• We are available for your help 24/7
  • Email: info@isindexing.com, submission@isindexing.com


Indian Journal of Forensic and Community Medicine

Journal Papers (10) Details Call for Paper Manuscript submission Publication Ethics Contact Authors' Guide Line
1 HUMAN HAIR PERFORATION: A TOOL IN FORENSIC BIOLOGY, Itisha Singh
The hair perforation is a prominent feature in several infected hairs. Different types of perforators are found in human hairs. Various types of hair perforations were seen in different individuals in this study. Other structure and type of hairs, their chemical structures are also reviewed in order to consolidate important aspects of hair diagnosis.
2 HOW MUCH DO DIABETIC PATIENTS KNOW ABOUT DIABETES MELLITUS?, Sindhu L
Background: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is increasing at an alarming rate. It is a chronic metabolic disorder and puts considerable burden on the healthcare services. Adequate knowledge about their illness is important in controlling their disease and preventing complications. The aim of the present study is to assess the knowledge of diabetes among type 2 diabetes patients. Methods: This cross sectional survey was conducted among 140 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending the diabetic clinic of a tertiary care teaching hospital in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India. Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus between the age group of 25-75 were included in the study were collected using interviewer administered questionnaire. The knowledge of patients was assessed using Michigan Diabetic Knowledge Test along with the interview schedule for socio demographic and clinical data. The data were analyzed using appropriate descriptive and inferential statistics using SPSS. Result: The mean age of the participants was 5611.6, 50 % were females. 57.1% of study participants had family history of diabetes mellitus. Overall 58.6% of study participants had poor knowledge on the total DKT, while 53.6% did so on the general knowledge subscale and 67.9% on the insulin knowledge subscale. Females, older, people with less education, unemployed and with limited income had significantly lower knowledge. Conclusion: The level of diabetes knowledge among patients with type 2 diabetes was poor, especially among females, older people, those with low educational level and limited family income and unemployed patients. Diabetes educational programme need to be developed to address critical gaps in patients knowledge.
3 KNOWLEDGE ASSESSMENT OF ANGANWADI WORKERS OF JAIPUR ZONE, RAJASTHAN, Mahesh C. Sharma, Dayanand Singh, Kusum Lata Gaur, Dilip Raj
Background: Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) is Indias response to the challenge of meeting the holistic needs of children below six years of age, adolescent girls expectant and nursing mothers through the network of Anganwadis. Objectives: To assess the knowledge of Anganwadi Workers of Jaipur Zone (Rajasthan) India. Materials and methods: 8 AWCs were selected from each of the 5 Zones of Jaipur. So, total 40 AWCs were included in the present survey. Performance of each of the AWW from identified AWCs was assessed as per the Form no. (1) of ICDS. Performance of various districts and various activities were analyzed and inferred in proportion and percentages. Results: 100% of AWWs of Jaipur zone was well aware about the care of pregnant women and lactating women except Kangaroo Method Care (KMC) which is known to only 10%. All the surveyed AWWs had knowledge about Infant feeding and family planning except the advantage of breast feeding which were know to 72.5%. Referral services about children, pregnant women and lactating mothers were known to 80% of surveyed AWWs. Conclusion: Knowledge of AWWs was excellent except Kangaroo Cara Method, advantage of breast feeding and Referral services.
4 TREATMENT OUTCOME OF TUBERCULOSIS PATIENT ATTENDED AT DTC OF SMS MEDICAL COLLEGE, JAIPUR (RAJ.), Mahesh C, Chitra Upadhyay, B.P. Meena, Kusum Lata Gaur
Objective: To find out association of treatment outcome with age, sex and type of cases in patients attended at DTC of SMS Hospital, Jaipur (Raj.) Materials and methods: A record based cross-sectional study of tubercular patients - whose outcome of treatment was declared. Study variables were types of case, age, sex. Outcome was assessed as Cure Rate, Failure Rate, Defaulter Rate, Case Fatality Rate Result: Overall Cure Rate observed 43.3% and it significantly varied with type of case, age and sex of case. Overall Defaulter Rate observed 30%. More defaulters were in relapse retreated cases and in elderly (>60 yrs.) cases. Overall Failure Rate observed 8.3% and it was highest in Cat. I cases and significantly varied with age and sex. Overall Case Fatality Rate observed 15%. About 3/4th of total deaths were observed in Failure and Relapse retreated cases. CFR showed not significant variation with sex. Conclusions: Cure Rate significantly varied with type of case, age and sex of case. Defaulters were more in Relapse retreated cases and in elderly (>60 yrs.) cases. Failure Rate was highest in Cat. I cases and significantly varied with age and sex
5 A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY ON MEDICAL KNOWLEDGE OF STUDENTS JOINING MBBS, Shilpa K, Amit R Ugargol, Harshal Kawanpure
Background: Medical profession is a much chosen profession today. It is a noble profession, which requires a great deal of commitment. Ignorance of medical students or doctors can endanger the lives they handle. The present study attempts to find out the medical knowledge of students joining MBBS and the association between medical knowledge and family members being doctors, type of admission (government, management, NRI) and reason for joining the course. Methods: The present study was carried out among 100 first year MBBS students of Azeezia medical college, Meeyannoor, Kollam on the first day of the joining of MBBS course. The study was done in the month of September 2014.Data was collected using a predesigned questionnaire. It consisted of 50 questions related to medical knowledge. Questions were all of multiple-choice type. Data was collected and was analyzed using SPSS software (20 th version). Chi square test was used to find out the association p value
6 BEYOND UNIVERSAL IMMUNIZATION PROGRAMME: A STUDY ON THE AWARENESS OF CAREGIVERS AND UTILIZATION OF OPTIONAL VACCINES IN CHILDREN AGED 18-35 MONTHS IN KANPUR, Bhola Nath, Yashwant Kumar Rao, Tanu Midha, Ranjeeta Kumari, D.S.Martolia, Samarjeet Kaur
Background: In India, the newer vaccines are at present being offered as optional vaccines. Studies regarding optional vaccines in India are scarce and parents need to make informed decision regarding administration of these vaccines. Objective: (1.) To assess the knowledge of optional vaccines among caregivers of children attending the outpatient department of Pediatrics. (2.) To assess the utilization of optional vaccines in children aged 18-35 months attending the outpatient department of Pediatrics Design: Cross-sectional Study Setting: Outpatient department of Pediatrics, in 2013 Participants: 342, Systematic random sample Results: The overall knowledge about the optional vaccines was poor with 68.4% of the respondents having no knowledge regarding any of the optional vaccines. All the optional vaccines were prescribed and administered at the private hospitals except 40% of the MMR vaccine. A significantly higher proportion of children from urban locality, general caste, upper socioeconomic class, birth order of less than 2 and having parents with higher education were immunized with optional vaccines than their respective counterparts. Conclusions: It is time for looking into the issues of newer vaccines for the control of emerging childhood illnesses.
