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ASEAN Multidisciplinary Research Journal

Journal Papers (14) Details Call for Paper Manuscript submission Publication Ethics Contact Authors' Guide Line
1 Web-based Sentheme Mining on Abstracts of Junior Researchers: A Thematic Analysis for ‘Attractive’ Writing for Beginners   , Jun S. Camara
Improving academic writing is a key towards successful publishing, and assessment of pre-published write-ups is the beginning of that ending. Words have ‘emotions’, and the ability to control it in write-ups is an evolving industry skill. This paper aimed to profile and analyze through web-based sentiment analysis and text mining with theme generation of the scientific paper abstracts of junior researchers in the Philippines. Significant findings showed that majority of the specimen abstracts conformed with academic writing standards, and obtained a passing rating from conference judges. Sentiment Analysis revealed an equal writing behavior of junior researchers in wording abstracts positively or negatively, even if majority were found to have written abstracts neutrally. Text Mining reported the frequent use of the words ‘effective’ and ‘potential’ for positively-worded and negatively-worded conclusions of abstracts, respectively. Generating themes from these premises, thematic analysis proposed four principles of writing abstracts to attract acceptance of papers in science fairs. ‘Sentheme Mining’ as a research procedure was recommended, among others things, for use in future studies involving qualitative studies of paper abstracts or full articles.  
2 Self-Efficacy among Engineering and Fisheries Technology Students in Region I, Philippines   , Jordan P. Pasana, John Irel R. Badua, Alexis B. Acosta, Adrian R. Manaois, John Rommel T. Retuya, John V. Bernardo  
Today, self-efficacy is considered a vital factor towards college education – the belief to be able to something becomes the new trend. This study aimed to determine the level of self-efficacy of college students in selected Philippine Higher Education Institutions after the full implementation of the K to 12 Basic Education Curriculum, and compare it with their self-efficacy results in senior high school years in order to provide new insights for educational policies in the Philippines. A survey-questionnaire on self-efficacy, with a Cronbach’s alpha of 0.84, was administered to five hundred thirty two college students from three state universities in the Philippines who are graduates of K to 12 Basic Education Curriculum. Findings revealed that the respondents are ‘Very Confident’ in their self-efficacy along the eight areas assessed. The respondents have an increasing self-efficacy in this ascending order: Enlisting Parental and Community Support Efficacy > Self-Efficacy in Enlisting Social Resources > Self-Efficacy in Meeting Others’ Expectations >, and Self-Efficacy in Self-Regulated Learning > Self-Assertive Efficacy > Self-Efficacy in Academic Achievement > Self-Regulatory Efficacy > and Social Self-Efficacy. Findings suggest that the level of self-efficacy of the college students have increased. If age, and hence, maturity, was seen to have no association with self-efficacy, then, it can be inferred that the increase in self-efficacy of the respondents can be attributed to their being a graduate under the K to12 Basic Education Curriculum in the Philippines. Thus, educational policy has to pay attention on how to increase the self-efficacy of senior high school students to further improve tertiary education.
3 Publishing Practices Among Senior Multidisciplinary Researchers Using Turnitin.com Originality Reports   , Jun S. Camara, Randy Joy M. Ventayen  
A researcher cannot publish what he has not written, and he cannot write what he has not read – that is how vital the central role of reading is in a researcher’s academic life. This study, an excerpt, aimed to identify the publishing practices among senior multidisciplinary researchers by analysing the originality reports of their published articles generated through the Turnitin.com software. Findings showed that the published articles are organized and intact and are structured using the IMRAD format. Quantitative analysis showed that while there was a moderate positive correlation,  there is no significant difference between the total number of references listed in the published articles and with their generated similarity indices. Statistical analysis revealed that the published articles serving as ‘document transcripts’ had more similarity from internet-based articles rather than from publication-based sources. While the findings agree with similar reviewed studies that publication sources are used less in publication practice, the study has established that senior researchers used publication-based studies more often than undergraduate researchers. Evidence that empirical studies are consulted less during publishing in multidisciplinary journals in the Philippines is conclusive. Thus, it is recommended that senior authors develop the attitude of making their research profile visible in the web by creating web-based research profile accounts.
4 Regression Analysis on Publication Views and Downloads of a Philippine Journal and Its Implications to Quality Journal Management and Monitoring   , Prof. Agnes D. Oclay, Marvin Z. Isla, Jun S. Camara  
Journal Management and Monitoring is not only about publishing articles both online and in print, but includes understanding by using available empirical data how published articles are making impact in the research community. This study, an excerpt, aimed to find a correlation between the abstract view and file view of fifty-three (53) published articles in a Philippine Journal from March 2019 to April 2020. Findings showed that abstracts are viewed more often than files, and that files are viewed more than they are downloaded. Results revealed that the two variables are statistically significantly correlated with a strong positive linear correlation, and a regression equation (y = 0.27x + 5.03)was developed to estimate future increase in the dependent variable, or File View. Recommendations on the revision of the Author Guidelines of the Philippines Journal as well as a Training on Abstract Writing were recommended.
