1 Multi-faceted creativity of artists of one city , Dmitry A. Nachev Member of The Saint Petersburg Union of Artists of Russia Member of the Association of Art Historians (AIS) Member of the International Union of Teachers and Artists Senior Lecturer Saint Petersburg Institute of Art and Restoration International School of Design Saint Petersburg, Russia E-mail: 3izo2@mail.ru
The article considers the evolution and development of the genres of still life and landscape, their interpenetration in the works of artists. It also considers the diversity of creativity, different artists united by one city. Special attention is paid to the work of Leningrad artists.
2 Problems of style in modern fashion art on the example of Ianis Chamalidy’s creativity , Irina Luneva, Art Historian, Researcher in the field of fashion,  The direction of Museum curation, Museology and Protection of Cultural and Natural Heritage, Saint Petersburg State University, Russia, E-mail: adominka.ira@yandex.ru
The article is devoted to the problems of modern Russian fashion on the example of the creative work of St. Petersburg designer Ianis Chamalidi. Who is now a prominent participant in the modern art process in the field of fashion? Many magazine articles have been written about the work of this famous St. Petersburg designer. Ianis Chamalidi is actively involved in creative projects. He cooperates with the State Hermitage Museum, where many of his works are kept in the collection.
3 Opportunities for the development of Russian folk art in the 21st century , Sergey V. Lebedev, Full Professor, Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Head of the Department of Philosophy, Higher School of Folk Arts (Academy), St Petersburg, Russia, E-mail: servicleb@list.ru
Folk art, including Russian folk art, existed and developed throughout the 20th century and continues to exist in the 21st century. The reason for this is the peculiarity of the existence of folk art, based on the traditions of the ethnic group.
4 Art on Chinese Xuan Paper , Zhang Biyun, Associate Professor, Candidate of Art History (PhD), Member of the Association of Art Critics (AIS), Member of the International Union of Teachers and Artists, College of Art, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China, E-mail: zhangbiyun2013@163.com
The author of the article reveals the features of ink effect, the unique painting pattern, the poetry, calligraphy, painting and seal cutting, the mounting style, the composition and the technique and style of the painter of beauty of Chinese paintings through making contact with Chinese Xuan paper and ink because Chinese ink painting, boasting a history of more than a thousand years, represents the wisdom and talents of Chinese people.
5 Cluster approach in professional education in the field of traditional artistic crafts, Elena A. Erakina, Researcher in the field of art education, Postgraduate Student, Higher School of Artistic Arts (Academy), St Petersburg, Russia, E-mail: alena80008@mail.ru
This article examines the current state of the sphere of traditional artistic crafts, assessing whether application of an educational-industrial cluster approach in this area and the formulation of the definition of ‘cluster approach’ in professional education in the field of traditional artistic crafts.
6 Fomicheva, N.M. Conservation and restoration of the Agate Rooms of the Summer Park Pavilion “Cold Bath” in Tsarskoye Selo in 2009-2013 (in Russian) DOI: 10.47451/her2020-08-001 , Natalia M. Fomicheva, Artist-restorer of gilding of the highest category, Restorer of DAA works, art critic, art expert, Honorary Restorer of Saint Petersburg, Honored Worker of Culture of the Russian Federation, Email: natalif47@yandex.ru
In this article, the author introduces the reader to the topic of conservation and restoration of interiors of the 18th century of the unique monument of the Agate Rooms of the Cold Bath pavilion, in the decoration of the walls of the interiors of which natural ornamental stones are used: jasper of different colors of the Altai and Ural deposits.
7 Portugalsky, P.V. Conservation and restoration of frames with stucco mastic decor. DOI: 10.47451/her2020-08-002 , Peter V. Portugalsky, Researcher in the field of restoration, Restorer of works of applied art, St Petersburg, Russia.
The author reveals the ways and methods of conservation and restoration of a particular frame with imitation gilding to a painting from a private collection. It describes the state of preservation of the object before restoration and determines the sequence of methods for eliminating defects in the frame to give it an expositional appearance, and then describes the processes of working on the frame.
8 Conservation and restoration of the memorial monument to A.A. Goryainov (1795-1813) in the Necropolis of the 18th century Alexander Nevsky Lavra (in Russian) DOI: 10.47451/her2020-08-003 , Lydia S. Baibekova, Researcher in the field of restoration, Restorer of works of applied art, St Petersburg, Russia, Email: semperspero@yandex.ru
This article describes the issues of attribution, conservation and restoration of the memorial monument to Alexander Goryainov (1795-1813) in the Necropolis of the 18th century Alexander Nevsky Lavra. Each sculpture is a unique source of information about a bygone era, often without analogues, and at the same time – an integral part of our present, forming the modern appearance of urban space and its aesthetic appeal. Conservation and restoration of outdoor sculptures is one of the main tasks of preserving the cultural heritage of St Petersburg.
9 Conservation and restoration of a fragment of the Royal Gate’s sash with the icon of Omen (in Russian) DOI: 10.47451/her2020-08-004 , Elena V. Snatkina, Researcher in the field of restoration, Restorer of works of applied art, St Petersburg, Russia, Email: snatkina.elena@mail.ru
The author of the article introduces to an unusual and uncharacteristic set of fragments of two monuments, connected in an arbitrary composition in the form of a frame to the icon, for the purpose of its exposure and utilitarian use; tells about the technological features of the practical restoration of these two monuments with distortions of their original finish as a result of previous unprofessional restoration. Автор статьи знакомит с необычным и нехарактерным для православного искусства набором фрагментов двух памятников, соединённых в произвольную композицию в виде рамы к иконе, с целью её экспонирования и утилитарного использования; рассказывает о технологических особенностях практической реставрации этих двух памятников с искажениями их первоначальной отделки в результате предыдущей непрофессиональной реставрации.
10 Conservation and restoration of the frame to the icon of Descent from the Cross of the main iconostasis of the Upper Church of the Cathedral of the Vladimir Icon of the Mother of God in St Petersburg (in Russian) DOI: 10.47451/her2020-08-005 , Olga V. Zuenkova, Researcher in the field of restoration, Restorer of works of applied art, Art critic, Art expert, St Petersburg, Russia.
This article describes the questions of attribution, conservation and restoration of the frame to the icon of Descent from the Cross, which is an important element in the complex of historical and cultural heritage of the Cathedral of the Vladimir icon of the Mother of God.  Данная статья описывает вопросы атрибуции, консервации и реставрации рамы в иконе «Ð¡Ð½ÑÑ‚ие с креста», которая является важным элементом в комплексе объекта историко-культурного наследия собора Владимирской иконы Божией Матери.
11 Complex of conservation works to preserve the tombstone of the 18th century from the necropolis of the Alexander Nevsky Lavra in St Petersburg (in Russian). DOI: 10.47451/her2020-08-006 , Oleg V. Oksentyuk, Researcher in the field of restoration, Restorer of works of applied art, St Petersburg, Russia, Email: oksentjuk@agiogk.ru
The article describes the conservation measures carried out to preserve the memorial tombstone of the 18th century. The material of the slab is Putilov limestone. The complexity of such events lies in the fact that horizontally lying tombstones are an excellent springboard for various destructive processes that affect the preservation of the monument's material.  Ð’ статье представлено описании проведенных консервационных мероприятий по сохранению мемориальной надгробной плиты XVIII века. Материал плиты – Путиловский известняк. Сложность проведения подобных мероприятий заключается в том, что горизонтально лежащие надгробные плиты являются прекрасным плацдармом для протекания разнообразных по своей природе деструктивных процессов, влияющих на сохранность материала памятника.
12 Restoration of the frames with mastic decor and gilding imitation of three types for the still-life of the late 19th and early 20th centuries (in Russian) DOI: 10.47451/her2020-08-007 , Yulia D. Velnikovskaya, Researcher in the field of restoration, Restorer of works of applied art, St Petersburg, Russia, Email: yuliyavelnikovskaya@mail.ru
The article contains information on conservation and restoration of a small frame size to the still-life, the decoration of which is mastic decor with gilding imitation of several types.  Статья содержит информацию по консервации и реставрации рамы небольшого размера к натюрморту, в отделке которой присутствует мастичный декор с имитацией позолоты нескольких видов.
13 Conservation and restoration of still-life painting of the 20th century. DOI: 10.47451/her2020-09-001 , Anna D. Vedrova, Researcher in the field of restoration, Art Restorer, St Petersburg, Russia, Email: vedrovaann@mail.ru
This article describes the conservation and restoration activities aimed at preserving the picturesque still-life of the 20th century by O.K. Tatevosyan. The complexity of these activities is due to the presence of a large number of surface contaminants, the main of which were dangerous and extremely difficult to remove fly deposits, as well as the thinness of the author’s soil.
14 Quantitative and qualitative aspects of the formation of traditional applied art of Mstera in the epoch of mass digitalization. DOI: 10.47451/ped2020-09-001 , Yulia I. Ukolova, Director, F.A. Modorov Mstera Institute of Lacquer Miniature Painting, The branch of Higher School of Folk Arts (Academy), Mstera, Russia, Email: zayceva_j.i.@mail.ru
This article is devoted to modern trends and forms of perception of traditional applied art, in particular, the art of Mstera, which are associated with the general cultural and technical changes of modern times. The author analyzes the relevance of the concept of digitalization on the example of Mstera’s lacquer miniature painting.
15 Leibniz on the psyche and consciousness: the phenomenon of the unconscious (in Russian).  DOI: 10.47451/phi2020-09-001 , Olga A. Kanysheva, Candidate of Sciences in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy, A.S. Pushkin Leningrad State University, St Petersburg, Russia. Email: k-55o@yandex.ru
The article examines Leibniz’s teaching about monads, the nature of which resembles the description of Aristotle’s entelechy, which allows Leibniz to get away from the dualism of Descartes’ substances, to show their metaphysical connection through the hierarchy of ascent from simple to complex monads due to the ability to reflect one monad into another through the all-pervading unity of God.  Статья рассматривает учение Лейбница о монадах, природа которых напоминает описание энтелехии Аристотеля, что позволяет Лейбницу уйти от дуализма субстанций Декарта, показать их метафизическую связь через иерархию восхождения от простых монад к сложным благодаря способности к отражению одной монады в другой через всепроникающее единство Бога.
16 Tradition as a factor of self-organization of society.  DOI: 10.47451/phi2020-08-001 , Andrey A. Boedov, Researcher in Philosophical Sciences, A.S. Pushkin Leningrad State University, St Petersburg, Russia. Email: fenix-dab@yandex.ru
The article deals with the phenomenon of tradition, which acts as a factor of self-organization of society. The analysis of tradition and tradition in the context of cultural-historical and cultural-psychological approaches is carried out. The role and significance of tradition in the system of functioning and development of social organisms of various levels are noted.
17 About synesthesia as a way of perception.  DOI: 10.47451/phi2020-09-002 , Liudmila A. Voloshina, Candidate of Sciences in Philosophy, Library Head, Higher School of Folk Arts (Academy), St Petersburg, Russia. Email: voluta@yandex.ru
The author of the article presents synesthesia as an object of scientific research. This phenomenon is related to brain activity and sensory features. Synesthesia is considered as an object of research by neuroscientists, people of the art world, and psychiatrists. The topic of synesthesia in childhood is presented separately. How important is this feeling when a child perceives the world that opens up to him as a phenomenon? What does it mean as a feature of perception for an adult? Can synesthesia be considered another kind of sensory perception of the world? This range of questions is the basis of this article.
18 The Theory of Wave Dualism of Cracy as a tool for modeling various processes in society.  DOI: 10.47451/pol2020-10-001 , Alexander Buychik, Doctor of Economic Sciences, PhD of Social and Political Sciences, Chief Director European Scientific e-Journal, Czech, Ostrava. Email: chief@tuculart.eu
The author of the article presents basic principles of the Theory of Wave Dualism of Cracy (Power), which are design for modeling and forecasting political, social, economical and cultural processes in the society. The theory consists of general and specific terms parameters that have multi-level characteristics, which can contribute to more correct verification of processes.
19 Possible and probable models of formation of a civil society in modern Russia.  DOI: 10.47451/pol2020-09-001 , Lyubov Y. Orlova, Full Professor, Dr. of Social Sciences, Academic of Academy of Sciences, Arts of Peter the Great, Vice-President of the regional Non-Profit Foundation of the Supporting of St Petersburg Science, Culture and Sports. Email: orlova-1703@inbox.ru
In article political, economic, administrative, social, cultural resources of possible formation of various models of a civil society in modern Russia are considered.
20 Publications of M.N. Katkov about Czech guests at the Slavic Congress of 1867 (in Czech).  DOI: 10.47451/his2020-09-001 , Galina N. Lebedeva, PhD Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor, Faculty of Philosophy, A.S. Pushkin Leningrad State University, St Petersburg, Russia. Email: gal_le@list.ru
The article deals with the events related to the formation of the Czech and Slavic identity. The Association and activity of groups of intellectuals contributed to the preservation of language, culture and the formation of national identity. In the Czech Republic, this role was assumed by the adherents.  ÄŒlánek se zabývá událostmi spojenými se vznikem české a slovanské identity. Sjednocení a aktivita skupin intelektuálů pÅ™ispÄ›la k zachování jazyka, kultury a vzniku národního sebevÄ›domí. V ÄŒesku takovou roli pÅ™evzali buditeli.
21 Ancient Novgorod civil society.  DOI: 10.47451/his2020-09-002 , Lyubov Y. Orlova, Doctor of Social Sciences, Full Professor, Academic of Academy of Sciences, Arts of Peter the Great, Vice-President of the regional Non-Profit Foundation of the Supporting of St Petersburg Science, Culture and Sports. Email: orlova-1703@inbox.ru
In article various approaches to understanding Ancient Novgorod civil society are considered, is analyzed democratic principles in activity of the Novgorod Republic.
22 Allocation of basic research in the field of cultural heritage preservation in a separate scientific direction.  DOI: 10.47451/her2020-12-005 , Alexander Buychik, Doctor of Economic Sciences, PhD of Social Sciences, Chief Director of European Scientific e-Journal, Ostrava-Hlučín, Czech Republic. Email: chief@tuculart.eu
The author of the article considers topical issues of development of a unified new science of cultural heritage preservation – Klironomy – and the definition of theoretical sciences that should become the basis for the formation of a new scientific field.
23 Folk art as a phenomenon of philosophical understanding.  DOI: 10.47451/her2020-12-001 , Sergey V. Lebedev, Full Professor, Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Head of the Department of philosophy, Higher School of Folk Arts (Academy), St Petersburg, Russia. Email: servicleb@list.ru
The article is devoted to the philosophical understanding of the phenomenon of folk art. Folk art, which originated in the Paleolithic period and is based on the artistic tradition of the ethnic group, continues to exist in some industrialized countries, including Russia.
24 Chinese Culture in Traditional Clothing-By Taking Cheongsam for Example.  DOI: 10.47451/art2020-10-001 , Zhang Biyun, Associate Professor, Candidate of Art History (PhD), Member of the Association of Art Critics (AIS) and International Union of Teachers and Artists, College of Art, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China. Email: zhangbiyun2013@163.com
Every country has its own unique culture. For China, a country with a long history and a separate cultural system, the traditional clothing can best reflect its cultural characteristics of different periods. For example, cheongsam, as a product of the most turbulent period in Chinese history, has established its unshakable status with its unique beauty, and has become a symbol of unique oriental charm. In this paper, we will interpret the unique Chinese cultural deposits contained in the development history of cheongsam.
25 Philosophy of cultural heritage: scientific and public organizations of the Russian Empire (in Russian).  DOI: 10.47451/her2020-12-002 , Galina N. Lebedeva, Candidate of Philosophical Sciences (PhD), Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy, A.S. Pushkin Leningrad State University, St Petersburg, Russia. Email: gal_le@list.ru
The article considers the philosophical foundations of cultural heritage preservation in the Russian Empire in the first half of the 19th century. The article traces how the scientific and practical activities of Russian statesmen and scientists have shaped programs and institutions for the preservation of cultural heritage.  Рассмотрены философские основания деятельности по сохранению культурного наследия в Российской империи в первой половине XIX века. Ð’ статье удалось проследить, как научная и практическая деятельность российских государственных деятелей и ученых сформировали программы и учреждения по сохранению культурного наследия.  
26 Different methods of printing transfers for ceramic bases and their ecological aspect.  DOI: 10.47451/her2020-11-001 , Kimba Frances Kerner, Masters of Art, Doctorate Student, Department of Printmaking, Warsaw Academy of Art, Warsaw, Poland. Email: kimbakerner@cybis.asp.waw.pl
The article describes the various methods used for creating ceramic transfers. The second aspect describes the toxicity of certain chemicals used in specific processes. The research proposes the creation of a new method that would be based on the historical transfer method, but using updated techniques to minimize the toxic waste created from currently practiced methods.  W artykule opisano różne metody tworzenia transferów ceramicznych. Drugi aspekt opisuje toksyczność niektórych chemikaliów używanych w okreÅ›lonych procesach. W badaniach zaproponowano stworzenie nowej metody, która byÅ‚aby oparta na historycznej metodzie transferu, ale z wykorzystaniem zaktualizowanych technik, aby zminimalizować toksyczne odpady powstajÄ…ce z obecnie stosowanych metod.  
27 Renovation of the fan of the Empress Maria Feodorovna.  DOI: 10.47451/her2020-11-002 , Tatiana E. Lonchinskaya, Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences (PhD), St Petersburg, Russia. Email: lte0520@mail.ru
This article discusses the lace fan of the Empress Maria Feodorovna. The author reveals the nature of lace ornament as a mean of artistic expression, which is due to the use of certain techniques of weaving. The significance of research of works of artistic lace weaving, renovation of the most valuable monuments of cultural heritage is proved.
28 Models in Lace.  DOI: 10.47451/art2020-11-001 , Bistra Pisancheva, Lacemaker, Member of OIDFA, Doctoral student, Interpretative Anthropology MA Program, Bulgarian Literature Department, Faculty of Slavic Studies, Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski, Sofia, Bulgaria. Email: bistrapisancheva@gmail.com
The present article interprets the making bobbin lace through the Theory of Models. Selected details from the technological process of creating the different types and styles of the final products illustrate the idea of following a model while transferring meaning from one field of art into another.
29 Role of colours in historical buildings preservation.  DOI: 10.47451/her2020-12-004 , Alexandra Ivanova, Doctor of Art Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Architecture, High School for Building construction “Ljuben Karavelov”, Sofia, Bulgaria. Email: alexivanova@yahoo.com / Ivanka Marinova, Doctor of Architectural Sciences, Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, High School for Building construction “Ljuben Karavelov”, Sofia, Bulgaria. Email: imarinova@vsu.bg
The article studies the role of colour in historic buildings and to what extent it can be altered during the preservation process according to its properties and to society perception. Data from survey upon specific historical buildings conducted by the team is analyzed and compared with results from external researches. Aspects of historical building color are specified and conclusions are made. Practical recommendations are defined. 
