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FWU Journal of Social Sciences

ISSN(p):1995-1272 | ISSN(e):1995-1272
Journal Papers (10) Details Call for Papers Journal Details
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1 Colonial Bio-Politics andMedical Mission inNWFP: A Case ofDr. Pennell of Bannu Medical Mission , Tasleem MalikUniversity of Peshawar Faiz AliPakistan Customs
This paper examines the colonial project of social control of the Pashtun body as seen through Foucauldian framework of biopower. This paper initiates debate into colonial health politics of NWFP and explores the biopolitical logic as to how the Pasthun subjectivities as medicalizable objects were constituted within the colonial missionary medicine discourses.It examines theontological consequences of such constructions. It further aims to explore the co-constitution of colonial agents and the authority of the missionary doctorover the body. This paper delvesinto the myriad of strategies and sites of medical intervention, as hospital, medical camp, home, school, body, culture, race and gender. It takes up in-depth analysis of the works of Dr. Pennell i.e. Mission Hospital Bannu and Life among Wild Tribes. The study proposes that the relations of colonial power with the Pashtun body as embedded in the medical missionary discourse were biopolitical in nature.Keywords:North Western Frontier region, medical missionaries, biopower, noso-politics, bio-other.
2 Amnesty programme and skills training among ex-militants in Nigeria , Agba, A.M. Ogaboh,John Thompson OkpaandOgar, James Ajor University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
Sequel to the realisation that youths champion violence and militancy in the Niger Delta Region, and the resolution of Umar Musa Yar’Aduas’ government to end insecurity, militancy, and youth restiveness in the region, the amnesty programme was declared, with skills training as itsmajor component.This study examined the relationship between amnesty programmes and skills training among ex-militants in the Niger Delta Region, Nigeria. The study used a cross-sectional survey research design. Questionnaires were distributed to 1152 participants purposively selected from communities in Rivers, Delta, and Bayelsa states. Elicited data were analysed using a simple linear statistical tool.The findings of the study revealthat amnesty programmes significantly enabled ex-militant to acquired skills in pipeline installation and repairs. It also showsthat amnesty programmes have apositive impact on the ex-militant acquisition of information technology skills. Further resultindicatesthat there is a significant relationship between amnesty programmes and ex-militant acquisition of automobile servicing skills.The study,therefore,concluded on the need for beneficiaries of the amnesty skills training to be supervised by experts in their field and should be provided with professional advice that would help build their confidence in their chosen career.Keywords:amnesty programmes, skills training, pipeline installation and repairs, automobile servicing, information technology, ex-militants
3 Determinants of Sectoral Growth in Pakistan:A KalmanFilter Based Time Varying Parametric Approach , Muhammad Ajmair and Khadim Hussain Mirpur niversity of Science and Technology (MUST), Mirpur Zahra Masood Bhutta National University of Modern Languages(NUML), Multan
Structure of the economy changes over a time. Fixed parameter approaches do not considerimpact of structural changes on constancy of estimated parameters. The studyaddresses the weaknesses of non-varyingparametric techniquesand usesnon fixedparametrictechnique to examine associationbetween sectoral growth and their determining factors. The findings revealthat capitalformation, foreign remittances,and permanent crop land reduce agriculturalsector growth while gross national expenditures results in growth of the sector. The significantfactors thataffectindustrial growth are external debt, foreign direct investment and gross national expenditures. Above mentioned determinantsare positively associated with the industrial sector growth in Pakistan. Services sector growth is determined by consumer price index, gross national expendituresand foreign direct investment. The foreign direct investment and gross national expenditures cause services sector growth while consumer price index retard it. While considering findings, the concernedauthorities should control growth retarding factors and augment the factors that increase sectoral growth of the country. Keywords:economic growth, Services, Industry, AgricultureJEL Classification:C82, F24, F43, O11, O41, O5
4 Nigerian Criminal Justice System and Victims of Crime Neglect in Enugu Urban , Obinna J. Eze, Deborah O. Obi, Benjamin Okorie Ajah
