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West Visayas State University Research Journal

Journal Papers (9) Details Call for Paper Manuscript submission Publication Ethics Contact Authors' Guide Line
1 Adjustment Problems, Coping Strategies, Protective Factors, and Academic Performance of the Vulnerable Youth , Baby Rose Gargantiel Robles
This mixed-method research examined the relationship of adjustment problems, coping strategies, and protective factors on the academic performance of the ESGP-PA grantees enrolled at West Visayas State University, during the Academic year 2015-2016. In the qualitative phase, 12 grantees participated in the focus group discussion while 189 served as respondents in the quantitative phase. Themes and ideas were generated from the oral narratives. The piecesm of information derived from the FGD were the bases in constructing the three survey instruments; namely, the Adjustment Problems Questionnaire (APQ), Coping Strategies Questionnaire (CPQ) and Protective Factors Questionnaire (PFQ). Mean, rank and standard deviation were used for descriptive statistical analysis while the t-test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Pearson’s r and multiple linear regression were employed for inferential statistical analysis. Significance level was set at .05. The qualitative results revealed that the grantees encountered various adjustment problems in the following areas: personal/self, social/interpersonal, academic and environmental. The grantees employed coping strategies in dealing with their adjustment problems. Moreover, the grantees identified their families, the school, and community to offer moral and financial support to the grantees. The quantitative results revealed that there was a very small negative correlation between adjustment problems and coping strategies, moderately small positive correlation between coping strategies and protective factors, and small positive correlation between academic performance and coping strategies. Among the identified variables, only the coping strategies, was a significant predictor of academic performance.
2 Self-Esteem, Self-Regulation, Educational Aspirations and Priority Concerns of Student Grant’s-in-Aid Program for Poverty Alleviation (SGP-PA) Grantees , Ma. Lulu L. Loyola, Ed.D. RGC Nove D. Jalandoni, Ph.D., RGC Baby Rose G. Robles, Ph.D., RGC
Abstract This study looked into the self-esteem, self-regulation, educational aspirations and priority concerns of the 226 SGP-PA grantees at West Visayas State University. Results revealed that the respondents had low self-esteem; mostly average self-regulation except those from the provinces of Antique and Guimaras who had poor self-regulation. Generally, they had moderate educational aspirations but high for those with average family size. Their topmost priority concern was their studies and the least was specific social issues. As to their studies, their topmost concern was: understanding their lessons and the least was working with classmates on projects. As regards self-development, planning their lives was topmost while knowing and understanding themselves was the least. As to family relationships, the topmost concern was improving their relationship with their siblings and least was teaching their parents how to handle their children effectively. In the area of social relationships, the topmost was developing their skills for starting/ maintaining friendships and the least was getting rid of their fear of social situations. On specific social issues, their topmost concern was handling adjustments caused by financial crises, and the least was learning more about sexual abuse/harassment. Finally, significant differences existed only in the level of educational aspirations according to grantees’ family size; none were observed in the level of self-esteem and self- regulation. As gleaned from these results, appropriate intervention program on self-development may be designed for the grantees of the program.   Keywords: educational aspiration; priority concerns; self- esteem;self- regulation; SGPPA grantees
3 Carbons Stock Assessment as Basis for Public Green Spaces Planning and Management in Bacolod City and Iloilo City , Jose Ariel Tutor
Abstract The study aimed to determine the carbon stock in the biomass of trees and soil organic carbon (SOC) in public green spaces of Bacolod City and Iloilo City from March 2009 to May 2011 using Brown’s allometric equation. Data showed that Bacolod City Plaza had the highest carbon storage with 189.02 t/ha. This was followed by Capitol Park and Lagoon, 93.84 t/ha and Pana-ad Park and Stadium 56.12 t/ha. In Iloilo City, Plaza Libertad had the highest stored carbon in biomass with 250.88 t/ha, followed by Jaro Plaza with 116.95 t/ha and Lapaz Plaza with 75.77 t/ha. The average carbon stock per hectare showed that Iloilo had 147.90 t/ha which was higher than that of Bacolod City with 112.99 t/ha. Data on soil organic carbon (SOC) showed that Bacolod City Plaza had 42.93 t/ha SOC at 0 to 15 cm depth while Pana-ad Park and Stadium had 42.02 t/ha and Capitol Park and Lagoon with 34.71 t/ha. In Iloilo City, SOC at 15 cm depth, Jaro Plaza had 43.85 t/ha, Plaza Libertad had 43.24 t/ha and Lapaz Plaza had 37.76 t/ha. The Green spaces in Iloilo City at 0 to 15 cm depth had higher mean SOC content with 41.62 t/ha at 0 to15 cm depth compared to Bacolod City (39.89 t/ha). At 16-30 cm depth, the green spaces of Iloilo City had higher SOC (36.95 t/ha) compared to in green spaces of Bacolod City (30.85 t/ha).   Keywords: biomass, bulk density, carbon stock, green space, soil organic carbon