7 TRADITIONAL BELIEFS AND PRACTICES AMONG WOMEN REGARDING CHICKENPOX IN THE ERA OF VACCINATION: A SOCIAL SCENARIO IN ROHIALKHAND REGION (BAREILLY) OF UTTAR PRADESH, INDIA., Sumit Saxena, S. B.Gupta, Peeyush Kariwal, V. P. Shrotriya
Background: Most of the population strongly believed that chickenpox can be cured with home remedies only and their child has to be treated at home. They believed the superstitions that chickenpox was due to their past evils against the spirit of devi and as the deity is the guardian of the locality, this disease can be cured by Goddess only. Objective: To study beliefs and practices regarding Chickenpox and effect of sociodemogrphic variables. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out in the field practise area of community medicine among women in reproductive age group(15-45years), whose children already suffered from Chickenpox were chosen for study. Total 400 women were interviewed by using pretested semi structured questionnaire which was designed by obtaining the information by women of the villages, ASHA & AWW. Data were analysed using SPSS version 20. Results: Most of the women, 314(78.5%) believed that chickenpox is supernatural disease. Out of 400 women, 346(86.5%) believed that chickenpox is a supernatural disease and performing the rituals would solace the deity and the child will not suffer again. Conclusion: As per study findings we concluded that in era of advanced medical research and vaccination, still people are using different practices to avoid angriness of deity. They still live in the dilemma that disease can be cured by Goddess only.
8 A REVIEW ON DUTIES OF DOCTOR IN CASE OF SUSPECTED POISONING, Hemant Kumar Sahoo, Kunal Mishra, Bibhuti Bhusana Panda
Duties of registered medical practitioner (RMP) while dealing a suspected poisoning case increases as it is a medical emergency along with the legal issues associated with it. The role of doctor is not only to follow a basic management protocol, but also to handle the legal formalities, following the treatment part. The basic treatment modalities should be supportive care, accurate diagnosis, use of toxidromes, removal of unabsorbed poison, elimination of absorbed poison and antidote administration if available. The legal documentation, following treatment should be clear and accurate. Police information should be given where necessary. The doctor is duty bound to all other legal and ethical work, concerning a poisoning case otherwise liable for punishment as per the current law. So by applying our skill and knowledge and doing our duty correctly, we doctors not only save the life of the patients but also protect the legal rights of individual or the state.
9 INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL AND HEALTH: CONCERNS, SITUATION AND SOLUTIONS, Donald S. Christian
International travel is a growing industry and millions of international travellers arrive and depart all through-out the world in this jet age. International travellers are prone to have certain health risks. It includes physical problems, psychological problems, Infectious Diseases, Injuries etc. The health risk to the travellers also depend on the various factors like destination, duration of travel, season of travel, purpose of travel, standards of accommodation etc. Thus it is a big challenge to public health in that way. Travellers with pre-existing diseases pose additional threat to their health. There are certain infectious diseases for which mandatory vaccination is required (e.g. Yellow Fever). SARS, Ebola virus disease and Swine flu are the recent examples which greatly influenced the international travel. Visiting Friends and Relatives (VFR) and the Hajj Pilgrimage are the two important categories of international travellers worldwide. The International Health Regulations (IHR) aims to prevent, protect against, control and provide public responses to the international spread of diseases. International responses and collaborations are required to combat the public health issues emerging out with rapid international travel. The roles and responsibilities of the travel industry professionals as well as the travellers are also discussed.
10 MYSTERY BEHIND A SUDDEN DEATH A CASE REPORT, Ashwini Kumar, Sowmya Shashidhara, Shankar M Bakkannavar, Shyla Bhat, Pradeep Kumar G, Vikram Palima
Sudden death is a mysterious death which is difficult to diagnose. As per WHO, it is defined as death within 24 hours from the onset of symptoms. Diseases of the cardiovascular system account for about 45% of sudden deaths. Among diseases of the cardiovascular system, occlusive coronary heart disease is the most important cause of sudden death. Occasionally sudden death may result from hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy in which a portion of myocardium is hypertrophied. It is perhaps known as a leading cause of sudden cardiac death in young athletes. Younger people are likely to have a more severe form of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. One of the other commonest causes of cardiac hypertrophy is athletic heart syndrome. Differentiation as to cause behind hypertrophy needs to be done in such cases. Herby we present a case of a 20 year old male who was found struggling in the bed in the morning hours and was brought dead to the hospital. As it was a sudden death, necropsy was done.