Usage of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Western Medicine and Integrated Chinese-Western Medicine for the Treatment of Allergic Rhinitis
Bilal Ahmed*, Aatiqa Ali
Background: In China, allergic rhinitis patients are looking not only for western therapy in Chinese traditional medicine but also for treatment in Western and Chinese mixed medicine. Several studies have compared traditional Chinese medicine, Western and Western combined. Such three forms of treatment were not analyzed simultaneously. Aim: The research examines the differences between populations and medical applications of allergic rhinitis patients who received all three treatments to determine the use of different drugs. Methods: The inventory for patients diagnosed with allergic rhinitis (International Disease Classification). The Chi-square test and Tukey test were performed for the region of interest to check the disparity between these three treatments (a significant difference still exists). Results: The interview rate for women with allergic rhinitis is higher than for men regardless of whether it is treatment with traditional Chinese medicine, Western or combined traditional Chinese and Western medicine. Persons 0-19 years of age was first in the proportion of allergic rhinitis diagnosis and care. Traditional Chinese medicine includes medical measures with maximum hours per person, the daily cost per hour of medicines and minimum overall hourly expenditure. Western medicine, by comparison, costs the lowest daily drug per hour, and the highest total drug costs per hour per person. Between traditional Chinese and western medicine, the total cost per capita of integrated traditional Chinese and Western Medicine as well as drug costs per capita and the total cost per capita. Conclusion: Although only 6.82% of allergic rhinitis patients opt for combined traditional Chinese medicines and western medicine, their rate of receipt is higher each year. Moreover, mixed medications are used more frequently compared to single-component medicines.
THE ENORMOUS DIMENSIONS OF FORENSIC ODONTOLOGY
Manisha, Parshottam Jasuja , Anand Kumar Thakur
Forensic Odontology, a branch of Forensic sciences that is concerned with dental evidence, has established itself as an important indispensable science in medicolegal matters and has a greater scope of development. It is the study of teeth and jaw as evidence in law and justice. Forensic odontologists help legal authorities and prepare dental evidence by management and maintenance of dental records which contain all legal documents for unique dental information assisting in identification of human remains. This branch can also be of great help in managing human abuse, malpractice, fraud and personal injury cases, assessment of age and sex of the person. This article provides an overview of the basic concepts and conventional methods along with the recent trends used in forensic odontology
TONGUE PRINTS – ARE THEYTRUE???
Neha Bansal*, Richa Bansal
Tongue is a vital organ situated in the oral cavity. Tongue has unique features of its shape, size as well as has sexual dimorphism.no two individuals have same features of tongue not even identical twins! This idea prompted to consider tongue prints as an innovative and new research tool in forensic sciences for individual identification. Along with other biometric identification tools used in forensic sciences, tongue prints are also playing an important role and a promising tool in human identification. This is a small review illustrating the importance of tongue prints in identification.
