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ISSN(p): | ISSN(e):2147-6683
Journal Papers (26) Details Artium Artium
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1 The Importance of Interdisciplinary Education at Intersection of Architecture and Civil Engineering     , Esra LAKOT ALEMDAÄž, Selda AL ÅžENSOY
Interdisciplinary study in education has an important role in terms of increasing the quality of education and producing more qualified projects in the continuously changing world. In the undergraduate education, where the foundations of the profession are laid, cooperation studies have great importance in terms of creating a common language, sharing knowledge and skills with the architecture which is the professional group of civil engineers will work with most in their business life. The study was formed in order to analyze the contribution of the architectural knowledge course given in the context of interdisciplinary cooperation in the department of civil engineering to the education life of the students and to determine the positive and negative aspects in terms of course operation/scope. In the study, a questionnaire was applied to 132 students with 3rd, 4th-grade students. In the findings, it has been determined that the students who participated in the survey stated that it would be more beneficial to increase the number of application and drawing studies in architecture knowledge class. In addition, it is found that students request increasing of the number of supplementary courses such as technical drawing, building elements, building materials and site techniques which can contribute to this lesson. 
2 Evaluation of User Comfort at Underground Stations via Istanbul Example , Didem AKTOP MADEN , Erkan AVLAR
The purpose of the study is to guide the design comfortable structures that do not pose a danger to the health and safety of underground subway station users. In this context, it was aimed to control the comfort of the underground subway stations in terms of user satisfaction. In this study, firstly, a literature search on the subject was made and the rules and details related to the comfort of the underground subway stations were examined. Then, a field study was done to determine the spatial properties of selected stations as samples and a survey was prepared to control the spatial comfort in terms of user satisfaction and the survey results were evaluated in order to measure the satisfaction level of the users in the present situation. The survey results show that the selected station structures as a sample have the weaknesses. Based on this detection, user satisfaction has been emphasized in the design of underground subway station structures and it has been stated that user expectations should not be ignored apart from the standard design rules and suggestions are given to meet these expectations.
3 Evaluation of Urban Micro-Climate in Cold Climate Cities: The Case of Urban Transformation Area in Erzurum , Merve Yavaş, Sevgi Yılmaz
The need to be sensitive against the climate conditions is urgent for public space design particularly in cold climate cities where people are living under severe conditions. Although there is an increasing awareness of climate-sensitive and sustainable development in our country, there are very few initiatives defining urban development on a stable, flexible and local scale with respect to climate condition. The scope of this research is based on a mixed method including physical and climatic analysis and a microclimate analysis of the study area consistent with the interdisciplinary nature of this type of climate studies. In this study, Mahallebaşı district as urban transformation area in Erzurum is evaluated according to bioclimatic criteria. Thermal comfort value has been calculated for eight different variations in the ENVI-met 4.4 model with the climate data recorded in winter of 2019. Changing air and surface temperature depending on these variations for winter were examined and it is confirmed that outdoor comfort could be increased up to 2 ° C in winter with the help of the ideal design strategies.
4 Instrumentalization of the Concept “Smart City” in the development of medium-sized cities , Pelin GÖKGÜR, Ä°clal KAYA ALTAY
Though too early for the assessment in terms of implementation and effects, the strategies on smart cities are assessed to be positive in terms of providing the urban services effectively and efficiently, environmental quality and protection, presenting he out very early indicator for short assessment in terms of implementation and effects, effective and efficient delivery of urban services strategy is on the mind of the city, environmental quality and protection, facilitative and innovative opportunities for everyday life and so on and on the other hand it is criticized that the city's focus on increasing its power of economic competitiveness, and the fact that strategies on social components remain in the background. The adverse effects of marketization of the urban services on the low- and middle-income groups in issues such as depression, social learning, and knowledge capacity on access to the service in the areas outside of the provision of the service. Technology and scientific developments has been a major force in the social relations in the course of civilization history as well as the transformation of its relations with the space. However, the instrumentality of the technology is closely associated with the way of utilizing or using the “technology” in conversion of the economic and social relations. The concept and strategies of "Smart City" should be mainly associated with the protection of the environment, medium sized cities in terms of ensuring a balanced spatial development through economic and social egalitarianism and their social-economic, ecological and cultural characteristics and also institutional capacities. 