30 Regional features of traditional embroidery in the Russian North (Olonets sewing – Karelia).  DOI: 10.47451/her2020-12-003 , Tatiana M. Nosan, Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences (PhD), Associate Professor, Department of Art Embroidery, Higher School of Folk Arts (Academy), St Petersburg, Russia. Email: TMNosan@mail.ru
The Article is devoted to regional features of traditional embroidery in the North of Russia. The author analyzes various techniques, ornaments, and colors of Karelian embroidery. Describing a kind of embroidery skill, the author believes that the artistic merits of embroidery in the North of Russia is the brightest page in the world history of art.  Статья посвящена региональным особенностям традиционной вышивке Севера России. Автор анализирует различные приёмы, орнамент, цветовые решения вышивки Карелии. Описывая своеобразную разновидность вышивального мастерства, автор считает, что по своим художественным достоинствам вышивка Севера России является ярчайшей страницей в мировой истории искусств.  
31 The problem of ethnic identity in the modern world: how the “national spirit” manifests itself in folk art.  DOI: 10.47451/art2020-12-004 , Sergey V. Lebedev, Full Professor, Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Head of the Department of Philosophy, Higher School of Folk Arts (Academy), St Petersburg, Russia. Email: servicleb@list.ru
The article is devoted to the problem of preserving Russian ethnic identity. In the era of globalization, the identity of many countries is experiencing a crisis. A manifestation of national identity is the traditional folk art of an ethnic group. It is in him that what is called the spirit of the people is manifested. In modern conditions in Russia, it is not only necessary to preserve the Russian culture, but also to raise it to a new height. To achieve this, it is necessary to change the curricula of schools and universities, which can help the experience of teaching a course on historical ethnology of Russia to the students of the Higher School of Folk Arts.
32 Sense of art (the experience of perceiving a work of art) (in Russian).  DOI: 10.47451/art2020-12-003 , Liudmila A. Voloshina, Candidate of Philosophical Sciences (PhD), Head of Library, Higher School of Folk Arts (Academy), St Petersburg, Russia. Email: voluta@yandex.ru
The article is devoted to a special human ability, which is called by the author “the sense of art”. This feeling is presented as the ability to perceive art, as a way of aesthetic cognition. It shows how art (in this case – painting) affects the viewer, his feelings. The connection of the sense of art with the individuality of the person, with the traditional folk culture is shown.  Статья посвящена особой способности человека, которая названа автором «Ñ‡ÑƒÐ²ÑÑ‚вом искусства». Данное чувство представлено как способность восприятия произведений искусства, как способ познания действительности эстетическим путём. Подробно представлено, какие составляющие искусства (в данном случае – живописи) воздействуют на зрителя, попадая в сферу его чувственности. Показана связь чувства искусства с индивидуальностью человека, с традиционной народной культурой.
33 The influence of postmodernism on the evolution of art in the 21st century.  DOI: 10.47451/art2020-12-005 , Alexander Buychik, Doctor of Economic Sciences, PhD of Social Sciences, Chief Director of European Scientific e-Journal, Ostrava-Hlučín, Czech Republic. Email: chief@tuculart.eu /  Anisiia Tomanek, Master of Social Sciences and Cultural Studies, Executive Director of European Scientific e-Journal, Ostrava-Hlučín, Czech Republic. Email: ex@tuculart.eu
The article provides a comparative analysis of the influence of postmodernism ideas and philosophy on the transformation of the 21st-century art from the point of view of the formation of positive and negative trends in the development of modern art.  ÄŒlánek poskytuje srovnávací analýzu vlivu postmodernismu myšlenky a filozofie na transformaci umÄ›ní 21 století z hlediska tvorby pozitivní a negativní trendy ve vývoji moderního umÄ›ní.
34 Theatre semiotics in the 21st century.  DOI: 10.47451/art2020-11-004 , Romina BoldaÅŸu, Associate Professor, Acting Department, National University of Theatre and Film “I. Caragiale”, Bucharest, Romania. Email: romina.boldasu@unatc.ro
The role of the actor has been in continuous change across time. Therefore, the teaching paradigm needs to be transformed in order to meet the 21st century needs and interests. Theatre is not only an aesthetic tool in contemporary society but also an instrument in transmitting social, political and cultural information. The body of the actor contains within itself a system of verbal and non verbal communication mechanisms that one must master in order to create dialogue across the globe.  Rolul actorului s-a schimbat de a lungul timpului. Astfel paradigma de predare trebu ie de asemenea să se transforme pentru a întâlni nevoile È™i interesele propuse de secolul al XXI-lea. În societatea contemporană, teatrul nu este doar un instrument estetic ci un vector în transmiterea mesajelor sociale, politice È™i culturale. În corpul actorului sunt con È› inute mecanisme de comunicare atât verbale cât È™i nonverbale pe care acesta trebuie să le st ăpânească cu măiestrie pentru a crea un dialog global.  
35 Creating a museum space for the preservation of contemporary art of fashion on the example of Italy.  DOI: 10.47451/art2020-11-002 , Irina Luneva, art historian, researcher in the field of fashion, The direction of Museum Curation, Museology and Protection of Cultural and Natural Heritage, St Petersburg State University, St Petersburg, Russia. Email: adominka.ira@yandex.ru
This article is dedicated to fashionable exhibitions and museum-type corporate art institutions, which are one of the characteristic features of the museum system and one of the most successful development strategies. These can be items of decorative and applied art that reject the usual commercial space and want to occupy a place not just in a museum, but definitely exhibit next to artworks. To understand this problem and the stages of the process of establishing and developing a fashion museum, you need to analyse the experience of the world’s leading museums located in the main fashion centres.
36 Contemporary ceramics art and its transgressive side.  DOI: 10.47451/art2020-12-001 , Jurca Adina, Doctor of Visual Arts, Senior Lecturer, Department of Ceramic-Glass, University of Art & Design, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Email: adina.jurca@uad.ro
This article wants to propose a discussion on the ranking of ceramics as art, a few aspects in regards to Ceramic Art’s inclusion in Contemporary Art context. The author is calling into question the shallow division between Decorative and Major Arts, a century after the distinction disappeared. Respectively, the art object made with ceramic material, in the general context of Contemporary Art and a few ways of manifestations of this art that leads toward permanent transgressive dimensions of artistic ceramic. Acest articol îÅŸi propune o discuÈ›ie despre statutul ceramicii ca manifestare artistică, câteva aspecte ce privesc incluziunea artei ceramice în contextul artei contemporane. Vom pune sub semnul întrebării modul superficial de a separa încă artele – Arte Decorative ÅŸi Arte Majore, după un secol de la renunÈ›area acestor graniÈ›e. Respectiv, obiectul de artă realizat în material ceramic într-un context general al artei contemporane ÅŸi câteva moduri de manifestare ale acesteia ce conduc într-o permanentă dimensiune transgresivă ale artei ceramice.
37 Glass art objects – between fine and applied art.  DOI: 10.47451/art2020-12-002 , Monika Naydenova, PhD of Art History and Fine Arts, Senior Associate, Department of Visual Arts, New Bulgarian University, Sofia, Bulgaria. Email: studio@mohika.bg
The article describes the interrelationships that emerged between art, crafts, technology and design, in the period from the second half of the 19th century to the present day. Attention is paid to the classification of a work and the delineation of the category ‘Object’.  Статията описва взаимовръзките, възникнали между изкуство, занаяти, технологии и дизайн в периода от втората половина на 19-ти век до наши дни. Обръща се внимание на класификацията на дадено произведение и обособяването на категорията „Обект“.
38 Similarities in iconographic art between rural churches from Transylvania in the 17th century and Caesarea of Cappadocia.  DOI: 10.47451/art2020-11-005 , Ioana Alexandra Popa, Doctor in Visual Arts, Lecturer, Painting Department, University of Fine Arts and Design, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Email: ioana.popa@uad.ro
The idea of the speech, goes round the importance of Byzantine art inside Transylvanian orthodox culture, in the 17th century. The Göreme monastic Complex of Caesarea of Cappadocia has a considerable list of churches with relevant importance in Byzantine iconography. The popular character of this type of art developed on the walls of these architectural jewels manifests itself in the left-handed, but expressive and with such great spontaneity drawing: also with predilection for narration that lends many elements from the illustration of the Apocryphes, which were born from people’s inclination to very detailed stories. This Byzantine style we have had for centuries and which is tight to our Christian roots, was cultivated in Wallachia and Moldova and Transylvania in the 14th and 15th centuries and the post-Byzantine style in Wallachia in the 15th and 16th centuries. There are similarities between churches raised in the 17th century in Transylvania and the ones from Caesarea of Cappadocia. We refer mainly to the iconographic painting of the hunedorian churches.  Lucrarea face referire la importanÅ£a artei bizantine în cultura ortodoxă a secolului XVII în Transilvania. Complexul monahal de la Goreme deÅ£ine o listă considerabilă de biserici de o mare relevanţă pentru iconografia bizantină. Stilul popular, naiv dar deosebit de expresiv, spontaneitatea liniei ÅŸi aplecarea spre naraÈ›iune, s au născut din dorinÈ›a oamenilor de a spune povestea cât mai în detaliu. Stilul bizantin e strâns legat de rădăcinile noastre creÅŸtine ÅŸi a apărut în Å¢ara Românească ÅŸi Moldova în secolele 14 ÅŸi 15 iar stilul post-bizantin în Èšara Românească în sec 15 si 16. Sunt similitudini între bisericile de sec 17 în Transilvania ÅŸi cele din Caesarea Cappadociei. Ne referim în principal la pictura din bisericile hunedorene.
39 The Creative Center of Kalofer Lace: motivation and development (in Bulgarian).  DOI: 10.47451/art2020-11-003 , Antoaneta Ivanova Prvanova, Chairman of “Hristo Botev – 1869” Center, Head of the Creative Center of Kalofer Lace, Kalofer, Plovdiv Province, Bulgaria. Email: kaloferlace@gmail.com
On August 15, 2018, Kalofer opened the doors of the Creative Center of Kalofer Lace. This event turned out to be a long-awaited community of dantelers in Bulgaria and, in a short time, managed to become an attractive centre for those, who are engaged in shuttle lace.  На 15 август 2018 г. в Калофер отваря врати Творчески център на калоферската дантела. Това събитие се оказва дълго чакано от общността на дантелиерите в България и за кратко време успява да се превърне в притегателен център за занимаващите се със совалкова дантела.
40 Trafficking in human beings for the purpose of labour exploitation: a historical aspect (in Ukrainian)  DOI: 10.47451/his2020-12-001 , Alexander Anatolyevich Shlyakhovsky, PhD of scientific laboratory on countermeasures crime of educational and scientific institute â„– 1, National Academy of Internal Affairs, Kyiv, Ukraine. E-mail: pavlenko0212@gmail.com
The article examines the main historical stages of slavery in different eras of world civilizations. It is concluded that in the period of formation and development of such types of management as hunting, fishing and cattle breeding, slavery was not appropriate. Slavery appeared with the emergence of the first civilizations.  У статті досліджені основні історичні етапи виникнення рабства в різні епохи світових цивілізацій. Зроблено висновок, у період становлення та розвитку таких типів господарювання як мисливство, рибальство та скотарство рабство було не доцільним. Рабство з’явилось з виникненням перших цивілізацій.
41 Urbanization as a cultural process and a value phenomenon (in Russian)  DOI: 10.47451/his2020-12-002 , 1. Alpysbes A. Mahsat, Professor, Doctor of History, Department of History of Kazakhstan, L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan. Email: alpysbes@mail.ru -- 2. Tukpatullin S. Timur, Lecturer, Master of History, Department of Humanities, Z. Aldamzhar Kostanay Social and Technical University, Kostanay, Kazakhstan. Email: tukpatullin@mail.ru
The article reveals the topic of the influence of urbanization on the formation of cultural and axiological aspects of mentality. The article discusses the issue of positive and negative changes occurring in the way of thinking of newly arrived urban residents, and inconsistencies in understanding between the rural and urban worldview. The actors of the formation of urban culture and values are considered, as well as the prospects for their further development.  Ð’ статье рассматривается вопрос влияния урбанизации на формирования культурных и аксиологических аспектов менталитета. Обсуждается мнения и взгляды об изменениях, происходящих в сознании жителей сменивших место жительства и прибывших для проживания в городскую среду, различия в ментальности сельского и городского населения. Рассматриваются субъекты формирования урбанистической культуры и ценностей, её влияние на развитие общества и государства, науку, технологии и инновации а также перспектива их дальнейшего развития в условиях процессов мегаполисизации.
42 The Ostsee issue in the second half of the 19th century  DOI: 10.47451/his2020-12-004 , Sergey V. Lebedev, Full Professor, Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Head of the Department of Philosophy, Higher School of Folk Arts (Academy), St Petersburg, Russia. Email: servicleb@list.ru
In the second 19th century, one of the most acute issues in the internal Russian polemics was the issue of the Ostsee (Baltic). This region had a kind of autonomy, being three self-governing Russian provinces. The indigenous people (who in the second half of the century before last acquired the names of Estonians and Latvians) were even legally considered second-class people. Russian publicists of the conservative direction, speaking out against the special order of administration of the region, largely contributed to the national development of local nationalities. This article shows the role and significance of Russian conservative publicists who fought against the German (Ostsee) orders in the region. The results of this struggle are also shown, during which it became possible to talk about the formation of the Baltic Nations from the totality of the lower classes.  Во второй XIX века одним из самых острых вопросов во внутрироссийской полемике был вопрос остзейский (прибалтийский). Этот край имел своеобразную автономию, являясь тремя самоуправляемыми российскими губерниями. Коренные жители (которые именно во второй половине позапрошлого века обрели имена эстонцев и латышей) даже юридически считались людьми второго сорта. Российские публицисты консервативного направления, выступая против особого порядка управления краем, во многом способствовали национальному развитию местных народностей. Ð’ данной статье показывается роль и значение русских консервативных публицистов, которые вели борьбу против немецких («Ð¾ÑÑ‚зейских») порядков в крае. Также показаны результаты этой борьбы, в ходе которой и ÑÑ‚ало возможным говорить о формировании прибалтийских наций из совокупности низших сословий.
43 On the borders of Slavic identity: the search for self-determination and comparative analysis. DOI: 10.47451/his2020-12-003 , Galina N. Lebedeva, Candidate of Philosophical Sciences (PhD), Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy, Leningrad State University, St Petersburg, Russia. Email: gal_le@list.ru
The article is devoted to the development of scientific organizations of the Slavic peoples. The nation is constantly changing, and each historical epoch corresponds to its idea of the nation. By the end of the 18th century, the southern and Western Slavic peoples had been under the foreign yoke for several centuries. As a result of active activity, Slavic literary languages, scientific and cultural organizations emerged.  Статья посвящена развитию научных организаций славянских народов. Нация постоянно меняется, и каждой исторической эпохе соответствует своё представление о нации. Южные и западные славянские народы к концу XVIII века уже несколько веков находились под чужеземным игом. Ð’ результате активной деятельности возникали славянские литературные языки, научные и культурные организации.
44 An alternative view of the fateful periods in Russian political history.  DOI: 10.47451/pol2020-12-001 , Igor B. Orlov, Professor, Doctor of Political Sciences, Active Member of the Academy of Humanities, Active Member of the International Academy of Informatization, Honoured Worker of Culture of the Russian Federation, St Petersburg, Russia. E-ail: academypr@bk.ru
The article considers various points of view on the fateful periods of Russian history that changed the vector of its development, analyzes the factual evidence base of existing scientific theories and put forward scientific hypotheses.  Ð’ статье рассматриваются различные точки зрения на судьбоносные периоды российской истории, изменившие вектор её развития, анализируется фактологическая доказательная база сложившихся научных теорий и выдвигаемых научных гипотез.
45 Personal authentication using verified electronic document.  DOI: 10.47451/inn2020-09-001 , Alyona A. Bokareva, Reseacher in the field of electronic documentary, Undergraduate ITMO University, St Petersburg, Russia.  E-mail: alena.bokareva@niuitmo.ru
The paper dwells on the research of the possibility of bringing personal identification documents to a digital format with guaranteed person authentication and verification of the document, based on the digitalization trends of modern society and the increasing capabilities of technical support to eliminate the likelihood of damage, falsification and other negative impacts on the existing document flow. The main problem in solving this problem is the choice of the most effective type of used biometric parameters of a person for reading, broadcasting and subsequent processing. // В статье подробно рассматривается исследование возможности перевода документов, удостоверяющих личность, в цифровой формат с гарантированной аутентификацией личности и верификацией документа, исходя из тенденций цифровизации современного общества и возрастающих возможностей технической поддержки по устранению вероятности порчи, фальсификации и других негативных воздействий на существующий документооборот. Основной проблемой при решении этой задачи является выбор наиболее эффективного типа используемых биометрических параметров человека для считывания, трансляции и последующей обработки.
46 Model of a document protection algorithm for a person based on biometric parameters.  DOI: 10.47451/inn2020-09-002 , Alyona A. Bokareva, Reseacher in the field of electronic documentary, Undergraduate ITMO University, St Petersburg, Russia. E-mail: alena.bokareva@niuitmo.ru
This paper discusses the principle of an algorithm for protecting an identifying document using biometric data without using third-party servers for both storing and processing information. The entire operation of the system is focused on the transition from paper documents to the electronic (cloud) version without loss of uniqueness and security with the possibility of multi-copying and use outside the work of data transmission networks. // В статье рассматривается принцип алгоритма защиты идентифицирующего документа с использованием биометрических данных без использования сторонних серверов как для хранения, так и для обработки информации. Вся работа системы ориентирована на переход от бумажных документов к электронному (облачному) варианту без потери уникальности и безопасности с возможностью многократного копирования и использования передачи данных вне работы сетей.
47 Spiritual-moral and artistic-aesthetic education of the creative personality in the process of training bachelors in the field of art embroidery.  DOI: 10.47451/ped2020-10-001 , Tatiana M. Nosan, Associate Professor, Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences (PhD), Department of Art Embroidery, Higher School of Folk Arts (Academy), St Petersburg, Russia.  E-mail: TMNosan@mail.ru
The article attempts to formulate two actual problems in pedagogical science. The author believes that the formation of personality in the system of spiritual, moral, artistic and aesthetic education of students is currently one of the priorities of state policy in the field of education and culture, and the formation of technological training of bachelors is possible only when performing practical tasks of various levels of complexity and joint research activities with the teacher. // В статье предпринята попытка сформулировать две актуальные проблемы педагогической науки. Автор считает, что формирование личности в системе духовно-нравственного, художественно-эстетического воспитания учащихся в настоящее время является одним из приоритетов государственной политики в области образования и культуры, а формирование технологической подготовки бакалавров возможно только при выполнении практических заданий различного уровня сложности и совместной научно-исследовательской деятельности с преподавателем.
48 Ethnopedagogical theories of the 19th century and Slavophile philosophy (in Russian).  DOI: 10.47451/ped2020-09-002 , Ekaterine A. Menshikova, Researcher, Lecturer, Director of the Additional Education Institute, Institute of Traditional Applied Art (Moscow branch), Higher School of Folk Arts (Academy), Moscow, Russia.  E-mail: menshikova.nkhp@gmail.com
The author of the article examines the main ethnopedagogical theories of the 19th century and their relationship with the philosophy of the Slavophils. // Автор статьи рассматривает основные этнопедагогические теории XIX века и их взаимосвязь с философией славянофилов.
