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Journal of Natural & Ayurvedic Medicine

Journal Papers (71) Details Call for Paper Manuscript submission Publication Ethics Contact Authors' Guide Line
1 Management of Old age , Sunanda R*
2 Ayurveda in Heroines Classification in Indian Treatise on Drama- Natya Shastra , Padmaja VS*
3 Traditional Practices of Neonatal Care (Sadyojata Shishuparicharya) , Ram KB*
According to the Indian culture, much prominence is given to the post partum period. The term ‘neonatal’ means a child who is just born. Care of neonate right from just after birth till the first feeling has been described by various texts of Ayurveda. Though India has various cultures; basics of all the Neonatal care system (Sadyojata Shishuparicharya) in different Indian cultures are same, only the constituents change according to the climate and customs. Lot of instructions are available in classical Ayurvedic literature for the care of neonates in the form of traditional practices. The steps included in neonatal care or Sadyojata Shishuparicharya are Pranapratyagamnama (Resuscitation of new born), Nabhi nadi (care of the cord), Jatakarma Sanskara, Swarna Prashan Sanskara & Snan (Prelacteal Feeds and baby bath), Piyush& Stana Panama(colostrum and breast feeding) , Breast milk purifiers & promoters (Lactagogues), Dhatri Gunas (wet nursing), Shishuabhyanagama(Baby massage), Anjana prayoga (corrylium application), modified medicinal preparation of Lehya (Janam Ghuntti), Karna & Nasa vedhan sanskar (Ear & Nose peircing) & the Rakshakarma (Protective measures) [1,2]. An attempt has been made by me, to present the traditional practices of the various procedures, included in neonatal care (Sadyojata Shishu Paricharya) through this article. The material helpful to this context was collected and compiled from different classical Ayurveda literatures and renowned paediatric textbooks.
4 Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids from Faujasiopsis flexuosa (Lam.) C. Jeffrey subsp. bourbonensis C. Jeffrey (syn. Faujasia flexuosa (Lam) Baker var. subcordata Cordem) , Girard-Valencienne, Marvilliers A, Thomas H, Becerra J, Roeder E and Wiedenfeld H*
A total of 136 mg of alkaloidal extract from leaves and 70 mg from stems of the endemic plant Faujasiopsis flexuosa (Lam) C. Jeffrey subsps. bourbonensis C. Jeffrey (syn. Faujasia flexuosa (Lam) Baker var. subcordata Cordem) growing on Réunion island was investigated for their content of pyrrolizidine alkaloids. The plant is used traditionally against dysentery, diabetes and asthma. Our investigation showed that fourteen pyrrolizidine alkaloids are contained in F. flexuosa. Two of them (senecionine and seneciphylline) show toxic side-effects. Therefore, medical preparations from this plant should only be used under strong restrictions.
5 Preliminary Phytochemical Screening, Pharmacognostic and Physicochemical Evaluation of Leaf of Argyreia Pilosa Wight & Arn , Prasanth DSNBK*, Srinivasa Rao A and Rajendra Prasad Y
Objective: To analyze the pharmacognostic characteristics and physicochemical parameters of the leaves of Argyreia pilosa Wight & Arn (A. pilosa Wight & Arn). Methods: Microscopic characters and powder analysis had been carried out with the help of a microscope. The physiochemical properties such as loss on drying, total ash value, acid insoluble ash value, water soluble ash value, extractive values and fluorescence of A. pilosa had been performed. Results: Macroscopically, the leaves are simple, ovate in shape, acute apex with an entire margin, petioles (1-3 cm) long. Microscopically, the leaf showed the presence of epidermal cells with uniseriate multicellular covering trichomes and anomocytic stomata, followed by 3-5 layered collenchymatous cells and 10-15 numbered Conjoint, collateral closed vascular bundles are some of the diagnostic characteristics observed from the anatomical study. Powder microscopy of leaf revealed the presence of uniseriate multicellular covering trichomes, lignified xylem vessels, and epidermis with anomocytic stomata. The investigations also included leaf surface data i.e., quantitative leaf microscopy and fluorescence analysis. Physiochemical parameters such as loss of drying, extractive values, and ash values were also determined. Preliminary phytochemical screening showed the presence of flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins, steroids, carbohydrates, glycosides, amino acids and proteins. Conclusion: The morphological, microscopical and physicochemical parameter results provided in this paper may be utilized as a basis for the preparation of a monograph on A. pilosa leaves.
6 Clinical Studies with Ayurvedic Formulations-A Practitioner’s Preview , Ish Sharma* and Amritpal Singh
Traditional Indian Medicine (TIM) is a storehouse for developing lead drugs for clinical trials. Although, clinical research in Ayurveda in TIM is a novel concept, it can be said that drugs like Triphala, (mild laxative) Tikatu (bioavailability enhancer) and Dashmoola (anti-inflammatory) are the outcome of trials conducted by ancient scientists. The review shows clinical studies done with formulations used in TIM. The formulations were grouped according to action on human system based on data generated from internet and literary search. Apparently, the studies may be uncontrolled but their importance in conducting or improving previously conducted clinical trials with TIM can’t be ruled out. The knowledge may well-combine with ‘reverse pharmacological’ approach for cost-effective and potential cures from TIM.
7 Nature in Ayurveda , Dilip KG*
8 Skin Health Preservation and Procurement with Special Reference to its Twak Vikaras , Sushant Sud*, Khyati Sud and Babariya CH
9 Biochemical Effects of the Saharan Myrtle , Touaibia M*, Chaouch FZ and Saidi F
The first aim of this study is to evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial activity of the essential oil and two extracts of Saharan myrtle: Myrtus nivellei Batt & Trab. For this purpose, paper disc-diffusion method and micro-dilution test were used. As far as the antimicrobial activity is concerned the essential oil exhibited higher ones against S. epidermidis (MIC=0.28mg/ml), S. typhi (MIC=0.56mg/ml), E. coli (MIC=1.125mg/ml) and S. aureus (MIC=1.125mg/ml). However, the alcoholic extracts exhibited a good antimicrobial activity against S. aureus (MIC=2.25mg/ml) and C. albicans (MIC=4.5mg/ml). The samples were also subjected to screening for their possible free radical scavenging activity by using DPPH-test and β carotene-linoleic acid assays. In the first case, the free radical scavenging activity of ethanolic extract (IC50=0.59mg/ml),) was superior to the methanolic one (IC50=0.98mg/ml), while the oil was less effective. In the case of the linoleic acid system, oxidation of the linoleic acid was effectively inhibited by both the alcoholic extracts, but the ethanolic extract was the best with 93.5% inhibition, that is close to the synthetic antioxidant BHT used as positive control.
