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Tantia University Journal of Homoeopathy and Medical Science

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1 From Editor’s Desk   , Dr. Parveen Kumar  
On behalf of Tantia University Journal of Homoeopathy and Medical Science and my co-editors, I am glad to present the Volume 2, Issue 4 of the journal. The journal established in October 2018 is now getting indexed in Euro Pub and also by different academic forums. The aim of this journal is to meet the need for continuing medical education of the members, scholar and medical fraternity and to publish article of scientific excellence. There is frequent debate in different forum as to which of the medical system is superior in health care. The biomedical approach claim that it is only scientific medicine. There are several traditional health care approach practiced over centuries of which some of them are popular even today. Out of such traditional practice some have evolved, organised and developed into a system of medicine such as Ayrurveda, Unani, Siddha, Homoeopathy, Chinese medicine etc. and few others emerged as drug less therapies such as yoga, Naturopathy, Osteopathy, Acupuncture etc. Traditional practices claim of consider the patient as a whole at the level of Mind- body relation and hypothesis that the disease are due to imbalances in humors or vital forces, energy etc. They call their practice as Holistic and claim to superior. To debate whether a medical system is scientific or holistic might be only of academic interest. Every medical system has something to offer in health care. The public want a safe, effective and rational treatment. We would like to thank all members of the Editorial Board, reviewers and all authors for support towards this journal.  
2 Chronic Pain Abdomen in School Going Children and Effect of Homoeopathic Medicine   , Rati Ram Yadav1*, S.S. Bhardwaj2, Pranesh Kumar Singh2* 1PG Scholar, 2Sri Ganganagar Homoeopathic Medical College Hospital & Research Institute, Sri Ganganagar  
Background-  Chronic pain abdomen in children most common problem in developing country and  challenges to their parents and caregivers.  It is a condition comprising both organic and functional disorders and is therefore clinically challenging to diagnose and treat. Methodology- 30 children (5 years – 12 years) suffering from chronic pain abdomen were included for study and were prescribed homoeopathic medicine on the basis of acute totality of symptoms. For this study the subjects were selected from OPD of Sri Ganganagar Homoeopathic Medical College, Hospital and Research Institute, Sri Ganganagar, as per inclusion and exclusion criteria. Result-. Out of the 30 cases studied, 17 were male children and 13 were female children. From the study of 30 patients presenting with IBD, constipation, worm infestation, colic, indigestion, jaundice, colitis, diarrhoea, and recurrent UTI etc. Statistical evaluation of pre and post treatment showed that the Homoeopathic medicines prescribed according to the individual peculiarities of the patient was found to be effective in the treatment of chronic pain abdomen. From the response of patients, I found that 14 patients showed marked improvement, 11 patients showed moderate improvement and 5 patients showed mild improvement. Conclusion- This study showed a significant role of homoeopathy in the treatment of chronic pain abdomen in school going children & reducing the intensity of suffering and providing good quality of life. Key word:  Chronic Pain Abdomen, Organic, Functional, UTI, Recurrent etc  
3 A Study To Assess Efectiveness Of Stuctured  Teaching Programme On Knowledge Regarding Prevention Of Tuberculosis Among B. Sc. Nursing Students Of Selected Nursing Collegeses At Jodhapur, Rajasthan   , Likhamaram Choudhary GNMTC Govt. Hospital, Barmer, Rajastan, India  
   At the global level  the highest tuberculosis infected persons live in India. The rate of infection is so high.in our country  communicable disease are most prevalent among the population. India is one of the largest and most important developing country of world, in this country, public health emphasizes more on communicable disease, malnutrition and reproductive health care. Tuberculosis is one of most common infectious disease known worldwide. it is the seventh leading cause of global disability.  Tuberculosis is transmitted by aerial route from an infected patient to a healthy subject and is facilitated when the receiver is immunologically sensitive. Even when the risk of transmission is low, measures should be taken to prevent emission of bacilli, their suspension in air and inhalation by sensitive subjects, especially immunodeficient subjects. Surveillance of hospital staff and preventive antituberculosis regimens are generally recommended, but often quite controversial. The most important and effective means of preventing new infections is to eliminate the sources of transmission. Therefore, the first priority of TB control programs is to ensure that active disease is diagnosed as early as possible (a process called case-finding) and that patients are treated with an effective antibiotic regimen until they are cured (which is called case-holding). A TB control program should not embark on other activities such as screening until it has achieved the benchmark of 90% successful completion of therapy for all patients with active disease. Prevention of transmission requires prompt respiratory isolation of people with suspected pulmonary or laryngeal TB.. Key word:  Assess, Effectiveness, Structured teaching, Knowledge, Prevention  
4 A Review Article On Ardita (Facial Palsy)   , Pratibha1, Subhash Upadhyay2 1PG Scholar, 2SGCAS & Hospital, Tantia University, Shri Ganganagar, Rajasthan, India  
   Ardita is a disease causing the deviation of Mukha-ardha (half of the face). Facial nerve paralysis is the condition which presents with the deviation of half of the face and associated with the impairment of motor and sensory functions of the affected side of the face. Facial paralysis can be placed under the wide spectrum of the Ardita Vyadhi, which is described in Ayurvedic classics. For the better understanding of the underlying pathology of the disease, an overview from the angle of modern science would be helpful. In this paper an attempt has made to understand Ardita with respect to facial palsy. Key word:  Ardita, facial paralysis, Vata Vyadhi, Ayurveda.  
5   Role of Homoeopathy in Acne   , Vishnu Sharma  State Govt. Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India  
Acne is common human skin disease mostly found in adults during their teenage. Characterized by seborrhoea (red skin), comedones ( blackheads), papules (pinheads), pustules (pimples), nodules, etc. Acne affects skin over face, the upper part of the chest, back where skin contains hair follicles, sebaceous glands. Mostly, acne is seen in adolescents because of increased testosterone levels or androgens. Homeopathy for acne is different from conventional treatment in that a homeopathic remedy is individualized to the person. Because every person is different, no single homeopathic remedy will work for everyone. A remedy is selected based on a person’s unique set of symptoms, including their acne symptoms. Key word:  Acne, Homoeopathy,Seborrhoea, Comedones etc.  
