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LAUTECH JOURNAL OF NURSING

Journal Papers (16) Details Call for Paper Manuscript submission Publication Ethics Contact Authors' Guide Line
1 ASSESSMENT OF CIGARETTE SMOKING AMONG UNDERGRADUATES OF AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY ZARIA , Salihu A. K.; Sani D. K.; Yunusa, A. Farooq M. A. & Saleh B. A.
This study explores the cigarette smoking habit among undergraduates of Ahmadu Bello University (ABU), Zaria. A descriptive design was adopted for this study and the target population of study consists of female and male undergraduate studentsofNursingDepartmentin A.B.U Zaria. The sample size for this study was 200 and the instrument usedwas a self- developed questionnaire through Likertscale. The reliability coefficient score of the instrument yielded a Cronbach alpha score of 0.85. The data was analyzed through simple frequencies and tables. The result of this study revealed that the respondents' perception of students towards cigarette smoking is positive but the level of cigarettessmoking among undergraduatesislow. The study further observed the cause of cigarette smoking among the respondents was that it was seen as a way of life. Lastly, All respondents are very much aware of the negative effects of cigarette smoking in which they consider cancer as the common health problem. It is therefore recommended that tobacco awareness programs should continue to target young adults as an atrisk population, and that health care training programs should place a greater emphasis on tobacco cessation. Secondly, students should e encouraged to make smoke freeways such as meditation, a sip of tea, and anti-smoking socialization habits such as e-cigs are an easy alternative, or even holding something like a pencil or a bottle ofwaterto relax,, and avoidance of places and situations that predisposes to cigarettesmokingcanhelpthesituationhere
2 KNOWLEDGE AND USAGE OF ORAL REHYDRATION THERAPY (ORT) IN THE TREATMENT OF DIARRHEAAMONG UNDER-FIVE MOTHERS IN LAGOS, NIGERIA , Joseph-Shehu Elizabeth M. and Alapa, Martha Echewunne
The Morbidity and mortality rate associated with diarrhea is still high despite the effective way of managing it with oral rehydration therapy which has been described as cost effective and great advancement in medicine in th the 20 century. This study aims at examining the factors that determine the knowledge and usage of oral rehydration therapy (ORT) in the treatment of diarrhea among under-five mothers attending Massey Street Children Hospital, Lagos. Cross sectional descriptive design was used for the study and random sampling technique employed to select 150 under five mother attending the hospital. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data on ORT. Data generated for the study were subjected to computer analysis using statistical package for social science (SPSS) version 25. Descriptive statistics like frequency mean, standard deviation and percentage were used while chi-square and multiple regression was utilized for the inferential statistics. Statistically significance was determined at p=0.05 Findings reveal that majority of respondents are knowledgeable about oral rehydration therapy and majority administers ORT for their children. Two hypotheses are tested and the results show that there is significance association in the knowledge and usage of ORT and social demographic variables among under-five 2 mothers. Age (X = 152.097; DF =4; P < 2 0.0001), religion (X = 93.554; DF =6; P < 2 = 0.0001), educational background (X 159.322; DF =6; P < 0.0001) and occupation 2 (X = 144.636; DF =6; P < 0.0001). Also, age 2 2 (X = 113.054; DF =2; P< 0.0001), religion (X = 72.173; DF =3; P < 0.0001), educational 2 background (X = 62.403; DF =3; P < 0.0001) 2 and occupation (X = 53.017; DF =6; P < 0.0001) of the respondents are the determinants of ORT usage. We therefore recommend that the health professionals should encourage mothers on preparation and usage of ORT.