10 A Comparative Clinical Study on Vatariguggulu and Panchakarma Therapy with Special Reference to Kshara Basti and Virechana Karma in the Management of Amavata (Rheumatoid Arthritis) , Ashis KD* and Tuhin KB
In the whole world, rheumatic diseases are the commonest cause of physical & mental crippling condition in the society with rheumatoid arthritis is sharing the lion portion [1]. Important role in the management of this crippling disease has been described in Ayurveda from ancient time. It appears from the point of view of modern medical sciences that Amavata can be simulated with rheumatoid arthritis in its clinical appearance. In spite of tremendous development of modern medical sciences, modern drugs for the management of rheumatoid arthritis shows serious side effects like gastritis, gastric ulcers, immune depression, decalcifications, hyperglycemia, etc. and ultimately no drug is found to be effective after a certain period of therapeutics. Panchakarma therapy is one of the important branches of Ayurveda, which deals mainly with purification of the aggravated dosas (pathological state of body humors) from the human system. Amavata, being a disease that develops due to involvement of ‘Ama’ and ‘Vata’ in particular. Vasti (enema) therapy is a special branch of Panchakarma, usually administered for elimination of Vata. Virechana or purgation is another important therapy under Panchakarma which is mainly administered mainly to eliminate Ama dosa in the present context. Beside, conventional panchakarma therapes like Vasti and Virechana, conservative conventional pacification therapies with Vatariguggulu was also added. Results were found significant (p<0.05) by combination with Panchakarma along with relevant pacification therapy.
11 Dichloromethane Extract of Giloe (Tinospora Cordifolia, Wild) Increases the Radiosensitivity of Cultured Hela Cells Exposed to Different Doses of Γ-Radiation , Jagetia GC* and Rao SK
Ionizing radiations are in frequent clinical use to treat cancer either alone or in combination with surgery or chemotherapy. The radioresistance of tumors is a stumbling block to realize the full potential of radiotherapy. Therefore, pharmacophores that reduce the radioresistance of tumors may be of great importance during tumor therapy. In the present study an attempt has been made to evaluate the potential of dichloromethane extract of giloe i.e. Tinospora cordifolia (TCE) in cultured HeLa cells. Exposure of HeLa cells to TCE for 4 h before exposure to 2 Gy γ-radiation led to a significant decrease in the cell viability (approximately 50 %) accompanied by a reduction in the surviving fraction (SF) up to 0.52 after 4 h of TCE treatment. Thereafter, clonogenecity of HeLa cells declined negligibly with increase in treatment duration up to 6 h post- treatment. There has been a dose dependent attrition in the cell viability of HeLa cells exposed to 1-4 Gy γ-irradiation, whereas treatment of HeLa cells with various doses of TCE further decreased the cell viability depending not only on the irradiation dose but also on the concentration of TCE. The irradiation of HeLa cells resulted in a radiation dose dependent decline in the SF and increasing TCE concentration before irradiation caused a further TCE concentration dependent reduction in SF, and a lowest SF was observed for 4 µg/ml TCE for all irradiation doses. Treatment of HeLa cells with different concentrations of TCE before 3 Gy irradiation resulted in a concentration dependent depletion in glutathione-S-transferase activity until 12 h post-irradiation, whereas lactate dehydrogenase and lipid peroxidation increased up to 4 h post-irradiation and declined gradually thereafter up to 12 h post-irradiation. The TCE treatment increased the radiosensitivity of HeLa cells by reducing glutathione-S-transferase activity and increasing the activity of lactate dehydrogenase and lipid peroxidation.
12 Understanding the Concepts Rasayana in Ayurveda Biology , Venugopalan SN* and Venkatasubramanian P
This article explains the fundamentals of Rasayana in the light of basic theories of Ayurveda with detailed discussions on many knowledge points which are sourced from classical texts written in Sanskrit centuries ago. This also explains the relationship of Rasayana with body, and natural process of ageing, fivefold category (Rasa panchaka) and its relations. While explaining the Rasayana action of a drug, the role and importance of metabolic factors and its different stages of absorption, its pathways and metabolic transformations, disequilibrium and the process of waste eliminations are linked appropriately. Anti ageing as one of the focal areas of Rasayana, the discussion on controlling the biological clock of ageing through Rasayana opens up new areas for research. It is also very important to study the concept of longevity, Immunity and Rasayana. Classification of Rasayana, importance of Code of conduct, Contraindications of Rasayana therapy, Potential Rasayana functions are discussed in detail.
13 Effects of Withania somnifera on Cholinergic Signaling in the Cerebral Cortex and Memory Function in the Aging Rat Brain , Sharko G, Cuellar E, Chen M* and Russo-Neustadt A
Objectives: Withania somnifera Dunal (WS, ashwagandha) has been traditionally used as an adaptogen in Ayurveda. Administered over a long-term, it has demonstrated its potential as a remedy against age- and stress-related cognitive dysfunction. Aims of the Study: In this long-term study, the effects of WS alone and WS combined with whole food diet and voluntary wheel-running on age-related alterations in acetylcholine esterase (AchE) levels and in the density of the cholinergic muscarinic receptor subtype 1(M₁GPCR), combined with the downstream transcription factor phospho-CREB (P-CREB) were evaluated. Additionally, index of memory function of the animals (measured by Novel object recognition test, NOR) and spatial learning ability (Barnes Maze) was correlated to the aforementioned molecular outcomes. Methods: WS root powder was tested in the live rats by oral administration of 100mg/kg for 19 months, followed by novel object recognition (NOR) and Barnes Maze tests at 20 months of age. AchE activity in frontal cortex was measured via colorimetric assay; M₁-GPCR and P-CREB/total CREB density via Western blot (WB). Results: WS herbal supplement alone or in combination with additional lifelong lifestyle interventions did not lead to an increase in the levels of muscarinic acetylcholine receptor in the frontal cortex of the aged rats, did not affect AchE activity significantly, nor did it alter expression of P-CREB in the frontal cortex of the aged rat. However, aerobic exercise and healthy diet treatments led to significant decrease in AchE activity combined with an increase in P-CREB and M₁GPCR immuno reactivity. In addition, via NOR Discrimination Index (DI), WS-treated rats have the best object memory, have above average hippocampus-dependent spatial memory and frontal-cortex mediated learning flexibility; combined intervention did not improve object discrimination while it preserved comparable spatial memory. Additionally, exercised rats showed adequate mental flexibility in special tasks, but their object memory was below average. Linear regression analysis revealed a significant correlation between M1 receptor density and memory index; between M1 receptor density and AchE activity in WS and Combo-treated rats, but failed to reach significance for inverse correlation with latency to complete Barnes Maze spatial navigation task.Conclusions: Elevated cortical density of M1-GPCR, and P-CREB in rats exercising over their life span, supports a protective or enhancing role of aerobic exercise against age-related decline and validates its use as a potential therapeutic intervention to protect neuronal health throughout animal lifespan. The mechanism of muscarinic receptor promotion may involve AchE. Improved object memory, hippocampus- and frontal cortex dependent spatial learning helps to compel evidence of existing physiological targets for WS’s biologically active compounds. However, the mechanism of WS physiologic action remains elusive. The effect of combined lifestyle interventions on the cholinergic function are less definitive and require further analysis.