6 Homeopathic Pharmacy- A Review , Ashutosh Kumar R.B.T.S. Gov. H. M. C. & H. Muz. Bihar, India  
   Pharmacy is ethnology of making the drugs. It involves multiple stages such as collecting, identifying, preparing, preserving, evaluating, standardizing and dispensing of medicine. It also incorporates the knowledge of medicines, the art of compounding, dispensing and proper distribution of medicines. It has been derived from the Greek word pharmacon, which means ‘a drug, a medicine, remedy’. The study of pharmacy includes the study of the theories and exercise of the operations necessary to the intelligent preparation and dispensing of substances used in the healing art. Key word:  Pharmacy, Homeopathy, Medicine, Disease
7 A Retrospective Study In The Managment Of Typhoid   , Vivek  Kumar Verma Deveshwari Homoeo Clinic Shahjahanpur, U.P., India  
   Typhoid fever is a systemic infection caused by Salmonella enteric serotype Typhus (S. typhus). The disease remains an important public health problem in developing countries. In 2000, it was estimated that over 2.16 million episodes of typhoid occurred worldwide, resulting in 216000 deaths, and that more than 90% of this morbidity and mortality occurred in Asia. Although improved water quality and sanitation constitute ultimate solutions to this problem, vaccination in high-risk areas is a potential control strategy recommended by WHO for the short-to-intermediate term. Key word:  Typhoid fever ,known remedy, widal test.  
8 Homoeopathy in Adenoiditis - A Review   , Nagendra Kumar Sisodia  
   Adenoiditis is an inflammation of the adenoids caused by infection. Adenoids are masses of lymphatic tissue that help the body fight infection. Adenoids are found in the throat, also called the pharynx, just behind the nose. Along with the tonsils, adenoids are the first line of defense against bacteria and viruses. Adenoids are part of the lymphatic system. If the adenoids become inflamed, they may not perform their function properly. Holistic system Homoeopathy have good role in treatment of adenoiditis if medicine prescribed on basis of totality of symptoms. Key word:  Adenoid, Homoeopathy, Tonsil, Antibodies, Inflamation.  
9 Utility Of Clinical Repertories In Acute Prescribing   , Nishant Pandya Tantia University, Sriganganagar, India  
During practice and while proving Dr. Hahnemann found difficulty in recording of symptoms in systemic manner hence he tried to form ―Index Of Symptoms and Remedies so Dr. Hahnemann was first person to form Repertory. In mean while during day to day practice cases came with few totality, partial one sided disease or with some clinical condition, Dr. J. H. Clark described it as ―certain diseases come to have certain remedies assigned to them and patients who are found to be suffering from any given disease must be dosed with one of remedies credited to it. so for the same purpose Clinical and Regional Repertories were formed. These Repertories are based on clinical condition and verified remedies for those symptoms with various grades. Knowledge and detail idea of these Repertories will be helpful in clinical practice. Dr. J. H. Clark and Dr. Boericke had done enormous work on it. In 1927 Dr. William Boericke formed ―A Pocket Manual of Homoeopathic Materia Medica and Repertory. Repertory part of this book is formed by Dr. Oscar .E. Boericke. This Repertory contains many number of clinical rubrics in each section, simultaneously book contains Materia Medica part with Remedy Relationship for Totality Key word:  Acute Prescribing, Acute Cases, Acute Totality, Clinical Repertory,  
10 An Ayurvedic Review On Kamala (Jaundice) , Pratibha1, Subhash Upadhyay2 1PG Scholar, 2SGCAS & Hospital, Tantia University, Shri Ganganagar, Rajasthan, India  
Ayurveda is not only a medical science but also it is a life science, which gives us a message of healthy and better living, since time immemorial. Ancients sages like Charaka, Susruta and Vagbhata have vividly described Kamala roga (Jaundice) disease. The management of Kamala and its complication with drugs, diet and life style have been mentioned in Ayurvedic classics. Charaka has considered it as advance stage of Pandu roga (Anaemia disease) and described Kamala in the16th chapter of Chikitsa Sthana, along with Pandu roga. The main Dusya (causative factor) is Rakta (blood), at the same time both are Pitta predominant disease and Charaka has considered it as a advance stage of Pandu roga; Harita has considered it as a type of Pandu roga, but Susruta has mentioned it as a complication of Pandu roga as well as other disease also where Vagbhata also described it as a separate disease. Key word:  Ayurveda; Kamala; Charaka; Pandu.  
11 Management of ovarian cyst with Homoeopathy , Shubhangi Mehare1, Ruchi Biswas2 1Merchant Homeopathy Medical College & Hospital, Mehsana. (Gujarat), 2Sriganganagar Homoeopathic Medical College Hospital & research Institute, Sri ganganagar  
Removal of Lt. sided ovarian cyst by Homeopathic treatment. In this communication, we present a case of removal Lt. sided ovarian cyst by administration of single potentised homoeopathic remedy (i.e.Arsenic Album) Selected on the basic of totality of symptoms and authenticated with the aid of Ultrasonographic studies. Key word:  Ovarian cyst, Homoeopathy, Arsenic Album, Ultrasonography    
12 Amenorrhoea and Homoeopathy- A Case report  , Rekha Juneja1, Poonam Singh1 1Sriganganagar Homoeopathic Medical College Hospital & Research Institute Sri Ganganagar, Rajasthan, India
   Amenorrhoea is absence of a woman's menstrual period while she is in her reproductive years. Amenorrhoea is a symptom and not a disease. It may be physiological and pathological. Physiological states of amenorrhoea are seen, most commonly, during pregnancy and lactation (breastfeeding). It may be associated with many more symptoms. All such symptoms together will give a disease picture to be cured.  Curing a disease by means of Homoeopathy will mean to find out a Similimium for every particular individual case. There are most dependable treatment for Amenorrhoea in Homeopathic without any side effect. A case report was a 18 yrs old female suffering from Amenorrhoea, on basis on totality of symptoms & repertorisation, prescribe homeopathic medicine  Pulstilla and case was improved & quality of life better. Key word:  Amenorrhoea , Homoeopathy , Diabetes,  Hypertension, Ovarian cyst  
13 From Editor Desk   , Dr. Parveen Kumar  
    This is July - September 2019 issue of Volume 2 of Tantia University Journal of Homoeopathy and Medical Science.  The aim of this journal is meet the need for continuing medical education of the members, scholar and medical fraternity and to publish article of scientific excellence. As we believe that medicine has no borders, papers from many part of the world are welcomed for publication in the journal.     We are sure that our journal will provide top-quality original paper and article, case reports, and letters to the editor that will continue to help everyone interested in Homoeopathy and Ayurveda, Allopathy, Paramedical etc. We again, hope that the journal will continue to be an important publication for scientific information on very broad and international level. We would like to thank all member of the Tantia University, all members of the editorial board, reviewers, all author for support towards this journal.  