49 Prevention of neurosis in parents of children with disabilities.  DOI: 10.47451/psy2020-09-001 , Eugeny A. Abroze, PhD of Cultural Studies, Clinical Psychologist, St Petersburg, Russia.  E-mail: aevg@bk.ru
The author examines the main psychological problems of families with children with disabilities, as well as the therapeutic use of methods for preventing neurotic disorders in children. The article analyzes the possibilities of innovative types of neurosis prevention – with the help of psychohygiena and psychological cultural studies. // Автор рассматривает основные психологические проблемы семей с детьми-инвалидами, а также терапевтическое применение методов профилактики невротических расстройств у детей. Ð’ статье анализируются возможности инновационных видов профилактики неврозов – с помощью психогигиены и психологической культурологии.
50 Relevance to define responsibility for decision-making in the documents of strategic development of the Russian Federation’s subjects.  DOI: 10.47451/jur2020-12-001 , Sergey N. Baranets, Associate Professor, Candidate of Sciences in Philosophy (PhD), Department of State and Municipal Administration, North-West Institute of Management, The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, St Petersburg, Russia. E-mail: baranets-sn@ranepa.ru // Alexander Buychik, Doctor of Economical Sciences, PhD of Social and Political Sciences, Chief Director of the European Scientific e-Journal, Ostrava, Czech Republic. E-mail: chief@buychik.eu // Nina N. Gontar, Associate Professor, Candidate of Sciences in Jurisprudence, Department of State and Municipal Administration, North-West Institute of Management, The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration St Petersburg, Russia. E-mail: gontar-nn@ranepa.ru
The article analyzes the theoretical foundations and problems of the formation of the corpus of strategic planning documents in terms of identifying eligible entities as carriers of responsibility for their preparation and execution. Using the example of the Strategy for Economic and Social Development of St Petersburg for the period up to 2035, an attempt is made to determine the scope and subjects of responsibility for making state-type management decisions suitable for implementation at the level of a specific subject within Russia. The authors propose approaches to solving the problems of correctly identifying the subjects of responsibility according to the goals of the strategy for further monitoring and identifying legal violations in the activities of authorities while discussing important political and legal issues of responsibility of public authorities to citizens and the business community. // В статье проводится анализ теоретических основ и проблем формирования корпуса документов стратегического планирования с точки зрения определения правомочных субъектов в качестве носителей ответственности за их подготовку и исполнение. На примере Стратегии экономического и социального развития Санкт-Петербурга на период до 2035 года реализована попытка определения сферы и субъектов ответственности за принятие управленческих решений государственного типа, пригодных для реализации на уровне специфического субъекта в составе России. Авторы предлагают подходы к решению вопросов корректного определения субъектов ответственности по целям стратегии для дальнейшего контроля и определения правовых нарушений в деятельности органов власти, обсуждая при этом важные политико-правовые вопросы ответственности органов государственной власти перед гражданами и бизнес-сообществом.
51 Business process management of retail enterprises based on the process-architectural approach (in Ukrainian).  DOI: 10.47451/man2020-11-001 , Vera V. Dubinina, Senior Lecturer, Department of Management Technology, National Aviation University, Kyiv, Ukraine. E-mail: vvd0710@gmail.com
The article includes the process-oriented and architectural approaches to management. The term “enterprise architecture” is the essence and the basic methodologies of enterprise architecture construction are considered. The overall architecture of the enterprise is a combination of business environment architecture and IT architecture. The expediency of introduction of process-architectural approach in the management of retail trade enterprises of substantiated and its advantages are identified. A conceptual model of business process management of retail trade enterprises based on process-architectural approach is proposed. // Ð’ статті охарактеризовано процесно-орієнтований Ñ– архітектурний підходи до управління. Розкрито сутність терміну «Ð°Ñ€Ñ…ітектура підприємства» Ñ– розглянуто основні методології побудови архітектури підприємства. Відзначено, що загальна архітектура підприємства Ñ” поєднання архітектури бізнес-середовища та ІТ-архітектури. Обґрунтовано доцільність впровадження в управління підприємств роздрібної торгівлі процесно-архітектурного підходу та ідентифіковано його переваги. Запропоновано концептуальну модель управління бізнес-процесами підприємств роздрібної торгівлі на засадах процесно-архітектурного підходу.
52 The struggle for the North-Western Region. Russian-Polish confrontation in Lithuania and Belarus (1795-1862) (in Russian).  DOI: 10.47451/his2020-12-005 , Sergey V. Lebedev, Full Professor, Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Head of the Department of Philosophy, Higher School of Folk Arts (Academy), St Petersburg, Russia. E-mail: servicleb@list.ru
The author of the extended article examines the most complex issue of the history of Lithuania and Belarus in the framework of the Russian-Polish confrontation. The article presents historical facts that are not popularized, but are extremely important for a critical analysis of the political and cultural processes that took place in the North-Western Region in the 19th century. // Автор расширенной статьи рассматривает сложнейший вопрос истории Литвы и Беларуссии в рамках русско-польского противостояния. В статье приведены исторические факты, которые не популяризируются, но являются крайне важными для критического анализа политических и культурных процессов, проходивших в Северо-Западном крае в XIX веке.
53 HOMO ACADEMICUS. Part I. Scientific and Public organizations of the Russian Empire: between state responsibility and private initiative (in Russian).  DOI: 10.47451/his2020-12-006 , Galina N. Lebedeva, Candidate of Philosophical Sciences (PhD), Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy, Leningrad State University, St Petersburg, Russia. E-mail: gal_le@list.ru
Homo academicus was the title of a book by Pierre Bourdieu, published in Russia in 2017. Research of the person, his chances in the period of formation of scientific organizations – a research topic. The monograph is devoted to the development of scientific organizations of the Slavic peoples. The philosophical and anthropological grounds for the preservation of cultural heritage and creation in the Russian Empire in the 18th and first half of the 19th century are considered. It was possible to trace how the scientific and practical activities of Russian statesmen and scientists formed programs and institutions for the preservation of cultural heritage. // Homo academicus – так называлась книга Пьера Бурдье, вышедшая в России в 2017 году. Исследование человека, его изменений в период становления научных организаций – тема исследования. Монография посвящена развитию научных организаций славянских народов. Рассмотрены философские и антропологические основания деятельности по сохранению культурного наследия и создания в Российской империи в XVIII – первой половине XIX века. Удалось проследить, как научная и практическая деятельность российских государственных деятелей и учёных сформировали программы и учреждения по сохранению культурного наследия.
54 The formation of klironomical thinking in the system of the social outlook (in Russian).  DOI: 10.47451/phi2020-12-001 , Alexander Buychik, Doctor of Economic Sciences, PhD of Social and Political Sciences, Chief Director, European Scientific e-Journal, Ostrava- Hlučín, Czech Republic. E-mail: info@buychik.eu
The article, based on the first two chapters of the monograph on klironomy, new science on the preservation of cultural heritage, is an analysis of the evolution of the formation of a special kind of worldview in humans and society, based on klironomic thinking, i.e., the idea of preserving the past for the future. // Статья, основанная на первых двух главах монографии о клирономии – разрабатываемой новой науке о сохранении культурного наследия, представляет собой анализ эволюции формирования у человека и общества особого рода мировоззрения, основанного на клирономическом мышлении, Ñ‚.е. мысли о сохранении прошлого для будущего.
55 Regional features of traditional embroidery of the North-West of Russia (Leningrad, Vologda, Novgorod and Pskov regions) of the late XIX and early XX century (in Russian).  DOI: 10.47451/her2020-12-006 , Tatiana M. Nosan, Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences (PhD), Associate Professor, Department of Art Embroidery, Higher School of Folk Art (Academy), St Petersburg, Russia. E-mail: TMNosan@mail.ru
The article is devoted to the history and theory of ancient technological features of embroidery in the works of traditional applied art of the North-West of Russia (Leningrad, Vologda, Novgorod and Pskov regions). The author analyzes various techniques, ornaments, and colour solutions of traditional embroidery. Describing a kind of technological variety of embroidery skill, the author believes that the artistic merits of embroidery in the North-West of Russia is the brightest page in the world history of art. // Статья посвящена вопросам истории и теории старинных технологических особенностей вышивки в произведениях традиционного прикладного искусства Северо-Запада России (Ленинградской, Вологодской, Новгородской и Псковской областей). Автор анализирует различные приемы, орнамент, цветовые решения традиционной вышивки. Описывая своеобразную технологическую разновидность вышивального мастерства, автор считает, что по своим художественным достоинствам вышивка Северо-Запада России является ярчайшей страницей в мировой истории искусств.
56 The educational space of the university of traditional applied arts in the contours of the information society: qualitative and quantitative indicators of educational activity (DOI: 10.47451/ped2021-01-002, EOI: 10.11244/ped2021-01-002).  Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=164 , Anna A. Teplitskaya
The research of the university educational space has great importance for the development of the educative environment. Universities of traditional applied arts need to determine the qualitative and quantitative indicators of educative activities, which contribute to a more detailed analysis of the educative system of future specialists in culture and art. The article analyzes the interpretations of the concept of “education”. During the study, points of match and mismatch of the opinions of domestic and foreign researchers in the interpretation of the concept were found. The criteria and methodology for monitoring and evaluating educational results – qualitative and quantitative indicators of educational activity – are presented. The materials of the article are intended for specialists in the space of educational work in higher and secondary special institutions.
57 Self-assessment of students’ strengths and difficulties at work in the innovative program (DOI: 10.47451/ped2021-01-005, EOI: 10.11244/ped2021-01-005).  Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=173 , Lazarova, E., Mitevska, M., Ferdinandov, K., Ilieva, T.
This article presents the results of an analysis of data from a survey “Which are your strengths and weaknesses”. The target group of 956 students were engaged in an extensive survey, aged from 10 to 18. The survey conducted a self-assessment of their strengths and weaknesses in the context of their level of thriving in and outside the innovative program. The study aims to compare the overall psychological condition and the level of students’ motivation who participate in an innovative program for specialized training with a control sample of students who are not engaged in innovative educational initiatives. In the methodological core of research design are implemented indicators that are calculated based on the results of two measures; The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (Goodman, 1997), which measures four difficulties domains of both psychological and educational development challenges, and the fifth domain referring to pro-social behaviour; and Brief Inventory of Thriving (Shojaei, 2019), a short scale for self-assessment of overall life satisfaction and achievement level. The target group of 956 students were engaged in an extensive survey, aged from 10 to 18. The survey conducted a self-assessment of their strengths and weaknesses in the context of their level of thriving in and outside the innovative program. The relevance of the results obtained from the pilot study is both to re-validate the methodology and to confirm or reject several hypotheses directly related to the educational impact and the personal contribution to the motivation of the participants in the innovative program.
58 Therapeutic Diary in Bibliotherapy (in Slovak) (DOI: 10.47451/ped2021-01-004, EOI: 10.11244/ped2021-01-004).  Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=172 , Kotrbová, K., Majzlanová, K.
The authors deal with the writing of therapeutic diaries as part of clinical, developmental and preventive bibliotherapy. They inform about proven biological, psychological and social effects, examples of successful use in medical and pedagogical practice, basic principles, rules and conditions of writing, possible risks as well as the tasks of professionals accompanying individuals to such kind of therapy. They present bibliotherapy within the field of therapeutic pedagogy, which with a focus on helping a person in somatic, mental and social functions, in the improvement of quality of life and integration of the individual into society, has an essential role and importance. They describe their own experience with the application of therapeutic diaries as a tool for personal and professional growth of the university students preparing to work in the helping profession of therapeutic pedagogue during a period of predominantly on-line distance learning application for society-wide anti-epidemiological regulations. The collected and retrospectively analyzed feedback from the students showed that therapeutic diaries are also an effective preventive method for coping in difficult life situations when the possibility of physical verbal sharing of experiences with another person is limited, difficult, unavailable or may not be appropriate. The article points out the importance of promotion of therapeutic diaries for pedagogical and health professionals as a tool for processing emotionally stressful situations and experiences not only in children and adults with a focus on supporting their healthy development and life but also as a potential tool of one’s psychohygiene in connection with the performance of their profession.
59 Understanding the integration of needle and bobbin lace in works of applied art (DOI: 10.47451/ped2021-01-003, EOI: 10.11244/ped2021-01-003).  Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=169 , Lonchinskaya, T.E., Nosan, T.M.
The research is devoted to the revival of ancient technologies with the combination of needle and bobbin lace in works of applied art. The article reveals the relevance of regional-historical, cultural, artistic and creative approaches to research in the field of embroidery and lace-making. In the course of the research, modern empirical and comparative methods were applied, as well as historical and cultural approaches to the study of the issue. The authors used unique and rare materials of Russian researchers in the field of material cultural heritage preservation. The results of the research can be applied in the course of studying the issue of the historical and cultural heritage of Russian creativity.
60 Theatrical games in education (DOI: 10.47451/ped2021-01-001, EOI: 10.11244/ped2021-01-001).  Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=163 , Perescu, I.
This article represents the conclusions of the observations following the organization of a series of theatre workshops for approximately four years. The premise from which the evaluation of the participating subjects – children, teenagers, adults from 6 to 38 years – was that any game of theatre, improvisation game can be adapted according to the age of individuals so that they can develop skills such as memory, attention etc. The game proposals in this article have led to the conclusion that theatre games are important in the evolution of an individual. This article describes various ways in which theatrical games, theatrical improvisation games, contribute to an individual’s education of his or her age. Wheater it’s a child, a teenager or an adult, the game develops a series of useful lifelong skills. This paper is the basis of further research on the impact of theatrical games on individuals’ life.
61 Methods of evaluation and forecasting of levels of electromagnetic radiation in urban environments (DOI: 10.47451/inn2020-12-001, EOI: 10.11244/inn2020-12-001). Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=168 , Bakhtiiarov, D.I., Lavrynenko, O.Y., Lishchynovska, N.O., Komarnytskyi, O.O.
This article is devoted to the decision of the actual scientific and applied problem which consists in the development of a method of definition of levels of the basic and secondary electromagnetic radiations in the urban environments at the expense of perfection of models of their distribution. The necessity in the increased efficiency of use of devices of monitoring of an electromagnetic situation on the basis of the analysis of features of distribution of electromagnetic radiations in the urban environment and lacks of the existing mathematical device for their description is proved. The nature of the interference and the distance in real operating conditions and the corresponding graphical and mathematical dependences were obtained, which formed the basis of the method of improving the models of electromagnetic radiation propagation. Scientific methods of synthesis of the detailed structural scheme of processes of detection and localization of uncontrolled and unlicensed devices of information transmission on radio channels, including development of the software for definition of a zone of electromagnetic accessibility indoors are substantiated. An original approach, algorithm of functioning and methods of synthesis of search means in the conditions of radio interference and detection of sources of electromagnetic radiation are developed.
62 Relevance of the application of the theory of fuzzy sets in the calculation of the strategic security of a complex technical system (DOI: 10.47451/inn2020-12-002, EOI: 10.11244/inn2020-12-002). Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=180 , Komissarov, P.V.
The relevance of the topic is related to the problem of protection and security of technical systems in the era of globalization and information warfare, as well as determining the strategic reserve of stability for production cycles. The study object was mathematical methods of modelling production processes and determining the point of the production system stability. The study purpose was to use the fuzzy set device to determine the point of stability of the production system. To implement this study, methods of statistical analysis, data grouping, sample ranking, and methods for studying time series components were used. During the study, the scientific materials of leading researchers in the field of fuzzy sets and mathematical methods to calculate various components were used. The study results are intended for specialists and researchers in the field of development and application of mathematical methods in the modelling of economic indicators of technological processes at enterprises.
63 Management of the business enterprise and its integrated development (DOI: 10.47451/man2021-04-002, EOI: 10.11244/man2021-04-002). Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=199 , Atanassova, T. (Professor, PhD in Economics, Department of Management, Faculty of Economics, Trakia University Stara Zagora, Bulgaria. E-mail: tatanassova@abv.bg)
The business enterprise is an object of management because it is being built and operates under the rules and norms established in the legislation of each country. The business enterprise can be also taken up as a subject of economy. The aim of the development is to analyze the peculiarities of the business enterprise, which is an open system made up of system-forming elements implying its integrated development. The methodical instruments used are based on several complementary approaches: a systematic approach and systematic analysis; a structural approach; a logical approach and a synergetic approach. Based on the principles of the systematic approach, we accept that the business enterprise is an ‘input-output system’. the ‘business enterprise’ system are: production (business), financial and economic, juridical (legal) and social. The synergy between the constituent elements of its internal environment implies not only its integrity, but it is a major prerequisite for its successful integration into the external environment conditions. 
64 Challenges in determining the contribution of the operating system to the formation of competitive advantages of the enterprise (DOI: 10.47451/man2021-04-001, EOI: 10.11244/man2021-04-001). Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=190 , Kalpachev, S.N. (Chief assistant professor, Doctor of Science, Department of Industrial Business and Logistics, Faculty of Economics, University of Economics – Varna, Varna, Bulgaria. E-mail: stefan.kalpachev@ue-varna.bg)
The purpose of this article is to outline the challenges in determining the contribution of the operating system to the formation of competitive advantages of the enterprise based on the application of resource-based theory. Due to the growing number of publications linking the resources and dynamic capabilities of operations management and sustainable competitive advantages, this article reviews and systematizes the concepts used in the literature to determine the contribution of the operating system to the formation of competitive advantages of the company. The main characteristics of the dynamic capabilities are considered and on this basis the main challenges in the study of factors and causal relationships at the level of the operating system of the enterprise are presented, with an emphasis on the way of choosing independent and result variables, and the determination of causal relationships. Future research in the field of operations management that addresses the outlined challenges could contribute to a more comprehensive and complete study of dynamic capabilities in operations function. The research would be useful both for researchers in the field of operations management and for practitioners looking for sources and reasons for increasing the competitiveness of the companies in which they work.
65 Features of budget planning in state and municipal administration in the Russian Federation (DOI: 10.47451/jur2021-02-001, EOI: 10.11244/jur2021-02-001). Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=194 , Gontar, N.N., Associate Professor, Candidate of Sciences in Jurisprudence, Department of State and Municipal Administration, North-West Institute of Management, The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, St Petersburg, Russia. E-mail: ninagontar@mail.ru
The author of the article examines the issues of budget planning in state and municipal administration. Attention is paid to the analysis of the correlation of its features and problems in the current economic crisis. It is concluded that the analyzed problems of budget planning form a new dynamic space of municipal management, which is aimed at constant adaptation to the changing and expanding regulatory field of public administration. This does not lead to minimizing the features of municipal management but to their constant increase in both volume and quantity. In the course of the study, comparative and historical methods of analysis were used. The materials of the article are intended for Russian and foreign specialists in the field of research of state and municipal planning on the territory of the Russian Federation.
66 Peculiarities of interpretation of liability for budget legislation violation in the Russian Federation (DOI: 10.47451/jur2021-02-002, EOI: 10.11244/jur2021-02-002). Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=195 , Gontar, N.N., Kapitonov, A.M.
