recycling and to bypass issues with respect to landfilling and incineration. Farming is an important factor to create organic wastes and has the capability to engulf other wastes from separate places. Agricultural management or treatment with the help of soil to produce plant could be beneficial for financial or ecological aspects and cater contribution to sustainable development. In that regard, it's important to consider the genre of soil protection and necessity of farming nutritional plants. It could provide sustainable management for crop remains. This technique is useful for Mediterranean soil type which has a low level of organic components. It's effective to reinforce the capability in terms of carbon dioxide fixation apart from elevating the fertility of the soil. In order to handle this systematically, future scholars need a multidimensional creation along with an experimental modification in the sphere of agricultural engineering. The connection between some of the fundamental topics in these types of subjects is (soil science, fertilizers management, plant production, animal husbandry, farm machinery) funding for future foundations and operation of a combined strategy for organic waste treatment. These are accepted as the features of separate topological cases. Those aspects must be integrated into the academic curriculum in Agricultural Engineering institutions. Aside range of reviews and surveys from experimental results of organic waste recycling with respect to farming will be demonstrated.
120 ANALYSIS OF MENTAL ABILITY IN CHESS BETWEEN LIVE GAME AND VIRTUAL GAME , Mohit Khanna, Dr. Amresh
Computer games are a pervasive piece of practically all kids’ and young people’s lives, with 97% playing for in any event one hour out of each day in the United States. Most by far of research by analysts on the impacts of “gaming” has been on its negative effect: the potential mischief identified with brutality, enslavement, and sadness. We perceive the estimation of that examination; in any case, we contend that a progressively adjusted point of view is required, one that considers the conceivable negative impacts as well as the advantages of playing these games. Considering these potential advantages is significant, partially, in light of the fact that the idea of these games has changed drastically in the most recent decade, getting progressively mind boggling, assorted, sensible, and social in nature. A little however huge group of research has started to rise, generally over the most recent five years, reporting these advantages. In this article, we condense the exploration on the constructive outcomes of playing computer games, concentrating on four principle areas: psychological, inspirational, passionate, and social. By incorporating bits of knowledge from formative, positive, and social brain science, just as media brain research, we propose some up-and-comer instruments by which playing computer games may cultivate genuine world psychosocial benefits. Our point is to give sufficient proof and a hypothetical reason to motivate new projects of research on the to a great extent unexplored emotional well-being advantages of gaming. At long last, we end with a call to mediation specialists and professionals to test the positive employments of computer games, and we recommend a few promising bearings for doing as such.
121 A STUDY OF ATTITUDE OF TEACHER EDUCATOR TOWARDS WRITING LESSON PLAN AND OBJECTIVE IN BEHAVIOUR TERM , Dr. Tabassum Nazim
The duties of a teacher demand from him actual classroom teaching. He has to teach daily one or more subjects to one or more classes in his school. But first we should be know that what is a lesson plan? A lesson plan is a teacher's detailed description of the course of instruction for one class. A daily lesson plan is developed by a teacher to guide class function. This article focus on the attitude of teacher educator related to writing lesson plan with the consideration of behavior.
122 CHILDREN WITH EMOTIONAL AND BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS IN SAUDI ARABIA: A TEACHER PRELIMINARY SCREENING , Hassan Maajeeny
Children with emotional and behavioral disorders, although a distinct category of children with special needs, are neither identified nor served in Saudi Arabia. The aim of this study was to extend previous efforts to estimate the prevalence of emotional and behavioral disorders among children in Saudi Arabia in order to evaluate the need for intervention services. In the current study, teachers of students aged 4-17 years in Saudi Arabia were surveyed using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire – Teacher version. The findings of the study suggest that students with emotional and behavioral disorders in Saudi Arabia may account for almost 25% of the population of school students between the ages of 4 and 17. The findings also revealed that teachers complained the most about behaviors that are related to conduct followed by problems with peer relationship.
123 ETHICS AND ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING OBJECTIVES , Appalal Attar
This paper talks about ethics in the field of teaching and learning process and English Language Teaching beyond its outdated objectives. Besides LSRW skills, sociability, politeness, self-respect, sympathy, honesty and so on, are also essential in conversation, communication and social life. A new and better world cannot be created if these things are ignored in either a speech or a piece of writing. Creating a new better world should be everyone’s objective or motive. Consequently, it is the objective of English language teachers also. His role comprises the imbibing human morals in student community. The purpose of this paper is to show that human values are sheathed in the objectives of English language teaching. In order to attain the above purpose, the Dialectical Materialistic method is used. This method supports us study and examine the objectives of English language teaching in the light of rationalism and humanism. This method is valuable being used by Karl Marx.
