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SCHOLARLY RECSEARCH JOURNAL FOR INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES

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1 THE STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF TASK BASED LEARNING (TBL) APPROACH., Tonia Grace Ganta
Task based l anguage learning approach aimed at developing the cognitive as well as the communicative skills of language learners and so the language teachers, researchers, textbook writers and course designers welcomed the approach as cognitive skills play a vital rol e in todays competitive environment. In order to cater to the demand of the day the text book publishers started labelling text books as task based. Syllabus designers started claiming that their syllabus is based on task based learning, though some of th em are not aware of the difference between task - supported learning and task based learning. The present paper seeks to study and present the strengths and weaknesses of Task based learning approach. The factors that contributed to the task based revolutio n and the different types of tasks that are used in a language classroom are also discussed.
2 A STUDY OF HEMISPHERIC DOMINANCE AND MATHEMATICS ACHIEVEMENT OF Xth STANDARD STUDENTS OF AURANGABAD CITY, Syeda Humera
Present research Aims to study Hemispheric Dominance and Mathematics Achievement of X th Standard Students of Aurangabad City. The sample of the study was selected by Stratified Random Sampling method which includes 150 X th std students of Aurangabad City .Tool used for the research was SOLAT (Styles of Learning and Thinking) developed by Dr.Venkataraman. For Maths achievement scores of SSC exam were considered. Research finding reveals that majority of the students have right hemispheric dominant style of learning and thinking. No Significant difference was foun d between Mathematics achievement of students with respect to different hemispheric dominant style of learning and thinking. No Significant difference was found between Mathematics achievement of Girls and Boys.
3 SECURE PACKETS IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS BASED ON FREQUENCY - SELECTIVE CHANNELS, J.THIRUMARAN & S. RAJA
W ireless sensor network faces several unique challenges. The scale, resource limitations, and new threats such as node capture suggest the use of in - network key generation. The wireless channel itself can be used t o generate information theoretic secure keys. By exchanging sampling messages during device movement, a bit string is derived known only to the two involved entities. Yet, movement is not the only option to generate randomness: the channel response strongl y depends on the signal frequency as well. In this work, we introduce a key generation protocol based on the frequency - selectivity of multipath fading channels. We discuss in this paper how to secure packets in wireless networks.
4 A STUDY OF HEMISPHERIC DOMINANCE AND MATHEMATICS ACHIEVEMENT OF Xth STANDARD STUDENTS OF AURANGABAD CITY, Syeda Humera
Present research Aims to study Hemispheric Dominance and Mathematics Achievement of X th Standard Students of Aurangabad City. The sample of the study was selected by Stratified Random Sampling method which includes 150 X th std students of Aurangabad City .Tool used for the research was SOLAT (Styles of Learning and Thinking) developed by Dr.Venkataraman. For Maths achievement scores of SSC exam were considered. Research finding reveals that majority of the students have right hemispheric dominant style of learning and thinking. No Significant difference was foun d between Mathematics achievement of students with respect to different hemispheric dominant style of learning and thinking. No Significant difference was found between Mathematics achievement of Girls and Boys.
5 STATUS OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION PROGRAMME IN DEGREE COLLEGES IN ODISHA: A STUDY, Bimal Charan Swain, Dillip Kumar Pradhan and Dhaneswar Palei
The present investigation aims at studying the status of physical education programme in degree colleges in Odisha. A sample of 50 Physical Education Teachers and 300 students of 50 degree colleges affiliated to 5 universities of Odisha participated in the study. The study revealed that six different indoor games were organized in colleges which include badminton, carom, chess, table tennis, tenikoit and yoga. Under outdoor games ten games were organized such as athletic, archery, basket ball, cricke t, foot ball, hockey, kabadi, khokho , lawn tennis and volley ball. Five different criteria were followed by the i nstitutes for the organization of Physical education activities such as physical facilities available, interest of the students, availability o f time, availability of person to provide instruction and need of the time. Physical Education Teachers and Officers - in - C harge of games and sports organized p hysical education activities in college s . Fee for physical education were collected from students. There was provision of incentives for students for their participation in physical education in all the institutions. In almost all the colleges internal evaluation was conducted to know the performance of students in physical edu cation. Students of the c olleges participated in physical education activities at different levels such as inter - college level , district levels university level and state level. None of the colleges subscribed any journal of physical education to their institutions .
6 MICROTEACHING, AN EFFICIENT TECHNIQUE FOR LEARNING EFFECTIVE TEACHING, Chaman Lal Banga
Teachers are an extremely important facet of any so ciety for a multitude of reasons. Teachers are the people who educate the youth of society who in turn become the leaders of the next generation of people. Teachers are the people who are teaching children and imparting knowledge upon them in their most im pressionable years, what these kids learn from their teachers at a young age will most likely stay with them in some facet for the rest of their lives. So, teachers certainly have a significant mark on the development of young children and even older child ren alike, as they are teaching them and helping them develop their knowledge so that they can go on in life and be responsible and productive members of society. Microteaching is a teacher training technique for learning teaching skills. It employs real t eaching situation for developing skills and helps to get deeper knowledge regarding the art of teaching. Microteaching can be practiced with a very small lesson or a single concept and a less number of students. It scales down the complexities of real teac hing, as immediate feedback can be sought after each practice session. Knowledge acquisition, skill acquisition, and transfer are the three different phases of microteaching. Describes the various phases of microteaching. Knowledge acquisition phase is the preparatory, pre - active phase, in which the teacher gets trained on the skills and components of teaching through lectures, discussion, illustration, and demonstration of the skill by the experts. In the interactive, skill acquisition phase, the teacher p lans a micro - lesson for practicing the demonstrated skills. This paper highlights on microteaching as an efficient technique for learning effective teaching.
7 A STUDY OF ADJUSTMENT PATTERN OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS OF SUNDERBANI TEHSIL OF DISTT RAJOURI (J&K), MOHD. ZUBAIR KALES
Jammu And Kashmir State is full of beautiful surrounding. The state is famous for its scenic beauty and unique culture. But at the same time the state is surrounded with some inter - national border and the people living in border areas come across with varied socio - cultural as well as academic complex ities leading to some adjustment problems. It is generally observed that the people living in the border areas are better prepared to face any problematic situation of life related to adjustment. Various studies conducted on characteristics of people livin g in border areas have shown that the population living in border area is significantly better in life managing skills and other desirable abilities to enjoy successful life.
8 A STUDY OF THE STATUS OF THE STUDENTS RESIDING IN THE GOVERNMENT HOSTEL IN KORBA DISTRICT, S. Kispotta and Mr. Kalpana Kanwar
The authors intend to convey the message to the readers through this paper that the students residing in the hostel for their studies, have a very poor economical background, hailing from remote areas/villages. The government through this scheme has taken up a very positive step to improve the c ondition of these students. The pilot result of the study has been depicted in this research paper.
9 INTELLECTUAL INERTIA: FRIEND AND FOE FOR AN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION TO GROW, Vijay Kumar Grover
The paper attempts to conceptualize and analyze the concept of intellectual inertia due to absence of a genuine definition. The term is less prevalent in education literature, rather crystalizing through internet based discussions, but of significant value. Intellectual inertia is an analogy of a physics entity known as inertia of matter. In tellectual inertia can be individual as well as collective in nature. In an educational institution both individual as well as collective intellectual inertia operate. Like inertia of matter intellectual inertia is also a neutral entity which can be work f or and against an educational institution. Paper elaborates when intellectual inertia can be used as a friend and avoided to become foe for an institution. Finally possible approaches to use intellectual inertia in favor of an educational institution are elaborated followed by tools could be used in these strategies. Paper is a thought provoking effort to theorize the effectiveness of an educational institution by capturing the minds in terms of intellectual inertia.
10 SCOPE OF ECO - TOURISM IN KERALA A GEOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS, Haider - e - Karrar
Kerala, a western coastal state is located on the southernmost tip of India. It stretches from no rth to south along the coastline of 580 km with a width of 35 to 120 kms. It lies between 74* 51` E to 72* 22` E Longitudes and 8*18` N to 12*48` N Latitudes. It covers an area of 38863 sq km which is about 1.18% of the total area of India. In Kerala, 28.9 0% land area is covered with forest which is about 2.3% of national average forest cover. Its natural beauty and exquisite landscape which attract the tourist of India and abroad. Landscape is covered with coconut palms, paddy fields, banana plantation, te a plantation are looking like green blanket and pleasing atmosphere throughout the year provides best sites for the ecotourism i.e. Thenmala, Bhoothan Kettu, Peruvannamoozhy, Thekkady, Nelliampathy, Konni, Kumbalangi, Kuruva, Thatikkad, Poovar, etc.
11 CONSTRUCTIVISM IN BIOLOGY INSTRUCTION, Shubneet Sidhu
There are many learning theories which we study under Educational Psychology. Constructi vism is one of them which focus on developing the learners knowledge by constructing the world around them through experience, observation, documentation, analysis and reflection. In the classrooms of today, learners are no longer passive recipients nor a re the teachers givers of information, knowledge and wisdom. According to constructivist perspective, the teaching or the learning of biology is not the search for the ultimate truth. So, the process of learning biology involves active construction of kn owledge by children, and then the classroom environment must call for more synergies rather than mere individual participation. The teachers need to develop the ability to work with children creatively to generate new ideas, new theories, new products and new knowledge.
12 WORLD - CLASS EDUCATION IN SCHOOLS, Kalpana J. Modi
If we check the assessment criteria in ou r academic institutions, we will find that getting published in foreign journals is given greater weight. The same is true for work experience gained abroad. Foreign collaborations are actively sought in India. Those who have published in foreign journals or those who have foreign degrees are supposed to be superior. Academic institutions advertise their joint programmes with institutions based in western countries. People with MBA degrees from some select institutions abroad get better salaries in Indian c ompanies. Indian scientists work all their life for getting recognition abroad. India should be able to generate its own world - class academics and researches. These people will be an inspiration to the future generation. This can happen only with improveme nt in School Education.
13 SOCIO - GEOGRAPHICAL PHENOMENA OF WOMENS LITERACY IN INDIA, Prakash Vir Singh
The Indian government has expressed a strong commitment towards education for all; however, India s till has one of the lowest female literacy rates in Asia. In 1991, less than 40 percent of the 330 million women aged 7 and over were literate, which means today there are over 200 million illiterate women in India. This low level of literacy not only has a negative impact on womens lives but also on their families lives and on their countrys economic development. Numerous studies show that illiterate women have high levels of fertility and mortality, poor nutritional status, low earning potential, and l ittle autonomy within the household. A womans lack of education also has a negative impact on the health and well being of her children. For instance, a recent survey in India found that infant mortality was inversely related to mothers educational level . Additionally, the lack of an educated population can be an impediment to the countrys economic development. The present research paper is focusing towards the same.
14 INTERACTION EFFECT OF SEX, ACHIEVEMENT - MOTIVATION, AND EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE ON SPIRITUAL INTELLIGENCE OF PUPIL - TEACHERS, Prem Shankar Srivastava
The present study has bee n carried out to assess the interaction effect of sex, achievement - motivation and emotional intelligence on spiritual intelligence on a sample of 100 pupil - teachers both male (44) and female (56) by applying a (2x2x2) three ways factorial design. The data has been collected with the help of Spiritual Intelligence Self - Report Inventory (King, 2008), Achievement - Motivation Test (Rao, 1974) and Emotional Intelligence Scale (Kumar, 2004). It has been revealed that the main effects of achievement - motivation, and emotional intelligence as well as first order interaction namely sex, and achievement - motivation are found to be significant whereas the main effect of sex as well as the various interactions such as first order except (sex x achievement - motivation) and second order interactions are found to be non - significant. However, the present study suggests about educational implication for the community.
15 IMPACT OF JOB SATIFACTION ON EMPLOYEES PERFORMANCE, Indu gupta
The statement a happy worker is a productive worker stir up inquisitiveness, who is a happy worker? There is only one answer t hat happy worker is a worker who is satisfied with the job. If the employees are satisfied with their jobs, they will be definitely more sincere and dedicated to their work accomplishment. This study tries to indicate the need and importance of employees job satisfaction in improving their performance. This study will also unearth the various prevailing and latent constraints pertaining to job satisfaction among the workers and will also explore the measures to be followed by the human resource administrat ion of the organization to enhance the employees satisfaction with their job.
16 NONLINEAR GAS DYNAMIC WAVES: SOME REAL WORLD APPLICATIONS, Mrs. Amitha Rao
The theory of nonlinear gas dynamic waves or shock waves plays a vital role in the understanding the most of mathematical, biological, and engineering sciences. The solutions of governing non linear partial differential equations (PDEs) of shock waves are used to study the flow field of various nonlinear p henomena, f or e x a mpl e , sup er son i c f lows, e x plosions, ear thqu a k e s, piston motion, s u r fac e of a st a r , e tc. While consi d era b le p r o g re ss h a s b ee n m a de in the shock wave re s ea r c h on traditional a ppli ca tions like aerospace engineering, the research in multi disc iplinary applications such as a g r i c ultu r e, industry a nd medical s c i e n c e s is relatively new and still needs to be done. This paper highlights some interdisciplinary applications of shock wave technology in medical, industry and agricultural areas.
17 EFFECTS OF YOGA COMBINED WITH PSYCHOLOGICAL INTERVENTION ON PERSONALITY AMONG SCHOOL BOYS, Sendhil, V. and Kannappan, R.
Personality traits are long lasting personal characteristics that influence the ones perception and thoughts and guide actions under various conditions. The present study a imed to investigate the effect of yoga with psychological intervention on personality of students in the age group of 11 to 13 years. For the purpose of investigation 120 students from 6th, 7th and 8th standards from two different schools were randomly ass igned into experimental group (n - 60) and control group (n - 60). In the Pre - post control design, the experimental group was exposed to yoga with psychological intervention to improve their personality traits. The control group was not exposed to the training for the entire period. The teachers rated the School Behavior Checklist for the children (SCHOBL) at before, after and follow up assessments of both groups, besides collecting socio demographic variables. The intervention focused on enhancing their person ality traits such as extraversion, attitude towards school work, agreeableness, emotional stability and openness of the students. The yoga intervention was conducted for a period of six months covering a total of 40 sessions. The psychological approach inc luded counseling sessions which were conducted one to one and one to group for taking right decisions. The results have shown that the experimental group had significantly high scores on personality such as extraversion, attitude towards school work, agree ableness, and emotional stability when compared to the control group. The experimental group maintained the effectiveness and had significant changes in overall score of the scale at follow - up assessment. The yoga combined with psychological intervention i s effective in increasing the personality of school going students.
18 GRADING SYSTEM IN CONTINUOUS AND COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION, Thanuja K
This paper on grading system in continuous and comprehensive evaluation presents a theoreti cal frame work for understanding different types of grading namely direct grading and indirect grading. How to combine the information obtained from in and outside the classroom observations, interaction between pupils and different tasks provided to the p upils for assessing their progress in cognitive and non cognitive learning outcomes and converting these recorded performance and proficiency into grades are also discussed in the light of guidelines provided by CBSE in the CCE manual for teachers.
19 EFFECTIVENESS OF INQUIRY TRAINING MODEL FOR TEACHING CHEMISTRY, Vandana Singh
SRJIS/BIMONTHLY / VANDANA SINGH ( 2 3 4 4 - 2 3 4 9 ) NOV - DECEMBER , 2014. VOL - II/XV www.srjis.com Page 2344 EFFECTIVENESS OF INQUIRY TRAINING MODEL FOR TEACHING CHEMISTRY Vandana Singh , Asst. Professor, Chirayu K.C. Bajaj College of Education Jaripatka, Nagpur This research investigated the effectiveness of inquiry Training Model over traditional teachi ng method in teaching chemistry at IX grade level. A total of 120 students participated in the study. The study was designed t o prepare study material for teaching chemistry for class IX using inquiry training model , study the effectiveness of inquiry trai ning model on academic achievement of students and compare the academic achievement of students studying through inquiry training model & traditional method for teaching chemistry. The researcher selected the two groups randomly where each comprising 60 s tudents & were labelled as experimental group & Control group ..The students of control goup were taught with traditional method while the students of experimental group were taught with inquiry training model. The pre test was administered to students in both the groups before teaching commenced and post test was administered after the teaching in both the groups. It was found that the calculated value of mean of Post test of control group is 12.55, standard deviation is 4.38 & the mean of Post test of exp erimental group is 17.46 and standard deviation is 5.88.Result shown that there is a statistical significant effect of Inquiry Training Model over conventional teaching method on academic achievement of students
20 A STUDY OF STYLE OF LEARNING AND THINKING OF URBAN AND RURAL STUDENTS OF AURANGABAD DISTRICT, Syeda Humera Anjum
Present research Aims to study styles of learning and thinking of urban and rural students of Aurangabad District. The sample of the study was selected by Stratified Random Sampling method which includes 200 X th std students from urban and rural area . Tool used for the research was SOLAT (Styles of Learning and Think ing) developed by Dr.Venkataraman . Research finding revealed that majority of the students have right hemispheric dominant style of learning and thinking. Significant difference was found in right hemispheric and whole hemispheric dominant learning & thin king style of urban and rural students .Insignificant difference was found in left hemispheric learning thinking style of urban and rural students. Boys and Girls differ significantly in right, left and whole hemispheric dominant style of learning & thinking.
21 THE ETHICAL VALUE JUDGEMENTS ARE NONSENSE: WITTGENSTEINS APPROACH, Poulami chakraborty
The purpose of this paper is to maintain the vie w through analysis that the ethical value judgments are nonsense. The paper is about what might be called the Philosophical tradition of ethics and Wittgenstein opposition to that tradition. My purpose is to elucidate how this conception of ethical judgmen ts is in itself a sufficient reason for regarding them as nonsense. Wittgenstein claim in the Tractatus Logico - Philosophicus that there can be no ethical propositions. Wittgenstein thought that ethical value judgments are absolute in the sense that their correctness. They does not depend at all on how things are in the world. Absolute judgment of value cannot be rational or irrational, reasonable or unreasonable. The argument behind this concept is that the value is not arbitrary or accidental. In order t o support that interpretation, I consider passages from the 1929 lecture on ethics. This read us to a reappraisal of the relevance of the Tractarian project of showing that ethical sentences cannot make sense.
22 TRUANCY IN RELATION TO NON - VERBAL INTELLIGENCE AMONG HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS, Satish Chand Bhadwal and Naveen Kumar Mokta
The present study focussed on studying the variable of truancy in relation to non - verbal intelligence among different group s of high school students. The groups were formed on the basis of gender and place of habitat (urban or rural) of the students. The sample included 640 students taken from twenty schools situated in four districts of Himachal Pradesh. For measuring Non - Verbal Intelligence of the students included in the sample, Standard Progressive Matrices developed by Raven, Court, and Raven (1977) was used in the present study. The results of the study were not uniform in favour of truant or non - truant groups of stud ents and necessitate the replication of the study on a larger sample.
23 TEACHING AND LEARNING IN SCHOOLS: THE DIMENSIONS THAT AFFECT MOTIVATION AND PUPIL LEARNING., Tonia Grace Ganta
Motivation of pupils in the classroom is considered a chal lenge as it has become quite difficult to compete with the stimulus in the world outside the classroom. Media, computer games etc. involve the child in being passively entertained rather than being actively engaged. In spite of these varied factors that af fect motivation, the different motivational patterns of students can be studied and catered to. This review attempts to focus on the reasons for lack of motivation, the different factors that motivate pupils to learn, the role of teachers and the technique s used to enhance motivation to learn, and finally the various aspects that enhance pupils motivation to learn apart from the teacher.
24 HOW AN ORGANIZATION AFFECTS MATHEMATICS TEACHING?, Meeta Arora
The present study aims to find the effects of an organization on Mathematics Teaching. In the paper, the school is treated as an organization. The organizational elements of the school are being studied. These Elements are found to have an effect on mathematics teaching. Some organizational elements were considered problematic and the reasons for their problems were being asked. The study was conducted through admi nistering the questionnaires. The questions were probed in greater detail through interview.
25 LANGUAGE OF MATHEMATICS: ITS PLACE INSIDE THE MATHEMATICAL CLASSROOMS, Meeta Arora
Mathematical language is an essential component in mathematics classrooms. The present study aims to find out the problem s faced by secondary school teachers in regard to teaching language of mathematics. The results show that teachers do face problems in teaching mathematics. Teachers are being interviewed to find out the reasons and areas of the problems faced by them. Implications for further study are drawn for the curricular development and for teacher education programmes .
26 TEACHING MATHEMATICS - HOW IT TAKES PLACE IN MATHEMATICS CLASSROOMS: FROM TEACHERS VIEWPOINT, Meeta Arora
Teaching mathematics is a complex enterprise. There are numerous factors that are bound to have an ef fect on Mathematics teaching. There is a need to look into the factors in greater detail. This would be effective if done from the teachers viewpoint. These viewpoints are studied through administration of questionnaires. These questionnaires are studied in detail. Interview was followed for better insight of the responses. The results are being analyzed qualitatively.
27 EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE OF PROSPECTIVE TEACHERS IN RELATION TO THEIR GENDER, STREAM AND SOCIAL CATEGORY, Monika Gupta
The study was conducted to assess t he emotional intelligence of prospective teachers. A sample comprised of 400 prospective teachers (200 male, 100 of each stream i.e., science and arts and 100 of each social category i.e., general and reserved as well as 200 female, 100 of each stream i.e. , science and arts and 100 of each social category i.e., general and reserved) from the selected colleges of education from H.P. For this purpose data was collected using Roqan Emotional Intelligence Test by Prof. Roquiya Zainuddin and Anjum Ahmed. For ana lysis of the obtained data Analysis of Variance, (2x2x2) factorial design was used. The results indicated that Prospective teachers do not differ and interact significantly in the Emotional intelligence with respect to their gender, stream and social ca tegory.