As essentialareaof criminology, crime victims have really never been accorded due recognition in Nigeria. It is in this regard that this paper discusses the Nigerian criminal justice system and the issue of victim neglect in Enugu urban. Using qualitative and quantitative research approaches, a sample of 604 respondents were drawn from Enugu urban. Multi-stage and purposive sampling techniques were used to reach the respondents. Data from both questionnaires andin-depth interviews were collected. We found that most crime victims are highly neglected and there is a lack of cordial relationship between the police and crime victims in Enugu urban. The study recommends the need to consider civil aspect of cases whenpassing judgments so that crime victims would not lose on two folds, but get partially compensated for their losses. The study also calls for judges to speed up adjudication processes in order not to draw cases to elastic limit where crime victims lose faith in the criminal justice system. Keywords:court, Nigeria criminal justice system, police, victims neglect
5 TheRole of Institutional Determinants in Attracting Foreign Direct Investment to Egypt: Empirical Study , Bahy Mohamed Yassin, Fakhry Elfiky and Nadia El Nimer
This paper aims to explore the relationship between foreign direct investment (FDI) in Egypt, as a dependent variable,and selectedeconomic and institutional determinants for the period (1996-2018). The work attempts to bridge the gap created by previous empirical literature that failed to focus on critical institutional determinantsof FDI in developing countries, especially governance-related determinants. The study used the autoregressive distributed lag model (ARDL); to testthe Cointegration relationship between FDI and its determinants. Besides, the error correction model (ECM) wasused to explorethe short-run relationship. In light of applying the ARDL approach, the study concluded that while both market size and regulatory quality stimulatedFDI, the latter has been negatively affected by the real exchange rate and government effectiveness. Moreover, the study revealed that inthe short-run, both regulatory quality and control of corruption inducedFDI in Egypt. These findings shed light on the crucial role that institutional factors can play in creating a more favorable FDI climate in Egypt. Keywords:foreign direct investment, Egypt, economic determinants, institutional determinants,JEL Classification: E44, F31, G15
6 University Social Responsibilityand Organizational Factors for Their Implementation , Hamid Farhadi Rad, Abdollah Parsa, Sakineh Shahi and Mehran Bahrami
When the university initiates its activities as an academic and civic institution, it will have other upshots for the society, in addition to the goals set by policymakers. In a general view, social responsibility means the university's commitment to its existential philosophy and accountability for all its consequences. Therefore, the present study aimed to "Identify the social responsibilities of the university and the organizational factors of their realization". The perception and life experience of the specialists in the field of higher education were analyzed using a descriptive phenomenological method. Participants were Higher education experts and were selected purposefully. Using inferential content analysis, the themes and categories expressing social responsibilities as well as the organizational factors needed for their realization were extracted. The results show that the university's social responsibilities are a range of local and international expectations, most notably the development of a national culture of respect and commitment to the environment, the propagation of national and international peace culture, a commitment to poverty alleviation, and Striving for social and economic justice. Also, the results of the study illustrate that organizational requirements for responding to university social responsibility, include: Reviewing the organizational structure of curriculum development, reforming the core missions of the university, recreation of the organizational culture of the university proportional to its social responsibilities. Keywords:University social responsibility, respect for the environment, the culture of peace, socio-economic justice, organizational requirements,
7 Relationships between Psychological Resilience and Work Engagement: Field Study in the Geography of Tragedies; Afghanistan Universities , Olcay Okun and Korhan Arun
