1 Selected Physical and hysiological Components of Inter Collegiate KABADDI and KHO-KHO Players – A Comparitive Study, Mayur M. Patel, Dr. Nisith K. Datta
Salmonellosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria called Salmonella. Researchers have shown cockroaches as reservoirs and vectors of Salmonella sp. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) and honey are one of the nature’s gifts to mankind and have been used to prevent and control many microbial infections. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial effects of Z.officinale and honey on Salmonella sp. isolated from cockroaches. Disc diffusion and tube dilution methods were used to determine the antibacterial activity of the ginger extract, honey and combination of both against Salmonella sp. The results indicated that the ginger extract, honey and its combination inhibited the growth of Salmonella typhi, Salmonella paratyphi A and Salmonella paratyphi B. The ginger - honey mixture had noticeable effect on examined species compared to the individual effects of ginger and honey, thus justifying their combined use in treatment for enteric infection.
2 Combined Effect of Ginger and Honey Against Salmonellosis, Dr. Aruna.G, Dr. Anjum.A, Dr. C.M. Noorjahan
Salmonellosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria called Salmonella. Researchers have shown cockroaches as reservoirs and vectors of Salmonella sp. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) and honey are one of the nature’s gifts to mankind and have been used to prevent and control many microbial infections. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial effects of Z.officinale and honey on Salmonella sp. isolated from cockroaches. Disc diffusion and tube dilution methods were used to determine the antibacterial activity of the ginger extract, honey and combination of both against Salmonella sp. The results indicated that the ginger extract, honey and its combination inhibited the growth of Salmonella typhi, Salmonella paratyphi A and Salmonella paratyphi B. The ginger - honey mixture had noticeable effect on examined species compared to the individual effects of ginger and honey, thus justifying their combined use in treatment for enteric infection.
3 Trade Unions and the Law of Strikes in India, Dr. Etamena Venugopal
The contribution of the capital and labor in any industry is equally important. The prosperity of an industry depends upon the co-operation of its two components –the capital and the labor. As disputes between the capital and labor are inevitable so the object of any industrial legislation is to ensure smooth relationship between the two and to strive for settlement of any dispute by resorting to negotiation and conciliation. The importance of the Trade Union lies in the fact that they encourage such collective bargaining as ensures better terms and conditions between employer and employees. In their endeavor to secure better working conditions, privileges and amenities to the labor, the Trade Unions adopt certain methods, namely, legislation, collective bargaining, mutual insurance, and Strike.
4 Metabolic Implications of Adiponectin, Visfatin and Resistin After Menopause, Bogna Grygiel, Górniak
After menopause, the risk of obesity increases, and this has effect on health status in women. Adipose tissue, an endocrine organ, is one of the most important sources of sex steroids, because of the aromatization of androgens into estrogens in adipocytes. Adipocytokines are bioactive polypeptides secreted by adipose tissue and regulate physiological and pathological processes, e.g. appetite, insulin sensitivity and resistance, inflammatory processes, immune response, hematopoiesis and angiogenesis. Because menopause is associated with hormonal transition and a higher prevalence of many diseases, adipocytokines have recently been subject to significant interest as they are possible protective or risk factors. These cytokines participate in many metabolic processes and are suggested to be a major link between obesity, inflammation, and cardiovascular diseases; however, the effect of the menopause on their vascular and local (tissue) secretion is still poorly understood. In this review, the role of adipocytokines in the context of metabolic disorders and postmenopausal age have been discussed.
5 Rural Development: A Strategy for Poverty Alleviation in India, Bhukya Ramu
Rural development has assumed global attention especially among the developing nations. It has great significance for a country like India where majority of the population, around 65% of the people, live in rural areas. The present strategy of rural development in India mainly focuses on poverty alleviation, better livelihood opportunities, provision of basic amenities and infrastructure facilities through innovative programmes of wage and self-employment. This article overviews the role and function of the Government and its’ programmes for rural development in India. Science and technological interventions in the field of rural development have been discussed briefly and efforts being made to document some of the appropriate technologies developed by several research institutes, organizations suitable for application in rural areas are listed. Besides, the actual realization achieved during the Xth plan and the proposed target and strategy of the XIth plan have been highlighted to showcase the recent trend of developmental activities under the Ministry of Rural Development.
6 Shahari avam Gramin Kheshtra Ke Vidhyalay ke Kaksha 10mi ke Vidhyarthiyo Me Ganit Ke Prati Chinta Ka Tulnatmak Adhyayan, Dr. Smt Nisha Shrivastava, Smt. Hiteshwari Ravte, Rashmi Singh
7 Professional Commitment Among Secondary School Teachers in Relation to Location of Their School, Dr. Neena Sawhney
Teachers occupy a place of pivotal importance in the education system as they have the arduous responsibility of preparing the youth to shoulder the responsibility of the nation. A competent and committed teacher is one of the most crucial factors in the success of any education system. A teacher who is truly committed to students is one that puts students’ learning and interests above everything else. The purpose of the study was to find out difference in professional commitment among Urban and Rural Secondary School teachers teaching in Government Schools. The sample consisted of 113 TGT and PGT teachers of Mohali, Landran and Sohana schools in Punjab. Even though results show no difference in professional commitment among teachers of rural and urban secondary schools yet an analysis on percentile basis indicated that Rural teachers display higher commitment than teachers of Urban schools
8 The Shadow Lines : A Critique on Nationalism and Borders, Raeesabegam Usmani
There are many possible readings of The Shadow Lines. One of the ways of reading The Shadow Lines is as a narrative about the Partition of the subcontinent and its aftermath, as it unleashes the enduring inheritance of the partition. The narrative unleashes the mindless mob and the powerful catastrophic vigor as religious fundamentalism. It also questions the geo-political and socio-political Shadow Lines which separates people and nations, whether it has any authenticity by itself or whether it is a meaningless misapprehension. It also seems to question the established narrative of the Indian subcontinent and tries to regain the part of its lost history – a riot in 1964 sunk in muffle. In a way, it is a critique on the burning issues like ‘borders’ and ‘nationalism.
9 Human Decency in Irwin Shaw's The Young Lions , Zeena Alwan Nsayef
Irwin Shaw(1913-1984) is considered one of the most prominent and international WW11 novelists. Like his contemporaries, he depicts in his novel The Young Lions (1958) the atrocities of the WW11. Nonetheless, he is considered more superior than them because he presents his optimistic view of the world. Though the world is dominated by the evils of the war, there is still hope for reconstruction on the basis of inherent human decency and democracy. He believes that decency and democracy are the essentials for building a gentle society. This paper focuses on the experience of three main characters who belong to different social backgrounds. He explores how far their decency is affected by the evils of the war through their actions and thinking. In addition, the paper presents Shaw's literary skills in using allegory as a means by which he follows the moral development of the central characters. Most critic agree that they are ideas rather than human beings.
10 Managing the stress and improving productivity in women employees: a study with special reference to Kerala , Dr. Mariya T Cheeran, Dr. Saji K S
Work stress can be defined as "the non-specific response of the body to any demand made upon it ". The word stress has been borrowed from the natural sciences. Stress management encompasses a range of modalities designed to treat the physical and emotional toll of stress. Both positive and negative events in one's life can be stressful. However, major life changes are the greatest contributors of stress for most of the people. This paper examines the level of stress among women employees working in private sector undertaking in Kerala. It suggest some pragmatic suggestions to manage stress effectively
11 Imple Safe Single Digital Nerve Block Modified Intrathecal Digital Nerve Block is the Ideal Analgesia for Fingertip Injuries in A & E, Dr S Rama, Dr A P Selvam
12 Cross-Section Study in Underground Coal Mining Association Between the Risks Identified by Workers and the Ones Established by the Companies. Boyacá-Colombia 2014, Edith Mireya Mora Lozano, Miryam Esther Hernandez Rodr Iacute Guez, Cristian Duvan Hern Aacute Ndez Rodr Iacute Guez, Macedonio Hernandez Rodr Iacute Guez, Milciades Iba Ntilde Ez Pinilla, Marcela Varona Uribe
Introduction.Underground coal mining in Colombia is a very important productive area with many employment opportunities for human capital. Nevertheless, pneumoconiosis, muscle skeletal and mental disorders, and accidents have increased; these problems tend to increase with the National Mining Plan projected for 2019 by the Ministry of Mines and Energy, “being the most important industry in Latin America”, intensifying the entry of new technologies, number of workers and as a consequence labor risks. Objectives.To determine the association between risks identified by workers and the ones established by the companies affiliated to ARL POSITIVA occupational risks administrator in the preventive medicine and labor, hygiene, industrial safety subprograms and characterize the activities of preventive, labor, hygiene and industrial safety medicine subprograms implemented in the companies. Materials and methods. A cross-section study was carried out, 232 workers from 18 companies classified by size participated, the sample was statistically stratified by conglomerates. Results.The associations were significant by: town Samacá, small companies, age/years 40-49,9, men, married, socio economic level two, education level primary completed. Slightly superior fulfillment of the legal system and in the identification and knowledge of poor risk. Conclusions.It was found that the risks identified by the workers and established by the companies are very few and that the valid laws are barely fulfilled.
13 Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Hand Washing Among Health Care Workers in a Tertiary Care Hospital, Rejitha I M, Samuel Joseph M, Sucilathangam G, Revathy C
Background and Objectives: Health care workers hands are exposed to infectious agents acquired from the patients. Many of these potentially harmful micro-organisms pose an increased risk of cross transmission between the patients and also to the health care workers.. A simple and an effective hand hygiene is the leading strategy to ensure personal as well as patients safety and ultimately reduces the burden of infection in a health care facility. The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of hand washing among different categories of health care providers in our tertiary care hospital.Materials and methods:A self-administered questionnaire was issued to a total of 200 health care workers which included 50 doctors, 50 nurses, 50 medical Students and 50 lab technicians. The KAP Scores were calculated and according to the score the grades poor fair good and excellent were given.Results:The results of the study indicated that health care providers had reasonable knowledge about hand washing and the risk of nosocomial infections, but suboptimal practices especially with hand-drying. Their attitude towards hand hygiene is also not appreciable.Conclusion: The Health Care Workers have to build a positive attitude that Hand Hygiene is an important part of their work in preventing the risk of cross transmission of potentially harmful multi drug resistant nosocomial pathogens. Proper measures have to be taken to provide proper hand drying facilities, reduce work load and organize training on infection control on a regular basis.
14 Acute and long term safety evaluation of Zincovit drop (Nutritional food supplement) in Wistar rats, Shakta Mani Satyam, Laxminarayana Bairy Kurady
The aim of the present study was to investigate the acute and sub-chronic toxicity associated with Zincovit drop (Nutritional food supplement) in Wistar rats. Acute toxicity class method (OECD 423 guideline) was employed to determine acute toxicity in Wistar rats. Animals were observed individually after dosing daily for a total of 14 days. Sub chronic toxicity was investigated in normal control (2% gum acacia, 1 ml/kg/day) and Zincovit drop at 25, 100 and 400 mg/kg/day individually for 3 months in adult female Wistar rats (4 groups, n= 6). Clinical signs, hematological and biochemical parameters were assessed. During the acute toxicity study, according to annex 2a of OECD 423 guidelines, Zincovit drop falls under Category 4 (>300-2000) of globally harmonized classification system (GHS). For Zincovit drops, LD50 cut-off among Wistar rats was observed at 1000 mg/kg. There was no significant change in their body weight. During the 90 days of sub-chronic toxicity study, treatment with Zincovit drop among Wistar rats, the lowest-observedadverse-effect level (LOAEL) and no-observed-adverse-effect level (NOAEL) was observed at 400 mg/kg/day and 100 mg/kg/day respectively. The present study revealed the long term safety ofZincovit drop especially at 25 mg/kg/day and 100 mg/kg/day in Wistar rats.
15 A Quasi Experimental Study to Assess the Effect of Structured Teaching Programme on The Level of Knowledge Regarding Poly Cystic Ovarian Disease Among Students in Selected College of Nursing Kanchipuram District Tamil Nadu India, C. Lina, L. Kulanthai Theras Mercy, Revathy. D
A quasi experimental study was conducted to assess the effect of structured teaching programme on the level of knowledge regarding poly cystic ovarian disease among students in a selected college of nursing, Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu. The objectives were to assess the pre & post test knowledge on poly cystic ovarian disease to evaluate the effect of structured teaching programme and also to associate the pre test level of knowledge regarding poly cystic ovarian disease among students with the selected demographic variables. Simple random sampling technique was used and 40 students were selected for the study. Structured questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge on poly cystic ovarian disease. The result revealed that the overall post test mean regarding knowledge on poly cystic ovarian disease (20) is higher than the pretest mean (19) and the standard deviation of the pretest &post test knowledge level on 3.71&7.61. After the structured teaching programme the paired‘t’ value was 12.59 with the p
16 Effect of Yogasanas And Pranayama on Cardio Respiratory Variables of College Youths, Dr. Binod Chowdhary, Mr. Suprakash Das, Mr. Sujan Barman
The purpose of the study is to investigate the role of asanas and pranayama on Cardio respiratory variables of College Youths. The subjects for this study were thirty male B.P.Ed students of Seva Bharati Mahavidyalaya, Kapgari, Jhargram, paschim medinipur. The subjects were equally divided into three groups namely two experimental and one control groups. The two experimental treatments were assigned at random to two groups i.e. one for Asanas and another for Pranayama and the third group served as control. The treatment Schedule was prepared for ten weeks. The experimental treatments were employed for 30 minutes a day in five days a week for ten weeks duration. Pre and post-test data of all the subjects from three groups were collected before and after the experimental treatment period of 8 weeks. Following variables were selected for the purpose of this study: Sub maximal Heart Rate and VO2 Max. The data was analyzed by employing analysis of covariance at the 0.05 level of significance. The result of the study indicates that practice of both Asanas and Pranayama had significant effect on Sub maximal Heart Rate and VO2 Max of the subject.
17 Failure Mode Effect Analysis (Fmea) of Knowledge Management and Achivement of Prospective Teachers, Mr. R. Hari Haran
FMEA was formalized in 1949 by the US Armed Forces for identifying and eliminating the defects in the materials and in the process. The objective was to classify failures “according to their impact on mission success and personnel/equipment safety.” The main focus of this paper is to adopt the FMEA analytical process in teacher education and to make the evident of using of FMEA in educational research. In this survey method, the tool based on six sigma FMEA and knowledge management was used. The sample comprised of 75 student teachers of private and government aided institution were subjected to FMEA analysis to find the factors related critical to quality ( CTQ) and the results show the government aided institution was better than the un aided institution in all the key process factors noted by the student teachers.
18 A Comparative analysis on Multicast routing protocols in Mobile Ad-hoc networks: MAODV, ODMRP, PUMA & AM Route, M. Vijayalakshmi, Dr. D. Sreenivasa Rao
MANET is a collection of various autonomous mobile users with variable network topologies. Among several multicast protocols in MANET more prominent protocols are Multicast Ad-hoc On Demand Distance Vector (MAODV), OnDemand Multicast Routing Protocol (ODMRP), Protocol for Unified Multicasting through Announcement (PUMA) and Ad-hoc Multicast Routing Protocol( AM Route). In this paper, the comparative analysis based on routing mechanisms, characteristics of the protocols have been analyzed and tabulated theoretically.
19 Improved Fractal Based Image Compression for Grayscale Using Combined Shear and Skew Transformations, Sarabjeet Kaur, Er. Anand Kumar Mittal
Now a days, image compression techniques work with great efficiency to achieve higher compression. The fractal image compression is a lossy type of image compression technique. This technique provides very high compression ratios which are highly in demand in CCTV cameras and grayscale implementation. The image is broken into domain of the smaller range blocks and these range blocks are transformed according to specified criteria. The similar blocks located are then reunited to form the compressed image approximation. In the fractal approach, maximum redundant blocks are tried to be achieved which provides better compression ratios .In this paper, a combined shear and skew based transformation approach is implemented to attain better results.
20 Gradient Histrogram Preservation for Texture Enhanced Image Denoising, Mr. Harshalkumar Patel, Mrs. J. H. Patil
General framework based on histogram equalization for image contrast enhancement is discussed. Inthis framework, contrast enhancement is posed as an optimization problem that minimizes a cost function.Histogram equalization is an effective technique for contrast enhancement. However, conventional histogram equalization (HE) usually results in excessive contrast enhancement, which in turn gives the processed image anunnatural look and creates visual artifacts. By introducing specifically designed penalty terms, the level of contrast enhancement can be adjusted; noise robustness, white/black stretching and mean-brightnesspreservation may easily be incorporated into the optimization.
21 Text to Speech Synthesis for Blind Person, Yamini D. Patil, Nandakishor C. Patil
The present growth of digitization of books and manuscripts demands an immediate solution toaccess them electronically. In the last three decades significant advancement is made in therecognition of documents written in Latin-based scripts. There are many excellent attempts inbuilding robust document analysis systems in industry, academia and research labs. While in textto speech, there are many systems which convert normal language text in to speech. This thesisaims to study on image recognition technology (Optical Character Recognition) with speechsynthesis technology and to develop a cost effective user friendly image to speech conversionsystem using MATLAB. In this work we tried to make a system by which we can get the textthrough image and then speech through that text using MATLAB. The primary motivations are to provide users with a friendly vocal interface with the computer and to allow people withcertain handicaps (such as blindness, dumbness, poor vision, visual dyslexia) to use the computeror to read any type of documents.
22 Experimental Setup to Increase the Efficiency of Solar Panel by Using the water Circulation, Brijesh M. Garala, Abhishek G. Makati
Solar energy has the greatest potential of all the sources of renewable energy. It potential is 178 million MW per year. This is about 20,000 times worlds demand. In the case of the developing countries the energy sector assumes a critical importance in view of the increasing energy needs requiring huge investments of meet them. In this paper, experimental setup is being carried out to improve thermal efficiency and reduce the rate of thermal degradation of a solar panel module is by reducing the operating temperature of its surface is discussed. This can be achieved by cooling the module and reducing the heat stored inside the panel.
23 Evolution of the Morphology of the River Brahmaputra Due to Vegetative Cover Changes, Dr. Prabeer Kumar Parhi
The response of fluvial morphology deserves attention because of its large impacts on landscape and riverine habitats. With the help of multi-date digital satellite data, the evolution of the morphology of the river Brahmaputra has been reconstructed. The multi-spectral vegetation index like Normalised Difference Vegetation Index has been tested to provide new information and improved sensitivity to vegetative cover. The results of this research indicated that the fluvial morphology in the Brahmaputra valley has changed considerably as a result of shifts in vegetative cover. The study vividly portrayed that the loss of vegetative cover in the basin was about 10% and the increase in sediment load at Pancharatna, near the downstream end of the basin was found to be about 12% during the study period 1990 - 2002
24 New Compact Wearable Meta-material Antennas, Albert Sabban
Efficient small antennas are crucial in the development of wireless communication systems. Low efficiency is the major disadvantage of small antennas. Meta material technology is used to increase the efficiency of small antennas. Design consideration, analysis, computed and measured results of wearable patch meta-materials antennas with high efficiency are presented in this paper. The antennas electrical parameters are presented. The gain and directivity of the patch antenna with Splitring resonators, SRR, is higher by 2.5dB than the patch antenna without SRR. The resonant frequency of the antennas with SRR is lower by 5% to 10% than the antennas without SRR.A wideband meta-material stacked patch antenna with air spacing is presented. The antenna bandwidth is around 10% for S11 lower than -9.5dB. The antenna gain is around 10dBi.
25 Depiction of Women Endurance in The God of Small Things, Dr. Daxa Ganpatsinh Thakor
The novel The God of Small Things portrays here are women characters in the present day social set up. If we minutely peep into the character sketches of Mammachi, Ammu or Rahel, we would come to know that they have a great capacity to endure sufferings upon sufferings. They all are believer in the theory of etiquette and manner, decorum and decency. They never harbor in their heart any ill will against anybody or the established moral code of society, which makes a great difference between men and women. It is all about the tolerance against the irrational codes which bind to us in our everyday miserable lives. The struggle against these codes, as expressed here, is the only righteous path, the only meaningful purpose to be survived in the society, that to be formed by ourselves
26 Mythology and Identity: A Study of Karnad’s Hayavadana , Shweta Tiwari
In the post-Independent India the translation of drama from vernacular languages into English became a popular phenomenon. Girish Karnad, as a playwright has carved a niche for himself in the contemporary Indian stage. The plays of Karnad present a conflict between modernity and indigenous tradition against the backdrop of mythology and history. Along with the use of innovative dramatic techniques, Karnad’s plays also offer a socio-psychological exploration of the characters.
27 Status of E-Waste in Delhi-NCR and Role of International Certifications in E-Waste Management, Mudasir Syed Lolu
India generated 1.7 million tonnes of Waste Electronic and Electrical Equipment in 2014, making it the fifth largest electronic waste producer in the world (Global E-Waste Monitor 2014). With less than 10 per cent of the electronic scrap being recycled in an environmentally friendly and responsible way. Delhi-NCR is emerging as the world's dumping yard for e-waste and likely to generate to an extent of 95,000 metric tonnes (MT) per annum by 2017 from the current level 55,000 metric tonnes per annum growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of about 25% (ASSOCHAM paper August 2014). Delhi-NCR is also the main hub of e-waste recycling in India, and perhaps the world. The e-waste imported from Kolkata, Mumbai and Bangalore makes its way to Delhi as there is a ready market for glass and plastic in the NCR. Also, the wastes from Mumbai constitute a bulk of the 1,500 tonnes discarded electronics that land in Delhi's scrap yards every day. This paper highlights the hotspots of e-waste in Delhi-NCR and the role which international certifications like R2, E-Stewards, and EPEAT etc play in management of e-waste
28 Energy Crisis With Special Reference to Karnataka State, Dr. C. Mallanna, Prof. D. A. Kolhapure
There is acute shortage of energy in the coun¬try. This leads to energy crisis which is apparent in frequent load shedding, power failure, closure of factories, man-hour loss and decrease in production. Part of the problem is related to the insufficient energy resources leading to the shortage in supply which is not able to meet the growing demands of power in the rapidly expanding industrial, transport, agricultural and urban sectors. A comparison of growing electricity generation through the plans and increasing demands shows that deficit is mounting year after year which now stands at one-fifth of the demand even at the abysmally low level of per capita consumption, i.e., 340 km as against the world average of 2,500 km and 8,000 km for the devel¬oped countries. The consumption of electricity in the country is increasing at the rate of 10 per cent per year. According to the 14th electric power survey of India, the country's peak demand projected for the year 2010 AD is 1,72, 267 MW against the actual installed capacity of 85,795 MW in 1996-97. This requires additional installed capacity of 86,472 MW in Just 13 years which seems to be an uphill and impossible task. Against the target of 30,000 MW for the Eighth Plan only 7,960 MW has been in¬stalled so far. This will lead to further decrease in per capita electricity supply and worsening of the power crisis. An energy crisis is an great bottleneck (or price rise) in the supply of energy resources to an economy. In popular literature though, it often refers to one of the energy sources used at a certain time and place, particularly those that supply national electricity grids or serve as fuel for vehicles. There has been an enormous increase in the global demand for energy in recent years as a result of industrial development and population growth. Supply of energy is, therefore, far less than the actual demand. Karnataka State extends over an area of 1.92 lakh sq. kms, it occupies about 5.84% of the total geographical area of the country. The state is situated in the West-Central part of the Deccan Peninsula of the Indian union and is stretched between 13° 3' and 18°45' north latitudes and 74° 12' and 78° 40' east longitudes. The major portion of Karnataka lies in the elevation range between 450 and 900 metres above mean sea level. With a population of 4,49,77,201, it accounts for 5.4% of the country's population. For administrative purpose, the state has been divided into divisions, districts and taluks. There are 27,024 villages spread over 175 taluks. 69.07% of the population resides in rural areas (31,069,413 people).
29 New Delhi as a Tourism Region , Gopal Prasad, Dushyant Kumar, Gaurav Nain
Tourism is a travel for recreation, leisure, religious, family or business purposes, usually for a limited duration. In India ] during 2012, the Foreign Tourist Arrivals increased to 6.58 million from 6.31 million in 2011. Delhi has excellent blend of rich cultural heritage, modern lifestyle and is also the venue for important events related to business, sports and entertainment accompanied with world class airport facilities, strategic position, attractions and growing economy which led to an increase in tourism. The present study New Delhi as a tourism region shows that among all the tourist sites of Delhi, Qutub Minar attracted 61.4 per cent of Foreign Overnight Visitors followed by Domestic Overnight Visitors 51.9 per cent and Domestic Day Visitors 13.9 per cent. Red Fort witnessed 45.1 per cent of Domestic Overnight Visitors, 32 per cent Foreign Overnight Visitors and 21.8 percent of Domestic Day Visitors respectively. In Delhi Zoo and PragatiMaidan there was 25.1 per cent and 21 per cent of domestic overnight visitors as compared to foreign overnight visitors 3.6 per cent and 15.4 per cent respectively in 2011. A trend in tourism is analysed from the secondary data that out of total 27, 06, 126 tourists in 2004, 68.98 per cent were Indian and remaining 31.02 per cent were foreigners which increased to 54.19 per cent of Indian and 45.81 per cent foreigners in 2007. In 2008 percentage of Indian tourist declined to 47.69 and foreign tourist increased to 52.31 per cent.
30 Sahityik Manovigyan or Manovrutiya, Neetu Singh
31 Aggression Behaviour among Adolescents andYoung Adults , Mrs. Priya. M, Sneka. P
Adolescents are not capable to manage with the extreme changes that take place in their physical & psychological health. The psychologi cal problems in this age period occur due to disturbed relationship with parents, teachers, seniors and peers, scholastic backwardness compared to high expectation, sexual experimentation and substance abuse. The present study has focused on the level of Aggression among adolescents and young adults.For the conduct of the current study 60 students in the age group of 14-24 are collected from Coimbatore city schools and colleges through random sampling. The variables for the present study were gender, age;adolescent's living with parents/without parents and adolescents with single/dual parents.The tool used was Aggression scale by Dr.(Mrs.) G.P. Mathur and Dr.(Mrs.) Raj kumari Bhatnagar(2012). Each statement describes different forms of individual's aggression in different situations. It has 5 points scale. In this scale statement are in two forms i.e. positive and negative. The samples were subjected to percentile scoring and chi square. The result found that girls having high aggression level compared to boys. Adolescent's having high aggression than young adults. Children who are living without parents also falling under high aggression than children living with parents. Regarding parenting type, children who having single parent shows high aggression level than those of dual parent children.
32 A study on Food consumption pattern and nutrient adequacy of Indian children, Dr. Meena Mehta
Building a child health with various nutritional aspects is of prime importance in India. The country is diversified with respect to different regional states following different traditions, customs and eating habits. The choice of food is influenced by differences in environment, differences in availability of raw food and various other social factors. These differences affect the individuals’ nutrient intake, which in turn is related to various anthropometric parameters particularly amongst the growing children. A project was designed to study these factors for the children of the age group 2-15 yrs. Large number of school going children were made target for the study and proper survey was conducted. The data on various nutritional aspects were summarized and a relationship between health status and activity of the child was developed amongst these terms.
33 Social Media Me Janhit Vigyapano Ki Sthiti, Dr. Subodh Kumar
34 Politics of Caste Mobilization, Smt. Anuradha Naik, Dr. B. M. Ratnakar
A new trend has begun to field a candidate of their own caste irrespective of the merits or demerits. The caste leaders pressurise the political parties to provide seats to those whose number is in majority so that people of a caste can vote en bloc for a candidate of the same or different caste either in pursuance of the decision of Caste Panchayat or their leaders. In case a single caste is not found to be effective, alliances are made on caste basis. At present the political parties are also intelligent to pick up the caste based leaders to mobilize the votes on caste considerations
35 Internet Addiction Among University Students in Relation to Their Personality, Sujatha, Kadhiravan, S.
Internet plays a vital role in education especially at university level. The utility of internet now turn to be a nightmare for many students and they were found to be unable to stop its usage. They become addicted with this technology and inturn, their characteristic behavior is affected to a larger extent. An attempt was made to explore the relationship between internet addiction and personality of university students. 254 students from Periyar University, Salem have been selected through simple random sampling and data is collected with the help of internet addiction scale by Armstrong and big five personality locator by McCrae and Costa. Results revealed that male students as well as students from Arts discipline have displayed higher internet addiction. A few dimensions of personality factors have significant association with internet addiction. The findings and implications are discussed in this article.
36 sri aparyaptamruta dhyanasopanasya vimarsaha, Smt. G. Rukmani
37 Hospital Efficiency in Andhra Pradesh by Data Envelopment Analysis, M. Goverdhan, Prof. V. V. Haragopal
Healthcare plays important role in the government. Now, the consolidation of nation’s health is primary objective. The efficiency of hospitals is judged on the basis of efficiency. A great change in recent years in hospitals for the patients. Even the government has to compete with private hospitals. It is an important to find the appropriate resource allocation to the maximum. This study focuses the changes in health sector. It studies the hospital efficiency at district level government hospitals. Government should analyze about the efficiency regularly on quality of health care. The number of hospitals, Primary Health Centers and beds are taken for analysis in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana region. As it is input oriented and constant return to scale, Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) is used to find out the relative efficacy.
38 Ambedkar as a Modern Manu, Chandrabati Mohapatra
It has been said about Dr. Ambedkar that he is the Manu of the present age. It is true that Ambedkar was quite equal to the task of constitution making that had been entrusted to him. Undoubtedly, Ambedkar was brilliant both as a Politician and Scholar. His contribution to the drafting and piloting of the India constitution was enormous and excellent. Manu the law giver of Hindu Society made laws for the Hindu Society only and regarded human laws as divine but Ambedkar the modern constitution maker of India made laws Indian Society- Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Buddhists, Sikhs etc. According to him laws are simple human creations. Ambedkar gave a clarion call to his people to give battle for the cause of justice and humanity. He made his lifelong efforts towards the cause of untouchables. His only point was that the Schedule Caste should the given due representation in the executive and legislature.
39 Expressions of CAVEOLIN 1 in Human Uterine Mesenchymal Tumors and Normal Myometrium, Takuma Hayashi
Although most smooth muscle neoplasms detected in the human uterus are benign, uterine leiomyosarcoma (Ut-LMS) is extremely malignant with high rates of recurrence and metastasis. CAVEOLIN 1 (CAV1) levels in the epithelial cells of some carcinomas have been reported to increase during tumor progression. We herein evaluated the relationship between CAV1 expression and the pathological features of patients diagnosed with uterine mesenchymal tumors at several clinical facilities. No clinical link was observed between CAV1 expression and the malignancy of human uterine mesenchymal tumors. CAV1 expression was decreased in the normal myometrium, whereas it was markedly expressed in uterine mesenchymal tumors. However, the expression of CAV1 was not a potential biomarker to distinguish human Ut-LMS from other types of uterine mesenchymal tumors. The perivascular expression of CAV1 was clearly observed in myometria and all types of uterine mesenchymal tumors. Therefore, the results of the present study suggest that CAV1 may not act as a potential biomarker of uterine malignant mesenchymal tumors. However expression of CAV1 may do biological effects in the development of uterine mesenchymal tumors
40 Bike Ride Almost to the Hell- Isolated Gastric Rupture After a Blunt Abdominal Trauma In Paediatric Case: Case Report., Dr. Anil Kumar M. S, Dr. Raxith Sringeri R, Dr. Harish S, Dr. Sindhuri K, Dr. Sai Sarath Chandra
Isolated gastric rupture after blunt abdominal trauma is rare. In current literature gastric rupture from blunt abdominal trauma ranges between 0.02% and 1.7%. This document reports the first non motor vehicle case of an isolated gastric rapture after blunt abdominal injury, which repaired after early diagnosis and aggressive surgical treatment. PRESENTATION OF CASE A 12year old boy attended our emergency surgical department after sustained a blunt abdominal trauma following a fall from his bicycle. He presented with pain and left paraumbilical abdominal ecchymoses. Examination revealed subcutaneous emphysema and a palpable abdominal wall dimple. CONCLUSION We present this case report focusing on the paediatric patient to illustrate isolated gastric injury in terms of mechanism of injury, clinical presentation, and immediate surgical management
41 Impact of Benson Relaxation Therapy To Reduce Stress Among Antenatal Mothers in A Selected Hopital, Bhubeneswar, Odisha, India, Mrs Sinmayee Kumari Devi, Bijaylaxmi Panigrahi
A quasi experimental study with pre and post test without control group design was undertaken on 50 antenatal mothers attending OPD at PHC,Pahal, Odisha and the sample were selected by purposive sampling technique. Data were collected by the use of Modified pregnant women’s specific stress scale and analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics. Highly significant difference was found out between pre and post test stress score. No significant association was found between post test knowledge with demographic variables. Statistical analysis of data revealed that video assisted teaching module on Benson relaxation therapy was effective for reducing the stress among the Antenatal mother.
42 effectiveness of bibliotherapy on stress among hospitalized children, Mrs. Sheba K Varghese
Hospitalization is the disruption of the routines of the children and their families. The change from home to hospital, in terms of their environment, toileting, feeding, bath time and recreation create stress. Children comfort a wide variety of stressful and potentially traumatic events that may overwhelm their natural ability to cope and heal. The stress of illness and hospitalization increases the value of play which not only facilitates normal development but also provides a means to learn about health care, to express anxieties, to work through feelings. There are various therapeutic play techniques including stories, drawings, music, dramatic play and pets. Bibliotherapy is the use of books as a therapeutic intervention. The present paper aims to understand the effectiveness of bibliotherapy on stress among hospitalized children in selected hospitals, Kollam.
43 A Study to Assess the Effect of Structured Teaching Programme on the Prevention and Management of Anemia in Pregnancy Among the Antenatal Mothers Attending Obstetric and Gynecological Outpatient Department in a Selected Tertiary Hospital, Kanchipuram District, Tamil Nadu, India., Ms. Ramani. R, Ms. Remya Purushothaman, Prof . Veena M Joseph
A study to assess the effect of structured teaching programme on the prevention and management of anemia in pregnancy was carried out among the antenatal mothers in a selected tertiary hospital,TamiNadu, India. . A convenience sampling technique was used to select 30 antenatal mothers .A structured questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge on the prevention and management of anemia in pregnancy The mean pre test score was 8.10 ± 1.647 and the mean post test score was 19.73± 1.015. The difference between the pre and post test scores was highly significant at P < 0.05 level (2 tailed). Thus the study revealed that the structured teaching was effective in improving the level of knowledge on the prevention and management of anemia in pregnancy. The study also demonstrated a significant association between the educational status and dietary pattern of the antenatal mothers with the pre test level of knowledge at P < 0.05.
44 Diagnostic Value of Image Guided Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology - A Retrospective Study, Dr. Falguni. R. Shah, Dr. Jayashree. M. Shah, Dr. Vibhuti. H. Chihla, Dr. Shreya. R. Kavar, Dr. Bhumi. M. Shah
Background: - Image guided aspiration cytology has become routine procedure for any deep seated lesions in major academic institute. It is a simple rapid, noninvasive & economical procedure. Aims: - For diagnosis of unapproachable deep seated lesions and to correlate with histopathological examination. Material and Methods: - Details of total 75 patients with relevant history were taken in each image guided aspiration of various lesions. The study was carried out from year 2012 to 2014 over a period of 3 years. The lesions were of Intraabdomonal, Thoracic, Lymph node, Head & neck, Musculoskeletal & Breast. The procedure was conducted in Radiology department. Result: - Out of total 75 cases 36(48%) were males and 39(52%) were female. Age ranges from 8 years to 76 years. Region wise frequencies of FANC were Abdomen- 26(34.7%), Lymphnode-15(20%), Thorax-12(16%), Head & Neck-13(17.3%), Musculoskeletal-05(6.7%) & Breast-04(5.3%). In our study Diagnostic accuracy was 97.3% Conclusion: - Image guided FANC should be used as routine procedure in deep seated lesions due to high sensitivity & specificity rate.
45 A Study to Assess the Effect of Structured Teaching Programme on the Prevention and Management of Anemia in Pregnancy Among the Antenatal Mothers Attending Obstetric and Gynecological Outpatient Department in a Selected Tertiary Hospital, Kanchipuram District, Tamil Nadu, India., Ms. Ramani. R, Ms. Remya Purushothaman, Prof . Veena M Joseph
A study to assess the effect of structured teaching programme on the prevention and management of anemia in pregnancy was carried out among the antenatal mothers in a selected tertiary hospital,TamiNadu, India. . A convenience sampling technique was used to select 30 antenatal mothers .A structured questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge on the prevention and management of anemia in pregnancy The mean pre test score was 8.10 ± 1.647 and the mean post test score was 19.73± 1.015. The difference between the pre and post test scores was highly significant at P < 0.05 level (2 tailed). Thus the study revealed that the structured teaching was effective in improving the level of knowledge on the prevention and management of anemia in pregnancy. The study also demonstrated a significant association between the educational status and dietary pattern of the antenatal mothers with the pre test level of knowledge at P < 0.05.
46 A Retrospection on Haemorrhoides , Prof. V. S. Thirunavukkarasu
“PILES’’ or “Haemorrhoides’’ is an affliction of modern era. There has been various postulates for its occurrence such as congenital, acquired causes. “Virchows Triad’’ is apt for its occurrence. The various factors affecting the vessel valve, lumen and viscoscity of blood, Dietary factors, fast foods, refined diet and absence of fibre intake, obesity etc. could be contributing factors. There appears to be a left sided occurrence of haemorrhoides as compared to the right. 2 and 5’0 clock positions akin to varicoceal occurring on left side with possibility of increased pressure on left side veins compared to right sided veins and added to it pressure of loaded sigmoid colon on veins. These are managed by sclero therapy, laser coagulation, banding or surgery. Surgery appears to be the best option for cure.
47 Atypical Presentation of Case of Dysphagia, Prof. V. S. Thirunavukkarasu
Dysphagia occurs due to various causes. Here we have a Atypical presentation of Dysphagia Case Report: Sixty year old Mr Arunachalam from No: 19 MGR Nagar, Thiruverkadu was admitted in our Hospital vide IP NO:7121 on 24-03 -2015. For complaints of obstructive feeling in lower part of throat with difficulty in swallowing. Patient gives history of right sided Inguinal Hernioplasty, two months ago outside our hospital. Complaints of pain over Right Testis. On questioning, Patient gives history of having been taking NSAIDS analgesics in the form of Diclofenac sodium, Acenofenac and other anti inflammatory drugs for nearly forty days on and off ON EXAMINATION- Patient was afebrile. Pulse 76/minute. BP ;120/80 mm of mg. CVS: Normal. RS: Clear. ABDOMEN:- Soft and scaphoid. No specific tenderness made out over any quadrant of abdomen. No organomegaly. No mass palpaple. Operative site is Healthy. Right testis normal.
48 The role of Internet and its addiction among medical students in a tertiary care teaching hospital, Santosh Kumar Banjara, Kavitha Devi Bhukya
Background: India is now one of the world’s largest national digital population. Internet is a tool for any person for communication and connection with coworkers. Aims: The role of internet and its addiction among medical students in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among medical students (n = 300) to assess the pattern of internet usage. A semistructured proforma along with Young’s Internet Addiction scale was used. Results: Out of 300 medical students, 62% were females and 38% were males. The users were divided into groups: 64.6% as average users, 12% as possible addicts, 2.3% as addicts, and in 21% of medical students internet usage was less than average user. Significant usage differences were evident based on the gender of user. Medical students used the internet mostly for non-academic purposes (76.7%) and for academic purposes (23.3%). About 80.7% of the medical students were using mobile phones to access the internet. Conclusion: Internet usage for the non-academic purpose (Facebook, WhatsApp, Mails etc.) was very high among the medical students. Availability of high speed internet on mobile phones may be the reason for spending more time on social network websites
49 Corellation of Overweight and Obesity with Life Style Habits Among School Going Children in Agra Region, Dr Deepak Kumar Tandan, Dr Rajesh Kumar, Dr Nirmal Chandra Prajapati, Dr. S. K. Ksusal
CORELLATION OF OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY WITH LIFE STYLE HABITS AMONG SCHOOL GOING CHILDREN IN AGRA REGION Tandan D, Kumar R, Prajapati NC, Kaushal SK Department of pediatrics, S. N. Medical College, Agra Obesity in children is becoming a major public health problem in developing countries (range from 3% to 29%).Present study is an attempt to assess the prevalence of obesity among school children of Agra region and its correlation with their life style. Study design- A Cross-sectional study Setting- Two schools of Agra (one private and one government) and department of pediatrics. Method- Two schools were selected for the study and permission was taken from the school authorities. All children consented for the study were examined in detail and based on BMI diagnosed as obese. The obese children were finally enrolled and detailed examination and life style habits were recorded as a predesigned pretested semi structured proforma. The results and final assessment was done using SPSS-16 software. Results- 400(68% male, 32% were female) children in the age group of 10 to 16 years were enrolled from two schools. Prevalence of overweight was 2% and obesity was 4% respectively. Overweight was observed in 2.94 % of boys and none of the girls. Obesity was observed in 2.94% of boys and 6.25% of girls. Obesity was found more in children who consumed Pizza/Burger/French-fries i.e.11.35 % as compared to children who consumed Fried local food, Chips/Namkeen etc (7%). Obesity was more prevalent among children who had sedentary life style like daily watching television & using computer i.e. 8.09% as compared to children who had some physical activity like outdoor activity & physical exercise (4.16%). Conclusion- Prevalence of overweight and obesity is more in junk food consumer and those who do not involve in outdoor activities
50 Correlation of Serum Uric Acid Levels in Gouty and Non Gouty Osteoarthritis , Sharad Chandra Vijayvergiya , Ajay Kumar Bhargava, Mohit Sharma, Vishnu Datt Bohra
Gout a kind of osteoarthritis caused by too much uric acid in blood. High level in blood of some population not get gout but affected by arthritis. In our study we demonstrated determination of uric acid in 50 gouty osteoarthritis and 50 non gouty osteoarthritis and in 50 normal healthy subjects. In gouty osteoarthritis mean ± S.D serum uric acid was 9.3 ± 2.6, in gouty osteoarthritis 7.25 ± 1.38 and in normal healthy control it was 5.97 ± 1.38. Correlation between these subjects were found to be significant when compared between normal subject and gouty osteoarthritis (p < 0.001) and Non gouty osteoarthritis (p < 0.005). The prevalence of gouty arthritis and non gouty arthritis in present study indicated that a sincere efforts have been made to identify these disease and management too
51 Students Perception of English and Medical Terminology Training as a Part of Curriculum, Dr Atul Manoharrao Deshkar , Dr Akshataa Atul Deshkar, Dr Supriya John, Dr Sumeet Tripathi, Dr Prakash Bm,
Background: In the medical colleges where students are predominantly coming from tribal area, linguistic skills are one of the major problem in imparting medical education. Most of students coming to Chhattisgarh Institute of Medical Sciences, Bilaspur are from vernacular medium till their higher secondary, learning and understanding medical physiology in English medium becomes one of the major hurdle for the students after joining medical education. The MCI is a statutory body that deals with the establishment of norms and standards for the Medical Education in India. These standards include the requisites for a proper infrastructure and other necessities for the smooth running of the undergraduate as well as the post graduate courses in Medicine. Couple of aspects that need to be crucially considered are medium of the instructions and changes in curriculum.. The present study was intended to evaluate the students perspectives for proposed change in curriculum by Vision 2015 and to prepare and propose a module to be followed for poor performer due to lack of linguistic skills . Inclusion of the module in medical English and terminology will be helpful in improving the performance of poor performers in university examination
52 Trehalose – Current Applications in Ophthalmology And Future Perspectives, Jitka Cejkova, Cestmir Cejka
Trehalose, a disaccharide of glucose, is a stress response factor synthetized by many organismims when cells are exposed to stressful conditions, including dehydration, heat, oxidation, hypoxia or even anoxia. Trehalose is not synthesized by mammalian cells; however, it has been recently demonstrated to have a number of unique properties that point to its utility in humans. Trehalose enables wound healing by protecting cells, especially cell membranes, from oxidative injury and dessication. In the injured cornea trehalose suppresses inflammation, scar formation and corneal neovascularization. In dry eye disease trehalose decreases cell apoptosis a reduces inflammatory and proteolytic activity at the ocular surface. Trehalose may prevent neurodegenerative disorders by stabilizing proteins and promoting autophagy. In animal models of neurodegenerative disorders trehalose decreases levels of toxic protein aggregates, increases autophagy and improves clinical symptoms and survival. The low toxicity of this bioactive sugar allows its administration in humans for extended periods and enables its use in various disease states.
53 Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Effects of Alcohol Consumption Among Adolescent College Students in Pune City, Sherin D. C. Raj, Col. Dr. Jayalakshmi N
This descriptive study aimed at understanding the knowledge and attitude regarding effects of alcohol consumption in adolescent college. The sample consisted of 60 students in the age group of 18-19 years. The tool consisted of three sections, such as: Section-I: Demographic variables, Section-II: questionnaire to assess structured knowledge and Section-III: Likert’s scale to assess the attitude. Results revealed that more than half (55%) of the adolescents had average knowledge (score 8-14) and 45% of them had poor knowledge (score 0-7) regarding the effects of alcohol. More than half (51.7%) of the adolescents had most favorable attitude (score 69-84), 33.3% of them had favorable attitude (score 53-68), 10% of them had utmost favorable attitude and 5% of them had least favorable (score 37-52) regarding the effects of alcohol consumption.
54 The Effect of Resistance Training and Swiss Ball Resistance Training on Muscular Strength among Male Handball Players., Dr. Shailesh Kumar Singh
The purpose of this study was to find out the effect of Resistance Training and Swiss Ball Resistance Training on Muscular Strength among Male Handball Players. To achieve the purpose of the study, thirty male handball players were randomly selected as subjects from LNIPE Guwahati and Gwalior during the Inter- University Handball Camp held at LNIPE Guwahati in 2014. The age of the subjects were ranged between 18 to 25 years. The study was formulated as pre and post test random group design, in which thirty subjects were divided into three equal groups. Experimental Group-I (n=10; RT Group) performed the Resistance Training Group. The Experimental Group-II (n=10, SBRT group) performed Swiss ball resistance training program. Control group (n=10; CG) did not undergo any specific training programmed, but they were practicing the regular sports practice. The analysis of covariance was used to analyze the significant difference, if any among the groups. Since, three groups were compared, whenever the obtained ‘F’ ratio for adjusted post test was found to be significant, the Scheffe’s test to find out the paired mean differences, if any. The 0.05 level of confidence was fixed at the level of significance to test the ‘F’ ratio obtained by the analysis of covariance, which was considered as an appropriate. The result of the study indicates due to training on muscular strength has been improved significantly.
55 Effect of Pranayama on Social Adjustment of College Students of West Bengal, Dr. Binod Chowdhary, Mr. Deb Kumar Mahata
The study was conducted to assess the effect of pranayama on social adjustment of college students of west Bengal. The subjects for this study were 100 college students of B.A/B.SC from Seva Bharati Mahavidyalaya, Kapgari. Fifty students were selected for experimental group-A and fifty acted as control group-B. Their age ranged from 19 to 23. The student went through yogic practice of Pranayama for six weeks training program of 30 minutes during morning session. Pre- test data was collected in the beginning of the training and after the completion of six weeks training programme, Post-test was conducted. The score of the Pre-test and Post-test were statistically analyzed by employing-test’ at 0.05 level of significance. An insignificant improvement was found after the six weeks training of pranayama.
56 A Study on Learning Strategies and Academic Achievement of Higher Secondary School Students, Mr. S. Raja Kumar
The Present Study focuses on Learning Strategies and Academic Achievement of Higher Secondary School Students, this study took the approach that the school, as a learning institution, has a responsibility to increase the learners’ chances of success in class by providing them with the leaning strategies that will help them to participate confidently and independently in learning. Variables such as Gender, Medium of instruction, and Type of School Management have made significant feature on Learning strategies and Academic achievement.
57 Inclusion- The Right of Every Child., Reshmi Ramachandran, Dr. G. Subramonian
10% of the world’s population lives with a disability, and 80% of these people with disabilities live in developing countries. Globally, children with disabilities count for one-third of all children out-of-school. Inclusive education is built around the goals and ideologies of the social model. Education is just one of the many sections of society to which the social model applies; and “inclusion” in education means removing the barriers in the classroom and school so that students of all ability levels are included in the same lesson. India is one among the few countries all over world where the education of children with disability doesn’t fall within the perview of human resource development ministry but under the ministry of social justice and empowerment. There are many schemes, acts and conventions formed in favour of disabled children. In this paper an attempt is made to discusses about the various schemes , acts and conventions that have been formed for the empowerment of disabled children with more emphasis on education. Awareness about these schemes and convention is required by the disabled to ensure that their rights are safeguarded.
58 Professional Competence of Prospective Teachers in Media Selection, Dr. Ampili Aravind, Sandhya Kumar
The present day standard in curriculum transaction warrants the use of competent technical proficiency among the teachers. The teachers need to be well planned and well prepared in critically selecting the appropriate media for transacting the curriculum according to the technical knowhow of the 21st century children. The global trends in the teaching learning scenario must be considered and the best practices in it must be followed by the teachers to supplement their teaching styles. Technology is a very effective tool to communicate with present children but it must be used judiciously. Hence the present study addresses the professional competence of the prospective teachers in appropriate media selection to effectively transact the curriculum. The sample for the present study includes 740 prospective teachers studying in the government, aided, university centers and self financing institutions under University of Calicut. The statistical techniques include mean, standard deviation, t-test and ANOVA. The results reveal that the male prospective teachers significantly differ from the female prospective teachers in their professional competence in media selection. They also differ significantly based on the management type in which they study.
59 The Nano-syntax of Noun Agreement in Kitharaka, Dr. Peter Kinyua Muriungi
This paper investigates the syncretism found in subject agreement, adjective agreement and object agreement in Kitharaka, an SVO Bantu language spoken in Kenya. Syncretism refers to the similarity in form of different morphological forms of a word. Adopting approaches that argue for late lexical insertion (McCawley, 1968; Halle & Marantz, 1993; Harley & Noyer, 1999), the paper argues that syncretism occurs because the same lexical item, stored in the lexicon as a syntactic tree can be inserted to realize structures of varying sizes in the syntax under the superset principle (Starke Class Lectures; Caha 2007). Nano-syntax is an approach to the study of Syntax developed by Michal Starke. It assumes that terminal nodes are more fine-grained; with many small (nano) features arranged hierarchically in a synctactic tree. This approach has the consequence that lexical items do not spell out a terminal node; but a complex bundle of features, even a phrase
60 Assessing Satisfaction with Differentiation of Self Through Circle Drawing (SFI): Development and Initial Validation of a Self-Report Instrument, Ora Peleg, Meirav Idan Biton
The research aimed to build and validate an inventory of satisfaction with differentiation of self through circle drawing (SFI). It comprised two studies. Using a sample of 393 college students, Study 1 examined the psychometric properties of the SFI, assessing its associations with differentiation of self (DSI-R) and with self-efficacy. Results provided good reliability and partial construct validity for the inventory. In Study 2, using a sample of 300 college students, we again validated the SFI, this time vis-à-vis the DSI-R and family differentiation (DIFS). We also examined its associations with health anxiety and adjustment to college. Results yielded significant high correlations between the SFI and three of the DSI-R subscales (emotional reactivity, emotional cutoff and fusion with others), and between it and differentiation with mother and father (DIFS), as well as health anxiety, indicating that this instrument is reliable and valid.
61 Job Satisfaction Factor Analysis on Employee Performance of PT Indocement Tunggal Prakarsa Tbk, Sigit Aditama, Aida Vitayala S. Hubeis, Nurmalak. Pandjaitan
JobSatisfactionis individual andmoreto bean attitudethanbehavior. Diversityinjobsatisfactionassessmentismainlyinfluencedbythecomponents of attitude; cognitive, affectiveandbehavioralcomponents. In addition, jobsatisfactionisalsodependent on individual'svaluesystem. Herzbergtheoryidentifiesthetwofactorswhichallowtheemployeestofeeljobsatisfaction, the firstisintrinsicfactorandthe secondisextrinsicfactor. The object of thisstudywastheemployees of PT Indocement Tunggal Prakarsa Tbk. witha total of respondents were 60 persons. The researchwas done descriptivelywiththemethod of data processingusedwas statisticalanalysiswith SPSS 16. The purpose of thisresearchwastoanalyzetheeffect of intrinsicandextrinsicfactors on theemployeesperformance. This resultshowedthatbothintrinsicandextrinsicfactors hadpositivecorrelationstotheemployeesperformance. The R-squaredscorewas 0.419 whichindicatingthattheindependentvariables (intrinsicandextrinsicfactors) canexplain thevariation ofdependentvariables (performance) by 41.9 percent. Based on theregressionanalysis, itwasonlytheextrinsicfactorwhich hadsignificanteffect on theperformance of employeesat PT Indocement Tunggal Prakarsa Tbk.