14 Effectiveness of Curry-Leaf Mouthwash in Maintaining Salivary and Tongue pH as Compared to Chlorhexidine Mouthwash: A Randomised Controlled Trial , Gupta A* and Purohit A
Background: Saliva plays a critical role in maintaining oral health through various defensive mechanism and salivary pH is a fair indicator of various dental diseases. A lot of synthetic salivary pH stabilising agents are available but they have undesirable side effects. Therefore there is a need for the search of alternate products. One of those agents is curry leaf (Murraya koenigii), which is easily available and has no adverse effects. Aim: The purpose of the study was to evaluate effectiveness of curry leaf mouthwash in maintaining salivary and tongue pH as compared to chlorhexidine mouthwash. Methodology: A randomized parallel-group study was conducted among 70 participants who were randomly allocated to two groups. (35 participants in curry leaf and chlorhexidine mouthwash group). Stimulated saliva was collected on 1st , 3rd and 7th day and at three time intervals on 1st day. After this, salivary and tongue coating pH were measured by a digital pH meter and coloured pH indicators. A questionnaire was distributed to the participants on the last day related to the use of two mouthwashes. Data were analyzed statistically using chi-square, independent t test and paired t test. Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in relation to salivary and tongue pH. Mean salivary pH difference was found statistically significant within both the groups and mean tongue pH difference was found significant only within curry leaf mouthwash group at 2 point intervals (immediately and half an hour after rinsing). Conclusion: Traditional curry leaf mouthwash can be considered as safe, effective, and economical agent and as an alternative to the commercially available mouthwash
15 Naturopathy Education, Social Cognitive Theory, PrecedeProceed Model, and Lesson Plan , Lisa Marie Portugal*
Social Cognitive Theory can address appropriate health and wellness change initiatives via the education of groups. Individualized and group action plans can be created and developed to address the overall health and wellness needs of families. This model and theory can assist in the education of preventing disease through health promotion and education and from a naturopathy perspective. In addition, this model can assist in the development of health educational programs to understand and explain health behaviors and choices families make. The model can guide useful strategies and educational tools with in-person or online instructional modules.
16 Concept of Child Care in Ayurveda , Dilip Kumar G*
17 Black Tea Extract Attenuates Sodium Fluoride-Induced Neurotoxicity in Adult Male Rats , Adeoye O Oyewopo* Samuel K Olaniyi and Omotola M Oyeleke
Background: Excessive exposure to fluoride has been documented to cause brain injury and reduce intelligence quotient even in school children. Black tea which has flavonoid as its highest constituent has been reported as antioxidant, antiinflammatory, antitumor, antimutagenic and ant carcinogenic. However, the neuroprotective effect of black tea is ill defined. We therefore hypothesize that black tea extract would attenuate sodium fluoride-induced neurotoxicity. Method: Adult male Wistar rats were randomly allotted into groups; Control (vehicle; received distilled water), sodium fluoride-treated (NaF-treated; received 10mg/kg b.w), Black tea extract-treated (BTE-treated; received 2% black tea extract) and sodium fluoride+ Black tea extract-treated (NaF+BTE -treated). The treatment lasted for 28 days and the administration was done daily by oral gavage. The body weight change was monitored using animal weighing balance (Olympia SCL66110 model, Kent Scientific Corporation, Torrington, CT06790, USA), biochemical assay and cerebellar tissue histology were performed as previously described. Results: The results showed significant increase in body weight gain and significant cerebellar degeneration in NaFtreated group when compared with the vehicle-treated group. These alterations of cerebellar morphology were associated with decreased cerebellar glucose-6-phophate dehydrogenase, lactate dehydrogenase, and glutathione peroxidase. However, Concomitant administration of black tea extract during treatment with NaF significantly attenuated cerebellar degeneration. Conclusion: The present study demonstrates that administration of black tea extract during treatment with NaF preserves cerebellar function, suggesting that possibly daily intake of BTE prevents the onset of neurodegenerative disorders. This might be due to its antioxidative effect
18 The Relationship between the Spasticity-Related Pain and the Quality of Life about the Cerebral Palsy in China , Zhen Huan L* and Shang Sheng D
Purpose: Children and adolescents with cerebral palsy suffered from spastic pain that affected their quality of life. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the spasticity-related pain and the quality of life about the children with cerebral palsy with spasticity-related pain in China. Methods: This was a prospective, observational, one-arm multicentre study. 137 cerebral palsy children with SRP and their parents/caregivers were recruited from three sites in China. The children and their parents/caregivers completed the Questionnaire on Pain Caused by Spasticity and PedsQL TM 4 scale. Results: 137 children with their parents/caregivers were eligible for participation in the study, and all completed the relevant investigation. According to the result of the children-report PedsQL, the total scale scores in the V2/V3 about the different age groups (5-7years old ,8-12 years old, 13-16 years old ) had no statistic significance((P > 0.05). After 3 weeks, the change compared to first time survey result was not significant (p>0.05). The total scores and each domain of PedsQL in the CP with SRP was lower than the normal group (P<0.05). On the whole, the associations between the child and parent proxy-report QPS total scores and each domain scores of PedsQL were moderate to high. The PedsQL total scores relationship to the QPS item score was moderate. Conclusion: The quality of life in the CP patients with SRP was worse than normal people and it was a steady long-term stage. The correlation between the spasticity-related pain and the quality of life was moderate to high and negative and the result from the parent proxy-report was more evident
19 Measuring the Effect of Crystals on the Body’s Electromagnetic Field (EMF) , Maria Kuman*
Reiki Masters claim that the use of crystals during hand (energy) healing enhances the healing. Could crystals influence the body? Crystals crystalize under the ground at very high temperature and pressure, which slowly drop down. If so, the crystalline structure could be expected to incorporate some of this energy, but the effect of crystals’ energy of the human electromagnetic field (EMF) can be expected to be subtle. However, considering the fact that the human EMF, which rules and regulates everything in the body, is a subtle field thousands of times weaker than the body biocurrents, we decided to try to measure the effect of crystals on it. Reiki Healers and their patients were measured with our sensitive patented energy meter. The patients were first hand-healed without crystals and then with crystals. It was found that when crystals were used the energy balance was better. To avoid the argument that maybe the healing with crystal was better because it was a second Reiki healing, we also measured patients treated first with Reiki healing with crystals and then without crystals. In both cases, the energy balance of the body was better after the use of crystals, which proves that crystals do facilitate the energy (Reiki) healing.
20 Myristica Fragrans (MF): Potential Role as an Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Agent , Sethi J* and Dahiya K
The aim of the present study was to evaluate anti- inflammatory and antioxidant potential of Myristica fragrans (MF) in albino rabbits. Rabbits were divided into four groups of six each, depending on the diet received Group I: Normal control rabbits, Group II: (MF group), Group III: (HFD group), Group IV: (HFD with MF group). Blood samples were collected from the marginal vein of pinna of overnight fasted rabbits at the end of experimental period for estimation of Malondialdehyde (MDA), Reduced glutathione (GSH) and Vitamin C. Significant anti-inflammatory and anti-lipid peroxidative effect was observed in animals who received supplementation of Myristica fragrans along with high fat diet induced oxidative stress. Statistically significant increase in antioxidant parameters (Vit C, GSH) was observed with Myristica fragrans supplementation. The results suggest the antioxidant and anti inflammatory activity possessed by nutmeg could be helpful in preventing or slowing the progress of various oxidative stress-related diseases and inflammatory diseases.
21 Standardization of Herbal Drugs: A Critique , Nanjan MJ*
22 Dealing With Diabetes - A Long Term Perspective , Vithalani L*
23 Concept of Ayurvedic Shodhana Process-Not Mere purification , Kalaskar MG*
24 Feel & Look Beautiful Through Ayurveda! , Neelam P*
25 Info Energy Medicine - Voice Sound for Diagnosis , Maria Kuman*
26 Integrative Medicine in New Mexico , Guzman CEV and Dinallo AM*
It Is Time for Integrative Medicine: This policy brief provides a current state of affairs with regards to complementary and alternative medicine in Mexico. In collaboration with the Department of Integrative Health and Medical Message located at Taos, Mexico and with the University of New Mexico Center for Life, we conducted a qualitative study that assessed the barriers and success. Key themes that emerged centered on finances, power, and stigma. We recommend crafting policies and devoting resources to emphasize the creation of inter-professional educational and increasing awareness of consumer rights. These are critical given our current fragmented and expensive health care system.