5 Evaluation About Housing and Kitchen with Seating Area in Context of Giresun City Development , Selin KARAÄ°BRAHÄ°MOÄžLU , Özgür DEMÄ°RKAN
The purpose of this study is to scrutinize the differentiating parallel of the modern housing relationship schema to city development in the context of kitchen space; and to discuss kitchen representation on the scale of the city of Giresun by associating with modern living dynamics. While traditional city culture and style of living change with the development of cities and architecture in throughout Anatolia, cities and structures in cities, particularly housing, are becoming similar because of the effects of globalization. This process of similarity, observed in the inner construction and outer cover, directs citizens to live in unknown and undefined housing. While Giresun, as a small Anatolia city, was affected by globalization as was the whole country, it also reflected traditional living rituals in terms of housing form and was differentiated from large-scale cities defined as center. That is; this study focused on kitchens with a seating area which is efficient in housing plans in new residential areas in the city and developed contrary to general tendencies and modern living practices in Giresun. It is seen that the kitchen in Giresun apartments were designed as social spaces by having more functions and a separate living area apart from the general living area in housing, which is different from known resolutions. We aimed to evaluate this traditional typology, defined as “a kitchen with seating area” by citizens and observed as extremely common in Giresun apartments, the context of city development.
6 Evaluation of Effective Criteria in Housing and Residential Location Selection in the Context of Quality of Urban Life; Case of Gaziantep , Emine MAZICIOÄžLU, M. Serhat YENÄ°CE
This study examines the variables that affect the choice of housing and housing among high-income household users in terms of urban quality of life. Besides, it focuses on identifying the spatial demands and preferences of this group. The scope of this study consists of the urban sub-region of Ibrahim, which consists of Atatürk, Batıkent, and Güvenevler neighbourhoods in the west and northwest of Gaziantep. These neighbourhoods are generally the urban area where middle and upper-income households choose. The research method is based on the determination and measurement of variables affecting the quality of life and satisfaction level of residential user groups. As a result of the research, it was seen that the perception of urban quality of life is based on a series of objective and subjective variables. Among these variables, the perception of security and social status gains importance. Findings obtained from the research and predictions for the future are considered to contribute to the planning and design of residential areas.
Parking areas are an indispensable part of the transport network in cities as a land use decisions. Especially in cities with high vehicle ownership, parking areas, which are one of the main actors in the consumption of valuable urban space, are handled by local government authorities by focusing on many transportation policy development activities. In urban spaces, the legislation on parking areas is effective in the construction and arrangement of parking areas. Different levels of economic and environmental externalities can be obtained for the consumption of urban areas according to the level of legislation contributing to the solution of the problems experienced in parking areas. The impact of parking spaces on spaces where there are direct urban activities and the transportation of people requires a detailed consideration of the problems arising from parking spaces in terms of planning and management. In this study, the location of car parks in land use in parking spaces in urban spaces, car park planning and management, the position of the car park in the legislation, current car parking problems, applications and possible problem solutions, the evaluations obtained through the survey application made by experts in the subject are included.
8 The Effect of Accessibility For Unmotorized Forms of Transportation in Shopping Centers on Sustainable Urban Development , BüÅŸra Alper Öztoklu, Sedef EryiÄŸit
Changes in the concept of shopping has made shopping centres not only places where shopping activities take place but also sociocultural spaces. Because shopping centres are the most important urban function that draws travellers in cities and are centres that address all urbanites, accessibility to these spaces with sustainable forms of transportation both contributes to the sustainable development of the city and grants all urbanites equal rights. The aim of the study is to increase the use of sustainable forms of transportation in accessibility to shopping centres that have important locations in the use of urban terrain in order to ensure sustainable urban development. The field survey performs observations to determine the relationship of spaces set aside for the use of sustainable transportation in cities with shopping centres and a field survey to determine the problems urbanites encounter in accessibility to shopping centres with sustainable forms of transportation. As a result of the evaluation of the findings obtained in the field, it was determined that there are problems in accessibility to the shopping centres selected as the sampling field with sustainable forms of transportation..