Psychological resilience has been, to a certain extent, explained by Western individualistic, and static factors. However, dynamic factors that affect the resilience through the process are proofed to be more important, i.e. culture. In some collectivist nations, like Afghanistan, the meaning of work embedded in what their own culture taught them. Afghan cultural context may provide the foundation for different ways of knowing, including resilience, by people in that nation. So, the main aim of this research is to find out the impact of psychological resilience on work engagement from the Afghan national cultural perspective. In a study of 713 staffs from 27 universities in Afghanistan show that work engagement dimensions are more related to the social and family factor of resilience than individual ones, supporting the cultural cohesion theory of individuals of Afghan people. Resiliency and energy are also one of the critical components of work engagement, vitality as a more individualistic work engagement factor lost its importance.Keywords:psychological resilience, resilience, work engagement, Afghan universities
8 Human Capital Development and Strategic Renewalin HospitalityIndustryof Khyber Pakhtunkhwa , Muhammad Ali and Abdul Majid
The current study examinesthe impact of human capital development (HCD) on strategic renewal (SR) of firms in hospitality industryof Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. In addition, the currentstudy also examined the mediatingrole of ambidextrous learning (AL) and the moderating role of dynamic capabilities(DC)between HCD and SR relationship. Data were collected from 490 managers/owners of 3-stars and 4-stars hotels through questionnaires operating in the tourist destinations of Khyber Pakthunkhwa, Pakistan. Data analysis was performed through various statistical techniques which provides some interesting results. The results indicate that HCD is positively associated withSR. Moreover, AL bridges the association between HCD and SR. Furthermore, the results stated that DC has a strong contingent effect on the relationship between HCD and SR. The findings reveal that HCD in presence of AL plays acritical role inSRof the hospitality in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.Keywords:human capital development, ambidextrous learning, strategic renewal,dynamic capabilities, hospitality industry
9 Pakistan’s Aid to Afghanistan Since 2001and Its Prospects forState Building in Afghanistan , Hashmat Ullah Khan and Gohar Rahman
State buildingis theprocess of establishing and strengthening the institutions essential for smooth functioning of government and necessary foreconomic, social,and political development. The process of state building inAfghanistan has been severelyaffectedby wars,terrorism, ethnic and religious conflicts, tyrannies,and dictatorships.After the US occupation in 2001,a serious need of statebuilding was deemed necessary for the durable solution of the issue. Many foreign counties,including Pakistan,contributed into theprocess of state building.Thisresearch aimsto analysetherole of Pakistan’said instate buildingprocessinAfghanistansince 2001 and its prospects for peace, stability,and development.Pakistan helpedAfghanistan in the fields of education, infrastructure, agriculture, health,and capacity building of Afghanistan’s govt personalsand officials. She has provided a total aid of 1 billiondollars aid. Since 2001 Pakistan hasestablishedmanyhospitals, educational institutions,rail links, roads,scholarships to Afghan students,capacity building projects in differentfields,and training toarmed forcesand diplomatic professionals of Afghanistan. This type of help is playing very positive role in the process of state building in Afghanistan.Keywords:Pakistan, Afghanistan, aid, state building, institutions.
10 An Investigation ofthe Factors Affecting Institutional Performance: Evidence from Higher Education Institutions , Irfan Ullah Khan, Muhammad Idris and Aman Ullah Khan
The performance of institutions issquarely anchored with different factors that affect the institutional credibility and successeither positively ornegatively. The best performance on the part of institutions isthe most dynamic issuefor the institutions in attaining the desired objectives,ranking,and success.Still, there exists a dynamism that facilitatesas well asinterrupt the performance of the institutions in which academic, economic,and political aspectsare the foremost.These factors are responsible either for the success orfailure of higher education institutions in developing countries like Pakistan. In this connection, the present study confirmsand validate the existence of the relationship between certaindynamic factorsand institutional performance by collecting primary data over questionnaire from respondents hailing from higher education institutions of KP, Pakistan. A total of325 respondents wereselected from the entire population over simple random sampling techniques wherein each member of subset has an equal probability of being selection. Data were analyzed through statistical procedures (i.e., correlation and regression) to examine the hypotheses as developed from the theoretical framework. The results are valuable by providing significant information about the relationship (association, causeand effect) among the research variables and recommendations for future research.Keywords: factors(academic, economic&political),institutional