3 PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS OF NEONATAL JAUNDICE IN SPECIAL CARE BABY UNIT OF AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL ZARIA, NIGERIA. , Mfuh Anita Yafeh, C.S. Lukong, Sale U.K., Samuel Godwin Atayi
Neonatal jaundice is a very common condition worldwide occurring in up to 60% of term and 80% of preterm new-born in the first week of life. Its incidence varies with geography. It is a leading cause of hospitalization in the first week of life worldwide. If inappropriately managed, it may result in significant bilirubininduced mortality and disability. This study seeks to determine the prevalence and risk factors of neonatal jaundice in Special Care Baby Unit of Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital Zaria, Nigeria. An ex-post facto survey design was adopted for this study. The instrument used were in-depth interview and secondary data obtain from medical department of the hospital. Nurses in the Special Care Baby Unit responded to the interview. Data obtained show that 480 neonates are diagnosed with jaundice out of 1470 neonates admitted with the highest prevalence in 2017. Male neonates (64%) suffer jaundice more than females. Physiological jaundice is the most prevalent type of jaundice. The major treatment rendered is drugs/phototherapy (65%). The result of the interview of the qualitative study revealed that the risk factors responsible for the increase are poor breastfeeding practice by mothers, sepsis, and ABO incompatibility among others. It is recommended that mothers be educated on the causes of neonataljaundice, early breastfeeding practice and early recognition of signs of jaundice and present to the hospital on time since most of the women in the area of study deliver at home and usually present with the babies late to the hospital. There is also need for a bigger and well established, organized and functional unit (SCBU) in the hospital that can cater for the increased number of neonates suffering from jaundice. More qualified health personnel should be employed in the unit to cater for the large number of neonates diagnosed with jaundice
4 FACTORS INFLUENCING TEAMWORK PERFORMANCE AMONG HEALTH WORKERS IN UNIVERSITY COLLEGE HOSPITAL, IBADAN , Olajide, Adetunmise. Oluseyi.,Sowunmi, Christianah. Olanrewaju., Ojetola, Oluwabukola. Oluyemisi., Ogunmodede, Eunice. Oluwakemi. Adedoyin, O. Adeoye
Beyond the shortfall in health workforce, the Nigerian health sector has particularly experienced a number of other lingering crises such as lack of teamwork among health workers, lack of team satisfaction among health workers, lack of proper communication between team, fairness in the treatment of employee which has affected the service delivery to patients in recent times. One of the factors that promote successful and effectiveness of health organizations or institutions is collaborative practice or teamwork among health professionals. This study investigates the factors influencing teamwork performance among health workers in university college hospital, Ibadan. A crosssectional research design was adopted. The target population for this study are health workers in University College Hospital, Ibadan and a simple random technique was used to select 413 respondents. Questionnaire was used as an instrument for this study with reliability index of 0.79. Hypotheses were tested using Pearson correlation analysis.In this study, The findings of this studies revealed that Organizational structure (r =0.33; p<0.001), team trust (r = 0.29; p<0.001), team cohesion (r = 0.10; p<0.05) and team communication (r = 0.12; p<0.001) are positively correlated with teamwork performance. Job satisfaction is the only factor that is not found to influence teamwork among the population studied. Based on the findings of study, it is recommended that health institutions should implement plan and implement strategies to update health workers on the important of good communication, team cohesion and team trust among health workers, also to improve on the organizational structure, to promote harmonious relationship among health professionals and a proper reward system should be put in place for health workers to enhance job satisfaction
5 INVESTIGATING THE PERCEIVED EFFECTS OF APHRODISIAC ON WOMEN OF KAURA WARD IN ZARIA CITY OF KADUNA STATE. NIGERIA , Bayero A, Balarabe R, Addakano B, Uthman R
This study determines the perceived effects of some common aphrodisiac among married women of Kaura ward, in Zaria city of Kaduna state. A descriptive survey design was adopted and the instrument for data collection was questionnaire. A total of 300 questionnaires were distributed, but only 264 were retrieved, the data collected were analyzed. The statistics used for data analysis was percentages and frequencies. Findings of this study showed that majority of respondents were between the ages of 31-40yrs, 78% were Hausa and 49.2% had attained tertiary education. All of them are married; further findings showed that 34.8% of st respondents are 1 wives, (uwargida). The result of this study showed that all the respondents have full knowledge of aphrodisiac and majority have been using the drug for 11-20years. The result further revealed that the type of aphrodisiac used by respondents include herbal drink and vaginal insertion type. This study also showed that the perceived good effect of aphrodisiac i and respondents achieved marital gains. perceived side effects of aphrodisiac drugs are chronic vaginal itching and Leukorrhea. In conclusion, Women should be more educated on the side effects of aphrodisiac, the pshycophysiologicals and the internals (during family life education). They should be encouraged to eat good foods, fruits and vegetables. Sex education in schools should include the selection and use of aphrodisiacs, most especially the phyco-physiological
6 UMBILICAL CORD MANAGEMENT OUTCOME AMONG MOTHERS IN SELECTED PRIMARY HEALTH CENTERS IN MUSHIN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, LAGOS STATE , Abazie O.H, Gbahabo D.D, Fadairo O. J.
