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International Journal of Social Science And Human Research

Journal Papers (87) Details Call for Paper Manuscript submission Publication Ethics Contact Authors' Guide Line
1 Speaking Anxiety and Language Proficiency among EFL at A University in Vietnam , Le Quang Dung, Ph.D, Tran Luu Hung, M.A
A quantitative study investigated the levels, causes and effects of anxiety in speaking over academic achievement among EFL non-English majors at Thai Nguyen University of Education, Vietnam. The study examined 128 non-English majors who had finished one year of intensive English at university. The findings show that EFL students at Thai Nguyen University are at moderate level of speaking anxiety (M=67.45; n=128). The findings also indicated that the causes of speaking anxiety came from MSOSA4 (Fear of making mistakes), MSOSA8 (Fear of being laughed at), MSOSA9 (Lack of confidence), MSOSA20 (Fear of negative evaluation), and MSOSA14 (Fear of being the focus of attention). The study also found that students who had higher levels of anxiety gained lower academic proficiency in speaking. The mean of levels of proficiency for Low anxiety (M = 2.22, SD = 0.70) was significantly larger than that for High anxiety (M = 1.68, SD = 0.66), p = .002. The mean of levels of proficiency for Medium anxiety (M = 2.02, SD = 0.60) was significantly larger than that for High anxiety (M = 1.68, SD = 0.66), p = .026.
2 Problems of Older People and HIV and AIDS Scourge in Sub-Saharan Africa With Reference to Kenya , Michael Ang’anyo Onyango , Solomon Leiro Letangule
This paper examines the twin problem of older people and the HIV and AIDS scourge in Sub-Saharan Africa with reference to Kenya, particularly in the rural areas. Specifically, the paper assesses the direct and indirect effects of HIV and AIDS on the older people, and suggests policy and strategic measures that could be undertaken to empower older people to effectively respond to the HIV and AIDS scourge, in addition to their own problems of ageing. The central argument is that older people in Sub-Saharan Africa are increasingly being infected and affected by the HIV and AIDS scourge, and in some cases, forced to care for their adult HIV and AIDS sick children; and ultimately to their orphaned and vulnerable grandchildren. At the same time, the problems of the older people, who traditionally were largely supported by their working adult children, are worsening; as the adult children no longer effectively give support to their ageing parents, usually living in the rural areas. There is need for Sub-Saharan African Governments, the NonGovernment Organizations (NGOs), the Charity Organizations, and other relevant institutions operating in the region, to include and support the older generation in programmes to fight HIV and AIDS scourge and empower the older people to effectively care for their grandchildren orphaned by AIDS scourge as they address their own ageing problems. The paper is based on a review of various reports on old age problems and HIV and AIDS scourge, and its impacts on older people.
3 Competency of Overseas Student in Overcoming the Culture Shock Among Indonesian Students , Rahmadya Putra Nugraha , Nor Fauziana Ibrahim , Tai Hen Toong
Communication is an important thing in interacting with fellow humans. Intercultural communication is a communicatioan betweens peoples with different culture. In the process, constrains is often encountered oobstacles which can hinder the intercultural communication process. These constraints can obtained from the different cultural environment or from people’s psychologisc. One of the cultural communication problem is culture shock. This research will describe and explain the competence of Mercu Buana University’s overseas students to overcome culture shock in new environment. This research is an constructivist type, research that seeks to understand the people’s environment and develop subjective meaning. Moreover, this research is derciptive type with qualitative approach. Descriptive is aim to collect, explain, and summarize a data towards the subject under study. Qualitative is an indeep research and analysis of collected data. The research methods is case study taht collect, organize, and analyze data about certain cases. The research result is, everey overseas students has their own methods to handle culture shock and adapting with new environment. The first thing that became a challenge for overseas students is the different culture. The different culture make some overseas students feels worry, homesick, and culture shock. But they can handle the problems, they try to develop the competence of communication in order to adapt with new environment.
4 Ranking of Districts of West Bengal by an Index Developed Through Probabilistic Approach Based on Household Data for Rural Areas of Census 2011 , Partho Pratim Bhadra , Tushar Kanti Ghara
Population Census in India is conducted once in every ten years under the census Act 1948 and Census rules 1990. The last decennial census was conducted in the year 2011. The three broad categories of Houselisting & Housing Census are Housing condition, Amenities and Assets. Here, an attempt has been made to use four different approach using Probability theory for finding Ranks based on these House listing and Housing Census Data for rural areas. Although, there may be different Index developed to find such ranking, ranks obtained here using these different approaches are then compared and statistically tested. Statistical techniques like Probability, Weighted Geometric mean and Weighted Arithmetic mean, Correlation coefficient,and other Descriptive Statistical theories have been applied on this.
5 Insights into English Non-Major Students’ Learning Autonomy at Thai Nguyen University , Nguyen Thi Dieu Ha
The study aims at exploring teachers and students’ perceptions towards learning autonomy, and how the learning autonomy affects their English language proficiency. The understanding of learning autonomy will help teachers apply appropriate pedagogical solutions for their students. The results show that participants seemed to have some aspects of autonomous learning, so they are considered as autonomous learners. Furthermore, learning autonomy correlated with teachers’ objectives and requirements, learning styles and learning strategies significantly. The highest correlation is for the relationship between learning autonomy and teachers’ objectives and requirements, followed closely by the association with learning styles and learning strategies. Hence, it is suggested that, the higher being awareness of understanding teacher’s purposes and requirements and better understanding how to create learning styles and adjust learning strategies students are, the more autonomous they are.
6 Insights into English Non-Major Students’ Learning Autonomy at Thai Nguyen University , Nguyen Thi Dieu Ha
The study aims at exploring teachers and students’ perceptions towards learning autonomy, and how the learning autonomy affects their English language proficiency. The understanding of learning autonomy will help teachers apply appropriate pedagogical solutions for their students. The results show that participants seemed to have some aspects of autonomous learning, so they are considered as autonomous learners. Furthermore, learning autonomy correlated with teachers’ objectives and requirements, learning styles and learning strategies significantly. The highest correlation is for the relationship between learning autonomy and teachers’ objectives and requirements, followed closely by the association with learning styles and learning strategies. Hence, it is suggested that, the higher being awareness of understanding teacher’s purposes and requirements and better understanding how to create learning styles and adjust learning strategies students are, the more autonomous they are.
7 Release of Medical Certificate for the Practice of Physical Activity in Gyms and Civil Liability , Luis Domingos Fornitano , Homaile Mascarin do Vale
There is a growing demand in the world for the ideal body and physical activity, specifically in gyms, has achieved a large increase in fans. For the practice, it is necessary medical care that reflects the health (or not) of the practitioner, whether professional or amateur. It so happens that in the State of São Paulo, where more than 45 million people are concentrated, a law was enacted that frees medical care and places the responsibility on the practitioner to define himself as fit for the practice and from such a cause serious consequence can arise.
8 Public Education in Uzbekistan History of Formation and Development , Khatamov Tokhir Abdumutalovich
The article analyzes scientific-historical analysis of the existing problems in the system of public education in Uzbekistan and the implementation of reforms and measures taken in the framework of the National Program for Personnel Training in 1997-2009, using archival documents and scientific sources
9 Socio-Political implication of Urbanization in Nigeria: An Overview , ILYASU, YAKUBU AHMED , AKWASHIKI, SUNDAY VINCENT2 , JAMILA SALISU WALI
Urbanization is old as human existence when man took a sedimentary life to settled and think of how to use the available recourses to live a better life. Therefore Nigerian cities witness high rate of urbanization deterioration and are rated among urban areas with the lowest livability index in the world. It is estimated that between 20 percent and 30 percent of the urban population enjoy decent urban life in the country .Although studies have identified various urbanization problems in Nigeria, its impact and factor that lead to urbanization challenges in Nigeria. However the paper examines Socio-Political implication of Urbanization in Nigeria an overview. it is in this premises that the paper explore the use of historical content analysis’s with the use primary and secondary sources in its findings.
10 CHLOROCHINE - Scientific Antagonism and Risk of Professional Culpability of the Doctor , Marcelo Augusto de Freitas , Homaile Mascarin do Vale
The scientific world finds it difficult to position itself against the prescription of chloroquine and its derivatives. The role of the Supervisory Councils is innocuous and does not guarantee the physician a risk-free role in the event of prescription of the medication. In Brazil, the drug law makes it a crime to prescribe medication that does not comply with the literature. The physician is raised in a result gap that is not yet known due to the difficulty of understanding between what is recommended in the guidelines and what the law determines, especially the treatment rule of the Brazilian Ministry of Health. In this article, from the perspective of criminal law, we sought to frame the doctor's conduct in the prescription of chloroquine.
11 On the History of the Agro-Industrial Food Complex of Uzbekistan (80-90s of the Xx Century) , Izzatilla Mahmudovich Khaydarov
The article describes the formation of the agro-industrial food complex in Uzbekistan by the Soviet government in the 1980s-90s to provide the country with food and agricultural raw materials, as well as the establishment of an agro-industrial food complex in Uzbekistan, and industry impact. The article also addresses the sectors of the agro-industrial food complex related to the production, processing, transportation, storage and sale of agricultural produce, divided into sectors. The study also provides a comparative analysis of the various sources and draws conclusions.
12 Linguocultural Units in Turkish Wishes and Praise (Epithets) , Aripov Makhamadjon Pulatboevich
This article focuses on the subject of epithets in Turkish wishes and analyzes the ones selected from the wishes and praise given during the wedding ceremony. It is known that the role of the wedding ceremony in the life of the Turkic peoples is special. The good intentions and wishes of those who come to this ceremony for the bride and groom who are getting married are imbued with the spirit of high humanity. Wishes made by the father to the girl who left her house as a bride at the ceremony. It also provides information on what to call this ceremony. The bride is dedicated to characterizing the bride in the wishes and praise expressed by the mother-in-law during the meeting in the house where she is going. For the girl who came to the apartment, the analysis of examples of how skillfully the arts used in the wishes expressed by the mother-in-law and father-in-law were observed.
13 The Social Classes Who Served in the Great Silk Road Service System , Anvar Achilov Tuychievich
In this article some features of the service system of the Great Silk Road are discussed based on historical sources and literature.
14 EARLY-MEDIEVAL USTRUSHANA AS A SALES AND CULTURAL CENTER AT THE CROSSROAD OF THE GREAT SILK ROAD , Abduraimov Dilshod Sultanovich
The article reveals the place and role of Ustrushana as an important commercial and cultural center on the Great Silk Road. On the basis of research materials and historical sources, data are presented on Ustrushan, as an independent state, on its rulers and social structure. Based on materials from archaeological research, an assessment of the socio-political, economic and cultural life in Ustrushan is given.