Recently, the legal liability topic for budget legislation violation is one of the most relevant topics of financial and legal (budget and legal) science and law enforcement practice. The increased attention to the issues of responsibility in the field of finance is caused by the desire to strengthen control over the development of budgetary legal relations, make the budget activities of the state and municipalities as effective as possible, and ensure financial discipline in the state. The article analyzes the features of liability for violation of the budget legislation of the Russian Federation, budget enforcement measures, as well as administrative and criminal liability for violation of the budget legislation. The author concludes that the Russian Federation has a sufficiently developed system of responsibility for budget offences undergoing constant changes and improvements. However, several issues require extensive discussion to improve the effectiveness of budget legislation and its convergence with international counterparts. The materials of the article are intended for students and specialists in the field of law dealing with the problems of Russian legislation. 
67 Strategy of social and economic development of the Republic Karelia for the period up to 2030 (DOI: 10.47451/jur2021-02-003, EOI: 10.11244/jur2021-02-003). Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=196 , Gontar, N.N., Klekachev, N.S.
The relevance of the research lies in the fact that the Strategy of socio-economic development of the Republic of Karelia determines the priority directions, goals (strategic), key tasks, and general measures for the long-term development of the Republic of Karelia. The purpose of the study was a systematic and comprehensive analysis of the emergence and subsequent justification of the concepts and systems of legal structures that characterize the Strategy. The regulatory framework of the study was as follows: The Constitution of the Russian Federation, Decrees of the President of the Russian Federation, Resolutions and Orders of the Government of the Russian Federation, Orders of the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation, Laws of the Republic of Karelia, Orders of the Government of the Republic of Karelia. The conclusions of this study expand and deepen the knowledge in the field of coverage of problems related to the implementation of the Strategy. The materials of the article are intended for scientists, specialists and students studying issues and problems of the legal development of the regions of the Russian Federation. 
68 Legal status of an expert in criminal proceedings of the Republic of Kazakhstan (DOI: 10.47451/jur2021-03-001, EOI: 10.11244/jur2021-03-001). Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=187 , Abdrashev, R.M., Dyusebayev, T.T., Akimbayeva, A.A.
The article reveals the problematic issues of the appointment and production of forensic examinations in the criminal procedure legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The authors of the article analyzed the norms of the criminal procedure law, as well as the current state of judicial and investigative practice on the appointment of expert examinations. In the process of analyzing the criminal procedure law, a comparison of the legal status of ‘expert and specialist’ in the legislation of Kazakhstan was also made. The analysis will allow the legislators of the post-Soviet countries to take into account the shortcomings described in the construction of the norms of the criminal procedure law. For example, an analysis of the norms of the criminal procedure law shows that today the expert is deprived of the opportunity to go beyond the list of questions. The  foregoing leads to the fact that some aspects important for the investigation remain without consideration. This negatively affects the resolution of the tasks of the criminal procedure law.
69 Pages of legal and moral ethnography in the work of the Bukovina Polymath founder Simeon Floria Marian, a Romanian souls’ columnist on the threshold of the Great Unification: his outstanding contribution to the ideal millennium fulfillment (DOI: 10.47451/jur2021-03-002, EOI: 10.11244/jur2021-03-002). Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=191 , Ciuca, V.M., Professor, Doctor of Jurisprudence, Faculty of Jurisprudence, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Iasi, Romania. E-mail: valerius.m.ciuca@gmail.com
In this manner, synthesis and analysis thesis from the fragile explored field of legal ethnology, thesis “anchored in symbolic ports”, such as The Royal House of Romania (King as synecdoche of Justice), such as the royal city IaÅŸi (Romanian normative and judicial traditions), or the municipalities Alba Iulia (‘the bow and arow’ in a ‘centennial’ socio-legal ‘iconography’), ChiÅŸinău, GalaÅ£i and Târgu MureÅŸ. Missing from this painting is the supreme symbol of historical Bucovina, Suceava, the Citadel of Moldova, which, through it’s polyhistor, Simeon Florea Marian (in his capacity recognized as “the first esthetician of the fairy tale, of this species of popular epic”) contributed decisively to the resurgence of the moldavian and romanian legal-moral spirit. Today, in this voivodal framework of Suceava, I live the feeling of the closed circle, with meanings that go beyond the frontiers of simple thematic conferences. Sapiential and customary literature, popular, folkloric, oral, on Simeon Florea Marian, this venerable polyhistor of romanian culture has crystallized-forever in written and hermeneutic form marked by scientific precision, they are a fertile ground and worthy of being exploited noetically and for today’s young jurists, more dedicated to jusnaturalism, perennial legal values, principles and morality, than the positive generation of ultra-formalists, legal, bordered by uncomfortable expressions of norms endowed only with text, not meaning, in the most rigid and kelsenian way with possibility. Without being an exhaustive demonstration, but only an invitation, among others, to discover the sapiential-legal values and the jusnaturalist – moralizing, spiritual one, of the romanian popular creations, in the wider, european concert, the same thesis with apoftegmatic ‘dams’, sapientogene, the present paper could only play the role of palladium, as a catalyst for possible intellectual burns in the legal field.
70 Features of the budget management sustainability of the Republic of Tatarstan in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic (DOI: 10.47451/jur2021-04-001, EOI: 10.11244/jur2021-04-001). Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=202 , Gontar, N.N., Vladimirova, D.A.
The study of the problems of management and development of regional budget policy within the state is one of the most important in management and law. The Republic of Tatarstan is considered a specific subject of the Russian Federation in the economic and territorial aspect. At the present stage of development of the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tatarstan has become one of the leading regional centres of investment in the field of science and business, where economic zones and industrial complexes are intensively developing. The object of this study was the budget of the Republic of Tatarstan and its statistical data for the comparison of 2019 and 2020. The purpose of the study was to identify trends in the budget of the Republic of Tatarstan during the COVID-19 pandemic related to budget management. The study concluded that Tatarstan, being a leader in the development of the socio-economic sphere, became one of the leaders in the Russian Federation in the development and implementation of its budget in the period 2015-2020, and also showed no obvious statistical signs of decline. Therefore, the experience of the budget policy of Tatarstan can be used to create algorithms for budget management in a crisis period.
71 Features of the transformation of the budget of the Krasnodar Krai in the period of the pandemic for 2020 (DOI: 10.47451/jur2021-04-002, EOI: 10.11244/jur2021-04-002). Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=203 , Gontar, N.N., Sukhova, M.V.
One of the most important tools for regulating social and economic development is the budget occupying a central place in the financial system of the state. With the help of budget funds, the levels of social and economic development of territories are levelled, financing of industries and spheres of the national economy is provided, budget funds are directed to the development of priority areas of economic development. The object of this study was the Krasnodar Krai budget for 2020. The study purpose was to analyze the features of the budget structure of the Krasnodar Krai during the pandemic in 2020. During the study, comparative, historical and analytical methods were applied, which helped to obtain the necessary analytical materials and evaluate them. Based on the study, it was concluded that the highest index in income during the pandemic was the tax on personal income and the lowest-the tax on mining. The Krasnodar Krai budget for 2020 received more revenue than planned. Consequently, there was a positive trend and a gradual increase in the revenue part of its budget.
72 The peculiarity of the problems of Russian administrative jurisdiction at the present stage of the legal system development (DOI: 10.47451/jur2021-05-001, EOI: 10.11244/jur2021-05-001). Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=208 , Gontar, N.N., Associate Professor, Candidate of Sciences in Jurisprudence (PhD), Department of State and Municipal Administration, North-West Institute of Management, The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, St Petersburg, Russia. E-mail: ninagontar@mail.ru
This article discusses the results of the study of the problems of administrative jurisdiction in the Russian legal field at the present stage of its development. The object of the study was the administrative jurisdiction of the Russian Federation. The purpose of the study was to determine the complex problems of administrative jurisdiction of the Russian Federation at the current stage of development of the legal system. To solve the tasks set and achieve the research goal, historical, comparative and logical methods of analyzing the material and the results of individual stages of the study were used. The study used materials from leading Russian experts in the field of administrative jurisdiction, such as V.A. Zyuzin, B.A. Strashun, O.V. Krivelskaya, A.S. Nazarova and others, as well as legislative documents, including the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the Code of Administrative Procedure of the Russian Federation. As a result of the study, four main problems of the Russian administrative jurisdiction were identified and justified.
73 Intolerance across generations: the relation of the Slovak majority to the Jewish minority before, during and after the fall of the communist regime (selected aspects) (DOI: 10.47451/eth2021-01-001, EOI: 10.11244/eth2021-01-001). Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=167 , Tkáčová, H., PhDr ThDr, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Humanities, University of Žilina, Zilina, Slovakia. ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3062-2284. E-mail: hedwiga.tkacova@gmail.com
The paper presents the theoretical basis of the issue of existence and application of intolerant attitudes of the majority population in relation to the minority Jewish community in Slovakia. We focus primarily on selected aspects of intolerance against Jews – specifically Slovak nationalism (i.e., political clericalism) and Jewish antisemitism. The starting point of the article is quantitative and qualitative research of Slovaks’ attitudes in the past, in which several experts revealed a negative stereotypical and negative perception of “difference”, which is understood as “not Slovak”, event. not “ours”. We point out that the given attitude extends across generations and across periods (before communism, during it and after communism, i.e. to the present). Subsequently, the text presents the observations that emerged from the survey itself. The aim of the qualitative survey was to describe and analyse the opinions and attitudes of respondents in relation to Jews in Slovakia.
74 Ethnic problems of the Baltic region (DOI: 10.47451/eth2021-01-002, EOI: 10.11244/eth2021-01-002). Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=170 , Lebedev, S.V., Full Professor, Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Head of the Department of Philosophy, Higher School of Folk Arts (Academy), St Petersburg, Russia. ORCID: 0000-0002-7994-2660. E-mail: servicleb@list.ru
The research is devoted to the ethnic problems of the Baltic region (the territory of 3 former Soviet republics – Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania). This topic remains relevant, despite the fact that these republics do not have a special global political, economic and cultural influence. The region has almost lost its industrial potential. In the Baltic States, the population is rapidly declining, returning to the figures of more than a century ago. The research shows the reasons why civil society has not developed in the Baltic States. The result is the fragmentation of society. The basis of the research is based on the historical method. Although there is a fairly significant scientific literature on the history of the region, mainly in Russian, this topic is usually reduced to the history of aboriginal peoples, which cannot be considered historically correct. The Baltic republics will gradually fade away, which will only paradoxically spur the struggle for these empty territories. The results of the study will be applicable in the field of ethnological research within the framework of the development of a single European space and the preservation of historical and cultural heritage.
75 Transformation of the Social Space of an Ethnos in Historical Retrospect: Bulgarian Communities in Russia (DOI: 10.47451/eth2021-01-003, EOI: 10.11244/eth2021-01-003). Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=171 , Lebedeva, G.N., Associate Professor, Candidate of Philosophical Sciences (PhD), Department of Philosophy, Leningrad State University, St Petersburg, Russia. ORCID: 0000-0002-2755-2003. E-mail: gal_le@list.ru
The social space is constantly changing, which creates difficulties in interpreting this category. There are no ethnic groups that have lived in one place for the entire period of their history. The colonists from the Balkans had a single status, but they were not a single entity at all. A. Skalkovsky (1848) and Nikolai Derzhavin (1914) wrote about Bulgarian settlements. The formation of independent Bulgaria was promoted by the activity of national enlightenment figures in Bulgaria (V.E. Aprilov, M. Drinov, T. Minkov) and the role of the Bulgarian diaspora in Russia. Military conflicts led to the fact that the Bulgarian settlements were on different sides of the borders. After the defeat in the Crimean War, Russia temporarily (until 1878) lost a small part of southern Bessarabia. This territory was ceded to the Principality of Moldavia, a vassal state of the Ottoman Empire. The upheavals of the 20th century had a heavy impact on Bulgarians. Most of the Russian Bulgarians who lived in the province of Bessarabia were under the rule of the Romanian invaders for 22 years, until 1940. Historical and comparative methods of material analysis were used. In the course of the study, the position of the Bulgarians in the internal Russian conflicts was analyzed. The results of the research published in the article will be useful for specialists in the field of ethnology, ethnography and world history.
76 The genesis of ethnic relations between the peoples of the European Union on the example of the Italian society’s transformation in the Middle Ages (DOI: 10.47451/eth2021-01-004, EOI: 10.11244/eth2021-01-004). Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=198 , Buychik, A. Doctor of Economic Sciences, PhD of Social and Political Sciences, Chief Director European Scientific e-Journal, Ostrava-Hlucin, Czech Republic. ORCID: 0000-0002-2542-4198. E-mail: info@buychik.eu
The issues of historical parallelism of events are relevant at all times because researchers are trying to find cyclically repeated processes in history that help to analyze the course of these processes at the present stage of society’s development, extrapolating the past to the present. The problems of the relationship of nations in the European Union, which are carefully veiled by the EU leadership, have historically ancient origins in the struggle for territories, resources, logistical benefits and political alliances. The genesis of these contradictions is clearly shown in the example of Italy as the heiress of the Roman Empire. The study aimed to identify the complex influence of ethnic migration processes that affected the Apennine Peninsula in the period from the 4th to the 12th centuries, which led to a deep social, economic and political transformation of Italian society and the creation of a basis for relations with neighbouring peoples. The origins of ethnic and cultural contradictions laid down in the period from the 4th to the 12th centuries formed in the local first nations a fairly stable wariness and relative negativism towards neighbouring ethnic groups that became descendants of migrants from the Early and Upper Middle Ages from the East and North. To solve these problems, historical, social and economic, comparative and logical research methods were used, which helped draw the necessary conclusions and conclusions. The materials of the article are intended for scientists, students and researchers in the field of the ethnology of Europe and the Apennine Peninsula.
77 Support measures for small and medium-sized enterprises in Slovakia in response to COVID-19 (DOI: 10.47451/ecn2021-02-001, EOI: 10.11244/ecn2021-02-001). Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=175 , Belanova, K., Associate Professor, Philosophiae doctor, Department of Finance, University of Economics, Bratislava, Slovakia. E-mail: katarina.belanova@euba.sk
The current coronavirus crisis represents a severe external shock that threatens especially small and medium-sized enterprises. In their case, measures related to saving of human lives sometimes have an existential impact. Due to the economic and social importance of small and medium-sized enterprises for the Slovak economy, it is necessary to carefully monitor the impact of the crisis on small and mediumsized enterprises and to develop measures to its mitigation and fast recovery. The aim of the article is to evaluate the measures to help SMEs in the Slovak Republic through a comparison with selected EU countries and to evaluate the financial impact of these measures on the Slovak economy. To evaluate the measures to help small and medium-sized enterprises in the Slovak Republic due to COVID-19 pandemic, it was used a method of comparison, i.e., the measures taken in the SR with selected EU countries compared. The financial impact of these measures on the Slovak economy in a way of adjustment of public revenues and public expenditures was analyzed. The materials of the article are intended for economists who study national and regional economic structures and markets.
78 Optimization in warehouse for assembly and construction company (DOI: 10.47451/ecn2021-02-002, EOI: 10.11244/ecn2021-02-002). Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=176 , Lavrentsov, N.A., Master Student, Business Engineering Master Programme, International Education Programme, Institute of Industrial Management, Economics and Trade, Peter the Great St Petersburg Polytechnic University, St Petersburg, Russia. E-mail: Nikitos2288@gmail.com 
Optimization of warehouse for assembly and construction company is actual in modern stage of logistics development in the cities and urban regions. One of the most important criteria during dynamical logistic development is to be guarantee of quality for company’s clients. In the research, logistic complex issues on the example of the “Aria TV” company were studied. Comparative, mathematical methods and methods of spatial analysis were used to reach the purposes. The materials of specific documentation and regalements, and research works of leading specialists in the field of logistics as D. Cattaruzza, W. Yu, C. Harland and others were used in the research. There is conclusion that it is necessary to include international standards of ISO 9000 family to optimize professional activities of the company and support high level of the quality. It is offered to separate main warehouse by creating of additional warehouses in the megapolis districts actualized for the company. The research results are intended for specialists from huge logistics companies operating in the area of the cities.
79 Determination of the centric rate of the economic stability domain for manufacturing enterprises (DOI: 10.47451/ecn2021-02-003, EOI: 10.11244/ecn2021-02-003). Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=182 , Komissarov. P.V., PhD student, Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping, St Petersburg, Russia. E-mail: KomissarovP@yandex.ru
The relevance of the topic is related to the problem of determining the strategic stability reserve for production cycles. The study object was economic and production relations transformed into the economic rates of the enterprise. The study aimed to determine the centric indicator of the stability domain. To implement this study, methods of statistical analysis, data grouping, sample ranking, and methods for studying time series components were used. Scientific materials of leading researchers in the space of economic and economic-mathematical analysis were used during the study. The results of the study are intended for specialists and researchers in the field of development and application of mathematical methods in the modelling of economic rates of technological processes at enterprises.
80 Updating the parameters of the development of effective economic thought to motivate society to finance innovative activities (DOI: 10.47451/ecn2021-02-004, EOI: 10.11244/ecn2021-02-004). Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=183 , Buychik, A., Doctor of Economic Sciences, Chief Director, European Scientific e-Journal, Ostrava-Hlučín, Czech Republic. E-mail: info@buychik.eu
The article considers the intermediate research results on determining the parameters of effective economic thought development to motivate society to finance the innovative activities of researchers in various fields of science. Historical, comparative, inductive, and deductive methods were used to solve the problems set in the study. The research uses the works of well-known scientists in the field of studying the development of society and innovative thought, for example, J.A. Schumpeter, Henry W. Chesbrough, Lars Schweizer, R. Rothwell, and others. It is concluded that at the present stage of the society’s evolution from industrial to informational, economic thought should form a fundamentally new financial approach to innovation, more complex and complex. It is necessary to develop a three-dimensional approach model to innovation. The study results can be used by specialists and researchers in the field of innovative economy, economic history and social economics.
81 Regional features of the design of traditional women’s headdresses of the Russian North (Karelia) in the technique of gold and pearl sewing (DOI: 10.47451/ped2021-01-003, EOI: 10.11244/ped2021-01-003). Link: http://tuculart.eu/ftpgetfile.php?id=179 , Nosan, T.M., Associate Professor, Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Department of Artistic Embroidery, Higher School of Folk Art (Academy), St Petersburg, Russia. E-mail: TMNosan@mail.ru
The article is devoted to the original types of traditional applied art-gold embroidery and pearl embroidery, in its deep traditions and the widespread of this art in the Russian North. The article deals with the history of the development of the pearl industry in Karelia, provides data on the use of gold and pearl embroidery in products, unique women’s hats and jewellery. The author analyzes the materials, various techniques, ornaments and colour solutions of Karelian embroidery. According to its artistic merits, embroidery in the North of Russia is the brightest page in the world history of art. A creative approach to the study of folk values and culture makes it possible to rethink and combine folk art with modern trends in modelling and artistic decoration of clothing contributes to the formation of the designer’s personality. The article materials are intended for researchers and scientists in the field of cultural heritage preservation. 
82 Russian SS in the German-Soviet war of 1941-1945 (in Ukrainian) (DOI 10.47451/his2021-06-001) , Serhii F. Pyvovar, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Professor, Professor of the Department of Modern History of Ukraine, Faculty of History, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv.
