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Psychology and Mental Health Care

ISSN(p): | ISSN(e):2637-8892
Journal Papers (15) Details Psychological-Clinical Overview on Coronavirus (COVID-19)
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1 “Homo stupiens” Reviewed , James F. Welles P. O. Box 17, East Marion, New York, 11939, USA. Corresponding Author: James F. Welles, P. O. Box 17, East Marion, New York, 11939, USA. E-mail: JWelles103@aol.com
“Homo stupiens” presents a new cognitive model for human behavior built on the original assumption that people are stupid. Evidence abounds for this assumption–see the evening news–but as it flies in the face of the Darwinian proposition that behavior is adaptive, some skepticism is in order.
2 The Phenomenon of Demonic Possession: Definition, Contexts and Multidisciplinary Approaches , Dott. Giulio Perrotta Psychologist specializing in psychotherapy with a strategic approach, Forensic Criminal expert in sectarian cults, esoteric and security profiles, Director of the Department of Criminal and Investigative Psychology UNIFEDER, SSPL Jurist, Teacher, CT/P, International Essayist Corresponding Author: Dott. Giulio Perrotta, Director of the Department of Criminal and Investigative Psychology UNIFEDER. Italy. E-mail: info@giulioperrotta.it
Starting from the classical definition of "demonic possession" as a psychophysical condition in which a person becomes a victim of a supernatural being, be it a spirit, a demon, an angel, a divine creature or a family ancestor, the analysis continues with the examination of theoretical and practical profiles of this particular event, with an emphasis on approaches that tend to explain it, according to the most significant guidelines: ethno-psychiatric, the socio-anthropological, the cultural, the religious, the esoteric, the psychoanalytic and the clinician, to then re-elaborate everything in an integrated key, according to the neurobiological model, also with the help of the sophisticated investigation techniques used in criminal law.
3 A Critical Reflection of Mindfulness in Mental Health , Bontha Vijayakumar  Department of pharmaceutics,Jangaon Institute of pharmacy, Jangaon, India. *Corresponding author: Bontha Vijayakumar, Department of pharmaceutics,Jangaon Institute of pharmacy, Jangaon, India.
Mindfulness derives from Buddhist practice and is fundamentally concerned with the development of present moment awareness. It is arguably one of the fastest growing areas of mental health research with the last decade witnessing a tenfold increase in the number of published scientific papers concerning the applications of mindfulness in mental health contexts. Given the demonstrable growth of interest into the clinical utility of mindfulness, this paper provides a: (i)timely and evidence-based appraisal of current trends and issues in psychopathology-related mindfulness research, and (ii) discussion of whether the empirical evidence for mindfulness-based interventions actually merits their growing popularity and utilization amongst mental health stakeholders. It is concluded that mindfulness-based interventions have the potential to play an important role in psychiatric treatment settings as well as in applied psychological settings more generally. However, due to the rapidity at which mindfulness has been taken out of its traditional Buddhist setting, and what is possibly evidence of media and/or scientific hype concerning the effectiveness of mindfulness, it is recommended that future research seeks to: (i) consolidate and replicate research findings, (ii) assess the maintenance of outcomes over longer time periods, (iii) investigate potential adverse effects, and (iv) fully control for potential performance bias in mindfulness-based intervention studies. It is further recommended that future research seeks to investigate the Buddhist position that sustainable improvements to mental and spiritual health typically require consistent daily mindfulness practice over a period of many years (i.e., they do not arise after attending eight two-hour classes with some self-practice in between).
4 Acute ICA occlusion due to pituitary apoplexy resulting In Internal Carotid Artery Occlusion and Stroke: Case Report, Review of The Literature, and Treatment Rationale , Ramu Adepu*,  Department of Pharmaceutics, Jangaon Institute of pharmacy, Jangaon, India *Corresponding author: Ramu Adepu, Department of Psychology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
We report the case of a 63 year-old man who presented with sudden-onset, severe headache. Work-up revealed a hemorrhagic pituitary macroadenoma. He then suffered sudden-onset aphasia and right hemiparesis. Further evaluation revealed left ICA occlusion. Emergent transsphenoidal resection of the tumor produced recanalization of the occluded ICA, but his neurological symptoms persisted. ICA occlusion following pituitary tumor apoplexy is a rare event that must be recognized early for optimal patient outcomes. We report the first case with demonstration of carotid recanalization after tumor resection, review the incidence of ICA occlusion due to pituitary tumors, describe the possible mechanisms, and recommend optimal treatment strategies.