28 ANALYSIS OF PERCEPTION ON THE QUALITATIVE ASPECTS AND COMPREHENSIVE PROSPECTS OF M.Ed. CURRICULUM OF CHHATTISGARH AND ODISHA STATES, Jubraj Khamari ,
In the present study an attempt has been made to find out the difference (intra and inter) in the Perceptions of the different categories of respondents of the two states under study regarding the M.Ed. curriculum design as relevance on the basis of experience and experti se of the sample respondents. The responses of the respondents have been collected with the help of a Pre - designed questionnaire reflecting the qualitative aspects and comprehensive level of prospects of M.Ed. curriculum based on certain specific Parame ters (8 items) considered for the present study. The scale consists of 8 items each having 4 alternatives such as strongly agree (1), agree (2) disagree (3), strongly disagree (4). The mean score of each item could range from 1 to 4 where 1 indicates stron gly agree and 4 indicates strongly disagree (i.e. dissatisfied).
29 SCIENCE PROCESS SKILLS AND ACHIEVEMENT IN SCIENCE AMONG HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS, R. Gokul Raj and S. Nirmala Devi
The main objective of this investigation is to find out the level of acquisition of S cience Process Skills and whether there is any significant difference exists in the dimensions of Science Process Skills of high school students with respect to few personal variables. For the purpose of this investigation the researcher has followed normative survey method. Sample consists of 1000 IX th standard students distributed evenly from5 districts of Tamil Nadu (includes boys [466] and girls [534] both Tamil and English medium students) from government, government aided and private schools. Samples were selected using random sampling techniques . The Science Process Skills Inventory was constructed and validated by the researcher used for this investigation. Collected data were analyzed using appropriate statistical techniques. The major findings of the research show that there is very low positi ve correlation (0.230) between the science process skills and achievement in science among high school students.
30 MENTAL HEALTH OF SCHOOL GOING ADOLESCENTS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY, Namesh Kumar and Kuldip Kaur Grewal
Mental health an d physical health are correlated with each other. First of all parents should give due attention towards the adolescents. Teacher should also pay healthy role to provide moral values among adolescents. Besides family factor socio - cultural factors also effe ct mental health. The negative impact of mass media and wrong cultural values affect mental health especially of the adolescent. It needs serious intervention on the part of government and responsible people of the society also. As healthy mind resides in healthy body so emphasis should be laid on to intricate values healthy activities in such school so that the adolescents can never delineate or alienate towards wrong side.
31 A STUDY OF EFFECT OF CONCEPT ATTAINMENT MODEL ON ACHIEVEMENT OF GEOMETRIC CONCEPTS OF VIII STANDARD STUDENTS OF ENGLISH MEDIUM STUDENTS OF AURANGABAD CITY, Shaikh Kashefa Anjum
The Objective of the Current study is to study the effect of concept attainment model and traditional method of teaching geometry on the geometric concept achievement. Being the conceptual subject geometry needs the special teaching methods. It has been felt that in spite of strenuous efforts of mathematics teacher, students fail to grasp the certain concepts of the subject which lead disinterest among students towards mathematics in general and geometry in particular. Experimental research method wa s used for present study. Tool used for the research self prepared geometric concept lesson transcripts of geometry and lesson plans of traditional method and for post test standardized Geometric concept test by S.C. Gakhar. The present study reveals tha t there is a significant difference between concept attainment model (CAM) and traditional method on the achievement of students in understanding of geometric concepts. Of these methods concept attainment model is more effective than traditional method.
32 A STUDY OF HIGHER MENTAL ABILITY IN SCIENCE AMONG JUNIOR COLLEGE STUDENTS OF JALNA DISTRICT, Siddiqui Fakeha Salahuddin
Present research Aims to study Higher Mental Ability in Science among Junior College Students of Jalna District. The sample of the study was selected by Proportionate Stratified Random Sampling method which includes 500 junior college students from eight talukas of Jalna District studying in science stream . Too l used for the research was standardized Test of higher mental ability in science (THMAS) by Dr.D.N.Sansanwal. Research finding reveals that the higher mental ability in science of junior college students is average. The Application ability in science of junior college students was found average, whereas the Analysis, Synthesis and Evaluation ability respectively was found to be is low. Result also revealed that there is significant difference between application analysis, synthesis ability of male and fe male students and no significant difference between evaluation ability of male and female students.
33 THE UNFINISHED AGENDA OF RE - INVENT ING SCIENCE EDUCATION IN NIGERIA : MYTH S AND POLICY OPTIONS, Jacinta A. Opara
Throughout history , science ha s been an important instrument per excellence for development. As a tool in technological advancement and contributing to social an d economic growth , science teaching - learning has become an accepted and indispensable aspect of the mainstream of educational systems in developed and developing countries. Globalization has its challenges amongst which conversation of the environment, population explosion, desertification, soil eros ion, pollution, HIV/AIDS and increased use of science and technology. It is imperative to strengthen all the instruments of Science, Technology and Mathematics ( STM ) education especially the curriculum so that may equip learners adequately for survival in age that will be dominated by science and high technology. The close and mutual beneficial trilateral relationship among STM education will equip the learner with functional scientific knowledge for technological develo pment. This issue becomes important once again in resonating with research on STM education as a w ay forward in the context of globalization .
34 ICT IN EDUCATION FOR E LEARNING APPROACH, Mr. Pardeep Thakral
Communication and information are at the heart of educational process. Information and communication technology has plays very important role in education i.e. informal and formal education. Information and communication Technologies (ICTs) have been utilized by education since their inception, but they have been massively present in schools only since the early 1980s. Dev eloped countries have applied them to K - 12 education for variety of reasons, most of which are still valued today, although in many cases they have remained unfulfilled exceptions. In education ICT is used as a combination of various technologies ranging from simple technology like print based communication to online communication. Its use encompasses most aspects of educational operations though the major emphasis has been put forth to initiate the use of computers based technologies into the existing te chnique learning processes not many efforts have been made for providing computer literacy / skills and training teachers. Unless it is ascertained that the teachers and learners have the right attitude and aptitude to use the new technologies, situations are not going to change. At present, though there has been a significant expansion of use of computers and related technologies much is yet to be achieved
35 THE VALUE BASED EDUCATION SYSTEM, Ved Prakash
Education is that process of development which consist the passage of human being from infancy to maturity, the process whereby he adapts himself gradually in various way to his physical & spiritual environment. A value is a belief that something is good and worthwhile. It defines what is worth having and worth striving for. The students of value orientated constitution aim at comple te development of human personality. Its purpose is to increase efficiency and happiness of human being. Unfortunately we see non value based education is directed to get a job or service only. That is what most people believe to be the purpose of educatio n. Parents too look to education as the means for enabling their wards to get fined into some career. So, to eradicate this problem and to establish human values, the Stance Rules, the Art of Living, Meditation, Geeta classes, Yagna and Yoga classes helps a great deal in reducing Machiavellianism i.e. a tendency of manipulating others for his own purpose & in increasing selfless idea. Hence Education is extremely necessary for man. It makes him a true harmonious and live life orderly. It leads to self - Enli ghten and self realization. No good life is conceivable without value - oriented education. This leads to fulfillment of Evolutionary role in man & in life
36 ARE THE PRINCIPALS OF HIGHER SECONDARY EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS INSTRUCTIONAL LEADERS?, Vasundhara Padmanabhan
Teaching and learning are what everyone should focus on in any institution. This should not only be with teachers, academic coordinators, heads of the departments, and members of internal quality assurance cell but also of Principals and Vice Principals, and they should exhibit an exceptionally high level of detailed knowledge about the craft of teaching. Principals as instructional leaders should be aware of the latest pedagogical practices, their effectiveness and should encourage and facilitate the implementation of such practice s in the institutions. People should get expected support in solving problems of instructional practice from their peers and supervisors, and problems in design or implementation of instruction should be shared and discussed (even with supervisors) rather than hidden from view. The Principals are no more mere administrators; they should be taking crucial decisions about the instructional process and are accountable for the quality of instruction. Here arises the need of grooming the Principals of higher sec ondary educational institutions differently and Instructional Leadership Program is the answer to this.
37 Research and Development Models in Agricultural Extension, Nikhila Bhagwat
Extension, broadly, is a function that can be applied to various areas of society, such as Agriculture Extension, Un iversity Extension, Rural Development Extension, Health Services Extension, Industrial Extension, etc. All of which thrive on non formal ways and participatory management principles. The Agricultural Extension is a general term meaning the application of s cientific research and new knowledge to agricultural practices through farmer education. (Wikipedia) The Food & Agriculture organisation of the United Nations states that agricultural extension operates within a broader knowledge system that comprises of research and agricultural education. The R and D (Research and Development) is an inseparable wing of Extension activity. In many parts of the world it is also called RTD, which means Research and Technological Development. It refers to a specific group of activities within an industry. Since Extension is concerned with expansion as well as enhancement of agricultural industry it automatically connects with RTD. The primary function of R and D is to develop new products and services or to generate new knowledge to improve existing products, processes and services. There are three primary models of Research and Technological Development - the Exploration Model, the Improvement Model and the Testing Model. The Exploratory Model is used when there is no ea rlier theory to support and guide the investigation or when the field of enquiry is absolutely new. It is a gradual process of accumulating understanding about the object under study. During the exploratory research project, the provisional concepts slowly gain precision. In the Improvement Model the work starts from what is known and simply proceeds by enlarging an earlier theory. The existence of a tentative model helps in selecting the logical structure of the entire research project and planning it. Many of the problems of exploratory research can be avoided if the researcher can start with a model, developed in earlier studies, which he us es as a working premise. This model consists of cases or concepts. During the analysis with help of the collected material, the researcher either conforms to the model or corrects the model by suggesting required improvements.
38 MANAGEMENT STYLES AND TEACHER MOBILITY IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN KAKAMEGA CENTRAL SUB - COUNTY, KENYA, Maiyo K. Julius, Siro Teresa , Cecilia K. Tecla
High rates of teacher mobility in terms of transfers and job change remains a very critical develo pment in the education sector worldwide prompting various attempts to mitigate a possible crisis in the sector and in Kenyas Western Province, teacher transfer requests have been notably high compared to the national average. The purpose of this study was to establish the link between school leadership and management styles and teacher mobility in primary schools in Kakamega Central sub - county and also to determine their roles in influencing the situation. Specifically the study aimed: to assess the school management styles; to examine how management styles affect teacher mobility; to determine how school management corresponds to the modes of teacher mobility . Studies done in this area have not expressly linked the management styles adopted in schools to t he growing problem of teacher mobility hence, necessitating investigation.
39 COMPUTER TECHNOLOG Y ACCEPTANCE AMONG TEACHERS: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF STUDENT TEACHERS IN KENYA, WANJALA M.S MARTIN, WANYONYI W. DAVID, OPANDA A. JOSEPH and ZIPPORAH RUTO
The use of c omputer technology in schools has made slow progress even though government has been generous in funding through the Kenya Education Sector Support Programme (KESSP). It is therefore important to understand how and when teachers use computer technology in order to devise implementation strategies to encourage them. This study investigated student teachers perceptions of computer technology in relation to their intention to use computers. The purpose is to shed light on more effective ways to motivate the u se of computer technology in schools. Based on an expanded variation of the Technology Acceptance Model, a survey of student teachers were collected at local universities in Kenya. Overall, the results indicated that (1) student teachers perceived usefuln ess of computer technology had a direct significant effect on their intention to use it; (2) student teachers perceived ease of use had only an indirect significant effect on intention to use; however, (3) student teachers subjective norm, that is the po ssible influence of external expectations, did not have any direct or indirect significant effects on their intention to use computer technology.
40 RELEVANCE OF CONSTRUCTIVIST APPROACH IN TEACHING & LEARNING, K.SANTHOSHI and M.RAVI BABU
Constructivism is a set of assumptions governing the way people learn and make sense of the world. Its founded on the premise that, by reflecting on personal experiences, people create their own understanding of the world they live in. People need to c ome out of rote learning to discovery, enquiry, and problem solving learning where they learn through themselves, with their peer group, family and field experiences. In this competitive world learning is more comprehension includes both knowledge and atti tude. In a constructivist classroom knowledge is constru cted, pupils are active learners and collaborative work is done.
41 ICT in Education: Enhancing Teaching and Learning, JITENDER KUMAR and ARTI PASRICHA
In the developed countries and the urban elites of advanced economies, twenty - first century education integrates technologies, engaging students in ways which were not previously possible, creating new learning and teaching possibilities, enhancing achievement and extending interactions with local and glob al communities. Students live in a world that has seen an information explosion and significant and rapid social and economic changes. Student learning is the focus of teaching learning process. Theorists and practitioners have always been made concerted efforts to facilitate students learning by enhancing the quality of learning experiences. Emergence of learning theories over time reflects the concern of educators to explore process, factors and conditions involved in human learning. Application of predo minant learning theories have always been changing and modifying the methods of teaching and learning. Research conducted on young people shows a remarkable trend. It indicates that children retain 20% of what they hear, 40% of what they see and hear and 7 5% of what they see and do. Thats one of the key reasons why the latest educational technology has become essential to impart education.
42 MOBILE LEARNING ENVIRONMENT IN EDUCATION, SUDHIR SUDAM KAWARE and SUNIL KUMAR SAIN
21 st century is the mobile century. The revolution took place in the field of educational technology. Mobile technology emerged as a tool of learning. The concept emphasized on anytime, anywhere and self - paces learning in the education t hough we create environment for m - learning. Teachers and learners both are using this technology for better teaching and learning process. M - Learning has its own characteristics to enhance this technology in the field of education. Now the time has come to expand the ICT in various ways like e - learning, online - learning, self - pace learning and obviously M - Leaning. We must use M - Learning tool in our teaching - learning process in the field of education
43 Social Networking and Adolescents: Issues and Concerns, JITENDER KUMAR and ASHA CHHABRA
Participation with technology for social purpo ses has become the mainstream communication method for many people in the past several years. In particular adolescents in schools have adopted these forms of communication as the paramount way to keep in touch with family and friends. Social networking is a current phenomenon that consists of both web - based communication with Internet users through websites (Face book, MySpace, YouTube) and interaction with others via cellular phones. Social Networking websites, such as Facebook, Twitter and MySpace are th e most popular places for these students to spend their time. These young people are the most prolific users of social network sites (SNS). Emerging studies find that youth spend a considerable portion of their daily life interacting through social network ing. The rise of the internet age has enabled us to live a life at a faster pace. Because of the freedom the web provides, millions of people can communicate at the same time. Never before in human history, has there been a time like this. Whats most intr iguing about this revolution is that children and teens are leading the way. And because of their limited capacity for self - regulation and susceptibility to peer pressure, children and adolescents are at some risk as they navigate and experiment with socia l networking. Present paper conceptualizes that there are frequent online expressions of offline behaviors, such as bullying, clique - forming, and sexual experimentation, that have introduced problems such as cyber bullying, privacy issues, and sexting. O ther problems that merit awareness include Internet addiction and concurrent sleep deprivation.
44 A STUDY OF LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOUR OF PRINCIPAL OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL IN ROHTAK DISTRICT, Meena Sharma
The aim of the present study is to investigate the Lead ership behaviour of princi pal of senior secondary schools. Norma tive survey method was used. The sample was comprised of 10 principal and 10 Teachers of senior secondary schools from District Rohtak of Haryana. The investigator used the Leadership Behaviour Description Questionna ire popularly known as IBDQ developed by Stogdill and Hemphill (1963 ) for data collection. Findings of the study indicated that the leadership behavior of principal as perceived by them does not significantly differ to that of as perceived by their teacher s.
45 Service quality and customer satisfaction at Indian Banks, Ramesh Kumar Chaturvedi
This article examines whether service quality of I ndian commercial banks is correlated with customer satisfaction that fosters customer loyalty. Further an analysis is done to study the perceptual difference of public and private sector bank customers with respect to service quality rendered to them. The Service quality is assessed through well - established SERVQUAL dimension. Data were collected from 100 valued customers of public and private scheduled commercial bank branches in BilaspurChhattisgarh. A questionnaireeliciting information on SERVQUAL dimens ions to measure service quality was served to respondents. The data collected is analyzed through Correlation analysis and ANOVA analysis. A significant correlation between quality of service and customer satisfaction is found. Further public sector and pr ivate sector banks differ in service quality offered by them as per perception of their customers.
46 CONGRESS MINISTRY AND LABOUR UNREST IN BIHAR, 1937-39 , Mahesh Kumar Deepak
This paper seeks to analyse the condition of labour in colonial Bihar during the tenure of the f irst congress ministry, 1937 - 39. Also, it tries to contextualise the work of the congress ministry, established under the Provincial Autonomy under the Government of India Act, 1935, with respect to the labour demands. The analysis finds that the congress ministry could not go too far in fulfilling the just labour demands because of (i) the limitation of the Act of 1935 and (ii) congress partys unwillingness to compromise on the strategy of class collaboration instead of class - struggle.
47 Perception of Teachers towards No - detention Policy, Alka Dutt
Government amended policies, acts for the development of childrens society, c ountry but how successful it became and what and how it effect and fulfill its objective is actually mean a lot. While amending right to education act, 2009 - government introduces no detention policy and also enforced it. This project tries to show the coi n Sides of the no detention policy i.e. we know for what objectives the government amend this policy but in this project researcher tried to know how successful the policy is and how it effects the education system.
48 TEA IN DIFFERENT CONTEXT........., Sandhya Mishra
Tea is a very important beverage of today used by 80% population all over the world. Next to water, it is the cheape st beverage. Tea plays an important part in our social cultural life. Economic condition are also influenced by tea in those countries where tea is produced. Role of tea is not limited to this only , it influence our environment too. This paper tries to an alyse the key part Tea is playing in our life as a specific product. This paper will describe the impact of tea on social and cultural life of people of different countries, economic effect of tea , and environmental effect of tea. While analyzing this mai nly secondary data has been used through various sources like journals magazines, tea board website etc.
49 Role of Financial Institutions in Entrepreneurial Development with special reference to Women Entrepreneurs, Rajat K.Sant
The word entrepreneur has been taken from the French language where it cradled and originally meant to designate an organiser of musical or other entertainments. Entrepreneurship among women in India is a recently fast growing concept that is applauded in several quarters of our Na tional life. The Central and State Governments have initiated a number of steps taken in recent years for giving a great fillip to the cause of Women Entrepreneurship Development by way of granting a variety of special concessions, incentives, subsidies, r ebates and assistance of varied nature, financial, technical, organizational and managerial etc. The Financial Institutions also has been contributing its share to this cause. They have launched a number of schemes of assistance to the favor of women entre preneurs. Several women's Organisations at national and regional levels have also taken up this cause and sponsored a number of conferences and workshops in recent times, which gave a great moral support and inspiration for the women entrepreneurs to take up viable schemes of business and industry. The present paper in this regard is an attempt to examine the role of financial institutions in promoting small scale and tiny industries in terms of growth of entrepreneurs.
50 EFFECT OF NSS ON PERSONALITY TRAITS OF STUDENTS, NAMESH KUMAR and BANDANA KUMARI
National Service Scheme is a student welfare se rvice which runs in various educational institutions. NSS is a sort of training for all the youth in education to provide selfless service on voluntary basis. For the growth and development of a powerful nation. It is not only the material and equipment wh ich matters but it is the human factor which is the most vital and decisive one. NSS helps in channelizing youth energy into constructive channels and to mold their character at the most impressionable age.
51 Effectiveness of cooperative learning and language games in enhancing the writing competence of seven standard students of Aurangabad city, Khandale S.B.
In this study the investigator campares the Effectiveness of cooperative learning and language games in enhancing the writing competence in English language amonge the seven standard students of Aurangabad city.the experimental method was used for this study.Investigator m akes the programme & takes exericise for experimental group. The achivment level of the students is increased effectively by using cooperative learning & language game method. the students responded favourably towards learning through cooperative &language learning game.they like to learn other subjects by this method.according to them this mehods was easy to understand,easy to remember,more interesting and stress less.
52 MENTAL HEALTH OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN RELATION TO THEIR SELF - ESTEEM AND FAMILY ENVIRONMENT, MONA VIJ and MADHVI SHARMA
The word mental health is comprised of two words mental and health. Mental refers to proper functioning of brain because brain is center of all powers. Health generally means sound condition of body or freedom from mental diseases. This study aims to examine the mental heal th of the students in relation to their self - esteem and family environment using descriptive research method. Data collected by the three different tools mental health inventory, self - esteem scale and family environment scale. Data collected in May 2013 fr om 200 students of Ludhiana city (Punjab). The purpose of the present study is to assess the mental health of the secondary school students in relation to their self - esteem and family environment. And draw the interpretation on the basis of gender differen ce, also to compare the mental health, self - esteem and family environment of boys and girls of secondary schools.
53 A C omparative study on the Opinion of Government and private school teachers of Chittoor district towards Continuous comprehensive evaluation., T.S.ANITHA
Evaluation is widely acknowl edged as a powerful means of improving the quality of education. The introduction of Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) is considered as one of the major steps taken in this regard to improve and strengthen the quality of learner evaluation. The state of Andhra Pradesh has been going through a series of educational reforms over the last decade or so and the introduction of CCE in the state is one among them. Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) is the buzz word being in the air since the tal ks of the examination reforms being given utmost importance as far as the Indian education system is concerned. The main objective of the study is to find out the opinion of teachers towards continuous and comprehensive evaluation. Accordingly the hypoth eses were formulated. For this purpose the sample of 100 teachers were purposively selected. After establishing proper rapport the questionnaire was administered to the subjects. The data was scored according to the scoring procedure given in the manual. T o study the significance of difference between the various groups t test was applied. The overall results indicated that the there is significant difference between the opinion of school teachers towards continuous comprehensive evaluation in relation to G ender and type of management of school.