The prevalence of umbilical cord infection in newborn infant is on the increase and constitutes 33% of neonatal mortality in Nigeria. Thus, knowledge of standard cord care management and healthy cord practices is imperative if infection is to be prevented. The aim of this study is to assess the umbilical cord care practices and management outcome among mothers in selected primary health centers in Mushin Local Government Area, Lagos State. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among 240 mothers in selected primary health centers on their umbilical cord care practices and management outcomes. Data were collected through the administration of a questionnaire; the data derived was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 22, descriptive and inferential methods were used at a significant level of p = 0.005. Findings of this study indicate that the respondents' level of knowledge is high in terms of standard cord care and the common types of cord care practice used by respondents are tying, cutting and cleaning with methylated spirit only, triple dye, alcohol, antibiotics ointment, providenceiodine, polymixin bacitracin, methylated spirit and gentian violet solution (0.5-1 %). The study further observes the techniques for umbilical cord management are clean cord base before surrounding skin, close methods, Washed hands with soap and water before and after attending to the cord and clean cord stump in the morning, afternoon and evening and the respondents' reason for choice of umbilical cord management are to Prevents infection and very effective and hastens cord separation. Lastly, the study observed that the management outcome of umbilical cord care by respondents are that the cord falls off between five to fifteen days after birth and no infection and quick healing process. The result of the hypotheses tested revealed that there was a significant association between age, educational level and cord management (p=0.005). Health education during ANC and post-partum on umbilical care management is critical in reducing the incidence of cord infections and curbing the rate of neonatal morbidity and mortality due to umbilical infections
7 ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE ON SICKLE CELLANAEMIAAMONG PRIMARY HEALTH CARE WORKERS IN ZARIA CITY, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA , Bayero, A; Abubakar,I; Balarabe R; Gommaa H; Uthman R
This study assesses the knowledge on sickle cell anemia among Primary Health Care workers in Zaria City of Kaduna State, Nigeria. A cross sectional descriptive study design and mixed approach was used for this study. Multi-stage sampling technique was employed to select 369 study participants. The instrument used for this study include self-developed structured questionnairetoobtaininformationonparticipant's knowledge concerning epidemiology, signs and symptoms, management/control, complications and current screening services for sickle cell disease patients, and a structured interview guide is also used to determine respondents' awareness on centres where servicesforthese patients could be obtained; from 14 participants. Data was analysed using frequencies, percentages and one way and over statistical analysis was used to test hypotheses.Findingsrevealed that the knowledge concerning sickle cell disease was poor. Knowledge concerning epidemiology was good. Knowledge concerningclinicalmanifestationand complication was poor and knowledge concerning management and control including current screening services of SCD was poor. The result of the structured interviewrevealed that the respondents were aware of sickle cell disease, knowledgeable about the available centres providing care for SCD patients but have poor knowledgeaboutscreeningservicesavailableand have no idea about the bed capacity of the centre providing servicesto SCD.They also have no idea of the type of categories of professionals dealing withSCD. The first hypothesis in this study revealed that there is a statistically significance between the profession and level of knowledge and the second hypothesis showed that there is no significance difference between professional status and knowledge regarding SCD. In conclusion, knowledge gaps related to different aspects of sickle cell disease and differences in the level of knowledge among professionals are identified. It is recommended that continuing education for all primary health care workers should be organized to enable them provide qualifiedservicestothesepatients
8 UTILISATION OF POSTNATAL CARE SERVICES AMONG WOMEN OF CHILDBEARING AGE IN PRIMARY HEALTH CARE CENTRES IN NIGER STATE, NIGERIA , Garba, S. N; Anyebe, E. E; Salihu, A. K; Salihu, A. A.; Ibrahim, A. H. and Jibril, U. N.