5 E-Service Quality, Technology Self-Efficacy and Smart Banking Adoption in Sri Lanka   , GayanNayanajith, D. A., Damunupola, K. A., Cherish Kay L. Pastor  
Alongside the increasing usage of smart devices across the industries for the delivery of secure and efficient services, technology self-efficacy is an emerging research notion amongst the scholars. Present research analyses the effect of technology self-efficacy (TSE) and e-service quality (ESQ) towards adoption of smart banking (AoSB) in Sri Lankan commercial banking context. Sample was drawn from Kelaniya University students those who are using smart banking services. Data analysis was performed using 287 questionnaires by using hierarchical linear model. TAM has been extended using the TSE and ESQ variables. Empirical evidence supported the significance of ESQ, TSE and interaction effect (TSE and motive towards TSE) aspects on AoSB. Usage of only the quantitative methods and constrained sample were limitations of the study. However, findings are beneficial for banks, banking application and fintech developers, the same. Originality of the research is that the application of the hierarchical linear model and combination of TAM with variables adopted from SCT and SERVQUEL models, given the specific research context. Upcoming researches could be performed in different contexts by incorporating diverse models and perspectives.
6 Formulation and Evaluation of Hair dye from Atsuete (Bixaorellana L.) Seeds and Alugbati(Basella alba L.) Stem     , John V. Bernardo,   Jun S. Camara John V. Bernardo1,   Jun S. Camara2
The quest for alternative and organic products has always been common in the community.Parallel group design was used in this study with three treatments groups and one control group and was subjected to spectrophometric analysis, substantivity, and acceptability evaluation. Using Atsuete seed and Alugbati stem, the researchers formulated and evaluated a semi-permanent hair dye from these plants that couldbe used as alternative hair dye. The researchers evaluated the aborbance level of the Atsuete-alugbati hair dye via spectrophotometer and found that the Treatment3 (20mL Atsuete seeds dye with 10mL Alugbati stem dye) formulation yield for the least absorbance of light (therefore can protect the hair strands from photodegradation and phototendering).  Compared to Bremod synthetic hair dye in the market, Treatment3 has generally decreasing absorbance level of light in increasing wavelength while Bremod synthetic hair dye has generally increasing absorbance level of light in increasing wavelength. Further, the researcher evaluated the substantivity level (a property of hair dye to retain its color after eight washes) of the hair dye and Treatment3 was rated as ‘Moderately Substantive’ while Bremod synthetic hair dye was rated as ‘Not Substantive’. Furthermore, Atsuete-Alugbati hair dye was found to be generally ‘Highly Substantive’. With this, the use of Atsuete-Alugbati hair dye for home-made use is recommended.
7 Disaster Preparedness and Readiness of an Institution in one ASEAN Country   , Russell John N. Panes, Ilyn K. Panes, Randy Joy M. Ventayen, Jeff G. Pereyras, Caren C. Orlanda-Ventayen  
Disaster preparedness and readiness are important in institutions to prevent damage to property and to safeguard the life of students. The purpose of this paper is to know the level of readiness of the public secondary school in Bangkok specifically in Wat Dusitaram Secondary School on disaster risk reduction and management. This study dealt with disaster risk reduction and management of the public secondary schools in Bangkok. It descriptive survey research which use the survey method of research. Data were gathered, tabulated and analyzed. The total respondents are from the regular teachers of Wat Dusitaram Secondary school where disaster risk reduction and management being measured. Female teachers dominated the total number of respondents. The teachers have a favorable attitude that serves as a second mother in school, and their knowledge and skills on disaster risk reduction management are being measured. The level of readiness and level of participation towards disaster risk reduction and management are used. All schools should be given drills and training on disaster risk reduction and management to develop their skills and knowledge when it comes to the disaster that may occur in school.  
