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International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Analysis

ISSN(p):2643-9840 | ISSN(e):2643-9875
Journal Papers (239) Details
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1 Spiritual Health of Patients Visiting Jahrom Honari Clinic in 2016 , Gholamreza Nadi, Tahere Abdian, Mansoor Darvishi Tafvizi, Mohammad Hossein Modabber, Navid Kalani
Introduction and Objective: Spiritual health is an integral component of health with a significant impact on physical and mental health. Spirituality facilitates coping with the adverse effects and complications of diseases. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate spiritual health of patients visiting Jahrom Honari Clinic. Method: This was a descriptive-analytical study on 384 patients visiting Jahrom Honari Clinic in 2016. A demographic questionnaire and Spiritual Health Questionnaire (developed by Freydoun Azaizi)) were used to collect the required data, the validity and reliability of the latter has been confirmed in Iran. Data was analyzed using SPSS, Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Mann- Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis statistical tests. Findings: The results showed that women enjoyed greater spiritual health than men. The Mann-Whitney U test results showed a statistically significant difference between gender and spiritual health (p<0.05). Spiritual health was also higher in more educated, older (51 to 100 years of age), and married people as well as in housewives (p<0.05). However, no significant difference was found between the mean spiritual health scores in terms of place of residence (urban and rural areas of Jahrom). The mean spiritual health score of patients was higher in cognitive/behavioral dimension than behavioral dimension. Conclusion: Acceptance of disease, adaptation and treatment process are facilitated by highlighting various health dimensions, phonariicularly spirituality, in patients given their demographic characteristics. Health care officials should pay specific attention to this factor.
2 Examining Consumer Perception on Alcoholic Brands - A Case Study of Guinness Cameroon SA and Les Brassseries Du Cameroun Alcoholic Brands in Fako Division , Evaristus Nyong Abam, Dr. Tanyi Bedolf Epey
Keeping your employees motivated is the key to delivering great service that keeps customers coming back to your business, regardless of which industry you operate in and thus giving the business the time needed to develop its brand awareness. In most cases, this process does not happen overnight while the ultimate goal is for the company to identify the success level of brand awareness campaigns, the business should always continue to appreciate and track even the slightest progress. Customers of your products and services need to ask honest opinion of the goods and services you and your organisation provide and organisations and individuals that want to get ahead of their competitors and succeed must be those businesses that are prepared to meet regularly with their employees and appraise performance levels as well as getting feedback about their customers and especially what they want. This is one of the most single attribute that differentiates your brand from that of your competitors and this as perceived by your consumers. Every brand has a story to tell and how well you tell it will give your customers a reason to believe in your employees and come back to buy your brand or prefer your brand to those of your competitors. Guinness Cameroon SA and les brassseries du Cameroun Ltd, these two brewery companies that deals in both alcoholic as well as non-alcholoic brands put a lot of effort and time to tell their own side of the story to their customers in an effort to woe them to selecting their products over those of their competitors.
3 Histeroscopy Procedure on Cervical Stenosis - Check Before Cheque   , Eddy Hartono
Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world with population in 2017 reached 261 million people. Perfitri reported that in 2012, blockage was the main common cause of infertility, regarding identified for 12.5 percent of women who underwent IVF. Most of causes of infertility are such as blockage, ovulatory dysfunction, diminished ovarian reserve, cervical abnormalities and endometriosis. A 44 years old woman Para 1 Abortus 1, came to us after several FSH shots and failed IUI procedures. Then we performed hysteroscopy to diagnose and treat the patient. The hysteroscope 3.5 mm sheath couldn’t be inserted into internal cervical os. Then we tried with the smaller sonde and we couldn’t managed to penetrate the uterine cervix. At the next step, we did adhesiolysis by sharp using scissors. After the hysteroscope entered the cervix lumen, the cervical polyps were appeared and well visualized. After we did polypectomy, adhesiolysis and dissection by scissors, the hysteroscope smoothly could be inserted through the cervix, relayed visualization for next investigation to whole area. Diagnostic hysteroscopy helps in identifying the hidden etiology of infertility so that a therapeutic intervention can be initiated, by avoiding unnecessary empiric medical treatment that costly, considering that fertility treatments are generally not covered by health insurance. Check before receive the “cheque”.
4 IUD Displacement with Both Arms Deeply Embedded into Myometrial Tissue: Case Report , Eddy Hartono, Efendi Lukas, and Witono Gunawan
Background: Intrauterine device (IUD) is one of the most commonly used long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) method worldwide. IUD may pose some disadvantages regarding its use and may cause unwanted events. IUD displacement with both arms embedded through myometrial tissue is one of the unwanted events that could occur rarely. This condition has been confered a diagnostic challenge to many physicians . However, most cases could accurately be detected using 3D transvaginal sonography. Mangement of IUD displacement with invisible arms is very challenging that needs to be performed cautiously. Hysteroscopic evaluation and treatment may be the last resort when other approaches fail. Case presentation: A 33-year-old female had had Nova T IUD inserted during caesarean section one year before presentation. The patient had no remarkable medical history except for myomectomy performed two years earlier. She was about to have another pregnancy so she needed to get her IUD removed. 2D and 3D transvginal sonography was performed to confirm IUD position. Sonography results showed displacement of IUD with both arms embedded through myometrial layer. Hysteroscopic evaluation under regional anesthesia was then performed to evaluate this condition. Hysteroscopic views did not reveal the IUD arm but IUD stem that was transversely displaced suggesting the both arms was deeply embedded into myometrial layer. Hysteroscopic removal was then performed with astonishing result. Post-procedural condition was uneventful without any significant complications. Conclusion: Intrauterine device displacement with embedment of both arms occurs infrequently therefore still confers a great diagnostic and management challenges. Hysteroscopic evaluation and management may be the best option available when this condition is suspected.
5 Kinetics of Quality Changes during Vacuum Frying of Germinated Soybean Seeds , Duong Thi Phuong Lien
The effect of vacuum frying process on the quality of germinated soybean seeds was evaluated to develop the empirical models for description of the water loss, oil uptake and bioactive compounds degradation during frying. Germinated soybean seeds were subjected to the frying at vacuum pressure of 660 mmHg and the temperatures of 130, 140, and 150°C up to 12 minutes with 1 minute intervals. The plots of the water and oil contents versus the frying time were recorded. They showed first-order exponential kinetic models adequately predicted the water loss and oil uptake and there was a strong relationship between oil uptake and moisture loss during frying of germinated soybean seeds. The degradation kinetics of total polyphenol content (TPC) and vitamin C during frying were well represented by first-order reactions. The temperature dependence of the kinetic constants was described by an Arrhenius type equation. The activation energies for moisture loss, oil uptake, TPC and vitamin C degradation were 24.15, 18.74, 21.37 and 60.59 kJ mol–1, respectively.
6 Evaluation of the Alcalis and Sulfur Cycle in Clinker Kilns , Javier Alejandro Feijoó Caraballo, José A. Fabelo Falcón, Iván L. Rodríguez Rico
In the present work an analysis was made of the formation of crusts or rings in clinker kilns of cement factories in Cuba and Argentina because these formations are one of the most serious problems presented by the kiln areas, which bring with them, stops unnecessary of the entities. With the use of phenomenological models, general parameters were determined, as well as several residence times of the ovens, as appropriate. In addition, several balances were made in a general way and specifically in several scenarios with the Matlab software in function of the different compounds that enter the furnace or that are formed within it, taking sulfur and sodium as main substances of study, in order , to determine several aspects of them, such as: their influence on the formation of the rings, the quantities present in the system, their main reactions, their behavior in normal operating contexts and in conditions of instability, as well as possible solutions for its mitigation and control in kilns. The calculations showed that sulfur and sodium should be managed close to the parameters established by the entities for a good operation of the ovens, thus avoiding unnecessary stops due to ring formation.
7 Exclusion within the Exclusion: Immigrant and Refugee Women and Girls , Xanthippi Foulidi, Evangelos C. Papakitsos, Terpsichori Gioka
This particular paper has been focused on the multiple discriminations suffered by women and on the problems that they face in the field of refuging and immigration, as recorded to a large extent through informal interviewing of public agencies staff that are involved in this issue. Migrant women are described as “exclusion within the exclusion”, while pointing to the efforts of public agencies in European Union and especially Greece, such as the General Secretariat for Gender Equality, to address the problem.
8 Gender in Sociolinguistics: A Concise Review on Linguistic Sexism , Xanthippi Foulidi, Terpsichori Gioka, Evangelos C. Papakitsos
Until recently, Biology explained the socially “normal”, in the Social Sciences as well. The biological difference (and the different anatomical characteristics) entailed the difference of roles according to Sex (male, female) and influenced the perception that each person had for himself/herself (“biologization”). During the last years, the “de-biologization” of the sciences has essentially been achieved, including the science of Linguistics, by introducing into them the analytical category of “gender”. Since the 1980s, the counterbalance between biological and social gender was disputed and it was argued that gender is exclusively a construction of society and culture. A strong opinion, in the context of the above construction, is that the Discourse and language reflect hierarchical/empowering social realities, which are not “innocent” towards gender inequalities and discriminations. Consequently, the grid of predominant gendered prejudices and stereotypes is reproduced and perpetuated through them, depending on the historical and cultural conditions. A concise historical review of that issue is presented in this paper.
9 Hydrosalpinx Cutting or Fixing? , Eddy Hartono
Hydrosalpinx is a fluid-filled distension of the fallopian tube with concurrent distal tubal occlusion.Hydrosalpinxassociated infertility is supposed to be treated only by IVF. Furthermore, salpingectomy plays a crucial role prior to IVF and scientific evidences have shown that it may improve pregnancy outcomes compared to functional surgery by removing the toxic effects of hydrosalpinx. However, functional surgery may be the excellent option in developing countries or in cases with specific characteristics. Functional surgery (i.e. fimbrioplasty, salpingostomy, microsurgical tubocornual anastomosis) may be amenable to performed in hydrosalpinges. Fimbioplasty, salpingostomy, and microsurgical tubocornual anastomosis may increase pregnancy rate by 53%, 30%, and 80% respectively. Thin-walled hydrosalpinges with mucosal adhesions had a higher rate of tubal pregnancy, whereas thick-walled hydrosalpinges with fibrosis of the wall were not compatible with normal pregnancy. Functional surgery is, therefore, indicated in patients with thin-walled hydrosalpinges with minimal or no mucosal adhesions.Studies have shown that laparoscopic salpingectomy improves IVF outcomes. It should be performed only when hydrosalpinges are unable to be repaired or in cases of IVF failure. Functional tubal surgery should be preferred to salpingectomy in milder forms of tubal disease or in developing countries. Proper assessment of tubal mucosa of hydrosalpinges should be performed prior to surgical treatment as this will prevent mis-management of patients.
10 Do we Need Prophylactic Salphingectomy for Ovary Preserving in Hysterectomy , Eddy Hartono
Ovarian carcinoma was believed to had arised from fallopian tubes and then spread to ovarian surface and peritoneum. In addition, Lack of ovarian lesion precursor identified and the fact that bilateral salphingo-Oopherectomy performed to protect women with BRCA mutations from ovarian carcinoma lead many authors postulated that fallopian tube is probably the origin of serous ovarian carcinoma. Lately, initial form of serous carcinoma in fallopian tubes of women with BRCA mutation has been identified and this precursor lesion is known as STIC (serous tubal intraepitelial carcinoma).Prophylactic BSO in high risk women (with BRCA mutation) after completed parity may reduce risk of ovarian carcinoma dramatically (80%). Meanwhile, prophylactic salpingectomy as an alternative may suffice to prevent ovarian carcinoma if we could ensure that serous ovarian carcinoma arise from tubal fimbriae.
11 To The "Potential Development Zone" of the University Center in "Calixto García" Municipality , MSc. Norton Ignacio Peña Aguilera, MSc. Jorge Luis Reyes López, MSc. Francisco Infante Estrabao , MSc. Noriel Reynaldo Rodríguez, Esp. Gisela Margarita Rodríguez Cedeño, MSc. Irina Reyes Martínez
The work had as object of study the process of integration of Higher Education in Cuban municipalities, due to the novelty of it and the lack of management tools to carry it out. A historical study was made of the process of universalization of Cuban Higher Education with its particularities in the Calixto García municipality of Holguín province, Cuba; all of it constitutes an instrument of invaluable value for the historical, logical and prospective studies related to this subject. The objective of the research was to demonstrate that the integration process of Higher Education in the municipality of Calixto García was successful from the implementation of a procedure for this purpose and the evaluation of the results in basic indicators of the substantive processes before, during and after the integration. Theoretical, empirical and statistical methods used during the research process. The procedure constitutes a theoretical-practical contribution to the process of conception and organization of the integration of Higher Education in the municipalities and at the same time, it is an important methodological and organizational instrument. Its application corroborated its effectiveness and relevance when a significant increase in quality detected in the main indicators of the substantive processes in the Calixto García Municipal University Center during the 2015- 2016 academic year to 2016-2017.
12 Groundwater Quality Dynamics during Wet and Dry Incidents in Urban West Region of Zanzibar Island , Abdul A.J. Mohamed, Rashid M. Ali, Miza Kombo
Groundwater is the major source of water by inhabitants of Zanzibar communities. In this study, twenty-one water sources from three districts of Urban West Region of Unguja Island were studied in May to July 2019. Insitu measurements for temperature, pH, Dissolved Oxygen (DO) and Electrical Conductivity (EC) in groundwater sources were taken by Professional Digital Sampling System (ProDSS). Data analysis revealed that parameters undergo dynamics (spatial and temporal). During the wet period, the ranges of pH, DO and EC were: (4.98 – 7.50), (3.51 – 7.51 mg/L), and (156.2 – 2047.6 μS/cm) respectively. During dry period the ranges were: (5.14 – 7.41), (2.71 – 7.20 mg/L), and (223.1 – 1936.8 μS/cm) respectively. temperature and EC had positive relationship. Nevertheless, small change in groundwater temperature led a remarkable change in DO. Strong correlation existed between EC and salinity (R2 = 0.999). Also, a strong correlation existed between EC (dry period) and EC (wet period) with R2 = 0.896. During wet period, the mean values recorded for all studied parameters were: 27.87° C, 6.92, 782.85 μS/cm, and 5.44 mg/L for temperature, pH, EC, and DO, respectively. While, during dry period the values were: 27.83° C, 6.97, 743.80 μS/cm, and 5.12 mg/L for temperature, pH, EC, and DO, respectively. Remarkably, during wet period, pH was 4.98 (27.17° C - 28.88° C), while in dry period pH was 5.14 (26.74 - 28.83° C). The present study revealed that even slight change in temperature could cause a remarkable effect on other groundwater parameters specifically dissolved oxygen. If water DO is under pressure it might affect other water quality parameter significantly.
13 A Concise Historical Survey of Decision-Making Theories in Educational Context , heodoros Rigopoulos, Evangelos C. Papakitsos
This paper presents a concise survey of some general decision-making theories and especially some methods of making educational decisions by adolescents. The educational decisions of adolescents by the end of secondary education are essentially the same as their first vocational choices, since they are heading then for vocational education, either in postsecondary or tertiary level. As the adolescents’ educational decisions are products of complex and parallel processes, the conditions under which decision-making becomes necessary are firstly presented and then the main features of relevant theories and methods are analysed.
14 Prosthodontics Clinical Cases (Patients with Decreased Inter-Arch Distance-Case Report) , Zainab Mahmood Al-Jammali, Zahra saad M.Sc, Mohamed Saad
The aim: to describe a simple method to increase the inter-arch distance for patient with decreased inter-arch distance. Methods.The study done in the dentistry college of Babylon University at Prosthodontics clinic, the treatment plan was explained to the patient, he was informed of the benefit of this treatment and informed consent was obtained . The following cases report describe the rehabilitation of a patient with decreased inter-arch distance and worn dentition with interim acrylic partial denture to correct reduced inter-arch distance. This study include four patients, three with acrylic RPD and one of them construct complete over-denture. Diagnostic casts were made and mounted on a semi-adjustable articulator with face bow record and centric relation record. Theconclusion.Limitation in interocclusal space is a common problem in prosthetic dentistry. Several approaches have been proposed to solve this problem. The treatment presented here are two different treatment lines used, acrylic bite raising which consider as a primary step to the definite prosthesis. While the other one treated with complete overdenture to improve retention and increase the inter-arch distance with improve aesthetic, and muscle tone with reversible, non-invasive, and relatively inexpensive treatment.
15 Maternal and Perinatal Outcomes in Advanced Maternal Age , Eddy Hartono, Stefannus Wibisono, Suzanna S Pakasi
Backgrounds: Advanced maternal age is defined as pregnancy that occurs at more 35 years old. This condition is considered as high risk pregnancy due to its close association with maternal and perinatal complications. This study was performed to reveal the data of advanced maternal age and its complications. Methods: This study was a descriptive retrospective study performed by taking data of advanced maternal age in Sitti Fatimah and Pertiwi Mother and Child Hospital in Makassar in 2015 – 2016. Results: There were 2,342 (15.7%) with advanced maternal age which most frequently occur at 35 - 39 years old group (74.6%) and mostly were multiparous. Hypertensive disorders were the most frequent pregnancy complications at older age comprising of 33.1% cases. Premature delivery, low birth weight, and fetal growth disorders were the most frequent fetal complications comprising of 17.7%14.1% and 10.2% of cases respectively. 88.9% newborn had a 5 minutes APGAR score > 8. Conclusions: Advanced maternal age was closely related to pregnancy and neonatal complications, such as hypertensive disorders, preterm delivery and low birth weight.
16 Motivation and Identity – Finding Your Voice , Cam Caldwell
The quest for discovering our best selves motivates each one of us as we strive to live with purpose and meaning. Although we recognize our desire to constantly improve, we do not always understand how to best accomplish that noble objective. Often the challenge is not in knowing what we ought to do, but in understanding how to develop the self-discipline and moral courage to put our lives in order. As we mature, we recognize that the patterns we develop and the barriers that we impose on ourselves are often the biggest challenges to overcome. The purpose of this paper is to address the quest to motivate ourselves most effectively as we struggle in understanding our identity and finding our voice. The paper begins by identifying the often-subconscious nature of our identities and the process we use to equate our actions with our beliefs about ourselves. We then address the nature of our individual voices as that concept has been described by Stephen R. Covey. Following that introduction, we present seven insights about the identity as it relates to motivating ourselves in the pursuit of personal excellence. The paper concludes with a summary of five benefits that derive from becoming the person we have the potential to being and words of encouragement to those who struggle with achieving that goal.
17 A Critical Humanitarian Intervention Approach , Mengistu Alamineh
The above statement, in my view, illustrates the argument and the inner thought of the author. Since in this intriguing book, Butler avidly displays a strong interest for the study of how reconceptualising security in terms of Ken Booth’s Theory of World Security can improve the theoretical and practical limitations of solidarist theorizing on humanitarian intervention. These limitations stem from solidarism’s problem-solving approach to analyzing Supreme Humanitarian Emergencies (SHEs), where the focus is on intervention than prevention. For Butler a Critical Humanitarian Intervention Approach (CHIA), which focuses on the prevention of SHEs and changes those structures rather than replicating existing, structures and their management, is the alternative approach. This could be possible through the deconstruction of the liberal peace and solidarist perspective, which contextualized SHEs, and through the construction of CHIA. According to Butler, failing to consider the economic context in which SHEs erupt leads to missing opportunities for their future prevention. Whereas, for solidarists military humanitarian intervention, mainly after Kosovo 1999, shows international society’s moral commitment to support the values of liberty, human right, the rule of law and a better world. However, CHIA argues that these ‘claims will remain nothing more than imaginary unless the workings of international economic order are included in the analysis of humanitarian intervention complexity’ (p.1). Above all, Butler aims to address two central issues: first, reconceptualizing security through Ken Booth’s Theory of World Security and to explain ‘why solidarist theorizing on humanitarian intervention prioritizes the act of military intervention over prevention’ (Booth, 2007, p. 25); and second, to propose an alternative perspective to the solidarist theorizing on humanitarian intervention.
18 A STUDY ON FINANCIAL LEVERAGE WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO DECCAN INDUSTRIES PRIVATE LIMITED , TAMIL NADU. , Mr. AJITH ADITHYAA
For every economic activity, finance is that the lifeblood. From the business perspective leverage refers to the use of owned or borrowed equity to finance the acquisition of business assets. Leverage on one hand will increase a company's come on equity on the other hand poses a threat to the company's existence inside the type of liquidation; if company is unable actually its fastened interest liabilities. What is more use of leverage protects dilution of owner's equity. Thus leverage is a vital decision making area of financial management. Leverage cannot be regarded as a bad practice; as it is useful to finance company's growth and development through purchase of business assets. Borrowing should be within limits otherwise can pose a threat if company is unable to pay back the borrowed debts. This paper concentrates on the leverage analysis at DECCAN INDUSTRIES PRIVATE LIMITED and also the objective of the paper is to check the monetary financial leverage.
19 LOGISTICS OUTSOURCING: A STRATEGY FOR OPERATIONAL PERFORMANCE OF THE SHIPPING INDUSTRY IN NIGERIA , IBIAMA, KENNETH ADONYE
Outsourcing of logistics services is one of the strategies which is becoming very common with many organizations today. Outsourcing is a popular practice in business whereby organizations move some of a company's internal activities and decision responsibilities to outside providers thus enhance their productivity in their operations and service delivery.
20 Effect of Digitization on the Profitability of Selected Commercial Banks in Nigeria (2006 - 2018) , EBHOTE, Jonathan Ehimare (MBA), 2NWANNA, Ifeanyi Onyenwe (Ph.D)
This study examined the effect of digitization on banks profitability in selected commercial banks in Nigeria. The study was precipitated to by the various digital self-service channels by banks for customers’ adoption and other similar works done on the customer service satisfaction of digitization. This work reviewed the digital income earned by four major banks in Nigeria relying on secondary data collected from available information on the banks annual financial result, as presented on the floor of the Nigeria stock exchange, covering a period of 13years from 2006 to 2018. The specific objective of the study is to examine the effect of income earned via the digital channels on the total profit after tax (PAT) of the various banks, and if it has any significant effect on the return on equity. The work adopted the regression analysis model to review and analyzed the effect of digital income to the overall profit after tax of the banks selected out of the 22 commercial banks in the country. The research found out by review of each bank’s analyzed result that in all the banks under review, there was significant effect of digitization on the banks total profit after tax. It however showed that there is no significant effect of digitization on the return on equity of the commercial banks and recommend that banks should ensure their channels uptime is high to increase income.
21 Ideologems in Xi Jinping’s Political Discourse (Concepts 中国梦想 "Chinese Dream" and 类命运共同 "Community of the Common Destiny of Mankind") , Saodat Abdullayevna Nasirova,
The semantic and cognitive features of some new sociopolitical ideological terms are examined in terms of political discourse, the formation and development, the interaction of the concepts of Xi Jinping 中国梦想 "Chinese Dream" and 类命运 共同体 "community of common destiny." The close connection of these concepts with Confucian concepts is revealed. Actual aspects of two concepts are clarified in the context of political discourse. The empirical material of this article are the speeches of the head of the CPC, Xi Jinping, namely the polytheme and the new political vocabulary related to the concepts of the 5th generation leader 中国梦想 “Chinese Dream” and 类命运 «ä½“ “community of common destiny”.
22 Modern Methods and Means of Providing the Press and Information Organizations with Information Resources , Gulrukhsor Sayriddinovna Kurbonova
This article discusses the methods and means of satisfying the student’s need for information resources of the press and information organizations, as well as the resources used in the formation of existing concepts in the field, using modern concepts, to further improve their relevance to the topic. The article used various methods and tools to further develop the provision of information resources to the press and information organizations in order to deliver and ideally use them for the general public.. Each concept is clearly stated and will certainly be effective in providing information resources to the press and information organizations. At a time when the provision of information resources for the press and media in our country has become a global problem, the suggestions and recommendations contained in the article are relevant, this article was written with the intention to use them and apply them to every press and information organization.
23 Political Order and Political Decay: From the Industrial Revolution to the Globalization of Democracy, Francis Fukuyama (New York: Farrar, Straus and Girouz, 2014), 658pp. , Tadie Degie Yigzaw
In this interesting book, Fukuyama keenly insists a strong interest for the study of political institutions. The book presents findings on the origins, evolution and decay of political institutions. A critical question addressed in this volume of Fukuyama’s book is how a strong, impersonal and accountable political institution developed. According to Fukuyama, modern political order based on modern state, rule of law and accountable government. Fukuyama insists that government effectiveness determined by its legitimacy, more flexibility and the response to changing public demands. In other words, a successful liberal democracy can only flourish under conditions of a prior establishment of a well-armed and functional territorial state, an independent judiciary overseeing the rule of law with a measure of accountability.
24 Effect Of Zamin-M Biologically Active Substance On Seed Germination , Sharofiddin Abdukarimovich Karimov, Shukhrat Khamadullaevich Abdualimov, Chorshanbi Khudaynazar ogli Ulugov
The article describes the microbiological preparation of Zamin-M 2.0 before sowing seeds; 2.5 and 3.0 l / t, applied at a rate of 2.0 l / ha during the budding and flowering periods of cotton, provided data on the effect of increased seed germination and cotton yield. It was found that the germination rate of seeds in the variants treated with the microbiological preparation Zamin- M increased by 10.9-14.1% compared to the control variant, and 7.9% higher in the variant treated with Baikal EM 1.
25 Planning the process of physical preparation at the different stages of the annual training of 17-19 year old girls on the block method , Nodirbek Mahmudovich Yusupov
The article presents new approaches to the structure of the annual training cycle of female players, which are related to the precise quantitative distribution of training in different directions on the me so and micro-cycles. From this perspective, rational planning is concerned with the effects of unidirectional physical loads on the body, both during a single micro-cycle (“unidirectional load micro block”) and throughout the entire me so-cycle, with subsequent changes in training stimuli. The use of the block method implies a transition to a new system of regulation of physical loads, which will take the whole process of training 17-19-year-old girls to a new qualitatively higher level.
26 Clusters of Atoms of Copper and Irridium and Their Influence on Recombination Properties of Silicon , Sherzod Axmadovich Mahmudov, Johongir Zokirjonovich Mirzaraimov, Avaz Karimjonovich Rafikov
The types and nature of structural defects of n-type silicon with clusters of impurity atoms of copper and iridium were determined by the method of non-stationary capacitive spectroscopy (DLTS), measurements of the resistivity, concentration and lifetime of charge carriers, as well as using infrared and atomic force microscopes Solver-NEXT. It was found that after hightemperature diffusion, star-shaped defects are observed in rapidly cooled Si <Cu> samples, while in rapidly cooled Si <Ir> samples they are subsequently embedded in a chain and in the form of a needle, and in both slowly cooled samples, only roundshaped inclusions are formed, however, the density is low. The absence of dislocation decoration in slowly cooled Si <Cu> and Si <Ir> samples is associated with the formation of point defects of the [Cu – O] type, [Cu – Si] silicides, and pairs of Cui [Cus – Cui] and Iri [Irs – Iri] atoms. An increase in the lifetime of charge carriers caused by the formation of an adhesion level associated with the [Cu – O] complex in silicon.
27 Innovative Processes in the Field of Logistics of Uzbekistan , Ya.K. Karrieva, Sh.A. Masharipova, B.K. Karrieva, Sh.S. Karrieva, F.A. Ibragimov
This article discusses the innovative processes in the field of logistics in Uzbekistan. In the Action Strategy for the Development of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2017-2021, the logistics sector received the status of a strategic sector of the national economy and a transition to a new qualitative stage of development began. Correct construction and operation of logistics systems in the supply chain based on the introduction of innovation and technology, international standards for the functioning of integrated logistics is the key to successful activities in world markets and the integration of Uzbekistan into the modern structure of international economic relations. The transition to the concept of freight management logistics can significantly increase the efficiency and quality of transport services for consumers of transport services. The concept of innovative logistics management encourages an integrated, approach to transport process management in foreign economic operations.
28 Theoretical Study of the Parameters of the Discrete Drum Set Teeth on Fiber Movement , К.I. Ahmedov, A.Q. Nematov
In the article, we will consider a dynamic analysis of the design and parameters of the recommended spinning machine, which provides a uniform supply of fibers to the spinning chamber to obtain high-quality filament in the working chamber of the damaging drum. An accurate calculation of the parameters is required while ensuring the parallel movement of the flows. During the period of time the volume changes in the working chamber of the damaging drum of the recommended pneumatic spinning machine. It is known that the rotational speed of the drum is very high. During this period, a tape of fibers receives a lot of blows from the sharp top of the tooth saw the drum. To reduce the impact force, designers recommend convex saws. We know from the theory of operation of spinning chambers, during the discrediting of fibers, in the surface of the spinning chambers, the fiber flow should be mutually parallel, the most basic fiber flow with each other should be at a great distance. Only, the achievement of these qualities depends on the physico-mechanical properties and length of the fibers. During the discredit, the saw of the drum combs the bands. In this process, what part of the fiber hits the saw of the drum, this deteriorates and the process of discrediting. As a result, the quality of the resulting yarn is deteriorating. Here aerodynamic laws give the expected result, therefore, it is necessary to undergo a dynamic analysis of the design and parameters of the recommended spinning machine, which ensures a uniform supply of fibers into the spinning chamber.
29 Characterisation of Phytochemical Constituents, Antioxidant and Anti Bacterial Properties of Red Strawberry against Klebsiella and Streptococcus , Mr. G. Karthikeyan, Ms. M. Eureka, Ms. J. Amalsiya Bernath
In plant kingdom, medicinal plants are main important resource for a variety of drug like emetics, anti-cancer and antimicrobials. Medicinal herbs are highly cultured in India, which includes more than 2000 species are present. Strawberry is soft fruit crop belongs to the family rasacea and genus fragaria and it contain excellent source of vitamins, potassium. Phytochemical constituents are identified in different extract (ethanol, acetone and aqueous). Secondary metabolites are used for the treatment of several diseases. Strawberry is the one of the best natural sources of antioxidants. Total antioxidant capacity was identified in all the extracts. Antibacterial activity of fragaria x ananassa was evaluated against and Klebsiella and Streptococcus. From this study, concluded that the strawberry fruit have potent medicinal value.
30 Lingua-Pedagogical Study Of Family In Oral And Written Speech , Obidkhon Husankhujayev
This article discusses the role of language and pedagogy in the educational and upbringing process in a family. The article reveals the implementation of family lingua-pedagogics through oral and written speech and its unique sides. It demonstrates the significance of individuality in family language. The essence of the article is in disclosing the importance of the role of family lingua-pedagogics in society, nation, spirituality, and upbringing.
31 N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) and COVID-19 treatment: New hopes in old medication , Naser Hatami, Navid Kalani, Farshid Javdani, Sayyed Reza Ahmadi, Seyed Reza Habibzadeh, Behzad Shahi, Fatemeh Maleki, Neema John Mehramiz, Mahdi Foroughian
N-acetyl cysteine is seen to improve patients with acute respiratory diseases. The recommended pathways, of it's the effect on pulmonary diseases, are its antioxidant capacity through glutathione synthesis (GSH) and following effects on preventing and controlling cytokine storm. These features make it a good candidate to be evaluated for COVID-19 disease as this disease is causing a cytokine storm.
32 Methanol poisoning outbreak concomitance with COVID-19 epidemic in Iran , Naser Hatami, Navid Kalani, Farshid Javdani, Sayyed Reza Ahmadi, Seyed Reza Habibzadeh3, Behzad Shahi4, Neema John Mehramiz5, Mahdi Foroughian3
We report outbreaks of methanol poisoning in some regions of Iran and its concomitance with the COVID-19 outbreak and its possible origins. Methanol poisoning outbreaks have placed a heavy burden on hospitals that are highly ready for admission of COVID-19 patients.