The postnatal period is critical to the health and survival of a mother and her new-born. This study sets out to assess the utilization of postnatal care services in Primary Health Care (PHC) facilities in Niger State, Nigeria. With the objectives of identifying the availability of postnatal care services in the Primary Health Care facilities, determining the women's utilization of the services, and to identify the factors influencing the utilization of postnatal care services in the PHC facilities in Niger State. The study Utilizes the cross-sectional survey design and the instrument adopted was a questionnaire. The multistage sampling technique was used to select 902 women of childbearing age. Data was analysed using tables, frequencies and percentages. The result of this study showed the socio-demographic characteristics of the female respondents. It was observed that majority of the respondents are within the age of 18-25years. Majority of the respondents are Muslims who cut across the four major ethnic groups of Gwari, Hausa, Kambari and Nupe in the State. Further findings observed that majority are married with tertiary education. Lastly, majority of the female respondents are either housewives or civil servants and their children are less than five (5). The socio-demographic findings of the respondents husband revealed that they had tertiary education, majority are either farmer or civil servants and majority have extended families while majority had one wife and majorities wife’s position is first. This study also revealed that PHC clinics are available in majority of the communities and the estimated duration of trekking time to the nearest facilities in the community is 15-34minutes. This study revealed that utilisation of postnatal services in the communities is poor and the reason for non-utilization of post-natal services are lack of drugs in the facilities and lack of qualified staff. This study observe that women with higher level of formal education utilize the postnatal services more than those without or with lower levels of formal education and similarly, the respondents husband's level of education was found to have influenced the women's utilization of postnatal services. It is recommended that health education programmes should be intensified to encourage utilization of postnatal services.
9 SCHOOL HEALTH: AN ANALYSIS OF BOARDING SCHOOL CLINIC FACILITIES IN KANO STATE, NIGERIA , Ahmed Suberu, Saleh Ngaski Garba, Umar Yunusa, Umar Lawal Bello, Ashiru Muhammed & Ahmad Rufa'I Abubakar
Health facilities within the school premises enhanceshealthfulschool environmentby ensuring thatsafetymeasuresareavailablewithinthe school environment such as; presence of proper water supply,refuse disposal,sewage disposal, quality of school buildings, health inspection, nutrition, rest, recreation, absence of harmful objects and vectors of disease agents. Unsafe school environmentsuch as lack of adequate and safe water supply, poor sanitation facilities, dilapidated school structures, overcrowded and un-conducive classrooms have a high negative impact on the health of school students. This study therefore analyses the school clinic facilitiesin boarding schoolsinKano State in Nigeria.Acrosssectionaldescriptive surveydesign wasusedforthe study. The instrumentusedforthis studywas an adapted checklist from School Health Index (SHI)formiddlehighschool.Thisinstrument wasusedtoassesstheavailabilityofhealthfacilities intheselectedboardingsecondaryschools.Athreepointscaleoffullyavailable,partiallyavailableand not available was used for each item on checklist. Scores of 2, 1 and 0 was allocated respectively to eachscaletoquantifyperformanceoftheschools.A sample size of 28 boarding secondary schools was usedoutofatotalof56boardingsecondaryschools in Kano state. Multistage sampling technique was used to select the 28 boarding secondary schools from the various senatorial districts in Kano state. Data collected were organized and entered into SPSS version 22 and results were presented using frequency distribution and percentages. Mann Whitney U test was used to dif erentiate the health facilities between public and private boarding secondary schools. The findings from the study revealed that 17 (80.9%) of public