14 Depression and Anxiety among Parents of Children with Disabilities:  A Case Study from Indian Society & Developing World   , Dr. Manish Kumar Baghla HOD, Associate Professor of Psychology, Tantia University, Sriganganagar, India  
The current study aimed to find out the relationship between depression and anxiety among parents of children with disabilities and to compare the parent’s depression and anxiety with the type of disability among children from Indian society & Developing world. Sample was comprised of 80 parents among which 58.12% were mothers and 41.875% were fathers having one or more disabled children with the age range of 4-18 years. Purposive sampling technique was used to select the sample. Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale, DASS (Lovibond & Lovibond, 1998 ) with 42 items was used. Pearson Product moment correlation was used to find the relation among depression, and anxiety. Independent sample t-test was used for comparison among parents having children with different disabilities. The results of this study showed that a highly significant positive correlation was found between depression and anxiety with (r =.833, p<.01) A significant difference was found on depression subscale of DASS among parents with disabled boys than disabled girls with t(158)=2.301,p<0.01. Key word:  Anxiety, Depression, Disabilities, Parents  
15 Importance of Observation as Pointers to Similimum in Acute Lower Respiratory Illnesses in Pediatric Age Group , Dr. Priyanka B. Sontakke Assistant professor at merchant homoeopathic medical College, Mehsana, Gujrat, PhD Scholar, Tantia University, Sriganganagar, India
Background-Observation is one of the most important phenomena in Homeopathy as well as in Paediatric age group as they cannot express themselves through speech. Need of selecting this topic for study is that respiratory tract infections are the main cause of children’s morbidity and mortality both in developing and the developed countries and the aim to study the importance of observations as pointers in arriving at the similimum in Acute Lower Respiratory Illnesses in Paediatric age group. Methods- This is a prospective study done on 60 patients with suffered from acute LRTI. Symptoms were classified into common and characteristic symptoms and observations. These observations converted into observational rubrics. Result- out of 60 cases in 47 cases, only observations were useful to arrive at similimum. While in 54 cases more than 50% and all observations were useful to arrive at similimum. Pathology also considered with observations in many cases for selection on similimum Conclusion- In 97% cases observations useful for formulating reportorial totality. In 72% cases observations useful for arriving at similimum. In 70% cases observations are useful for Materia Medica differentiation. Key word:  Observations, acute lower respiratory tract infection, common observations, characteristic observations, observational rubrics, repertorization, similimum.  
16 From Editor’s Desk     ,  Dr. Parveen Kumar
On behalf of Tantia University Journal of Homoeopathy and Medical Science. I am glad to present the Volume 3, Issue 1 of the journal. The journal established in October 2018 is now getting indexed by different academic forums. The aim of this journal is to meet the need for continuing medical education of the members, scholar and medical fraternity and to publish article of scientific excellence. The latest threat to global health is the ongoing outbreak of the respiratory disease that was recently given the name Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19). Covid-19 was recognized in December 2019. In January 2020 the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the outbreak of a new coronavirus disease in Hubei Province, China to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. It was rapidly shown to be caused by a novel coronavirus that is structurally related to the virus that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Covid-19 outbreak has posed critical challenges for the public health, research, and medical communities. A robust research effort is currently under way to develop a vaccine against Covid-19. Therapy currently consists of supportive care while a variety of investigational approaches are being explored. Every outbreak provides an opportunity to gain important information, some of which is associated with a limited window of opportunity. Still we are stugling from this disease there is no option for treatment in any medical stream. To debate which medical system is scientific or holistic might be only of academic interest. Every medical system has something to offer in health care. The public want a safe, effective and rational treatment. We would like to thank all members of the Editorial Board, reviewers and all authors for support towards this journal.   Dr. Parveen Kumar Director (Academic & Research) Tantia University, Sri Ganganagar
17 From Editor’s Desk From Editor’s Desk   , Dr. Parveen Kumar  
On behalf of Tantia University Journal of Homoeopathy and Medical Science. I am glad to present the Volume 3, Issue 1 of the journal. The journal established in October 2018 is now getting indexed by different academic forums. The aim of this journal is to meet the need for continuing medical education of the members, scholar and medical fraternity and to publish article of scientific excellence. The latest threat to global health is the ongoing outbreak of the respiratory disease that was recently given the name Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19). Covid-19 was recognized in December 2019. In January 2020 the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the outbreak of a new coronavirus disease in Hubei Province, China to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. It was rapidly shown to be caused by a novel coronavirus that is structurally related to the virus that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Covid-19 outbreak has posed critical challenges for the public health, research, and medical communities. A robust research effort is currently under way to develop a vaccine against Covid-19. Therapy currently consists of supportive care while a variety of investigational approaches are being explored. Every outbreak provides an opportunity to gain important information, some of which is associated with a limited window of opportunity. Still we are stugling from this disease there is no option for treatment in any medical stream. To debate which medical system is scientific or holistic might be only of academic interest. Every medical system has something to offer in health care. The public want a safe, effective and rational treatment. We would like to thank all members of the Editorial Board, reviewers and all authors for support towards this journal.  