15 ABU MANSUR AL-MATURIDI AND ISLAMIC FAITH , Shokhrukh Abdurasilov
This article covers various aspects of Maturidi's life, including his views and the fact that he contributed to the cultural and scientific development of the region in his time. If we take a look at the origin of the scientific word, we can clearly see the great services of Abu Mansur al-Maturidi in this field and the superiority and superiority of the Maturidi faith over other sects. Abu Mansur al-Maturidi also used logic, which was a weapon of the Mu'tazilites. Abu Zahra said: “Maturidi relied on reason under the guidance of the Shari'ah, which was the recognition of reason. In this way, he opposed the muhaddithin and faqihs who demanded the truth from the narration and relied on the narration.
16 Work Team Management; a Recipe for Tertiary Institutions’ Productivity in Delta State, Nigeria , Nwinyokpugi, Patrick Nkiinebari PhD , Ebietuoma, Stella Toneukarin
This study takes the form of a descriptive survey carried out in order to investigate work-team management and organizational productivity in Tertiary Institutions in Delta State. The population of this study comprises of 35 deans and directors of programmes of the three government owned polytechnics, thus a census of all the target population was studied .The descriptive statistics consisting of tables, mean and standard deviations was used to analyze the research questions while the Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficiecnt analytical tool was used in the analysis of the hypotheses and presented using the SPSS version 22 statistical software. The results of the test of hypotheses, showed a significant positive correlation coefficient between the dimensions of the work team management and the measures of organistional productivity as well as strong moderating effect of leadership styles on work-team management and organizational productivity in the tertiary institutions studied. Hence, the study recommended their applications because they encourage consultation among staff for the way forward in the department; increased departmental progress; freedom of speech in departmental meetings; increased commitment among the staff and boost of team spirit for effective curriculum delivery.
17 A Multimodal Discursive Analysis of the Communicative Elements of Sexism in Facebook Picture Uploads , Yemi Mahmud  , Idegbekwe, Destiny
A good number of studiesin the past have examined the language of sexism from the feminist perspectives, gender segregation and degradation, etc. using semiotics resources, discourse analysis, multimodal discourse, among other theories. This study looks at sexist language as one of the choices available to language users on the Facebook social media platform by identifying the linguistic and non-linguistic elements used as a communicative vehicle of sexism on the platform. Using the multimodal theory as framework, the study examines 10 Facebook posts with texted pictures and comments. This is precipitated on the discovery that less attention is paid on the signification of the communicative elements deployed to convey sexism on the Facebook platform. From the analysis, the study finds out that Facebook users engage linguistic and non-linguistic elements symbolising sexist language on Facebook postings; that the posts on Facebook rely predominantly on both written texts and pictures, combined to make the tagging or stereotyping concrete;that the sexist posts on Facebook platforms rely heavily on hasty or intentional generalisation in order to demean the sex they chose to target through texts, pictures and the combination of texts or pictures and that there is usually an undertone of humour in most of the sexist posts, which can, in a way, undermine the fact that the posts are created to demean the opposite gender rather than for fun.
18 Part-Time Jobs of Students Today , Master Do Minh Hoang
Ha Noi, the capital city of VietNam, have many top universities in the country. Therefore, it attracts a large number of students from other regions to come here to live and study. The demand for employment of young people is always a problem to be solved in big cities with strong economic, scientific and technical development. Students are young people who are still attending training courses to prepare their knowledge and skills before starting a career and officially working. From the labour market, the demand for jobs of students outside class time is also very high.
19 Comparative Analysis of Verbs of Perception in English and Turkish , Amirova Nigora Saidgani kizi
 the article is devoted to the comparative studies of structural and typological peculiarities of verbs of perceptive semantics of the English and Turkish languages representing the basic means of perception. On the base of the five types of perception: visual, auditory, gustatory and tactile, there are three groups of verbs of perception – active, passive and copulative ones in lexical-semantic field of perception
20 Practical Ethics of Concrete Humanity , Hans Lenk
We are all human(s). Yet, are we in the same vein ethically human, i.e. do we know that we should act humanely ? The general idea of being humane towards other humans, the ideal of an all-encompassing humanity was developed much earlier in ancient Chinese philosophy than in the middle stoic tradition (Panaitios) in the West. “Ren” (“humanity” or “humanitarianism) was indeed the main idea in Confucianism already (KongZi: Lun Yu XII, 22) , though KongZi (Confucius) himself did rather favour particularly the component of righteousness, rightness or justice in applying this ideal of humanity, relying basically on the well-known Golden Rule (Lun Yu V, 12; XII, 2; XV, 24), i. e. the negative formulation of that formal principle of reciprocity.1 . MoZi (Micius) had extended the reciprocal idea of treating other compatriots in a humane way to all humans, including so-called "barbarians" (i.e. non-Chinese people); all of them were considered addressees of the universalised and generalised “jian ai” (universal love).
21 The Role of Worker Families in Lifestyle Educating Under 4.0 Industrial Revolution Period , Assoc.Prof Hoang Thi Nga , BA Ngo Thi Hong Nhung
The establishment of Industrial Zones (IPs) has created opportunities for industrial development and industrialization shortened by being able to combine and learn the latest achievements in science and technology, about organization and management of enterprises, and to take advantage of foreign investment capital for development. The development of industrial zones has led to a dramatic change in society, creating a new worker- family model in industrial zones. This family model is becoming more diverse and complex in modern society. Family - the first and most important socializing environment for children from birth to 14 years old. So, how are these children educated in such a new family model This is a social issue that needs attention from all levels and sectors.
22 A Study on Popularity of Netflix among Youth , Sweta Mishra, Dr.Vanitha Esaimani
The Evolving Television Industry Relies Heavily On The Corresponding Shift In The Audiences That It Addresses. New Practices For Consumption And Production, Particularly The “Disruptive” Force Of Streaming Services Like Netflix, Have Been Evidenced Not Only In The Methods Of The Companies Themselves But Also In The Content They Have Begun To offer. Netflix Is The Absolute And Categorical Media Company Of A Hybrid Nature In The 21st Century. It Is Now One Of The Leading Providers Of Digitally Delivered Media Content And Is Continually Expanding Access Across A Host Of Platforms And Mobile Devices. Despite Its Transformative Role, However, Netflix Has Drawn Very Little Critical Attention-Far Less Than Competitors Such As You tube, Apple, Amazon, Comcast, And H b o. This Paper Tends To Study The Popularity Of Netflix Among Youth With The Help Of Primary Research.
23 Who Is Directing The Evolution Of Science? , Laura Sinay, Maria Cristina Fogliatti de Sinay , Rodney William (Bill) Carter , Iluska Lobo Braga
Clarivate AnalyticsTM, the company responsible for managing Web of Science, publishes once a year a list with the scholars that have written papers that rank in the top one percent by citations for field and publication year. Using this list, this paper analyses the profile of the scholars who contributed the most to the evolution of science in the decade ending at 2017 and the methods they used to become top scholars. The study concludes that science is being driven by male scholars affiliated to institutions located in highly developed countries where the official language is English. Scholars who work and publish as large groups and self-cite potentially bias the science agenda and gain possible inappropriate standing. This work concludes that to avoid bias, research budgets need to be more equitably distributed among scholars with multiple profiles, especially including women from Latin America and Africa, and search engine algorithms need to be adjusted to include scholar’s characteristics, such as gender and place of affiliation, and to avoid skewing created by multiple authorship.
24 Comparative Effects of Individualized and Cooperative video-Based Instructional Strategies on Secondary School Students’ Achievement in Biology in Makurdi Metropolis, Benue State, Nigeria , Nwaokolo, B Adejoh, M. James, Okwara, O. Kalu
This study was designed to determine the comparative effects of individualized and cooperative video – based instructional strategies on secondary school students’ achievement in Biology in Makurdi Metropolis, Benue State, Nigeria. Three research questions were asked and three hypotheses were formulated and tested. The study adopted a quasi – experimental design of non –randomized pretest posttest control group type. The population of the study is one thousand and seven (1,907) while the sample of eighty four (84) SS1students was drawn from two secondary schools using multistage sampling technique. In each of the schools intact classes were randomly assigned to individualized video – based instructional strategy and cooperative video – based instructional strategy. The research instrument, Biology Achievement Test (BAT) was developed, validated by five experts, trial-tested and used for the study. The reliability of BAT was calculated using Kuder-Richardson formula 21 (K-R21) and was found to be 0.68. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions, while Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Findings reveal that individualized and cooperative video – based instructional strategies are effective in improving students’ achievement in ecology. However, cooperative video – based instructional strategy is more effective than individualized video – based instructional strategy. There is also statistically significant difference between the mean scores of male and female students when taught ecological concepts using individualized and cooperative video – based instructional strategies in favour of cooperative video-based instructional strategy. It was therefore recommended that Biology teachers in secondary schools should adopt cooperative video –based instructional strategy for teaching Biology.
25 Performance Level of Debate in the English Language Proficiency Module of Students , LEOVIGILDO LITO D. MALLILLIN, Ph.D., MS. CHERUBIM S. GILBANG
Debate is one of the components of the English Language Proficiency of the modules of students in developing their skills in speaking.The study examines the performance level of debate in the English Language Proficiency (ELP) module level of students. The study employs the quantitative methods of research as this design answers the data in analysing the study on the level of debate and performance of the students in their English Language Proficiency module. The subjects of the study are the students of Gulf College in the Sultanate of Oman who are officially registered in the English Language Proficiency, Level 3 Block 2 for the academic year 2019-2020. One hundred sixty (160) is utilized in the study. All respondents are utilized as samples in the study. Results show that communication skills and evidence of information of the students are poor in which the performance level in debate of students are low, however; the area of language proficiency, critical thinking, and teamwork reveal good in which the performance level in debate of students are moderate.
26 Competency Skills and Performance Level of Faculties in the Higher Education Institution (HEI) , LEOVIGILDO LITO D. MALLILLIN, Ph.D.
: One of the measures on the performance of the faculties is their competency levels and skills. This is true with their profession since teacher is the noblest among all professions. Teacher or lecturer involves challenges on their technical teaching as innovators to the young minds. The study examines the profile of the respondents and their competency skills and performance level of the faculty in the Higher Education Institutions ((HEI) in terms of communication,planning and administration,teamwork,strategic action, and selfmanagement. The study employs quantitative descriptive approach and method of research because this approach collects the data that attempts in a quantifiable approach and information for statistical analysis of the competency skills and performance level of the faculties in the Higher Education Institution (HEI). Purposive sampling is utilized in the study because this kind of sampling is subjective, selective and judgmental in choosing the number of respondents needed in the study. It is a non-probability method used in choosing the population of the study. The subjects of the study are the different faculties in the Higher Education Institution (HEI). They are lecturers, module coordinators and program leaders. This is conducted for the period 2019-2020. The study comprised of thirty (30) respondents only Results shows that there is no significant relationship between the profile of the respondents and their competency skills and performance level
27 Language and Social Behavior a New Look At (In) Discipline in School , Hadinei Ribeiro Batista
The present work is a preliminary discussion on cognitive syntax and social behavior. From the analysis of textual productions of students of basic education in a public school that serves low-income students, two different cognitive systems were identified among groups of apprentices with varied socioeconomic profile. These systems were monitored by observing students' daily routines in order to diagnose the extent to which the cognitive system relates to the conduct of young people in their interpersonal relationships. It has been found that student behavior is, in general, the result of cognitive traits (or cognitive syntax) built from their experiences. Such findings made it possible to start this debate on reflections within the scope of (in) discipline or the conviviality of students in school.
