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1 Taqiyya and human development - the imams of Ahl al-Bayt, peace be upon them, as an example  ,
The research assumes that Taqiyyah is related to the human issue, in terms of preserving its dignity that God Almighty bestowed on it, on the one hand, and its permanence for the future of humanity, on the other. The research will aim to verify the hypothesis that he presented, using the concept of taqiyya and its history and the concept of human development because it is the closest concept to the human issue and its permanence
2 Hiring of the womb - an empirical study , Dr. Shahab Ahmed
This article began by defining (the lease of the womb), and a statement of the reality of surrogacy in the countries of the world, then reviewed the pictures of uterine lease and there were seven. The research on the ruling on leasing the womb was divided into two places: the first: the study of the completeness of the imperative, which is the evidence of leasing. Second: Researching the obstacles that prevent health.
3 The linguistic significance of the speech of the prophets in the Qur’an , Dr. Sahar Najy Fadel Al-Mashhadi
The various aspects of discourse in the Noble Qur’an were crowned by the varied and eloquent styles of Arabic, which in turn gave another miraculousness to the Qur’anic texts, and the commentators mentioned the aspects of this discourse and assigned them according to type. And when we study the Qur’anic verses, we see in its various methods between (the appeal, the question, the command and the prohibition, ... etc.), we find that it is characterized by generality and comprehensiveness. When the Divine Essence addresses the Prophet, the Messenger, the believer, or the infidel, it includes in its discourse the recipients or listeners of their various types. And their religions
4 The principle of clarity of law (A study in the general theory of law , A. M. Ahmed Hassan Kazem Al-Masoudi
The principle of clarity of law is that principle that imposes on the competent authority in legislation that the formulation of legislation be in legal texts that are understandable and easy to implement, and that it is formulated in a manner that does not tolerate interpretation that allows the addressee to understand and comprehend it. The clarity of the law is an element of legal certainty, and it also enjoys great constitutional value, as the judiciary has sometimes argued that unclear or ambiguous texts are unconstitutional. Addressing the lack of clarity of the law in several ways, the most important of which is ensuring the quality of legislative drafting as well as ensuring the accessibility of the law and ensuring knowledge of the law.
5 The principle of clarity of law (A study in the general theory of law , A. M. Ahmed Hassan Kazem Al-Masoudi
The principle of clarity of law is that principle that imposes on the competent authority in legislation that the formulation of legislation be in legal texts that are understandable and easy to implement, and that it is formulated in a manner that does not tolerate interpretation that allows the addressee to understand and comprehend it. The clarity of the law is an element of legal certainty, and it also enjoys great constitutional value, as the judiciary has sometimes argued that unclear or ambiguous texts are unconstitutional. Addressing the lack of clarity of the law in several ways, the most important of which is ensuring the quality of legislative drafting as well as ensuring the accessibility of the law and ensuring knowledge of the law.
6 The components of sound education in the Qur’an (Al-Zahra, peace be upon her, as a model) , Nooran Jabbar omran
From the perspective of the Qur’an, man exists and has the ability to harness the world in which he is and elevate himself to a higher level than the ranks of the angels, and he can bring them down to the lowest of the low. Therefore, God favored him over many of his creation and prescribed for him the ingredients through which he can refine himself and raise him to the highest levels. These components are the beliefs that stem from the heart, the common sense with which man was born, the purpose for which man was created, and the moral aspect that he must possess in order to elevate himself And the social aspect that is born, raised and lives in it represented by the family and the environment, so we will shed light on these aspects and how the Prophet deposited them in the person of Al-Zahra to grow the Lady of the women of the worlds and prove all that she was raised on in her children who sacrificed everything precious and precious for the sake of faith, morals and society.
