International Journal of Exercise Psychology
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Investigation of Exercise Expectations of Walking Exercises
Aytekin Hamdi BAŞKAN  , Şevki KOLUKISA  , Kürşad Han DÖNMEZ 
The aim of the study was to investigate the expectation of 52 women and men aged 20-48 years who participated in walking exercise in Giresun province in 2017-2018. The importance of the study is to raise awareness of the gaiters in terms of healthy life and to see the positive aspects encountered as a result of the gait exercise. The questionnaire used in the study consisted of 8 questions including the personal information of the individuals and their expectations from walking exercises. Then, the responses were recorded as data, and variance analysis was performed as arithmetic mean, percentage and minimum and maximum values. In the answers given to the question ne what are you doing for walking exercise sağlık, it was found that 16 people (30.76%) said they were doing for health and 14 people (26.92%), 10 people (19.23%) said they were doing it for fitness and fitness, and 6 people (11.53%) said they were doing it for leisure and hobby said they were doing for weight problems. What effects did you see after starting the gait exercise? 29 people (55.76%) stated that they gained vigor and vitality. As a result; walking individuals stated that they improved their health, sleep patterns and eating habits as positive aspects.
Comparison of the Attitudes of 8th and 9th Grade Students Towards Physical Education in Terms of Different Variables
Umut CANLI  , İlhan TOKSÖZ  , Necdet SÜT  , Cüneyt TAŞKIN 
The aim of this study is to determine the attitudes of eighth and ninth grade students towards physical education course and to compare them in terms of variables such as gender and grade level. A total of 1271 students, including 256 girls and 303 boys in the eight grade of 28 secondary schools, 340 girls and 372 boys in the ninth grade of 13 high schools, participated in the study voluntarily. Physical Education and Sports Attitude Scale developed by Demirhan and Altay (2001) was used to measure student attitudes. Kolmogorov-Smirnov analysis was used to determine whether the data were distributed normally and data were not normally distributed. Mann-Whitney U test was used to determine whether there was a difference between the attitudes of the participants about physical education lesson according to variables such as gender and grade level after calculating the mean and standard deviations of the attitude points of the participants. Statistical significance was accepted as p <0.05. As a result of the research findings; As a result of the comparison of the attitudes of the eighth and ninth grade students towards physical education course according to gender, a statistically significant difference was found (p <0.05). A significant difference was found as a result of comparing the attitudes of eighth grade students and ninth grade students towards physical education course (p <0.05).
An Analysis of Relationship Between Imagery in Sports and Sportive Confidence of Athletes Who Are Interested in Winter Sports
Necla GÜNEŞ ERDOĞAN  , Süleyman Erim ERHAN 
In this study, it is aimed for analyzing of relationship between imagination in sports and sportive confidence of athletes who are interested in winter sports. Subjects of the study are composed of the athletes who are interested in winter sports. Research samples include 74 females and 131 males totally 205 athletes from different sport branches (ice hockey, curling, snowboard, alpine style, biathlon and skiing) and aging from 18 to 30. It has been found that there is an important relation between imagination in sports and confidence in sports. According to results, we found that there is a positive relationship between sub dimensions of imagery in sports and confidence in sports; gender, sport branches, sport type, sport aging and duration of being national athlete and a negative relationship in being national athlete and age groups.
Examining the Psychological Skills of Athletes Relating with Winter Sports
Muhammed Emir YILDIZ  , Süleyman Erim ERHAN 
The aim of this study is to evaluate the psychological skill levels of elite and non-elite athletes who are studying in various departments of different universities in Turkey. The population of the study is comprised of elite and non-elite athletes who are studying in various universities in Turkey. The sampling of the study consists of 201 students, including 80 females and 121 males. In the study, a data collection was used tool in the form of a survey comprised of 2 sections. In the first section, questions related to demographic characteristics; in the second section, “Athletic Psychological Skills Inventory” developed by Smith R. Schutz, R. Smoll F and Ptacek J (1995) and adapted into Turkish with validity and reliability by Erhan., et al. (2015) were used. IBM SPSS Statistics v20.0 software statistical were used on the data obtained from the respondents. Significant differences weren't found in the gender variables of the participants in the study..(p< 0.05) However, according to the contact variable the ability to cope with difficulties (.002), be open to learning (.001), concentration (.024), confidence and success motivation (.031), goal setting and mental preparation (.000), good performance under pressure (.000), significant differences were found in the sub-dimensions. Also at the sports level to cope with difficulties (.002), be open to learning (.000), concentration (.000), trust and success motivation (.000), goal setting and mental preparation (.000), perform well under pressure (.000) significant difference was found. (p = 0.02) There were significant differences between all sub-dimensions of psychological skill assessment scale according to the type of sport. (p = 0.02).
Investigation of Leadership and Aggression Levels of Elite Man, Elite Women Wrestlers and Sedentary Individuals in Turkey
Saeed SHOKOUFEH  , Mehmet TÜRKMEN 
This study of individuals who engage in sports with elite male and female wrestlers in Turkey was conducted to compare the characteristics of leadership and aggression. The sample of the study at the national team level in Turkey: Stars, Youth, U23, by and large (A team) while a total of 129 athletes and sedentary groups, including the four age groups studying in the 19 Mayis University and providing their voluntary participation of 641 students in a total of 770 individual. In this study, the “Aggression Scale” developed by Buss and Perry, translated into Turkish by Demirtaş (2012), and the “Leadership Scale” developed by Bolman and Dela (1990), and reliability studies conducted by Dereli (2003) were used. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 20.0 software, descriptive statistics, frequency analysis, Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis H test were applied. In this study, there was a significant relationship between leadership and aggression scores in individuals who did and did not do sports (p <0.01). Because of the study, when the aggression and leadership orientation scale scores were examined, it was found that the aggression and leadership scores were higher than the individuals who did not do sports and the difference between them was statistically significant.