54 Academic Procrastination in relation to Socio - demographic variables, Prof. A .K.Kalia , Manju Yadav
Procrastination is a common behavior in contemporary societies (Ferrari, Johnson, & M cCown, 1995; Ferrari,O Callaghan, & Newbegin, 2005). There is also a great mystery in procrastination research. That is, although many students indicate needing help for overcoming procrastination (Gallagher et al., 1992), and there are case descriptions of students whose performance has been hurt by procrastination (Burka & Yuen, 1983). Thus the problem is significant enough to require utmost attention. Academic Procrastination in relation to Socio - demographic variables. objectives of the present study w ere To study and compare the academic procrastination of male and female adolescents and to study and compare the academic procrastination of urban and rural adolescents and hypotheses were there is no significant difference between academic procrastinati on of male and female adolescents. Urban and rural adolescents are similar on academic procrastination. A sample of 400 adolescents equally divided on the basis of gender and residence was randomly selected from +1 stage studying in senior secondary school s of Haryana. For the purpose of sampling the whole of the Haryana state was divided into five zones, i.e. North, East, South, West and Central. One district from each zone was selected by Random Lottery Method i.e. Rewari, Punchkula, Faridabad, Hisar and Rohtak. A list of senior secondary schools from each district was procured from the concerned D.E.O. Four schools from each district (2 urban + 2 rural) were selected randomly from the list supplied by D.E.O.. From the selected schools 20 students (10 mal e + 10 female) of +1stage were selected using lottery method making a total sample to 400.
55 An Artist Dragged Down by Caste and Patriarchy: A Reading of Aarpar Layit Pranantik, Ramesh Dhage
An Artist Dragged Down by Caste and Patriarchy: A Reading of Aarpar Layit Pranantik Reconstruction of an egalitarian society can be had only on the basis of the ideology of the deconstructed. The Indian caste - system and pa triarchy, the two sides of the same coin have not only degraded human beings but also the energy within them to create and construct. These forces made huge India dalit. Patriarchy, the natural offspring of the caste system, with the inherited terror, made the female gender of the degraded section pitiably miserable. The distorted dalit woman under such hostile social milieu had to sacrifice all her humanity and creativity only for a stigmatized life. Aarpar Layit Pranantik (Through Rhythmic Intense) is a l ong bio - poem by Pradnya Pawar on a tempestuous personality named Withaa Bhau Maang Narayangaonkar. The poem exposes the obstructed life of a dalit versatile woman - artist in the field of Tamashaa, a popular folk - form of public education and entertainment in Maharashtra. The paper attempts to show how the untoucable artis under the caste and patriarchy ridden hostile milieu sustained her will and ultimately surfaced victorious.
56 A Study of competencies for Indian Managers, ABHILASHA SHARMA and HARSH DWIVEDI
This stud y is an attempt to identify the most required competencies for a managers success in Indian context. This study revealed 34 competencies, most needed for the success of a manager. Defining the success has always remained a controversial task. To lighten the controversy, success has been equated with achievement of goals and classified into three categories - long term success, short term success and both long term and short term successes. But this paper will highlight only for long term success. An model will be developed in this context
57 A STUDY OF CAUSES OF DROPOUT AND FAILURE AT ELEMENTARY STAGE IN RURAL AREAS OF TEHSIL HIRANAGAR OF DISTRICT KATHUA IN J&K STATE, Mohd.Zubair Kales
Education works as a lever in raising financial and social status of the individuals. Education is that which makes human being a social one. So, it must be given from the first day of life informally. Formal education begins at elementary stage, so elementary education is called fundamental education Elementary education means the first few years of education of an individual when he/she goes to school . Primary is usually used for first five years of schoolin g. It is called primary education because it is of primary of first importance to a person and secondly, it is a first step towards his total education in life. Thus, in simple words, the elementary education means eight years of schooling dividing the sta ges into two sub - stages, five years of primary school stage and three years of middle school stage. The Indian constitution under article 45 also provides for eight years of elementary education in the age - group of 6 - 14. Elementary education is the level o f education, which needs to be provided to all individuals. It lays down the foundation stone for further attainment like social, moral, physical, intellectual etc. That is why in all the democratic countries of the world, elementary education has been com pulsory, universal and free. The main aim of elementary education is to give children education of citizenship to fulfill their basic needs, start socialization process train children for reading and playing in group, to develop social attitude, to develop in them healthy attitudes or habits. Other aims are literacy, attainment of numeracy, technocracy and to develop a respect for national symbols like the flag and the anthem and for the democratic processes and institutions of the country. It develops in t he child healthy attitudes towards human labour and its dignity, to develop habits of cleanliness and healthful living.
58 Achievement of the objectives of Primary education as viewed by Primary School Teacher, SATISH KUMAR KALHOTRA and VARINDER SINGH CHOUDHARY
The present study was carried out to find the a chievement of the objectives of Primary Educat ion as viewed by primary school t eachers. A sample of 77 primary school teachers was selected from 2 3 primary schools situated in Jammu District of J&K. The results of the present study indicate that in primary school teachers opinion - the objectives of primary education have not been satisfactorily achieved in either of the two domain i.e. cognitive an d non - cognitive. O ne of the objectives in the cognitive domains could be achieved to a satisfactorily level as v iewed by primary school teachers
59 A STEP AHEAD FROM THIRD GE NERATION MOBILE WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY, MUSTAFA ABDALRASSUAL JASSIM
According to the present study market is captured by 3G mobile technology but according to the study 4G and 5G technology is emerging in the market , presently 4G mobile technology is at determining and standardization stage and 5G technology may emerge in near future . 4G mobile technology has high data rates since mobile network has ability to roam across multiple wireless networks therefore it has become more popular in the market. 3GPP LTE is an UMTS standard and WiMax is and IEEE standard. These technology has chara cteristics which meets 4G characteristics . Present study discusses the comparative study of different generation of mobile networks and the advancement in 3G technologies which leads to fourth generation mobile technology and can be followed by fifth gener ation mobile technology .
60 A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ADJUSTMENT OF ADOLESCENTS OF GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE SCHOOLS, Jyoti Khanna
One of the most subtle issues that have provoked heated worldwide debates in the educational and instruction arena today in the way to enhance achievement outcomes of school students. Researchers , scholars, and stakeholders in the education industry seem to be resolute in their efforts at determining the best approach that can enhance student achievement outcomes. Jimoh (2000) describe education as the totality of the experiences made available to individuals, in formal or informal situations to make them develop a rounded personality and to be useful to themselves and the society at large. And development of personality of the childs depends on the adjustment with the environment. To help the pupil in making the changing environment is one of the importa nt aims of education. Adjustment helps in having integrated and balanced personality
61 Continuous Comprehensive Evalua tion: Emerging Concerns in Assessment, JITENDER KUMAR and ARTI PASRICHA
It is utmost important to mak e continuous and comprehensive evaluation as an integral part of teaching and learning process to promote standard of Education. CCE refers Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation, a system of school based assessment that covers all the aspects of a student s development. It was designed to reduce the student stress related to board exams, and to introduce a uniform and comprehensive pattern for student evaluation across the country. It emphasizes on two broad objectives: (a) Continuity in Evaluation and (b) Assessment of broad based learning. Clearly, it attempts to shift emphasis from testing to holistic learning with an aim of creating young adults, possessing appropriate skills and desirable qualities in addition to academic excellence. Therefore, the CCE scheme brings about a paradigm shift from examination to effective pedagogy. Conventionally the teacher is seen as the information giver; knowledge flows only one way, from teacher to student. In a collaborative classroom (or the CCE method), emphasis is on shared knowledge and decision making. For some teachers finding time for planning collaborative instruction is a most difficult challenge. Practicing modes and modalities of CCE is a challenge before traditional teachers. Therefore it is absolutely e ssential that teachers need to be provided with orientation about the CCE scheme incorporating both the scholastic and co - scholastic areas of learners growth. In order to make CCE effective there has to be collective understanding among all concern i.e. c hild, teacher, parent and institutions of higher education about what is being evaluated
62 RELATIONSHIP OF B.ED . ENTRANCE TEST WITH SCHOLASTIC AND ATTITUDINAL VARIABLE S, Charanjit Kaur Dhillon
The main objective of the study was to study the relationships and interrelationships among entrance test scores, graduation marks, intelligence, teaching attitude and B.Ed. marks of the student - teachers. The sample of the study consisted of 525 B.Ed. students of 9 education colleges of Panjab and U.T. Chandigarh affiliat ed to Panjab, Punjabi and G uru N anak D ev universities. Test of General Intelligence by Pal and Misra, Teaching Attitude Inventory by Ahluwalia and official records of the colleges were used to collect the data. Major findings of the study were : Entrance t est scores and graduation marks were significantly related to all the variables of the study. Teaching attitude, intelligence and B.Ed. marks were not significantly related to all other variables.
63 A RESEARCH PAPER ON MARKET SURVEY OF AURANGABAD FOR PROMOTION OF MIDC INDUSTRIAL DIRECTORY ASSENT REFERENCE & DIRECTORY PVT. LTD., D. B. Bagul ,
The research consist study of Market Survey of Aurangabad for Promotion of MIDC Industrial Directo ry for Assent Reference & Directory in Aurangabad region for MIDC & Non MIDC. In today's competitive world while entering in the market it is very necessary to have good knowledge of the potential of a particular market.
64 Educational Approaches in E- learning, Vidyadevi Patil
SRJIS / Vidyadevi Patil ( 1157 - 1162 ) VOL. II/X I , MARCH - APRIL , 2014 www.srjis.com Page 1157 Educational Approaches in E - learning Vidyadevi Patil Principal, Jai Ganesh College of Education, Pune. In this paper we are delighted to be able to support E - learning as an effective tool of learning. E - learning gives an opportunity to the learner to complete his/her education/sessions easily and conveniently. It is a very flexible and self paced method of education. E - learning is a worldwide service and it motivates adults to learn. The urge to learn can be a result of desire for recognit ion, self esteem, natural curiosity, enhance the self confidence and the opportunity to self actualize which itself is a learning at its core. E - learning allows a needful based learning. The paper presented throws light on the approaches used to deliver E - learning. Also the technological support is an absolute necessity of e - learning. This paper tries to explain the technology used for delivering these approaches.
65 BODY INDICES OF THE FRESH WATER SNAIL, THIARA LINEATA ., Ahirrao K. D.
The snail is economically important from ancient time and also harmful which ser ves as an intermediate host of various trematod parasites, which causes severe diseases to human being as well as domestic animals. The gastropod mollusc, Thiara lineata is a filter feeder at secondary level of fresh water ecosystem. The reproductive poten tial, resistance, survival abilities, feeding habits and most of the peculiarities are depending on the presence or absence of the body fluids, proportions of organs and organ index in the body of animal. Hence, it felt necessary to study alteration in the organ indices, reproductive index, shell index and water percentage throughout pre - reproductive, reproductive and post - reproductive period in the body of snail, T. lineata. The healthy, active and same sized mature adult animals were considered for an ex periment. Whole body and different parts of the body, viz., brain, gonad, hepatopancreas, accessory gland, foot, reproductive tract, visceral organs (rest of the body) were estimated. The results were statistically analyzed and were found to be signific ant.
66 The study of human values on creative development of teacher trainees in relation to their Academic achievement , Minakshi Biswal
Distortion of values is partially due to imbalance between ancient values and explosion of knowledge in war field technology. Atomic weapons, bio - weapons, explosives, missiles etc., are threatening the whole man - kind. Developed countries possess all types of dreadful modern weapons and trying to boss over developing and underdeveloped countries. Todays, the entire mankind is living in the shade of fearful atmosphere. Mans very existence is at stake and hence he is indulging himself in all wicked activities. As value crisis is rampant in our s ociety, there is a need of value integration society. This could be possible only through incorporation of values in education system which in turn directs value oriented teachers. This is a study deals with the effect of academic achievement and creative development of the progressive teachers on their attitude towards human values. It is found that creative development and academic achievement have a positive effect on the attitude towards human values.
67 OCCUPATIONAL MOBILITY AMONG THE SCHEDULED CASTES IN MAHARASHTRA, Jagan Karade
After 1960, Maharashtra Govt. has made an atte mpt to initiate multidimensional (Educational, social and economical) policies in order to bring about radical changes in the position of SCs. However, after 50 year of independence, the time has come to evaluate the extent of which policies have been succ essful in eradicating the inequality in society. This study is attempted to measure the impact of Reservation Policy, besides it, what are the major responsible factors for bringing occupational mobility among the SCs. The leading caste as an occupational mobility is concerned. After the religious conversion, the Buddhists people threw their traditional attitudes, beliefs and customs. Therefore, their life style has undergone changed. But various researchers have treated Buddhist as Mahar. In this research , researcher found that, Govt. has treated SC as Buddhist. But Govt. has not given any separate identity to them. Buddhists community is more aware about the educational and occupational development and their rights than other communities in the schedule. Hence, the development of the Buddhists could be treated as an ideal model for other Backward Classes.
68 SURVEY OF EXISTING COMMUNITY BASED EARLY INTERVENTION SERVICES FOR PRE - SCHOOL CHILDREN, Suman Saggu
The present research is an attempt to study and analyse the early intervention practices and to evaluate the effectiveness of these services on the different aspects of development of child such as physical, social, emotional, cognition etc. The study was carried out with the objectives to survey the existing community based early intervention services for pre - school children in Chandigarh and to assess the quality of early intervention services of young children in age group of 3 - 6years. 13 A nganwari workers, 22 Nursery school teacher and 160 children between the age group 3 - 6 years were included for observation of early intervention practices in t he following areas of development i.e. physical, motor, cognitive, social, emotional, language and self help skill. To collect the data for the study two tools were prepared by investigator : Questionnaire on early intervention practices in Anganwadi centr es and Pre - primary schools; and Observation schedule of the child for early intervention activities. It was encouraging that these services are doing a commendable job regarding the physical and the mental development of children. Besides that, opportuniti es are provided for the social development of the children as well.
69 FOREINGN DIRECT INVESTMENT IN INDIA: NEED AND CHALLENGES, Prabhjeet Kaur
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) plays an important role in accelerating the development process in a nation. By developing employm ent opportunities, revenue, infrastructure, technology etc,, FDI had helped the Indian economy to make rapid progress in many spheres. In India, Initially FDI inflows were very low due to restrictive government policies and trade barriers. But after libe ralizing the regulatory the need FDI in India an also the issues or challenges that FDI possesses for the Indian economy.
70 MOBILE COMMERCE - THE NECESSITY OF TIME, SUMIT GOKLANEY
Mobile Commerce is the subset of e - commerce, which includes all e - commerce transactions, carried out using a mobile ( hand held) device. This paper attempts at figuring out the relevance and potential role that M commerce in India is at its infancy. With significant uncertainties and complexities due to evolving business and regulatory models, which are further complicate d by the involvement of large member of interrelated players in it. Timely and correct public policy intervention are needed to allow it to unravel its potential and help the country to reap the benefits. The basic purpose of topic is to throw light upon i ncreasing use of mobiles & smart phones in business, trade & commerce industry. The topic has been divided in to four phases. In the first phase, general introduction about mobile commerce has been discussed. The third phase of the topic describes the key statistics on use of mobile & Smart phones by Indian in various market segments. In the final phase, efforts have been made to explain the impact of M - commerce on Indian Youth & issues and challenges which still to be concentrated and addressed in the area .
71 PRINCIPAL SHANKAR BAGDES METHOD OF PERFECT SQUARE, Principal Shankar Narayan Bagde
If n is non zero integer, then n x n written as n 2 is c alled square of n. Hence square of a number can be found by multiplying it by itself. Every natural number has a perfect square. There are so many methods of getting a perfect squareofnaturalnumbers . Whilethe author, teaching mathematics in the class, foun d a different method of perfect Square. The weightage of this method is that anybody can get square of any natural numbers
72 PRINCIPAL SHANKAR BAGDES METHOD OF SQUARE ROOT, Principal Shankar Narayan Bagd
If n is non zero integer, then n x n written as n 2 is call ed square of n. Hence square of a number can be found by multiplying it by itself. Only perfect squares have square roots, finding the squre root is just inverse operation to finding the square.Every natural number does not has a square root.No number mul tiplied by itself gives 57, so 57 does not has a square root.Only perfect squares have squre roots.
73 A Study of Problems Arisen Due to Consumption of Sugar in Daily Diet, Neeta Sawant Seema Gorivale
This research survey was conducted with hundred families regarding lack of information about ill effects of consumption of sugar in daily diet. The information was collected from residence of locality of Navpada slum of San t acruz (East) area in Mumbai. Unbalance diet and improper food habits in children could lead to various physical and mental ailments. This could adversely impact the growth and development of the child. In this research study was conducted on the harmful effect of improper foo d consumption on human body. The information collected in this research related that there is no awareness about side effect of sugar in daily diet and every family of member of each family was found to be consuming sugar in their daily diet. Also in this research guidance was given to families on how the sweet sugar which liked by everybody is so harmful to the body. How to prepare a balanced diet and sugar free food was demonstrated to these families.
74 SWITCHING FROM E - LEARNING TO M - LEARNING IN HIGHER EDUCATION, MOHAMMAD NAEEMULLAH
Due to increasing use of mobile devices and its latest features, E - learning c oncept is switching to M - learning that is the intersection of mobile computing and E - learning. It has great potential to make learning even more widely available and accessible. As far as Higher Education is concerned M - learning can offer opportunities for optimizing the interaction between educators and learners and also because of mobile devices learning can possible anytime & anywhere. M - learning can contribute to improve the quality and interaction in the learning process. The present study aims to stud y the different factors for switching from E - learning to M - Learning in Higher Education Environment.
75 The role of monetary and fiscal policy in industrial development: industrial revolution in developing countries., JAGRITI JAISWAL
The purpose behind to construct the macroeconomic policies is to stabilize the fluctuation in business cycle. Usually, fiscal and monetary policies in industrial countries have been expansionary in response to weak domestic conditions. In spite of high prevalence of vulnerable employment and working poverty in developing Asia, fu ll employment is not a legislated objective of any industrial countries. This paper presents a broad overview of fiscal issues dealing with developing countries. We focus the factors which associated to weak institutional framework that play a key role in explaining sub - optimal policy decisions and weak integration to either domestic or international financial markets. In this paper we investigate the multifaceted correlation between industrial development and economic structure, by focusing on one of its tr ade implications, the effect of international specialization patterns on export performances of countries.This analysis is stand on secondary data which is based on industrial policy of India, ILO, Indian government - annual industrial growth data and World Bank report.
76 In - Service Training spells its Impact on Classroom Practices: Observation of Some Significant Variables at Elementary School Level, Sankar Prasad Mohanty
This research paper speaks about i n - service training for teachers at elementary education level with an objective to explore any Changes in Classroom Practices of Elementary Schools as a result of such training. The classroom teaching processes were observed through a Classroom Observatio n Schedule (researchers made) from 90 (ninety) classes of both trained (56 classes) and un - trained (34 classes) teachers working in elementary schools. The analysis was made through simple percentage calculation on the activities of the teachers and criti cal ratios (CR) were calculated to find the significance of the difference between two percentages obtained from classes of trained (56 classes) and un - trained (34 classes) teachers. The results depict that in - service training has significant positive effe cts, in favour of trained teachers, on dimensions of classroom practices: teachers response and treatment/ pupil - teacher interaction students attentiveness; activities during lesson / scope for interaction among pupils; and student evaluation and textboo k usage.
77 Analysis of Self - Efficacy among Volleyball Players at Various Levels of Competitions, CHARANJIT SINGH, JASPAL SINGH and MUKHWINDER SINGH
The present study aims to find out the significant difference between high performing and low performing volleyball playe rs of schools, colleges and clubs. Sample of two hundred and forty (n=240) volleyball players of schools, colleges and clubs were taken to compare the self - efficacy level among high and low performing volleyball players. The test of self - efficacy prepared by Bandura (1977) was administered to record the response of subjects. The test of significance (t - test) was applied to see the difference between mean scores of volleyball players. Further ANOVA was applied to see the significant difference among high per forming groups of school, college and club level volleyball players. The level of significance was set at 0.05. The t - values 5.79, 8.14 and 3.40 of school, college and club level volleyball players respectively found highly significant in favor of high per forming Volleyball players. On the basis of results it is concluded that high performing volleyball players of school, college and club are significantly better with regard to self - efficacy. On other hand ANOVA reveals that high performing volleyball playe rs of school, college and club did not differ significantly. The self - efficacy is one of the most important psychological variables to produce high performing volleyball players. So, implications of this study are important from development stages to high performance level.
78 Comparison of Mental Skills between Medalist and Non - Medalist Football Players, MUKHWINDER SINGH and JASPAL SINGH
The purpose of present study was to compare the mental skills level between medalist and non - medalist football players of schools, colleges and clubs. The sample of three hundred (N=300) football players were taken to compare the mental skills between medalist and non - m edalist school, college and club level football players. Hardy and Nelson stated that mental Skills questionnaire was used to record the response of subjects. The t - test was applied to see the mean difference between medalist and non - medalist school, colle ge and club level football players. Further ANOVA was applied to see the mean difference among school, college level medalist and club players through S.P.S.S. Significant level was set at 0.05. The results of study show that t - values, 13.72, 11.57 and 8.4 5 between medalist and non - medalist school, college and club level football players clearly indicated that medalist players having significant better mental skills as compare to their counterparts non - medalist football players. Further results of high perf orming groups conclude that club level football players are significantly better in comparison to school football players. The results clearly supported that mental skills played very crucial role to win a medal in football game. Mental skills training nee d to be introduced from school level players for better results in football.