33 Knowledge, Attitude and practice against the 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Among the Jahrom city people: A Cross-Sectional Study , Navid Kalani, Seyed Ebrahim Sadeghi, Naser Hatami, Mohammad Zarenezhad, Farshid Javdani, Mohammad Rahmanian
BACKGROUND: A new infectious disease named Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) emerged at the end of 2019 and is rapidly spreading across the globe. Most of the instructions provided to stop this outbreak are based on personal behavior and Social Distancing. So people need to be aware of the illness and behavior that they present in the course of the Coronavirus outbreak. The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitude, awareness, and preventive behaviors of people in Jahrom, southern Iran. METHOD: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 1570 people of Jahrom city were surveyed about COVID-19 by designing a questionnaire consisting of areas of knowledge, attitude, and practice of people. Also, the source of their information about coronavirus and the amount of trust in media were investigated. After confirming the validity and reliability of the questionnaire in a pilot study, sampling was done by an online survey. The online questionnaire was completed by individuals and the results were analyzed by SPSS v. 21 analyzed. RESULTS: The study involved 1570 Jahrom citizens, 57.6% of whom were female and the rest were male. The mean score of knowledge, attitude, and practice of people in Jahrom city was above average. Trust in the media was at an average level (49.18%). The multiple linear regression of demographic variables revealed the significant inverse effect of the male gender and number of households on awareness; while age, education level and marital status had a positive effect predicting awareness level (p = 0.001, F = 28.057). Regarding the attitude variable, there was a reverse effect of the male gender and the direct effect of age and level of education (p = 0.001, F = 6.78). In the study of practice, the inverse effect of the male gender was observed (p = 0.002, F = 3.30). CONCLUSION: Given the importance of community-based individual behavior in controlling the COVID-19 outbreak, providing a tool for measuring the knowledge, attitude, and practice of the community, the questionnaire designed in this study can be used in future research. Also, this study revealed that men and young people appear to have poorer knowledge, attitudes, and practice.
34 Open Educational Resources (OER): Benefits and Issues to Institutions, Educators and Learners in Islamic Studies , Ahmad Hisham bin Azizan
Demand for quality education has been globally increased throughout the world. One of the methods to access quality education is via Open Educational Resources (OER). Open Educational Resources (OER) is not only a buzzing trend, but a realistic platform to realize the spirit of ‘Education for All’ and have gained increased attention for their potential and promise to eliminate demographic, economic, and geographic educational boundaries and to promote life-long learning and personalized learning. The sudden growth of Open Educational Resources (OER) provides new opportunities for education and learning at the same time, challenges established views about educating and learning practices in education. This study aims to explore an introduction to the emerging Open Educational Resources (OER) movement. At the same time, although learning resources are often considered as important intellectual property in a competitive higher education world, yet many critical issues have been identified that must be addressed, especially in Islamic studies. This study will determine the problems that we are facing today in education from technology to quality issues. A survey of the literature review was carried out to analyse the critical problems applied in Open Educational Resources (OER), especially in Islamic studies. A deep search of academic research and writing was performed includes books, journals, conference papers, articles, dissertations, and theses. This study also explains explicitly the benefits of open educational resources to the learners in their respective courses. The paper then clarifies certain challenges and issues hampering open education initiatives by highlighting the implications for institutions, teachers, and students.
35 Trade deficit impede Nepalese economic growth : an analysis from review perspective , *Saurav Khanal,*Saugat Khanal
The current study completely delves into the comprehensive identification, assessment, and mitigation of trade deficit in Nepal. The objective of this article is to study and analyze the growth, composition, and direction of Nepalese foreign trade along with the causes and recommendations of trade deficit. Efforts have been made to sort out the principal sources of the trade deficit in Nepal. Landlockedness, political instability, lack of export diversification, devaluation of domestic currency, lack of resources, etc. are the major causes of the trade deficit in Nepal. Nepal, being not self-reliant on factors of production, consumer goods and capital goods, needs to import goods from abroad. On another hand, Nepal’s exports are heavilyconcentrated;bothintermsofproduct anddestination.Nepal’smajortradingpartners are India, China, U.A.E, Bangladesh, Germany etc. During the year 2018/19, Nepal exports goods worth RS. 97 Billion And import goods worth RS. 1418 billion leading to a trade deficit of RS.1321 Billion. Nepal mainly exports readymade garments, woolen carpets, pashmina products, jute, juices, etc and imports petroleumproducts,gold,vehicle,machineries andsoon. It is a matter of embarrassing that the value of total exports doesn’t cover even the import of petroleum products. Trade deficit is acting as negative catalyst in the economic growth and GDP of a country. Nepal’s job and wealth are being handed over to other countries that have taken advantage of Nepal since very long. Increased deficit has caused suppressed inflation. Import to export ratio is continuously increasing as demand/consumption is increasing and these demands could not be met by the domestic producers. During the year 2018/19, the contribution of tradeonGDPofNepalis55%.Nodoubt,tradeisanengineofeconomicgrowth. So, after analyzing barriers in the foreign trade, some of the steps to be taken are recommended which includes the development of competitive ability and enhancement of Human Resources, commodity and market diversification, formulation of strong legal framework and trade policy, incentives for the promotion of export and priority in the agricultural and hydropowersectors
36 Probable Human Bocavirus meningitis in a child , Dr. Badar Al-Dhouyani, Dr.Saniya Al Husaini, Dr.Suod Al Shabibi, Dr.Nawal Al-Kindi, Dr.Amal Al Maani.
Human bocavirus (HBoV; family Parvoviridae; genus Bocavirus) was discovered in 2005 and was distributed worldwide (1). HBoV has gained considerable clinical relevance since its discovery. It has been detected in respiratory specimens, and when it causes disease, it seems to have a broad spectrum of signs and symptoms. Our patient was a five years old girl admitted to the Royal Hospital in Oman, on March 2019. Presented with headache, vomiting, fever, phonophobia and significant irritability. HBoVS virus was detected in this patient’s BAL (Bronchoalveolar Lavage). This paper is reporting a rare case of probable HBoV meningitis. Abbreviations: CSF = cerebrospinal fluid , CRP = C-reactive protein, CT = computed tomography, HBoV = human bocavirus, HMPV = human metapneumovirus, PCR = polymerase chain reaction, RSV = respiratory syncytial virus
37 Humanizing the Consumer through Neuro-Marketing Tool: A Paradigm Shift. , Dr. Suheela Shabir, Dr.Norah Al Bishri, Dr. Zubair Amin
Neuroscientific techniques allow consumer researchers to understand the basic framework of psychological processes that drive consumer behavior, and get into their “black box” which is the consumer's mind. Each year, over 400 billion dollars is invested in advertising campaigns. Under the traditional marketing mindset, the testing of and predicting the effectiveness of these investments depend on consumers’ willingness and competency to describe how they feel when they are exposed to an advertisement. Neuro marketing offers innovative methods for directly probing minds without requiring demanding cognitive or conscious participation. This paper discusses the increased use of neuro marketing techniques for the evaluation of customer preferences and decision-making processes is considered to be an advantage for customers and marketers simultaneously. The results indicate that neuro marketing is associated to have a high influence on consumer buying behavior, advertising, pricing, and distribution of products, branding and decision-making as marketing inputs. The research concludes with limitations and future scope of research in neuro marketing.
38 A Practical Learning Simulation Software with Specific Applications for Printed Circuit Board Soldering/De-soldering Ability Certifications , Chin-Ming Hsu, Chian-Yi Chao
This paper mainly develops a practical learning printed circuit board (PCB) soldering/de-soldering simulation software to be the reference of the specialized characteristic curriculum for a school. The proposed learning simulation software can train students with the soldering knowledge, the soldering technology, the electronic component identification, and the usage of the instruments. The research aims at inspiring students to be interested in circuitry soldering technology and have different thoughts on electronic/information/mechanical related technology applications. In this paper, the developed practical learning simulation software utilizes Visual Basic programming language as the developing tool and adopts the Bluetooth voice- activated tracking self-propelled vehicle and the number guessing game main control PCBs as the circuitry soldering training targets which was developed by Taiwan Embedded Microcontroller Development Institution(TEMI). The proposed simulation tool has been used as the learning exploration with the students at Kao Yuan University in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. According to the experimental results, the developed simulation tool could provide three contributions. First, it can be an interactive- and interesting-oriented learning tool. Second, it can cultivate and inspire students learning soldering technology efficiently and effectively to meet the needs in the industry. Third, it can cultivate more professional and technical students actively participate in seeking solutions to problems.
39 The Dynamics of Differential Impacts of COVID-19 on African Countries Compared to Other Parts of the World , Joseph Oyepata Simeon, Musa Tabitha Lubo, Joseph Opeyemi Tosin, Ibafidon Irabor
Corona virus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered corona virus. Most people who fall sick with COVID-19 experience mild to moderate symptoms and recover without special treatment. A number of deaths have been recorded across world. The aim of this study is to investigate and compare the extent the virus affects Africa relative to other parts of the world and it significant. One hundred and eighty seven (187) countries were selected randomly based on their continents and cases of infection. Data from each country were obtained from United Nations Geoscheme and WHO as at October 12, 2020 and were analyzed and compared to that of the United State of America (USA). USA was used as a Comparism Factor (CF) because it has one of the best healthcare system and high COVID-19 cases. Subsequent examination of associations between the proportion of COVID-19 cases, recovery and deaths of each country to the United State of America was carried out. All data used in these analyses are from publicly available data sets. Data analyzed revealed that almost all African countries appears to be least affected by the virus. African countries have the least impacted and lesser number of deaths index. Result from the study suggests that the virus affect Africa the least when compared to USA and other continents in terms of cases and mortality. This may be due to among other factors a more robust immune response. The result also helps to provide relative explanation as to how significant developing and providing vaccine may be to various part of the world.
40   The Effect of Selected Socio-Economic Determinants of Health on Maternal/ Child Health in Nigeria , Atayi Abraham Vincent, Jirbo Boniface Verr, Maji Iliya 
  The research examines the effect of socio-economic determinants of health on maternal / child health in Nigeria. Some level of improvement has been seen in every part of the world, while maternal mortality rates remain unacceptably high in Nigeria. This qualitative study was conducted in order to examine selected socioeconomic determinants of health and ways of dealing with mechanisms for improving maternal / child health among Nigerian women. A narrative literature review design was implemented using a variety of search engines that use a Boolean search technique to retrieve research publications. In the study, selected socio-economic health determinants that adversely affect maternal / child health were recognized. The determinants chosen include the health care provider's attitude, economic/financial inequality, regional (transport issues), vulnerability, marital status and age, education, gender equality, material and human capital, socio-cultural factors, and health care system delivery. Whereas good footwear, good dependency on social networks, education in maternal/child health, gender equity and involvement of men in reproductive health activities have been found to be common strategies for addressing maternal health services.  
41 Resources Efficiency Based on Village-Fund for Local Economic Development , I Putu Gede Diatmika, I Wayan Krisna Eka Putra, M. Rudi Irwansyah
Local economic development to achieve increased welfare, encourage economic growth through the use of village funds. One of the villages that needs to be developed is Panji Village, Buleleng Regency. The local community has local potential and resources, most of the people work in the agricultural sector, so in order to optimize the use of village funds, the community has the potential and resources to develop local economies based on village funds in creating sustainable economic growth. Through the use of village funds in Panji Village, the government and the community develop water facilities between the rice fields with the aim of increasing community income and boosting tourism in Panji Village. The domino effect can help products in Panji Village starting from organic rice and products from Family Welfare Empowerment through Panji Village's Women Farmers Group (Kelompok Wanita Tani; KWT) such as Sari Jahe Merah, Panji Herbal Sari Temulawak, Tamba Waras Sari Kunyit and Tamba Sane Sari Rhizome
42 Performa Comparison of the K-Means Method for Classification in Diabetes Patients Using Two Normalization Methods , Dwianti Westari, Dr. Abdul Halim, M. Eng
The diabetes classification system is very useful in the health sector. This paper discusses the classification system for diabetes using the K-Means algorithm. The Pima Indian Diabetes (PID) dataset is used to train and evaluate this algorithm. The unbalanced value range in the attributes affects the quality of the classification result, so it is necessary to preprocess the data which is expected to improve the accuracy of the PID dataset classification result. Two types of preprocessing methods are used that are min-max normalization and z-score normalization. These two normalization methods are used and the classification accuracies are compared. Before the data classification process is carried out, the data is divided into training data and test data. The result of the classification test using the K-Means algorithm has shown that the best accuracy lies in the PID dataset which has been normalized using the min-max normalization method, which 79% compared to z-score normalization.
43 Composition as A Way of Forming the Terms of Medical Instruments and Surgical Devices in Modern Chinese , Lola Akmalovna Sultanova
  Studying any foreign language, involves a detailed study of all its aspects including Chinese. Medical instruments and equipment are one of the most significant components of contemporary medicine. 构词法gòucífÇŽ- word formation is the process of creating new words based on existing language units. In this aspect, word formation is considered as one of the most significant means in replenishing the vocabulary of the language. New words in a language are formed according to certain rules, models and schemes - according to certain patterns, which form a certain linguistic mechanism, which is called word formation. As a result of compounding, complex words are formed, between the components of which there are usually similar relationships, the basic models of compounding are developed in the works of A.I. Ivanov and E.D. Polivanov, I.M. Oshanin, V.M. Solntsev, N.N. Korotkov, as well as in the works of such Chinese linguists as Lu Zhiwei, Zhang Shoukang, Ren Xuelyang, and others. In this article, we give examples of the structural models of word formation of Lu Zhiwei.  
44   Characterization and Classification of Geotechnical Index Properties of Shallow Soil Deposits at Oworoshoki Area, Kosofe Local Government, Lagos, Nigeria , I.T. Peni, A.M. Mustapha
The study of geotechnical index properties of soils in Oworoshoki, Kosofe, Lagos State was conducted to characterize and classify the index properties of soil samples. Disturbed and undisturbed soils were collected at different shallow depths (1m, 2m and 3m) from the study area and laboratory test was conducted. The laboratory test conducted includes natural moisture content, atterberg limits (liquid limit and plastic limit), particle size distribution, specific gravity, unit weight and hydrometer. The results of the test were gotten: natural moisture content as 23.5%, 24.5% and 25.3% , liquid limits (LL) 28.68%, 26.64% and 29.10%, Oworoshoki is non-plastic for the three depths i.e. plastic limit (PL) is 0, particle size distribution percentage passing through BS #200 (0.075mm) are 95.97 %, 97.97%, 98.10% and this shows that the soil sample contain much silt, the samples are non-plastic for all depths (1m, 2m and 3m), specific gravity as 2.61, 2.55 and 2.60, unit weight as 17.5 KN/m3, 18.1kn/m3 and 18.9KN/m3 and hydrometer percentage passing through BS #200 (0.075mm) as 95.97% at 1.0m depth, 97.97% at 2.0m depth and 98.10% at 3.0m depth. Hydrometer test was conducted because 95.97% passes sieve 0.075mm.This shows that the soil contain high amount of silt. Soils from depth 1.0m, 2.0m and 3.0m are non-plastic (NP) because the Plastic Index (PI=0) and the soil samples are classified as A – 3 according to American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) System.
45   Characterization and Classification of Geotechnical Index Properties of Shallow Soil Deposits at Oworoshoki Area, Kosofe Local Government, Lagos, Nigeria , I.T. Peni, A.M. Mustapha
The study of geotechnical index properties of soils in Oworoshoki, Kosofe, Lagos State was conducted to characterize and classify the index properties of soil samples. Disturbed and undisturbed soils were collected at different shallow depths (1m, 2m and 3m) from the study area and laboratory test was conducted. The laboratory test conducted includes natural moisture content, atterberg limits (liquid limit and plastic limit), particle size distribution, specific gravity, unit weight and hydrometer. The results of the test were gotten: natural moisture content as 23.5%, 24.5% and 25.3% , liquid limits (LL) 28.68%, 26.64% and 29.10%, Oworoshoki is non-plastic for the three depths i.e. plastic limit (PL) is 0, particle size distribution percentage passing through BS #200 (0.075mm) are 95.97 %, 97.97%, 98.10% and this shows that the soil sample contain much silt, the samples are non-plastic for all depths (1m, 2m and 3m), specific gravity as 2.61, 2.55 and 2.60, unit weight as 17.5 KN/m3, 18.1kn/m3 and 18.9KN/m3 and hydrometer percentage passing through BS #200 (0.075mm) as 95.97% at 1.0m depth, 97.97% at 2.0m depth and 98.10% at 3.0m depth. Hydrometer test was conducted because 95.97% passes sieve 0.075mm.This shows that the soil contain high amount of silt. Soils from depth 1.0m, 2.0m and 3.0m are non-plastic (NP) because the Plastic Index (PI=0) and the soil samples are classified as A – 3 according to American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) System.
46 Feed Additive of Binder Seaweed Grass in Fish Feed Formulation on Physical Characteristics and Efficiency , Kiki Haetami, Abun
The study was designed experimentally using a Completely Randomized Design, five treatments were repeated three times included the use of carboxymethyl cellulose as a control as much as 5%, and the treatment of feed additives of seaweed as much as 5%, 75%, 10% and 12.5%. The parameters measured were feed efficiency, rupture speed test, sink speed test, durability test, stability test and moisture content test using Analysis of Variance and continued with Duncan's Multiple Distance Test. The results showed that seaweed binder additive feed increased (p <0.05) durability and stability in water, but did not show a significant difference (p> 0.05) on feed efficiency, breaking speed and sinking speed. Stability of pellets in water with the addition of seaweed binders of 10% is significantly higher (p <0.05) than other pellets, i.e. after 10 - 60 minutes ranging from 82.70% -97.40% with pellet durability of 98.24% and feed efficiency of 42.93%.
47 Capital Structure Evaluation, Business Size and Firms’ Facility of Food and Beverage Firms Listed on the Hanoi Stock Exchange , Nguyen Van Thu, Nguyen Thi Bich Thuy, Doan Thi Nguyet Ngoc
The study investigates capital structure, business size and firms’ facility of food and beverage firms listed on the Hanoi Stock Exchange (HNX). The study employs a set of aggregated data from 15 food and beverage firms listed on the HNX. At the same time, the study also receives comments from experts experienced in the research field. We have performed some descriptive analysis, compared and correlation analysis with support by software Stata13 to evaluate and measure capital structure, business size and firms’ facility of food and beverage firms listed on the Hanoi Stock Exchange (HNX). The results show that there is a difference in capital structure, business size and firms’ facility of food and beverage firms listed on the Hanoi Stock Exchange (HNX). Firms with 10% or more foreign ownership account for a relatively low proportion of these enterprises.
48 The Scale of Archaic Words in the Lexicon of Alisher Navoi’s Historical Works , Dr. Dilnoza Akramovna Abduvaliyeva
The contribution of the great poet Alisher Navoi to the development, improvement and progress of the ancient Uzbek literary language is incomparable. The Turkish language has acquired a high status thanks to his works. The lexicon used in the work of the thinker, to some extent, serves as the basis for determining the lexicon of the Old Uzbek literary language. Historical works of the author, such as “Tarihi Muluki Ajam” and “Tarihi Anbiyo va Hukamo”, were selected as the object of research. The article analyzes archaic words in the vocabulary of the mentioned historical works. Archaic words in the vocabulary of historical works are taken not for a time, but for the period in which the works were created (XV century). Archaisms in the lexicon of historical works are determined on the basis of the state and development of lexical units in synonymous relations, and this is scientifically substantiated.
49 Promoting the Development of Creative Management in Uzbekistan   , M.B. Yuldasheva
This article argues that the creative department should be fully focused on the full disclosure of the creative potential of the people of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The goal of creative management is to generate new ideas and find new solutions for the success of the country, company and organization in various fields.  
50 Structural Directions of National Development Models of Uzbekistan and Russia , Fazliddin Ravshanov, Bekzod Baratbaev 
Each country’s national development model is unique and covers its current and future goals and interests. Both in Uzbekistan and in Russia, one can see that the concepts of national development are expressed in terms of decisions, decrees, instructions, programs, regulations, plans, strategies, as mentioned above. The article provides a comparative analysis of the structural aspects of these concepts, processes and events taking place on their basis.
51 Service Quality, Customer Experience and Commitment Affecting Customer Satisfaction in Vietnamese Hotel Industry , Nguyen Minh Tuan
The purpose of this study was to find out about customer satisfaction at the hotels in Hanoi. The survey method was conducted to collect data on assessing the loyalty of customers in the hotels. The research results showed that the customers paid much attention to service quality, customer experience and commitment. Therefore, enterprises in the hospitality industry need to concentrate on factors affecting customer satisfaction and behaviors to maintain and develop their loyalty.
52 Technology of Creation of New Generation Electronic Textbooks to Improve the Quality of the Educational Process in the Higher Education System , Rashidov Rahmatullo Alojonovich, Yuldashov Kodirjon Mamadjanovich, Bustonov Mansurjon Mardonakulovich
Among the various traditional textbooks in the education system, the textbook occupies a special place due to its importance. Because it is the most effective and most common didactic resource, it serves as a learning tool for learners. One of the important issues in the system of higher education is the creation of a new generation of textbooks based on information technology that meet modern pedagogical requirements. Quality textbooks increase the interest of students and play a special role in the quality and effective organization of the teaching process, especially in the quality organization of distance education, good reading, learning and effective mastery of the new generation of e-textbooks. Today's society is a society in which science is rapidly developing, information flows are increasing rapidly, modern information and communication media are widespread, in which the rapid updating of knowledge in various fields of science, as well as their rapid acquisition by students puts the task of learning. In particular, raising the rating of higher education institutions, the formation of sectoral educational resources through the introduction of mechanisms for the integration of education, innovation and production activities based on the effective use of domestic innovative potential, improving the competitiveness of the education system, attracting investments, innovations and IT technologies issues such as.
53 The Role of Innovation in the Tourist Attitude and Improving the Destination Performance (Case study: visitors of historical places in Tehran)   , Roya Sadat Alavi Pour, Kamran Koroozhdehi
This study aims to investigate the role of innovation in the tourist attitude and improve the performance of the destination. In this regard, while reviewing the concepts of innovation, tourist attitude, and destination performance, using the structural equation modeling method, we examined the effect of innovation on tourist attitude and promotion of destination performance. The statistical population of this study includes tourists from historical places in Tehran, whose number is unlimited. The sample size was determined using the Krejcie-Morgan 384 sample size determination table, which was selected using simple random sampling. In order to collect data in this research, a questionnaire was used, the validity of which was confirmed as content validity by experts, and the validity of construction and structure by confirmatory factor analysis in Smart-pls software and its reliability using Cronbach's alpha coefficient, approved by a factor of 0.954. In order to analyze the data in this study, the Chlomogroff-Smirnov test was used for regular testing, and structural equation modeling was used to test the hypotheses. The results showed that innovation in services and marketing has a significant impact on tourist attitudes, marketing promotion, and destination performance. The results also show that the mediating role of marketing promotion on the impact of innovation on destination performance has not been confirmed.
54 Appraisals of the Socio- Economic Characteristics of Waste scavengers in Mubi Metropolis, Nigeria , Ezekiel John Gangaya, Alfred D. Mshelia
The study examines the socio-economic and demographic characteristics of waste scavengers, practitioners of a common form of solid waste resource recovery practices in Mubi metropolis. A total number of two hundred sets of questionnaire were administered to waste scavengers and eight waste merchants out of which 176 sets of the questionnaire were retrieved and analysed. The purposive and Snowball Sampling Techniques were employed to identify the respondents. Tables, percentage Charts, point bisereal correlation, t-test and one way ANOVA technique were used for the analysis. The results revealed that majority of the scavengers within Mubi metropolis are male (93.2%). The female counterparts do not partake much in these types of trade. The reason could not be far fetched from the unwholesome nature of the business and its demands. Generally, the educational status of respondents’ shows that majority of practitioners 44.3% pass through formal education or may not have attended any school system. This attest to the fact that they may not be knowledgeable with regard to the rudiment of resource recycling or reuse. Further result revealed that practitioners were overwhelmingly pushed into scavenging business (93.8%) by poverty/unemployment. Be as it may, all (100%) scavengers revealed that scavenging has increased their income and consequently their standard of living. The Pearson's point-biserial correlation coefficient shows a very weak negative linear relationship between both variables of income and impact of scavenging on health of scavengers. (rpb = -0.071, n = 176, p = 3, At p > 0.05) This relationship goes to show that there is no significant relationship between monthly income and impact (positive and negative) of scavenging on health of Merchants and scavengers in Mubi metropolitan area of Adamawa State. Conclusively, scavenging practice plays a greater role in poverty alleviation and creation of employment especially among those categories of scavengers that attended informal education or not any other school system. However, most scavengers (61.4%) affairs to be urgent need of capital to sustain and boost their businesse.
55 Antimicrobial, Antioxidant and Cytotoxic Activity of Green Synthesized Copper Nanoparticle of Parthenium Hysterophorus L. , Archana Rai, Rohit Lall
Natural products are valuable and well known for their biological activities. In the current scenario, the research and analysis of plant leaf extract and nanoparticles synthesis with their biological activities has been expended significantly. For the synthesis of nanoparticles, Copper is the preferred metal among other metals due to its reported use in medical field as antimicrobial agents and its lethality. The aim of the present work is to assess antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the methanolic leaf extracts and aqueous leaf extract mediated copper nanoparticles of Parthenium hysterophorus. Study also revealed the comparative analysis between methanolic leaf extracts and copper nanoparticles. Synthesis of copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) was confirmed by the change of color of aqueous extract, which were further confirmed by using UV-Vis spectrophotometer. The results indicated that copper nanoparticles have great antimicrobial activity against Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans and Aspergillus flavus rather than methanolic leaf extract. These studies confirmed that copper nanoparticles are capable to rendering high antimicrobial efficacy and hence has a great potential in the development of antimicrobial agents. Based on the DPPH, copper nanoparticles found to be good antioxidant when compared to methanolic leaf extract. Furthermore cells viability assay was also done against copper nanoparticles. These results concluded that copper nanoparticles are good source of therapeutic agent and applications of copper nanoparticles based on these findings may lead to valuable discoveries in various fields such as medical devices and antimicrobial systems.
56 The Influence of Work Environment and Leadership Style on Employee Productivity , Dirhamsyah
The productivity of human resources needs to be continuously improved through various sustainable efforts. The work environment is one of the important efforts to increase teacher productivity. Schools need to pay attention to the work environment so that teacher productivity increases, both physical and non-physical environments. This research will be carried out at the Adiguna Maritim Polytechnic, which will be held in March 2019. The results of this study show. (1) It can be seen that the adjusted value of the R square is 0.501 or 50.1%. This shows that the Work Environment Variable (X1) and the Leadership Style Variable (X2) can explain the Work Productivity Variable (Y) by 50.1%, the rest 49.9% (100% - 50.1%) is true by other variables outside the research model. (2) The results of the t test (partial) show that t (2.528)> t table (1.697), as well as the significance value of 0.017 <0.05, it can reject the first hypothesis accepted, meaning that the Work Environment Variable (X1) affects the Work Productivity (Y) is accepted. (3) The results of the t test (partial) show that t count (4.269)> t table (1.697), and a significance value of 0.000 <0.05, it can be rejected that the second hypothesis is accepted, meaning that the leadership style variable (X2) affects the work productivity variable. (Y). (4) The results of the simultaneous test (F) can be seen that Fcount (16,585)> Ftable (3,295), and a significance value of 0.000 <0.05, it can be rejected for the third acceptance, meaning that the Work Environment Variable (X1), the Leadership Style Variable (X2 ) influence jointly (simultaneously) on the Work Productivity Variable (Y).
57 Body Posture Criteria in Receiving Ball Technique Based on Body Height Indoor Hockey Player   , Iskandar Zulkarnaen, Hernawan, Sudradjat Wirahadihardja, Kurnia Tahki, Iwan Sugihartono, Achmad Ainul Yaqin 
The purpose of this research is to acknowledge body stance in receiving ball technique. Indoor hockey is a sport with high intensity. Indoor hockey has some basic techniques, one of them is receiving ball technique. Author of this research analyzes the receiving ball technique based on body stance which consists of starting stance, execution stance, and ending stance. The Body stance from receiving ball technique has been demonstrated by Hockey players of Sport Science Faculty of Jakarta State University. Data of this research is collected by observations, interviews, and questionnaire filling requests. This research aims to make tracer study of ideal receiving ball technique based on body height. This research is using qualitative methods by distributing questionnaires to each athlete. Population of this research is Hockey athletes of Jakarta State University, data sample is collected by using total sampling technique. The results of this research is the respondents stated there that playing experience, convenience, and body stance support the receiving ball ability is shown respectively with completely agreed and agreed percentage by 37% and 41%, 44% and 48%, 52% dan 37%. Furthermore, body height and arm length are respectively shown with disagreed and hesitant percentage by 48%, 30%, and 33%, 37%. It means body height and arm length did not affect respondent’s accuracy for doing receiving ball. Nevertheless, the hand grips affect accuracy and convenience, this was corroborated by completely agreed and agreed percentage by 70% and 15% and hand grip based on convenience is 37% and 44%. Furthermore, the result of this research will be distributed to athletes and coaches as evaluation material.
58 The Influence of Arm Length, Eye – Hands – Foot Coordination and Arm Power on the Bowling Ability of Male Cricket Athletes , Zuma Nayyiroh, Wahyuningtyas Puspitorini, Ramdan Pelana, Johansyah Lubis
This study aims to determine the effect of arm length, hand-eye coordination, and arm-toe coordination on the bowling ability of male cricket athletes in Jakarta. Data collection was carried out in early January 2021, which took place at the campus of the Jakarta State University Cricket Arena. The method of research used in this research is survey method with path analysis technique or path analysis. The sample used in this study amounted to 18 people who came from the male Cricket Athlete in Jakarta. The first test that was carried out was measurement of arm length. Then proceed with a test of eye-eye coordination, arm power and bowling ability for male cricket athletes in DKI Jakarta. The hypothesis testing technique used in this study is to use path analysis techniques. The data that has been obtained aka n through a process of analysis of the data through SPSS. The results of this study are: 1) the direct effect of variable X1 on Y (X1  Y) or (r1y) = -0,245. So the effect of arm length (X1) directly affects bowling ability (Y) of -0.245 or -24.5%. 2) The direct effect of variable X2 on Y (X2  Y) or (r2y) = 0.535. So the effect of eye-hand-foot coordination (X2) directly affects bowling ability (Y) by 0.535 or 53.5%. 3) The direct effect of variable X3 on Y (X3 Y) or (r3y) = 0.457. So the effect of arm power (X3) directly affects the bowling ability (Y) of 0.457 or 45.7%. 4) The direct effect of variable X1 on X3 (X1  X3) or (r13) = 0.552. So the effect of arm length (X1) directly affects arm power (X3) by 0.552 or 55.2%. 5). The direct effect of variable X2 on X3 (X2 X3) or (r23) = 0.407. So the effect of handeye coordination (X2) directly affects arm power (X3) by 0.407 or 40.7%. 6) The indirect effect of variable X1 on Y through X3 (X1 X3 Y) or (r13y) = 0.552x0.457 = 0.253. So the effect of arm length (X1) indirectly affects bowling ability (Y) through arm power (X3) by 0.253 or 25.3%. 7) The indirect effect of variable X2 on Y through X3 (X2  X3  Y) or (r23y) = 0.407x0.457 = 0.186. So the effect of hand eye coordination (X2) indirectly affects bowling ability (Y) through arm power (X3) by 0.186 or 18.6%.
