1 Quantum Artificial Intelligence Modelling for Phantom (Aura) Robotics, Sadique Shaikh
The concept of “Phantom/Aura Robots” I brought with further enhancement in my last research communication on “Quantum Arti- ficial Intelligence (QAI)” published last year and discussed how we can engineer, group and gather various lights as single “Intelligence Light” or can say Optical Artificial Intelligence in other words for clear understandings using various LEDs and LASERS Diodes and another light emitting sources.
2 Developing Model of Bridge to Identification Eigen-Frequencies of Bridges Using the Theory of Continuous Systems, Triantafyllos Makarios* and Vassilios Lekidis
In the present article, an ideal equivalent three Degrees of Freedom (DoF) system of a one- bay-bridge (that is supported on elastometallic bearings) that has distributed stiffness and mass along its length is given. From the naturally point of view, the bridge has infinity number of degrees of freedoms, but based on the free vibration study, using partial differential equation, a mathematical ideal Three-Degrees of Freedoms system is obtained, where its ideal mass matrix is analytically written at specific mass locations on the bridge.
3 Neural Networks for Robot Collision Estimation and Detection, Abdel-Nasser Sharkawy*
This paper presents a mini-review on our previous work presented in ref. [1-6] in which the neural networks (NNs) were used for estimating and then detecting the robot’s collisions with the human operator during the cooperation task. This review investigates and compares the designed NN architectures, their application, the resulted mean squared error (MSE) from training, and their effectiveness (%) in detecting the robot’s collisions. This review reveals that the NN is an effective method in estimating and detecting the human-robot collisions.
4 Effects of Annealing Temperature and Ag3Sn Intermetallic Compound Particles on the Electrical Resistivity of Sn/Ag Eutectic Material, Shakib Alsowidy* and Belqees Alasry
This work aims to study a new lead-free solder alloy as a substitute for lead-tin alloys in order to solve the problem of protecting human health. The effect of thermal aging on the electri- cal resistivity of a eutectic Sn-3.5wt%Ag lead-free solder alloy has been investigated. The sam- ples have been aged at the temperature range of 100°C - 160°C. During aging, the precipitation behavior has been followed by the electrical resistivity measurements. The resistivity change of Sn-3.5wt%Ag eutectic alloy rises to a maximum value and then decreases to a constant value at each aging temperature. The maximum value increases as aging temperature increased. The little reduction in resistivity after the maximum value is due to the coalescence and growth of precipitates and then decreasing in the scattering effect to the electrons. Microstructural char- acterizations using scanning electron microscope (SEM) were conducted to follow in detail the precipitation behavior.
5 Star-Laplace Transform S-Step, Mohamed Moktar Chaffar* and Hassen Ben Mohamed
The Laplace transform has many applications in science and engineering because it is a tool for solving differential equations; in this paper we propose a Star-Laplace transform s-step. We give the definition of this Star-Laplace transform s-step of function f(t), t ∈ [0,+∞], some exam- ples and basic properties. We also give the form of its inverse by using the theory of the Laplace Transform.
6 Failure Probability of Internally-Repaired Corroded Pipes under Thermomechanical Loading, Ardeshir Savari*
With the mounting demand for oil and gas worldwide, the maintenance of repaired pipelines has posed great importance in recent decades, in which composite materials have eased the way to rehabilitate corroded specimens. This study aims to investigate the failure probability of pipes suffering from internal corrosion repaired by fiber-reinforced composite materials which undergo internal pressure as well as temperature gradient, employing the Monte Carlo method, along with the Spearman rank correlation coefficient signifying the role of input parameters in the level of failure probability.
7 Modern Regionalism, Modern Hospital, Sania Sami*
The present article examines the link between modern regionalism and modern hospitals, and states that addressing community culture in architecture is increasingly debated. The con- temporary period has brought about extensive changes in most fields, including architectural theories, has put forward diverse and numerous points of view, and in some cases has led to the emergence of new approaches regarding ancient and rooted thoughts. Hence, it is suggested that a relationship is established between the building and human beings, which makes the en- vironment and space better understood by human beings, and a kind of emotional connection is established between the two. Therefore, attention to the new regionalism that is the subject of this article is examined and according to the progress of science and technology, its relation- ship with medical centers, including hospitals its relationship with medical centers, including hospitals, is examined.