79 ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, Sanjay J. Nimbalkar
Earth is the only planet in this universe which has been gifted with life suppor ting elements . In the modern era development is more inclined towards industrialization and technology Due to more population and urbanization forests are disappearing at rapid pace, the evil effect of industrialization and deforestation for human activiti es are now apparent. The wounds inflicted on the environment are so severe that nature has started sending us warning signals in the form of drought, floods, tsunamis, and change in climate pattern. The survival not only of human being but of entire planet is at stake. The present generation is mindlessly pursuing its needs without thinking for the future generation to come .Therefore to achieve the goal of sustainable development the citizens must be empowered with essential knowledge, sensitivity through environmental education. The author feels that it is need of hour to introduce the different measures like, use of 3 - R, 3 - A and interdisciplinary approach of environmental education, and undertake research for education for sustainable development. The pre sent paper examine the need of environmental education and suggest the measures for sustainable development to be underta ke at every level of education.
80 Cultural Values of Teachers influence their role as Cultural Transformers, Kuldeep Singh and Seema Dhawan
Culture is the "lens" through which one views the world. It is central to what one see s , how one make s sense of what he/she sees and how one expresses hi m /herself. Cultural intelligence is the capability to grow personally through continuous learning and good understanding of the diverse cultural heritage, wisdom and values and to deal effectively wi th people from different cultural background and understanding s . It is key to the success of todays cross culture, cross border, cross organization al jobs . Cultural values predict multiple forms of cultural adaptation, including psychological well - being, general adjustment, work adjustment, and communication adjustment. In today's globalizing world, cultural Value is a necessary tool for every teacher who deals with diverse teams of students, parents, competitors, government and others. Teachers are the transformer of cultural values to the society. The present paper deals with the study of cultural values of pupil teachers.
81 INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SERVICES (ICDS) in Jammu & Kashmir, Shazia Tabasum and G. R. Rathod
SRJIS / Shazia Tabasum , G. R. Rathod ( 1 305 - 13 19 ) VOL. II/X I , MARCH - APRIL , 2014 www.srjis.com Page 1305 INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SERVICES (ICDS) in Jammu & Kashmir Shazia Tabasum Research Scholar, Social Science Center Erandwane Campus Bharti Vidypeeth, Kothrud Pune G. R. Rathod, Ph. D. Dean and Head of the Department, Social Science Center Erandwane Campus Bharti Vidypeeth, Kothrud Pune. Since Independence, the Government of India has launched a number of Central Schemes, Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS) and Community/Area Development Programmes in the areas of health & family welfare, education, employment & poverty eradication, agriculture, women & child development, sanitation, housing, safe drinking water, irrigation, transport, tribal development, border area development, social welfare, etc. both in rural and urban areas of the Country, including Jammu & Kashmir. The State of Jammu and Kashmir is situated between 32 0 17' N and 37 6' N latitude, and 73 26' E and 80 30' E longitude on the northern extremity of India. It occupies a position of strategic importance w ith its borders touching the neighboring countries of Afghanistan in the north - west, Pakistan in the west and China and Tibet in the north - east. To its south lie Punjab and Himachal Pradesh, the two other states of India. Female population of J&K State sla shed down from 47.15% of the total population in 2001 to 46.88% (prov.) in 2011. As per details from Census 2011, Jammu and Kashmir has population of 1.25 Crore souls over the figure of 1.01 Crore in 2001 census. Total population of Jammu and Kashmir as pe r 2011 census is 12,548,926 of which male and female are 6,665,561 and 5,883,365 respectively indicating a reduced sex ratio of 883. The corresponding figures of male and female as per Census 2001 were 5,360,926 and 4,782,774 respectively indicating sex ra tio of 892. Finally the researcher concludes, all vacant positions of the CDPOs and ACDPOs should be filled up at the earliest so that the scheme does not suffer any more.
82 Perceptions of Teachers on Quality Assurance in Higher Education, FRANKY GUPTA and CHARANPREET KAUR
In the present study an attempt has been made to investigate the perceptions of teachers on quality assurance in higher education. The sample consisted of 86 teachers selected randomly from five colleges affiliated to Panjab University Chandigarh. Self made questionnaire containing 25 items about teaching, research and extension was used to collect data. The results show that for planning teaching strategies through interaction with students the teachers get feedback about evaluation. Quality assur ance architecture should be institution specific. The curriculum should be monitored on regular basis. Results show that CAI helps the teacher in providing quality education. There is need to check the degradation of quality and this can be avoided if stud ents have knowledge to choose their subjects. For making research projects a success internal seminars are conducted. In these seminars the teachers are given knowledge about various other topics related to their studies on which further research can be ma de. The courses introduced should be such which provide both theoretical as well as practical knowledge to students. Further it was found that 3 hours are not enough to check the knowledge of students. Assessment methods should generate appropriate learni ng activities and provide feedback to students. Students are given extension lectures and through this they get knowledge about various topics. With the help of Right to Information the students having access to information can become empowered in knowledg e and technology driven economy.
83 Analysis of s tress and anxiety among Juvenile Offenders, D. SAMUEL, D. USHALAYA RAJ
The research study focussed to analyse the stress and anxiety of Juvenile offenders in the observation homes. S urvey method is employed to collect the data through questionnaire by adopting random s ampling technique. The sample size of the study is 132 . The main obj ectives of the study are, to analyse the level of stress and anxiety among juvenile offenders, to find out the stress and anxiety among juvenile offenders based on family configuration and parental occupation . The major findings of the study sh ow that the Juvenile offenders have high stress and anxiety . There is a significant difference between stress and anxiety among juvenile offenders based on family configuration and parental occupation .
84 A Comparative Study of Study Habits of Adolescents of Government and Private schools and their relation to personality , Jyoti khanna
Jimoh (2000) describe s education as the totality of the experiences made available to individuals, in formal or informal situations to make them develop a rounded personality and to be useful to themselves and the society at large. And development of personality of the childs depends on the adjustment with the environment. To help the pupil in making the changing environment is one of the important aims of education. Adjustment helps in having integrated and balanced personality. Considering the numerous advantages that are de sirable from education, no amount of resources expended on it can be described as too much. Thus parents and guardian s send their children and wards to secondary schools to acquire relevant educational skills, knowledge and good morals so as to be useful t o themselves and society.
85 A RESEARCH PAPERON DESIGNING OF EHS POLICY , D. B. Bagul
E S POLICY EHS policy is "Environmental Health and Safety Policy". Environment : The word Environment ? is most commonly used describing natural environment. In other words, Environment is sum total of water, air & land inter - relationships amongthemselves & also with the human being, other living organism & property . He alth : According to WHO, Health is a state of complete physical, mental & social well - being & not merely the absence of disease or infirmity . Safety : Safety can be defined as The condition of being protected against physical, social, spiritual, emotional or other types of consequences o f error, accidents, harm or any other events which could be considered as non - desirable . Policy : Policy is generally defined as a procedure or protocol developed & adopted to achieve rational outcomes . It can also be described as principle or rule. Policy can b e considered as a Statement of Intent or a Commitment . Thus, EHS Policy is any course of action deliberately taken to manage human activities with aview to prevent, reduce, or mitigate harmful effects on nature and natural resources, and ensuring that man - made changes to the environment do not have harmful effects on humans. 1. EHS policy is applicable to all sectors. Every industry or firm should have EHS policy, as it isa commitment of conserving the environment. 2. Environments, Healt h & Safety are the 3 surrounding phases of an individual. 3. Previously, the concept of Health & Safety existed, but with a view to increasing effects of business processes on the environment, Environment entity was added to HS ? forming EHS ?. 4. Employe r employees the people in the organization.
86 Effective Study Habits : A need for students at any level of education, Jyoti Khanna
Education is regarded as an agent of nation development so factors that promote academic performance such as effective study habits should be encouraged among students. Acc ording to him, the promotion of effective study habits among students should be of profound interest to all stakeholders in the field of education. In India ineffective study habits lead to poor career performance, inefficiency on job, lack of job satisfac tion, low productivity, and gross under development and retrogression of the nations intellectual advancement. Good study habits make students days in school rich, productive and enjoyable
87 STUDY OF ZOOPLANKTON POPULATION IN A FRESHWATER, RANGAVALI DAM, NAVAPUR, DIST - NANDURBAR (MS) INDIA, JAISWAL D. P.,K. D. AHIRRAO and K. B. SHEJULE
The present study was conducted at two different stations in the Rangavali Dam, from tribal area. Samples were collected from each station between June 2007 and May 2009 on a monthly basis. The samples were evaluated quantitatively and the species identified for collected samples. Total of 20 species of zooplankton were noticed during the study period. They were grouped in Rotifera, Copepoda, Cladocera and Ostracoda. Eight species were reported in Rotifera group. They belong to four families namely Brachionidae, Lacanidae, Euchanidae and Notomatidae. Four species were Copepods all species noticed belonged to Cyclopidae family. Six species were Cladocera. They belonged to three families. Daphnidae, Monidae and Chydoridae. Two specis of Ostracoda were reported distributed in Cyprididae and Ilyocyprida families.
88 Leadership and Management in NAAC A Grade Higher Educational Institutes of Maharashtra, Smita Patil
Higher education covers teaching , research and extension. Higher education is the source or feeder system in all walks of life and therefore supplies the much - needed human resources in management, planning, design, teaching and research. However Present scenari o regarding quality of these Higher educational institutes in our country appears to be grim. Education system has increased fourteen fold in terms of number of universities and thirty three fold in terms of the number of colleges, in comparison to the number at the time of Independence. Nevertheless, the fact illustrates how difficult it is for developing countries to bridge gaps and to keep pace with the developed world. The Indian higher education system is in a constant state of change and flux due to the increasing needs of expanding access to higher education, impact of technology on the delivery of education, increasing private participation and the impact of globalization. Taking cognizance of these developments and the role of higher education i n society. The accreditation of HEIs is must to maintain quality of HEIs. NAAC has developed five core values: contributing to national development, fostering global competencies among students, inculcating a value system in students, promoting the use o f technology and quest for excellence. The sixth criterion lays stress on the goverence and leadership qualities. It is very necessary to have competent leaders and managers who will direct the HEI towards the fulfilment of the NAAC criterions. so that the institute is able to maintain the standards set up by the NAAC committee to maintain quality of higher Educational Institutes. Management and leadership are concept which are very important to maintain the A grade of any HEI.
89 Women and Identity: Study of Vikas Bahls Hindi Film Queen(2014), Renu Raj
This paper deals with a feminist approach to the character Rani in the Hindi film Queen (2014) directed by Vikas Bahl. The purpose of my study is to examine how the female protagonist Rani, a vulnerable and shy girl, finds her voice and create an identity of her on. When Rani being rejected by her fianc, draws up all courage and decides to go for her honeymoon to Paris all by herself. Through the journey she discovers the joy of crossing the borders?, and living on her own terms. She gains the spirit of inde pendence when she is exposed to the new world. Her experiences and interactions with different people in Paris shape her new attitude to her life. Unlike other stereotype female protagonists of Hindi films, Rani makes a difference. She is more of an emerge nt woman who finds a meaning in her life and in fact becomes Queen? of her life itself.
90 Dr. B. R. Ambedkar: Realistic Socialist, Prakash B. Salavi
We all are live with ideals instead of reality. This somewhat happen ourselves is as a habitual. We all are slavery of our different kind of ideal habits. We all are live with our ideas and ideals. Buddha found the four truth of life. Ambedkar found the reality of life. However, we all forget it all, which are as values called ethical or which is essential for life, and which is explored by Ambedkar and Buddha. These people give significance to our basic instinct and our basic physical needs. However, we ignore that; we f eel the most important is ethical needs, which is come from our ideals, religion and traditions.
91 JOB SATISFACTION IN RELATION TO STRESS AND BIOGRAPHIC VARIABLES OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS, NEERU SHARMA,CHANDNI RANA
Job satisfaction has always been a flash point of discussion among the researchers and scholars since long. This study aimed to examine Job Satisfaction in relation to Stress and Anxiety among Secondary School Teachers using descriptive research method. The attempt was made to identify the level of job stress and job satisfaction among teachers in consideration with their gender differences along with age and experiences. Data was collected by three different tools Job Satisfaction scale by Mudgil, Perceived Stress scale (pss) by Cohen and IPAT Anxiety scale by Kapoor in January 2014 from 200 Teachers of Kapurtha la district and S.B.S Nagar (Punjab). The data were analyzed using 2 2 Factorial Design Analysis of Variance. Job satisfaction was found to be significantly related with stress and anxiety. Further job satisfaction of government school teachers was found to be higher than private school teachers. Moreover, it was also found that interaction of stress and types of school has influence on job satisfaction of teachers.
92 Body Image in Todays Scenario, EKTA BHUSHAN SATSANGI ,SHIVANI RAWAT
A person's body image is thought to be, in part, a product of their personal experiences, personality, and various social and cultural forces. A person's sense of their own physical appearance , usually in relation to others or in relation to som e cultural "ideal," can shape their body image. A person's perception of their appearance can be different from how others actually perceive them. Advances in technology and in particular the rise of the mass media have caused normal concerns about how we look to become obsessions. These images certainly contribute to the body - hatred and to some of the resulting eating problems, which range from bulimia to compulsive overeating, to simply being obsessed with controlling ones appetite. But body image can be regain and boost by some means which are mention the main body.
93 Developing Training Program for the B. Ed students to teach the subject Science using Models of Teaching and finding out its effectiveness, R. A. Pathak,
Science occupies an important place in school curriculum yet the status of science teaching has shown considerable decline in developing countries. It should be taught through scientific method. This study attempts to develop a training programme for B.Ed. students so teach the subject science using models of teaching and finding out its effectiveness. The present study included Concept Attainment Model (CAM) and Inquiry Training Model (ITM) for teaching science. For this purpose 30 science teacher educator s from 15 B.Ed. colleges from three zones, thirty science method B.Ed. students (purposive sample) and classes of standard VI, VII & VIII were selected as a sample for present research. The training programme was developed after carefully examining the sug gestions given by the teacher educators during survey. After attaining the taw scores and applying statistical techniques like t test and chi square test, it was found that the developed training programme was effective, CAM and ITM were found to h ave a significant increase in the achievement of students subject science. The handbook is useful for B.Ed. students to again theoretical and practical knowledge about models of teaching.
94 ROLE OF PERFORMANCE ENHANCING DRUGS IN SPORTS, Dr.K.Srikanth
Anti doping laws generally exist in order to provide a safe and fair environment for participation in sport. These laws should prevent and protect athletes from subjecting themselves to health risks through the use of unsafe, but performance - enhancing drugs. Because of difficulties in proving intent to cheat, the World Anti - Doping Agency enforces a principle of strict liability for positive test results for banned substances. An area of major controversy with respect to liability is the sports supplement industry, which is poorly regulated when compared with prescription drugs yet is a potential source of doping violations. Medical practitioners can be found guilty of anti - doping violations if they traffic banned drugs , prescribe these to athletes or otherwise assist athletes in taking banned substances. Medical practitioners are also now required to complete paperwork (therapeutic use exemption forms) to enable athletes to take banned substances which are required on m edical grounds for specific illnesses.
95 A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF VALUE DIMENSIONS OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS, Satvinderpal Kaur
Values are standards by which one determines if a particular thing, object, idea, policy etc. is good or bad, desirable or undesirable, worthy or unworthy or some place in between these two extremes. Teacher is the kingpin of the society. The value, conduct and principles possess by teacher can play a very significant role in the formation of the future citizens with healthy value system. Values guide our behaviour and our behaviour reflections influence the others and the behaviour of teacher is rigorously influence the behaviour of students so it is pertinent to make focus on the value patterns of teachers. In the light of this present study has been conducted to evaluate the value patterns of teachers and to make their comparison. The findin gs reveal that male and female teachers differ on the basis of their value patterns. Male teachers have significantly higher score on theoretical, political and social values whereas females are betteron economic, aesthetic and religious values. Focus laid to develop healthy value system among teachers as sound values are nurtured in the healthy environment.
96 A study of Educational Thoughts of Swami Vivekananda, NIVEDITA DESHMUKH,MENKA MISHRA
To make a man complete with all kinds of values including moral and religious value by the study on educational thought of Swami Vivekanand . This study finds the way to get the inner - self which resides in everything and everywhere by eliminating ones ego to finally reach the manifestation of perfection through education. In the said research, a study of thoughts of Swami Vivekananda was conducted.
97 Occupational Stress Amongst Teachers: A Study Of The Professional Colleges Of Education In Jammu, Pr ovince Of J&K State, Mohd Zubair Kales
Occupational stress can be inadvertently linked to success or failure at ones job. The general impression about occupational stress is the feeling of failure due to work overload. But if this is the case and so simple a problem than merely by reducing the amount of work, occupational stress could have been done away with. However the problem is not that easy to pinpoint. It is here that a comparative investigation of the reasons of stress in different occupations becomes important. Herein lays the most cru cial significance of the study. To combat a problem the awareness of the conditions, which lead to it, are very important. Stress is a part of everyones daily life. It means that the person cannot cope with the demands put forward by his or her work, whic h is opposite to their expectations of rewards and success. It affects both the person concerned and the relationships he or she forms in the society be it with family or friends. Although the importance of individual differences cannot be ignored, scienti fic evidence suggests that certain working conditions are stressful to most people. The excessive workload demands and conflicting expectations and puts a greater emphasis on working conditions as the key source of job stress, and for job redesign as a pri mary prevention strategy.
98 An Innovative Trend in Research in Education : Product Development Method, Jayshree Airekar
SRJI / Jayshree Airekar ( 14 7 9 - 14 84 ) VOL. II/X I I , M AY - JUNE , 2014 www.srjis.com Page 1479 An Innovative Trend in Research in Education : Product Development Method Jayshree Airekar Bhimashankar College of Education , Landewadi, Pune . Teacher Education Institute, we have to adopt new innovative practices, methods and approaches to train the forthcoming teachers in the age of globalization and various new challenges. Therefore, we have to develop Innovative Research approach in Teacher Education for the better Education of the trainee teacher. We can also used Product Research strategy as innovative trends in Teacher Education. The study was taken up with following objectives in mind. To study the concept & characteristics of Product. To study the nature & steps of the Product Research Method. To suggest Research made Product. Qualitative analysis method was used for the present study. The da ta collection through the secondary sources like Books, Magazines, Journals and Websites was then subjected to qualitative analysis. Characteristics of the Product is Product has the similar meaning as tools/instruments. The nature of product can be Hardwa re or Software. The people who developed the product, gives guarantee. Need of product in education is We use product in teaching to make easier communication. To reduce the gap between bookish knowledge & practical knowledge. To achieve direct real time e xperience E.g. (Models). To make joyful learning. Best example of Product is Video Film, Pictorial Book, Training prog., CAL etc.
99 An Innovative Trend in Research in Education : Product Development Method, Jayshree Airekar
SRJI / Jayshree Airekar ( 14 7 9 - 14 84 ) VOL. II/X I I , M AY - JUNE , 2014 www.srjis.com Page 1479 An Innovative Trend in Research in Education : Product Development Method Jayshree Airekar Bhimashankar College of Education , Landewadi, Pune . Teacher Education Institute, we have to adopt new innovative practices, methods and approaches to train the forthcoming teachers in the age of globalization and various new challenges. Therefore, we have to develop Innovative Research approach in Teacher Education for the better Education of the trainee teacher. We can also used Product Research strategy as innovative trends in Teacher Education. The study was taken up with following objectives in mind. To study the concept & characteristics of Product. To study the nature & steps of the Product Research Method. To suggest Research made Product. Qualitative analysis method was used for the present study. The da ta collection through the secondary sources like Books, Magazines, Journals and Websites was then subjected to qualitative analysis. Characteristics of the Product is Product has the similar meaning as tools/instruments. The nature of product can be Hardwa re or Software. The people who developed the product, gives guarantee. Need of product in education is We use product in teaching to make easier communication. To reduce the gap between bookish knowledge & practical knowledge. To achieve direct real time e xperience E.g. (Models). To make joyful learning. Best example of Product is Video Film, Pictorial Book, Training prog., CAL etc.
100 The Great Trial of Mohandas K.Gandhi, Harmik Vaishnav
The famous speech delivered by Mohandas K. Gandhi, the father of the nation on March 23, 1922 in the court defending his beliefs is a historical speech from the context of the study of freedom movement of India, law and leadership. The speech is a classic study rather a microcosm of the vision, strategy and thought process that led to the birth of a nation and it tells about the brain behind it which was one of the most visionary and opulent brains. The article strives to study deliberate upon the mettle b ehind one of the greatest humans and leader the world has seen: his in - depth insight into human psychology, civilization, economics, machinery of justice and political influence which ultimately envisioned the making of a great nation. It also throws light on the aspect or moral courage, obedience to morality than law and the ultimate target of law: to uphold morality and goodness for the masses. The article also deliberates on how The Father of the Nation He truly built the soul and structure of a nation which would take rapid strides and the strides would be firmer and the progress sustainable if his ideals are put into practice wherever possible and at as many fronts as possible.