4 Original Ilonggo Compositions: Familiarity, Management, Sustainability, and Implications to Music Education , Erlinda V. Bebit
Abstract Original Ilonggo music compositions are overly heard via social media and inschool for instruction. This mixed method study was born out of the collection,preservation, marketing, and uses of original Ilonggo music compositions.Participants’ familiarity, management, sustainability, as well as the implications to music education was determined. Two of each seven music genres composed of folk, pop, rap, march, hymn, inspirational, and religious music for a total of fourteen (14) compositions were purposely selected. The elementary and secondary music teachers in the province of Iloilo, Negros Occidental, and Guimaras served as respondents. Questionnaires and interview questions were made for composers, music teachers, and listeners. Results show that majority of the listeners were familiar of the compositions presented; Dalawidaw ranked 1 and Ang Balay nga Diutay ranked 2. For instruction, Provincial Jail was mostly used. The music teachers and composers had unanimous choice for cultural endeavor as highly managed and marketability and social endeavor were moderately managed. The music teachers indicated that cultural concerns, religious activities, specific instructional music materials, and acquisition of the materials from the Department of Education when used were highly sustained. Composers and music teachers have concern on the management, sustainability, and implications to music education. Hence, the original Ilonggo compositions are helpful in teaching music especially to the present K to 12 program using mother-tongue as medium of expression.   Keywords: familiarity, implications, management, Music Education, sustainability
5 Floristic Composition, Diversity of Public Green Spaces in Major Urban Cities in Western Visayas, Philippines , Jose Ariel A. Tutor, Armando M. Palijon, Roberto G. Visco, Arturo SA Castillo, Ernesto P. Militante
Abstract The study was conducted in six public green spaces of Bacolod City and Iloilo City. It aims to determine the floristic composition and diversity of public green spaces in major urban cities in Western Visayas, Philippines. A hundred percent inventory was done to determine the data of this study. Eucalyptus camaldulensis was the most common tree species in Bacolod City while Swietenia macrophylla was prevalent in Iloilo City. Of the 1,892 woody species in Bacolod City, there were 52 species, 45 genera, and 26 families. In Iloilo City, there were 563 woody species, comprising 34 species, 33 genera, and 21 families of trees. Simpson Diversity Index was high in the green spaces of Iloilo City and moderately high in Bacolod City. Species eucalyptus, genus Eucalyptus and family Myrtaceae in Bacolod City, and S. macrophylla, Acacia auriculiformis and Terminalia catappa, genus Swietenia and family Meliaceae exceed threshold level of diversity for urban trees. Species importance value based on dbh and crown diameter shows that E. camaldulensis was the most important species in green spaces of Bacolod City. On the other hand, S. macrophylla was the most important species in green spaces of Iloilo City based on dbh and crown diameter.   Keywords: diversity, floristic composition, green space, health condition, urban forest  
6 Enduring Silence on Violence in the Nursing Workplace: An Emerging Phenomenon , Ma. Nelia P. Silloriquez
Abstract This phenomenological study aims to understand the lived experiences of practicing nurses about workplace violence in two tertiary hospital setting. Selected nurses who have personally experienced two or more bullying behaviors in the work setting and whose job statuses were either regular, casual, or job hired were identified informants for an in-depth interview. The interview data were transcribed and five themes generated and evolved. These are (a) workplace violence happens to anyone: workplace violence is becoming rampant in the health care industry, (b) there are damaging circumstances as a nurse: impact of workplace for nurses, (c) unpleasant experiences are better forgotten: how nurses survive workplace violence, (d) I am a Nurse and I stand by my profession: why nurses opted to stay despite their workplace violence experiences, and (e) I long for a better place: a better workplace for nurses. In the narratives, study reveals that informants experienced unforgotten disruptive behaviors such as fear, frustration, verbal abuse, humiliation and threat. Abuse or misuse of power of authorities resulting to diminishing trust and confidence in hospital administration created feelings of helplessness and demoralization that eventually reduced their feeling of dignity and self-respect. Legitimate occupational issues within the nursing workplace need attention and if interventions are ignored, the consequence is enduring silence.   Keywords: enduring silence, nurse, phenomenology, workplace violence  