The article analyzes the problem of cooperation between Russians and the Nazi SS organization during the war between Germany and the Soviet Union in 1941-1945. The research is based on the dialectical and systematic approaches to scientific research, as well as the principles of scientificity, historicism and objectivity. To reveal this topic, published collections of documents and materials, memoirs of participants in the events, scientific research of scientists from different countries were used. The article reveals the essence and forms of cooperation of Russians with various bodies, divisions and formations of the SS. It was established that the participation of Russians in the activities of the SS took various forms – from propaganda, reconnaissance and sabotage work to participation in hostilities on various fronts of the Second World War. It is emphasized that Russian youth – “pupils of the SS” were also involved in the work in the ranks of the SS. It is proved that the SS leadership controlled the process of formation and activity of the Russian liberation movement. Researchers’ estimates for determining the number of Russian SS members are analyzed.
83 The Revolt of Three Kazakh Districts (Ili, Altai, Tarbaghatai) against Chinese rule in Xinjiang: A Cold War Prologue (1944-1949) (DOI 10.47451/his2021-09-001) , Makhsat A. Alpysbes, Doctor of History Science, Department of Kazakhstan History, L.N Gumilyov Eurasian National University & Danara S. Yergaliyeva, Doctoral students of PhD, Department of Kazakhstan History, L.N Gumilyov Eurasian National University.
The article argues that the first military operation of the Cold War occurred in three provinces, populated mostly by Kazaks, in Xinjiang (northwest China): Ili, Tarbaghatai, and Altai between 1944 – 1949. The uprising, known as the Three Districts Revolution, was between the Soviet-backed East Turkestan Republic (ETR) and the Kuomintang authorities supported by the US. In 1947, a leader of the liberation movement, Ospan Batyr, changed political allegiance to Kuomintang and began fighting the East Turkestan Republic reflecting the changing struggle between the two sides. The article outlines the competition between the United States and the Soviet Union, resulting in clashes between the Kazakh groups of Ospan batyr and Dalelhan Sugirbayev, the fight for land containing tungsten mines, the Peitashang incident, which almost started World War III, and a mysterious plane crash, which killed most members of the East Turkestan Republic government and coincided with the testing of the first Soviet atomic bomb.
84 The struggle for the transition to the “royal faith”. From the History of Orthodoxy in the Baltic States (DOI 10.47451/his2021-09-002). , Sergey V. Lebedev & Galina N. Lebedeva
The study relevance lies in the fact that in the public consciousness in our time, the Baltic States are defined as a border region, which is associated with the clash of different religions, languages and cultures. It is also connected with the problems of self-identification of peoples, especially after the collapse of the USSR. The cultural-historical and comparative methods are the main methods of research. The Baltic States are the territory of the former Livonia, which later makes up three Russian provinces – Estonia, Courland, and Livonia. These provinces formed a separate general government of the Russian Empire – the Baltic Region. According to the German name of the Baltic Sea – Ostsee, this region was even called Ostsee in the Russian press (now it is the area of Estonia and Latvia). Orthodoxy was the first Christian confession that came to the present-day Latvia, and Estonia territory in the 11th century from neighbouring Russian regions. Russian Orthodoxy has been subjected to various oppressions in various periods. The study purpose is to analyze the struggle for the transition to the “royal faith” in the Baltic States. To achieve the study purpose, archival materials and materials from the works of leading Russian, Estonian, Latvian, and Polish historians in the field of the topic were used. The study authors conclude that the indigenous inhabitants of the Baltic States were not only loyal subjects of the Russian emperors but also loyal citizens of the USSR. And the issues of religion play a decisive role in the identification and fate of peoples, being the main issue in the border and developed territories.  
85 On the new accents in rethinking the history of the Golden Horde (in the understanding of the unity of the Turkic community) (in Russian) (DOI 10.47451/his2021-09-003)  , Makhsat A. Alpysbes
The article’s author undertakes the rethinking of certain interesting facts of the history of Ulug Ulus – the Golden Horde, through the scientific interpretation of the works of Abai, Shakarim, Mashhur Zhusup, and is aimed at analyzing views on the history of Ulug Ulus in the context of the unity of the Turkic peoples. This kind of discussion provides us with an opportunity to present a new vision of this issue, as well as to identify the necessary new accents to the consideration and presentation of the history of the Golden Horde state, to assess its role in the history of the Great Steppe. Research on the history of Ulug Ulus is now in demand by a wide readership and is very relevant. To date, there are many monographic studies, collections of materials, anthologies, scientific articles on the history of the Golden Horde that are popular and well-known among experts. There were publications, articles and books that consider particular and specific issues of the history of the Golden Horde. These works are for the most part works of generalizing nature, contributing to the assimilation of the given material, and their conclusions, comprehension, presentation and explanation of historical facts and events in the history of this state were carried out within the framework of the Soviet historical school. In teaching history, Golden Horde history is most often presented only as a period or stage of history, while in Soviet publications it was most often presented as the process of enslavement of peoples, as a one-sided interpretation, and there was an established name “Tatar-Mongol invasion”, “Tatar-Mongol yoke”. Nowadays such new concepts as “Turkic-Tatar states”, “Turkic state” are sometimes used. Of course, in the conditions of hanging such labels, there could be no question of any objective view of the history of Ulug Ulus. We need the new view of the history of the Turkic peoples, free from prejudices, labels and clichés. As we see it, it is necessary to make a transition from the views and judgments that have developed within the framework of external sources and external historiography to the priority of internal sources and internal historiography. We propose to implement the experience of this kind of new vision by referring to the historical memory of the carriers and subjects of this history – the Turkic Kazakhs and other Turkic ethnic groups. So, for example, if you delve into the works of pre-revolutionary Kazakh authors, Abai, Shakarim, Mashhur-Zhusup, which were written before the establishment of the dominance of the Soviet paradigm in history, Chingiz Kagan appears to us not as an oppressor, but as a collector of the heritage and lands of the Turkic kagans.
86 The aristocracy of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania – Sarmatism, pollination and “remembering” about its origin (DOI 10.47451/his2021-09-004) , Sergey V. Lebedev
The history of the development of the ruling elite invariably arouses interest not only among professional historians, but also among those who are commonly called “ordinary people”. Of course, in every country and in every historical epoch, the ruling elite has its own characteristics. The feudal elite of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania has passed a special path stretching for six centuries, repeatedly changing nationality and religion, but at the same time preserving its main features and mentality. The article is devoted to the processes of formation and development of the aristocracy of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the period from the 14th to the 20th centuries. The domination of a very numerous and ambitious estate created a unique sociopolitical system of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, largely inherited by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after the merger of Lithuania and Poland into one state. After the disappearance of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from the political map of the world, the aristocracy experienced significant social changes that caused changes in the ethnic identity of the former aristocracy.
87 International terrorism activities in the context of globalization (in Ukrainian) (DOI 10.47451/pol2021-09-001). , Anton V. Naboka.
Theses study the features of the phenomenon of international terrorism and its impact on the international political system. The specifics of international terrorism in the age of global turbulence are considered. The world political system is analyzed from the standpoint of geopolitical actors’ use of various methods to achieve political goals, including terrorism. The nature and spheres of influence of international terrorism in the modern world are shown. Particular attention is paid to regional and global security in the context of terrorist groups in the Middle East. The article focuses on the activities of the ISIS group and the peculiarities of its functioning in the modern globalized world. The formation of the structure and activity of terrorist groups in the historical context is singled out. The role and principles of international terrorism in the context of geopolitical confrontation are defined.
88 Features of lobbyism development in Ukraine (in Uktainian) (DOI 10.47451/pol2021-09-002) , Oleh Samoilenko
The study briefly reviewed and summarized some of the most common scientific approaches to identifying the problem of lobbying in Ukraine. The main lobbying trends and problems are described. In particular, special attention was paid to the substantiation of legislative initiatives to legalize lobbying in Ukraine as a specific type of professional activity. The main preconditions to realize the idea of legislative consolidation of lobbying activity are defined. Certain obstacles to the possibility of synchronizing lobbying activities with the current anti-corruption legislation have also been substantiated. The main stages of the model of lobbying development in Ukraine are substantiated. Relevant conclusions have been made on the legal basis for solving the problem of legalization of lobbying, in particular, the emphasis is on the existence of several potential advantages of this process. One of the main advantages of legalizing lobbying in Ukraine may be the withdrawal from the shadow trade of significant amounts of funds, which are currently circulating in the relations system of illegal lobbying. Taxation of these funds can be an additional source of replenishment of the state budget. According to the research results, the author offers his vision for solving the problems of lobbying development in Ukraine. It is determined that the  implementation of initiatives to legalize lobbying in Ukraine, on the one hand, will strengthen the right of businesses to defend their interests before public authorities, and on the other, will provide the latter with clear levers to legally assess lobbyists and their necessary regulation.
89 Innovation policies in five leading countries in Latin America (in Bulgarian) (DOI 10.47451/man2021-08-001)  , Plamen Marinov Pavlov
The importance of innovation for economic growth and for improving people's quality of life in recent years is palpable. In this regard, it is important to study the policies that countries implement to improve innovation activity. The aim of the article is to identify various levers, models and specific incentives for innovation and research and development (R&D) in the five leading Latin American countries in this field and to draw conclusions and guidelines that are useful for both from a scientific point of view, as well as for the improvement of the innovation policy of Bulgaria. After studying the specifics, it was found that innovation policy plays an important role in the five countries studied. In some of them, such as Costa Rica and Colombia, good efficiency is achieved in the implementation of various measures in this area. But further and focused work on innovation and R&D is still needed to achieve satisfactory results. 
90 Comprehensive assessment of the base of mathematical modelling of production business processes (DOI 10.47451/man2021-09-001) , Petr V. Komissarov
The relevance of mathematical modelling lies in finding the correct quantitative characteristics (indicators, parameters) of the effectiveness of the functioning of the process under study, identifying quantitative estimates of the relationships between its elements. Based on the simulation results, the best parameters of the designed equipment and the optimal or rational variant of the production process are selected. The characteristics of the process may vary depending on the purpose. In technological tasks, they are related to the quality of the products and productivity, and the components of any process are usually taken into account simultaneously. The purpose of this study is to analyze various aspects of the use of mathematical modelling in the design of production business processes. In the study course, the mathematical modelling essence was analyzed, the features of the mathematical model development were determined, and the features of mathematical modelling of production business processes were revealed. The author concludes that the mathematical basis for modelling production processes is used at all levels and typologies of business processes starting from micro-processes of task execution or product production to the macro-processes of enterprise management or order (project) implementation. The complexity of using the mathematical base lies in the diversity of business processes and a wide variety of production processes, which requires constant development of numerical methods and algorithms for the correct implementation of the processes themselves and their complex chains. 
91 Trends in the development of investments from business angels in Europe and Bulgaria (in Bulgarian) (DOI 10.47451/man2021-10-001) , Vladislav Valchinov
Investments by business angels represent a relatively new approach to financing businesses in the initial phase of their development. The size of the market in Europe has been on the rise in recent years, reaching 8.04 billion. Thus, funding through business angels is becoming an important part of the tools that SMEs can use. A relatively small share of this amount is invested in Bulgaria, while some of the traditionally largest recipients of business angel investments are positioned in Europe. This gives rise to the goal of identifying trends in the development of the investment market by business angels in Europe and Bulgaria. More in-depth knowledge in this area will help to form steps for further development. Comparative, historical, logical and analytical methods were used to fulfill the objectives of the study. The author concludes that the key role is played by the individual characteristics of the business angels, as well as the characteristics of the sectors. The propensity to invest in technological and innovative enterprises is favorable for Bulgaria due to the development of the ICT sector of the country. Concrete steps are also needed to support through incentives and regulations.
92 Basic principles application of the ABC methodology in human resource management at the enterprise (DOI 10.47451/man2021-10-002) , Alexander Buychik
The main problem of modern human resource management is the automation and optimization of the work of the administrative and managerial division employees and workers, whose professional activities are within the framework of project activities but not controlled by the conveyor process. The relevance of this topic arose in the last quarter of the 20th century and is increasingly increasing at present. Automation involves the use of equipment, software and methodologies, which allow automating business processes, reducing “manual labour”, and minimizing the risks of the human factor. Business processes optimization involves the search for efficiency in methodological transformations of working conditions, i.e., simplification and acceleration of processes while maintaining the quality level. The study purpose is to develop the ABC methodology, which involves the use of triplicity in positioning the calculation of indicators of various system parameters. In the study course, analytical, logical, comparative research methods and modelling methods were used. Materials and works of leading and modern researchers in the field of labour management and automation were used to implement the study. The author concludes that the ABC methodology has several objective advantages both in its model and the mathematical component, which makes it possible to borrow and adapt the methodology for any enterprise where business processes can be applied.
93 Innovative development of science on the basis of noosphere world understanding, noo-knowledge and methodology of noo-scientific cognition (in Ukrainian) (DOI 10.47451/phi2021-09-001) , Volodymyr F. Kapitsa
The essence of the noosphere-cognitive approach in the innovative development of science, the process of forming the scientific reality of noosphere knowledge and cognition is revealed. The noosphere nomonology of research programs and the corresponding basic principles of noosphere-programmable methodology of innovative research are presented. Five clusters of noosphere research program for the implementation of design noo-innovations have been identified. The development and implementation of such programs is a critical problem of innovative development of science in the areas of formation of noosphere-scientific world understanding, noosphere episthemology and methodology of noo-science. The article reveals that in Noonan logical cognition the methods of worldview-methodological reflection, systemnomonological forecasting of innovations, information-semantic method and method of creativesynergistic synthesis, methods of noosphere-semiotic programming, noosphere-imprintine modeling in noo-mental patterns and constructs of noosphere-technological NT praxis are used most effectively.
94 Nikolai Onufrievich Lossky’s intuitivism: philosophy of music (DOI 10.47451/phi2021-10-001) , Alexander S. Klujev
The article reveals the features of philosophical ideas about the music of N.O. Lossky. It is established that Lossky’s philosophical judgments about music are organically connected with his philosophical doctrine – intuitivism. The study purpose is to learn the philosophy of music through the Nikolai Onufrievich Lossky’s intuitivism. The most important, from the point of view of the author of the article, provisions of Lossky’s intuitivism are noted: 1) intuitivism provides a direct vision of the object by the knowing subject in the original, and not by means of a copy, symbol, construction, etc.; 2) intuitivism is based on intuition, acting in three types (modes): sensual, intellectual and mystical, while taking into account the legitimization of two spheres by the philosopher: the world and the Superworld (the Kingdom of God), sensual and intellectual intuition work in the world, mystical intuition prepares a breakthrough into the Superworld (the Kingdom of God). It is shown that music is an integral component – a staple – of Lossky’s philosophical doctrine. It is argued that, according to Lossky, it is music that contributes to the most distinct vision of the object by the cognizing subject in the original, and the full realization of the mission intended for them by all three types of intuition. Comparative, historical and logical research methods were used to solve the tasks. The study used the works of the author, Nikolai Lossky and prominent philosophers such as B.V. Asafyev, A. Bergson, A.F. Losev, P.A. Florensky, and the memoirs of Prince E.N. Trubetskoy. 
95 The problem of postmodern perception (DOI 10.47451/phi2021-10-002) , Sergey V. Lebedev
The concept of “postmodern” has turned from a philosophical term into a fashionable word, used incredibly widely by a variety of people under a variety of circumstances. As is often the case with popular words, it becomes difficult to give a concrete and generally accepted definition of what lies behind the concept of postmodernity. Postmodernism is also understood as the latest artistic and architectural trends. It seems that as many people as there are postmoderns. The study aimed to clarify the detection of postmodernism in philosophical thought based on the modern paradigm. In the study course, historical, comparative and logical methods were applied. To solve the research tasks, the works of leading modern specialists in postmodernism were used. The author concludes that the beginning of the 21st century will go down in history as a time of timelessness: no great ideas, no great feats, even no great crimes. On the other hand, Russia can take a leading place in the post-Western world if only it does not forget that it is a Eurasian country with its development path.
96 Pan-Slavism: the history of the geopolitical idea (DOI 10.47451/phi2021-10-003) , Galina N. Lebedeva
The article examines the phenomenon of “pan-Slavism” as an attempt to explain the variety of problems associated with the cultural, ethnic and political unity of the Slavs. For the first time, the ideology of pan-Slavism arose among the Western Slavs, which then reached Russia. For the Slavs, the ideas of pan-Slavism were a means of self-defence against the threat of assimilation and dissolution in the surrounding peoples. In addition to political and social, most foreign Slavs also experienced cultural humiliation. In the Russian Empire and the USSR, pan-Slavism had an oppositional character. The author used historical, logical, comparative and other methods to achieve the study tasks. In the study course, famous pan-Slavism philosophers’ works of the past and present are used. The author concludes that pan-Slavism played an outstanding role in awakening the national consciousness of the Slavic peoples, including those aliens to Russia, by suspending the assimilation of the Slavs by Western and Eastern conquerors. The Balkan Slavs generally gained independence from the hands of Russia.
97 Personality. Person. Character (DOI: 10.47451/ped2021-12-001) , Ioana Perescu
This article is based on the research the author undertook in order to develop my doctoral thesis – The organicity of speaking disorders in theatre and film, a defining statement in the construction of the characters. The purpose of my entire work, entitled, the organicity of speaking disorders in theatre and film, a defining statement in the construction of the characters, was to perform a series of vocal training exercises that would lead to the natural use by actors of a speech defect. Therefore, verbal language is very important for an actor; it is part of the whole mechanism of the actor’s art. If it does not work perfectly, the other elements will suffer as well. But what is the connection between speech and personality? Does speech influence our personality or does personality influence our speech? The author thinks that both variants can be valid for the study of a character. If the text gives us information about the way a character speaks, if he is stuttering, e.g., we can start the analysis from this aspect. Or if, after reading, we consider that a character falls into a certain category of temperament / personality, the based on these data, we can build his verbal behaviour. Acest articol are la bază cercetarea pe care am întreprins-o în vederea elaborării tezei de doctorat – Organicitatea defectelor de vorbire în teatru și film, rostire definitorie în construirea personajelor. Scopul întregii mele lucrări, ce are ca titlu Organicitatea defectelor de vorbire în teatru și film, rostire definitorie în construirea personajelor, a fost acela de a realiza o serie de antrenamente vocale care să conducă la utilizarea naturală de către actori a unei imperfecțiuni de rostire. Aşadar, limbajul verbal este foarte important pentru un actor; este o parte a întregului mecanism a artei actorului. Dacă nu funcţionează perfect şi celelalte elemente vor avea de suferit. Dar care este legătura dintre vorbire şi personalitate? Vorbirea ne influențează personalitatea sau personalitatea ne influențează vorbirea? Cred că pentru studiul unui personaj pot fi valabile ambele variante. Dacă din text reies date despre felul în care vorbește un personaj, de exemplu dacă este bâlbâit, putem să pornim analiza de la acest aspect. Sau în cazul în care, în urma lecturilor, considerăm că un personaj se încadrează într-o anumită categorie de temperament/personalitate, putem construi, având ca bază aceste date, comportamentul său verbal.