101 Demographic Situation of Satar/Santhal in Nepal (A Case of Surunga VDC, Jhapa, Nepal), Bhakti Prasad Subedi
This study focused especially on the number of Satar/Santhal peoples (an ethnic composition of population) living in Surunga VDC and Nepal. Owing to such, data were collected through secondary sources (VDC Records and National Census Reports), data analysi s has been done by incorporating simple methods like numerical figures, tables and bar diagrams. Findings suggest that Satar/ Santhal population of Surunga VDC is shifting from highly marginalized to endangered group by the view point of size of the Satar/ Santhal community people. There is negative relationship quantitatively between the number of Satar/Santhal population of Surunga VDC and Nepal. It shows the vast decreasing trend in the Surunga VDC and slight increasing trend in Nepal in Satar/Santhal com munity. This situation is not the good sign of social, ethnic and demographic inclusiveness.
102 AN EVAUATIVE STUDY OF MID - DAY MEAL PROGRAMME IN CHANDIGARH AND PANCHKULA, S. S. Rana
The Government of India ensures in Article 45 of the Indian constitution that, state shall endeavour to provide free and compulsory education to all children in the age of 6 - 14 years. With the objectives of providing education and improving health conditio ns of poor children, Indian government launched the scheme of providing mid - day meals in government and government assisted primary schools. In the present study researcher investigated the various aspects of this scheme like meal menu, locality of kitchen and sheds used for cooking food, quality and quantity of food distributed, frequency of inspection, hygienic condition, effect on student enrolment and retention etc. Researcher visited 20 schools from Chandigarh and 20 schools from Panchkula and a sample of 200 teachers was selected for opinionnaire. Study indicated that the scheme has improved the attendance of students in schools but still could not make up the increased enrolment and retention of students. The scheme is providing sufficient nutrition t o the students but the areas like food safety, food variety, distribution time, responsibilities on teachers regarding the scheme and accountability of authorities need much improvement.
103 ECHOES OF FEMINISM IN MAHESH DATTANIS TARA, Divya Walia
Over the last three or four decades, the terms, literary theory and criticism have acquired considerable significance for the study of literature and social sciences. Literary theories can be understood as the principles or tools that can be applied for interpreting a wok of literature. They attempt to trace history and culture in the texts and also their linguistic structure.The feminist theory came to the forefront in its theoretical sense in the U.S. and Western Europe in the 1960s. Thi s theory views distinction between man and woman as the product of culture and thus brings socio cultural set up of the society under the scrutiny of the theorists who question it rather than simply reflect it as a social reality. The play Tara by Mahesh Dattani too offers multiple reading levels when read in the light of feminism. The paper is an attempt to look at this play in the light of feminism for the better understanding of the play and to explore the dormant feminist voices getting subtly reflected thought the plot and the characters of the play.
104 A BRIEF STUDY OF FOSTER ACTIVITIES AND PROGRAMMES FOR CREATIVITY, NIVEDITA DESHMUKH and MENKA MISHRA
A study on "fosterin g activities and programmes for creativity" explore the ability of creativeness which every individual possess to some extent. It helps the student to think constructively which depends on different environment and conditions provided to the students to fo ster ac tivities for creativity. In the said research, a study of defense Mechanism was conducted
105 Education for Mentally Retarded Children, P. SHANTHY and C. RAMASUBRAMANIAN
The intellectual gap between the normal and mentally retarded children, which exists at birth or soon thereafter tends to increase with age and is permanent and largely irremediable. This must be realized and accepted by parents and teachers alike possible attitudes to the problem are to be developed.
106 VARIATIONS IN ADOLESCENCE, RASHI MUKHOPADHYAY and VISHAKHA KUMAR
The study broadly explores the thesis developed by Prof. T . S . Saraswathi that contests the conception of adolescents as a single universal cohort . This study was aimed at explorin g adolescence at the micro level by interviewing participants in the age group of 13 to 20 year. The study attempts to understand individuals as situated in their contexts. We found that adolescence is experienced in some way or the other by people of all classes and gender. However, the manifestation and concerns of adolescence may vary.
107 The Impact of Philosophy of Jainism on Various Aspects of Education, Purshotam
Jainism is a very old philosophy. It has exercised a great influence on the mind of man. Even Under the present - day educational system, boys and girls go to schools and colleges to follow a syllabus which has been set for them. The aim of education can be both social as well as individual. From the view - point of education for an individual, it should be su ch as to help develop the physical, mental and moral aspects of an individuals personality. The aim of education is thus not restricted to t he one sided development of an individuals personality; it seeks on the contrary, to develop the perfect Man. Jainism presents equal background to the aim of education and life. The aims of education would be influenced by the aims of life. Education is the important means of fulfilling the aims of life. Jainism is quite a sound philosophy and provides permanent aims of education. Jainism is not only a real source of getting worldly enjoyments and heavenly pleasures, but is a science to purify the mundane soul to attain perfection, omniscience, and undying infinite true happiness. It is original, independent, sci entific, rationalistic democratic, universal, systematic and primitive faith not only of mankind, but even of birds and bests. It provides freedom, pure bliss, self - responsibility, self - realization, all equality voluntary, co - operation, reciprocal help, sp iritual advancement, all love noble thoughts, sweet temper, simple living, pure food, contentment, international peace, exemplary action and brave conduct.
108 A RESEARCH PAPERON A STUDY OF EFFECTIVE MPLEMENTATION OF TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM, D. B. B agul
The game of economic competition has new rules. Firms should be fast and responsive. This requires responding to custom er needs for quality , variety, convenience and timeliness. Meeting these new standard s requires a workforce that is techni cally trained in all respects. This article is proposed to give an approach to one of the primary Human Resource function i.e. Training and Development be ing followed in ATRA Pharmaceuticals. Ltd, Pune T he company profile consist of the introd uction of Atra Pharmaceutica l s L td., how it is formed, what the Company is abou t, also it describes vision, mission, quality policy, HR Policy, Environment safety po licy of a company. Review of literature is all about the views of different authors about the subject. It was taken from sources. Research is a systematic and logical study of an issue of a problem or a phenomenon through scientific method. The research wa s ca rried out by using primary and secondary data, for the purpose of data analysis. Analysis of the data is done as per the responses of the employees based on sample size. The overall satisfaction level was found out with the analysis of the data. The re searcher has concluded the report on the basis of cost evaluation & the productive time saved.
109 INNOVATIVE METHOD OF TEACHING SCIENCE THROUGH INTERDISCIPLINARY APPROACH, Jacinta A. Opara
A number of common factors infl uence science education today. The most importantly are the scientific and technological outburst and the increasing national and international issues and problems. The intension of this paper is to examine the roles and eff ects of science edu cation in en count er ing these ch allenges. It proffers that scien ce teachers in Nigeria should consider these challenges and changes by applying innovative approaches to methods of teaching science through interdisciplinary science to attain knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary to compete with the global trend and standard.
110 The Insurance Laws (Amendment) Bill, 20 08 in India: Legal Position of a Nominee, Minakshi Balkawade
Life insurance certainly serves as a tool of fin ancial security against ri sks ensuing from unfortunate loss of the bread winner of a family. However it is crucial for the insured to make sure in advance that on his death the proceeds should go to his beneficiaries. Accordingly they nominate their family members, assuming that in case of unforeseen contingencies the latter will get title to the proceeds. However real ity is far away from intentions. Distinct construals by different courts regarding the legal position of a nominee coupled with lack of awareness of the same among peo ple are a cause of grave concern. Thi s warrants immediate attention by law - makers through amendment s to the Insurance Act, 1938 as are comprehensible to all market participants and also bring consistency in interpretation of the law . In this context the pa per highlight s the legal status of a nominee as interpreted by different c ourts in India, the tribulations arising out of the same and the efficacy of the new Insurance Laws ( Amendment ) Bill, 2008.
111 TYPE OF SOLDIERS THAT CAME TO MANIPUR IN WORLD WAR II, W. Jyotirmoy Singh
The Second World War reached India with the Japanese bombing of Imphal, the capital of Manipur on 10 th May 1942. Th is changed the life of the populaces of Imphal and also that of the people living in the far flung region of Manipur. The people of Imphal immediately fled their home after the bombing. After some months, some of them returned to their home and start settl ing down. In their locality they saw many soldiers. Some even find the soldiers staying in their house. As the Japanese invasion of Manipur becomes a possibility day by day, more and more soldiers were station in Imphal and other parts where the Japanese a re likely to pass through .
112 A Study of Socio Economic Status and Educational Problems of Adolescent Girls of Rajasthan, RACHNA SHARMA and NEERJA DHANKAR
T he pr esent study tries to explain the socio economic status and educational problems of adolescent girls of Rajasthan. The study adopted the SES Scale developed by R. L. Bhardwaj and Adolescent Girls Educational Problem Scale developed by the investigator. A purposive sample of 66 adolescent girls studying in government school was taken. Data collected was analyzed statistically using the percentage and coefficient of correlation techniques. Results revealed that 9.09% rural adolescent girls are having Moderate Educational Problems and 90.90% are having Low Educational Problems. All adolescent girls fall under middle class socio - economic status category and SES affects the Educational Problems of adolescent girls. Due to long distance, lack of transport facilities and security reasons parents do not send their girl child to school and very less number of girls pursues education after secondary school. The infrastructure of school was not found satisfactory also the girls are not computer literate.
113 A STUDY ON IMPLEMENTATION OF RIGHT TO EDUCATION ACT, 2009 IN HAJO BLOCK OF RURAL KAMRUP DISTRICT, Ritamoni Das
Indian government has passed Right of children t o free and compulsory Education , Act 2009 on 4 th august 2009 and it has came in to force from the first April 2010. This act ensures free and c ompulsory education for the children of age group of 6 to 14 years in primary schools. After long years of 66 from independence in our country literacy rate is not satisfactory. There are so many reasons behind it. But now with the enactment of Right to Ed ucation Act, 2009 brings hope to us , it has became compulsory for central and state government as well as for guardians to ensure that every child of age group of 6 to 14 is enrolled in school. Many times government passed so many acts, policies etc for d evelopment of our society. But actual development depends upon its proper implementation. The pr esent study aims to study the implementation of Right to Education Act, 2009 in hajo block of rural kamrup district of Assam.
114 METACOGNITION AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS IN RELTION TO THEIR GENDER AND DISCIPLINE, Indu Rathee
Metacognitive knowledge includes knowledge about oneself as a learner and th e factors that might impact performance, knowledge about strategies, and knowledge about when and why to use strategies. This research article briefly describes the m etacognition o f college students with regard to gender and their discipline . In order to s tudy the problem, the survey method was used to collect the data. T he sample for the study was collected f ro m th e three degree colle ges of Sonipat city ( Haryana). 18 0 students (90 male and 90 female) were randomly selected from three discipline ( Science, Commerce and Arts) . Metacognitive inventory developed by Govil P. (2003) was administered to the selected sample to assess metacognition. The data so collected was analyzed statistically by employing mean, SD and t - test. The finding reveals that the level of metacognition of college student s is found to be average . The research reveals that there is no significant difference between male and female students in their metacognition but there is significant difference with regards to their discipline.
115 Diversification: the Key to Better Livelihood Opportunities, Rajalakshmy Nandagopal ,
The agricultural sector in India is facing deceleration in growth and is posing a major challenge which is manifested through food inflation and lack of proper planning of crop management. The two major sources of growth in agriculture are area expansion and increase in productivity. These sources of growth have serious limitations. The scope of area expansion is limited due to the inelastic supply of land. Hence it is necessary to chalk out a strategy to improve production with the available technology and arable land .The traditional wheat paddy system which flourished and thrived during the Green Revolution i s facing major roadblocks. Most of the states which adopted the traditional rice or wheat cropping systems are at present facing serious economic, social and ecological problems such as deceleration in productivity growth, fall in agricultural employment, over exploited ground water resources and decline in soil fertility. Intensive cultivation with chemical fertilizers has precipitated the problem of increased costs of cultivation and environmental pollution, and ground water depletion which have undermine d the efforts to increase production. A study of the cropping patterns in India clearly brings out the diversification which is taking place in India from food crops to non food crops in certain regions especially in the southern and western states.
116 TEACHERS PARTICIPATION IN SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION: A STUDY ON GENDER DIFFERENCE , Ajay Kumar Attri ,
Teachers' participation in school administration is ad vantageous to the provision of good education. It is justified not only because of what it does for the staff but also because experience and research justify it to be the most effective means available to accomplish the purposes to which the schools are o rganized. The successful working of school depends upon the administration for which there should be suitable environment for teachers participation in it. This paper explores the gender difference in five possible school administrative areas for teachers ' participation. The study was designed on descriptive survey research, targeting the population of all trained graduate teachers in govt. and private secondary schools of Himachal. The stratified random sampling technique was used to select a sample of 20 0 (100 male and 100 female) secondary school trained graduate teachers from Kullu district of the H.P. state. Teachers Participation in School Administration Scale developed by Taj, Haseen (2000) was used in this study. The study revealed that participati on of male trained graduate teachers in communicating and controlling areas of school administration is higher as compare to female trained graduate teachers. Further, male and female trained graduate teachers are almost similar on their participation in p lanning, organizing and evaluation areas of school administration. It was recommended that policy makers and school administrators should increase the extent to which they involve teachers in school administration to improve the quality of their participat ion and boost their morale in their performance of duty
117 A STUDY ON EFFECT OF DEMOGRAPHICAL FACTORS ON AWARENESS OF BANKING SERVICES, A. PADMA, G. RAMBABU and NVS RAJU
A survey research is conducted among the consumers who reside in Nizamabad district to know the level of awareness on banking services and to identify the demographical barriers which restricts it. The study shows that all consumers are aware about banking service s provided by their bank , but only 24% of the consumers are very fairly aware of the services . This study revealed that the demographical factors a ge, education and o ccupation affects the awareness of banking services a nd not effected by other demographical factors like income , gender and cast e
118 IDENTIFYING ESSENTIAL TEACHING SKILLS, Charanjit Kaur Dhillon
E ducationists all over the world have started realizing that only securing enough teachers will not do but more important is securing teachers with right type of knowledge, skills and attitude. A teacher may have abundant knowledge but the right way of conveying units of knowledge to the students can make him competent teacher . For this he needs to expertis e over the teaching skills. Teaching has its repertoire of skills. Over the years efforts are being made to identify the essential teaching skills which a competent and effective teacher should have. There are many sources of information for identifying th ese skills. All those concerned with initial and in - service teacher training, those concerned to monitor the standard and quality of teaching, those involved in schemes of teacher appraisal, those involved in research have produced a massive literature abo ut classroom teaching skills. This paper highlights the different areas of teaching skills identified with the help of these sources of information.
119 A STUDY OF DEPRESSION BETWEEN RETIRED AND WORKING TEACHERS, JYOTI MESHRAM and SUDHIR SUDAM KAWARE
The present study is aimed at studying depression between retired and working teachers . Age ranged between 65 to 82 years (71.4 years mean age ) for elderly (Retired teachers) and for young adults (Working teachers) age ranged between 25 to 40 years ( 31.33 years mean age) . They belonged to middle & high socio - economic status with post graduate education . Results indicated normal to mild depression in retired and working teachers as well. The findings of the results showed no significant diff erence in depression between the retired and working teachers. However , working teachers have higher mean scores as compared to retired teachers.
120 SOCIO - ECONOMIC STATUS OF SCHEDULED CASTE PEO PLE IN KAMRUP DISTRICT OF ASSAM, Anek Lal Barman
The Indian society is based on a caste system with vast inequalities in social, political, economic and educational spheres. The constitution of India is enriched with several provisions for schedule d castes to safeguard and promote their cultural, so cial, educational, and economic Interests in order to bring them in the mainstream of the society. This paper attempts the S ocio - economic status of the scheduled caste people in Kamrup district of Assam. The present study has been conducte d on a purposive sampling of 100 scheduled caste people. The data has been collected through field survey . The results revealed that the socio - economic status of scheduled caste people is low.
121 SUPERSTITIONS AMONG FEMALE ADOLESCENTS, Charanjit Kaur Dhillon
Superstitions are beliefs or feelings which are irrational and cannot be explained by reasons or fact s. Even in this age of science, space and technology people still are in the grip of superstitions. The main objective of the study was to know the level of superstitions among the girls of age - group 14 to 16 years and to know the difference in the leve l of superstition s among girls grouped on the basis of type of school, income and education of their parents. Superstition Scale by Dixit and Dubey was used to collect data for the study . The sample consisted of 86 convent and 122 government school girls and he nce, 208 girls f rom both the schools . T he study found that most of the gi rls were not superstitious. T here was found a significant difference in the superstition level of girls grouped on the basis of the type of school , income and education of parents.
122 Capital Mobility and Feldstein Horioka Puzzle in India, Masroor A hmad
This Study attempts to investi gate the degree of capital mobility for Indian economy using the Investment saving Quantitative approach proposed by Feldstein and Horioka in 1980. They hypothesized that low degree of correlation between domestic savings and investment is a measure of h igher capital mobility as latter makes international capital pool available for domestic investment. However, the empirical results of their study produced results contrary to their own hypothesis and came to be known as Feldstein - Horioka puzzle. This wa s followed by number of studies some of which tried to explain the puzzle where others doubted the saving investment criteria as a measure of capital mobility. This study, using data of Indian economy tries to investigate whether Feldstein - Horioka Puzzl e is supported by saving investment behaviour in India or their proposed criteria for capital mobility suits well to the Indian economy , as far as measurement of capital mobility is considered. Using Engel - Granger Cointegration analysis long term equilibri um relationship was found and validity of saving investment criterion was established .
123 A STUDY OF SELECTED HYMNS OF SAINT TUKARAM, Nivedita Deshmukh
In total, an advice was given in all the compositions of all saints to adopt the path of devotion like importance of remembrance of God, devotion without expectation of any fruit, submission to h im who is sans discrimination. The entire saints have simplified the path to devotion of God, mancipation of life and attaining the highest place of freedom from life i.e. moksh ya , with their self experience only by pronouncing h is name. The fulfillment, happiness and freedom from cycle of life and death of the entire human beings is not possible without chanting of Harinama . Dnyandev demanded blessings from his Mentor of peacefu l universe by making a pledge of motto I will make the entire universe happy and gave upmost place to devotion of Guru. All saints renounced everything and guided the true path of devotion by keeping superstition at bay and not following the path of p ilgrimage, giving up the conjugal life and through fasts but by taking refuge to counting His name, reciting Him with true heart. Everyone has to has adopt any profession to meet both hands meet. It might be any profession. But He is omnipresent. Every s aint has made his profession great through his devotion. For eg. Savata Mali, Gora Kumbhar, Narhari Sonar, Nama Shimpi , Tukarametc. The truth of presence of God in every living and dead, place should be accepted is the insistence of the saint.
124 A N EMPIRICAL STUDY OF PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS IN COOPERATIVE SOCIETIES IN KAPRADA TALUKA, PATEL DILIPKUMAR
Financial analysis is the process of identifying the financial strengths and weakness of the Organizations from the available accounting data and financial statements . The focus of financial analysis is on key data in the financial statements . The analysis of financial statements is a process of evaluating relationship between component parts of financial statements to obtain a better understanding of the firms positio n and performance. This study aims at analyzing the overall financial profitability of the Shree Mandava Vibhag Bagayati Sahkari Mandali and Shree Dixal Vibhag Bagayati Sahkari Mandali Ltd. In Kaprada Taluka by using various financial tools. The s tudy has been undertaken for the period of 5 years from 2009 - 10 to 2013 - 14 . In order to analyze financial efficiency in terms of Profitability ratios have been used
125 A STUDY ON WAREHOSUING AGENCIES IN INDIA, N. Srinivas kumar
Traditionally, warehousing involves the storage of raw material, work - in - process inventory or finished goods in a covered space in the most suitable way for a specific time period. It also adds temporal and spatial significance to the value of the commodity . Storage implies preserving. It is the process of carrying surplus production for future consumption. It includes all types of storage, whether traditional method or scientific methods of storage, whether controlled or ambient and maintained by the private or public agencies. On the other hand, warehousing means scientific facilities for storage of commodities, generally combined with the elements of trade and profit. The storage is, thus, a broader term and warehousing forms a part of it. The study is based on mainly secondary data and for some information primary data was collected through personal interviews of CWC employees. For secondary data C WC annual reports of last three years and internet surfing was used . In achieving food secu rity besides producing enough food grains, proper and adequate storage and maintenance of the produced grain is equally important .
126 PERFORMANCE COMPARISON BETWEEN PATTERN GROWTH ALGORITHMS FOR MINING SEQUENTIAL PATTERN, PRACHI BATWARA and BASANT VERMA
Sequential Pattern Mining is ver y important concept in Data Mining, finds frequent patterns from given sequence. It is used in various domains such as medical treatments, customer shopping sequence, DNA sequence and gene structures. Sequential Pattern Mining Approaches are classified int o two categories: Apriori or generate and test approach, pattern growth or divide and conquer approach. In this paper, we are introducing a more efficient algorithm for sequential pattern mining. The time & space consumption of proposed algorithm will be lesser in comparison to previous algorithms & we compare two algorithms of pattern growth algorithms of Sequential Pattern Mining, one is P - prefix span which discovers frequent sequential pattern with probability of inter arrival time and other one is new proposed algorithm named as Percussive algorithm. Our experiment shows that new proposed algorithm is more efficient and scalable then the P - prefix span algorithm.
