|1 WHAT IS PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY? WHERE TO GO NEXT?
, Kaneez Fatima Shad
Psychophysiology is an area of science which helps us to differentiate between self-reported emotion and physiological expression of emotion. Many techniques such as EMG, EEG and MEG (Magnetoencephalograph) can be used for measuring muscular and electrical activities as well as event related potentials (ERP). EMG of facial muscles (e.g. corrugator, zygomatic, and levator labii superioris/alesque) patterning plus autonomic physiology (e.g. heart rate and skin conductance level) gives a basic picture of a person sense for certain situations.
|2 ASSESSMENT OF MAJOR PHYSICAL STRESSORS AND ITS
PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY; A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW
, Syed Zain AzherShamoon Noushad & Sadaf Ahmed
The purpose of this review was to highlight the concept and understanding of physical stress and to discuss its Psychophysiological mechanisms along with characteristics and major causes. The environmental and physical changes that are responsible for alterations in the homeostasis of the body is simply identified as physical stress. The brain is to interpret experiences as alarming or non-alarming which trigger the physiological and behavioral responses in each situation. We gathered a literature data from different published articles, original research papers & online sources. We hypothesized that the continuous imbalances of physiological mechanism due physical and environmental stimulus can cause physical stress and it is concluded that the major factors of physical stress includes injury, excessive exercise, noise, pregnancy, workload, pressures and temperature with the involvements of psycho-physiological mechanism.