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Sosyolojik Bağlam Dergisi

ISSN(p): | ISSN(e):2757-5942
Journal Papers (6) Details Author’s Guide Contact Us Call For Paper - 2021/1
Indexed Journal

1 A Sociological Assessment on the Reflection of Gender Roles on Television Series , Gül AKTAÅž 0000-0001-6424-4256
Television is an easily accessible communication tool and has a significant visual impact. Even though the audience has a heterogeneous structure and unknown defining characteristics, television has the power to transform the semantic world of individuals with its programs. Therewithal, the power to attract the audience with its programs that will allure individuals from all social groups is the most noteworthy feature that distinguishes television from other traditional media types. Particularly, the ability to reach every section with different techniques makes television appealing considering the existence of individuals who are illiterate, hearing, or visually impaired. While the news, TV series, education, or entertainment oriented programs are offered to the taste of the audience, they are affected by the changes in economic, social, and cultural fields.These changes also affect the individual’s worldview, their ability to analyze and interpret cases, and their expectations and perception about the future at different levels. In recent years, it has been noticed that the perception of “the ideal body” is mostly presented through actresses in prime-time Turkish TV series. Besides, scenes about physical appearance and vanity are more salient than the scenes about the forms of domination of men over women in the family and social life, power struggles among women, gender-based roles and responsibilities, dialog, and relationships towards understanding. Through this perspective, this study aims to critically analyze from which points Turkish series, which are presented with similar subject contents on television in recent years, mirror the cultural representations of gender in a sociological context. In this study, while the themes of gender roles in Turkish series are investigated, dialogues emphasizing gender inequality, spatial appearances locating women and men in public and private areas, and visual presentations highlighting aesthetics and physical appearance are inquired through critical discourse.   Keywords: Sociology of Communication, Representation of Women in Media, TV series, Gender, Patriarchy
2 Sociology of Pierre Bourdieu and Construction of Sports Field , Birtan BOZLU 0000-0002-8435-6842
Sports or the practice of sporting have progressed in parallel with the history of humanity, just as they have developed in parallel with humanity. The sports field, which has a growing interest in social life, has started to occupy the field of social science in time. Since the mid-1900s, sports have become a sub-field of sociology and been discussed in various methodological and theoretical aspects by many people. Especially since the 1980s, Pierre Bourdieu has been one of the important figures whose sociological perspective is utilized in the field of sports sociology. Especially, the “metaphor of playing” that he put forward by gathering his theoretical perspective in one frame shows a serious parallelism with the sociality of sports. Bourdieu's concepts of field, habitus and capital, which constitute the trivet of the theory of action and draws attention to the emphasis on the construction processes, historicity and autonomy of the field are frequently used in studies by researchers working in the field of sports in order to reveal how the sports field is built in social space and with which network of relationships it exists. For this reason, the development processes, the possibilities of Bourdieu's theoretical framework for, and Bourdieu's explanations on the sociology of sports, and how to build a sports field in a social space are discussed.   Keywords: Sociology of Sports, Bourdieu, Habitus, Field, Capital
3 Cretan Turks at the End of the 19th Century: Migration and Settlement , Tuncay Ercan SEPETCÄ°OÄžLU 0000-0002-9906-1529
The Cretan Turks (and now their descendants) are a group of people who originally had lived in the Island of Crete till 1923 when the Obligatory Population Exchange Agreement signed between Turkey and Greece. Through almost the entire 19th century, as a result of Greek revolts one after another in different times in history and the public order on the island was disrupted, the Cretan Turkish population in fear of their lives left their living places, became refugees and the demographic structure of the island changed in favor of the Orthodox Christians. Among those migrations, the biggest and the most decisive on the political future of the island is the Heraklion Events that started in 1897 which resulted in the migration of at least 40,000 Turks. This population movement is particularly important as it caused the expansion of Cretan Turks to very