59 Study of Body Attitude Criteria of Indoor Hockey Players Based on Body Height to Obtain Accurate Passing Techniques   , Adi Padli Hamzah, Hernawan, Yusmawati, Iwan Sugihartono, Achmad Ainul Yaqin, Ramdan Pelana 
In this study, the authors analyzed the posture of indoor hockey players for ball passing techniques based on posture which consists of initial attitude, implementation attitude, and final attitude. These three gestures have been demonstrated by a male indoor hockey player from the Sports Science Faculty, Jakarta State University. Data was collected in September at Hall B, Room Hockey Field, Faculty of Sports Science, Jakarta State University. The data obtained in this study were obtained through filling out questionnaires, observations, and interviews. The aim of this research is to determine the ideal height of a indoor hockey player who has accurate passing techniques. The samples in this study were all male indoor hockey athletes at the State University of Jakarta who followed a quasi-experimental research method with a time series design on indoor hockey passing techniques. As a result, we will get data on height and body position when doing the passing technique and the accuracy of the technique. Then from this study the respondents stated that the experience of playing, comfort, and body posture of the respondents supported the ability of the passing technique, which respectively indicated by the percentages of strongly agreeing and agreeing that were 63% and 30%, 52% and 48%, 56% and 37%. Furthermore, in terms of height, the largest percentage was 45% disagreed, 11% strongly disagreed and 33% doubted. Whereas in the case of 52% disagree, 4% strongly disagree and 33% are doubtful and in terms of the distance between hand grips it affects the accuracy of the passing technique with a percentage of 59% agree and 4% strongly agree. We're going to give some recommendations for coaches and hockey players to have multiple height classifications with postures that give better accuracy for passing the ball.
60 The Effect of Independence, Learning Quality, And Learning Motivation on Swimming Learning Outcomes , Indria Apriyanty, Fahmy Fachrezzy, Oman Unju Subandi, Ramdan Pelana 
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of independence, learning quality and learning motivation on swimming learning outcomes. The research sample was 30 participants in the Telaga Bestari Swimming Pool Course at Cikupa, Tangerang. The research approach used in this study is a multivariate associative approach, with survey methods and non-test techniques by distributing questionnaires. The technique used is the path analysis technique at a significance level of 0.05. In general, the results of research based on the results of path analysis testing for each hypothesis obtained P-value <0.05 significance level, which means that each research hypothesis (H1) is accepted. Which means that the conclusion of each research finding shows (1) there is a direct influence between each independent variable (Independence (X1), Learning Quality (X2), and Learning Motivation (X3)), (2) and there is a positive direct effect of each variable. free {Independence (X1), Learning Quality (X2), and Learning Motivation (X3) on Swimming Learning Outcomes (Y). Thus the results of learning swimming can be influenced through increased independence, learning quality and learning motivation.
61 Improving the Endurance of the Lower Body Muscles Strength with the Application of Chair Media to Athletes Long Distance Running Numbers of KONI in Depok City , Muhammad Wicaksono, Bambang Kridaswarso, Susilo, Ramdan Pelana
This study aims to increase the endurance strength of the lower body muscles with the application of seat media to athletes who run long distance running numbers in Depok City KONI athletes. The research sample was 30 athletes from the Depok City KONI Platda who were members of the team for the preparation of the 2022 Porprov preparation. The method used was quantitative with the type of action research, research data was collected using planning techniques (plan), action (action), observation (observe), reflection (reflect). then analyzed quantitatively. The technique of collecting data by testing and measuring the endurance ability of the lower body muscles using the leg press test. The data analysis technique used was the test at a significance level of 5%. The results of the study explain the training methods used to increase the strength of athlete's muscle endurance including: 1) standing and sitting on a chair with additional weight from the outside such as dumbbells or plates, 2) bridging exercises or lifting the waist with a footstool against a chair, and 3) Performing sit and stand on one footstool.The endurance of the athlete's lower body muscles increased in the third cycle, by means of regular and varied mentoring methods carried out by the coach and using maximum corrective feedback to train the athlete's achievement motivation.
62 Study of Body Attitude Criteria of Indoor Hockey Players Based on Body Height to Obtain Accurate Shooting Techniques   , TB Syarif Hidayattullah, Hernawan, Sri Nuraini, Iwan Sugihartono, Achmad Ainul Yaqin, Ramdan Pelana 
The purpose of this study was to make a preliminary study of the criteria for accurate shooting techniques based on height. Researchers in this study analyzed an accurate ball shooting technique based on body posture consisting of the initial attitude, the execution attitude, and the final attitude. The posture of the ball shooting technique has been demonstrated by indoor hockey players at the Sports Science Faculty, Jakarta State University. The data obtained in this study were taken through observation, interviews, and filling out questionnaires. This study uses a qualitative method by distributing questionnaires to each player. The population used was the hockey athlete at the State University of Jakarta. The sample was taken in this study using a total sampling technique. The results of this study the respondents stated that playing experience, comfort, The body postures of the respondents support the ability to shoot the ball accurately, respectively, shown by the percentage strongly agree and agree are 45% and 44%, 52% and 44%, 70% and 30%. Furthermore, for height, the largest percentage was 44% disagreed and 26% doubtful, for arm length the largest percentage was 45% doubtful and 41% disagreed. This means that height and arm length do not affect the respondent's accuracy in shooting the ball accurately. However, the distance between the hand grips affects the accuracy and comfort, this is reinforced by the percentage strongly agree and agree that the hand grip distance affects the accuracy is 19% and 59% and the distance between the handles based on comfort is 33% and 56%. The results of this study will be given to athletes and coaches as evaluation material.
63 Influence the Quality of Accounting Information Systems and the Effectiveness of Internal Control on Public Financial Reporting Quality; an Empirical Sturdy , Mayadunnege Senaka Anuruddha, Prof. Prathiba Mahanamahewa
There is a growing concern over the public financial management practices including financial reporting of governments. People's concern over more productive public resource utilization has flourished. Not only that, transparency, accountability, and openness of public money utilizations have become more common. Financial reporting is a key leading instrument that is able to prove both ideas. The requirement stimulates governments to concern about the quality of financial reporting in the public sector. The government of Sri Lanka has already taken several steps to strengthen their public financial reporting while there are still being criticisms by critical interest parties. The situation creates a drought over the effectiveness and the direction of the initiatives. Based on the public financial reporting environment in Sri Lanka, the research investigates the determining factors of Public Financial Reporting Quality (PFRQ). Scholars acknowledge the influence of the Accounting Information System (AIS) and Internal Control (IC) to determine the PFRQ in different organizational environments. A questionnaire survey seeking opinions on these two areas was distributed to a sample of Accountants working in the central government ministries and departments in Sri Lanka. The results reveal the strong contribution of AIS and IC to enhance the PFRQ. The results further acknowledge the findings of previous scholars over the positive influence of AIS and IC to determine the FRQ. These findings contribute to the literature by analyzing the determinants of financial reporting quality in the public sector. Finally, it is recommending to the government of Sri Lanka to take steps to strengthen their public financial reporting in a correct and more influential direction.
64 Reflections on Metafora and its Artistic Function in a Work of Art , Hoshimjon Ahmedov, Gulnora Shermatova
This article discusses the artistic aspects of using a detail in a work of art as a metaphor. Independent observations have been made of the purpose of the art of the "stone" detail used in folklore and written literature. Mainly the comparative analysis of the story "Stone" by the writer Askad Mukhtor and the poem "Blooming Stone" by the poet Shavkat Rahmon is made. Appropriate conclusions are drawn.
65 Reflections on Metafora and its Artistic Function in a Work of Art , Hoshimjon Ahmedov, Gulnora Shermatova
This article discusses the artistic aspects of using a detail in a work of art as a metaphor. Independent observations have been made of the purpose of the art of the "stone" detail used in folklore and written literature. Mainly the comparative analysis of the story "Stone" by the writer Askad Mukhtor and the poem "Blooming Stone" by the poet Shavkat Rahmon is made. Appropriate conclusions are drawn.
66 Reflections on Metafora and its Artistic Function in a Work of Art , Hoshimjon Ahmedov, Gulnora Shermatova
This article discusses the artistic aspects of using a detail in a work of art as a metaphor. Independent observations have been made of the purpose of the art of the "stone" detail used in folklore and written literature. Mainly the comparative analysis of the story "Stone" by the writer Askad Mukhtor and the poem "Blooming Stone" by the poet Shavkat Rahmon is made. Appropriate conclusions are drawn.
67 Evaluation of Microbial and Elemental contaminants of Open Market Sachet Water in Nnewi Metropolis , Ed Nwobodo, Oluchukwu C. Ezeasouba, David Chibuike Ikwuka, Gabriel Ejike Igbokwe, Chinyelu Egwuatu, Kester Eluemunor Nwaefulu
This Study Assessed Microbial And Elemental Constituents Of Sachet Drinking Water In Nnewi Metropolis. 100 Questionnaires Were Administered To Get Responses Of Individuals Who Frequently Drink Sachet Water And Cross-Sectional Study Was Conducted Using 10 Sachet Water Samples Collected From Nnewi. Each Sample Was Subjected To Physicochemical Examinations And Microbiological Examination. Data Were Analyzed Using Descriptive And ANOVA. 29% Respondents Reported Developing Some Symptoms After Drinking A Particular Brand Or Different Brands. 60% Of Samples Had Mercury Levels Exceeding The Maximum Contaminant Level Of 0.006mg/L, While All Samples Had Lead Levels Exceeding Maximum Contaminant Level Of 0.01mg/L. Microbial Test Revealed Bacterial Contamination In All Brands And Protozoon Contamination In One. Study Concluded That Sachet Water Is Unfit For Drinking Due To High Levels Of Elemental Constituents And Bacterial Contamination. It Therefore, Highlight The Need For Government Agencies To Intensify Surveillance And Enforce Stringent Hygienic Measures To Sachet Water Industries/Retail Outlets.
68 Evaluation of Microbial and Elemental contaminants of Open Market Sachet Water in Nnewi Metropolis , Ed Nwobodo, Oluchukwu C. Ezeasouba, David Chibuike Ikwuka, Gabriel Ejike Igbokwe, Chinyelu Egwuatu, Kester Eluemunor Nwaefulu
This Study Assessed Microbial And Elemental Constituents Of Sachet Drinking Water In Nnewi Metropolis. 100 Questionnaires Were Administered To Get Responses Of Individuals Who Frequently Drink Sachet Water And Cross-Sectional Study Was Conducted Using 10 Sachet Water Samples Collected From Nnewi. Each Sample Was Subjected To Physicochemical Examinations And Microbiological Examination. Data Were Analyzed Using Descriptive And ANOVA. 29% Respondents Reported Developing Some Symptoms After Drinking A Particular Brand Or Different Brands. 60% Of Samples Had Mercury Levels Exceeding The Maximum Contaminant Level Of 0.006mg/L, While All Samples Had Lead Levels Exceeding Maximum Contaminant Level Of 0.01mg/L. Microbial Test Revealed Bacterial Contamination In All Brands And Protozoon Contamination In One. Study Concluded That Sachet Water Is Unfit For Drinking Due To High Levels Of Elemental Constituents And Bacterial Contamination. It Therefore, Highlight The Need For Government Agencies To Intensify Surveillance And Enforce Stringent Hygienic Measures To Sachet Water Industries/Retail Outlets.
69 Application of Geospatial Techniques for Hydrological Modelling   , Bhanu Pratap Singh, Pradeep Srivastava, Ayushi Trivedi, Deepesh Singh
Geospatial Applications offer a digital illustration of watershed physical characteristics utilized in hydrologic modeling.This paper sums up past endeavors and current patterns in use advanced package of land models and GIS to perform hydrologic investigations. Three strategies of geographic data storage are discussed: formation or grid, triangulated irregular network, and contour-based line networks. The machine, geographic, and hydrologic aspects of every data storage methodology are analyzed. The utilization of remotely perceived information in GIS and hydrologic modeling is reviewed. Borne parameter, physics-based, and hybrid approaches to hydrologic modeling are mentioned with relevancy their geographic information inputs. Finally, many applications areas (e.g., flood plain geophysical science, and erosion prediction) for GIS geophysical science are delineated.
70 Effect of the Demographic of Covid-19 on Different Countries; Using the USA for Comparism , Joseph Oyepata Simeon, Builders Modupe, Joseph Opeyemi Tosin, Famojuro Tayo Ibukun, Ogira Johnson Ogwuche, Moses Femi Daniel, Musa Tabitha Lubo
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a contagious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus. The virus that causes COVID-19 spreads mainly when an infected person is in close contact with another person. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of COVID-19 on different countries, using USA as comparism factor. Ninety four countries were selected based on their continents, countries and cases of infection. Data from each country were obtained from United Nations Geoscheme and WHO and were analyzed and compared to that of the United State of America (USA).Data analyzed revealed that most countries in Africa appears to be least affected by the virus. Data also revealed that many countries have been able to understand and manage the spread and infectivity of the virus compared to the USA. Result from the study also showed that the many countries have been able to improve on managing the infection when compared to USA mortality. This may be due to among other factors a more robust immune response, herd immunity and united approach in the management of the disease. The result also helps to provide insight as to how significant developing and providing vaccine may be to this part of the world. Result from the study suggests that while Africa has a better immunity for the virus, there seems to be improvement the management of disease by other continent.
71 The Role of the ‘First Step’ State Curriculum in the Preschool Education System , Mokhira Jurakulovna Turdieva
The article examines the existing problems in the preschool education system, ongoing reforms aimed at solving these problems, and the importance of the state program “First Step”. The advantages of organizing classes based on interactive methods in PEO are shown.
72 The Effect of Conflict and Termination of Employment on Employee's Work Spirit   , Christin Natalia Sianipar, Yenni Mariani Sinurat
This study aims to find out the conflict and termination of employment both partially and simultaneously have a significant effect on the morale of employees at PT. The benefits of Medan Technique and how much it affects. The method used in this research is quantitative method with several tests namely reliability analysis, classical assumption deviation test and linear regression. Based on the results of primary data regression processed using SPSS 20, multiple linear regression equations were obtained as follows: Y = 1,031 + 0.329 X1+ 0.712 X2.In part, the conflict variable (X1)has a significant effect on the employee's work spirit (Y) at PT. Medan Technical Benefits. This means that the hypothesis in this study was accepted, proven from the value of t calculate > t table (3,952 < 2,052). While the variable termination of employment (X2) has a significant influence on the work spirit of employees (Y) in PT. Medan Technical Benefits. This means that the hypothesis in this study was accepted, proven from the value of t calculate > t table (7,681 > 2,052). Simultaneously, variable conflict (X1) and termination of employment (X2) have a significant influence on the morale of employees (Y) in PT. Medan Technical Benefits. This means that the hypothesis in this study was accepted, as evidenced by the calculated F value > F table (221,992 > 3.35). Conflict variables (X1) and termination of employment (X2) were able to contribute an influence on employee morale variables (Y) of 94.3% while the remaining 5.7% was influenced by other variables not studied in this study. From the above conclusions, the author advises that employees and leaders should reduce prolonged conflict so that the spirit of work can increase. Leaders should be more selective in severing employment relationships so that decent employees are not dismissed unilaterally. Employees should work in a high spirit so that the company can see the quality that employees have.
73 Millenial Politeness in Whats’app Application Communication , Haya Haratikka, Rapat Piter Sony Hutauruk
The technology development change the traditional become the digital. In this digital era, communication take place not only sit side by side, but the presence of smartphone make the distance meaningless. The change from the traditional into digital shift the great value in Indonesia , politeness, especially for millenial generation in STIE Bina Karya. This study is going to see millenial generation communication with their lecturers through WA communication tool. The data were taken by documentation and interview some lecturers who have received the WA text from the millenial generation which belong to impoliteness from Januari 2020 until January 2021. Millenial generation who love the hedonism and freedom, can not away from their gadget and the internet. As the result, they prove the impoliteness in WA text when they texting their lecturers, they create the impolite word choice which made the situation become unfriendly, they give impulse to the lecturer and also they give no option in dedicing a decision meanwhile lecturer/institution has made the regulation for running the learning system.
74 The Impact of Internal Marketing on Service Quality, Perceived Value, Consumer Satisfaction and Loyalty in the Service Sector , Rakotovao Manovosoa Finaritra,  Rakotomahenina Pierre Benjamin
This article proposes to integrate internal marketing, perceived quality, perceived value, satisfaction and behavioural intention in the same model. The study was conducted with 200 healthcare staff and 200 patients. First, the results indicate the influence of internal marketing dimensions on perceived quality and satisfaction. In a second step, it turns out that perceived quality influences satisfaction and perceived value, which in turn impacts satisfaction. Finally, there is a relationship between, on the one hand, satisfaction and behavioural intention and, on the other hand, the perceived value and behavioural intention of consumers.    
75 Requirements for Design of Cultural - Entertainment Center Building   , S. A. Qodirova, R. I. Allimdjanov, L. Sh. Raximov, R. X. Qurbonov
The buildings of the cultural centers are designed to carry out large-scale cultural activities among the population. At the same time, it plays a dominant role as the main building in rural and urban population centers, as it unites and brings together all segments of the population.  
76 On The Features of Changes In Hearing And Cerebral Hemodynamics In Patients With Nasal Obstruction Curvature , Khasanov U.S., Khayitov O.R., Djuraev J.A.
This article presents the characteristics of changes in the hearing and cerebral hemadynamics of patients with deviation of the nasal septum. The deviation of the nasal septum occurs in the cartilaginous and bone regions, both separately and in both at the same time. Deformations can be of a different nature (bend, crest, spike) and localization. They are one and two-sided. Spines and ridges are more often localized at the junction of the quadrangular cartilage and the perpendicular plate, ploughshare, and the crest of the upper jaw (“growth zone”). Less often, the upper sections of the perpendicular plate and the rear section of the ploughshare are deformed. For traumatic deformities, characteristic bends with sharp angles. Often, after injury, the anterior edge of the quadrilateral cartilage is displaced in the form of its subluxation. The deformation of the cartilaginous part of the external nose in the patients under our supervision was due to the deviation of the nasal septum. There were no patients with deformity of the nose, who would have been indicated for surgical intervention on the cartilage of the external nose, in our group.
77 The Role of Sectors in the Socio-Demographic Process of Nukus   , J. K. Shnekeev
It is natural that all modern small towns move to the level of megacities. The city of Nukus is trying to accept this status on the basis of its socio-demographic process, but it is natural that the bigger the city, the more problems. The main challenge for the rise of Nukus to the level of a megalopolis is to determine the evolutionary demographic growth of the population, to study the climatic conditions, to identify and improve the social infrastructure of the population. The climate of the urban nature, the social infrastructure of the population, the areas and shortcomings of each sector were studied. The result of the active movement of sectors to implement the state program in all areas of the city will serve to prepare for the level of the megalopolis.
78 Improvement of Farmers 'Competency for Agriculture Progress   , Komang Krisna Heryanda, Ida Bagus Putu Purbadharmaja
The success of the agricultural sector is determined by a strong agricultural system, the use of appropriate agricultural tools, and the competence of farmers in running agricultural systems and equipment effectively. The analysis found that 65.2 percent of farmers in Indonesia have primary school education, and 64.2 percent are over 45 years old. Low education, and the age of farmers who are dominated by parents are obstacles in advancing the agricultural sector in Indonesia. The contribution of the agricultural sector in national development is high, but the welfare of farmers is still low due to the lack of mastery of agricultural techniques, lack of ability to face climate change, and low mastery of marketing networks. Various efforts have been made to improve the competence of farmers, both government and private. Although various obstacles have yet to be resolved in improving farmer competence, the spirit of developing agriculture is still a priority.
79 Development of A Polymer Material for A Chemical Sensor Gas-Sensitive Element that Determines Hydrogen Sulfide Based on Pan , Ergashboy Abdurakhmanov, Farrukh Fakhriddinovich Kholmurzaev
Recently, in chemical sensors of gases operating at low temperatures, polymeric materials with semiconducting properties are used as a gas sensitive element. One of these materials is polyacrylonitrile (PAN). The use of PAN based film as a gas sensitive material has great potential for creating sensors that operate at room temperature without heating. Development of a technology for the production of metal-containing films based on polyacrylonitrile to create unheated sensors for detecting hydrogen sulfide and studying their properties [1]. A semiconductor sensor for detecting hydrogen sulfide, made using fuels and lubricants based on polyacrylonitrile (PAN), received the symbol "P.SS-H2S". It was investigated that the analytical signal of a hydrogen sulfide sensor (σgas/σweather) based on tungsten and copper oxides depends on the amount of the detected component (SH2S) in the mixture. The developed sensors: S.S-H2S WO3-5% CuO, S.S-H2S WO3-10% CuO and P. S.S-H2S can be used for analytical control of hydrogen sulfide content in objects of various nature.
80 Influence of PH on the Lethal Toxicity of Phenol, Para Chlorophenol and Pentaclorophenol to Freshwater Fish Gambusia Affinis , Asheera Banu Sangli
Phenol and Phenolic compounds has several sources including industrial wastes, coal , wood distillation, road tars, petroleum refining, chemical and plastics manufacture, domestic sewage discharges, natural sources such as plant material decay and leaching from coal and oil deposits enter natural water system and affect the fish and other aquatic organisms , So the static renewal bioassays were done to study the influence of pH on the lethal toxicity of phenol, para chlorophenol and pentachlorophenol to the freshwater fish Gambusia affinis. The studies shows that phenol, para chlorophenol and pentachlorophenol decreased their toxicity as the pH increased to the said fish .The 24,48,72 and 96 hours LC50 values were found to be 48.0,45.0, 43.0 and 41.0 mg/l at pH 6.0 and at pH 7.5 the 24,48,72 and 96 hours LC50 values were 50.0, 48.0, 46.0 and 44.0 mg/l respectively for the fish exposed to phenol, And at pH 6.0 the 24,48,72 and 96 hours LC 50 values were 24.0, 21.0, 19.0, 17.0 mg/l and at pH 7.5 the 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours were 30.0, 28.0, 25.0 and 22.0 mg/l respectively for the fish exposed to para chlorophenol .The LC50 values at 24,48,72 and 96 hours at pH 6.0 were 0.12, 0.10, 0.09 and 0.07 mg/l respectively and at pH 7.5 The LC50 values were 1.23, 1.19, 1.15 and 1.11 mg/l respectively for the fish Gambusia affinis .
81 The Unity of Theory and Practice In the Innovative Transformation of the Educational Space , Nurali Bekmurodovich Sunnatov
This article examines the scientific and practical significance of research results, the basic rules of analysis and modeling methods, competence and creativity, as well as the analysis of innovative changes in education, the basic rules. They are analyzed based on different theories, approaches, positions.
82 The Effect of Work Discipline and Work Motivation on the Performance of Medical Personnel , Rumiris Siahaan, Suci Etri Jayanti
The results of this study indicate. (1) It can be seen that the amount of the adjusted R square value is 0.632 or 63.2%. This shows that the Work Discipline Variable (X1) and the Work Motivation Variable (X2) can explain the Medical Personnel Performance Variable (Y) of 63.2 %, the remaining 36.8% (100% - 63.2%) is explained by other variables outside this research model. (2) The results of the t test (partial) show that t count (8,211)> t table (1.685), as well as the significance value of 0.00 <0.05, it can be concluded that the first hypothesis is accepted, meaning that the variable of work discipline (X1 ) has a significant effect on the Medical Personnel Performance Variable (Y). (3) The results of the t test (partial) can be seen that tcount (-1.298)>ttable (1.685), and the significance value is 0.202> 0.05, it can be concluded that the second hypothesis is rejected, meaning that the Work Motivation Variable (X2) has no significant effect on Medical Personnel Performance Variable (Y). (4) The results of the simultaneous test (F) show that the Ftable value is 3.22. From the description, it can be seen that Fcount (34.461)> Ftable (3.25), and a significance value of 0.00 <0.05, it can be concluded The third hypothesis is accepted, meaning that the Work Discipline Variable (X1), Work Motivation Variable (X2) have a significant effect simultaneously (simultaneously) on the Performance Variable of Medical Personnel (Y).
83 Evaluation of Accounting Information System Quality of Construction Firms Listed on the Vietnamese Stock Exchange , Duc Tai Do
My study aims to analyze and assess accounting information system quality of construction firms listed on the Vietnamese stock exchange, to bring comprehensive insight about the accounting information system of construction firms. The evaluation was carried out by applying qualitative methodology and quantitative methodology to the research results and based on survey results of accountant staffs and IT staffs of construction firms. Overall, the study has identified and measured nine (9) attributes of accounting information system quality of construction firms that have great effects on accountants. There is not, statistically, significant difference in the level of accounting information system quality of construction firms listed on the Vietnamese stock exchange from these different job descriptions and different work experiences. Based on the research findings, there are recommendations regarding the construction firms. The findings contribute to the further development of accounting information system quality research and the construction industry.
84 Adorno and Avant-Garde Music , Ricardo Mandolini
My article explores some aspects of Theodor W. Adorno's work in relation to contemporary music in general and electroacoustic music in particular. Let us recall that Adorno never seriously considered the latter, which he regarded more as a technological bricolage than as a legitimate source for the production of works. One of the purposes of this paper is to demonstrate that under the definition of musique informelle, Adorno opens wide the door to all musics, even those that do not depend directly on musical writing.
85 Traces of Prisoners of War of the First World War in Chimion (Uzbekistan) , Ne’mat Sobirovich Sobirov , Nemat Qahorovich Mamadaliyev
The article deals with the history and fate of the Austro-Hungarian and German prisoners of war of the First World War in Chimion.
86 Paying Attention to the Fact That the Constructive Solution of the Cultural and Educational Centers Indicated In the Project Idea Depends On the Sketch Design , S. A. Qodirova , L. Sh. Raximov , N. H. Mirzaahmedova , N. F. Fayzullayev
The buildings of the cultural and educational center are intended to promote large-scale cultural and educational programs among the general public. At the same time, it plays a dominant role as a main building in rural and urban population centers, as it unites and brings together all segments of the population.
87 Business Intelligence Applications; sustaining Retail Businesses in Rivers State, Nigeria , Patrick N Nwinyokpugi, Fiito Dumnamene Lah
The contemporary retail outlets are no more run by manual practices given the electronic nature of company to customers (C-C); customers to customers (C-C) transactions globally. The application of business intelligence has given an edge to retail outlets operation. This study therefore, strives to examine the relationship between business intelligence application and retail business sustainability in Rivers State, Nigeria. The study used descriptive research technique through the adoption of crosssectional survey design. Nine judgmentally sampled retail outlets especially large scale malls & superstores were studied in Port Harcourt base on their inherent electronic driven operations. Using structured closed ended questionnaire, 45 census senior managers of these sampled retail outlets were studied. Data gathered were analysed using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient (PPMCC) statistics and presented with the aid of SPSS version 20.0 for easy interpretation. The results of analysed data showed that, the dimensions of business intelligence application which included but not limited to customers’ performance management, data warehouse, data mining and advanced data visualization significantly correlated positively with the measures of retail business sustainability being profitability and customers’ patronage. The finding also showed a high moderating effect of organizational culture on business intelligence application and retail business sustainability in Rivers State, Nigeria. Relying on the empirical findings, the study concluded that business intelligence application has positive significant relationship with retail business sustainability. It is therefore recommended that, the dimensions of business intelligence: customers’ performance management, data warehouse, data mining & advance data visualization identified in this study should be utilized as it enhances retail business operational sustainability.
88 Two Iconoclast Characters One from Fiction and Another from Nonfiction: Jude the Obscure by Thomas Hardy and King Henry Viii , Dr. Modou MBODJI
The relationship between reality and literature was and still is debated in intellectual circles. A literary text is not a historical text. In the latter case, authentic facts and real people are reported who can be localized in time and space, whereas in the literary text everything is in the imagination, in the author's creative faculty. He has the latitude, for example, to take real facts and to scramble the tracks. This is to say that, in the literary text, one can find in the final analysis, an analogy, a connection with reality. This is the whole object of this article which is interested in a literary character Jude Obscure of the eponymous novel by Joseph Conrad and on one of the most famous kings of the United Kingdom Henry VIII especially in relation to their behavior compared to the norms social and Christian religion.
89 Online Food Delivery: Study with Special Reference to Food Aggregators , Dr. Manish Kumar Srivastava , Mr. Atul Kumar Srivastava
Technology has emerged as one of the factors which are affecting every business throughout the world. It has changed business practices throughout the world. The service industry is hugely affected by the use of technology. The Food and Restaurant Industry is also started making efficient use of technology. In recent times, consumers have shown an inclination towards ordering foods from hotels and restaurants and having them at the convenience of their homes. Due to this online food delivery has emerged as a fast-growing services sector. In this paper, an attempt has been made by the authors to identify the preferred food aggregators operating in the Indian online food delivery market and to find the major reasons behind ordering food through these food aggregators
90 Preparation of Village Budgets as the Implementation of Good Governance of Village Government , I Wayan Sugiartana
The purpose of this study is to determine the implementation of Law of the Republic of Indonesia number 14 of 2008 in the preparation of village budgets to achieve good governance in the Village Government X in terms of the dimensions of village budget design, village budget study, ratification and enactment of village budgets, stipulation of budget implementation regulations village. This research is a descriptive study, with a population of 5,575 people, and a sample of 373 people was determined using the stratified random sampling method. The questionnaire was used for data collection and then analysed using descriptive analysis techniques. The research shows that the Village Government X in terms of the village budget drafting is in the agreed category. Judging from the discussion of the village budget, it is in the agreed category. Judging from the approval and promulgation of the village budget, it is in the agreed category. Judging from the implementation regulations of the village budget, it is in the very agree category. So it can be concluded that the Government of Village X Regency Y is able to implement Law Number 14 Year 2008 in preparing the village budget properly.
91 Learning Economics: Evaluation of Students' Cross-Interest Selection of Economics Subjects , Ni Made Indira Suari, M. Rudi Irwansyah, I Putu Arya Dharmayasa
The lack of socialization about students’ interest will have an impact on the wrong choice of cross-interest learning. Besides, the lack of teaching staff can also affect errors in the choice of cross-interest learning. This research was conducted to determine the level of effectiveness from cross-interest selection in 11th economics students at SMA Negeri 3 Singaraja in the academic year 2020/2021 based on the dimensions of context, input, process, and product. This study used an evaluative research design with a quantitative approach, and a questionnaire used as the research instrument. The population of this study was 245 students of class XI SMA Negeri 3 Singaraja who received economics learning. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling technique in getting a sample of 176 students. Questionnaires, interviews, and documentation was used to collect the data. The questionnaire was analyzed by using Z-score and T-score descriptive tests. Then the results of the analysis were converted into a prototype Glickman quadratic. From the data analysis, the context dimension is positive (+), the input dimension is positive (+), the process dimension is positive (+), and the product dimension is positive (+).These results indicate that the evaluation of the cross-interest selection of 11th grade students on economics subject at SMA Negeri 3 Singaraja in the academic year 2020/2021 is (+ + + +) located in quadrant I. So that it can be interpreted that the implementation of the cross-interest selection program is classified as very effective.
92 Agriculture, Manufacturing and Economic Growth in Nigeria , Atayi Abraham Vincent, Adekunle Sherif Olorunrinu, Ojo Bunmi Augustina, Nkire Nneamaka Loretta
This research work address the positive effect of Agriculture on the manufacturing sector in Nigeria. The study made used of Ordinary Least Square Method estimation techniques. The findings showed that Agricultural output, government spending on agriculture, and real gross domestic product all have positive effects on the manufacturing sector. The effects is RGDP 66percent, AGRQ by 63%, and GOEXA by 96 percent. The study recommends among other things that government should allocate more resources to the Nigerian agricultural sector and ensure that the funds are judiciously use and that the government should also seek to strengthen its incentives for the manufacturing sector in order to promote increased industrial production and growth.