8 Utilization of Multi-Media Games as a Pedagogical Approach     , Lauro C. Malvecino, MAEd, Randy Joy M. Ventayen, DIT Lauro C. Malvecino, MAEd1, Randy Joy M. Ventayen, DIT2
Quality education is anchored on the effectiveness of pedagogical skills of the teachers who are at the forefront of the thrust of the Department of Education.This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of multimedia games as a pedagogical tool in improving the cognitive and affective skills of the learners. Descriptive method of research was employed with the questionnaire as the main data-gathering instrument.  Data gathered were subjected to descriptive and inferential treatment. Moreover, this study made use of the frequency counts and percentages for the profiling of the students. Also, frequency counts, mode and weighted mean were employed to establish the utilization level of gadgets, media apps/game apps, perceived cognitive and affective benefits. In addition, chi-square test  and  Cramers V or Phi  tests were used as effect sizes to measure strength  of relationship of profile variables to gadget and media games utilization level; perceived cognitive and affective benefits level.Stratified random sampling was employed in this study. Such sampling design helped the researcher determine a total of 169 teachers with different specializations such as English, Mathematics, Science and Technology and Livelihood Education (TLE) who served as respondents in this study. The Junior High School teachers perceived that multimedia games can give high cognitive and affective benefits. They perceived that media games were highly beneficial to the cognitive or brain development of the learners and there was a potential high affective benefits of students when exposed to media games.
9 Composition Writing Skills of Grade 8 Students     , Theodore Louie S. Braga, M.A.Ed., Phillip G. Queroda, Ed.D. Theodore Louie S. Braga, M.A.Ed., Phillip G. Queroda, Ed.D.
This study was conducted to determine the compositions writing skills of grade 8 students in Burgos National High School. Its specific problems centered on the profile of the grade 8 students of Burgos NHS, the extent of pre-writing activities that contribute to the development of the composition writing skills of the students, the extent of observance of the characteristics of composition written by high school students, and the significant difference in the observance of the characteristics of compositions written by the students across the profile variables, namely: sex, religion, latest grade in English, materials used and read at home, and exposure to various media.             The study utilized a descriptive-correlational method of research. The researcher employed questionnaire to gather data. The collected data were analysed and interpreted using frequency counts, percentages, mean, standard deviation, independent sample t-test, one-way ANOVA and two-way ANOVA.             This study suggests that the students are recommended to read and use journals, poetry and electronic media or web articles/internet to hone and to develop learner's competence in different language skills, especially writing. The English teachers should always see to it that the students accomplish pre-writing activities before writing their compositions as a requirement. The teacher should also consider what pre-writing activity could help the students to think of the best way on how to organize, imagine, and write their composition. And other studies should be conducted closely related to the observance of characteristics of themes written by the students across their profile variables to be updated and improved. 
10 Leadership Coaching Techniques Utilized by High School Principals   , Marlon R. Valdez, Ed.D., Phillip G. Queroda, Ed.D. 1Marlon R. Valdez, Ed.D., 2Phillip G. Queroda, Ed.D.
This study was administered to determine the techniques utilized by public high school principals in leadership coaching. Quantitative-descriptive research design was used in the study. The respondents comprise of high school principals from the Department of Education (DepEd) Division Offices of Pangasinan, Philippines and were determined thru stratified random sampling. A validated questionnaire was used as a tool in gathering the data. Experts in the field of leadership coaching served as validators. Average weighted mean, frequency counts, percentages, and Chi-square statistics were used as statistical tools in analysing the data gathered. Results found out that high school principals highly utilized leadership coaching techniques. Further, the extent of utilization of leadership coaching techniques utilized by high school principals has no effect to their profile variables.
11 School Climate and Its Effect on the Work Performance of Senior High School Teachers in Pangasinan, Philippines     , Zarex Andree E. Cabatbat, Dr. Bartolome Carrera 1Zarex Andree E. Cabatbat, 2Dr. Bartolome Carrera
This study aimed to determine the school climate in public high schools in a selected district of Pangasinan, Philippines and measure the extent that affecting variables influence the school climate. Using descriptive-method of research, two-hundred-forty respondents were administered with a pilot-tested survey questionnaire. Results showed generally the work performance of the respondents were very highly affected by the variables affecting school climate to a very high extent. Among the top-ranked solutions given to resolve this issue include the administrator’s need to specify the precise level of support that is needed during the term of the mentoring relationship. Top rank among the effects that school climate variables have on work performance among the participants is job satisfaction. An action plan to cascade resolutions to the problem was prepared by the researcher and is recommended for implementation.
12 Students’ Conceptual Understanding, Metacognitive Awareness and Self-Regulated Learning Strategies towards Chemistry using POGIL Approach   , Honelly Mae S. Cascolan, Ph. D.  