62 A Radiological Evaluation of The Length of The Hepatic Artery and its Practical Implications During Liver Transplantation, Pallavi, Smithi Sripathi, Ravichandra V
Liver, the largest internal organ in the human body is highly vascular due to the presence of two distinct vascular channels feeding the liver.Common hepatic artery (CHA) is branch of coeliac axis (CA) which continues as proper hepatic artery(PHA) and ends by dividing into right and left hepatic arteries. The point of emergence of the gastroduodenal artery (GDA) determines the relative lengths of the CHA and PHA.Present study was intended to provide a tabular information of the relative lengths of CHA and PHA which can help a surgeon to select/reject a donor liver for transplantation.The study was conducted using 200 images of MDCT angiography done on patients aged between 18 to 80years, for various clinical indications in the department of radiodiagnosis and imaging, Kasturba medical college, Manipal, India.In this study the mean lengths of the CHA and PHA were 3.47cm and 2.08cm respectively. The most frequent range of the CHA length was 3.1-4cm and that of the PHA was 2.6-3m.It was concluded that the knowledge of the relative lengths of CHA and PHA are also an essential part of post-surgical outcome and the surgeon should be aware about the presence of individual variations in the relative lengths of CHA and PHA to select an ideal donor for liver transplantation.
63 Evaluation of serum calcium and zinc in preeclamptic patients – a case control study, Dr. Bandana Kumari, Dr. Sangita Pankaj
Preeclampsia being one of the major causes of maternal mortality and pregnancy related complication is a matter of intensive research in this field. Main aim of the study was to evaluate and compare serum calcium and zinc in preeclamptic and normal pregnant women. This was a case control study done in the department of Biochemistry at IGIMS Patna, Bihar, India. 50 patients of preeclampsia as case and 50 normal pregnant women of matched age were taken as control. Calcium and zinc levels were measured in the serum of the participants which showed significantly lower level in study group than control group. This study concludes that decreased serum calcium and zinc in pregnant women may be a risk factor for the development of preeclampsia. Therefore, early estimation of serum level of these minerals during antenatal visit and their supplementation if needed may decrease the incidence of preeclampsia.
64 Important Monumental Trees of Afyonkarahisar and Their Features, S Uuml Leyman Ar Auml Plusmn , Mehmet Temel, Mustafa Karg Auml Plusmn O Auml Lu
Monumental trees are known as respected natural artefacts with their magnificent views. Since ancient times, they have been considered as an indicator of fame, honour, wealth and sublime and they have been the subject of mythology and epics. They are also important in terms of tourism. Monumental trees in Afyonkarahisar were observed, and photographed during floristic studies and diagnostics were made based on the study titled "Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands". Also their localities, local names, estimated age measurements were performed. Within the province borders 11 taxon (Tilia rubra DC. subsp. caucasica (Rupr.) V. Engl., Juniperus foetidissima Willd., Juniperus excelsa M.Bieb. subsp. excelsa, Cedrus libani A.Rich. var. libani, Pinus nigra J. F. Arnold. subsp. pallasiana var. pallasiana, Castanea sativa Mill., Quercus robur L. subsp. robur, Quercus cerris L., Quercus trojana Webb subsp. trojana, Corylus colurna L., Taxus baccata L.) have been identified belonging to 6 families (Tiliaceae, Cupresscaea,Pinaceae, Fagaceae, Betulaceae, Taxaceae). Thanks to the detection of the presence of monumental trees in the region, it will be contributed to transfer this cultural heritage, have been transferred from our ancestors to the present day, carefully to future generations and it will contribute to the establishment of cultural communication between generations.
65 Diverse Freshwater Spirotrich Ciliate Fauna from Okhla Bird Sanctuary, Delhi, India, Sripoorna Somasundaram, Jeeva Susan Abraham, Renu Gupta, Seema Makhija, Ravi Toteja
India, with 2.4% of the world's area, has over 8% of the world's total biodiversity, making it one of the 12 mega-diversity countries in the world. This status is based on the species richness and levels of endemism recorded in a wide range of taxa of both plants and animals. In the present study, we explored ciliate diversity from fresh water samples collected from Okhla Bird Sanctuary (28°32'43.5"N, 77°18'41.7"E). It is a bird sanctuary at the Okhla barrage over Yamuna River. The most prominent feature of the sanctuary is the large lake created by damming the river. Cells isolated from the water samples collected from the lake were cultured in vitro under laboratory conditions. Identification and characterization of ciliates was done in vivo by Phase Contrast Microscopy, Feulgen staining and silver impregnations. In total, 27 species from 24 genera were found. A higher proportion of Spirotrichean (44.45%; 10 genera, 12 species) species were identified. Other species belonging to Classes Karyorelictea, Litostomatea, Prostomatea, Phyllopharyngea and Colpodea were also found but relatively in lesser proportion.
66 Allelopathic effects of Commelina bengalensis L on Soybean (Glycine max (Linn) Merr.), S. Maqbool Ahmed
Commelina bengalensis is a commonly found weed in the fields of Soybean. The seeds of Soybean were treated with aqueous extracts of root and shoot of Commelina bengalensis. The concentration used in this study was 0.25%, 0.50% and 0.75%. The effect of this treatment was studied on the length of hypocotyls and length of root of Soybean. . It was observed that with the increase in concentration of both root and shoot extract there was decrease in the length of Soybean root. The present studies show that the extracts of root and shoot of Commelina bengalensis inhibited the germination of Soybean.
67 Synthesis of N – Hydroxy – 3, 3 – Dimethyl – 2, 6 – Diaryl Piperidin – 4 – One Thiosemi Carbazone, Dr. S. Tamilselvi, Dr. K. G. Palani
N – hydroxyl – 3, 3 – dimethyl – 2, 6 – diaryl piperidin – 4 – one thiosemicarbazone is synthesized by the reaction of N – hydroxyl – 3, 3 – dimethyl – 2, 6 – diaryl piperidin – 4 – one oxime & thiosemicarbazied in presence of (Si O2 & DCC) silicandioxide & dicyclo hcxyl carbodimide heterogeneous catalyst under microwave irradiation. The structure of the thiosemicarbazone is confirmed by elemental analysis, 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectral studies.
68 Steel Corrosion Protection by Polymer Coatings., Maged El Kemary, A. S. M. Diab, M. I. Ayad, N. Salah El Din
The polyaniline, and ploy-N,N- dimethylaniline were chemically prepared in different solvents and deposited on a steel surface by cyclic voltammetric technique with different cycles. The tests for corrosion protection of the polymers coated and uncoated steel were investigated in 0.3 M NaCl solution by using Tafel polarization measurements. The experiments data showed, the studied polymers coating have ability to protect the steel against corrosion. Some factors, number of cycles of polymer preparation, solvent of polymer preparation, and the polymer type effect on the corrosion parameters, ?corr. (corrosion current), I.E.% (inhibition efficiency), and P ( porosity) of the polymers coated steel in 0.3M NaCl solution. The all experiments were investigated at 30 0C.
69 Synthesis and Characterization of Bis 3-Phenyldithiocarbazato Cadmium(Ii): a New Single-Source Precursor for Preparation of Cds Nanocompounds, Susanta Kumar Giri
Metal complex of the type ML2 [M = Cd; L = 3-phenyldithiocarbazate] have been synthesized and characterized by UV-vis and FT-IR spectroscopy. The complexe is formulated as four coordinate species with the dithiocarbazate acting as bidentate chelating ligand. The complexe is thermolysed at 100 ?C in ethylene glycol and used as single-source precursors for the synthesis of CdS nano compound without using any surfactant and or additives at mild reaction condition.
70 Quality Analysis of Soil by Measuring Potassium of Shehra Taluka, Dist : Panchmahals (Gjuarat) India., Swanti A. Jain, K. P. Patel
Quality of the soil is important part for growth of any plants related with the crops. Various parameters like Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), Potassium (K), PH and total Organic Carbon help the soil for improvement of this quality. This study give information to the farmers available Potassium in soil and how to improve the crops in the land of Shehra Taluka Dist : Panchmahals. The fertility index for Potassium for Shehra Taluka 1.26 to 6.5. This information will help farmers to decided the problems related to soil nutrients amount of Fertilizer to be added to soil to make to the production economic.
71 Synthesis of Mesoporous Silicon Nanoparticles and Enzyme Immobilization, Susanta Kumar Giri
Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles (MSNs) provide a non-impassive and biocompatible delivery platform for a broad range of application in therapeutics, pharmaceuticals and diagnosis. In addition, MSNs have proven to be promising support for enzyme immobilization, enabling the enzyme to retain their activity, affording them greater potential for wide range application in bio catalysis and energy conversion. We report here in the synthesis of MSN and its use in enzyme immobilization
72 Performance of Pacs in Ysr District of Andhra Pradesh , K. Krishnaiah, Prof. B. Ramachnadra Reddy
Organisation of institutional credit and its utilisation for farm production has become one of the major planks of agricultural development policy in the developing world. India's experience is not different from that of the rest of the third world. In this paper an attempt has been made to study the dynamics of co-operative credit on the farm economy of the YSR district and thereby its favourable contribution to the financial flows in credit societies. To determine the impact of co-operative credit on yield and income, a comparison has been made between borrowers and non-borrowers of Primary Agricultural Co-operative Societies (PACS). Cost of cultivation, grain production, and gross income per acre are higher for all categories of borrowers than non-borrowers. There is a high degree of positive relationship between farm size and grain production and the correlation co-efficient worked out to 0.99 for borrowers and 0.94 for non-borrowers. Similarly farm size and gross income are positively related for both borrowers (r = 0.99) and non-borrowers (r = 0.98). It can be noticed that there is inequality in the distribution of income among different categories of farmers in both borrowers and non-borrowers. Gini co-efficient calculated for the data, which is (0.42) for non-borrowers is slightly higher than borrowers (0.41). Defaulters to total borrowers and percentage of Non Performing Assets to outstanding increased with the size of holding. The ‘r’ value is 0.99 for the latter which is higher when compared to the former (0.94). Average amount defaulted increased with the size of holding (r=0.98). There is a skewed distribution in the amount defaulted among different categories of farmers (SKP. 0.72). On the whole this study emphasizes the need for an equitable distribution of governing body membership, extensive rationing of credit, effective monitoring and prompt repayment of loans.
73 Financial Performance Evaluation of the Nagaland State Transport: A Case Study, Dr Gautam Patikar
74 Intercultural Communication: Strategies for Managing Intercultural Dimensions of Business, Dr. Jyoti H. Lahoti
Every human group shares a body of common understandings, its culture, which serves to make communication within the group intelligible and which guides behavior and enables the group to achieve common objectives. Common understandings, communication, and behaviors set each group apart from other groups. To a greater or lesser degree, there is overlap with the shared understandings of other groups. Nevertheless, critical points of difference in these understandings, however minor they may seem to outsiders, give rise to convictions of being a separate group and reinforce a shared identity. While separate cultures may share varying amounts of their content, their points of difference establish boundaries. These cultural boundaries are potential obstacles to communication. Communication is the act or process of imparting or exchanging meanings, such as information, opinions, thoughts, and feelings. In times of rapid economic development and internationalization of business, effective Inter-cultural communication among employees remains a challenge. This paper aims to research and analyze Inter-cultural communication in business. Through in-depth analysis and application of existing theories the findings of this research demonstrated that although national culture does have an undeniable influence on people’s behavior and their communication style, implications in communication between businesses partners of different cultural backgrounds often connected to an individual approach to Inter-cultural communication. A great emphasis was placed on the language being one of the biggest communication challenges facing in international arena. Communication ways among individuals are greatly affected by ones background, culture, norms, values and perceptions of the world
75 The Right To Information Act : Strengthening Democracy And Development, Dr. Medipally Sathyam
76 Non- Conventional Banking and its Money, Hasan Muwadh Gaber Al Gumaei
This paper is going to investigate one of the most controversial issues in non-conventional banking which is money in Islam. This study will touch the early practices of Islamic bankingand for this purpose we will refer to preliminary Islamic banking model, examples of personal banking model and examples of Islamic business financing model. We will touch the economic strategy which came to change Islamic money to currency and what is the reason behind it. For this purpose, we will refer to the early legalization of interest, the process of starting using currency or money instead of gold and examples of new economic strategy model. The main focus of this study is to compare the two dissimilar kinds of money to see what is beneficial for banking industry without harming or exploiting its customers whom should be treated fairly
77 The Digital World of Commerce : A Note on “E-Commerce” & “M-Commerce”, Adv. Mihir Dilip Kalambi
The current economic scenario is more inclined towards the use of Electronic technology .In today’s existing climate of digital interaction, the concept of a ‘Sharing Economy’ is gaining momentum. New developments are following in the footsteps of those entrepreneurs who have provided the ongoing industry developments combined with the increased use sophisticated technology and advancements. E-commerce and M-commerce sectors represent one of the most sought after and innovative and rapidly evolving sectors worldwide. The digital economy has brought about huge changes in almost each and every industry .The use of technology and its revolution has brought about several exciting opportunities not only for the commercial world but also an individual’s personal use. This article aims to provide an insight on aspect of E-Commerce and M- Commerce which helps today’s entrepreneurs expand their market to national and international markets.
78 A Study on Customer Brand Awareness on Duroflex Mattress in Hosur City, Dr. S. Nagasanthi, Rayinkutty Perinchikkal
It is highly unpredictable to know the consumer’s decision to buy a product or not to buy as today's market is more dynamic in nature with more and more product offerings with the short product life cycles. This is because of the fastest changes in the area of product innovations across the world with the advent of sophisticated technologies. As the customer choice is widened with more brand awareness among the consumers and the impact on the customer satisfaction could be measured more accurately. This paper focuses on the prospective buyers' with respect to their brand awareness and its impact on the level of customer satisfaction of the tobacco products manufactured by Duroflex Pvt. Ltd. This study was conducted in Visakhapatnam a city of India with a sample of 200 respondents. The research results suggests that there is an impact of brand awareness on customer satisfaction with respect to product quality, price etc.
79 A Study on Customer Satisfaction in Tooth Paste Product With Reference to Pudukkottai District, Dr. S. Nagasanthi, Nabeel T
A study on customer satisfaction towards toothpaste with special reference to Colgate. The main objective of to identify the various factor influencing customer in purchase of the toothpaste, to know the customer satisfaction level about the toothpaste. The research design used in this study is descriptive research design. Data was collected from 50 sample respondents. Data was collected by survey method, the survey was collected Pudukkottai City in Tamilnadu, through structured questionnaire with five point rating scale questions. Secondary data were collected from the available literature sources. For distribution of questionnaire to the respondents random sampling method was used and to collect the respondents opinion, survey was taken among the selected sample respondents. After collecting the data from the respondents, it was analyzed using factor analysis, percentage analysis ,and chi square method The collected data include customer satisfaction towards Colgate toothpaste personal product details.
80 Foreign Direct Investment in Indian Retail Sector, A. Muthukumaran
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) plays a very important role in economic development for any developing and underdeveloping nation. India is the largest democracy and the second largest populated country in the world. Retail Sector is one of the most important pillars of Indian economy and it is growing at a phenomenal pace. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in retail sector plays an integral role in the economic growth. The market size of Indian retail industry is about US $312 billion. Foreign direct investment has boomed in post-reform in India. Moreover, the composition and type of Foreign direct investment has changed considerably since India has opened up to world markets. This has fuelled high expectations that foreign direct investment may serve as a channel to the higher economic growth of India. This paper is going to try to give a better view of the retailing, types of retailing, FDI polices of India, role of FDI in Indian retail industry and SWOT analysis of retail sector.
81 Influence of Celebrity Advertisement on Consumers Purchase Decision for Gold Jewellery, C. Gomathy, Dr. Mrs. N. Yesodha Devi
82 Pilgrimage Tourism in Tamil Nadu an Overview, Dr. R. Kavitha, A. Sugapriya
Tourism in India is one of the major sectors of the economy development. India posses its rich cultural heritage, ancient monuments, world famous temples, architecture masterpieces, wild animal's sanctuaries and scenic sports, and also holds a great attraction for foreign and the domestic tourists. The growth of pilgrimage tourism in India has been improved astonishingly. India is blessed with plenty of well-known religious destinations bring enormous economic gain to local residents. The pilgrimage (Tirth Yatra) journey undertake for the betterment of spiritual pursuits. Travel or pilgrimage for mental peace and to gain knowledge about rich heritage or religious places in the country is an integral part of Indian culture and tradition. Tamilnadu is one of the famous pilgrimage tourist’s destinations in India. It is famous for magnificent historically, culturally, ecologically and it is also the most popular state which provides distinctive platform to sell traditional handicrafts in the Tourist markets. The cradle of culture and civilization through centuries dating back to the early phases of the dawn of history. It has great potential in the field of tourism as edifices, monuments, temples, holy places and other scenic places, which reflect the culture and tradition. Tamilnadu Tourism Development Corporation provides best infrastructure facilities for domestic and international tourists. Current position, infrastructure facilities and role of pilgrimage tourism development have been focused in this paper.
83 Impact of Spider Mite Infestation on the Photosynthetic Pigments of Indian Thorny Bamboos, Vibija C P, Dr. N. Ramani
Spider mites coming under the family tetranychidae, are the most common mite pests and among the most ubiquitous of all pests in the garden. The present study elucidates the damage potential of these mites on the photosynthetic pigments of the leaves of Bambusa bambos (L) Voss. The results showed that an increase in the number of mites could lead to a decline in the total chlorophyll (77%) content of this plant. The feeding activity of the mites on the leaves of B. bambos induced drastic reduction in the levels of chlorophyll a (75%), chlorophyll b (85.03%) and carotenoids (47.8%). Results of statistical analysis of the data gathered on quantitative loss of chlorophyll due to the feeding activity of spider mites (using t-test) were proved highly significant at 0.01 level, thereby establishing spider mites as a potential pest of bamboos in India.
84 Alterations in The Carbohydrate Contents In Leaf Galls of Cinnamomum Verum (Presl.) Due to Infestation By The Gall Mite, Aceria Doctersi (Nalepa, 1909) (Acari: Eriophyidae), P. N. M. Nasareen, N. Ramani
Aceria doctersi (Nalepa, 1909) is a highly host specific eriophyid mite inducing varying numbers of pouched galls on the leaves, leaf petioles, inflorescence and young shoots of Cinnamomum verum (Presl.), one of the most economically important spice cum medicinal crop. In the present study, quantitative analysis was carried out to estimate the carbohydrate contents present in mite induced young (10 days old), mature (35 days old), samples of C. verum, following the method of Sadasivan and Manikam, (2008). A significant increase in carbohydrate contents was observed in both the young and mature gall tissue when compared to the tissue around rim of gall, heavily infested galled leaf and uninfested (control) leaf tissues (P
85 Organic Management Practices to Enhance Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Rice, Naleeni Ramawat, Renu Yadav
Nitrogen is very important element and its losses from the soil are enormous. It is lost from the soil in different ways as leaching and erosion, volatilization and denitrification. In India managing organic farming systems is a major challenge due to strong N limitation. Our methodology is mainly based on a better utilization of the natural nitrogen resources from soil mineralisation and symbiotic fixation of legumes, and not by an increase in the use of organic fertilizer. The focus is also to increase production and productivity, maintain soil health, reduce nutrient losses, Organic farming offers alternative system for sustainable production and natural resource system. The aim of nutrient management in organic systems is to optimize the use of on–farm resources and minimize losses. Organic materials such as, biofertilizers and cover crops are other valuable source of nutrients to improve the growth and yield attributes, yields, nutrient uptake, grain quality and soil fertility. The rice (Oryza sativa L.) - wheat (Triticumaestivum L.) cropping system occupies about 28.8 million hectares mainly spread over Asia’s five countries, namely, India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh and China. The paper outlines the organic farming management practices to enhance Nitrogen Use Efficiency (NUE) of rice-based cropping systems.
86 Neurohistological Effects of Lead on Medulla of Adult Albimo Rat, Dr S M Dawar Husain
LEAD is toxic to every organ of body, including central nervous system. This study is aimed to observe the histopathological changes in the medulla of rat induced by oral administration of lead compound in adult albino rats. Total number of 20 adult albino rats of either sex were included in the present study, consisting of equal numbers in both control and experimental groups. Experimental group received 4% aquous lead acetate orally for 15 days, then animals of both groups were anaesthetized with ether and perfused with 10% formalin. Medulla was dissected. 10µ thick sections were obtained and were stained with Glees Silver stain. Under light microscope, medulla from experimental group revealed not much conspicuous changes except for comparative lightly stained fibers and a little swollen tract areas. It was concluded that lead has toxic effects on the central nervous system including medulla which may explain the clinical manifestation of lead neurotoxicity
87 Study on Streptococcus Infection in Aquarium Fishes, Seema S. Korde
The present article reports on the streptococcus infections in aquarium fishes. Smears from the abdominal cavity showed the presence of small Gram-positive cocci in pairs or chains. Sections revealed the presence of a severe acute necrotizing reaction in many organs, but especially the spleen and kidney. Gram-stained sections showed that the changes corresponded with massive numbers of Gram-positive cocci; large numbers of bacteria were also present within blood vessels throughout the fish. Axenic cultures of pinpoint non-hemolytic off-white colonies (1 to 2 mm in diameter) were recovered from all fish on TSA and blood agars, but not on MacConkey’s agar. These isolates were catalase and oxidase negative, non-motile Gram-positive cocci, which occurred in pairs or short chains
88 Simulation Of NGC 7753 and its Companion NGC 7752 , Mariwan A. Rasheed
In the present paper the interaction of the pair NGC 7753 galaxy and its companion NGC 7752 galaxy is simulated. From the simulation it is shown that two arms are formed in the main galaxy, and the upper arm appears as abridge connected with the companion. A snapshot of the interaction is obtained through the simulation which is similar to the image of the pair in the present day that is observed by telescopes
89 Effect of Malathion, Dimethoate and Chlorpyrifos on Cabbage Peroxidase (Brassica Oleracea) Activity. , Ila Bania, Dr. Rita Mahanta
This study focused on the effect of Malathion, Dimethoate and Chlorpyrifos on Cabbage peroxidase activity. H2O2- mediated oxidation of O-dianisidine by Cabbage Peroxidase was used to assess the enzymatic activity. The specific activity of Cabbage peroxidase was determined in presence of five different concentrations (0.2%, 0.4%, 0.6%, 0.8% and 1.0%) of the three tested pesticides. Malathion and Dimethoate were found to inhibit cabbage peroxidase activity whereas, chlorpyrifos showed no significant effect. The values of Km and Vmax in presence and absence of inhibitors were determined from Lineweaver-Burk plot by following the optimum pH and temperature conditions. Kinetic studies showed that the inhibition types were competitive for Cabbage peroxidase in presence of malathion and noncompetitive in presence of dimethoate.
90 Biodegradation of Organophosphate Insecticide Malathion By Microorganisms Isolated From Soils of Solapur Region, India., Prathamesh S. Kamalapure, Namdev B. Patkar
In the present study efficiency of bacterial strain S1 (Staphylococcus spp.) and fungal strains F1 (Aspergillus niger) and F2 (Penicillium spp.) for degradation of Malathion (organophosp horus insecticide) was investigated. The microorganisms were isolated from wine yard soil samples near Solapur region, Maharashtra, India, which was found to be heavily contaminated with Malathion. The isolated organisms were inoculated in desired broth medium supplemented with Malathion (20 mg ml - 100 i.e. 2 ppm) for specific interval of time to degrade. Degradation of Malathion was estimated by Fiske Subbaraw method. From the above study, it reveals that Aspergillus niger showed maximum potential to degrade Malathion than Penicillium spp. and Staphylococcus spp.
91 An Emphirical Study of Gut Contents of Major Carps for Their Food Habits from Singanallurlake of Coimbatore District,Tamilnadu, M. Umamaheswari
The food relationships determine population levels, rates of growth and conditions of fish. Fishes feed on open water pelagic organisms includes algae, protozoans and microcrustaceans, debris and plant stems and leaves. The gut content analysis gives an idea about the actual diet of the fish species. In aquaculture practice, to increase the yield of cultured fish the accurate knowledge of food and feeding is essential.According to the availability of fishes and the availability of water in the lake the fishes were collected and carried to the laboratory for study of gut content.
92 Spectral Investigation of the Complex of S3N3Cl3 With Th(NO3) 4.4H2O, Anshu Agarwal
The complex of trithiazyl trichloride (S3 N3 Cl3 ) was synthesized with Th(NO3 ) 4 .4H2 O and formulated as- [S3 N3 Cl3 Th(NO3 ) 4 .4H2 O]1.5 on the basis of mass spectral and chemical data, while IR, UV, EPR and XRD patterns showed that S3 N3 Cl3 had co-ordinated quadridentatively with Th atom having diamagnetic nature and triclinic structure.
93 Synthesis and Characterisation of Chiral Cobalt Complexes, Sunny S. Tarve, Raju M. Patil
The reactions of Cobalt(II) sulphateheptahydrate with two different ligands such as sodium salt of p-methylisonitrosoacetophenone (MINAP) and various chiral amino acids (aa) formed a series of Ternary Chiral Mixed Ligand (CML) Co(II) metal complexes with general molecular formula [Co(MINAP)(aa).2H2O]. All the complexes have been characterised on the basis of elemental analysis, molar conductance, magnetic susceptibility, specific optical rotation, electronic absorption, infrared spectral and thermal studies. On the basis of results the bonding and structure of the complexes discussed in details.
94 Studies On Some Benzoyl Hydrazone Derivatives, Meghana E. Mhadaye, R. M. Patil
The different hydrazones are obtained by condensation of 2-hydroxy benzohydrazide with various aldehydes viz. p-methoxybenzaldehyde, benzaldehyde, p-methylbenzaldehyde, p-bromobenzaldehyde and ?-naphthaldehyde. The hydrazone derivatives have been characterized by elemental analysis and various spectral techniques such as UV, IR, 1H- NMR, mass spectroscopy.
95 Problems and Prospects of Foreign Direct Investment in India, Dr. Askok D. Parmar
96 Determinants of Banks’ performance as perceived by employees of Urban Cooperative Banks in Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh, Dr. Balwinder Singh, Ruchika Soni
The success of any organization depends on its human resource. Banks are no exception to this. The employees of the Bank are valuable assets to the organization. If they are highly satisfied they produce more and it is profitable for the organization. So in this competitive environment it is necessary to know the employees views toward their job and to measure the level of satisfaction with regard to various aspects of job satisfaction and performance of organization itself. Efficient human resource management and maintaining higher job satisfaction level in Banks determine not only the performance of the Bank but also affect the growth and performance of the entire economy. In this context, for the survival and growth of banks, it has become very essential to measure and monitor the employee satisfaction continuously. In the present paper an attempt has been made to identify factors (as perceived by employees) which are expected to be dictating and determining the growth performance of Urban Cooperative Banks of Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh.
97 Anomalies Challenging EMH: A Review of Empirical Work, Dr. Saloni Gupta
In the recent years evidence which is contrary to the efficient market hypothesis has also surfaced in the finance literature, which is labelled as ‘anomaly’. The documented anomalous price behaviour included apparent under reaction, apparent over reaction and puzzling variation of prices with day-of-the-week effect, size effect, dividend yield anomaly, earning yield anomaly etc. While some anomalies, such as those explained in relation to Dividend Yield, Market Capitalization, Price Earnings etc might be rightly said to be pointing at the inappropriateness of CAPM, the observance of Intra-Month, Weekend and Intraday ‘seasonals’ point out a general weakness of all asset pricing models or imperfections in the trading process itself. Many of these anomalies have also been described as fads or psychological effects or irrational bubbles by various researchers; though many others don’t agree to these descriptions. According to them, Market Efficiency has, by and large, survived the challenge from the literature on experimental psychology and long-term return anomalies. They argue that these anomalies can be explained within the broader framework of efficiency, with some finetunings in the models and the data. Some of the key researches in this context are being briefly reviewed below
98 A Study on Investors Perception on Online Trading And Depository Operations with Respect to India Infoline Ltd., Gulbarga, Dr. Shankar T. Battase
99 Why Need Of Women Empowerment in India?, Dr. Dipti H Mehta
Gender equality is, first and foremost, a human right. A woman is entitled to live in dignity and in freedom from want and from fear. Empowering women is also an indispensable tool for advancing development and reducing poverty. Empowered women contribute to the health and productivity of whole families and communities and to improved prospects for the next generation. The importance of gender equality is underscored by its inclusion as one of the eight Millennium Development Goals. Gender equality is acknowledged as being a key to achieving the other seven goals. Yet discrimination against women and girls - including gender-based violence, economic discrimination, reproductive health inequities, and harmful traditional practices - remains the most pervasive and persistent form of inequality. Women and girls bear enormous hardship during and after humanitarian emergencies, especially armed conflicts. There have been several organizations and institutions advocating for women, promoting legal and policy reforms and gendersensitive data collection, and supporting projects that improve women's health and expand their choices in life. Despite many international agreements affirming their human rights, women are still much more likely than men to be poor and illiterate. They usually have less access than men to medical care, property ownership, credit, training and employment. They are far less likely than men to be politically active and far more likely to be victims of domestic violence.
100 Global Sourcing Options in Textile and Apparel Industry - A Review, Vandana Gupta, Neha Gupta, Nirmal Yadav
The textile and apparel industry is always evolving and the latest evolution is the transformation from a local or regional business into a global industry involving multiple companies and inter-related business partnerships spanning many countries. Most of the time the raw materials are obtained from one part of the world, the manufacturing is done thousands of miles away and the end products are shipped to an apparel supplier in an entirely different market half way around the world. This makes the role of textile and apparel companies challenging and extremely important as the source serves as a common link bringing these different suppliers and vendors together to form a profitable enterprise for everyone. The very interesting thing of textile and apparel industry is it’s constant migration from high cost nations to low cost nations. The reason for this is that the success of any business depends on the price and quality of the supply. This review explores the reasons of global sourcing in textile and apparel industry by different countries.
101 Study of Socio – Economic Profile of Farmers in Mahabubnagar District of Andhra Pradesh, B. NEETHI, A. SAILAJA
The Acharya N.G Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU) has been bestowed with the responsibility of teaching, research and extension education. Agricultural extension involves the whole gamut of complex interaction between farmers, extension workers and researchers in transfer of technology, eventually resulting in enhancing productivity and profitability to the farmers. Ex- post facto research design was followed for carrying out the study. The State of Andhra Pradesh was selected purposively for the study as the investigator hails from the state. Out of 23 districts of Andhra Pradesh, Mahabubnagar district was selected purposively for the study. From each selected village, 30 respondents were selected randomly thus making a sample of 120 respondents for the study. The majority of the respondents belonged to middle age (40.00%), illiterate (38.33%), had small farm size (26.67%), medium farming experience (48.34%), medium annual income (40.83%), labour (in own land, hired) + agriculture as main and subsidiary occupation (49.17%), medium innovativeness (56.67%), medium economic orientation (48.33%), medium market orientation (45.84%), medium change proneness (49.17%), medium achievement motivation (51.67%), medium information seeking behaviour (56.67%), with no membership in any social organization (44.17%) and medium participation in DAATTC activities (50.83%) respectively. Hence above variables should be taken into consideration for selection of master trainers and innovative farmers so that these farmers can effectively communicate to fellow farmers resulting in effective service utilisation.
102 Morinda Citrifolia Implications on Oxidative Stress Induced Cataract Formation, Sudhakar Konada, Satyanarayana Rentala, SarvaMangala Dhurjeti, USN Murthy
This review examines the hypothesis that oxidative stress is an initiating factor for the development of cataract and describes the events leading to lens opacification. H2O2 at high concentrations found in cataract stage can cause lens opacification and produces a pattern of oxidation similar to that found in cataract. It is concluded that H2O2 is the major oxidant involved in cataract formation. This viewpoint is further supported by experiments showing that cataract formation in organ culture caused by superoxide radical, H2O2, and hydroxyl radical is completely prevented by the addition of Morinda citrifolia juice because of its phytochemical constituents mainly flavonoids having anti-oxidant activity
103 Oxidative Stress and Antioxidant Defense in Cells, Supriya Tiwari
Oxidative stress is induced by the reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced in the cells as a result of environmental factors such as air pollutants, heavy metals etc. Reactive oxygen species are highly reactive and can damage cell structures. The main cellular components susceptible to damage by the reactive oxygen species are lipids, proteins, carbohydrates and nucleic acids. The formation of reactive oxygen species is prevented by the cellular antioxidant system which includes ROS- interacting enzymes such as Superoxide Dismutase, Catalase, Glutathione Peroxidase etc. and non- enzymatic antioxidant such as Ascorbic Acid, Tocopherol, Carotene, Glutathione etc. The antioxidants tend to maintain the redox state of the cell which is critical for the normal functioning of the cells.
104 Ultrasonic Studies on Molecular Interaction of Aniline, N-Methyl Aniline, N, N-Dimethyl Aniline and Cinnamaldehydein N-Hexane Solution at 303K, S. Srinivasan, S. Chidambar Avinayagam, B. S. Santhi
The ultrasonic velocity(?), density (?) and viscosity (?) of ternary liquid mixtures contain three aromatic amine compounds such as aniline, N-methyl aniline, N,N-dimethylaniline with cinnamaldehyde in n-hexane at 303K a wide range concentration (1x10-4M to 1x10-3M). From the experimental data of various acoustical parameters such as adiabatic compressibility (?), free length(Lf ), internal pressure (?i ), cohesive energy (CE), formation constant (K) have been computed using standard relation. The excess values of these parameters are also evaluated for aldehyde and amine in polar medium like n-hexane have been investigated by ultrasonic measured. The result is interpreted in terms of molecular interaction such as dipole – dipole interaction through hydrogen bonding between components of mixtures. These values indicate complex formation and ion-solvent interaction between aromatic amine compounds and cinnamaldehyde in n-hexane medium.
105 Customer Satisfaction With Internet Banking - An Analytical Study with Special Reference to the Selected Customers in Namakkal District, Dr.M. Balasundaram, K.Poongodi
The purpose of this study is to find out the customer satisfaction with internet banking which leads to an increase in the number of loyal customers and hence loyalty leads to attracting more customers, the expansion of business and an increase in net profit. The finding of the study shows that there is a significant variation in the level of satisfaction among internet banking users. The satisfaction of an Internet banking user depends upon facilities availed by customers and awareness about internet banking. The study also suggests that banks must provide information about new up-dated technological services introduced by them to the customer time to time to improve the overall satisfaction of customers.
106 Role of Information Technologyin Banking Industry, Dr.C.BALAJI
Information and technology has struck the world as a result of which time & distance have entities to a large extent the information technology has been changed the structure of Indian banking. The concept of banking drastically changes from business dealings with money transaction alone to a business related to information on financial transaction. The technology has been the main facilitators in the process of transformation. The precise impact technology had iron the banking industry since 1980 is difficult to assess. Because of the intimacy of relationship between industry and technology it is impossible to separated the two. the use of new technology mean revolutionary innovation of the products & services & delivering them to customers covering aspects bank also will be expected to innovate new products and service to encourage new entrepreneurs and finance new schemes & project brought in by educated unemployment – unemployed youth including venture capitalists.
107 Role of Tour Operator in Sustainable Supply Chain Management of Tourism - A Case Study on Bharath International Travels (Bit) in Mysore City, Dr. T.S Devaraja, Mr. Deepak. K
As a service provider, Tour operator plays a vital and intermediate role between tourism and tourists. This article reviews how sustainability systems in Bharath International Travels (BIT) are being challenged by organizational habit and perceptions rather than analytical decision-making with respect to the relationship between health and safety, quality and sustainability with the concept of supply chain management. Environmental indicators are identified as the most conflictive and they demonstrate that most challenges require a change in human behaviour rather than a technical solution. The data suggests that tour operators need to develop sustainability auditing tools that consider the impacts upon health, safety and quality within the accommodations. The Travel life sustainability auditing system provides a useful case study to demonstrate the necessary requirement for a complementary approach when conducting accommodations audits. This research aims to measure the awareness and the implementation of tour operators (TOs) regarding to sustainable tourism supply chain management (STSM) and to explore the internal factors of Tour operators affecting their STSM implementation.
108 Financial Market, Dr. G. CHANDRA SEKARAN, Mr. G. GABRIEL PRABHU
A financial market is a market in which people and entities can trade financial securities, commodities, and other fungible items of value at low transaction costs and at prices that reflect supply and demand. Securities include stocks and bonds, and commodities include precious metals or agricultural goods. There are both general markets (where many commodities are traded) and specialized markets (where only one commodity is traded). Markets work by placing many interested buyers and sellers, including households, firms, and government agencies, in one "place", thus making it easier for them to find each other. An economy which relies primarily on interactions between buyers and sellers to allocate resources is known as a market economy in contrast either to a command economy or to a non-market economy such as a gift economy. In finance, financial markets facilitate: • The raising of capital (in the capital markets) • The transfer of risk (in the derivatives markets) • Price discovery • Global transactions with integration of financial markets • The transfer of liquidity (in the money markets) • International trade (in the currency markets)
109 Retail Credit Risk Management in Indian Public Sector Banks, Nayan J., Dr. M. Kumaraswamy
The banking industry in the world over has undergone a profound transformation since the early 1990s. The changed operating environment for the banking sector, underpinned by liberalization, privatization and globalization, coupled with the reforms of information technology, has resulted in intense competitive pressures. The primary function of banking sector is to receive deposits and lend money to various sectors such as agriculture, industry, personal loans, housing loans etc. Receiving deposit involves no risk, since it is the banker who owes a duty to repay the deposit, whenever it is demanded where as the lending always involves much risk because there is no certainty of repayment. Most of the banks today in India are facing the default risk with respect to the loans and advances made to the retail customers, wherein some part of the profit is reserved for covering the non-performing assets. Retail credit defaults are also play an important role in accumulation of non-performing assets of a banking business. The present study touches up on the credit management practices in public sector banks and management of retail loans and advances. Trend analysis and percentage methods have been used to analyse data. The study found that the profit in PSBs was declining trend due to competitio, lack of diversity of banking services and stringent rules of RBI before economic reforms. The profit was declining initial period due to operation was not linked with profit and lack of diversity in the banking services
110 Consumer Satisfication on Fast Moving Consumer Goods, Dr. B. RAJASEKARAN, P. A. SARAVANAN
The study throws on the attitudes, values, beliefs and perception of the consumers with regards to the consumption of fast moving consumer goods. To study the brand preference of fast moving consumer goods, the preference and opinion of consumer towards popular brands have been taken into consideration. A five point scale was used to analyze the consumer satisfaction. The respondents have been classified into three categories namely those holding high level, medium level and low level of opinion. The relationship variables have been analyzed by means of Chi-square test. The study found the quality is the major driver to prefer a particular brand of FMCGs. If the marketers target the consumer with high quality goods at affordable price, certainty they will succeed in their business.
111 The study throws on the attitudes, values, beliefs and perception of the consumers with regards to the consumption of fast moving consumer goods. To study the brand preference of fast moving consumer goods, the preference and opinion of consumer towards popular brands have been taken into consideration. A five point scale was used to analyze the consumer satisfaction. The respondents have been classified into three categories namely those holding high level, medium level and low level of opinion. The relationship variables have been analyzed by means of Chi-square test. The study found the quality is the major driver to prefer a particular brand of FMCGs. If the marketers target the consumer with high quality goods at affordable price, certainty they will succeed in their business., D. Ramesh Kumar, Dr. S. P. VIJAYAKUMAR
Today’s modern era is a world of huge competition it has made advertisement the more important. Without advertisement there are lots of worthy things around our life, become unnoticeable. In my view advertisement has great impact on people behavior. Advertisement creates needs. I get urge to purchase that particular thing. For example, I have mobile it is working properly but after seeing advertisement of another mobile with more feature. I want that mobile, now advertisement are the best way to create needs among consumers on the basis of this concept the research is done to know the influence of advertisement specifically on buying decision among women.
112 Development of E-Commerce in Recent Trends: A Review, Dr. Vikram Jain
This paper represents the report on Development and success of e-commerce. It helps to analyze the development of e-commerce and the success factors to be considered in the growth of business. The analysis concluded that software, music (CDs) and literature (books and magazines) continue to dominate on-line purchases; however, new industries are finding their place on the web as well. Travel and tourism companies, grocery and department store chains and non apparel specialty stores were making their presence known. It was stressed that the companies must undertake the beginning of an implementation plan to involve in e-commerce.
113 Role of Non Farm Occupation in Transforming Rural India, Taruna Dubey
There are as many as six-lakh villages where about 70 per cent of the population of India lives. Agriculture is the mainstay occupation of India and also said as the backbone of Indian Economy. Agricultural sector is, by itself, incapable of creating additional opportunities in the wake of increasing population. The impetus for achieving sustained development in rural areas has to pivot around expanding the base of non-farm activities. Such a comprehensive planning approach can be evolved it could provide the solution to the problems of rural areas such as poverty, unemployment and out-migration of the rural workforce. This paper shows the influence of non- farm occupation in the rural development. Non – farm sector help in various ways for the growth of rural economy by providing Big- Push to come out from the Vicious Circle of Poverty. It has direct effect on the farm sector and has other spread effects too like reducing disguised unemployment, raising standard of living, income generation and slow rural-urban agglomeration. There are various schemes being initiated by the Government of India for the promotion of non – farm activities. Non- farm sector also faces some obstacle in the path of its growth like illiteracy, less capital, no role of local bodies, unskilled labourers.
114 Validity the Quantity Theory of Money for Turkish Economy, Utku Altunoz
The aim of this paper is to determine the validity of Quantity Theory of Money for economy of Turkey for the period 1985-2013. For this purposes, validity of Quantity Theory of Money is tested on nominal interest rate, gross domestic product deflator, reel gross domestic product and M2 Money supply by using PP and ADF Unit root tests, Johansen co integration test and Granger causality test. As a result of study, it can be seen that exogeneity of Money supply and neutrality of Money hypothesis that suggested by Quantity Theory of Money was rejected. And also this study shows that the relationship between inflation and money supply is bi-directional causality. At the same time, the effect of inflation on money supply means that money is endogenous for long run improvement of prices. ÖZ Çal??man?n amac?, paran?n miktar teorisinin geçerlili?inin Türkiye ekonomisi için s?nanmas?d?r. Bu amaçla ilgili teori, nominal faiz oran?, GSY?H deflatörü, reel GSY?H ve M2 para arz? de?i?kenleri üzerinde uygulanm??t?r. Philips Peron ve ADF birim kök testleri, johansen e? bütünle?me testi ve Granger nedensellik testlerinin kullan?ld??? çal??mada paran?n teoride iddia edilen paran?n d??sall??? ve paran?n yans?zl??? tezi red edilmektedir. Ayn? zamanda çal??ma enflasyon ile para arz? aras?nda çift tarafl? bir nedensellik oldu?unu ortaya koymaktad?r. Ayn? zamanda para arz? üzerinde enflasyonun etkisi, paran?n uzun dönemde fiyatlar?n geli?imi için içsel bir özelli?e sahip oldu?unu göstermektedir.
115 Homeless Population in India : A Study, Dr. D.kumuda
It is remarkable that so little is known about the causes and conditions of homelessness in towns and cities in India: how urban homeless people survive and cope, how they sleep, bathe and eat, why they live on the streets , the work they do , their access or otherwise to public services and food schemes , and how they organise and plan their personal and social lives and relationships. This neglect encompasses not just official studies, but even studies by economists, sociologists , anthropologists, nutritionists and development students. The urban poor, especially the homeless, lack a formal address. They are rendered anonymous because they usually lack the markers of citizenship of even poor people in India, such as ration cards and voters’ identity cards. Government estimations of their population are, therefore, likely to be gross underestimates.
116 A Study of Self Confidence in Relation to Achievement Motivation of D.ed Students, Dr. M. MOHAN REDDY
Self confidence is being certain and trusting about yourself in regard to addressing certain tasks or all tasks. Self confidence is critical to effective performance in the workplace and is the source of assertiveness, which is fully representing yourself to others. One’s self confidence can be cultivated by using a variety of approaches, e.g., ongoing success when performing tasks, ongoing support and affirmation from supervisors, successful coaching in the workplace, etc. Achievement outcomes have been regarded as a function of two characteristics, “skill” and “will” and these must be considered separately because possessing the will alone may not ensure success if the skill is lacking. It is true that our behavior is constantly influenced by the self confidence level that we possess. Similarly, achievement motivation motivates students to pursue their unique potential and purpose and activities innermost potential values and aspirations, transforming them from things they think about to what they do. So this study aims to find the levels of self confidence and achievement motivation of student-teachers studying in D.Eds.
117 Development and Standardisation of Teaching Competency Scale for Training College Teachers, G.MAHESWARI, Dr.N.O. NELLAIYAPEN
The purpose of this paper is to construct, standardize and validate a tool to measure the teaching competency of training college teachers. There were 70 statements in the teaching competency scale and was administered on a sample of 100 training college teachers working in the districts of in and around Cuddalore district of Tamilnadu, India. The 70 statements are coming under the four dimensions. To standardize the tool the investigator used chi-square technique and finally 58 statements are retained for the final study. The percentile norms also found out from the raw scores of the teaching competency scale.
118 Learners with Learning Disabilities in Inclusive Education Programs in Nigeria: Intervention Techniques that Work, Eskay, M., Ezegbe, B.N., Okolo, A. N.
One of the greatest challenges facing educators in this 21st century is managing learners with learning disabilities in inclusive settings. Educators are unsure of adequate approaches to implement in the classroom, parents are at a loss when it comes to managing their children at home, and children have a difficult time understanding and controlling their own behavior. Research within this area has been profound since 1960s. Currently, according to DuPaul & Barkley (1998), urban learners in inclusive education programs in Nigeria appear to be the most widely studied issue. This paper presents an overview of learning disabilities affecting the education of our learners and examines social, academic, and classroom management techniques.
119 Entrepreneurship Education: A Panacea for Alleviating Poverty in Enugu State Nigeria, Okolo, Ann Nkechi, Ezegbe, B. N., ESKAY, M.
The study focused on finding out the role of entrepreneurship education as a tool for alleviating poverty in Enugu State, Nigeria. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population consisted of 3567 beneficiaries of Poverty Alleviation Programme (PAP) including 18 government officials of PAP. One research question and one null hypothesis guided the study. There was no sample for government officials for PAP. Through purposive random sampling technique, 266 respondents were selected from the beneficiaries of the PAP giving a total of 284 respondents. Face validated questionnaire by three experts from Social Science Education, Measurement and Evaluation and Educational Sociology was used for data collection. Data collected were analysed using mean scores and standard deviation for research question, while t-test statistic was used for testing the null hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed among others that access to entrepreneurship education provided the beneficiaries of PAP the opportunity to acquire skills for job creation; there was no significance difference between the mean ratings of male and female respondents with regards to the extent to which entrepreneurship education has promoted poverty alleviation. Based on the educational implications, recommendations made include that the government should establish small scale industries in both urban and rural areas to create job opportunities for those that have acquired skill and thereby save money to start off a business venture.
120 Sociology of Education: A Tool for Shaping Education System in Nigeria, Okolo, Ann Nkechi, Ezegbe, B. N., ESKAY, M.
The field of sociology of education explores the various relationships between education, society and social institutions. This paper aimed at determining how the school affects the cultural values of the society in order to package members of the society in discharging their roles as accepted members of the society. Furthermore, it was recommended that different cultural values should be respected to avoid conflict.
121 Strategies for The Promotion and Maintenance of Good Nutritional and Health Status of Old People in Delta State of Nigeria, ASSOC. PROF. BRIDGET UYOYOU IMONIKEBE
The study sought the measures for improving the nutritional and health status of old people in Delta State of Nigeria. The sample comprised three hundred and eighty nine people, which included doctors, nurses, nutritionists, Home Economists, Students and elderly people. Questionnaire was used for data collection. The data was analysed by computing, the percentages and mean of the responses. Findings showed that some of the measures used by the old people in Delta State in promoting and maintaining good nutritional and health status are as follows:- Old people should not eat too much of carbohydrate foods. They need to eat meals that contain leafy vegetables and also eating of fruits. They need to avoid eating between meals. Meals served must be varied and served promptly. Meals must be attractively served. Others are taking less strenuous regular exercise daily, old people need to live with their children or relatives to avoid loneliness, avoidance of drinking of alcohol and smoking. They need regular medical checkup. It was recommended that people who have old people should provide comfortable accommodations for them and give them adequate care.
122 Activity Based Learning Methodology Can Bring Improvement in Quality of Education in India, Deepa Awasthi
In recent years many studies and surveys reflected the downfall in quality of education being provided to students in India, especially at Government schools and schools situated in remote and rural areas. Use of traditional teaching learning methods added to the problem many folds. Activity based learning methodologies can be useful in uplifting the level of outcome of students especially at primary and secondary level, because it provides space to child liberty and individuality. Although Government has tried to implement this programme all over the country, but it could not gain the enough popularity due to lack of serious efforts. Beside this there were some other problems such as teachers are not trained appropriately to apply such advance level methodology and scarcity of funds etc. This methodology is not only useful for general students but also effective in teaching mentally and physically challenged students. Role of teacher is very important in applying this method because teacher has to act as facilitator or guide not as lecture or instructor. Teacher should take outmost precaution while using this methodology in classroom because if activity is not properly planned or misdirected then it could be waste of time and money.
123 A Study on Prevalence of Concentration Related Problems in Pre-School Children, Dr. Suman Dahiya
Background: Learning is a process in which one travels a path to knowledge and gets it. The concept of learning encompasses all the processes that change an organism so that the next time he plays in a similar situation differently and even faster. Undisturbed concentration is one of the essential basic principles for successful learning. The longer the individual can work at consistent speed and making the least possible amount of errors, the greater is the concentration. Objectives: To check the prevalence of concentration related problems in children of 3-6 years of age. And to make early diagnosis of lack of concentration related problems in preschool children. Material and Methods: In this research article a study on preschool children is carried out using MKVK test to find concentration related problems among children. Results: During the preschool and early elementary school ages, attention span varies with age, gender, and type of activity. Conclusion: It is concluded from the study that there is prevalence of concentration related problems in preschool children The MKVK (Marburger Concentration Test) can be used to check the concentration in preschool children and to find out children who are at risk of concentration related problems
124 Influence of The Subject Jigsaw Technique on Elementary School Seventh Grade Students’ Academic Achievement and on Their Problem Solving Skills, Dr. O?uzhan Sevim
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of the subject jigsaw technique on elementary school seventh grade students’ academic achievements and on their problem solving skills. The study was carried out on the basis of a quasi-experimental design with a pretest-posttest control group. The study group made up of control and experimental groups of 16 students in each included a total of 32 students. The research data were collected with the Narration Types Achievement Test, Problem Solving Inventory for Children and Student Interview Form for Process. Predictive statistics for the analysis of the quantitative data and the descriptive analysis technique for the qualitative data were applied. The results revealed a significant difference both in the experimental and control groups in terms of achievement before the application. On the other hand, with respect to problem solving skills, only in the experimental group was a significant difference found.
125 Testing of Mixed Signal Ics: A Review, Ashish Tiwari
This paper basically gives a review on various testing techniques adopted for the detection of faults in a Mixed signal IC. Charge Pump Phase locked loop i.e. CP-PLL is considered here as mixed signal IC for reviewing all the testing methods adopted over the years. Design for testability, DFT must be a centre element for the design process these days. With circuit complexity increasing and component size decreasing, the testability of electronic circuits are more crucial as testing is becoming even more demanding. This rising popularity increases the demand of preparing the low cost testing circuitry. Because of the tight feedback CP-PLL is one of the difficult electronic circuit to which testing strategy is to be adopted. Here in this paper all the methods are reviewed and a comparison chart is shown having the details of area overhead and efficiency
126 Performance Analysis of Solar Water Purification by using Thermal Method, G.Bala subramanian, P.Bala shanmugam
Solar water purification by using the thermal method is used as a principle of solar thermal heating system. Solar thermal systems convert sunlight into heat. "Flat-plate" solar thermal collectors produce heat at relatively low temperatures (80 to 140°F [27 to 60°C]), and are generally used to heat air or a liquid for space and water heating or drying agricultural products. Concentrating solar collectors produce higher temperatures. They are most often used where higher temperature heat is desirable, there are large thermal loads, and/or where there are limitations in the area available for installing solar collectors, since they provide more energy per unit of collector surface area. They can also be applied in the production or refining of chemicals and fuels or to produce mechanical or electrical energy. The following is a discussion of concentrating systems for space or water heating. Such collectors can also be used to produce heat for absorptioncooling.