9 From Computer Aided Design to Building Information in Architecture Education , Esma Mıhlayanlar, Gildis Tachir
Computer technology in engineering and architecture, as in all professions are also used for many years. Computer aided design used since the 1960-70 years of vocational training but use has increased, especially after the 2000’s Computer aided drawing lessons are also included in the curricula of architectural education in the last 20-25 years. Trakya University Faculty of Architecture Department of Architecture enacted a new Started in 2012 Bologna Process in the 4th Semester "Computer Aided Design” is given to students under the course name. The course "CAD / CAM" provides general information about the application of the concepts in architecture. Theoretical and practical part of the course, practical applications for the use of the command is done. The architectural design was done by the students selected two and three-dimensional drawing. Trakya University Faculty of Architecture, in this study the ideas about the architecture department students of the computer-aided drafting course in the curriculum, computer generated to gıve on their views on assisted drawing program surveys will be assessing the work. The survey of students by evaluating their architecture students, architecture computer-aided drafting ideas about and similar programs used as a versatile and awareness of the profession will be determined
10 A Local Specific Certification System on a Sustainable Store: Trabzon Housing Exampl , Duygu AKYOL, Berfin ÅžENÄ°K
In the face of the rapid growth and technological developments in the world, limited natural resources, modern lifestyles, cause significant conflicts between equal and fair use of resources. Difficulties in ensuring the integrity of development policies from global scale to building scale make it difficult to define solutions at the local level and to implement the local solutions on a global scale. Global sustainable development goals are a comprehensive and comprehensive guide to a solution, and an effective starting point for countries to produce sustainable policies. However, achieving the targets at different scales is being considered as the whole of urban design application and planning. Localization comes to the fore during the adoption of these processes by the community. In localization, the scale of the neighborhood should be especially emphasized with the main unit where society and environment meet, and therefore with its important role in the social consciousness. With this understanding, it is possible to say that neighbourhoods are the key scale in achieving sustainable development targets on a global scale. Within the scope of the study, it has been proposed to establish local-specific certification criteria in order to ensure the sustainability of the neighbourhood by processing the scope of sustainable development on a local scale. First, the concept of sustainable development is emphasized and the philosophy underlying the starting point of the concept is examined. Then, general information about why and why this concept is passed from local to local scale and the role of the neighbourhood as an important core unit in urban space in the local area has been mentioned. A recommendation has been made on what the criteria of this certification system should be.
11 Multi-directional Evaluation in the Conservation and re-Function of Historical Building: A Case Study of NiÄŸde Ulukışla Öküz Mehmet Pasha Kulliye , Ä°lknur ACAR ATA, Bahtiyar EROÄžLU
The historical buildings can survive today, is provided with the new function that comes with the continuous maintenance and restoration works. The evaluation of the new function given to the historical structure has an integrated relationship and the solution of the multiple problems related to the sustainability of the structure should be dealt with according to the results of this evaluation. The architectural units that provide accommodation, trade and worship functions of the Öküz Mehmet Pasha Social Complex in the Ulukışla NiÄŸde, have been selected as a sample since it has undergone many functional changes with the attitude of the General Directorate of Foundations and its local government towards the protection and survival of the structure. In this study, the architectural units, which function as functions of this historical complex and are re-functioned, were examined in the context of the re-functionalization, which were used in order to evaluate architectural, urban, cultural, social and economic aspects and to develop suggestions. As a result of the evaluation, the suggestions made in determining the values of re-use were in the direction of reflecting the cultural coexistence which will increase the frequency of usage and the economic and social returns associated with the city and the citizens.