28 The Role of the African Union in the Political Stability of Africa , Sheriff Ghali Ibrahim, Akaazua T. Emmanuel , Farouk Ibrahim Bibif
The paper examines the growth and development of political stability as supported by the African union in Africa, it analyzes some of the areas in which the AU has contributed in bringing stability within the African region. Using the descriptive-historical research, findings show that, the African union has contributed immensely in peace-keeping operation in Africa, but has failed to implement some major decisions made. The paper recommends that, Africa and Africa leaders should eradicate corruption and those who take joy in it should be severely punished under the laws. This will serve as deterrent to others. This is because corruption is the major cause of conflicts on African soil. The looting of government funds that should be used for development in Africa is creating untold hardship on the masses and what we see today as conflict violent in Africa is a reaction to the poor leadership and the mismanagement of natural resources deposits in Africa
29 Global Integration and International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) , Sheriff Ghali Ibrahim , Mohamed Lamin Yansaneh
The paper investigates the nature, functions and successes of the international criminal police organization (INTERPOL) and analyzes how it affects global security. From the secondary methodology, findings show that, the organization is effective in tackling cross-border crimes and hardened criminals around the world. The paper concludes that, to keep Interpol as politically neutral as possible, its charter forbids it, at least in theory, from undertaking interventions or activities of a political, military, religious, or racial nature or involving itself in disputes over such matters. Its work focuses primarily on public safety and battling terrorism, crimes against humanity, environmental crime, genocide, war crimes, organized crime, piracy, illicit traffic in works of art, illicit drug production, drug trafficking, weapons smuggling, human trafficking, money laundering, child pornography, white-collar crime, computer crime, intellectual property crime and corruption. The paper recommends that, for the work of INTERPOL to be effective and efficient member Countries should be willing to update the Interpol databases and at the same time be able to check against the Interpol criminal data bases regularly, this will enable them to be able to arrest dangerous criminals on the run.
30 The Status of Public Health Service Delivery (PHSD) After Decentralisation in Rural Tanzania , Hussein S. Lufunyo
This article determined the status of public health service delivery under decentralisation in rural Tanzania. It adopted a combined case study design to explore health service delivery and its status in Pangani and Urambo local government authorities. the study was mainly qualitative; primary data collected by using interviews, questionnaires, FGDs and observation. Secondary data extracted from various reports and academic works related to the theme. The study established that, decentralisation had minimal effect on improving public health service delivery in rural Tanzania. The health services were found to be characterised by poor access and quality. Very few health centres, lack of equipment, drugs and medicines, low levels of competency among health workers, distance, lacked clear complaints handling mechanisms and responsiveness were found to be the major bottlenecks. Delayed service, poor time management, lack of accountability and transparency, lack of political will, poor records management and resistance to change persisted in the sampled health centres. The study recommends a review of the existing legal frame, administrative systems, structures and processes. Efforts on resourcing, Human resource capacity building and institutionalisation of health sector reforms and decentralisation are also recommended.
31 The Challenges Faced By Advanced Level Teachers in Teaching of the Advanced Level Literature in English Comment and Appreciation Paper in Zimbabwe: A Case Study of Selected Schools in Masvingo Urban. , Jabulani Moyo
This study is an investigation into the challenges faced by Advanced Level Literature in English teachers in Zimbabwe in the teaching of the Comment and Appreciation paper. The study takes a qualitative approach to unearth the attitudes of teachers and to unravel the implications from documents studied. Content analysis, interview and observation techniques were used to gather data. The study established that instead of teaching skills for explication of the ‘unseen’ texts, the general approaches used incline more towards ‘testing’. Equally, the study revealed that most teachers are not confident to teach the paper, with the majority resorting to drills of particular genres, instead of taking a holistic approach encompassing all the three genres [poetry, drama and prose], including the recreative-response type question. The study, therefore, holds that the misconception about the difficulties of this component of the syllabus is rather unfounded. As a recommendation, the study implores institutions of higher learning to ensure that prospective or would-be-teachers of Literature in English are well grounded in the skills of explicating ‘unseens’. In the wake of the updated secondary school curriculum under the auspices of the Zimbabwe Education Blueprint (2015-2022), the Advanced Level Literature in English learning still has the Comment and Appreciation component as a compulsory, hence the need for teachers [and learners alike] to have an indepth appreciation of how to unpack meaning from a given ‘unseen’ text.
32 Psychological Determinations of Intention to Save Money: The Influence of Attitudes, Subjective Norms, and Perceived Behavioral Control , Ismail Mohamed said , Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ahmad Martadha Mohamed
The financial management of individuals varies around the world. With rapid economic growth there is an alarming increase in the value of products and services that challenge people who have poor financial management. As a result, it requires individuals to manage their financial resources through appropriate saving behaviour. This paper, therefore, attempts to investigate behavioural factors that influence individuals’ intention to save money. Using extended theory of planned behaviour, three predicting variables were constructed that include attitudes, subjective savings norm, and perceived behavioural control. The study hypothesized that attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioural control had a positive relationship with intention to save money. Using a questionnaire survey distributed randomly to 2500 respondents, of which 1192 had completed the questionnaires, the hypotheses were tested using correlation and linear regression analysis. The findings indicate that all three predicting variables have a positive and significant relationship with intention to save money. Specifically, perceived behavioural control is the strongest predictor to engage in savingbehaviour. Future studies should try to examine psychosocial factor such as culture that may also have some effect on intention to save money.
33 Impact of L1 on learning ESL (English as a Second Language) grammar skills of the ESL language learners- An error analysis with special reference to the undergraduates of the University of Jaffna. , Dr. K. Sanmuganathan
The purpose of this study is to examine whether L1 had an impact on the ESL (English as a Second Language) grammar skills of the beginning ESL language learners. An experimental research design was conducted at University of Jaffna. The study involved qualitative methods of data collection. General English Proficiency Test was administered among the subjects randomly, the data collected from the subjects’ responses were analyzed, and the findings were derived. The findings show that there are a number of problems which are found to impede the learning of English due to the greater dissimilar features found between English and Tamil. The results will be beneficial for material development, ESL teaching and learning process in future. The major finding on overall error rates demonstrates that there is statistically significant difference in error rates with the comparison of students’ L1 and English. Evidence provided by the written samples suggests that L1 played a role in the process of beginning ESL learners’ writing in English. Understanding linguistic difference between students’ L1 and English may help the learners reduce interference from their first language.
34 Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in a Congolise Art-Naive HIV Population: A Cross-Sectional Study. , Blaise MakosoNimi, Benjamin Longo Mbenza, Basil BazingaMaba,  Léon MakosoNgoma, Bernadette Nzuzi Phaka, Gedeon Longo Longo, ElyséeBuanga Khuabi, Maria Phemba Mabemba, Fabrice Thamba Makunga, Aliocha Nkodila
Background and Aim: The identification and management of cardiovascular risk factors become a major problem in people living with HIV before but especially after taking ARVs, hence the need to list these factors before in order to establish the proportion due to treatment Methods: From January 1 to May 31, 2019; we conducted a cross-sectional and descriptive study at the Boma reference hospital located in the southeast and 440 Km from Kinshasa, the capital of DR Congo. Included was any patient infected with HIV aver 18 years and informed consent. Information on demographic parameters, behavioral lifestyles, anthropometric and biological (blood sugar, creatinine, urine strip and lipid profile) and blood pressure (BP) measurements was obtained. Results: The most frequently reported cardiovascular risk factors: Age ≥ 55 Years 43.3%, Smoking 45%, Alcohol intake, 46.7%, HTN 15% and DM 13.3% significant between the two sexes Conclusion: Les patients infectés par le VIH sont porteurs des plusieurs facteurs de risques cardiovasculaires
35 Ho Chi Minh Concept on Labor and Event Relations Applying to the Innovation of Training Methods , Assoc. Prof, Dr. Nguyen Van Hiep1 , Assoc. Prof, Dr. Pham Ngoc Tram2 , Pham Thi Van Anh3
Labor relations is one of the social relationships of people, appearing in the process of division of labor, and is attended by many scholars of different disciplines (politics, psychology, sociology, economics, jurisprudence ...) in the world interested in researching together with the development of industrial revolution in the 19th and 20th centuries. For Ho Chi Minh, in the process of seeking to save the country, pursue the path of independence for the nation, bring freedom and happiness to the people; including ensuring social justice, creating jobs and protecting the legitimate rights and interests of workers. Ho Chi Minh's thought on labor relations is vividly embodied in his legacy, with significance and significance in the application of the renewal of current labor relations training methods in Vietnam.
36 Mixed Methods Research: An Overview , Nasser Alasmari
: One critical aspect of good research is the methodology that is used to logically correlate the aims and goals of the study and the answers to the research questions. Rajasekar et al. (2006) defined research methodology as “the procedures by which researches go about their work of describing and predicting phenomena” (p. 2). This section aimed to shed lights on mixed methods, quantitative and qualitative approaches and its applications.
37 Speaking Anxiety and Language Proficiency among EFL at A University in Vietnam , Le Quang Dung, Ph.D, Tran Luu Hung, M.A
A quantitative study investigated the levels, causes and effects of anxiety in speaking over academic achievement among EFL non-English majors at Thai Nguyen University of Education, Vietnam. The study examined 128 non-English majors who had finished one year of intensive English at university. The findings show that EFL students at Thai Nguyen University are at moderate level of speaking anxiety (M=67.45; n=128). The findings also indicated that the causes of speaking anxiety came from MSOSA4 (Fear of making mistakes), MSOSA8 (Fear of being laughed at), MSOSA9 (Lack of confidence), MSOSA20 (Fear of negative evaluation), and MSOSA14 (Fear of being the focus of attention). The study also found that students who had higher levels of anxiety gained lower academic proficiency in speaking. The mean of levels of proficiency for Low anxiety (M = 2.22, SD = 0.70) was significantly larger than that for High anxiety (M = 1.68, SD = 0.66), p = .002. The mean of levels of proficiency for Medium anxiety (M = 2.02, SD = 0.60) was significantly larger than that for High anxiety (M = 1.68, SD = 0.66), p = .026.