18 A Cross Sectional Study on Evaluation of Right Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction in COPD Patients Using Homoeopathic Medicines in 6th Potency   , Pallavi Singh1, Siva Rami Reddy E2*, Parveen Sharma3, Charanjeet Singh4, P. K. Chakraborty5  
COPD patients are numerically increasing regularly without any sign of arrest. The incidences are so mind-boggling that a time might come when all Indians will become victim of this condition. Considering it urgent to improve community health index (CHI), it was understood that every individual patient must be cured. Aim: To establish that COPD can be used as indicative of right ventricular failure and to establish that early detection, proper treatment and management can abort COPD their by minimize R.V.D and to explain “a cross sectional study on evaluation of right ventricular diastolic dysfunction in COPD patient using homoeopathic medicines in 6 potency in context to population and disease in population. Material and method: Here in this work 100 patients have been taken up for the study from the OPD of Sri ganganagar Homoeopathic Medical College Hospital and Research Institute. This was primarly cross sectional study then Interventinal study without controlled. Result- 30 medicines were prescribed all in 6 CH potency and usually given twice but sometimes 4 times a day. Medicine selected were all used in prefixed potency of 6CH potency considered that this disease bring the general condition of patient is done and less reactive medicine were given from two to four times a day depending on the severity or the recurrence of symptoms. Now we compare the calculated value of test statistics with the tabulated value of test statistics at α = 0.05 and df = n-1 i.e. 1.6604 I see that the calculated value of test 11.11 is greater than the tabulated value, so I reject null hypothesis i.e. homoeopathic medicines is ineffective in patients of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases. Conclusion: This study shows that the patients suffering from COPD developed Right Ventricular Dysfunction at variable stages of illness. It can be concluded that right ventricular dysfunction is not directly related to the span of suffering but on individual responses towards the disease stimulation. Enlargement of right ventricular is not directly related to the age of the patients hence it can also be safely said that age doesn’t play a direct role on right ventricular enlargement in COPD patients. The patients irrespective of age, sex and period of suffering responded to homoeopathic treatment, expressed by clinically well being. Key word- COPD, PFT, ECHO, RVD, Assessment Scale.  
19 Role of Syzygium Jambolanum Q in Type II Diabetes Mellitus   , Pranesh Kumar Singh1, Poonam Singh1
Diabetes is most common problem now a days in developing country. Incidence of Type II Diabetes Mellitus increses day by day. Diabetes mellitus is a life style releted disorder. Aim of the study was Utility of Syzygium Jambolanum Q in case of Type II Diabetes Mellitus. Methods- The study was conducted at Sri Gnaganagar Homoeopathic Medical college  Hospital and Research Institute Sri Ganganagar. Study design was interventional trial without control. In this study total 30 cases of type II Diabetes mellitus were treated according to various criteria mentioned in methedology. Sample were selected by simple ramdom sampling method. Paired T test use for stastical analysis. Result- Out of 30 cases studied, 18 were male and 12 were females. The average age of patient were 55.96 ±5.5 years and the majority of patient between age group 50-60 years. After Pre and Post stastical analysis show that after taking the Syzijium Jambolanum Q the Fasting and Post Prondialblood sugar level decreses that was significant. Syzygium Jambolanum Q show cahnge in Fasting blood sugar level (Mean±SD) 147.83 ±15.54 to 100.43 ± 14.23 mg/dl, Post Prandial Blood Sugar Level (Mean±SD) 235.33 ±19.25 to 149.93 ± 15.37 mg/dl. Conclusion- This study was an attempt to evaluate the effect of Syzygium Jambolanum Q on FBS and PPBS with apropriate satstical analysis. Key word- Type II Diabetes Mellitus, Homoeopathy, FBS, PPBS, Insuline, CAM.  
20 Efficacy Of Homoeopathic Treatment in Dysmenorrhoea   , Rekha Juneja  
Backgrund of Study: Most women have some pain during periods. The pain is often mild but, in about 1 in 10 women, the pain is severe enough to affect day-to-day activities. The pain can be so severe that they are unable to go to school or work. Doctors may call period pain 'Dysmenorrhoea'. Period pain is one type of pelvic pain. Dysmenorrhoea is found only in females. It may be associated with many more symptoms. All such symptoms together will give a disease picture to be cured.  Curing a disease by means of Homoeopathy will mean to find out a Similimium for every particular individual case. Result & Conclusion: Out of the 50 patients studied, 26 patients were under the low socio-economic status, 15 patients belong to middle class and 9 patients belong to upper class. 28 patients (56%) had spasmodic dysmenorrhoea & 22 patients had congestive dysmenorrhoea  which shows its prevalence  is more in spasmodic dysmenorrhoea. Marital Status-36 patients (72%) unmarried & 14 patients (28%) married which shows its prevalence is more in unmarried . The most effective homoeopathic medicines found in this study were Caul. (8 patients); Actea. & Apis. (7 patients each) ; Bell., Mag.phos., Sepia , & Vib. ( 6 patients each ) & Aco. (4 patients). Key word- Dysmenorrhoea, Spasmodic , Congestive , Homoeopathy, Similimium.  
21 Bronchial Asthma And Aspidosperma- A Study In 50 Patients     , Sukriti 1*, Siva Rami Reddy E2, Parveen Sharma3, Charanjeet Singh4, P. K. Chakraborty5
Bronchial asthma is a very common respiratory disorder which is commonly found in present scenario, mainly affects in childhood & middle age group people due to exposure to allergens, pollution, genetic factors, life style changes - eating habits, high living, stress, overcrowding, and usually lack of physical activity has increased the prevalence of bronchial asthma. Methods: 50 patients were taken up for this study after diagnosed, to be having Bronchial asthma with the help of complete history taking, clinical examination of the patients, investigations and managed with homoeopathic medicine i.e. Aspidosperma. Result: Out of 50 patients of Bronchial asthma, Aspidosperma were prescribed in which 26 (52%) patients showed marked improvement in their symptoms, 12 (24%) patients showed moderate improvement, 8 (16%) patients showed mild improvement and remaining 4 (8%) didn’t respond to the medicine i.e. status quo. Conclusion: Aspidosperma is found to be effective in cases of Bronchial asthma. Key word- Bronchial asthma, Aspidosperma, Elizabeth Juniper’s Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ) Score, PFT.  