boarding secondary schools were rated poor in terms of health facilities (scores < 20) while 4 (80.0%) of private boarding secondary schools had fairly functional health facilities (scores 20-29). The findings of this study showed that the public boardinghavemorehealthfacilitiesthantheprivate schools. The study also revealed that physical infrastructuresinthe secondaryhealthfacilitiesare partially in place (54%) and the equipment in the health facilities in boarding secondary school are partially in place. This study also indicate that the grading of health facilities in public boarding secondaryschoolsareratedpoorandalsorevealed that the consumables are partially available in most health facilities. Finally, thisstudy observed thatmedicationsintheboardingsecondaryschool health facilities are partially in place. Two hypotheses were tested and the first result showed that there was a significant dif erence in the infrastructure between public and private boarding secondary schools of Kano State especially in the provisionofsafewaterandregularpowersupply(P =0.00). The second hypothesis observed there isasignificantdif erence inthe supplyof equipment between public and private boarding secondary schools ofKano State especially in the provision of firstaidbox (P=0.01) andsterilizer (P=0.03).The study concludes that health facilities in boarding secondary schools in Kano state are poorly equipped with material resources with little improvement in private than in public boarding secondary schools. In this respect, they need to improve on their method of sterilization, waste disposalsystem and electricity supply to the health facilities
10 PERCEPTION TOWARDS THE INTRODUCTION OF SEX EDUCATION TO SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS AMONG SELECTED WOMEN ATTENDING UCH IBADAN FAMILY CLINIC , Makinde Olufemi Yinyinola, Olawale Olufunke Rhoda & Adeniran Dorcas Adekem
The concept ofsex education and itsintroduction in secondary schools has witnessed much controversies and misconception by many teachers, parents, the society and students. Sex education which is sometimes called sexuality education or sex and relationships education is the process of acquiring information and forming attitudes and beliefs about sex, sexual identity, relationships and intimacy. Sex education is the information and skills acquired by an individual to help the individual to deal with human sexuality. The objective of thisstudy is to assess the perception of women attending UniversityCollegeHospital(UCH)family clinic towards teaching of sexuality education in secondary schools.Adescriptive cross-sectional study design was adopted; and a cluster sampling technique was used in selection of 100 women for the study. A self-structured and interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to obtain information from respondents within 4 weeks. The data collected were coded and entered into SPSS windows, version 20.0. It was further analyzed using descriptive statistics 2 andChi-square (÷ )testwith level ofsignificance at 5%. Findings show that the mean age of the respondents is 37.63 ± 7.71 years. Further findings reveal that majority of respondents are married, majority are Christians and majority have tertiary education as the highest educational qualification. Thisstudy also shows that the respondents have positive perception and perceived positive attitude towards introduction of sexual education in secondary school. Further findings observe that the perceived knowledge of women on role of sex education in adolescent sexual issues is poor. Hypothesis tested show that there is no significant influence on gender, education, religion and age of parents on perception of sexuality education in secondary schools. It is therefore recommended that parents and teachersshould jointly have the responsibility to provide correct and factual information on sexual health to studentssince they spendmost of the time with parents at home and teachers at schools
11 DIRECT OBSERVATION AS A METHOD OF ASSESSMENT AND INSTANT FACE TO FACE FEEDBACK FROM GENERATED AND PRINTED COPY OF BASIC LIFE SUPPORT (BLS) DEVICES FOR UNDERGRADUATE PHYSIOTHERAPIST STUDENTS OF CARDIFF UNIVERSITY, UNITED KINGDOM , Ibrahim M.; Yalwa, T.; Lawali Y. & Tukur B. M.