127 ICT EMPOWERED TEACHER EDUCATORS: STRATEGY FOR CONSTRUCTIVIST LEARNING, Prajnya P aramita J ena
Information and communication Technologies (ICTs) are a major factor in shaping the new global economy and producing rapid changes in society. In the present day there is a conscious shift towards approaches that lead to constructi vist learning recognizing the use of information technologies. The role of teacher educator/teacher has changed and continues to change from being an instructor to a facilitator and creator of a learning situation. This leads to a challenging task among th e teacher educators as they need training not only in computer literacy but also in the pedagogical application of those skills to improve teaching and learning for successful integration of ICTs into teacher education. The paper looks into the challenges and issues faced by teacher educators in the fullest utilization of information and communication technology. It focuses on the professional development of teacher educators in various contexts of infusing technology into the educational system. The paper closes with a suggestion for a planned strategy which gives priority to capacity building of teacher educators ensuring the appropriate, effective and sustainable integration of ICTs that empowers them not just to prepare well trained teachers to implement but also to lead educational innovations that will transform schools and ultimately, all of society.
128 REMEDIAL INTERVENTIONS FOR ACADEMIC FAILURES AMONG STUDENTS, Nasir mohammad bhat
Prevention of academic failure i s a serious challenge because children who fail academically experience significant social and economic challenges throughout their lives. Causes of academic failure include familial, socioeconomic, and cultural issues that lead to a lack of readiness for school, academic, instructional, and motivational problems as well as physiological, cognitive, and neurological barriers to learning. This article reviews the field of academic interventions. It describes types and targets of academic interventions; inter vention delivery systems; guidelines relating to the selection, implementation, and evaluation of academic interventions; and selected evidence - based strategies .
129 DISPARITIES IN LITERACY RATE OF DALITS IN KARNATAKA AN INTER - DISTRICT LEVEL ANALYSIS, Mohammed Ashfaq Ahamed
Though the Karnataka state is striving towards achieving universal literacy at a faster pace, but still 35% of the Sched uled Castes population and 38% of the Scheduled Tribes population is still illiterate. The following article has analysed the trends and pattern of literacy rates of Dalits with regard to regions and gender in Karnataka. S tatistical and analytical methods such as Averages, Percentages, Range, Disparity Indices and Co - efficient of Variation are employed in the study . It is found that the literacy rate of Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe in the state is far behind the benchmark goal of 85% by the Planning Commission. This is a cause of concern. The female SCs and STs are quite worse off when compared to male SCs and STs. The inter - district variations are also quite wider in their case. Further the literacy rate of female SCs and STs across northern backward districts have not crossed 50 per cent. This is one of major challenge that the State should address on a priority concern. Twelfth Plan proposes that efforts will be made for providing functional literacy with special focus to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other disadvantageous groups for keeping track with the objective of Inclusive Growth. It will go long way in sustaining the Dalits improvement in the growth process. Once the literacy rate of female Dalits is improved, it will help them to uti lize better economic opportunities and enhance their capabilities, there - by leading to socio - economic empowerment.
130 MANAGEMENT OF BETEL VINES COST OF CULTIVATION, Bharat Vitthal Patil,
Cost of betel vine cultivation and returns collected on the sale of betel vine leaves were known as most important factor in betel vine cultivation . C ultivators were well conversant with the cost of cultivation of betel vine . The growers of betel vine expected on the basis of cost of cultivation. Generally, price of any article was mostly dependent on cost and pr of it expected by the produce s and m ediato r s. The careful analysis of cost and income assisted to fix a certain price which was accepted by Consumer s. The analysis of cost and income assist ed betel vine cultivators to control unnecessary and excess expenses while using inputs. Cultivators realized to control expenses for earning more income and even a moderate price was fixed by them to relie ve customer . This again furnished cultivators to estimate capital requirements for meeting productive and unproductive expense . C ultivators brought a certain quantity of betel vine leaves for sale on a certain price. Price of the betel leaves were determin ed by mediators and were paid to cultivators after deducting commission, transportation , loading unloading and other charges etc. Betel vine (Piper Betl e Linn.) was an important commercial cash crop. In India the area under betel vine cultivation was 42287 hectares, in Maharashtra it was 4093 hectares. Betel vine leaves were used for chewing in India and other Asian countries. It was grown inside the artificial created forest area where humidity was more. The betel vine leaves were absolutely indispensable for celebrating marriages, many religious and social functions. Betel vine leaves were treated as holy symptoms for preserving bliss in the family and friendship.
131 GOVERNMENTS STRATEGY IN DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM INFRASTRUCTURE, P.R.Karulkar
Infrastructure plays a very important role in tourism development. It is the responsibility of the government to make systematic plan and provision for development of tourism activity in India . Availability of good infrastructure is one of the essenti al requirements for attracting more tourists, both international as well as domestic , t o any tourist destination . If India would be in a plan to provide good infrastructure then it will be the most attractive destination in 21 st century The object of thi s research paper to study the performance of the schemes for development of Tourism infrastructure in XI plan and what will be Government proposed strategies for development of tou rism infrastructure in XII plan. This study mainly focuses on the secondary data available on Tourism Report of Government of India . Finally the paper will conclude with remark of sustainable development of Tourism in 21 st century is possible only if government will have a proper wisdom and vision while framing Government Policy for tourism development.
132 A STUDY OF THE STUDENTS PERCEPTION OF ACADEMIC STRESS DUE TO THEIR PARENTS ABOUT THEIR STUDIES., B. P. Singh
The present study is concerned with the study of studen ts perception of academic stress due to their parents about their studies. Researcher prepared a self made questionnaire of 35 questions in English medium and it was administered to 200 students selected from Government and private schools including both male and female students. t test was used to find out the significant difference. Product Moment Correlation was used to find out correlation between academic stress and parents expectation . It was concluded that there is high significant relationship be tween Academic stress and parents expectation towards their well being. S imilarly it was found out that there is significant difference between the students perception of academic stress among government and private male and female students.
133 A STUDY TO EXTRACT COMMON FACTORS FOUND IN LEARNING CHEMISTRY AT SENIOR SECONDARY LEVEL., B.P. Singh ,
The present study was concerned with the extraction of comm on factors found in learning Chemistry at Senior Secondary level. A co - relation matrix was obtained from eighteen reliable and valid objective type tests taken into items and were distributed over the whole course. Investigator decided to use centric metho d for Factor Analysis of the correlation matrix because it involves less rigorous mathematical calculation and it was easy to interpret psychologically. Guilford and Laceys criterion was applied to test the validity of Factor VI. The product of two highes t factor loadings fell short of 1/?N. Hence the factor stood rejected. After factorization, it was observed that difference between the obtained and guessed communalities is more than 0.10, and then factor analysis was done afresh, starting with obtained c ommunalities without doing any adjustment in the diagonal cell. After first reiteration it was found that difference between the obtained and guessed communalities is less than 0.10. It was concluded that factor 1 constitutes 60% of the cognitive abilities in Chemistry while the other four factors contribute 40% of the total cognitive abilities in Chemistry.
134 A STUDY TO INTERPRET COMMON FACTORS FOUND IN LEARNING CHEMISTRY AT SENIOR SECONDARY LEVEL., B.P. Singh,
In the era of science and technology, we need students who can cope with the challenging situation of the world. To accept these challenges, need of students having some inherent potential to accept these challenges is essential. Eighteen achievement tests covering different field of Chemistry was constructed. Item analysis of these tests was done. Chi - square tests of normality of distribution were applied after computing the mean and S.D. Transformation of test scores into T - scales in test no 1 where the distribution of score was abnormal. All these achieveme nt tests had more than.85 reliability. Product moment correlation was used to get correlation matrix between eighteen tests. Factorization was stopped after five factors. Difference between obtained and guessed communalities became less than 0.10 after fir st reiteration. Result indicates that there are five factors responsible for learning basic concept of Chemistry .
135 A STUDY OF FACTOR PATTERN IN ORDER TO DISCUSS THE CLUSTER IN WHICH THE DIFFERENT ASPECTS OF CHEMISTRY FALL., B.P.Singh
T he present study was concerned with the investigation of factor pattern in order to discuss the clusters in which the different aspects of achievement in Chemistry fall at senior secondary level. Researcher c onstructed 18 achievement tests in C hemistry. Authentic scores obtained from reliable and valid objective type tests were taken into items and distributed over the whole course to get factors which were obtained after first reiteration. Orthogonal rotation had to be carried out and Turnstone s method of Extended Vectors was used, as it leads to the simple structure. Only the first five factors were taken for rotation. The obtained results indicate that the fundamental abilities essential for learning Chemistry are: (a) Conceptual and Visual Perception (b) Deductive Reasoning (c) Mechanism and nomenclature (d) Numerical (e) Inference
136 SOME TOOLS IN FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT AT SCHOOL LEVEL - A STUDY, B. Sreekanth Reddy
The term evaluation is most commonly used for the assessment of the students. Evaluation is both qualit ative as well as quantitative process. The evaluation process produces the data for cognitive, affective and psychomotor objectives. The experts in educational field always propose for continuous and comprehensive evaluation at all stages of learning. In f ormative assessment the process of learning enables the learner to reflect on his own performance. To fulfill this purpose self assessment tools have been included at the end of each unit of the textbook. Some of the tools for formative assessment are 1) Reflections. 2) Writen works.3) Project works. 4) Slip test
137 SRI AUROBINDO AND CONSTRUCTIVISM, Minakshi Biswal
Day by day the centre of education is being shifted from subject to child theoretically but when it comes to implementa tion the centre has shifted from child to examination. This system of education is really becoming a nightmare for children and their parents. To come out from this precarious condition one must try to understand the philosophy of Sri Aurobindo. This paper deals about the fundamental principles of constructivism and the educational philosophy of Sri Aurobindo .
138 COMPARATIVE STUDY OF AN ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF CHILD LABOUR REHABILATION AND GENERAL SCHJOOL STUDENTS, Sushma. R
In the field of education and society, achievement and adju s tment plays important role, both are faces of a coin. In Education an achievement in school is only possibl e when there is an adjustment. Whereas concern to ed ucation good academic achievement can achieve by adjustment if a child have better adjustment he will be healthier in all the aspects, if a child is active he can attain good academic achievement. Child Labour Rehabilitation schools are the schools which t ry to remove the child labour and promote them shelter as well as education. Present study helps to compare academic achievement and adjustment of child labour rehabilitation and common school students thus study will help to know the adjustment problems of child labour students and general school students. From this study it was found that the child labour rehabilitation students have better adjustment than general school students.
139 CREATING A MODEL FOR CLOUD BANKING SERVICES DSS, Aryan AbdullwahabQader , Shawkat K. Guirguis, Magda M. Madbouly
Cloud computing is a recent advancement wherein IT infrastructure and applications are provided as services to end - users und er a usage - based payment model. It can leverage virtualized services even on the fly based on requirements varying with time. It is becoming an adoptable technology for many of the organizations with its dynamic scalability and usage of virtualized resourc es as a service through the Internet. These technical will likely have a significant impact on the Banks in the future. It is an excellent alternative for banks , which are especially under budget shortage , to operate their information systems effectively without spending more capital for the computers and network devices. Banks take advantage of available cloud - based applications offered by service providers and enable their own clients to access their accounts and information. In this research, we present a DSS model of evaluating cloud computin g banking services, highlight its key concepts, architectural principles, and the implementation as well as research helping banks to choose the best cloud providers'. The aim of this research is to provide a pract ical answer for the following questions: 1. What are the best choices of cloud computing for host ing banking services? 2. How effective can cluster and maps between cloud computing providers and banking agencies be ?
140 STUDY OF SCIENTIFIC ATTITUDE OF B.ED. AND B.ED. (SPECIAL) PUPIL TEACHERS, UDAY SINGH,PREETI MISHRA
Science has chang ed men s material environment, provided new outlook and has, thus, extended mans mental horizon. T he aims of science can not be fulfilled if a society lacks scientific environment . Sc hool as a social sub - system, develops scientific attitude through experiences based on observation and experimentation. Scientific attitud e is composition of mental habit s or tendencies to react consistently in certain ways in a novel or problematic situations. These habits or tendencies include accuracy , open mindedness, intellectual honesty, suspended judgment and habit of looking for true cause and effect relationships. I t is a cognitive concept. Scientific attitude is normally associated with mental process of scientist s however it is important for everyone in his day to day life
141 OCCUPATIONAL EFFICACY AND JOB SATISFACTION OF SCHOOL EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATORS IN KASHMIR, SHABIR AHMAD BHAT,YASHPAL D NETRAGAONKAR
The present study was conducted to compare the occupational efficacy and job satisfaction of school educational administrators in District Kashmir , J&K (India). The sample for the study consisted of 100 school administrators who were heading different educational institutions in Kashmir , J&K (India). The investigator used two standardized tools Sanjaypot Pethe, Sushma Chowdari an d Uppinar Dhar self occupational efficacy scale and Job Satisfaction Scale by Amar Singh and T.R Sharma ) to collect the data from the field. The investigator used different statistical analysis viz, percentage, mean, S.D and t - test to analyze the data. It was found that male and female School Educational Administrators in School Education differ significantly on Occupational Efficacy. Male and female School Educational Administrators in School Education differ significantly on Job Satisfaction.
142 A STUDY OF MENTAL HEALTH AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF KASHMIRI AND PAKHTOONI SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS, NIGHAT BASU,SHABIR AHMAD BHAT,RAKHSHANDA LATEEF
The present study was conducted to study the Study Mental Health and Academic Achievement of Kashmiri and Pakhtooni Se condary School Students . 200 sample subjects were selected randomly from two ethnic groups viz. Kashmiri and Pakhtooni students (100 Kashmiri and 100 Pakhtooni). The investigators used A.K. Singh and Alpana Sen Gupta Mental Health Battery which is highly valid and reliable tool to collect the data from the field. Certain statistical techniques like percentage, S. D., Mean and t - value were used to analyze the data. The result confirms that there is significant mean diff erence between Kashmiri and Pakhtooni students on their mental health and academic achievement.
143 SELF - CONCEPT AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF ADOLESCENT BOYS AND GIRLS IN SRINAGAR, SHABIR AHMAD BHAT, YASHPAL D NETRAGAONKAR
The study was conducted to compare the self concept and academic achievement of adolescent boys and girls in Srinagar , J& K (India). The sample of the study consisted of 100 adolescent students (50 boys and 50 girls) the sample was selected from different schools of Srinagar by adapting the simple random technique. The investigators used Sagar Sharma`s Self Concept Inventory to assess the self concept of the sample subjects. The tool which was used by the investigators is high ly valid and reliable. The academic achievement of previous two years of sample subjects was collected from the official records of their respective sch ools. The study revealed that the adolescent boys have better self concept than the adolescent girls . No significant difference was found between boys and girls so far as their academic achievement are concerned.
144 HUMOUROUS METHOD: AN INNOVATION IN THE SCIENCE OF TEACHING & LEARNING, Rabindranath Nayak ,
If you can love and if you can laugh, totally wholheartedly, your life will beco me such bliss and a benediction, not only to yourself but to everyone else. You wi ll be a blessing to the world ( Osho ). The ability to infuse humour into every day life is invaluable for health and happiness. Research evidence, supports what folk w isdom has long held: chuckling at situations and the self is healthy (Dixon 1980; Long , 1987; Martin & Lefcourt , 1983, Nezu, Nezu & Blissett 1988). Humour at the expense of others is something else altogether of course (Blumenfeld & Alpern , 1986). But mirthful laughter, funniness and joking in a playful spirit can enhance mental and physical well being and sometimes can earn heal (Causins, 1981, Graham, 1990; Ornstein & Sobel 1989; Sobel & Ornstein 1996, )Willinghom Jones, 1989.Studies suggest that humo ur may promote health partly through bolstering the immune system (Berk , 1989, Dillon, Minchoff, & Baker, 1985)
145 EMOTIONAL MATURITY OF INTERNET USER ADOLESCENTS, Anita Deswal
The present investigation was attempted to find out the i nfluence of locale, gender, academic stream, frequency of internet access and their various interactions on emotional maturity of internet user adolescents. The sample comprised of 496 internet user adolescents randomly drawn from metropolitan area (Delhi) and sub - urban area (Bahadurgarh). Data were analyzed by using 2 223 factorial design . Results showed a significant influence of locale on emotional maturity of internet user adolescents. A significant interactive influence of academic stream and frequen cy of internet access, locale and academic stream on emotional maturity of internet user adolescent was also observed. Further, results reflect a significant interactive influence of locale, gender and frequency of internet access on emotional maturity of internet user adolescents. The findings of the study show that internet user adolescents whether they are male or female and of any locale and academic stream, have equal opportunity to access the internet according to their convenience without any differe ntiations and boundaries. These findings have vital implications to educational policy - makers, teachers, parents, psychologists, counsellors and researchers to understand the pattern of internet usage and its influence on adolescents.
146 Problem Solving Ability: Significance for Adolescents, MADHURI HOODA and RANI DEVI
Every problem is an opportunity for learning. Everybody faces man y problems in life. The adolescence age is the age of various problems due to physical and emotional changes. Problem solving is the natural process in human being, but we cannot that it will develop at its best level. It is also a slow process, but with d eliberates efforts and special training, skill of problem solving can be developed. Various types of co - curricular activities can be organized frequently to promote qualities such as cooperation, tolerance, open - mindedness and sharing of responsibilities t o enhance the Problem Solving Ability. Parents should help their children in solving their problems independently at their own pace. Computer programming enhances problem - solving abilities and promotes creativity and reasoning ability of students.
147 Mental Toughness: Exploring Applications for High Performance in Football, Jaspal Singh
Football is body contact and long duration playing game which ne eds mentally strong and tough players to win matches and championships. Due to paramount importance of mental toughness in sports and particular in football that present paper focussed to compare the mental toughness between medallist and non - medallist foo tball players and find out the best group among medallist football players of schools, colleges and clubs. The data of three hundred (N=300) football players was collected from Schools, Colleges and Clubs. One hundred (N=100) football players each from sch ools, Colleges and clubs were randomly selected as subjects for this study. Mental t oughness w as checked by Dr. Alan Goldberg (2004) Mental Toughness Questionnaire. The means and standard deviations are calculated through SPSS. Test of significance (t - test ) was applied to check the significant difference between medallist and non - medallist football players. The significan ce level was checked at 0.05 levels . The findings of this research paper showed that medallist football players have significantly better on mental toughness as t - value 4.23 of school, 6.11 of college and 7.20 of club level football players found in favour of medallist players.
148 E - LEARNING : A N EMERGING INSTRUCTIONAL MECHANISM FOR INNOVATIVE SCIENCE EDUCATION IN NIGERIA, Jacinta A. Opara
This paper examines the role and use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) , notably E - learning for effective science education . The paper states the need for effective use of ICT by science teachers in maintaining and controlling according to policies laid down for s ustainable integrated science curricul u m . The science teacher has to plan in his capacity as an educa tor in e nsuring effective instructional services. The paper highlights various ICT resources that can be used for effective and effici ent integrated science curriculum . It also states some of the benefits and challenges of the use of ICT in Science education . It is the contention of this pape r that though using ICT for integrated science curriculum development may seem difficult, it is imperative to take advantage and invest in these ICTs to deal with the huge pressure face d in the countrys educational system . The remarks highlights the need for infrastructure and how political will pus h ICT ahead for science education.
149 STRATEGIES FOR ACHIEVING WORK LIFE BALANCE, Sucheta Ratnakar Dalvi and Nitin. L. Ghorpade
Work life balance is the degree to which an individual can simultaneously balance the emotional, behavioral and time demands of paid work, family and personal duties Low work life balance or imbalance reduces persons efficiency, productivity at organizational level as well as at personal level. It affects ones physical health as well as mental health Therefore; efforts should be taken to achieve work life balance at every level, at organizational level, at Government level, at society level as well as at personal level. To imp rove quality of family life, productivity, social health achieving work life balance is very important. In India by passing various labor legislatives like Factories Act 1948, Maternity Benefit Act 1961, and many other. Government is trying its best. At or ganizational level various companies like Wipro, TCS, IBM, etc. are adopting best human recourses practices .In spite of these entire measures, one should need to take efforts for achieving work life balance at individual level. With a view to provide guid eline, in present research paper researcher tried to suggest some strategies for achieving work life balance at individual level.
150 ?A?KAR?C?RYA ON APPEARANCE AND REALITY, ALOK KUMAR
Appearance and reality are one of the most fundamental concepts in philosophy. ?a ? ka ra has made significant contributions in developing the notions of appearance and reality.Appearance and reality are two but interrelated concepts in philosophy. These are not only the ontological issues but also their nature and status shape of epistemolo gical quest. The basic questions are: What is genuinely real? What is mere appearance and not reality? Is there any connection between appearance and reality? Is there any realm which is Ultimate Reality? Is the phenomenal world merely appearance? If the o bjects are merely appearances, how do we bring them into reality? What are the means through which we move from appearances to the reality? ?a ? kara has answered these questions in his concept of Nirgu ? a Brahman, vivartav?da, anirvacan?ya khy?tiv?da and J?v an - mukti. He, while resolving the dualism of appearance and reality, establishes his Advaita Ved?nta philosophical system in which there is no place for distinction, duality, dichotomy and plurality at all.
151 A STUDY ON ACADEMIC STRESS OF HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS, S. Menaga and V. Chandrasekaran
The purpose of the present study was to reduce the Academic Stress of higher secondary stud ents and find out the differences if any in terms of G ender, Type of Family, T ype of School Management , Family Income and S tream of S t udy . The sample s for the study comprised of 250 higher secondary school students in Thiruvannamalai District . Survey metho d was adopted and simple random sampling technique was used to carry out the present research. The investigator has used descriptive and differential statistical methods for analyzing the collected data . It was found that there is significant difference in the Academic Stress of higher secondary students in relation to their Gender, Type of Family, Type of School Management and further there is no significant difference in the Academic Stress of higher secondary students in relation to their Family Income a nd Stream of Study . The findings could be useful for the students to know their level of stress and they can take up necessary and sufficient practices to reduce their Academic Stress.