7 Quranic rules in Islamic international relations (An explanatory jurisprudential study of the verses of war and peace) , Dr.Mustafa jafar ajeel al-brahemeey
Islam legislated jihad in order to spread the doctrine of monotheism and make it the simple belief on the face of the earth. The jihad was not for the purpose of extending Islamic influence and authority out of hatred or belittling the lives of others, but rather in order to remove injustice, persecution and servitude to other than God Almighty. Those who refused to submit to the doctrine of monotheism, and as for the other people of the Book, the orders were that they showed hostility to Islam, they would fight and if they showed peace, they would accept their religion in exchange for the tribute if they were living under the authority of the Islamic state. Both parties, and this is what we referred to during the researchThe research was organized into two demands. In the first requirement, we dealt with the concept of Quranic rules and Islamic international relations, while the second topic came about models for Quranic rules in war and peace. It is an exceptional case in the event that they violate their covenant with the Muslims. As for the primary principle with the polytheists and the infidels, it is war or their belief in the doctrine of monotheism
8 The Qur’anic discourse and the principle of moderation in Islamic culture, morals and values , Prof. Dr. Abdel Qader Salami Dr.. Amina Belhashmi
Since Islam has been, is and will remain, as God willed for it to remain, the home of moderation and moderation in spreading a culture of peace and rejecting extremism in all its forms and manifestations, our next paper aims at it by examining some of its models in the Noble Qur’an, Islamic culture and modern Arabic poetry, in a way that suffices to stand on the His Eminence, our true religion, and rejection of all forms of intimidation used in spreading the culture of aggression without the desired culture of peace.
9 The informativeness of the symbol and the intentions of discourse in Nahj al-Balaghah , Researcher Noor Yassin Karim Dr. Abbas Hussein Ali Al-Faham Dr. Wissam Jumaa Lafta
This field of knowledge aims to study [the reporting of the symbol in the approach of rhetoric] and to show the reporting effect of the symbol in it, and the reasons that lead the creator to tend to it and use symbols in the content of his words in different purposes and circumstances of space, as the symbol is a creative means that is characterized by a side of ambiguity gives the text the element of suspense and expands the circle of creativity of the sender by giving him a wide space to express his purposes, and contributes to the involvement of the sender through reading, interpretation, decoding and revealing its meaning
10 Islamic discourse between the constraints of the past and the challenges of the future , Dr. Nizar Naji Muhammed
Today, the Islamic world has been divided into conflicting and conflicting parties, each party claiming its right to lead the Islamic world. One party wants to return to the nation’s exemplary past, that past in which Islamic civilization flourished and tightened its grip on vast areas of the world, and the owners of this trend reject everything related to the civilization coming from the West. As it leads to moral decay and the destruction of authentic Islamic values.  On the contrary, there is another party that wants to be freed from that past and leave its tragedies that have only brought calamities, wars, violence and backwardness to the Islamic world, claiming that the nation suffers these days is nothing but the result of its adherence to that inheritance and its failure to join the development process taking place in the Western world. These values and cultural heritage, and this is what will make the countries of the Islamic world with the refineries of backward and conflicting countries, and this intellectual conflict necessitated the existence of an Islamic discourse calling for peace and unity, bearing in mind our contemporary reality that the Islamic nation is going through
11 The impact of the diversity of human gems and abilities in the skill industry Analytical study of the Qur'anic text , Dr. Talal Faeq Mujbel Al Kamali
This study is a scientific attempt to reflect on the verses of the Noble Qur’an to monitor the impact of the diversity of human essences and the diversity of their apparent and latent capabilities, and the mechanism of employing his abilities and energies in refining and formulating skill, as we think that the formative rendering of the elements of his composition included self-abilities that stand behind the manifestation of skill, which is concerned with the end of drawing the parameters of the path The ladder of his promotion and completion, for this reason, this research was to monitor the energies of man’s multiple essences, and to determine the sources of his own capabilities in the skill industry and formulation; Because of the importance of the subject and the strength of its impact on human life and behavior in the midst of the temporal and spatial circumstances that surround him in good times, especially bad ones, this research was under the title (The Impact of Diversity of Man’s Gems and His Capabilities in Crafting Skill / Analytical Study in the Light of the Qur’anic Text) to determine the vision of the Holy Qur’an in this The important and sensitive field by monitoring the essential movement of human jewels and their diversity on the one hand, and their impact on skill-making, methods of organization and mechanisms of application; To inform us that the Qur’anic library is free of the research vocabulary, which we believe the Holy Qur’an has enriched with its verses scattered between its two covers.
12 The Call to Voice in the Noble Qur’an / A Study in Style , Dr. Najah Hussein Kattan
The verses of the Noble Qur’an were revealed for a great purpose in the matter of listening to the verses of the Most Merciful, because of the power of the phrase, the eloquence of meaning and the good style, and this listening varied in its formulation. God Almighty used the method of calling in the matter of listening to some of his great verses And if we go back to the sound and its effects, we find that the Holy Quran is full of the style of calling to hear, and that includes ordering Abraham, peace be upon him, to call on people, calling for them to perform the pilgrimage to the ancient house of God, and this is clear from the Almighty’s saying ((and let people go for Hajj)).
