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حاجي عبد الغني تعارف وخدمات
Syed Bacha Agha
Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic Studies, Govt: Postgraduate College, Quetta.
Mufti Dolat Khan
Research Scholar, Islamic Studies Department, University of Baluchistan, Quetta .
ABSTRACT Allah has created this universe and for guidance of people he has sent his different holy books and with those books he has sent different holy messengers. The messengers of Allah came to this world and preached the message was written in his books. When his messengers completed their job then their duty was given to the scholars of Islam. They also preached Islam from place to place and they face many difficulties and hardships but they continue their message. Among all these scholars some of them worked hard for writing and teaching the holy Quran to other people. Molana Abdul Ghani is one of these scholars who spent all of his time to serve Islam and preaching of Islamic thoughts. In this paper will present the Services and Introduction of Molana Haji Abdul Ghani. Keywords: Molana Haji Abdul Ghani, Services, Teachings, Social work.
بیوہ عورت کی کفالت سیرت طیبہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کی روشنی میں
SPONSOR/SUPPORT OF WIDOW
IN THE LIGHT OF HOLY PROPHET (PBUH) TEACHINGS
Mahmoodul Hasan Channar
Lecturer, Govt. Elementry College of Education Sukkur.
Chairman, Social Science, Mohammad Ali Jinnah University, Karachi.
Director Academics, Habibia Islamic Institute, Karachi.
ABSTRACT Holy Prophet (PBUH) has been made blessing for Humanity, and the being of Prophet (PBUH) is such an ocean of blessings that no any strata of society is derived of by his teachings. Before the arrival of Holy Prophet (PBUH), the weak strata of society used to be oppressed in all its forms and manifestations, and suffered all sort of atrocity and cohesion. It is very core to the Teachings of Prophet (PBUH) that, it restored the rights of former oppressed class and brought its status equal to all. The list of oppressed and weak strata of society remained long, but our discussion is confined to the widow. Before Islam, the status of widow was very deplorable and she was ground under the oppression of all other strata of society. Even though in some religions, she was burnt alive with the corpse of husband. And somewhere her second marriage was denied and somewhere so on. But, a teaching of Islam and Holy Prophet (PBUH) has given a very crucial, respectable and safe as well as significant place to her in society. This article deals with this subject in detail, with solid references from different resources. In the end this articles carries suggestion for the welfare and development of widows. Keywords: Widows in Islam, Rights of widows, Seerat and widow, Sponsor of widow, Widows development.
اسلام میں اکل بالباطل اوردھوکہ دہی کی ممانعت
EARNING THROUGH PROHIBITED WAYS AND CHEATING
IN THE ISLAM
Research Scholar, Faculty of Islamic Studies, University of Karachi.
Ubaid Ahmed Khan
Chairman. Department of Usooluddin, University of Karachi.
ABSTRACT Financial dealings are an integral part of human life. All the human beings have to do such dealings for their needs, mostly related to trade. But principles and rules for such dealings depend on either human intellect or the Shariah teachings. The human intellect in itself prevents humans from indulging into oppressive and corrupt ways of earning so that they do not incur loss in trading. But selfish and lustrous worldly interests mislead them, and consequently, they take to the prohibited ways of earning. In such situations, Shariah guides us to the right path. Allah Ta’ala has guided the mankind in the best way through the eternal and everlasting teachings of the Holy Quran. Regarding the financial dealings, this Holy Book has given us a comprehensive guideline which is beyond human intellect, and that is: Do not get one another’s possessions through prohibited ways; yes, you can earn them through trading based on mutual consent. This guideline has prohibited all the illegal ways of earning, including fraudulence, dishonesty, misrepresentation etc. The Article in focus discusses the condemnation of earning through prohibited ways, importance of the unambiguity of financial dealings and the related Shariah rulings. Keywords: Islamic way of earning, Prohibited earning, Financial dealings, Ruling of earning, Quranic way of earning.