27 Indian Spices and Spirituality , Jayashree P*
28 Ritucharrya is the 3rd Chapter of Ashtang Hrudyam , Jayashree P*
29 Betalains: Multifunctional Medicinal Bio-pigments , Parisa Rahimzadeh-Karvansara and Ali Shalizar-Jalali*
Betalains are vacuolar N-heterocyclic highly bioactive pigments found in plants of about 17 families in the order Caryophyllales. It has been reported that betalain preparations from different plant parts are safe for consumption and several in vitro and in vivo studies have disclosed a wide range of pharmacological activities including antioxidant, antiinflammatory, anti-tumor, anti-diabetic and hepatoprotective properties for betalains. It seems that betalains can be potent safe medicinal bio-pigments due to having several pharmacological activities as well as biosafety. However, further studies are still needed to determine the long-term safety of betalains administration particularly in clinical trials and explore the precise mechanisms of action.
30 A Critical Review on Paras-Pipal (Thespasia Populnea Linn) “An Ayurvedic Herb” , Pamnani M*, Kumar V, Kaushal K, Sharma AK, Mishra RC and Soni P
Herbs play a major role in Ayurvedic system. An ayurvedic herb is a plant source which is used in the preparation of ayurvedic medicines. It acts as a perfect mechanism in bringing a balanced harmony between the mind & spirit. The ayurvedic science which works based on the herb promises wonders to mankind when taken in a wise & prudent manner. Paraspipal is one of them. Paraspipal (Thespesia populnea) also known as Parisha a drug of Panchvalkala (Mishrak Gana) is a plant that occurs in India specially in seacoastal regions.It is commonly planted as an avenue tree & at other places largely cultivated for ornament & shade. It is attributed with Kaphkara, Shukrala, Grahi & Mutrasangrahniya Karmas. Present review article analyze the classical references & medicinal uses on the basis of various available texts.
31 Concept of Poison in Ayurveda , Dilip Kumar G*
32 Heavy Metals Profiling of Medicinal Plants-Exigent Safety Strategy , Bhattacharya S*
33 Efficacy of Panchkarma in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: A Case Study , Gusain M and Srivastava AK*
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive degenerative disease of UMN’s of corticospinal tract, and the LMN’s and is the most devastating of the neurodegenerative disorders. Disease is entirely motor that affects the motor neurons of the cells that control needed voluntary muscle activity such as speaking, skeletal muscle movement, breathing and swallowing while all the sensations, bowel and the bladder remains intact. As the disease progresses, the patient will be paralyzed and eventually dies due to the respiratory arrest. The exact cause and mechanism for its progression is unknown, hence it is difficult to develop an effective treatment for ALS. There is no cure of this disease. A 75 years, male patient, Army retired by occupation came to Panchkarma O.P.D Dept. of Rishikul campus, Haridwar with complaints of weakness in B/L upper and lower limbs more in lower having difficulty in buttoning clothes, opening cap of pen, difficulty in walking, reduced gripping of both hands and mild slurred speech since 8-9mnths. Patient had undergone various Panchkarma procedures. During and after it he got mild relief in symptoms of weakness of upper limbs, improvement in gripping and speech. Panchkarma presents a unique approach of ayurveda with specially designed five procedures of internal purification of the body through the nearest possible route namely. Present case study deals with the case of ALS and its ayurvedic diagnosis and management through one of the procedure known as Vasti (a medicated enema therapy) and Nasya (medicate errhine therapy). As there was no clarity regarding Ayurvedic aspect of MND/ALS, a major diagnostic and management dilemma exists while approaching the case of MND. In Ayurveda, there is difficulty in diagnosis and we consider it like Sarvanga Vata, Avrit Vata and Sama Vata.
34 A Compare and Contrast Allopathic Doctor Visit with a Naturopathy Doctor Visit Diversity Interview-Case Study , Lisa Marie Portugal*
This case study documents a health and wellness diversity interview with a mid-40’s, African American woman with an MBA living in Southwest, USA. The interviewee explained how she was treated when she went to her allopathic doctor about her symptoms. Through that negative experience, she began researching and found a naturopathy clinic and doctor she now uses for all her health and wellness issues. She was very disappointed and angry about how she was treated by her allopathic doctor and that experience channeled her search for naturopathy services and providers. Her allopathic experience is an example of how discrimination, prejudice, aggression, and oppression influenced her health behaviors. In addition, her experiences are an example of: (1) a health success, (2) her researching abilities, (3) her desire for action and change in her life, (4) her proactive health and wellness choices, and (5) her motivating attitude and behavior toward change
35 Study of Ethno-Medicinal plants used by the Mishing People of Dhemaji District of Assam, India , Sharma UK* and Hazarika D
A survey of Ethno-Medicinal plants used by the Mishing people was conducted from June 15, 2015 to February, 2016 in the Mishing populated areas of Dhemaji district of Assam. The survey aimed at identifying the plants used in the general pharmacopoeia among the Mishing communities also using interviews with house wives and mothers who have a rich knowledge on the plants. A total of 40 medicinal plants were recorded from 50 households. Amoebic dysentery, Abscess, Boils, Cough, Conjunctivitis, Diabetes, Epilepsi, Flatulence, Fracture, Gum bleeding, Galactagogue, Gonorrhoea, Headache, Helminthiasis, High blood pressure, Indigestion, Jaundice, Lower back pain, Malaria, Manstrual disorder, Tooth decay, Tuberculosis, Uterine disorder etc. were the major ailments treated in these households. To compare the usages of the plant species an index of performance (Ip) was calculated for each plant species, from the number of citations of treatment actually recorded from the households against proportion of each plant among the general flora. Some plants are widely used by other communities also in similar ways. The plants with high (Ip) are often confirmed to possess effective medicinal substances in the literature.
36 Nonclinical and Clinical Safety Studies on Green Tea Extracts , Park KS*
Green tea, one of the most popular beverages in the world, has been reported to show beneficial effects in prevention and treatment of diseases. Although green tea extract (GTE) is believed to have pharmacological effects on the reduction of body lipid and blood cholesterol levels, regulatory agencies in France and Spain suspended market authorization of a weight-loss product containing GTE due to hepatotoxicity concerns. Although the pathogenesis of the liver damage caused by GTE is said to be unknown, epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) has been identified as the main component in the GTE probable responsible for hepatotoxicity. The present review is aimed to provide a comprehensive overview of safety from nonclinical and clinical studies on GTE as dietary supplements. Peer-reviewed articles on nonclinical and clinical safety of GTE from 2005 to 2017 were acquired from Pub Med, Scopus, Science Direct, and SCI Finder. Based on repeated dose toxicity tests, the no-observed-adverse-effect levels (NOAEL) of GTE, EGCG and catechin fraction were estimated to be more than 500, 67.8, and 500 mg/kg/day, respectively. Several clinical trials showed the hepatotoxicity risk associated with GTE is limited. For the safety management of dietary supplements containing GTE, it is needed to set up the specification on the upper limit of EGCG content. Furthermore, the warning label on the GTE supplement should be mandatory to inform the consumers of using the product with food intake and paying closer attention to ingestion of the GTE preparations in patients with high susceptibility to liver damage or liver transplantation.