Age and AgNor- A Morphometric study
Manpreet Kaur, Smita Naik , Sachin Jindal
Aim and objective:- To investigate and correlate total AgNOR area/Total nucleus area (TAA/TNA ) values in buccal epithelial cells of healthy individuals in different age groups. Material and Methodology:- In present study 50 healthy individuals are included with age ranging 10 to 60 years. These are divided into 5 groups.Group1-10-20year, Group2-20- 30year, Group3-30-40year, Group4-40-50year, Group5-50-60year. Oral epithelial cells collected with the help of cyto brush from buccal mucosa. Smears were prepared on clean glass slides and fixed with 95% alcohol. Fixed slides Smears were stained with AgNOR stain. Results: Statistically significant correlations were found between mean TAA/TNA values and age p < 0.001 for linear and p < 0.0001 for polynominal regression, and between AgNOR number and age, p < 0.001 for linear. Conclusion: There is a significant correlation between age and AgNOR amount (ribosome biosynthesis rate) in buccal epithelial cells of healthy individuals. AgNORs in buccal epithelial cells may be used for detection of age. Keywords: AgNoR area, buccal epithelial cells, Age groups, Ribosome biosynthesis rate
Antidiarrheal Potential of Methanol Extract of Combretum dolichopetalum and its Fractions in Wistar Albino Rats A
Chinedu Nwuke* and Bartholomew Ibeh
Aim: The study investigated the antidiarrheal potential of methanol extract of Combretum dolichopetalum and its solvent fractions. Method: Leaves of Combretum dolichopetalum were extracted using methanol as solvent. This was classified as the crude methanol extract (MECD). The crude extract was further fractionated using column chromatographic techniques to get various fractions. Castor oil was used to induce diarrhea in the animals, following atropine and the plant extracts to confirm any antidiarrheal activity. Fecal excretion and absorption/secretion ratio, enteropooling, small intestinal transit, glucose estimation, free fatty acid estimation and fecal osmolarity were employed to serve as antidiarrheal biomarker. Result: result showed improvements in all studied biomarkers compared to the negative control. The extract worked similarly like the standard drug used atropine. Conclusion: From the result of this study, it can be concluded that the methanol extract of Combretum dolichopetalum and it fractions contains compounds with antidiarrheal potentials, and this justifies it use in ethnomedicine
Comparison assessment regarding the Awareness, Behaviors and Attitude towards HIV/AIDS of Dental students in comparison to other allied sciences.
Lovepreet Singh*, Kanu priya , Kajal Chaudhary
Introduction: HIV/AIDS, a pandemic epidemic impacting 40 million people around the world within a limited period. The largest victims of the epidemic, representing 95% of the world's overall HIV transmission, are adults in developed countries. Objectives: Dentists and nurses taking charge of these patients should have ample awareness of the disease as a consequence of a growing number of HIV/AIDS patients and their conduct and actions should be satisfactory. Our research attempted to determine the awareness levels of dental students including UG-PG and nursing students concerning HIV/AIDS and to study attitudes and actions and information gaps between dental and nursing students. The research involved dental and nursing students from our university. Methods:- A questionnaire was given to a total of 300 applicants, 150 dental graduates, 150 nursing graduates and all of them accessed. Results:- According to ninety-eight point-sixAIDS were CD4-T lymphocytes. Sixty percent (60 percent) of dental students claimed that both care and treatment for AIDS were present. Thirty percent (30 percent) of dental students believed that AIDS care was available, while ten percent (10 percent) of dental students believed that AIDS treatment was present. Fifty percent (50 percent) of nursing students claimed that AIDS are present in both recovery and remedy. In our research, it was observed that HIV/AIDS awareness in developing countries such as India is deficient. Increased knowledge may contribute to a decrease in fear of caring for patients infected with HIV. There are studies measuring HIV/AIDS awareness and attitude among oral health care staff in North India, but so far no such research has been undertaken evaluating the knowledge and attitude of dental and nursing students. Conclusions: For most factors, such as fragile ages, forms of transmission, sexual symptoms and common illness, the research sample was quite satisfactory. But misunderstandings still occurred in both dental and nursing students
Digital Twin Technology: Revolutionary to improve personalized healthcare
Personalized medicine uses fine grained information on individual persons, to pinpoint deviations from the normal. ‘Digital Twins’ in engineering provide a conceptual framework to analyze these emerging data-driven health care practices, as well as their conceptual and ethical implications for therapy, preventative care and human enhancement. Digital Twins stand for a specific engineering paradigm, where individual physical artifacts are paired with digital models that dynamically reflects the status of those artifacts. Moral distinctions namely may be based on patterns found in these data and the meanings that are grafted on these patterns. Ethical and societal implications of Digital Twins are explored. Digital Twins imply a data-driven approach to health care. This approach has the potential to deliver significant societal benefits, and can function as a social equalizer, by allowing for effective equalizing enhancement interventions