8 Corrected Physics of Deactivation of Gyroscopic Inertial Torques, Ryspek Usubamatov*
The main property of gyroscopic devices is maintaining the axis of a spinning rotor in space. All gyroscopes manifest the action of the inertial torques and motions which mathematical models based on the principle of the mechanical energy conservation. New studies show the external force to the spinning rotor generates the net of the interrelated inertial torques acting around axes of its rotation. The four centrifugal, two Coriolis torques and two torques of the change in the angular momentum are looped around two axes and express the resistance and precession torques of the spinning rotor. Blocking of the gyroscope precessed motion leads to the vanishing of inertial torques around two axes except the precessed torque-generated by the center mass of the spinning rotor.
9 Characterization Curve of Nutrition Protein in Milk by HPLC and Its Quality Control Thereof, Yongjun Lu, Mingtao Geng, Jiang Chen, Shaojing Zhai, Yutang Wang and Xindu Geng*
The nutrition value of milks is commonly evaluated by determining the total amount of nitro- gen, amino acids, and proteins. Because of all these methods only base on the determination of a single parameter, lacking high selectivity, a lot of problems have been met. The presentation re- ports a highly selective method for the quality control of bovine milk by determining the relative amount of five proteins in milks by reversed-phase liquid chromatography.
10 The Danger of Right Hand Driving on Left Side and Remedy, KM Yacob*
It is difficult for the driver sitting on the right side of the vehicle to accurately know the position of the vehicle passing on his left side and the pedestrian passenger. It is common for pedestrians to be struck by vehicles because the left front of the vehicle, includ- ing the driver’s seat, cannot be seen clearly enough.
11 Exploring Macro-Bending Losses on Photonic Crystal Fiber for Communication Window with Dissimilar Material Composites, Dimpi Paul* and Sibasish Dutta
This paper highlights the losses arising from bending that plays a vital role in long-term communication purposes. To get better transmission it is very essential to control the losses. Losses arising from bending of photonic crystal fiber (PCF) can also be controlled by altering the structural parameter (d/ᴧ and ᴧ) that regulates the photonic crystal fiber structure.
12 Review of Discharge Coefficients of Side Weirs, Ahmed Y Mohammed*
More than eighty years ago, De-Marchi indicated an assumption for hydraulics of flow-through side weir. Many researchers who study side weir depended on this assumption in their studies. Many studies for side weir were carried out in different channels, and numerical studies sup- ported the results. This study deal with a comprehensive review of discharge coefficient for side weir.
13 New Era Starts with 6G Technology, Vanitha Rajamanickam*
Wireless communication evolution from 1G to 6G, evolution of technology based on demand of the customer requirement. The continuous requirement increases the demand on technology. 6G is the successor of 5G technology. Sixth-generation (6G) operates the frequency of THz. Terahertz waves (THz), which are sub millimeter waves sitting between microwave and infrared light on the electro- magnetic spectrum, have been used to achieve data rates greater than 100 Gbps It incorporate var- ies technologies machine-to-machine (M2M) communication. 6G communication support, 3 D media technology optical wireless communication (OWC), 3D networking, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), and wireless power transfer and also support Internet of Nano Things (IoNT).
14 Design of a Pulse Oximeter with Altitude Measurement Bluetooth Communication and Android Application, Carlos A Cruz Malvaéz, Aurey Galván Lobato and Manuel Ortínez Benavides*
Implementation of a pulse oximeter with measurement of altitude, heart rate (HR) and oxy- gen saturation (SpO 2 ) with bluetooth communication, in the need of real-time as well as remote monitoring by the therapist with the purpose of avoiding the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. With the use of bluetooth technology, the data is transmitted in real-time to a mobile phone through an application in the Android operating system, a medical history record is generated using the MIT App Inventor platform, likewise an audible alarm is activated in case the satura- tion level is out of range, taking into consideration the variation in oxygen saturation depending on the altitude where measurement is taken.
15 Design and Implementation of IoT Based Object Detection using IR and Ultrasonic Sensors, Shilpa B Sarvaiya* and DN Satange
Sensors which are connected to IoT board send data to either a local network or the Inter- net. The Internet of Things is the accretion of connected sensors. It is assumed that in the year 2025 approximately 75.44 billion devices are connected to the Internet of Things. In IoT great- est number of devices will be small sensors that send information about what they are sensing. Here we are going to design how an infrared sensor works with ESP8266 NodeMCU board and also implement these sensors to select object and measure the distance of the object by using ultrasonic sensor.