93 Long-Term Spatial Associations and Regional Convergence of Rural Literacy Rate in India , Hazem Mohamed
Although there are claims that inequality in India has stagnated or even increased in the post-liberalization period, careful analysis of data shows that these views are mostly unsubstantiate. The main aspects of social inequality can be structured, to a large extent, along urban-rural and gender lines. In this paper, we explore a nonparametric approach to highlight the form of the long-term spatial associations of the georeferenced units. Relying on the method of Markov chains, we develop a stationary form for the Moran scatter plot, one of the techniques of the exploratory spatial data analysis. As an illustration, we highlight the forms of spatial autocorrelation and heterogeneity of long-term literacy rates in rural districts in India observed by the two censuses of 1991 and 2001. We use the same data to estimate a spatial β-convergence model. It appears that the growth of literacy rate is higher in rural districts with the lowest literacy and proceeds by spatial diffusion. Beyond his correspondence with the β-convergence model, the proposed nonparametric approach has the advantage of identifying the location of spatial associations
94 Variation of Linear Algebra Problems, Based on Algebraic Models, In the Training of Teachers of Mathematics at Univerisdad Autonoma De Santo Domingo UASD , Aury Rafael Pérez Cuevas, Isabel Yordi González, Santa Cabrera
This report deals with one of the presented problems in the initial training of mathematics teachers and aims to characterize the process of variation problems of linear algebra at the Autonomous University of Santo Domingo. The methods used were the historical-logical and the analysis-synthesis. The main results are the precision and systematization of different theoretical approaches proposed by authors and the conclusive analysis of the process.
95 Opportunities and Prospects for the Development of Ecotourism in the Jizzakh Oasis , Khakima Davlatova, Ozodbek Nematov
This article reflects the ecotourism opportunities of Jizzakh region. In particular, information was provided on the tourist potential of Zaamin Bakhmal and Forish regions.  
96 Technical and Economic Level, Justification of Basic Technological Solutions of Formalin Production in Navoyazot, Selecting the Optimal Production Method   , Mohira Rakhmatiloevna Pulotova, Uchqun Yusuf o`g`li Jo`rayev, Intizor Odiljonovich Norqulov, Shaxzod Sirojiddin o`g`li Rustamov, Ro`zimboy Qadamboy o`g`li Saparboyev
Formaldehyde is a very active chemical compound that easily reacts with other substances to form a large class of new compounds, many of which have important properties. Due to its reactivity, formaldehyde in a relatively short period of time has become one of the indispensable semi-products of large-tonnage organic synthesis.
97 Professional Competency Self-Efficacy of Undergraduate Environmental Studies Students: A Case Study of Gender Differences and Longitudinal Change   , David C. Gosselin, Ronald J Bonnstetter, Eric Gehrig, Robert Stokes
Business leaders and political leaders have asked institutions of higher education to improve graduates’ cognitive and affective skills, sometimes referred to as “soft skills”, personal competencies, professional competencies, “21st century skills” or 21st century competencies. As a result of their importance, demands for these skills in the workforce, and increased pressure to be accountable, higher education is challenged to assess student achievement and performance related to these competencies. The goal of this paper is to investigate the longitudinal changes in relative self-efficacy of undergraduate environmental students across three domains of professional competencies – cognitive, intrapersonal and interpersonal. More specifically, the objectives are to: 1. Examine the extent to which there are differences in self-efficacy for male and female students in an environmental studies program; 2. Assess the extent to which self-efficacy of the environmental studies students change over the time they are involved in the undergraduate program and their relationship to learning outcomes. An examination of pre-program self-efficacy data indicate statistical differences between males and females that are consistent with social role theory that posits that gender traits are developed as a result of the differential roles that women and men occupy in society. The observed statistical differences between males and females based on effect size are generally maintained between pre- and post-program data for the unpaired data. However, differences in the effect size of five competencies between pre- and post-data suggest that the impact of the educational experiences for male and female students is different. A comparison of the pre- and post-scores for paired female data indicate that overall female self-efficacy showed a general increase for 18 of 23 competencies. Statistically significant increases in female-student confidence in their abilities occurred in continuous learning, employee development, presenting, diplomacy, and written communication. Paired pre-post male data indicate that overall male self-efficacy for 19 of 23 competencies increased. Statistically significant increases in male-student selfefficacy occurred in employee development/coaching and diplomacy. Increases in self-efficacy data supports the contention that development of 21st century competencies is occurring as the students actively engage in activities where they can practice these skills.
98 A Preliminary Checklists of Birds for the Furaand Furagosa Wild life Community Based Conservation Area, in Mirab-Abaya District, Gamo Zone, Southern Ethiopia , Amare Gibru, Yihew Biru, Zelalem Temesgen, Kibebew Hunde
The field visit was conducted at Fura and Furagosa community based wildlife conservation area in February 2021. The survey aims to prepare a primary bird checklist. Transect walk data collection method was employed. The record of bird list was presented in a descriptive statics. 37 bird species were recorded during the survey time. Of the species recorded, 25 species were residents, 10 species Palearctic migrants and 2 Intra-African migrants. The survey suggests that further systematic studies of biodiversity are needed.
99 Presumption of Innocence – Application in Exercising Prosecution Rights, Supervising the Investigation and Adjudication of Criminal Cases under Vietnam Legal   , Mai Dac Bien
The presumption of innocence is one of the fundamental principles, widely applied in modern legal science, as the basis for achieving fair and humane justice. This principle was formed very early in the history of the human law, in addition, the Vietnamese law has also absorbed the progressive thought early, recognized as one of the basic principles to ensure human rights and the overall effectiveness of criminal proceedings. The article analyzes the history, nature as well as the practice of applying this principle in the settlement of criminal cases in Vietnam according to the functions and duties of the People's Procuracy.
100 Formation of Neutral Points in the Polarization Characteristics of Secondary Radiation in the Semi-Infinite Medium Model   , M.M. Sobirov, J.Yu. Rozikov, V.U. Ruziboyev
  This article studies the polarization characteristics of diffusely reflected backward radiation when illuminating a semiinfinite, light-scattering medium with unpolarized radiation. The formation of neutral Babine, Brewster and Arago polarization points in the angular polarization characteristics of the secondary radiation is shown. Comparison between the results of exact numerical calculations and approximate analytical formulas has been carried out and physical conditions for the appearance of neutral points depending on the angles of illumination and the multiplicity of scattering have been analyzed.
101 The Provision of Tourists’ Rights in Uzbekistan: International and National Standards   , Surayyo Bultakovna Usmanova
This article examines the issues of legal regulation, which are the basis of all areas and directions of tourism. In particular, the analysis of the importance of international legal norms in ensuring the rights, freedoms and safety of tourists in Uzbekistan, the need for their implementation in national legislation. The author has also developed suggestions and recommendations for specific issues based on the findings of this study.
102 Academic Dishonesty in Islamic Primary Schools  , Herdian, Farmadila Nisa’ul Sabrina
This research aimed to find out the forms and factors of academic dishonesty during the time of doing a task or test on Islamic Primary School Students in central Java, Indonesia. There were 7 informants in this research consisting of 4 primary informants that involved students from fourth, fifth, and sixth grades, and 3 secondary informants that involved homeroom teachers of the primary informants. This was qualitative research with a case study approach whose data were collected using interviews. The results showed that the forms of students' academic dishonesty included copying the answers, cheating, having their homework done by someone else, asking for and giving the answers, cooperating in cheating, correcting answers, bringing some notes, and lying about doing the assignments. Meanwhile, the factors that caused students to commit those dishonesties were low self-confidence, low internal motivation, gender, low control, unpreparedness for the test, conformity, and the ease of technology.
103 Board of Directors Decisions And Performance of Deposit Money Banks: An Analytical Approach , Aderigha Ades George
The study examines the relationship between Board of Directors Decisions and Performance of Deposit Money Banks: An analytical approach in Nigeria for the period 1990–2018. The study measured Ordinary share capital, Debenture, Investment in subsidiaries, and Loans /advances as proxies for Board of Directors decisions while Return on Equity was used as proxies for Performance of deposit money banks for the said periods under review. In the course of the study, data were obtained from the website of Central Bank Statistical bulletin and annual report of Nigerian Deposit Insurance Corporation (NDIC). The Augmented Dickey Fuller (ADF) test option was used to test for unit root. The ARDL and Bounds test were used to estimate the short and long run relationships. This study found that at short run, the board of director’s decisions on financing and investment decisions has positive relationship with return on equity, but are not significant predictors of return on equity. However, at long run the director’s decisions on financing options i.e. ordinary share capital and debenture, investment in subsidiaries and granting of loans have a long run relationship with return on equity of deposit money banks in Nigeria for the period 1990-2018. Strong credit risk administration/procedures should be religiously followed especially (know your customer) and complied with by credit risk managers in all deposit money banks in Nigeria. Ordinary share capital should be a source of financing at the short run. These were some of the recommendations proffered, to the Government, monetary authorities, Central Bank of Nigeria, researchers and Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria.
104 Assessment of Ecoturistic Opportunities of Shakhrisabz District , Gʻolib Nortoshevich Aliqulov, Fazilat Ibrokhim qizi Muzropova, Ravshan Abdurazakovich Eshonkulov, PhD
Ecotourism and its development depends not only on the socio-economic conditions of the study area, but also on the natural conditions of the area, the presence of ecotourism sites and their geographical location. Because the characteristics of natural conditions allow us to determine the ecotourism potential of the region and what species can be developed.
105 Government Policy Response to COVID-19 Pandemic in Nigeria     , Obinna Nwodim, PhD,Edmund Felix Obomanu, PhD
The principal responsibility of any government is to provide for the security and welfare of the citizenry. A major feature of the well-being of the citizenry is quality healthcare service delivery. There is no doubt that the novel COVID-19 pandemic that ravaged the world exposed the vulnerability of citizens to social and economic challenges, thus imposing tremendous stress on governments, globally. In other words, governments were taken to task on their responsibilities. Both developed and developing countries were not spared as casualties cut across the divide. In response to the health challenges and subsequent socio-economic impacts, governments, the world over, adopted various policy measures to address the pandemic. In this paper, the author examined the policy response of the Nigerian government to the pandemic in order to mitigate the harsh negative impacts on the citizenry. The theoretical underpinning of this study is the systems theory as developed by David Easton. The paper is descriptive and therefore adopted secondary data from books, journal articles, magazines, newspapers, as well as other periodicals, both online and offline for discussion and analysis. The study observed that although, the Nigerian government adopted measures and strategies in the fight against the pandemic, the policy strategies and mechanisms were weak and reactionary, even as there were no feedback mechanisms to ascertain policy outcome. The paper, amongst others, therefore recommended that a state of emergency be declared in the economic sector of the country to help revive the economy and improve the well-being of the citizenry, while a robust and workable National Health Insurance Policy be established to address the health needs of the citizens.
106 Government Policy Response to COVID-19 Pandemic in Nigeria     , Obinna Nwodim, PhD,Edmund Felix Obomanu, PhD
The principal responsibility of any government is to provide for the security and welfare of the citizenry. A major feature of the well-being of the citizenry is quality healthcare service delivery. There is no doubt that the novel COVID-19 pandemic that ravaged the world exposed the vulnerability of citizens to social and economic challenges, thus imposing tremendous stress on governments, globally. In other words, governments were taken to task on their responsibilities. Both developed and developing countries were not spared as casualties cut across the divide. In response to the health challenges and subsequent socio-economic impacts, governments, the world over, adopted various policy measures to address the pandemic. In this paper, the author examined the policy response of the Nigerian government to the pandemic in order to mitigate the harsh negative impacts on the citizenry. The theoretical underpinning of this study is the systems theory as developed by David Easton. The paper is descriptive and therefore adopted secondary data from books, journal articles, magazines, newspapers, as well as other periodicals, both online and offline for discussion and analysis. The study observed that although, the Nigerian government adopted measures and strategies in the fight against the pandemic, the policy strategies and mechanisms were weak and reactionary, even as there were no feedback mechanisms to ascertain policy outcome. The paper, amongst others, therefore recommended that a state of emergency be declared in the economic sector of the country to help revive the economy and improve the well-being of the citizenry, while a robust and workable National Health Insurance Policy be established to address the health needs of the citizens.
107 The Degree of Study of Numerals by Scientists in the World     , Dr. Umida Khodzhakbarovna Mavlyanova
Numerals are used in a variety of tasks, both in science and in everyday life. Using numbers, we record the results of calculations (twenty, forty years), determine the order between the elements of the plural (the first speaker, the millionth person to live), and express the results of the measurement of something (a mile and a half). In addition, numeric characters can be used instead of words, letters, for example, to encode text. Chinese culture is recognized as one of the oldest written cultures. Yu. M. Lotman considers writing to be one of the forms of memory. In this sense, history can be interpreted as an “additional consequence of the emergence of writing”. “While written culture is about the past, oral culture is about the future. That's why predictions, divination and predictions played a big role in it. "According to the scientist, “the world of verbal memory is full of symbols”, the material is included in the list of objects and is included in the text of ceremonies, not in the text consisting of words. In the written culture, however, the situation is different. Such a culture "seeks to see the Text created by God or Nature, to read the message expressed in it." Numbers play an important role in this "reading of the world-text" by the Chinese. According to А. Karapetyants's Great Dictionary of the Chinese Language (中文大辞典 zhōngwén dà cídiÇŽn 1962-1968), there are 13,296 dictionary articles beginning with numbers.
108 Biological Development of Codling Moth and Biological Efficiency of Pyretroid Preparations to Control It , Adilbay Reyimbayevich Utepbergenov, Nasima Genjemuratovna Shamuratova, Bakhtiyor Atajan ugli Atajanov
Apples are widely used by the population as a fresh and processed product at any time of the year. The relevance of the experiment is the protection of orchards from apple pests and the cultivation of high-quality products. Over the years of experiments, the main types of pests that are found in gardens and cause the greatest damage, as well as their morphological characteristics, have been studied. Laspeyresia (Carpocapsa) pomonella L. is recognized as the most harmful apple tree in our region.
109 Acute Kidney Injury After Sigmoid Vaginoplasty Procedure In Mullerian Duct Anomalies: A Case Report , Rizkha Adistyatama, Nuring Pangastuti
Background: Development of female genital tract is a complex process and dependent upon a series of events involving cellular differentiation, migration, fusion, and canalization. Mullerian Duct Anomalies (MDA) are uncommon congenital anomalies, but can vary widely and treatable with surgical procedure. Classification system that have been used are classification from American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) and European Society of Human Reproduction and Embriology (ESHRE) and European Society for Gynaecological Endoscopy (ESGE). Surgical procedure in MDA patient had a high successful rate, but postoperative complication can arise in form of the need for further surgical requirement and acute kidney injury. Case report: A 20 year old girl admitted to obstetric gynecologic clinic with complaints of abdominal pain, amenorrhea, and redness voiding. She experienced abdominal pain since 6 years ago. Previously, patient had history of vaginal drainage procedure when she was 14 years old but she did not felt improvement in complaint and symptom. Cystoscopy and radiology imaging showed vaginal agenesis and renal dekstra agenesis, subsequently patient was planned for a sigmoid vaginoplasty procedure. Identification and exploration during surgery revealed vaginal agenesis, renal dekstra agenesis, hematometra from hemiuterus dekstra, hemiuterus sinistra with asesorius or hipoplasia uterine and hematosalping dekstra. In 5 days post operative, patient suffer anuria and acute kidney injury complication. Acute kidney injury after major surgery involving gastrointestinal was common because of surgical stress response, and agenesis renal condition aggravates this complication.
110 Legal Basis of Rehabilitation in Criminal Proceedings   , Gulom Mahammatovich Shodiev
This article discusses the legal basis of rehabilitation in criminal proceedings in the Republic of Uzbekistan. The most constructive theories of the institution under discussion are discussed, their advantages and disadvantages are emphasized. The article also analyzes the volume of rehabilitation in the Criminal Procedure Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
111 A Comparative Analysis on the Challenges of Online Learning Modality and Modular Learning Modality: A Basis for Training Program   , Aubrey S. Abante, Raymund P. Cruz, Danjo F. Guevarra, Maria Isabel B. Lanada, Mark Julius S. Macale, Myron Willie III B. Roque , Frederick R. Salonga, Lilibeth C. Santos, Wendell C. Cabrera
Online Learning and Modular Learning Modalities are being utilized by the Department of Education to continue the learning process during COVID -19 pandemic. The study has employed Mixed method to determine the problems and challenges of both public and private school teachers in utilizing online and modular learning modality. Interviews revealed that each sector has a problem in internet connectivity. Specifically, public school teachers are being challenged by the scarce resources of the students and unresponsive parents. Private school teachers are being challenged by the lack of training on the different online platforms for online teaching and learning process and assessment of learning this new normal. U- Test revealed that the challenges experienced by public and private school teachers in delivering distance learning are essentially the same. Moreover, it can be said that the type of school where a teacher works has no bearing with the challenges that he or she may encounter.
112 The Impact of Remittances on the Skipped Generation Households in Vietnam   , Hue Thi Hoang, Hien Thi Thao Dinh, Hang Thi Thuy Nguyen, Hien Thu Phung, Trang Thi Thu Pham
Online Learning and Modular Learning Modalities are being utilized by the Department of Education to continue the learning process during COVID -19 pandemic. The study has employed Mixed method to determine the problems and challenges of both public and private school teachers in utilizing online and modular learning modality. Interviews revealed that each sector has a problem in internet connectivity. Specifically, public school teachers are being challenged by the scarce resources of the students and unresponsive parents. Private school teachers are being challenged by the lack of training on the different online platforms for online teaching and learning process and assessment of learning this new normal. U- Test revealed that the challenges experienced by public and private school teachers in delivering distance learning are essentially the same. Moreover, it can be said that the type of school where a teacher works has no bearing with the challenges that he or she may encounter.
113 Evaluation of the Vietnamese Consumers' Intention to Buy Chinese Garment Products   , Pham Thi Thuy Van, Nguyen Thi Anh Tram, Le Thi Hai Ha
Chinese garment products were present throughout the domestic market of Vietnam, both in large cities and in rural areas, attracting the majority of low-income and low-end customers. The main objective of this study was to identify, evaluate, and to measure the attributes of the Vietnamese consumers' intention to buy Chinese garment products. The study was based on a field survey using a semi-structured questionnaire on a sample of 600 consumers in Hanoi city and Ho Chi Minh city. But, only 406 filled questionnaires were satisfactory and therefore included in the analysis. By using seceral statistical analytical tools, i.e. descriptive statistics, Cronbach’s Alpha analysis, the study has identified and measured four (4) attributes of the Vietnamese consumers' intention to buy Chinese garment products. Based on the findings, some recommendations are given for the Vietnamese consumers' intention to buy Chinese garment products and domestic textile and garment firms in Vietnam.
114 Evaluation of the Vietnamese Consumers' Intention to Buy Chinese Garment Products   , Pham Thi Thuy Van, Nguyen Thi Anh Tram, Le Thi Hai Ha
Chinese garment products were present throughout the domestic market of Vietnam, both in large cities and in rural areas, attracting the majority of low-income and low-end customers. The main objective of this study was to identify, evaluate, and to measure the attributes of the Vietnamese consumers' intention to buy Chinese garment products. The study was based on a field survey using a semi-structured questionnaire on a sample of 600 consumers in Hanoi city and Ho Chi Minh city. But, only 406 filled questionnaires were satisfactory and therefore included in the analysis. By using seceral statistical analytical tools, i.e. descriptive statistics, Cronbach’s Alpha analysis, the study has identified and measured four (4) attributes of the Vietnamese consumers' intention to buy Chinese garment products. Based on the findings, some recommendations are given for the Vietnamese consumers' intention to buy Chinese garment products and domestic textile and garment firms in Vietnam.
115 Treatment Methods for Different Variations Syndrome Mirizzi   , Omarov N.B., Aimagambetov M. Zh.,Abdrakhmanov S.T., Auenov M.A.,Lazarev A.K., Akparov T.L. Akhmetzhanova D.O.
The number of patients with complicated forms of cholelithiasis of cholelithiasis is progressively growing. One of the complications of gallstone disease is Mirizzi syndrome (SM). The reason for the development of which is the spread of the inflammatory - destructive process from the gallbladder to the bile ducts with the formation of pressure ulcers in the common bile duct, as a result of which the formation of a cholecystobiliary fistula occurs, through which stones from the gallbladder enter the main bile ducts. The analysis of the surgical treatment of patients with cholelithiasis (GSD) treated in the UH NJSC "MUS" was carried out. There were 3842 patients in total, Patients were in the period from January 2012. to July 2018 The analysis revealed that of all these patients with gallstones, Mirizzi SM type III and IV syndrome was diagnosed in 25 (0.7%). In 14 (56%) patients with type III SM and type IV SM, 11 (44%). The main group consisted of 10 (40%) patients and 15 (60%) patients included in the control group. The main group completed:
116 Results of Surgical Treatment of Liver Echinococcosis in Our Practice   , Omarov Nazarbek Bakytbekovich Aimagambetov Meirbek Zhaksybekovich Abdrakhmanov S.T. Auenov M.A., Lazarev A.K., Akparov T.L. Akhmetzhanova Dinara Oralgazyevna
Results of surgical treatment of 45 patients with liver echinococcosis, operated on in the clinic of the University Hospital Non-profit joint-stock company "Semey Medical University" (UG NAO "MUS") from January 2017 to January 2021. Of these, there were 28 men (62.2%), women - 17 (37.7%). The average age was 47.6 ± 3.2 years. Depending on the characteristics of the clinical situation, 2 variants of treatment tactics were performed for echinococcal cyst of the liver: in 37 (82.2%) cases by the traditional method of echinococcectomy, in 8 (17.8%) cases, pericystectomy. There were no lethal outcomes. All patients in satisfactory condition were discharged for outpatient treatment.
117 The Role of Probiotic Bacteria on Microbiological and Acceptability of Sudanese White Soft Cheese   , Alwaleed Ibrahim Dafalla, Kamal Awad Abdel Razig
The objectives of this investigation is to study the effect of three types of probiotic bacteria (Lactobacilus rhamnosus, Lactobacillus casei, Bifidobacterium bifidum) on the microbiological and acceptability of Sudanese white soft cheese during storage period 0, 15, 30, 45 and 60 days. Microbiological analysis revealed that, the highest count of probiotic bacteria (87x108cfu/g) was obtained by sample containing L.rhamnosus and the lowest (39x106 cfu/g) by sample containing B.bifidum, while the sample containing L.casei ranked in intermediate position. Storage period affected the total probiotic bacteria count, the highest count at 2 weeks for L.casei and B.bfidum and after 4 weeks for L.rhamnosus, while the lowest at the end. The microbial analysis did not detect any pathogenic bacteria (coliform bacteria, salmonella and staphylococcus aureus) or yeast and molds. The sensory evaluation quality revealed that the cheese containing L.rhamnosus gave the best appearance, texture, flavour and overall acceptability, followed by L.casei and B.bifidum compared with the control samples. The storage period significantly (p≤0.05) affected the acceptability of the cheese, where the highest score was obtained at day 30 and the lowest at the beginning of the storage. The study recommends further studies and tests to improve the quality of the Sudanese white soft cheese treated by probiotic bacteria.  
118 The Using of Distance Learning Technologies in Training Courses   , T. Shoymardonov, E. Buriev
This article provides a brief history and level of study of distance learning courses. Also, retraining and advanced training courses for executives and pedagogical staff of higher education institutions are provided with modern forms and technologies of teaching in the educational process, including distance learning, webinar technologies, automated monitoring, electronic portfolio information systems and their coverage. The research studied the performance of trainees in 214 areas of 22 retraining and advanced training centers and regional centers. In the study, the mastery data of the trainees who improved their skills in the courses for 2017-2020 were published in the form of tables and diagrams. The study also highlighted the advantages of distance learning courses and the problems that can be solved.
119 The Concept of Culture in English Philosophy   , Dina Yasavievna Shigabutdinova
The culture is the dominant concept in English philosophy making it one of the most spreaded carriers of culture in the world. The representatives of British (mainly English) still continue to lead the global tendencies of literature, culture, arts and science. The Victorian Britain was the initiator of the first trends of the concept which is now named as the globalization. This epoch is characterized by the rapid changes in Iron, Ornament and Architecture in Victorian Britain. Despite its underrepresentated in the population of the world the people from England hold second number after the representatives of US in the number of Nobel prize holders.
120 Quality of Malaria and HIV Rapid Diagnostic Test kits (RDTs) in health facilities and medicines outlets in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana   , Amartey AO, Buabeng KO, Mohammed A, Maru SM, Peeling R,Tengey S
Background: Questions remain on the quality of malaria and HIV Rapid Diagnostic Test kits (RDTs) stocked and used in health facilities in Ghana. The Food and Drugs Authority (FDA) in Ghana is mandated to regulate RDTs for quality. By this, all RDTs must be registered, and each brand given a unique registration number. This study aimed to assess the quality of malaria and HIV RDTs in health facilities in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana, using FDA standards. Method: Data was obtained using structured questionnaire from 400 facilities in three districts in the Greater Accra region. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used to select the health facilities including retail medicine outlets. Information on the registration status of the RDTs and conditions under which they were stored were gathered. RDTs kept in air conditioned or well-ventilated rooms were considered as being stored under good condition. RDTs, registered by the FDA and appropriately stored were considered to be of good quality. Data was coded, stored, and analyzed using STATA version 15. Results: About 17% of the malaria RDTs stocked in the pharmacies were unregistered, 85.7% in hospitals were registered. Also, 83.3% of HIV RDTs in the Policlinics were registered. Registration status of the RDTs were associated with the districts in which the health facilities were located (p = 0.006). The RDTs were generally stored under good conditions (99.5%). Over forty percent (41.9%) of user practitioners interviewed rated the quality of the malaria RDTs as good and 59.2% rated HIV RDTs as very good. Conclusion: Though there were some unregistered RDTs whose quality cannot be ascertained, the quality of malaria and HIV RDTs in the facilities assessed were rated as good and likely to produce good results for malaria and HIV case detection.
121 Determination of Aquifer Parameters Using Theis Method in Malamawi Island, Isabela City, Basilan, Philippines   , Alejandro A. Jalil, Roger A. Luyun, Jr., Aurelio A. Delos Reyes, Jr., Victorino A. Bato
The study aims to determine the hydrologic properties of an aquifer of Malamawi Island in terms of transmissivity, storage coefficient, and specific discharge using the Theis method. The study was conducted in March of 2015. The 4 inches 2- boreholes are drilled in two different locations (Diki and Santa Barbara villages) to identify the lithologic properties. A pumping test was performed for forty-five (45) minutes and, drawdowns are observed from the observation well. The shallow aquifer is confined with a transmissivity of 1.70 m2/d, storage coefficient of 0.001012, and specific discharge of 6.53 m2/d.
122 Relationship Between Self Efficacy and Job Performance and Satisfaction of Secondary School Teachers In Anambra State   , Dr. Nonyelum Udemba Ph.D
This study assessed the relationship between self-efficacy and job performance and satisfaction of secondary school teachers in Anambra State. Two research questions guided the study. Two null hypotheses were tested at .05 level of significance. Correlational survey research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study was 1,615 secondary school teachers in 32 state government owned secondary schools. Stratified random sampling technique was utilized to select a sample size of 485 teachers. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. The reliability of the instrument was established using Cronbach’s alpha formula which yielded reliability coefficient values of 0.88 and 0.85. Data were analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation coefficient. The results showed that there is negligible and low positive relationship between self efficacy and job performance of secondary school teachers in Anambra State. There is moderate and substantial positive relationship between self-efficacy and job satisfaction of secondary school teachers. The study further revealed that there is significant relationship between self-efficacy and job performance and satisfaction of secondary school teachers in Anambra State. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that educational agencies and professional associations should collaborate with secondary schools to organize workshops and seminars for teachers at regular interval to strengthen abilities to ensure effective performance of teachers to achieve the objectives of secondary education as entrenched in the National Policy on Education.
123 Long-Term Out come Evaluation in Patient Undergoing Deep Hypo-thermic Circulatory Arrest in Aortic Arch Surgery   , Leibuss Roberts,Poliņš Dāvis,Kalniņš Edvards, Drizlionoka Karina, Lācis Jānis, Ä’rglis Martiņš,Stradiņš PÄ“teris, StrÄ«Ä·e Eva
Background: Aortic dissection is usually associated with low survival rates due to high prehospital and perioperative mortality, in addition with increased risk of postoperative complication in survivals. Since 1985, deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) is often used in aortic arch surgery with main advantage to provide bloodless surgical field while protecting brain tissue during hypothermia. Nevertheless, it still raises concern of increasing neurologic sequelae and a potential decrease of long-term quality of life. The aim of study: To evaluate the effect of DHCA used in aortic surgery on long-term quality of life. Methods: In this observational case series we included a total of 24 patients who had aortic arch surgery requiring DHCA in the Pauls Stradins Clinical University Hospital Cardiac Surgery center, from January 2019 to December 2020. Seven patients were excluded due to intrahospital death. For the rest of the patients Quality of life (QOL) was evaluated using RAND SF36 questionnaire and MMSE test. Data regarding demographics, clinical characteristics, surgery type, duration of circulatory arrest, rectal and bladder temperatures were collected and analyzed using the SPSS 23 Statistics software IBM SPSS Statistics 21 (IBM Corporation, NY, USA). Statistical significance was assumed as two- tailed p <0.05. Results: A total of 17 patients were analyzed, we had 12 (71%) males and 5 (29%) females. A mean age was 60.71 (±13.8 SD) years, leading co-morbidity was hypertension – 11 (64.7%). There were 6 (35.3%) elective and 11 (64.7%) acute surgeries. Stan-ford A dissection (82.4%) constituted the main part of all cases. A 94.7% had aortic arch replacement. Most common postopera-tive complication was wound infection- 29.4%. The mean cardiopulmonary bypass time, aortic cross-clamping and reperfusion time was 212 (±38.3, SD), 124 (±33.8, SD) and 70.2 (±32.9, SD) minutes, respectively. Core temperature during DHCA was 23.2 Cº (±3.2, SD) and a rewarming rate was 0.12 (±0.07, SD) Cº/min. No significance correlation between RAND SF36 questionnaire score (QoL questionnaire) and lowest DHCA temperature, aortic cross - clamping, reperfusion time, CPB time was observed, respectively - p=0.367, p=0.544, p=0.619, p=0. We found statistically significant moderate strength correlation between QOL and rewarming rate (r=0.550; p=0.022). Mean RAND SF36 questionnaire score was 71.9±10. and mean MMSE score was 27.9±5,3. Conclusions: We found no correlation between quality of life and lowest temperature during surgery, aortic cross- clamping time, reperfusion time, however we found positive moderate strength correlation between rewarming rate and quality of life. Patient quality of life after surviving aortic arch surgery and deep hypothermic circulatory arrest compared to general healthy population quality of life is slightly reduced. Mini-mental state exam and RANDO short form health survey can be useful scoring system to evaluate patient quality of life.