13 Defining presence knowledge, a critical analytical study , Dr. Ibrahim Jassim Kazem Jaafar Al-Moussawi
The subject of this study is the analysis and understanding of the reality of direct science, as opposed to indirect science, which is a topic worthy of importance due to the importance of this analysis in understanding and analyzing the position of direct science in the formation of cognitive certainty, which contemporary Islamic philosophy has sought to rely on. What the study found is that direct knowledge requires the need to expand the concept of the negated wasta in it to the conceptual wasta, and the existential wasta; It is an expansion that relied on the view that the circle of indirect knowledge includes some levels of divine knowledge, as it is in the knowledge of material bodies after creation.  And that the unity of scientific and external existence assumed in this science is not real, but rather looks at the negation of the existence of a conceptual mediator. Otherwise, direct knowledge has three pillars, not two pillars, as is the case in indirect knowledge. And the outskirts of direct knowledge by noting the existence of the known external thing, they are the present existence with the world within a special appearance, and the actual external existence in itself, which gives the existence of a kind of difference between the known and the existence in itself. The method in this study is the descriptive and analytical method.
14 The argumet of determining the meaning of prepositions in the Qur’anic text , Dr. Khairallah Mahdi Jassim Muhammad Al-ZughairCollege of Islamic Sciences / University of Warith Al-Anbiyaa
What we aim in our research is to reach an objective method that examines the dissection  of the multiplicity of meaning of prepositions in the Qur’anic text, and one of the indicators of multiplicity of meaning is to move away from taking into account the context of the Qur’anic text that matches the meaning of the preposition . And what is noticed at grammarians and interpreters aims to choose the meaning with what match the structure sentence that achieved the essential formula  without looking at the contents  of the text and its linguistic context that leads to determining a specific meaning, such as limiting the meaning of the preposition to the concept of reaching , so the verb includes the meaning of another verb or the preposition  guarantees the meaning of another preposition , so this perspective is a departure from the meaning Which corresponds to the context of the Qur'anic text.      On the other hand, the research represents a linguistic treatment to determine the meaning of the preposition, as the use of the preposition   that generates the possibility of more than one meaning does not negate the meaning of the relation  with the inclusion of the contextual meaning.so the use (in) in The  context leads to the meaning (on) does not negate what (in) refers to , so the meaning of the preposition is the two functions together , so the Almighty’s saying, “I will crucify them in the trunks of the palm,” does not negate the two meanings. Its meaning expands the meaning with two meanings, not one meaning.
15 The argumet of determining the meaning of prepositions in the Qur’anic text , Dr. Khairallah Mahdi Jassim Muhammad Al-Zughair College of Islamic Sciences / University of Warith Al-Anbiyaa
What we aim in our research is to reach an objective method that examines the dissection  of the multiplicity of meaning of prepositions in the Qur’anic text, and one of the indicators of multiplicity of meaning is to move away from taking into account the context of the Qur’anic text that matches the meaning of the preposition . And what is noticed at grammarians and interpreters aims to choose the meaning with what match the structure sentence that achieved the essential formula  without looking at the contents  of the text and its linguistic context that leads to determining a specific meaning, such as limiting the meaning of the preposition to the concept of reaching , so the verb includes the meaning of another verb or the preposition  guarantees the meaning of another preposition , so this perspective is a departure from the meaning Which corresponds to the context of the Qur'anic text.      On the other hand, the research represents a linguistic treatment to determine the meaning of the preposition, as the use of the preposition   that generates the possibility of more than one meaning does not negate the meaning of the relation  with the inclusion of the contextual meaning.so the use (in) in The  context leads to the meaning (on) does not negate what (in) refers to , so the meaning of the preposition is the two functions together , so the Almighty’s saying, “I will crucify them in the trunks of the palm,” does not negate the two meanings. Its meaning expands the meaning with two meanings, not one meaning.