5 Antidepressant Activity of Spirulina Platensis in Models of Depression , Addison Rosli1*, Mary Ann Evans1 1Department of Psychological Medicine, Cuba. *Corresponding author: Addison Rosli, Department of Psychological Medicine, Cuba.
Depression is the most common of the affective disorders (disorders of mood rather than disturbances of thought or cognition); it may range from a very mild condition, bordering on normality, to severe (psychotic) depression accompanied by hallucinations and delusions. Worldwide, depression is a major cause of disability and premature death. Unipolar depression is commonly (about 75% of cases) non-familial, clearly associated with stressful life-events and accompanied by symptoms of anxiety and agitation; this type is sometimes termed reactive depression. Other patients (about 25%, sometimes termed endogenous depression) show a familial pattern, unrelated to external stresses, and with a somewhat different symptomatology. This distinction is made clinically, but there is little evidence that antidepressant drugs show significant selectivity between these conditions.
6 Abuelas were successful and the results suggest a trend towards mothers limiting their children's LNSCI , Swathi chilukala1*, Saritha Garrepalli2 1 Department of pharmaceutics, Unity college of pharmcy, India. 2Department os pharmaceutics,Browns College of pharmacy, Khammam, India. *Corresponding author:Swathi chilukala,Department of pharmaceutics, Unity college of pharmcy, India.
Background: Mexican-American children have the highest rates of childhood obesity of any ethnic group [1]. Because Mexican-American mothers follow the advice of abuelas (respected grandmothers in the Mexican-American community) more than that of health care providers [2], this pilot study evaluated the efficacy of using abuelas to deliver a motivational interviewing intervention to encourage Mexican-American mothers to limit their children's low-nutritive simple carbohydrate intake. Specific questions were whether or not 1) abuelas could deliver a motivational interviewing intervention, 2) abuelas could recruit and retain participants, and 3) mothers altered their attitudes/beliefs, perceived norms, perceived behavioral control (self-efficacy), intent and behavior of limiting their children's low-nutritive simple carbohydrate intake. Methods: Two abuelas were recruited and trained to deliver a motivational interviewing intervention. The abuelas recruited 6 mothers to participate in the study. Assessments and interventions occurred at baseline and 1 month. Attitude/beliefs, perceived norm and perceived behavioral control (self-efficacy) were measured using sub-scales of the Healthy Diet Survey [3], intent was measured using an Intent Questionnaire, and behavioral change was assessed using a short-form food frequency questionnaire. A Wilcoxon test (α=0.05) was used to evaluate changes in responses between baseline and 1 month. Results: The abuelas were successfully trained in motivational interviewing and reliably delivered the intervention. The abuelas recruited 6 mothers and all 6 participated through the entire study. All mothers felt it was important to limit their children's' low-nutritive simple carbohydrate intake (M=9.83, SD=.408) and scored their readiness to change as highly or extremely likely. Confidence in their ability to limit their children's low-nutritive simple carbohydrate intake increased (z=-2.041, p=.041) between baseline (M=6.33, SD=1.97) and 1 month (M=9.67, SD=.82) for 5 of the mothers. The sixth scored her confidence as 10 (the maximum) at both assessments. Responses to the food frequency questionnaire suggest a trend towards limiting their children's low-nutritive simple carbohydrate intake. Conclusions: This study demonstrated that recruitment, retention, and program delivery using abuelas were successful and the results suggest a trend towards mothers limiting their children's low-nutritive simple carbohydrates.
7 Abasement Correspondence Higher with Practical Impairment of Chronic Pain than Pain Severity in Both Veterans with and without PTSD , Thadakala Kiran* Department of Psychology, Mother Theresa College ofpharmacy, India. *Corresponding author: Thadakala Kiran, Department of Psychology, Mother Theresa College ofpharmacy, India.