124 COMMUNICATION STYLES AND MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES TOWARD DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION , Vanessa Joy Z. Judith
This study determined the Communication Styles and the dominant Multiple Intelligence of Education students of educational services of Carlos Hilado Memorial State College for Academic Year 2017 -2018.Specifically when taken as a whole and grouped according to year level and sex, difference in the communication styles when grouped according to year, sex and Multiple Intelligences and relationship between type communication styles and multiple intelligences. The participants of this study were the second year to fourth students in the College of Education for Academic Year 2017- 2018.The Communication Styles and Multiple Intelligences Descriptive Questionnaires were utilized. Means, Standard Deviation, One- Way ANOVA and Pearsons’ r were used. The study revealed that:(1) The dominant communication styles of the College of Education students when taken as a whole and grouped according to year level and was Pragmatist, (2) the dominant multiple intelligence possessed by the College of Education students when taken as a whole was Interpersonal. According to year level, second year was interpersonal, third year was logical, and fourth year was intrapersonal. As to sex, both male and female possessed intrapersonal intelligence, (3)no significant difference that exists between communication styles and personal variables, and (4)No significant difference that exists between multiple intelligences and personal variables.
125 THE INFLUENCE OF MEDIA IN CHILDREN’S LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT , Dr. Salwa Saeed Al-Harbi
Along with the rise of child-targeted programming became the belief that TV would be a very effective educational tool that could subconsciously or at a subliminal level feed information to the young mind and, with that, vocabulary growth would occur. Much programming was created that dealt with the direct educating of children that tried to create a way of communication with the child as a target. The paper discusses the influence of TV in children’s language development. It investigates the notion that children’s educational TV programs may result in vocabulary learning. It stresses the values of these educational programs, but also emphasizes that TV and other screen media have become a reality of life, and it is wise to utilize them only as a supportive tool for educating children. The interactions of parents co-viewing such programs with their children are necessary to optimize the child’s language learning from TV programs that target children. The paper concludes with the implications of the current research as well as suggestions for further research
126 LANGUAGE REMEDIATION ACROSS TEACHERS’ ORIENTATION IN LANGUAGE DISFLUENCIES , Evelyn C. Bandoy, Mick Mars P. Silvano
Results revealed that the remediating language teachers are moderately aware about language disorders and disfluencies. After the teachers received the orientation, all the indicators had an “extremely aware” adjectival rating. There was a significant increase in the evaluation scores of teacher-respondents before and after the orientation was given. Furthermore, there is a significant difference between the teachers’ level of awareness before and after the orientation. It is evident that the mean scores of students increased by just 0.05. Before the teachers received the orientation, students’ test scores got a mean of 27.07 and 27.12 thereafter. There was no significant difference in the pretest and posttest scores of the student-respondents. There was also no significant positive relationship between the teachers’ level of awareness on language disfluencies and the students academic performance measured in scores, r(38) =.23,p>.15 before the orientation was given to remedial teachers. Before the orientation, the correlation between the teachers’ level of awareness and the students’ level of performance had a small strength of association (r=-0.23). This further means that when teachers’ level of awareness increases, the students’ level of performance decreases and vice versa. After the orientation, it had a large strength of association (r=0.88). This further means that when the teachers’ level of awareness increases, the students’ level of performance also increases and vice versa.
127 ARGUMENT FOR TENURE IN THE AMERICAN HIGHER EDUCATION , Dr. Majed S Allehaibi
The article presents the arguments concerning tenure in academic institutions. Proponents of tenure argue that it protects professors from social sanctions, such as criticism by political or religious powers outside campus that may disagree with the professor’s research findings and thus might pressure the institution to fire him or her. Opponents of tenure argue that the security that comes with tenure allows professors to become incompetent and slothful. After assessing the advantages and disadvantages of tenure, this article concludes that tenure could be an incentive attracting competent faculty members and allowing them to embark on long-term, risky research projects.