37 Analysis of Rasasindura Employing Namburi Phased Spot Test (NPST) , Patil Rohan, Veena BK*, Dindore Pallavi and Skandhan KP
Rasasindura is commonly used in Kupipakwa Rasayana, a herbo mineral preparation. This is prescribed for different diseased condition including Prameha (Diabetes mellitus), Kushtha (Leprosy), Pradara (Menorrhagea) and Jwara (Fever). Before introducing to the market a product has to undergo a systemic analysis as a primary step. In this study we selected Namburi Phased Spot Test (NPST) analysis as a qualitative step. Rasasindura underwent NPST analysis. The result observed here was brick red solid spot with dark brown periphery proving Rasasinduratallies with that of standard.
38 Cerebral Palsy and Ayurveda , Avinash S*, Amresh S and Anuradha Shankar
Cerebral palsy is a commonest chronic and progressive disease of mental and physical disability among children and affects 3-8% population which fails to respond the present technologies or medication of modern medicine. Objective of the Study: To evaluate a proven herbal neuro regenerative and neuro vigorative composite NEUROVIT in modifying therapeutic outcome and life style improvement of Cerebral palsy cases. Material & Methods: Cases suggestive of Cerebral palsy attending Institute of applied neurology, Aarogyampunarjeevan, Ara Garden Road , Jagdeo path, Baily Road Patna 14 and National Institute of Health & Research, Warisaliganj (Nawada) Bihar were selected for the study. Selected patients were clinically examined as per various grades of activity to adjudge the severity of illness and investigated for baseline biostatus to evaluate therapeutic outcome and safety profile. Result: Herbal composite ensured marked improvement in all parameters i.e. motor power, muscle tone, mental capability and intelligent quotient (IQ) in 96.7% cases without any disease related complication and drug related sequel. Discussion: Cerebral palsy a chronic condition with considerable morbidity more in male and in lower middle class due to health ignorance unhygienic environment and lack of proper antenatal and obstetric care having increased risk multiple birth, neonatal asphyxia and premature delivery. Conclusion: Though Cerebral palsy has no cure in modern medicine in spite of advancement in technologies and therapeutics but cases diagnosed at early age and, treated with herbal composite adjuvant NEUROVIT Syrup in prescribed dose with other supplement achieve marked clinical improvement and improved lifestyle in 96.7% cases.
39 Moving Towards Universal Health Coverage of India and Management of Chronic Conditions: A Critical Review of Pre and Post Studies Related to Diabetes and Yoga Intervention , Sahu B, Thakur M andTamysetty S*
The diabetes disease burden in LMICs underlines the need for conducting more research directed towards addressing this disease among the countries that are most affected by it. Several interventional studies have empirically supported the role of yoga in the management of diabetes. We have specifically reviewed the pre and post-interventional studies among diabetics for scrutinizing the methodological rigour of such studies. A comprehensive search of research paper was done using sources such as PubMed, Google scholar and Svyasa digital database. The selected papers were screened by title and abstract while the full text was checked to decide the inclusion. This study review unpacks the methodological rigour of 7 eligible studies that navigate the topic of yoga and its relevance for diabetes under pre and post-study designs. This critical review underlines the methodological areas that need to be strengthened such as the need to standardize the yoga intervention by providing adequate justification for employing certain asanas and pranayama, the sequence in which it is administered, supervision throughout the intervention period etc. Such standardization will help generalize the findings of yoga and enhance its application as an effective intervention to mitigate the health problems resulting from diabetes.
40 Significance of Ayurveda in Regulating Periods in Patients with PCOS/PCOD , Rajalakshmi Ramesh*
41 Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants in Sub Zoba Gala-Nefhi, Zoba Maekel, Eritrea , Milka Brhane, Tsinat Girmay, Biniam Yamane and Kunduru Surender Reddy*
Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants was observed in Sub-Zoba Gala-Nefhi of Zoba-Maekel and it is one of the Zobas of Eritrea. The study conducted is an attempt to their medicinal value and its application of plants to human beings. Its record, identification and indigenous knowledge over its usage, the treatment of recorded diseases and healing properties were also noticed. They used different parts of medicinal plants and extracting by different methods such as boiling, roasting, crushing, smoking/inhaling, powdering, latex collection etc and the method of extraction of such plants which are used for different therapeutic purposes for different age groups to heal various diseases. There were 114 plants were observed and recorded as medicinal plants in the study area and the documentation of this traditional knowledge is essential into the field of herbal research. Moreover, all efforts should be made to conserve these medicinal plants in a proper way for the health benefits of this community. Hence, conservation is important for such medicinal plants and also indigenous knowledge in the modern world.
42 In Vitro, Widowed and Curse Words form Principal During Unplanned Meeting of the College in Private Pharmaceutical Institutions in Pune University India: An Attractive Study , Hajare R*
Self-reported course by female adult widowed in private pharmaceutical Institutions (FAWPPIs) documented in recent studies from India range between 11.9% and 22%. However, comparable data on course and curse words use from male principal employee of FAWPPIs is increasing Fig. 1. Using data from a bio-behavioural survey (AY 2016–2018), we examined prevalence of course, male principal employee’ self-reported inconsistent curse words use during office hours course with FAWPPIs, and correlates of this behaviour in India's high domestic violation prevalence small cities and Pune universities private pharmacy college combined.
43 Medicinal Uses of Carica Papaya , Anitha B, Raghu N, Gopenath TS, Karthikeyan M, Gnanasekaran A, Chandrashekrappa GK and Basalingappa KM*
Medicinal plants have been used for various diseases traditionally in many countries, because of its advantages like easy availability, effective and economical in therapeutics. Carica papaya, also called as pawpaw is traditionally cultivated for fruit. Carica papaya belonging to the genus Carica. It contains the enzyme papain, chymopapain which is biologically active and has medicinal and nutritional values. All parts of the plant like leaves, fruits, seeds, flowers and roots can be used by humans as food and medicinal purposes. This plant has therapeutic uses like anti-amoebic, anti-microbial, anti fertility activity, anti-ulcerogenic, anti-fungal, antitumor, hypolipidaemic and employ in wound -healing activity, free radical scavenging activity, diuretic activity, uterotonic activity. In this review we have discussed details about papaya plant parts and its uses.
44 Phytochemical, Botanical and Biological Paradigm of Astavarga Plants-The Ayurvedic Rejuvenators , Balkrishna A, Mishra RK, Sharma N, Sharma VK and Misra L*
Astavarga is nature's most extravagant group of flowering plants found in Himalayan region. As the name Astavarga indicates, it contains eight medicinal plants belonging to Zingiberaceae, Orchidaceae and Liliaceae family viz, Kakoli, Kshirakakoli, Meda, Mahameda, Jeevak, Risbhaka, Riddhi and Vridddhi. As per Ayurveda this group of medicinal plants is classified as Rasayana (Rejuvenation) and is important constituents of preparations like Chyawanprasha rasayan, Ashtavarga churna, Brimhanigutika and Vajikaraghrita, etc. Astavarga plants are mostly used to treat sexual disorders, physical weakness, body pain, strengthen the immune system and as an overall tonic. The plants under this group have been the subject of limited biochemical phytochemical and biological activities investigations. Taking into consideration the therapeutic significance of Astavarga plants as described in the ancient Ayurvedic system of medicine, the detailed phytochemical and pharmacological studies appear imperative to scientifically validate the ancient claims. Thus, the present review article provides detailed information on the Ayurvedic uses, habit and habitats, botanical descriptions, chemical constituents and biological activities reported for this important group of plants. The chemical structures of the isolated compounds from these plants and their reported biological activities in the literature have also been included. The information provided in the present review may stimulate the researchers to explore their phytochemical and pharmacological properties which have not yet been attempted, comprehensively. It will generate the interest on “reverse pharmacology” approach to validate the knowledge that has been known from ancient times.