Objective: Several studies have examined the correlation of either Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) or depression to chronic pain and disability and yielded varying and sometimes contradicting results. The objective of this study was to investigate this correlation and the possible additive effect of PTSD and depression on pain and functional disability. Methods: All patients evaluated in the Chronic Pain Clinic completed a pre-assessment questionnaire that included Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores for pain, Brief Pain Inventory (BPI), and pain interference with daily functioning. We also assessed level of depression and presence of PTSD. We then performed statistical analyses using Pearson's correlation to compare the correlations in PTSD group versus non-PTSD group. Results: We examined 182 patients presenting to the Durham VA Medical Center Chronic Pain clinic. The correlation between depression and pain severity in patients with PTSD is 0.43 (p < 0.0048) while the correlate in those without PTSD is 0.45 (p < 0.0001). The correlation between depression and pain interference with daily functioning in patients with PTSD is 0.62 (p < 0.0001) versus those without PTSD is 0.66 (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: This study suggests significant correlation between pain and depression, both in patients with and without PTSD. PTSD did not have an additive effect on that correlation of depression with pain. Depression correlated stronger with pain interference than with pain severity.
8 Anti-Inflammatory Activity: Assessment of Benzo [6, 7] Cyclohepta [1, 2-b] Pyridine Derivatives , Garrepalli samatha1* and Uma Rani. G2 1Department of Pharmaceutics, Bomma college pharmacy, India. 2Proffesor.RBVRRwomen's college of pharmacy,Hyderabad, India. *Corresponding author: Garrepalli samatha, Department of Psychology, India.
A variety of benzo [6,7] cyclohepta [1,2-b] pyridine derivatives have been evaluated for their in vitro anti-proliferative activity against four cancer cell lines such as HeLa (cervical), MIAPACA (pancreatic), MDA-MB-231 (breast) and IMR32 (neuroblastoma). Among tested compounds, a exhibited potent antiproliferative activity against IMR32 with GI50 value less than 0.01 μM and compounds d, l and n exhibited promising anti-proliferative activity against IMR32 with GI50 values 0.1, 0.21 and 0.21 μM, respectively. This is the first report on in vitro anti-proliferative evaluation of benzo [6,7] cyclohepta [1,2-b] pyridine derivatives in addition to anti-inflammatory activity.
9 Analytical aspects of depression among elderly , kalpana Madikattu 1* vamshikrishna M 2 1 Department of Psychological Medicine, st.Peters institure of pharmaceutical sciences, India. 2 Department of Pharmaceutics, Jangaon Institute of pharnmacy, India. *Corresponding author: kalpana Madikattu, Department of Psychological Medicine, st.Peters institure of pharmaceutical sciences, India.
The depressive states of the elderly are frequent and difficult to diagnose due mainly to their clinical heterogeneity. One of the reasons for the increase in the rate of suicide in the over 80 years is probably the non-recognition of depressive states. Thymicand affective complaints frequently occur with advancing age and are too often attributed to the consequences of normal aging, which is accompanied by the successive losses that characterize old age.
10 Analytical aspects of depression among elderly , kalpana Madikattu 1* vamshikrishna M 2 1 Department of Psychological Medicine, st.Peters institure of pharmaceutical sciences, India. 2 Department of Pharmaceutics, Jangaon Institute of pharnmacy, India. *Corresponding author: kalpana Madikattu, Department of Psychological Medicine, st.Peters institure of pharmaceutical sciences, India.
The depressive states of the elderly are frequent and difficult to diagnose due mainly to their clinical heterogeneity. One of the reasons for the increase in the rate of suicide in the over 80 years is probably the non-recognition of depressive states. Thymicand affective complaints frequently occur with advancing age and are too often attributed to the consequences of normal aging, which is accompanied by the successive losses that characterize old age.
11 Therapeutic options for progressive Meningiomas , Linh-siung Ming1*,  Tseng -aijlim Sing1 1Department of Psychological Medicine, Kaohsiung Municipal Hsiao-Kang Hospital,China. *Corresponding author: Linh-siung Ming , Department of Psychology, Hong Kong, China.
Meningiomas are by far the most common tumors arising from the meninges. A myriad of aberrant signaling pathways involved with meningioma tumorigenesis, have been discovered. Understanding these disrupted pathways will aid in deciphering the relationship between various genetic changes and their downstream effects on meningioma pathogenesis. An understanding of the genetic and molecular profile of meningioma would provide a valuable first step towards developing more effective treatments for this intracranial tumor. Chromosomes 1, 10, 14, 22, their associated genes, and other potential targets have been linked to meningioma proliferation and progression. It is presumed that through an understanding of these genetic factors, more educated meningioma treatment techniques can be implemented. Future therapies will include combinations of targeted molecular agents including gene therapy, si-RNA mediation, proton therapy, and other approaches as a result of continued progress in the understanding of genetic and biological changes associated with meningiomas. This review provides an overview of the current knowledge of the genetic, signaling and molecular profile of meningioma and possible treatments strategies associated with such profiles.