38 Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in a Congolise Art-Naive HIV Population: A Cross-Sectional Study. , Blaise MakosoNimi,Benjamin Longo Mbenza,Basil BazingaMaba,  Léon MakosoNgoma, Bernadette Nzuzi Phaka, Gedeon Longo Longo,ElyséeBuanga Khuabi, Maria Phemba Mabemba, ,Fabrice Thamba Makunga, 6Aliocha Nkodila
Background and Aim: The identification and management of cardiovascular risk factors become a major problem in people living with HIV before but especially after taking ARVs, hence the need to list these factors before in order to establish the proportion due to treatment Methods: From January 1 to May 31, 2019; we conducted a cross-sectional and descriptive study at the Boma reference hospital located in the southeast and 440 Km from Kinshasa, the capital of DR Congo. Included was any patient infected with HIV aver 18 years and informed consent. Information on demographic parameters, behavioral lifestyles, anthropometric and biological (blood sugar, creatinine, urine strip and lipid profile) and blood pressure (BP) measurements was obtained. Results: The most frequently reported cardiovascular risk factors: Age ≥ 55 Years 43.3%, Smoking 45%, Alcohol intake, 46.7%, HTN 15% and DM 13.3% significant between the two sexes Conclusion: Patients infected with HIV carry several cardiovascular risk factors
39 Ho Chi Minh Concept on Labor and Event Relations Applying to the Innovation of Training Methods , Assoc. Prof, Dr. Nguyen Van Hiep , Assoc. Prof, Dr. Pham Ngoc Tram , Pham Thi Van Anh
Labor relations is one of the social relationships of people, appearing in the process of division of labor, and is attended by many scholars of different disciplines (politics, psychology, sociology, economics, jurisprudence ...) in the world interested in researching together with the development of industrial revolution in the 19th and 20th centuries. For Ho Chi Minh, in the process of seeking to save the country, pursue the path of independence for the nation, bring freedom and happiness to the people; including ensuring social justice, creating jobs and protecting the legitimate rights and interests of workers. Ho Chi Minh's thought on labor relations is vividly embodied in his legacy, with significance and significance in the application of the renewal of current labor relations training methods in Vietnam.
40 Mixed Methods Research: An Overview , Nasser Alasmari
One critical aspect of good research is the methodology that is used to logically correlate the aims and goals of the study and the answers to the research questions. Rajasekar et al. (2006) defined research methodology as “the procedures by which researches go about their work of describing and predicting phenomena” (p. 2). This section aimed to shed lights on mixed methods, quantitative and qualitative approaches and its applications.
41 How Discipline Mediates the Relationship between Additional Income and Employee Performance , Adhe Wulan Ernaningtyas , Wiyarni Wiyarni , Lidia Andiani
This study aims to examine the effect of additional income on employee performance mediated by employee discipline in the Regional Secretariat of Pasuruan District. Number of respondents used in this study is as many as 50 respondents; all respondents were employees in the Regional Secretariat of Pasuruan District. The data in this study were obtained from the results of filling out the questionnaire. The data were analyzed using the Partial Least Square (PLS) technique with the help of the Smart PLs program. This study found that additional income has a positive and significant effect on performance, this indicates that the better the additional income, the better the employee's performance, and vice versa. The results of further analysis show that additional income has a positive and significant effect on discipline, this shows that the better the employee discipline, the better the employee's performance, and vice versa. The results of this study also indicate that discipline has a positive and significant effect on performance, this indicates that the higher the work discipline of employees, the better the employee's performance, and vice versa. In the mediation test, it is concluded that discipline can mediate the indirect effect of additional income on performance. Additional income in accordance with employee expectations will improve employee work discipline which in turn will improve employee performance.
42 Influence of Fishing Activities on HIV and AIDS Pandemic in Mfangano Island, Kenya , Michael Ang’anyo Onyango
The study set out to analyze the relationship between fishing activities and HIV/AIDS and the impact of the institutional framework in the prevention and management of HIV/AIDS in Mfangano Island. The people of this Island are grappling with one of the most critical concentrations of HIV/AIDS in Kenya. With a near monopoly of fishing as the sole economic activity, the island’s population has developed risky social behaviour influenced by fishing activities, especially during high fishing seasons. There is an eminent gap between the acknowledged broad range of institutional framework for the combat of HIV/AIDS and the failure to deal with the problem of the scourge in a comprehensive manner in such a uniquely isolated fishing community. The major rationale is that, for there to be prospects for a more robust preventive and control measures in the management of HIV/AIDS in the fishing community, there is need to improve on the existing institutional framework by decentralizing the obligations of the Constituency AIDS Control Committee (CACC) up to the fishermen’s “access point”. Consequently, increasing the Beach Management Units’ (BMUs’) capacity to perform any HIV/AIDS preventive and management tasks will ensure alleviation of the spread of the menace. The broad objective was to investigate factors that have influenced the spread of HIV/AIDS in Mfangano Island and how fishing activities have contributed towards this menace. The specific objectives were: to explore the relationship between fishing activities and HIV/AIDS pandemic in the Island; advance the understanding of the pertinent factors responsible for the spread of HIV/AIDS in the Island; and finally, assess the impact of relevant stakeholders in fishing industry in the prevention and management of HIV/AIDS scourge in the Island. The theory posits the existence of a national institutional framework for prevention and management of HIV/AIDS in Kenya. The framework asserts that there is need for recognition of the importance of community involvement in the continuum of case for persons infected and affected by HIV/AIDS; the grassroots level for the framework being the CACC. The study reviewed secondary data on the extent of HIV/AIDS infection, basing its analysis on Mfangano Island as a case study. Questionnaires and interview schedules were administered to seventy (70) respondents while vital and in-depth information to explore details on how fishing activities impact on the spread of HIV/AIDS in the Island was gathered through five (5) focus group discussions. The study observed that HIV/AIDS preventive strategies are predicated on the general information on factors influencing the spread of HIV/AIDS and structured on the national strategic framework to combat the epidemic. The study underscores the challenges to HIV/AIDS prevention among the fishermen and concludes by recommending areas where further research is needed to enhance effective measures on the same.
43 Economic Change in the Southeast Sea (2007 - 2020) – From the History View , Assoc. Prof, Dr. Nguyen Van Hiep, Assoc. Prof, Dr. Pham Ngoc Tram
On the basis of historical methods, the article presents the potentials and strengths of the Southeastern sea and islands, the process of coastal localities in this area developing marine economy; to associate marine economic development with cultural development, human development, and implementation of democracy, progress and social justice; satisfactorily solving social problems, improving people's material and spiritual life, protecting environmental landscape, ensuring the requirements of sustainable development. Besides, the article analyzes and assesses the economic transformation of the Southeastern sea and summarizes some lessons learned.
44 Deviant Behavior of Workers in Quang Minh Industrial Park, Me Linh, Ha Noi , Master Do Minh Hoang, Assoc.Prof Hoang Thi Nga
The problem of workers violating the rules and regulations of enterprises and factories always exists in the working environment in enterprises and factories. The workers’ violation of the rules and standards in the workplace can cause the enterprises and factories to be adversely affected and even suffer property and material damages. However, the reason why workers violate regulations has not been studied much. Whether the cause is derived from the fact that the daily activities of workers in industrial parks (IPs) have not been yet appreciated, or created by other factors.
45 Living Together Relationships; Towards A New Pattern of Adult Life in Kathmandu , Bishnu Prasad Dahal, Ph. D.
: It is very clear from the foregoing that living together relationships or cohabitation and premarital sex are new trends that are on the rise and are becoming more practiced and increasing day by day in Nepalese context. Marriage makes a new social relation, rights and duties between spouse and their relatives, and defines children’s rights and status in birth time but not by living together relationships. Living together represents a private choice for individuals or has implications for society as a whole and when individual behaviors are invested with a public discourse or carry a value for the society as a whole, they acquire social meaning. On the one hand, the differences between cohabitation and marriage may have substantial implications for social welfare (e.g., union stability, children’s outcomes, well-being), especially since cohabitation is often not as well-recognized in the legal system as marriage, which may have implications for how states support vulnerable individuals. On the other hand, living together relationship contributes to family diversity and may indicate greater acceptance of alternative lifestyles. This paper seeks to apply anthropological theories to the concepts of marriage and living together in Kathmandu in present context. I have tried to examine living together relationship using sociological micro-theories such as phenomenology theory and the macro-theories such as conflict theory, functionalism, and post modernism are used in order to analyze love as it relates to marriage and the ways in which the meanings of these concepts and their positions in society have changed.
46 Characteristics of Tourism Business Personnel Affected By Covid-19 in Belitung District , Devi Valeriani , Dian Prihardini Wibawa , Rendi
The economic situation that is increasingly not conducive due to the Covid-19 pandemic must be addressed by the affected business actors. Belitung Regency is a Special Economic Zone (KEK) for Tourism, which is currently developing in the Province of Bangka Belitung Islands. In the development of SEZs, the role of tourism business actors is very important in meeting the needs of tourists, with various creativities and innovations from these business actors. This research was conducted with a qualitative descriptive approach, the number of respondents was 100 business actors through distributing questionnaires and direct interviews to tourism business actors. The results showed the characteristics of tourism business actors were dominated by high school education level, the average business actor was married, the majority of the business type was culinary. Marketing is done online,
47 A Critical Presentation of the Three Kierkegaardian Spheres of Human Existence , Ignatius Nnaemeka Onwuatuegwu PhD , Jude Ifeanyi Ebelendu
It is an apparent danger in the existence of the modern man that abstraction is substituted for reality. The truth of the uniqueness of each man and the various situations of life where one cannot but make a personal choice and decision, compel man the need to authenticate his being. It is then pertinent at this time, when there is not only a loss of personal identity but more still a total flaw of existence in our modern society, to pinpoint what authentic life should be. Hence, a Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard has done a masterly work of authenticating one's existence, becoming an individual instead of being swallowed up in the appraisal of untrue crowd. Precisely, the researcher will apply in this work the philosophical method of critical reflection of Kierkegaardian three spheres of human existence to arrive at the best manner of approach to examine one's life as to live an authentic existence.