45 Anemone Pulsatilla a Useful Drug Plant , Agarwal T*
Traditional medicines is the very large term and in includes the Varity of the topics from the herbs to the several other combinations, TK the traditional knowledge is the wide term and it includes the Varity of the topic from the art and the agricultures, it is also known as the indigenous knowledge, the TK has its existence in the local communities, where the TK Passes from one generation to the another by the oral transmission of the knowledge from one generation to the another which was based on the long term experiences. TM is the term which is used for the locally available flora’s for the treatment of the many kinds of the disorders, they includes the Ayvervedic medicines, Chinese and japanned medicines and Korean medicines, siddha and the other unani and the homeopathic medicines. Here in this research article we are presenting some of the aspects of the genus Anemone pulsitilla. The species is belonging to the family ranunculaceae family, the genus is also known as the wind flower, Anemone word is taken from the Greek language and meaning of the genus is the wind flower. The plant grows in the windy places. The genus grows in the alpine Himalayas, in the European country in the England and Siberia, the plant parts that is used is the flowering herb.
46 Adonis Vernalis a Useful Drug , Agarwal T*
The TM and the AM are the main sources of the drugs in the many kinds of the civilization, the TM and the AM are the easy an safe and they are easily available in comparison to the other synthetic drugs, the TM are utilised in the, many parts of the world, due to the many kinds of the advantages of the TM and the TAM the WHO and the other parts of the world had developed the strategies for the development of the TM and the TAM well natures is the reservoirs of the many kinds of the synthetic drugs and here in this research article we are presenting the some of the aspects of the TM and the TAM in the form of the Adonis vernalis, the genus is the members of the Ranunculaceae family, the genus is herb and it is distributed in the many parts of the world where the climate is cold, in the India the genus is found in the Himalayan belts and in the adjoining area, in this review article we are presenting some of the aspects of the Adonis vernalis, the review is informative of the students of the pharmacy and the other biotechnological students.
47 Cimicifuga Racemosa , Agarwal T*
Cimicifuga Racemosa is one of the most important of all the indigenous remedies. Its range of action is quite extensive; it has been quite thoroughly proven; the clinical experience with it is already large; and it has great possibilities for future development.
48 Effectiveness of Mobilization with Movement (Mwm) for Improving Glenohumeral Rotational Deficit in Periarthritis Shoulder , Rehman Mir A and Thiyagarajan S*
Background: The present study was intended to compare the effectiveness of MWM along with therapeutic exercises and therapeutic exercises alone in reducing pain and improving the GH rotational deficits and therefore function of patients diagnosed with periarthritis shoulder. Objective: To find out and compare the effectiveness of MWM with Therapeutic exercise for reducing pain, disability and improving GH rotations in PA shoulder. Method: Subjects were divided into Experimental Group A (n=15) and Non Experimental Group B (n=15). Group A was given MWM along with Therapeutic exercises and Group B was given Therapeutic exercises alone. The duration of each treatment was 3 weeks, for a session of 25-30 minutes per session. Outcome measures included were SPADI, Yang’s three function test and shoulder ROM. Results: Unpaired t-test the Pre and Post Scores between groups for pain component & disability component of SPADI are t=0.0917 at p <0.0001, and t=0.0301 at p<0.0001. Pre and post Yang’s three function test are 0.1765 and <0.0001, Pre and Post scores for active IR & passive IR are t=0.0012 at p 0.123 and t=0.0028 at p<0.0001 respectively. Pre and Post scores for active ER & passive ER are t=0.0004 at 0.003 & t=0.003 at p <0.0001. Thus there is significant difference between the groups, with respect to SPADI, Yang’s three function test and shoulder Range of motion. Conclusion: MWM proved to be more effective, less time consuming and early restoration of GH rotational deficits than therapeutic exercises in PA shoulder; however, subjects improved significantly with both treatment strategies.
49 Analgesic and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Papaver Rhoeas L. A Traditional Medicinal Plant of Morocco , Hajjaj G*, Bahlouli A, Tajani M, Sayah K, Cherrah Y and Zellou A
Papaver rhoeas L. is an annual herb belongs to the Papaveraceae family that has not been investigated yet in Morocco. The flowers of this plant have been used in treating mild pain caused by earache, toothache and neuralgia, and an infusion of the petals is traditionally taken for coughs, insomnia and poor digestion. In this study the toxicological effect of Papaver rhoeas L. aqueous extract (PRAE) was determined in mice. The toxicological results obtained indicated that 2000 mg/kg is LD50. Phytochemical screening of this plant revealed the presence of various bioactive secondary metabolites as tannins, saponins, terpenoids, flavonoids, and alkaloid. PRAE have been investigated for analgesic effects in acetic acid induced pain in mice and using tail flick in rats and for the antiinflammatory effects with the carrageen and experimental trauma-induced hind paw edema tests. Results demonstrated that Papaver rhoeas L. acts as a potent analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent in all tested models for analgesia and inflammation in Morocco.
50 A Mini Review on Paclitaxel Producing Fungal Strains , Tiwari K*
Since the discovery of penicillin by Sir Alexander flemming. The new era of antibiotic producing fungi came into the picture. Paclitaxel is an anticancerous compound and it is widely accepted in hospitals and clinics. Recently a large number of fungi are potential paclitaxel producers were harnessed. In this mini review paclitaxel producing fungal strains are discussed in detail.
51 Traditional Medicine: Safety Evaluation-Need of the Hour , Narasimha GVK*, Dayanand RG and Pullaiah CP
Traditional systems of medicines played a key role in global healthcare system especially in rural areas. Indian traditional medicinal system is one of the oldest traditional medicinal systems in the world. India has six distinctive traditional systems of medicine; they are Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani, Yoga, naturopathy, and homeopathy. In Asian and African countries, up to 80% of the population relies on traditional medicine for their primary health care needs. Even though these alternative systems of medicines have wide range of therapeutic uses, improper usage of these medicines leads to serious superfluous effects. Hence, there is a strong need for carrying out safety evaluation of traditional medicines with globally accepted guidelines.