22 Homoeopathic Aspect In Covid-19 Infection , Pratibha Singh1*, Abhay Kumar Singh2*  
    Corona virus is a virus which infects both, humans and animals. It can cause mild cough and cold to a severe disease like MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) and SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome). In December 2019, a novel corona virus evolved in ‘Wuhan’ the city of China and spreading to many other countries. This corona virus is producing symptoms very similar to ‘SARS’ and ‘flu’ but more severe. The virus known as SARS-CoV-2 and this disease is called COVID-19. COVID-19 is more affected to old aged people and people who have multiple diseases or people with less immunity. It can cause severe illness to death. Now COVID-19 becoming a pandemic disease and homoeopathy has a great role on pandemic diseases. As homoeopathy known for increase the immunity and vitality.  Key word- COVID-19, MERS, SARS, SARS-CoV-2, Flu, Corona, Virus, Homoeopathy, WHO, 2019-nCoV, Pandemic  
23 Role of Homoeopathy in Gynecomastia   , Nagendra Kumar Sisodiya  
Gynecomastia is an increased amount of breast gland tissue in children and male, due to an imbalance of the estrogen and testosterone. Gynecomastia can affect one or both sides of breasts. Gynecomastia is not a critical problem but it can be tough to manage with the condition. Sometimes men and boys with gynecomastia having tenderness in their breasts and may feel shy. The classical method of Homoeopathy which depends upon the totality of symptoms; is very effective in treating of gynecomastia, in relieving discomfort and quick recovery and free for painful surgeries and coastally hormone therapy.  
24 Homoeopathic Management of Fatty Liver Disease - A Review   , Rakhi1*, Pranab Chakraborty2*  
    In today’s life a number of health problems are caused by an unhealthy lifestyle. One such condition is a fatty liver or collection of fat in the liver. Here i will review the some best Homoeopathic medicines for fatty liver ,that can help to reverse the condition of fatty liver & bring it back to Normal if prescribed to patient according to their similarity of symptoms. Liver is the second largest organ of the body . Fatty liver, also known as Fatty Liver Disease and it may defined as a reversible condition where large vacuoles of triglyceride fat accumulate in liver cells via the process of steatosis . Homoeopathic is one of the most popular and holistic systems of medicine. The selection of medicine is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This review article is a precise knowledge of fatty liver disease and role of Homoeopathic medicines with general management in the treatment of fatty liver disease.  Key word- Homoeopathic Medicine, Fatty liver, General management.  
25 Menstrual Disorder And Homoeopathy   , Faridi Amin  
Menstrual disorders are disorders which are related to a woman's normal menstrual cycle. It may happen at any stage start from menarche to menopause.  This is considered to be the common reasons for a woman to visit their gynaecologist. Menstrual disorder haunts her and makes life miserable. Sometimes it causes hindrance to become pregnant. Anirregularity can occur in the cycle, either in the duration or amount of blood flow or interval between two cycles. Different schools of medicine have already done the many work on the menstrual disorder and they have shown many significant effect for the treatment of the same. Here the focus has been turned towards homoeopathic medicine. The present review will give the detail idea about the action of homoeopathic medicine with the help of materia medica and repertory. Key word- Metrorrhagia, Menorrhagia, Hypomenorrhoea, Oligomenorrhoea,Polymenorrhoea, Menometrorrhagia, Amenorrhea, Post-menopausal bleeding, Homoeopathy.  
26 Study of Gastro Oesophageal Reflux Disease and Role of Polychrest Homoepathic Remedies   , Arti Rai1, Anil Aggarwal2*, Pranesh Kumar Singh3  
Gastro Oesophageal Reflux Disease is a Very common problem now the days, it is very common amongst the western world. Very common cardinal Symptoms Of this disease are heartburn, retrosternal pain, Regurgitation, Dysphagia. The aim of the study is to gain knowledge about the GORD and role of Polychrest homœopathic remedies in treatment of GORD in order to relieve the suffering humanity. Methods: The study has been done on the 60 diagnosed cases of GORD, incidence of GORD has been observed on the basis of Age, Sex Habitat, Dietary habits, etc. Result: During study it is observed the maximum number of cases range Between the Age group of 21-30 yrs (40%, 24), 41-50 yrs (23%, 14) etc. More incidence of Gastro Oesophageal Reflux Disease is noticed among Males (39) than Females (21). It is observed that  8 (13%) patients have shown no change and does not given proper response to the treatment, 7 (12%) patients have shown mild change in their condition, 3 (5%) have shown marked response to the treatment where as above all 42 (70%) have shown moderate improvement from their condition after treatment, the result has been analyzed by using paired t-test whose calculated value is 14.93 is greater than the value of t in the table hence it rejects the null hypothesis and accepts the alternative hypothesis. Conclusion: Polychrest remedies helped in improvement of GORD Patient’s condition significantly.  Key word- Gastro Oesophageal Reflux, GORD.  
27 A Study to Ascertain The Effect of Miasmatic Homoeopathic Medicines in Rheumatoid Arthritis     , Gagandeep Kaur1*, Devender Kumar1, Krishan Kewal Gupta1, Jaswinder Kaur1, Ravina2*
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that can cause joint pain and damage throughout your body. Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease marked by symptoms of inflammation and pain in the joints. The aim of the study was to study the effect of Homoeopathic Medicines in Rheumatoid Arthritis in order to relieve the suffering humanity. Methods: Pre and post study design. A total number of thirty cases were included in this study, from both sexes and more than 20 years of  age groups belonging to different socio- economic groups were included. The case selection was done randomly. Assessments of all patients were done before and after the treatment.  Result: In this study 9 patient belong from  the  age group of 30-40 years (29.9%) and 9 patients in  the  age group of  40 - 50  years ( 29.9%).  Hence the peak incidence was between the age  group of 30-50 years. Majority cases of  were females. Out of 30 cases studied 23 (76.6%) were females and 7 (23.3%) patients were males. In this study out of 30 cases, the maximum number of cases were Housewives 16 (53.3%), followed by manual laborers and social workers as 3 (10%) cases.  Out of the 30 cases treated based on constitutional totality Natrummur is indicated in 4 (13.3%) cases and pulsatilla in 4 (13.3%)  cases followed by Kali.carb in 3(10%) cases etc. Out of 30 cases 23(76.66%) cases improved, 4 cases not improved and 3 cases drop out. The result has been analyzed by using paired t-test whose calculated value is 8.5 is greater than the table vallue hence, rejects the null hypothesis and accepts the alternative hypothesis. Conclusion: In the study group there is a significant reduction in the post treatment score as compared to the pre-treatment score. This clearly indicates that the Homoeopathic medicines are effective in the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis. Key word- Autoimmune, RA, Arthritis, RA factor, Polyartritis, Homoeopathy etc
28 Role of Sulphur in Case of  Idiopathic Ulcerative Colitis   , N. C. Chatterjee1, Ruchi Biswas2, Dinesh Rawat3
A young female patient diagnosed with idiopathic ulcerative colitis given homoeopathic medicine sulphur and got symptomatic relieve. She was having complaint of pain in abdomen with bloody stool since 4-5 years. Cramping Pain in abdomen associated with frequent desire for stool. She was diagnosed as idiopathic ulcerative colitis with anemia. She was on allopathic treatment since 4-5 years for idiopathic ulcerative colitis. She was given homoeopathic medicine sulphur with proper selection of potency and doses & after sometime her complaints got relieved. Homoeopathic medicine has remarkable effect on cases of idiopathic ulcerative colitis, if medicine is given in a proper potency and dose.  Key word- Idiopathic ulcerative colitis, Sulphur, Homoeopathy, Colonoscopy. 