98 Retrospective analysis of physical ability to 9-year-old students (DOI: 10.47451/ped2021-12-002) , Miroslava Petkova & Milena Aleksieva
Physical capacity is not an inherent human quality. It is formed, developed and improved. It is achieved with a systematic and well-chosen training routine, which can lead to quantitative and qualitative changes in human capabilities when performing motor actions in a particular environment. The purpose of the present study is to analyze the results of the studied indicators of physical performance of 9-year-old students for a 12-year period (2007-2019). The subjects are 9-year-old students, distributed in equal numbers – 50 in four groups, subjected to testing every 4 years during the school years 2007/2008, 2011/2012, 2015/2016 and 2019/2020. The survey was conducted at the beginning of each school year. The following methods are applied to solve the problems and achieve the goal of the experiment: 1. Testing – includes 5 indicators for measuring physical capacity. 2. Mathematical-statistical methods – Variation, comparative and graphical analysis are used. The results obtained from the variation analysis are presented in tabular and graphical form. Tables 2-5 show the achievements after statistical processing of the data taken by means of tests carrying information about the physical capacity of 9-year-old students during the 12-year period, and Figures 1 and 2 show the variability of the studied indicators for different periods of time. Despite that, main conclusion of the study is that the physical capacity of 9-year-old students in 2019 is significantly improving. The tendency to observe a sedentary lifestyle, obesity and reduced physical activity in students is refuted by the present experiment. With regard to the first two indicators characterizing the explosive power of the lower and upper limbs, it can be summarized that in 2019 the average values in the test “Long jump from a place with two legs” have significantly increased, and in the indicator “Throwing a solid ball”, the results have significantly decreased. For the other three indicators, determining the speed, endurance and flexibility of the surveyed students, it is found that the average values in 2019 are much better in comparison to those of the surveyed students in preceding periods. Research shows that the four samples for the period 2007-2019 are relatively homogeneous in all indicators of physical capacity. Физическaта дееспособност се формира, развива и усъвършенства. Постига се със систематични и добре подбрани тренировъчни методи, които могат да доведат до количествени и качествени промени в човешките възможности при извършване на двигателни действия в конкретна среда. Целта на настоящото изследване е да се анализират констатираните резултати от изследваните показатели за физическа дееспособност на 9-годишни ученици за 12-годишен период от време (2007-2019 г.). Учениците са 9-годишни ученици, разпределени на равен брой - 50 в четири групи, подложени на тестване на всеки 4 години през учебните 2007/2008, 2011/2012, 2015/2016 и 2019/2020. Проучването се провеждаше в началото на всяка учебна година. За решаване на задачите и постигане на целта на експеримента се прилагат следните методи: 1. Тестване – включва 5 показателя за измерване на физическата дееспособност. 2. Математико-статистически методи – Използват се вариационен, сравнителен и графичен анализ. Резултатите, получени от вариационния анализ, са представени в табличен и графичен вид. В таблици от 2 до 5 са показани постиженията след статистическа обработка на данните, снети чрез тестове, носещи информация за физическата дееспособност на 9-годишните ученици през 12-годишния период, а на фигури 1 и 2 е показана променливостта на изследваните показатели за различни периоди от време. Основното заключение от анализа на резултатите е, че физическата дееспособност на 9-годишните ученици през 2019 г. значително се подобрява. Тенденцията, че се наблюдава заседнал начин на живот, затлъстяване и намалена двигателна активност при учениците, се опровергава от настоящия експеримент. По отношение на първите два показателя, характеризиращи взривната сила на долните и горните крайници, може да се обобщи, че през 2019 г. средните стойности от теста „Скок на дължина от място с два крака“ са се увеличили значително, а при показателя „Хвърляне на плътна топка“ резултатите значително намаляват. За останалите три показателя, определящи бързината, издръжливостта и гъвкавостта на изследваните ученици, се установява, че средните стойности през 2019 г. са много по-добри в сравнение с тези на учениците от предходните периоди. Изследванията показват, че четирите извадки за периода 2007-2019 г. са относително хомогенни по всички показатели за физическа дееспособност.
99 Learning model for handball sports education , Rositsa Dimkova
The mоdel used in this study is rеsearch and dеvelopment. This prоposal is clearly inspirеd by аge-appropriate, game-appropriate and action-оriented didactic models and includes crоss-rеferences to the current stаte-оf-thе-аrt of tеaching cоncеpts for the sport games as well as to the Bulgarian curriculum for the subject “physical еxercise and sports”. This methodological аpproach can develop аspects of mоtor skills, mental skills, sоcial skills, emotional stability, etc. The aspects developed in this way will have a positive effect on a proper and healthy lifestyle by introducing selected physical activity. In thе last few yеars, we have bеen developing diffеrent concepts to make handball in school even more attractive and interesting, for еxample, by offering special mеasures for training physical education teachers or developing teaching materials and cоncepts for different age groups. One of the goals of sports education is to increase the popularity of sports games and to attract more athletes, especially in our case of handball. Games are called modified because they represent a dilute, modified form of the main game. They can be competitive or collaborative and are recommended at any level of education. An impоrtant aspect in this context is the pоsition of handball as part of physicаl educatiоn in schools and rеlevant institutiоns such as univеrsities, cоlleges and оthers. The principlеs of tеaching are: mоdernity, аdaptation to sociаl and cоgnitive аbilitiеs of the studеnt, rеlevance and sustаinability of knоwledge. Establishment of the basic course of motion handball learning through sport education model is expected to give a clear picture of the differences between conventional learning with the learning of athletic competition. The sports е educational model is also oriented to direct student involvement trough competitions in handball as part of the educational program. Използваният модел в това проучване е изследване и развитие на играта хандбал, а принципите на преподаване са: модерност, адаптация към социалните и когнитивните способности на ученика, уместност и устойчивост на знанията. Това предложение е ясно вдъхновено от подходящи за възрастта и ориентирани към действие дидактически модели, като включва препратки към текущото състояние на преподаваните концепции за спортни игри, както и към учебна програма на МОН за предмета „Физическо възпитание и спорт”. Този методически подход може да развие аспекти на двигателни умения, умствени умения, социални умения, емоционална стабилност и др. Разработените по този начин аспекти ще имат положителен ефект върху правилния и здравословен начин на живот, чрез въвеждане на избрана физическа активност. През последните няколко години разработихме различни концепции, за да направим хандбала в училище още по-привлекателен и интересен, чрез предлагане на иновативни методи за обучение по физическо възпитание и разработване на учебни материали за различни възрастови групи. Една от целите на спортното образование е да повиши популярността на спортните игри и да привлече повече спортисти, особено в нашия случай за спорта хандбал. Тези игри ние наричаме модифицирани, защото представят видоизменена форма на основната игра. Те могат да бъдат конкурентни или съвместни и се препоръчват на всяко ниво на образование.  Важен аспект в този контекст е позицията на хандбала като част от физическото възпитание в училищата и съответните образователни институции като университети и колежи. Предлагайки този обучителен модел по хандбал, очакваме да дадем ясна картина за разликите между конвенционалното обучение и иновативния формат. Като цяло спортно-образователният модел е насочен към обучението на учениците от 3-ти до 12-ти клас, като част от образователната програма по хандбал.
100 Rhythmical models of folk art – a way to educational integrity (in Bulgarian) / Към цялостност в образованието – чрез ритмичните модели на народното изкуство , Liuba Atanasova Zlatkova
The paper describes the folk art/folklore as a system with different elements (each individual art), which work and coexist, forming a symbiosis. Every single art has its own characteristics, but its development depends on the others. These parts – the trinity, called folk song (music, poetry and dance); the fairy-tale; the proverb – came to us thanks to word-of-mouth. However, folk art is not just that, it is also a ritual bread, embroidery, an ancient Bulgarian home. This entirety has its own symbols, that give us knowledge of everything – of who are we and what our Way is. Rhythm is the founding principle, upon which this entirety is built. Understanding folk art as a symbiosis, a hologram and a system may help children see not only the different parts of the world, but the world as a whole, and that could potentially change the entire educational paradigm. В изложението се разглежда симбиозата между различни взаимосвързани елементи – народна песен, приказка, пословица, както и шевица, ритуален хляб и народният дом, в основата на които лежи ритъмът като природен принцип.  Изведено е понятието Ритмичен модел, като повтаряща се конструкция и носител на смисъла. Това дава възможност на автора да предложи вместо фолклор, по-широкото понятие – народно изкуство. Народното изкуство е сравнено с холограма, със система, в която елементите си взаимодействат и се развиват с промяната на човешкото мислене. Символите, които изграждат това цяло носят знание за това кои сме и какъв е нашият Път. Разбирането на света като цялостност, без да се разделя изкуствено на елементите си, ще даде възможност на децата по-лесно и успешно да разбират явленията и процесите, а образователната сфера да повиши качеството на обучението и възпитанието.
101 Therapeutic Letters in Bibliotherapy (in Slovak) / Terapeutický denník v biblioterapii (DOI: 10.47451/ped2022-01-02) , Kvetoslava Kotrbova
The article is a continuation of the article on therapeutic diaries published in European Scientific e-Journal in Feburary 2021. The author deals with the writing of therapeutic letters as part of clinical, developmental and preventive bibliotherapy. The purpose of the study is to provide students studying in the university study programes preparing for the helping professions, or professionals in the practice with the interest on the topic, using the domestic and international literature sources, useful information that will help them in better orientation in the topic. The article also includes a demonstration of the possiblities aplying of therapeutic letters in health and education pracitece and in the field of personal and professional development on the basis of our own pedagogical practice. According to the results of own survey in 3 groups of students (n=47) in 3 identified cases, writing of therapeutic letter proved to be a suitable extension of keeping a therapeutic diary, in addition to providing individual consultantions (n=5). Using the literary sources and survey she confirms that therapeutic letters are a suitable extension of the therapeutic diaries and can be used as well on their own, or in connection with writting a stories. She reports that therapeutic letters are suitable preventive and at the same time therapeutic method to help cope with difficult life situations not only for adults but also for children. Príspevok voľne nadväzuje na článok o terapeutických denníkoch uverejnený v European Scientific e-Journal vo februári 2021. Autorka sa v ňom zaoberá písaním terapeutických listov ako súčasti klinickej, vývinovej a preventívnej biblioterapie. Účelom štúdie je poskytnúť študentom študujúcim vo vysokoškolských študijných programoch pripravujúcich na výkon pomáhajúcich profesií, prípadne profesionálom pôsobiacim v praxi zaujímajúcim sa o problematiku, s využitím domácich aj zahraničných literárnych zdrojov užitočné informácie, ktoré im pomôžu sa lepšie zorientovať v danej téme. Súčasťou článku je aj demonštrácia možností uplatnenia terapeutických listov v zdravotníckej a pedagogickej praxi a voblasti osobnostného a profesionálneho rozvoja na základe vlastných skúseností z pedagogickej praxe. Podľa výsledkov vlastného prieskumu v 3 skupinách študentov (n=47) sa v 3 zistených prípadoch ukázalo napísanie terapeutického listu ako vhodné rozšírenie vedenia terapeutického denníka okrem poskytnutia individuálnych konzultácií (n=5). S využitím citovaných literárnych zdrojov a spomínaného prieskumu potvrdzuje, že terapeutické listy sú vhodným rozšírením vedenia terapeutických denníkov a rovnako dobre môžu byť použité aj samostatne ako napríklad v súvislosti s prácou s príbehmi. V závere konštatuje, že aj pri terapeutických listoch ide o vhodnú preventívnu a zároveň terapeutickú metódu nápomocnú zvládaniu náročných životných situácií nielen u dospelých, ale aj u detí.
102 Teaching and learning in higher education during Covid 19 pandemic – a comparative study (DOI: 10.47451/ped2022-01-03) , Monica Turturean
Since March 2020, when lock-down was imposed in Romania, education has been hit very hard and all educational institutions have suffered major, irrecoverable losses. According to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), over 800 million learners from around the world have been affected, 1 in 5 learners cannot attend school, 1 in 4 cannot attend higher education classes, and over 102 countries have ordered nationwide school closures while 11 have implemented localized school closure. Grant Kasowanjete, GCE Global Coordinator says: “Governments and civil society concerted efforts that mobilize resources, and expertise to address the impact of COVID-19 on education is urgently required. This process should include developing long term strategies to address the needs of education in emergencies”. Bania and Banerjee (2020) show that universities from all over the world have responded to COVID-19 differently: some have continued face-to-face teaching with social distancing (e.g., the University of Queensland, Australia), while others have deferred all academic activities (e.g., the Oxford University, UK). In Romania, the situation was dramatic during the lock-down period, all universities had to switch to online teaching, which took them unprepared, both teachers and students. The study purpose is to identify the perception / opinion of university teachers from Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi (Al.I. Cuza) and from Gheorghe Asachi Technical university of Iasi (Gh, Asachi) regarding the effects of pandemic COVID 19 for their teaching and learning. The Statistical Package for Social Science Program (SPSS) was used to summarize and run correlation on data obtained from the survey. Therefore, we conducted a comparative study between 2 universities in the area of Moldova, to see the opinion of teachers related to online teaching at that time and its negative effects. Din martie 2020, când a fost impusă carantina în România, și nu numai, educația a fost lovită foarte puternic și toate instituțiile de învățământ au suferit pierderi majore, irecuperabile. Potrivit Organizației Națiunilor Unite pentru Educație, Știință și Cultură (UNESCO), peste 800 de milioane de elevi din întreaga lume au fost afectați, 1 din 5 elevi nu au putut merge la școală, 1 din 4 nu au putut merge la cursurile din universități și peste 102 țări au impus închiderea școlilor, în timp ce 11 au implementat închiderea locală a școlilor. Grant Kasowanjete, coordonatorul global al GCE, a declarat: „Guvernele și societatea civilă trebuie să depusă eforturi foarte mari care mobilizează resurse și expertiză pentru a aborda impactul COVID-19 asupra educației. Acest proces ar trebui să includă dezvoltarea de strategii pe termen lung pentru a răspunde nevoilor educației în situații de urgență”. Bania și Banerjee (2020) arată că universitățile din întreaga lume au răspuns diferit la COVID-19: unele au continuat predarea față în față cu distanțare socială (de exemplu, Universitatea din Queensland, Australia), în timp ce altele au amânat toate activități academice (de exemplu, Universitatea Oxford, Marea Britanie). În România, situația a fost dramatică în perioada de izolare, toate universitățile au fost nevoite să treacă la predarea online, prinzându-i “descoperiți”, atât pe profesori, cât și pe studenți. Prin urmare, am realizat un studiu comparativ între 2 universități din zona Moldovei, pentru a surprinde opinia cadrelor didactice universitare legate de predarea online la acea vreme și efectele negative ale acesteia.
103 Exploration of Time in Jeff Wall’s Photography (DOI: 10.47451/art2022-02-02) , Luca Mixich
Conceptual photography, since the 1960’s, has developed a different approach to photographing than any other photographical genre. Its main focus was on the concept behind the image, on its idea. However, my aim, in this article, is to analyze a variation of conceptual photography, more precisely the narrative one, its history and aesthetics, but also how it was explored by Jeff Wall (b. 1946) and how the Canadian artist approached and integrated time in his photographs. The main purpose of this article is to understand Jeff Wall’s place in the history of staged photography and to understand how he developed a creative type of visual narration and its relationship to time. This aspect will be seen in relation to the idea of fiction because the imaginary narration is closely linked with the progression of time. Also, this analysis could be particularly relevant in the context of photographical studies because it focuses on an aspect that has quite psychological and aesthetical depth but it is not present in the field of artistic academic research, namely the connection between fiction and photography. It can also be seen trans- and interdisciplinary
104 Features of e-commerce and its disadvantages / Особливості електронної комерції та її недоліки (10.47451/ecn2022-03-02) , Lyubov H. Kvasniі, & Maria В. Vaskiv
The article is devoted to the growing role of e-commerce in the world. The article examines the features of e-commerce and its role in the world economy. The purpose of writing the article is to substantiate the features of e-commerce and its shortcomings in the context of digitalization. The author substantiates the hierarchical characteristics of e-commerce and describes the main shortcomings. The study used methods of logical thinking, descriptive methods, generalizing methods and methods of comparison. During the writing of the article used scientific works of domestic and foreign authors, in particular: G. Androschuk, M. Burov, J. Zadvirny, A. Orlovskaya, F. Kotler, A. Maevskaya, K. Simonenko, I. Khovrak and others who have studied e-commerce. The authors conclude that e-commerce refers to doing business on the Internet. Its main functions include online advertising, ordering, payment, customer service and delivery of goods and other sales, pre-sales and after-sales service, as well as market research and analysis, financial accounting and production activities and many other activities developed via the Internet.
105 Theory of quantitative analysis of the states of transport flows / Теорія кількісного аналізу станів транспортних потоків (10.47451/inn2022-03-01) , Valeriy I. Huk, & Helena V. Zaporozhtseva
The effective use of the provisions of the traffic flow states theory for practical purposes becomes possible only when theoretical concepts acquire a concrete and precise character in a quantitative form. At the same time, the completeness of quantitative information sufficient for technical applications has been achieved, when each of the quantities important for the transport process will be defined as a function of arguments, characterizing the traffic flow movement. To solve the problems of the organization of motor transport road traffic based on the synthesis of the theory of traffic flows states and the theory of similarity and dimensionality, new complex criteria for evaluating congestions of states and traffic control algorithms are presented. The authors conclude that the application of the generalized variables method makes it possible to obtain not only a quantitative assessment of various sections of streets and roads from the standpoint of traffic safety and efficiency, but also to determine criteria for traffic management, which are the basis of real-time control algorithms.
106 Monitoring of cyber incidents of cloud services and protection of digital communication channels / Моніторинг кіберінциндентів хмарних сервісів та захист цифрових каналів зв’язку (10.47451/inn2022-04-01) , Andrii М. Hrebeniuk, Lyudmila V. Rybalchenko, & Serhii О. Prokopov
This article is dedicated to cloud services and modern possibilities of protection of digital communication channels. Today, usage of cloud technologies is steadily increasing both in business and in everyday life. Saving and processing of large amounts of information in a virtual environment is accomplished through the hardware and software, as well as communication channels of the provider. Fast access and reliable protection of personal data is an important part of the basic requirements of work with modern smart technologies. The purpose of the research is the analysis and monitoring of security in the cloud services. In the course of the research to achieve the set goal were used the following methods: methods of comparison, statistical and graphical analysis. In the article were used the previous scientific research works of various authors, as well as the periodic ranking surveys of popular world economic agencies and forums. The authors concluded that the most effective is the passwordless login technology, which supports authentication based on certificates, ensures secure storage and management of certificates, which are linked to the user and a specific device.  
107 Participation of specialists of the inclusive resource center in the activities of the team of psychological and pedagogical support in the educational institution / Участь фахівців інклюзивно-ресурсного центру у діяльності команди психолого-педагогічного супроводу у закладі освіти (DOI: 10.47451/ped2022-03-02) , Iryna В. Kuzava, &  Yuliya M. Mykolayuk
Today, the problem of psychological and pedagogical support of persons with special educational needs (SEN) is quite relevant and requires more scientific and practical improvement. The analysis of scientific study and publications show that the psychological and pedagogical support implementation takes place with the integrated and coordinated activities of specialists and parents of the child. The authors consider the problem of psychological and pedagogical support of persons with special educational needs. The activity of the psychological and pedagogical support team is described. It is noted which specialists should be in this team. The scientific study contains an issue about the role of the inclusive resource center in the implementation of inclusive education and focuses on the participation of specialists of the inclusive resource center in support teams. The authors conclude that the issue of the participation of specialists of the inclusive resource center in the team of psychological and pedagogical support is relevant and important, but insufficiently described in scientific publications, since it is an innovation for the organization of inclusive education.