128 INNOVATION IN INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES & DESIGN , Dr. Surinder Sangwan
In this themed issue, “Innovation in Instructional Strategies & Design,” the author hope to show the types of innovation in instructional strategy as well as methodologies to study impact of innovation continue to show variety and ingenuity. In this article, the author tried to explain (a) need of innovation (b) summarize the definitions extent in the literature (c) briefly describe several taxonomies for innovation (d) various innovative instructional strategies (e) discuss the implications for teacher for instructional strategies and design. In teacher education, research and practice. The challenge is available to all the learners in all venues of education to assess their practices according to a defensible rubric that will determine its innovativeness. This article is to make us aware as teachers to use the different innovative instructional strategy (IS) for teaching, enhancing and enriching the quality of higher education system.
129 RESEARCH ON ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION – A META ANALYSIS , Aashka Tyagi, Ayushi Tyagi, Shobha Kashyap, Vandita
Despite the wealth of information which exists concerning environmental behavior, it is not known which variable or variables appear to be most influential in motivating individuals to take responsible environmental action. A meta-analysis of environmental behavior research was undertaken in an attempt to determine in this research. This study discuss that exhaustive search of the empirically based environmental behavior research conducted over the past decade yielded a substantial number of studies representative of a broad academic base. The characteristics and findings of these studies served as the data for the meta-analysis. As a result of the meta-analysis, the following variables were found to be associated with responsible environmental behavior: knowledge of issues, knowledge of action strategies, locus of control, attitudes, verbal commitment, and an individual's sense of responsibility. A model of predictors of environmental behavior is proposed.
130 ASSESSING INNOVATION IN TEACHER EDUCATION , Ankit Goel, Ekansh Agarwal
In this themed issue, “Assessing Innovation in Teacher Education,” the authors hope to show that the types of innovation in teacher education as well as methodologies to study impact of innovation continue to show variety and ingenuity. In this article, the authors (a) need of innovation (b) summarize the definitions extant in the literature, (c) briefly describe several taxonomies for innovation, (d) discuss the implications for teacher education research and practice.
131 TEACHER EDUCATION – NEW INNOVATION IN TEACHING , Dr Meenakshi Sangwan
Education plays a very vital role in a life. Today the world is changing so we have change the pattern of education also pattern. Old method of education is out off use now cramming the fact in child’s mind is having no use so we have to search methods which can be develop with the help of technology which can give student maximum understanding of subjects. It is important to change the teaching methods of education. Teacher faces a lot of problem to interaction because of the old techniques in education. This articles discuss that the today’s need to reinvention and new idea that make teaching methods more effective should be implemented.
132 HIGHER EDUCATION IN PROSPECTIVE OF QUALITY , Dr Puneet Kumar, Sugam Mishra
With the dawn of globalisation there is a need to change the very approach towards higher education. Education must be viewed as a tool for the holistic development of an individual. Under changing scenario, quality is essentially required in higher education to respond effectively to the challenges posed by globalisation. Now today, it is well established fact that higher education provides the competencies that are required in different spheres of human activity. In the academic world quality assessment has traditionally assumed two apparently contradictory objectives: quality improvement and accountability. Without ensuring quality in higher education, the task of making India a knowledge society shall remain a distant dream. So, by providing an appropriate platform to all the stakeholders in education so that they come out with innovative and novel solutions to the problems plaguing quality education in India. This paper will describe about importance and developing quality in higher education system.
133 A STUDY ON YOGA FOR HEALTHY LIFESTYLE , Anita Dangwal, Dr. Sukhbir
This paper recommends yog instructing will transform one to endure extra extreme exercise stack. Distinctive staff has discovered that yog instructing produces a major change in manual aptitude scores and engine speed. Yogi’s zone unit equipped for outstanding accomplishments of continuance. “Way of life”, in clear terms, might be a cutting edge use to hint anyway one is defrayment time and additionally the conduct and demeanors. This can be including the point of life as stunning by an individual. To a great extent the point of life is limited by the station of life, i.e. understudy, business and winning, family life and retirement. Today, an understudy needs to actuate savvy grades and in this manner centers around the imprints/grades. Notwithstanding, discovering is arranged towards that objective and prominently to put one at the section of business.
134 STUDY ON VOCATIONAL TEACHER TRAINING IN EDUCATION , Dr. Seema Sharma
The present paper explains about vocational teacher training and its importance. The objective of this note is to assess and describe the need for introducing Vocational education at higher and tertiary levels and for establishing a Vocational University. The note also summarizes the present Indian and International Vocational Education scenario and its problems.