different regions. The present existence of a Cretan community in Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, Libya, the Rhodes and Kos Islands of Greece, along with (albeit few) Egypt, Jordan, Tunisia, the Island of Cyprus and Palestine happened due to this immigration movement. This article approaches the immigration and settlement process that happened at the very end of the 19th century as a result of a revolt in Crete, in a sudden and involuntary manner, in a period where the Ottoman Empire suffered from political, economic and social difficulties. Tracking the official records and by fieldwork where and how immigrants settled, how many and where new settlements were founded for them were analyzed with the methodological approaches of history and historical anthropology.   Keywords: Historical Anthropology, Crete, Turk, Muslim, Migration, Settlement
4 A Research on Tahtacı Communities: Case of Antalya , Gamze ŞENYAYLA 0000-0002-4581-0950
Cultural and religious heritage, which has been important in understanding social relations throughout human history, appears with its differentiating profiiles in today's modern world. After long years of woodworking, Tahtacıs have settled down and gained a new life look with their cultural characteristics. There are few studies in the literature about the profiles of Tahtacıs, who made a living by woodworking in the past, in direct proportion to processes such as modernization and urbanization. Within the scope of the study, the current lifestyles, traditions, and cultures of Tahtacıs, together with their problems and expectations will be examined through the data obtained from the regions where they live. Based on this, Elmalı AkçaeniÅŸ Village and Manavgat Gültepe Neighborhood, both of which have Tahtacı population in Antalya province, have been determined as field of study. The study was designed with a qualitative research design and the data were obtained using interview and participant observation techniques. The data are handled comparatively in terms of identity, religion, social relations, economic characteristics, and spatial contexts. According to the results of the study, it was found that the social ties of Tahtacıs were weakened and their traditions, customs and lifestyles changed along with their socio-economic conditions.   Keywords: Sociology, Tahtacıs, Culture, Social Change, Space
5 Time, Space, and Morality in Three Select Stories by Sait Faik Abasıyanık , Kıvılcım UZUN - 0000-0003-4112-0095 Arda ARIKAN - 0000-0002-2727-1084
One of the most influential Turkish literature authors after the post-republic period, Sait Faik Abasıyanık pursued virtue and morality in his literary work, although literary critics have not underlined this aspect of his work. In his non-didactic and open-ended stories, the perception of morality he adopted is quite evident. Analyzing Sait Faik’s selected stories in the context of their temporal and spatial settings, this study aims to resolve the moral equation manifested. In this paper, three randomly selected short stories by Abasiyanik were studied to understand how he perceived morality and how the subject of morality is treated in his select short stories. His short stories The Old Teenager, The White Gold, and Just a Story were studied in terms of how the selected subject, morality, appears in these texts. While analyzing these stories, it is recognized that the author was affected from the space and time in and during which he lived and wrote in Istanbul.   Keywords: Literature, Sait Faik Abasıyanık, Morality, Spatiality, Temporality
6 Iraqi Turkmens Between the Past and the Future: A Historical Critique of Policies , Heersh Hasan MAHMOOD 0000-0003-2818-8837
Turkmens live in many parts of the world, especially in the Middle East. Iraq, one of the countries with the most complex structure of the Middle East region, hosts a large Turkmen population within its territories. Turkmens who have been living in Iraqi lands for centuries are, and have been, one of the most important elements of the ethnic structure of the country in question. Because these ethnic groups are more dependent on their own traditions and history compared to other ethnic groups living in the country, it is seen that the Iraqi Turkmens have a unique place from a social point of view. For this reason, it is crucial to state that the Iraqi Turkmens are always subjected to pressure and violence by the central authority. The study focuses on two basic elements that are thought to be highly interconnected. The socio-cultural life of the Turkmens, the political events they encountered throughout history and the policies implemented on Turkmens by different Iraqi regimes will be evaluated and discussed. The fundamental problem is that the Turkmens are not considered an essential element in the Iraqi social structure and that they are considered as a minority.   Keywords: History, Iraqi Turkmens, Democratization, Human Rights, Policies.