16 The linkages between Biodiversity Conservation, Ecosystem Services, and Community Development in Tropical Region: A Review, Ange Imanishimwe*
Most of communities depend on natural resources such as forests, land, and water for their livelihoods. Nature is the source of human health due to daily needs from ecosystem goods and services. From the relationship existing in ecological and economic systems, the aspects like im- proved living standards of people, livelihoods, biodiversity conservation, and human wellbeing require a multi-disciplinary collaboration between communities and stakeholders to find a good approach that integrates biodiversity conservation and human wellbeing. We are interested to know the status of community based conservation projects in the tropical region and bring the scientific contribution referring to the findings.
17 Detection of Pneumonia and Covid-19 from Chest X-Ray Images Using Neural Networks and Deep Learning, Jeet Santosh Nimbhorkar, Kurapati Sreenivas Aravind*, K Jeevesh and Suja Palaniswamy
Early detection of Pneumonia and COVID-19 is extremely vital in order to guarantee timely access to medical treatment. Hence, it is necessary to detect pneumonia/COVID-19 from the X-ray images. In this paper, convolutional neural networks along with Transfer Learning is used to aid in the detection of the disease. A CNN model is proposed with four convolutional layers with four max pooling layers, one flatten layer followed by one fully connected hidden layer and output layer. Pre-trained models, namely, AlexNet, InceptionV3, ResNet50 and VGG19 are implemented.
18 Ku band metamaterial absorber for stealth applications against Radar and Military Satcom, Vani Sadadiwala*, Vimlesh Singh and Devender Sharma
This paper suggests a Ku band metamaterial absorber simulation using CST Microwave Stu- dio Software at a frequency ranging from 12-18 GHz [2]. The work proposes a design which has a square based ground Metamaterial Absorber (MA). The overall measurement of the unit cell assembly is 5* 5 mm^2. This assembly covers the Ku band which gives a wideband of ab- sorption [1]. The optimization of structure is achieved at 13.3 GHz and 14.9 GHz respectively. The designed metamaterial absorber serves in stealth technologies.
19 Vedic Multiplier for High Speed Applications, JVR Sudhamsu Preetham, Nethra Perli*, D Chandrasekhar, Mathangi Akhila, N Arun Vignesh and Asisa Kumar Panigrahy
We live in a technologically advanced society. The use of diverse electronic gadgets is interwo- ven with even the most fundamental aspects of our daily lives. They increase and smoothen the pace of our life. The multiplier component controls the speed of most electronic systems with high-speed applications that employ the IEEE 754-2008 standard for single-precision FPUs. Several existing methods have been included to enhance the multiplier’s speed of operation. They have, however, not demonstrated a substantial difference in speed, raising it by a maxi- mum of 1.182 times.
20 Confined Quantum Field Theory, Mohammad Fassihi*
Confined Quantum Field Theory is the extension of the moral of the special and general relativity into the quantum domain. Thereby each quantum object is represented by a bounded and connected manifold with a metric as the function of its energy and topology representing type of particle. This gives any quantum object well-defined size and position. This simple and basic statement bring us be- yond uncertainty and paradox in the quantum theory and make it much stronger instrument to solve many fundamental problem in many domain in physics.
21 Design by Research in the Context of the Prosperity and Well-being of Humankind, Specifically for the Elderly, Lau langeveld* and Amarendra Kumar Das
Design by research is a design methodology within the context of subject(s) for a defined group. Descriptive research performs in the context of qualitative research. Philosophy, be- havioural sciences, sociology, economics, and other scientific fields contribute to the design do- main. The design ability can potentially change our behaviour and initiations in the social and economic context. Design activities must be forward-looking so that design energy can harness humanity’s necessary progress.
22 The Conscience Technology on Matter: Advanced Interstellar Trips, Francisco Bulnes*
The central idea of Lagrangian dynamics is to study the movement of particles, even in continu- ous media, and the causes that originate this movement, which brings an intrinsic transformation of space due to energy. Not so the physical entities, which must be invariant under the choice of trans- formations of coordinate systems.
23 A Novel Dog Breed Identification using Convolutional Neural Network, Prasanth Vaidya S* Chandra Mouli PVSSR and Ravi Kishore V
ML has grown in popularity over the previous decade as a result of strong computers that can process large amounts of data in a reasonable length of time. A well-known problem in Machine Learning is the Dog breed classifier. The issue is determining a dog’s breed. The input can be a dog or a human image, and the proposed algorithm should be able to forecast the dog’s breed or, if the human is a dog, which breeds it belongs to. For human face detection, OpenCV is utilised, while for dog face detection, the VGG16 model is employed
24 Advanced Optimizations Techniques for Electrical Engineering Applications, Swati Gade*
The performance, utilization, reliability, and cost of the system are all improved when opti- mization techniques are used to solve engineering problems. Researchers have used a number of traditional optimization techniques like geometric programming, nonlinear programming, sequential programming, dynamic programming, etc to solve these problems. Traditional op- timization techniques have been effective in many real-world problems, but they have some drawbacks that are primarily caused by the search algorithms they have built into them. The re- searchers have developed a number of advanced optimization algorithms commonly referred to as metaheuristics, to overcome the limitations of traditional optimization techniques.