135 INCLUSIVE EDUCATION AND ITS APPLICATION , Priyanka Rani
Inclusive education means to provide the education to all children with any disability without making any discrimination through the medium of high networking. This is based on the philosophy of equal opportunity. All students have equal opportunity to get education. It is also about developing and designing of classrooms, programs and many activities. With the help of these all students enjoys learning and participate together. Inclusive education tries to bring all students in one classroom. It helps the education system strengthening to reach all students. There are many practices to boost the inclusive education like collaborative instruction, co-operative learning, peer tutoring, self-regulated learning, team teaching, coteaching, circle of friends, parents involvement, E-learning, web-based learning . The scholar wants to draw attention towards the inclusive education and its practices.
136 PEDAGOGY OF INCLUSION , Dr. Supreet Kaur
Education is one of the significant factors instrumental to the development of a country. Inclusive Education is a new approach towards educating the children with disability and learning difficulties with that of normal ones within the same roof. It brings all students together in one classroom and community, regardless of their strengths or weaknesses in any area, and seeks to maximize the potential of all students. This paper aims to focus on that pedagogy is pivotal for sustaining an inclusive teaching and learning environment.
137 INCLUSIVE EDUCATION IS THE NEED OF THE HOUR –WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO RIGHT OF CHILDREN TO FREE AND COMPULSORY EDUCATION ACT 2009 AND NATIONAL CURRICULUM FRAMEWORK – 2005 , Dr. Sangeeta Solanki
With the enforcement of the Right for Children to Free and Compulsory education act 2009, education becomes a fundamental right for all children in the age group of 6 to 14 year. The values of equality, social justice , democracy and the creation of a just and human society can be – achieved only through provision of INCLUSIVE-EDUCATION for all. The increase in the access and enrollment rates shows substantial progress in respect of achieving the education for all goals. However, still the aspects of equality and quality in education remains unaccomplished due to the debatable quality of teaching- learning processes and learning outcomes etc. This paper will highlight the significance of inclusive education with special reference to RTE 2009 and NCF 2005.
138 DIGITALIZATION OF EDUCATION THROUGH UNDERSTANDING OF ICT , Surishma Singh, Adnan Nasir
The focus of the central government needs to be now on encouraging states to take steps for improvements in quality of education. It is in this context, that steps are being undertaken to create a single scheme for school education by merging the different Centrally Sponsored Schemes with the broader goal of improving school effectiveness like that of Operation Black Board, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Rashtriye Madhyamic Shiksha Abhiyan, etc. This sector-wide development programme / scheme with various digitalization method would envisage one comprehensive strategic plan for development of the school education.
139 A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE OF BOYS AND GIRLS OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL , Dr. Rachna Tyagi
In the heyday of the psychometric it was generally believed that intelligence was a single entity that was inherited, and that human beings initially a blank slate could be trained to learn anything, provided that it was presented in an appropriate was. Now-days an increasing number of researchers believe precisely the opposite; that there exists a multitude of intelligences, quite independent of each other; that each intelligence has its own strengths and constraints; that the mind is far from concern birth of nation; and that it is unexpectedly difficult to teach things that go against early nine theories of that challenge the natural lines of force within an intelligence and its matching domains
140 QUEST FOR HARMONY IN THE NOVELS OF KAMALA MARKANDYA , Dr. Sunita Chaudhary
Indian novelists in English have either glorified and idealized their woman or have exposed their pathetic and pitiable plight. In the novels dealing with east-west encounters, they project the best of their cultural heritage, the quintessence of their Country's transcendental traditional values, embodies in back drop, they are Damini armed with indomitable courage and unflinching determination. Women are often found trapped in a myth of the wife and mother or the animal: May be she had been an animal, only a nice obedient, domestic one, sitting on a cushion, doing as she was told. And in return she had been fed and sheltered. Kamla Purnaiya Taylor, who often writes under the pen name Kamala Markandaya, was born in Bar 1924. Her family was Brahmin, the highest caste in Hindu society. She was educated at the University of Madras, India and worked briefly for a weekly newspaper before emigrating to England in 1948. There is a husband with whom she lived today in London. They have one daughter. Markandaya has made England her home, but than also she has made many visits to prolific writer and has published fill today ten novels: Nectar in Sieve, 1954, Some Inner Fury (1955), A Silence of Desire (1960), Possession (1963). A Handful of Rice (1966), The Coffer Dames (1969), The Nowhere Man 1972, Two Virgins (1973), Golden Honey Comb (1977) and Pleasure City (1987). She has written short stories and other miscellaneous articles also that have apparel in magazines and journals. He concern are largely sociology, her novels, therefore explore the issues regarding human relationship in term of the part played by the social, economic and political forces
141 A STUDY ON TEACHING MAJOR PROGRAM WORK WITH ESSENTIAL DEGREE , Alka Singh, Dr. Nidhi Agarwal
In education, the term skilled development could also be employed in regard to a good kind of specialized coaching, formal education, or advanced skilled learning supposed to assist directors, teachers, and alternative educators improve their skilled information, competence, skill, and effectiveness. Once the term is employed in education contexts while not qualification, specific examples, or extra rationalization, however, it should be tough to work out exactly what “professional development” is touching on. This paper describes about the study on teaching major program work related to essential degree.