For ensuring effective teaching and facilitating learning during students-patient interaction, a valid assessment needs to be adopted. Many assessment mechanisms exist to evaluate students' knowledge and skills of medical students, including two-way mirrors, closecircuit audio-video and observation. Providing students with instant feedback is a key to successful learning. Level one undergraduate students of Cardiff University, United Kingdom are assigned to carryout basic life support (BLS) procedure using manikin whilst the student-teacher employed direct observation method (DOM) as a tool to evaluating students' learning competencies. The supervisor monitored the student-teacher who organized the one-hour task to assess the students. Professional driver's guidelines of Quality Assurance Agency, Nursing & Midwifery Council and National Institute for health Care Excellence, together with learning theories including constructivist, behaviouristic and humanistic are considered. The assignment is aimed at examining students' competencies using one-hour assessment and BLS generated and printed copy of feedback. The assignment was analysed in three phases viz: direct observation, accuracy and effectiveness of the BLS devices and instant feedback stage. The outcome indicated that DOM is a good assessment tool used in evaluating varying degrees of students' Knowledge, Attitude, Motor skills, Structure (logical skills), Novice, Advanced Beginner, Competency, proficiency, and expertise at different stage of learning
12 FAMILY HEALTH A “SINE QUA NON” TO EFFECTIVE MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH CARE , Obi Ihuoma A.; Chinweuba A. & EZE, C. N..
This article discusses the family health as a “sine qua non” to effective maternal and child health care. Family is defined as a group of people living together united by blood, marriage, birth or adoption with a common goal. There are different types of families and these include but not limited to Nuclear family, Extended family, Single-parent family and Blended family. The concept of family care entails that individual is entitled to receive his/her own care according to the demand of his/her body and state of health. In the expectant family every pregnant mother is expected to receive antenatal, intranatal and postnatal care. A pregnant mother maybe faced with series of health challenges such as financial and social problems which may cause stress, depression and eventually lead to hypertension. She should not be allowed to carry the burden alone, but supported by the husband and other significant family membersto ensure that this woman is not weighed down by these challenges. The expectant family care is regarded as “sine qua non” to effective maternal and child health care because the family members and the skilled health care providers as roles to play during the whole period of a woman's pregnancy, labour and puerperium. The nurse/midwife should inculcate the values of empathy and compassionate care, communication skill, Critical thinking, psychomotor skill, applied therapeutics etc tomeet patients physical,social, emotional and spiritual needs. In conclusion, it should be noted that shared parenting is an importantfactorthat enhancessurvival offamily members andthe societyatlarge.
13 APPLICATION OF TRANS-THEORETICAL MODELAND APPROACHES TO HEALTH PROMOTION IN TACKLING ALCOHOL ABUSE , Yalwa, T.; Ibrahim M.; Anyebe, E. E.; Saleh, G. N. & Mfuh Anita, Y.
Globally, alcohol abuse continuesto constitute a globalsocial and public mental health problem, with increasing morbidity and mortality indices. As a stage by stage behavioral problem, alcoholism could be tackled using a behavioral change model. Requiring multidimensional and multidisciplinary approach to curb the current health, social and economic challenges associated with it, nurses must work within the context of scientifically sound evidences (evidence-based care), using appropriate theories and models in managing alcohol abuse or misuse syndromes. This paper explores the Prochaska and DiClemente's (1984) Multistage Trans-Theoretical Model (TTM) to propose transforming the addictive behavior of victims of alcohol abuse from one level to another. In adopting this model, the paper also aims to incorporate educational and empowerment approaches with TTM as a synergized model to achieve the desired change in behavior of the people that misuse alcohol. TTM model establishes itself as a suitable analytic and care model for integrating the process of behavior change and promoting health among alcohol abuse victims,since peoplewill be educated and empowered at various stages using this model. This synchronized model should offer nurses, especially those in addiction care a multi-stage, client-centered approach to manage alcohol relatedaddiction.