108 Use of supervision in vocationally oriented (dual) training of veterinary professionals and students (DOI: 10.47451/ped2022-03-03) , Svitlana O. Sidashova, Irina M. Popova, Liliya G. Roman, & Vytaliy A. Chorniy
The agrarian sectors of the Ukrainian economy have been rapidly developing in recent years, which entailed shortage of staff in crop and animal husbandry. The growth of agribusiness has highlighted the gap between business needs and agrarian education. The review of reference literature shows that over the past 30 years, there has been an increase in counseling, supervision and vocational guidance in various fields of production. The research purpose was to study the implementation and use of different forms of dual education for veterinary specialists in Ukraine. The article presents the results of the study of vocationally oriented training in Ukraine applied in teaching and advanced training of students and veterinary specialists. The pedagogical approach related to introducing elements of technological and pedagogical supervision into practical classes, which was developed based on our own experience in animal breeding, significantly optimizes the acquisition of basic diagnostic and technological techniques used in modern biotechnology of cattle reproduction. The authors conclude that integration into the European educational space requires studying international experience in application of dual education at agrarian educational institutions and Ukrainian methodological works, which will improve vocationally oriented education. Technological and pedagogical support (supervision) is an efficient way of practical training of veterinary students and advanced training of practitioners.
109 Personality-oriented study of lyrics in lessons of Ukrainian and foreign literature / Особистісно-орієнтоване вивчення лірики на уроках української та зарубіжної літератури (DOI: 10.47451/ped2022-04-01) , Natalia V. Chernysh
The study relevance is due to the need to modernize the didactic ways of considering poetry in institutions of secondary school education in the lessons of Ukrainian and foreign literature, caused, firstly, by the introduction of meaningful and poetically complex works into the programs and, secondly, by the need for comprehensive consideration of the age-related psychological characteristics of schoolchildren as readers. Lyrics, along with epic and drama, are studied in every class. The analysis of lyrical works causes the most difficulties for teachers of literature, since this literary genre is psychologically complex and requires developed feelings that are not always inherent in students. Through psychological lack of formation, small life experience, mainly objective thinking, schoolchildren find it difficult to perceive complex metaphors, psychological drawing, subtexts, philosophical thoughts that characterize the lyrics. The article discusses the features of the personality-oriented study of lyrical works in the lessons of Ukrainian and foreign literature. The main attention is focused on a number of innovations that correspond to the fundamental ideas of personality-oriented learning and contribute to their implementation: interactive learning, suggestopedic learning, the eidetics method, literary play, new information technologies and the like.
110 Organization of entertainment education to train public marketing specialists for the service sector (DOI: 10.47451/ped2022-04-02) , Olena Uhodnikova
Modern society is developing in the face of global challenges, the dynamics of which are constantly increasing. Youth is one of the most mobile and changeable parts of the population. Students of higher educational institutions are the vanguard of these processes, which is associated with a high level of intellectual potential, academic mobility and the search for opportunities for arranging a future life. One of the innovative approaches to the formation of effective methods of training specialists in the system of public marketing for the service sector is the development of proposals in entertainment. The study’s purpose is to search for entertainment methods for training public marketing specialists in the field of services. The research topic was considered in the works of various authors. The author offers to develop entertainment methods to increase the effectiveness of training of public marketing specialists for the service sector based on practical experience of events that were held for students majoring in public administration, hotel and restaurant business, tourism, hotel, resort, and tourism service management.
111 Innovative educational environment as a factor in the development of professional competence / Інноваційне освітнє середовище як чинник розвитку професійної компетентності (DOI: 10.47451/ped2022-04-03) , Inna V. Varnavska
Scientific and technological progress, automation of all economic spheres require close relation of training and self-study, mastering new knowledge and skills to information technologies and become permanent components of professional activity. The problem of developing such a system of professional training that would contribute to the development of students’ thinking, the ability to adapt to the professional environment, and as a result, ensuring the competitiveness of graduates in the labor market, becomes urgent. Therefore, the current state of the educational process requires solving complex problems. The study proves the current state of the educational process, which requires solving complex problems: focusing on the development of professional competence in the use of modern information tools; adjustment of training programs; intensification and individualization of the educational process with the use of computer technology; updating the development of methods for diagnosing individual differences of students to create a psychologically comfortable educational environment.
112 Development of the “just war” doctrine of Thomas Aquinas and Francisco de Vitoria / Розробка доктрини «справедливої війни» Фомою Аквінським і Франсіско де Віторія (DOI: 10.47451/pol2022-03-01) , Olga V. Borisova
In the last decade, the religious factor has been observed in almost most military conflicts in the world, including Russia’s war against Ukraine. Such processes threatening the modern world order force us to turn to political and legal concepts. Based on historical sources and scientific literature, the author analyses the foundations of the Christian “just war” doctrine, which developed during the Middle Ages and did not undergo significant changes until the Second Vatican Council (1963-1965). It is shown that the architects of the “just war” doctrine were medieval Christian authors, starting with Ambrose of Milan, but the author of the “just war” doctrine as such was Thomas Aquinas. Without much change, the doctrine was supplemented by later scholastics, including Francisco de Vitoria. This topic also has scientific value to study the role of traditions, including religious and ethical ones, and war and armed conflicts are such human existence elements, which occupy an important place in it throughout the history of mankind.
113 Sophia Rousova’s views about personality development in the scientific discourse of social knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century / Погляди Софії Русової на розвиток особистості у науковому дискурсі суспільствознавства початку ХХ століття (DOI: 10.47451/psy2022-04-01) , Tetiana Dutkevych
The article analyses the influence of European and American social sciences representatives of the early 20th century on Sofia Rusova’s views on the main issues of the theory of personality development. The ideological connections between the works of leading social scientists of that time and Sofia Rusova’s interpretation of such issues as the interaction of personality development and social progress, the role of community and citizenship in personality development, the biosocial problem, the nature of interpersonal relationships between adults and children were discovered. It is shown that in elaborating her views Sofia Rusova relied on advanced studies of Western European (V.A. Lai, G. Spencer, J.-G. Tarde, Z. Freud, etc.) and American (G.S. Hall, G. Sullivan, etc.) scientists in the field of sociology, psychology, philosophy, and pedagogy. Sofia Rusova’s original contribution to the creating of the theory of personality development taking into account sociological, psychological and pedagogical aspects is shown.
114 Assessing the quality of urban development by analysing indicators at the local level (DOI: 10.47451/urb2022-03-01) , Maryna Kolosha
Territorial development is a basic concept of urban planning and spatial planning. This concept is complex in nature, as it includes indicators such as design, surveying, economic and social development of territories, environmental issues, humanitarian aspects, and others. Therefore, to ensure the fullest possible identification of factors influencing urban systems to improve the quality of the environment, it is advisable to develop a set of indicators that would meet the parameters of the task at different stages of urban development. The article analyses the approaches to the formation of a system of indicators for assessing the quality of the urban environment. The author proposes a comprehensive system of indicators that allows the most complete description of urban development processes, to develop proposals for their improvement. The article is based on an in-depth analysis of regulatory and legal support of urban planning processes, analysis of periodical scientific literature, and leading world experience that can be implemented in the system of national urban planning. The grouping of factors for assessing the quality of the formation of the urban environment is carried out. Each group of factors is structured and described. Descriptions of the group of factors allowed to determine their impact on the urban planning system and the environment. An analysis of the relationship between the factors in assessing the quality of the urban environment, allowed us to determine their systemic and mutual influence. It is determined that only by using a set of factors and their rational structuring it is expedient to ensure the effectiveness of the processes of formation of the urban environment, which would meet the requirements and demands of the population at each stage of society.
115 The Corporate Scientific and Technical Complex of Town-Planning Power Reconstruction: architectural and historical development of Odessa in the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries (DOI: 10.47451/urb2022-04-01) , Iryna Posternak,  Serhii Posternak, &  Oleksii Posternak
Cities as a generation of human society have several millennia of their existence. Destinies cities are various and instructive: one has ceased to exist for a long time, others have grown till the huge sizes; one stay in oblivion, other steels world famous. The ancient history the majority cities clearly appears in character their lay-out and a silhouette. Each epoch and each society spontaneously or meaningly transformed and adapted those cities which received in the inheritance from previous epoch for the requirements. The authors offer an analysis of Odessa “CSTC T-PPR”, as innovative organizational structure for reconstruction of buildings of historical building of Odessa under standards power efficiency. It is executed researches of historically-style development. Superstructures were carried out in a city practically during all history its development. The mansard floor is an effective variant a superstructure buildings of background building.
116 World experience in ensuring the development of priority sectors of the economy (DOI: 10.47451/ecn2022-03-01) , Marta V. Kunytska-Iliash
The author of the article substantiates the methodological and applied nature of world experience in ensuring the development of priority sectors of the economy. The processes of identification of priority industries, sectors of the economy in the world economy are considered. The purpose of the article is to scientifically substantiate the theoretical and methodological aspects of the formation of world experience in ensuring the development of priority sectors of the economy. To perform the tasks in the research process used general and special methods – theoretical generalization, grouping, historical knowledge, systems design. The works of Y. Berezivskyi, O. Ilyash, P. Kutsyk, R. Lupak, and T. Vasyltsiv were used to study the problems of ensuring the development of priority sectors of the economy. Scientific works of researchers allow to understand the sources of experience, features and tools, conclusions for public policy to ensure the development of priority sectors of the economy. The author identifies aspects of strategy and planning, formation and implementation of structural policies for the development of priority sectors of the economy in some highly developed countries. It was possible to characterize the conceptual provisions for improving the management system of strategic sectors of the economy at the level of countries with a high level of technological potential. According to the world experience, the tools of economic support of formation and intensification of development of priority branches of economy are offered.
117 World experience in ensuring the development of priority sectors of the economy (DOI  10.47451/ecn2022-03-01) , Marta V. Kunytska-Iliash
The author of the article substantiates the methodological and applied nature of world experience in ensuring the development of priority sectors of the economy. The processes of identification of priority industries, sectors of the economy in the world economy are considered. The purpose of the article is to scientifically substantiate the theoretical and methodological aspects of the formation of world experience in ensuring the development of priority sectors of the economy. To perform the tasks in the research process used general and special methods – theoretical generalization, grouping, historical knowledge, systems design. The works of Y. Berezivskyi, O. Ilyash, P. Kutsyk, R. Lupak, and T. Vasyltsiv were used to study the problems of ensuring the development of priority sectors of the economy. Scientific works of researchers allow to understand the sources of experience, features and tools, conclusions for public policy to ensure the development of priority sectors of the economy. The author identifies aspects of strategy and planning, formation and implementation of structural policies for the development of priority sectors of the economy in some highly developed countries. It was possible to characterize the conceptual provisions for improving the management system of strategic sectors of the economy at the level of countries with a high level of technological potential. According to the world experience, the tools of economic support of formation and intensification of development of priority branches of economy are offered.
118 On the interpretation of intangible assets (in Ukrainian) (DOI 10.47451/ecn2022-04-01) , Svitlana I. Derevianko
Intangible assets play an important role in determining the competitiveness of enterprises. Foreign companies compete fiercely with those Ukrainian companies in which the share of intangible assets is insignificant. Users of accounting information make increased demands on the reliability of information about the movement of assets of the enterprise, an important place among which is occupied by intangible assets. The article considers scientific approaches to the interpretation of intangible assets of the enterprise. Economic, legal, accounting and valuation approaches are described, which fully reveal the essence of intangible assets, their place, role and significance for the development and implementation of financial and economic activities of the entity. The lack of a unified interpretation of the concept of «intangible asset», which creates difficulties in understanding their essence. Developments can be used during the theoretical substantiation and practical development of methods of accounting for intangible assets in enterprises of Ukraine. 
119 Розвиток інтегрованої звітності на основі онлайн-технологій / Development of integrated reporting based on online technologies (in Ukrainian) (DOI 10.47451/ecn2022-04-02) , Volodymyr V. Kebko, Yevheniia Yu. Popko, Serhii M. Ostapchuk
Low efficiency of reporting of Ukrainian agricultural enterprises and inefficiency of current methods of its publication necessitates the definition of effective drivers for the development of integrated reporting. Such, according to research in the field of corporate reporting, are modern information technologies. The article aims to determine the prospects of the online direction of the development of integrated reporting to increase the availability and efficiency of consolidated accounting data. The article reveals the preconditions for integrated online reporting, the indicators of which are future-oriented and which is an alternative to paper reporting formed by an accountant with a view to past facts and events. Technologies for presenting integrated online reporting based on the analysis of reporting practices in Ukraine and taking into account international trends in this field were described. The information content of the integrated online reporting is substantiated based on the production and resource specifics of the agricultural sector. The mechanism of interactive interaction within the framework of dynamic online reporting was offered. The development of integrated reporting based on online technologies solves the problem of efficiency and accessibility of accounting information and, thus, provides a comprehensive implementation of integrated thinking and strategic business management.
120 New challenges for the high-tech sector of the economy in Ukraine (DOI 10.47451/ecn2022-04-03) , Yuliia Horiashchenko
In difficult conditions, when at the same time, some industries are collapsing and the digital sector is developing rapidly, the issues of supporting the high-tech sector of the national economy are becoming crucial. The article evaluates the modernization potential of entrepreneurship based on value added indicators of high-tech products. In particular, the dynamics of value added by the costs of production of economic entities by type of economic activity: information and communication technologies, production using high technologies, production using medium, medium, low and low technologies, information sector, services using high technologies, services related to the use of computer equipment and intelligent market services. It is proved that enterprises with high economic status (potential) should influence the growth of value added of goods and services, increasing the innovation component, thereby opening new markets for sales and trade policy. The influence of disincentives in the growth of value added is substantiated, among which – the lack of business scalability, weak legal framework, low level of technological production, depreciation of production assets.
121 Освіта в процесах переходу функціонування соціально-економічних систем на принципи сталого розвитку / Education in the processes of transition of functioning social and economic systems on the principles of sustainable development (in Ukrainian) (DOI 10.47451/ecn2022-04-04) , Volodymyr S. Zahorskyi, Yevhen M. Borshchuk
The article is devoted to analysing the role of the education system in the development of socioeconomic systems. There is a correlation between the level of education and the pace of socio-economic development of any country – leading modern scientists analyzed. The article scientifically substantiates the conclusion that in current conditions, education increases individual and social productivity by acquiring knowledge and acquiring more effective skills on this basis. The work aimed to determine the functioning peculiarities of the educational institute in the context of ensuring the goals of sustainable development. The authors prove that education for sustainable development should play an essential role in the development of modern civilization. Reasonable provisions and requirements of tasks for continuous development are an opportunity for each person to make individual and collective decisions of local and global character, which improve the life of the human community without threats to the future existence of the person. The result of educational motives should change each person’s behavior. The development of humanity and the environment will be safe at both environmental and social levels.
122 Improvement of tax policy within the harmonization of the tax system of Ukraine (DOI 10.47451/ecn2022-04-05) , Lesia Barabash
The article considers the essence and modern conditions of tax policy functioning in Ukraine and the directions of its optimization in the context of harmonization of the tax system are offered. The formation of the author’s vision of the economic essence of tax policy was carried out on the basis of analysis of scientific opinion of scientists from different countries, as well as the official interpretation using the dialectical method. With the help of a group of analytical methods, the conditions for the functioning of Ukraine’s tax policy in pre-war and wartime were assessed. The use of abstract-logical method contributed to the generalization of key objectives of tax policy in the future and outline areas for its optimization. Based on the results obtained, in connection with the changing economic environment of the country, the need to develop a new model of tax policy, taking into account the demands of tax participants and budget needs, which would be an effective complement to the tax system.
123 Трансформація фінансового механізму в умовах декарбонізації національної економіки / Transformation of the financial mechanism in the conditions of decarbonization of the national economy (in Ukrainian) (DOI: 10.47451/ecn2022-04-06) , Tetiana Oryshchyn
The global nature of climate change necessitates the introduction of effective mechanisms that can significantly reduce the risks and negative consequences of climate change at the international and national levels. The opposition to climate change is possible under the condition of complete decarbonization of national energy systems and zero net greenhouse gas emissions in the long term. Decarbonization is a tool for mitigating the effects of climate change, represented by a system of measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to curb the growth of global average temperature, institutionalized in several international documents. The article considers the essence of decarbonization, the EU’s top steps to achieve climate neutrality. The impact of Russia’s large-scale aggression against Ukraine and the conditions for fulfilling its commitments to reduce carbon emissions and achieve a renewed nationally determined contribution of Ukraine to the Paris Agreement. The number of objective factors that complicate the goals. The necessity of formation of effective mechanisms of counteraction to climate change that should be based on decarbonization trends and their influence on reforming of components of the financial mechanism is substantiated. 
124 Соціальне підприємництво: виклик чи порятунок для сучасної України / Social entrepreneurship: a challenge or rescue for modern Ukraine (in Ukrainian) (DOI: 10.47451/ecn2022-05-02) , Viktoriia M. Ilchenko, Uliana V. Onyshchenko
Significantly growing interest in social entrepreneurship as a new direction of research and practical activities. Society is increasingly in need of new forms of socially oriented activities, one of which is social entrepreneurship. Social entrepreneurship changes people’s lives, improves their living environment, increases welfare, creates conditions for access of socially vulnerable groups to the benefits of the modern world. In modern realities, social entrepreneurship is positioned as an innovative form of business, able to implement innovations, economic and social solutions to social problems, including poverty, support for vulnerable groups, environmental protection, human rights, energy security, conservation and restoration of land resources, uneven distribution of capital etc. Social entrepreneurship does not exclude profitability, but in the first place there is the solution of social problems or the creation of social value to help society. To do this, use effective business models that ensure sustainable development of the enterprise. In many countries, social entrepreneurship is an indicator of the most progressive and “human” business. Crowdfunding is considered to be an effective mechanism for financing social business as an opportunity to involve a significant number of entities in the implementation of a social action project, which is interested in its implementation because it corresponds to their own invested funds. The possibility of implementing social entrepreneurship projects with the participation of the crowdfunding mechanism depends on how mature the society is.
125 Создание архитектуры и разработка мобильного приложения Единая Персональная Медицинская Карта /  Creation of architecture and development of a mobile application Unified Personal Medical Card (in Russian) (DOI: 10.47451/inn2022-03-02) , Alyona A. Bokareva, Elizaveta А. Tagiltseva
The article is devoted to the development of the architecture and creation of the mobile application Unified Personal Medical Card, which allows you to completely replace the paper version of standardized cards of medical institutions, provide the user with the opportunity to have access to their medical data at any time, simplify the work of emergency medical services and reduce the costs of compulsory medical insurance funds. The article reflects aspects of access protection and the possibility of combining with a single electronic document of a citizen, which in the future will allow switching to an electronic format of interaction with any government agencies within the framework of working with one application. Social surveys were used as methods for determining social significance and the current market of mobile applications was studied to identify analogues and their shortcomings in functioning. MySql, Figma and UML diagrams were used to form the architecture. The research existing proposals and opportunities reflected in the list of sources of information.