124 COVID-19 And Smoking: A Cross-Sectional Study Done In Lebanon   , Najwa Baassiry, Marwa El-Hallak, Ali Alkhatib, Sami Tlais, Hassan S. Hajj Hussein
Background: to assess smoking habits and investigate any impact of smoking on COVID-19 susceptibility and symptom development. Study design: a cross-sectional study. Methods: A total of 1642 participants volunteered and took part in answering the questionnaire. Information about the level of knowledge on COVID-19, smoking habits, and COVID-19-related symptoms of participants were collected using an online questionnaire. Results: The study revealed that a very high percentage of the Lebanese population, especially males, are smokers. Smoking was independent of age and level of education; however, we detected a shift in preference among the younger smokers from cigarette to shisha smoking. We did not detect any influence of smoking, level of education, or geographical location on the probability of contracting COVID-19. COVID-19 patients who are also shisha smokers were significantly more likely to experience severe body pain and speaking and moving difficulty compared to cigarette smokers. In addition, infected shisha smokers who used artificial coal as a burning agent were more likely to experience loss of smell and taste compared to those that used natural coal. Conclusions: Shisha smokers, and especially those that use artificial coal, may be at a higher risk of developing more severe symptoms of COVID-19 and possibly other respiratory-related illnesses. The increased tendency of the younger generations to smoke shisha is alarming
125 Women Empowerment for Accelerating the Rural Economy of Arunachal Pradesh   , Iken Lendo, B.D.Nayak
“To awaken the people, it is women who must be awakened, once she is in the moves, the family moves, the villages’ moves, and nation moves”. Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru   Women empowerment is gaining popularity in the 20th century; it is era of socio- cultural reforms. Empowerment means to increase political, social, educational, and economic, Gender or spiritual strength of personal society. Women constitute the most elegant resource of society. They are regarded as the backbone in family. They play the role of mother, sister, wife, grandmother. Women are considered as the central pillar of every sphere of development in human progress. A woman is regarded as agent of for the growth and development of family as well as good society. In rural areas women are closely attached with the environment for the survival and livelihood. Protection and conservation of the forest is correlated with the role of women. In remote areas women not runs the family they also tries to earn additional wages for their family. It is very much peculiar and unique system that in Galo and some others tribes of Arunachal Pradesh women work harder than the male. They are more in cultivation than male counter parts. So if they are empowered economically, as well as socio-politically, the scenario of the rural areas will definitely transform towards the path of prosperity. For further up-liftment of the women status. International women year was declared in 1975 by United Nation. The 08th march of every year is celebrated as International women Days. The first international conference on women was held in Mexico City in1975. Followed by, Copenhagen in199 and third conference in Nairobi 1985.
126 Phenotypic Performance and Response to Selection for Body Weight Traits of Black Bengal Goat (BBG) in a Community Breeding Program   , A. Akhtar, M.A. Hoque, A.K.F.H. Bhuiyan, M.R. Amin, M.A. Habib
This piece of work was conducted to investigate the genetic improvement of body weight (BW) in Black Bengal goat (BBG) in-situ through a community based breeding program under a low input production system. Data on a total of 466 individuals from three villages; Gangatia, Borochala and Pachpai at Bhaluka upazila in Mymensingh district from 2009 to 2015 with three progressive generations were taken for this work. Two breeding strategies (BS); mating among selected superior bucks and does (denoted as BS1) and mating existing does with selected superior bucks (denoted as BS2) were followed for mating plan of the community breeding program. A control or test group with mating among existing bucks and does (denoted as BS3) were also observed to compare with treatment groups. Phenotypic performance and genetic parameters for BW traits were studied. Data were analyzed by SPSS 17.0 and VCE 4.2.5. The average BW at birth, 3-month, 6-month, sexual maturity, 9-month, and 12-month were 1.42±0.03, 5.14±0.07, 8.48±0.17, 9.88±0.16, 11.75±0.16 and 15.19±0.16 kg, respectively, having significant effect for sex (p<0.05-p<0.001), generation (p<0.001) and BS (p<0.001). The heritability estimates for BW traits were medium ranging from 0.45 to 0.57. The genetic correlation (rg) and phenotypic correlation (rp) for BW traits were positive with low to high strengths (0.02 to 0.99 for rg and 0.17** to 0.99** for rp). The average realized responses due to selection in three progressive generations for BW traits varied from 0.123 to 0.480 kg per generation. It may be concluded that community based breeding program with selected superior bucks and does is very rationale under low input production system, as it improved BW in progressive generations. However, estimates of heritability and rg indicated further scope of improvement by continuous culling of inferior does and bucks in breeding program.
127 Land Cover Dynamics in the Kani Red Bandama Classified Forest (Northern Côte d'Ivoire)   , Dr. Konan Kouadio Eugene
Several studies on the disappearance and monitoring of natural resource dynamics on a global scale show a general trend towards the disappearance of natural areas. Protected areas are not immune to this scourge. Thus, this study attempts to analyze the management of protected areas in Côte d’ Ivoire through the Kani-red Bandama classified forest. Overall, the study aims to assess the impact of human practices on the resources of this classified forest. As activities, the aim is to characterize the dynamics of land use in the classified forest and to determine the factors of these dynamics. The study is based on satellite images (Landsat 5 TM, Landsat 7 ETM+ and Landsat 8 OLI/TIRS) from 1986, 2001 and 2016, cartographic and socio-demographic data, and field observations. The preferred tools for data processing and analysis are remote sensing and GIS. The results show that natural areas under the effect of human actions are undergoing very advanced degradation. In 15 years, natural areas have given way to agricultural areas which have increased from 1% to more than 30% with an intensification of cashew nut cultivation resulting in the multiplication of cashew nut orchards. The classified forest of Kani red Bandama is under the influence of human activities reflected by the infiltration of agricultural settlers and breeders whose opposing uses of natural resources lead to conflicts.
128 An Empirical Analysis on Determinants of Accounting Internal Control Effectiveness: Evidence from Emerging Market   , Dr. Hanh Hong HA
Prior research mentioned internal control as a useful management alternative to improve enterprises’ operation performance and information quality. According to Trenery (2013) internal control can be fundamentally divided into two functions of operating and accounting internal control. The paper aims to identify the determinants of accounting internal control effectiveness that are addressed in existing literature review. Primary data was collected from samples of 109 members of board of directors and chief accountants in Vietnam by direct interview and email survey. The data was analyzed using exploratory factor analysis of SPSS software to illustrate the potential factors of accounting internal control effectiveness. The result shows that there are several determinants of accounting internal control effectiveness such as: good financial ratio, efficient resources deployed, errors found in the financial reports that are convergent into three specific groups of factors, namely: effectiveness and efficiency of accounting activities, reliability of financial reporting and compliance with law and accounting regulations. Based on the research findings, some suggestions are given to enterprises in Vietnam and other emerging markets to improve the effectiveness of accounting internal control.
129 In the Implementation of State Educational Standards Based on Competency Approach in Mathematics the Problem of Membership and Continuity   , Oygul Bekmuratovna Berdieva
This article provides information on the problem of continuity and continuity in the teaching of mathematics and the extent to which it is provided in education. The concepts of continuity and continuity in education are explained in terms of topics in mathematics. The consistent, sequential, coherent placement of mathematical knowledge and its delivery to students is demonstrated by explaining the topics. This means that if a sequence is not maintained in any subject, that is, if the acquired knowledge does not complement the initial knowledge, if it is not enriched in content, if it is not interconnected, it does not form a certain understanding in the student and shows the effectiveness of such teaching. Also, factors influencing the implementation of state educational standards based on the competency approach introduced in our schools have been developed.
130 Optimisation of Electromagnetic Components of a Parametrical Voltage Stabilizer with Magnetic Communications between the Nonlinear Coil and a Ballast Element   , S.F. Amirov,I.M. Bedritskiy, L.Kh. Bazarov
Optimisation of electromagnetic components of a parametrical voltage stabilizer with magnetic connections between the nonlinear coil and a ballast element on the minimum volume of an electromagnetic element Is resulted. Suitability for optimisation of criterion of equality of losses in core and device windings is considered. Analytical expressions for restrictions in the form of density of a current and an admissible overheat are received. The comparative estimation of use of active materials in the given device and the optimum transformer is made.
131 Formation of Reproductive Behavior of Student Youth in the Process of Studying the Humanities   , Nigora Mamayusufovna Kenjaboeva
This article addresses issues scientific analysis of state policy on the education of the reproductive culture of youth, the practical state of the development of the reproductive culture of students, scientific and pedagogical conditions for the development of the reproductive culture of students, information about the organization and conduct of the development of the reproductive culture of students.
132 Evaluation of Financial Capacity of Small and Medium Enterprises in Hanoi   , Do Thi Van Dung, Dao Truong Thanh
The main objective of this study was to identify, evaluate, and to measure the attributes of financial capacity through the qualitative indicators of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Hanoi. The study was based on a field survey using a semi structured questionnaire on a sample of 150 accountants. But, only 115 filled questionnaires were satisfactory and therefore included in the analysis. By using seceral statistical analytical tools, i.e. descriptive statistics, Cronbach’s Alpha analysis, T-test, and Anova, the study has identified and measured four (4) attributes of financial capacity through qualitative indicators of SMEs in Hanoi that have great effects on SMEs. There is, statistically, significant difference in the level of financial capacity through qualitative indicators of SMEs in Hanoi from these different work experiences. There is not, statistically, significant difference in the level of financial capacity through qualitative indicators of SMEs in Hanoi between the mentioned three groups of job description. Based on the findings, some recommendations are given for SMEs to improve financial capacity.
133 Changes in the Biomass of Vegetation in the Aral Sea Region   , B.А.Adilov,Kh.F.Shomurodov, F.I. Polvonov,R.А.Eshmuratov,Sh.Tamambetova
Long-term changes in the plant biomass of the dried bottom of the Aral Sea and the Karakalpak part of the Ustyurt plateau were determined. Despite the drying of the Aral Sea 50 years ago, primary and intermediate stages of vegetation haloseries dominated by annual and shrub halophyte fraction remains as the main directing force of succession. The emergence and increase in the area of "zero" or arid local territories after the 1990s is observed in the central, especially southern part of the Karakalpak Ustyurt. In contrast to the formation of vegetation on the drained bottom of the Aral Sea, long-term changes in the biomass of various natural-territorial complexes of Ustyurt are characterized by a negative correlation with a reduction in the area of mirrors over the past 30 years.
134 Sogdian Epitaphs in Honor Early Khagans of Tyurkik Khaganat   , Professor M.M. Iskhakov
This scientific report devoted to interpretation the content of too sogdian memorial epitaphs in honor early rulers of Turkik Khaganate.
135 Some Aspects of Illegal Migration in the Legislation of Uzbekistan and the Participation of the Prosecutor in the Trial Regarding This Category of Criminal Cases   , Mukhtaram Ziyodullaevna Radjapova
The article highlights the concept of illegal migration, presents a brief description of the commission of illegal travel abroad and the liability for such acts established by the legislation of Uzbekistan. In addition, the author discusses the issues that should be brought to the attention of the prosecutor involved in the trial of this category of criminal cases, the liability for such actions and the prevention of illegal migration.
136 Man’s Traditional Clothes of in the Jizzakh Oasis   , Khakima Davlatova, Ozodbek Nematov
The article discusses man’s traditional clothes of in the Jizzakh oasis. Man’s clothes of Uzbek differs with variety. Similar cut, despite of age, was typical for all men’s clothes, that shows the archaic character of men’s clothes. The peculiarities of region in men’s clothes were shown by colour of material and way of wearing of different costumes.
137 Timurids Eternal Garden Art   , Oybek Sadikjanovich Kasimov
This article examines the modern urban planning situation and the most important role of water in the artistic solution of architecture. When we talk about a park, we must know "where we are from and where we are going." Human and nature must create divine harmony. One of these divine landscape elements is water. She is not only the source of life, but also the pinnacle of aesthetic pleasure.
138 Fiscal Decentralization and Macroeconomic Outcomes in Nigeria   , QUESTION, Emomotimi McDonald, ENIEKEZIMENE, Ariayefa Francis Ph. D,
This study examined the fiscal decentralization-economic growth nexus in Nigeria, with the objective of establishing the causal relationship between measures of fiscal decentralization and economic growth covering the period 1981-2019. Employing the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) technique of econometrics, the analyses revealed that fiscal decentralization variables employed in the study vis-a-vis federal government, state government and local government expenditures have a positive and significant impact on economic growth in Nigeria except for local government expenditure which was not significant at any level. This behaviour is adduced to be a function of poor governance, corruption and other underlying structural challenges at that level. Also, it was observed that while real GDP has a positive and significant impact on private consumption expenditure, its impact on unemployment was not significant at any level. The study therefore concludes that the nature and pattern of growth in Nigeria has not been inclusive. Consequently, it is recommended that fiscal relations governing the different tiers of government be reviewed to meet existing realities while coordinated fiscal policy measures and improved governance will enhance growth and the fiscal space in the country.
139 Non-Life Insurance Sector Premiums and Economic Growth: The Nigerian Experience   , Prof. Osuka, Bernard. O.,Aderigha Ades George
The study examined the relationship amid Non-life insurance premiums and economic growth in Nigeria for the period 1981–2017. The study measured fire premium, Accident premiums, Motor vehicle premium, Marine premiums and miscellaneous premiums as proxies for Insurance sector premiums while Real Gross Domestic Products was used as proxy for Economic growth for the said periods under review. In the course of the study, data were obtained from the website of Central Bank Statistical bulletin and annual report of NIA digest. The Phillips Perron type was used to test for unit root. The Autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) and Bounds test was used to estimate the short and long run relationships. This study found a positive relationship at some lag periods amid the independent variables and the dependent variable. However, the relationships were not significant both at the short run and long run. Insurance firms should leverage on fire and accident insurance policies to boost high premiums. Adequate public awareness and education should be carried out by insurance firms to enable members of the public to enter into insurance contract. Strong legal framework should be introduced to protect the insured to claim indemnity at the event of litigation arising from insurance contract disputes. Government should make legislations that would encourage individuals and business organizations to hold insurance policies with the aim of pooling insurance premiums for economic growth.
140 Some Information about Beekeeping (On the Example of Bukhara Region)   , Doniyorov B.N., Doniyorov N.N.
The article discusses the historical glory of the beekeeping industry, the use of bee products in the treatment of various diseases, the role of honey in the quantitative and qualitative changes in the human body, the need for honey as a biogenic substance, basic and additional valuable products from beekeeping some information such as bee breeds, the division of labor in stratified individuals in the family, the types of packages in which bees are fed, the criteria for the development of families, the time of swarming, the establishment of a new family.
141 Role of GPR109A Receptor in the Efficacy of Nicotinic Acid   , Virendra Tangri, Ashok Kumar, Anurag Prakash S, Neeraj Kumar, Bhupinder singh
Nicotinic acid is used to treat dyslipidemia from the past few decades. Nicotinic acid has the capability to increase plasma HDL cholesterol concentration, and so it is being used as a potential pharmacological agent. Nicotinic acid has an unwanted side effect called flushing, which effect the patients compliance as this is unpleasant . With the help of receptor GPR109A for nicotinic acid it is possible to understand the underlying mechanism of action and effects of nicotinic acid, and this helped in maximizing the potential pharmacological effects of nicotinic acid and reducing the flushing side effects.GPR109A is a G protein coupled receptor which is activated by nicotinic acid (NA).The role of GPR109A receptor in the efficacy of nicotinic acid is discussed in this paper.
142 The Arrow of Time: Can Time be Reversed?   , Garima Yadav
In the year 1928, Arthur Eddington, a British physicist, first introduced the word “time’s arrow” to physics. He believed that the arrow of time is vividly recognized by consciousness and insisted that the reversal of this arrow would render the physical world nonsensical. It is widely known that the laws of physics remain unchanged under the combination C, P, and T and that the laws of physics do not change with the flow of time but that is not the case under the operation T alone. This paper focuses on mainly three arrows of time, the thermodynamic arrow of time, the psychological arrow of time and the cosmological arrow of time and discusses the reversal of the arrow of time and its implications.
143 Morphological Classification of Languages     , Sevara Farkhadovna Alimova
This article describes the morphological classification of languages in general linguistics, as well as the division of all languages in the world into 4 groups: isolation or amorphous languages, agglutinative, inflectional and polysynthetic languages, the views of linguists. Of these, Chinese, which is close to the amorphous category, is illustrated with examples.
144 Historical and Pedagogical Requirements for the Qualifications of a Higher School Teacher   , Shoira Abdumajitovna Abdujalilova
The article examines the development of higher education in Uzbekistan in the era of the third Renaissance in accordance with international standards, based on the effectiveness of the teacher of higher education. Qualification requirements for higher education teachers and methodological bases of their formation are studied. Theoretical features of the qualification requirements for teachers of higher education and their issues of teacher-student tradition and distance learning methods are analyzed on the basis of educational regulations, pedagogical heritage and scientific and pedagogical research.
145 Sustainable Teacher Education in the 21st Century Nigerian Society   , Dr. Olupona Adeola Moromoke, Olalere Kunle Olufemi
For quality education in any country, teacher education should be given utmost priority. In Nigeria, teacher education is still battling with the problem of sustainability owing to the questionable process of training and professionalising teaching. This paper critically examines the process of teacher education. It queries the ideas of a qualitative teacher education. The paper utilises unstructured interview among selected personnel of Nigeria Teachers’ Institute (NTI), Teachers Registration Council (TRC) for its findings. From these findings, it is inferred that government and its agencies have cogent roles to play in promoting sustainable teacher education in Nigeria. The paper therefore concludes that sustainable teacher education for the 21st century can only be guaranteed if teaching is seen and treated as profession like others in its ilk.
146 Food Choice and Nutritional Intake of Children and Adolescents   , Adeyele, Tolulope Kolade,Adeyele, Victoria Olubola, Akinbisoye, Anthonia Folake
The study examined the food choice and nutritional intake of children and adolescents. Specifically, it investigated the healthiness, convenience, and sensation of the food intake of the participants’ sex and age, it also examines the choice of carbohydrate, protein, and vitamin food of the participants. Using survey research design, data were randomly collected from 254 participants of 9-11 years (late childhood) and 12-18 years (adolescent). A research instrument that was adequately validated was used for data collection. The results showed that male participants (58.3%) eat healthy food than female (41.7%) participants, convenience (easy to prepare) and sensation (look, taste and smell) do not affect the nutritional intake of older children and adolescents. Moreover, the result revealed that gender does not contribute significantly to the food choice of children and adolescents, regardless of the age of the participants there is a high rate of consumption of carbohydrate food. The study concludes that the adverse effects of too much carbohydrate food should be taken into consideration, children and adolescents should be encouraged to eat all types of food in their diet except in the case of allergy.
147 Perception of Patients on Usage of Smartphones by Health Care Professionals during Clinic Hours   , Samuel O Bolarinde. (PhD Ibadan),Odunola B. Olasoji (BMR.PT. Ife), Ibidunmoye O. Daniel (BMR.PT. Ife)
Background of the study: Smartphones medically related applications are quickly becoming one of the main tools for accessing clinical information among health care professionals. Aim of Study: This study assessed the perception of patients on usage of smartphones by health care professionals during clinic hours. Methodology: The study recruited 185 patients. Data on demographic characteristics and perception of patients on the use of smartphones for medical information were obtained using a self-administered questionnaire. Data were summarized using a descriptive statistics and inferential statistics of Chi square. Alpha level was set at 0.005 Results: 76 Males, 109 Females participated in this study. 67.6% (125) own a smartphones. 34.6% (64) have seen health care professionals using smartphones during clinic hours, 28.1% (18) had their health care providers explain to them reasons for using smartphone. 34.1% (63) agreed it was unprofessional for health care provider to use smartphone during clinic, 33.5% (62) disagreed, 32.4% (60) were undecided. No association observed between respondents’ age (χ2= 12.00, p= 0.606), educational qualification (χ2= 8.501, p= 0.075) and responses to the statement that use of smartphones by health care professional was unprofessional. Conclusion: Although one third of the respondents agreed that usage of smartphones by healthcare professionals in the clinic while attending to patients was unprofessional however, usage of smartphone for health related information by health care professionals during clinic hours should be with caution to avoid losing the confidence repose in them by their patients.
148 Poverty Eradication for Sustainable Human Capital Development , Olupona Adeola Moromoke, Adesina Olubunmi Eunice
Six decades after the political independence of the Nigerian state, its government like many other governments across the third world has not been able to eradicate poverty within its borders. The prevailing situation has defied the introduction of different political structures, economic policies and even the deployment of foreign expertise and aids. This study therefore examines the causes, consequences and extant solutions proffered before now and concludes that for a nation to grow economically and rise above poverty level, there is need for human capital development since the poverty level in the country has negative impact on Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Gross National Product (GNP). This study measures Human Capital Development (HCD) through per capital income and Human Development Index (HDI).
149 Land Evaluation, Sustainable Land Management and Impacts of Climate Change in Agriculture; Ethiopia: Review , Yohannes Habteyesus Yitagesu
Sustainable land management has emerged as an issue of major global concern. In many countries particularly in Ethiopia, the concern of suitable land management is because of the increasing population pressure on limited land resources, demanding for increased food production, the degradation of land and water resources accelerating rapidly. If the lands well suited for agriculture, it will follows further increases in production to meet the food demands of increasing populations, must come about by the more intensive use of existing agricultural lands. Climate & soil conditions, land use type and management, determine the production limit.To contest cited venomous effects of intensification, regard to environmental effects requires the development and implementation of technologies and policies, which will result in sustainable land management (Gisla-dottir and Stocking, 2005; Campbell and Hagmann, 2003). The major factors reason for low productivity include dependence on traditional farming techniques, soil degradation caused by overgrazing and deforestation, poor corresponding services such as extension, credit, marketing, infrastructure, and climatic factors such as drought and flood (Deressa, Hassan, & Ringler, 2011). In addition to the low soil fertility, soil degradation in Ethiopia; reduces soil productivity which results to food insecurity, economic losses and aggravates the recurrent droughts (Shiferaw & Holden, 1999; Mitiku et al., 2006). It has also increases vulnerability of people to the adverse effects of climate variability and change, by reducing soil organic carbon level and water holding capacity, which in turn decreases agricultural productivity and local resource assets (TerrAfrica, 2009; Nyssen et. al., 2003a; Hurni, 2000; Mitiku Haile,2006 & Daniel et al., 2015). Climate change causes wide-ranging effects on the environment, socioeconomic and associated sectors: water resources, agriculture and food security, human health, terrestrial ecosystems, and biodiversity (Belay Zerga & Getaneh Gebeyehu, 2016). Ethiopia is extremely vulnerable to climate related disasters including drought, heavy rains, floods, frost and heat waves which leads to a negative impacts on agriculture, food security, rural livelihoods, and economic development (NMA 2007). Planning of changes in land use requires a inclusive knowledge of the natural resources; a trustworthy estimate of what they are capable of producing, so that reliable predictions and recommendations can be made. Production potential, the conservation of soil and water resources for use by future generations requires consideration in planning land development. For these reasons sustainable land management is now getting considerable attention from development experts, policy makers and researchers. In long-term period, any utilization over its capability of the land will cause degradation and yield reduction. Therefore, to know the land production capacity and to allocate the land to the satisfactory and to the most profitable should be cared.
150 Employee Engagement: Reward Recognitions and Stewardship Program at Kohler Power Company (India)   , Dr. Dipti Tulpule, Dr. Aparajita Dasgupta Amist, Prof Prashant Chougule, Prof Mansi Jain
Employee engagement is the level of commitment and involvement an employee exhibits towards his/ her organization and its values. An engaged employee is aware of the business context and works with colleagues to improve performance within the job for the benefit of the organization. The organization must work to develop and nurture engagement, which requires a two way relationship between employer and employee’. Thus, employee engagement is a barometer that determines the scope, richness & depth of the association of a person with the organization. Employee engagement is a multidimensional concept considering the two-way interaction between the employers and employees of an organization. As a matter of fact, employee engagement has emerged as a notable need for businesses. Employee engagement is important for any employer who aims to retain their valued employees as an employer’s capability to manage employee engagement is related to their ability to achieve enhanced business gains and high level of performance. “People may forget words; people may forget actions; but people will always remember respect, recognition & appreciation given to them publically for their contributions…”
151 LGBTQ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer) and the Question of Holistic Human Life Development: Issues and Perspectives , Hilary Elochukwu Anaelom, Ignatius Nnaemeka Onwuatuegwu PhD
Sexuality is a fundamental component of human personal existence. Human sexuality as an aspect of human existence in the world involves a variety of dimensions, in dealing with these dimensions of human sexuality, this paper adopts a favored option regarding the multi-disciplinary procedural framework. In the context of the multidisciplinary procedural framework this paper pays attention to the question of terminology and theories in relation to the origins of homosexuality, health and disease categories, together with the holistic Development of human life viz-a-viz issues and perspectives. In the polarized arena of public and social discourse, with a cacophony of voices calling for or against the legal institutionalization of “gay marriage,” it is also important to call attention to the imperative of responsibility as an overarching ethical imperative. However, this papers overall goals are to stimulate thought by disrupting the present paradigm of counseling psychology as a primarily ameliorative endeavor, and to replace professional rhetoric regarding prevention and advocacy with concrete recommendations informed by pastoral doctrinal theory and research.
152 The Relationship Between Stockmarket Development And The Performance of The Nigerian Economy , Ilugbusi Bamidele Segun (PhD), Atayi Abraham Vincent,Ayeni Tonia Yetunde (PhD), Akanmu Ayodeji Abiola
This paper examined the relationship between stock market development and performance of the Nigerian economy. The analysis scope covered a period of 10 years spanning from 2010-2020. The analytic procedure for the information was econometric. The estimation techniques used are co-integration, Granger Causality and Error Correction to check whether the exchange indices have impacted on the macroeconomic performance of Nigeria.The result showed that the constant parameter is negatively or inversely associated with LGDP.The coefficient of the constant parameter (B0) is –15038.18. This suggests that if all the explanatory variables are held constant, LGDP which is that the explained variable will increase by 15038.18 units. Conclusively, all variables might not have been reasons enough for a change in the Gross domestic product level, but the fact still remains that there is an affinity between them. The study recommends that the central bank of Nigeria (CBN) being the monetary authority should plan and implement policies that bring about an increase flow of investment funds and improves the extent of capitalisation to the economy
153 Exploring causes and socio-economic impact of urban flooding on Kenema City, Eastern Sierra Leone. , Joseph Christian Adamu Mboma
Urban flooding has not only become a major threat to Kenema City, Eastern Sierra Leone but to urban communities in the country situated on river confluence or basins. The threats included all but the following; socio-economic and above all environmental impacts. Sierra Leone records flooding every year despite strategies adopted by government and partners in mitigating its consequences on both rural and urban communities. The floods have had negative implications on urban communities’ livelihoods, infrastructure, lives and above all socio-economic activities. This paper aims at exploring causes and socio-economic impacts of urban flooding on Kenema City, Eastern Sierra Leone. Comprehensive review of related literature was drawn from individuals, co-authors with in depth experience in research and practice, and web sites for recent studies. A longitudinal research design was used to study flood incidence in the selected communities within five (5) flood disaster years. For sampling technique three (3) communities prone to flooding in the City were randomly selected. Forty-five (45) respondents were selected from the three (3) sampled communities and ten (10) recruited from stakeholders dealing with environmental issues totaling fifty-five (55). There were thirty-five (35) males and twenty (20) females. Two main methods were used; desktop literature and questionnaire. Results show that flooding has been seasonal in the study communities. Various causes of flooding in the City were outlined ranging from deforestation to lack of flood early warning signs. The socio-economic impacts included all but the following; loss of lives and property, loss of livelihood, mass unwanted migration, psychosocial effects, damage to city infrastructure, hindrance to economic growth and development, long recovery from flood events and negative political implications.
154 Didactic Conditions for the Formation of Discussion Competence among Students , Khusanova Mokhira Sherali qizi, Bakhriddinova Madina Shavkatovna
The article substantiates the need for the formation of discussion competence among students of linguistic universities. For this purpose, it is proposed to use an integrated approach. The methodology for developing an integrated approach is based on general scientific principles that take into account the specifics of the formation of students' discussion competence. Clarified the content of the concepts: "discussion competence" and "discussion speech". The didactic conditions for the formation of discussion competence are revealed, which provide a combination of factors of purposeful pedagogical influence on a student in order to form a discussion competence.
155 Reliability And Correlation Item On Achievement Goal Orientation Scale Of The Students College In Indonesia , Herdian, Fatin Rohmah Nur Wahidah , Totok haryanto
Achievement goal orientation is one of the important psychological variables in the realm of education, knowing the orientation of students in learning will provide information on the form of behavior they do in academic activities at school. We tested the psychometric properties of the achievement goal orientation tool from Elliot & McGregor, (2001). Participants in this study were 431 students in Indonesia. The results of the study stated that the achievement goal orientation measuring instrument had good reliability and all items met the validity coefficient value of the item correlation test. The research implications are discussed in the discussion.
156 Factors Related to Low Motivation of Motivation to Carry Baby / Baby to Posyandu , Rahmah Juliani Siregar
Posyandu is a form of community participation in the health sector which is managed by cadres with the target of all members of the community. This study aims to analyze the relationship between factors related to the low motivation of mothers to bring their babies / toddlers to Posyandu Semangka in the IV neighborhood of Siborang Village in 2020. The research design was an analytic survey using a cross sectional approach. The population in this study were all mothers who had babies / toddlers in the IV environment of Siborang Village, as many as 73 people, with a sample of 73 mothers. The sampling technique was carried out using total sampling. Data analysis used univariate and bivariate tests with Chi Square. The results showed that the variable of maternal occupation had a significant relationship with the variable of the low motivation of mothers to bring their babies / toddlers to Posyandu with a p-value of 0.004 <0.05; the relationship between the level of education of the mother has a significant relationship with the variable of the low motivation of the mother to bring her baby / toddler to Posyandu with a p-value of 0.011 <0.05; Likewise, the maternal knowledge relationship variable has a significant relationship with the low motivation of the mother to bring her baby / toddler to Posyandu with a p-value of 0.040 <0.05. It is recommended that the community, especially mothers, be more active in seeking more information about the importance of bringing their babies / toddlers to Posyandu according to the age of the baby / toddler.
157 The Development of Village Authority in the History of the State of the Republic of Indonesia (Study on Village Level Autonomy) , Maurice Rogers, Mhd Taufiqurrahman
This study examines the development of village authority arrangements, since the independent Republic of Indonesia until the issuance of Law Number 6 of 2014 concerning Villages and Implementing Government Regulations. The purpose of this study is to understand the legal basis of village authority in Indonesia after the independence of the Republic of Indonesia until the issuance of Law Number 6 of 2014 concerning Villages and to find out the development of the political direction of the government's law regarding village regulations related to the authority of the village government. The research method uses the type of research that researchers use is normative legal research. Obtaining data from library materials or secondary data, then the technique of collecting data or legal materials in this research is carried out by literature/documentation studies. This research uses a statute approach and a historical approach, which is carried out to track the history of legal institutions from time to time. This research produces an overview of the journey of regulating village authority, the ups and downs of village authority can be seen from the successive Laws of Regional and Village Governments, relating to the existence of village governments within the framework of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia. The conclusions that can be drawn from this research are regarding. These include: The existence of ups and downs regarding the regulation of village authority, both at the level of law and at the level of government regulations, the existence of the political will of the government to restore the existence of the village, which actually existed before the birth of the Republic of Indonesia, as well as the growing recognition of village autonomy and Traditional villages are of special concern to legislators (the President and the House of Representatives).
158 An Analysis of the Million Hearts Initiative utilizing the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Policy Framework , Christine Ku, MPH, Shivaughn Hem-Lee-Forsyth, PhD, MPH, Leselle Pierre, MSc
This policy analysis of the Million Hearts Initiative (MHI) intended to examine the extent to which the initiative met the policy process guidelines set forth by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The three objectives were to identify which CDC policy process domains were met; to identify any gaps in implementing the CDC Policy domains; and finally, to determine if the MHI was successful in preventing 1 million heart attacks and strokes within 5 years. The CDC policy process includes five domains: problem identification, policy analysis, policy and strategy development, policy enactment, and policy implementation (1). Data was collected through the use of key words that subject matter experts utilize when describing cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks and peer-reviewed journal articles. Results showed that not all CDC domains were met and there were also gaps when implementing the MHI.