48 Smartphone Based Authentic Learning Design Model by Paying Attention to the Characteristics of Learners in Increasing the Ability to Write, Communicate, and Learners' Creativity , Dr. Drs. Achmad Noor Fatirul, ST., M.Pd ., Drs. Djoko Adi Walujo, ST., MM., DBA
: Designing learning is oriented towards real / authentic things, to be synergized with the information structures that students already have. Everything related to information / messages to be conveyed is always associated with real experiences or events in the field which will give students more challenges to be able to find out more about what they already know and even experience. The message / information to be conveyed is of course not only done face-to-face, but also by using learning media. Communication media that are easy to use and fun and can be done at any time are the main part of this research design. Today, smartphone media is no longer a luxury item and is even a necessity for every individual. This learning design uses a smartphone as a communication tool between learners and learners, between learners and learners, and between learners and other learning sources. This research will facilitate learners' willingness to learn by considering the characteristics of the learners and the ease with which learners participate in the learning process, so that the learning process will not be boring and have fun. Other characteristics in this study will be considered such as achievement motivation and learning styles. This research is a type of development research that refers to the development research steps of Borg & Gall (2003). Meanwhile, the steps in developing a learning design model refer to the Dick & Carey (2001) development design. The results of product validation found that the attractiveness of the learning design model presentation program for students was found to be 90% said it was feasible, the relevance of the material studied said 95% said it was feasible, the benefits of smartphone application media and the material studied said 95% was feasible, the suitability of the material being studied with easy access to the material says 90% feasible, and Communications in online tutorials by learners say 95% feasible. The conclusion obtained after the implementation in the field is that authentic learning products can be used by lecturers and teachers in designing learning at schools and colleges
49 Cultural memory and identity through street names: A survey of the inhabitants in Nanchang , Heng Zhang
This study investigated whether street names could evoke the inhabitants’ cultural memory and identity in Nanchang, China. In total, 446 participants were surveyed online to answer 16 questions regarding their attitude of the street names with various cultural contents. The result showed although in various degrees, street names did evoke the inhabitants’ cultural memory and identity. By and large, the agreement proportion of street names after figures, events, and religious sites or buildings was relatively higher than that of ancient buildings, historical allusions, and ancient myths. It is argued that this variation mainly relied on the respondents’ familiarity with the cultural background. It is also suggested to consider how to enrich such cultural knowledge to keep more effective function of street names on cultural memory and identity.
50 ‘Mirror, Mirror on the Wall, Who’s the Better of them All?’ Fashion magazines: A Social Tool of Empowerment or Enslavement? , Suparna Naresh
The concept of ‘fashion’ and ‘fashionableness’ is a highly contested one with differing opinion as to what constitutes either, with no clear-cut move made to clarify the correctness of the myriad understanding behind the term. People who are seemingly fashionable or are considered fashionable by members of the community exert pressure on others--a pressure to follow, pressure to keep up or pressure to agree to the standards set by the supposedly fashionable as the bar for things fashionable. In recent times public discourse has looked at the immense pressure fashion has exerted on women in any given society. Be it things as banal as clothes and cosmetics or complex issues such as political ideologies espoused by one; everything in contemporary times is weighed by the fashionably endowed. Many wear their fashion sense as a badge of pride and achievement, much to the discomfort and dismay of those who think and behave otherwise; and no more is this awkwardness as obvious as it is amongst women. Media platforms add to the general sense of the divide among women in society by taking a decided stance in favour of the fashionable women, increasing the angst and anxiety of those women who aren’t. Do fashion magazines add to women’s confusion when it comes to issues of fashion or do fashion magazines help in allaying their fears? Some of these issues will be explored in the present paper.
51 Han Fei and The Rule By Law of Legalism , Dr. Dinh Thi Kim Lan Ho Chi Minh University of Nat
One of the major philosophical schools that advocates for rule of law, is the combination of "laws", "his position of power" and " certain techniques" in Spring Autumn and Warring States period, that is the Legalism. In which "law" is the content of policies and ordinances governing;"certain techniques" is the strategic basis for carrying out the rule of law, including methods and tricks of appointment, dismissal, supervision, examination, penalty, "his position of power" is the guarantee and enhancement of the position and power of the feudal rule of law. Legalism was the voice representing the newly emerging landlord’s aristocracy, fighting to eradicate the remnants of the old regime, establishing the central feudalism in China in 221BC.
52 Rebecca, The Dead Woman in the Cabin , Debarpita Bose
The modern Classic, Rebecca by Daphne du Maurier, has been of interest to the readers throughout the years. The uncanny resemblances between iconic plots such as Jane Eyre and Othello further instigate this interest in the story. The plot of gothic romance with a murder and deviant psychological tenure has been able to sustain its relevance even today. In this paper, the mysterious figure of Rebecca is delved into as she is compared to the “madwoman in the attic”. Her far reaching influence from beyond the grave keep swaying the resolve and temper of the newly married de Winter couple as them attempt to find a life devoid of her presence. Though her presence becomes imbibed within Manderley, Rebecca haunts the narrator in her dreams after the decimation of the house. There are no first person accounts of what she went through or her upbringing when it comes to the dead protagonist of the novel. Rebecca is seen from a feminist perspective here where she is portrayed as the morally corrupt woman based on the suspicions of her patriarchal husband. This paper attempts to draw parallels between the events of the other works while simultaneously interpreting the work from a feminist perspective. The goal of this paper is to move away from the narrative that Rebecca is a gothic romance and explore the depth of the patriarchal notion of the society by acknowledging the unreliability of the narrators of various parts of the novel and question the representation of Rebecca as the “other woman’. The incredibly intriguing modern classic, Rebecca by Daphne du Maurier, has arresting qualities embedded into its narrative style and plot. From the sunny France to the secluded Manderley, the gloom almost hovers around the edges of the plot, waiting to invade at the slightest opportunity, until it establishes its grips into the action of the main plot. The full circle of fate is complete for Daphne du Maurier’s nameless narrator by the end of the novel as it begins with a search of a place in the world and ends with similar notions. The note of alienation and deviant human nature is so intricately explored in this novel that it has inspired numerous film adaptations. Categorizing this novel into one single genre has proved to be difficult for the critics. Even as Hitchcock’s movie adaptation paints the plot more romantically, dismissing the complex connotations of murder and intrigue, the novel has been successful in holding the readers interest throughout the years. The plot is an amalgamation of themes that consistently overlap and incidents that keep the readers engrossed throughout the length of the novel. As the gloom hangs over the nameless narrator of the novel, it chases her from Monte Carlo to Manderley to Cairo. The new Mrs de Winter of Manderley has no independent identity, she is always Mrs de Winter, but even that title of hers is more suited to the previous Mrs de Winter, Rebecca. Her dead rival threatens her position in the life of her husband and as the lady of the prestigious house, Manderley, from beyond the grave as she begins to be haunted by this unknown embodiment of grace and beauty who has been dead for over a year. The premonition of doom follows her around from the moment she steps into Manderley; far before that, during the conversations with Maxim de Winter the readers are made aware of some dark past that the mystic figure of the male protagonist does not wish to disclose, but the narrator is too engrossed with the wonders of the landscape and the man before her to take notice of the intricate speech of Maxim de Winter. From mere broken cupids to meeting the almost senile grandmother, things are easily led astray. The incidents are lined up till the seemingly restorative ball at the house which pronounces the culmination of all actions. The tone of the novel changes drastically from this night onward as it deals with the issue of Rebecca’s death directly from hereafter. The young and inexperienced narrator is projected as a stark comparison to her absent rival, Rebecca. Everything she does is judged on the precedent Rebecca had set and inevitably, all her efforts fall short in comparison. The shadow of Rebecca follows her around the house as nobody lets her forget how competent and likable the former mistress of the house was, how wonderfully charming she was to everybody she met and how happy she kept her “Max’. From the people she meets outside to the very house she inhabits, the shadow and scent of Rebecca haunts her everywhere. The invisible presence is imbibed into the plot of the novel so intricately that Rebecca truly becomes the only protagonist of the novel as she successfully captures the attention and curiosity of the readers.
53 Toward A Restoration of Societal Ethos with Reference on Chinua Achebe’s Writings , Mexan Serge EPOUNDA , Zéphirin BOKOTIABATO MOKOGNA
Traditional oral literature of Africa is counted as one of the most distinctly and varied categories of African literature with Chinua Achebe as pioneer. In his writings, Achebe takes on the roles of social commentator and crusader through the conduit of orature to criticize the devaluation of cultural and societal norms. His later novels can be read imbued with the lamentation of the death of moral and social values in Nigerian society; the unspoken degradation of Nigerian immigrants in Europe and America, and the frequency with which corrupt practices have undermined the nation’s development. This paper examines how Achebe’s writings canvasses for a re-examination of societal ethos, which demands that the contemporary Nigeria settles. Therefore, the necessary actions should be taken in restoring, maintaining and preserving the oral tradition. Preservation is not just limited to keeping the form of oral tradition in the community, but the values that contained in the oral tradition with the past by recovering social, moral and cultural codes for the restoration of human dignity.
54 The Relationship between Prefered Learning Styles, Reading Strategies and Reading Achievement of Efl at Thai Nguyen University, Vietnam , Dang Thi Thanh Huong, Ph.D Nguyen Thi Bich Diep, B.A
The present study was conducted at the School of Foreign Languages, Thai Nguyen University, Vietnam. There were 132 second years students participated in the study. The study employed quantitative research design. The instruments used in the study included the Perceptual Learning Style Preference Questionnaire (PLSPQ) developed by Reid (1987); the Survey of reading strategies (SORS) which was a 30-item self-assessment instrument developed by Sheorey and Mokhtari (2002), and a simulated IELTS reading test. The findings of the study revealed that there was a statistically significant difference in the uses of reading strategies by different learning styles. The Visual language learners used the most reading strategies (M= 2.92). The Auditory language learners ranked the second (M=2.50). Tactile and Kinesthetic learners used reading strategies at low level (M=2.0). Group language learners used the least reading strategies (M=1.04). In terms of reading achievement among different learning styles, the results of the study showed that there was a statistically difference on the reading achievement by learners of different learning styles. The Visual language learners achieved highest scores (M=5.49). Tactile language learners ranked the second of M=4.5. Auditory and Kinesthetic language learners scored almost similar of M=3.36 and M=3.72 respectively. Group and Individual learners ranked the last of M=2.83 and M=2.77.
55 Perception of the Need for Children's Comic Media Development with the Themes of Prevention of Covid-19 in Elementary School Learning , Munjiatun , Guslinda , Otang Kurniaman , Eddy Noviana, Muhammad Ramadhan
Analysis of perceptions of needs in developing children's comic media with the theme of preventing Covid-19 has a research objective to determine the needs of teachers in the development of children's comics. The research method used is quantitative methods, with the research instrument using google form as a research data collection tool, the results of research on the use of comic media in learning in elementary schools were the highest with the criteria of 55.2%, and in the category of never using comic media as many as 31 %, The second indicator of comic media is beneficial in learning, it is still very lacking in use with a score of 43.7%, criteria sometimes, and the criteria of never using comic media learning media is 28.7%. The fourth indicator of habituation in reading comics in schools is the highest with the criteria, sometimes getting a score of 48.3% and the criteria of never giving refraction in reading comics at school is 34.5%. The fifth indicator of the delivery of the coronavirus in learning was the highest with a score of 36.8% on the criteria often and on the criteria of never conveying about the coronavirus in learning getting a score of 11.5%. The delivery indicator is more effective with comic media with the criteria, sometimes with a score of 55.8%, so the conclusion is that the development of children's comics is very much needed.