127 Multivariate Analysis for distribution of Phytoplankton Community in two Lakes of Mysore, Dr. Shankar P. Hosmani, Kavya S., Savitha Ulavi
Biomonitoring is of paramount importance in the field of water quality assessment. Phytoplanktons are an important group of aquatic ecosystems which are considered as potential and robust indicators of water quality. In the present study, Biomonitoring of phytoplanktons was performed to assess the water quality of two lakes of Mysore city. A total of 56 species were recorded in Karanji Lake and 25 species were recorded in Kukkarahalli Lake. The principal species and principal physicochemical parameters were determined by performing the Principal Component Analysis. Percentage similarities between the samples in terms of phytoplankton distribution as well as concentration of physico-chemical parameters were determined using the Bray-Curtis similarity index. The study suggests that phytoplanktons serve as powerful indicators of water quality and the Multivariate analysis is an effective tool in understanding the distribution and biodiversity of organisms.
128 Suggestions and Improvements to M D Block in Bangalore City, Nikhil. T. R, Harish J Kulkarni, Yateen Lokesh, Dr. M. R. Prakash
Urbanization has been stemmed as a need to fulfill man’s desire for a better life blessed with the best of facilities that one can afford to be living in. This meant more and more people migrated from their heartlands in the rural environments to the cities and major towns in the country, in search of employment and also a better life. This lead to rapid expansion of Urban Settlements and coupled with “the wave of rising expectations”, his needs kept on multiplying. One of the major aspects that urbanization was witnessed was the rapid explosion in terms of the number of vehicles that have been on the roads in the recent past. As the financial capacities of man increased, more and more people started owning their own vehicles. This phenomenon when taking place in a massive scale leads to problems as congestion and other traffic related issues. India has also seen a similar trend in the rapid growth of traffic in the past two decades. According to the RTOs of the major cities, the vehicle population in the cities have increased manifold, as much as 500 times. Such a massive increase in the vehicle population leads to problems such as frequent traffic snarls, congestion and delays in commute. Intersection or Junction Study was aimed at estimating the current traffic scenario prevailing at the Particular Junction at Mohammeden Block in Malleshwaram, Bangalore City. This is facilitated by means of surveys which are conducted for the junction in consideration. Based on the survey conducted, work is done in analyzing the performance characteristics of the junction with respect to its present capacity, the maximum limits of capacities and also on possible improvements to the traffic situation prevailing in the Junction/ Intersection
129 Content Based Image Retrieval Based on Colour and Texture Features Using Hog Descriptor, Mr. Prashant Nair, Mr. Dhileep Kumar, Mr. Ramesh Shahabadkar
Content based image retrieval had been a prominent research field. As far as the need of people using digital images is been increasing enormously, there has been an increased need for study and extension for image databases. Lot of interest had been given in retrieving the images from the databases. So, an efficient way to do the same has become a specific requirement. Thus an efficient algorithm should be made out to do the same. The images have to be characterized with certain features in order to identify an image. The basic visual features are the colour and the texture features. Therefore, an algorithm which uses the colour and the texture features has been proposed. Initially the image in the database and query image are partitioned into 6 equally sized tiles. Colour feature is represented by HSV histogram. The texture features is obtained by grey level co-occurrence matrix(GLCM). The colour feature is added to histogram of gradient(HOG) features used for object detection. A one to one matching algorithm is used to find the similar images. A threshold number of similar images are retrieved. In our paper we have set the threshold as 9 images out of the given dataset. Euclidean distance is used to compute the similarity distance. The experiments are reflected with their results to show the efficiency.
130 Comparative Analysis of Strength Speed Agility Among the Marine Engineering and Non - Marine Engineering Students, M.Kumar
The Purpose of the study is to comparative analysis of strength speed agility among the marine engineering and non-marine engineering students. The study administered on 15 Marine engineering and 15 non-marine engineering in the age group 18-25 years of AMET University and University College of EngineeringVillupuram, Anna University. The data was analyzed and compared with the help of statistical procedures in which arithmetic mean, standard deviation (S.D.) t-test were worked. Marine Engineering students were found to be higher in strength, speedand agility. The level of significance was chosen as 0.05 levels. Result of this study reveal that there was significant difference exit between the strength(3.126) and no significant difference exit between speed (1.512), agility (1.474) of marine engineering and non-marine engineering studentsas the tabulated ‘t’ (2.021).
131 A Few Epiphanic Moments of Ursula Brangwen in D.h. Lawrence’s The Rainbow - A Study, Dr. S. Sumathi, Dr. S. Janaki
Northrop Frye is of the opinion that lyric is the outcome of the epiphanic revelation, while drama has its roots in ritualistic performance. The dramatic form of the point of epiphany emerges when there is a separation of the divine and the demonic. The epiphanic form of scriptural drama depicts the triumph of a divine redeemer over demonic resistance. Epiphany is a Greek word meaning manifestation, appearance, or showing forth. An “epiphanic moment” re-orients, re-orders or transforms the view from one way of looking at the world to another. These moments give way to the unexpected and surprising moments. They are the moments of illumination that impose unified meaning by generating integrated narratives of explanation. These explanations serve as the foundation for future decisions. Thus, epiphanies are moments of revelations and decisions. It is a unique experience of moving away from the ordinary plane of existence to an elevated state. This paper explores such visions and revelations experienced by Ursula in the novel The Rainbow by D.H. Lawrence.
132 The Comic and Serious Duality in Kingsley Amis’ Lucky Jim, Ms. RASHMI RANI, Dr POOJA BEGDE
The current study examines how Amis’ Lucky Jim provides double modes between comedy and seriousness at the same time. The study deals with criticizing the ground realties of the socio cultural and educational aspects of the British lifestyle in the period after the Second World War. As a result the study reveals the reflection of the social hierarchies in the British community as a main predicament affecting the lower middle class people and their simple aspirations of a decent living. From this angle, Lucky Jim expresses Amis’ anger and dissatisfaction with the world around him. In doing so the study describes the events of the novel by quoting and analyzing them to encrust the combination between the apparent comedy and embedded seriousness in Lucky Jim. The general impression one gets out of this microcosm is that it is a genuine picture of the British academy in the years following the hectic years of the Second World War.
133 A Critical Review on ‘Revolution 2020’- an Amalgam of Socio-Political Commercialization World Combined with Love Triangle, Dr. Joseph Rodrigues
The novelist Chetan Bhagat has used his management skills thoroughly to title his book named ‘Revolution 2020’ who has been successful to make the youth of India revolve around the story about love triangle in the city of Varanasi between the three friends. This paper lime lights the psyche of IIT aspirants at Kota, Rajastan with the help of author’s experience. Nevertheless, it unveils the socio-political commercialization with corruption existing in Education system of India.
134 Evaluation of Biopesticide Formulations on Per Cent Adult Mortality And Fecundity of Pulse Beetle in Redgram, SHAIK JAVED
Among the Insect pests of stored grain legumes, Callosobruchus chinensis L. and Callosobruchus maculatus F.are the most importantwith considerable levels of damage being done to stored commodities. The present investigations was found that among all the bio pesticide formulations Wettable Powder formulation of Bacillus thuringiensis shows the highest per cent of adult mortality and lowest fecundity and highest Per cent Ovipositional Difference (POD) followed by others.
135 Development and Sensory Evaluation of Sunflower Seeds and Sunflower Meal Incorporated Ready to Eat Food Products., Ms. Yamunadevi Puraikalan, Dr. N.Sabitha
The present study was conducted to prepare the sunflower seed and sunflower meal fortified extruded products as influenced by different levels of sunflower seed and sunflower meal powder. Sunflower seed and sunflower meal fortified extruded products were prepared by fortifying sunflower seed and sunflower meal powder in different levels to the extruded product flour, whereas extruded product prepared out of without adding sunflower seed and sunflower meal powder were kept as control. Among the different treatments, 10 per cent sunflower seed and sunflower meal powder recorded highest scores for organoleptic parameters like colour, flavor, hardness, crispiness and mouth feel. 9 point hedonic scale also used to determine the acceptance of the product.
136 Development and Sensory Evaluation of Cookies Using Grape Seed, Ms. Anisha Albert, Mrs. Yamunadevi Puraikalan
The present study was conducted to prepare the grape seed powder fortified cookies. Cookies prepared without adding formulated grape seed powder were kept as control. The organoleptic properties of the experimental cookies like colour, appearance, flavour, Crispiness, taste and over all acceptability were evaluated sensorily and recorded highest score compared to the plain cookies served as control.
137 Effect of Supplementation of Mulberry Leaf Powder on The Hemoglobin Levels of The Selected Adolescent Girls, M. Manju Vani
Iron is an essential element for blood production. About 70% of our body’s iron is found in the red blood cells of our blood called hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is essential for transferring oxygen in our blood from the lungs to tissues. If the blood is deficit with hemoglobin it leads to a condition called “anemia” characterized by tiredness and lethargy, shortness of breath, heart palpitations and pale complexion. Hemoglobin levels can be improved through iron supplementation either through drugs (or) diet. Diets rather than drugs commanded central attraction in treating anaemia. Inspite of drug therapy, management by diet is still the backbone of the control of many deficiency disorders. The present study was undertaken to assess the supplementation of mulberry leaf powder to the selected adolescent girls. The sample consists of 200 randomly selected adolescent girls from one government high school and junior college in Tirupati, out of which 60 subjects were in control group and 60 subjects were in experimental group. It is clearly evident from the results that the hemoglobin levels of the experimental group of subjects has shown a significance difference when compared to the control group tells that, mulberry has the function of improving the hemoglobin levels and helps in nourishing the blood.
138 Malicious Node Detection using Belief based Protected Routing (BPR) in Autonomous Wireless Sensor Network, Dr. M. Pushparani, Komathi A.
Over the years, wireless sensor networks have been extensively used for monitoring applications. The data sensed by various devices in the network are being reported to the control station at frequent intervals. Secure routing becomes a crucial need as the applications become vital. To provide protected routing in autonomous wireless sensor networks is to also enhance routing performance in the network. In this work, a belief factor is proposed based on which each next hop is selected for routing from a source to a destination. This factor not only assists in route selection process but also helps in the identifying malicious nodes in the network. Performance evaluation and analysis is performed using the network simulator to exhibit the efficiency of the proposed work.
139 Strategies for Rebooting the Government in e-Mode, Kumar D, Dr. N. Panchanatham
The essence of e-Government is to be able to seamlessly integrate the disparate Information and Communication Technology initiatives of government agencies to provide integrated services to all the objects targeted like the citizens, businesses and even the Government itself. The process of governance has been and is continuously impacted by the developments in various technologies. It brings down the cost, improves the process quality and makes a speedy reach to all the objects targeted. E-Governance provides many opportunities to improve the quality service to the citizen. An effective strategy will result in significant improvements in the E- Governance. The strategy should involve a good leadership and vision. This paper stretches its objectives for a boot sequence to be implemented grouping the Governance with Information and Communication Technology which is the E-Governance and examines the relationship between an organization’s technical environment and managerial perceptions of E-government’s effectiveness. The main goal of this paper is to bring out the concerns related to management in E-Governance and application of the framework in them.
140 An Empirical Study on Changing Scenario of Higher Educational Students, Dr. P. Mohanraj, S. BABY
The present study aimed that how socio economic attributes influence the students’ level of satisfaction on service quality of higher education. Service quality is the difference between what a student expects to receive and his/her perceptions of actual delivery. Education in India is seen as one of the ways to upward social mobility. Good education is seen as a stepping stone to a high flying career. Service quality has become a strategic option for many institutions of higher learning around the globe. The role of service quality has also become critical to the success of an organization. The characteristics of service quality which is intangible, heterogeneity, inseparability and perishability, cannot be measured by making the comparisons between customers’ expectations and perceptions.
141 Construing Experience of a Blended Learning Course Through SWOT Analysis, Dr. Manjari Agarwal
The new technologies in the era of 3.0 have explored novice and innovative practices in the higher education. Now, the teaching and learning is not restricted to Chalk and Board but it is carried out through Discussion Boards, Blackboard, Wikis, Blogs and the likes. These technological tools are now being adopted across the globe and have made teachinglearning process more efficient, effective, socialised, well-organised and truly professional. Blended learning can be defined as the harmonious blend of online learning and face-to-face learning with an intention of providing education with flexibility, techno-ability and limitless design possibility. This paper provides a SWOT Analysis of the blended course, designed and developed during pursuing PGDEL Programme of IGNOU. The study also attempts to present the lessons learned from the course and suggestions for implementing blended learning course effectively.
142 Quality of Work Life in Coal Mining Employees: A Study With Special Reference to the Singareni Collieries Company Limited (SCCI), Ch.Narayana Rao, Prof. V. Narasimha Rao
Coal mining is one of the most arduous and hazardous operations as miners are not only exposed to dangers from mining hazards like explosions, inundations, roof falls, noxious gases etc. but also prone to various diseases. The day to day working environment is far from congenial. Below ground, the miner is exposed to perpetual darkness, forced ventilation, water logging, humidity and extreme temperatures. Even above ground, working conditions and other civic amenities are not up to the required level. On the positive side, mining companies provide all the required facilities as per the Mines Act, 1952 besides making good payments in the form of wages, salaries and other benefits. However, these benefits can not equate the relentless efforts of employees who work under odd conditions. In view of this, an attempt is made in this article to understand the quality of work life of employees in SCCL.
143 Relationship between P/E Ratio and Stock Return” with Reference to BSE 100, Dr. Ashvinkumar H. Solanki
Performance evaluation will do with the help of different models like, Treynor & Sharpe. Among the above performance measures, two models namely, Treynor measure and Jenson model use systematic risk based on the premise that the unsystematic risk is diversifiable. Sharpe measure considers the entire risks associated with fund are suitable for small investors, as the ordinary investor lacks the necessary skill and resources to diversify. A valuation ratio of a company's current share price compared to its per share earnings. In general, a high P/E suggests that investors are expecting higher earnings growth in the future compared to companies with a lower P/E. It is important that investors note an important problem that arises with the P/E measure, and to avoid basing a decision on this measure alone.
144 Talent Acquisition in Non Government Organizations, Mrs. T V. Varuni,Prof. B. H. Suresh
The time twists have made talent acquisition as a strategic alignment to bring congruence between people and purpose. Recruitment and selection process once carried out in isolation, now integrated with organization purpose and functions to yield better match between people, job and organization. The scarcity of and demand for talent have reframed the organizations’ search to find talented people by adding ‘talent attraction’ and ‘employer brand value’ as prerequisite for successful talent acquisition. The present study aims to explore the talent acquisition challenges of NGOs. The study is based on the employee perception of the reasons to join NGO. The study is based on the primary data collected through structured questionnaire from the target population of full time paid employees working in registered large NGOs, active in the area of disability, women, children and rural development in Karnataka.
Let G be a (p, q) graph. Construct a Graph with q vertices such that q={e1, e2, e3,…,eq} and e1 and e2 are adjacent if the corresponding edges in G are adjacent and it is denoted by EG(G) called the Edge of the graph G. In this paper, we proved that Edge graph of Pn is Pn -1 i.e. EG(Pn ) = Pn , Edge graph of Cn is Cn i.e. EG(Cn ) = Cn , EG(k1, n) = kn , If G is r – regular then EG(G) is 2(r-1) regular.
146 Clinical Trial Data Analysis Using Competing Risk Models, Vallinayagam V, Tamizhselvan M, Venkatesan P
Competing risks arise in studies when subjects are exposed to more than one cause of failure. The standard KaplanMeier method for survival analysis does not yield valid results for a particular risk if failures from other causes are treated as censored. A useful quantity for the competing risk analysis is the cumulative incidence function (CIF). Tuberculosis treatment contains at least few drugs and the toxicity may occur due to any one of the drugs which could affect cure of the patient. This paper presents the application of a cause specific hazard model in the analysis of toxicity data in the treatment using multi-drug regimens
147 Graft Versus Host Disease in Cord Blood Transplants, Aleem jan, S. Parmar
Umbilical cord blood is now used with a fair degree of confidence as an alternative source for haematopoetic stem cells for over past three decades; thus risk versus benefit ratio tends to lean towards CBT as a 10% grade III-1V GVHD probability is reported in CBT as compared to
148 Desmoid Tumors of the Abdominal wall: A case report, Dr.Mohammed Raza, Dr.Shivanand Reddy K.V
Background Desmoid tumors are slow growing deep fibromatoses with aggressive infiltration of adjacent tissue but without any metastatic potential. Case Presentation We report a young female patient with desmoid tumor of the abdominal wall who underwent primary resection. Patient had a history of an earlier abdominal surgery. Preoperative evaluation included abdominal ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography. The histology revealed a desmoid tumor. Conclusion Complete surgical resection is the first line management of this tumor entity
149 Some Distinctions of The Modernism and Postmodernism in Tommaso Landolf’s Prose, Luljeta BORA_BEJLERI
The Italian author of the 900’s, Tommaso Landolf, is a unique feature of the contemporary prose, very known in the Italian literature and unfortunately not so well known in the Albanian letters even after the integration of the Albanian society into the world. This article aims an interpretation of the presence of the feaures of the modernism, avangard and the postmodernism in his work. This will be dealt between the analyzing of the author’s poetic features, the index and the strategies of the treatment to the literary subject from him. We think that a phenomenological point of view combined with the hermeneutic one would be efficient to this interpretation. Tommaso Landolf (1908-1979), writer and translator graduated or Literature at the University of Florence, is author of a rich prose, not only for the considerable number of the works he left behind but especially for the very rare values of his art; ‘Dialogues of big systems’ (’37), ‘The lunar stone’ (’39), ‘The sword’ (’42), ‘The unhappy prince’ (’43), ‘Autumn confession’ (’47), ‘Shadow’ (’54) and other works until he passed away, are testimony of the art that impresses with the presence of many literary directions but also to the structuralist and the poststructuralist theory (from Sosyr up to Barthes and Darrida) and also to the presence of the phylosophy. From this point of view his art is defined as an experimental art that spontanues as well as purposeful. But which are some summarized features of the modernism and the postmodernism in Landolf’s work? Firstly: Landolf’s art could be understood only as a denial of the traditional art realistic-naturalistic. The beggining of some of the works in a classical manner is only a literary fraud of the author’s to bring afterwhile the surprise as his preferable literary technique. Secondly: Landolf tried to build a reality where the illusive and reality, man and animal, the impossible and the possible, reality and myth, the killer and the humanitarian to not exclude each other but to stay together. Thirdly: Landolf tried to give man to collective anxiety between two World Wars, a mingled inner human world, a world where love and family have no future, a world where the chaos dominates, where the beginning and the end meet, a world where the truths are underestimated, where there is alarm, suspensions and shock for the values ones determined as evil. Part of this reality, the characters, are usually lonely beings (just like Landolf himself), always in protection of the ego, some neither man nor animals (without any kind psecification), part of the killing passions, delirant, between the possible and the impossible, sceptical and confused about the future. Fourth: the persistent work with the language, the researchable efforts upon him to go to the very beginning, the aroused dilemas (like for example the narrative work ‘Parole in agitazione’) for the insufficiency of the human awknowledge about its expressive abilities, the abilities of the words (language) to reflect the reality as a truth or illusion, talk about T.Landolf’s tendency, for the melting of the boundaries amoung different human fields (art, linguistic science, phylosophy), feature found even in the poststructuralist theories.
150 A Study of Depression in Depressed HIV Positive Patients At Tertiary Care Center At Lucknow, DR ROHIT KANT SRIVASTAVA, PROF .HARJEET SINGH
Infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is associated with high rates of depression. Studies have shown that depression is 2-4 times more prevalent in HIV positive patients in comparison to general population. Depression may alter the course of HIV infection by impairing immune function and influencing behaviour of person resulting in self neglect and noncompliance of treatment and care. It is mostly undiagnosed and untreated. Suicidal thoughts and ideas are also very prevalent as a part of depressive disorder, which needs to be addressed. With all this background, we designed a cross-sectional study to study depression in depressed HIV positive patients. Patients aged from 18 years to 60 years, diagnosed as HIV positive confirmed by a test as recommended by WHO and followed by NACO guidelines, registered at HIV clinic at least one month prior to assessment, suffering from depression on SCID 1 based on DSM IV were included in study sample after taking informed consent . These patients were administered HDRS scale for depression, and SCID2 for personality disorder. Our study sample consist of 28 depressed HIV positive patients, out of which 7.2% had personality disorder,78.6% had moderate to severe depression,53.6% had suicidal ideation and 7.1% had past history of depression. It all concluded that depression must be studied and properly managed in HIV patients.
151 Outcome of Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty in Limbal Dermoids, Dr Swati Tomar, Dr Chhavi Jindal,Dr Mahesh Aggarwal
BACKGROUND: Limbal dermoids are defined as congenital changes of mesodermal and ectodermal origin. Usually they are located at the limbus of the cornea in the inferotemporal quadrant , they can only rarely be observed in more central regions of the cornea. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the anatomical success and post operative outcome in patients of limbal dermoid who underwent Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty. METHODS: Prospective case series of 11 consecutive patients with limbal dermoid who underwent keratoplasty. Indications for surgery were: growth size & location, unresponsive amblyopia, psychosocial & cosmetic considerations. RESULTS: Anatomical integrity was obtained in all 11 cases. In 9 cases mean BCVA changed from CF 3m(preoperatively) to 6/18 (postoperatively).In 2 case, amblyopia remained even after surgery and visual acuity was less than 6/60.1 case had graft rejection resulting in irreversible graft edema. CONCLUSION: DALK for limbal dermoid achieved good cosmetic results with limited post operative complications. Visual prognosis is good in patients undergoing surgery. Amblyopia and cosmetic reasons were the main indication for early surgical removal.
152 A Comparative Study of Midline Hernioplasty Versus Bilateral Conventional Hernia Repair in Patients with Bilateral Inguinal Hernia, Dr. Jainam K. Shah, Dr. Vishal S. Parmar, Dr. Prashant Mukadam
This study was carried out to compare the outcomes of both the techniques of hernioplasty namely midline and conventional in terms of duration of surgery, post operative pain, post operative analgesic requirement, hospital stay, return to work, patient compliance, post operative complications and recurrence. Total of 30 patients randomly selected were included in the study. They were divided in the two groups of 15 each, out of which one group underwent the conventional method while the other group was operated through the midline approach. The result outcomes suggested that the conventional approach was associated with little longer duration of surgery, requirement of analgesia and to work as compared to the midline approach. While the results were equivalent for both the groups in terms of post operative pain, hospital stay and compliance. The recurrence rate for the midline approach was 6% while it was 0% for the conventional approach. Thus both the approaches have their own pros and cons.
153 Influence of Body Mass Index (BMI) and Early Physiotherapy on Functional Exercise Capacity Following Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG), Ajith S, Ivor Peter D’sa, M Gopala Krishnan
Background: Extremely lower and extremely high body mass index (BMI) has been discussed as substantial risk factors for postoperative pulmonary complications and reduced functional capacity after cardiac surgery. The exact relationship between BMI and reduced functional capacity has not yet been defined. Objective: To find out the relationship between BMI and functional exercise capacity measured by 6MWD following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). Methods: Patients posted for CABG were divided in to 4 groups based on the BMI. After the surgery Phase I cardiac rehabilitation was administered; the six minute walk test (6MWT) was performed preoperatively and on the 7th postoperative day. Results: The distance walked during 6MWT was significantly reduced postoperatively in all the groups (P=.000). When multiple comparisons were done, the underweight subjects fared significantly worse when compared with the other groups. (P= .000). Conclusion: There is marked reduction in functional exercise capacity following CABG. The most marked reduction was seen in the underweight group followed by the obese group
154 Effectiveness of Combined Use Different Teaching - Learning Methods and Media in the Improvement in Each of the Cognitive, Psychomotor and Affective Skills Among Medical Students, Dr. Manjubhashini. S
Background: Medical education has called for a shift from acquisition of biomedical knowledge to the development of professional skills. Objectives: The study aims to assess the effectiveness of using different Teaching – Learning Methods and Media in the improvement in each of the Cognitive, Psychomotor and Affective Skills among medical students. Material and Methods: A study was conducted among 6th semester Medical students in Department of Community Medicine, Katuri Medical College and Hospital, Guntur. It was before and after comparison non-randomized study. Test was conducted after teaching by the traditional methods and after teaching using Blend of Different Teaching – Learning Methods and Media - a combination of lecture with IMNCI videos, photograph, exercises, role play and group discussions of an accompanying Microsoft PowerPoint slideshow. . Marks obtained were recorded, and analysis of data was done. Results: The study was conducted in Katuri Medical College and Hospital, Guntur. 6th semester Community Medicine clinical batch was taken for study. There were 37 students in the batch out of which 34 were present. 19(56%) were males and 15 (44%) were females. The students were almost similar in their age with two of them from different cultural background. The results of this study showed that there was a statistically significant improvement in each of the cognitive, affective and psychomotor domain of the students using Blend of Participatory Teaching – Learning Methods and Media than the routine method of teaching. (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The results of this study showed that there was a statistically significant improvement in each of the cognitive, affective and psychomotor domain of the students using Blend of Different Teaching – Learning Methods and Media An effective teacher has to combine various methods to achieve the educational objectives in an optimum way
155 Fluoride and its Ecological Effects in Water: A Review , Mali Ram Sharma, Varsha Gupta
Fluoride (F–) is an inorganic ion which is found in all type of water from low to high concentrations. Fluoride concentration in water depends on some factors like temperature, pH, and solubility of fluorine-bearing minerals. Degradation of groundwater may be due to natural or anthropogenic processes. Natural causes are intrinsic geological conditions while anthropogenic causes include wastewater from sewage treatment plants, discharge from industries, improper solid waste disposal etc. Increasing Fluoride in groundwater is a major problem in many parts of the world. The fluoride belongs to the halogen group of minerals and it is natural constituents of the environment. Fluoride is the most electronegative elements and is never found in nature in the element form. It is seventeenth in the order of frequency of occurrence of the elements. It represents about 0.06% to 0.09% of the earth’s crust fluoride is an essential element for life. At low concentrations fluoride deficiencies can arise but at high fluoride concentrations dental and skeletal fluorosis can certainly emerge. In drinking water fluoride concentration should be 0.5-1.5 mg per liter. World Health Organization recommends that the fluoride content in drinking water should be in the range of 1.0 to1.5 ppm. Higher concentration of fluoride also causes respiratory failure, fall of blood pressure and general paralysis. Loss of weight, anemia, and cochexia are among the common findings in chronic fluoride poisoning. Continuous intake of fluorides causes permanent inhibition of growth.
156 Isolation and Identification of Oil Degrading Bacteria From Oil Contaminated Soil and Comparison of Their Bioremediation Potential, Chithra. S, Hema Shenpagam. N
Petroleum refineries around the world have generated the solid wastes during the refining process and stocking of crude oil. environment. The ecology of hydrocarbon degradation by microbial populations in the natural environment is reviewed, emphasizing the physical, chemical, and biological factors that contribute to the biodegradation of petroleum and individual hydrocarbons. Oil contaminated soil samples were collected from five different places (Salem Railway shed, Kanyakumari, Tirunelveli, Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) and Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited (CPCL) of Tamil Nadu. These samples were screened for bacterial oil degradation using 1 % diesel in Nutrient agar medium. Samples were incubated separately in shaking orbital incubator at 37º C at 125 rpm up to 48 hours. Eleven isolates were isolated from five different places, the hydrocarbon degrading bacterial species such as five isolates of Pseudomonas, four isolates of Bacillus and two isolates of Micrococcus were isolated from the oil spilled contaminated soil. The level of petroleum hydrocarbon degradation was determined by gravimetric assay at each 5 days interval. After 25 days of incubation period, Pseudomonas sp. found to degrade oil better than other isolated species. Pseudomonas species degraded 92.3% of oil in 25 days followed by 83.7% of oil degraded by Bacillus species and 35.5% of oil degraded by Micrococcus species. The present investigation shows that Pseudomonas sp. isolated from Kanyakumari sample can be effectively used to degrade oil contaminated soils
157 Tradition of Sacred Groves in India – A Review, Vijay Choudhary, Varsha Gupta
Sacred groves are the fine example of in-situ conservation. Sacred groves are forest fragments, size varying between 0.5 -500 hectare, (Some of the sacred groves are more than 500 hectare in size) which are protected by religious communities, and have a significant religious connotation for the protecting community. During shifting cultivation a part of the forest is left undisturbed. The sacredness, religious beliefs and taboos play a significant role in promoting sustainable utilization and conservation of flora and fauna of the region. Here all the species found in the area are protected and these areas called as sacred groves. The sacred groves have been preserved over generations in India. Rare, Endangered, Threatened and Endemic species are often concentrated in sacred groves. Hunting and logging are usually prohibited in sacred groves. Developmental activities are also restricted within these patches. Sacred groves are mostly associated with temples/monasteries / shrines or with cremation grounds.Sacred groves occur in many parts of India, particularly where the indigenous communities live.Sacred Groves are also culturally important; various cultural and religious festivals are often arranged by local people within these patches. Sacred groves contain various ecosystems, various food chains and food webs. Sacred groves are scattered all over the country, and are referred to by different names in different parts of India.
This piece argues that there is a possibility of a history of African philosophy, which is strongly linked to the problem of methodology, precisely the problem of orature and collective thought. Contrary to the perspective of the universalists, it traces the historical evolution of African philosophy from the Tempelcian period and even beyond. It moves beyond a discussion on the possibility of the history of African philosophy to a discussion of its periodization. It submits that the periods of the development of African philosophy can be categorized into the Ancient, Medieval, Modern and Contemporary traditions of African philosophy.
159 Managerial Challenges of Public Enterprises: The Imperatives for Privatization and Commercialization of Railway Corporation and Postal Agency in Nigeria, Chukwu Peter Nnamdi, Joseph Okwesili Nkwede
The inefficiency and inability of most Nigerian public enterprise to deliver required services and to meet the demands of the Nigerian Citizenry have resulted to a growing call to properly examine the management style of these enterprises. The need to reposition these enterprises for proper service delivery is the motivation for this study. The Objective of this study is to identify the management challenges of Nigerian Public Enterprises in Nigerian with special emphasis on Postal Agency and Railway Corporation in Nigeria. Thee study employed survey research method. A total of 115 questionnaires were administered to respondents. This research made use of both primary and secondary data. The study identified some managerial problems which were: inadequate funding, limited autonomy in personnel management, high rate of political control, and shortage of technical staff, among others. Based on the above identified managerial challenges, the implication of this study holds that for efficient service delivery in Nigerian public enterprises such as Nigeria Railway Corporation and Nigeria Postal Agency, bold steps should be taken by Nigerian Bureau for Public Enterprise to privatize and commercialize these enterprises
160 Nutrient Uptake and Productivity Pattern in Wheat Under Populus Deltoides Based Agrisilviculture System, Alka Mishra
N, P and K uptake and productivity of wheat were studied under five promising clones (G3, G48, 65/27, D121 and S7C1) of Populus deltoides in agrisilviculture system. The yields were highest in sole wheat and reduced under poplar clones from 15 to 30.3% and from 22.7 to 42.5%, respectively. The reduction of wheat yields in different clones was in the order: G3
161 Jewellery Market Sales Promotion (Tamil Nadu for the Month of Apr & May 2014), S.Raja, Dr. P. Ponramu
In recent Gold Market Competitions, everyone has to promote their brands to sustain in the market…The promotional media considered by their market catchment and customer base. Also they are communicating their products and services, pricing and collections etc…This will help to the Buyers to select the product and brand. This article mainly dealt with Sales Promotion by Jewellery Market in Tamil Nadu for the month of Apr and May 2014 year study
162 Evaluation of Orange Fleshed Sweet Potato (Ipomea Batatas L.) Entries With A View to Introduce in North Konkan Conditions of Maharashtra State, K.V. Malshe, Dr. B. S. Konkan
Sweet potato (Ipomea batatas L.) a ‘Poor person’s crop’ in the recent years is being recognized as a crop with potential for high productivity and energy output. It is grown over a wide range of environmental conditions throughout the world and it has capacity to produce the highest amount of calories per unit area and time as compared to cereals and other root and tuber crops. The demand for sweet potato is increasing day by day and different genotypes in respect of tuber colour, taste, etc are introduced. Considering this fact, the present investigation was carried out to evaluate the performance of different orange fleshed sweet potato types under north Konkan conditions of Maharashtra state. The trial was conducted at two locations, one at university farm and other at farmer’s fields. Five varieties viz; 362 – 7, SV – 98, CIPSWA – 2, Kamal Sundari and Konkan Ashwini (Check) were evaluated. There was significant difference in the yield. The maximum yield (20.722 T/Ha.) was recorded by the type Kamal Sundari followed by Konkan Ashwini (18.741 T/Ha.). The infestation of sweet potato weevil was maximum in the orange fleshed sweet potato as compare to check (Konkan Ashwini). The maximum average organoleptic score (8.66) was reported by type Kamal Sundari and Konkan Ashwini
163 Man - Elephant Conflict a Study in Goalpara District of Assam, Daisy Rani Talukdar, Barsha Kalita
Human being has been adjusting him with the environment as well as destroying it while procuring food and attaining their shelter and other needs from their advent. Thus man started exploiting the nature to their maximum which ultimately resulted into a frequent conflict between man and the nature. Such a kind of man-nature conflict is not exception for the people of Goalpara district in Assam also. This region has been prone to man-elephant conflict. The present study has been conducted in order to assess and highlight the problems of man-elephant conflict particularly in the foothill region of the district. The study reveals that the natural habitat of elephants in the district is gradually decreasing due to massive deforestation and other anthropogenic activities like construction of roads, railways, extended human habitation etc. within the forest area. This has resulted in an increase in the number of victim as well as loss of property which has been limitless leaving the attacked villages completely paralysed.
164 Economic Distress and Farmer Suicides in Karnataka, Dr.A.N.Gayathri
Suicide is one of the most selfish, cowardly and irresponsible acts that a person can commit with the possible exception of extreme distraction or mental illness, only a person completely consumed with selfishness and living to please him or herself would voluntarily end their own life. Farmers’ suicide in India is a phenomenon that emerged as a sequel to globalization and other economic reforms. According to National Crime Records Bureau, between 1997-2007, 1, 82,936 farmers have committed suicide. Of these, two thirds suicides have occurred in Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. During 1999- 2001, it was estimated that 110 farmers committed suicide in Karnataka. Report by the Crime Branch of Karnataka, the number of suicide under the heading “farming and agricultural activity” comes to 15804 between 1998 and 2002.
In this study, magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles(MNPs) prepared by the modified controlled chemical co-precipitation method from the solution of ferrous/ferric mixed salt-solution in alkaline medium were analysed for its crystalline structure, size and shape. The crystalline structure of magnetite nanoparticles was determined by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) analysis and was found to be matched with the data base for magnetite. The size and shape of nanoparticles were determined by Transmission microscopy. The particles were found to be in the range of 9-30 nm which is ideal for its usage as drug delivery vehicle in cancer therapy.
166 Evaluating The Potential Toxic Effect of Aflatoxin and Ochratoxin on Serum Biochemical Parameters in Coloured (Raja Ii) Broilers, Dr Jayashree Pattar, Dr Shridhar N.B, Dr Jagadeesh .S. Sanganal, Dr M.L Satyanarayana, Dr H.A Upendra, Dr Suhasini K
The present experiment was conducted to evaluate the potential toxic effect of long term exposure of aflatoxin and ochratoxin in coloured broilers. Experimental birds were exposed to AFB1 and OTA as individual and combined mycotoxins @ 0.5 and 1ppm (low and high dose) for period of six weeks. Birds were observed daily for any change in clinical signs, mortality and morbidity throughout the experimental period. Blood samples were collected weekly for serum biochemical analysis. Birds exposed to combined aflatoxin and ochratoxin showed potential toxic effect on growth performance, mortality, morbidity, serum biochemical parameters than birds exposed to individual mycotoxins. Coloured broilers are also equally susceptible to combined mycotoxicosis and combination of aflatoxin and ochratoxin have potential toxic effect.
167 Study on Magnetic Behaviour of Iron Oxide Nanoparticle, A Nano Anticancer Drug Delivery Vehicle Synthesized by Modified Chemical Co-Precipitation., Dr.Naheef.K,RM Chavan
The development of Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) has been greatly accelerated in the past decade by advances in nanotechnology and molecular cell biology. MNPs of various formulations have been developed to diagnose and treat diseases for which conventional therapy has shown limited efficacy. In particular, the use of MNPs as drug carriers has drawn enormous attention, as it holds great potential of providing new opportunities for targeted therapies. This article focuses on the synthesis of iron oxide nanoparicles by modified chemical method and the investigation on its magnetic behavior using Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID) magnetometer. The so confirmed superparamagnetic behavior of the MNP system is important for its usage as drug targeting carrier in cancer therapy.
168 How to Define Trust in Medical Consultation? A New Perspective With the Game Theory Approach, Riva S., Alessandr Antonietti, Gabriella G.
This study aims to describe trust in medical consultation by using the game theory approach as a frame of reference. In the field of health, game theory seems to give interesting inputs in describing how trust is maintained and reinforced. A qualitative interview was conducted in Northern Italy at the University Hospital of Milan. Explorative results indicate that, in accordance with behavioural game theory approach, trustis associated with the frequency of interactions, continuity, and positive expectations. These findings highlight the potential value of game theory approach to explain trust and to design services, which in Italy and elsewhere are increasingly focused on enhancing access, often impersonal and no-continuative, rather than maintaining trust relationships based on continuity and frequency.
169 Study of Teacher Commitment and Teacher Effectiveness at Secondary Level in Punjab, Dr. Nand Kishor Choudhary, Ms. Meena Arora
This research was conducted to study teacher commitment and teacher effectiveness at secondary level in Punjab. Sample consisted 200 teachers belonging to Moga & Ludhiana district and taken through random sampling method. Teacher commitment scale by T. Pardeep Kumar 201 and Teacher Effectiveness scale by Promod Kumar 1974. Data was analyzed by employing mean, S.D., t-test. It is also reflected that factors like locality, gender and area do not influence teacher commitment at secondary level. It was found that there was no significant difference of teacher effectiveness found between urban and rural, government & private and male and female teachers of Punjab at secondary level.
170 Comparison of Urban and Rural Students in The Social, Emotional and Behaviour Problems, Dr. R. Gnanadevan, Mr. G. Sivakumar
The aim of the study is to compare the urban and rural students studying in Adi-dravidar welfare schools with respect to social, emotional and behaviour problem, for which the survey method has been adapted. Random sampling technique has been used for the present study for the selection of sample. The sample of the study includes the adolescent students studying in Adi- Dravidar Welfare School in Cuddalore District. The social, emotional and behaviour problem scale standardised by the R.Gnanadevan etal.(2015) have been used for collecting data from the sample. The present study indicates that the urban and rural students studying in Adi-dravidar welfare schools differ significantly in the internalizing problem, externalizing problem, mixed category problem and total social, emotional and behaviour problem. It further indicates that the internalizing problem, externalizing problem, mixed category problem and total social, emotional and behaviour problem is high for the urban students than the rural students. Proper efforts can be made for the desired care, treatment and progress of the children with social, emotional and behaviour problems through collaborated approach involving effective behavioural and educational intervention.
171 A pragmatic study on Innovative technique in teaching , Dr. M. Jaya, Dr. D. Baskar
Teaching is a radiance that shows the mankind the right way to precipitate forward. The design of teaching must make the students more rational thinking, knowledgeable and self sufficiency. Necessitate for continual changes in the growing area of higher education are push by the enormous improvement and development in the universe. These forceful factors have been aid as major basis for the big step of higher education in modern times, and brings consequential in innovation of teaching-learning process. Innovative methods of teaching can bring mutual benefits for both learner and mentor. This paper analyse the innovative methods of teaching that can be systematize in higher education and the problems in implementing these methods.
172 Correlates of Health Status and Intelligence of High Achievers of High School Students, Anand. K
Many accounts have been given on the relationship between health variables and intellectual development. Many studies have reported significant findings between health status indicators and cognitive test scores. The performance of mental ability of pupils with good health status were significantly higher than those of pupils with poor nutritional or health status as a whole. It is therefore essential in the Indian context to obtain as much information as possible to find out if there are any interrelationships between Body Mass Index, Basal Metabolic Rate, Body fat percentage and intelligence.
173 Higher Education in 21st Century: Global trends, Dr. Priti Chaudhari
There is widespread recognition that skills and human capital have become the backbone of economic prosperity and social well-being in the 21st century. In contemporary knowledge intensive economies and societies, individual and societal progress is increasingly driven by technological advances. Prosperity requires nations to retain their competitive edge by developing and sustaining a skilled workforce, maintaining a globally competitive research base, and improving the dissemination of knowledge for the benefit of society at large. In this context, higher education represents a critical factor in innovation and human capital development and plays a central role in the success and sustainability of the knowledge economy (Dill and Van Vught, 2010). As recent as 40 to 50 years ago, higher education essentially referred to the traditional research universities. This picture is entirely different today. Several trends have contributed to reshaping the higher education. Today HEIs are more diversified and are closer to a patchwork model attended by larger segments of the population. Thus, higher education today is characterised by massive expansion and wider participation; the emergence of new players; more diverse profiles of HEIs, programmes and their students; broader adoption and more integrated use of communications and educational technologies; greater internationalisation, competition and signalling mechanisms; growing pressures on costs and new forms of financing; as well as new modes and roles of governance, including increasing emphasis on performance, quality and accountability. Hence, higher education has become increasingly important on national agendas and has undergone profound mutations and reforms worldwide over the past decades.
174 Greatest Supporter of Women's Freedom: Mahatma Gandhi, Asstt. Prof. Pushpa Rani
Gandhi strongly favoured the emancipation of women.He opposed purdah child marriage, untouchability and extreme oppression of Hindu widows, up to and including salt . He especially recruited women to participate in the salt tax campaigns and the boycott of foreign products. Gandhi's success in enlisting women in his campaigns, including the salt tax campaign, anti-untouchability campaign and the peasant movement, gave many women a new self-confidence and dignity in the mainstream of Indian public life. The low status of women was the result of prejudices arid adverse traditions, which were centuries old.As a women I feel rather it was easy to change perception a little because of patient ,genuine dialogue and approach.
175 Effect of Resistance Training on Cardiovascular Fitness on College Men, Dr. Saleem M. K, Dr. Jince Kappan
The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of eight weeks of resistance training programme on selected physiological variables such as, anaerobic capacity, aerobic capacity, and resting pulse rate of college men. The subjects of the study were 50 college men from place, Kerala state. The subjects were randomly assigned into two groups that was an experimental group (N=25) and a control group (N=25). The experimental group participated in resistance training programme three days in a week for a period of eight weeks. The control group did not participate in any training except their day to day activities. All the subjects were tested in the selected physiological variables such as aerobic capacity, anaerobic capacity, and resting pulse rate before and after eight weeks of resistance training programme. Aerobic capacity measured with Forestry step test and the pulse counted was taken for 15 seconds, after 15 seconds of the completion of test. It was tabulated with norms and expressed as VO2 Max (ml Kg–1 min–1). Anaerobic capacity measured with Sargent vertical jump test was taken and expressed in kgm/s. The number of inches between the reach and jump measured to the nearest inch further converted into centimetres and derived in kgm/s-1 from the equation [p=2.21 wt D]. Resting pulse rate was taken at the radial artery and the pulse counted for one minute was recorded in number of beats per minute. The data pertaining to selected physiological variables were analysed by paired 't' test to determine the difference between initial and final mean for experimental and control group. Significant difference were existing at 0.05 level (0.05 = 2.064) in experimental group following eight weeks of resistance training in anaerobic capacity, aerobic capacity, and resting pulse rate. In the case of control group there were no changes in any of the selected variables.
176 Recognition of Gurmukhi Script Characters Using Image Segmentation, Satwinder Kaur, Tejinder Thind
Image processing is a technique to extract the important features of an image and use them in desired manner. It helps us to visualize and analyze image in a better way. One of its main applications is Image segmentation in which we divide an image into desirable parts. In this study, Image segmentation is used for the recognition of Punjabi characters as nowadays there is a need of handwritten documents to be used in digital form. In this proposed work, Back propagation algorithm with Neural Networks is used for the character recognition. As neural network is one of the best methods for the recognition of the handwritten characters. Neural network is trained for the recognition of words that then match the input with the dataset and gives effective results.
177 Use fingerprints as an e-mail password, Ruchika Arora, Tejinder Thind
fingerprints are unique so we can use it as a password to increase security. Fingerprints are never damage or changed after an accident it grows same like before it is, its also increase security and reduce security layers like captcha. Chapta is related to HIP (Human Interaction Proof) like finger prints are biometrics it itself is a human interaction proof. Fingerprints are brilliantly unique made from DNA (the genetic that tells your body how to develop) while it true that the fingerprints of two people from same DNA has different fingerprints
178 Finite Element Stress Analysis of Circumferential Clasp Using Acetal Resin and Chrome Cobalt As Clasp Material, Dr Lekha K. , Dr Meshramkar R, Dr Harsha Bs, Dr Sandhya Rao, Dr Shilpa S, Dr Vani H. M
Statement of problem: Restoration of esthetics is an important factor to consider in the fabrication of removable partial denture. RPD clasps made from metal cause esthetic problems. Acetal resins have been used as clasp material to improve esthetics. However, there are few FEA studies on acetal resin. Purpose: The purpose of this FEA analysis was to compare stresses induced by acetal resin and cobalt chrome clasp. Material and methods: Stress distribution induced in cast circumferential clasp was evaluated using three dimensional finite element experimental models for acetal and cobalt chromium clasps. Average load of 25 N were applied and stress distribution was evaluated Result: FEA analysis showed the stresses induced by acetal resin clasp and Co-Cr clasp were similar on abutment teeth and bone, however within the clasp acetal resin generated less stress than Co-Cr clasp when downward forces and upward force of displacement were applied. Conclusion: Within the limitations of the study, FEA analysis of cast circumferential clasp with acetal resin and cobalt chrome had induced similar stresses.
179 Trends and Progress of Kisan Credit Card Scheme in India, Reetu
Indian Economy is largely dependent upon agriculture as majority of its population is engaged in it. Farmers heavily depend on non institutional sources of credit due to frequent needs, inadequate availability of institutional credit, unnecessary delays, cumbersome procedure and improper practices adopted by institutional lending agencies. Provision of timely and adequate credit has been one of the major challenges for banks in India in dispensation of agricultural and rural credit to the farmers. Farm credit is a strategic input. Realising the importance of enhancement of flow of credit to the rural sector and reduction of the dependence of farmers on non-institutional sources of credit, the KCC (Kisan Credit Card) scheme was introduced in August 1998 with the objective of to provide timely and adequate credit to the farmers in a cost effective and flexible manner. The study explores about the Kisan Credit Cards (KCC) Issued, amount sanction for these by different agencies and proportionate share of different agencies of Kisan Credit Cards and amount from 1998-99 to 2012-13. From the analysis of KCC issued and total amount of KCCs sanctioned by the all the three institutions i.e. RRBs, Commercial Banks and Co-operatives, it is concluded that growth of Co-operative Banks is much less than that of all institutions and variability in Co-operatives is more, But overall there is impressive increase in KCC scheme till now.
180 Indian Life Insurance in the Post Reform Period, Dr. K. Vidyavathi
Liberalisation has brought about major changes in the insurance sector such as the entry of private players, innovative products, improved distribution channels and the introduction of world class regulatory and supervisory standards. In this paper an attempt is made to understand the growth pattern of Indian life insurance and the influence of macroeconomic variables. During the 14 years period since the opening of the sector the growth path of industry was neither smooth nor uniform and is influenced by country’s economic growth.
181 Global Oil Market : Macro Economic Scenario, M. Anandan, S. Ramaswamy
Energy is an essential commodity for most human activities, directly (as fuel) or indirectly (to provide power, light, mobility). In traditional societies, populations rely on their own physical strength for labour, then on the power of domesticated animals, such as horses and oxen, then on water and wind, steam engines, hydrocarbons (coal, crude oil, natural gas etc) and finally – electricity (nuclear fusion and fission). Energy when combined with technology, multiplies human needs (e.g. motor fuel for cars, electricity for household appliances), and thereby playing a crucial role in pre- post-industrial and very recently IT era. For other essential needs such as space heating and cooking, the transition has been from local biomass (e.g. firewood, agriculture waste) to industrialized fuels (e.g. LPG, natural gas) and also electricity (Stern, 2011). Petroleum has become an important input in nearly every form of production function and process carried out in different economic sectors. Farming, mining, agriculture, industry, service sectors and manufacturing activities of all kinds have relied on petroleum and it’s by products. The prices of outputs in all economic sectors, including health and wealth of many economies have depended heavily on the price of petroleum products. India has heavily relied on oil which has been playing major role in the past, present, and future for its social and economic progress. In the recent years in India, oil price has been fluctuating (increasing or decreasing) and these key issues are not constant, because they are determined by some other relative factors like demand, supply, economic growth and political situations in oil producing countries (Anandan and Ramaswamy, 2014). Energy demand or consumption has also been increasing day by day and it reached the highest rate in all over the world. In economics, the prices of any product are primarily a function of demand, supply and other economic variables. In the past decade, oil prices were on a southward drive due to the rolling demand for oil particularly in China, India and other recently emerging and growing economies of the world. It is noticed that China (Second) and India (Fourth) are the largest consumer of oil in the world. Recently, in the Global oil market, the energy demand particularly, oil demand has been growing day by day, and supply was either artificially kept low by OPEC or the market condition was disrupted due to conflict in key oil producing countries like Iraq and other OPEC federations. The gap between demand (consumption) and supply (production) resulted in high oil price upwards and it reached more than $110/ barrel (Sandeep Nayak, 2015). High oil price mostly encouraged and resulted with an enhanced oil exploration activities and countries like the US and Canada successfully drilled to extract oil from shale formations. Thus “shale oil revolution” is the subject matter of discussion in the global oil market. Now day’s crude is still sliding and its price is yet to stabilize largely contributed by the deleveraging of financial positions in crude, which is exaggerating the fall in crude oil price. It is difficult to predict where exactly the crude price will bottom. Oil at $50/ barrel is probably very close to the bottom but short term movements on a fear-led deleveraging cycle are difficult to understand (The Economic Times, 2015). This paper attempts to look at the crude oil price trends witnessed in the recent years along with the high level of volatility associated with it. The relationship between crude oil prices and market fundamentals, factors influencing world oil market and demand supply gap to look at alternative opportunities, policies and strategies has been analyzed and elaborated in this paper
182 Hindi Patra-Patrikao me Hashia Par sahitya (Rashtriya Rajdhani Delhi me Prakashit Pramukh Hindi Patra-Patrikao ka Ak Adhyayan) , Dr. Subodh Kumar, Pramod Kumar
183 Dijital Media Aur Gramin Vikash , Dr. Subodh Kumar
184 Coverage of News Stories Related to North East people Residing in Delhi in National Dailies : A Study based on Content Analysis of The Hindu and The Times of India, Dr. M. Rabindranath, M. Bimolchandra Singh
North-eastern people consider them different from the mainland India. The reason behind that they are always mistreated by mainland India due to their looks, dressings and more about the culture they follow. They are given different names such as Chinki, Nepalese, Chinese, and Bhutanese etc. due to their looks and it really raises a question mark to their identity. If we look into the situation in the capital of India, Delhi, which is considered as the city of civilized and educated people and such kind of discrimination, is not expected from the citizens of Delhi and moreover the problem is more critical in Delhi. In this situation the role of media becomes more important as it is the fourth pillar of democracy. This made the researchers curious as it is quite important to study the part played by media in coverage of North east people’s issues and problems. This paper tries to analyze how many news items have been published about North east issues of Delhi and NCR in two major national dailies in the month of June 2015.
185 Dron Journalism : Sambhavnaye Aur Chunotiya , Dr Subhodh Kumar
186 Samudayik Redio Aur Gavo ka Vikash , Dr Subhodh Kumar
187 Chalking Equilibrium Between Effective Investigation and Individual Rights, Dr. Apurva Pathak
Law, Science and Technology has a great relevance in our lives. Law and Science encounter each other in many ways. When technology intrudes in the ambit of legal rights it is checked by law. In modern times, when criminals take care to erase all the evidences of their involvements, thescientific and highly sophisticated methods are required to trace the involvement of criminals. Narcoanalysis, Polygraphy and Brain Mapping tests collectively called Deception Detection Tests (DDT) are new kinds of interrogation techniques which are simple and civilized way of conducting investigation. But, at the same time, one has to be conscious of its limitations as it infringes the fundamental rights under Article 20(3), and also right to privacy and right to health which are guaranteed under Article 21 of the Constitution. Despite of verily limitations, it affirms certain attributes too but however there is a tension between desirability of efficient investigation and preservation of individual rights.