29 Case Report on Homoeopathic Management of Essential Hypertension     , Devender Kumar1*, Kewal Krishan Gupta1* ,Gagandeep Kaur1, Jaswinder Kaur1
 Hypertension, or abnormally high blood pressure, is often referred to as the “silent killer.” This is because it does not usually manifest any symptoms while causing damage to the heart, brain, kidneys, and eyes.  According to the World Health Organization, “Hypertension affects 600 million people worldwide. Yet many are unaware that they have the disease and are at risk of developing a stroke, heart disease, blindness and kidney failure. Hypertension causes five million premature deaths per year, yet there is no proper solution for curing hypertension.” A male patient of age 43 years  suffering from hypertension since 2 years, on basis of totality of symptoms given homoeopathic medicine Lycopodium Clavutum 30 an relieve his complaints. Homoeopathic medicine has remarkable effect on cases of hypertension, if medicine is given on basis of individualization with proper potency and dose.  Key word- Essential Hypertension, Blood Pressure, Systolic, Diastolic, Pulse Pressure,  Homoeopathy.  
30 From Editor’s Desk   , PARVEEN KUMAR
On behalf of Tantia University Journal of Homoeopathy and Medical Science. I am glad to present the Volume 3, Issue 2 of the journal. The journal established in October 2018 is now getting indexed by different academic forums. The aim of this journal is to meet the need for continuing medical education of the members, scholar and medical fraternity and to publish article of scientific excellence. The whole world fight against Covid-19 was recognized in December 2019. In January 2020 the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the outbreak of a new coronavirus disease in Hubei Province, China to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. Covid-19 outbreak has posed critical challenges for the public health, research, and medical communities. A robust research effort is currently under way to develop a vaccine against Covid-19. Therapy currently consists of supportive care while a variety of investigational approaches are being explored. Till date more than 14 million people suffering from Covid-19 and 6 lakh death due to this. Every outbreak provides an opportunity to gain important information, some of which is associated with a limited window of opportunity. Still we are stugling from this disease there is no option for treatment in any medical stream. To debate which medical system is scientific or holistic might be only of academic interest. Every medical system has something to offer in health care. The public want a safe, effective and rational treatment. There is need of integrated approach of all system of medicine against COVID-19 pandemic. We would like to thank all members of the Editorial Board, reviewers and all authors for support towards this journal.    
31 The Efficacy of Homoeopathic Medicines in Treatment of Amenorrhoea , Tarsem lal Garg
Backgrund of Study: Amenorrhoea is absence of a woman's menstrual period while she is in her reproductive years. Amenorrhea can be healthy and natural. During pregnancy, menstruation stops. It also ceases for many women while they are breastfeeding. It may be Physiological or Pathological. Curing a disease by means of Homoeopathy will mean to find out a Similimium for every particular individual case. Methedology: This study was a interventional study without control group. Inclusion Criteria: Patients who have amenorrhoea  are included. Exclusion Criteria: Patients who had advanced pathology & cases with complication are excluded. Result & Conclusion: The study shows that out of 50 cases, incidence of amenorrhoea is found more  in Primary Amenorrhoea 28 (56%) and in Secondary Amenorrhoea  22 (44%). The incidence of amenorrhoea is found more  in unmarried  36 (72%) as compared to married 14 (28%). Out of 50 cases, Pulsatilla were given to 8 (16%), Apis to 7 (14%) cases, Actea & Cal.carb to 6 (12%) , Cyclamen to 5 (10%), Ferrum met., Sepia & Sulphur to 4(8%) each and Aco. & Lyco to 3 (6%) cases. The results are made on the effect of selected medicine, out of which 39 (78%) cases are improved and 11 (22%) not improved. This study conclude that homoeopathic medicine play effective role in case of amenorrhoea.  
32 A Study To Assess The Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge Regarding Insertion of Post-Partum Intrauterine Devices among GNM 3rd Year Students of Selected Nursing Institution at Barmer , Likhamaram Choudhary 1*, Khemchand 2  
Birth spacing is an essential factor in reproductive life, to promote health and wellbeing of the mother and child. Postpartum period is one of the important and crucial times when women and couples are highly motivated and more receptive to family planning methods. IUCD’s provide long-term, reversible protection against pregnancy and is immediately effective after insertion. It is Suitable for most women. Moreover, it can be used as an emergency contraceptive if inserted within five days of the first act of unprotected sexual intercourse. IUCD’s can be replaced, without any gap, as many times as women desires. Insertion is one time procedure and is cost effective. It can be used by lactating women and does not interact with any medicines the client may be taking. Data reports that even after having most of the advantage as compared to other contraceptive methods, IUCD are still not popular among women as a method to prevent pregnancies.  One of the main reasons this underutilization of IUCD in India is that many doctors/midwives and potential clients lack accurate, up to date information about IUCD’s. Most of time, it is often found that the advantages are under estimated, the disadvantages tend to be exaggerated and many misconceptions are prevalent in the community and among the providers. The high discontinuation rate is due to problems related to provider’s knowledge and skills leading to improper selection of clients, not following recommended steps of insertion, poor client counselling and lack of follow up, finally all resulting in poor quality of utilization. Key Words - Effectiveness, Structured teaching programme, Knowledge,  Post partum intrauterine devices (IUCD),  GNM, Nursing.  