159 The Study of Dielectric Behavior and Phase Transition of Mixed Compound of Lead Tantalate Sintered with Silver Oxide with Temperature Variation , Shri Prakash Dubey, Subhash Kumar Sharma
The dielectric constant of mixed compound of Lead Tantalate(PbTa2O6) sintered with Silver oxide has been measured between the temperatures 40°C to 300°C using the capacitance bridge model ZENITH M 92A at the frequency of 1000 Hz. During the measurement, it is found that the properly annealed sample have three peaks at the temperature 90°C (ε = 1000), 220°C (ε =800) and 230°C (ε = 623) respectively and a high peak at the temperature of 130°C (ε = 1600) in the heating cycle curve with some intermediate fluctuations. When the variation of dielectric constant was studied in cooling cycle the peak was observed at 240ºC, above and below this temperature, dielectric constant decreases with some intermediate fluctuations showing shows a first order phase transition. The variation in heating cycle is explained on the basis of activated polarization process. When the behavior of compound is studied in cooling cycle, then pronounced hysteresis is found with certain intermediate fluctuations. The cooling cycle curve does not follow heating curve because of the temperature relaxation of the compound. The occurrence of peak at the Curie temperature is explained by the latent heat type properties of the mixed compound. The temperature variation of the mixed compound suggests for its valuable applications as active and smart materials and its applications in the ceramics.
160 Interactive Methods in Shaping Music Literacy in Primary School Students , Dilshoda Rakhmonova
This article is more effective than interactive methods, taking into account the psychological literacy of teachers and students in the organization of music clubs, as well as the minutes of music literacy in the primary school “Music Culture” lessons in general secondary schools and targeted use, to compose musical impressions and develop the necessary musical knowledge and skills, to teach music literacy or lessons in an orderly, step-by-step manner, from simple to complex, to use time efficiently. As a result, ways to achieve musical literacy are shown.
161 Legal Regulation of Relations in the Field of Migration , Olim Khomamatovich Narzullaev
This article discusses the legal regulation of relations in the field of migration. A fund has been set up to support individuals working abroad and to protect their rights and interests. The practice of insuring the lives and health of migrant workers and allocating mortgage loans for their family members has been introduced. It is impossible to solve these important tasks without accurate information on the factors, directions and results of external labor migration and the labor resources involved in it.
162 Comparative Study of Soil Index Properties of Gudu Sokoto State And Oworoshoki Area Lagos State, Nigeria. , Peni I.T., Peni M.U
The comparative study of the soils sample collected from Gudu and Oworoshoki area, Sokoto state and Lagos State was carried out to compare the index properties of soil at shallow soil deposit. The Global Positioning System (GPS) was used to locate the coordinates of the site. Shallow soil samples (disturbed and undisturbed) at different depths (1m, 2m and 3m) were collected from both study areas (Gudu and Oworoshoki). The disturbed samples were collected using hand trowel, digger, hoe and polythene bags while the undisturbed samples were collected using short pipes (samplers) by stroking each pipe into the ground completely with a hammer at each depth. Disturbed and undisturbed soils collected at different shallow depths (1m, 2m and 3m) were taken to the laboratory for natural moisture content, specific gravity, sieve analysis, Atterberg limits and unit weight test. Empirical equations were used for analyzing the soil samples and AASTHO System of classification was used for classifying the soil samples. The results of the test on Gudu soil samples has shown that the soil sample collected at depth 1.0m and 2.0m are nonplastic materials and were classified according to AASHTO standard as A-3 and sample at depth 3.0m as A-4 which is silty soil while Oworoshoki soil samples has shown that Soils from depth 1.0m, 2.0m and 3.0m are nonplastic (NP) because the Plastic Index (PI = 0) is zero and the soil samples are classified as A – 3 according to AASHTO standard.
163 Overview of Nigeria’s 2nd Universal Periodic Review National Report , Uchenna Emelonye
With the creation of the Human Rights Council Universal Period Review, its Working Group established in accordance with Human Rights Council Resolution 5/1 of 18th June, 2007 held its fourth session from 2nd to 13th of February, 2009 to review the human rights record of countries including Nigeria.2 In preparation for the review, the Government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria had constituted a broad-based UPR National Consultative Committee tasked with the responsibility of compiling its first national report on the steps taken as well as the challenges faced in the fulfilment of its treaty obligations. The Committee which comprised representatives from diverse stakeholders working for the promotion and protection of human rights in Nigeria subsequently convened the National Consultative Forum (NCF) and after series of meetings, produced the country’s first UPR national report, through a consultative process that climaxed in a national validation conference. During the deliberation of the forum, every human rights issue was openly discussed and participants were able to express their views freely. The outcome of the NCF is faithfully reflected in the national report.
164 The Effect of Foreign Debt And Taxation on Government Expenditure In Kenya , Dr. Angela Mucece Kithinji
Cases of high levels of public debt have mostly been reported in many developing countries part of which is debt borrowed abroad. Foreign debt is more preferable by many developing countries because it is cheaper to service in terms of interest costs. These countries tax their citizens heavily to raise enough finances to pay foreign debt. It was thus feasible to establish the influence of the foreign debt and taxation on expenditure of the Kenyan government. The study employed a causal research design. The period under study ranged from 2002 to 2017. The study used secondary data which was extracted from the National Bureau of Statistics, and National Economic Surveys which were available at the Government of Kenya website. Correlation statistics were conducted to establish the association between variables. Regression analysis was used to establish the effect of foreign debt and taxation on government expenditure in Kenya. The findings revealed that foreign debt and taxation influences government expenditure individually. However, on the test of the joint effect, only taxation was found to influence public expenditure significantly unlike foreign debts.
165 Effect of Incorporating Early Feather Restriction Gene (KS) From Native Chicken to Purebred Chicken , A. Akhtar, MAR Howlider, AKFH Bhuiyan, MA Habib
Fast growing chicken suffers more in a hot humid condition than a slow growing one. The slow feathering affects the insulation mechanism of the chicken, thus enhance birds ability to dissipate heat during heat stress to a greater extent. As a consequence, slow feathered birds are more adaptive to hot humid environmental conditions. This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of incorporating early feather restriction gene (KS) in exotic population. A total of 34 slow feathered (SF) native chicks with KS gene of 28-day-old were collected from different villages and markets and were reared up to sexual maturity. After attaining sexual maturity, 2 males and 8 females of SF native chicken were randomly chosen to make a di-allelic cross with rapid feathered (RF) Rhode Island Red (RIR) and Fayoumi (FY). The crossbred progeny of each cross were reared up to 105 days to assess growth, survivability, heat tolerance and carcass yield under hot humid Bangladeshi condition. The collected data were arranged in a 3(genotype)×2(feather pattern)×9(age) factorial experiment in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) and analyzed by SAS. Among genotypes, the highest survivability was obtained in Desi×Fayoumi (96.7%) and in SF chicks (96.1%) and the lowest in Desi×RIR (91.5%) and in RF chicks (90.5%). The SF chicks exhibited an average 8% heavier live weight than that of their RF counterparts. The cloacal temperature varied among genotypes and between feathering patterns (FP); being highest in Desi×RIR (430C) and in RF chicks (41.60C) and lowest in RIR×Desi (400C) and in SF chicks (41.40C). In case of Desi×RIR, RIR×Desi and Desi×Fayoumi, cloacal temperature increased linearly by 0.047, 0.044 and 0.0320C for each gram of live weight increase. Further, the cloacal temperature increased linearly by 0.036 and 0.0440C for the increase of each gram of live weight gain in case of RF and SF chicks, respectively. There was no significant (P>0.05) difference of dressing percentage for the effect of either genotype or FP (55.4% for SF vs. 46.6% for RF birds). Genotype and FP had significant effects (P<0.05; P<0.01) on total meat yield; being highest in Desi×RIR (24.6%) and in SF birds (26.2%) and lowest in Desi×Fayoumi (21.4%) and in RF birds (20.6%). Breast meat yield of SF birds (9.2%) was significantly (P<0.01) higher than that of RF birds (7.1%). The highest thigh meat yield was obtained in Desi×RIR (7.6%) and in SF birds (8.3%) and the lowest in Desi×Fayoumi (6.7%) and in RF counterparts (6.0%). The highest drumstick meat yield was obtained in RIR×Desi (5.6%) and in SF birds (5.9%) and the lowest in Desi×Fayoumi (5.0%) and in RF birds (4.8%). Genotype and FP had significant interaction effect on total meat yield as well as fractional meat yields. The study revealed that incorporation of ‘Ks’ gene in the exotic one by crossing with native chicken and rearing under hot humid environment may be a means of improving growth, survivability, heat tolerance and carcass yield.
166 The Value of Time in the Creation of Historians , Zubayda Khamidovna Yuldosheva
This article discusses the Value of Time in the Creation of Historians. We will try to analyze this category on the example of Mu’izz ul-Ansab. The chronological data in the source are 146, of which 88 belong to the Genghis and 58 to the Timurid periods. We will analyze the chronological data according to the first stage of YOMIXT. The first of the numbers represents a data index belonging to the Genghis and the second to the Timurids.
167 Arrangements of Authorities Pd. Medan City Market In The Making of Cooperation Contracts And Management of The Medan Separate Market , Novi July Rosani Zulkarnain, Ria Sintha Devi
Agreement/contract for place of business in the context of restoration/rejuvenation of the Medan Municipal Petisah Market project which was made and signed by the Medan Municipal Government with PT. Gunung Karya Kencana Sentosa (PT.GKKS) on July 24, 1993 with agreement/contract number 511.2/13155 is a form of build operate transfer (BOT). The problem in this research is related to the contract arrangement for the place of business in the context of the development and management of the Petisah Market, how is the authority of PD.Pasar Kota Medan in making cooperation contracts and problems and their solutions in the development and management cooperation of the Petisah Market. This research method uses a qualitative method that is juridical normative. Based on the formulation of the problem, this research also conducts interviews and direct observations of the results of development carried out by PT. GKKS as well as the management of Medan Petisah Market which is divided into management areas based on the contract, namely the first floor for PT. GKKS and the second floor for the third floor for PD. Pasar Kota Medan. Making every contract in the PD environment. Medan City Market before and after regional autonomy is the same. PD. Medan City Market is authorized and has the right to make a cooperation contract with any party as long as it must be approved by the Medan City PD.Pasar Supervisory Board. Therefore, the Petisah Market contract is null and void because the Medan City Government represented by the Medan Mayor is not authorized to be a party to the cooperation contract because the Petisah Market which is the object of the contract/agreement is not owned by the Medan City Government since the change in the Medan City Market Service institution. become a PD. Medan City Market.
168 Mitigating the Devastating Effects of Covid-19 in Nigeria: The Place of Different Forms of Literacy , Richard C. Ihejirika, Anthony E. Ogu, Ugomma A. Agwuocha
One of the global concerns in contemporary times is COVID-19 pandemic, otherwise known as corona virus, which, according to available records, had its origin in China. The pandemic, from all indications, has had devastating effects in the areas of health, economy, education and socialisation globally. Against this background, this paper reviewed the outbreak of the pandemic and its devastating effects globally and noted that so far, there had not been any known cure. Although efforts had been made by some nations and pharmaceutical outfits to develop vaccines, the paper observed that there had been a whole lot of controversies surrounding the efficacy and side effects of the vaccines, and as a result, many people had avoided making themselves available for the administration of the vaccines. In view of the foregoing, the paper argued that the corona virus, for now, has come to stay with humanity as HIV AIDS and other terminal diseases such as cancer, high blood pressure, diabetes and the like. And as a result, it is suggested that the Nigeria Government should, in addition to other measures already put in place to combat the deadly virus, ensure that the literacy rate of Nigerians as regards reading-writing literacy, media literacy and health literacy is accelerated so that Nigerians will be equipped and empowered to cope with the devastating effects of COVID-19.
169 The Effect of Price Perception and Game Features in Online Virtual Game Item Purchase Decisions , Eka Mayastika Sinaga
This study tries to answer the research objectives, namely to find out how the influence of Price Perception and Game Features on Online Game Virtual Item Purchase Decisions. The results of hypothesis testing using multiple regression analysis with two independent variables and one dependent variable indicate that: The proposed H1 states that Price Perception has no effect on Online Game Virtual Item Purchase Decisions, it can be seen if the tcount value is 0.896 or less than ttable (α : 5%, df : 37 = 2.026192), in addition, the significance value is 0.376 or greater than the model significance value of 0.05. Then H1 is rejected, meaning that this cannot affect the Online Game Item Virtual Purchase Decision. The proposed H2 states that Game Features have an effect on Online Game Virtual Item Purchase Decisions, it can be seen if the tcount value of 1.908 is smaller than ttable (5%, df : 37 = 2.026192), but the significance value is 0.064 or greater than the value the significance of the model is 0.05. Then H2 is rejected, meaning that this cannot affect the Online Game Item Virtual Purchase Decision. The proposed H3 states that Price Perception and Game Features simultaneously affect the Decision to Purchase Virtual Items Online Game, from table 4.12 the Fcount value is 4.751 or greater than the Ftable value (α : 5%, dk numerator : 2, dk denominator : 39 -2-1, Ftable: 3.26), besides the significance value is 0.015 or less than the model significance (0.05), it can be concluded if H3 is accepted, meaning that Price Perception and Game Features simultaneously affect Virtual Purchase Decisions Online Game Items.
170 The Influence of Principal's Leadership Style and Work Motivation on Teacher Performance at SMK Negeri 2 Tebing Tinggi , Muhammad Alang Khirun Nizar
This research uses a quantitative approach, where the symptoms will be measured using numbers. The results of this study, the multiple linear regression equation Y = 15,676 + 0.681X1 - 0.080X2. This means that the principal's leadership style variables and motivation have a significant relationship with teacher performance at SMK Negeri 2 Tebing Tinggi. The coefficient determinant of R² is 0.502 or 50.2%. This means that the Principal leadership style variable (X1) and motivation (X2) can explain the teacher performance variable (Y) by 50.2%, the remaining 49.8% (100% - 50.2%) is explained by other variables that not included in this study such as reward, punishment, communication, education level, years of service, work absenteeism rates, etc., which were not thorough in this study. After testing the hypothesis that the calculated value of 5.529 was obtained. With α = 5%, dk = 46-3 = 43 obtained a table value of 1.681. From these figures it can be seen that tcount (5.529) > ttable (1.681), as well as the significance value of 0.00 <0.05, it can be concluded if the hypothesis is accepted. After testing the hypothesis that the t-value is -0.925. With α = 5%, dk = 46-3 = 43 obtained a table value of 1.681. From these figures it can be seen that tcount (-0.925) < ttable (1.681), as well as the significance value of 0.360 > 0.05, it can be concluded if the hypothesis is rejected. The third hypothesis proposed states that there is an influence of the Principal's leadership style and motivation on teacher performance at SMK Negeri 2 Tebing Tinggi. After being tested the Fcount value was 23.703. With α = 5%, df1 = 3, df2 = 46-3 = 43 the Ftable value of 2.82 is obtained. From these figures it can be seen that Fcount (23.703) > Ftable (3.26), as well as the significance value of 0.000b < 0.05, it can be concluded that the hypothesis is accepted
171 Yard Biodiversity to Support Local Economic Development in Skouw Mabo Village, Muara Tami Sub District, Jayapura City, Papua Province, Indonesia , Alfred Alfonso Antoh, Leonardo Elisa Aisoi
The biodiversity of plants in the tropical forests of Papua is the time to be conserved using the yard approach. These plants have ecological benefits for environmental sustainability but also as wildlife habitat. The plants that are planted around community homes now also have an economic impact on the family to improve the family's economy. This study aims to obtain the value of yard biodiversity based on vertical diversity (strata) and functional diversity (horizontal) and to determine its benefits. Data collection using vegetation analysis methods and calculation of biodiversity values using the Shanon and Wiener indices. The results of the study are that there are 2 very dominant types of plants in the yard, namely areca nut (Areca catechu L.) with a summed dominance ratio (SDR) of 58.4-66.2. For other types there are Moringa (Moringa oleifera) with (SDR) 10.8. The conclusion of the dominant areca nut and moringa is closely related to culture and the two plants currently support economically for increasing the income of families in the village.
172 Institutional Assessment of the Impact of Microsoft Excel on Data Base Management in Federal College of Freshwater Fisheries Technology, Baga, Borno State, Nigeria , Babagana Zanna, Ibrahim G. Sanda,Abba A. Goni,Umar A. Ibrahim
The study is an effort to assess the impact of Microsoft Excel on data based management in Federal College of Freshwater Fisheries Technology, Baga – Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria. Data for the study were obtained through face-to-face interview and the used of check list from 1st to 31st March, 2021. Both qualitative and descriptive techniques were employed in the analysis of the data. The result shows that Microsoft Excel was used to calculate, analyze, visualize, processes data and information by the use of columns and rows with formulas. Enables statistical thinking and enhances understanding of important ideas in statistics. It is recommended that holistic approach should be made in the development of information communication technology (ICT) in all spheres of governance in the study area and environs and also at the apex level; Agricultural Research Council of Nigeria (ARCN).
173 Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Hypertension amongst Apparently Healthy Adults in a Rural Setting in Rivers State , Wekhe Chidinma, Amaewhule Mary.N, Daka Iyaeneomie R
Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. The prevalence of hypertension is increasing in our environment. The objective of this study is to assess knowledge, attitude and practice of hypertension, which is a crucial element of hypertension control but little information is available from developing countries where hypertension has lately been recognised as a major health problem. Therefore, we examined KAP on hypertension amongst apparently healthy adult population. A cross-sectional study was conducted amongst 107 adults- 80 females and 27 males between the ages of 18years and 80years for a period of 3 months using random sampling. KAP score about hypertension was deduced from a set of KAP related questions/questionnaire. Results show that 74.8%were females and 25.2% were males. About 46.7% of the respondents were self-employed followed by 17.8% unemployed and 6.5% were students. More than half (78.5%) of the respondents had proper knowledge on hypertension. Almost all (90.7%) had positive attitude toward. Hypertension. About 13.1% never checked their blood pressure except for when they get to the hospital for some other reasons, 13.1% also neither exercised nor consulted a health care provider. Most of the participants (51.4%) never consumed alcohol nor smoked (91.6%).
174 Assessment of Incident of Road Traffic Accident along Yola Gombe Route , Innocent Reuben,  Yusuf Patrick Diwa
Road traffic accident has become a prevalent and re-occurring phenomenon in Nigeria which constitutes a menace in modern times. Although all the developed and developing countries have suffer from various degrees of road accidents the developing countries clearly dominates with Nigeria having the second highest road accident among the 193 ranked countries of the world. This research aimed at identifying and assessing road accident hot spots between 2012 and 2016 along Yola/Gombe road. Data was collected from the accident hot spots using GIS/GPS techniques. The data was used to map out these accident hot spots. It also assessed the nature, mode of occurrence and types of injuries associated with the accidents within the study area. It further assesses the types and condition of the vehicle with the highest involvement in the accident within the study area.. GIS and Remote sensing method were used to analyse and georeference the map by throwing the coordinates of the accident hotspots that were picked and Data was also collected from Federal Road Safety Commission. These were analysed statistically. Result was used in this research. The study shows that between 2012 and 2016 about 2846 accidents were witnessed, 1,027 people died, 9017 people sustained various degrees of injuries and 3,384 vehicles were involved in the accidents. The causes of accident were observed. The preventive measures were suggested. The study recommended the need to seriously view road traffic regulations seeing them as human induced problem that demand an urgent attention. Such action is aimed at preventing untimely deaths, social, and economic losses and impacts on average Nigerians.
175 Monetary Policy and Domestic Private Investment in Nigeria , Lubo Ebisine,  Bigbo Oki
This paper empirically examined the effect of monetary policy on domestic private investment in Nigeria from 1981 to 2018. In other to achieve our objectives, annual time series data of the dependent variable – domestic private investment (DPI) and independent variables – money supply (MS), government domestic debt (GDD), government domestic savings (GDS), interest rate (INT) and consumer price index (CPI) were collected from secondary sources like CBN Statistical Bulletin and WDI. Thereafter, the data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the econometrics technique of Vector Error Correction Mechanism (ECM) method of analysis. The results of analysis indicated that a long run relationship exists among the variables. Furthermore, the paper revealed that money supply (MS), government domestic savings (GDS). interest rate (INT) and consumer price index (CPI) have a negative and insignificant effect on domestic private investment in the long run but interest rate is significant at 5%, while government domestic debt (GDD), has a positive and insignificant effect on domestic private investment (DPI) in the long run in Nigeria within the period. Based on the above findings, the paper recommends as follows: Expansionary monetary policy should be formulated that will reduce interest rate, encourage borrowings and savings. This will expand commercial banks and other credit granting financial institutions which will encourage real investment in the economy.
176 Lexical-Semantic Analysis of Various Component Phraseology in Rashod Nuri Guntekin’s Novels , Muazzama Foziliya
This article discusses one of the most interesting scientific disciplines in world linguistics, the study of phraseology. Research in Uzbek and Turkish linguistics has been commented on. In Uzbek linguistics, attention is paid to the issue of grouping according to the meaning, lexical, methodological and semantic features of phraseology, and some shortcomings are discussed. Particular emphasis is placed on the semantic classification of phraseologies, the interpretation of complex phrases. It is explained by the scientific views of Turkish linguists on phraseology, the terms “idiom”, “expression”. It is also argued that the common features of phraseology in all languages of the world are the same, and in the language of writers the use of phraseology to give national identity. Lexical-semantic analysis of phraseologies and phrases refers to the national language, which reflects similarities in the worldview, religion and customs of the speaking population. At the same time, the phraseology used in the Ottoman period in the Turkish language was analyzed lexically and semantically. For this purpose, the author Rashod Nuri Guntekin’s novels “ÇalıkuÅŸu” (Cholikushi), “Bir Kadin DüÅŸmanı” (An Enemy of a Woman) were chosen as a source. In his novels, Rashod Nuri Guntekin notes that the protagonists used a lot of rhetoric to ensure nationalism in their speech, and that no other can be used in their place. Praising the author’s writing skills, the phraseology in his novels is analyzed lexically and semantically based on certain components. Accordingly, the expressions used by the author in the two works are classified according to a certain system. Author Rashod Nuri Guntekin’s novels, on the other hand, contain a variety of components. Turkish writer Rashod Nuri Guntekin’s novels “Cholikushi” and “An Enemy of a Woman” contain various component expressions and the author uses them to express different meanings.
177 Female students’ awareness in sexual harassment prevention , Chu Thi Huyen Yen,Vu Thi Minh Ngoc,Nguyen Thanh Huyen
The main objective of this study was to identify, evaluate, and to measure the attributes of female students’ awareness in sexual harassment prevention in Hanoi, Vietnam. The study was based on a field survey using a semi-structured questionnaire on a sample of 150 female students. But, only 125 filled questionnaires were satisfactory and therefore included in the analysis. By using seceral statistical analytical tools, i.e. descriptive statistics, Cronbach’s Alpha analysis, and ANOVA, the study has identified and measured three (3) attributes of female students’ awareness in sexual harassment prevention in Hanoi, Vietnam that have great effects on female students. There is not, statistically, significant difference in the level of female students’ awareness in sexual harassment prevention in Hanoi from these different universities. Based on the findings, some recommendations are given for the universities and female students to improve the awareness of sexual harassment prevention.
178 Village Development with Creativity Based on Local Wisdom in Bali , I Wayan Sugiartana,I G. W. Murjana Yasa
Creativity in all fields, including in the forms of the creative economy, which always comes up with unique added value, creates extraordinary new “markets”, and succeeds in absorbing labor and promising economic income. Creativity can be encouraged to grow and develop by utilizing local wisdom owned by the village, so that it will be an effective instrument in encouraging the development of the socio-cultural and economic fields of rural communities. Support the development of tourist villages. The research method used in this study is a literature review. The results in this study the development of tourism villages based on community creativity and local wisdom is an approach that offers more roles to the community through this potential, it is hoped that the community can develop, the economy increases, the community is prosperous and the poverty in the community can be reduced in number.
179 Public Expenditure and Inflation in Nigeria , Lubo Ebisine,Bigbo Oki
This paper empirically examined the effect of public expenditure on inflation in Nigeria in Nigeria from 1981 to 2018. The study adopts descriptive statistics, Co-integration and Error Correction Mechanism techniques for the analysis. The data for the empirical analysis were sourced from secondary sources like CBN Statistical Bulletin. The results of analysis indicated that a long run relationship exists among the variables. Furthermore, the paper revealed that government expenditure on transport and communication (XTCM) has a positive but insignificant relationship with inflation (CPI) at 5 percent level; government expenditure on defense (XDFS) is positive and an insignificant effect on inflation (CPI) in Nigeria; government expenditure on agriculture (XAGR) is negative and an insignificant effect on inflation (CPI) in Nigeria; government expenditure on education (XEDU) is positive and an insignificant effect on inflation (CPI) in Nigeria and government expenditure on health (XHLT) is negative and an insignificant effect on inflation (CPI) in Nigeria. Based on the above findings, the paper recommends as follows: Government should be effective in channeling public funds to productive economic activities, which will enhance price stability in Nigeria. Also, government consumption spending should be well coordinated by all arms of government to prevent “Crowd out” effect on government investment.
180 Ergonomic Hazards in the Workplace: Assessment, Evaluation and Prevention in the Educational Environment of Holy Cross College , John Vincent L. Santos,Danielle Larizze O. Gallardo
This research was conducted to assess, evaluate and prevent the ergonomics hazards in the educational environment of Holy Cross College. College instructors at various workstations across the college facilities are among those that participate. The data was gathered through the use of an online survey form. It consists of 45 questions designed to have insight on the actual equipment setup, work posture, and work design, and environment utilized by the college faculty. The majority of the detected risks are at a critical level and may cause severe loss to the organization's scope, quality, schedule, and cost. The findings provided the necessary safety norms and resources to prevent ergonomic hazards that result in ergonomic health problems. All hazards designated as critical can be kept to minimum if actions and reactions are appropriately implemented by the relevant parties. As a result, the likelihood and magnitude of its occurrence and effects are reduced.
181 Handling of Quality Corruption Case by the Prosecutor as Part of Prevention Measure , Budi Triono,Taufiqurrohman Syahuri, SH, MH
Enforcement of quality corruption cases by the Prosecutor's Office of the Republic of Indonesia as one of the law enforcers who has the main task and function in law enforcement, one of which is related to eradicating corruption. Seeing the importance of the position of the prosecutor's office in law enforcement specifically to combat corruption, it is important to conduct an assessment of the legal politics of eradicating corruption at the prosecutor's office in particular. The conclusion of this paper is to first discuss how the pattern of handling corruption with quality by the Attorney General's Office of the Republic of Indonesia through Institutional Politics policies that they embody in the regulations of instructions and letters of the attorney general relates to improving the performance of handling corruption cases and efforts to eradicate corruption Second, The Prosecutor's Office of the Republic of Indonesia as a government institution indirectly in making legal policies has the nuances of policies taken by the government and is based on related legal rules. As for some of the prosecutor's policies in eradicating corruption that are in line with the government's intent, namely the formation of a TP4 Team, establishing a corruption-free zone, enforcing corruption that is not selective, educating the dangers of corruption for state activities and emphasizing on handling cases with legal economic aspects the basis for consideration is the principle of benefit and the principle of proportionality in order to support development programs and smoothness in the life of the nation and state.
182 Important Properties and Principles of Using Color in Monumental Paintings , Shixnazar Rakhimberganovich Jumaniyazov
This article discusses the important features and principles of the use of color in monumental paintings. There is also talk about the importance of colors, the level of vitality, the creation of colors. In order to properly guide the work of young artists, the future teacher must master the basics of painting and know the theory of color. At the same time, as a result of mastering the knowledge of the theoretical foundations of real painting and practical exercises, it is possible to teach literate ways of painting. To achieve this, it is necessary to study the science of color in depth and to address these issues repeatedly in the process of practical work.
183 Case Study on Sustainability Projects of Sri Lankan Top-notch Apparel Company , M.B.B.U. Mandawala,N.P.K. Ekanayake
This case study is mainly focused on observing the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) of a top-notch apparel company in Sri Lanka. With this case study authors are expecting to study the willingness and capability of a business to engage in CSR projects and to observe the behaviour of such CSR projects in a selected company. At present, CSR is indeed one of the most debated and discussed topic. Therefore, the purpose of this project is to find out whether the CSR projects undertaken by a company would help to safeguard consumer’s preferences and reduced the poverty of the consumer. This study has discouraged authors to recognize that CSR has a positive impact on consumers’ behaviour. In many cases, these projects have enabled the company to recruit new employees to the business, thus reduced employee recruitment cost. The selected group’s principal CSR efforts are driven by the central corporate theme of water and are planned and executed by the “Bindu” Foundation established by the Group for the purpose. These efforts represent a long-term commitment to increasing the availability of water and the provision of safe drinking water to those most in need. Mainly, their CSR projects are based on categories such as; Education, Health, Community Live-hood Development, Environment, Arts and Culture. The company embrace following CSR projects under these categories. Ran Daru Thilina, Model Village, Blood Drive, P.A.C.E program, Care for Their Own project, and Rasadiya Mangallaya. Through these projects, this apparel leader aims to alleviate the poverty of the society, uplift the lifestyles of the employees and consumers, minimize the harm caused by the business, protect the environment and enhance their business reputation.
184 Juridical Analysis of Implementation of a Virtual Trials for Criminal Case during the Covid-19 Pandemic , Abdul Mukti,Supardi
The COVID-19 pandemic has led to changes in human order and patterns of life by implementing a new normal life. One of those affected is the law enforcement sector in Indonesia. Enforcement of Criminal Law ultimately applies an adjustment mechanism when conducting a case review in court. If during this time the examination of the case bases KUHAP with face-to-face directly methods, then with COVID-19 turn it into a mechanism of remote trial electronically (virtual) using the Supreme Court Regulation (PERMA) as the basis. Further research is needed to ensure the legality of the use of PERMA in the application of such electronic hearings. This research method is a normative approach that combines conceptual approach in the form of prevailing views and doctrines, statute approach by attracting conformity between rules, sociological, philosophical, juridical and case approach as a form of implementation or application of norms. The results of the study stated that PERMA is a legal product that is legally binding and have binding legal force. It's just that the arrangement of this virtual trial needs to be raised to the level of law so that it has parallels with Criminal Procedure Code (KUHAP), or at has the force of law least can be proposed to the President to be published into Government Regulations in Lieu of Laws or Peraturan Pemerintah Pengganti Undang-Undang (Perppu).
185 Insurance Sector Development and Economic Growth in Nigeria, 1980 –2014 , Makwe, Emmanuel Uzoma (Ph.D) , Ibechiole, Onyekachi Chikamnele , Obiaga, Johnson Chinedu (Ph.D)
This study was carried out to determine the effect of insurance sector development on the economic growth of Nigeria. Consequently, three hypotheses were designed to guide the researcher and data were drawn from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) statistical bulletin which covered a thirty five (35) years period between 1980 to 2014. The hypotheses were tested using ordinary least square regression analysis and the econometrics co integration test and the result revealed that; there is a positive and significant relationship between insurance premium and economic growth in Nigeria; there is a positive and significant relationship between insurance claims and gross domestic product of Nigeria; there is a positive and significant relationship between insurance investments and economic growth in Nigeria. Based on the results, the researcher thus recommended the following amongst others; Government should Provide institutional improvements by making better laws and policies that will not only encourage fair play but also help to attract international players in the industry; Government should also provide information and education to the populace on the importance of acquiring insurance cover in order to be protected; Increasing efficiency, especially in risk management, and product development.