126 Сучасний стан та перспективи використання цифрових технологій в діяльності підприємств України в умовах цифровізації економіки / The current state and prospects of using digital technologies in the activities of Ukrainian enterprises in terms of digitalization of the economy (in Ukrainian) (DOI: 10.47451/inn2022-04-02) , Yuliia O. Ohrenych, Daria V. Khaprova
Digitalization has become an integral part of the Ukrainian economy in recent years. Digitalization is a process of transforming cultural, economic, political aspects of development through the use of modern information and communication technologies. Large enterprises faced certain difficulties in the introduction of digital technologies and should adapt to newly created market conditions. Large business focuses a significant share of resources that defines a wide bridgehead to development. For the future of Ukraine, he must become a major research base, a platform for innovations, a powerful export-oriented modern business. Digital technologies should facilitate the expansion of business functioning and become the basis for creating new business models. In the study of digital business transformation of Ukraine it is important to determine the features of the functioning of large enterprises, complexity and barriers to the formation of digital technologies in production and management networks and future achievements that will be provided.
127 New challenges for the high-tech sector of the economy in Ukraine (DOI: 10.47451/inn2022-04-03) , Yuliia Horiashchenko
In difficult conditions, when at the same time, some industries are collapsing and the digital sector is developing rapidly, the issues of supporting the high-tech sector of the national economy are becoming crucial. The article evaluates the modernization potential of entrepreneurship based on value added indicators of high-tech products. In particular, the dynamics of value added by the costs of production of economic entities by type of economic activity: information and communication technologies, production using high technologies, production using medium, medium, low and low technologies, information sector, services using high technologies, services related to the use of computer equipment and intelligent market services. It is proved that enterprises with high economic status (potential) should influence the growth of value added of goods and services, increasing the innovation component, thereby opening new markets for sales and trade policy. The influence of disincentives in the growth of value added is substantiated, among which – the lack of business scalability, weak legal framework, low level of technological production, depreciation of production assets.
128 The role of the State Duma of the Russian Federation in Russia’s Fiscal Policy (DOI: 10.47451/jur2022-01-01) , Nina N. Gontar, Maria S. Polustrueva
The level of state development and its citizens’ welfare largely depends on fiscal policy. It guarantees the main activities of the country: maintaining public order and security, free health care and education, providing social security to the population, reducing poverty, improving the quality of citizens life, creating conditions for economic development. The competence of the State Duma of the Russian Federation includes appointing and dismissing the Chairman of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation. In this case, the State Duma exercises its authority alone without any influence from other bodies. The study purpose is to determine the role of the State Duma of the Russian Federation in Russia’s fiscal policy. To achieve the study purpose, comparative, logical and historical methods, which contributed to the disclosure of the topic, were used. The study used materials of federal laws of the Russian Federation, the Budget Code of the Russian Federation, the official website of the State Duma of the Russian Federation and articles by experts in the research. The authors indicate the great importance of the State Duma of the Russian Federation in the fiscal policy of Russia since it is the representative body, which in its essence expresses the will and interests of citizens, should have such broad powers affecting the entire fiscal system of the country.
129 Traceability as an element of the system of state control over the goods turnover (DOI: 10.47451/jur2022-01-02) , Nina N. Gontar, Anastasia Y. Galina
The priority areas of the state’s activities include ensuring the national security of the Russian Federation and controlling the turnover of illegal products. National security, including food security, is conditioned by many factors. One of them is the possibility of traceability of the goods movement at all stages of their turnover and control over the safety of such goods. Documentary traceability is not transparent. There is no possibility to track the goods movement in real-time. Also, paper accompanying documents are easily forged, which allows you to enter the market of illegal (counterfeit and falsified) products. The purpose of the study is to analyse the features of the Concept of creating and functioning in the Russian Federation of a system of labelling goods using identification and traceability of the movement of goods. Analytical, logical, and historical methods were used to achieve the purpose and solve the research tasks. In the study course, materials of state and international documents were used: federal laws, resolutions and orders of the Government of the Russian Federation, the National Marking System “Honest MARK”. The authors conclude that the traceability development is extremely significant for the management of commodity flows, tax deductions, and product quality since despite the sufficiently debugged and digitized goods’ labelling system on the Russian Federation territory and its compatibility with labelling control systems in other countries, there are still some elements of the system that allow bypassing it. 
130 Принцип «верховенства права» в організації та діяльності правоохоронних органів України / “Rule of law” principle in the organisation and activity of law enforcement authorities of Ukraine (in Ukrainian) (DOI: 10.47451/jur2022-04-01) , Iryna N. Korostashova
: The article is devoted to the issues of normative-legal regulation of the “rule of law” principle in the laws regulating the organisation and activity of law enforcement authorities of Ukraine and the problems of its implementation by officials of these enforcement authorities. The author of the article determines the levels of legal regulation of the “rule of law” principle, analyses its essence and content and composition of its substantive elements. The system of law enforcement authorities has been researched and three groups of such authorities have been highlighted. The first group includes law enforcement agencies, which are divided into two subgroups: of narrow specialisation – authorised to provide criminal law protection and broad specialisation – authorised to implement – criminal law protection and administrative protection. The second group includes law enforcement authorities to carry out administrative and legal protection (control and supervision). The third group includes human rights bodies and persons providing public services. The analysis of the meaning of the term “law enforcement agencies” used in the Constitution of Ukraine was realised. The analysis of the norms of national legislation regulating the organisation and activity of law enforcement agencies on the existence of standardisation of the “rule of law” principle, determination of its content and the existence of a mechanism for implementing the of “rule of law” principle in the activities of law enforcement officials. Certain shortcomings of legal regulation were revealed. Proposals for improving national legislation governing the organization and activities of law enforcement agencies have been formulated. Proposals are provided, the implementation of which will raise the level of knowledge and legal culture of law enforcement officers and facilitate their exercise of powers in accordance with the “rule of law” principle like improve of internal (departmental) and of external (extrajudicial) control (including judicial) over law enforcement authorities.
131 Agenda Ahead for Classical Languages in the Context of National Education Policy – 2020 (DOI: 10.47451/ped2022-01-03) , Vishwanatha
The term classical is also liberally used in the sense of excellence in quality along with antiquity, universality, idealism, clarity/reason, and humanitarian outlook. As Sheldon Pollock points out, “These books [classical texts] are not just for rasikas or lovers of poetry or the professional historian. If you look at the definition of ‘classical’ in the Western tradition, they use the phrase ‘perpetualcontemporaneity’. The classical is always what is already familiar to us. It’s as if you go to the classical because you want to rediscover yourself.” The present paper examines the challenges and opportunities in the field of classical Kannada literature in the light of National Education Policy 2020. The author concludes that according to new reports, as a part of the process to implement the new National Education Policy, the government has asked the National Council for Education Research and Training (NCERT) to come up with National Curriculum Frameworks (NCFs) for school, earlychildhood, teacher and adult education. University Grants Commission (UGC) had sought suggestions to the revised draft National Curriculum Framework on the guidelines of “fostering social responsibility and community engagement in higher education institutions in India”.
132 Сучасний вищій навчальний заклад: типи навчання і комплекс підходів до дидактичної взаємодії в ньому / Modern higher school: types of education and a complex of approaches to didactic interaction in it (in Ukrainian) (DOI: 10.47451/ped2022-04-04) , Oksana I. Plaksina
Modern society is characterized by globalization, scientification and technicalisation of life, which also attracts in its orbit the sphere of higher education. At the same time, scientists note the urgent need for specialists with higher education who have a holistic training – taking into account the multidimensional space of all forms of social competences. Their preparation requires the improvement of didactic interaction and types of learning. Therefore, this study is actual, and the purpose of the article is to deep the knowledge about the optimization of higher education by introducing new approaches to didactic interaction and the corresponding types of learning. Methods of work are analysis, synthesis, observation, methods of typology, complementarity, logical, historical and comparative. The publication uses the works of didactics and specialists in higher school pedagogy: V.A. Kan-Kalik, T. Janek and L.V. Kondrashova, A.I. Kuzminsky, M.M. Fitsula and others, philosophers M. Buber, M.S. Kagan, O.N. Leontiev, S.L. Rubinstein and J. Huizinga. The new scientific results are received: the essence of didactic interaction and types of learning in higher education was determined; an array of five approaches to didactic interaction in the university is defined, which implements the subject-subject participation of teachers and students in the course of learning – personality-oriented, task, dialogic, simulation-game and competence-creative approaches; their content is revealed and it is established which demonstrations of learning is each of the approaches.
133 Цифровізація вищої освіти та особливості інтерактивного навчання / Digitalization of higher education and features of interactive learning (in Ukrainian) (DOI: 10.47451/ped2022-04-05) , Olena Khandii, Nataliia Derzhak
The digital space and its constant development is causing changes in society itself, transforming it into a digital society. The modern world requires from the individual not only theoretical knowledge, but, above all, flexible skills and the ability to use them throughout life in constantly changing and unusual or even problematic situations. Modern society is moving from a society of knowledge to a society of competent citizens. That is why the necessary condition for the effective and efficient use of digital technologies in all life processes is the possession of computer literacy by citizens, which is inextricably linked with one of the key competencies – digital. Non-availability or lack of digital skills in staff affects the increase in the cost of enterprises to attract consulting organizations that help make digital decisions and solve digital problems. New demands of employers to the workforce cause changes in educational processes and educational programs. The digitalization of higher education creates opportunities to improve the quality of education on the one hand, and on the other hand, has shortcomings and problems that need to be addressed or taken into account in the educational process. The article is devoted to the study of the advantages and problems of digitalization of the educational process and the study of the features of interactive learning. 
134 Інтринсивна та екстринсивна мотивацiя студентiв при вивченнi iноземноï мови / Students’ intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in a foreign language learning (in Ukrainian) (DOI: 10.47451/ped2022-04-06) , Yuliia V. Kovryha
The article is devoted to the analysis of two types of motivation in a foreign language learning, namely – intrinsic (internal) and extrinsic (external). John M. Keller’s educational model of motivation and its main components (attention, relevance, confidence and satisfaction) has been analyzed. The stages of motivational design proposed by John M. Keller have also been under our consideration. The article describes the types of motivation and what is related to it. Thus, the basis of intrinsic motivation is satisfaction with the process of activity itself, the results of intrinsically motivated behavior have a longer lasting effect and a higher degree of quality. This type of motivation has its varieties (communicative, linguistic and instrumental) and a number of factors that affect its strengthening. We also considered external motivation, its varieties (externally regulated, introjected regulation, regulation through identification, integrated regulation) and found that the support of others and a sense of competence are key factors in forming the autonomy of external motivation.
135 Features of the structural role of the sacred in the system of spatio-temporal coordinates of the ethnic world picture (DOI: 10.47451/phi2022-04-01) , Nadya A. Lebyedyeva
In our time of progress, a world in which innovative technologies are rapidly developing, the problem of the structural role of the sacred in the space-time coordinate system of the ethnic world picture remains relevant. The study’s purpose is to consider the features of the structural role of the sacred in the system of spatio-temporal coordinates of the ethnic world picture. In the course of this research, the author of the article set the following tasks: to consider scientific sources of foreign and Ukrainian scientists and to analyze and synthesize the acquired knowledge. The method of a systematic approach to the study of the researched problem is used. The article has a problem-theoretical character and may be of interest to foreign scholars because it contains knowledge acquired by Ukrainian scientists. As a result of the research it was concluded that the sacred as a filling of the spiritual space has its development in time, embodied through social processes, which together fill the picture of the world of the ethnos.
136 Концептуальний плюралізм релігійно-філософської думки в Україні наприкінці ХІХ – початку ХХ ст. / Conceptual pluralism of religious and philosophical thought in Ukraine in the late 19th and early 20th centuries (in Ukrainian) (DOI: 10.47451/phi2022-04-02) , Valeriy Stetsenko, Roman Galuiko
The conceptual pluralism of religious and philosophical thought in Ukraine in the late 19th and early 20th centuries was considered. Its main directions, ideological connection with the corresponding directions and currents of Western European and domestic philosophy are analyzed. In particular, the peculiarities of religious and philosophical views of O. Kozlov, O. Gilyarov, G. Chelpanov, S. Bulgakov, E. Trubetsky, V. Zenkovsky, G. Florovsky, L. Shestov and M. Berdyaev, whose life and work it the late 19th and early 20th centuries were related to Ukraine. Their personal contribution to the development of philosophy in Ukraine and its integration into the same European philosophical process was clarified. Thus, the works of O. Kozlov and O. Gilyarov were greatly influenced by the ideas of panpsychism, in the context of which they in their original teachings uniquely interpreted the theocentric doctrine. The most influential follower of neo-Kantianism in the academic philosophy of Ukraine in the late 19th and early 20th century was G. Chelpanov. In contrast to these philosophers, typical representatives of spiritual philosophy – V. Zenkovsky and G. Florovsky substantiated in their philosophizing the traditional Orthodox doctrine of theocentric. S. Bulgakov and E. Trubetskoy, following their ideological predecessor V. Solovyov, developed various sophiological concepts of “metaphysics of omnipresence”. L. Shestov and M. Berdyaev became the creators of special versions of existential-humanistic philosophy within the “new religious consciousness”, for which they are also considered to be prominent representatives of religious personalism.
137 Дотримання релігійної свободи під час пандемії ковід-19 / Exercising religious freedom during covid-19 pandemic (in Ukrainian) (DOI: 10.47451/phi2022-05-01) , Olga V. Dobrodum, Eduard I. Martinuk, Olena E. Nykytchenko
The article presents a review of pandemic aspects of religious freedom. It is noted that in democracies, freedom of conscience has not been reproduced without problems, and non-democracies have persecuted believers, often emphasizing that this does not impede religious freedom in their countries. Democracies find it harder to fight the pandemic than more authoritarian countries, but outside democracies, and in some cases not to the same extent, freedom of conscience suffers from both sporadic violations and persistent obstacles. In countries where believers have been persecuted, this disease has only become part of the repression and has intensified it, including vaccination, which is another means of discriminating against members of religious organizations who are persecuted. In the current situation, even authoritarian states have an understanding of the importance of collective immunity, and although totalitarian or authoritarian regimes promote vaccination, it does not promote freedom of conscience as such. In this study of religious freedom at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, we emphasized its uniqueness in the constellation of all other human rights and freedoms, and at the same time the need to respect all these rights and freedoms for its realization. In our scientific work, we have warned against the inadmissibility of overgrowth of temporary restrictions on freedom of religion or belief due to the need to implement quarantine regulations to persecute believers outside of this global crisis. The vast majority of violations of religious freedom during the pandemic occurred in countries where even before the spread of the coronavirus, religious minorities were pressured, discriminated against and repressed.
138 Citizenship patriotism as a new model of patriotism: theoretical and methodological basis (DOI: 10.47451/pol2022-04-01) , Inna Semenets-Orlova, Oleksandr Mykhailych, Nataliia Protasova, Valentyna Poltorak
Political transit determines two main prerequisites for a successful transition to democracy: the presence of an appropriate level of national unity, political will for a democratic transition and a real struggle for democracy. Based on a massive sociological survey conducted within the framework of the Swiss-Ukrainian project, the article analyses the state of citizenship of Ukrainians through the prism of developing their patriotic attitudes. The authors make a theoretical attempt to combine the notions of “citizenship” and “patriotism” with a view to their mutual informative reinforcement in the new model of citizenship patriotism. It is determined that the most integrative potential for the successful completion of democratic transit in Ukraine is a model of citizenship patriotism, based on a high level of citizenship competence of individuals (which implies a well-grounded positive assessment of the national realities, the attitude of conscious fulfilment of civil duties and active position of citizens in the field of protection of public interest).
139 Напрями розвитку соціально відповідального бізнесу / Directions of the development of socially responsible business (in Ukrainian) (DOI: 10.47451/soc2022-04-01) , Tatyana O. Dulik, Tatyana Y. Alexandriuk, Dmytro S. Poliskyi
The article is devoted to the study of the actual processes of functioning of socially responsible business, its role as a subject of the modern democratic state of sustainable development, in solving social problems. The basis for the formation of corporate social responsibility of business and factors that contribute to or hinder the implementation of its initiative are clarified. The purpose of the article is to summarize the directions of development of socially responsible business and justify the possibility of adapting the Corporate Social Responsibility initiative in Ukraine in the context of dynamic changes. The methodological basis of the carried-out researches was general theoretical approaches and philosophical methods of scientific knowledge: induction and deduction; historical; analysis and synthesis; systematic approach; method of expert assessments and generalizations, etc. The information base of the study was the current regulatory and legislative acts on the formation of state social standards and state social guarantees in Ukraine, official analytical and statistical materials, monographic and periodicals of domestic and foreign scientists. In particular, modern trends in the implementation of socially oriented principles in the activities of business structures in Ukraine were investigated by T.P. Gitis, A.H. Zinchenko, A.M. Kolot, N.V. Losovska, K.P. Lyashuk, M.A. Saprykina, L.S. Seliverstova, O.O. Trut and others. Among the foreign authors, whose works on this topic are of considerable interest, should be called I. Alon, K. Yeh, A. Carnegie, A. Carroll, M. Kitzmueller, Ph. Kotler, C. Lattemann, W. Leoński, N. Lee, S. Li, G. Fioretti, М. Friedman, M. Fetscherin, J. Shimshack and others. These sources provided a generalization of scientific approaches to the definition of the concept of “socially responsible business”, clarification of problematic issues that require urgent solution and barriers that prevent an increase in the level of social responsibility of business in Ukraine. The authors analyze modern models of corporate social responsibility management and the possibility of their adaptation to domestic conditions. In particular, it may be the use that is most acceptable for the Ukrainian post-war economy – a European model in which the practice of optimal state regulation is a priority, with appropriate social programs for social protection of the population.
140 Smart city ideas for a medieval fortress – Sighisoara (DOI: 10.47451/urb2022-01-001) , Daria-Petruţa Bratu
A smart city represents a caring urban area that uses different types of sensors to collect an electronic data in order to provide information that is used to efficiently manage its resources. The smart city concept comprises six major areas: smart environment, smart mobility, smart government, smart people, smart living and smart economy. This paper aims to present aspects of the urban development of Sighisoara that can be classified in the smart city category. Although it is a small municipality, with a population of 24,447 inhabitants, according to INSEE on January 1, 2020, and has its hearth located on one of the oldest historical localities in Romania, being at the same time a UNESCO site, it has been experiencing in recent years an application of smart projects in the field of urbanism. Without going into contradiction with the medieval vestiges of the municipality, in Sighisoara we try to intertwine the historical environment with the new technologies of the 21th century based on digitalization. The Internet of Things (IoT) is already present in the city by implementing programs in transport, infrastructure and parking. Projects are underway on the construction of smart residential complexes and the transition of digitalization to industry and agriculture. The new global challenge of SARS-COV-2 virus requires a more alert development of smart systems that help to comply with the rules imposed by the authorities without creating discomfort to citizens. The smart citizen is the most important tool in the fight against the pandemic. A citizen who learns to communicate with public authorities and institutions with the help of the internet, who pays his taxes and taxes online is one of the answers of technology to the problems raised by the COVID-19 pandemic. At present, more than 7 billion euros of European funds are available at EU level for the smart development of communities. Sighisoara is among the cities that have seen this development opportunity.