52 Anthropometric Dimensions of Marma (Vital Area) Present in Human Body with Special Reference its Clinico-Surgical Importance in Present Scenario , Lahange MS* Archana Bhangare and Vikash Bhatnagar
References of Marma are found since Vedic literature. In Ayurveda, concept of Marma was first documented by Acharya Charaka but the detailed description of Marma Sharir along with its viddha lakshana is available in Sushrut Samhita. Acharya Sushruta stated every aspect of Marma like definition, location and its clinical aspect. The total numbers of Marma as described in Samhitas are 107 in number. Twelve Pranas and the vital energy of the body are the contents of the Marma sthana. As Marma are vital points of the body they should be protected from any injury. Acharya Sushruta believes that understanding of Marma Sharir covers the half knowledge of surgery. Any injury to these points may results into sever pain or death and even though the physician expert in Marma therapy treated the patient it will cause some deformity. Marma are also sites of Tridosha and Triguna. Hence, these are specific areas of the body which is directly related to Pranik channels to internal organs. Marmas are said to be the sites where there is the conglomeration of mamsa, sira, snayu, asthi and sandhi and also at these places prana resides specially by nature. The severity of the injury depends upon the site, depth of wound; intensity and time duration go off after injury. To prevent these vital points from any types of injuries everyone must knows its location, anthropometric dimension, vitality and ill effects after injuries.
53 Energy Healing through Some Esoteric Yogic Practices , Anand I*
Traditional Medicine and Alternative healthcare represent more than just two different approaches to healing disease. They illustrate two essentially different paradigms of reality. The former developed with serious regard to scientific terminology embraces the premise that it is the physical world that contains the forces which exert the strongest influences on the body. Thus it works from outside-in. The fundamental principle of Holistic philosophy is that illness results when mental, emotional or psychological stresses become overwhelming and thus cause a weakening of the body making it susceptible to disease. In other words the energy level of the individual precedes and determines all that is experienced at the physical level of life. The two camps seem to be op
54 The Integrative Medicine-An Indian Perspective Pivoted on Ayurveda , Gangadharan GG*
There is rising global demand for alternatives to mainstream medical system owing to its inability to satisfactorily address all the current healthcare needs. It is making the case for one such alternative model of Integrative Medicine (IM) that has Ayurveda in the pivot and combines other systems like yoga, physiotherapy and certain elements of Allopathy, to be investigated as a feasible model of IM specifically in the context of India. This paper probe into the possibilities and advantages of developing different kind of integrative medicines pivoted on an established traditional healthcare system, taking Ayurveda as an example. This paper postulates the evolution of integrative medicine through a process of summative medicines where entirely two different paradigm of healing system come together to solve a problem.
55 Review of Skin through Ayurveda Perspective , Ingole A and Shirkande A*
In this world of presentation, the use of cosmetics has increased exponentially through all age groups excluding gender. Thus becoming the important factor in FMCG sector. Cosmetology in Ayurveda started 3-4000 BC, Indus valley civilization. Though the skin related diseases have been mentioned under the heading of Kshudraroga (Minor diseases) by Acharya but now a days, the superfast & changing lifestyle lead us to recently pay major attention towards so called minor diseases.
56 Therapeutic Fasting , Bianchi A*
57 Case Report: Application of Acupuncture to Treat Knee Pain , Sherry Li, Elizabeth Piech, Bin Xu*, Josephine Fan* and Yemeng Chen
This case study presents an 86 year old female patient suffering severe pain resulting from knee osteoarthritis, seeking acupuncture as a treatment option to alleviate her symptoms. After four treatments, patient self-reported significant improvement in range of motion and decrease in pain, which allowed for higher quality of life. It should be noted that the patient is taking Plavix, an anticoagulant for those intolerant of aspirin, which has the reported side effect of joint pain. It is also possible that acupuncture is acting to decrease the medication side effects. Based on these results, acupuncture may be a viable option as a complementary mode of treatment for symptom management that warrants further investigation.
58 Concept of Direct Perception in Ayurveda , Dilip Kumar G*
59 A Case Study on Medovriddhi WSR to Obesity , Verma R*
Medovriddhi or Obesity is one of the commonest lifestyle disorders. This case study represents holistic approach of Ayurveda is effective in its treatment. Relief in various symptoms and change in parameters proved that the holistic approach is very effective in this disorder
60 Ayurvedic Management of Avaranjanya Madhumeha WSR Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus-A Case Report , Hardik CY, Chhimpa R, Yadav CR and Dadhich OP*
Diabetes mellitus (DM) commonly referred to as diabetes. It is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over long period of time. Its symptoms include frequent urination, increased thirst and increased hunger. Proper medication is not provided in period of time, than it may cause many complications. Acute complications can include diabetic ketoacidosis, hyper osmolarity and hyperglycemic state. Serious long term complications include foot ulcers, blindness, chronic kidney disease, cardiovascular disease and stroke may leads to death. In Ayurveda it can co-related with Avaranajanya Madhumeha characterized by madhuryamasyata, karapadadaha, sweda-angagandha, shithila-angata etc. A 35 year old male patient reported to the outdoor department of Sharir Kriya NIA, Jaipur, with the complained of shithilangata, kriya-hani, klam, mootraadhikta, kara-paad tale daah for more than 2 to 3 months. The patient was diagnosed as Madhumeha. Regular fifteen days visit was done in the form of follow up for 2 months. After 2 months of treatment significant responses were found.
61 Why Herbal Remedies? , Maria Kuman*
62 Growth of Different Olive Varieties Influences with Foliar Application of GA3 under Saline Conditions , Arshad Ullah M*, Aamir SS, Afzal MU and Ali S
Salinity is an important factor affecting plant productivity and constitutes a problem concerning a significant portion of the earth planet. Olives are a good source of iron which helps to transport oxygen in blood. Calcium present in olives is essential for bones and muscles. Gibberellins (GA3) play a vital role in the detoxification of heavy metals and in tolerance to salt stress by improving plants growth, chlorophyll synthesis and activities of antioxidant enzymes, and by preventing lipid per oxidation. The study was carried out at NARC Islamabad during August, 2018 to October, 2018 to examine olive varieties growth influences with foliar application of GA3 under saline conditions in tunnel. Soil salinity was developed artificially with the mixture of different salts at 2.0dSm-1. Completely randomized design was applied with three replications. Foliar spray of Gibberellic acid @ 0, 200 and 400 mgl-1 was done. Growth parameters of plant height stem diameter, # of leaves plant-1 and leaf area were recorded at the end of the experiment. Megaron olive variety attained the highest plant height at 200 and 400 mgl-1 GA3 foliar sprays than other two olive varieties. Stem diameter was the maximum in Coratina olive variety that was higher than control and other two olive varieties. Number of leaves plant-1 and leaf area were gained the highest position by Chetoui olive variety at 200 and 400 mgl-1 GA3 foliar spray than other two olive varieties under artificially saline conditions.
63 Optimizing the Potentials of Herbs in a Growing Nigeria , Ghazali YO*
The abundance of plants on the earth’s surfaces has led to an increasing interest in traditional medicines as remedies to various ailments and potential sources of new drugs. In Africa, particularly Nigeria, the standards of nutrition, health infrastructure and environmental sanitation are relatively low; contributing significantly to the intensity of the damages caused by diseases. This has made communities in these societies seek herbal drug alternatives that are affordable, and quite available. This article provides an overview of some commonly used herbal medicines in Nigeria, their local names and general traditional uses. As it is usually conveniently assumed that naturally sourced drugs are completely harmless, this review also discusses the need for caution and scientific interventions in the use of herbal medicines as they can be potentially dangerous if wrongly used or handled.