25 Transformative School Digital Sustainability Model to Improve Teacher Professionalism and Identity in Primary Education, Lucia Isabel Chaman Cabrera*, Silvia Juana Saavedra Diaz, Luis Alberto Chunga Pajares and Consuelo Ivonne Del Castillo Castro
To transform education, it is necessary to innovate in knowledge, identity, and teaching prac- tice; that is why the teacher must conceive his pedagogical practice as a way to strengthen his professional identity and exercise his teaching work following trends and challenges of educa- tion, showing good preparation, developing research, using technology and reflecting on their teaching practice.
26 Combining Analytical Hierarchy Process Method - Profile Matching Method for the Best Dean’s List Selection, Teotino G Soares*, Abdullah Z Abidin and Tenia Wahyuningrum
Determining the best dean’s list is one of the steps to motivate students to complete their studies at a tertiary institution. However, the process of determining the best candidate dean’s list is not an easy thing to make decisions consistently and transparently. So, in this study we combined the AHP and Profile Matching Method, as well as a linear interpolation model with criteria grade point averages (GPA) obtained, subjects taken and criteria repeated subjects. This study aims to provide specific knowledge about how to combination of the AHP-Profile Match- ing method and the linear interpolation model in building the best Dean’s List decision support system.
27 Joy of Computers and Binary Code, Komaladitya Challa*
The modern-day computers make computing so easy. But the computing existed for about 4000 years. It was during the bronze age when Sumer developed and rose to prominence being first urban civilization.
28 Fast Response Optoelectronics Devices, Zahraa S Alshaikhli*
Optoelectronics devices are components based on the interaction of light-within different spectral region- with electronics devise. Laser diodes, light emitting diodes LEDs, photodetectors, image sen- sor, electro optic modulators, opto isolators, phototubes, image intensifiers and photonics integrated circuits are examples of optoelectronics devices.
29 Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), Tabbsum Hanif Mujawar*
Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are paying attention not only in the industry but also in the sector like academia because of their enormous application potential and exclusive safety challenges. Wire- less sensor networks have been used for many applications, from ecological monitoring to logistic, tracking etc. In addition, wireless sensor networks can be used in appliances such as wellbeing mon- itoring and control, environment and terrestrial monitoring, biomedical health monitoring, home au- tomation, travel control, natural disaster relief and seismic sensing etc.
30 Extracting Semantic Relationship Between Fatiha Chapter (Sura) and the Holy Quran, Ahmed Samir Ahmed Ibrahim El khadrawy*, Safia Abbas, Yasser Kamal Omar and Nady Hussain Abd Jawad
There is a huge shortage of scientific research in the Arabic language, especially in natural lan- guage processing and relationships between Arabic documents and other specific documents. This shortage is also reflected in Arabic Books’ introduction, Topics abstraction, and content summary engines. Furthermore, there are some good samples of Arabic words inside the Quran. The Quran is the holy book of Islam, that is divided into chapters (surah) and verses (ayat) of differing lengths and topics.
31 Digital and 21st Century Competences: Challenges and Difficulties in The Teaching and Learning of Mathematics by Ecuadorian Teachers, Abdón Pari Condori* and Roxana Auccahuallpa Fernandez
The objective of the study is to identify the challenges and difficulties faced by Ecuadorian Teachers in the implementation of GeoGebra as a didactic resource for the teaching and learning of mathematics. The research is framed in a mixed exploratory sequence approach with a pop- ulation of 832 teachers who were trained by the Ecuadorian Institute of GeoGebra (IEG) at the National University of Education in the period 2017-2020. The sampling was non-random con- formed by N=144 teachers, who answered the online questionnaire.