142 ROLE OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGISTS IN MENTAL HEALTH OF STUDENTS , Poonam Batra, Dr. Bharat Ranjan
Mental health has become an integral part of all organizations especially schools and this was proven with the proper evaluation of schoolbased psychology intervention by Educational psychologists that is happening in the schools of Israel in order to enhance the mental health of not only the students but also the educational staff. The results of the intervention by Educational psychologists proved that there was a decrease in the general anxiety, distress and depression symptoms among the participants that came from the schools that laid emphasis on mental health. Thus, it would be appropriate to say that a student who studies in a school that practices intervention by Educational psychologists helps in dealing with their mental health in a better manner.
143 HISTORIOGRAPHY OF PROVINCIAL ADMINISTRATION OF THE MUGHAL EMPIRE , Amar Nath Mishra, Dr. Rajeev Jain
With the other historiographies it is evident that, useful conceptual innovation notwithstanding, the vantage-point taken by maritime historians precludes an examination of the pattern of overland and maritime trade between the subcontinent and her neighbours. A perspective or vantage-point rooted on the sub-continent itself is needed; the next sub-section examines the debate about one element of sub-continental trade relations after 1498 which provides the steppingstone to such an investigation.
144 DIGITAL LITERACY COMPETENCIES IN THE 21st CENTURY , Dr. Pramod Mishra, Pradeep Kumar Sharma
With the advancement in science and technology in the last decade people of the world are now connected through technology. Literacy means being able to read and write. Digital literacy involves digital reading and writing techniques in various multimedia forms. It can include words, texts, visual displays, motion pictures, graphics, audio and video. Digital literacy shares refers to the reading and writing of digital texts, for example being able to ‘read’ a website by navigating through hyperlinks and ‘writing’ by uploading digital photos to a social networking site. Digital Literacy refers to the interest, attitude and ability of individuals to appropriately use digital technology and communication tools to access, manage, integrate, analyze and evaluate information, construct new knowledge, create and communicate with other. It also refers to the knowledge, skills, and behaviors used in a broad range of digital devices such as smartphones, tablets, laptops and desktop PCs. The JISC Developing digital literacy guide has mentioned about seven types of digital literacy: media literacy, information literacy, digital scholarship, learning skills, communication and collaboration, career and identity management and ICT literacy. In a remarkably short span of time, the world and its people and cultures are largely driven by the Internet, smart phones, computers. Some components which are related to digital literacy include computer literacy, network literacy, media literacy, network literacy, scientific literacy. The paper focuses on the digital literacy competencies in the 21st century.
145 A STUDY ON DIGITALIZATION OF EDUCATION THROUGH UNDERSTANDING ICT  , Dr. Bhawna
It is years together, we are getting educated dayby-day. The process of just seating in classroom and learning will have extremity. There are several mediums & resource of education. In modern days, diversifying technology is at the top. The digitization is the exact solution for simplicity of arranging methods .Great things are promised by technology with it also to transform how people collaborate and communicate with each other. Research for years on classrooms technology, its adoption into the particular field seems to be very little. A modern classroom is basically Information and Communication Technology based Classroom. This aims at converting traditional classrooms into interactive sessions by combining best hardware with syllabus-complaint, multimedia content. Education sector shall have drastic change. In many colleges computers will be heavily used by teachers and students. This article explores this theme and discusses how a digital classroom is basically an ICT based classroom solution, helping convert traditional classrooms into interactive sessions.