188 The Amendment procedure of the Indian Constitution: with special reference to Basic Structure Theory, Dr. Vimal R. Parmar
Provision for amendment in the constitution is made with a view to overcome difficulties in future. It has been nature of the amendment in the basic law of land, i.e. Indian Constitution. Pt. Nehru was agree to flexible of Indian Constitution. In the judgment of Keshvanand Bharti Supreme Court says parliament has power to amend the constitution, but it cannot change the Basic Structure of the Constitution. First time Basic Structure theory discussed by H’ble Supreme Court of India.
189 India’s CSR Law: At a glance, Viral M Pandya
The article provides the developmental background of India's CSR law which has been incorporated in companies Act 2013. It provides birds eye view about Section 135, expenditures allowed under CSR head and required reporting procedure for annual report as a part of mandatory disclosure.
190 Evaluation of hypoglycemic effect of ethanolic leaf extracts of Grewia Umbellifera, S. Gunasekaran, V. Srinivasan, R. Panneerselvam, S. Palani
Grewia umbellifera is an Indian traditional medicinal plant of the Tiliaceae family .The present study was investigated for anti-diabetic of Grewia umbellifera in streptozotocin induced diabetes in rats. In the present study thirty rats were randomly classified into five groups. The first group was served as a control. The second group was served as Diabetic control. The third group was served as test 1 administered with 250 mg/kg and forth group was served as test 2 administered with 500 mg/kg of Ethanolic leaf extracts of Grewia umbellifera in a daily oral dose for 28 days. The fifth group was served as Standard (Glibenclamide 0.6 mg/ kg) Type II diabetes was induced in overnight fasted rats by a single intra peritoneal injection of 35mg/kg streptozotocin. Hyperglycemia was confirmed by the elevated glucose levels >250 mg dL-1 in plasma. Treatment of animals with ethanolic leaf extracts of Grewia umbellifera in a daily dose of 250 and 500 mg/kg for 28 consecutive days significantly mitigated the induced changes in the glucose and body weight parameters. Conclusively, ethanolic leaf extract of Grewia umbellifera treatment exhibited marked beneficial effects against streptozotocin induced diabetes.
191 Post-modern traits in the novel of Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children., Kalyan Kishor Barman
192 Franchisees Satisfaction Towards The Franchisors – A Study Of Domino's Pizza, Dr. G. Arun Kumar
Franchise is the significant factor in the development of the business, the association between the franchisor and the franchisee is important not only for the individual but for the entire franchise system. The objective of this research article is to identify the franchisee satisfaction towards the franchisor in some select parameter at Domino’s pizza in South Karnataka. The convenient sampling technique has been adopted for the selection of sample. The sample size selected for the study is 10 franchisees of Domino’s pizza in South Karnataka. The data has been obtained with the help of questionnaire technique and it has been analyzed with the help of spss software. The results shows that all the parameters selected for the study are having a significant association towards franchisee satisfaction.
193 Women Entrepreneurship- Issues and Challenges, Dr. Arunachal Khosla
Entrepreneurs make an important contribution in the growth and development of any nation. Globalisation has made way for women entrepreneurs to become an important contributor to economic development and social development. In India, women make nearly 50 percent of the country’s population, and having the right mix of skills for being successful in business, they need to be encouraged by all possible means. In recent times, despite all social and financial barriers, women entrepreneurs are fast emerging as a force to reckon with. The current paper focuses on women entrepreneurship. It aims at defining the concept of women entrepreneurship and discusses the current status of women entrepreneurship in India. The paper discusses the inherent traits possessed by women that facilitate and ensures their success as entrepreneurs. The paper also aims at identifying the challenges and barriers encountered by women entrepreneurs in starting and running their own business.
194 Elements of Visual Merchandising, A. Prabu Asirvatham, Dr. N. Mohan
Visual merchandising is an activity and profession of developing floor plans and three dimensional designs to maximise the sales. It is an art of displaying the merchandise in an attractive way in order to attract the customers. Both goods and services can be displayed to emphasize their features and benefits. It attracts the customers thus increasing the sales. It creates awareness in customer about the merchandise. It attracts, engages and motivates the customer towards purchase. It helps the customer to locate and self select the merchandise. This article sets out to examine the impact of different elements of visual merchandising on success of retail stores. The elements of visual merchandising which have been taken up are colour, lighting, store layout, signage and store interior.
195 Is Information Technology an equal opportunity employment sector? A study with special reference to Kerala , Dr. Mariya T Cheeran, Dr. Saji K S
Information Technology (IT) industry is considered as the highest paying industry. The present study is intended to find out whether IT industry is an equal opportunity employment sector as it often claims. It is done as part of a larger study, descriptive cum explorative in nature to understand the general characteristic of the work environment of IT organization in Kerala, the socio-cultural and familial background of professionals and their family issues related with work. India is expected to become a global leader in manpower especially in the technology segment and IT is considered as the highest paying industry across the world. Thus, this study is significant in finding out current status and suggesting possible interventions.
196 The discussion and disclosure about dental biomaterials in social media. Is this a new way to knowledge dissemination?, Eliana Ionara De Oliveira Pesqueira
The objective of this research was to analyze the distribution process and spread of knowledge about biomaterials in the social media. It was collected 3159 Facebook and Twitter posts. In Brazil and Egypt the number of shares about clinic cases is greater than in the United States and the number of articles published is smaller. Most of the messages or tweets shared are positive and in 661 tweets posted by companies, only one had a retweet, suggesting that the communication with the public must be improved to increase the number of shares. There is a necessity in research to identify the terms that translate the dentists and public perception about health.
197 Role of recreational meetings in employee motivation: A study on Indian perspective , Mrs. Priya Sanjay Gawade
This study is an attempt to determine the effect of recreational meetings including indoor and outdoor meetings, competitions, religious and non-religious meetings and celebrations of various events organized by enterprises towards improving the job satisfaction of their employees. The study shows that companies have started amending their old methodology of operating and adopting a variety of new non-monetary methods of employee motivation. Because of the dynamism in business world and the competition among firms, many companies are inculcating recreational activities like fun, entertaining and gathering activities at the workplace for employees. This paper also highlights the importance of the recreational activities which not only help in better interpersonal relationships between employees but fosters a better workplace environment. Despite the growing need of such extracurricular activities at the workplace, Indian firms are yet to realise its full potential, as not many firms embracing this new Human Resources strategy. There is a dearth of research on this subject in Indian corporate context. The findings of this research are beneficial for the management of organizations to adopt methods of recreational meetings to enhance the job satisfaction among employees in Indian organisations.
198 Democratic Participation and Women Political Empowerment in India, Singaram Mangaiah
In India, today, women appear to rule the roost. India as a nation is revered in a feminine form i.e. ‘the Bharat Mata’. Women plays a very important role in the development of the country. But it is noted that women are lagging behind in education, poverty, health and gender discrimination. Gender discrimination prevails in almost all areas, be it social, cultural, economic or educational. An effective remedy for these evils needs to be sought in order to ensure the Right to Equality guaranteed by the Constitution of India, to the fairer sex. Gender equality facilitates the empowerment of women. Since education begins at home, the upliftment of women would be accompanied by the development of the family, the society and in turn, would lead towards a holistic development of the nation. Women empowerment in India is dependent on different variables that include in rural & urban educational status, social status, employment etc., Policies on women’s empowerment exist in the areas of health, education, economic, gender based violence and political participation. However, there are significant gaps between policy advancements and actual practice at the community level. One of the major reasons for this gap in implementation of the policies is the existence of patriarchal structure in India.
199 A Comparative Study of Bank Employees of Job Satisfaction in Public and Private Sector Bank in Tiruchirappalli District, Dr. R. Sundhararaman, A. Chandrasekar
Job satisfaction is a subjective indicator that indicates how contented an individual feels while performing his/her duties. It is subjective in the sense that it cannot be defined by a single measurement alone. It is the amount of pleasure or contentment associated with a job. Job satisfaction is one of the most researched topics of organizational behavior in India. Studies have revealed job-satisfaction to be of great significance for effective functioning of any organization. In fact there is much difference in the working conditions, salaries paid and incentives being given by the Public Sector and Private Sector banks to their employees, hence the comparative study was undertaken to identify that whether there is difference in the level of job satisfaction of employees in a Public Sector bank and a Private Sector. The data for the present study were collected from primary as well as secondary sources. The primary data were collected using five point Likert scale questionnaire. The sources of secondary data were books, journals, websites etc.
200 Online Buying Behaviour [A Study With Reference To Higher Education Students In Salem], Dr. K. Krishnakumar, S. Saranya, A. Deepa
Online shopping or e-shopping is a form of electronic commerce which allows consumers to directly buy goods or services from a seller over the internet using a web browser. Alternative names are: e-web-store, e-shop, e-store, Internet shop, web-shop, web-store, online store, online storefront and virtual store. In this, the study aim to identify how the demographic factors which influence consumer behavior while purchase though online. In additional to find out which product to mostly purchase by the online shoppers and problems faced by them. The findings of the study may be useful to the online marketer to make the online shopping made successful.
201 Recovery Management in Indian Commercial Banks, Vasantha Kumari, Dinesha G A
Banks have traditionally played the key role in the financial system by acting as financial intermediaries between ultimate servers and borrowers. With liberalization competition among commercial banks have increased to lure the customers. They are competing among themselves to attract more and more prospective applicants for loans; in their quest for attracting more and more customers for loans most of the banks have sanctioned loans without taking applicants capacity to repay loan its consideration. The result is forming of NPAs. It is the most worrying aspect as banks are expected to follow prudential norms quoted in Basel I, II and III norms. Present study has made an attempt to analyse the level of NPAs in Indian commercial Banks with available data using simple statistical tools. The study has found all sectors’ banks on an average have maintained above 96 percent standard assets. Private sector banks have maintained standardness above 97 percent. However, in foreign Banks, Doubtful assets have increased from Rs. 698 crores (0.7%) in 2006 to Rs. 2113 crores (1.1%).
202 Employee Turnover and Retention of Employees in Small Scale Enterprises with Special Reference to Karur District, Dr. K. Maruthamuthu, R. Manikandan
Small size enterprises represent a large, diverse and important sector worldwide and considered as the most significant segment which contributes in the development of any country. In recent years the small sized enterprises have come under public policy limelight (Schlogl, 2004) and gets attention of the policy makers of developed and developing countries. According to the figures and facts provided by the UNIDO, 90 percent businesses worldwide are fall into the category of Small and medium enterprises(SME) sector and provides approximately 60 percent employments around the world. While analyzing the significance of SME sector worldwide and its importance into the country’s economy it can be inferred that SME sector plays a vital role in developing our country’s economy too. Human resource is fundamental and essential capital for any organisation. It acquires even more importance in the home textile industry, which is the main focus of our study. The working of textile industry is more directly dependent on skilled and semi skilled people, compared to that of other industries. In the course of our study we seek to answer practical questions of, how to resource people in to the organisation? How to manage them effectively? (Pilbeam, Corbridge, 2002). Furthermore, how to retain skilled talents? This is very crucial in the subject organisation, where the productivity and competitive edge lies on this important factor. Although the recent innovations and technological developments have eased the dependency on this factor, the quality and on time production depends heavily on the skills of the people working for it. Human resource management is one of the most complex and challenging field in modern management. It helps in creating an effective workforce and handles the expectations of the employee to ensure that they perform at their best, in the most efficient environment. Traditional approach to the personal management emphasizes command and control. Recent impacts of human resource management give a way to new approaches characterized by greater freedom and support to the employees. This transformation is almost complete to manage most aspects of their work.
203 A Comparative Study of Leadership Styles of Top Management Teams in Japan and India, Dr. Dolly Dolai
Governments all over the world have bestowed upon business corporations the blessings of potentially perpetual life and limited liability as economic institutions. In return the business corporations take on the responsibility of bringing about sustainable socio-economic development for the nation. The question that needs to be answered is - Who will build and strengthen these business corporations? The answer to that is the leader, or the CEO (Hay Group research). This paper discusses the leadership styles of CEO’s and top management teams in India and Japan.
204 Numerical solutions of instabilities in displacement through porous media Using differential transform method, K. A. Patel, P. H. Bhathawala, Priyanka S. Patel
In this paper, we present an analytical solution for instabilities in displacement through porous media's differential equations by using the differential transformation method. The convergence of this method has been discussed with example which is presented to show the ability of the method for linear and non-linear systems of differential equations.
205 Graph Theory: Importance and Scope, Robin Kumar, Rajni Kant
Graphs are discrete structures consisting of vertices and nodes that connect these vertices. In real world, there are many problems that can be represented with the help of graph. In this paper the main aim is to explore the importance of graphs in various fields. In this paper, an overview is presented to demonstrate its importance in multiple fields which includes Computer Science, Pure Mathematics, Operation Research, Bio Chemistry, Sociology and other Sciences.
206 Peri-Cervical Dentin (PCD) : A New Paradigm for Endodontic Success, Dr. Vipin Arora, Dr. Mp Yadav, Dr. S P Singh
This review discusses in detail about PCD and related factors which can affect the strength of the tooth.PCD is a new paradigm which can be used to arrive at a consensus regarding restorability and long term prognosis of the tooth .The treatment planning should integrate principles of Conservative Endodontic Cavity, minimally invasive endodontics,biomimetic endodontic shaping and biomimetic reinforcement and restoration to ensure that sufficient PCD is preserved and further reinforced as well
207 The development of health and functional status in elderly diabetics living in their own environment – the 7 years follow-up, Hana Matejovskakubesova, Hana Meluzinova, Pavel Weber, Katarina Bielakova, Jan Matejovsky
The aim of study was to assess the development of the health and functional status of elderly diabetics during 7 years follow up. Patients and methods. Group of 161 patients, 101 women and 60 men above 65 years living in their own environment was studied as for complex geriatric assessment parameters and other health status parameters development, diabetics and non diabetics of studied group were compared at the set intervals of 18, 30 and 36 months.. Results. Studied (73.2+6.48 years) comprised 52 diabetics, 12 out of 52 diabetics and 30 out of the 109 non-diabetics died during the study (ns). The MMSE changed from 27.63 + 1.7 points, range 24-30 points to the önal 26.2 + 4.5 points, range 14-30 (ns). The results of the depression scale show a trend towards a statistically signiöcant increase in the incidence and severity of depression. Metabolic serum parameters were signiöcantly worse in diabetics at the start of the study, but the difference lost its signiöcance during the study. Conclusions. Interventions against risk factors of cardiovascular damage were more effective in the group of diabetics. This may explain the comparable mortality of the latter despite their higher morbidity. In general, more consistent continuous monitoring of the elderly population as a tool for early diagnostics, therapy and self-sufficiency appears to be effective.
208 Community Based Study on Association of Complementary Feeding and Malnutrition in Rural and Urban Areas of Aligarh, Dr Saira Mehnaz, Prof. Zulfia Khan, Prof. Najam Khalique, Prof. Ali Amir
Introduction: Reduction of child malnutrition is one of the prime challenges that India faces. Nearly 60 million Indian children are estimated to be underweight. Timely complementary feeding is one of the important predictors of under nutrition. Methods: This community based cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted in the field practice areas of the Rural and Urban health training centres of the Department of Community Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh. A sample of 700 children under two years of age was chosen for the study. Results: Only 48% children started complementary feeding on time.Total malnourished children in the study population were 82.4%.There were significant rural urban differences in Knowledge, attitude and practices of Complementary feeding. Conclusion: Grade IV malnutrition was maximum in the age group of 12-24 months , highest percentage of late intake of complementary food was also observed in more than 12 months children.
209 Dental caries awareness and prevalence among population of health centers of Mahail city ,saudia arabia, 2013 , Dr. Osama Abuelgasimmohamed, Dr. Abd Elhameed Hassan Elmoubarak, Dr. Iglal Bashir Nasir, Dr. Faisal Awad Ibrahim
Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to 1/ To assess dental caries knowledge, attitudes and practices among Mahail city (saudia Arabia) health centers population. 2/To determine dental caries prevalence among health centers population . .Methods: Population (N=500) selected randomly and requested to complete self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of questions about the demographic details of the persons, knowledges and practices of the participants to prevent dental caries by the following four methods: tooth brushing, sugar reduction, dental education and dental clinic visits. In addition, participants' knowledge of fluoride and fissure sealants was assessed.Also across-section study was carried out.Three health centers (out of 22 health centers ) selected randomly . A sample of 1613 of population , were examined for the prevalence of dental caries. The sample selected randomly.(927) urban and (686) rural..Males were (866) and (746) females .Caries was recorded according to the criteria described by WHO Oral Health Survey's Basic Oral Health Assessment Methods.. Results and Discussion: There was no significant difference between population practices in the four different preventive methods (tooth brushing,sugar reduction,dental visits and dental education) (p=
210 Wilckodontics- Bridging Orthodontics and Periodontics, Dr. Satinder Kaur, Dr. Prabhat Vaishnav,
Achieving success in orthodontic therapy for adults is clinically challenging and lengthened in time due to the cease of dentoalveolar development. Additively; aplastic, narrow, less vascular periodontal membrane and alveolar bone morphology observed in adults make these patients more vulnerable to root resorptions and periodontal pathologies during or following active orthodontic treatment. Therefore, some treatment modifications in regard to surgical modalities have been suggested to reduce the treatment time and achieve optimal clinical results with long-term stability in adults undergoing orthodontic therapy. Wilckodontics/ Periodontally accelerated osteogenic orthodontics (PAOO) described by Wilcko brings about easy tooth movement in short period of time. This article will help you understand perspective of PAOO technique through its historical background, principle, technicalities, indications and contraindications.
211 Management of Fracture of Distal Femur , Dr. Rajesh Tembhurnikar, Dr. Pankaj Tembhurnikar
212 Wound Healing Activity of Ethanolic Extract of Chromolaena Odorata L. on Excision Wound Model In Rats, R. Shiney Monica, Dr. K. Revathi
Chromolaena odorata (L. f.) King and Robinson formerly called as Eupatorium odoratum belongs to the family Asteraceae. C.odorata is a perennial scandent or semi-woody shrub. The aqueous extract and the decoction from leaves of this plant have been used throughout Vietnam for the treatment of soft tissue wounds and burns. The present study was aimed at evaluation of wound healing activity of leaves of C.odorata. Healthy male Wistar albino rats were topically treated with extract formulated in gel (10% and 20% of C.odorata ). Rats of standard groups were treated with 5% w/w povidone-Iodine ointment topically. The percentage of wound contraction was measured. Topical application of C.odorata gel in excision wound model increased percentage of wound contraction. The experimental data revealed that the C. odorata displayed remarkable wound healing and thus supports its traditional use.
213 Catena- Poly [[ 2,2-bipyridyine- ?2 N1 ,N1 ') Mn(II) ]-µ-oxalato?4 O1 ,O1 ': O2 ,O2 '] a zigzag coordination polymer, M. N. El Amp Ndash Kahel, R. G. Abuhmaiera, F. A. Treish, M. M. Ben Yunes, S. Grahmanally, R. M. Elmehdawi, A. Guerrib, C. Bazzicalupi
The new coordination polymer[Mn(C12H8N2O4)]n takes the form of one dimensional zigzag chain built of Mn(II) cations linked by oxalate dianions. The oxalate anion coordinated as a bridging tetradentate ligand with bidentate of coordination of individual oxygen atoms. The Mn(II) cation has a highly distorted octahedral geometry formed by four oxygen atoms from two bidentate oxalate anions and two nitrogen atoms from one chelating 2,2-bipyridine (bipy) ligand. The zigzag chain which run along the a-axes, further construct a three-dimensional metal-organic framework via ?-stacking and C-H•••.O hydrogen bonds.
214 Serum Biochemical Markers and Anthropometric Measurements in the Brazilian Army Militaries Selected for the United Nations’ Peacekeeping Mission in Haiti , Samir Ezequiel Da Rosa, Jos Eacute Fernandes Filho, Marcos De S Aacute Rego Fortes, Amina Costa Chain, Eduardo Camillo Martinez
Objective: The Brazilian Army (BA) actively participates in peacekeeping missions of the United Nations (UN), and to do so, it is necessary that their military are in minimum physical condition to face the obstacles in the course of actions within the theater of operations. The aim of this study was to analyze the associations between serum biochemical markers and anthropometric measures in BA’s militaries selected for the UN peacekeeping mission. Method: The study included 262 male militaries from the BA, aged 19-49 years selected for the UN peacekeeping mission in Haiti in 2012. Anthropometry was performed with measurement of total body weight, height and waist and hip circumferences. The body mass index and waist-hip ratio were calculated. Blood collection was performed after fasting for 12h for analysis of biochemical markers (HDL-C, triglycerides and glucose). Data were presented as mean ± standard deviation and percentage frequency. The associations between biochemical markers and anthropometric indices were assessed by Pearson correlation. Results: A significant negative correlation between HDL-C and waist circumference and a positive between glycaemia, triglycerides, body mass, body mass index and waist circumference were observed. The descriptive percentage of obese military found is below the national average, but overweight number is closer to the indices of the population. Conclusion: The weak correlation between blood glucose and anthropometric parameters as well as the inverse relationship between HDL-C and waist circumference, show that indirect instruments are independent predictors of NCD.
215 Negative Air Ionization in School Age Athletes, Valeria Laza, Ileana Rusu
Negative aeroionotherapy (NAIT) aims to improve adaptation, to increase efficiency and yield in human physical work, sports exercises or physical systematic daily activity. During the exercise, along with muscular and skeletal system, cardiovascular and respiratory systems are the most involved and requested. The paper traces the evolution of evidence of adaptation to exercise at a school age group of basketball players, under the influence of negative ionization. Aeroionotherapy decreases heart rate and diastolic blood pressure after execise, and cardiac resistance index drops in all subjects, to values listed as good and very good.
216 Higher Risk of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorders in Children with Atopic Disorders , Chia Amp Ndash Feng Yang, Chen Amp Ndash Chang Yang, I Amp Ndash Jen Wang
Background: The prevalence of allergic diseases has increased in parallel with the rise in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, previous studies have not consistently demonstrated the relationship between ADHD and allergic diseases diagnosed by skin prick test. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey to the Childhood Environment and Allergic diseases Study (CEAS) cohort. We estimated the association between allergic diseases with the risk of ADHD after adjusting for potential confounders using multiple logistic regression analysis. Results: A total of children including 14.8% with dermatitis, 34.4% with allergic rhinitis, 16.3% with asthma, and 0.9% with ADHD were eligible for final analysis. The only allergen associated with increased risk of ADHD was mites (P=0.07). Children with allergic dermatitis, asthma, or hay fever were at increased risk for ADHD with an adjusted OR of 4.50, 3.65, and 12.59. Conclusions: Early prevention of allergic sensitization may be beneficial for children at risk of ADHD and may reduce the subsequent burden of ADHD.
217 A Comparative Study of Laparoscopic Versus Open Repair of Ventral Abdominal Hernia, Dr. Vishal S. Parmar, Dr. Govardhan N. Vaghasiya, Dr. Jignesh P. Dave, Dr. Sameer G. Parikh
Aims and objectives: To compare the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic and open repair of ventral abdominal hernia in the terms of Operative time, Post operative pain and requirement of analgesia, Post operative hospital stay, Time taken to resume to work, Post operative complications and the Recurrence rate. Methodology: This comparative study was carried out on in patients presenting at the department of surgery, P.D.U Medical College Rajkot. A total of 50 patients were selected randomly and were divided into two groups each of 25 subjects. The first group included the patients with open hernia repair while the other group included the patients with laparoscopic repair. Standard techniques were used both in the open and laparoscopic approach for the hernia repair. Results: There is no statistically significant difference between the two groups for the duration of surgery (P>0.39). Post operative pain score calculated at 24 hours was statistically significant with (P
218 Study of Morphometrical Changes in the Testis of Diabetic Rats, Mr. Kishwor Bhandari, Dr. Aruna Mukherjee, Dr. Ipseeta Ray, Mrs. Sanju Acharya
Diabetes mellitus causes biochemical abnormalities affecting different system. It is found that diabetes mellitus also affects male reproductive system causing infertility in men. The morphological study of the testis in diabetic condition was done as it represents the primary organ of male reproductive system. A total of twelve adult male Wistar rats were used in this study. The rats were divided into two groups, control and diabetic group. One group of rats was made diabetes by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) whereas the other group remains as control. After six months, the testis was removed from the scrotum of both the groups, to study the morphological changes in the testis. It was found that hyperglycemia significantly alters the morphology of the testis of diabetic rats.
219 A Study to assess the knowledge and attitude regarding adherence to Anti Retro Viral Therapy among people living with HIV/AIDS at ART centers of Pune city, Mrs. Rekha. R, Mrs. Kalpana. Sawane
I assessed the knowledge and attitude regarding adherence to ART among people living with HIV/AIDS. Descriptive design was used. Structured questionnaires’ was administered. PLHIV who had been receiving Anti Retro Viral Therapy for three months. The level of ART adherence was calculated for each respondent. Results in total 60 PLHIV completed the questionnaires. The present findings showed that majority of the HIV positive individuals 36 (60%) taking ART were in the age group ranging between 31 years.Eighteen of the subjects (30%) were males and fourty two subjects (70%) were females in the present study.Thirty (50%) subjects were unemployed, nine subjects (15%) were self-employed, 16 (27%) subjects have taken farming , Five subjects (8%) were professionals. Majority of the subjects i.e. Fifty seven (95%) were married, one subjects (2%) were unmarried, Two subjects (3%) were divorced.Majority of the subjects i.e. forty three (72%) belonged to joint family, Fifteen subjects (25%) were from Nuclear family and Two subjects (3%) were living extended. In this study Five subjects (8%) were diagnosed to have HIV infection for less than a year. Twenty eight (47%) were diagnosed between 1-2 years. Fourteen subjects (23%) subjects were diagnosed for HIV within 3-4 years and Thirteen (22%) subjects were diagnosed for more than 5years.
220 Prevalence of Menopausal Problems Among Women in A Selected Primary Health Centre, Prof. Sofia Juliet
Menopause currently affects the lives of millions of women globally and will be an issue of increasing concerns the population ages over the next few decades. With this background in consideration the study was planned to find out the prevalence of menopausal symptoms among menopausal women using Menopausal Rating Scale (MRS). The researcher selected a 100 samples using purposive sampling technique. The data was collected and analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings of the study revealed that majority 82% has got very severe,14% severe menopausal problems. There is an association between menopausal problems with age, occupation, income, habits, regular exercise and with clinical variables.
221 Age Related Changes in Autonomic Functions, Dr. Mohit Malge, Dr. K. Ranjithbabu
222 Knowledge Attitude and Practice of Hospital Waste Management in Chhattisgarh Institute of Medical Sciences And Associated Hospital, Thakur Singh H, Singh L. , Dhruw V. , Jitpure S.
“Let the wastage of sick not contaminated the lives of healthy”.The waste produced in the course of Health care activities carries a high potential for infection & injury than other type of waste. Therefore it is essential to have safe and reliable method for its handling. Inadequate and Inappropriate handling of healthcare waste may have serious public health consequence and significant impact on environment.There is absence of quantitative and qualitative scientific data regarding various component of Hospital waste management. Appropriate management of health care waste is a crucial component of Environmental health protection and integral feature of health care services. Objective : 1. To Observe the hospital waste management system in teaching hospital. 2. To study the practice of waste handling by nurses , ward boy , and other hospital staffs. Material and Method : A cross sectional observational study was carried out to access the waste management system in teaching hospital and also access the knowledge of hospital regarding hospital waste handling . Interview of 437 hospital staffs carried out on predesign and pretesting oral questioning. Statistical analysis : Analysis using by SPSS software. Result : Out of total 52 collection site (Wards , OPD , OT) only 22 (42%) places proper colour coding is followed. This indicates risk of intermixing of biomedical waste . Only in 15 (28.8%) places are proper segregation , colour coding well maintain container with proper polythene bag found. 100% of waste handlers used globes as protective measure . Only 3(10%) used apron, 18 (64%) used mask, no one used goggle as protective measure . The sanitary workers have inadequate knowledge and poor practice of hospital waste handling. Conclusion : Total 52 collection site of hospital was surveyed ,colour coding, proper segregation is followed only in 22 (42.3 %). Hospital waste not properly segregated at source during transportation and disposal . No waste management policy and committee are formed at hospital level. Hospital waste material is disposed through authorised outsource private agency. ABSTRACT KEYWORDS : Biomedical Waste, Segreg
223 A Prospective Study of Efficacy of Epidural Steroid Injections in the Treatment of Low Back Pain and Lumbosacral Radiculopathy, Dr. Sriram Thanigai, Dr. Deviprasad, Dr. Aanand Shankar, Dr. Rajkumar
Introduction: Low back pain and Lumbosacral Radiculopathy are the most common complaints of patients with an herniated disc. Most commonly used treatment modality is a simple, effective epidural steroid injection. The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of epidural steroid injection in low back pain.Epidural steroid injections is one of the non-operative management of back pain. These injections are recommended in patients with signs and symptoms of nerve root irritation. Relief of pain is attributed to the anti-inflammatory effect of the steroid. Material and Method: This is a prospective observational study. It was carried out on the patients presenting with low back pain and Lumbar radiculopathy not responding to conservative management and had MRI proven lumbar disc prolapse at different levels. Injection methyl prednisolone 80 mg with 2ml of 0.5% bupivacaine was diluted in 6ml of normal saline and injected into the lumbar epidural space. Seventy patients received epidural steroid injection,out of which eight patients required further surgery.The remaining sixty two patients were analyzed,followed-up for 8 months.The functional status and pain response of patients were analyzed and significant improvement was found during the follow-up period.The success rate of study was 88.5 %. No complications were encountered. Conclusion: Epidural steroid injection for lumbar radicular pain is an Effective mode of treatment.
224 Assessment the knowledge of Menopausal symptoms among middle age women in Basra city, Sundssbaqerdawood
Menopause is natural and expected part of a women's development; it is a normal events that marks the end of fertility and child –bearing years. so it is vital to inform the women about risk factors and preventive strategies to avoid term disorders in this stage. A descriptive analytic study was conducted to identify women's knowledge and health practices regarding menopausal stage in Basra city. A purposive sample of (50) women data were collected by using a questionnaire format. During 5th November /2014 to 25th / March /2015). Descriptive statistical procedures (frequencies percentage and mean score) were used to analyze the data . The result of study showed that the highest percentage (40-45 ) years and low level of socioeconomic status and majority of them were Employed with. Institute level education Most of them were multipara (30%) ,and of them (54%) no have abortion . Most of them (40. %) Suffering of obese by using BMI calculi. Most of them had satisfied knowledge regarding to (Feeling exhaust & fatigue) with high score ( 1.9 ),which is common symptoms' during this stage in this period of study
225 Long Term Results of Proximal Humerus Locking Plate, Dr. Swagat Shah
226 Study of Outcome of Extra-Articular Metaphyseal Lower Third Tibia-Fibula Fractures Treated Using Fibula Rush-Pin and Cast, Dr. Swagat Shah
227 Evaluation of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Elderly, Sfurti Mann, Rajiv Gupta, Amit Kumar, Mohd Haroon Khan
Introduction: Anemia in the elderly (age> 65 years), is defined as hemoglobin concentration below 12 gm/dl and 13 gm/dl in females and males respectively. Anemia should never be considered as a normal physiological response to ageing, the etiology must always be investigated. Iron deficiency anemia is one of the most common anemia in old age. Chronic occult blood loss from the Gastro-intestinal (GI) tract is the main cause of iron deficiency anemia. GI malignancy may also present as Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA) in elderly patients. Patients were subjected to detailed history, thorough clinical examination and relevant investigations including serum iron studies, bone marrow examination and gastrointestinal endoscopies. 47 elderly patients with IDA were selected and investigated. Gastrointestinal blood loss was found to be the most common form of blood loss with 44.7% patients having positive fecal occult blood test and 68% patients revealing some or the other lesion on gastrointestinal endoscopies. 51% patients had upper GI lesions and 21% had lower GI lesions leading to blood loss. 21% patients had normal endoscopies and termed as having purely nutritional iron deficiency, whereas 10% had non GI source of blood loss and multi-factorial causes of IDA. IDA requires extensive investigation especially of the gastrointestinal tract to diagnose underlying lesion. There is possible association of IDA with GI malignancies, which makes it imperative to thoroughly investigate IDA in elderly, rather than blind iron replacement therapy without exhaustive efforts to diagnose the underlying cause.
228 A Comparative Study of Management of 3Rd Degree Haemorroids Miph (Minimal Invasive Procedure For Haemorrhoides – Stapled Haemorrhoidectomy) Vs Open Haemorrhoidectomy, Dr Jainam Shah, Dr Jatin Modi, Dr Jaimin Shah, Dr Neelay Jain
Background and Objectives: Many surgical and non-surgical treatment modalities are available for management of haemorrhoids. Out of which haemorrhoidectomy is regarded as the cure of disease. It can be performed in many ways. Conventional open method is widely accepted by many surgeons. MIPH is recent advance in the management of haemorrhoids.This study is aimed to compare the two surgical modalities to treat the haemorrhoids namely Open haemorrhoidectomy and MIPH (Stapled Haemorrhoidectomy) in technical, functional and economical aspects. Methods: A prospective randomized study was conducted of 30 patients in Smt. NHL Municipal Medical College-Smt SCL Hospital. All patients with 3rd degree haemorrhoids were hospitalized, all routine investigations were done and evaluated as required. All cases were thoroughly studied and followed up according to the subjective and objective assessment. Results: In patients who underwent stapler haemorrhoidopexy, the duration of surgery was less, postoperative pain was less, postoperative bleeding was also less, the patients were ambulated in 12-24 hours, hospital stay was 2-3 days and returned to their routine work postoperatively in 10 days. Conclusion: Stapler haemorrhoidopexy is effective in terms of decreased per- and postoperative blood loss, minimal pain, less requirement of analgesics and less pain at first bowel movement, faster wound healing with faster postoperative recovery and short postoperative hospital stay with early return to normal routine activity but MIPH is expensive as compared to open technique. However, long-term follow-up is necessary to determine whether these initial results are lasting.
229 A Cross Sectional Study of Teaching and Evaluation Methodology in Physiology, Narendra Gupta, Shashi Kant Verma, Gaurav Joshi, H S Joshi, Anand Mishra
Background: Continuous monitoring and improvement is necessary for education technology. The student’s feedback is inevitable, inexpensive and valuable tool to improve teaching and evaluation methods. Their feedback could be used to modify the curriculum and teaching practice according to need of students rather than just imparting knowledge on them. Aims & Objective: To obtain feedback on teaching and evaluation methods in the subject of Physiology to infer any need of change in teaching and evaluation methodology. Materials and Methods: A written structured questionnaire was distributed among 1st year medical students to get feedback from the students. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results:Majority of the students preferred Lecture, Demonstration and self-study.System completion test, tutorials was the best among the evaluation techniques. Conclusion:Student’s feedback is considered to be the best method to change curriculum according to the student’s need. It is revealed from the student’s feedback that the students were satisfied with almost all the teaching & evaluation practices implemented in our college.
230 Effect of Yoga on Spirometric Valuein Bronchial Asthma Patients, Narendra Gupta, Amit Kumar, H. S. Joshi, Devendrakumar Sharma
Introduction:Bronchial asthma is most common cause of missed school days in children i.e. 10.2 million and 3 million missed working days for adults annually. Efficient and safe asthma control will not only reduce the economic burden but also side effects of drugs because it reduces the doses of drugs. As little work has been done on beneficial effect of yoga on pulmonary function test in Bareilly. ObjectiveThus the objective of this study is to find out the effect ofyoga on the Bronchial asthma. Material and Method50 cases of bronchial asthma practicing yoga forms the study population and 50 bronchial asthma patients not practicing yoga will forms the control group.Sample is selected via Simple random technique. Result:study group compared with the subject of control group after two month of yoga p value of FVC (0.001), FEV1 (0.001), FEV1/FVC (0.012) PEFR ( 0.001) was significant statistically. (Table 1 to 4) In our study the subjects of study group compared with the subject of control group after three month of pranayama p value of FVC (0.001), FEV1 (0.001), FEV1/FVC (0.001)PEFR(0.001) was significant statistically. Discussion:The cases were instructed by trained yoga instructor to perform anolomaviloma&kapalbhatiBhramari pranayama Suryanamaskaryoga regularly for 3 months & then dynamic lung function parameter FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC ,PEFR, was receded before & after yoga & observation were studied by applying student t-test & evaluated statistically. Conclusion:yoga has additive beneficial effect along with medication in bronchial asthma patients. So yoga can be used for respiratory Rehabilitation.
231 Evaluation of Focused Abdominal Sonography for Trauma (Fast) in Blunt Abdominal Trauma (Bat), Dr. Jaimin Shah, Dr. Jainam Shah, Dr. Jatin Modi, Dr. Neelay Jain
BACKGROUND: Focused Abdominal Sonography for Trauma (FAST) is widely applied in the initial management of Blunt Abdominal Trauma (BAT) patients, Being non invasive, repeatable and without risk of irradiation, make it attractive tool in evaluation of trauma patients. OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of FAST sensitivity and specificity in detection of hemoperitoneum in blunt abdominal trauma victims. METHODS: A Prospective randomized study was conducted in Smt SCL General Hospital on 100 patients who presented with BAT and underwent FAST scan. The presence of intra-peritoneal free fluid was interpreted as positive. RESULTS: A hundred (100) patients included in the study, the sensitivity of FAST was 87 % and specificity was 97 % in blunt abdominal trauma. CONCLUSION: FAST is highly sensitive and specific in detection of hemoperitoneum after blunt abdominal trauma. Its high specificity make it suitable as "rule in" test in blunt abdominal injury. In unstable patients FAST may help in triaging and identifying those requiring laparotomy. Negative FAST scans do not exclude abdominal injury.
232 Job Performance – Analysis of Theories & Factors - Bpo Perspective, Hariharan K. S. , Dr. M. Veeraselvam
This paper conceptualizes the factors of Job performance with the BPO (Business Process Outsourcing) sector employees. Without quantitative analysis, it is an attempt to link the theory of job performance with the current situation of BPO organizations and its employees. Performance linked to various factors of an employee, performance at the organization’s goal normally linked with the behavior of employees inside the organization with the job and on the job. Employee’s performance in quantitative way in the organization in the name of Performance Management and it is carried out as Performance appraisal of individual employee at regular intervals. BPO organizations nowadays add the qualitative part of employees in the organization with the Performance appraisals too. This study analyzes the factors and the theory associated with it from the literature to apply with the employees in the organization.
233 An Analysis of Weak Form Efficiency in Sectoral Indices: A Study with Reference to National Stock Exchange , K. Hemalatha, Dr. V. R. Nedunchezian
Capital market plays an pivotal role in the growth of economy and meeting country’s socio economic goals. They are an important constituent of the financial system, given their role in the financial intermediation process and capital formation of the country. Apprehend that stock market is the backbone of our country it is essential to analyses the weak form efficiency of Indian stock market so as to assess the efficiency of Indian stock market and give suggestions to the investors to make their decisions on their investment. For the purpose of the study, the biggest stock exchange National Stock Exchange has been selected. The study has used the daily closing price of the stock from 1st Apr 2009 to 31st Mar 2014 comprising total of seven sectors. To test the Market Efficiency the study has used tests like Augmented Dickey Fuller test, pp Phillip Perron test, Runs Test and Autocorrelation. These tests are used to analyze stationary, randomness, efficiency for the data collected. To test the volatility T-Garch has been used. The study reveals drifts in market efficiency which offers investors a diversified way to make their investment activities in effective manner.
234 Laws and Realities of Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA) in Indian Industries, Debayan Nandi
Collective bargaining is a process of negotiation between employers and employees aimed at accomplishment for conformity to standardize working conditions. The interests of the employees are generally presented by representatives of a trade union to which the employees belong. The collective agreements reached by these negotiations usually set out wage scales, working hours, training, health and safety, overtime, grievance mechanisms, and rights to participate in workplace or company affairs. The parties often refer to the result of the negotiation as a collective bargaining agreement (CBA) or as a Collective Employment Agreement (CEA). This study analyzes the consequence of legalized unionization on economic growth, and reckons the “dead-weight loss” resulting from unionization. By uplifting the cost of labor, unions lessen the number of job opportunities in unionized industries. Those, roll the supply of labour in the non-union sector, in that way driving down wages in those industries. The effect of this situation is to increase the natural rate of unemployment, thus imposing a dead-weight loss of economic productivity on the economy.
235 Impact of Transformational Leadership on Team Effectiveness: A Study of Team Leaders in it Sector., Dr. Rajeesh Viswanathan
Organizations have been expanding and to maintain the same pace they need to survive in the market. A market filled with tough competition. In such a scenario, success comes when we have an effective leader. A leader who is able to reach out his thoughts across the team. The process should be such that they should be able to motivate and transform the employees. This happens when the employee’s readiness level is high. If the readiness level is low, then performance would be more of transactional in nature. Transformational leadership is one in all the foremost dominant paradigms within the up to date leadership literature (Judge and Piccolo, 2004). It's allied with many worker outcomes, like well-being (Nielsen et al., 2009), ability (Shin and Chow, 2003) and task performance (Piccolo and Colquitt, 2006). The transformational leadership vogue has been outlined as “the method through which leaders and followers facilitate one another to advance to the next level of morality and motivation” (Burns, 1979, p. 21). Therefore a transformational leader could be a virtuously mature leader to motivate followers’ behaviours and attitudes to come up with higher levels of ethical reasoning in followers (Burns, 1979). However, transformational managers don't influence subordinates’ attitudes and behaviours in a very straightforward method. Team effectiveness is for sure since its members are closely net and chosen consulting each others. However, in the current scenario , due to shortage of skills, members are posted into various teams, where by the autonomy of the team leaders are lost. The study was done on the employees of Software industry. four major IT hubs viz. NCR, Hyderabad, Bangalore and Chennai were selected. For Each IT hub 8 companies were selected making 32 companies in total. A tool of 600 questionnaires were sent to these 32 companies out of which 278 responses were received. For the study only 233 completely filled questionnaires were considered and the rest discarded due to incomplete data The Current study shows that success of team performance on a long term basis depends purely on having transformational leader. Absence of transformational leader and presence of a transactional leader would lead to performance but not to the desired level. Projects will be completed but the level of engagement from the employee would be minimal. Hence, it shows there exist a close correlation between transactional leader and team effectiveness. From the results of the direct influence, it is felt that (HR) managers who aim to generate levels of employee engagement on the long term, and enhance team effectiveness, to offer new programmes and training workshops that improve transformational leadership behaviour
236 Women Empowerment Through Micro Finance – A Study On Perceptions Of Self Help Group Leaders In Krishna District - A Discussion Paper, Dr.D.V.Ramana Murthy
Since women comprise the majority of the population below the poverty line and are very often in situations of extreme poverty, given the harsh realities of intra-household and social discrimination, macro economic policies and poverty eradication programmes need to specifically address the needs and problems of such women. There need be improved implementation of programmes which are already women oriented with special targets for women. Steps are to be taken for mobilization of poor women and convergence of services, by offering them a range of economic and social options, along with necessary support measures to enhance their capabilities In order to enhance women’s access to credit for consumption and production, the establishment of new, and strengthening of existing micro-credit mechanisms and micro-finance institution will have to be undertaken so that the outreach of credit is enhanced. Other supportive measures should ensure adequate flow of credit through extant financial institutions and banks, so that all women below poverty line have easy access to credit.
237 Socio-Economic Status Profile of Women in Rural Areas, Shaik Ali
The present study is empirical information into the realistic pertaining to the socio economic status profile of women in rural areas. The aim of the study is to investigate the social and economic status profile of the respondents and this further seeks to ascertain the socio-economic problems and so forth. The investigation also extends to study the opinions and attitudes of the respondents, awareness about social and economic development. The data was collected by personal interview method. The total number of ten villages was selected at randomly in five Taluqs of Raichur District of Karnataka. The total respondents were 200, which were selected by random method. In each village, about 20 respondents were selected by random method. The study tries to understand the socio-economic problems faced by the rural women. The paper stress for policy interventions to provide work opportunities and better wages to rural women workers and builds the case for improving the education, information and skill level. Finally the paper recommends policy initiatives and research to improve the socio economic status of women in rural areas.
238 Role of ICT in Empowering Women, P.L Ramesh, Shamim, P.BharathiDevi
Women are identified as seriously under-represented in science, mathematics and engineering fields. They are an under-utilized pool of talent and resource as they comprise more than half of the population of any society and could contribute immensely towards the social and economic development of societies through participation in science and technology programs. Science and technology have been an integral part of Indian civilization and culture. Over the years Indian women have overcome the traditional mindsets and have excelled in professions like teaching, medicine and pure sciences. Women have made important contributions in all walks of life and made inroads into new fields like engineering, information technology, biotechnology, nuclear science, space and many such specialized fields in the domain of science and technology. In the education sector, information and communication technologies (ICTs) hold great potential. Distance education can enable women who don't have physical access to schools to participate through online, radio or other ICTs in education classes and programs. Training of women in the use of ICTs, media management and content development can enable them to participate in decision-making processes at government, private sector and civil society levels.
239 Materiality of Self Help Groups on Accreditation of Women: A Study in Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh, V .T .Ram Pavan Kumar M, P.L. Ramesh, CH. Ramesh Babu
Women empowerment is a process in which women challenge the existing norms and culture, to effectively promote their well being. The Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, one of India's poorest, has used development self-help groups(SHGs)extensively as a primary tool of poverty all eviation and empowerment. The participation of women in Self Help Groups(SHGs) made a significant impact on their empowerment both in social and economical aspects This study addresses women empowerment through self help groups in Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh. The information required for the study has been collected from both the primary and secondary sources A multi stage random sampling method has been followed. Average and percentage analysis was carried out to draw meaningful interpretation of the results. Garret ranking technique was used to find the reasons for joining the Self help group. Factor analysis was used to measure the determine the relationship between the observed variables The results of the study revealed that the SHGs have had greater impact on both economic and social aspects of the beneficiaries.
240 WomenEntrepreneurship:Finding Perception, CH.RameshBabu, V.T.Ram Pavan Kumar
Thispaperisa centripetalanalysisof role ofIndianwomenin therealmof entrepreneurship encompassingvariousaspectswhirlingaroundcontributionsas wellas limitingroadblocksencounteredby womenentrepreneursinoursociety.Thearticlehelpstounderstandhowwomenentrepreneurshiphasrefined i n t o a n a c c e p t e d c o n c e p t o f t h e e c o n o m y . C u s t o m a r i l y I n d i a n s o c i e t y h a s b e e n c o n t e m p l a t e d a s m a l e p e r q u i s i t e . Howeverwithgrowingsocio-cultural environment andescalationinopportunities, thestateofwomen entrepreneurshiphasimprovedinfragments. Therehavebeenvariousgovernmentschemes forremodelingand encouragingwomenparticipation.Howeversocietal and familialroadblockscontinuetoreign,afflicting womenentrepreneurship. ThemajorchunksandchallengesfacedbyIndianwomenentrepreneurshavebeen takenwiththis.Thisarticlealsounveilsthecurrenttren dsandfutureprospectsofwomen-entrepreneurship.In this,literaturereviewaimstoscrutinizethe criticalfacetof currentknowledgeas wellas theoreticaland methodologicalcontributionstowomenentrepreneurship,whichcoversallovertheworld throughsecondary sources,andassuch,donotaddressanynewororiginal experimentalwork.
241 Dimension of Violence against Women, P.L Ramesh, P.Bharathi Devi, Shamim
Violence and abuse affect women from all kinds of backgrounds every day. Sometimes, women are attacked by strangers, but most often they are hurt by people who are close to them.. Violence and abuse against women is a global injustice of alarming proportions. Not only is this problem widely spread geographically, but it is also common among many people making it a typical accepted behaviour. Only in recent years has the issue been brought to the open for concern and study. Incidents such as domestic violence are not isolated individual events, but rather a way for the abuser to command control over the woman. Unlike assaulting a complete stranger, domestic violence occurs in situations when the abuse is a reoccurring formality between abuser and victim. Up until recently abuse of this degree was common, and found in most societies. Violence and abuse can cause terrible physical and emotional pain.
242 Educational Growth and Women Education, Dr. ERICHARLA RAJU, Prof .B. SAMBASIVA RAO
Every country develops its system of education to express and promote its unique social-cultural identity and also to meet the challenges of the times.The indigenous system of education in India is based on Hindu and Islamic orientation. Later English system of education was developed with the legacy of Britishers to serve the commercial cum political interests of Britishers. Female literacy is considered to be a more sensitive index of social development compared to overall literacy rates. Female literacy is negatively related with fertility rates, population growth rates, infant and child mortality rates and shows a positive association with female age at marriage, life expectancy, participation in modern sectors of the economy, and above all, female enrolment. Female literacy rate has grown from 8 per cent in 1951 to 39 per cent in 1991. Rural-urban and inter-group disparities were sharp. The rural-urban divide was the sharpest amongst females. Urban females were twice as well off in literacy as compared to their rural counterparts. Scheduled Caste (SC) and Scheduled Tribe (ST) females were at the bottom of the heap. India began its journey towards the goal of universal and free basic education little more than 6 decades ago with the Indian Constitution stating, “The State shall endeavour to provide, within a period of ten years from the commencement of this Constitution, for free and compulsory education for all children until they complete the age of fourteen years. After the attainment of independence, there has been a much more rapid expansion in the field of higher education.This paper attempts to studyis t o examine the Women Education in India, Growth of Educational Institutions, Percentage of Women’s Enrolment to Total Enrolment According to Faculties: 1950-51 to 1965-66 and Enrolment of Women in the Universities and Colleges: 1950-51 to 2000-01.
243 Rural Women Empowerment and Development, Ch.Pavani, V.Chandrika
Empowerment of women has emerged as an important issue in recent times. The economic empowerment of women is being regarded these days as a Sine-quo-noneof progress for acountry;hence,theissueofeconomicempowerment ofwomenisofparamount importance topoliticalthinkers, socialscientistsandreformers. TheSelfHelpGroups(SHGs) havepavedthewayforeconomicindependenceofruralwomen.Themembersof SHGs areinvolved inMicro–Entrepreneurships. Throughthat, they are becoming economicallyindependentand providing employment opportunitiestoothers. This article deals with empowerment of rural women through entrepreneurship and the advantages entrepreneurship among the rural women. “Economic empowerment of women led todevelopment of family and community”.
244 A study of women empowerment and Economic Development: A Case Study of Guntur District, Kotayya Yarragunta, Davala Jyothsna
Women normally have to work harder than men, especially in the countries of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. They maintain traditional vegetable gardens, raise domestic animals, and do the farming. They are responsible for child rearing, feeding their families, doing the domestic chores, collecting the fire wood, and fetching the water. They supervise the education of their children and nurse them back to health when they get sick. They guarantee domestic stability, taking on any work they can get to secure the family income, more often than not in the informal sector and without the benefit of social security. They do sewing, cooking, hairdressing, or house cleaning, produce and market processed agricultural products and handicrafts. More and more they are finding work in clerical or secretarial occupations or in the service sector.Objectives of the My Paper isto assess influencing factors of women’s participation in Economic development and to assess policy initiatives on addressing women’s participation in Economic Development
245 Impact of Self- Help Groups on Empowerment of Rural Women-A Case Study in Guntur District ofAndhara Pradesh, Sk. Asha Begum
The women constitutes half the world’s population, perform nearly two third of work hours and earnsone tenth of the world’s income butowns less than one hundredth percent of the worlds property. Self-sacrifice and self-denial add to their nobility and fortitude and yet they have been subjected to all inequalities, indignities, inequality and discrimination. They are customarily expected to confine themselves to house hold environs and play a passive role as daughters, daughters-in-law, wives and mothers. They are typically considered as weaker than men. This attitude has constrained their mobility and consequently lack of opportunities for development of their personalities. Women belonging to underprivileged and poorer section, irrespective of their social stratum or region, are by themselves, in no position to unravel their problems. They are subject to discrimination and exploitation and occupy a lower status in domestic political and economic scenario. Women, particularly in rural areas have proportionately least possessions, skills,education,social status, leadership qualities and capabilities for mobilization which determines the degree of decision making and power. This aim of this paper is to highlight the impact of self help groups on rural women in Andhra Pradesh particularly in Guntur district. The study is to assess the economic, social and political empowerment that has been achieved by the sample respondents after joining SHGs across sample villages and to analyze the problem faced by the sample SHGs across sample villages.