This study focuses on the effectiveness of Process Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning (POGIL) in teaching and learning chemical nomenclature. It attempted to assess the conceptual understanding, metacognitive awareness, self-regulated learning strategies and attitude towards POGIL activities within two weeks of instruction. One intact class of first year Bachelor on Industrial Technology students of Pangasinan State University, Philippines enrolled in Chemistry during the 1st Semester 2018-2019 was the subject of the study. Conceptual understanding of students were based on the responses to the Concept Test on Chemical Nomenclature, metacognitive awareness were collected from the responses in the Metacognitive Awareness Inventory (MAI), self-regulated learning strategies were gathered from the responses on the questionnaire on Self-regulated Learning Strategies (SRLS), and attitude towards POGIL activities were collected from the responses in POGIL attitudinal survey. Result of the study revealed that there is a significant change in the conceptual understanding of students after immerged in a POGIL session. With regard to metacognitive awareness, there is also a significant difference in the pre-MAI and post-MAI scores along the eight domain. Moreover, there is also a significant difference between the pre-SRLS and post-SRLS scores of the respondents, however, this was only true for the six domains: elaboration, organization, critical thinking, time and study environment, peer learning and help seeking. On the other hand, as regard to the elaboration and effort regulation there is no significant difference on the pre-SRLS and post-SRLS scores. Result also showed that students also developed positive attitude towards POGIL activities as revealed by their responses in the POGIL attitudinal survey. Thus, this study suggest that the POGIL approach significantly enhances conceptual understanding, metacognitive awareness, and self-regulated learning strategies.
13 Effectiveness of Guiding Question Technique on Grade 7 Students’ Writing Skills   , Joseph R. Casipit, MAEd, Phillip G. Queroda, Ed D  
This study determined the following, first is the socio-demographic profile of the Grade-7 students using their age, sex, religion, latest grade in English, types of media used at home and media exposure ; second is the pretest and posttest level of writing skills and scores of the Grade-7 students in composition writing before and after the exposure to guiding question technique ;  third is the relationship of the level of writing skills and their profile variables ; and lastly  difference in the writing skills of the grade 7 students before and after the exposure to guided question techniques. The subject respondents of this study were the 40 Grade-7 students taking English subject in Telbang National High School, in Alaminos City Schools Division Office of Pangasinan. The students were taught composition writing with guiding questions technique within the fourth quarter of the school year 2018-2019.  This study made used the one group pre-test post-test experimental design.Moreover, this study made use of the frequency counts and percentages for the profiling of the students. Also, the minimum score, maximum score, mean, median, skewness, kurtosis, standard deviations and histogram graphs were used to describe pre-test and post-test scores of the Grade-7 students in composition writing.  In addition, Chi-square tests, and Kendalls’ tau-b analysis were utilized to determine relationship among the pre-test writing skills and profile variables and post-test writing skills and their profile variables. For effect size, Cramers V or Phi were employed. Moreover, the paired samples t-test was utilized to determine difference on the pre-test and post-test scores and the Wilcoxon test was used to test difference on the writing skills of the Grade-7 students in the pre-test – post-test composition writing.It is recommended that students should be exposed on textbooks to hone and to develop learner's competence in different language skills, especially writing.
14 Effectiveness of Guiding Question Technique on Grade 7 Students’ Writing Skills   , Joseph R. Casipit, MAEd, Phillip G. Queroda, Ed D  
This study determined the following, first is the socio-demographic profile of the Grade-7 students using their age, sex, religion, latest grade in English, types of media used at home and media exposure ; second is the pretest and posttest level of writing skills and scores of the Grade-7 students in composition writing before and after the exposure to guiding question technique ;  third is the relationship of the level of writing skills and their profile variables ; and lastly  difference in the writing skills of the grade 7 students before and after the exposure to guided question techniques. The subject respondents of this study were the 40 Grade-7 students taking English subject in Telbang National High School, in Alaminos City Schools Division Office of Pangasinan. The students were taught composition writing with guiding questions technique within the fourth quarter of the school year 2018-2019.  This study made used the one group pre-test post-test experimental design.Moreover, this study made use of the frequency counts and percentages for the profiling of the students. Also, the minimum score, maximum score, mean, median, skewness, kurtosis, standard deviations and histogram graphs were used to describe pre-test and post-test scores of the Grade-7 students in composition writing.  In addition, Chi-square tests, and Kendalls’ tau-b analysis were utilized to determine relationship among the pre-test writing skills and profile variables and post-test writing skills and their profile variables. For effect size, Cramers V or Phi were employed. Moreover, the paired samples t-test was utilized to determine difference on the pre-test and post-test scores and the Wilcoxon test was used to test difference on the writing skills of the Grade-7 students in the pre-test – post-test composition writing.It is recommended that students should be exposed on textbooks to hone and to develop learner's competence in different language skills, especially writing.