12 Analysis of Apartment Buildings in Aksaray City , Nuray Yıldırım, Mine Ulusoy
The aim of the study is to Show how the apartment building process of the city of Aksaray has developed. The ones who were in the status of historical monuments from the housing structures of Aksaray city were taken under protection. There are many academic studies about houses in the status of historical monuments. However, there is no academic study related to the apartment building process. There are many housing structures built up from 1948, when Aksaray city's first city plan was prepared. However, since these structures were not protected, they were demolished and replaced with new ones. For this reason, it is important that the housing development process in Aksaray can be established as soon as possible. In the research process, when the fire broke out in Aksaray Municipality in 1973, the archive had completely disappeared. For this reason no drawings or licensing information was available from 1948 to 1973. Interviews were held with the local people for the building determinations before 1973. For the identification of the houses built after 1973, Aksaray Municipality's archives were used. It is determined a total of 4 buildings built in different years in Aksaray. With the structure in place photographed and examined the plans, architectural features have been identified. Comparing the result of the analysis of the example, the process of how the arrival of apartment blocks in Aksaray which could be introduced.
13 Affordable Housing in Turkey, the Role of TOKI (Housing Development Administration of Turkey) , OÄŸuz Fatih BAYRAKTAR , NeÅŸe YILMAZ BAKIR
Industrialization and urbanization has caused migration however in this process level of income differentiation of the population have formed various forms of housing acquisition. The housing problem of the low income group became clearer after the rapid urbanization process. In the world and Turkey, housing production models for the low income group were developed along with the 20th century. In particular, affordable housing for the lower income group was one of the most discussed housing problems of the 20th century. In this study, the concept of affordable housing for the low income group was examined. The city of Kayseri, where the urban planning activities have been started at first and which has been at the forefront of the planned development process in Turkey since the announcement of the Republic, was chosen as the study sample in the present study. The city of Kayseri has experienced in housing production for the low income group with the squatter between 1940-1980, housing co-operatives between 1980 and 2000 and the implementation of TOKI after 2000. Acquisition of affordable housing for low income groups in Turkey is carried out by TOKI (Housing Development Administration of Turkey) and by municipalities. In the research process sub-income and sub-middle income groups defined based on TUIK's 20% groups method based on available income. Especially, in Kayseri, the target group of the mass housing applications has been the low and middle income groups after the 20th century. This study is important in terms of directing the applications of TOKI which has the institutional level duties and responsibilities as the primary actors in the affordable housing provision in Turkey in the future.
14 Architectural Design of Guest-House in Hasan Kalyoncu University , Tülay KARADAYI YENÄ°CE
Nowadays, the universities, which choose to be located outside the city centre, should include many places not only with educational-research facilities, but also from recreation needs to social-cultural activity areas. It is important that the accommodation and accommodation areas for the 24-hour university vision should be solved within and around the campus area. As well as providing scientific, cultural and sportive activities at the universities, the guest houses provide an opportunity for foreign scientists and guests to stay within the campus, as well as for the stay of academic or administrative staff from other universities for travel or special purposes. Hasan Kalyoncu University Campus is planned as an academic settlement with approximately 10,000 students with undergraduate and graduate level. In this context, the guesthouse building in a university campus is one of the architectural elements that should be planned and designed with a careful design process and approach. In this article, the principles of architectural design and application projects are developed based on the basic approaches in the space organization and the creation of the need program in the guest house design process.
15 Urban Green Space System Proposal for the Medium-Sized Cities: The Case of Nigde City     , Rifat OLGUN
Due to the urbanization in the world, the green spaces owned by the cities decrease over time. In Turkey, especially after the 2000s due to rapidly increasing urbanization, green spaces owned by the city decreases over time, is fragmented, and becoming isolated places. The city of NiÄŸde, located in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey, has an important place among the medium-sized cities in the region with its natural, cultural and ecological values. However, the expansion of the organized industrial zone in the city of NiÄŸde, the growth and development of the university, the construction of TOKÄ° houses, the continuation of the Efendibey urban transformation project, the construction of new residential areas depending on the increase of the central population of NiÄŸde, cause expansion of the settlement areas. This situation negatively affects the open green spaces of the city and damages the ecological structure. The aim of the study is to evaluate the situation of the city in the existing and zoning plans by considering the ecological structure of NiÄŸde city and to develop a green space system proposal. As a result of the analysis of the data obtained, it has been determined that there is a decrease and a division in the green spaces in and around the city over the years. However, when the city is planned in a certain system integrity, it is seen that it has a green structure suitable for the formation of green wedge and green belt system.