32 The AltiMetric Workspace, Harold C Schuch*
In essence, this article introduces a digital platform (see Figure 1) that can be located on the Earth’s surface, or anywhere above or below it. It provides a local project “workspace” that can be tied precisely to the Earth-Centered Earth-Fixed (ECEF) coordinate system of an ellipsoid. It is, in nature, like the old Polar Projection, with three differences
33 Recognition and Maintenance of Attendance Management System using Artificial Intelligence over Machine Learning via Biometric System, Susmitha Mukund Kirsur*
We are living in an automated world where technical advancements are taking place and devices are connected to cyber. There has been a technical evolution in internet of things, image processing, and machine learning. Drastic change in the systems to achieve the accurate results is the trend. Evolution of Technical advancements has led to changes in education system. Con- siderable advancements have to be done on the Attendance marking in a classroom during a lecture is not only a onerous task but also a time consuming one at that. Proxy attendance(s) has been increased because of increase in the number of students.
34 Determination of Water Quality Indices for Kofa Dam, Suleja, Nigeria, Animashaun IM*, Abubakar S, Mohammed AS, Adeoye PA and Kuti IA
Water quality can be affected by either natural or anthropogenic factors. In this study, Wa- ter quality indices of Kofa Dam were determined for drinking and irrigation purposes Water samples were analyzed for the selected physicochemical parameter (pH, Electrical conductivity, Chloride, Total dissolve solids, Salinity, Sulphate, Sodium, Nitrate, Calcium, Temperature, Tur- bidity and Bicarbonate). The results from the analysis were compared with the drinking and irrigation standards of NSDWQ, FAO and WHO. Also, the results in relation to the standards were used to compute indices for drinking and irrigation purposes using the weighted arithme- tic index.
35 Importance of Refrigeration and its Types, Kamaljyoti Talukdar*
Refrigeration is an art of maintaining a system/object at a temperature lower than ambient tem- perature or surroundings. Refrigeration is used in every day to day life. Foodstuffs are stored at con- genial temperature for preventing them from spoilage. The spoilage is reduced as micro-organisms are inactive at lower temperature and thus spoilage is reduced. In medicinal field, different medicines are stored at refrigerated temperature preventing them from spoilage. Also refrigeration is utilized to maintain a given volume of space at comfortable temperature.
36 Optimizing a Public Transportation System based on Young Drivers’ Attitudes and the Theory of Planned Behavior Factors, Turuna Seecharan*
In Duluth, the largest demographic living in poverty is 18-24-year-olds. Drivers within this age range are also over-represented in crash statistics in the state of Minnesota. Further, owning and operating a personal vehicle can be costly, especially for young drivers with no stable or high income. Sustainable commute modes include commuting with low impact on the environment, transporting more than one passenger, or replacing fossil fuels with green energy. Behavioral changes are necessary to get the maximum benefits from sustainable commuting such as en- couraging the use of alternative modes of transportation like the public transportation system.
37 Hazardous Behavior Recognition Based on Multi-Model Fusion, Bingyi Zhang*, Bincheng Li and Yuhan Zhu
Distracted driving has become a serious traffic problem. This study proposes an image pro- cess- ing and multi-model fusion scheme to maximize the discrimination accuracy of distracted driving. First, the training dataset and the test dataset are processed to specific specifications by translation and clipping. Second, we set vgg16 as the benchmark model for evaluation, and train ResNet50, InceptionV3 and Xception model input images. Finally, considering that each model has its own advantages, we use frozen part of the network layer to fine-tune the model, remove the weights of each single model Fine-tune from the output before full connection, connect them in series, and then calculate each model weights through neural network training.
38 An Improved Principal Component Analysis (PCA) Face Recognition Technique using Modular Approach, Liu Aofan* and Tan Qianqian
Face recognition is an important application in computer vision and biometrics. In this paper, we propose a novel approach to face recognition based on modular PCA (Principal Component Analysis). The proposed method improves the accuracy and efficiency of face recognition by dividing the face image into multiple overlapping sub-blocks, and then applying PCA to each sub-block independently. The resulting sub-block eigenfaces are then combined to form a com- posite face feature vector, which is used for face identification. Experimental results on several standard face recognition datasets demonstrate that our approach outperforms other state-of- the-art methods in terms of recognition accuracy and computational efficiency.
39 A Kind of Online Game Addictive Treatment Model about Young Person, Xiaokang Liu*, Jiangtao Li, Yanyan Zhao, Yiyue Sun, Haibo Zhang
This paper constructs a kind of communication model with forced treatment of online game addicts. First, the regeneration matrix method is used to determine the basic regeneration num- ber of the model, and then the local stability of online game model and online game addiction transmission conditions is judged according to the basic regeneration number. Further, the ef- fect of treatment delay on online game addicts is analyzed. And last, with the help of numerical simulation to verify the stability of the equilibrium point, the author of this paper puts forward effective treatment cycle for online game addicts.