33 A Study To Assess The Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme Regarding Knowledge of First-Aid Measures in Sports Injuries Among Primary School Teachers In Selected Schools at Nagaur   , Abhishek Joshi  
Background: In India around 35-40% of population is youngsters beneath 15 years old. This age bunch is considered as uncommon hazard bunch as they are defenseless against different wellbeing related issues. Emergency treatment is the transitory and quick consideration given to the individual who is harmed or out of nowhere sick. The point is to forestall the condition deteriorating and guaranteeing quick recuperation and protecting the valuable human life. National alliance of secondary school affiliation detailed that around 7.6 million understudies play secondary school sport. Out of which roughly 3.5 million youngsters has a place with age 14 and under get harmed every year by playing sports exercises. According to National Crime Bureau Record report of 2006, there were 22,767 deaths (<14years) because of wounds among kids. An ongoing national survey on weight of wounds in India uncovered that, about 8.2% of deaths and 20-25% of hospitalizations happen among youngsters, in light of barely any medical clinic and population based investigations. The study was undertaken to find The Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Program Regarding Knowledge of First-Aid Measures In Sports Injuries Among Primary School Teachers In Selected Schools At Nagaur (Raj). Methods: In view of the nature of the problem selected and to accomplish the objectives of the study, Quantitative research approach was utilized to assess the adequacy of structured teaching programme. Pre experimental research design [one group pre test - post test] was utilized in the examination to evaluate the knowledge Regarding First-Aid Measures In Sports Injuries Among Primary School Teachers in Selected Schools At Nagaur (Raj). Results And Conclusion: After the presentation of the arranged showing program, the post-test measures demonstrated that the mean post-test information scores (24.91) was higher than their mean pre-test information scores (13.76). Results showed a significant difference suggesting that the structured teaching programme was statistically effective in increasing the knowledge of primary school teachers regarding first aid measures in Sports injury. This is evident that the demographic variables such as the Gender, the determined chi square value is less than the critical value at p<0.05 level of significance, so null hypothesis is accepted and research hypothesis is rejected. In demographic variables such as age, educational status, year of teaching experiences and sources of information on first aid, the calculated chi square value is higher than the critical value at p<0.05 level of significance, So null hypothesis is rejected and research hypothesis is accepted. Key Words- First-aid, teaching proggrame, Sports injury, Primary school teachers etc.  
34 A Descriptive Study To Assess The Knowledge of Staff Nurses Regarding Management and Prevention of Complications Related to Hypertension , Chamandeep Kaur1*, Renuka Silas2, Vikram Sharma3  
Background- Hypertension is also called silent killer disease which remains asymptomatic until the damage effect can be seen. Hypertension is a common risk factor for morbidity and mortality not in the industrialised world but also in developing countries. Thus the problem of hypertension can be truly considered as pandemic. It can be determinable to all major organs including heart, brain and kidney. It may contribute to death from heart failure, heart attack and stroke. The control of hypertension is essential even though it’s a secondary aspect. The ultimate goal in general should prevent and control of hypertension. If prevention start earlier there is more likely to be effective control of hypertension. Aim and Objective:  The study is to enhance the knowledge of the staff nurses regarding management and prevention of complications related to hypertension with view to prepare pamphlets. The objectives of the study were to assess the knowledge of staff nurses regarding management and prevention of complications related to hypertension. Material and Method: The Quantitative research approach was adopted and quantitative non experimental research design was used. The study sample size was100 staff nurses. Non probability convenient sampling techniques were used to select the sample for the study. Results: The knowledge of staff nurses related to hypertension revealed that most of the staff nurses i.e. 47% had excellent knowledge, 24% had average knowledge, 19% had good knowledge and 10% had poor knowledge regarding management and prevention of complications related to hypertension. Overall staff nurses level of knowledge was highest 5.4(67.5%) in general information, followed by the area of complication 3.22(64.4%), than in sign and symptoms 3.81(63.5%) prevention of complication 5.24(58.22%) and lowest in management 4.40(55%) as well as in the cause and risk factor 4.47(49.66%). Conclusion: Staff nurses had adequate knowledge in the area of prevention of complication on hypertension, sign and symptoms, general information, whereas staff nurses had deficit knowledge on recognising the causes, risk factor and management and hence the pamphlet which I distributed regarding management and prevention of complication related to hypertension was more effective in the staff nurses. Thus in future this kind of study can be replicated to the large group of samples. Key Words- Hypertension, Nursing, Knowledge, Staff Nurse etc.  
35 Common Eye Disorders and Their Homoeopathic Management , Atul Kumar Singh1, Sumit Sharma2, Ravindra Kuntal3*, Vartika Garg4  
This article is an attempt of explaining the commonly diagnosed eye disorders by using basic repertories and indications of some commonly prescribed homoeopathic medicines. Eye disorder are common in people of all age group. Eye diseases are basically an impairment or abnormal functioning of eye which leads to visual disturbances. Most of the eye complaint causes blurred vision whereas severe cases may leads to blindness. Homoeopathic medicine has great role in preventing and managing the complications with help of some great remedies along with a repertorial approach which make us able to be useful in each and every case we deal in our daily practice and give relief to all of them. Key word- Eye disorders, Repertory, Homoeopathy  
36 History of Neprolithiasis -A Meta Analytical Study , Pranab Kumar Chakraborty1*, Bhavya Sikha2, Suhit Khanra3  
Roots of all diseases go back to the Ancient, Egyptian and Masopatania. The kidney stone disease has been started with the beginning of civilization. In 1901 bladder stone were found in mummy, so American, Egypt was the victims of nephrolithiasis and treatment of kidney stone disease were mentioned in Ancient Egyptean literature since 1500BC. As the days passed, kidney stone surgery got advanced and better with minimal harm. In 276 BC Ammonius of Alexadria for the first time suggested crushing of stones to facilitate its removal. 1976 PCNL was described for the 1st time as a procedure of choice for the removal of urinary stone larger than 2cm and also located at lower pole of kidney.1997 PCNL was introduced by Bellman which consist of without Nephroastomy drainage at end of procedure. Aim- To explore the history of evolution of treatment of renal stone which will help to adopt proper therapeutic technique. Key word- PCNL, Nephrilithiasis, lithotomist, lithotones  
37 Lesser Known Homoeopathic Medicines  of Alopecia Areata   , Rakhi1*, Poonam Singh2*  
Alopecia is the general medical term for hair loss and Alopecia areata is a type of  Alopecia where hairless patches develop on the scalp or any hairy part of the skin. It is a chronic autoimmune disorder that causes nonscarring hair loss and may present at any age but most commonly noted in early childhood and adulthood. Alopecia areata is an internal disease that needs to be treated through internal immune-correction which is possible with homeopathy. Homeopathic medicines have the capacity to trigger the body’s immune system in order to fight back the disease effectively in an individual. In this article we review Alopecia areata, its aetiology, pathophysiology, types, clinical features, diagnosis and some lesser known homoeopathic medicines of Alopecia areata. Key word-  Alopecia, Alopecia Areata, Pathophysiology, General Management, Homeopathic Medicines.  