16 Determination of Development-Based Strategies through Rural Identity Values: The Case of Gökçetepe Village in Edirne-KeÅŸan District , Nilay MISIRLI , TuÄŸba KÄ°PER , Aslı KORKUT
In this study, it is aimed to determine the natural, artificial and socio-cultural identity values of Gökçetepe Village, which is a rural settlement in KeÅŸan, Edirne, and to develop various strategies for their on-site development. For this purpose, the data related to the field study are obtained from the official institutions and the literature. In the study on-site land surveys, interviews with local people were done and also photographs on visual impressions were taken. Within the scope of the study, the present situation of the field, the findings of transportation information, the structure-function analysis, the number of stories analysis, the focus points analysis, and prepared to natural, artificial and socio-cultural rural identity components inventories are analysed. In accordance with the findings, strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (Swot Analysis) are determined. As a result, rural development suggestions and strategies have been developed according to findings, prepared maps, ID cards on natural and artificial identity characteristics of the field and the data from Swot analysis.
17 Analyzing of the Effectiveness of Noise Barriers with Different Shapes , Ece Naz Muti, NeÅŸe YüÄŸrük AkdaÄŸ
In today’s life, there are various inspection methods to prevent the negative effects of the continuously increasing noise problem that are caused by technological improvements and population growth. In cases, where the most effective and the economical way of “inspection of the source” is not enough, regulation of the “the media” which the sound propagates while reaching the receiver is required. At this stage, acoustic barriers are one of the utilizable leading noise prevention methods. Natural or artificial, noise barriers are effective at creating city areas which are conserved from noise and reducing the noise before reaching the structure. The studies involving noise barriers so far showed that, caps added to barriers improve the effectiveness of the barriers. Within the scope of this study, it is aimed to determine the effects of the types of the barrier caps while reducing the noise on a residential structure, including the assessment on the different floors. For this purpose, four cap types are determined and the noise reduction levels are compared to the conventional by the help of simulation calculations. As a result t-profile, goblet-profile, baton-profile and the multiple edge barriers are found to be more effective than the conventional barriers. Furthermore, it is shown that, there is no significant effect in noise reduction on the structures that are high-rise and far away from highways.
18 Following the co-design experience; Hasan Kalyoncu University, Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Education and Application Building Design Process , Tülay KARADAYI YENÄ°CE
The aim of this study is to make a process evaluation through architectural project that is produced with the co-designing approach, on Hasan Kalyoncu University Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Department, education and implementation Building. As known, design is often a complex process, with topics that often address different disciplines. The success of the design depends on the accuracy of the predictions. Users' demands and past experiences can play a key role in increasing the accuracy of decisions. The role of this role can be enhanced especially in the buildings that will serve on more specific topics. In this study, decision making mechanism is developed by bringing together different actors in architectural design and building production process. This process can be quite challenging and laborious but it produces solutions from the start to possible problems that may arise after the completion of the design process. In this respect, it contributes to the production of more economically and more functional buildings. It is considered that the research will contribute to the process design in architectural design and implementation projects to be done on similar subjects.
