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مجلّة الاجتهاد للدّراسات القانونية والاقتصادية

Journal Papers (2) Details Call for Paper Manuscript submission Publication Ethics Contact Authors' Guide Line
1 Legal personnality as nature protection mean   , Pr Ali Fellali  Algiers university 1  
Abstract  Since its appearance until now, the law depends on a traditional binary division of people and things, and those things have no value as long as they aren’t in the service on the people. And since nature with all its elements including air, rivers, seas and savage animals...is unable to deal with anything so it’s ignored and not protected by the law, and the law also prohibits litigation for others, and therefore it’s hard to protect nature in all cases. And it seems that the efforts made on the national and international levels by passing new legal rules like the caution principle and the polluter pays principle and other principles didn’t provide enough protection for nature. An american jurist, in order to find the appropriate protection for nature, asked the question : why the tree have no right for litigation so it can defend itself ? This proposition was accepted by some countries and some towns and tribunals, by recognizing the legal personality of nature or one of its elements, this solution isn’t cushy, because it puts nature with all elements in sale rank with human beings, since both of them are a legal person, while law was invented to protect no one but humans, however in the other hand, the recognition of nature’s legal personality doesn’t depend on legal considerations only, but on other considerations too, that’s the main problem which was treated in this intervention. Keywords : The environment,   nature, human, the things, legal person, eligibility for litigation,  eye compensation , nature protection, legal tricks.  
2 Environment protection in Islamic law: aspects; principles and law   , Pr Saadine Mohamed Kobi Deen of faculty of Charia and Islamic studies; Istrlab international university
Abstract: Through this paper  I examine the aspects of environment protection in Islamic charia and its basics and justifications, and the transformations of this concepts to legal rules reflecting the will of Allah the most mighty. In this perspective I have divided this study to three sections: firstly the aspects of environment protection in Islam, secondly the principles of environment safeguard in an Islamic view; thirdly the doctrinal code of environment protection. Key words: environment, Islamic  law