12 Time perspective stands out as the time variable that reliably separates anxious and nonanxious individuals , Linh-siung Ming* Department of Psychology, Jen-Ai Hospital - Taichung, Taiwan. *Corresponding author: Linh-siung Ming, Department of Psychology, Jen-Ai Hospital - Taichung, Taiwan.
Background: It is well-recognized that emotions and emotional disorders may alter the experience of time. Yet relatively little is known about different aspects of psychological time in relation to anxiety. The purpose of the present study was to explore several aspects of temporal processing, including time perspective, prospective and retrospective time estimation, in persons with anxiety symptoms. Methods: A total of 110 individuals with varying degrees of anxiety participated in two studies. They were assigned to two groups (anxiety–control) based on their scores on anxiety measurements. Participants also completed an inventory of time perspective and several time estimation tasks which were analyzed on a group-level. Depressive symptoms were assessed and used as a covariate in the second study. Results: Anxiety was significantly associated with Past Negative and Future Negative time perspectives as measured by the Swedish Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (S-ZTPI), even when controlling for the effect of depressive symptoms. No other significant differences were found. Conclusion: Exploring time perspective in persons with anxious symptoms may provide important insights into features of anxiety. These findings may offer new ways of conceptualizing anxiety and provide suggestions for treatment strategies.
13 Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy: An elderly patient with a past history of lobar brain hemorrhage and recent history of recurrent lobar brain hemorrhages , Hathor  Hussein 1*, Mehrit  Ibrahim2 1Maadi Psychology Center,Egypt. 2The Behman Hospital, Egypt. *Corresponding author: Hathor  Hussein, Maadi Psychology Center,Egypt. 
Background: Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is an important cause of intracerebral hemorrhage. Brain amyloid-related imaging abnormalities (ARIA) can be classified into two groups; those with edema or sulcal effacement (ARIA-E) and those with cerebral microbleeds or small hemorrhages (ARIA-H). There is an aggressive form of CAA, called CAA-related inflammation (CAA-ri) which is characterized by vascular or perivascular inflammation. Current treatment guidelines do not recommend routine use of steroids for intraparenchymal hemorrhage. Methods: We describe the clinical course, radiologic and pathologic findings of a 78-year-old man with recurrent intracerebral hemorrhage. Diagnostic studies included CT and MRI-scans of the brain, histopathology studies and autopsy.  Results: The patient was diagnosed with a vasculitic form of amyloid angiopathy.  Treatment with steroids resulted in clinical and radiological improvement.  Conclusions: There might be a benefit of steroid or other immunosuppressive therapy in some patients with recurrent lobar hemorrhage related to CAA.  Patients demonstrating edema out of proportion to the size of hematoma and extension of edema to the sub-cortical U fibers on imaging studies due to underlying vasculitis or CAA-ri may be candidates for such therapeutic interventions.
14 Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy: Multiple neurolgic problems , Seshanth Thabit 1*, Wadj Ahdaf Soueif 2 1Psychological Medicine Hospital, Egypt. 2Department of psychology,Mental Health in Cairo, Egypt.
A 72-Year-old female with a history of migraine headaches presented with an acute onset of expressive aphasia, difficulty with memory and worsening of her headaches. An MRI of the brain was done which revealed diffuse white matter T2 hyperintensities.
15 The use of music often has a crucial role in the everyday life of patients with mental disorders , Louisa May Alcott* Department of Psychological Medicine, London, UK. *Corresponding author: Louisa May Alcott, Department of Psychology, London, UK.
Background: Until now little has been known about the relationship between emotion modulation through music listening habits and personality dimensions, especially in patients with mental disorders. Objective: To explore relations between the use of music in everyday life and personality dimensions in patients with mental disorders. Methods: A population of patients suffering from mental disorders (n=190) was examined using one inventory on emotion modulation by music (IAAM) and another assessing personality dimensions (SKI). Results: Patients with high ego-strength used music less for relaxation, cognitive problem solving or for reduction of negative activity, similarly patients with high orderliness used it less for cognitive problem solving or for reduction of negative activity, but patients with high confidence used music more for fun stimulation. Patients who reported that they listened to music which improved their symptoms of mental illness showed more ego-strength and orderliness than patients who listened to music that worsened their emotional condition. Conclusions: The study suggests that the personality variables confidence, ego-strength and orderliness are variables for the use of music in a helpful way for emotion modulation.