7 Critical Thinking Skills in Non-School Activities of Absentee Students , Clark B. Banabatac
Abstract This qualitative research brought to light the critical thinking skills developed by the absentee students in one public secondary school in the Fifth District of the Province of Iloilo. Five participants were purposively selected based on their absences and responses to the checklist of non-school activities. Ethnography was used to determine the critical thinking skills manifested by the absentee students in their non-school activities, the non-school activities that developed their critical thinking skills, and the ways on how they developed their critical thinking skills. The principles of constructionism and interpretivism guided the domain, taxonomic, componential, and thematicanalyses of data. Participant observation, ethnographic interview, and journal writing were used to triangulate the results. The themes revealed that the absentee students learned their interpretation, analysis, inference, explanation, and self-regulation skills as they engaged in non-school activities. It was shown that livelihood activities, household activities, and games developed the critical thinking skills of the absentee students. It was further revealed that the absentee students developed critical thinking skills through training and observation at home, through observation and participation in the activities in the community, through motivation and encouragement in school, and through the influence of social media and support of significant others.   Keywords: critical thinking skills, absentee students, non-school activities
8 Effects of Differentiated Instruction on Mathematics Achievement and Critical Thinking Skills of Students , Giena Llorente - Odicta
Abstract This quasi-experimental study ascertained the effects of differentiated instruction on the mathematics achievement and critical thinking skills of the 54 Grade 10 high school students of a state university in Roxas City. The investigation specifically covers the topics on permutation, combinations, union and intersection of events, dependent and independent events, mutually exclusive events and probability of events. Different strategies of teaching to suit the needs of the learners were used during the total 28-hour period experiment. The study utilized a validated researcher-made test in mathematics and critical thinking skills test, a learning style and multiple intelligence inventories. Results disclose that the students in the differentiated instruction had interactive, analytic, and introspective learning styles and were visual and kinesthetic learners. The pre-test mathematics achievement of the two instructional groups – the differentiated and the non-differentiated- are comparably “low”, whereas their critical thinking skills are “unreflective”. However, post-test results show that the differentiated instruction group has “high” mathematics achievement and “developing” critical thinking skills; while the non-differentiated group has an “average” post-test mathematics achievement and “developed” critical thinking skills. Significant differences were noted in the pre-test and post-test mean gains of the two groups in mathematics achievement and critical thinking skills, in favor of the differentiated group. With this, the researcher posits that there is a need for practitioners to understand the components of differentiation to design lessons that address the needs of learners.   Keywords: critical thinking skills differentiated instruction, mathematics achievements
9 Workplace Spirituality, Moral Convictions, Work Ethics and Job Performance among State University Educators , Sr. Cynthia G. Miñon
Abstract Work plays a central role in the formulation of a person’s sense of dignity and self-worth. It results to the manifestation of competence, proficiency in a vocational calling, and induced increase in productivity. This study aims to ascertain workplace spirituality, moral convictions, work ethics, and job performance of educators in a state university. It was conducted on February 2015 among the 231 randomly selected faculty members of state university. Results reveal that generally, educators in this research are spiritual, with strong moral convictions, good work ethics, and are outstanding in their job performance. Their moral convictions and work ethics are significantly related to their workplace spirituality, and their work ethics and job performance are significantly related to their moral convictions. However, the workplace spirituality and work ethics are positively but not significantly related to job performance. Moral convictions and work ethics are found to predict significantly the educators’ job performance. Workplace spirituality, however, is not a significant predictor of job performance.   Keywords: workplace spirituality, moral convictions, work ethics, job performance