146 INTEGRATING ICT IN CLASSROOMS: DELIMITING PRIVATE TUTORING , Manpreet Kaur
ICT when implemented into the classroom teaching adds enormous value to the quality of teaching, making it a holistic learning experience for the students. It makes education students–centered, visual, time-saving & motivates the young minds to make creative assignments. The effective incorporation of ICT in schools & other educational institutes will once again win the concerned parents who are sending their children in private tuitions after having lost their faith in the school education.
147 ROLE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN QUALITY ENHANCEMENT OF HIGHER EDUCATION , Saima Khanam
The main focus of this paper is to examine the role of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in enhancing the quality of higher education in India. ICT had been emerged as a powerful tool for smooth diffusion of knowledge and information among learners and changed the view of learning from teacher centered to student centered, thereby providing them with more effective ways of learning. While we glorify the role of ICT in enhancing higher education system, we also need to assess the difficulties, challenges and problems in its implementation, especially in India. The present paper examines certain important issues related to the implementation of ICT in higher education in India and provide valuable suggestions that would help in the effective implementation of ICT, thereby improving the quality of higher education.
148 E-LEARNING: AN INNOVATIVE TECHNIQUE IN EDUCATION , Dr. Ram Mehar
The prospect of new India is changing rapidly as there is endless use of IT in every business and in every public service. IT upheaval of the country empowered India to become a service economy. India has a favourable demographic payback. But this dividend would turn into a catastrophe if it doesn’t find a way out to enlighten and make her youth skilful. Acknowledging this and also fulfilling the statutory commitment, RTE was made a fundamental right and education schemes like SSA, RMSA etc. were instigated. But still India grapples with the problems of low literacy rates, lack of good quality teachers and hence hampers the way to procure the benefits of our demographic dividend. To revamp the course of educational set up and to reform the shortcomings in the way of an efficient educational system, E-learning has been promoted as the next break through. E-learning is the learning utilizing electronic technologies to access educational curriculum outside of a traditional classroom. The present paper attempts to discuss the meaning of E-learning, its position in India and the benefits it can provide to the educational system.
149 THE ROLE OF ICT IN HIGHER EDUCATION FOR THE 21ST CENTURY: ICT AS A CHANGE AGENT FOR EDUCATION , Sonia Tyagi
Using Information and communication Technology (ICT) in Education can significantly contribute to a good quality of education and its effectiveness. ICT is the mode of education that use information and communications technology to support, enhance, and optimise the delivery of information. ICT has become an integral part of today’s teaching learning process. Effective use of technology can motivate students, make our classes more dynamic and interesting and renew teacher enthusiasm as they learn new skills and techniques. Worldwide research has shown that ICT can lead to an improved student learning and better teaching methods. A report made by the National Institute of Multimedia Education in Japan, proved that an increase in the use of ICT in education with integrating technology to the curriculum has a significant and positive impact on students’ achievements.
150 ADJUSTMENT PROBLEMS FACED BY CHILDREN WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES REFERENCE TO INCLUSIVE EDUCATION , Ramesh Kumar Awasthi
This study unconcealed that adolescents within the multiple reading and mathematics disabilities classes and mathematics incapacity solely class showed considerably a lot of impairment on depression and immature behavior measures than adolescents with reading incapacity solely or adolescents with typical action. The other study has provided proof for higher levels of emotional issues, furthermore as behavioral difficulties and a spotlight issues, among children with dyslexia cases.
151 THE FRAGRANCE OF GENDER EQUALITY IN ISLAM , Rahila Bano
It is about gender equality and women rights in Islam. The focus of this paper is to identify how the Islam religion has dealt with gender equality and women’s right.
152 A STUDY ON WOMEN’S LIBERATION IN ARUNDHATHI ROY’S “THE GOD OF SMALL THINGS” , Pratibha Rao, Prof. (Dr.) Kul Bhushan
Arundhati Roy's The God of Small Things is a cruel attack on the casteism and male shut leaning portion of the Indian culture wherein men overpower women, the high society cover the persecuted with hostile silliness, and moreover the people who plunder others for improvement and progress. The epic also revealed political pietism as found in the microcosm of Ayemenem. Ayemenem, a little town in Kerala, transforms into a smaller than usual galactic world, a stage for the approval of social camouflage where women and untouchables are viciously abused and misdirected.