40 Bandwidth Enhancement of Pentagonal & Circular Microstrip Patch Antenna with DGS for Radar & Satellite Applications, P Arockia Michael Mercy* and KS Joseph Wilson
The shape of the radiating patch exerts influence greatly on the performance of the microstrip patch. The vital target of this research article is to constitute the microstrip antennas of Circu- lar and Pentagonal patches on FR4 substrate employing partial ground that notably lower the shape complication as a consequence of the antenna size reduction combined with a profitable radiation efficiency on the basis of the center frequency of 8.5 GHz. The specification of return loss, VSWR, gain, directivity, radiation pattern, and the radiation efficiency of the antenna are investigated using ANSYS HFSS 13.0 software which reveals beneficial outcomes of dual - band over the entire band frequency range of 5-15 GHz relating with the earlier analysis.
41 High Gain Miniaturized Multi-band Microstrip Patch Antenna Using Slot-Cutting Techniques for C, and X Band Applications, P Arockia Michael Mercy* and KS Joseph Wilson
This research paper bestows a rectangular slot-loaded microstrip antenna in possession of DGS, which may give multi-band and the highest gain for C-band, X-band, and Ku-band applica- tions. The distinct antenna structure is simulated through HFSS 13.0 simulation software for the illustrative investigation of enhanced gain. The newborn evolution of the advancement of wire- less internet means of approach is concerned with the insistence on multi-band antennas. The investigation of nine-band frequency antennas is an achiever of 6.0350 GHz (Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS)), 6.7950 GHz (Satellite TV), 7.46 GHz (Long-distance Communication), 8.5050 GHz (Terrestrial Broadcast Radar), 11.45 GHz (Space Communication), 13.35 GHz (de- tector), 15.06 GHz (Military), 17.24 GHz (Aerospace), and 19.05 GHz (Astronomical observa- tion). The multi- band aspect is accomplished by novel U-slot cuttings and rectangular slots in the antenna.
42 The Triumph of Elementary Physics and Engineering in Cosmology, Francis M Sanchez*
The I.S. of units implies a damaging separation between engineers and theoreticians. In particular, the electrical units are useless. Thus, in cosmology, we must first calculate what distance corresponds to three universal constants excluding the speed of light c, too slow to ensure cosmic coherence. In the standard triplet G, c, ħ, which defines mass, length and Planck time (the last two constituting the “Planck wall”), the first choice is to replace c with the average mass of the 3 main particles of physics atomic (electron, proton, neutron), and calculate a length, since it is what is really measured in the Hubble-Lemaître law. This gives the half of 13.8 billion light-years (see French wikipedia, “analyse dimensionnelle”). This invariable length, calculated in the first three minutes of the sabbatical year 1997 (Univ. Paris 11), is now identified (2023) not only with the Hubble radius, directly measured, but also with the product by c of the time characteristic of standard cosmology, which cannot there- fore be considered no more as the “age” of the Universe, but as the time constant of exponential recession, the unique parameter of steady-state cosmology, so which has also predicted the recession acceleration.
43 A Study on The Financial Performance of The South Indian Bank, Prasad M and Bijin Philip*
Every country’s financial system relies on the banking sector. It has an impact on the economy of the country by providing loans, infrastructure, and investment. The banking sector is critical to any country’s growth and expansion. Hence this study focuses on the performance assess- ment of the new-generation South Indian Bank. The financial performance analysis of South Indian Bank involves an evaluation of the Bank’s financial health, profitability, and efficiency. This analysis provides valuable insights into the Bank’s overall performance and ability to gen- erate sustainable returns for its stakeholders. The Bank’s financial performance is evaluated using various financial ratios and indicators, such as Credit- deposit ratio, Investment-deposit Ratio, Cash- deposit ratio, Cost- income ratio, Deposit- cost ratio, Yield on advance ratio, Yield on investments ratio, fixed assets to net-worth Ratio, and other ratios. These ratios are calculated by analyzing the Bank’s income statement and balance sheet. The analysis reveals that South Indian Bank has maintained a stable financial position recently, with steady net interest income and profitability growth. The Bank’s asset quality has also improved over time, with a reduction in non-performing assets and an increase in the provision coverage ratio. The financial perfor- mance analysis of South Indian Bank suggests that the Bank has a stable financial position. Still, it needs to address specific areas of concern to sustain its growth and profitability in the future.