19  Environmental Corruptions on the Ancient Bricks of Kara Arslan Tomb in the City of Konya, Turkey , Arife Deniz Oktaç Beycan
The environmental corruption on the ancient bricks of the Seljuk Empire Period was investigated in this study. A systematic chemical examination for weathered bricks and crusts was performed on the samples both in-situ and in the laboratory which were obtained from the Kara Arslan Tomb located at the center of Konya City in Turkey. A series of chemical solutions (H2SO4, Na2SO4 and NaCl) was used to represent the basic environmental impacts and determine their weathering rates on the ancient brick samples. In this context, the brick samples were subjected to a test procedure repeated at least 15 times and performed by immersing brick samples in acid and sulphate solutions before having their oven-dried conditions. At the end of the tests, the weight losses of the brick samples were calculated and the strength of each sample was performed by using their weight loss percentages. The freeze-thaw deterioration, chemical salt effects and the flame retardant of each sample were also experimentally analysed.
20 Space as Determining of Innovation Process in Small-scale Cities: The Case of Iznik City , Kübra Koçer , Özer Karakayacı
Studies in urban and regional planning have been significantly affected by the structural arrangements faced by the economic and social structure. Especially, the discussions focusing on the relations between space and socio-economic structures have carried out in the context of the advantages what offered to economic activities of the place and how the economic activities will be shaped by space. These approaches have brought back to the point of view of space again and have been debated in the context of the meaning of space and embedded relations in space to urban and regional development paradigms. Economic landscape focusing on the innovation and knowledge-learning capacities have been begun to be explained by regarding with embedded values in space. Small-scale cities have come to the forefront with their local dynamics such as local economy, specialization and local production relations. The aim of the article is to determine the role on innovation capacities of embeddedness values in small-scale cities. The main problematic of this article overcomes to determine how embeddedness values affects the level of innovation of the region in case of Iznik as a small-scale city in southeast of Marmara Region. In conclusion, it has been identified as a space that can gained important advantages in the competitive environment and supported innovative processes, with embeddedness values of small-scale cities.
21 Evaluation of Artvin Coruh University Campus Areas in the Scope of Planning and Design Principles , Zehra EminaÄŸaoÄŸlu, E. Seda Arslan Muhaciir
Universities are public spaces where individuals are training, studying, and sharing knowledge with the community. Universities have special areas and effective in the city because of their physical size and their situation in the public. After 2006, number of the universities has increased in Turkey. Campus modeling are adopted in the city outskirts for universities which are increasing in the city because of the environmental scarcity in the city. Campus planning is important in terms of architectural and urban environment because of the facilities like education, accommodation, shopping, social and cultural life necessities. Campuses plans have different planning models in the world. However, no matter how their morphological situation campuses have complete structure with building and the near environment which surrounding the buildings. There has been a great importance about the usage of the urban design principles, sustainability and the structure of the urban area in that complete structure in the campuses. The aim of this study is determining the two campuses of the Artvin Çoruh University in terms of morphological structure. These two campuses will evaluate in terms of planning and design principles and evaluated about advantages and disadvantages.
22 Reassessment of the Public Spaces in the City; Konya Example , Gamze Özmertyurt , Murat Oral
Konya is a big city today that has hosted the urbanization activities which started rapidly especially after the 1950s. The increasing need for space diversity in parallel with population growth and the resulting differences in land use are the main reasons for accelerating the change in the city. This dynamic process is manifested in different forms in every period. In the name of rapid urbanization, we see again the place of new places and activities brought to the city in accordance with the changing conditions and what will happen to these places which are vacated under the name of urban transformation in the period we live. Particularly public spaces are being moved from their current location to the different regions of the city for reasons such as staying in the city centre due to their location, being destroyed, needing bigger space, and catching modern time. One of the many problems that arise as a consequence of this is the question of how to assess these public gaps that are vacant and generally in the centre of cities. In the researches that have been carried out, this problematic has been examined by means of screening and evaluation, giving examples from Konya's stadium, railway station, bus terminal buildings and other cities that have experienced this problem. Proposals on the evaluation of these areas in Konya have been developed and presented.