56 The Patient Medical Relationship with the use of New Technologies , Marcelo Augusto de Freitas, João Marcelo Rondina, Homaile Mascarin do Vale
The technologies will directly impact the doctor-patient relationship. The health area will receive the help of new technologies such as: robotics, artificial intelligence, augmented reality and tele consultation. These technologies may cause resistance to treatment by patients, if they are not fully aware of how the technology will be applied in their medical treatment. The present study aims to apply a questionnaire with specific questions, to participants attended by the public health network (SUS), as well as by the private health network (private clinics), aiming to obtain information about their acceptance regarding medical care / treatment performed by new technologies, whether these procedures will cause a psychological shock to the point of triggering a judicial claim for compensation for alleged medical error. Another objective is to find out if, if a medical / psychological (biopsychosocial) reception is initially carried out, as well as if the previous presentation of the technology to the patient through a psychopedagogical work, demonstrating the benefits and improvements provided, if the patient will feel more confident with medical treatment using new technologies. The results will be obtained through a descriptive, cross-sectional and qualitative study carried out at the Base Hospital of São José do Rio Preto / SP, and in private clinics of medical specialties in the specialties of radiology, cardiology and ophthalmology of São José do Rio Preto / SP, in the second half of 2019 and the first half of 2020.
57 Motivation of Secondary School Students to Perform Well in a Test According to its Evaluative Function: The Influence of the Gender Variable , Pascal Ndinga , Pierre Canisius Kamanzi , Mamadou Vieux Lamine Sane
This article presents the results of a study comparing girls (81) and boys (74) in grade 8 in high school and their motivation to pass a test based on its evaluative function. The following techniques were used: correlation (r), t-tests for matched samples, Hotelling T2 multivariate and multiple regression test. The results showed that overall, the evaluative function of the test does not affect students’ level of motivation to complete it. However, genders showed differing motivation to pass the test based on its evaluative function. In addition the “amotivation” sub-scale could prove to be an effective tool to prevent dropping out, particularly among boys.
58 Medical Error in Psychiatry - Brazilian Analysis and Proposal For A Doctor's Protection Protocol , Homaile Mascarin do Vale, Gerardo Maria de Araújo Filho, Nicholas Belotti Andreu
There is an increase in the number of medical malpractice cases all over the world and the detachment of the role of the judiciary and the real practice of medical activity is striking, converging to a weakness of the doctor in the face of a system that does not advocate the equalization of plaintiff and defendant in the process, bringing procedural difficulties to the doctor due to the legislation, especially the Brazilian. In a transdisciplinary way, permeating the law and medicine, the article mapped the operation of the Brazilian judiciary in the face of medical error and, specifically, measured how the state power understands cases about psychiatry, a specialty that is difficult to prove medical error. It was analyzed statistically how Brazilian courts behave, creating a procedural diagnosis of justice. This research offers a protection protocol to the psychiatrist inspired by the General Data Protection Law, which in turn comes from the European General Data Protection Regulation and the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 to address the procedural vulnerability of the doctor in medical error processes respecting patient privacy and intimacy, applicable and adaptable to countries and continents that have legislation for specific data protection. The article concludes by critically analyzing the format of processing and judgment of medical malpractice cases in Brazil, proposing a multidisciplinary configuration in search of real justice.
59 Assessing the Change and Continuity in the Social Organization and Practices among the Kore of Southwestern Ethiopia , Eshettu Tesfaye Retta
: This study was aimed at assessing the change and continuity in the social organization in Ethiopia taking an example of Kore society, among the Amaro of southwestern Ethiopia. Qualitative research methodology was applied to describe the issue under consideration. The researcher tried to define social organization features and several of its associated components and their linkages. The study examines the way conquest and modernization deteriorated the social organization of the indigenous communities of Kore. It also tries to see the role of other factors like the missionary activities and the adherence of socialism by Ethiopian state as contributors.
60 Communication Setting of Linguistic Functions Through Tech Apps Applications , Joel Laffita Rivera
The present research article emphasizes on the application settings of linguistic functions in communication through smartphone Mobil Communication. The study looks at the tech-apps WhatsApp and Telegram as networks to deliver written and spoken and icon language interchanges among the users. The study was conducted by following suitable research protocols. This prospect involved the revision of specialized materials such as publications and webpages focused on the subject being investigated. Database from a survey given to 100 students is also shown as part of this research criterium. The outcome of this study has drawn the attention of being academically aware about the Tech-Linguistics-System created by Tech-Apps-Users when conducting communication settings that involve lexicon and syntax stereotype linguistic messages. This study is very useful for scholars interested in Linguistics and Applied Linguistics Studies.
61 Cyprus –Political Impact on its Cultural Heritage , Rainer Feldbacher
This article provides an overview of how the fate of cultural assets depends on political and social circumstances, in the course of the history of a country or region. In Cyprus, troubles for cultural heritage are evidenced not only by the history and the propagandistic means used by two ethnicities (Turks and Cypro-Greeks), but also by the influence of various foreign powers. Cultural heritage fell victim to robbery, looting and destruction. The article is based on two levels: The emphasis should first be on the political situation, the population and their historical heritage from antiquity to the present, then on the associated problem, which affects cultural heritage and tourism countries with it relying on. Very often, the controversy between theory and practice comes to the surface. Cultural assets have always been, and continue to be, victims of ethnic, religious and political conflicts, as well as economic and social poverty.
62 Student and Lecturer Experiences of Eportfolio Assessment for Virtual Classes at a Private University in Malaysia , Karthiyaini Devarajoo
Assessment during virtual learning is a challenge to both lecturers and students in institutions of higher education. The COVID-19 pandemic and the Movement Control Order (MCO) that followed soon after created pandemonium in the education fraternity globally. Though blended learning was becoming the norm at private universities prior to COVID-19, there was still the avenue for face-to- face assessment until the outbreak of COVID-19. At this private university, ePortfolio as an ongoing assessment was introduced during the MCO. Seven students were involved in this case study which was carried out as part of a more extensive study on the use of ePortfolios as an ongoing assessment in institutions of higher learning. The findings of this study revealed students and their lecture’s experiences on the use of ePortfolio as an ongoing assessment in the virtual classroom. Findings show that students, though digital natives, were challenged by a number of factors including the technicalities of designing and managing an ePortfolio, lack of stable internet connection and the use of malfunctioning hardware. The student’s also highlighted the need for more support from the lecturers to understand the use of ePortfolio as an on-going assessment
63 An Empirical Study of Leadership and Non-Financial Business Performance of Brewery Industry in Nigeria , Abayomi Abidakun
: This study examined leadership and non-financial performance at the brewery industry in Nigeria. The study used cross-sectional survey research design to survey 736 senior and junior employees of the company. The Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire, job satisfaction scale, three-component commitment scale, and turnover intention scale was adopted to collect data. The participants were recruited through Survey Monkey. Stratified sampling was adopted to ensure representative sample. Three hypotheses were tested using Pearson’s correlation and hierarchical regression analysis. Findings of the study revealed that the three leadership styles are positively correlated with job satisfaction, and employee commitment. Also the three leadership style are negatively and statistical correlated with turnover intention. Cadre of employee (senior or junior employee) is a significant predictor of employee job satisfaction and commitment. Both age and years of experience on the job are significant predictor of employee turnover intention. On the basis of the aforementioned findings, this study concluded that the adoption of effective leadership style is critical to job satisfaction, employee commitment and turnover intention. It is recommended that leaders should adopt effective leadership style to foster employee job satisfaction and commitment with a view of lessen turnover intention.
64 Based Conceptual Blended Learning Didactic Prospect , Joel Laffita Rivera
 The study aimed to deliver a valuable conceptual academic prospect based on a materialized use of Blended Learning (BL) in Spanish foreign language classroom with emphasis on lecturing treatments and learning approaches. This research was conducted by using mixed quantitative and qualitative research techniques. The study focused on collecting, analyzing, and mixing both quantitative and qualitative data because both research methods work together offer the best way to address the subject presented. This criterion involved the collection and analyze of associated researchers’ input, blended learning lecturing treatments and learning approaches used to conduct Spanish foreign language classroom, and the outputs from a survey given to 100 Spanish foreign language learners. The outcome revealed that using blended learning assignments based on the BL lecturing and learning insights outlined in this study help in determining good foreign language academic results, which could be used as a recycled-model for enhancing lecturing skills and developing competence materials based on the use of the Blended Learning method.
65 Political Praxis Topicality in The African Novel: A Postcolonial Reading of Henri Lopes’ The Laughing Cry and Chinua Achebe’s Anthills of The Savannah , Alphonse Dorien Makosso
This paper deals with ‘political realm’ as a literary theme in African literature. It purports to evidence the manifestations of political power in Henri Lopes’ The Laughing Cry and Chinua Achebe’s Anthills of the Savannah. The exploration of these novels from two post-colonial different linguistic areas reveals howthe political power is manifested throughout an absolute exercise the struggle for its preservation. This abuse and the misuse of the political power by the postcolonial ruling elites pave the way to the peasant masses’ disenchantment and the reign of social disorder that Africa is still struggling to get rid of. As a final assessment, this study posits the two analyzed works as political novels.
66 Effectiveness of Online Learning Implementation in Topic Dynamic Electricity during the Covid-19 Pandemic at Junior High School , Muhammad Habibbulloh, Moh. Nurman , Dinar Maftukh Fajar
This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the implementation of online learning on dynamic electricity topics carried out in junior high schools during the Covid-19 pandemic. Effectiveness is seen from the completeness of learning outcomes, obstacles faced during learning, and student responses to online learning. The research method used in this research is quantitative descriptive with one group pre-test post-test design. The sample used in this study were 64 junior high school students in one of the state junior high schools in Lamongan Regency, East Java. The results of the research obtained were that the average completeness of student learning on dynamic electricity material with an online learning model was very low (below the minimum completeness standards), analysis of the N-Gain value gets a value of 0.23 and is categorized as low. Statistical analysis with the help of SPSS 22 shows that the sample is normally distributed and hypothesis testing shows that online learning has no effect on increasing the value of student learning outcomes. There were many obstacles during the online learning process even though solutions had been given but there were not resolved properly, one of the obstacles was the need real lab. Student response to online learning is quite positive 63%. The conclusion of this study is that online learning is not effective enough to be used at the junior high school level and improvements are still needed in terms of facilities and infrastructure.