14 CERVICAL CANCER SCREENING AMONG WOMEN: A TOOL FOR PREVENTION OF CANCER , Elusoji, Christiana Irolo; Eze, Clementina N; Obi Ihuoma. A Iniomor Mary
Cervical cancer is a type of cancer arising from the cervix due to the abnormal growth of cells that have the ability to invade other parts of the body. It is one of the greatest threats to women's lives worldwide. It has been described as the second most prevalent cancer affecting women after breast cancer. An ideal screening test is one that is minimally invasive, easy to perform, acceptable to the women, cost-effective and efficacious in diagnosing the disease process in its pre-invasive state when the disease process is more easily treatable and curable .A variety of screening tests have therefore been developed in an attempt to overcome the innate limitations of conventional cytology. Currently, cervical cytology is widely regarded as the gold standard for cervical cancer screening in all developed countries. It is however not feasible to implement a systematic cytology based screening programme in a country like Nigeria. This is mainly due to severe restrictions on the availability of infrastructure, resources and funding. There is a need to develop low cost screening strategies for cervical cancer. Visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) or Lugol's iodine (VILI) which is comparatively cost-effective while retaining adequate sensitivity and specificity is advocated. Many studies conducted across Nigeria have revealed low utilization of cervical cancer screening services among various categories of women in spite of the reported high level of awareness. Well planned and organized screening programs with high coverage of the "at risk" group could significantly reduce the number of new cases with cervical cancer and the mortality rate associated with it. The burden of this disease can only be reduced and controlled by the implementation of evidence based preventive measures, early detection and proper case management.
15 DESIGNING A TRAINING PROGRAMME FOR SCHOOL HEALTH NURSES ON GUIDING ADOLESCENTS IN THEIR DECISION-MAKING ABOUT REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH IN IJEBU ODE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF NIGERIA , Oluwatoyin A. Ogunyewo & Savasthian Arunachallam
This study describes the design of a training programme for school health nurses on guiding adolescents about their reproductive health in Ijebu Ode Local Government Area of Nigeria. Intervention Design and Development model of Rothmans and Thomas (2013) was the research design used for the study. The model has six phases. The design is in phase three of the model. The findings from the situational analysis and that of integrative review of intervention programmes developed for school health nurses were merged to inform the design of the training programme. Design phase has two operations as these include designing an observational system and specifying procedural elements. In this article, attention is focused on how to achieve the observational system of the design phase. The second part of the work would address specifying procedural elements of the design phase. Designing observational system entailed measures needed to assess the training programmes during and after the implementation, that is, they are directed toward creating measures to assess the process and outcome of a training programme during implementation.
16 KNOWLEDGE OF NURSING PROCESS AND ATTITUDE AMONG UNDERGRADUATE NURSING STUDENTS TOWARDS ITS UTILIZATION IN A TERTIARY HEALTH INSTITUTION, EDO-STATE, NIGERIA , Omorogbe, C.E.; Okafor, F.U; Ekrakene,T.; Omorogbe F. and Ibidokun, C. J.
Nursing process is the scientific protocol that guides quality nursing care globally. To the best of our knowledge very little has been done in this direction in health literature thus motivating this study. The study therefore sets out to examine the knowledge and attitude among undergraduate nursing students towards the utilization of the nursing process in the provision of nursing care in tertiary teaching hospitals in Edo-State, Nigeria. The study design is descriptive crosssectional approach. Simple random sampling technique was employed to select 147 undergraduate nursing students. The instrument of this study is a semi-structured questionnaire which was designed to elicit information on respondents' Knowledge of nursing process using a 10 point knowledge scale and assessment of attitude towards the utilization of the nursing process using 8 variables measured on a five point Likert scale. The reliability coeffiecientscore ofthe instrumentis 0.8.Datawas analyzed using descriptive statistics. the socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents revealed Findings show that the respondents' knowledge about nursing process is average and their attitude is positive (mean=2.93). Further findings reveal that and it was observed that there is no significant relationship between the attitude of nursing This findings of that majority are within the 21-25years of ages. Majority of the respondents are in 200 and 400 level and are single. Lastly, the respondents are mostly Christians. the stages of nursing process where students had difficulties are assessment and planning. Hypothesis was tested student and nursing process base on gender. It is recommended that nursing process should be used by undergraduate nurses at every level of undergraduate nursing education to enable students equip themselves with better skills and knowledge for practice