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Linguistic Forum

Journal Papers (4) Details Call for Paper Manuscript submission Publication Ethics Contact Authors' Guide Line
1 Genre Analysis of Acknowledgement Texts by Pakistani Master Level Theses Writers , Muhammad Ahmad, Ali Raza Siddique, Muhammad Mushtaq
This study aims to investigate the lexical, structural and cultural elements in acknowledgement texts written by Pakistani candidates of master of philosophy degrees (18 years of education). For this purpose, a corpus of 100 acknowledgement texts has been developed and analyzed with the help of AntConc Results reveal that Pakistani master level acknowledgement writers use gratitude markers extravagantly to thank their contributors and use high sounding adjectives exaggeratedly to increase the effect of thankfulness and glorify the acknowledged persons. Acknowledgement texts are a blend of different patterns which are the example of their own. Study concludes that Pakistani acknowledgement texts are affected by cultural, social and personal elements with the help of which Pakistani acknowledgers pay gratitude directly, emotionally and warmly using direct, emotional and rhetorical language. Keywords: acknowledgement texts, genre analysis; gratitude markers, Pakistani theses’ acknowledgments
2 Investigating Content and Language Integration in an EFL Textbook: A Corpus-Based Study , Amna Arshad,  Prof. Dr. Muhammad Asim Mahmood
This research evaluates an English language textbook from CLIL perspective. For this purpose, an intermediate level (grade-11) English language textbook has been selected and analyzed utilizing Coyle’s conceptual framework of 4Cs (i.e. content, cognition, communication and culture).Content, communication, and culture have been explored through a checklist, whereas cognition has been explored by developing a corpus from the questions given in the exercises of the textbook and analyzing in the light of Bloom’s taxonomy. The results reveal certain breeches between CLIL features and the textbook’s contents. Layout, learning outcomes, organization of the content, subject matter, authenticity of the text, exercises, and focus on language skills does not seem to match with CLIL perspectives. Listening and speaking skills are observed to be ignored. Moreover, the exercises do not seem to foster critical thinking and interaction between students and teachers. Most of the questions are observed covering only first two levels (i.e. knowledge and comprehension) of Bloom’s taxonomy. The study concludes that CLIL principles are not integrated in the textbook. Therefore, the textbook is not suitable to an ESL/EFL setting.   Keywords: Bloom’s taxonomy; content and language integrated learning; textbook evaluation
3 Conducting Needs Analysis for an English for Specific Purpose Course for Agricultural Sciences , Dr. Wasim Hassan, Prof. Dr. Mamuna Ghani, Muhammad Yasir Masood, Dr. Noreen Saba
Conducting a needs analysis is the very first step in designing English for Specific Purpose (ESP) course as well as maintaining the quality of the course to fulfill the learners’ needs. This research intends to highlight the procedures significant in conducting a needs analysis (NA) for designing English for specific purpose course for the ESL learners of B.S. (Hons.) agriculture sciences at University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, (UAF) Pakistan. Data for need analysis were collected through a questionnaire, document analysis and test techniques. It was observed that the ESL learners of graduate level at University of Agriculture Faisalabad were taught general English courses which were not sufficient to fulfill their communicative needs. Therefore, there is a need of an ESP Agriculture science course. Suggestions have also been recommended to design ESP Agriculture Sciences course for these ESL learners. Keywords: English for specific purposes; ESL learners’ needs; ESP course; need analysis  
4 Attribution of Transitivity Roles and Characterization in Heart of Darkness , Surinder Kaur
Abstract The objective of this paper is to study the characters of Marlow and Kurtz from Joseph Conrad’s novel ‘Heart of Darkness’ and their roles in the action and why they are called counterfoil to each other. Therefore, the focus is not on what is done (action) but who is doing what (character). I propose to use systemic functional grammar to explore these characters and their roles in the novel. Especially, I will make use of character’s transitivity profile following Simpson’s (2004, p.119) statement that, ‘the transitivity profile embodied by a text is generally a useful indicator of character in prose fiction’. This paper also aims to show how an investigation of process types can function as a rewarding analytical tool for character analysis. Following this, it has been observed that Marlow is a sensor while Kurtz turns out to be in an actor’s role which means that Marlow reflects while Kurtz acts. Marlow observes everything but does not participate in action while Kurtz’s role is in clear contrast to him as he is more of an action guy and his dominant process types are material processes. Keywords: action; character; material; role; transitivity; process