67 Human Value in the Law - From Historical Perspective and Application in Higher Education in Vietnam , Assoc. Prof, Dr. Nguyen Van Hiep , Assoc. Prof, Dr. Pham Ngoc Tram
From a historical perspective, the article analyzes the human values in a number of Vietnamese laws such as Hinh Thu - the Ly Dynasty, Quoc trieu Hinh Luat- the Tran Dynasty, Quoc trieu Hinh Luat - the Le Dynasty, Hoang trieu luat le - the Nguyen Dynasty and the current Vietnamese legal system. From the human values in the history of Vietnamese law, the article suggests a number of issues of the applied methodology, practical and scientific significance of the human values for Vietnam's higher education in the context of industrial revolution 4.0.
68 Gender Differences in the Use of Social Media: Australian Postgraduate Students’ Evidence , Ashkan Mirzay Fashami
This study investigates the differences between male and female usage of social media in Australia. The sample consists of ten postgraduate students at the Queensland University of Technology who use social media platforms, including six males and four females.Nine themes and 41 codes are identified. This study analyses five major themes, namely, personal life, professional life, sharing, leaders or followers, and competition. Six participants consider themselves as either leaders or followers in their social media usage, making this theme the most acknowledged theme. However, three participants use social media for their personal lives, and social media challenge three participants. Therefore, personal life and competition are the least important cause of social media usage. This study contributes by shedding some light on social media usage among postgraduate students. It helps universities to choose among different social media platforms for their educational purposes for their postgraduate students.
69 Teachers Pedagogical Practices Vis-A-Vis Academic Achievement of SeniorHigh School Students in Ada East District, Ghana , Ebenezer Kporyi , Augustus Daniel Arko
The study sought to establish the relationship between teachers’ pedagogical practices and Senior High School (SHS) students’ academic achievement in Ada East District of the Greater Accra Region, Ghana. The cross-sectional survey research design was adopted for the study. The census method was used to select all the 126 teachers in the district while 126 students were also selected from a population of 1294 using the stratified proportionate and simple random sampling techniques. Four hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Pearson Product Moment Correlation was used to test the first two hypotheses while Independent-Sample T-test and One-Way ANOVA were used to test the third and fourth hypotheses respectively. The result revealed that there was a statistically significant positive weak relationship between teachers’ competence in planning and preparation and students’ academic achievement. There was also a positive weak relationship between teachers’ pedagogical responsibilities and students’ academic achievement. Furthermore, both male and female teachers demonstrated similar pedagogical practices and finally the study established that significantly, the pedagogical practices of teachers statistically differed based on their teaching and professional qualification. Recommendations were made on how teachers could improve upon their pedagogical practices to enhance the academic achievements of their students.
70 Effect of Independent Commissioners and Characteristics of Audit Committee on Profit Quality with Earning Management as Intervening Variables , Theresia Trisanti
This research objectives is determine whether the audit committee's expertise and the numbers of independent commissioners affect the quality of earnings through earnings management as an intervening variable. Earnings management model using the Modified Jones and earnings quality variables use accrual quality indicators. The study’s population are manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange from 2014-2018. The sample of this study selected using purposive sampling method. The results of this study indicate that audit committee expertise has an insignificant negative effect on earnings management and earnings quality, the number of independent commissioners has a significant negative effect on earnings management and has a positive effect on earnings quality. While earnings management has an insignificant positive effect on earnings quality. Therefore, earnings management does not mediate the impact between audit committee expertise and number of independent commissioners on earnings quality as intervening variables.
71 Why EFL Students Understand the Language Assessment? , Arjulayana , Siti Ansoriyah
English language assessment is a subject lesson in some university in Indonesia, and it is one of the requirement to be able to master by the students in advocating language learners’ quality and competency. Assessing the language skills is a critical process to improve language capacity and competency in mastering language skill correctly. In the other hand, assessment as the most important thing to be understood by all language learners in making their process of teaching and learning are understandable and gaining good outcomes as the expectation. The objective of this paper is to outline the importance of language assessment subject for student who major in teachers training and education faculty. This paper used qualitative descriptive approach, with observation, interview and study documents to collect the data. The triangulation validation is used to validate the instruments. The sample of this research is 5 semester students of teachers training and education from University of Muhammadiyah Tangerang with the total sample is 33 students, majoring of English education study program. The result of this research can be simulated as; firstly, giving understanding language assessment to English learners can motivate and help them in doing their final assignment/mini research easily. Secondly, understanding English language assessment made students’critical thinking increase, because they start thinking about many kinds of language research and the solution in improving English language problems. Thirdly, learning English assessment gave a clear outline for English learners to support their research as a final requirement in getting bachelor degree and foster their competency as the language education learners.
72 Self-Concept of Milenial Generation in Managing the Boundaries of Information on Privacy on Social Media , Iman Sumarlan , Panji Dwi Ashrianto , Rahmadya Putra Nugraha S
This research is motivated by the fact that humans have two strong desires in themselves, namely the desire to be one with each other or other humans around them and the desire to become one with the surrounding natural environment. Privacy is used to express themselves, so someone needs a room that supports these interests. Where each individual sets the distance for closeness with other individuals, and the ability of a person or group to decide when and to whom personal information can be shared, in the way desired by the owner of the information. The purpose of this study was to determine the millennial self-concept in managing privacy information boundaries. The management of privacy information boundaries is discussed in the process of five basic assumptions on the theory of communication privacy management. This research uses constructivist paradigm with descriptive research type. The research method used is phenomenology, data collection techniques in this study were obtained through premier data: in-depth interviews and secondary data through: literature study, documentation sourced in books, journals and the internet. Data validity checking technique used is auhenticity & triangulation (sources). The results of the following research are millennial self-concept in managing privacy information by controlling the privacy information that is collected and collected, then millennial makes boundaries with people who can understand and understand the rules that have been agreed upon, control information that has been shared with others, after that millennial made rules that had been mutually agreed upon in the disclosure of information, and in responding to the occurrence of safety information, 11 millennial informants chose to withdraw and 3 millennial informants maintained a good relationship.
73 The Use of Linking Adverbials in Malaysian Students’ Argumentative Essays , Ummul K. Ahmad & Low Poh Wey
Many English as a Second Language (ESL) learners’ essays are deemed incoherent as they failed to signpost and facilitate readers’ understanding of their line of arguments—a task that can chiefly be accomplished through the use of appropriate and efficient use of linking devices. This study investigates the use of linking adverbials (LAs) as connective devices in argumentative essays written by pre-university students from Malaysian matriculation colleges. The learner corpus of this study comprises 95241 words from 209 argumentative essays written by students from three matriculation colleges in southern states of Malaysia. About 2465 occurrences of LAs were extracted and then coded according to Liu’s (2008) four-way categorization framework. Similar corpus of 110737 words was also extracted from BAWE corpus as reference. Malaysian learner writers overly relied on a small set of LAs and their essays largely offered one sided argumentation. Students tend to overuse ADDITIVE adverbials (e.g. furthermore) and SEQUENTIAL (e.g. next), mainly to enlist key points and rarely used the more semantically complex ADVERSATIVES (e.g. however). The corpus also revealed that certain LAs were used inappropriately. The findings offer insights for language teachers specifically writing instructors on helping students to prepare for more sophisticated writing tasks that require complex propositions and how to integrate teaching specific linguistics features such as Linking Adverbials.
74 Assessing the Benefits, Causes and Effects of Female Migration from Silte Zone of Southern Ethiopia to the Middle East and Gulf States , Eshettu Tesfaye Retta
A significant trend in the contemporary period is the increased number of women migrants due to the changing labour demands caused by globalization. Over the past century, women’s employment has shifted from the industrial to the service sector and also to the informal economy. The development of the informal economy has allowed women to be active participants in this sector and also to migrate from developing countries to developed countries with better economies. This migration and foreign employment has the potential to bring positive benefits for these women; but simultaneously, there is also a great risk of exploitation and abuse associated with such migration. Despite its considerable economic growth in the last decade, unemployment especially youth unemployment is still high in Ethiopia. And much household level with hardships due to income that is below the poverty line and due to the number of people depends on agriculture which endures increasing spells droughts. Given the ecological and demographic pressures on the land and the lack of local employment opportunities, many families pressure their children to migrate, while many young people want to go abroad in search of better employment options and a possible better future. Qualitative research methodology was applied to describe the issue under consideration. This paper attempts to assess and critically examine the possible benefits, causes and potential human right violations faced by Ethiopian female domestic workers by taking Silte Zone of southern Ethiopia as an example that are migrating to the Middle East and Gulf States.
75 How to understand “Six Kes A Day” in the combination “Five Gengs A Night, Six Kes A Day” , Bui Trong Ngoan , Nguyen Thi Van Anh
When interpreting the word "ke", in addition to the definition of "a quarter hour", "15 minutes", some dictionaries also determine that this word also means "one sixth of the day, according to the division method of the ancient people". Therefore, after referring the explanations of some dictionaries, this article has examined the works on Chinese and Vietnamese calendars and the method of time tracking in ancient records to confirm that there was no definition of “ke” as one sixth of the day. At the same time, to prove the presence of the phrase "six kes a day", ("give gengs a night, six kes a day") in modern Vietnamese, the author has analyzed two reasons for its existence. One is about structure, the other is about semantics.
76 How is COVID-19 Related to the Global Economy? , Abdulelah Almuqrin , Feifei Wang
Using a structural vector autoregressive model (SVAR) model, this paper attempts to investigate the short-run interrelation between COVID-19 cases, the gold market, the oil market, the global stock market, and the real economy. We find that COVID-19 cases respond predominantly to its own innovations while the crude oil market, the gold market, and global stock returns are interrelated in the short-run. The industrial production index, the price of crude oil, and the price of gold account for approximately 22.64%, 9.5%, and 13.74% of the variationsin global stock returns, respectively. Global COVID-19 cases can explain about 6.022% of the variance of the U.S. industrial production index of the 30-day ahead forecast error.
77 Some Stakeholders’ Position on the Language Policy of Ghana , Patience OBENG
African nations with their multilingual nature still face challenges in the language of formal education. With the cognitive and academic leverages attached to home language, language educationists and linguistic scholars believe that a child must be taught first in their mother-tongue, usually, their first language, in which they display an appreciable level of competence, before any other language/s are introduced. Many studies have been conducted on the language policy issues in Ghana but the current study adds a dimension from parents and even the learners who are key stakeholders and recipients of the policy. This study sought to find out the level of awareness of the stakeholders; teachers, parents and pupils, their position and the impact of their position on learning outcomes. It also investigated stakeholders’ position in using only English to teach at the lower primary. Using a survey descriptive research methodology, data was collected via both structured and unstructured interviews, and observation. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used to analyze data. The research revealed that among the three stakeholders, teachers were more conversant with Ghana’s language policy. All stakeholders endorsed the policy for teaching and learning purposes. Even though, most teachers preferred to blend English and a local language, a few could speak the local language of the community, or have been trained in the use of the local language for instructional purposes. All stakeholders favoured a blend of English with the local languages.