64 CellSonic VIPP Naturally , Andrew Hague*
65 The "Abdominal Brain"-The Wonders of Gut Feeling & Healing & Utilizing the 5 Elements Map of Emotions in the Small Intestine , Livni O*
Our Gut has its own mind * The Intestines plays a significant role in our Physical, Emotional and Mental health. We may use the wisdom of the Gut to provide healing & overall Well Being. * Chinese medicine names the Gut “The Abdominal Brain” and refers to it as a Thinking & Feeling entity in the human body. * The Small Intestine embodies an inner mechanism of knowing. It isolates constructive nutrient & supportive emotions, from distractive toxins & un-supportive emotions. * Modern scientists are now confirming the ancient knowledge of TCM. They state that the root of the mysterious “Gut” sensations is in a network of neurons lining our alimentary canal (Gut). They call it “The second Brain” and refer to the Enteric Nervous System (ENS). * Michael Gershon explains that the ENS is a unique part of the Autonomic nerves system along with the Sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions. * Both the Cranial brain and the abdominal brain originate during fetal development from tissues called the Neural Crest. They are connected by a group of nerve fibers called the Vagus (also vagal) nerve. * The two brains collaborate with each other providing a full spectrum of survival wisdom. Cranial brain contributes Intellectual wisdom & mental intelligence. The Abdominal brain offers Instinctive wisdom & Emotional intelligence. * The “Shen” of the Heart- similar to the Vagus nerve - forms a connection between the Thinking brain and the Instinctive brain. * The meridian of the S.I creates another interaction between the head and the Gut as it coordinates the activity of the Jaw with the Ileocecal valve. * According to the Healing Tao, stress and blocked emotions form physical knots in the Small Intestine. Their location follows the five elements wisdom of Chinese medicine in relations to the emotional energy of the Internal Organs. *We can utilize this 5-element map for both, Evaluation as well as Treatment of Digestive disorder and emotional imbalances. *The Taoist Internal Organ Massage provides healing of Body (Gut), Mind (Brain) & Spirit (Shen). These methods rejuvenate the entire body, Restoring overall vitality, creativity and wellbeing.
66 Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Impact of Biofield Energy Treatment on the Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Withania somnifera Root Extract , Trivedi D, Trivedi MK, Branton A, Nayak G, Jana S*
Withania somnifera (WS) is a popular health supplement, which is used in many neutraceutical and pharmaceutical formulations for the overall good health, improves the quality of life, along with the prevention and treatment of numerous diseases. In this study, the impact of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment (the Trivedi Effect®) on the physicochemical and thermal properties of WS root extract was evaluated using modern analytical techniques. The test sample WS root extract was divided and termed as control and Biofield Energy Treated sample. The control sample did not receive the Biofield Energy Treatment; whereas, the treated WS root extract received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by a well-known Biofield Energy Healer, Dahryn Trivedi. The particle size values of the treated WS root extract powder sample were altered by -7.92% (d10), -5.32% (d50), and -0.36% (d90) 1.02% {D(4,3)}; thus, the specific surface area was significantly increased by 5.31% compared with the control sample. The evaporation temperature and latent heat of evaporation of the treated WS root extract were significantly increased by 11.24% and 21.34%, respectively compared with the control sample. The total weight loss in the treated WS root extract was decreased by 4.3%; however, the residue amount was significantly increased by 25.02% compared with the control sample. The experimental results concluded that the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might have altered particle size, surface area, and thermal properties of WS root extract which would show better solubility, dissolution, absorption, bioavailability, and thermal stability compared to the control sample. This new form of WS root extract would be helpful to design more efficacious neutraceutical/pharmaceutical formulations for rejuvenate the body, restricting the aging process, immune busting, neuro-protection, antioxidant, inflammation, memory loss, insomnia, hepatoprotection, hypoglycemia, gastrointestinal issues, constipation, arthritis, cancer, skin conditions, Alzheimer's, Huntington's, and Parkinson's disorders, etc.
67 The Marman , Bianchi A*
68 The 2 Year Successful Journey of “JONAM” , Dilip Kumar G*
69 The History of Botanicals of “Ashtawarga": The Most important Ingredients Used in “Chyawanprash" and the Famous Rejuvenating Tonic of Ayurveda , Shah NC*
In India, presently, more than 1000 small and big pharmaceutical companies are producing Chyawanprash. In ancient time, a vital ingredients consisting of eight unknown herbs used to be added which was known as Ashtawarga herbs. Due to continued extraction from wild, the herbs became endangered or extinct and if not extinct, then are unidentifiable and no one knows what these were? This article, reviews a history of botanicals which were used as Ashtawarga in different phase and period of time. It is concluded that presently Chyawanprash does not consist of true Ashtawarga but only three or four drugs as a substitute or representative of Ashtawarga as the true botanicals are either not available or not known. The underground botanicals presently added are aphrodisiac and tonic ones such as; Safed moosli, Chlorophytum borivillianum, Shatwari, Asparagus racemosus; Asgandh, Withania sommnifera and out of remaining forty five ingredients only the cultivated ones like; Awanla Phyllanthus emblica, Draksha, Vitis vinifera, etc. are being added. Further, it discusses about the various tonic botanicals which were used in place of Ashtawarga in different period. Further, it raises a question to the Formulary of Govt. of India on enlisting the endangered and costly botanicals in formulation of Chyawanprash.
70 Efficacy of Panchvalkaladi Oil in the Management of PostOperative Wound of Breast Abscess: A Single Case Study , Gamit N and Dudhamal TS*
Breast abscess occurs in child bearing women during 2-3 weeks of post natal period. The causes may be due to milk engorgement, feeding restriction, infection through duct (Staphylococcus aureus) and sometimes emotional stress. Stana vidradhi can be correlated with Breast abscess basis of symptoms likes tenderness and heaviness in the breast with pain and may also ulceration with thick or yellow pus with fever, thirst, low energy and reduced appetite. In Breast abscess soft tissue are involved and spread infections very fast. Panchvalkaladi oil is having shodhan (cleansing) and ropan (healing) properties and its oil form is being used in Dusta Varna (infected wound). After incision and drainage of breast abscess is infected so in this case Panchvalkaladi oil can be used for management of post operated wound. Materials & Method: Patient taken from the Shalyatantra OPD of the I.P.G. T&R.A hospital, Jamnagar (Gujarat). 24 years old female patient who came with complains of non-healing wound of swelling and pus discharge (breast abscess operated) since last 1month.The measurement of wound was 5.1× 5.3 cm3. Wound was cleaned with Normal saline and Panchvalkaladi oil socked gauze was packed in the wound daily once in morning for 8weeks. Along with local management the Amrit kalash-2 tab BD and Avaleha of Amrit kalash one tea Spoon in morning time was continued during the treatment. Result: After 1st week of dressing, wound became clean and healthy granulation tissue was observed. Wound contraction started after 5 days and wound size reduced remarkable 1 cm3 on 6th week and relief all symptoms. Wound completely healed within 8 weeks. Conclusion: A single case study concluded that Panchvalkaladi oil had healing potential in the management of post operated breast wound.
71 The Blooming of Natural Medicine , Rafeek HM*
There are two systems of health care available in this world-Western medicine and Alternative Medicine. But for patients looking for better health, there are a number of therapies / medicines wherever available such as Allopathy, Homeopathy, Osteopathy, Naturopathy-but whatever the patient needs sympathy/empathy. Looking on to these points, today conventional medicine is superb when it comes to surgery, emergency and trauma but there is no question that Alternative Medicine works better for just about everything else specially for chronic disease.