152 EVALUATION OF STATUS OF SCHOOLS REGARDING INCLUSION OF SPORTS AS REGULAR SUBJECT IN CURRICULUM: A SURVEY, Deepa Awasthi
After every international sports competition players of our country return back bare hand or comes with medals much less in number as expected b y us , as a result we all citizens of country feel very disappointed. It is the media who create s hype before games evoke the expectation level of country and after failure start criticising them. Everybody in this country start suggesting that how Indian p layers can earn more medals in next tournament. Same story was repeated after the end of XVII Inchion Asian games 2014. One of the most popular bollywood actor was found advocating for idea of including sports as subject at school level and a large numbe r of educationists discussing pros and cons of this idea on different news channels. By conducting this survey researcher tried to find out the real status of secondary and higher secondary schools in regards to inclusion of sports as subject. Unfortunatel y schools do not have minimum infrastructure to teach sports. Schools situated in urban areas do not have playgrounds and they cannot arrange it due to sky steep rates of land and in rural areas they have enough space for developing playground but nothing else except land , it means no resources . In this research paper researcher has tried to focus on the issues of concerns to be resolved before including sports as subject in curriculum.
153 TRANSITION OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE THROUGH MEDIA AND SOCIAL NETWORKING, Sudesh Sharma
With the advertisement that had taken place in last 100 years in every sphere of life; English has no longer remained merely a course of study. English language has acclaimed an international status. Though the other regional language also prevails and is valued; t he ideology of treating English as a foreign language has changed remarkably. Today English is the medium of all modern technologies. Because of its being widely accepted; English has become the language of all especially educational technology. It has ent ered and influenced our life in every realm of communication. Nobody can ignore the significance o f this global language in modern technologies, which provide the basis for survival these days. These technologies have become powerful tools to communicate w ith people around the globe. They are faster, easier and more convenient that the older media. The role of computers is omnipotent in todays world. Along with the backbone of all the industries and professions and the most fascina ting concern of todays y outh is the internet. In this paper I am dealing with the transformation of English language through media and social networking .
154 SOCIAL NETWRKING AND EDUCATION, Rajshree vaishnav and Vandana Singh
Nowadays the social networking websites are increasingly attracting the attention of all possible users around the world. Social networking sites are helpful not only to stay in touch with friends but also beneficial fo r educational purposes in many ways. The present paper describe s the features of various social networking sites which are useful to enhance the learning and teaching processes. The social networking sites such as Facebook, YouTube, Twit ter, Myspace, Ning , Google +, Tumlr, etc . provide incredibly rich communication , pictures, audio recordings, video recordings and can be freely shared by anyone with a connection to the internet.
155 A BLEND OF FEMINISM AND POST - MODERNISM: KAMLA DASS POETIC WORLD, Atul Parmar
According to Toril Moi, In a general way, I see feminism as a political position, femaleness as a matter of biology, and femininity as a set of culturally defined characteristic. Many historians have categorized women wr iters in three categories. The first category consists of writers like Jane Austen, Bronte Sisters and others. The second category includes writers like Emily Dickinson, Virginia Woolf, Sylvia Plath and many others. The first category of writers have strug gled to be simply acknowledged in the intelligentsia while the second group has revolted against the male oriented society and sought to establish an isolated world away from the males. The third group has maintained a balance between the above two extreme s by being both feminine and feminist at the same time. This group of writers have also less talked about the social or political freedom and never visualized a world existing without men. Kamla Das is a part of this third category. In her poetic world thr oughout one could easily find a plea for understanding and compassion from the male counterpart. This paper attempts to find a blend between feminism and postmodernism in the poetry of Kamla Das.
156 ICT Enabled Teacher Education in Context of New Millennium, J.D. Singh
Informatio n and communication technology (ICT) has become common place entities in all aspects of life. It is an indispensable part of the contemporary world. It has the potential to accelerate, enrich, and deepen skills; motivate and engage student s in learning. In fact, culture and society have to be adjusted to meet the challenges of the knowledge age. The pervasiveness of ICT has brought about rapid technological, social, political, and economic transformation, which has come out in a network society organized around ICT. The field of education has not been unaffect ed by the penetrating influence of information and communication technology. Undoubtedly, ICT has impacted on the quality and quantity of teaching, learning, and research in education institutions. In research, ICT provides opportunities for teacher educat ion colleges to communicate with one another through email, mailing lists, chat rooms, and so on. It helps to relate college expe riences to work practices and to create economic v iab ility for tomorrows generation . So, we have to inquire the utilization of technology in teacher education institutions for 21st century classrooms . In such a rapidly changing context, this paper explore s how teachers can be empowered and prepared to meet the challenges and new expectations effectively is a crucial concern in po licy making of teacher education and professional development of teachers in India.
157 STUDY OF RIVER CONFLUENCES FROM UPLAND MAHARASHTRA: A CASE STUDY OF RIVER MULA, Maya Unde and Subash Dhakal
SRJIS/BIMONTHLY / DR. MAYA UNDE (20 27 - 20 4 6 ) SEPT - OCTOBER, 2014. VOL - II/XIV www.srjis.com Page 2027 STUDY OF RIVER CONFLUENCES FROM UPLAND MAHARASHTRA: A CASE STUDY OF RIVER MULA Maya Unde , Ph.D . Associate Professor and Head: Department of Geography, Ahmednagar College, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India. Subash Dhakal , Ph.D . Principal , Go vt. Sr. Sec. School Hee - Gyathang Lower Dzongu, North Sikkim, India. River confluences are universal feature in all fluvial systems. It has been viewed as a point of abrupt change in hydraulic geometry (Richards, 1980), discontinuity in sediment distribution (Ferguson et al. 2000), three - dimensional patterns of flow and its dynamics (Best, 1985, Biron et, al 1996) etc. From the past experiments and studies, junction angle, discharge ratio and the geology at the confluence zone has been ascertained as the convincing factors influencing the dynamics of the confluence zone. In the present study, part of the Mula basin stretch (47 km) from Lahit Khurd (19 ? 24 ?00 ? N and 73 ? 3 ? 00 ? 00 E.) upto downstre am Kas Junction (19 ? 16 ? 30 ? N and 74 ? 14 ? 00 ?E) is selected. The entire left bank and the right bank stream greater than third order are chosen and their morphometric characteristics calculated [SOI 1: 50,000 (47E/15, 47I/3)]. The actual ground characteristics of these confluences are observed on the field. With the information from map and field observation, 5m 3 m concrete flume model is prepared with five left bank tributaries and one major right bank tributary. Discharge for mainstream and each tributary are varied according to their respective stream order. Three simulations are run characterizing, low stage, high stage and flood condition in the basin.
158 EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING AS A TOOL IN FRENCH PEDAGOGY, Ms. Sumana Mukerjee
SRJIS/BIMONTHLY/DR. MAYA UNDE (2047 - 2057) SEPT - OCTOBER, 2014. VOL - II/XIV www.srjis.com Page 2047 EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING AS A TOOL IN FRENCH PEDAGOGY Ms. Sumana Mukerjee , Doctoral Research Scholar, School of Foreign Languages , IGNOU (Indira Gandhi National Open University New Delhi, India ) Tradit ional teaching and training is mainly transfer of knowledge, but this does not include individual student's progress and explore their potential real ly well. This is because traditional method of teaching a foreign language usually looks at what the studen t needs to learn, and the best way in which they can learn it. Experiential learning is a powerful way to address individual growth and potential, for people of all ages. It is more suited to individual style s , preferences, strengths, direction s , etc. This paper highlights the historical background of experiential learning, it's effectiveness in teaching foreign languages , how it emerged, and how well it has blended with French language Pedagogy . This paper on Experiential learning is aimed at identifying the concept s of experiential learning, the models of experiential learning , the experiential learning cycle, its principles and benefi ts for French language students particularly from the middle school . Since we are moving from traditional teaching toward s Student centered learning , can reflection be a n important aspect of teaching - learning process for both students and teachers? Also, in the Indian context, Experiential Education flip s the role of a teacher and a student! A teacher becomes a learner too a nd the student will 'lead' the process of learning. Are our Indian schools ready for this? How do we decide which method of experiential learning will work best?
159 EPIDEMIOLOGY OF ACUTE ENCEPHALITIS SYNDROME /JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS A MOSQUITO - BORNE DISEASE IN GORAKHPUR DISTRICT , Ahirrao K. D., Sanjay Kumar and S. R.Magare
Mosquitoes are carriers of various diseased pathogens. Poor drainage system grows population of mosquitoes which is mostly a problem of megacities . Japanese Encephalitis is the leading cause of viral encephalitis in various parts of world. Japanese Enc ephalitis has caused epidemics of several hundred to several thousand cases in Japan, Korea and Taiwan, and occurs in eastern Si beria, China, Okinawa, Jawa, Th a i land, Malaya, Singapur, and India. Reports of a disease resembling JBE go back to 1871. The eti ologic agent was characterized by Japanese workers during a severe epidemic in 1924. In 1958 there were 5700 cases with 1322 deaths reported in Korea, and 1800 cases with 519 deaths in Japan. In 1961 ,an outbreak in Taiwan involved 704 reported cases. Elsew here (except in the mainland of China) the disease occurs as small outbreaks or sporadic cases. A vast range of facility from 0.3 to 60 % depends upon different age group of the popul ation. Mosquito borne Japanese Encephalitis was previously known as Japan ese B Encephalitis which is a member of Flaviviridae. Generally transmission of animal diseases occurs by help of vector like mosquitoes . Mosquitoes are important vectors in the transmission of animal diseases. It involves the transmission of viruses, bacte ria, fungi, Protozoa and Helminthiasis.
160 APPLICATION OF SPATIAL VARIATION URBAN DENSITY MODEL: A STUDY OF AHMEDNAGAR CITY, MAHARASHTRA, INDIA, S.A. Borude and S. W. Gaikwad
The term density of population refers to a ratio between population and land area. There are several means of describing the spatial distribution of population . Geographers, demographers, sociologist, and statisticians have made their contribution in developing the means to describe population distribution and concentration (RC Chandana, 2003). It is truism to sta te that population is not evenly distributed within the city. Since, however, the urban population is also not evenly distributed, (R. M Northam, 1975). Geographers have studied urban population densities and found that there are similarities and regulariti es in urban densities. The urban density models are developed by C Clark (1951), J. Tanner and G. Sherratt (1961), and B. Newling (1969) to express the statistical relationships between population densities and urban distance.In this research paper attempt is made to analyze spatial variation in urban density of Ahmednagar district and compare it with Ahmednagar city. The study of urban density of Ahmednagar city is the expression of general relationships, between distance and urban density . Th is associatio n is a formalized for explaining the general situation of density and distances. B. Newling model of spatial variation in urban population densities is applied for stud y.
161 CAPITAL STRUTURE & LEVERAGE AT GRAPHITE INDIA LTD.SATPUR NASHIK. , D.B.BAGUL
The topic allotted to me by the company is " RESEARCH OF CAPITAL STRUCTURE AND LEVERAGES" . The research emphasizes on the financing mix of the company. Preparation of research requires perseverance, initiatives, proper guidance and direction. So it 's mandatory to take the aid of various departments. Actually , a research is the customized of seven activities. They are: - Planning, Resource Collection, Organizing, Joint Efforts, Efficie ncy, Communication, and Transparency .
162 EMPLOYEE SATISFACTION SURVEY AT AUTOMOBILE DEALER OF TATA LTD., D.B.BAGUL
People are our greatest asset is a mantra that companies have been chanting for years. But only a few companies have started putting Human Resources Management (HRM) systems in place that support this philosophy. There are a number of challenges in the Indian industry which require the serious attention of HR managers to find the right can didate and build a 'conducive work environment' which will be beneficial for the employees, as well as the organization
163 THE STUDY OF WELFARE AND WORKING CONDITIONS AT AUTOLINE INDUSTRIES LTD PUNE (CHAKAN PLANT II), D.B.BAGUL
Welfare facility & wor king condition is burning topic every organization; therefore to develop my skills and gain knowledge about Welfare facility & working condition, I undertook a research on " the Study of Welfare facilities & working conditions" at Auto line I ndustries Ltd Pune. (Plant II) for the period of June & July 2014 . As one knows that this is the important topic from both i.e. Emp loyee & Employer point of view. Research duration was 2 months, Research title "The study of Welfare facilities & working conditions," done at the Auto line Industries. Primary objective set for this is the study of welfare facilities & working conditions provided by Auto line industries ( Plant II) to their Employees. Research is carried out, Methods of data collection is Primary & Secondary like taking feedback through Questionnaire, reading the compan y manual, website etc. Research type is the Descriptive method, sample size 50, data analyzed & presented i n a Pie Chart & observation & findings are drawn from these only, suggested the new techniques/ methods to improve the welfare satisfaction level among the employees.
164 THE PROBLEM OF HUMAN SUFFERING, Shefali Naranje
The problem of why we suffer. God is the best creator. He allows humans to face the problems of evil so that humans can be perfected. Suffering arises because we desire or long for. This result in actions and its effects. It is the goodness and truth that is eternal. God has given freewill to man to choose between good a nd evil.
165 ATTITUDE OF SCHEDULED CASTE STUDENTS TOWARDS EDUCATION IN KAMRUP DISTRICT OF ASSAM., Anek Lal Barman
The present study has been conducted on a purposive sample of 3 00 school going scheduled caste students to study their attitude towards education . A standardize attitude scale developed by the investigator to collect the data, which was treated with suitable statistical techniques, i.e. Leaner regression . The data has been collected through field survey. The results revealed that the attitudes of school students are found favorable moderate level of attitudes towards education.
166 The Effect of Computer Assisted Instruction Material as Teaching Aid on Chemistry Learning of High School Students, Yogesh M. Nandurkar, B.B. Bahule
Today s tech sav v y generation easily approves the use of computer applications in teaching field. We are interested to compare the potential of Computer Assisted Instruction Material as teaching aid with traditional l ecture method and thereby know contribution to improve the learning process . Two groups of 15 students were set for the study of chemistry . One group was set for lecture method while other was for CAI (Computer Assisted Instruction) material method. Pre, post and additional tests are apllyed to quantify the a chievement of students . Pre and post test are planned to know understanding level while additional test was designed to know understanding and application level, of the subject. Statistical analysis of data obtained implies that use of CAI material has more po tential than lecture method. In t he a dditional test, use of CAI material has shown progressive effect but at the same time improvement in the performance of control group is noticeable. Blending of lecture and CAI method will surely help for betterment of learning process at all the three levels viz. information, understanding and application
167 VOCATIONAL MATURITY OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN RELATION TO THEIR FAMILY ENVIRONMENT, Rohit Bhandari AND Ms. Tenzin Lingzay
This study examines the vocational maturity of senior secondary school students in relati on to their family environment. The sample of the study comprised of 100 eleventh class students (50 boys and 50 girls) studying in government and private school of Chandigarh. Descriptive survey method was employed to collect the data. The major findings of the study reveal ed significant difference in vocational maturity of female students studying in government and p rivate schools. Further , it indicated that vocational maturity level of students with high family environment was significantly higher than t he students with low family environment.
168 A STUDY OF ATTITUDE OF ADOLE C SENTS TOWARDS THE ENVIORNMENTAL POLLUTION, Kuldip Kaur Grewal AND Namesh Kumar
The purpose of the study was to understand the attitude of adolescents towards the environmental pollution. A sample of 200 adolescents selected from four school of Ludhiana district in Punjab was used for the study. Environmental Pollution Scale by Rajamanickan ( 1998) was used. The study revealed that there is no difference in the attitude of the students of grade 9 th and 11 th . The study also revealed that student of urban & rural areas do not differ in their attitude. Study also revealed that boys and girls do not differ in their attitude
169 MOTHERS WORKING STATUS AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS, Manju Gera,Ms. Bandana Kumari
SRJIS/BIMONTHLY/ DR. MANJU GERA ( 21 54 - 21 60 ) SEPT - OCTOBER, 2014. VOL - II/XIV www.srjis.com Page 2154 MOTHERS WORKING STATUS AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS Manju Gera (USOL), Ph.D. Assistant Professor, Panjab University Chandigarh. Ms. Bandana Kumari, (Research Scholar), Panjab University Chandigarh . The study was designed to compare the impact of working status of mothers on academic achievement of Secondary School Students (12 - 16) A sample of 100 secondary school students were drawn from three schools of Hoshiarpur namely Gyan Niketan Public School, Chaudhary Balbir Singh Public School, Play way Public School Selected children were studying in 8 th class. All children were divided into four groups, boys of working mothers, girls of working mothers, boys of non - working mothers and girls of non - working mothers. Each group com prises of 25 children. Using self - structured questionnaire assessed the phenomenon of academic achievement among Secondary School Students. Results revealed that there was a significant difference in academic achievement of children of working and non - work ing mothers. Significant difference in academic achievement of boys and girls of working mothers was also found. There were significant differences in academic achievement of boys and girls of non - working mothers. Academic achievements of boys of working a nd non - working mothers also showed same trends. Likeness to mother was highest in girls group of working mothers. Democratic parenting has been found practiced highest in girls group of working mothers.
170 DEVELOPMENT AND EFFECTIVENESS CAI PROGRAMME ON ACHIEVEMENT OF STUDENTS, Bhise Kaluram Nathu AND Rajeshree Jaybhaye
When a computer is used to present programmed or other kinds of instructional Material , the process is called computer assisted instruction (CAI) . Anyone who has recently purchased a new word - processing program, for example, has the option of doing a built - in set of tutorial exercises to introduce the features and capabilities of the software. Educational Research and Statistic course is important in M.Ed. syllabus. For preparing research proposal and further research unit Research problems, Variables , Hypothesis, Population and Sampling is very important. It affects directly on their research work
171 DEMOGRAPHIC AND ACADEMIC VARIABLES AS CORRELATES OF JOB SATISFACTION OF SELF FINANCED INSTITUTION TEACHERS, Mrs. Vinita M. Chaudhary AND Shashi Malik
SRJIS/BIMONTHLY/ MRS. VINITA. M. CHOUDHARY ( 216 6 - 217 5 ) SEPT - OCTOBER, 2014. VOL - II/XIV www.srjis.com Page 2166 DEMOGRAPHIC AND ACADEMIC VARIABLES AS CORRELATES OF JOB SATISFACTION OF SELF FINANCED INSTITUTION TEACHERS Mrs. Vinita M . Chaudhary , Research Scholar, Dept. of Education, V . M . L . G . College, Ghaziabad Shashi Malik , Ph.D. Assistant Professor, Dept. of Education, V . M . L . G . College, Ghaziabad INTRODUCTION Indian Education Commission (196 9 ) describes the teacher as one of the most significant factors causally to the national development. Further the role of teachers in influencing the future of our advancing national development is be coming increasingly important. Currently there is, however, a universal emotion that the teachers do not have the satisfaction in their job. There seems to be growing annoyance towards their job as a result of which standard of education is falling . Teache rs are dissatisfied , in spite of different policy and programs, which have been implemented to improve their job
172 E - Learning Instructional Facilities and Science Teacher Education in Nigeria, Jacinta A. Opara
One of the mo st emerging trends with its challenges to quality control and assu rance in teacher education is e learning. E - learning is a practical example of the challenges in the use of ICT - supported teaching and learning methods whose importance is gaining momentum with the passage of time. E - learning has become one of the most vi tal and potentially significant as well as efficient instructional methods to enhance quality in teaching and learning. It appears that this new trend in methods of enhancing learning is not adequately been adhered to in African higher education institutio ns. The paper examined academic staff effective utilization of e - learning and quality assurance in higher education with special reference to science teacher education in Nigeria. This paper was directed towards assessing the instructional facilities that are in use in some selected Colleges of Education ( COEs) in Southern Nigeria. The study which was guided by two research questions was carried out through the use of questionnaire. The population of t he study was 889 science student educators from the Depa rtment of Integrated Science in 13 Colleges of Education . 160 science student teachers constituted the sample of the study. Simple random sampling technique was used in selecting the sample. The data collected were collated and analyzed in frequency and me an scores.
173 REGULAR ACTIVITIES AND SPECIAL CAMPING PROGRAMME UNDER NSS IN DEGREE COLLEGES: A STUDY, Rajalakshmi Das and Sarat Chandra Sahoo
The present investigation aims to study the regular activitie s and special camping programme undertaken by NSS volunteers in degree colleges . A sample of 80 Programme Officers and 640 NSS Volunteers of 40 degree colleges affiliated to Utkal University , Bhubaneswar participated in the study. The stud y revealed that as many as 15 regular activities were organized such as cleaning works, health awareness, tree plantation, sanitation, environmental awareness, HIV/AIDS awareness, road repair, blood donation and eradication of illiteracy under NSS. Under S pecial Camping Programme of NSS pla ntation of trees, cleaning work , health camp, repair and construction of roads, sanitation work, women empowerment programme, Sarva Siksha Abhiyan and HIV/AIDS awareness were organized in communities.