38 Lesser Known Homoeopathic Medicines of Allergic Rhinitis Pramod Kumar Singh1* , Ravindra Kuntal2*, Junaid Aahmed3, Geeta Sharma4 , Pramod Kumar  Singh1* , Ravindra Kuntal2*, Junaid Aahmed3, Geeta Sharma4  
Allergic rhinitis is a commonly encountered condition worldwide. It is very troublesome condition disturbing daily activity and some times leading to social abstinence. Allergic rhinitis is type 1 hypersensitivity reaction of upper respiratory system characterized by watery running nose/nasal obstruction, sneezing and irritation of nasal mucosa and conjunctiva some time lachrymation. It may be seasonal or perennial. Seasonal allergic rhinitis is a specific reaction to antigens derived by pollens from grasses flowers weeds or trees depending on seasonal variation. Its peak is seen during harvest season. Perennial allergic rhinitis presents all through the year and is often caused by house dust fungal spores or animal dander, physical or chemical irritant pungent odor fumes, perfumes, cold air and dry atmosphere. Key word- Allergic rhinitis, PerinealAllergic rhinitis, Rhinorrhea, Homoeopathy  
39 Women’s Immune System are Stronger Than Men’s in Fighting COVID-19     , Puspendra Kumar1*, Pranesh Kumar Singh2  
Covid-19 pandemic affects all over the World.  More than 14 million people affected and 6 lakh death occurs due to Covid-19. Men are more likely than women to die of the coronavirus, what factor protect the women in Covid-19 mortality. So scientists are thinking that female sex hormones responsible for that, so in womens mortality rate is less than compare to Men in Covid-19. Key Words- COVID-19, Immunity, Woman, Men, Female sex hormone, Pandemic etc.  
40 Utility Of Clinical Repertory In Homoeopathy- A Case Report  , Anjali Thakur
The Clinical Repertories were born out of the need of the profession and the genius of the great homoeopathic practitioners. They are fruit of many years of labor and contain the hidden treasure of homoeopathic literature. Their immense usefulness in certain cases can not be ruled out. Medical men have got to study the human beings as a group as well as individuals , in health and in disease. Physician have to face both concrete realities with scientific abstractions. So the method of study should be based on phenomenology through sense perception. Observation of the physician are bound to be clinical. In Homoeopathy any remedy may be required in any case of any disease. The occurrence of the name of any remedy under the heading of any disease shows that in its action it has a general correspondence with the most marked feature of cases of that disease. It will frequently happen that the practitioner will have in mind a number of remedies which more or less closely correspond to a given case, and when he consults The Clinical Repertory this knowledge will enable him at once to pick out of the list there presented the most similar remedy to his case.  The use of the nosological correspondence is one method by means of which a similar or the most similar remedy may be discovered. Another method is by ascertaining the similarity of specificity of seat. Some drugs have a predominant affinity for certain organs, and these drugs will often relieve a great variety of affections seated in, or arising from diseases of these particular organs.  A case report was a 40 yrs old male suffering from dermatitis successfully treated with prescription of Psorinum remedy using the clarke's  repertory i.e. a clinical repertory. Key Word- Homoeopathy, Clinical Repertory, Clarke’s Repertory, Dermatitis, Chicken Pox.  
41 Role of Homeopathy in Covid-19 , Balaji Deekshitulu P V
This is a case-related article, on how homeopathy can be used to treat coronavirus? Case study of people suffering from close symptoms of coronavirus have joined. In this article I have experimented with the traditional medicines of homeopathy like Ars alb, Influenzum, Bell, Baptisia Dilutions and Aconit Q, Ocimum Sanc. Q, Eup perf Q, Baptisia Q, Bryonia Q, Ranaculus B Q with some special patent medicines. The three survived the disease within a week through homeopathic medicines, People who are on quarantine and who are on alternative treatment for coronavirus, use these homeopathic medications within 2 hours, and then the coronavirus growth slows down. Key Words- Homoeopathy, Covid 19, Corona, Arsenic alba etc  
42 Management of a Case of ADHD with Carcinocin LM Potency  , Sonia Gupta
ADHD stand for attention deficit hyperactive disorder.  It is a neurological condition characterized by Inattention, Restlessness, hyperactivity and Impulsivity, commonly diagnosed in early childhood.  It is disorder that makes it difficult for a person to pay attention and control impulsive behavior. Mostly it is first diagnosed in childhood, can continue through adolescence and adulthood. The causes of ADHD remain unclear but research suggests that genetic, exposure to toxins & chemicals and heredity play large part in determining who gets ADHD. Homoeopathy is clinically useful for all types of emotional and psychological problems, including ADHD. Hear I discussed a case of 8 yers old boy suffering from AHD. Remedy Carcinocin was selected and prescribed on the basis of totality of symptoms. In this case i prescribe Carcinocin LM 0/1 to 0/3 potency. Remedy was repeated whenever it was needed for, case was improved with help of homoeopathic medicine. Key Words- Homoeopathy, ADHD, LM potency, Repertory, Remedy