78 Issues in E-Learning during Covid-19 in Morocco: A Focus on EFL Master Students’ Voices , Abdelmajid JAMIAI
E-learning has recently been given much attention in Higher Education (HE) in Morocco. This article has to do with students’ reflections on using technology in online classes for one semester during the emergency of Covid-19 pandemic. The research design for this study is qualitative in which unstructured interview was used to collect data from thirty-two Master Program students at the Faculty of Letters and Human Sciences of Dhar Mehraz at Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University in Morocco as a convenient sampling. The thematic analysis was used to analyze the retrieved data via e-mails. The findings of this study indicate that online learning for master students in Morocco was not as effective as in face-to-face instructions. It was also found that master students encountered many challenges in online classes during the unexpected circumstances of the pandemic due to the unpreparedness of the educational system, which paves the way to some recommendations in the field of online teaching/learning classes.
79 Attitude of Muslim Students towards Sex Education in Relation to their Home Environment , Nishat Mehaboob , Samsujjaman
The present studies intended to the find out the study and compares the attitude towards sex education of Muslim adolescence students, and also find out to compare the attitude of Muslim adolescence students towards sex education in relation to their home environment. For this study researcher was framed 2 objectives and 3 hypotheses. Normative survey method has been used in this study. 400 Muslim adolescence students were selected as sample through Purposive sampling technique .Attitude Scale towards Sex Education was developed by researcher by the help of the expert of this field and Home Environment Inventory developed by Dr. K.S. Misra were used to collect the data. The collected data was analyzed using Mean, S.D. and‘t’ test through SPSS software. Muslim adolescence student have high attitude towards sex education. Area has affected the attitude of students towards sex education as the urban students have been found to have more favorable attitude towards sex education. Sex had not affected the attitude of rural Muslim students towards sex education. Home environment and its dimensions have affected the attitude of students towards sex education. It provides complete and healthy information for necessary life skills to deal with the problems of future life.
80 Use of Application Variations on Online Teaching in the Covid-19 Pandemic Era , Sitti Patima. H , Kemas Imron Rosyadi , Sukarno
This study aims to find out the problems and solutions experienced by teachers during the Covid-19 pandemic where teachers have to do online learning. This research is a descriptive study using an online survey method. The data was collected using an online questionnaire to 25 respondents to the teachers of SMAN 2 Tanjung Jabung Timur. It was found that 100% of the respondents of SMAN 2 Tanjung Jabung Timur had conducted online learning during the Covid-19 pandemic. Based on the research results, it was found that 100% of the teachers were learning the online model (online). Also, in the implementation of online learning teachers use various applications including WhatsApp Web, Google Classroom, Zoom Meeting and Web
81 Use of Application Variations on Online Teaching in the Covid-19 Pandemic Era , Sitti Patima. H , Kemas Imron Rosyadi , Sukarno
This study aims to find out the problems and solutions experienced by teachers during the Covid-19 pandemic where teachers have to do online learning. This research is a descriptive study using an online survey method. The data was collected using an online questionnaire to 25 respondents to the teachers of SMAN 2 Tanjung Jabung Timur. It was found that 100% of the respondents of SMAN 2 Tanjung Jabung Timur had conducted online learning during the Covid-19 pandemic. Based on the research results, it was found that 100% of the teachers were learning the online model (online). Also, in the implementation of online learning teachers use various applications including WhatsApp Web, Google Classroom, Zoom Meeting and Webinar, Youtube. The main application choice for teachers is WhatsApps, which is 100% of teachers claiming to be the first choice.
82 Examining the Influence of Father’s and Mother’s Characteristics in Positive and Negative Parenting Practices , Dr. Demetris Hadjicharalambous
The present study aims to examine the influence of father’s and mother’s demographic characteristics in positive and negative parenting practices. Research sample consisted of 480 married parents who had children in the public primary school 6 – 12 years old. 68% of parents resided in urban areas, 75% were mothers, 72% had one or two children, 65% of parents were higher educated and 70% of parents had medium and high family income. Parents completed Alabama Parenting Questionnaire which refers to positive and negative parenting practices that parents adopt to raise their children. Research findings showed that parents’ gender, age, family income, residence, educational level and the number of children in the family and children’ gender are factors that affected parents’ effectiveness. Results indicated that mothers were more involved in their children lives and applied more positive parenting practices than fathers. Also, parent’s educational level, family income and parents’ residence were a significand’s factors in parenting practices. Findings reveal that higher educated parents, parents with higher family income, parents who lived in urban areas, parents who raised a girl and parents who have one or two children were more involved in their parental role, applied more positive parenting disciplines, they provided more mentoring / supervision to their children, used less corporal punishment and applied more other parenting techniques & disciplines (except corporal punishment) to their children. Furthermore, younger mothers seem to used more inconsistent and negative discipline and corporal punishment to their children than older mother. Results from this study can be used to design and implement parenting training programs to support and enchase parental role.
83 Teacher Empowerment Strategy in Improving the Quality of Education , Mhd. Yunus , Sukarno , Kemas Imron Rosyadi
The quality of education is an important requirement in preparing superior human resources. However, in reality, the implementation of education has not been able to produce quality graduates. This condition is caused, among others, by the empowerment of teachers. This research was conducted to analyze teacher empowerment strategies in improving the quality of education. Research using a qualitative approach with descriptive methods. Data obtained through literature review and analyzed descriptively-qualitative. The results showed that improving the quality of education requires appropriate teacher empowerment strategies. Empowerment strategies: inspiring teachers to empower themselves continuously through self-taught and independent efforts; encourage teacher participation in various educational and teaching activities; encouraging the growth of innovation among teachers, by providing flexibility for teachers to come up with new ideas, approaches, methods or strategies; provide the widest possible access to information to teachers through information; encourage teachers to have high accountability.
84 The Life of Egyptian Extremists: A Comparison between Mohamed Atta and Shukri Mostafa , Sivamurugan Pandian , Omar Gomaa Ahmed Mohamed , Nur Hafeeza Ahmad Pazil
The investigation of extremism is likely to take a place after the occurrence of the occurrence. Few of the people that investigated the life of extremists understand how their life is completely influenced to shift them from ordinary citizens into extremists to cease the increase of extremism globally. Thus, this research examines the life of the most extremists in the Egyptian history, Shukri Mostafa and Mohamed Atta, by investigating their past, peers and family. Shukri and Atta are both Egyptians who fatefully believed in extremism approach to implement their own agenda based on Islamic perspectives. Hitherto, Shukri and Atta still have cohorts who consider their sacrifice as the best method of jihad, albeit the Islamic clerics grappled their ideologies. According to literature, the story of Shukri and Atta is vigorously intrigued for governments, politicians and researchers to augment in their accounts that extremists are currently well-educated and most of them belong to well-to-do families.
85 Teachers’ Perceptions of Differentiation and the Struggle for Consistent Implementation , Felicia D. Fordyce , Michelle McCraney , Glenn R. Penny , Sunddip Panesar-Aguilar , Chris Cale
A problem at three elementary schools in an Appalachian state was that some or all instructors were struggling to implement differentiated instruction in the classroom. Because differentiation is a research-based best practice, teachers should be consistently using this strategy to meet the varying needs found within the inclusive classroom. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to investigate perceptions of third- and fourth-grade teachers on their knowledge, implementation, and selfassessment of using differentiated instruction in classrooms in three elementary schools in one Appalachian state. The two research questions that guided this study asked how third- and fourth-grade teachers used differentiation to support all students and what perceived opportunities and struggles these teachers believed affected their ability to implement this strategy. Nine out of the 14 third- and fourth-grade inclusive teachers who volunteered were asked to participate in semistructured phone interviews and lesson plan analysis. Data were hand coded and analyzed using a spreadsheet to look for reoccurring categories and themes. Six themes emerged within the collected qualitative data to include ability grouping, technology, planning for differentiated instruction, professional supports, lack of training, and instructional support. With the findings, specific professional development was created to help the teacher more consistently use differentiation in the classroom. This study has positive social change implications because it might lead to a stronger administrator and teacher understanding of the perceived uses of differentiation as well as the perceived opportunities and struggles to fully implement the strategy.
86 Leadership Style in Improving Management Ethics at the Madrasah Aliyah , Wardatul Jannah , Sukarno , Lukman Hakim
This study discusses the Leadership Style in Improving Management Ethics at Madrasah Aliyah Negeri 1 Jambi City. This research uses qualitative research. The methods used in data collection are observation, interviews, and documentation. The author found that the leadership style in Madrasah Aliyah Negeri 1 Jambi City was a Democratic Leadership Style. Management Ethics at Madrasah Aliyah Negeri 1 Jambi City is also running well, this can be seen from its terminal value, namely vision, and its instrumental value, namely mission and always applying positive values such as service orientation, integrity, commitment, discipline, and cooperation. With the existence of a Democratic Leadership Style, Management Ethics will automatically be good so that the vision and mission of the madrasah will be achieved effectively and efficiently. The results of this paper suggest that the head of Madrasah Aliyah Negeri 1 Jambi City continues to strive and maintain a Democratic Leadership Style and teachers and administrative staff to always apply service-oriented values, integrity, commitment, discipline and work together in achieving the vision and mission and the destination of MAN 1 Jambi City.
87 Dance, Ceremonialism, and Politic In Indonesia , RM Pramutomo
A study of the relationship between dance, ceremomonialism and politics in Indonesia is always interesting. The presence of dance in ceremonialism has a long history in Indonesian political culture. Since the time of the Majapahit kingdom, this has occurred in a pattern of political communication expressed through the appearance of King Hayam Wuruk when he danced in an official meeting in the palace. This fact is revealed from the ancient literature of Negara Kertagama which writes of the greatness of king Hayam Wuruk when he was a dancer in a performance at the palace. This fact seems to be a unique phenomenon in the kingdoms that followed until the Islamic Mataram kingdom was divided into the kingdoms of Surakarta and Yogyakarta eventhough until it increasingly colored colonial politics in the pre-independence era. Entering the post-independence era, the reality of the phenomenon became more explicit when the New Order created the Taman Mini Indonesia Indah monument with the spirit of "wawasan nusantara". Eventually the ceremonial and political patterns are represented in the identity of the various provincial miniatures in Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (Beautiful Garden of Indonesia Miniatur). This in turn became a new pattern of dance presentation forms in the Presidential Palace, which duplicated various regional dances from various provinces in Indonesia. This article will study this phenomenon with an ethnochoreological approach as a multilayered discipline. Ethnochoreology views dance as a cultural product. From ethnocoreological perspective, this article discusses the relationship pattern of dance presentation in a ceremonalism periodically.