23 The Restoration Proposal for the Historical Baro House of Çankırı , Ercan Aksoy, Hüseyin Asar
In this study the restoration proposal for the historical Baro House located in Centrum, Çankırı has been presented. The structures’ biggest problem is actually preserving it and bringing it to a livable and useful state. As a solution for this, the structure has been analyzed, data was received by using a laser scanner, one of advanced measurement instruments, to scan the building, data was assessed and restitution and restoration decisions were given as a solution offer. Accordingly, the best method settled on was changing the function of the structure to bring it to a usable state. At the end of the study information was transferred to illustration and a restoration project was put forth. Accordingly, it aims to shed on other similar propositions on which road can be taken while deciding a restoration for similar structures and how functional changes should be implemented. Protecting structures qualified as cultural assets is difficult but just as important. Incorrect implementations can harm rather than protect. As a result of this proper, decisions made for restoration efforts should be given by experts in their field. Protecting a structure is not just keeping it intact but it also means protecting its’ individuality.    
24 Use of Seljuk Portals as a Part of Facede, Case of Konya , Bilgehan Yılmaz Çakmak , Murat Åžahin
With the arrival of Anatolian Muslim Turks, the region began to develop and form, like cultural, socio-economic, and all aspects. Anatolian Turkish culture and art came to the fore from the synthesis of the cultures that the Turks brought as an inheritance from Central Asia (Turkestan) region and they met in Anatolia. 11th century. With the establishment of the Seljuk State, the Turks have succeeded in bringing their culture and cultures to the daily level with a lot of works such as hundreds of architectural structures, rugs, carpets, household goods, clothing and accessories in these geographical cultures. Particularly, the geometric and herbal decorations in the architectural works, the space constructions, the architectural items and the proportions they use are liked and accepted. 11th century from 21th century (Clothing, accessories, architecture, art). In this study, a morphological approach has been adopted in the formation of geometric-vegetative motifs and architectural items used in Seljuk Period monumental architectural constructions. In this context, in the three main themes; Front applications, Landscape and outdoor applications and Interior applications; Mass-shape effect, pattern-motif effect, material-shape effect, color-texture effect.
25 Investigation of Accessibility to Urban Outdoor Spaces for Disabled People: The Case of TekirdaÄŸ , Elif AYGÜN , Aslı KORKUT , TuÄŸba KÄ°PER
This study is based on the hypothesis that "An accessible, usable, and shareable planning and design understanding should be adopted for all people living in the city for a healthy, safe and happy lifestyle”. For this purpose, the appropriateness of urban outdoor spaces and urban facilities to outdoor standards has been investigated for disabled people (sensory and physical). In the study, answers to the question "How should urban spaces be constructed for everyone to be accessible, usable and shareable? Which features should urban spaces be equipped with?" was seeked with the researches based on the observations and literature related to the subject. In this context, the base elements (ramps, stairs, pedestrian roads), open parking areas, urban equipments (seating units, lighting elements, trash cans, telephone boxes, fountains) public building entrances were taken into account, in the example of SüleymanpaÅŸa District of TekirdaÄŸ. The findings reveal to what extent disabled people can make use of the outdoor spaces easily and what problems they experience.
26 Assessment of Design Criteria Related to Outdoor Space in Pre-School Education Structures - Konya Example , Suna Kaya, Mine Ulusoy
The general purpose of this research is to determine according to the opinions of the teachers and administrators working in the school, the conformity of the independent pre-school educational establishments connected to the Ministry of National Education, which provides education for the children between 36-66 months, to the outdoor design criteria. The general screening model was used in the study; Konya Provincial Directorate of National Education, Meram, Selcuklu and Karatay in the districts of 17 independent formal and pre-school education institutions working in a total of 158 teachers and administrators are forming. As a data collection tool; a survey of outdoor design criteria consisting of 3 categories and 15 items was used. The obtained data were coded and transferred to SPSS program and analysed with appropriate statistical tests. According to the evaluations of participants in the survey; inadequacies in pre-primary education institutions, design criteria with the highest and lowest grade of implementation were determined. In order to ensure that children and other users (teachers, administrators, and staff) can use more suitable places in the designs to be made in the future, suggestions have been made on how to make plans.