186 The Demographic Implications of Crop Farmers-Pastoralists Conflict in Benue North-West, Nigeria , Godwin Kwanga, Joseph Enefu, James Ikyernum, Patricia, I. Ali, Onyeche Anita Makyur
Conflicts between crop farmers and pastoralists have become a common feature of economic livelihood in West Africa. The study assessed the demographic implications of crop farmers-pastoralists conflict in Benue North-West, Nigeria. The study adopted a cross-sectional survey design and a sample of 120 respondents was purposively selected from the three LGAs mostly affected by the pastoralists’ attacks. Data were collected using structured questionnaires, key informant interview and field observations and analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequency, percentages and mean). The study in its course found that availability of evergreen arable land (3,27), competition over available evergreen arable lands (3.0), damage to crops (3.12) and the proliferation and availability of cheap small arms and light weapons (2.52) are the major causes of conflict in the area. The study also revealed that the conflict has both short and long term demographic implication on the affected communities. The study recommended sustainable measures towards addressing conflict in the affected communities.
187 Vulnerability of Gender Based Physical Spousal Domestic Violence in Benue State, Nigeria , Godwin Kwanga, Joseph Enefu, James Ikyernum,Patricia, I. Ali, Onyeche Anita Makyur
The study accessed the vulnerability of gender based physical spousal domestic violence in Benue State, Nigeria. The study adopted the secondary data from the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) (2018), conducted by National Population Commission and analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20. Information's sorted were categorized, summarized and presented in exploratory formats, frequency tables and charts. The results revealed that (77.4%) of the respondents had experienced physical violence of different forms. The study also revealed the perceived spouse's reasons for physical violence which include suspected infidelity (18.4%) womanizing by husband (18.4%) disobedience (15.3%) husband taking alcohol (9.3%), poverty (9.1%) and inability to give birth (suspected infertility) 23 (9.1%). The finding further revealed that many women were ever slapped by their husbands (16.4%) while some were threw something at (8.4%), some were kicked and dragged by their husbands, some were beaten (16.1%) while others (19.7%) were pushed and shook. However, only a few (2.9%) were threatened or attacked with a weapon. The study also found that (61.3%) of the married women who experienced spousal physical violence in the area equally sustained different forms of injuries which include: cuts/ bruises (40.9%), eye injuries (23.1%), dislocations/fracture (12.4%), deep wounds (14.5%) and broken teeth (4.3%). The study finally established that women who experienced spousal physical violence seek and have help from their own family (71%), their husband’s family (21%) and religious leader (8%). The study recommended gender based violence awareness campaigns and legal protection of women in the state to protect the right of women and reduce the vulnerability of physical violence against women in the area.
188 University Branding: Student Perspectives in Private University in Indonesia , Totok Haryanto, Alfalisyado
This research aimed to identify and analyze the the phenomenon of the perspective of student towards the university branding, especially in private university in Indonesia. There are 376 students in Indonesia tested as the participant of this study. Path analysis and Sobel tests were used to test the proposed hypothesis and the intervening variable which mediate the influence of independent variable towards the dependent variable. The results of the research show that partially utilitarian value has a significant effect towards brand relationship quality, hedonic value has a significant effect towards brand relationship quality, and relational value has a significant effect towards brand relationship quality. Then in other side, the utilitarian value has a significant effect towards brand resonance, relational value has a significant effect towards brand resonance, brand relationship quality has a significant effect towards brand resonance. On contrary, brand relationship quality had no significant influence as intervening variable in mediating utilitarian value, hedonic value, and relational value towards brand resonance.
189 Student’s Awareness in Basic First Aid and their Academic Performance , Majal B. Monge, Rexomar D. Perez
Emergency cases and any untoward incidents may happen anytime and anywhere. Thus, first aid is an invaluable skill one must learn. Since children spend considerable time at school, knowledge, and awareness in first aid is important especially in situations requiring the skill. This quantitative inquiry investigated the level of awareness of students in performing basic first aid and explores the relationship to their academic performance. It utilized a researcher-made questionnaire to answer the descriptive and inferential questions. It was revealed that students are in high level in performing first aid in burns, wounds and bleeding, and fracture considering the variables. Thus, a very satisfactory level was culled out. In addition, a significant difference exists in their level of awareness and academic performance of students when grouped according to sex, and section. But, there was a positive significant relationship between the student’s awareness in performing first aid and their academic performance. Therefore, the two major areas have direct relationship. It is recommended that a regular emergency awareness campaign be conducted to students to maintain and improve to a highest level. As such, teachers should be provided with the trends in emergency response to effectively teach the concepts of first aid in high competence.
190 Decisions, Labor Contribution and Sustainability of Water Projects in Narok, Kenya , Mr. Langat Nelson Kipkorir,  Dr. Ismael O. Oduor, Dr. Kefa Chepkwony
In Kenya, most community-based water projects face sustainability challenges, thus prompting a need to examine the extent to which participation by beneficiaries’ influence sustainability of community water projects. If this is successfully addressed, then sustainable development of community water projects is likely to be achieved. The purpose of this study was to establish the influence of participation on the sustainability of community water projects in Narok County, Kenya. The study was anchored on Asset Based Community Development (ABCD) model. Quantitative research approach was used while the study adopted descriptive research design and explanatory research design. A sample of 384 subjects was through simple random sampling from a sampling frame of 15,500 elements using Cochran’s sample size determination formula in a population spread across the ten community water projects in Narok County, Kenya. Quantitative data was gathered by use of a questionnaire. Data was analyzed descriptively and inferentially. Inferential data was analyzed using mean scores and standard deviation. Data was also analyzed inferentially using correlation, regression and finally hypothesis testing was undertaken. Analysis showed r = -0.019, F (1,383) = 70.349, R2 = -0.019 at p = 0.01 < 0.05, H01 was rejected and it was concluded that there is a significant relationship between decision making and sustainability of community water projects. With r = 0.458, F (1,383) = 113.30, R2 = 0.10 at p = 0.01 < 0.05, H02 was rejected and it was concluded that there is a significant relationship between labour contributions and sustainability of community water projects. It was therefore recommended that community members who are such project beneficiaries be involved in decision making and where possible contribute towards project implementation right from inception to termination in order to create a sense of ownership and hence sustainability of community water projects upon completion.
191 Ceramic Charcoal Stove in a Mixed Media   , Okonkwo, Ivan Emeka Ph.D, Ohaegbu Amarachukwu Grace
The acquisition of electric and gas stoves has been a difficult problem for most people in the rural places, hence most of them have resorted to wood for cooking. This has contributed to depletion of our forest and its attendant environmental consequences. This situation has made the researchers to attempts at looking for a way to reduce the amount of wood/charcoal used by designing a charcoal used by designs a chemical stove. This Ceramic Charcoal Stove was designed and built with locally obtained raw materials; locally composed low-density bricks and fired with a down-draught kiln at 800 degrees Celsius. The study also revealed that, once the charcoal in this stove is ignited, it could boil water at 6-7mins. This is a solution for conservation of charcoal used while cooking because some people are scared of using gas to cook because of its hazardous disadvantages while many others do not have money for refilling the gas cylinder and people who live in the rural area where there is no electric power supply, for electric stove. This solution has been found to have a high efficient heat maintenance property for cooking food and keeping the body warm is a welcomed development. This study is hoped to aid the in furtherance of academic research in this field and other related areas.
192 Social Media Adoption for Customer Relations and Organizational Effectiveness of Deposit Money Banks in Bayelsa State, Nigeria   , Tubonimi, Ann Okuboere
This study examined the relationship between social media adoption for customer relations and organizational effectiveness of deposit money banks in Bayelsa State. The objectives of this study was to examine the relationship between social media adoption for customer relations and the measures of organizational effectiveness (goal attainment and competitiveness), these guided the formulation of the research hypotheses as well as the development of the research questionnaire. One hundred and thirty six copies of the research questionnaire were distributed to respondents who are bank management cadre employees cutting across the five deposit money banks constitute the sample size for this study which were determined using the Taro Yamane’s sample size determination formula. However, only one hundred and ten (110) copies of the questionnaire were valid for the analysis, these valid questionnaire were analyzed using the Spearman’s Rank Order Correlation Coefficient and the summary of our results revealed that strong positive relationship exist between social media adoption for customer relations and the measures of organizational effectiveness. The study thus concluded that social media communication ensures a better performance for the deposit money banks in Bayelsa State and consequently, organizational effectiveness. Based on the findings the following recommendations were proffered: Management of the deposit money banks in Bayelsa State and indeed other States should build a strong media space that will create an opportunity for the banks to reach out to their various customers in an effective interrelations that will allow the banks identify and define the challenges of customers and work fast to resolve such challenges; deposit money banks should create an active social media platform the will allow a two way flow of information between the banks and their customer to enable entertain customers complains and make quick and swift response to attend to the general needs of their customers.
193 A Retrospective Observational Study of Chlorine Dioxide Effectiveness to Covid19-like Symptoms Prophylaxis in Relatives Living with COVID19 Patients   , Manuel Aparicio-Alonso, Carlos A. Domínguez-Sánchez, Marina Banuet-Martínez
To date, there is no effective prophylactic agent to prevent COVID-19. However, the development of symptoms similar to covid19 could be prevented with an aqueous solution of chlorine dioxide (ClO2). This retrospective study evaluated the effectiveness of an aqueous solution of ClO2 (CDS) as a prophylactic agent in 1,163 family members living with positive/suspected COVID19 patients. Prophylactic treatment consisted of 0.0003% chlorine dioxide solution (CDS) orally for at least fourteen days. Family members in whom no reports of the development of covid19-like symptoms were found in the medical history were considered successful cases. The efficacy of CDS in preventing covid19-like symptoms was 90.4% (1,051 of 1,163 relatives did not report any symptoms). The comorbidities, sex and severity of the illness of the sick patient did not contribute to the development of symptoms similar to covid19 (P = 0.092, P = 0.351 and P = 0.574, respectively). However, older relatives were more likely to develop covid19-like symptoms (ORa = 4.22, P = 0.002). There was no evidence of alterations in blood parameters or in the QTc interval in relatives who consumed CDS. The recent findings regarding Chlorine Dioxide justify designing clinical trials to assess its efficacy for preventing SARS-CoV-2 infection.
194 Evaluation of Pelvic Floor Dysfunction for Patient with History of Total Vaginal Hysterectomy at Dr Sardjito General Hospital Yogyakarta , Mochammad Andi Gunawan, Nuring Pangastuti
Introduction: Uterine prolapse is the herniation of the uterus into or beyond the vagina as a result of failure of the ligamentous and fascial supports. It often coexist with prolapse of the vaginal walls, involving the bladder or rectum. A surgical treatment for uterine prolapse is hysterectomy. Changes in pelvic anatomic structure due to hysterectomy can result in impaired pelvic function because of nerve or pelvic muscle structure damage during surgery. Objective: This study aims to evaluate the presence of pelvic floor dysfunction in uterine prolapse patients who have undergone Total Vaginal Hysterectomy (TVH) surgery at Dr Sardjito General Hospital, from November 2018 to September 2019. Evaluations were carried out using Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI) questionnaire. Methods: This study is an analytical descriptive research, using secondary data taken from patient’s medical records at Dr. Sardjito General Hospital Yogyakarta. It uses The Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI) questionnaire, which consisted of 3 assessment groups, those are Pelvic Organ Prolapse Distress Inventory 6 (POPDI-6), Colorectal-Anal Distress Inventory 8m(CRADI 8), and Urinary Distress Inventory 6 (UDI- 6). The inclusion criteria of this study were patients with diagnoses of uterine prolapse, cystocele and rectocele, who could be contacted and gave consent to conduct telephone interview. Results: There were 14 patients that met the inclusion criteria, they are uterine prolapse, cystocele and rectocele patients with a history of TVH procedure, were assessed using PFDI questionnaire. All patients did not have any pelvic floor dysfunction either from the POPDI-6, CRADI-8 or UDI-6 assessment groups. The weakness of this evaluation is that the PFDI postoperative value cannot be compared with before surgery, so it cannot be proven that the absence of pelvic floor dysfunction in the patient concerned is a positive result of the surgery performed, or not give significant changes. Conclusion: There is no pelvic floor dysfunction in patients with a history of TVH procedure on the indication of uterine prolapse, which was performed at Dr Sardjito General Hospital Yogyakarta
195 Precision Factors of Hb-0 Immunization in the Village of Bonda Kase Natal District, 2019 , Aminah, Elvina Sari
  Hepatitis B is a disease transmitted vertically from mother to baby, immunization with HB-0 immediately after birth is one of prevention of transmission. Indonesia the third larges after China and India. Survey results in the Village of Bonda Kasemany there were to Indonesia many barriers and obstacles encountered in the implementation of Hepatitis B-0 immunization infants ≤ 7 days. The purpose of this study was to the precision factor of giving Hepatitis B-0 immunization in the Village of Bonda Kase Natal District. This type of research is explanatory research. The population is all mother who have babies 0-1 years and resides in the Village of Bonda KaseNatal District .In 2018 as many as 271 people. The samples were all mothers have babies 0-1 years, have recorded the statements KMS midwife and resides in the Village of Bonda KaseNatal District as many as 103 people. Data were collected through questionnaires. Analyzed through the stages of univariate, bivariate use test chi-square, and multivariate logistic regression using multiple statistical tests at 95% significance level. The results of the bivariate analysis suggests that predisposing factors (work and knowledge), supporting factors (birth attendant and birth place) and the drivers (support of husband/ family) regarding the accuracy awarding the work of HB-0 (p=0.001;RP=6, 20; 95% CI=3.75-10.26), knowledge(p=0.013; RP=0.85; 95% CI=0.75-0.97), birth attendant(p=0.001;RP=3,63; 95% CI=2.06-6.40), where deliveries (p=0.001;RP=2.61; 95% CI=1.56-4.36), and the support of husband/family(p=0.001;RP=0.38; 95% CI=0.31-0.47). It is suggested that a working mother and gave birth athomeas soon as possible in order to provide immunizations HB-0 to a baby with a baby to the nearest health facility when the baby is0-7 day sold. 
196 The Effect of Motivation and Work Environment on the Performance of Employees in the Division of Pt. Socfindo Dolok Still , Benhart Nainggolan
This research shows. (1) It can be seen that the amount of adjusted R square value is 0.743 or 74.3% This shows that the Work Motivation Variable (X1) and Work Environment Variable (X2) can explain the Employee Performance Variable (Y) of 74.3% , the remaining 25.7% (100% - 74.3%) is explained by other variables outside the research model. (2) The results of the t-test (partial) can be seen that the obtained tcount is 4,750 With = 5%, ttable (5%; 34-2 = 32) the ttable value is 1,694. From the description it can be seen that tcount (4,750) > ttable (1.694), as well as the significance value of 0.00 <0.05, it can be concluded that the first hypothesis is accepted, meaning that the Work Motivation Variable (X1) has a significant effect on the Employee Performance Variable (Y). (3) The results of the t-test (partial) can be seen that the tcount value is 5.915 With = 5%, ttable (5%; 34-2 = 32) the ttable value is 1.694. From the description it can be seen that tcount (5.915) > ttable (1.694), and the significance value of 0.00 <0.05, it can be concluded that the second hypothesis is accepted, meaning that the Work Environment Variable (X2) has a significant effect on the Employee Performance Variable (Y). (4) The results of the simultaneous test (F) can be seen that the value of Fcount (48.721) > Ftable (3.30), and a significance value of 0.000 <0.05, it can be concluded that the third hypothesis is accepted, meaning that the Work Motivation Variable (X1), Variable Work Environment (X2) has a significant effect simultaneously (simultaneously) on Employee Performance Variables (Y).
197 The Effect of Riba Avoidance and Product Knowledge on the Decision to Become a Customer of Islamic Banks , Siti Musyahidah, Ermawati Ermawati, Nurdin Nurdin
The objective of this study is to find out the impact of riba avoidance motivation and product knowledge towards decision to be Islamic banks customers. Previous studies found that Muslim societies chose Islamic banks because they are interest-free. However, other studies also found that most Islamic banks customers do not have sufficient knowledge about Islamic bank products. Using the quantitative method, this study surveyed the effect of riba avoidance and product knowledge towards intention becoming Islamic bank costumers. There were thirty respondents who were chosen accidentally. Questions were distributed manually to the Islamic banks' customers. Our study found that riba avoidance and product knowledge significantly affect the decision to become a customer of Islamic banks in Palu City. This is proven by the sig-F value of 0.000, which is smaller than Alpha 0.05. At the same time, partially, the motivation to riba avoidance and product knowledge has a significant effect on the decision to become a customer of Islamic banks. Our findings highlight that Islamic banks should focus on providing more free riba products to attract more Muslim customers. In addition, customers' knowledge of Islamic banks' products should also become the banks' focus for improvement.
198 Use of Basic Technological Devices and Student’s Academic Performance ,  Mildred A. Lozano, Rexomar D. Perez
Technology has always flourished for the gain of mankind. Broadly speaking, all cellular phones, laptops and computers belong to technological devices. Thus, students used these devices for learning. This quantitative inquiry investigated the use of technological devices of students and its relationship to their academic performance. Hence, a researcher-made questionnaire was utilized to answer the descriptive and inferential questions. It was found out that there is no significant difference between the use of technological devices and the academic performance of students. But there was a significant relationship found between the two variables. A recommendation on the use of both traditional method and use of technological devices was made to augment and improve the learning needs of the students.
199 Legal Review of the Phenomenon of Communities Occupying Land That AlreadyHave Certificate of Property Rights (Case Study of South Ternate City District)  , Ishak Raja, Husen Alting, Rusdin Alauddin
  The research aims to find out what phenomena affect the community occupying land that already has a Certificate of Ownership without going through a process of legal rights under the law and how the settlement process for land objects occupied by the community already has a Certificate of Ownership. The results of this research indicate that legal awareness, law-conscious culture, and law-abiding in social life, various people's perspectives on the land they occupy. After the certificate issuance is not accompanied by socialization by SHM holders, publications. Law enforcement efforts do not exist with the Ternate City Government and the Ternate City Land Agency, because it exists in other institutions. Persuasive approach, deliberation, mediation as a solution to the dispute resolution over SHM 812, SHM 235, SHM 229, and SHM Number: 00977, interpretation of the evidence of ownership of the parties to the dispute failed amicably, the final solution to the dispute over SHM 812, SHM 235, SHM 229, and SHM Number: 00977, through judicial efforts to obtain legal certainty for SHM owners, and people who occupy certified land. 
200 Ferroelectric Aspect and Phase Transitions of Solid Solution of Cadmium Acetate with Aluminium (III) Oxide   , Shri Prakash Dubey, Anil Kumar Mishra
The behavior of variation of dielectric constant with temperature of solid solution of Cadmium Acetate Cd(C2H3O2)2 with Aluminium (III) Oxide Al2O3 and other dielectric parameters have been measured between the temperatures 35°C to 100°C using the capacitance bridge model ZENITH-FM89A and Q meter at the frequency of 2000 Hz. In the measurement, it have been observed that the compound has lower value of dielectric constant (ε = 1580) below 36ºC, which rises upto a value of 5600 at the moderate temperature of 45ºC. After this temperature, the dielectric constant of compound decreases upto the value of nearly 3521 at the temperature of 75ºC and a high peak at the temperature of 76°C (ε = 7000) in the heating cycle curve with some fluctuations.. When the variation of dielectric constant was studied in cooling cycle the peak was observed at 62ºC(ε = 6500), above and below this temperature dielectric constant decreases with some intermediate fluctuations and by increasing aluminium oxide content in the mother compound, its quality factor also increases with a little effect on dielectric constant. The cooling cycle curve does not follow heating curve because of the relaxor behaviour of the compound. The results have been explained on the basis of crystal structure changes and the possibility of free internal rotation of acetate groups within the crystal lattice at elevated temperature. One of the advantages of Cd(C2H3O2)2 with Al2O3 is that by varying the Aluminium Oxide content, one can control temperature coefficient of resonant frequency τf without affecting the other properties. This is important for many ferroelectric applications because τf of near about low value is not always required. A non-zero τf is often preferable to compensate for frequency variation due to the effect of temperature change on the resonator housing and dielectric support structure. Solid solution of Cadmium Acetate with Aluminium Oxide suggests for its valuable applications as dielectric material with excellent properties useful in ceramics engineering and communication system.
201 Entrepreneurship Development Programs and Job Creation in Calabar, Cross River State Nigeria   , Ehugbo, Ikechukwu, Ugboko, Lucky Nwakego
The advert of entrepreneurship development has played significant role in provision of employment opportunities both in developing and developed nations. This study investigates the impact of entrepreneurship program on job creations in Nigeria. The study was carried out at Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria. The study employed Survey research. Cronbach Alpha method was used to determine the reliability at .075. The study involves 262 small business owners who accepted to be part of the sample population. The selected business field includes; welders (60), tailors (75) and hair salon owners (127) within the city of Calabar. A structured Questionnaire was used as the major instrument in collection of data. Multistage Cluster random sampling was used to determine the sample size. Simple percentage and multiple regression analysis were used to test the hypotheses with the help of SPSS version 25. The results from hypotheses one and two reveals that there a significant and positive relationship between program transparency, program continuity and job creation while result from hypothesis three reveals a significant but negative relationship between youth commitment and job creations. The study therefore, recommended that the organizers of the programs should eliminate every form of bias in training and equipping the trained participants. Entrepreneurship programs should be design with a long term strategic plans so as to ensure sustainability and continuity of such programs. The entrepreneurship program should be design in a way that only person(s) that have passion, zeal and interest in such program should be selected.
202 Ethnographic Study of the Physical Activity of Adolescents in the Farming Culture of Ethnic Baduy   , Chairul Umam, Taufik Rihatno,Budiaman
This study aims to find out the meaning of physical activity of indigenous people about the process of implementing traditionals rituals that provide references to physical education, social and cultural impacts, as well as positive impacts for daily life in the survival of baduy people. Researchers have explored the physical activity of local wisdom in Baduy indigenous people as a viewpoint or way of life of the past that can be applied to its values in the present. This research uses interactive qualitative method that is ethnographic by doing description and analysis of a community based on field research. Research informants are traditional leaders of the Baduy indigenous people and youth in Kanekes Village, Leuwidamar District, Lebak Regency, Banten Province. Data collection in this study used interview, observation, and documentation techniques. The results of this study, get the meaning of physical activity in farming culture by grouping based on the stages of farming activities of the Baduy people such as Narawas, Nyacar, Nukuh, Ngaduruk, Ngaseuk, Ngirab Sawan, Mipit, Made, Ngunjal, Ngayaran, Ngawalu, and Seba. This pattern of farming activities is not just a job but a religious obligation. Therefore, the youth of the Baduy community have good body resistance (fit), the formation of attitudes (character), and various motor activities, so that they can be a reference in physical education and community fitness.
203 Aviation Safety in South Sudan , Ayiei Garang Deng Ayiei
Africa contributes only 3.9% in air traffic, but records 19% of aviation accidents, in terms of fatalities. High accident rates are attributed to poor compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs). This study analyzed the prevalence of aircraft accidents in the youngest African country, South Sudan, which obtained independence in July 9, 2011. The quantitative study examined aviation accident databases to determine the number of aircraft accidents in South Sudan, the aircraft manufacturers and aircraft models, number of fatalities, and causes of accidents, categorized as pilot error, technical failure, air traffic control, or weather-related events. The accidents were collected from the Aviation Safety Network (ASN) database, which is maintained by the Flight Safety Foundation. A total of 83 accident cases were examined, with 32 satisfying the criteria of accidents covering the July 2011 to May 2021 period. The findings show that Antonov aircrafts account for a majority of the accidents (31.25%), followed by Cessna (21.88%) and LET (15.63%). The 32 aircrafts involved in the accidents were carrying 378 occupants, 72 occupants died, representing a fatality rate of 19.5%. Antonov (66.67%) and LET (27.7%) contributed the greatest fatalities. In terms of accident causes, technical failures (46.9%) and pilot errors (43.8%) were the most dominant causes. Weather-related conditions only contributed to 9.4% of all the cases investigated. These results show that South Sudan continues to suffer from poor aviation infrastructure, poor compliance to internationally recognized SARPs.
204 Production of a Model Water Fountain Using Ceramics for Interior Decoration in Anambra State   , Okonkwo, Ivan Emeka Phd, Emelogu, Chinenye, Anonye Obianuju Maria
Water fountains have been produced by sculptors, architects and engineers over the years in Nigeria, however the production of water fountains in ceramics is not popular and could be rarely seen in public spaces, longues and interiors of public buildings especially in Anambra State. In view of this; this project entitled “Production of a Water Fountain using Ceramics for Interior Decoration in Anambra State” was designed to enlighten the society that ceramic materials could be used for the production of water fountain instead of other media like cement and metal. Also, that water fountain when situated in the interior of the house will help in relaxation thereby reducing some tensions and stress after all day work. Data used were sourced from both primary and secondary sources. An explorative method of research was employed in the project. The processes involved in the execution of the work were showcased in detail. The study observes that majority of water fountains seen around were made using cement instead of ceramics, which is more durable, hygienic, attractive and nature friendly, hence the need for this project. This work encourages more research in this area of study.
205 COVID19 Long Term Effects in Patients Treated with Chlorine Dioxide   , Manuel Aparicio-Alonso, Carlos A. Domínguez-Sánchez, Marina Banuet-Martínez
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID19) has generated widespread healthcare concerns and has overburdened healthcare institutions. As the number of COVID19 patients recovers, so does the frequency of reports of COVID19-like symptoms following discharge. A telephone survey with standardized questions was undertaken in which participants were asked if they had had any of 25 possible sequelae after being diagnosed with COVID19 and treated with a Chlorine Dioxide Solution (CDS). One hundred sixty-one people completed the survey. We discovered that rising age is a risk factor (OR = 1.035, p = 0.028, 95% CI = 1.004-1.069), and the odds of having any symptoms in moderate patients is 0.077 compared to mild patients (P = 0.003). It was predicted that 64.6 percent of patients treated with CDS for SARS-CoV-2 infection experienced an average of 3.41 long-term effects. There were no variations in the number of sequelae reported by sex, age, COVID19 severity, or therapy method. The five most prevalent manifestations of the 25 distinct long-term symptoms observed in this study were fatigue, hair loss, dyspnea, concentration problem, and sleep difficulties. In addition, individuals treated with multiple drugs (COVID19 conventional treatment plus a CDS) had 2.7 fewer cases of sequelae, and patients treated exclusively with CDS had 6.14 fewer incidences of long-term effects. People who get a CDS are 19% less likely to experience long-term health effects than patients who receive standard COVID19 therapy. According to the findings of this study, patients who receive a CDS have a reduced probability of developing sequelae. Furthermore, the incidence of long-term effects is lower in individuals treated exclusively with a CDS. The recent findings involving Chlorine Dioxide support the development of clinical studies to evaluate its efficacy in preventing the development of COVID19 long-term effects.
206 Color, Caption and Emoji – Using Instagram as a Screening Tool for Depression in Teenagers and Adults   , Alexandra Enciu, MD,Shivaughn Hem-Lee-Forsyth, PhD, MPH
Instagram, the largest growing social network site today, has grown exponentially since its launch in 2010. Mental health challenges, particularly anxiety and major depressive disorder in those aged 16 to 30 have been associated with Instagram’s popularity. Depression is of particular interest to health care providers within the public health sector: it affects 264 million people globally; suicide is the second most common cause of death in 18 to 29-year-olds. This age group also constitutes the main demographic group of Instagram users. A narrative review was conducted on peer-reviewed articles between January 2019-July 2020 to analyze Instagram use and its association with depression, and using it as a tool to diagnose depression. PubMed, EBSCO, NCBI, NIH, and Google Scholar were used to source articles published between 2015-2020. The narrative review focused on four primary papers. The first study looked at the social comparison theory, while the second and third studies used screening questionnaires in conjunction with analyzing an individual’s Instagram content into text-based scores. The fourth study analyzed the content of photos which were posted to give insight into an individual’s status regarding depressive states. Accounting for 18 to 30 year olds’ Instagram usage into how they engaged with content can accurately screen for, and diagnose depression.
207 Does The GDPR Achieve Its Goal of “Protection of Youth”?   , Ammar Younas,Yulduz Akhtamovna Akhtamova
The increasing ‘datafication of society’1 and ubiquitous computing resulted in high privacy risks such as commercial exploitation of personal data, discrimination, identity theft and profiling (automated processing of personal data). 2 Especially, minor data subjects are more likely to be victims of unfair commercial practices due to their behavioral characteristics (emotional volatility and impulsiveness) and unawareness of consequences of their virtual activities.3 Accordingly, it has been claimed that thousands of mobile apps utilized by children collected their data and used it for tracking their location, processed it for the development of child profiles so as to tailor behavioral advertising targeted at them and shared it with third parties without children’s or parent’s knowledge.4 Following these concerns, recently adopted EU General Data Protection Regulation (679/2016) departed from its Data Protection Directive (DPD) in terms of children’s data protection by explicitly recognizing that minors need more protection than adults5 and providing specific provisions aimed at protecting children’s right to data protection.6 Unlike the GDPR, the DPD was designed to provide “equal” protection for all data subjects irrespective of their age.7 This paper argues that consent principle along with the requirement of parental consent cannot effectively be implemented for the protection of children’s data due to the lack of actual choice, verification issues and complexity of data processing, and also the outcome of the privacy notices in a child-appropriate form is limited. However, there are other mechanisms and restrictions embodied in the GDPR, which provide opportunities for the protection of children’s data by placing burden on data controllers rather than data subjects.
208 To What Extent are Consumers Harmed in the Digital Market from the Perspective of the GDPR?   , Ammar Younas, Bakhodir Tohir ogli Mirzaraimov
The European Union has recently enacted a new law, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR),1 which is designed to strengthen existing data protection legislation in the EU. The selection of Regulation itself as a legal instrument makes the GDPR stronger than Directive as it ensures a uniform and consistent implementation of rules thereby, consolidating the EU digital single market. The GDPR reforms existing data protection policy by imposing more stringent obligations on not only data controllers but also on data processors relating to obtaining a valid consent,2 ensuring transparency of automated decision making3 and security of data processing,4 and by providing new rights for data subjects. Data subjects are entitled to withdraw their consent,5 request their data to be transferred to another data controller6 or to be deleted.7 Also, the GDPR includes certain principles aimed at regulating its cross border transfers of the EU citizens’ personal data to ensure a high level of protection outside the EU.8 Taking into account the above mentioned policies along with others, some scholars describe the GDPR as ‘the most consequential regulatory development in information policy in generation’ that has teeth.9 However, the GDPR cannot be claimed as a legal instrument that effectively deals with all threats of the digital market to consumers. This paper argues that although the GDPR has considerably expanded the rights of consumers thereby, enabling them to regain control over their personal data to certain extent, the effectiveness of its principles is limited and cannot ensure full security of data processing. Firstly, it examines the effectiveness of consent principle of the GDPR in empowering consumers to control over their data and make a genuine choice. Secondly, it analyzes “data control-rights” of consumers. Finally, it comprehensively discusses extraterritorial application of the GDPR and regulation of international transfers of data.
