1 Nurses Contribution in Research: Barriers and Solutions , Ms. Maryam Alkhalaf1 *, Dr. Rita Anderson2 , Dr. Petro Basson3 and Dr. Adel Harb4
Background: Nursing Research is one of the pillars for improving nursing care. Motivating nurses to contribute in research and evidence based practice will improve their productivity and satisfaction that will improve patient clinical outcome and satisfaction. Aim: This study was conducted to investigate the barriers among nurses in Saudi Arabia to contribute in nursing research and to provide some strategies or solutions for these barriers. Method: An electronic self-administered questionnaire was developed and distributed to nursing staff in Eastern Province Ministry of Health hospitals. Results: 480 surveys were collected and the data analyzed. The participants indicated that they value research and are willing to take part in it. However, several barriers were identified that limited their participation in research including lack of time, administration support and lack of research capacity and infrastructure. Affordable education opportunities, more funding resources, and access to databases and libraries were the most recommended solutions to increase nurses’ participation in conducting research and utilizing Evidence Based Practice. Conclusion: Further efforts are needed from High Authority toward increasing nursing research. Nursing research must be on the top priorities of the Ministry of Health agenda and must be a senior management strategic goal. Further qualitative and quantitative research is needed to explore more barriers and provide more mechanisms in motivating nurses toward research.
2 Improving the Quality of Healthcare through a Multidisciplinary Team Approach to Nursing Research , Verónica de la Maza L1 , Macarena Manríquez M2 *, Juan Pablo Torres T3 , Paola Viveros L4 , María Elena Santolaya D5 , Antonio Banfi P6 , Milena Villarroel C7 , María Fernández8 and Erica Peña9
Continual advances in medicine mean that health professionals must remain well-informed in order to provide high-quality patient care. Multidisciplinary teams are crucial in this context, as research shows that this collaborative approach facilitates holistic treatment. Moreover, local medical research enhances the quality and safety of care by producing relevant knowledge and insights. Therefore, hospitals should promote research by healthcare teams. This article presents the experience of a research unit made up of healthcare professionals from diverse disciplines. The efforts of this team have had a positive impact on clinical care for pediatric oncology patients and their families. We hope that these findings will encourage other nursing professionals to develop multidisciplinary research teams in hospitals.
3 Assess the Causes of Absenteeism Among Nurses Working in Hospitals, Eastern Region, Saudi Arabia , Almadani, Noura A1 *, Mughayzil, Hawra A2 , Alsalameen, Ahlam A3 and Aman,Roua H4
Background: The largest groups of health care providers in the country are nurses; they delivered the high percentage of health care. Despite the fact that being the largest group of health providers, the nursing workforce has experienced an acute shortage affecting the delivery of health care. Saudi Arabia is challenged with a chronic shortage of qualified Saudi nurses, accompanied by high rates of absenteeism due to uncertain causes. Aim: This study aims to assess the causes of absenteeism among nurses working in General hospital, and to compare it with other nurses working in psychiatric hospital in Eastern region, Saudi Arabia. Method: Descriptive study design was utilized to conduct in Eastern region of Saudi Arabia. A survey containing an adapted (PES) Practice Environment Scale of Nursing Work Index with where distributed to three hospitals: Erada complex for Mental Health at Al-Dammam, the Prince Saud bin Jalawi Hospital in Al-Ahsa, and Qatif Central Hospital and Dammam Medical Tower. 257 nurses participated on this survey. Result: There was a significant difference in absenteeism between Prince Saud Bin Jalwi (mean =2.94, SD = .885) and Qatif Central Hospital (mean = 2.34, SD = 1.073). Among the reasons of absenteeism, majority is having health problem, stress working, and (47 % ) personal and family problem (60 % ) no cooperative from supervisor, working different shift without weekend off. And no supportive and appreciate from head of department. Conclusion: Nurses were found to have lack of commitment to their present job/work and are extremely dissatisfied in the administrative section. Since majority of the respondents answered they have never been absent for a month, thus considering their level of satisfaction and commitment scale, developing a motivation strategy, to make employees feel that their work is valued and creating flexibility by providing a flextime.