سات حرفوں پر قرآن حکیم کے نازل ہونے کے اسباب اور اسکی حکمتیں
REVELATION OF QUR’AN IN SEVEN DAILECTS
AND ITS WISDOM
Research Scholar, Faculty of Islamic Studies, University of Karachi.
Department of Urdu, University of Karachi.
ABSTRACT Allah has revealed Holy Quran to guide and transform the lives of human being. According to Hadith, Quran was revealed in seven dialects because it is the name of wisdom. So, seven alphabets have numerous philosophies and benefits embedded in them. In this article introduction of Quran along with literal and figurative meanings have been elaborated. Details of seven alphabets have been explained vividly besides literal and figurative meanings of seven alphabets have been expounded. After that three important axioms of savants have been narrated. Amongst them, Imam Razi’s axiom is cited specially. In the last, modern axiom is given with explanation in a lucid way. A part from that, the logics and reasons behind the revelation of Quran in seven dialects have been deliberated including revelation of Quran in Arabic language, affection of the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) for Ummah, convenience for Muslim Nation, satisfaction for nature, eradication of linguistic bias amongst Arabs, consensus of two commands, narration of two commands of different versions. Abundance of virtues, legitimacy of Qur’an, statures of readers and replicators of readers and others have been mooted exhaustively. In the end, article is summarized in the light of modern era. Keywords: Dailects of Qur’an, Seven versions of Qur’an, Meaning of seven Dailects of Qura’n, Sabaytu Ahruf, Revelation of Qur’an on seven way.
پاکستانی معاشرے میں طلاق کا بڑھتا ہوا رجحان اور اس کے اسباب
INCREASE IN DEIVORCE RATIO IN PAKISTAN
AND THEIR CAUSES
Research Scholar, Dept. of Usooluddin, University of Karachi.
Ubaid Ahmed Khan
Chairman, Deparment of Usooluddin, University of Karachi.
ABSTRACT Islam wants from its believers to make a peaceful society. The first base of each society is husband-wife relation. Islam has given much emphasis upon this relationship to make it smooth, peaceful, joyful and interactive. But considering human as multidimensional, Islam has allowed husband and wife to get themselves separate from each other, it they cannot survive this relationship smoothly at any level. Though, ‘divorce’ is allowed in Islam but at last solution. Pakistan, as being a Muslim society is facing increase rate in divorce nowadays. My research work is covering different reasons and aspects behind this high ratio of divorce in Pakistan. This research will be helpful to find out any solution to decrease the divorce ration in Pakistani society. Keywords: Divorce, Pakistani society, Marriage, Happy family, Divorce ratio, Divorce causes.
Socio-Cultural Analysis of Moral Ethics Syllabi
Research Scholar Department Quran & Sunnah, University of Karachi.
Chairmen, Social Science Dept., Mohammad Ali Jinnah University, Karachi.
Hafiz Munir Ahmed Khan
Dean, Faculty of Islamic Studies, University of Sindh, Jamshoro.
ABSTRACT In the context of blasphemy issue, the present study examines the socio-cultural elements in the Moral Ethics syllabi functional at the different universities of Pakistan. As per our hypothesis, ME syllabi lack some important socio-cultural elements responsible for handling hate crimes, especially the issue of blasphemy. For testing the proposed hypothesis, available ME syllabi were collected from the official websites of different universities. Collected ME syllabi were examined through the method of content analysis. After examining literature review, necessary socio cultural factors (SCFs) were listed and the selected syllabi were evaluated through this list of SCFs. Our study findings endorse the primary hypothesis that majority of universities has adopted the foreign model of ME syllabi without adapting them according to indigenous social and cultural needs. Additionally, the most important SCFs; knowledge of blasphemy laws (KBL) and real-life dilemmas (RLD), are mostly absent in the existing ME syllabi. Keywords: Blasphemy, Moral Ethics, Socio- Cultural Factors, Curriculum, Profaning