246 Literacy and Women in Developing Nations, A.DURGA
The International Literacy day was celebrated every year on 8th September with the aim to highlight the importance of literacy to individuals,communities and societies.The emphasis upon the problems,concerns and capacities of women is used for the development of the future.Statistics show that in most parts of the world where the standard of living is high,literacy is equally high among the women in the society.The womenhad an opportunity to educate themselves so that they become more aware of the prenatal health care,hygiene and nutritional practices.It is also proven that educated women have a profound effect on future generations.Literacy campaigns and programmeswere provided inorder to give proper education to women.
247 Human Development and Women Empowerment, Smt B.SOBHA RANI
World Bank Report 2000/2001 describes empowerment as a process of increasing the capacity of individuals or groups to make choices and to transform those choices into desired actions and outcomes. According to country report of Government of India, “Empowerment means moving from a position of enforced powerlessness to one of power”. In the simplest of words Women Empowerment is basically the creation of an environment where women can make independent decisions on their personal development as well as shine as equals in society. Empowerment is the one of the key factors in determining the success of development is the status and position of women in the society. Gender equality is, first and foremost, a human right. A woman is entitled to live in dignity and in freedom from want and from fear. Empowering women is also an indispensable tool for advancing development and reducing poverty. These days, women have established themselves that they are equal to men. They have now forsaken their homely image and are making a major contribution to global innovation of the country. They are working in different fields with man by doing hard work. It is said that women are the pillars of the economy of the world. Women empowerment and human development both are mutually inter-dependent. Infarct women empowerment contributes to human development. Every woman is the back bone of her house. When each household is strengthened, it ultimately leads to a healthy and well being society. At the same time human development promotes women empowerment by providing balanced diet, healthy life style, educational opportunities, social security, employment guarantee and freedom to exercise political and economical will.
248 Women Development through Literacy, D.Rathnamani, Doradla.Vijaya Raja kumar, Katikala Florence Hemalatha
Literacy is a basic need for human being; it seems to be powerful weapon and helps knowledge in various aspects. The literacy improving the skills of society and makes the people more confidence to solve the problems in society as well as in the country. It is the golden way to the future of generations. If there is no literacy there is nothing in the world. If there is no literacy it is comparable a ship without compass. Literacy is a tool to open the minds of the women for national development it is a lifelong process and changes the life style. The percentage of literacy depends uponthe development of the countries. In developed countries the percentage of literacy is too high, where as undeveloped countries the percentage of literacy is too low. The economists decide whether the country belongs to developed or under developed on the basis of literacy rate. So the literacy playing an important role not only for women but also the entire people. Where there is no literacy those countries are called dark and dawn.
249 A Review on Women in Research and Empowerment, B. Lalithakumari, N. Satyasree, Y. Ramakrishna
As women's education has become one of the important development objectives in the nineties,it is crucial to examine the assumptions under which policies, programmes and projects are formulatedtowards this goal. More recently, the concept of empowerment has been tied to therange of activities undertaken by and for women in different areas, including,education. In allthese, a related question is: From what and whose perspective are we going to evaluate suchassumptions and its empowering outcomes?UNESCO Institute for Education (UIE)is able to contribute to the dissemination of the diversity of ideas on women's education as well as providing a venue for critical reflection on women research and empowerment.Presently, the women's perspective is taken as the reference point for evaluatingthe effectiveness of educational policies, programmes and projects.UIE is able to contribute to the dissemination of the diversity of ideason women's education as well as providing a venue for critical reflection on empowerment.This manuscript mainly focused on role of women in education, research, and empowerment.Broad reasons why women are less in managerial positions, tips to overcome all the hindrances, undertaking a projectand many other strategies have been summarized
250 Women Empowerment – Human Rights, B.SREENIVASA REDDY
imply stated, a right is a claim of an individual recognized by the society and the state obviously a proper definition of the tern right has three ingredients. First, it is a claim of the individual, second individual should receive recognition by the community and finally political recognition. Rights are just like moral declarations unless they are protected by the state. According to H.J. Laski. “Rights, in fact, are those conditions of social life without which no man can seek, in general, to be himself at his best. For since the state exists it make possible that achievement, it is only by maintaining rights that its end may be secured.” Human rights : a modified version of natural rights and civil rights, which are coupled with each other, and has assumed a significance of its own ever since the formulation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the Human Rights commission and their adoption by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1948. Elinoar Ruzwert, the them president of united Nations General Assembly, declared that instead of “Rights of man, She declared as Human Rights” in 1948, so that, ‘women rights’ or ‘women’ were included in this declaration. Human rights that are applying to all human beings therefore human rights are universal, all human beings come under human rights and holders of human rights without any discrimination, every human being has their rights, and these rights protect especially human existence.
251 Self Help Groups As An Indespensible & Crucial for Women Empowerement and Deterring Gender Discrimination, SK.CHAND BASHA, M.SRINIVASULU
After the Modern human being Homo sapienshas been evolved from ape he has been conquering the world with his endless creeping for the resources owing to his modern technological developments he even had his footprints in space all these depicts the point that Man is the giant creature ever present on earth. But then despite his unequivocal development he still follows an irrational and unethical practice known as Gender discrimination since from the ancient times, At this juncture the women are the victims of hegemonic tendencies of men and are subjected to unfair treatment in every sphere of life-social-economicalpolitical which culminates in a life of obliged dependence, unjust and indignity that does not made a true sense of life, Based on this back drop the review paper stipulates that Self Help Groups-SHG’S an indispensible and incredible association of women that surely achieves the most anticipated aim of women called women empowerment. Apart from the aforesaid the practice of SHG’S also achieves Inclusive growth, financial inclusion, deterring gender discrimination , sustainable development above all it will materialize the concept of qualitative life, The paper reviews about the basic issues of self help groups it’s working, Padmavathi as an effective role model SHG and deterrence to the uplifting of SHG’S. The paper extends its reviews on prudent strategic measures for the holistic development of women leading to Women empowerment that the present globalized world is awaiting for.
252 Analysis of Women Empowerment through Mgnrega in Karnataka, H.M. CHANNABA SAVAIAH, PROF.M. JAYARAJ
There is inequality and vulnerability of women in all sphere of life, they need to be empowered in all walks of life.Without active participation of women, establishment of new social order may not be a successful one. Social and economic development of women is necessary for overall development of any society or a country and women should realize that they have constitutional rights to quality health care, economic security and access to education.Now people are more comfortable to accept leading role of women in our society, though there are some exceptions. Our increasing dependency on service sector has created many entrepreneurial opportunities especially for women where they can excel their skills with maintaining balance in their life. The purpose of this paper was to study, how women empower themselves with an innovative MGNREGA Program, particularly of women from socially and economically marginalized groups which ultimately leads to sustainable development of society as a whole intended to find out various motivating and de-motivating internal and external factors of women empowerment in MGNREGA scheme in Karnataka MGNREGA firmly states that the status of women would not change merely by bringing legislations; it must be supported by change in the women’s social circumstances and situations and also man’s sexist attitude to women. The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, which entitles rural households to 100 days of casual employment on public works at the statutory minimum wage, contains special provisions to ensure full participation of women. The paper discusses status of women participation in Karnataka, MGNREGS scheme recognized the relevance of incorporating gender equality and empowerment in its design various provisions under the act and its guidelines aim to ensure that women equitable the provision like priority for women in the ratio one third of total workers Equal payment Positive impact on women empowerment in MGNREGA
253 Women Entrepreneurship in India-Problems and Prospects, K. Siva Prakash Rao
The educated Indian women have to go a long way to achieve equal rights and position because traditions are deep rooted in Indian society where the sociological set up has been a male dominated one. Despite all the social hurdles, Indian women stand tall from the rest of the crowd and are applauded for their achievements in their respective field. The transformation of social fabric of the Indian society, in terms of increased educational status of women and varied aspirations for better living, necessitated a change in the life style of Indian women. She has competed with man and successfully stood up with him in every walk of life and business is no exception for this. These women leaders are assertive, persuasive and willing to take risks. They managed to survive and succeed in this cut throat competition with their hard work, diligence and perseverance. The present paper endeavors to study the concept of women entrepreneur–Reasons women become entrepreneurs -Reasons for slow progress of women entrepreneurs in India - suggestions for the growth of women entrepreneurs-Schemes for promotion & development of women entrepreneurship in India-Case study of a women entrepreneur of Ludhiana.
254 Position of Women in India, Mrs. P. Hemalatha
Woman being the central figure of the family as well as the society should be given a great importance and respect. But the condition in the society is exactly opposite. Only women those who have power and economically strong enjoy freedom and respect where all the remaining women are struggling to get a good position in the society. The paper projects some of the details of the investigation has done on the position of woman in Indian society. Woman is not treated equally with the man in respect of education, marriage, salaries, employment, responsibility, social status, justice and freedom. Woman is disrespected, ill-treated and harassed physically and mentally in this male dominated society. The paper highlights the position of woman, problems faced by the woman, reasons, consequences, and some of the remedial measures which can bring change in the position of woman. From the ages gender discrimination is there in the society. In spite of the rules given by the Indian Constitution, still in 21st century woman is facing so many problems despite her industry. This makes all the educated people to think and fight for the immense change in the life of woman, which is the dire need of India.
255 An Appraisal on Role of Women Education in Women Empowerement and An Overview on Women Literacy in India, SK.CHAND BASHA, D.UMA
Women education a buzz word aiming to expand the cognitive skills of women and to connect them to the developmental aspects and to curtail all societal malaises that encircles the women the effort which surely uplift he present deteriorating status of women across the globe in general and in India in particular, it’s all about theoretical formulation but the real scenario is very dismal and unsatisfactory particular in case of rural women who are leading a vexatious and unjust life. At this juncture the review paper stipulates the point that women education acts like an engine that drives our country to become a global leader owing to its overall and holistic development which will realizes our country’s potentiality in every sphere and curbs the unjust and barbaric practices like gender inequality, female feticide (women antagonistic practices) apart from that it also cut down some of the national problems in particularly infant mortality, over population and promotes gender equality above all women education will uplifts the entire society to global heights because an educated women will surely make her family to be educated and enable it to walk on the track of development. The paper also stipulates about the various ways that will enhances the women education viz…educational reforms, policy induction and measures to rise the present status of women education. Finally after reviewing different issues vis-à-vis to women education in India viz…women literacy in different states in comparison with men the paper stipulates about the prudent, proactive (p2), preparedness (p3) that will ultimately prosper our country in a sustainable way.
256 Challenges and Prospects of Women Entrepreneurs in Ethiopia, Dr.D.SARAVANAN, Dr.O.M.HAJA MOHIDEEN, Dr.MOHAMED SEID
Since Mid 2000s, Ethiopia has been one of the fastest growing countries in the World. However, productive entrepreneurship n high – value added activities has made limited contribution of this growth because of a weak business environment. Moreover, women in the informal sector still account for a large share of employment. But their entrepreneurial knowledge, skill, managerial ability are very low. Because of reflecting these facts, this research paper access the problems, challenges and prospective of women in entrepreneurs in Addis Ababa. By fostering productive start up and skilled employment, creation of an enabling business environment could help move the Ethiopian economy into high-productivity equilibrium. The main aim of this study is to assess the problems, challenges and prospects of Women entrepreneurs in Ethiopia. This study has conducted after circulating questionnaires to collect the appropriate data from the respondents. Random sampling method is used. The data collected was subjected to descriptive statistical analysis and the results were represented in tables and percentage method. The findings of the research have showed Government should create convenient situation for sufficient working place, credit policy and loan for capital. Entrepreneurship training to improve their skills is very important. Women Entrepreneurs has to improve their education level for their business improvement.
257 A Study on Challenges and Constraints Faced By Female Entrepreneurs to Develop Business in Gujarat, Maulik K. Rathod
An important role is played by the female entrepreneur in trade and industry as well as in Indian community. Whether it is a major or a minor business, females are entering in the in male dominant industrial society and face lot of challenges. However, their efforts create employment for other females which help in the development of economy and betterment not only in their lives but also in the lives of several others. Present study is an attempt to explore the challenges and constraints confronted by female entrepreneurs to develop their business in Gujarat state of India. The target industry as the population for the study is 150self-employed women located in 6 cities of Gujarat state and the businesses that are in operation for at least last 7 to 10 years. Data for the study is collected through in-depth interview of a sample of women entrepreneurs using structured questionnaire. It also proposes the approach of eliminating and reducing the constraints of women entrepreneurs in Indian perspective. The study identify challengesand constraints that female entrepreneurs for which Females should develop their basic knowledge of business and it is recommended that a continuous attempt to inspire, encourage, motivate and co-operate female entrepreneurs related to business or how to start own venture.
258 Women Empowerment through Self Help Groups, G. MARY KRUPA BAI
The topic empowerment deals with the development of women in the society towards financial sector. At the same time it encourages women how to enhance self confidence and how to organize activities through different tasks of the topic. It creates goodness to women for a better status.
259 Women Empowerment through Entrepreneurship, R. HIMALINI DEVI
The study deals with various aspects of empowerment of women in rural development in India. As women forming about half of the India’s population make a case for developing women empowerment in the country particularly in rural areas. They are, regarded as the better half of the society. In traditional societies, they were confirmed to the four walls of houses performing household activities. In modern societies, they have come out of the four walls to participate in all sorts of activities. The global evidences buttress that women have been performing exceedingly well in different spheres of activities like academics, politics, administration, social work and so on. As such, rural areas are ultimately marked by abject poverty and backwardness. In such situation, rural development by empowerment of women in the country. The study deals with various aspects of rural development such as entrepreneurship, agricultural development, social development, NGOs for the future development of rural people in the country. Therefore, while discussing on women empowerment and development, it seems in the fitness of the context to study about the empowerment of women in rural area in the country. The present study therefore, aims at discussing the growth and problems of women empowerment in rural India.
260 Women Empowerment Role of Self Help Groups, G. NIRMALA JYOTHI
This paper throws light on the Policy issues in Rural livelihood Diversification & Emergence of self-help groups and also deals with the aims of Dwacra and women empowerment. It is to be discussed the support of Government and how it is to be discussed the support of Government and how it is useful for the upliftment empowerment of women.
261 Women’s economic development is Important Forkey Role of Our Andhra Pradesh Economy: A Case Study of Guntur Distict, Swaroopa Rani Matha, T.Himaradhika, Devarapalli Padma
The development of the country is possible only if women folk are also developed. Ithas been observed that the social, economic and political status of women in rural areasremains very low. Recently, microfinance programme has been introduced for poor of thesociety targeting especially the women. This study assesses the impact of microfinance onpoverty, employment and empowerment of women in rural areas of Punjab.Impact has been measured by comparing the participants of the programme with thenon-participants. The comparison is based on the primary data collected from field throughan especially prepared schedule. A comparison of programme participants and nonparticipantsshows that microfinance programmes have increased the individual and householdincomes of the participants along with reduction in income inequalities. It has escaped themfrom financial vulnerability and has reduced their level of poverty. A multiple regressiontechnique is applied to find out the determinants of poverty.The study reveals that microfinance programme has been successful in diversifying theeconomic activities in rural areas. The increase in the engagement of participants in theeconomic activities has increased their level of employment.The results of the study also show that microfinance programme has empoweredwomen economically, socially, psychologically and politically. It is also found that themature group participants are more empowered as compared to the young and middle agegroup participants. For measuring women empowerment a Composite Empowerment Index isconstructed with the help of 21 indicators.
262 A Study of Women’s Empowerment As A Key Contributor to ‘Development’:A Case Study of Andhra Pradesh, CH.Venu Babu, G.Venkateswarlu, Prof B.Sambasiva Rao
Women Economic development is a vital part of human resource development in India. Historically though Indian Women have played an active role in the economic activities but now the development of Women Economic in India is quite low, especially in the rural areas. Though now women in India have become aware of their role, rights and work situation, still the lower and middle class are not really eager to alter their role in fear of social backlash. The progress is more visible in the urban women of upper class.This paper highlights on Women Economic and development. It attempts to focus on women entrepreneurship in India, their status, problems they face and opportunities. The paper talks on as how women dug their path into the competitive world of business environment to prove themselves as successful empowerment.Main objectivesof my paper is Educating women according to the professional requirement and encourage them to grow further in life and Encouraging corporate leadership capacity with the quality to ascertain gender equality
263 Women Entrepreneurship – Problems & Prospects, Mrs. T.Deena Elizabeth
Behind every successful man there remains aWomen.Woman entrepreneur means “Woman who sets up a business or businesses, taking financial risks in the hope of profit”1. I am going to discuss how the way women run things may be a bit different from how men play the game2. ?Strong focus on values ? Will ask for help ? Focused on the working environment ? Strength of the business For women entrepreneurs one organization is there it is known as IFWE (International Federation of Women Entrepreneurs)3. It is for empowering women through entrepreneurial ship development. On June 30th 1994, 96 countries are members in IFWE it is affiliated to (WASME) World Association of Small and Medium Enterprises. IFWE quality objectives are: ? Aim to achieve customer satisfaction level of >75%. ?Achieve more than 85% level of release of test result and issue results within the specific time. ? Aim to have less than 5% errors as seen by their customers. In the Indian context, social security is a comprehensive approach designed to prevent deprivation assure the individual of a basic minimum income for herself and her dependents and to protect the individual from any uncertainties. The objective of this paper is to discussing about women entrepreneurs in the world, India and in southern Asia and the significance of social protection in development and giving social protection measures in Indian context.
264 Empowering Women with HIV in Entrepreneurship Activities in Vijayawada Region – Andhra Pradesh, K.Kalpana, Dr.Saraswati Raju Iyer, Dr.S.Ramesh
Women’s entrepreneurshiphelps toeradicate poverty, promote gender equality and empower women. But it has another impact – providing women with the means to improve the health of their families and finance the education of their children. Especially, It is essential to promote entrepreneurship and mitigates poverty amongst women living with HIV/AIDS in general andVijayawada region of Krishna district, Andhra Pradesh in particular. It is required to promote appropriateServices, coordinated by various organizations including NGOs to promote technical, management and financial support and training to the women living with HIV/AIDS. The women participating in the development of entrepreneurship are called promoters also.To uphold the fight against HIV/AIDS pandemic in the world of work, ILO identified the potential of working with cooperatives. Cooperative institutions can reach workers in informal sectors who are mostly left out by many HIV/AIDS interventions which are targeting workers in the formal settings. UNDP and UNAIDS have provided funding to four AIDS networks, which was then divided into low-interest micro-credit loans. It was observed that the project allowed about 100 HIV-positive women to receive training in management and entrepreneurship. There are more than 60,000 people living with HIV in that area, or a prevalence of 0.7 percent, one of the lowest rates in Africa. (Source: UNAIDS). The above study revealed that the financial empowerment by microfinance for HIV/AIDS victims of urban poor in general , women in particular stood much better that the others. So it is essential and crucial to develop a strategy to promote an effective program by public and private agencies to create opportunities or encourage the HIV affected women to become entrepreneur in the region of Krishna district, Andhra Pradesh.
265 Women Involvement in Dairy Cooperatives in India, CH. Srinivasulu
Women play an important role in dairy farming sector. They gave fodder to livestock, milking the animal, take off different dairy products from milk, and take care of livestock at home, do weaving, cleaning shelter, converting in livestock management and related deceases. So women must be paid their share in livestock income. Hence there is an urgent need to commercialize their activity and give training to the women for rearing of livestock women in rural livestock can never be ignored. More than 8 working hours in the day are spent by women covering all the dairy farming practices. Dairy farming as an entrepreneurial venture owing to its high adaptability in wide range of agro-climate condition, thriving better on coarse fodder than cattle, producing higher fat SNFmilk, leaner and lower cholesterol and carrying high resistance against decease has big achievement. Cattle rearing cover more than 50% of the working hour of women in comparison to 10% of the working time of their counterpart the man.
266 Towards The Fall of Patriarchy and The Rise of Ecofeminism, MANUKONDA SARALA DEVI
Most research in women’s studies concentrates on the various forms of violence that women have endured historically and are largely academic in value. The studies are also fragmented with each concentrating on a particular form of suppression viz. – devadasi system, sati, child marriages, widowhood, etc. and issues arising from caste oppression such as untouchability, colonization / ghettoization, drinking water denial, landlord subjugation, lower wages, etc. and also other social concerns of educational disparities, dowry system, wife battering, honour killing, maternal and infant mortality and many more. Patriarchy which is at the core of this prejudiced culture, escapes pointed attack in most of the literary works with hardly much strategization for its elimination or shift towards a matrilineal society. Even the few scholars who do so, vilify western patriarchal conceptions for all evil, leaving Indian patriarchy untouched. Such is the invisible hold of tradition on the social psyche of our society, which immobilizes even opposing thoughts, with few daring to expose it. However, much benefit has been reaped politically, economically and socially due to these literary works and activist movements during the past century, weakening the patriarchal siege and liberating women. But the space created by a declining patriarchy, has to be filled with an ideology that is egalitarian, holistic and sustainable; and that has to be – Ecofeminism. This paper briefly traces the regressive affects of patriarchy, the progressive march of feminism and espouses the need for weaving ecofeministic concepts into the cultural fabric of our postmodern society
267 Violence Against Working Women, P.Sowjanya Samuel, Dr. saraswati rajuIyer
This document reviews what is known about fatal and nonfatal violence in the workplace to determine the focus needed for prevention and research. The document also summarizes issues to be addressed when dealing with workplace violence in various settings such as offices, factories, warehouses, hospitals, convenience stores, and taxicabs. Violence is a substantial contributor to occupational injury and death, and homicide has become the second leading cause of occupational injury death. Each week, an average of 20 workers are murdered and 18,000 are assaulted while at work or on duty. Nonfatal assaults result in millions of lost workdays and cost workers millions of dollars in lost wages. Workplace violence is clustered in certain occupational settings: For example, the retail trade and service industries account for more than half of workplace homicides and 85% of nonfatal workplace assaults. Taxicab drivers have the highest risk of workplace homicides of any occupational group. Workers in health care, community services, and retail settings are at increased risk of nonfatal assaults. Risk factors for workplace violence include dealing with the public, the exchange of money, and the delivery of services or goods. Prevention strategies for minimizing the risk of workplace violence include (but are not limited to) cash-handling policies, physical separation of workers from customers, good lighting, security devices, escort services, and employee training. A workplace violence prevention program should include a system for documenting incidents, procedures to be taken in the event of incidents, and open communication between employers and workers. Although no definitive prevention strategy is appropriate for all workplaces, all workers and employers should assess the risks for violence in their workplaces and take appropriate action to reduce those risks./
268 Women Enterpreneurship Development in India, Dr. M. Samba Siva Rao, V.V.N. Suresh Kumar
Women entrepreneurship development is an essential part of human resource development. The development of women entrepreneurship is very low in India, especially in the rural areas. Entrepreneurship amongst women has been a recent concern. Women have become aware of their existence their rights and their work situation. However, women of middle class are not too eager to alter their role in fear of social backlash. The progress is more visible among upper class families in urban cities. This paper focuses on women entrepreneur. Any understanding of Indian women, of their identity, and especially of their role taking and breaking new paths, will be incomplete without a walk down the corridors of Indian history where women have lived and internalized various role models. The paper talks about the status of women entrepreneurs and the problems faced by them when they ventured out to carve their own niche in the competitive world of business environment.
269 Women Entreprenurship Problems and Prospects of Indian Economy, J. Pandu Ranga Rao
Women entrepreneurship development is an essential part of human resource development. The development of women entrepreneurship is very low in India, especially in the rural areas. Entrepreneurship amongst women has been a recent concern. Women have become aware of their existence their rights and their work situation. However, women of middle class are not too eager to alter their role in fear of social backlash. The progress is more visible among upper class families in urban cities.This paper focuses on women entrepreneur. Any understanding of Indian women, of their identity, and especially of their role taking and breaking new paths, will be incomplete without a walk down the corridors of Indian history where women have lived and internalized various role models. The paper talks about the status of women entrepreneurs and the problems faced by them when they ventured out to carve their own niche in the competitive world of business environment.
270 Education-A Tool of Women Empowerment in India: A Historical Perspective, V. Subhashini
Education is the basic requirement for human development and right to education is a fundamental human right. The Goddess of Education is Saraswathi a woman, but women are deprived of education in India. Educating a woman creates a vital opportunity for the social and economic development of the country and society.In Asia, India has the lowest rates of female literacy. This is attributed to the fact the country has a biased outlook towards the education of women. On one hand India is referred to as “Bharat Mata” or “Janani” the mother to every Indian and on the other hand, a disregard towards girls and women. The traditional mentality assumes that women are mainly confined to the household activities like “kitchen and kids”. Women nowadays, are no less proficient than men in any field.They are not what they used to be some years ago; they have now made their presence felt in every sphere of life. Women have ultimately discarded their homely image and are now making meaningful contribution to the progress of the nation but, the TRUTH is that in the modern India, the woman has always been a second grade citizen, no matter what its esteemed leaders have said or done. Education is milestone of women empowerment because it enables them to responds to the challenges, to confront their traditional role and change their life. The growth of women’s education in rural areas is very slow. This obviously means that still large womenfolk of our country are illiterate, the weak, backward and exploited.” Education of women is the most powerful tool to change her position in the society. Education also brings a reduction in inequalities and functions as a means of improving their status within the family. In this context one has to think about the precise questions like,have all women been empowered? If not how they will be empowered? Is the common woman vested with powers to drive the nation? Does women empowerment become a reality? Thispaper explains how education and empowerment has gone hand in hand in ancient, medieval and modern India. It also explains the problems faced and the possibilities ahead in achieving women empowerment through education.
271 Women – Are We Rising or being Raised?, Dr. B. SIVA KUMARI, Y.T. PRABU, P.I. SIRISHA
It is important to understand the difference between rising and being raised. To rise is to unveil the dreams that our heart makes and to be raised is to blend ourselves in a way to reach the aims set by our raisers. We need to make social, scientific and logical analysis to understand why we are as we are now. We need to devise plans to mend the paths which take us to places we are meant to be but not to the places where others want us to be. Courage, commitment and logical brain are all that is needed to explore and unveil the truth and achieve our goals. We women who constitute half of this world should bring the change from within without always complaining about the other half since when we are together for such change, the change seems the way of life. It is also important to work at the roots rather than complaining about the fruits later
272 A Vermi Compost, as An Agribusiness, A Good Entrepreneurship is an Eco – Friendly Project, P. Nitya Jeeva Prada
Vermicompost, as an agribusines to venture it as women entrepreneurship. The creepy and crawly creatures of evolution, the friend of farmer serve as an animal of object for this, as a solid waste serve as a tool for the present study. The composition of vermicompost consists of 13 elements i.e., Nitrogen 1.5-2% Phosphates 1-2%, Potassium 1-2%, Calcium 1-3%, Magnesium 1-2%, Sulphur
273 Women`S Education and Social Development, POKKULURI SURYAPRAKASH
Education is an important device for helping a person to attain full development physically, mentally and spiritually. Education is very necessary for both men and women. The woman is the focal point regarding all matters concerning the family and the society. Women`s education is essential for the well-being of the family and for the welfare of the society, especially in the 21st century, when the world is witnessing extraordinary progress in almost all fields including education, culture, science and technology. So, top priority should be given to women`s education. Educational institutions should be established, especially in rural areas. Hostels, libraries and laboratories are to be constructed. Playgrounds are necessary for playing sports and games. In this regard, the assistance of voluntary organizations can be taken. In fact, today, many women are pursuing different courses in different educational institutions. They are working in different fields with confidence and commitment. They are able to lead various agitations against social evils. If encouragement is given, women can do more good to society and prove their mettle. In fine, all support should be given to women`s education, so that they can contribute to the development of healthy society and progressive world.
274 Impact of Microfinance on Decision Making and Women Empowerment – Case Study of Krishna and Kadapa Districts, Andhra Pradesh, Bommadevara Baby Rani, SunitaSayana
Women empowerment is an essential preconditionfor elimination of poverty. In India, Micro finance and Self Help Group (SHG)intervention helped in economic up gradation of the poor women through strengthening the income generating capacity and led to empowerment of women.This paper analysis the impact of Microfinance Institutions on women decision making and how the micro finance has affected the economic and social status of the respondents in the selected districts of Andhra Pradesh.It also analysis the micro finance as an instrument for women empowerment.It provides a conceptual background to research in this subject. Micro finance has resulted in improving access to credit sources and asset building and improved the role of women in decision making
275 A Study on Situation of Women Entrepreneur and the Challenges face by them with Respect to Pune City, Dr. Malhar Kolhatkar, Prof. Preeti Sharma
This research paper is focusing on the developing women entrepreneurs their situation and challenges faced by them. There is highly increase of women entrepreneurs nationally and internationally. The concept give us the new world of women with their talent as it is been seen that women are multitalented and can handle all the challenges in front of them. In before days women were not allowed to come out of four walls of their house. Where before 20th of century there was a need amongst the family to be supported by the women of their family financially and increase the income of family and also tryto avoid poverty. But in 20th century situation has been changed women are becoming more active and getting involved in the business. The paper tells us the story of developing women entrepreneur its status and challenges face by them while running the business in Pune city. According to the data collected from the survey some findings are been seen which are mentioned in the last part of the research paper.
276 Women Entrepreneurs in Aesthetics Industry (A Case Study of Vijayawada City in Andhra Pradesh India), N. SARATH BABU
The paper presents findings of a study on the aesthetics Industry in Vijayawada City. The industry isslowly catching up under the entrepreneuralshipof some enterprising women. The industry is developing with the rise in the beauty consciousness of women in Vijayawada coming from different social strata. The television and the cinema have great impact on the fair sex who are exposed to the world of beauty and aesthetic sense. A welcome change is observed in the study. And the change is in the mind set of the orthodox and deeply religious parents of young girls who are now computing with their male counter parts in all the endeavours of life. The study is based on a sample of 120 women customers of beauty parlours, beauty clinics and spas. The study was conducted in the month of Oct’2013. The sample is taken from an estimated population of 10,000 beauty parlour customers. As the beauty parlours are mostly visited by women and are established and maintained by women entrepreneurs the study assumes importance for the development of aesthetic industry in Vijayawada City, there are 200 beauty parlours and clinics with facilities provided by spas. Despite beauty clinics for men existing in the city the industry is dominated by firms maintained by women only. The study finds out that women entrepreneurs are from the well to do sections of society who are encouraged by their male members of the family and are provided with the necessary funds from their own kith and kin. The study observes that the investment in a small beauty clinic ranges from Rs. 2 to 3 Lakhs. There are nine most popular beauty parlours with investment ranging from Rs.15 to 20 lakhs. The study points out that the practice of discriminating monopoly sustains some firms in the industry. An important finding relates to the weaker firms leaving the industry as they are enable to withstand the gamble with the changing tastes of the customers. The study suggests that the industry develops with the encouragement that can be provided by the government at all the stages of the development of the industry. The government has to protect the financially unsound firms and guard the growing once. The firms that have grown strong with the financial support and encouragement by the government may be left free to be further developed by the women entrepreneurs themselves. The study analysed the economic strength of the firms and found out that only 25% of the existing 200 firms are able to make profits while 35% are able to run their business on no profit no gain basis. The remaining 40% required immediate support by the government are any industrial agency interested in empowering women through business and entrepreneuralship. The study came to the decision that unless the Andhra Pradesh Productivity Council takes interest in providing placement and assures jobs for the candidates they train and offer courses like Diploma in Beautician, Certificate in Health & Beauty Culture and Certificate Course in Beautician, entrepreneurs from the middle class and lower middle class sections of society will not come forward to enter the industry as organisers of small firms in the aesthetics industry. Despite the impediments for the development of the industry in the form of feminists’ protest against the objectification of the female body the industry finds reasonable encouragement for further growth. There is bright future for the aesthetics industry in a growing city like Vijayawada with citizens belonging to various cultures and religions. The city is assuming importance both at the state and central level as a very important centre of business and aesthetics. Vijayawada is also a growing tourist destination centre.
277 Women Literacy As The Way to Women’s Progression, Shiny K.P.
Women progression through education is a dynamic concept. Women are the main force in human resources. This paper illustrates the productive effects of female literacy in every sphere of life.The benefits of female education for women's empowerment and gender equality are broadly recognized; as female education rises, fertility, population growth, and infant and child mortality fall and family health improves. Increases in girls' secondary school enrollment are associated with increases in women's participation in the labor force and their contributions to household and national income. Women's increased earning capacity, in turn, has a positive effect on child nutrition. Children especially daughters of educated mothers are more likely to be enrolled in school and to have higher levels of educational attainment. Educated women are more politically active and better informed about their legal rights and how to exercise them. Empowerment of women is important in a developing country like India why because the benefits will not only felt by the women themselves, but also by their households and in turn their nation.
278 Empowering Women by Safeguarding Their Human Rights, M.NALINI, K.SASI
omen in India consistently lag behind the men in terms of access to education, health care, jobs etc. Apart from the economic and social inequality, women in India are victims of heinous crimes such as, dowry deaths, rape, molestation and immoral trafficking. As per the latest statistics; • The female child sex ratio (0-6 years) is 914 per 1000 males • Rural female literacy rate only 58% while rural male 78% • Women employment in urban areas is only 13.9% while in rural areas is 29.9%. With the rise in poverty, many women are forced to work in very low end and low paid jobs. • Employment of women in organized sector is less than 8%. • Women especially in the child bearing age often deficient in nutrition due to poverty. As a result the number of maternal deaths in India is one of the highest in the world and 87% of all pregnant women in India are anemic. • Women are made psychologically week and thus become incapable of thinking in optimistic way. They ought notdisturb themselves and their children. Unless drastic measures are taken to improve female literacy, create skills and capability among women for enabling them to stand on their own feet and care for themselves and family, it will be difficult for India to prosper as a nation. Many NGOs are working at the grass root level to empower women to attain economic participation in order to overcome poverty and inequality. You can support this effort by contributing to the following causes to help in the empowerment of marginalized women. In our paper we like to bring a very brief note on human rights of women.
279 Violence and Constitutional Guarantees Against Women in India, B.Chaitanya Kiran Kumar, Gurram Suresh, Prof. Challapalli Swaroopa Rani
“Violence against women and girls continues unabated in every continent, country and culture. It takes a devastating toll on women’s lives, on their families and on society as a whole. Most societies prohibit such violence yet the reality is that too often, it is covered up or tacitly condoned” (Ban Ki-Moon).Violence against Women Any act of gender-based violence that results in or is likely to result in physical, sexual, or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life. Women face violence due to their position of inequality; their vulnerability to violence being exacerbated due to their positions of dependency as well as prevailing patriarchal attitudes. The Indian Constitution guarantees women equality before the law and the equal protection of laws under Article 14 and prohibits discrimination on grounds of sex under Article 15. A unique feature of the Indian Constitution is Article 15(3), which empowers the State to take special measures for women and children. Despite these guarantees, the position of women in India remains unequal.
280 Problems of Women Entrepreneurs in India - Suggestions to Improve, Ch.Hymavathi, MSK.Varma
Thispaper triesto investigatethe problemsand challenges facedby women entrepreneurs inIndia.Women Entrepreneur is a person who accepts challenging role to meet herpersonal needs and become economically independent.Many women have this quality but they never got a platform to showcase their talents and hence they don’t know their real abilities.Even though our constitution speaks of equality between sexes, male chauvinism is still the order of the dayWomenin Indiaare taking more responsibilities in bringing up children and maintaining a better home with love and affection. At the family level, the task of coordinating various activities in a much effective manner, without feeling the pinch of inconveniences, is being carried out by the women folk.Women entrepreneurs face a series of problems right from the beginning till the enterprise functions. Women in rural areas have to suffer still further. They face tough resistance from men. They are considered as helpers. The attitude of society towards her and constraints in which she has to live and work are not very conducive.
281 Gender Budgeting to Gain as a Tool for Empowering Women, P.B.Reddy, G.R.Gangle
The Constitution of India guarantees right to equality of all citizens, and attempts for sustainable development of all.The thought of women development has become an integral part of development talk and policy initiatives. There has been a gradual shift in the policy making from welfare of the women, to equity of women, to efficiency, and to empowerment. A woman empowered is a nation empowered. Money makes many things. The gender Budget has the potential to restore the socio economic structure of a society. The gender budgeting is aimed to advocate and support the empowering of economic governance and leadership in order to increase women’s participation in decision making processes. After the implementation of gender budget in various countries, India too has taken various strategies to follow the provisions. The effectiveness of gender budgeting is not just a matter of the policy but includes the structures and institutions that mediate policy formulation and implementation. The aim of this study is to analyze the strategies and tools of gender budgeting for women empowerment. This research also explores the role of the government for women and child development, allocation of money for various schemes and their effective utilization. The Union Budget 2013-2014 has allocated Rs. 97134 crores for addressing gender concerns in the budget which is less than 6 % of the total budget. With the help of the data collected in the field as well as the reports published by the central government and the state government, this research attempted to analyze the schemes with the provision of gender budgeting and the impacts of the schemes on women from those specific areas. We also tried to analyze how far gender budgeting has helped to liberate women of those rural areas. We found that lack of funds, lack of awareness of the schemes, poor implementation of the schemes, non release of funds in time, lack of political commitment, delay in processing and effective utilization of funds in time are some challenges to be solved.
282 Status of Women and Social Opportunities in Madhya Pradesh, India, G.R.Gangle, P.B.Reddy
Over the past decade, gender equality and women‘s empowerment have been clearly recognized as key to social and economic development of the country. The promotion of gender equality and empowering of women is one of the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDG).Inequality in gender relations originates in the social, economic and power relationships between women and men that have been socially constructed over a very long period of time. This paper strives to understand the demographic changes and gender inequality in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh from available data on education, health and employment of the state. The methodology is based on secondary data taken from census of India 2011 reports and other published documents. This comparative study gives an overall demographic and gender inequality picture of Madhya Pradesh (M.P) to draw government’s attention to the need and to bring down gender inequality. We recommend that government should promote female literacy through planned interventions by block level studies, augment social infrastructure and lay special emphasis on health infrastructure, provide more employment to the workers in the industrial and tertiary sectors, and provide innovative forms of irrigation to marginal and small farmers and for improvement in their socio-economic status. Detailed studies are also suggested to tackle cover the children school drop-out and weaker sections of the society.
283 Rural Women’s Entrepreneurship is “Good Business”!, Dr. KalpanaKoneru
A majority of the people in most developing and under-developed countries stays in rural areas and earns their livelihoods using local resources and employment opportunities.While agriculture may have been the mainstay in many rural areas in the past, rural industrialization has thrown up exciting opportunities to improve the lives of individuals and communities.This includes industries based on agricultural produce like food processing and micro-level renewable energy development projects in addition to the production of goods.Unfortunately, the pace of industrialization in the rural areas has not been as fast as expected. Planners agree that the rural population has to have effective linkages with the industry for better development and employment opportunities. Another must for rural industries to emerge, sustain themselves and prosper is access to the latest Information and Communication Technology. SMEs accelerate rural industrialization by linking it with the more organized urban sector, multiplying employment opportunities for the local community.
284 Women Entreprenuership: Importance of Ict Education, Dr. Ramaiah Bezawada
Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world. Information and communications are closely linked to power and the ability to affect change. ICT is an umbrella term that includes any communication device or application, encompassing: radio, television, cellular phones, computer etc. Socially the majorities of Indian women are still tradition bound and are in disadvantageous position. ICTs are emerging as a powerful tool for women empowerment in a developing country like India. Educational level had significant effect on different variable of women empowerment like Self-confidence, self-awareness, Independence and Feeling of freedom. This kind of study can be used to create awareness among women for betterment of their live. And may be concluded that the information and communication technology empower a women in various areas like social, educational, personal, psychological, political, technological and economical.
285 Impact of Self- Help Groups on Empowerment of Rural Women-A Case Study In Guntur District of Andhara Pradesh, Sk. Asha Begum
The women constitutes half the world’s population, perform nearly two third of work hours and earnsone tenth of the world’s income butowns less than one hundredth percent of the worlds property. Self-sacrifice and self-denial add to their nobility and fortitude and yet they have been subjected to all inequalities, indignities, inequality and discrimination. They are customarily expected to confine themselves to house hold environs and play a passive role as daughters, daughters-in-law, wives and mothers. They are typically considered as weaker than men. This attitude has constrained their mobility and consequently lack of opportunities for development of their personalities. Women belonging to underprivileged and poorer section, irrespective of their social stratum or region, are by themselves, in no position to unravel their problems. They are subject to discrimination and exploitation and occupy a lower status in domestic political and economic scenario. Women, particularly in rural areas have proportionately least possessions, skills,education,social status, leadership qualities and capabilities for mobilization which determines the degree of decision making and power. This aim of this paper is to highlight the impact of self help groups on rural women in Andhra Pradesh particularly in Guntur district. The study is to assess the economic, social and political empowerment that has been achieved by the sample respondents after joining SHGs across sample villages and to analyze the problem faced by the sample SHGs across sample villages.
286 Womenempowerment Through Ruralentrepreneurship, Dr.Mrs. I. ANNAPURNA, Y. SURYA SOWJANYA
Women are considred an important Human Resource of the Nation and every state should try to utilize them as mediators of Economic growth and development encouragement for Women Entrepreneurship is one of the way for them. As Women for ming about half of the India’s population make a case of for developing Women Empowerment in the country. Particularly in Rural areas. They are, Regarded as the better half of the society. But unfortunately the Traditional mind set of the society and Negligence of the state and respective authorities is an important obstacle for the Women Entrepreneeurshipdovelopment in India. In traditional societies they were confined to the fourwalls of houses performing household activities. In modern societies, They have come out of the four walls of houses to participate in all sorts of activities. In spite of that Women of today break all those obstacles and involve them selves in various sectors and proving their Excellence- like Academics, Politics, Administration, Social work and so on. As such, Rural areas are ultimately marked by abject poverty and backwardness.Poverty and in such situation rural Industrialization is viewed as on effective means of accelerating the process of Rural development by Empowerment of Women in the country so there were major part fo National Economic development is contributed by Rural Economy. Entrepreneurship is considered to be a key for Women Empowerment especially in Rural areas and hence promotion of Women entrepreeneurs is focused highly by the Government there is a need of continuous attempt to inspir, encourage, motivate and co_operate Women entrepreneurs, Awareness programes should be conducted by the Government. This paper gives a brief idea about the importance foEnterpreneurship and its influence on the Empowerment fo Rural Women and NGOS, And self help groups development of Rural people in the country and they fore aims at discussing the growth and problems of women Empowerment in Rural India.
287 Women Entrepreneurship in India, V.S. Rao Medindrao
Entrepreneurship of Women development is an essential part of human resource. Development Compared to other countries the development of women entrepreneurship is very low in India, especially in the rural areas. However, women of middle class are not too eager to alter their role in fear of social backlash. The progress is more visible among upper class families in urban cities. This paper focuses on women entrepreneur. Any understanding of Indian women, of their identity, and especially of their role taking and breaking new paths, will be incomplete without a walk down the place of Indian history where women have lived. The paper talks about the status of women entrepreneurs and the problems faced by them .And also how much credit can be given to entrepreneurship for the unprecedented innovation and growth of free-enterprise economies. This paper presents a summary of research on entrepreneurs and discusses the trends in the development of the field. A second section presents the category of Women entrepreneurs in different phases & participation o f women as Entrepreneurs. The third section focuses on the most dynamic Successful Women Entrepreneurs in India; simultaneously the paper gives an insight into the challenges faced by women entrepreneurs.
288 Ornamental Fish Culture &Women Entrepreneurship: with Special reference to Andhra Pradesh, T Anita Susan
Andhra Pradesh ranks first in aquaculture production, however ornamental fishery is still in infancy. It can be a promising alternative for many women entrepreneurs by providing livelihood in the newly formed state of Andhra Pradesh. To ensure that women utilize their full potential it is necessary to provide capacity building and support which will lead to their empowerment. Backyard ornamental fishery provides a lot of scope for improving their income. More opportunities must be created for women in this area through collection and dissemination of information and transfer of technology from various states.
289 Socio-Psycho Issues for Women Teachers Working at Recognized and Unaided Schools, Dr. Irfana Begum
In the 21st century where we are talking about gender equality in allwalks of life, still it's a common understanding that teachingprofession is good for the ladies. It's convenient, better, a scheduled job, less travelling. In year 2013 there are more than 2000unrecognized school and 1268 recognized and unaided school only inDelhi and NCR. More than 15000 teachers are engaged in these schoolsand almost 90 % teachers are having any technical degree of teaching(NTT, B.Ed, B.ElEd, etc.) There is a clear difference in the work structure (timing, workinghours, leaves) salary structure (payment amount, salary deduction onleave, teachers will get salary in summer holidays only if joiningtime is more than three years, as well as facilities provided by thegovernment to the teachers who are working in recognized aided schools(Leaves [casual leave, maternity leave, child care leave,]) and otherfacilities related to getting higher education etc. Teachers in non-aided and recognized school can not avail these facilities and get frustrated and it creates lots of socio-psycho problems inteacher's life. A one day seminar were organized by VigyanPrasar through EduSATnetwork on the topic socio-psycho effect on teachers in privateschools and data is compiled with the information given by the ladiesof Delhi, Jalgaon, Lucknow, and Vijaywada.
290 Women Entrepreneur – Opportunities and Challenges, S.Venkatesh, A.Ravikiran
Women entrepreneurs have been making a significant impact in all the segments of the economy in India. The areas chosen by women are retail trade, restaurants, hotel, education, culture, cleaning, Banking services, insurance and manufacturing. The new thrust suggest following two factors pulling or pushing women in an entrepreneurship factors leading women to be an entrepreneur. The women have achieved immense development in their mind .with increasing dependency on service sector, many opportunities are there for women. The ‘She Can, You Can’ Tupperware advertisements on prime-time television showcasing their corporate social responsibility initiative for instilling confidence in Indian women to take up socially relevant businesses of their own, have managed to share some tales of success of the Women Entrepreneur. The Indian Woman Entrepreneur today is empowered and in stride with men in running successful businesses. In the process of Entrepreneurship, women have to face various problems and these problems get doubled because of her dual role are earners and home makers. “ When the Women moves forward, the family moves, the village moves and the Nation moves” – Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
291 Indian Women Entrepreneurship: An exploration of Ins and Outs at home and in society, Sk. Shakila Bhanu
Post independent Indian women are confined to the status of secondary citizen. However, the position of women has been changing for a few decades in all walks of life that includes even economy. It has been proved that assimilating women into social economies can yield a broad range of economic gains: increased profits; productivity gains; better corporate leadership and more efficient use of talents and skills. The present paper showcases the social economic escalation of selected Indian female entrepreneurs in their respective dream fields. The paper also explores their race overbarriers in their journey of professional and personal life
292 Economic Benefits of Women Empowerment, Mrs.M.V.Madhavi, Dr. N.A. Francis Xavier
Empowerment of women and Entrepreneurship has emerged as an important issue in recent times. The economic empowerment of women and Entrepreneurship is being regarded these days as a Sine-quo-non of progress for a country; hence, the issue of economic empowerment of women and Entrepreneurship is of paramount importance to political thinkers, social scientists and reformers. The Self Help Groups (SHGs) have paved the way for economic independence of rural women. The members of SHGs are involved in Micro – Entrepreneurships. Through that, they are becoming economically independent and providing employment opportunities to others. This article deals with empowerment of women through entrepreneurship and the advantages entrepreneurship among the women. “Economic empowerment of women and entrepreneurship led to development of family and community”.
293 Focusing on Prevention of Voilence Against Women, Ch.Radhika
Primary prevention aims to stop violence before it occurs, by promoting respectful, non-violent relationships. At present, New Zealand policies primarily focus on responding to violence.Over half of violent crime in New Zealand is related to family violence: primary prevention will, in the longer term, help Government to reduce rates of violent crime. The Primary Prevention is discussion about violence and how these approaches can be effectively implemented in New Zealand.The Primary prevention by ensuring that our understandings are in line with international developments. The primary prevention provides information to ensure that people working in community and in govt. agencies understand what is distinctive about primary prevention. The International Organization for Migration (IOM), through its gender mainstreaming policy is committed to ensuring that the particular needs of all migrant women are identified, taken into consideration and addressed by IOM projects and services. The IOM issue of violence against women migrant workers in order to promote their Physical, social and economic well-being in line with the United Nations General Assembly resolution A/ RES/62/132.
294 Education - A Means to Women Empowerment, K. Jyothi
Thesocio-economic progress of any country depends on many factors but the key factor is its Literacy. The basic indicator of the level of development achieved by any society in general depends on literacy and level of education. It is the basement and a very important input and acts as a catalyst for social upliftment. Females constitute about 50% of any country’s human resource and hence their literacy becomes an important trait in measuring that country’s general indicators of development like population control, health, hygiene, environmental degradation control, employment of weaker sections of the society and modern indicators like, urbanization, industrialization, modernization and communication.Education is milestone of women empowerment because it enables them to respond to the challenges, to confront their traditional role and change their life. Education of women is the most powerful tool of change of her position in the society. The paper emphasis past, medieval and present scenario of education in females, low female literacy rate and its impact on our society,the factors defining literacy rate in women, government initiatives to be implemented to enhance the literacy and socio economic measures to be taken to improve the quality of education of the population which is half the sky.
295 Problems of Women Entrepreneur in India-Suggestions to Improve, G. SANDHYA LATHA, V. SIRISHA CHAMUNDES WARI
India has certainly emerged as the testing ground for budding Indian women entrepreneurs. Indian women are not only educated, talented, confident, assertive, ambitious, career oriented but they also know their minds! This helps them to juggle the tasks, manage all the chores and strike a fine balance between the professional, and personal lives. Hence, foresight time-management ability, patience, negotiating and budgeting skills of an entrepreneur are ingrained in the modern woman. Today, women have demonstrated their multitasking ability. Women entrepreneurs can certainly initiate, organize, plan and operate their small and medium venture efficiently. For those women without high professional qualifications and those who are from a lower economic sector, entrepreneurship is a means of earning money and contributing to the family income. However, the challenge for the larger sections of women in India lies in crossing the threshold, overcoming barriers and discovering their own potential and identity. The climate is most conductive today and the time is right.
296 Women Enterpreneurship Development in India, Dr. V. Narayana Rao
Women entrepreneurship development is an essential part of human resource development. The development of women entrepreneurship is very low in India, especially in the rural areas. Entrepreneurship amongst women has been a recent concern. Women have become aware of their existence their rights and their work situation. However, women of middle class are not too eager to alter their role in fear of social backlash. The progress is more visible among upper class families in urban cities. This paper focuses on women entrepreneur. Any understanding of Indian women, of their identity, and especially of their role taking and breaking new paths, will be incomplete without a walk down the corridors of Indian history where women have lived and internalized various role models. The paper talks about the status of women entrepreneurs and the problems faced by them when they ventured out to carve their own niche in the competitive world of business environment.
297 Social Issues Faced by Women in Indian Society, I.A.R.RAJESWARI
Women's are the wealth of India and they have contributed in almost every field and made country feel proud at every occasion. They are in front, leading the country, making mile stones and source of inspiration for many. At present women's are contributing and participating in every sphere, politics, business, education, science and technology, media, sports, art and culture etc. However this is the one face of coin and on the other side of coin is the hard truth of the Indian society. There is systematic discrimination and neglect from early childhood of women's in India, which could be in terms of inadequate nutrition, denial or limited access to education, health and property rights, child labour and domestic violence. The fear of sexual violence has been a powerful factor in restricting women's behavior and sense of freedom. The struggle against violence is actually the struggle against the unequal distribution of power both physical and economic between the sexes. It is important to address the root cause for the subordinate status of women in the Indian society. Men should perceive women not as subservient being but as empowered individuals who are equal partners. The issues need to be seen in the context of a patriarchal social framework and a value system based on ‘son preference', such as the son being responsible for the carrying forward of the family name, support in old age and for performing the last rites. Further, the practice of dowry and the tag of ‘Parayadhan' translate into daughters being considered an economic liability. Women's are not only entitled for survival but also to a life with dignity, grace and equal opportunities so that they can grow to their full potential. There is an urgent need to pay attention to the issues that concern this section of population. The focus should be on poverty reduction, gender justice, health, nutrition, sustained awareness of rights and redressal, eradication of social evils etc.
