Focus on Research in Contemporary Economics
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The transition from linear economy to circular economy: A behavioral change
Florina Oana Virlanuta, Sofia David, & Ludmila Daniela Manea
The circular economy is one of the major global concerns, and the transition from the linear economy to the circular economy requires not only the creation of new business models, but also a change in consumer behavior. Our research theme aims to analyze the perception of selective waste collection at the level of Galati County. As a research method we used questionnaire-based analysis with 544 respondents. The analysis was based on three working hypotheses, and in the future, we will extend the analysis to other components of the circular economy.
Decision making process of managers towards sustainability and environment affected by COVID-19
The need to behave responsibly towards the environment is an increasingly addressed topic in many areas. People are increasingly trying to behave in harmony with nature, because they are aware of the fatal consequences of human activity on the environment. The current states of the world voluntarily participate in the meet of the goals of the 2030 Agenda. In order to meet the goals of the 2030 Agenda, we need to apply "sustainable behavior". The current situation in the world during the COVID-19 pandemic "helped" us to improve air quality, which in the short term helped to acquire better air quality values. This fact applies to the goal of Agenda 2030 number 11 - Sustainable Cities and Communities, which secondarily affects other goals. The subject of the article is to record and evaluate the change in air quality during the COVID-19 pandemic on the basis of daily recorded data and make a possible options of air quality states that we can expect after the end of the pandemic based on managers decisions.
A quarter century after the Barcelona Process: UfM in Mediterranean politics
Enric Olivé Serret, & Didem Doganyilmaz Duman
The Mediterranean Basin has been homeland for various societies throughout history since it stands at the connection point of the Old World. Within the modern political structure, the Basin can be divided into the North that represents the European Union and its members and the South consist of Arab countries and Israel with not only their different social structures, but also socio-political and socio-economic orders. Since the abolishment of the colonial rules in the southern Mediterranean, there have been various attempts to establish cooperation based on partnership and the Barcelona Process has become the most significant one, of the last quarter of the 20th century, since it paves the way for a union, the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM). This study analyzes the Euro-Mediterranean relations within an institutional level starting from the Barcelona Process and the current UfM. The quarter-century long initiative has been focused within the Democratic Peace Theory in order to form a base for both trade-oriented and institutionalized structure of relations alongside border securitization concerns of the European Union. It puts UfM’s political effectiveness at the center and provides an analysis regarding the capability of its responsiveness to certain political issues of the Mediterranean Region.
The contribution of women's employment to entrepreneurship and innovation in senior and middle management
Yagmur Akarsu, Serdar Kurt, & Nur Dilbaz Alacahan
As a result of the modernization and development of societies from past to present, the place of women in society and business life is increasing day by day. Now, women take a more active role in society and are employed, take a place more in academia, work more in the fields of senior and mid-level management by breaking down the understanding that managers should be men before in business life. However, it has been wondered whether women's senior and mid-level management leads to more innovative thinking or innovation, or increases the entrepreneurship. The reason for this is that women have a different thinking system than men. In addition, scientific studies reveal that the male and female brain structures and neural connections in the brain are different. The aim of this study is to investigate whether there is a relationship between the number of women in senior and mid-level management and innovation and entrepreneurship activities due to these differences between women and men. In this study, panel causality relationships between variables in the OECD countries with data were investigated by taking into consideration the female employment rate and entrepreneurship and innovation index in senior and mid-level management of 2000-2017. In the study, Kónya (2006) causality analysis which is a bootstrap causality analysis, was used as panel causality analysis. According to the results of the study, in some countries, the presence of women in senior and mid-level management has a relationship with innovation and entrepreneurship, but not in some countries. Starting from this point of view, in order to ensure that a different perspective exists in the business world, increasing female employment and increasing the number of senior and mid-level female managers in addition to increasing the policies and campaigns encouraging this can be presented as a policy proposal to be drawn from this study.
Creating brand loyalty in food and beverage enterprises: A conceptual perspective
Brand strength is a well-known concept in food and beverage enterprises as a service sector as well as in other sectors. The activity of eating out that meets the need of socializing beyond being a need is growing rapidly. The importance of creating brand loyalty by the enterprises in the customers’ decision process on making choices about the food enterprises comes into prominence. As the brand loyalty increases, advantages such as the customers of a brand being less affected by the activities of rival brands arise. In this regard, it is tried to explain the brand loyalty in food and beverage enterprises from a conceptual perspective through a literature review in the study. Findings indicate the significance of brand loyalty for enterprises to create value and differentiate themselves. In the scope of this research, creating brand loyalty and approaches are discussed and the significance of brand loyalty in food and beverage enterprises is investigated. Lastly, some recommendations related to food and beverage enterprises to create brand loyalty based on the literature are proposed.