174 ASSERTIVENESS BEHAVIOUR OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS, N. R. PRAKASH, DR. S. NIRMALA DEVI
Assertiveness is a tendency of expression ones feelings, beliefs and opinions in an appropriate way without any fear. When an individual stands up for his or her legitimate rights in such a way that the rights of others are not violated, he or she is being assertive. The main objective of this study is to find out the level of assertiveness among undergraduate students and also to find out whether there is any difference in their Assertiveness among undergraduate students ba sed on few personal and demographic variables. Sample for this study consists of 100 UG students (both [50] male and female [50]) from government, government aided and private colleges in and around Chennai constitution. The tool used in this investigation Assertiveness Rating Scale was developed by the investigator (N.R. Prakash, and S. Nirmala Devi, 2014). Collected data was analyzed using SPSS package. The investigator found that the level of assertiveness among undergraduate students is moderate in na ture. The researcher also found that there is significant difference in their Assertiveness with respect to Gender, Stream of study, Medium of instruction, Place of living, Sibling constellation and Type of Management.
175 INTRINSIC AND EXTRINSIC MOTIVATIONAL ORIENTATIONS: A STUDY AMONGTHE COLLEGE STUDENTS, V.R. RAJESH, DR. V. CHANDRASEKARAN
The main purpose of the present research was to investigate the Motivational Orientations o f college students in relation to certain background variables. The sample consisted of 300 students selected from Chennai city. The Work Preference Inventory developed by Amabile et al., (1994) was administered to collect the data. The result shows signifi cant difference in college students Motivational Orientations with respect to their Gender, Degree Studying and Stream of the Study. The result further reveals that the male students have Extrinsic Motivational Orientation and the female students have Intr insic Motivational Orientation.
176 EFFECTIVENESS OF STORY TELLING APPROACH IN INCULCATING VALUES IDENTIFID BY NCERT AMONGTHE 6 th GRADE LEARNERS OF ODISHA STATE., Dayanidhi Dash
Value oriented education refers to the planned educ ational action and the development of proper attitudes, values, emotions and character among the learners. It covers all aspects of personality development - intellectual, social, moral, aesthetic and spiritual. The values among children are not static and t end to change with age as their social horizons broaden and they associate with more people and with people whose values differ from which they have learnt. National policy of Education (1986) observed that Indias political & social life is passing throug h a phase which poses a danger of erosion of long accepted values.
177 ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT SELF CONCEPT AND EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE IN MALE AND FEMALE COLEGE STUDENTS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY, Dr. B.P. Singh
Parents are interested in cogni tive domain of their children. They are neglecting affecting and psychomotor behavior of their children. Student show this behavior in the form of fear, pleasure, anger, anxiety under the different situation they come across. Child develops his own image, abilities and uniqueness. With the passage of time his perception becomes much more organized, detailed and specific. In the present study cognitive behavior i.e. academic achievement is studied with emotional intelligence and self concept. A sample of 120 B.Ed. college students was taken by providing questionnaires of self concept and emotional intelligence to them. Data was analyzed and it was found that there is a positive correlation between academic achievement and self concept along with emotional int elligence. Male students have high self concept and emotional intelligence than female students. Male students have more exposure of outer world; hence, they can control their emotions and show them at the right time and at the right place in the right dir ection.
178 AN INTRODUCTION TO ANCIENT INDIAN COINS, Dr. R. B. Kokatanur
Coins are as important as the inscription in history. They confirm the information derived fr om literature. They are of various metals gold, silver, copper, or alloy and contain legends or simple marks. The coins are very important to the reconstruct of the ancient Indian history. It is a part of archaeological sources .Those with dates is prob ably very valuable for the framework of Indian chronology. Coins are almost our sole evidence with regarded to the Indo Scythian and Indo Bactrian King. The Bilingual coins had served as Rosetta Stones in deciphering the Ancient Indian writings. The purity of the metal reflects the financial conditions of the Gupta Empire. The inscription on the coin indicates territory over which the rulers ruled. Some coin throws significant light on the personal events of certain rulers. The discovery of the same kind of coins at different places helps up in fixing the coverage of various kingdoms in ancient India
179 CHALLENGES FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF RIGHT TO EDUCATION ACT (RTE) FOR CHILDREN WITH HEARING IMPAIRMENT IN INCLUSIVE EDUCATION - A SURVEY, Dr. Aasavari Arvind Shinde
Everyone has the ri ght to education. This UN recommendation has been reinforced in the provision of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act 2009, which came into effect in India on 1 st April 2010, enshrining in law for the first time the rights of a ll India children aged between six and 14 years. The RTE Act, though deserves due credit for laying down in fairly specific terms states responsibility towards education, it would be appropriate to examine the challenges faced by the principles and concern authority to provide fess elementary education to the children aging between six to fourteen years to old. Present research study has tried to explore the challenges faced by the principles for implantating RTE Act for Children with hearing impairment in Zila Parishad regarding access to education and infrastructure.
180 SPIRITUAL EDUCATION IN SWAMI DAYANANDAS PHILOSOPHY, Dr. Prem Shankar Srivastava
The paper deals with the spiritual education with special reference to the Swami Dayanandas vie ws on the Ethics, and Philosophy in which his life and social philosophy influence spiritual education. The paper also deals with his educational philosophy based on the principles of Dharma and of The Five Tests of Truth which are the integral part of spiritual education. In this paper an attempt has been made to recognize, comprehend, find out, analyze, synthesize, evaluate and critically examine the dominant factors responsible for strengthening spiritual education in Swami Dayanandas philosophy. Th e paper concludes Spiritual Education as it is education which helps to fulfill the potentialities of the individuals through the virtues of Non - violence, Preservence, Control of mind, Non - stealing, Purity, Wisdom, Study, Truth, Tolerance, Control of senses, and non - anger and to prepare them to solve the everyday problems for life creatively and constructively in the new situation of the socio - psycho - physical environment for attaining the highest knowledge and wisdom, if the teachers enable to modify s uch kind of behavior patterns of individuals, - this is spiritual education.
181 ELEMENTARY EDUCATION IN JHARKHAND A MICROSCOPIC ANALYSIS, Guddi Saktinanda
We cannot achieve the goal of universal, free primary education depending on the formal system of education. It is on ly a way to enter in the gateway of knowledge. Its every step is connected with each other. Free and compulsory education has been enshrined in the Indian constitution since its inception. It became a guiding force in the form of Article 45 for providing b asic education for all children until the complete the age of fourteen years. Even after more than 65 years of Independence some Indian states are still struggling to achieve universal retention and quality education to all its children. At present the thr ust of elementary education varies from state to state with a lot of regional desparities. In the article the author has given a picture of the elementary education of Jharkhand a homeland of tribes in a brief way. Education of tribes one of the weaker and deprived section of the country is essential for achieving the target of universalizing the elementary education. In the paper the author has described the plans and programmes obtained by the state administration and its achievement till now and suggeste d for the betterment of elementary education in Jharkhand, a purely tribal state.
182 A STUDY ON ADJUSTMENT OF COLLEGE STUDENTS, S. MENAGA, DR. V. CHANDRASEKARAN
The purpose of the present study was to promote social justice and equity of college students and find out differences if any in terms of Gender, Type of Locality, Type of Family, Type of Degree, and Family Income. The samples for the study comprised of 300 college students in Thiruvannamalai District. Survey method was adopted and simple random sampling technique was used to carry out the present study. The investigator has used descriptive and differential statistical methods for analyzing the collected data. It was found that there is significan t difference in the Adjustment students in Relation College to their Gender, Type of Degree, Family Income and further there is no significant difference in the Adjustment of college students in relation to their Type of Locality and Type of Family. A similar study could be c onducted for the college students like professional courses
183 POLYPLOIDY IN FLOWER CROPS, N.A.KAZI 1 , J.P. YADAV and U.H.PATIL
Polyploidy breeding is an effective method for doubling the chromosome number of a species. Genetic variations created can be further used in breeding programme. Polyploidy breeding holds immense prospects in developing desirable varieties in flower crops. With the help of polyploidy , changes in morphology and cytology of plant are observed. Tetraploids are more vigorous and larger in size. Tetraploids produce thick and dark green leaves . Mostly seen consequences of induced polyploidy are increase in size and shape of plants; leaves, branches, flower parts, fruit s and seeds. Intensification of flower colour and fragrance is observed in Marigold plants following chromosome number doublin g. Chemicals like colchicine, oryzalin, triXuralin and amiprophosmethyl (APM) etc. are used in induct ion of polyploids. Although colchicine remained the most used for induction of polyploidy. Chromosome doubling using various chemicals was observed in flower crops viz., Marigold, Aster, Orchid, Jasmine, Lillium, Chrysanthemum, Alstromeria, Anthurium, Rose and Gerbera .
184 NUTRITIONAL VALUE OF FRUITS, N.A.KAZI1, J.P. YADAV & M.G. AGALE
The present study aimed at studying nutritional facts of fruits and its impact on betterment of health. Food packe ts come with labels on it stating its nutritional facts. If fruits had labels on them their nutritional facts would leave us surprised. Over last few decade people have become conscious about their health and diet. In such time, importance of fruits in nu trition and their health benefits cant be left unrecognised. Fruits are rich in vitamins, minerals and are rich source of energy. Citrus fruits and aonla are rich in vitamin c, while the richest source for vitamin c was barbados cherry. Walnut is the rich est source of fat (64.5 per cent) and produces highest calories per unit of edible portion. . Cashew nut is the richest source of protein 21.2 per cent and thiamine 630mg/100g. Dry apricot is the richest source of calcium, phosphorus and niacin. Dry karond a is the richest source of iron (39.1 per cent) followed by date palm (10.6 per cent). Litchi was found rich in calcium content. Bael is the richest source of riboflavin.
185 ATTITUDE OF TEACHERS TOWARDS TEACHING PROFESSION - WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO CASTE AND SEX IN ODISHA STATE, JUBRAJ KHAMARI, SANJEET KUMAR TIWARI
The attitude is a great psychological factor which effects the profession of any person in his or her professional intention as into mission or fashion or may b e devotedly devoted devotion. But when it is came into contact with the sociological factors like caste, sex or like possession the researcher thinks that what will be imagination? In this research study, Researcher again thought about teaching profession in this context specially based on caste and sex.....Problem is that what will be attitude of teacher of Odisha state in this conceptualization? Hence researcher has to research on attitude of teachers towards teaching profession with special reference to c aste and sex in Odisha state. So to know about the attitudes, researcher selecting 1000 samples out of total population on the basis of random sampling techniques with the help of a attitude scale (A self made questionnaire scale developed according to Ed werd A. L. (1969) Techniques of attitude scale Construction, Bombay, Bakils, Feffer and Simon.) to collect data and on the basis of normative survey method analysis and interpretation with required statistical technique like Mean, F - ratio and level of sign ificance tested the hypotheses has tried his best to find out the purposive findings to focus on proper suggestive suggestion towards discussion.
186 STUDY OF CO - RELATION OF EMOTIONAL COMPETENCE AND NEUROTIC TENDENCY OF M. ED. STUDENT, Surekha Bhagyawant
We all expect teacher for our kids should be competent and cool. It is teacher educat or who helps teacher to develop himself/herself like that. So it is obvious that the teacher educator herself should be enough competent and having normal and well developed personality. Our M.Ed. students who are would be teacher educator and we expect th em to be a good teacher educator in future. But just expectations are not enough; we should test them and help them wherever there is need. For that purpose the researcher who is a teacher educator thought of testing own students for emotional competence a nd neurotic tendency, as both of these characteristics matters a lot specially in teacher education as their students will be working with future teachers. And we all know that students imitate & behave like what they observe rather than what they hear ab out. The researcher worked on the sample of 30 students. Gave them Emotional Competence Scale and KNPI (Kundus Neurotic Personality Inventory) to solve and found out correlation between these two attributes. More than 50 % students were average' in Emotional Competence; 37 % were competent and 10% students were incompetent. And only 20 % students were normal; 60 % students were slightly neurotic and 20 % were moderately neuroticThere was no significant correlation between Emotional Compe tence and Neurotic Tendency of M. Ed. students.
187 BIOCHEMICAL AND ANTIOXIDANT ANALYSIS OF MADHUCA INDICA J.F GMEL., M. RAJ, S. PADHI
In recent time focus on plant research has increased all over the world and a large no ofevidence has collected to show immense potential of plants and their uses in various aspects. Madhuca indica J.F.Gmel. is commonly known as Mahua is an e conomically important plant belongs to family Sapotaceae. The goal of research work is comparative estimation of primary compounds such as total carbohydrate, reducing sugar, total lipid, total amino acids, protein, moisture and carotenoids from both dry a nd fresh corolla and assay of catalase, Peroxidase, and SOD activity from leaves. Highest amount of carbohydrate (602mg/g), reducing sugar (298mg/g) and protein (53.86mg/g) was observed in dry corolla, as compared to carbohydrate (213mg/g), reducing sugar (99.28mg/g), and protein (15.54mg/g) content of fresh corolla. Moisture content was high in fresh corolla (728mg/g) in contrast to dry corolla (110.62mg/g).Comparative account of total amino acid (16.4mg/g),carotenoids (33.39?g/g) content of dry corolla sh owed higher level than fresh corolla total amino acid (5.6mg/g), carotenoids (2.868?g/g).Dry corolla content lower amount of total lipid (22.6mg/g) as compared to fresh corolla (113.6mg/g).The antioxidant activity of the enzymes Catalase, peroxidase and su peroxide dismutase was 270unit - 1g, 7103unit - 1g and 1.02unit - 1 in leaves.
188 PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT IN RELATION TO VALUE CONFLICT OF ADOLESCENTS, Mehtab Singh,Ms. Dhanwinder Kaur
The present study is designed to investigate parental involvement in relation to value conflict of adolescents. The descriptive method is used in the study. The sample size consist of 300 students of standard X, randomly selected from 179 govt. high and senior secondary school from Ferozepur District. The standardized tools viz. Par ental Involvement Scale (2007) by Rita Chopra and Surabala Sahoo and Value Conflict Scale (2001) by R.L Bhardwaj has been used for collecting data. Karl Pearsons correlation and t - test is used for analyzing the data. The major findings are: There is si gnificant relationship between home involvement and pragmatism vs idealism value conflict among adolescent boys, There is significant relationship between Parents Involvement through PTA and selfishness vs probity and home involvement and value conflict ha te vs love among adolescent girls. There is significant difference between correlation of involvement through PTA and dependence vs self - reliance value conflict among urban and rural adolescent boys. There is significant difference between correlation of h ome involvement, and evasion vs fortitude, dependence vs self - reliance, hate vs love and involvement through PTA and evasion vs fortitude among rural and urban adolescent girls.
189 TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT, Tanuja Waghmare
Management is the process of planning, organizing, actuating and controlling an organizations operation in order to achieve a coordination of the human and material resources essential in the effective and efficient attainment of objectives. Although the concept of quality is very old, today it is perhaps the major preoccupation of organizations world - wide. However, in the recent years, TQM has captured the world - wide attention and is being adopted in many organizations, both profit and non - profit. Step through TQM's door and the first person you'll want to meet will be W. Edwards Deming, credited as the founding father of Total Quality Management. Deming grew up in the twenties and thirties, a time when all you needed to succeed as a factory worker was the ability to work long hours at extremely boring jobs. Most industrial tasks required little or no formal schooling a nd illiteracy rates were high.
190 GENDER DISCRIMINATION AND WAY OF EXPRESSION: A STUDY OF EUNICE DE SOUZAS POEMS , Goutam karmakar
A close look at the grow th of Indian English poetry shows that most serious, profound and revolutionary poems are seen after a long way, in this decade as I am talking about poems written by woman. In this postmodern period, we have come across so many Indian woman poets and thei r poetry shows so many aspects as they find being a woman. Their poetry shows their perception regarding the realities of commonplace and also the problems they have to face in the society they live in. Their poetry sometimes is considered as poetry of sel f - revelation and confession. They want to create their own space and identity in the family and also in the society. They have broken their long state of silence and celebrate womanhood by breaking the bondage of subjugation to create womans existence in the society. So many women poets came out to show these like Kamala Das, Meera Alexander, Imtiaz Dharkar, Gauri Despande, Eunice de Souza and so on. In this paper I want to show how Eunice de Souza shows the gender blindness and discrimination that she has experiences in the male dominated society and how she expresses those with the help of irony and images in her poetry.
191 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTAL VALUES AND ECO - FRIENDLY PRACTICES OF HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS., S. R Selva Joy & H. Deepa ,
The obje ctive of the study is to find the relationship between Environmental values and eco - friendly practices of higher secondary school students in Tirunelveli District. The sample consists of 324 students of whom 100 male and 224 female students. Percentage ana lysis, t test and correlation are used to analyse the data. The results reveal that there is significant relationship between environmental values and eco - friendly practices of higher secondary school students.
192 USING OF MOBILE PHONES AMONG THE RURAL PEOPLE IN SALEM DISTRICT OF TAMIL NADU, C. Gobalakrishnan, B.K.Mohamed Ameerudeen
Mobile phone is widely used by all the sections of people irrespective of gender, caste, religion, race and nation. In India, this mobile telecommunication was introduced in the year 1994 through establishment of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) by enactment of National Telecom Policy. Before the establishment of TRAI, the central government provided the service to the general public through landline mode and that too owned by government. But after the establishment of TRAI, the central government opened the door to the private network services to provide best services to the general public. It means that due to the competition, the private companies come forward to provide best services at a cheap rate. This enables the general public to purchase mobile phone on their own and communicate easily as well as quickly with others as they wish. Therefore mobile phone is the part and parcel of everyones life and it became an unavoidable instrument for everybod y. The present paper is an attempt to study the using of mobile phone among the rural people in Salem District of Tamil Nadu.
193 IMPACT OF HOSTED SPEECH TECHNOLOGY FOR HEALTH CARE SERVICE PROVIDERS THROUGH CALL CENTERS, R. Manoharan, Dr. R. Ganesan, K. Sabarinathan
Are the patients ( customers ) getting connected with the right medical center ( people ) within the organizations every time they contact? Are call center agents equipped to resolve calls on the first interaction? How do patients ( customers ) perceive the call center in the service proverdiers marketplace; are call center perceived as "easy to do bu siness with"? What is preventing the call center from making every interaction count? Every interaction is an opportunity to wow patients and improve relationships. How interactions are handled is just as important as who handles them. Interactive can help the call center to deliver a superior and reliable customer experience . Whether on premise or in the cloud (hosted), Interactive believers of speech technology and expertise to maximize the value of every interaction. Interactive core Technologies include contact center, attendant console, IVR and call recording solutions that support any telephony environment. The market for hosted speech solutions is still les s than half that of on premise, but its growing at a much faster rate. This past recession hasnt been good for anyone, but it has forced technology buyers to consider options caller may have passed on when budgets werent as lean. The pricing model of ho sted solutions, combined with real improvements in flexibility, reliability, and scalability have conspired to boost hosted speech up the adoption chain for many large companies.
194 A STUDY ON STRESS AMONG ADOLESCENT LEARNERS, K. Manikandan,Dr. S. Nirmala Dev
According to Stanley Hall Adolescence is a period of Stress and Storm. The main aim of this study is to find out the level of stress among adolescent lear ners. The rising numbers of adolescence are suffering mental health related problems because of stress. This study intends to assess the stress in the following four dimensions via Physical stress, Emotional stress, Social stress and Academic stress. 350 a dolescent learners (both male and female in the age group of 13 - 19) studied in various higher secondary schools in and around Madurai City constitute the sample for this study. The Adolescent Stress Questionnaire developed and validated by the investigator and his research supervisor was used for this study. The collected data were analyzed using appropriate statistical techniques. The researcher found that the level of stress among adolescent learners is moderate in nature. There is a significant differenc e of adolescence learners based on Gender, Medium of Instruction, Location of Residence, Type of Schools.
195 VIOLATION OF WOMEN HUMAN RIGHTS IN TRIPURA AND ROLE OF EDUCATION, Miss. Baishakhi Bhattacharyya
Women constitute almost half of the world population. However, their enjo yment of rights equally with that of men is far satisfactory. Gender differences, customs, traditions, social attitudes etc. are mainly responsible for inequality between men and women. Every individuals of the society have equal rights to live, enjoy to e quality and to live peacefully in the society .General Assembly of the United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on 10 th December 1948. This declaration provides that all men and women are entitled to civil, political, social, and cultural rights without any discrimination. The constitution of India also guarantees the equality of rights of men and women. However, in the sphere of womens human rights in India, there exists a wide gulf between theory and practice. The women in India in general and Tripura in particular very often have to face discrimination, injustice and dishonor. Though women in India have been given more rights as compared to men, even then the condition of women in India is miserable. The paper will focus on the human rights of women in Tripura and that how all the fundamental rights given to the women are being violated in Tripura, by focusing on the various crimes done against them. This paper also makes an attempt to find out the role of education in promotion and protection of Women Human Rights.
196 Patriarchy, Feudalism and Colonialism in Sunlight on a Broken Column, Atul kumar M. Parmar
According to Simon de Beauvoir: The curse that is upon woma n as vassal consists...in the fact that she is not permitted to do anything; so she persists in the vain pursuit of her true being through narcissism, love or religion. 1 But Attia Hosains respects her religion and thus she is not as radical as de Beauvoi r. She mentions her views on religion thus : To me religion was that... well drawing everybody together. It was never out of my mind that I was a Muslim. 2 So in Attia Hosain s critique of the patriarchal construction of Muslim society is not directed to Isl am, rather she opposes the patriarchy for its interpretation of religion as a tool to perpetuate its domination over women. She firmly believes that by just pushing women out of domestic boundaries doe s not provide freedom for women but their cerebral impr isonment should be wiped out to enhance them. Though she stays in England, Attias roots are indigenous. In order to emancipate women she prefers not to imitate the west blindly but she prefers to expose an association of colonialism, feudalism and patriar chy that suppress women as depicted in Sunlight on a Broken Column .