16 Precaution in the Book of Hama Al-Hawamie in Explaining Jima Al-Jawamie , Dr. Alaa Saleh Obaid Al Asadi College of Islamic Sciences / University of Warith Al-Anbiyaa
This study attempts to address an important topic of Arabic grammar, and we find that it has taken a good place among grammarians, exegetes, and rhetoricians, which is “Precaution in the Book of Hama Al-Hawamie in Explaining Jima Al-Jawamie.” Grammarians, exegetes, and rhetoricians reviewed this grammatical phenomenon for a semantic purpose, as precaution comes only for the sake of the meaning. The topic of precaution is very large in grammar books and has idiomatic synonyms, so the study endeavors to study it in the book of “Hama Al-Hawamie” only
17 Precaution in the Book of Hama Al-Hawamie in Explaining Jima Al-Jawamie , Dr. Alaa Saleh Obaid Al Asadi College of Islamic Sciences / University of Warith Al-Anbiyaa
This study attempts to address an important topic of Arabic grammar, and we find that it has taken a good place among grammarians, exegetes, and rhetoricians, which is “Precaution in the Book of Hama Al-Hawamie in Explaining Jima Al-Jawamie.” Grammarians, exegetes, and rhetoricians reviewed this grammatical phenomenon for a semantic purpose, as precaution comes only for the sake of the meaning. The topic of precaution is very large in grammar books and has idiomatic synonyms, so the study endeavors to study it in the book of “Hama Al-Hawamie” only
18 ALamthal in book Sibawayh - Pragmatic study , Dr.T Kahtan Hady Hassan ALKUT UNIVERSITY COLLEGE
The clarification of many modern linguistic concepts in the opinions and reports of the ancients had a significant impact on the richness of the modern lesson, Sibawayh's rich book, and most modern linguistic studies with fluent Arabic foundations, and pragmatic studies are a form of those investigations that the researcher found in the procedural aspect of a linguistic sample, which are the proverbs that  Sibawayh narrated it from the Arabs fluently.  And by applying the theoretical aspects of the deliberative research represented in: (the clarifications, the previous assumption, the dialogue command, the verbal verbs) on a group of Arabic proverbs, and then showing the deliberative dimension of it from the perspective of modern pragmatism
19 The theory of evolution reading from a Quranic perspective , Dr. Tahsin Abdul Rahman College of Islamic Sciences / University of Warith Al-Anbiyaa
The research dealt with a topic that occupied the thought of Islamic scholars regarding the twentieth century AD, which is whether or not the Darwinian theory of evolution is incompatible with religious texts, especially the Holy Qur’an? In this regard, we initially provided a brief explanation of the theory of evolution and its opposite, which is the theory of stability and the issues that revolve around them. What is important from a religious point of view is to know whether the Darwinian theory is contrary to the Qur’anic texts or not. We have listed the evidence for those who see a contradiction between the texts of the Qur’an and the theory, and we have listed the evidence for those who see the texts of the Qur’an compatible with the theory. We also cited verses that do not seem to support either of the two related theories (evolution and constancy). We discussed the evidence of both parties, and what we ended up with is a vision different from the usual, which is that religion and the heavenly books carry goals other than those sought by humanity and scientists, and both natural and religious scientists seek different goals, scientists seek to reveal the unknowns of nature, while religion seeks to refine and acknowledge Laws that treat souls and correct human history in matters including the use of science in the correct manner and do not overlap between the two parties, and we should not explore the natural unknowns through the heavenly books that target other matters that are targeted by science, otherwise our work will be downloading religious texts with what they cannot bear. What should be said in this field is that the religious texts related to the topic did not address the two theories at all, and the reading of some of them in a manner consistent with both theories contradicts the basic goal of religion and the mission of the prophets, and it is not necessary to search for scientific topics such as physics, chemistry or biology and its origins in The Qur’an, that is what the minds of mankind should search for through their various methods, and it should not be searched for in the Qur’an
20 Tribal unions in central and southern Iraq and the position of the Ottoman rule on them 1534 - 1831 AD , Yasemin Salman Abd oun AL-turfi University of Warith Al-Anbiyaa / College of Islamic Sciences
The Iraqi clans maintained a special organization based on the unity of lineage and affiliation. The clan in the tribal society is the important basis under which the individuals residing in their monastery fall under its banner. The uprisings carried out by the Iraqi tribal confederations led to the Ottoman Empire losing a lot of money and men that could have been used on other fronts. These rebellions also kept chaos going in central and southern Iraq and contributed to the poor economic and social conditions of the population . The study also showed that the Mamluk governors when they assumed power found an influential tribal force in Iraq, so they tried to limit its influence through continuous military operations, but they were not able to impose their authority on the tribes except after seeking the help of tribal support, especially from the clans supporting them and which they trusted their ties with, as well as working on the employment of the tribes Militarily, due to the lack of the necessary regular military forces, however, these methods did not work with the clans. When they realized that the opportunity was appropriate to break the authority of the rulers, they did not hesitate from their independence over all the periods of the rulers, whether the Ottomans or the Mamluks, and the clans did not calm down towards their policy