209 System Analysis and Marketing Strategy Grouper (Ephinephelus SPP) by Fishermen at Base Fish Landing (PPI) Oeba, Lama City District Kupang City   , Syamsul Bahri,Maria Emerensiana Jata
This study aims (1) to determine the marketing system of grouper (Ephinephelus spp) at PPI Oeba, Kota Lama District, Kupang City. (2) To find out the marketing strategy of grouper (Ephinephelus spp) carried out by fishermen and grouper traders at PPI Oeba, Kota Lama District, Kupang City. The method used in this study is a qualitative research method using SWOT analysis. The population in this study were fishermen, collectors, retailers at PPI Oeba, Kota Lama District, Kupang City. The results of the research show (1) The grouper marketing system uses two marketing channels, namely marketing channel I where fishermen sell to consumer retailers and marketing channel II fishermen sell to consumer retailers. (2) The strategy applied to the PPI Oeba Landing Place, Fatubesi Sub-district, Kota Lama District is a Strength and Opportunity strategy. The Strength and Opportunity Strategy is an aggressive, growth-oriented strategy. Strategy is a very profitable strategy. The grouper marketing landing site has the power to take advantage of existing opportunities. From the results of this study, it is recommended to expand the grouper marketing network so that grouper fish that have good quality can grow more rapidly and can be consumed by both the lower class, middle class, and upper middle class equally to consume grouper which has high nutritional value
210 Identifying Gender-Based Violence in Women from Aahh Laura Caller in the District of Los Olivos, Lima – 2021   , Yals Molina Ozejo, Angie Carolina Puican Coronado, María del Pilar Rojas Zapata, Flor Karina Silva Saavedra, Dafnne Nahomy Vega Solís, Sánchez Uriarte Cristhian Jhair
The research entitled "Identifying gender violence in women of the AAHH Laura Caller in the district of Los Olivos, Lima - 2021". It aims to identify gender violence in women of the AAHH Laura Caller in the district of Los Olivos, Lima - 2021. The methodology had a quantitative approach, since the data collected will be measured through statistical analysis. Likewise, the research design is non-experimental, descriptive. The sample consisted of 50 women to whom a questionnaire was applied. The results showed the existence of physical violence, since it has been possible to identify slapping, pushing or throwing an object for having done something wrong as violence. As for psychological violence, it was possible to identify that the partners of most of the women had threatened to harm them and their children. In relation to sexual violence, it has been identified that the women's partners forced them to have sexual relations in exchange for money or goods. The conclusion is that there is a lack of knowledge of what physical, psychological and sexual violence is, and that they may be in danger of suffering mistreatment in their future relationships.
211 Current situation of “One Commune One Product” (OCOP) Program implementation in Vietnam   , Thanh Hoa Thi Phan  Hai Yen Thi Kim, Thu Thuy Thi Nguyen,Tai Duc Do, Hoa Thi Nguyen,My Ha Dang
Vietnam has implemented the OCOP Program through the “One Commune One Product” initiative since 2006. This program, however, “bloomed” until 2018, thanks to the involvement of localities across the country. The OCOP Program aims at rural economic development and focuses on increasing internal strength and adding value to local products. Also, it is the solution and task in the implementation of the National Target Program on the New Rural Development. In this research, we are going to analyze the current situation of the OCOP Program implementation in Vietnam and from that, give some recommendations for enhancing the program's effectiveness.
212 Problems With the Procedure for Granting Annual Leave and Suggestions for Their Solution   , Guljakhon Ruzimboy qizi Madrakhimova
The article examines and analyzes the procedure for granting annual leave to employees, problematic aspects of the application of legislation in this area, and also proposes proposals for their elimination based on the experience of foreign countries.
213 Influence of Organization and Leadership on Lecturer Performance   , Nurlinawati Simanjuntak
This study aims to determine and analyze the influence of organization and leadership on lecturer performance. Based on the results of the discussion and testing, it can be concluded several things related to this research as follows: Simultaneously the variables of the school committee, organization, and leadership, simultaneously have a positive and significant effect on the performance of Lecturers of the Faculty of Economics, Sisingamangaraja XII University Tapanuli, marked by Fcount = 29.324 and Ftable = 2.87 in this case Fcount is greater than Ftable and the significant value is 0.00 less than the alpha value of 0.05. Partially, the school committee variable has no significant effect on the performance of the Lecturer of the Faculty of Economics at Sisingamangaraja XII Tapanuli University which is indicated by the tcount value for the school committee variable ( 1.180) is smaller than ttable(3.18) or sig value (0.246) is greater than alpha (0.025). Partially, organizational variables have a positive and significant effect on the performance of Lecturers of the Faculty of Economics, Sisingamangaraja University XII Tapanuli which is indicated by the tcount value for the organizational variable (6.096) which is greater than ttable (3.18) or the sig value (0.000) is smaller than alpha (0.025). ). Partially, the leadership variable has a positive and significant effect on the performance of the Lecturer of the Faculty of Economics, Sisingamangaraja XII Tapanuli University, which is indicated by the t-count value for the leadership variable (4.081) which is greater than ttable (3.18) or the sig (0.000) value is smaller than alpha (0.025). The R2 value obtained is 0.710 or 71.0% which shows the ability of the school committee, organization, and leadership variables in explaining the variations that occur in Lecturer Performance is 71.0%, while the remaining 29.0% is explained by other variables that not included in the model, for example curriculum, lecturer certification, school facilities and others
214 The Effect of Leadership Style on Employee Performance with Work Motivation as Intervening Variable   , Rina Handayani
Sisingamangaraja XII University Tapanuli South Sumatra Indonesia
215 The Effect of Leadership Style on Employee Performance with Work Motivation as Intervening Variable   , Rina Handayani
The purpose of this study was to find out how the influence of leadership style on the performance of the Customs and Excise Supervision and Customs Service Office Employees Type C Kuala Tanjung and to find out how the influence of the leadership style on the performance of the Customs and Excise Supervision and Customs Service Office Employees Type C Kuala Tanjung. with Work Motivation as the intervening variable, this research was conducted at the Customs and Excise Supervision and Service Office Type C, Kuala Tanjung, Jalan Acess Road PT. Inalum Kuala Tanjung, Sei Suka District, Batu Bara Regency and the results of this study show. (1) It can be seen that the magnitude of the adjusted R square value is 0.679 or 67.9%. This shows that work motivation (Z) and leadership style (X) can explain employee performance (Y) by 67.9%, the remaining 32.1% (100% - 67.9%) is explained by other variables outside the model. this research. (2) The results of the t-test (partial) can be seen that the value of tcount (1.478) < ttable (2.045), as well as the significance value of 0.150> 0.05, it can be concluded that the first hypothesis is rejected, meaning that the leadership style variable (X) is not positive and significant effect on work motivation (Z). (3) The results of the t-test (partial) can be seen that the value of tcount (7.772) > ttable (2.045), and the significance value of 0.00 <0.05, it can be concluded that the second hypothesis is accepted, meaning that leadership style (X) has a significant effect on employee performance (Y). (4) The results of the path analysis show that the direct influence of leadership style (X) on employee performance (Y) is 0.849. Meanwhile, the indirect effect through work motivation (Z) is 0.269 x 0.407 = 0.109. From the calculation results obtained, it shows that the indirect effect through work motivation (Z) is smaller than the direct effect on employee performance (Y).
216 Consumer Protection Law for Advertising Damage Based on the Value of Justice in Indonesia   , IB. Gede Agustya Mahaputra, Made Warka, Endang Prasetyawati, Ni Luh Made Mahendrawati
Advertising is a means to offer a product or goods made attractive and influencing consumers based on norms in accordance with the Consumer Protection Act, but in practice, advertisements are often found that are detrimental and misleading consumers. The responsibility of the state in providing legal protection to consumers is a non-negotiable obligation. the existence of justice based on Pancasila which is conceptualized into legal principles is a condition sine quanon, because it contains moral and ethical values that direct the formation of laws that meet philosophical, sociological and juridical value.
217 Establishment of Elements and Principles of High Reliability Organizations in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of de Soyza Maternity Hospital, Colombo, Sri Lanka.   , J.L. Himali R. Wijegunasekara, G. Sudath K. Dharmarathe
Introduction: “High Reliability Organizations (HRO)” is an innovative safety management concept. An effort to transform a health care setting in Sri Lanka to a HRO – management structure is worthwhile to experience the outcomes of this model in Sri Lankan hospital context. Objective: To establish a HRO - management structure in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of De Soyza Maternity Hospital Colombo. Design: Pre / post interventional study design was used. Functional status of HRO structure in the NICU was assessed; using 5 HRO principles (ie. Pre occupation with failure, Resistance to simplify, Sensitivity to operations, Commitment to resilience and Deference to expertise) and 5 HRO elements (ie. Process auditing, Rewarding, Avoidance of quality degradation, Risk perception, and Command and control), at pre and post interventional levels. Methods: Practice of HRO principles was assessed using a Self - Administered Questionnaire with a rating scale, with the participation of all the NICU staff. Practice of HRO elements was assessed by a facility survey using a check list. Intervention consisted of a managerial plan with activities to establish the HRO concept. Results: Results showed a statistically significant increase of “response scores” of participants towards HRO structure and the facility survey showed the establishment of planned activities. Conclusion: It was concluded that implementation of this plan, is gradually establishing the HRO management structure in NICU of DMH.
218 Establishment of Elements and Principles of High Reliability Organizations in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of de Soyza Maternity Hospital, Colombo, Sri Lanka.   , J.L. Himali R. Wijegunasekara, G. Sudath K. Dharmarathe
Introduction: “High Reliability Organizations (HRO)” is an innovative safety management concept. An effort to transform a health care setting in Sri Lanka to a HRO – management structure is worthwhile to experience the outcomes of this model in Sri Lankan hospital context. Objective: To establish a HRO - management structure in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of De Soyza Maternity Hospital Colombo. Design: Pre / post interventional study design was used. Functional status of HRO structure in the NICU was assessed; using 5 HRO principles (ie. Pre occupation with failure, Resistance to simplify, Sensitivity to operations, Commitment to resilience and Deference to expertise) and 5 HRO elements (ie. Process auditing, Rewarding, Avoidance of quality degradation, Risk perception, and Command and control), at pre and post interventional levels. Methods: Practice of HRO principles was assessed using a Self - Administered Questionnaire with a rating scale, with the participation of all the NICU staff. Practice of HRO elements was assessed by a facility survey using a check list. Intervention consisted of a managerial plan with activities to establish the HRO concept. Results: Results showed a statistically significant increase of “response scores” of participants towards HRO structure and the facility survey showed the establishment of planned activities. Conclusion: It was concluded that implementation of this plan, is gradually establishing the HRO management structure in NICU of DMH.
219 The Influence of Leadership Styles and Work Motivation on Employees Performance of Islamic Banks   , Sofyan Bachmid, Ermawati Ermawati
This paper aims to determine the influence of leadership style and work motivation on employee performance at Bank Mandiri Syariah Palu Indonesia. This study employed a quantitative study, and the data were collected through a survey. There were 48 samples in this study. We used the saturation sampling technique to determine the samples because all populations were recruited for the samples. The data were analyzed using multiple linear regression analysis. The results show that leadership style and work motivation simultaneously affect employee performance at the Bank Mandiri Syariah Palu Indonesia. Among those variables, leadership style has a more significant effect on employee performance. In contrast, work motivation has less influence on employees' work performance, but it still plays a role in the employees' work performance. Our study contributes to better strategy in managing leadership and works motivation to enhance employees' work performances within Islamic banking industries.
220 Gastrointestinal Complications in Sarscov-2 Infection: An Integrative Review   , Luíza Maria Rocca de Paula, Amanda Cechelero Cruz, Andressa de Souza Klingenfus,Beatriz Bertoletti Mota, Laiza Maria Steimbach, Elaine Rossi Ribeiro
The novel coronavirus causes varied symptomatology and several complications, among them, stand out those of the gastrointestinal tract. In order to discuss gastrointestinal complications in SARS-COV-2 infected patients and their outcomes, we’ve developed an integrative literature review, using Pubmed and BVS databases. The following descriptors were used: covid-19, Sars-cov-2, gastrointestinal Tract, and Complications. The selected studies presented patients with covid-19 and gastrointestinal complications. The majority of the 13 articles included were case reports, in Europe, mostly men at the age of 60 or more. As for complications, ischemia, gastrointestinal bleeding, and pneumatosis, arterial narrowing and thrombosis stands out. In diagnoses, commonly exam was the reverse polymerase-transcriptase chain reaction; treatment varied between conservative and surgical resection. It’s evident the importance of good practice, early diagnosis and treatments, avoiding at its most the worsening of the condition. However, whereas is such a recent subject matter, further studies need to be made.
221 Perceived Health Concerns During COVID 19 Crisis Amongst Jamaicans   , Sukanya Prasad MBBS, MPH,Liliane Smatt BA, Narayana Prasad MD, MPH, MS,Mayra Volquez MSc
Aim: The COVID-19 pandemic is an unprecedented global crisis affecting several countries, including Jamaica. The risk perception of a crisis is shaped by both real hazards and perceived threats. Therefore, a cross-sectional research survey was conducted in August 2020 to evaluate Jamaicans' perceived health concerns during COVID-19. Methods: A cross-sectional randomized online questionnaire survey was sent to a total of 268 participants. As a result, 92 people (34%) responded to the online questionnaire survey in August 2020, and SPSS analyzed the data. Results and Discussion: Out of 92 respondents, 78% were females, 22% were males, and more than 70% of participants were over 35 yrs. old. 52% of participants perceived the country was not prepared for a crisis such as COVID-19. The biggest concerns during this crisis were family health (39%), economic hardship (28%), societal health (20%), and personal health (13%). In personal health, the majority of Jamaicans were concerned about physical and mental health during this crisis. Conclusion: The responding and understanding of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic are functions of both natural threats and perceived risks. The interaction of physical health and risk perception is complex and dependent on understanding the crisis, uncertainty, and destructive potential. The results suggest a crisis burden on mental health in addition to physical health; therefore, an effective campaign should be planned to prevent a deepening mental health crisis. This research study suggests a potential burden on societal health in healthcare delivery systems and other public health services. The awareness program should be promoted to motivate and help the Jamaicans to handle the crisis. The policymakers should consider working with government, science, and faith-based institutions to develop a multidisciplinary framework to control the COVID-19 pandemic's negative impact on Jamaican society.
222 Prevalence and Outcome of Obstructed Labour at a Tertiary Institution   , Elizabeth Nionzima,Wilfred Inzama,Charles Otim Tom
Obstructed labour is a common preventable causes of both maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality in developing countries affecting 3-6% labouring women globally and accounts for an estimated 8% of maternal deaths in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Objective: To determine the prevalence and outcome of obstructed labour in the Gynaecology and Obstetrics Department at a tertiary hospital in Northern Uganda. Method: This was a retrospective chart review of pregnant women admitted in labour and delivered by caesarean section from 1st January 2016 to 31st December 2017 at a Lira Regional Referral Hospital, a tertiary institution in Lango Sub region. Data was analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 16.0. Results: A total of 808 medical charts of mothers with obstructed labour were retrieved, evaluated and included in this review out of 12,189 deliveries during the study period, giving a prevalence of 6.6%. Majority (77%; 622/808) mothers admitted with diagnosis of obstructed were referred in from peripheral facilities. Over half (53.4%) of the women were in the age group of 20 to 29 years. Over 53%, were prime gravidae and were twice more likely to undergo C/S due to obstructed labour than multigravidas (OR 1.8; 95% CI 1.5-2.2). Only 49.2% had documented cause of obstructed labour, with Cephalo-pelvic disproportion being most common (17.5%), malposition/mal-presentation (14.6%), and macrosomia (3.6%). Partograph was used in only 46.6% (374) women who had obstructed labour. The commonest maternal complication observed were Sepsis (11%), PPH (5.2%), uterine rupture (4%) and burst abdomen (3%) which led to prolonged hospital stay and loss of fertility to some. Mode of delivery in the 808 reviewed charts was caesarean section, 90.3% of babies were born alive, while 8.5% (69) were born dead, (1.2%) had early neonatal, and 40.2% were referred Paediatric Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) because of low APGAR score. Conclusion: The prevalence of obstructed labour among women delivered by Caesarean section was high compared to the global average. Majority of the women were referrals from the peripheral health centres and associated with life threatening complications and even death. Young age and prime gravida is associated with obstructed labour and high caesarean section rates. The obstruction in multigravida could be due to secondary cephalo-pelvic disproportion as majority of the babies were in normal range weight. Low use of Partograph to monitor labour was evident among women who had obstructed.
223 The Ground Water Quality Analysis Agro based Industrial Area of Materwadi (Rajaramnagar) Village in Dindori Block, Dist. Nashik of Maharashtra, India   , M.D.Wagh,B.C.Kachhava,S.J.Pawar
The ground water analysis has been done during the on season and off season of the sugar industry. The samples collected from 30 sampling stations were analyzed in the laboratory. The analysis reveals that the pH, TDS, DO, COD, BOD of water increasing due discharge effluent in the catchments of the sugar industry area. Most of the parameters indicated that these industrial effluents disturb the ground water quality and responsible for deteriorating soil conditions. From the analysis it is reported that there is a requirement of the careful supervision, constant monitoring and periodical analysis of the chemical parameters to safeguard the ground water resources and to minimize environmental pollution nearby the agro-based industries like sugar factory.
224 The Comparison of Students’ Motivation between Participation in Formal Education and In Music Activities   , Norawit Titicharoenrak
his study compares different types of regulation that motivate school students to participate in their formal education and in music entertainment. The framework of self-determination is used in this study to convey various forms of regulation that play important roles in driving students to take action in both settings. A survey result based on 207 student respondents in Thailand revealed that although it is not uncommon to anticipate that there could be a variety of reasons for establishing this educational participation, ranging from extrinsic controls to intrinsic values, the students were more likely to be extrinsically and personally pressured in their formal study, compared to participating in music. On the other hand, they were prone to be more intrinsically driven when joining in music activities than studying.
225 Euthanasia – Meaning, Types and Its Indian Framework   , Sharvari Digambar Darekar, Dr. Dinesh Naik
Euthanasia refers to the act which shortens or terminates life painlessly in order to end suffering where there is no hope of recovery. This paper covers the meaning of Euthanasia differentiating it from suicide. It also gives insight about the different forms or practices of Euthanasia depending to the situation or circumstances prevailing India is a democratic country having different cultures practiced. Viewing different thoughts, practices and history of Euthanasia in cultures of Hindu, Muslim and Christianity gives the significance of Euthanasia in Indian framework.    
226 Euthanasia – Meaning, Types and Its Indian Framework   , Sharvari Digambar Darekar, Dr. Dinesh Naik
Euthanasia refers to the act which shortens or terminates life painlessly in order to end suffering where there is no hope of recovery. This paper covers the meaning of Euthanasia differentiating it from suicide. It also gives insight about the different forms or practices of Euthanasia depending to the situation or circumstances prevailing India is a democratic country having different cultures practiced. Viewing different thoughts, practices and history of Euthanasia in cultures of Hindu, Muslim and Christianity gives the significance of Euthanasia in Indian framework.    
227 An Evaluation Study of The Role of Government in Community Based-Tourism Development   , Dietermar Say
Supporting community based-tourism (CBT) is a development strategy for local government to use tourism to improve local people’s livelihoods. Here local government takes over the agenda for the community and supplies updates and resources on development but leaves the decision making to the community itself. However it is not just the government that designs CBT strategies, the existing literature shows that members of academia and international organizations have been carrying out, publishing and analyzing CBT case studies, thus providing more insight as to why CBT fails or succeeds in communities. In general, the tourism transformation achieved by government may not always be satisfactory to the community as opposed to academia, international organizations, or the community itself. As each community is unique, the present study examines the general attitudes of 535 respondents about government performance in CBT from 40 different countries. The respondents are divided into four groups according to the respondents’ work experience with academia, government, international organizations, and the community. The results show that the government group sees themselves as the least productive, whereas the international organization group paradoxically sees the government’s ability in CBT as the most favorable. The outcome of this study provides a general overview of the capabilities and limits of government in CBT development which may be of use to communities and stakeholders that are considering becoming involved in such transformations.
228 Education and Social Change: The Basis of Evolution and Development of a Contemporary Society   , Suman Mazumdar
Changes in society are shifts from the accepted way of life, either they are caused by changes in geography, culturale quipment, population structure, or philosophies, or by diffusion or innovations well within community.It is education that has been a chief instrument in bringing about phenomenal changes in all the aspects of society. A country without education produces incompetent policy makers rather than ideal leaders. The administration proves to be pathetic, with increased rate of crimes, corruption, social disorder, violation of- laws, rules, human rights, and so on. In addition, it is impossible for a society to attain a sustainable socio-economic development with zero contribution to human resource development. The paper significantly demonstrates a conceptual and qualitative research in the context of social change and education.
229 The Influence of Media Powtoon on the Ability of Writing Procedure Texts for VII Class Students of Junior High School 3 Pakkat  , Mariati Saragih , Berliana Simanjuntak
This study aims to determine the effect of Powtoon media on the ability to write procedural texts for class VII students of SMP Negeri 3 Pakkat, Academic Year 2020/2021. The population in this study amounted to 62 people, and the sample of this study amounted to 32 students who were taken by a simple random sampling process. The research method used in this research is the experimental method. Hypothesis testing using the "t" test. From the data processing, the average pretest = 63.81, standard deviation = 9.38, standard error = 1.68. In the posttest, the mean = 83.62, standard deviation = 5.08, standard error = 0.91. Based on the normality test, the results of the pretest and posttest were normally distributed. For the homogeneity test, the F value is obtained from the table with the real rate = 0.05 or Fcount < Ftable or 3.40 < 4.17. This proves that the sample states that the variance of the two variables is homogeneous. The results of the "t" test obtained a value of to = 11.72. After to is known, then the value will be consulted with table 1 at a significant level of 5% of 2.03. Based on the calculations that have been done, it can be seen that to > t table is 11.72 > 2.03. Thus, Ho (nil hypothesis) is rejected, and Ha (alternative hypothesis) is accepted. This proves that there is an influence of Powtoon media on the ability to write procedural texts for Class VII students of SMP Negeri 3 Pakkat, Academic Year 2020/2021.
230 Uses Gratification Theory and Village Cooking YouTube Channel- A Discourse   , P John Britto
Viewers of youtube channel, choose the content freely to satisfy their needs. They like a video or dislike a video based on their likes and dislikes, thus empowering audience over media to give their feedback. More than this audience can give their comments over the content of the video. This paves for active participation of audience as Uses Gratification Theory (UGT) postulates. The audience also has the power to share the video to other platforms to show how their physical, psychological and social needs were satisfied and so others could get satisfied. Village Cooking YouTube channel has been taken for experiment to evaluate the concepts of UGT.
231 Thai Adolescent’s Scale of Flourishing During the COVID-19 Pandemic Analysed by the Subjective Well-Being (SWB)   , Pitsinee Dachapipatkhon, Pitiporn Cholumyai, Supajira Maturossuntorn, Nantapak Onclai,Nattamon Onclai  
The Coronavirus has been introduced to Thailand for almost 2 years. Students were forced to take online classes in order to gain social distance. As it is well known, adolescents had the highest levels of satisfaction with friends and with self. Due to this occurrence, many students are at risk of mental challenges, likely due to unexpected life changes. The research aims to analyze subjective well-being (SWB) and to compare the data to other studies. The Flourishing Scale of 8 uniform questionnaires by Diener et. al. (2009) is used as a measurement to conduct the research as a major research tool in 507 Thai adolescent participants aged 12-19 years old. The level of psychological well-being and respondent's selfperceived success in important areas such as relationships, self-esteem, purpose, and optimism were quantified and performed. The Flourishing Scale scores in relevant research, enable the researchers to signify the contrast in the level of subjective well-being in Thai- adolescents according to the COVID-19 existence. As a result, the mean of the subjective wellbeing of the Flourishing Scale in Thai adolescence was 37.22 which is one of the lowest scores so far compared to the previous research investigated before the pandemic of the Coronavirus. It can be found that young adolescents are showing a decline in psychological resources and strength compared to the previous years which should be carefully inspected by adults and mental health-related professionals.
232 Awareness and Behavior to Prevent Coronavirus Pandemic: A Case Study of Young People in Southern Of Vietnam   , Nguyen Thanh Hung,Nguyen Thi Cam Phuong, Ho My Dung
The study was conducted to explore public awareness and behaviors in response to the COVID-19 pandemic through a survey of 302 young people in the southern provinces of Vietnam. The Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) were applied to validate relationships between elements of the modeling. The research shown that knowledge of pandemic, awareness of the benefits of preventive measures, and trust in the Government’s effort in disease prevention had a positive impact on preventive behavior against COVID-19. It takes proportional effect on proactive behavior in purchasing daily goods and medical products.
233 The Impact of Intellectual Capital on Financial Performance: A Study of Sri Lankan Financial Institution   , A. Nishanthini, R. Arthika
Intellectual Capital is essential in every economical activity. The aim of this study how intellectual capital impact on financial performance in Sri Lankan financial institution. To achieve objective of this research banking institution has been selected from Colombo Stock Exchange financial directory for the period from 2016 to 2020. Random sampling technique were used to analysis the data. MVIAC model used for the measurement of independent variable in this study. This model is a composite sum of two indicators these are Capital Employed Efficiency (CEE) - indicator of VA efficiency of capital employed and Intellectual Capital Efficiency (ICE) – indicator of value-added efficiency ofcompany’s Intellectual Capital base. Intellectual Capital Efficiency is composed of (a) Human Capital Efficiency (HCE) – indicator of value-added efficiency of human capital; and (b) Structural Capital Efficiency (SCE) – indicator of value-added efficiency of structural capital (c) Rational Capital Efficiency (RCE). Finding represent that intellectual capital has significant impact on financial performance of Sri Lankan financial institution, specially banking industry. SCE and CEE has negative impact while RCE impact positively on financial performance.
234 Mingtepa Monument In Archaeological Research   , Turdikhujaeva Makhliyokxon Muqimkxuja qizi
The article presents the historical issues of the Mingtepa archaeological monument, which is famous in the Fergana Valley. The archaeological study of Mingtepa as well as the scientific analysis of the various archaeological and historian's works on the solution of the archaeological problems of the Fergana Valley will be carried out. Also, in the article, opinions are expressed about the studies that have a special place in the historiography of this archaeological research. In the process of analyzing the historiography of Mingtepa archeology, an attempt was also made to cover the issue of the ancient capital of David . In addition, the data from the research archaeologists who studied this monument are comparative-analyzed, as well as the conclusions of the historiography. The results and prospects of the joint archaeological research carried out by Chinese-Uzbek archaeologists in the territory of Mingtepa today are summarized, and the scientific achievements of these expeditions are observed.
235 Business Perception as a Strategy for Sustaining Entrepreneurship in the Face of Insurgency in Niger State, Nigeria   , Anoke, Amechi Fabian, Osita, Fabian Chinedu, Eze Solomon Uchechukwu, Muogbo Uju Sussan
The Nigerian business environment is unfriendly considering the insecurity situation that characterized the atmosphere which resulted in many businesses being halted while others are forced to outright closure, especially in Niger state. As a result, government and policymakers in the state invest, support, and encourage entrepreneurs to sustain them. However, despite these huge investments and strategies adopted to promote and sustain entrepreneurship activities in the state by policymakers, entrepreneurs continued to perform below expectation. The study, therefore, examined perception as a strategy for sustainable entrepreneurship in the face of insurgency in Niger State. 315 respondents were used as the population as well as the sample size of the study. Simple linear regression was used to analyze the stated hypothesis. The study found a strong and positive relationship between business perception and entrepreneurship sustainability in Niger State. The study concludes that business perception is a strategy for sustainable entrepreneurship in Niger State and recommended that there should be proper orientation and encouragement to Niger State entrepreneurs to maintain or even improve on their current entrepreneurial mind- set, perceiving entrepreneurial opportunities amidst insecurity challenges.
236 Effect of Exchange Rate Fluctuation and Foreign Reserves on Macroeconomic Performance in Nigeria   , Nkire Nneamaka Loretta, Atayi Abraham Vincent, Ibukun Felix Olusegun (PhD),Ogunbiyi Ayoola Olayinka(PhD)
This study examines the effect of Exchange Rate Fluctuation and Foreign Reserves on Macroeconomics Performance in Nigeria from 1980-2019. The variables of interest include External Debt, Reserves, Exchange Rate, External Debt Servicing and Government Expenditure were analyzed using co-integration, auto-redistribution lag model (ARDL) and Granger Causality test to understand the long and short run relationship between the variables. Result revealed that there is a unidirectional relationship between foreign reserves and the exchange rate. Exchange rate Granger causes foreign reserves in Nigeria, while foreign reserves do not granger cause exchange rate Granger. This means that as the exchange rate depreciates or appreciates, it always has an impact on Nigeria's foreign reserves. The study recommends among other thing that the government should ensure that the country's foreign reserves are used and managed efficiently. This is because it has been established that foreign reserves have a beneficial impact on macroeconomic performance and stimulate economic growth both of which help to enhance the Nigerian economy.
237 The determinants of the demand for tobacco in Togo   , Makiliwè Barcola
This paper analyzes the relationship between the demand for tobacco, its price and the economic factors that may influence it. The objective is to understand the response of consumers to an increase in tobacco prices. The price increase is assumed to be caused by the effect of increasing tobacco taxes, which is a major tobacco control policy. This paper also analyzes the reaction of smokers to an increase in the prices of other goods in the economy. To achieve this objective, we estimate the elasticities of these factors through the tobacco demand models proposed in the literature. The price of tobacco, consumer income per capita, the price of goods such as food and health care, and the strengthening of anti-smoking laws are among the variables used to estimate the demand equations for tobacco. The results of the estimations indicate first that the demand for tobacco is highly elastic with respect to its price; the price elasticity is estimated at -1.368. Tobacco demand is also sensitive to consumer income and the strengthening of anti-smoking laws. In contrast, changes in the prices of other non-addictive goods in the economy, such as food, have no influence on the demand for tobacco products. This means that when the price of other products increases, smokers are likely to reduce the quantity of these products consumed in order to maintain their level of tobacco consumption.
238 Entrepreneurship Practices and Profitability among Farmers in Jos, Nigeria   , Atayi Abraham Vincent, Gboyega Edward Babalola(PhD)
 This study seeks to examine the relationship between Entrepreneurship practices and the level of profitability among farmers in Jos. The study covered small and medium scale farmer entrepreneurs within Jos North, Jos South and Jos East. A sample size of 518 was obtained from the population of 834 at 5% error tolerance and 95% level of confidence, using Simple Random Sampling. A self-structured questionnaire was used to collect data. 505(97.5%) of the questionnaire distributed were returned. The study conducted a pre-test on the questionnaire to ensure the validity of the instrument. Data collected were presented in descriptive statistics and frequency tables. The study used financial ratios such as the gross profit margin, net profit margin, returns on assets, sales per year and total assets measures were used to measure the profitability. The average values for gross profit margin, net profit margin and returns on assets are 29.47%, 19.2% and 8.2% respectively; the result shows that an individual farmer in this study can boast of a high level of profit. The study recommends among other things that governments at all levels should work to create a more conducive environment for farmer entrepreneurs to make profitable investments in agriculture.  
239 Criminal Action of Coral Reef Destruction on Kayoa Island, South Halmahera Regency   , Muhammad Amin Hanafi, Hasan Madilis, Arief Budiono, Dermawan Hi Adam
This study aims to find out what factors make people commit criminal acts of destroying coral reefs on the island of Kayoa and how to enforce the law against people who commit criminal acts of destruction of coral reefs on the island of Kayoa. The type of research used in this research is using empirical research methods. This method is used to identify the law, and research on the effectiveness of the law. Legal research is focused on testing the community's compliance with a legal norm with the aim of measuring the effectiveness or not of an applicable legal arrangement or material. The results of this study indicate that the factors that influence people to commit criminal acts of coral reef destruction are due to geographical, social and economic factors so that people carry out mining of coral reefs that are already in violation of applicable law. Law enforcement against people who commit criminal acts of coral reef destruction is ineffective due to the lack of socialization from the local government to the people of the island of Kayoa, the village, so that people carry out coral reef mining.