44 IOT based Smart Food Grain Storage Monitoring System for Silos using Google Apps Script, Vallisree Sivathanu*, Mudumby Kalyan R Swami, ARL Padmaja and Samhitha V
This work is carried out to develop a system to maintain silos in a safe and hygienic en- vironment to store food grains by monitoring them at regular intervals. We keep track of the parameters in the silo such as temperature, humidity, and carbon-di-oxide level concentrations. Values recorded at regular intervals of time help us analyze and visualize the data and observe the effects of these parameters on the food grains stored, while providing protection against pests, rodents and other organisms that can affect the yield. It has also been observed that while the grains are stored in such silos, due to the natural processes we have a lot of carbon-di-oxide concentration in the silos which has caused many fatal deaths of farmers. This issue has been mitigated in this work by implementing an emergency procedure which will be activated to open the grain bin and release the toxic gases from the silo. Through this work, we believe we can innovate in the grain storage space and solve the problems faced by the farmers.
45 The use of Machine Learning in the Internet of Things, Ennabirha Wafaa*, Aboudou Abderraoouf and Moutabir Ahmed
In the IoT and WSN period, large number of connected objects and seeing bias are devoted to collect, transfer, and induce a huge quantum of data for a wide variety of fields and operations. To effectively run these complex networks of connected objects, there are several challenges like topology changes, link failures, memory constraints, interoperability, network traffic, content, scalability, network operation, security, and sequestration to name a many. therefore, to over- come these challenges and exploiting them to support this technological outbreak would be one of the most pivotal tasks of ultramodern world. In the recent times, the development of Artificial Intelligence (AI) led to the emergence of Machine Learning (ML) which has come the crucial enabler to figure out results and literacy models in an attempt to enhance the QoS parameters of IoT and WSNs. By learning from once gests, ML ways aim to resolve issues in the WSN and IoT’s fields by erecting algorithmic models. In this paper, we’re going to punctuate the most abece- darian generalities of ML orders and Algorithms. We start by furnishing a thorough overview of the WSN and IoT’s technologies. We also bandy the vital part of ML ways in driving up the elaboration of these technologies. also, as the crucial donation of this paper, a new taxonomy of ML algorithms is handed. We also epitomize the major operations and exploration challenges that abused ML ways in the WSN and IoT. ultimately, we dissect the critical issues and list some unborn exploration directions.
46 Bandwidth Enhancement Analysis of Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna for Various Substrates, P Arockia Michael Mercy* and KS Joseph Wilson
The goal of this research is to enhance the bandwidth of a rectangular patch microstrip an- tenna. The bandwidth of the antenna is tuned by analyzing the various dielectric substrate mat erials, height & width, coaxial feed line, input and output impedances with effective dielectric constant s, and effective length. The suggested rectangular microstrip patch antenna operates at a frequency of 4.4 GHz. As a function of various frequencies, the VSWR, S11 and efficiency are analyzed. This analysis emphasizes that a low dielectric constant with an appropriate height of the dielectric substrate material for a microstrip patch antenna is utterly important in terms of enhancing bandwidth as well as a surface wave. This analysis gives better results for the RT- Turoid and attains a bandwidth of 56.65% at 4.4 GHz of resonance frequency. This high band- width makes it useful in many wideband applications.
47 Security Protocols for Cloud Based Communication, Varun Prakash Saxena*
Over the past decade, cloud computing is the most emerged fast growing and widely accepted concept for information exchange. This is smartly designed for information exchange paradigm which builds around the core concepts of data encryption, data transmission, media transmission and communication with different remote login. In highly programmable and high performance cloud based network, the central remote server or data centres are used for the storage of information in secure manner. They monitor everything and help the end user to retrieve the information without breaking its integrity, confidentiality and access controllability. This task to manage and maintain the security at highest level in cloud is, inherently challenging. These cloud network are operated by many security level protocols to provide the efficient and secure service to end user who often lack of technical knowledge about the security mechanism and threats in a network.