298 Literacy Rate of Women in Different States, T.SWATHI, K.BALA JYOTHI
The potential for women’s literacy to reshape the developing world remains an untapped developmental resource. This article is in the descriptive mode discussing the literacy and women development and this paper illustrates the positive effects of female literacy, In addition, educated women are less likely to fall into early marriage, early motherhood. Mothers who are literate are much more able to run their households well and understand health education materials that directly impact the lives of their children. The second half of this paper explores some of the most effective ways of achieving increased education and literacy for women. Financial incentives prove very successful in recruitment and retention of female students. In addition, the most effective development initiatives tend to educate women with the goal of transforming them into agents, mentors, and teachers so that the legacy of literacy will extend to future generations.
299 Women Entrepreneurship- Problems and Prospects, V.G.V.RAJANI
The term “Women Entrepreneurship” mean,an act of business ownership and business creation that empowerswomen economically, increases their economic strength as well asposition in society. Hence women-entrepreneurs have been making aconsiderable impact in all most all the segments of the economywhich is more than 25 percent of all kinds of business. In India“Entrepreneurship” is very limited amongst women especially in theformal sector, which is less than 5 percent of all the business. Thepersonality trait of women entrepreneurs includes Risk takers, opportunist, inventor, commercialize, trader, innovator, flexible etc. There are various problems associated with women entrepreneurssuch as problem of finances, family responsibilities, limited mobilityfactor and domination by male, old and outdated social outlook etc.This paper suggests various problems and future prospects of womenentrepreneurs.
300 Women Literacy and Social Change, K.Santhi Sri,PRSM Lakshmi
Education is important for everyone, but it is especially significant for girls and women. This is true not only because education is an entry point to other opportunities, but also because the educational achievements of women can have ripple effects within the family and across generations. Investing in girls' education is one of the most effective ways to reduce poverty. Investments in secondary school education for girls yields especially high dividends. Educated women can recognize the importance of health care and know how to seek it for themselves and their children. Education helps girls and women to know their rights and to gain confidence to claim them..By acquiring literacy, women become more economically self-reliant and more actively engaged in their country’s social, political and cultural life. All evidence shows that investment in literacy for women yields high development dividends.Education also brings a reduction in inequalities and functions as a means of improving their status withinthe family
301 Women involvement in Agriculture, PRSM Lakshmi, K.Santhi Sri
Agriculture underpins food security, export earnings and rural development in most developing countries. FAO statistics s production suggest that farming remains the only source of income for an estimated 70 percent of the world’s rural poor, many of whom are smallholders. Millions of people around the world depend on agriculture, directly or indirectly, to ensure their livelihoods.These pronounced differences in how women and men participate in the cultivation of food crops as opposed to the commercial activity of raising cash and export crops mean that asymmetric support in developed countries, as well as adjustments in agricultural sectors to trade liberalization and the integration of markets, may threaten women’s and men’s livelihoods and food security in very many ways. In this paper discusses women's contribution to agriculture,Important commodities in developing countries agricultural trade, New economic opportunities for women in agriculture.
302 Women Literacy and Development, P. Suma Latha
Literacy play a vital role in Country’s economy. The ignorant section of the society always roots for the education of their sons. Due to several biases and superstitions they ignore the education of their daughters. Historically, a variety of factors have been found to be responsible for poor female literate rate, viz; Gender based inequality, Social discrimination, economic exploitation, occupation of girl child in domestic chores, low enrolment of girls in schools, low retention rate & high dropout rate, lack of proper school facilities, no proper sanitation in most schools, severe caste disparities, females are pulled to help out on agricultural farms at home as they are increasingly replacing the males on such activities which require no formal education and so on. The low female literacy rate has had a dramatically negative impact on family planning & population stabilization efforts in India. The female literacy rate has increased from 8.86% in 1951 to 54.16%. It is noticed that the female literacy rate during the period 1991-2001 increased by 14.87% where as male literacy rate rose by 11.27%. Hence the female literacy rate actually increased by 3.15% more compared to male literacy rate. The female literacy rate grow from 53.67% to 65.46% as per 2011 census data. Mother is the first teacher to their children. If women is educated the newly acquired literacy skills have enhanced their ability to solve family problems & learn new skills to play a role in country economy. There are different types of literacy programs in India. So, thanks to different initiatives by the state Government as well as the central Government. Many women from the backward provinces of India now have primary education. People, who earlier thought that educating women as a waste of time, are now having second thoughts. The policies introduced by the Indian Government have improved the education status of women but still lot of work needs to be done. “Women education reflects country development”. Every family take a crucial step to educate & save the girl child.
303 Women Towards Equality, Anilambica Kata
Women’s rights and the social status of the women around the world are the important indicators to anticipate global well-being of any nation. Three decades ago, the world took a land mark to step towards securing equality for women. The Convention on the elimination of all forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), a treaty that identifies the step countries to ensure equal opportunity for women. Yet, despite many successes in empowering women, numerous issues still rests behind, those discontent women in all the fields of life ranging from social, political, economic…like starting from the Gender discrimination to rights and status of women acquired in the society.. The present article lime lights on the some social issues faced by the women in contemporary Indian society and role of the protective legislationsin addressing the issues.
304 Level of Aspiration and Achievement Among Urban and Rural Promising Women Entrepreneurs, REGALLA RAVI KANTH
The emergence of women entrepreneurs and their contribution to the national economy is quite inevitable for a country like India. In India, women entrepreneurship is a recent topic which started only after the 1970s with the introduction of the Women’ Decade and which mostly picked up in the late 70s. This phenomenon was particularly visible only in the metropolitan and state capitals in India. It took a much longer time to percolate to the other cities and municipalities. Hence researches and publications in India in this new area are limited. Thus looking in to the above facts researchers attempted a formal research to know the level of aspirations and how it is related with achievement of urban and rural promising women entrepreneurs who would like to establish a micro or small enterprise. To carry out the research authors adopted a culture free test ‘Level of aspiration’, developed Srivastava and calculated t- tests, and interpreted the scores.
305 Literacy Has Empowering Effect on Women: A Study With Reference to Novel ‘The Waves’, A.Ratna Malathi
Today, none can deny the tremendous advancement of womenin social,political and economicfields or even at education or at professional growth. Undoubtedly, it can be claimed that the growth of literacy rate of 65.46 % (2014 census) among the women is one of major reasons for the significant growth. This paper focuses on how an educated woman attains autonomy in leading her life along with performing her roles as wife and mother as wellwithout shadowing her own self studying the woman protagonist, Sarada, in ‘The Waves’ (Tharangalu) written by Nandula sussela devi, an eminent Telugu writer.This paper also examines how the woman moves forward beyond her traditional roleto contribute for the socio-economic development of society.
306 Violence Against Working Women, A.V.PADMAVATHI
Indian society is no doubt changing, but if there is progress on certain fronts it is accompanied by regression on others. The aspirations for equality and freedom for improvement in their status are undoubtedly increasing among Indian women. What is particularly distressing is that lack of security for women is prevailed everywhere. The incidence of violence against women in 2011 was the highest in Delhi, among all states. Even as the nation was protesting against the Delhi gang rape, more cases of sexual assault began to find column space in newspapers. There was an increase in the incidence of rape, escalation in kidnapping and abduction, a threefold increase in the incidence of cruelty by husbands and relatives, increase in dowry deaths, and a doubling of the incidence of molestation and sexual harassment. So far, the majority of the political parties have studiously ignored the sentiments of the people on the issues .The Delhi gang rape ignites public anger in an unprecedented manner, but can it force the state to summon the will to crack down on such violence and counter social attitudes that seek to resist women’s growing in the public sphere? The incidence was the trigger, and what followed was a response to the every-day reality faced by women. This was the first time students poured out into the streets on the issue of violence against women. The government should ensure the safety and security of working women by provisioning of infrastructure, setting up of fasttrack courts, speedy trials.
307 Unleashing the Entrepreneurial Potential of Women:initiative of Coca Cola Company, Dr B. Syam Sundar
“The greatest revolution in a country is the one that affects the status and living conditions of its women” —Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru.
308 Womenentrepreneurshipinindia - Problemsand Prospects, Dr. M. Venkateswara Rao
TheeducatedIndian women havetogoalongway toachieveequal rightsandposition because traditionsaredeeprootedinIndiansocietywhere thesociologicalset uphasbeenamale dominatedone.Despiteallthesocialhurdles,Indianwomenstandtallfromthe restofthecrowd andareapplaudedfortheirachievementsintheirrespectivefield.Thetransformationof social fabricoftheIndiansociety, intermsofincreasededucational statusofwomenand varied aspirationsforbetterliving,necessitatedachangeinthelifestyleof Indianwomen. Shehas competedwithman andsuccessfully stoodupwithhiminevery walkoflifeandbusinessisno exceptionforthis. These womenleadersare assertive,persuasive andwillingtotake risks.They managedtosurviveandsucceedinthiscutthroatcompetitionwiththeirhardwork,diligence andperseverance. Thepresent paper endeavorsto studytheconcept ofwomenentrepreneur–Reasonswomen becomeentrepreneurs-Reasonsforslowprogress ofwomenentrepreneursinIndia-suggestions for the growth ofwomen entrepreneurs-Schemes for promotion & development ofwomen entrepreneurshipinIndia-CasestudyofawomenentrepreneurofLudhiana.
309 Melioratewomen Through Literacy, D.LAKSHMI PRATUSHA
Women power is crucial to the economic growth of any country. In India this is yet to meet the requirements despite reforms. Little has been achieved in the area of women empowerment.The discussion starts with the status of women in India and world,their literacy rate. Since the literacy rate is low in India, literacy campaigns were established by government and private to literate women where needed and empower them. It was found and proved that women literacy benefits themselves and all sections of society. The discussion next moves to the various government initiated exclusive projects for developing women literacy rate and various recommendations.
310 Self Help Groups – Catalyst in Improving Women Economic Empowerment, B.PADMASREE, M.NIRUPAMA BHAT
Throughout the world, women are vital economic players. Hundreds of millions of women are undertaking critical roles in industry, agriculture, manufacturing, and services. Simply put, women play a central role in sustainable economic growth and poverty reduction and represent the largest economic force in the world. Encouraging more women to become involved in enterprise and grow existing business has significant potential to impact positively on the country’s economic performance. Self-help groups (SHG), also known as mutual help, mutual aid, or support groups, are groups of people who provide mutual support for each other economically for their upliftment as workforce, to solve their problems. This paper elaborates the importance of women empowerment in the economic growth of the nation.It also emphasises the stages in the development of women as entrepreneur and the growth of women entrepreneurship in India through SHG.
311 The Challenging Role of Women Empowerment in Rural India, Dr.A.SatishBabu, Mrs. S. SanthaKumari, Mr.ShaikIrshad
The study deals with various key issues related to women in rural development in India. In case of traditional societies, women are engaged in routine household activities. In modern societies they are participating almost all sorts of activities like academics, administration, politics, and social work and so on. Rural areas are ultimately marked by poverty and backwardness. Our country is agriculture based one. Major portion of national economic growth is contributed by rural economy. To share in this growth, rural women have to take responsibility of the society. Entrepreneurship is treated as a key for women empowerment mainly in the rural areas. So there is a need of continuous attemptto inspire, motivate, co-operate and encourage women entrepreneurs particularly in rural areas.This paper gives a brief idea about the role of women entrepreneurs in enhancing the economic development of our country, challenges faced by them and also it throws light on the requirements to become rural women as successful entrepreneurs.
312 A Study on Economic Well Being of Women Through Self Help Groups, Mrs.Mazharunnisa
Poverty and unemployment are the major problems of any under developed countries, to which India is no exception. The rate of growth of women employment in India is very low. This is because of the low growth rate of new and productive employment. Women are the victims to multiple socio- economic and cultural constraints. They face discrimination and exclusion in all spheres of life. In almost all societies women have less power than men, have less control over resources. Emancipation of women is a prerequisite for the economic development of human resources than men. The more attractive scheme with less effort is “Self Help Group” (SHG). It is a tool to remove poverty and improve the women entrepreneurship and financial support in India. A Self Help Group is a small economically homogeneousaffinity group of the rural poor voluntarily coming together to save a small amount regularly, which is deposited in a common fund to meet members emergency needs and to provide collateral free loans decided by the group. Self Help Group s enhance the equality of status of women as participants, decision-makers and beneficiaries in the democratic, economic, social and cultural spheres of life. The present paper is mainly focusing on the Self Help Group formation, women entrepreneurship and economic empowerment of women.
313 A Study on Slow Progress of Women Entrepreneurs in India, Mr. Vijayababu Tekkem
Women entrepreneurship is a phenomenon which has developed in the present scenario.Women entrepreneur is any women who organizes and manages any enterprise, especially a business.Women have owned and operated businesses for decades, but they were not always recognized or given credit for their efforts. Often women entrepreneurs were "invisible" as they worked side by side with their husbands, and many only stepped into visible leadership positions when their husbands died. Women constitute the family, which leads to society and nation. Social and economic development of women is necessary for overall economic development of any society or a country. Entrepreneurship is the state of mind which every women has in her but has not capitalized in India in way in which it should be due to change in environment, now people are more comfortable to accept leading role of women role in society, though there are some exceptions. Purpose of this paperis to find out various motivating and de-motivating internal and external factors of womenentrepreneurship. It is an attempt to quantify some for non parametric factors to give the sense of ranking these factors. It will also suggest the way of eliminating and reducing hurdles of the women entrepreneurship development in Indian context.
314 Indian Feminist Theatre: aesthetics, N.Victor David Dinakaran, E. Vara Prasad
This paper throws lighton number of Indian feminist plays both by men and women that were written and performed in the last century and early years in this century. The paper focuses specifically on Indian theatre because of its long established theatre tradition that goes back to 1st century B.C. Ironically in such a country there were hardly any women dramatist to speak of before 19th century. At the core, the belief of a Feminist theatre is in the efficacy of theatre as a tool for conscientization, for critiquing social disparities and for self exploration and expression. Feminist theatre is a source of empowerment; it enables women to speak out. It is at the intersection of art, activism and social relevance and sees theatre as an instrument of real change in women’s lives. It is an exploration of women’s own unique idiom, their own form, their language and ways of communication. It is a challenge to the established notions of theatre.
315 Need of Ict Education in Empowering Women Entrepreneurs, T David Johnson
Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world. Information and communications are closely linked to power and the ability to affect change. ICT is an umbrella term that includes any communication device or application, encompassing: radio, television, cellular phones, computer etc. Socially the majorities of Indian women are still tradition bound and are in disadvantageous position. ICTs are emerging as a powerful tool for women empowerment in a developing country like India. Educational level had significant effect on different variable of women empowerment like Self confidence, Self awareness, Independence and Feeling of freedom. This kind of study can be used to create awareness among women for betterment of their live. And may be concluded that the information and communication technology empower a women in various areas like social, educational, personal, psychological, political, technological and economical. “Information is power to a woman entrepreneur, and one of the best tools for a woman entrepreneur is providing Internet services, secretarial services and telecenters ... We need special consideration for women’s groups, to have specific telecenters which address the needs of women. ... And while women are aware of the challenges they face among themselves, we need men who are policymakers to hear the voices of women.” - AchamyeleshAshenafi, President, Addis Ababa Women Entrepreneurs Association, Ethiopia and Managing Director, Konimix Trading The ICTs have in empowering women entrepreneurs and providing new opportunities to strengthen their businesses. Using mobile phones, electronic platforms, radio, TV, blogs and the Internet, women entrepreneurs are reaching out to customers and building their businesses in ways they could not do before. While persisting challenges exist especially in rural areas, effective use of ICTs is helping women entrepreneurs to overcome several barriers.
316 A Study on Women Participation in Agri Business in Selecthorticulture Markets , G. V. S. R. N. S. A. Sastry
Rapid survey studies on role of women in horticulture business hub in Vijayawada revealed that their role was limited to little less than one third in various rural and urban fruit markets. Sale proceeds obtained were found to from principal source of income to the family in women belonging to age group of 36-45 years. None of the women vendors involved in horticulture business have possessed literacy levels higher than primary education. Marketing of Tribal produce like Custard Apple and major commodity like Mango seemed to be gender dependent. Women are usually refrained from agricultural marketing and trading due to household social confinements and market locations. The study also revealed that agribusiness operations could not be complete without involvement of women. Women’s’ role in agribusiness can be enhanced by closing the gender gap between men and women. It is not surprising that vital contribution of women in agribusiness is often unrecognized and unfairly rewarded
317 Problems and Prospects of Women Entrepreneurship, K. Jayanth, A.VENKAT RAO, N.Veena Babu
The appearance of entrepreneur in a society depends to a great extent on the socio, economic,religious,technical, cultural and psychological phenomenon which is existing in the society.“Women entrepreneurship is one of the most important awakeningsin global business especiallyIndiabecause of liberalization globalization and privatization. The policies of institutional frame work and back up by the government for developing entrepreneurial skills, starting up of industries and economic empowerment of women.”In Hindu scriptures, woman has been described as the embodiment of Shakti, However, in real life she is treated as Abala. Women are leaving the workforce in drove in favor of being at home. Not to be a homemaker; but as job-making entrepreneur. The increasing presence of women in the business field as entrepreneurs literally changed the demographic characteristics of business and economic growth of the country. Women-owned businesses are playing active role in society and the economy, inspiring academics to focus on this interesting phenomenon. Women across regions showing interests to be an economically independent.Interested women with creative and innovative ideas are coming to start small and medium sized enterprises.“An enterprise owned and controlled by a women having a minimum financial interest of 51% the employment generated by the enterprise to women”-Government of India.This paper focuses on the problems, issues,needs, challenges faced by women entrepreneurs and the alternative solutions suggested in order to overcome them and analyze the schemes for prospective Women Entrepreneurs designed by Indian government.
318 Mushroom Cultivation – A Good Entrprenurship, Rose mary. T, Chandra Sekhara Rao. J, K. Sudharani
The Economic importance of Mushrooms lies primarily in its use as food for human consumption. Mushroom Cultivation is a new opportunity for small scale farmers, weaker sections of the society and women. Women self help groups have become financially independent through eco -friendly Mushroom Cultivation . Mushrooms provide an unusual array of nutrients, excellent sources of Vitamin B Complex, minerals like Iron, Potassium, Selenium, Copper, Zinc and heavy fiber. The protein varies between 1.6 to 2.5% and it is an appropriate food for vegetarians . The protein quality lies in between vegetable and animal protein So they are called “Vegetable meat”. Mushrooms are popular for their delicacy and flavor. Mushrooms grow easily when compost and agro waste recycling materials are available . Mushrooms are not only a source of healthy vegetable food but also a source of biologically active compounds of medicinal value. They are usedin complementaryand dietary supplements for anticancer, antiviral, immune potentiating, hypocholesterolenic and hepatoprotective. Mushroom Cultivation increased worldwide due to the above benefits specially in developing countries like China, India, Poland etc. Cultivated Mushrooms play a greater role in the endeavor to increase food protein. Biological efficiency and yield of fresh weight mushroom in proportion to the spawning compost in Agaricus can reach 60 to 100% . Out of about 15000 species, 2000 species are edible and 75 species are cultivated around the world. Nearly 20 species are artificially cultivated . The most popularly cultivated species for this region are white button mushroom Agaricus bisporus, paddy straw mushroom Volvariella volvacea and ,oyster mushroom Pleurotus sogar – caju. Thisnote gives details about the project prospects of Mushroom cultivation.
319 Women in Economic Development Over the Ages, Smt. A. Krishnapriya, Dr. Bharat Meghe
The world is now transforming and countries are moving from command economies to demand economies. The transformation of the world economies created more opportunities for women who want to own and operate their own businesses. India is a patriarchal society and women are assumed to be economically as well as socially dependent on men. Since times immemorial women are contributing a great deal to the development of any nation across the world. In this paper an attempt has been madeto expound the history of economic participation of women from Vedic period to the modern era
320 Prospects and Challenges for Women Entrepreneurs of India: A Conceptual Study, Pushpa M
Development of women entrepreneurship is very low in India in comparison to developed countries. There are number of obstacles faced by women entrepreneurs during start-up stage and running up of their enterprise. Women entrepreneurship must be molded properly with entrepreneurial traits and skills to meet the changes in trends, challenges from the global markets and also be competent enough to sustain and strive for excellence in the entrepreneurial arena. This study was carried out with the aim of depicting the current scenario of Women Entrepreneurs and to identify the Challenges faced by them and suggestions to overcome the same. Paper also emphasized on the Women Entrepreneur Prospects.
321 An Outlook on Small Scale Industries (Ssis) in Indian Economy and a Note on its Role in Women Empowerement, SK. CHANDBASHA, T.SAMBA SIVA RAO
Small scale industries(SSIs) the miniature in terms of its infrastructure but occupies a credible role in yield with respect to production, employment, export potentialities above all it is one of the potential player in Inclusive growth and Women empowerment in a sustainable way. Small scale industries occupies the second position next to agriculture in terms of employment opportunities owing its endemic and labor-intensive, low capital requirements and embodying space for the women to participate and empower themselves in a credible way leading to social justice, therefore small scale industries can be considered as a common man’s industry as it entertains the aspirations of the utmost needy individual. The paper puts an informative content with respect to the basic issues of small scale industries, its features, advantages, draw backs. The paper also put forth different initiatives of Indian government to promote small scale industries, also the role of industrial sickness which hampers the small scale industries. The paper generalizes its role in women empowerment especially its easy accessibility to women and issues regarding to it for instance different ways to start an industry. The papers also gesticulate about the different obstacles to women empowerment via SSIs and propound remedial ways to insulate women empowerment. Finally, since small scale industries uplifts the down trodden individuals and connects them to the main stream developmental issues by reforming small scale industries with accordance to the changing circumstances so that its pace can be maintained vis-à-vis to global developments
322 Womenentrepreneurship:findingvoiceand Vision, CH. NAGA BHUSHANAM, CH.SUHASINI
This paper is a centripetalanalysis of roleofIndianwomenintherealmof entrepreneurship encompassingvariousaspectswhirlingaroundcontributions aswellaslimitingroadblocksencounteredby womenentrepreneursinoursociety.Thearticlehelpstounderstandhowwomenentrepreneurshiphasrefined intoanacceptedconceptoftheeconomy. CustomarilyIndiansociety has beencontemplatedasmaleperquisite. Howeverwithgrowingsocio-cultural environment andescalationinopportunities, thestateofwomen entrepreneurshiphasimproved infragments. Therehavebeenvariousgovernmentschemes forremodellingand encouragingwomen participation.Howeversocietaland familialroadblockscontinueto reign, afflicting womenentrepreneurship.The majorchunksandchallengesfacedbyIndianwomenentrepreneurshavebeen takenwiththis.Thisarticlealsounveilsthecurrenttrendsandfutureprospects ofwomen-entrepreneurship. In this,literaturereviewaimstoscrutinizethecriticalfacetofcurrentknowledge aswellastheoretical and methodologicalcontributionstowomenentrepreneurship, whichcoversallovertheworld throughsecondary sources,andassuch,donotaddressanynewororiginalexperimentalwork
323 Women Empowerment in Politics, E. Pratapa Reddy
The aim of this presentation is to explore the challenges faced by women in politics in Indiathe similarities and difference. Gender empowerment and equal opportunities are essential features for an egalitarian society, development, national and international peace. Promoting gender empowerment through women’s effective participation in politics is a structural interventional approach in social work. However studies show women face numerous obstacles in achieving political representation. Gender inequality, inequitable division of labour, cultural attitudes, electoral systems are some reasons which subjugate women and limit their representation in public life. India differ immensely in all of these factors and more. However, similarity in these nations is the low representation of women councilors in key decision making positions in governance; resulting in exclusion of women’s interests and issues in public policy.. Social work interventions in all these spheres can lead to sustainable empowerment for women.
324 Women Empowerment in Politics, E. Pratapa Reddy
The aim of this presentation is to explore the challenges faced by women in politics in Indiathe similarities and differences in comparison to male politics. Gender empowerment and equal opportunities are essential features for an egalitarian society, its development, national and international peace. Promoting gender empowerment through women’s effective participation in politics is a structural interventional approach in social work. However studies show women face numerous obstacles in achieving political representation. Gender inequality, inequitable division of labour, cultural attitudes, electoral systems are some of the reasons, which subjugate women and limit their representation in public life. India differs immensely in all of these factors and many more. However, similarity in these nations is the low representation of women councilors in key decision-making positions in governance resulting in exclusion of women’s interests and issues in public policy. Social work interventions in all these spheres can lead to sustainable empowerment of women.
325 Emergence of Women Entrepreneurship in India, Mr SHAFIULLAH SHAIK
Women are generally perceived as home makers with little to do with economy or commerce. But this picture is changing. In Modern India, more and more women are taking up entrepreneurial activity especially in medium and small scale enterprises. Even as women are receiving education, they face the prospect of unemployment. In this background, self-employment is regarded as a cure to generate income .The Planning commission as well as the Indian government recognizes the need for women to be part of the mainstream of economic development. Women entrepreneurship is seen as an effective strategy to solve the problems of rural and urban poverty. Traditionally, women in India have been generally found in low productive sectors such as agriculture and household activities. Human Development Report 2004 ranks India 103 in Gender related Development Index (GDI). As per 2001 census; women constitute nearly half of India’s population. Out of this total, 72% were engaged in agriculture, 21.7% in other nonagricultural pursuits with only 6.3% in household industries. Women entrepreneurs in India are handicapped in the matter of organizing and running businesses on account of their generally low levels of skills and for want of support system. The transition from homemaker to sophisticated business woman is not that easy. This paper focuses on women entrepreneur. Any understanding of Indian women, of their identity, and especially of their role taking and breaking new paths, will be incomplete without a walk down the corridors of Indian history where women have lived and internalized various role models. The paper talks about the status of women entrepreneurs and the problems faced by them when they ventured out to carve their own niche in the competitive world of business environment.
326 Women Entrepreneurship in India, Mrs. P. Sunitha
The educated Indian women have to go a long way to achieve equal rights and position because traditions are deep rooted in Indian society where the sociological set up has been a male dominated one. Despite all the social hurdles, Indian women stand tall from the rest of the crowd and are applauded for their achievements in their respective field. The transformation of social fabric of the Indian society, in terms of increased educational status of women and varied aspirations for better living, necessitated a change in the life style of Indian women. She has competed with man and successfully stood up with him in every walk of life and business is no exception for this. These women leaders are assertive, persuasive and willing to take risks. They managed to survive and succeed in this cut throat competition with their hard work, diligence and perseverance. The present paper endeavors to study the concept of women entrepreneur–Reasons women become entrepreneurs -Reasons for slow progress of women entrepreneurs in India - suggestions for the growth of women entrepreneurs-Schemes for promotion & development of women entrepreneurship in India-Case study of a women entrepreneur of Ludhiana.
327 Women Entrepreneursin Uae, Mr.SUDHEER BHATTU
The Women Enterpeneurs in UAE factors cause success for female entrepreneurs in UAE. Theseare: Economic and technological development, Flexible enterprise policies, Good education and Spiritualsupport. The most crucial one is the spiritual support. On the contrary, the major hurdle, among others, womenentrepreneurs’ experiences is that they received support from government institutions; nevertheless, it is their level of aspiration In addition, toEmirate male and female entrepreneurs exhibitdifferent entrepreneurs’ traits when running their business and also decision and policy makers to provide facilitates forEmirati business women to ensure that they take a crucial role in economic development.
328 Issuancesand Schemes in Financial Aid for Women Entrepreneurs, Smt. A. Krishna priya, Smt. C. Karuna
Women entrepreneurs usually fail due to shortage of finances. They are bound to rely on their own savings or by borrowing from friends and relatives. Their access to external sources of funds is very limited. National and international agencies have recognised the need for the development of women entrepreneurship in recent times. The Government of India is also assigning importance to the development of women entrepreneurship. Indian Government is also conducting special EDPs for women to encourage them to join industry. Some institutional arrangements at the centre as well as at state level are made like State Financial Corporations, District Industry Centres, Nationalised banks and other voluntary agencies like FICCIs FLO,NAYE (National alliance of young entrepreneurs) to promote women entrepreneurship. This paper tries to focus on the issues involved in raising external finances especially from nationalised banks and the loans offered by different banks for women to start and expand their business. This paper is based on a survey conducted at gross root level by interviewing the women entrepreneurs in and around Vijayawada. The limitation of this paper is that the sample is small and may not represent the entire class of women who are involved in business.
329 Sustainable Development Through Women Entrepreneurship, T. Bhagya Kumar
Sustainable development can be achieved with equitable distribution of resources today and tomorrow among men and women.. In thepresent day scenario sustainable development of women is considered as a land mark of progress for anycountry; hence the economic sustainability of women is of at most importance to social scientists, economists,policy makers, reformers and NGO’s.Thewomen entrepreneurs with the sustainable economic development are able to contribute to the family’s,community’s and the nation’s development. Here we like to highlight various issues those can establish women empowerment and strategies of empowering rural women.
330 Source of Human Enlightenment, SHANTHI M.A
After reading no. of books, reviews, magazines, reports on various issues exclusively related to women and news alltime, I reached to a certain impression on the existence and presence of a woman in the society and her contribution to enlighten the society in different dimensions with her own appealing culture. Basically culture means the thoughts, behavior, languages, and customs of a group of people and the things they produce and the methods they use to produce them. Culture has several properties. Two essential features of culture, are learned and transmitted from one generation to next, rests on the human capability to think symbolically and innovatively. Language, perhaps the most important feature, is a (symbolic) form of communication. Without language, culture could not be transmitted, people could not learn from one another across generations and there would be no culture continuity. Only this communication broke down the geographic isolation in the present scenario.
331 Literacy and Women Development, V.GEETHA
This paper presents the findings of some recent research on the social and the economic benefits of female education and considers the pathways through which women's schooling leads to social gains. This paper discusses about various aspects of womens literacy effect of women social conditions on literacy. Role of literacy in the development and liberation of women. Components of curriculam needed womens literacy and development projectsThe potential for women’s literacy to reshape the developing world remains an untapped developmental resource. This paper illustrates the positive effects of female literacy, such as increased economic security, solidarity among women, and enhanced status in the family. In addition, educated women are less likely to fall into early marriage, early motherhood, HIV infection, and street life. Mothers who are literate are much more able to run their households well and understand health education materials that directly impact the lives of their children. The second half of this paper explores some of the most effective ways of achieving increased education and literacy for women. Financial incentives prove very successful in recruitment and retention of female students. In addition, the most effective development initiatives tend to educate women with the goal of transforming them into agents, mentors, and teachers so that the legacy of literacy will extend to future generations.
332 Postfeminist Media Culture : Sensible Elements, V.TIRUPATHI RAO
The notion of post-feminism has become one of the most important in the lexicon of feminist cultural analysis. Yet there is little agreement about what post-feminism is, and the term is used variously (and frequently contradictorily) to signal an epistemological break with (second wave) feminism, an historical shift (to a third wave), or a regressive political stance (backlash). The problem with these conceptualisations ofpost-feminism is the difficulty in specifying with any rigour what features constitute post-feminism. That is, they do not tell us what makes something (a media text, and audience reaction, a set of production values) postfeminist. The term is frequently invoked rhetorically, but lacks any analytic purchase. In order to fashion a concept that can be used analytically within cultural studies, this paper argues that post-feminism is best understood as a distinctive sensibility, made up of a number of interrelated themes. These include the notion that femininity is a bodily property; the shift from objectification to subjectification; an emphasis upon self surveillance, monitoring and self-discipline; a focus on individualism, choice and empowerment; the dominance of a makeover paradigm; and a resurgence of ideas about natural sexual difference. Each of these is explored in some detail, with examples from contemporary Anglo-American media. It is precisely the patterned articulation of these ideas that constitutes a postfeminist sensibility. The paper then concludes with a discussion of the connection between this sensibility and the ideas and values of neoliberalism.
333 A Comparative Study of Opportunities, Growth and Problems of Women Entrepreneurs, Dr. Vinod Krushnarao Gawande
A Study has been carried out to understand the opportunities, growth and problems of women in business in the states of Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Union Territory of Chandigarh. Besides, an attempt has been made to identify the basic problems faced by them in dealing with family and the society. Chi-square test has been used for analysis of the economic performance of women entrepreneurs. The parameters of the study include the amount of financial leverage taken, rate of growth, their market share and the various sources of finance. Similarly, the financial support provided by the banks & other financial agencies has also been analysed in order to get an idea about their financing needs & fulfillment of the same.
334 Govt Policies Towards Women Enterpreneurship, Ms.JOHNBEE, P. JYOTHI
The transformation of social fabric of the Indian society, in terms of increased educational status of women and varied aspirations for better living, necessitated a change in the life style of Indian women. Overall development of a country requires the participation of woman in all sectors, particularly in the growth process. Including women financially is a major step towards inclusive growth. I n the competitive era of diminishing job opportunities in all the sectors, importance of women entrepreneurship & the contribution of women in the growth of nation increasing. The present paper analyses the initiatives of Government of India towards inclusive women entrepreneurship.
335 A Study on Women Entrepreneurship in Non-Descript Rural Fish Markets, BandlaSeshagiri, Chintada Satyavathi, Yadamareddy Sravanthi
Women have proved to be competent in adopting and executing various aquaculture operations successfully but their role remains often ignored or under rewarded.Current study on role of women in nondescript rural fish markets revealed that 56% of retail fish trade and 100% of fish processing is undertaken by fisherwoman demarking their vocation nearly equal between trading and processing. Average sales of 4 MT of fish per day was recorded in nondescript rural fish markets with each fisherwoman selling 450 kg fish per day who was further assisted by two women in cleaning and processing before handing over the fish to the consumer. Most of the fisher women rural fish markets were illiterate. Fisherwomen in the productive age group of 26-45 have taken fish marketing as vocation in order to augment family income. Unity of women for generating communal enterprise is a significant marketing strategy to avoid infiltration and exploitation by middlemen. Incentivizing market networks, advisory services and cold chains not only reduce drudgery but also enhance trading potentials of fisherwomen in rural markets.
336 Impact of Energy Poverty on Women by Addressing Gender and Energy Issues, T. Sri Kumar, M.C. Rao
This paper mainly focuses on employment & capacity building. Linking with development schemes such as employment schemes, land development schemes provide special trainings and special fellowships for Women. Capacity building and assistance to manage energy programs widen access to rural electrification, including decentralized programs. Improved access to cooking fuels and energy-efficient technologies for pumping water and other agricultural activities promote economic opportunities for women. Free up time from usual activities and reallocate their time toward attending to agricultural tasks, improving agricultural productivity, developing microenterprises, increase income and improve family well-being.ThePaper concludes by listing some of the major areas in which research is still needed to improve our understanding of the role of energy in poverty alleviation and sustainable livelihoods and the role it can play in meeting women’s strategic needs.
337 Problems and Prospects of Women Entrepreneurs in India, Smt. N.VEENA BABU, Smt.R.LAVANYA
Economic Growth and development of the country is determined by human, physical and financial resources. Even though, there is an abundance of natural and physical factors are not adequately cultivated or properly managed. Industrial development of any region is the outcome of the purposeful human activity and entrepreneurial thrust. In India, a large number of people are seeking entrepreneurship as a career option. Increasing number of unemployed youth are being attached to entrepreneurship and are planning to setup their own business ventures.
338 Overcoming The Gender Gap - Role Of Govt in Empowering Women Entrepreneurs, Dr.T.RAMADEVI, Dr.N.BINDU MADHAVI
“When women moves forward, the family moves, the village moves, and the nation moves forward” G r e a t e r gender equality and a more efficient use of skills are essential for achieving strong and sustainable growth.Gender equality is also a key driver in self-reported well-being and happiness acrossthe world.There is a gender gap in entrepreneurial success and only 35% of small businesses are owned by women in India. In fact, early in the start-up process, women are taking fewer steps to position themselves to start high-growth companies.Women Entrepreneurship represents a vast untapped source of innovation, job creation and economic growth in the developing world. The barriers to women entrepreneurship are many: women face greater obstacles in accessing credit, training, networks and information, as well as legal and policy constraints. So it became imperative for the Government to extend support for the entry and development of women entrepreneurs. In this context the present paper focus on the initiatives taken by Indian Government, Framework of basic supporting institutions, suggestions and conclusion.
339 Women Empowerment Through Micro Finance: An Empirical Study of Mandya District, Dr. K.V. Suresha, K.S. Maheshwari, S Maheshwar
Micro finance is a necessity where there is either improper financing or deficiency in financing. In the Indian context both factors warrant for micro financing. In some areas there is acute problem with finance and some areas there is financial mismanagement. Provision of right sum at right time to a right person under right terms would enable proper financing. This is possible through micro financing. The rural women have to be focussed very much as they tend to remain outside the mainstream of economic lives. When they are ensured financial autonomy they would get social autonomy as well thus signalling full empowerment. In Mandya District there are 6638 MFIs catering to the financial needs of more than 18,05,769total population, of which 9,05,085is women population. Only 116184women are the members of MFIs which indicate very low financial inclusion. The survey conducted by the researchers, by taking 332 sample respondents, reveals that 63 % agreeing with positive and effective performance of MFIs;53% agreeing that banks lend helpful hand to MFIs;80 % asserting that they use MFI loans for specific purpose only; 50% gained self confidence and 63 percent standing on their own leg.
340 Human Trafficking and Status of Women Victims in South India, Dr. Kumudini Achchi
Trafficking for sex trade has become the third majority crime in the world after arms and drugs. They are in the condition where they fail to enjoy their basic rights. In such critical condition,the present study looks into the status of their feelings, emotions and addictions. To achieve the objective the study adopts descriptive and diagnostic research design is adoptedalong with interview schedule as tool.The study reveals that these exploited women are having a very negative emotion towards mainstream society, been addicted to alcohol severely to manage themselves in exploitative situation and eagerly willing to adopt a mainstreamed lifestyle with all the limitation of the path.
341 Problems Faced by Working Women in India - An Overvie, Prathipati. Baby Sandhyasri, Dola.Devanandam
Social attitude to the role of women lags much behind the law. This attitude which considers women fit for certain jobs and not others colours those who recruit employees. Thus women find employment easily as nurses, doctors, teachers the caring and nurturing sectors, secretaries or in assembling jobs-the routine submissive sectors. But even if well qualified women engineers or managers or geologists are available, preference will be given to a male of equal qualification. A gender bias creates an obstacle at the recruitment stage itself. When it comes to remuneration the law proclaims equality but it is seldom put into practice. The inbuilt conviction that women are capable of less work than men or less efficient than men governs this injustice of unequal salaries and wages for the same job. The age old belief of male superiority over women creates several hurdles for women at their place of work. Women on the way up the corporate ladder discover that they must be much better than their male colleagues to reach the top. Once at the top male colleagues and subordinates often expect much greater expertise and efficiency from a woman boss than from a male boss. Conditioned by social and psychological tradition women colleagues too don’t lend support to their own sex. Working in such conditions inevitably put much greater strain on women than what men experience. These problems tend to make women less eager to progress in their careers. This article based on secondary data. In this article I have try to explain the real condition of Indian working women and also make an effort to clear main problems of working women. A woman’s work is not merely confined to paid employment. She has to almost always shoulder the burden of household chores as well. A woman could still bear up with these problems if she had control over the money she earns. But in most families even now her salary is handed over to father, husband or in-laws. So the basic motive for seeking employment of getting independence is nullified in many women’s case.
342 Leadership Qualities of Successful Women Entreprenuers, Mr N.VENKTESWARA RAO,Mr K.ESWARA RAO
Entrepreneurship development among women is considered as a possible approach to economic empowerment of women, but women entrepreneurs are facing considerable challenges and severe competition. Hence, qualities of entrepreneurs are one of the major resources in the promotion of entrepreneurship. Successful women entrepreneurs possess certain qualities that help them to overcome the challenges and to succeed in this competitive business world. In this study, an attempt is made to record the problems and qualities of women entrepreneurs and to analyze the essential leadership qualities to overcome the barriers and to be successful inBusiness.
343 A Study on the Issues of Women Living in Government and Non-Government Institutions for Women of Mysore, Karnataka, Veda C.V, Dr. Kumudini Achchi
According to the constitution of India, women are legal citizens of the country and have equal rights with men (Indian Parliament). Because of lack of acceptance from the male dominant society, Indian women suffer immensely. The status of women in modern India is a sort of a paradox. If on one hand she is at the peak of ladder of success, on the other hand she is mutely suffering the violence afflicted on her by her own family members or society. Twentieth century has brought a great change in the lives of in all walks of life.Yet realities such as women and girls getting trafficked and increased practice of dowry, rape and sexual harassment hit hard against all the development that has taken place. In reality women have to still travel a long way. The institutions selected for the present study are categorized into Governmental and non- governmental institutions for women in Mysore, Karnataka. Descriptive Research Design was selected for the present case study. Universe of the study includes all women residents of the Governmental and non-governmental institutions and the sampling technique used was purposive according to the category of women residents with excluding criteria of mentally ill women.The tool adopted for data collection is interview guide and observation.The findings of the case study thus highlight the need to rehabilitate the inmates of the institutions both economically and socially. Also states, not only psychological factors but physical environment also affects the situation of these women and interventions should concentrate on these factors. Study also emphasis the need to educate the community regarding the need for bringing up girls and to care for women in the community
344 Entrepreneurial Promotion through EDPs: With Reference to RUDSETI, Mysore, Dr. Veena K.P., Dr. C. Mahadeva Murthy, Mr. Sandeep R.S.
The present study tries to investigate the role of Rural Urban Development and Self Employment Training Institute (RUDSETI) in entrepreneurship development. Since the eighties accelerated efforts have been made for entrepreneurship development to tackle the problems of unemployment, poverty and regional imbalances in the development progress. Moreover, these efforts are intended to generate a new class of vibrant entrepreneurs from all walks of life, thus breaking traditional caste and community barriers. Meanwhile, the number of organizations engaged in entrepreneurship development has increased considerably. Apart from government agencies, the Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) are also playing an active role in inculcating entrepreneurial spirit in different target groups. The RUDSETI could help in starting the enterprise by the trainees through arranging bank finance to 6635 trained entrepreneurs and their percentage stood at 71.04 and 2767 trainees started their venture without bank finance. In the year 2002-03 the financial assistance provided was 72.12 lakhs and it was increased to 219.09 lakhs in 2012-13. Majority of the trainees underwent training in Agricultural EDPs than in the other EDPs. The total settlement rate stood at 61.15 per cent, it indicates that training effectiveness through employment creation, financial support and other necessary requirements like follow-up activities facilitated by RUDSETI.
345 Problems and Prospects of Entrepreneurs: A Comparative Study of Male and Female Entrepreneursin Mysore District, Dr. C. Mahadeva Murthy, Dr. Veena K.P., Mr. Sandeep
Entrepreneurship is the core of economic development. It is a multi-dimensional task and essentially a creative activity. Entrepreneurship is key factor of production process in any economy. Entrepreneurship is also becoming an increas¬ingly important source of employment across countries. Women have been assigned a special role not only because they stand to benefit from entrepreneurship, being the gender that is poorer and suffers from more discrimination, but also because they are seen as a critical driver of entrepreneurship in light of their unique role in the household and the rise in female-headed households across the developing world. The latter tendency reflects a growing interest in female entrepreneurship in developing countries. Entrepreneurs face a range of obstacles when starting their business and growing it. If appropriate support has to be designed, knowing the gender differences in the perception and or experience of barriers is useful. This paper focuses on gender differences in entrepreneurial activity. The objectives of this study are to determine factors influencing the gender differences through designing a conceptual framework of factors; to investigate whether the revealed factors influence male and female entrepreneurial activity in a different way; and to provide explanation for the gender differences in entrepreneurial activity.
346 Role of Women in Management, Dr. S.Srinivasa Rao, S. Durga
Management plays a decisive role in the socio- economic progress of a society. It’s emergence as an essential, distinct and leading institution is a pivotal point in the history of mankind. The domain of management has been dominated by men for a long period of time. However management scenario is changing with the advent of women in the area. In every society, in every part of world women have always worked since the beginning of human life on the earth. But for a long time at most of the places they had to be connected with the application and demonstration of their skills in maintaining the age old institution of family in goodhealth.With the growth in the number of women executives in traditional- nursing, doctors, teaching and non-traditional, business executives professional consultancy etc occupations a number of issues having a significant bearing on their performance have assumed increasing greater importance.The role of women has assumed increasingly greater importance over time with the transformation of society and socio- economic changes taking place in modern India . The direct participation of women in the development process has been going with the result that the number of women executives in public and private sector has also substantially increased. Besides there is a continuous effort on the part of the Govt. of India to free women from the clutches of the stereotyped image of the ‘four wall- women’.The present paper an attempt is made to analyse certain attitudinal and perceptual dimensions of the behaviour of women executives, challenges experienced by women entrepreneurs, the ways and means to empower them and handle these challenges.
347 NGO: Women Economic Empowerment through Bamboo and Terracotta Work- A Study, Dr.M.Pushpalatha, M.Aseervadam
Handicrafts were fairly developed in India during pre British period. The policy of the British rulers of the country disturbed the artisan sector. Till 19th century there was no economic development in the families of rural artisans. In 1957 the KVIC was formed as a statutory organization to promote industries in backward areas for improving the people economic conditions of those particular areas. A number of women specific policies were enunciated in all plan documents from the fifth five year plan 1974-78 onwards; there has been a mark shift in the approach to women’s issues from welfare to development.The year 2001 was observed as women empowerment year by United Nations. In the same year the National policy of Empowerment of Women was evolved and recognized the causes of gender inequality which are related to social and economic structure. Since 2008 onwards, the NGO has taken initiative to empower women who belong to different crafts especially, potters and Bamboo works by replacing these craft works with Terracotta and Bamboo works according to the demand raised in the present market.The main objectives of the study are to see the economic upliftment and repayment capacity of women in handicraft units and find out how this economic status improved the social conditions of the artisan.The NGO Adarshaenrolldnumbers of artisan are 500, male and female artisans are in 50:50. It shows that there no OC community member engaged in rural artisan work. Most of the Artisans are belong to backward class community and remaining SC and ST community members are helpers in Terracotta and Bamboo works.The group of the artisan consist of 20 members.19 groups have taken 2 lakh as 2ndinstallment of loan and 2 groups have taken 5 lakh as 3rdinstalment of loan. The loan repayment of the installment is 100 percent.The department of handicrafts of State Govt. provided marketing facilities to display the articles by giving Travelling and DA per day Rs.100/- to the member. The free shops provided in the exhibitions/craft markets. Apart from this the articles where sold on ordered basis. The Terracotta items are parrots, elephants, male and female baby dolls etc. and clay items are pots of different sizes for kitchen, marriage and festival purposes. Based on the size of articles the cost of terracotta items are in between Rs. 50 -200, but it was sold in between Rs.100-450. The Bamboo works are baskets, flower vase, bamboo fans etc,.made according to the order. The cost of item will lies in between Rs.100-300/- and sell them for Rs.200-500 per item.SHG Artisan members (500) of NGO are having SHG savings at about Rs. 30,000. These savings are exclusively from the income generated to them by their schemes and each month the SHG artisan saved Rs. 50 per person.Therefore theartisans were improved economically and socially in education, health, and housing etc,.Therefore, along with the Govt.of India, the NGO also after the economic upliftment of the artisans. The NGO Adarsha proved that, the SHG artisans are not defaulters in repayment of loan like SHGs in the villages. It shows that, the NGO is encouraging the artisans by improving their skills through training in upliftment their economic conditions in modern era.
348 Women in Indian Banking Industry – Their Role in Growth of the Sector, David Raju Gollapudi
A woman in the workplace is not a new phenomenon, a woman who is a member of the board could be called a moderate phenomenon but a woman who is the CEO is undoubtedly a recent phenomenon, at least in India. Banking in the West has traditionally been a male bastion and continues to be so. It is very difficult for women to break the glass ceiling in Western Countries. Data shows that the glass ceiling is still intact. The banking sector in India did have its male domination till the 1980s, but in the last three decades the gender equilibrium became 'fairly' poised. According to a study by Standard Chartered Bank about women on corporate boards in India, the financial sector performs best in terms of gender diversity, nine of the eleven banks listed on BSE-100 have a woman on their board and two of these banks have a female CEO. In fact, through the recent recession, Reserve Bank of India had two women deputy governors on board, Usha Thorat and Shyamala Gopinath. The mid-80s saw a number of smart women graduating from the B-schools just when the Indian banking sector was starting to grow. ICICI, HDFC, HSBC, Citibank, were all expanding and were hiring during the mid-80s and the early 90s. Interestingly, today, these women are role models for a number of other women who have the ambition and confidence to make it big in the world of banking. When you see talented women who have become successful leaders, you do get inspired to follow in their footsteps. "Once you have a successful role model in a business, you tend to go for it. These women in the world of banking and financial services have given confidence to women to try such corporate jobs," says Professor K Ramachandran, Thomas Schmidheiny Chair Professor of Family Business and Wealth Management, at Indian School of Business. India is one of the top 10 economies globally, with vast potential for the banking sector to grow. The last decade witnessed a tremendous upsurge in transactions through ATMs, Internet and mobile banking. In 2014, the country’s Rs 81 trillion (US$ 1.34 trillion) banking industry is set for a greater change. This paper focuses on women CEOs in the Indian banking sector and examines the impact which women CEOs have had on banks.
349 Womenin Scienceand Technology, JeevanBabu Kakumanu, A.S.S. Sowjanya, Naveen Kumar Kakumanu
Skillgapsareakeyconstrainttoinnovation,hinderingproductivity growthand economicdevelopment. Inparticular,shortagesinthesupplyoftrained professionalsindisciplinesrelatedtoScience,Technology,Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM)mayweakentheinnovationpotentialofasociety.Awide gender gaphaspersistedovertheyearsatalllevelsofSTEMdisciplines throughouttheworld.Althoughtheparticipationofwomeninhighereducation hasincreased,theyarestillunderrepresented.LatinAmericaisnoexception.The untapped potentialof fully trained and credentialed women represents an importantlostopportunitynotonlyforwomenthemselvesbutalsoforsocietyas awhole.Althoughthereisgrowingrecognitionoftheimportance oftheissuein developing countries, LatinAmericafacesalackofinformationthatprevents researchersfromdeepeningtheunderstanding ofthisphenomenonand policymakersfromdesigningeffectiveinterventions. Thisnoteaimstocontribute totheacademicand policydebateintheregionbyreviewingthemainfactorsput forwardintheliteraturetoexplaingenderinequalitiesinrecruitment, retention, andpromotioninSTEMdisciplines andbyprovidingevidence ofthescopeand resultsof policiesdirectedtoobtainabettergenderbalanceinthesector.
350 An Insight Into Winning the Way Through Feminine Style of Leadership, SujathaKodali
Gone are the days when women were considered no match for men in power, for, women in the recent past have proved their mettle making rapid strides in every field of entry. The new generation women have proved themselves bold and fearless beyond doubt in all spheres of life. They have overcome all negative notions serving in the roughest and most demanding of professions and achieved results which have taken the whole world by storm. Their unending zeal, incessant desire and willingness to walk the extra mile have broken all myths about their inborn limitations that were supposed to be major roadblocks on their way towards leadership. Women possess leadership skills inherently. These skills are acquired by nature and polished through nurture. This paper aims at making a close observation of feminine style of leadership in Indian women that made them distinctive within the country as well as overseas.
351 Women Entrepreneurship- Probs & Prospects, Parveen Kumari
With the growing interest in entrepreneurship in general, there has been a growing interest and research that focused on women’s entrepreneurship. Women have become aware of their existence their rights and their work situation. The tradition, customs, socio cultural values, ethics, motherhood subordinates to ling husband and men, physically weak, hard work areas, feeling of insecurity, cannot be tough etc. are some peculiar problems that the Indian women are coming across while they jump into entrepreneurship. The paper talks about the status of women entrepreneurs and the problems faced by them when they ventured out to carve their own niche in the competitive world of business environment.
352 Identification Physiological Races of Phakopsora Pachyrhizi Syd. Causing Asian Soybean Rust in India, Sharada H, Shamarao Jahagirdar, Basavaraja G T
The physiological variability studies were carried out for 17 isolates collected from different growing environment of India. Three pathotypes were identified based on physiological variability on 13 international set of differentials namely Cluster I-Reddish Brown (RB) lesion producing pathotypes, Cluster II- TAN lesion producing pathotypes and Cluster IIIMixed or RB + TAN producing pathotypes. Based on the reaction of Phakopsora pachyrhizi isolates on two differentials PI 230971 and PI 200492, Race 2 produced RB type lesions on PI 230971 and TAN type on the other differentials and Race 3 produced TAN type lesion PI 200492 and RB type lesion on the other differentials were identified. Based on reaction on these two differentials, Race 2 and Race 3 are prevalent in Karnataka state while, only Race 2 was prevalent in Maharashtra and north eastern states.
353 Preliminary Phytochemical Screening and FTIR studies of Soursop (Annona muricata L.) bark , S. Manigandan, S. Shanmuga Packiam, R. Ramamoorthy
The present study deals with the phytochemical examination, functional group identification of soursop (Annona muricata L.) bark extract were investigated. Qualitative phytochemical analysis of the different solvents like chloroform, methanol, acetone, petroleum ether and ethyl acetate were used for extraction of chemical compounds and the extracts were subjected to phytochemical screening which showed the presence of various phytochemicals. Methanol extract of bark showed the presence of coumarins, glycosides, saponin, tannins, phenols, terpenoids, anthraquinones, steroids, phytosterols, cardiac glycosides, oil and gum mucilage. Minimum number of active constituents was noticed in petroleum ether extract. All extracts of plant bark contains tannin, steroids, phytosterols, gum in the mucilage active constituents whereas alkaloids, flavonoids, carbohydrates, proteins and amino acid were absent in all the extracts. The FT-IR analysis of Annona muricata bark extract was done and the functional groups associated were determined. The absorption peaks observed for 3441.41 cm-1 for intermolecular hydrogen bonding in N-H stretching asymmetric O–H stretching vibration mode corresponds to alcohol and amines.
354 Air flow analysis of cold storages using CFD-A review, Md. Faraz Khan, Sachin Gajbhiye
This paper presents a review of some of the studies carried out on analysis of air flow inside a cold storages using Computational Fluid Dynamics. This paper shows the use and importance of CFD tool to analyse the flow properties of cooling air inside a cold storage in a very fast and efficient manner.
355 E-Waste Management in India - an Overview, K. Syamala Devi, N. Moorthy Muthukrishnan
Rapid changes in technology, changes in media (tapes, software, MP3), falling prices, with the advancement in Science and Technology every second new electronic gadgets like mobile phones, tablets, i-pods, note-book, LED TV, plasma TV are launched. Due to the invention of these modern gadgets we have become slaves of gadgets and planned obsolescence have resulted in a fast-growing surplus of electronic waste around the globe. The growth of E-waste has significant economic and social impacts. The increasing obsolescence rate of electronic products also adds to the huge import of used electronics products. E-wastes contain over 1000 different substances many of which are toxic and potentially hazardous to environment and human health, if these are not handled in an environmentally sound manner. This paper presents an overview of toxic substances present in E-waste, their potential environmental and health impacts together with management strategies being used in India.
356 A Status Report of Food Security In Selected Areas of Tiruchippalli District, Dr. G. Gnanasekaran, S. Dharmaraj
Food Security System (FSS) is a poverty alleviation programme and contributes towards the social welfare of the people. The present study elaborately discusses in detail on “A STATUS REPORT OF FOOD SECURITY IN SELECTED AREAS OF TIRUCHIRAPPALLI DISTRICT”. The Primary objective of the study is to study the affordability, accessibility and adequacy of food materials to the people in ensuring Food Security. The responses of the consumers about the working of Public Distribution System (PDS) are satisfactory. They are fully satisfied with the working of Public Distribution System(PDS) on the basis of location, timely supply, time spent, quota availability adequacy of stocks, quality of food items and behaviour of staff. There is no significant difference among different income groups unanimously agreed that location facilitates the buying of commodities in fair shops.
357 Impact of Government of India Act, 1935 on Eloctoral Politics and Economy of Colonial Assam, Raktim Jyoti Hazarika
The inroduction of Government of India Act was one of the significant event in the constitutional history of modern India. The act was intended by the colonial rulers as a partial measure that would help to defuse the rising nationalist sentiments and it did help to channelize the protest. The operative part of the act of 1935 remained in force till August 15,1947, when it was amended by independence of india act, 1947. Though it was a very lengthy and complicated statue, it inflused the eloctoral politics of all over India. Even Assam was not exception to this. In thus paper an attempt has been made to have a look at the importance of the act in the politics and economy of Assam, what was the reactions of the provincial leaders regarding this act and in which way did it affect the overall history of colonial Assam.
358 A Behavioural Approach towards Human Development: An Insight into the World Development Report 2015., Rahul Kundal
A behavioural approach towards human development leads to a better and clear understanding of the core process of human development. Human development encircles itself within the boundaries of human behaviour. The human behaviour, as a matter of fact, is influenced by various factors such as decision making, economic development, poverty and early childhood development (ECD) et cetera. These factors are, in response, affected by the process of human development. The present paper seeks to deal with the two-way relationship that exists between human development and various factors mentioned above. It envisages learning the impacts of these factors affecting human development through an influential and well established behavioural approach. The paper has tried to access an insight into the World Development Report (WDR) 2015.
359 Values and Leadership Quality Among Secondary Level Teachers, Dr. A. Balu
Values are defined in literature differently from eternal ideas to behavioral procedures. Value means primarily to prize, to esteem, to appraise, to estimate, it means the act of cherishing something, holding it dear and also the act of passing judgement upon the nature and amounts of values as compared with something else. The leader should make the members of the group feel that he is one of them. He must share the values, attitudes and interests of the group and thus try to identify completely with the group. The present paper highlights values and leadership quality of secondary level teachers in Sivaganga District.
360 Hybrid Distance Learning: A New Paradigm, Dayal Sandhu
Hybrid programs are sometimes offered in conjunction with online-only courses. Students who like personal interaction with instructors and those who can get to a classroom on a weekend or weeknight may prefer a hybrid program. Others who can't make it to the classroom because of work or family obligations or those that prefer to work autonomously can opt to finish their coursework entirely online. Hybrid learning approach is also called Blended learning approach. Thus, in ‘Blended learning’ or ‘Hybrid learning’ educational approach traditional classroom is integrated with an online component.
361 A Review of Research Literature on Hybrid Distance Learning, Dayal Sandhu
Literature review of related literature is as important as any other component of the research process and can be conducted quite painlessly if approached in an orderly manner. Every piece of ongoing research needs to be connected with the work already done, to attain an overall relevance and purpose. The review of literature thus becomes a link between proposed and the studies already established or concluded by other authors, and also gives a chance to the reader to appreciate the evidence that has already been collected by previous research, and thus projects the current research work in the proper perspective. This paper outlines review of research literature of hybrid distance learning.
362 Women Empowerment through Self Help Groups - a case study of Banarpal Block in Angul District of Odisha, Dr Lina Rani Pradhan
Women empowerment means giving women the strength and power to stand for her rights in every field of our male dominated society. Self help group giving poor women the opportunities for this. The Self Help Group model is an assisted self-help process where the state, financial institutions and the Non-Government Organizations play an important role in mobilizing and assisting the poor and needy people. Self Help Group model of development has brought a silent revolution in rural households of India in 20th century social development. This paper tries to evaluate the performance of selected women SHGs in Banarpal Block of Angul district of Odisha.
363 Changing Concerns of Educational Technology from National Curriculum Framework 1988-National Curriculum Framework 2005, Sheerein Humaira
Educational Technology (ET) and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) are the need of the hour. Since long there has been a growing demand for integration of ICT in the school education. However there are barriers to successful integration of ICT in teaching learning process. Taking a glance from NCF 1988 to NCF 2005, this paper highlights the concerns in the area of ET from development of necessary infrastructure to the demands put on the part of the educator for successful integration of ICT and provides suggestions on how to deal with the era specific concerns and future concerns as well.
364 A Study on Cognitive Styles of Student Teachers In Relation to Their Gender and Location, Krishna Mohan P, M. Ravi Babu
The present study describes the cognitive styles of secondary school students. Cognitive Styles refer to the preferred way individual processes information. Systematic Style and Intuitive style are the two cognitive styles. The study was conducted on 600 student teachers from Mahabubnagar district of Telangana State. The result revealed that there was a significant difference in cognitive styles with respect to gender and location among student teachers.
365 Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act: A Path Breaking for Rural Household, Dr. S. Rajamohan, S. Shyam Sundar
The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) is a flagship programme of Government of India. The Act was notified initially in 200 most backward districts of the country w.e.f. February 02, 2006 and subsequently extended all over India in two phases. The programme aims at enhancing livelihood security of the rural poor by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. The Act seeks to create durable assets and strengthen the livelihood resource base of the rural poor. This paper looks at The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act’s (MGNREGA) generation of employment and benefits of the rural households in India. This is prepared based on the information collected for the Major Research project funded by the ICSSR. We personally thank the ICSSR for being funded for us to executive the work.
366 A Study on Analysis of Equity Share Price Movements of Selected Banking Scrip’s, A. Arun Prakash, P. Shanmugha Priya
Research Issue: The market price of the shares of a company tends to change according to internal as well as external factors. The stock market indices may have a greater impact on the share prices which determine the volatility or otherwise of the shares. The present study has been undertaken to analyze the share price movement of bank industry as the rise in investment values throughout India which leads to revenue generation for the banks. Research Objective: 1. To analyze and understand the share price behavior of the selected banking scrip’s. 2. To study how fluctuations in stock price influence the buy or sell decisions. 3. To analyze the performance of bank nifty and nifty. 4. To predict the trend in the price movements of the selected banking scrip’s based on the bank nifty. Research Tools: Simple Moving Average (SMA), Relative Strength Index (RSI), Money Flow Index (MFI) and Linear Regression Findings: Based on the technical analysis the researcher identifies that there is a crossover of SMA 20 and 50 the share price of Oriental Bank of Commerce, SBI, ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank during 2014 which continues in an upward direction indicating that the market is going to be in a bullish trend. This is also conforming by RSI and MFI index movement. Practical Implications: Through this research the researcher advise to invest to the investors in their money on the following Banking Scrip’s, OBC, SBI, ICICI and HDFC Banks. Because during 2014 these are all in an upward direction indicating that the market is going to be in a bullish trend.
367 A Study on Analysis of Equity Share Price Movements of Selected Banking Scrip’s, A. Arun Prakash, P. Shanmugha Priya
Research Issue: The market price of the shares of a company tends to change according to internal as well as external factors. The stock market indices may have a greater impact on the share prices which determine the volatility or otherwise of the shares. The present study has been undertaken to analyze the share price movement of bank industry as the rise in investment values throughout India which leads to revenue generation for the banks. Research Objective: 1. To analyze and understand the share price behavior of the selected banking scrip’s. 2. To study how fluctuations in stock price influence the buy or sell decisions. 3. To analyze the performance of bank nifty and nifty. 4. To predict the trend in the price movements of the selected banking scrip’s based on the bank nifty. Research Tools: Simple Moving Average (SMA), Relative Strength Index (RSI), Money Flow Index (MFI) and Linear Regression Findings: Based on the technical analysis the researcher identifies that there is a crossover of SMA 20 and 50 the share price of Oriental Bank of Commerce, SBI, ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank during 2014 which continues in an upward direction indicating that the market is going to be in a bullish trend. This is also conforming by RSI and MFI index movement. Practical Implications: Through this research the researcher advise to invest to the investors in their money on the following Banking Scrip’s, OBC, SBI, ICICI and HDFC Banks. Because during 2014 these are all in an upward direction indicating that the market is going to be in a bullish trend.
368 Impact Analysis of Non-Performing Assets on Selected Commercial and Co-Operative Banks in Pune, Dr. Chandan Tiwari, Dr. Ravindra Sontakke,
Accumulation of saving and lending of money is prime function of any bank. Lending money involves risk because the bank has to seek returns from lending and repay back money when demanded by the depositor. So effective asset allocation is essential for a bank to grow and succeed. There is no doubt that increasing Non - Performing Asset has become a crucial concern for any bank be it commercial or co-operative banks. The present paper is an attempt to study and analyse the impact of NPA on selected commercial and co-operative banks in Pune.
369 Influence of Emotional Intelligence on OCB of it Executives, Karthikeyan, S. , Arulkumar, S.
The galloping advances in science and technology and their application in a developing country like India have influenced the life style of people and it pose major challenges to work life in organizations. The success of any organization lies in the hands of its employees and the organizations’ ability to fully utilize resources. IT industry is usually functioning like non-bureaucratic industry with loose form of management. Emotional intelligence has attracted the interest of organizations in predicting good performance. By understanding the emotional intelligence of employees, IT organizations can take effective measures to enhance work related behaviour of employees, through which enhance their OCB in turn motivate them towards higher performance as well as retain employees. This study attempted to find out the influence of emotional intelligence on their OCB of IT executives. Results revealed that male and female executives as well as with U.G and P.G qualifications do not differ in their emotional intelligence. Also it is found that elder executives have shown higher emotional skills than the younger ones. Similarly, experience has a significant effect on the emotional intelligence of IT executives. Above all, the constructs of emotional intelligence has significant influence on the OCB of IT executives. The implications are discussed in this article.
370 A Descriptive Study on Growth and Challenges of Dairy Sector in Andhra Pradesh, Thunga. Subba Rayudu, Prof. C. Lakshmi Nath
India an agrarian economy with huge cattle and meadows supported by highly qualified and expertise human resources, besides, a great consciousness towards health urges a low capital intensification dairy sector has been struggling with many difficulties. in spite of all these, the dairy units have been contributing a lot to the GDP and national income through providing enormous job opportunities in co-operative, private and self employment as a part of poverty eradication and acts as a principle role in the livestock sector. In this context the present paper makes an attempt to study the growth and challenges of the dairy sector.
371 Employee Attrition and Retention: Exploring the Dimensions in Information Technology Industry in Chennai City, Venkatesh Kumar M, Dr. M. Uma Maheswari
Employee attrition and retention are the key challenges faced by information technology industry in India. The main objective of the study is to identify and explore the dimensions of employee attrition & retention in information technology in Chennai. The primary data collected from field survey determine the following factors the Employee work performance, compensation and perks, work time, education and competency, marital status, medical and personal problems, career path, rewards and motivation. based on the analysis of responses of one hundred IT professionals carried out from Chennai region information technology industry" ,based on the analysis of responses of one hundred IT professionals carried out from Chennai region information technology industry" in place of The outcome of the study is expected to help the HR Managers of these organizations in minimizing the attrition rate by developing effective retention strategies specific to their The outcome of the study is expected to help the HR Managers of these organizations in minimizing the attrition rate by developing effective retention strategies specific to their organizations
372 Investors Awareness of Gold Exchange Traded Fund in India, Dr. R. Umarani, D. Deepa
In recent days a lot of investors invest their money in different ways like Bank Deposits, Commodities like Gold, Silver etc., Post Office Savings Schemes, Public Provident Fund, Company Fixed Deposits and Stock Market options like Bonds and Debentures, Mutual Funds, Equity Shares etc., Gold Exchange Traded Fund (GOLD ETF) is the one of investment portfolio of stock market. In our country is the largest consumers are buying gold. Gold ETFs are another effective way to invest in the yellow metal. Gold ETFs are Mutual Funds listed on National Stock Exchange of India (NSE) and Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE). Objective of the study is create awareness to the investors. The Asset Management Companies and The Association of Mutual Funds in India (AMFI) are has to promote a lot of investor awareness programmes, seminars, advertisements and other promotion activities only then Gold ETF will be reach to the investors conveniently
373 Problems and Challenges Among Women Entrepreneurs in Network Marketing in Chennai City, K. Vetrichelvi, Dr. C. Vethirajan
This study compares perceived problems and challenges among the women entrepreneurs who involved with network marketing in Chennai city. A pre-tested questionnaire was employed as the tool to collect primary data and the primary data was collected from 347 women entrepreneurs in Chennai city. This paper especially compares among the women entrepreneurs on problems and challenges. Further the study analysed the impact of certain demographic factors on perceived problems and challenges among the women entrepreneurs. The result reveals that the women entrepreneur groups with respect to certain demographic factors namely, ‘above 45 years of age’, ‘schooling/diploma’ educated, ‘married entrepreneurs’ and ‘upto 5 years of experienced’ have expressed more problems than other groups. Marital status and size of the enterprise have significant impact on perceived problems and challenges followed by experience, form of ownership and educational qualification.
374 Merger and Acquisitions in the Indian Banking Sector, P. Vasavi
The International Banking scenario has shown major changes in the past few years in terms of the Mergers and Acquisitions. Mergers and Acquisition is a useful tool for the growth and expansion in any Industry and the Indian Banking Sector is no exception. It is helpful for the survival of the weak banks by merging into the larger bank. Due to the financial system deregulation, entry of new players and products with advanced technology, globalization of the financial markets, changing customer behaviour, wider services at cheaper rates, shareholder wealth demands etc., have been on rise. This study shows the impact of Mergers and Acquisitions in the Indian Banking sector. For this purpose, a comparison between pre and post merger performance in terms of Operating Profit Margin, Net Profit Margin, Return on Assets, Return on Equity, Earning per Share, Debt Equity Ratio, Dividend Payout Ratio and Market Share Price has been made. In the initial stage, after merging, there may not be a significant improvement due to teething problems but later they may improve upon.
375 Impulse Purchase-An Overview, Dr. C. Swarnalatha, S. Soundhariya
Impulse purchase refers to unplanned buying or sudden purchase. Planned purchase is the one in which decision is made before visiting a store that an item from a specific product category will be purchased. If customer purchases items which are not in list and mind unplanned purchases takes place. Impulse purchase is characterized by strong feeling of attraction than ordinary decision process. It is estimated that anywhere from 27 to 62 percent of consumer purchase can be considered as impulse buys. Impulse buying occurs when a consumer experience a sudden, powerful and persistent urge to purchase something immediately. Factors like visual merchandising, Store atmospherics; In-store display has a greater role in customer impulse purchase. Positive impulse buying results in customer satisfaction and repeat customers to the store.
376 A Framework for Enhancing Level of Innovation in Outsourced Projects, Sunil Patil, Aditi Khutwad, Dr. T. Paranjothi, Chaitanya Pande, Prasad Rane
Organisations are under sustained pressure in the face of stiff competition, rapid change and economic uncertainty. Hence organisations are on constant look out for ways of reducing operational and capital cost.Organizations are increasingly outsourcing business critical activities as well as non-critical activities to service providers for reducing cost. Outsourcing is a long-term strategic alliance governed by contract. However, it has been observed after undertaking an extensive literature survey that contracts focus primarilyon SLAs. There is not adequate focus on enhancing the level of innovations in outsourced products/services. The research presented in this paper aims at determining the outsourcing process between a client and supplier(s) and proposing a framework for increasing level of innovation in outsourced contracts. Researchers have proposed an indicative set of parameters for designing a framework for creating innovations by collaborating between client and vendors. The analysis also tries to gain insights into management of client supplier relationship for success of outsourcedprojects.
377 Quality of Work Life Initiatives: Examples from Indian Companies , Dr. Dolly Dolai
The QWL approach considers people as an ‘asset' to the organization rather than as ‘costs'. It believes that people perform better when they are allowed to participate in managing their work and make decisions. This approach motivates people by satisfying not only their economic needs but also their social and psychological ones. To satisfy the new generation workforce, organizations need to concentrate on job designs and organization of work. In this process, organizations are coming up with new and innovative ideas to improve the quality of work and quality of work life of every individual in the organization. Various programs like flex time, alternative work schedules, compressed work weeks, telecommuting etc., are being adopted by these organizations. This paper discusses few examples of such initiatives taken by organizations in India
378 Family Business Conflicts and The Survival of Family Owned Businesses in South-South, Nigeria, Dr. Ikon, Michael A.
This paper investigated family business conflicts and the survival of family owned business in South – South, Nigeria. South –South, Nigeria is the major crude oil belt of Nigeria comprising six states of Akwa – Ibom, Bayelsa, Cross River, Delta, Edo and Rivers States. The main objective of the study was to ascertain the extent to which conflicts among family members affect the survival of family owned businesses in South-South, Nigeria. A sample size of 288 FOBs was drawn from a population of 2056 using Taro Yamani formula. Pannerselvam (2007) formula for proportional stratified sampling was used to allocate the sample size to each of the six states of South-South, Nigeria studied. The sample of 288 FOBs studied concentrated on ten types of businesses common in South-South, Nigeria namely: food processing, construction and fabrication, manufacturing, arts and crafts and weaving, transport, catering services, wood processing and furniture, ICT and commercial farming. The study used survey research design as its methodology. The hypothesis of the study was tested using Pearson Correlation (SPSS ver. 22) while Cronbach Alfa test statistics was used to test the reliability and validity of the research instrument. The major finding in the study .was that conflicts among family members significantly affected the survival of family owned businesses in South-South, Nigeria (Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level, 2-tailed, p value < .05). The study concluded that unresolved family conflicts including sibling rivalries on succession, disagreements on family investment opportunities and issues of tenure of non family members in the firm if not properly addressed could accelerate the collapse of family businesses in South-South, Nigeria. The study recommends that founders of family owned businesses need to tackle the issue of family conflicts as they arise, resolve these conflicts to ensure the survival of the family businesses and transfer of the businesses to next generations of family members
379 An Exploration of an Academic Literacy Intervention in an Accounting Ia Course, GelynMusvosvi
The throughput rate of students pursuing accounting degrees in South Africa is low compared to other business degrees. One of the reasons for this is bottlenecks students have in understanding accounting. Drawing on Joan Middendorf and Dave Pace’s (2004) ‘Decoding the Disciplines’ (DtD) model, this paper explores the use of the process of DtD in resolving a bottleneck in Accounting. A bottleneck is an area of difficulty commonly experienced by students. The DtD process developed by Midderndorf and Pace aims to “unblock” a bottleneck through introducing students to the culture of thinking like a disciplinary expert in relation to a specific “bottleneck”. Thispaper examines how the author has used the DtD principle to clarify the bottleneck of the accounting equation in an attempt to enable students to understand the Accounting IA course.
380 Analysis of Non-Performing Assets of Publicsector Banks, Neha Rani, Dr. Dinesh Gaba
After liberalization many banks are operating in india so competition between banks is on its peak and every bank should work efficiently because whole economic future of the country is dependent on it .This paper has attempted to analyze the performance of public sector banks in priority sector,non priority sector, public sector on the basis of NPA and it is concluded that NPA of public sector banks is increasing in non-priority sector, so banks should adopt proper procedure to reduce its NPA and public sector banks should try to develop unique products for meeting consumer needs and facing competition from other banks.
381 A Study on Extent of Socio – Economic Empowerment of Shg Members Through the Income Generating Activity, S.Vadivelu, Dr.S.Kadirvelu
Self Help Groups (SHGs) are playing a vital role in rural India today. The group based model of Self-help group is widely practiced for rural development, poverty alleviation and empowerment of women. Yet, eradication of poverty and generation of gainful employment for the poor of the nation still remains a distant dream for our planners. Objectives of the study, To study the extent of socio – economic empowerment of SHG members through the income generating activity. Methodology of the study, Primary data as well as secondary data was used. Interview schedule technique was used in this study. Discriminate Analysis was used in this study. 400 SHG members were respondent in this study. Coimbatore district was sampling unit. Findings in this study, it is observed that out of 186 SHG members with lower mean score, 135 members (73.1 per cent) were correctly classified; out of 135 SHG members with higher mean score, 98 members (72.6 per cent) were correctly classified. It is suggested that, It is recommended that the products produced by women SHG members should be given priority while tenders are invited by local authorities and semi government organizations. This will ensure ready marketability of their products. It is conclude that, Majority of the respondents undergo shortage of working capital. This problem rages high in rural areas especially those involved in manufacturing activity
382 Public, Private and Foreign Banks: A Comparative Study on the Basis of NPA, Neha Rani, Dr. Dinesh Gaba
Now many types of banks are operating in india which provide many type of facility to people like providing loans, accepting deposits, e- banking, credit cards and ATM and Many types of norms have been made for banks like income recognition, BASEL 1, BASEL2, BASEL3, on the basis of which performance of banks is measured. Only number of branches and outstanding loans does not show the quality of banks because three words NPA is a virus because of which banks can liquidate .This study aims to compare the performance of private sector, public sector, foreign banks and scheduled commercial banks on the basis of NPA. For this advances are classified into different types and then comparison is made .From this study it is concluded that private sector banks are performing their job more efficiently than other banks.
383 Cheque Truncation System in Banking Industry, Dr. Aditya Sharma, Mr. Gopi Nath Modi
Cheque Truncation is settlement of clearing transaction on the basis of images and electronic data without the physical movement of the instruments. The clearing cheque is truncated at the presenting bank itself. The Reserve Bank has implemented CTS in the National Capital Region (NCR), New Delhi, Chennai and Mumbai with effect from February 1, 2008, September 24, 2011 and April 27, 2013 respectively. CTS is an efficient way of clearing cheques. It is in fact, better than the existing method. This article attempts to explain CTS , its benefits and its role in present banking system in India.
384 An Analysis of Factors Affecting Job Satisfaction of Women Employees in Schools, LAKSHMI PRIYA.K
Now a day, we come across a drastic demographic change in organization i.e., more number of women are moving into the higher position than before. Satisfaction in the job is mainly influenced by the employee's perception towards their services. This study will put light on the “satisfaction of women teachers”. It will help us to examine whether a female employee is comfortable and satisfied with their job while working in schools.
385 Implementation of Competitive Intelligence System Using Customer Preference as a Market Research Tool With Special Reference to Top Rated Five Nationalized Indian Banks, ANAND SHANKAR RAJA. M
The research paper is prior in indicating the positive outcomes for the firms in adopting a competitive intelligence system and forming strategy, for attaining competitive advantage by acquiring and implementing those strategies to compete with the competitors successfully covering aspects of DIFFERENTIATION STRATEGY, INNOVATIVE STRATEGY, LEADERSHIP STRATEGY, AND OPERATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS STRATEGY. The paper investigates competitive strategy formulation for banking firms and institutions producing various added valued banking products and service for sustaining in the market as a MARKET LEADER in the competitive business landscape. The paper also helps to identify the current level of competition among the top rated ten nationalized banks of India which compete with each other .It also analyzes the efforts taken by these banks to satisfy the customers by a systematic formulation of strong strategies. The researcher also suggests in general to all the banking firms to be competitive intelligent by an appropriate setup of an competitive intelligence system
386 Smes in Albania: Problems and Challenges for Having A Successful and Competitive Position, Albana MADHI
The business organizations, independently from their size, location or type of economy, they have to face with concurrence. This is evident even for the Albanian business. Nowadays, it is a challenge to have a successful and competitive position. Facing this challenge is a growing phenomenon, due to business globalization, change of economic cycles, level of extension and change of consumer preferences. Dealing with these challenges is very difficult for the SMEs, which operate in all countries, likewise in Albania. The less developed countries and the countries in development, now recognize the importance of developing the SMEs for the country development. Many studies have been carried out by having at their focus the specific characteristics of business organizations, which are unique and an added value for the final consumer. Thus, it is understandable that in all the sectors, the enterprises must know and have it clear that achieving the competitive advantages and being competitive in a global market is the most challenging issue that they have to face. For the Albanian business knowing these challenges and taking measures to deal with them is very important.
387 Financial Inclusion and Need for Agricultural Development: an Analysis, Mr. BANDAMEEDI NAGARAJU
Strong and vigorous financial institutions are the pillars of economic growth, progress and success of modern economies. Around 62% of India’s population depends on agriculture for a living. Agriculture sector also provides employment to nearly 52 per cent of the work force. In contrast to this the contribution of agriculture to the national GDP is 14.6% in 2011 against 15.7 % in 2008-09. The average productivity of major crops i.e., cereals has remained 1600-1800 kgs/ha since 1995. The stagnation in agricultural productivity, increase in cost of production, distortion in the market and poor infrastructure have made the livelihood of farming population more difficult. A large number of poverty ridden farming households especially marginal and small farmers, tenant farmers, oral lessees, share croppers and agricultural laborers etc. eke out living from a mix of subsistence activities like animal husbandry especially of small ruminants, wage labour, horticulture, foresting, plantation, logging etc.. The reasons of pervasive rural poverty are low growth rate in agriculture, low productivity, failed crops, unemployment and inadequate command over resources due to low income level, low adoption of agricultural technology, in access to credit and even inequitable access to credit. Agricultural growth is the panacea for rural poverty alleviation and social transformation.
388 Impact of Grassroots Initiatives on Participatory Planning, Implementation and Monitoring of Rural Development – A Case Study from Tamilnadu, Dr. R. Chinnadurai
Local governing institutions are granted constitutional legality as Local Government bodies responsible for socio-economic development in the rural areas. There are 29 subjects for which the panchayat is responsible with the help of Standing Committees to cover all subjects. The Gram Sabha acts as a community level accountability mechanism to ensure the functions of the PRI respond to people’s needs. Good numbers of Gram Panchayats in the country have been making good attempts and also attain success in implementation of development programmes and achieved expected results. Study of such good practices, strategies, approaches and factors of people participation in the process of planning will be very important in order to analyze for replication in other places. Therefore, the present case study was conducted in a successful Nalukkottai Gram Panchayat, in Tamilnadu. The study critically reviewed the approaches and modalities of Grassroots Planning Process and institutional mechanism created to mobilize people participation in implementation of development works.
389 Collapse of African Values: Implications for the Education of African Child With/Without Exceptionalities, Abiogu, G. C. Ph. D, Ezegbe, B. N. Ph.D, Eskay, M. Ph.D, Anyanwu, J. I. Ph.D
This paper is a philosophical discourse on the crisis of African values and its consequences on the education of African child with/without exceptionalities. The paper conceived values as that which determines the conduct of a rational being. It is the hallmark and the influence in all matters of human choice and decisions. The paper synthesized what is African values. It discussed the issues that led to the gradual collapse of African values. An analysis was made on how African values could be utilized in the education of African child with/without exceptionalities. Some implications and recommendations were proffered and conclusion drawn.
390 Addressing the Health and Education Divide- Female Literacy, Dr. Sngeeta Chauhan
Education plays a significant role in the holistic development of one’s personality. But in the Indian context, importance in other spheres of life and specially education, weightage and preference is shown towards the male gender resulting in discrimination. Gender inequality and is now a very prominent feature of the Indian society. A huge disparity between male and female literacy rate is quite alarming and calls for special effort to bridge this gap. In addition to it, the issue of health awareness for females also needs immediate attention which has been a neglected field since times immemorial. The paper has tried to address and touch upon the issues of female literacy, gender disparity, health, women empowerment and expressed the need for social change through supporting and encouraging women to embark upon a journey which will not be at crossroads but meeting at a point where education and health will be at utmost priority leading to live a life full of contentment and quality.
391 Design of Remote Controlled Supply Disconnector Using Microcontroller, ABHISHEK JHA, Dr A K TIWARI
This paper presents a new method of disconnection of service mains using microcontrollers and remote control. This methodology can prove to be advantageous over conventional methods as disconnection is hassle free, no risk of physical injury and shock hazards and the operation is quick and more reliable. We interface the microcontroller 8051 with R.F module and P.C.B version of power relays through relay drivers to control the continuity of supply.
392 Seismic Vulnerability of Rc Buildings by Considering Plan Irregularities Using Pushover Analysis, Joheb Ahmed, Syed Ahamed Raza
Many buildings in the present scenario have irregular configurations both in plan and elevation. This in future may subject to devastating earthquakes. In model, it is necessary to identify the performance of the structures to withstand against disaster for building structures. In Oder to identify the most vulnerable building among the models considered, the various analytical approaches are performed to identify the seismic demands in both linear and nonlinear way. It is also examined the effect of different lateral load patterns on the performance of various irregular buildings in pushover analysis. In the present research work, a G+9 storey building situated in severe zone V is considered, having plan irregularities like, rectangular, diaphragm discontinuity, Y-shaped models. Nonlinear static analysis has been adopted for a project work, using FEM based analytical software ETABS 9.7.4 version. Various results such as base shear, point displacement, performance point, performance levels, and pushover curve.
393 Surface Technology: “User Defined Gestures” , Ms. Pallavi S. Mane
The study of Surface technology is phenomena of the operational behavior of components or part is defined by the interactions between environment, the working conditions and properties of this components or parts. Surface technologies are applied to a variety of materials for many applications, including thermal, electrical and environmental protection, increased conductance and the building up of thick layers having superior mechanical and thermal properties. In this paper we focus on “How Surface technology merge with different sectors?” and “More stress is on the Surface computing”. Now a day technologies are changing drastically, and reducing stress of work load. It’s changing the old structure and converts it into new form which is without keyboard & mouse. Surface computing machine is a coffee-table machine as the first of many such devices. It uses a blend of wireless protocols, Special machine readable tags and shape recognition to seamlessly merge the real and the virtual world.
394 Model Analysis and Harmonic Analysis of Cantilever Beam by ANSYS, Chandradeep Kumar, Anjani Kumar Singh, Nitesh Kumar, Ajit Kumar
Vibration measurement and analysis on engineeringstructures has begun to gain popularity in engineering field. Technologydevelopments have created an increasing requirement for reliable dynamic analysis. In civil and mechanical engineering field, the behaviour of a structure at "resonance" is a key aspectof structural dynamic analysis. The natural frequency of vibration of a structurecorresponds to that structure's resonant frequency. Modal analysis has become a major alternative to provide a helpfulcontribution in understanding control of many vibration phenomena whichencountered in practice. Determining the nature and extent of vibration responselevels and verifying theoretical models and prediction are both major objectives.
395 Midwives’ Attitudes Towards Fetal/Neonatal Loss. Data From Clinical Centres in Silesia, Poland Midwives Towards Fetal/ Neonatal Death, B?k-Sosnowska M., Naworska B., Stachulska A., Skrzypulec-Plinta V.
Although the medical education and professional experience prepare midwives for their day-to-day care of patients, cases of perinatal loss are always a challenge. The objective of the study was to analyze knowledge and experiences of midwives with respect to a fetal/neonatal death. Participants were 100 professionally active midwivesworking in obstetrics-gynaecology wards, pregnancy pathology wards and in childbirth rooms. They filled the purpose-designed 63-item questionnaire contained mainly closed-ended questions related to the respondents’ opinions and experience of having children, foetal/neonatal loss, preparation to provide support to women after foetal/neonatal loss, and expectations regarding training in loss management. We observed, that midwives make a great effort to care the patient after fetal/neonatal loss, bear the somatic and psychological costs of working and need more training and social support for themselves.
396 Diabetes Mellitus And Its Risk Factor - A Observational Study From Patan, North Gujarat , VYAS SHITAL I., CHIRAG A. ACHARYA
Introduction - The most common form of diabetes is type 2 diabetes. About 90 to 95 percent of people with diabetes have type 2. This form of diabetes is most often associated with older age, obesity, family history of diabetes, previous history of gestational diabetes, physical inactivity, and certain ethnicities. The study was conducted in the general hospital, Patan, District NCD cell and selective places in the Patan city covering a population of 500 from January, 2013 to July, 2013 Methodology- This study will be carried out by interviewing patients with type-2 Diabetes while visiting a pre-selected unit. The patients will be interviewed at the time OPD when they came for routine consultations with doctors.Some of the study will be done population base or door to door survey in various areas. Result-The prevalence of type-1 diabetes mellitus was 3% and the prevalence of type-2 diabetes mellitus was 97% of 500 samples studied including male and female. The Maximum prevalence was in the 51-60 yrs. age group 17.50% male and 14.57% female with a total of 32.07%. The obesity in the type-2 variety was 68.5% is significantly high. The age, BMI, obesity, stress, family history was correlated positively for prevalence of diabetes in both male and female. Summary-Diabetes has become a major health problem in Gujarat in order to assess the magnitude of the problem and its impact on health and economy of the state we must have all information about the prevalence of type-2 Diabetes in Gujarat
397 'Buyback' of Shares and its Impact on Financial Performance: A Case of Hindustan Unilever Limited, Dr. Sreekumar Ray
Buy back of shares is just the opposite of raising capital through issue of shares. It is a process of capital restructuring which allows a company to buy back its own shares, which were issued by it earlier. Companies buy back shares either to increase the value of shares still available (reducing supply), or to eliminate any threats by shareholders who may be looking for a controlling stake. The provisions regulating buy back of shares are contained in Section 77A, 77AA and 77B of the Companies Act, 1956. These were inserted by the Companies (Amendment) Act, 1999. The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) framed the SEBI(Buy Back of Securities) Regulations,1999 and the Department of Company Affairs framed the Private Limited Company and Unlisted Public company (Buy Back of Securities) rules,1999 pursuant to Section 77A(2)(f) and (g) respectively. The present paper portrays the glimpses of the buyback of shares by Hindustan Unilever and its impact of financial performance of the company
398 A Comparative Assessment of Service Provided by Private and Public Sector Banks: A Multivariate Analysis, Dr. Debasis Bhattacharya, Shuvendu Dey
The basic objective of Indian Public Sector Banks and Private Sector Banks is to provide services to the customers and satisfy their needs. In this paper an attempt is made to assess the performance of Public Sector banks and Private Sector Banks in terms of various dimensions of service attributes. This paper examines the performance of public and private sector banks on the basis of most important factors that are considered relevant by the customers. The study reveals that in with regard to some attributes the public sector banks are doing much better than the private banks but private banks are not lagging behind with regard to some important parameters.
399 A Study on Factor Affecting Absenteeism in Pharmaceutical Industry in Gujarat, Dr.Abhinav Patel, Sanjay Thakkar
Absenteeism is one of the ever present problems of the pharmaceutical industry. In absenteeism the contributing factors to absence include social such as alcoholism, family conflict, lack of proper motivation, working problems, health problem, transport problems, religious and age factor etc. have been identified as contributing factors to absenteeism. The pharmaceutical industry selected for the present study on account of number of important factors relating to absenteeism. The pharmaceutical industry has been playing vital role in the development of the economy of India. Pharma industry is backbone of every economy. Pharma industry is one of the biggest industry in all over the world. Last five decades pharmaceutical industry achieves steady growth by attractive regular flow investment and make strong industry
400 Role of Trade Unions – A Critical Dimension on Organizational Climate: A Study in Two Thermal Power Stations-Nttps & Kt, V.Naga Nirmala, Dr. B. Naga Raju
This study attempts to establish the relationships that exist the Trade unions and organisational climate and its influence on the employees at the work place in Narla Tata Rao Thermal Power Station in Vijayawada and kothagudem thermal power station in palavancha. It also sets to ascertain in organizational climate and its impact on trade unions among employees thereby maintaining human relations of the employees and workers in the power sectors. A total of 312 copies of questionnaires were administered to NTTPS and KTPS but a total of 244 questionnaires in NTTPS, and 108 in KTPS. The study was conducted through observation Method and Personal interview Method. The researcher used the SPSS 17.0 Version and statistical tools of Mean, Rank correlation, Factor Analysis to obtain the results. Finally the results shows an differences in employee opinion of union relations in two power sectors
401 Study on Work Life Balance Among Women Employees, Anila.K.P, Dr.S. Prabakar
Work life balance can be stated as a comfortable state of equilibrium achieved between an employee's primary priorities of their employment position and their private lifestyle. The pressure of an increasingly demanding work culture is perhaps the biggest and most pressing challenge in the present scenario. The cumulative effect of increased working hours is having an important effect on the lifestyle of a huge number of people, which is likely to prove damaging to their mental well-being. The study concludes that a moderate level of work life balance was found among the respondents. The study also found that demographic variables namely age, income and number of dependents do influence the level of work life balance.
402 Evolution of Management Technique for Controlling NPA of SSI Units, M.RENU
The Development of modern small-scale industries has been one of the most significant and characteristic features of industrial development in India. The most significant aspect of small industry development is that this sector has simulated economic activity of a far reaching magnitude and created sense of confidence among huge number of small entrepreneurs. Its adaptability semi-urban and rural environment where infrastructure is under developed and capacity to attract small savings and direct them to productive channels, the small industries sector has been recognized, in successive 5 year plans as an effective instrument in the development of backward and rural areas. Apart from its economic aspects, it also justifies in generation of large employment opportunity at comparatively low investment, removal of poverty, attainment of self reliance, reduction in disparities in income and regional imbalance that the country has set out to accomplish.
INTRODUCTION Neonatal deafness is diagnosed late, approximately at 24 to 36 months of age. At this age rehabilitation procedures are unable to ensure complete development of speech and thus prevent the full participation of the deaf child in social living.2 OBJECTIVES Our aim of study is to identify various risk factors adversely affecting hearing and to identify hearing impairment in high-risk new-born. MATERIALS AND METHODS 300 new-borns, born out of high risk pregnancy or intranatal or neonatal complications, requiring NICU admission, were screened for hearing loss with transient evoked otoacoustic emission .Results mentioned in terms of ‘pass’ (normal hearing) or ‘refer’ (who needs further evaluation). Follow up OAE examination was done in refer cases after 7 to 10 days. Brainstem evoked response audiometry (BERA) done in those cases, those ‘failing’ on second examination. Tympanometry done in those cases who shows normal BERA examination to rule out middle ear pathology2, 5, 9, 10. RESULTS Out of 300 new-borns 24 showed OAE‘refer’ at first examination and out of these 24 ‘refer’, 18 were ‘fail’ on second OAE examination. Out of these 18 who underwent BERA examination, 12 showed pathological deafness and 6 showed normal BERA examination .These 6 new-borns underwenttympanometry study and showed normal results. CONCLUSION Incidence of hearing loss in high risk new-borns in this study was 8 % .Thus hearing screening should be implemented at all levels of health care facilities .If all new-borns could not be screened due to infrastructural problem then at least the high risk new-borns must be screened.
404 Adolescent Psychiatry as a Separate Specialty of Psychiatry – A Clinical and Conceptual Consideration, Dr.Avinash De Sousa
Adolescent psychological problems are unique in their mode of onset and presentation. They differ from child psychiatric problems in severity and heterogeneity of symptoms. Certain adolescent psychiatric problems like antisocial behaviours and substance abuse are uncommon in children. There is often a need that arises leading to an inpatient treatment of adolescents with psychiatric problems. This paper argues for the need of adolescent psychiatry as a separate subspecialty unlike child and adolescent psychiatry where both are clubbed together. The paper present some clinical and theoretical arguments towards this viewpoint while emphasizing the need to focus on adolescent psychiatric units and adolescent mental health as a whole.
405 The Protection of Children From Sexual Offences Act 2012 (A Critical Review for the Busy Clinician), Avinash De Sousa, Sushma Sonavane
The Protection of Child Sexual Offences Act, 2012 is said to be a landmark law passed against child sexual abuse in India. The present paper looks at the law and its benefits to victims of child sexual assault. It also looks at various offences and definitions under the Act. The paper also critically reviews the Act and looks at notable featuresand lacunae while presenting the salient points in a manner concise and precise for busy clinician to grasp all nuances of the Act.
406 Patterns of Prescription and Drug Use in Ophthalmology Out-Patient Department in a Teaching Hospital, Santosh Kumar Banjara, Kavitha Mudavath, Kavitha Devi Bhukya
Background: Drug utilization studies provide a pharmaco-economic basis for making evidence-based health-care decisions. In ophthalmology practice, rational prescribing plays a crucial role in reducing the ocular disease burden. Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate the drug utilization pattern in ophthalmology out-patient department (OPD) in a teaching hospital. Subjects and Methods: A prospective, cross-sectional study was conducted for a period of 6 months. The prescriptions for all consecutive patients attending the OPD for the first time (first time encounter) were included and audited using a pre-designed form to record information from the OPD prescription cards of each patient. Statistical analysis: Data analysis was carried out using the descriptive statistical methods: Frequencies, percentage, mean and standard deviation. Results: A total of 900 prescriptions were analyzed with the average number of drugs per prescription being 2.4 (0.9). The most common disorders diagnosed were refractive errors (48.3% [435/900]) followed by cataract, glaucoma and others. The frequency of drug administration and duration of treatment was recorded in 92% (828/900) and 81% (729/900) of all prescriptions respectively. Antimicrobials were most commonly prescribed (39.9% [941/2354]) followed by anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic (26% [612/2354]), anti-glaucoma medications (19.9% [470/2354]), mydriatic and cycloplegics (8.4% [198/2354]), miotics (3% [72/2354]), multivitamins (2.6% [61/2354]). Drugs were predominantly prescribed in brand name 82% (1932/2354) instead of generic name. Conclusion: The present study revealed certain lacunae in the prescribing practices of the Ophthalmologists of the institute as evidenced by low generic prescribing, inadequate information about frequency of administration and duration of therapy in many prescriptions. This can be addressed through proper sensitization of clinicians in the art of rational prescribing
407 Psychiatric Co-Morbidity in Geriatric Inpatients in a Teaching Hospital, DR PARAS SANDHU, DR (PROF) ROHIT KANT SRIVASTAVA, DR (PROF) C S SHARMA
Ageing is a universal phenomenon. It has not only social but also economical, political and health-related implications. This ever-increasing age group needs special healthcare. Psychological assessment should be an integral aspect of the comprehensive health assessment and ca re of geriatric patients. In this present study geriatric inpatients in a hospital were assessed on mini mental status examination, psycho geriatric assessment scale and proper psychiatric assessment was done which revealed high psychiatric co morbidity. The most common psychiatric illness (25.0%) was depression followed by adjustment disorders (11%), anxiety disorders (4.6%), dementias (3.4%), delirium (3%) and bipolar disorders (1.0%).
408 Comparative Study of Analgesic Effect of Epidural Clonidine and Magnesium Sulfate as an Adjuvent to Bupivacaine in Orthopaedic Lower Limb Surgeries, Dr. Abhishek Choudhary, Dr. Saheer Ahmed Siddiqui, Dr. Rambabu Sharma, Dr. Nitin Johar, Dr. Meenaxi Sharma
BACKGROUND: This prospective double blind, randomized controlled trial study was undertaken to compare the onset and duration of analgesia with the epidural bupivacaine and its combination with either magnesium sulphate or clonidine, to establish the ideal combination of drug with least side effects. MATERIAL & METHODS: The study included 90 patients between age group 20-60 yrs. of ASA grade I & II, scheduled for orthopaedic lower limb surgery. Patient were randomly assigned to three groups of 30 patients each. Gr. I- 20 ml of 0.5% bupivacaine + 5ml of NS, Gr.II- 20ml of 0.5% bupivacaine + 50 mg magnesium sulphate + 4ml of NS and Gr. III- 2 ml of 0.5% bupivacaine + 50 mic.g clonidine + 4 ml of NS. The time of injection, onset of analgesia, level of sensory and motor block, hemodynamic changes and side effects were recorded. RESULTS: The time of onset of sensory analgesia is least with clonidine, the time of regression of sensory analgesia to L1 segment is maximum with clonidine, time for onset of motor block is least in clonidine group, the grade of motor block is maximum in clonidine group, hemodynamic effects and side effects were not significant. CONCLUSION: we conlcuded that we have quicker time of onset of sensory and motor blockade, greater duration of analgesia, with no significant increase in side effects with clonidine group than the magnesium sulphate group.
409 A Systematic Review of A Series of Cases of Vaginal Vault Prolapse Treated With Sacrospinous Ligament Fixation, Shalini Mahana Valecha, Divija Dhingra
Symptomatic vaginal vault prolapse occurs with 0.2 to 43% of hysterectomies. The definitive management of vaginal vault prolapse is surgical, and as such successful treatment must ensure restoration of anatomy, re-establishment of normal function, and relief of symptoms. Vaginal and abdominal surgical approaches for vaginal vault prolapse have similar efficacy. However , the vaginal approaches produces shorter hospital stays, less discomfort, rapid return of bowel function and allow for repair of coexisting defects through the same incision. The most common current transvaginal procedure described in the literature is the unilateral sacrospinous ligament fixation (SSLF) technique. SSLF may also be used prophylactically for total procidentia at hysterectomy. The sacrospinous ligament has been used for over 50 years as a convenient structure for tethering the vault with good post-operative outcome.
410 Comparative Study of Induction of Labour With Dinoprostone Gel and Tab. Misoprostol, DR.PRIYANKA J. PARMAR, DR.NEHA N. LIMBANI, Dr. Satish kadikar, Dr. Sanjay munshi
Objective : To compare the safety and efficacy of intravaginal misoprostol (PGE1) with intra cervical dinoprostone gel (PGE2) for induction of labour, To study the maternal & fetal outcome, To measure an average induction to delivery interval time, To assess the need of oxytocin augmentation. Methods : This is a prospective study conducted at labour rooms of V.S. Municipal hospital, L.G Hospital attached to Smt. N.H.L. Municipal medical college, Ahmedabad.This study was performed with 100 randomly selected patients with an indication for induction of labour. Among them 50 patients were induced with Dinoprostone gel and 50 patients with Tab. Misoprostol. Results : The change in the Bishop’s score after 6 hours was markedly high in the Tab. Misoprostol group as compared to the Dinoprostone Gel group, 11% Patient in the Tab. Misoprostol group required oxytocin augmentation as compared to 19% in the Dinoprostone Gel group, InductionDelivery interval was significantly shorter in the Tab. Misoprostol group, Maternal and fetal side effects were low and comparable in both groups. Conclusion : Induction of labour confers benefits in various maternal and fetal conditions, it must be done in the set up where trained staff for continuous monitoring of the patients are available
411 Study of the Morbidity Pattern in Traffic Police in Ahmedabad City, Dr. Punit G. Patel, Dr. Yagnavalkya K. Jani, Dr. D V Bala
Purpose: Occupational environment too plays a major role on the health of the exposed. Prolonged standing is the major cause to increase the number of varicose vein in traffic police . The purpose of the study is to create awareness and improve the knowledge regarding prevention of varicose vein. Methodology: This cross sectional study was conducted from May 2012 to August 2012. The list of Traffic police officers was obtained from Higher authority. The visit was scheduled to various traffic junction. All the available police personnel on the day of visit were examined and the data recorded. Subjects, who gave their consent, were interviewed. Blood pressure was recorded [hypertension was considered to be at Systolic BP (SBP) >140mm Hg or Diastolic B.P (DBP)>90 mm Hg] and varicose veins were checked as they are occupational risks of the police personnel. Height and weight of subjects were measured to calculate the body mass index. Results: Mean age was 40.22 year with SD 8.1year. Mean working hours were 7.9 hr with SD 0.6 hour. Mean of working experience was 13.47 year with SD 7.6 year. One third of subjects were obese according BMI. 57% subjects had current or past addiction. Respiratory problem (21%) was the most common self reported systemic condition followed by varicose vein (20%) in traffic Polices. Most of Traffic polices(13 %) who belong to 46 to 55 year age group were more prone to develop varicose vein than younger traffic polices (p value = 0.005).The severity of the varicose vein increase when the duration of exposure increases (p value = 0.003) Conclusion & Recommendation : The traffic police personnel should be periodically examined for their health status. Regular education session regarding preventive measure should be conducted. Respiratory problem were more prevalent in Traffic police so Personal protective like mask should be provided.
412 Operationalisation of Breast Crawl as a Method of Early Initiation of Breast Feeding and its Impact in a Tertiary Care Hospital, Dr.Shachi Patel, Dr. Uma Nayak
Background: Research suggests that early initiation of breastfeeding is a cost efficient means over and above exclusive breastfeeding and is an independently effective intervention to achieve improvement in health care indicators. Objective: To implement breast crawl as a method for early initiation of breast feeding in our hospital set-up (enchasing the first hour of birth) and to study the effect of breast crawl on feeding practices, on baby’s weight gain, and on morbidity pattern Design: randomized control trial Settings: Hospital based study over 1 year, at Department of Pediatrics, Neonatal division and Labor room of Obstetric Department in Rukamani Chainani building of Government Medical College and S.S.G hospital, Vadodara. Intervention: Two introductory seminars of two hours duration each was held, which included a talk on the concept of breast crawl, lactation management in brief and the protocol of the thesis was briefed. The concerns and queries that arose were discussed and settled amicably. Photographs and posters were put in the labor room complex to help the nursing staff, telephone number of researcher and of the NICU on call resident were displayed such that supervision could be offered to babies on breast crawl. Each baby after birth and after cord was cut and who satisfied the inclusion criteria was randomized into either the breast crawl group or conventional care group. Antenatal and other demographic data was collected from records and personal interview, daily monitoring was done in form of weight gain or weight loss; breastfeeding practices were observed and problems regarding feeding were noted and morbidity if any was recorded. Result: Breast crawl had a significant positive impact on the onset of lactation (P
413 Etiopathological Evaluation of Cervical Lymphadenopathy, Dr. Chandre Gowda.B.V, Dr. Smitha.S.G, Dr. Amrita Suzanne Mathew
Objectives: To study the clinical presentation, etiology and management of chronic cervical lymphadenopathy. Methods: 100 patients with chronic cervical lymphadenopathy underwent haematological and radiological investigations, fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and lymph node biopsy. Further tests were conducted based on the histopathological diagnosis and appropriate treatment administered. Results: Tuberculosis showed maximum incidence (68%), followed by metastasis (14%). Incidence of tuberculosis was highest between 11- 30 years; metastasis between 41-50years. Accuracy of FNAC was 88% in the diagnosis of tuberculosis, 100% in secondary metastasis but was inconclusive in 26%. All patients received appropriate treatment. No mortality was reported at the end of study. Conclusion: Tuberculosis is the most common cause of cervical lymphadenitis, followed by metastasis. FNAC was found to be a reliable, cheap method of diagnosis with good patient compliance , without significant morbidity.