48 The Performance Analysis of Low Latency Queueing Scheduling Algorithm for MANETs, Mukakanya Abel Muwumba*, Odongo Steven Eyobu and John Ngubiri
Delay is a major Quality of Service (QoS) metric in Mission Critical Applications and some of these include health, vehicle and inspection safety applications. Some of such applications run on Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET) set ups which comes with transmission challenges arising from the size of traffic packets, environmental conditions and others. These challenges cause transmission delays, packet loss and hence a degraded network performance. In this article we study a Low Latency Queueing (LLQ) Scheduling Algorithm that makes use of three priority queues each transmitting voice, video and text packets. For the purposes of improving delay performance piggy backing off video packets on voice transmission is used. The LLQ model is de- veloped under two scenarios as follows: (I) when voice packet is delayed once and piggybacked with video on transmission. (II) when voice packet is delayed only if there is a partial video pack- et being transmitted. During scheduling of traffic voice packets are combined with the partial video packet. We investigate the performance variation of the LLQ in an M/G/1 queue under dif- ferent scenarios and under two service distributions namely: Exponential and Bounded Pareto (BP). The numerical results for the first scenario revealed that the video packets experienced the least conditional mean response time/conditional mean slowdown, followed by voice and least were text packets under LLQ Algorithm. While for second scenario, it was observed that voice packets experienced the least conditional mean response time/conditional mean slow- down, followed by video packets and then text packets in that order under LLQ Algorithm.
49 A Camel Analysis on the Performance of South Indian Bank, Jerin Sunil and Bijin Philip*
An efficient, functional banking system may catalyze rapid growth in numerous areas of the economy and is a critical prerequisite for a country’s progress, and India is no exception. This research study will investigate and compare the financial performance of South Indian Bank and HDFC Bank using the CAMEL Model. The purpose of this article is twofold: first, to exam- ine South Indian Bank’s financial performance, and second, to compare South Indian Bank’s performance to that of HDFC Bank. The study utilizes secondary data from the banks’ annual reports over five years, from 2017-18 to 2021-22. The CAMEL Model is used as a framework for the analysis, comprising five dimensions - capital adequacy, asset quality, management quality, earnings, and liquidity. According to the study’s findings, both banks performed satisfactorily regarding capital sufficiency, managerial quality, and liquidity. However, regarding asset quality and earnings, HDFC Bank outperforms South Indian Bank. This research will help investors, stakeholders, and policymakers make informed judgments concerning these banks.
50 Analysis of Financial Statements of Pestology Combines, Albin Joseph and Suku Thomas Samuel*
Pestology Combines is a manufacturing company that specializes in producing hygiene prod- ucts and partners with renowned brands. The company emphasizes integrity, innovation, and customer satisfaction while promoting eco-friendly pest elimination solutions. With a state- of-the-art manufacturing unit, Pestology Combines ensures the production of high-quality defect-free products by utilizing top-notch raw materials and professional management. Addi- tionally, the company exports its products to several countries and serves as an OEM supplier, offering customized B2B solutions. This study evaluates Pestology Combines’ financial perfor- mance using four years of balance sheet and income statement data. By analyzing the changes in assets and liabilities over time, the research provides management strategies and problem-solv- ing recommendations. Furthermore, the study explores the manufacturing sector’s significance, technological advancements, and its contribution to economic growth and innovation. The find- ings of this research contribute to a better understanding of financial statement analysis within specific industry contexts, highlighting the importance of managing assets and liabilities effec- tively for sustained financial health.
51 Financial Statement Analysis of Sheen Confectionery, Jahnavi VP and Suku Thomas Samuel*
The research paper focuses on the increasing demand for bakery products and the growth of the bakery industry, with a particular emphasis on Sheen Confectionery in India. The study utilizes comparative statements to analyze the financial position and income position of Sheen Confectionery. The objectives of the study are to assess the company’s assets and liabilities, pro- vide recommendations for improvement, and understand the changes in the company’s finan- cial performance over time. The paper acknowledges limitations in terms of the time frame and the use of a single analytical tool. The findings highlight trends and fluctuations in various finan- cial aspects of Sheen Confectionery, and based on the analysis, recommendations are provided to enhance the company’s financial position and profitability.
52 Dispersion-Reinforced Asphalt Concrete in Road Construction, Krayushkina Kateryna*
A wide variety of destructions and deformations of the pavement, such as rutting, waves, fatigue cracks, is shown by the experience of operating roads with asphalt concrete pavements. The actual service life of road structures is often much lower than the standard. The service life of asphalt concrete pavements of roads in Ukraine is 5-7 years instead of 12 before overhaul. Thus, a decrease in the service life generally leads to a deterioration in the transport and op- erational condition of the road network. Bitumen is one of the materials most susceptible to changes in asphalt mixes. In the world practice of road construction, the opinion is firmly established that a radical way to improve the quality of bitumen is their modification with polymers. However, the introduc- tion of polymer additives into petroleum bitumen is not always able to provide the required per- formance of asphalt concrete in terms of shear resistance at high positive temperatures, crack resistance at low temperatures, and fatigue life when exposed to long-term dynamic loads