414 Synthesis, Characterisation of 5-Fu Loaded Chitosan Nanoparticles, Mahesh Kadagi, Shridhar.N.B, Jagadeesh S Sanganal, Phani, A.R, Narayanaswamy.H.D, Isloor, S, Ramachandra. S.G.
In the present study, 5-fluorouracil-loaded-Chitosan nanoparticles were prepared by ionic gelation technology. In the experiment chitosan dissolved in 1% acetic acid and TPP and 5 FU dissolved in the distilled water. TPP-Drug solution added to chitosan solution drop by drop under magnetic stirrer. Drug encapsulated on generated nanoparticles as a result of electrostatic interactions, The particle size, size distribution, surface morphology, and physical and chemical properties of the 5-FU-NPs were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Dynamic light scattering (DLS) and Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR). The drug encapsulation efficiency (EE) of 5-FUNPs was investigated by LC-MSMS (Liquid Chromatography-Mass spectroscopy Mass spectroscopy). The drug loaded chitosan nanoparticles are roughly spherical in shape with a size distribution range of 300 to 350 nm in diameter. The zeta potential of the chitosan nanoparticles is 48.2 mV, The drug loading capacity of 5-FU loaded chitosan nanoparticles was 29.3%.
415 Role of Helicobacter Pylori in Peptic Ulcer Disease - A Clinical Study, Dr Pradeep Y M, Dr Praveen Khandelwal, Dr M V Shivaprasad, Dr Ramesh K
Background : Even though many studies done before proves, the significant association between H.pylori and peptic ulcer disease, it is still not known why few patients harbouring H.pylori still does not suffer from peptic ulcer disease. Methods : A total of 100 patients who were clinically diagnosed as a case of APD were subjected to UGIE from September 2011 to August 2013. Out of 100 patients 7 were Gastric outlet obstruction due to plyroric stricture. Helicobacter pylori positivity was determined by RUT, Gram stain and ELISA Results : 59 patients were found to be H.pylori positive. 7 patients with normal study were H. pylori positive (33.34%). 14 patients with gastritis/ duodenitis were H.pylori positive (45.16% ?2 =3.42, P>0.05). Conclusion : Helicobacter pylori has highly significant association with duodenal ulcer and gastric ulcer.
416 Molecular Methods Associated to Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia Diagnosis for Viral DNA, Tarsísio Melo Araújo, Miriam de Magalhães Oliveira Levada, Celso Luís Levada, Ana Laura Remédio Zeni Beretta
This study emphasizes the importance of early cervical cancer diagnosis through the main molecular techniques used in HPV-DNA molecular detection.
417 Pharmacognostic Studies of Apamarga Beeja and Patra (Achyranthes aspera Linn.), Yogesh H. Girigaon, Dr. Satej Banne, Nalinikanta Parida
Apamarga is one of the commonly used herbs in India. It is also extensively used in the Indian systems of medicines i.e. Ayurveda in the treatment of many diseases like arsha, dadru, kandu, shula etc. The scientific name of Apamarga is Achyranthes aspera Linn., belongs to the family Amaranthaceae. Morphologically seed was pale green while seed was pale brown. Microscopically leaf showed epidermis and collenchymal cells. In present study the detailed pharmacognostic study of Achyranthes aspera Linn. seed and leaf were carried out to lay down the standards which could be useful in future experimental studies. The study includes macroscopy, microscopy, preliminary phytochemical screening and physico-chemical evaluation.
418 Physical Fitness Status of Rava Indo- Mongoloid Tribal Youths in Comparison to General Youths of India, Mahavev Roy, Sagarika Bandyopadhyay, Arup Gayen, Sentu Mitra
Objective: To explore the status of physical fitness of Rava Indo-mongoloid tribals living in plane and compare the same with general youths of same geographical origin. Method: Study area: Jalpaiguri district in West Bengal, India. Subject: 62 (31 from each group); age ranged 12-16 years. Design: The subjects were taken conveniently. Static group comparison design was employed to the study. Criterion measures: body composition, aerobic endurance, speed, muscular strength-endurance, and flexibility were measured adopting standard test and measurement procedures. Statistics: Mean, Standard Deviation and Independent t-test were used as statistical tool. Level of Significance was set at 0.05. Findings: The t-value of body mass index, aerobic endurance, speed, abdominal strength-endurance and flexibility between rava indo-mongoloid tribal and general students were 3.336 (0.05), and 2.199 (
419 Objective: To explore the status of physical fitness of Rava Indo-mongoloid tribals living in plane and compare the same with general youths of same geographical origin. Method: Study area: Jalpaiguri district in West Bengal, India. Subject: 62 (31 from each group); age ranged 12-16 years. Design: The subjects were taken conveniently. Static group comparison design was employed to the study. Criterion measures: body composition, aerobic endurance, speed, muscular strength-endurance, and flexibility were measured adopting standard test and measurement procedures. Statistics: Mean, Standard Deviation and Independent t-test were used as statistical tool. Level of Significance was set at 0.05. Findings: The t-value of body mass index, aerobic endurance, speed, abdominal strength-endurance and flexibility between rava indo-mongoloid tribal and general students were 3.336 (0.05), and 2.199 (, Jayanta Kumar Dash
Gross National Happiness is a term coined by His Majesty the Fourth King of Bhutan, Jigme Singye Wangchuck in the 1970s (Medha,2013). The concept implies that sustainable development should take a holistic approach towards notions of progress and give equal importance to non-economic aspects of wellbeing. The concept of GNH has often been explained by its four pillars: good governance, sustainable socio-economic development, cultural preservation, and environmental conservation. Lately the four pillars have been further classified into nine domains in order to create widespread understanding of GNH and to reflect the holistic range of GNH values. The idea of GNH is unique to Bhutan. The concept is now however being translated from an ideational to an operational level. Since 1971, the country has rejected GDP as the only way to measure progress. In its place, it has championed a new approach to development, which measures prosperity through formal principles of Gross National Happiness (GNH) and the spiritual, physical, social and environmental health of its citizens and natural environment. However Bhutan is a living example of interconnected communities radiating happiness while living within the limits of our fragile planet.
420 Institute for Entrepreneurship Development Amongst Farmers- Especially Small and Marginal Land Holders, Dr. Sweta Sanjog Metha
The term entrepreneurship is gaining importance in the field of Business management. Study of this subject puts more emphasis on person rather than the business. There are several institutes and organizations like management schools, banks, government organisations and non- government organisations, imparting entrepreneurship training. These institutes target to different groups viz. Management graduates, engineers, science graduates, self- help groups, women, and students specializing in this subject. Needless to say ours is an agrarian economy with a large proportion of population dependent on this sector. If we consider the evolution and development of Indian agriculture, we realize that there is lot of work been done on food security, production and productivity. All these activities are focused on agriculture and not agriculturist. This paper is an attempt to develop an institutional model that would work on imparting entrepreneurial skills amongst farmers
421 Social Issues on Woman’s Life, K. Deepa, M.Phil, Dr. P. Nagarai
Mayamma is an uneducated so she does not know the reality of life according to the new generation. She lost everything in her life. Mayamma believes that women should always support and surrender her opinion and duty to the men. She does every thing like the old generation people. Without knowing the value of woman and their strength she spoils her whole life. Mayamma is the real gem of old age culture follower.
422 Violence Against Working Women, Dr.T.Vijaya Lakshmi, Smt.K.Sudha Rani
Traditionally men are seen as the bread winner and women as the house-keepers, child bearers and rearers. This typecast role model continues to put obstacles before the working women. Her tasks and challenges have increased and hardened multifold now when she is super multi-tasking; juggling between career, travelling, kitchen, kids, husband, house, society, personal health, passion and desires. Balancing between so many duties and obligations, a woman faces numerous challenges and problems every day, every time, and may be every minute or second. Most of the problems that beset working women are in reality rooted in the social perspective of the position of women. The government canset up special courts for handling complaints of working women against their employers and legislate laws to curb inequalities.
423 Social Entrepreneurship of Women: Innovation in its Best Form, Dr. Koteswara Raju Penmetsa, Dr. Satyanarayana Katreddi
Entrepreneurship, though theoretically conceived as a veritable product of both heredity and environment of a person, of which one inherits the wherewithal from parental stock that further emanates the vibrancy from the larger social environment in which one is embedded, when the question arises on the primacy of the one over the other, the author finds more cues from the genes than the environs, because, in the opinion of the author the genes unfurl a robust resilience and transmit long legacy of entrepreneurship that stands aloft to the withering of a ravaging social environment, thus sustaining the ordeals and overcoming the hurdles in attaining the eminence as an entrepreneur. This particular presentation is a portrayal of women of threegenerationswhopassionately juxtaposesthemselves as social entrepreneurs, carved out from the compassionate involvement to bring in the fruits of creativity of capitalism to the attainment of the social goals of socialism, fructifying social entrepreneurship and heralding innovation in its best form, whereby social wealth is generated from within the larger community and distributed to the advantage of the marginalized and vulnerable to ensure growth with inclusiveness, albeit through strong familial lineage of social entrepreneurship.
424 Social Issues of Tribal Women in Education, Health and Unemployment, D. S. V. Krishna Kumari
“ We know Gandhi did wonderful deeds and is well respected, but we want to learn about tribal leaders”. - Sonal Ratwa (Tribal Teacher). This paper investigates the issues and challenges among the tribal women in comparison to the non-tribal women in the newly states by drawing upon data from the National family health in terms of standard of living, education and other socio-demographic indicators. There is a need for proper understanding of the different health aspects of tribal women and their specific health needs so that relevant health measures can be prepared and implemented, More particularly, there is a need for undertaking a region-specific study of the health of the tribal women, which will make planning for their welfare more successful. In this investigates the maternal health care practices, health condition, education and unemployment among the tribal women in comparison to the tribal women. Education as a means of advancement of capacity, well being and opportunity is uncontested and more so among communities on the periphery. Low literacy rates in tribal communities continue to indicate a need for overarching support that tactless issues from health, education and unemployment of non-tribal population.
425 Literacy and Women Development in India, B. Padmaja.
Women Literacy in India is a leading issue from the post Independent time, unfortunately practically least achieved goal in our country. Women are high in population but poor in their destination, development, health and hygiene. Today we find countless crimes against women are taking part in our country . For any kind of issues, women literacy is the key to get rid of these problems. In my opinion women literacy should be a continual process of Co-operation between women- governmentsociety – media which helps in achieving a permanent solution for this chronic issue. It should not end with one or two programmes and left. “A women is an inbuilt leader”and she supposed to lead her family, society and a nation with a vision, motto and a purpose.
426 A Study on Entrepreneurial Tendencies of Undergraduate Women Students – A Case Study on St. Josephs College for Women (Autonomous), Visakhapatnam, Dr. P. Bhushanavathi, Dr. P. Sarada, Capt. K. Sujatha
Social and economic development of women is necessary for overall economic development of a nation. Women are also the key contributors to economic advancement in low and middle income families in India. Despite the government providing direct and indirect support, women in India are not ready to undertake business independently. As compared to men, women are less inclined to start business units due to some inherent fear and lack of motivation and social support. But now entrepreneurial tendencies of women are gradually changing with the growing sensitivity to their role and economic status in the society. Women’s level of optimism and self confidence in starting a business is highly influenced by the economic, cultural and social norms of their native society. This study is a preliminary investigation aimed at identifying the factors responsible for motivating a woman student to take up entrepreneurship and establishing relationship between socio-economic status of women studentsand their entrepreneurial tendencies. Purpose of this empirical study is to identify and establish the various motivating and de-motivating internal and external factors contributing toentrepreneurial tendencies in undergraduate women students. It also includes an attempt to quantify the factors and to give ranking to these factors. Since today’s women students could be tomorrow’s women entrepreneurs, final year students of Science and Arts faculties of St. Joseph’s College for Women (Autonomous) have been chosen as the sample for conducting this study. This study finds that lack of innovative thinkingalong with fear of failure and a curriculum that promotes entrepreneurial tendencies are the main reasons for women students to abstain from developing entrepreneurial tendencies.
427 Women Entrepreneurs in India - Problems & Prospects, Ms. Ponna Srilatha, Mr. V. Hari Hara Prasad
There were the days where women were restricted to only house hold activities. They were not allowed to do any other work apart from their routine work at home. Even if they allowed to work, their services were restricted only to their family. But, now the situation has changed a lot. They are coming out of the house and performing various activities like Accountants, Manages, Teachers, Lawyers, Doctors, Auditors etc., In the same manner women are now entering into the Business World as Entrepreneurs.In this context this paper is intended to observe the various problems faced by women entrepreneurs in India. It is also trying to give some suggestion to overcome these problems.
428 Woman as an Entrepreneur, in Virginia Woolf’s Vision, Mrs. K. L. Chamundeswari Devi
The contribution of Women as Entrepreneurs across the globe has always been omnipresent. Women have been contributing to all fields of Society in some way or the other. Women, in spite of lack of education, are striving to reach higher goals. There are women who are exemplary and who have made notable contribution to the economy. These women have created the history in the business world because of their personal achievement. Virginia Woolf, the famous English Novelist brings forth many qualities of women which help them in being uplifted in the society. She maintains in her essay ‘A Room of One’s Own’ that a woman needs free conditions to produce any outcome if it is a service, product or any item, etc. She says,‘Woman can achieve any thing, provided, they are supported by family and society’. A Woman’s success is the success of the family, and also the success of the Society.
429 Problems and Prospects of Women Entrepreneurs in India, Mrs.K.Praneetha
Women entrepreneurship development is an essential pre-condition to the development of the nation as a whole. Entrepreneurship amongst women has been a recent concern The development of women entrepreneurship is very low in India, especially in the rural areas. Women have become aware of their existence; their rights and their work situation. The educated women do not want to limit their lives in the four walls of the house. They demand equal respect from their partners. However, Indian women of middle classes as well as in rural areas have to go a long way to alter their role and to achieve equal rights and position because traditions are deep rooted in Indian society. The progress is more visible among upper class families in urban cities. This paper focuses on Indian women entrepreneurs who continue to inspire us with their versatile abilities, persuasiveness, problem solving abilities, willingness to take chances and risks and the ability to motivate people aroundthem. The paper talks about the status of Indian women entrepreneurs and the problems faced by them when they ventured out to carve their own niche in the competitive world of business environment.
430 Kabbaliga Community in Karnataka: An Overview, Mariyamma S. Harkanchi, Dr. Shinde. Jaganath. R
Kabbaliga community is known by different names such as Besta, Ambiga, Mogaveera, Koli, Tokrekoli, Ganga Mata, etc. These communities were played significant role in protecting villages, fishing, transportation, maintaining law and order in villages, etc. After independence, due to mechanization, these people have become backward as their occupations were mechanized and these communities become unemployed or under employed in unorganized sector. The paper looks into history and development of the Kabbaliga community and suggested for the development of the community.
431 Subacute Toxicity Study of A.niger Isolates From Maize Straws in Rats, Dr Rekha Yadav, Dr Shridhar,N.B, Dr Jagadeesh .S.Sanganal, Dr H.D. Narayana Swamy, Dr Mathen Melba Sara
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the toxic potential of fungal isolates from the maize straws which had caused the death of cattle in Bailhongal village in Belgaum district of Karnataka and to confirm the effects of mycotoxins produced by these isolates in rats. The fungal isolates were identified as Aspergillus niger . The fungal inoculated wheat cultures were subjected to LCMS/MS multi-mycotoxin analysis which confirmed the presence of aflatoxins and fumonisins. Sub acute toxicity study of the culture filtrates were conducted on Wistar albino rats. The animals were gavaged at three different dose levels daily for 28 days. During the study period, rats were observed for clinical signs of toxicity. Biochemical and haematological parameters also were analysed. There was a significant (P?0.001) increase in the serum concentrations of ALT, AST, BUN and creatinine, indicated hepatic and renal damage which got confirmed by histopathology. A significant (P?0.001) increase in TLC and significant (P?0.001) decrease in haematological parameters such as TEC, Hb and PCV were observed.
432 A Comparative Study on Productive and Reproductive Performance of Crossbred Cows and Buffalos of Kvk Trainee and Non-Trainee Dairy Farmers, Raj Kumar Patel, K.S. Kadian, Shahaji Phand
Study was conducted in purposively selected KVK Satna in Madhya Pradesh. Selection of six villages was done randomly from the thirty villages having more than 15 trainees. From each selected villages 10 trainees and 10 non-trainees i.e 60 trainees and 60 non-trainees were selected randomly. From the selected respondents it was found that 19 trainees and 14 non-trainees were rearing crossbred cow and 38 trainees and 30 trainees were rearing buffalo. A structured interview schedule was developed for the collection of primary data from respondents. The findings of the study showed significant improvement in the productive and reproductive performance of both the cross bred cows as well as buffalos of trainee dairy farmers as compared to non-trainee dairy farmers. From the findings it was concluded that training had incorporated its part in trained dairy farmers which was felt lacunae in non-trained dairy farmers.
433 Knowledge Level of the Kvk Trainee Dairy Farmers and Non-Trainee Dairy Farmers in Satna District of Madhya Pradesh, Raj Kumar Patel, K.S. Kadian, Shahaji Phand
Study was conducted in purposively selected KVK Satna in Madhya Pradesh as KVK Satna was the leading training provider in dairy and animal husbandry practices since 2005. Selection of six villages was done randomly from the thirty villages having more than 15 trainees. From each selected villages 10 trainees and 10 non-trainees were selected randomly. On the basis of findings of the study, in feeding, breeding and management aspect trainees had medium level of knowledge while non-trainees had low level of knowledge. In healthcare aspect both trainees and non-trainees had low level of knowledge. In overall knowledge about improved dairy farming practices, trainee dairy farmers had medium level while non-trainees had low level. Knowledge level of trainee dairy farmers was improved at significant level as compared to non-trainee dairy farmers.
434 COX-2 and iNOS in Human Colon Cancer, DanutaPlewka, Andrzej Plewka, Adam Mi?kiewicz
A variety of possible prognostic factors was examined in colon cancer, however, a single marker was usually assessed, not in relation to other factors which were known to affect biological behaviour. Since a group of molecular markers may be more useful in tumour characteristics, examinations that analyze marker group expression might be important in the selection of therapy. The material collected by surgeons might be used prior to treatment to identify biomarkers, which predict susceptibility or resistance to a particular medication, or to determine molecular features of ovarian cancer, which is to be treated. It may provide procedures which will enable non-invasive evaluation of selected parameters facilitating more effective diagnosis.
435 Progress Towards Gender Egalitarianism: A Reality Check, Dr. Jatinder Kaur
After independence, empowerment of women has always remained the major thrust of Indian plans and policies. Besides floating various schemes exclusively for the well-being of the women, many stringent laws have also been enacted from time to time to narrow down the huge gender gap which persisted at that time. This paper is an attempt to study how far these efforts have been successful in bridging that gap and empowering Indian women.
436 Antidiabetic property of Embelia tsjeriam-cottam plant leaf extract in rats, Dr. Mathen Melba Sara, DR. N.B. Shridhar, Dr. Jagadeesh S. Sanganal, Dr. Suguna Rao, Dr. Rekha Yadav,
The Embelia tsjeriam-cottam leaf extract was evaluated for antidiabetic property in Wistar rats. The various groups in the present study included normal control (Group I), diabetic control (Group II), glibencamide treated (Group III), leaf extract treated groups (Group IV, V and VI).Diabetes was induced in rats by streptozotocin and the diabetic rats treated with leaf extract produced significant improvement in glucose, cholesterol and triglycerides, but the antidiabetic effect of leaf extract treated group was lesser than the glibenclamide treated group. The results obtained were also supported by the histopathological evaluation
437 To Study on Investors’ Preference Mutual Fund as an Investment Option Against Stock Market, Dr. Nikhil Ranjan Agarwal
Mutual funds pool together money from many investors can invest it on their behalf, in accordance with a stated set of objectives. A mutual fund’s portfolio is organized and maintained to mimic the investment objectives defined in its catalogue. The study is based on investors’ preference the mutual fund as an investment option against stock Market. The Data is gathered by way of personal interviews and discussions with 250 respondents in Moradabad District of Uttar Pradesh. Data is collected from March’ 2014 to May’ 2014.
438 Pitch Study of Both Rabha and Bodo Phonemes, Dr. Nityananda Barman
Rabha and Bodo language has assimilated words from the dialects of many tribes. The rate of vibrations of the vocal folds is the pitch or fundamental frequency of the voice. Relative differences in the fundamental frequency of the voice are utilized in all languages to signal some aspects of linguistic information. The present study is undertaken to detect the pitch or fundamental frequency of Rabha and Bodo phonemes and also to see whether the pitch or fundamental frequency can be effectively used as a technique of sex verification of different languages. The fundamental frequency ranges between 80Hz and 160Hz for male speakers and between 160Hz and 400Hz for female speakers. The estimation of pitch and formant frequencies finds extensive use in speech encoding, synthesis and recognition. The present study also revealed that the pitch or fundamental frequency can be effectively used for sex verification of Rabha and Bodo speakers. Summary : The fundamental frequency of Rabha and Bodo phonemes ranges between 80Hz and 160Hz for male speakers and between 160Hz and 400Hz for female speakers respectively. The estimation of pitch and formant frequencies finds extensive use in speech encoding, synthesis and recognition.
439 Resource Allocation and Regional Disparity, Dr. Premakumara G.S., Jagadeesha D.S.
There is a positive relationship between resource allocation and educational development. However, allocation to education may not be equally distributed to all regions and places due to various reasons. In this paper an attempt has been made to examine the regional disparities in resource allocation for the primary education in Karnataka. Knowing the importance of education, government of Karnataka has been given considerable importance primary education and its allocation for primary education has been significantly increased. Even-though, there are differences between South and North Karnataka these differences are not very significant, but the division-wise differences are significant. Therefore, in Karnataka, disparities in plan allocation to primary education exist only among the divisions not between South and North Karnataka. Hence, government of Karnataka has to give attention to solve the divisional disparities in plan allocation of resources to primary education in order to ensure equity in educational development of overall Karnataka
440 A Study on Depression and Anxiety Among Retired Persons, P.Natarajan, Dr.L.Ranjit
Retirement is the beginning of a new stage of life. Work is only part of what they do as a person. When a person retire from working, whether fully or partially, they have more time for the other interests in their life. Retirement stage is influenced by various factors namely stress, Depression, fatigue, regression and Anxiety etc. the present study concludes that high level of anxiety and depression was found among the respondents. It is also concluded that gender does not influence the level of anxiety and depression of the respondents. It is concluded that level of anxiety and level of depression are significantly related. Higher the level of anxiety higher is the level of depression.
441 Demerger and its Aspects, Naresh Kumar
Merger and Demerger are like two sides of the same coin. Mergers offer various benefits as the joining of two corporate houses brings profitable results to the new entity formed. Thus, the question that arises is; what is the need for a demerger? The concept of demerger has gained much importance in the corporate world owing to the added advantages that it offers. The word ‘Demerger’ denotes the act of disjoining a part or a unit of a company in order to incorporate a brand new company completely separate from the original company. A demerger aims at a more specific and a smoother functioning of the units. This paper commences by defining demerger under the Income Tax Act, 1961 and goes on to discuss the ways by which a demerger can be affected and its procedural aspects, it concludes by citing the relevant case law on the topic and laying down the benefits that a demerger offers.
442 Pacifism Vs. Just War: Can A Christina Kill?, Potana Venkateswara Rao
Present day Christianity has been guided by two schools of thoughts, one is just war theory that supports human killing for a just cause and another one is pacifism that refuses human killing in the name of war. Christian faith gives high value to human beings because they are created in the image of God. In fact, Christians are stewards of other human beings. God is the only life giver who has authority on human life. The Old Testament scriptures of the Bible clearly command that no one can kill the other human being. Jesus Christ came to demonstrate God’s love by dyeing on the cross. He was killed but he did not retaliate with violence. His emotional act of clearing temple (John 2:15) does not promote violence. Non Christian thinkers like Mahatma Gandhi succeeded in his mission by experimenting Christ’s teachings of nonviolence to encounter the British. Christian church in India and across the globe should promote peace through the nonviolent ways.
443 The Necklace by Guy-De Maupassant Critical Study, Vaghela Jagruti Laljibhai
Short story is one of the important genres of English literature. In few pages reality of life has to be introduced by the short-story writer. Many writers give a glance of life, as actually it is. The necklace by famous short-story writer Guy de Maupassant is realistic short-story. We face human-nature, their desires, misery, misunderstanding, irony and life itself. Guy de Maupassant unlike O’Henry is famous for surprise ending in his stories. He wrote what life is. He didn’t describe fantasy or imagination. He wrote what he saw. Here we study short story “The Necklace” and its various themes in critical view.
444 A Study of Socio-Psychological Characteristics of Studnets Volleyball Players, Vinayak Gautamrao Jagtap, Dr. K.G.Jadhav, M.S. Rathod
Sport has become a psycho-social activity, full of tension, anxiety, fear and stresses. In competitive sports teams and individual players play to win and this spirit of winning the matches and individual events causes ni.iny psychological stresses. So the job of the coach is to prepare or train the individual athlete as well as lean is in such a way that the players individually as well as, in their capacity, as members of the team are to bear all types of stresses and overcome the effect of over-stresses and strains which may deteriorate the sports performance. The players need to undergo such an arduous, training that they should be able to have physical during practice schedules and can have psychic stress during the period of competition, because it is during competition that athletes as well as teams inevitably come under psychological stress.
445 Atorvastatin with Niacin in the Management of Hyperlipidaemia, Dr. Bekkam Shobha, Dr. M. Vanaja, Dr. Ramesh. K
Background: The triglyceride (TG) level is one of several lipid parameters that can aid prediction of coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. An elevated plasma TG level is strongly associated with an increased risk of CHD.Methdology : A total of 50 patients for Atorvastatin and Niacin group were included in the study. The fasting blood samples were taken and serum (I°) were stored frozen until analysed for TG, TC, LDL-C, HDL-C, and Lp (a). Blood samples were taken again at follow up and serum (II°) was stored frozen until analysed for lipids by biochemical methods.Results: The mean cholesterol before treatment was 224.45 mg/dl and after treatment it was 192.14 mg/dl ( p value< 0.001). Conclusion: Combined statin with niacin may produce a more global and effective improvement in lipid blood levels than monotherapy and is generally safe and well tolerable.
446 Impact of Brand Loyalty in Rural Markets (With Special Reference to Select Fast Moving Consumer Goods -FMCG), Nagaraju Kolla, Prof.B.Krishna Reddy
In the modern marketing environment consumers are becoming more and more demanding hence, the market is glutted with endless products and countless brands and offering them rich choices. Because of these endless products and countless brands organizations getting disaster in the competition .All organizations are following a single mantra from escaping this disaster i.e. loyalty in other words making the customer commit to a particular brand The main aim of the article is to analyze the factors influencing brand selection among rural customers, to evaluate the pre purchase expectations and to compare with post purchase performance and to assess the brand loyalty of rural customers towards FMCG .For this a sample of 799 have been taken through multistage convenience sampling by covering villages of Anantapur, Kurnool, Kadapa and Chittoor of Rayalaseema. Collected data analyzed by SPSS-21.0 through frequency tables, mean, reliability analysis, regression analysis, correlation analysis and factor analysis.
447 Hemostatic Disorders in Pregnancy, Surabhi Chandra, Anil Kumar Tripathi
Pregnancy is characterized by several changes in the hormonal milieu, which though physiological, may aggravate problems in specially those with pre-existing risk factors and may be associated with serious morbidities detrimental to both maternal and fetal health and maybe mortality even. This article reviews cardinal knowledge regarding major hemostatic disorders during pregnancy with special reference to thrombo-embolic disorders. The description includes the basic etiopathogenesis, prominent symptoms/complications and the latest trends in treatment of the common hemostatic anomalies in reference to the pregnant state.
448 A Study of Clinical Profile and Determinants of Malaria in Rural Area of Central India, Avinash Borkar, Namita Deshmukh, Mohan Khamgaonkar
Human habits and behaviour had a strong epidemiological relation with the occurrence of malaria. This paper discusses host, environmental and entomological factors responsible for malaria cases and also clinical profile of malaria cases. The present community based cross-sectional study was carried out in the rural field practice area of the medical college during June 2011-May 2012. Of the 59 cases detected 55.93% were males. 69.49% cases were above 15 years of age. 50% of patients were involved in outdoor occupation, 81.35% belonged to lower socioeconomic class. Fever was found in all the cases. Other associated symptoms present were headache, nausea, generalized bodyache, vomiting and abdominal pain. 57.63% subjects did not use any protective measures against mosquitoes. Stagnant water was found collected around the house in 91.53% and vegetation was present in 57.63% of the cases. Mosquito breeding sites were observed in 98.31% of cases’ house. Habits and behaviour of the people and also the environmental factors like housing conditions in this rural area were more prone for occurrence of malaria
449 Value based Education is the only Solution to the Problem of Crisis of Moral Values among the Youth of India, Deepa Awasthi
Todays modern era is era of globalization. Inclination of our youth toward western life style and culture is natural. This inclination is not only limited to youth, almost everybody in country is running a blind race of cut throat competition to accumulate more money and things of leisure and pleasure. In recent years increase in percentage of crimes committed by youth especially adolescents has created a line of concern on the face of parents. Root cause of the problem lies in the quality of education we are providing to our child. Parents are putting more emphasis on materialistic education based on educational achievements of child, neglecting the overall development of child. Not only parents but teachers and schools are also responsible for misdirecting the direction of education. Even our curriculum and syllabus is also not favourable for teaching moral values to child. But now parents and teachers both have recognised the importance of value education in life of an individual. In early childhood before going to school, it is responsibility of parents to incorporate essential human values in child. Once he or she is admitted to school it is expected that parents and teachers will jointly carry out their duty to teach him values for making him better man or woman who can stand tall in life even in worst situations.
450 The Biotechnology Regulatory Authority of India Bill, 2013: An Appraisal, Dr. Anjani Singh Tomar
India is one of the fastest growing economy & market for the products of all known goods in globe. India along with other countries of the world needs to address the issues which are related to the Health & food security. The answer to all which lies in the Biotechnology. In the last two decades, biotechnology research has reached new-fangled horizons and hundreds of genetically modified (GM) creations have procured their place in international market. To have the streamlined development & progress; India has come up with the BRAI concept. This has been recently tabled to the floor of Parliament in 2013, monsoon session, which still is pending & people have started talking about its progress & implication in future. This paperwork while giving overview of present bill has remarked upon its pros & cons along with the suggestions that if incorporated could result into fruitful Act for the most prominent demand of the time.
451 Beyond Nawabs-Proposed Tourism Potentials of Emerging Lucknow for Policy Makers, Dr. Suyash Yadav
City of Nawabs, Golden City of the East, Shiraz-i-Hind and Constantinople of India, Lucknow has been known with these names. A CII-KPMG report says that tourist visits in the northern states of India witnessed a growth rate of 10.2 % during 2008-2012 compared to the national average growth rate of 16.3 % during the same period. While multiple tourism circuits based on diverse themes exist across northern states, low level of stay durations by both domestic and international tourists indicates the need for more entertainment and leisure activities. Advantage of demographic dividend and willingness of Indians to spend on tourism can be tapped by destinations only if they re-invent themselves. Lucknow as a destination needs to move beyond above introductions and policy makers should focus on complimentary product offerings of Dalit Tourism, Mango Tourism, and River Tourism as explored by the research paper.
452 A Study of Teachers Perceptions of Cultural and Creative Arts Curriculum Content in Junior Secondary Schools in Nigeria, IGBOKWE, UCHE L., OGBOJI, B.A
The purpose of this study is to investigate teachers’ perceptions of the curriculum content of Cultural and Creative Arts (CCA) in junior secondary school in Nigeria. The study specifically sets out to ascertain topics that teachers consider as important as well as how their teaching of the subject can be improved. The design of the study was descriptive survey. Sample consisted of 162 CCA teachers drawn from junior secondary schools in South East Nigeria. The questionnaire was used to collect data. Data collected were analysed in simple percentage, means and standard deviation. Based on the findings, it was recommended that CCA teachers be involved in the production of school curricula and that those in service should undergo constant training and retraining.
453 A Study of Teachers Perceptions of Cultural and Creative Arts Curriculum Content in Junior Secondary Schools in Nigeria, Hemant Chauhan, Prof. Pankaj Shah
Risk management is one of the important issues for real estate sector. It is necessary to take the steps towards the risk minimization. The main contribution of the present paper is to provide a risk management framework to the decision makers in the real estate sector. This paper has used the AHP methodology to rank the various risk management factors of real estate sector. In total twenty five practices were identified from the literature and expert survey. The ranking of these practices has been done by using AHP technique. The list of important risk management factors presented in the study is very important for the real estate sector. The main objective of this framework was to address all key risk management practices in real estate sector.However, one of the major drawbacks of AHP is biasness in expert opinions. A small sample size limits the findings of this paper. The generalizability of findings is only available in real sector, and not to other sectors. This provides a direction for further research where one can extend the use of AHP technique to prioritize factors in other sectors.
454 Pacifism vs. Just war: Can a Christina Kill?, Potana Venkateswara Rao
Present day Christianity has been guided by two schools of thoughts, one is just war theory that supports human killing for a just cause and another one is pacifism that refuses human killing in the name of war. Christian faith gives high value to human beings because they are created in the image of God. In fact, Christians are stewards of other human beings. God is the only life giver who has authority on human life. The Old Testament scriptures of the Bible clearly command that no one can kill the other human being. Jesus Christ came to demonstrate God’s love by dyeing on the cross. He was killed but he did not retaliate with violence. His emotional act of clearing temple (John 2:15) does not promote violence. Non Christian thinkers like Mahatma Gandhi succeeded in his mission by experimenting Christ’s teachings of nonviolence to encounter the British. Christian church in India and across the globe should promote peace through the nonviolent ways.
455 Application of Job Characteristic Model for Employees of State Universities: An Empirical , Debasis Bhattacharya, Shuvendu Dey, Mrinal Kanti
The study intends to investigate the relationship between job satisfaction and commitment by incorporating a few important job dimensions from the JCM model. A sample of 117 employees of various state universities located in the state of West Bengal was selected using a convenient sampling method. The findings of the study reveal that job satisfaction can b well predicted by a set of job related explanatory variables. It is also observed that job commitment is strongly associated with job variety, autonomy, and the level of perceived stress. The level of supervision is not found to be significant in augmenting commitment of employees. An institution specific suitable HRM strategy needs to be formulated and effectively implemented to boost up the employee commitment.
456 An Overview of Exercise Therapy in Diabetes Management : from Speculative Guess to Evidenced-Based Practice, Joshua Emeka Umeifekwem
This historical overview documented the development and use of physical exercise for the treatment and management of diabetes especially type-2 diabetes from primitive times to the present. It was recorded that the suggestion to apply exercise for the treatment of diabetes originated from speculative guess by ancient philosophers to systematic application. Two modes of exercise namely Aerobic endurance exercise and Progressive resistance exercise were identified as the most widely researched exercises modes which have shown promising results in effective management of type-2 diabetes.It was concluded that research is still ongoing in developing exercise that can effectively manage type-2 diabetes based on dose-response approach.
457 Differential Effects of Two Exercise Modes on Glycaemic and Anthropometric Indices of Female Out-patients, recently Diagnosed with type 2 Diabetes, Joshua Emeka Umeifekwem, Chukwugozie NOkwuosa
Physical Exercise has been recognized as a major cornerstone in type-2 diabetes management and prevention of type-2 diabetes. However, determining the differences in efficacy of identified beneficial exercise modes in managing type- 2 diabetes has not been well established. This study examined the differential effects of two exercise modes (Aerobic Endurance Exercise and Progressive Resistance Exercise) on glycaemic and anthropometric characteristics of female out-patients type 2 diabetics. A pre-test post-test quasi-experimental research design was adopted for the study. Fourteen out of 18 female (CA 36-58 years) and out-patient type-2 diabetics who registered and met the inclusion criteria at the Medical Centre, University of Nigeria, Nsukka participated in the study. They were randomly assigned to two experimental groups of Aerobic Endurance Exercise (5 females: mean age 45.6 years) and Progressive Resistance Exercise (4 female: mean age 46.2 years) and one control group of 6 females (mean age 48.8 years). Glycaemic and anthropometric measures were obtained from all the three groups at the beginning and at the end of the training respectively for comparison. Experimental groups were subjected to a six station circuit training model of 2day/week exercise training in respective exercise modes for fifteen weeks. The descriptive and inferential statistics of analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) were employed for data analyses. Results indicated that Progressive Resistance Exercise generally accounted for the significant difference between pre-test and post test Casual Plasma Glucose mean scores of the experimental and control groups [F= 8.909> 3.98 (df 2,11) p< .05]; Body weight, [F = 64.602 > 3.98 (df 2, 11 ) p
458 “An Analytical Study of Views of Agents towards Work Culture in Regional Transport Offices in Western Vidarbha Region”, Dr.Mahesh C. Dabre, Ms. Deepali K. Mankar
Today every person is directly or indirectly in touch with the Regional Transport Office for one reason or the other. He has many nostalgic memories in his or her kitty regarding the Regional Transport Office that makes him to think hard about the working, governance and authority of the R.T.O.s. The Regional Transport Office works in the following ways; provides driving license, registration certificate, insurance certificate, P.U.C. certificate and road permit, fitness certificate and so on. The primary data collected through questionnaire, interview and by observation. Secondary data collected through books, reports, journals and internet. There is no separate and special seating arrangement for the agents provided by the office. The agents have become a bridge between the officers and the customers to get their work done smoothly and efficiently. They help them to get their problems solved in an effective manner.
The present study was an attempt to find out the difference among male and female accounting professionals regarding impact of E-commerce on accounting professionals. A sample of 75 accounting professionals (50 males + 25 females) from district Rohtak were taken as a sample on the basis of random sampling method. A self-made questionnaire was used to collect the data. The statistical techniques Mean, standard deviation and 't' test were used to analyse the difference. The findings of the study revealed that (i) It was found that the female accounting professionals were found to have more favourable attitude the statement, the e-commerce system "Affecting electronic commerce on the speed and capacity of the work of the accounting system" as compared to male accounting professionals; (ii) It was found that the female accounting professionals were found to have more favourable attitude regarding the statement, that the "E-commerce affects the capability of an auditor positively" as compared to male accounting professionals; and (Hi) It was found that the female accounting professionals were found to have more favourable attitude regarding the statement, that the "Limitations of E-commerce technology affects the accounting information systems negatively" as compared to male accounting professionals.
As the financial sector is growing from time to time in India the level of their financial performance in the sector also is growing from time to time. Even if there are many privately owned banks in the country majority of the market share of the banking sector is dominated by governmentally owned commercial bank of India. This study will try to analyze the financial performance of three of the privet banks that are operating in the country using the CAMEL approach in order to have the glimpse of image how the privet sector of the bank in the country is operating in the financial sector.
461 An Empirical Analysis and Implications of Social Audit in MGNREGS with Special Reference to Andhra Pradesh, Sammaiah Buhukya
In the present conditions of economic slowdown in the country, raising aggregate demand is a major task for the government. In this circumstance, fiscal policy that provides more wage income directly to unskilled workers and in rural areas is likely to be much more effective in increasing aggregate incomes than other forms of public spending, because of the high value of the multiplier in such expenditure. So this ‘inclusive’ form of public spending is not only desirable from social or welfare perspective, it is justified on economic grounds also. As Chandrasekar and Ghosh said, “MGNREGS is about more than equity, it is also a macroeconomic weapon against slump”. This novel Act (NREGA) has been hailed as a landmark initiative to alleviate poverty and generate productive wage employment. This project has a formidable impact on rural India by providing employment to 50 million households cumulatively as on 18th August 2013. Also, it has strengthened the social and gender equality dimensions as 2.81 crore (19.24%) workers under the scheme are Scheduled Castes, 3.31 crore (22.68%) Scheduled Tribes and 6.58 crore (45.01%) are women. The MNREGA started with an outlay of Rs 11300 crore during the year 2006-07 but the funding has been increased considerably afterwards and reached to 30,000 crore for the financial year 2010-11. Regarding to the employment a total of 179, 43,189 families in the country have been provided employment under MGNREGS. Farmers’ organizations have come out with a sensible suggestion that the mandatory 100 days employment in a year should be provided only during agriculturally lean seasons. Regarding to the social audit in the scheme, the concept of integrated social audit does not merely extend horizontally in the sense of extending to peripheral events which impinge on the social welfare activity under evaluation. In the present study it was found that 80% were opined social audit was a powerful tool it resolve grievances and problems with the government. 90% of the beneficiaries said that they felt more powerful and also able to influence government officials after social audit. 62% have opined that awareness about MGNREGS has increased after initiation of social audit. Hence the researcher inferred the MGNREGS is not just about guaranteeing employment but also good governance.
462 Colposcopy in Inflammatory PAP SMEARS, Dr Aakanksha agarwal, Dr Beena Bhatnagar, Dr Priyanka Suhag
INTRODUCTION Cervical is the second most common cancer in the world and the leading cause of death. Frequency and mortatilty are significantly reduced by screening through cytological Papanicolau test.However PAP test has low sensitivity and a high negative rate of 9-40%. Epithelial abnormalities on PAP test can be managed according to ACCP guidelines. However for management of inflammatory smears there are no such algorithms available. The incidence of inflammatory PAP smears is very high 14-19%. and subjecting each patient to colposcopy and HPV DNA testing might become costly. This study was done to evaluate inflammatory PAP smears with colposcopy and directed biopsy to find out any premalignant changes in the cervix and whether colposcopy should be done to help triage these women. MATERIAL AND METHOD 100 women were screened at NIMS Hospital with PAP smear. However only those women who had inflammatory smears were subjected to colposcopy and directed biopsies. RESULT Out of 91 patients , 28 women (30%) had normal colposcopy,and 63 women(70%) had abnormal colposcopy of which 6.5% had polyp, 15.38% had CIN1, 3.29% had CIN 2, 3.29% had CIN 3 and 1.09% had invasive cancer. CONCLUSION Nearly 70% women had abnormal colposcopy with PAP smear showing inflammatory smear. Hence a large no of women with abnormal colposcopy and CIN (around 10%) would be missed if inflammatory PAP smears are not evaluated further.
463 Self Compacting Concrete – A Boon To Construction Industry, Dr.Needhidasan Santhanam, Manoj Nallanathel, Monirupa Ananya
Self compacting concrete (SCC) consists one of the very latest developments in concrete technology. With its excellent deformability, high fluidity, and better durability potential, it marks a milestone in the construction industry. SCC is a highly flowable, yet stable concrete that can spread readily into place and fill the formwork without any consolidation and without undergoing any significant separation. It also offers a rapid rate of concrete placement, with faster construction pace and ease of flow around congested reinforcement. The flowability and segregation resistance of SCC ensures a high level of homogeneity, minimal voids and uniform concrete strength providing the potential for a superior level of finish and thus durability of the structure. The elimination of vibrating equipment improves the environment on and near construction and precast sites where concrete is being placed, reducing the exposure of workers to noise and vibration. This advantages construction practice and performance with reduced health and environment hazards make SCC a highly acceptable one for both precast and cast in situ construction. This paper deals with the history of SCC development and its basic principle, different testing methods to test high-flowability, resistance against segregation, and passibility, benefits and limitations, usage and applications. It is not an all-encompassing document but is an introduction to the subject providing general information on various aspects.
464 A Comparative Study of Pulmonary Ventilatory Functions in Smokers and Non-smokers, Dr Mohd Aslam, Dr Birndra Yadav
Smoking is one of the commonest causes of preventable and premature deaths. A case control study was carried out on medical students in the department of physiology to compare the pulmonary ventilator functions in smokers and non-smokers. Twenty-nine undergraduate students (12 smokers and 17 non-smokers) were taken. Duration of smoking in smokers was 2-3 years. Pulmonary function tests were done by using computerised spirowin-99. We found a significant decrease (p
465 Customer Relationship Management in Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation, Dr. Shilpa Trivedi
GSRTC has played a pivotal role in the economic growth of the state through operating an extensive passenger transport network and reaching out to villages. GSRTC has tried to reconcile the twin objectives of community service and financial viability. GSRTC provides passenger services to 95.99% villages covering 99.19% population from their own village. This paper emphasizes on the Customer Relationship Management in GSRTC. The main objective of this paper is to ascertain the effectiveness of Customer Relationship Management in GSRTC and to identify the area of potential improvement and thereby improve the quality of passenger services. The paper highlights the 4 dimensional CRM Model adopted by GSRTC and its application in GSRTC. The study reveals that application of CRM model brings 14.74% compound annual reduction in complaints over the time.
466 Jurisdiction of Cases For Dishonour of Cheque in the Pretext of the Statutory Laws & Recent Judgments, Ganga Dutt Sharma
Appreciates, supports and analyses of the statutory provision regarding the jurisdiction for the cases of Dishonour of cheque and the dimensions given by the Apex Court on the same. Identifies relevant steps taken under the statute for the protection and betterment of complainant and accused and a thorough study of the Recent Apex Court Decision on the jurisdictional aspect.
467 A Double Blind Comparative Study of Efficacy of Intravenous Dexmedetomidine With Lignocaine and Intravenous Clonidine With Lignocaine in Attenuating Hemodynamic Response to Laryngoscopy And Tracheal Intubation During General Anaesthesia, Dr Nitin Johar, Dr Shaheer Ahmed Siddiqui, Dr Meenaxi Sharma, Dr Abhishek Choudhary
Aims and objectives : To compare the efficacy of adding iv Dexmedetomidine 0.5?gm/kg or intravenous clonidine 3?gm/kg to iv lignocaine 1.5mg/kg for attenuating increase in HR, SBP,DBP and MAP and during laryngoscopy and intubation under general anaesthesia and to study their side effects. Material &Methods :60 normotensive patients scheduled for elective surgical procedures were randomly divided into three groups of 20 each. All patients were premedicated with glyopyrrolate 0.2mg i.v., tramadol 3mg /kg along with study drug either clonidine 3?gm / kg(CL) or dexmedetomidine 0.5 ?gm/kg (DL) or normal saline (NL) according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria of study. All patients were induced with thiopentone 5 mg/kg i.v preservative free lignoaine 1.5mg i.v and succinylcholine 1.5mg/kg i.v and laryngoscopy and intubation was done with appropriate sized endotracheal tube. HR, systolic, diastolic blood pressure were recorded before induction, postintubation, 1,3,5, and 10 minutes after laryngoscopy. Conclusions : Dexmedetomidine + lignocaine combination produced better attenuation of tachycardia response to laryngoscopy and intubation at first minute.
468 Visha & Upavisha Medicinal Plants: Their Therapeutic Significance, Dr. Manjula Kivadasannavar, Dr. Arun Chougale
Charaka says “Even an acute poison can become an excellent drug if it is properly administered”. On the other hand, even a drug if not properly administered becomes an acute poison.” Holistic approach towards Ayurveda is “permanent cure with delayed effect & with no known side effects”. If this approach critically analyzed wsr to current scenario i.e. immediate effect, then the question of existence of AATYAYIKA CHIKITSA (Acute management/Immediate effect) in ayurveda will be screened. For this we need the drugs possessing qualities perticularly like vyavayi, vikasi, teekshna, sooksma, ushna. Most of the Visha & upavishasposses few of these potential qualities. In ayurveda usage of Visha & upavisha drugs like vatsanabh, kupeelu, gunja,karveeretc are extensive in different classical formulations which are having therapeutic significance. The side effects can be screened & evaluated with due thoughtfulness of adulteration, commercialization & products against classical instruction.
469 Cardio-Protective Drugs of Bhavaprakash Nighantu: A Literary Survey, Mahantkumar Naik, Yogesh Girigaon, Satej Banne, Anshuman Rajnala
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of deaths worldwide. Any disease which affects the cardio-vascular system or which involve the heart, the blood vessels or both is called as cardiovascular disease. The factors like age, gender, high blood pressure, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, tobacco smoking, processed meat consumption, sugar consumption, obesity, psychosocial factors, lack of physical activity, air pollution etc lead to cardiovascular diseases. Many treatment modalities have been explained in Brihatrayi (Charaka, Sushruta, Vagbhata) and Laghutrayi (Bhavaprakash and Madhav Nidan). Bhavamishra mentions numerous drugs acting on cardiac disorders in his book Bhavaprakash Nighantu. The present study is designed to screen the drugs with hrudya, hrudamaya hara, hrudaya shodhana, hrudaya nashaka, hrudruja hara, hrudpida hara and hrudroga hara properties. Out of 426 drugs 81 were described for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases throughout the text which includes herbal, mineral and animal origin drugs.
470 The Comparative Study of Skin Amino Acids In Dogs With Ring Worm And Healthy Dogs, Nazanin Jafari Aryan, Seyed Jamal Hashemi, Dr Seeyamak Mashhady Rafie, Dr Mohsen Firoozrai
Background | Stratum corneum consists of keratinocyte cells, the first defense layer that stands against pathogenic microorganisms. Identifying the components of stratum corneum provide information on its resistance against superficial infections. It contains higher amount of amino acidswhich most of them can serve as source of nitrogen. | Objective: | The objective is to investigate and compare the quantity of amino acids in dogs with dermatophytosis and healthy dogs. | Material&Method: | 30 dogs suspectedof dermatophytosis and 30 healthy dogs were used. Skin scraping samples from bothwere taken. Amino acids were analyzed by High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). | Results: | Significant differences were found for the rate of aspartic acid, serine and asparagine. | Conclusion: | Aspartic acid seems to play inhibitory role whileasparagine and serinehave stimulatory role in colonization of dermatophytes. These properties of aspartic acid can be used in manufacture of more effective antifungal agents especially for chronic type. |
471 Online Retailing Of Insurance - A Study I in Reference To Policy Bazaar, Kapil Garg, Arvind Shukla, T.U.Fulzele
The saga of an organisation growth and development brings forth vital insights on how an organisation transforms itself from an idea to a successful reality. The current study elicits the success story of Policybazaar.com as a leading insurance web aggregator established in 2008. The study primarily deals with important features of an insurance aggregator and challenges faced by its promoters. Dahiya set up Policybazaar.com with Avaneesh Nirjar and Alok Bansal - all three first generation entrepreneurs in 2008, to make insurance purchase easy in the country and change the way insurance was bought and sold till then.
472 Factoring Services – Practical Way To Overcome Working Capital Problem Faced By Unaided Educational Institutions, Prof.Shirish S Raibagkar
Higher education is an area of strategic importance for a country like India with huge share of youth population. Role of private educational institution is critical in meeting the demand for higher education. Institutions face typical cash flow problem in the form of working capital gap due to late realization of fees and as a result staff and eventually students suffer. While there are standard solutions like cash credit for financing the working capital gap they come with their own set of limitations. In such a situation, factoring service can be very handy for the educational institutions. It is much easier to initialize and operate as compared to a loan. With little bit of support from the factoring agencies, educational institutions and the Government, it would not be difficult to resolve the working capital problem.
473 Escalating Productivity of Work Culture and its Customization through Quality Circles, Dr. M. Nasir Zamir Qureshi, Shoaib Mohammed, Dr. Jawed Ahmad Khan
In this competitive globalised era the roles of quality circle act as a management tool to enhance the effectiveness of corporate culture. The concept encourages employees and workers participation as well as motivates and promotes teamwork to contribute towards organizational effectiveness through group processes. Japanese industry implemented Kaoru Ishikawa ideas for quality production in the 1960’s. This helped to transform their products from one considered to be poor in quality to one of high quality. This drastic change has been noted in American and European Industries and attempts to emulate their successful techniques have occurred. One of these techniques is the concept of Quality Circles. Now ever days Indian economy is opening up and in a due course of time it will be fully globalised. Survival of most of the Indian companies will depend on the use of latest technology and development of human resource. Since Indians are hard-working, ethical, co-operative and the most important thing is that they are innovative. In this paper an attempt is to be made to develop the utility of Quality Circles for achieving economy growth and certain policy measures have also been suggested for improving the quality circles.
474 A Study on Consumers’ Preference And Satisfaction Towards Amway Nutrition Products With Special Reference To Coimbatore City, MS.N.RENUGA DEVI, Mrs.S.KALAISELVI
Today most of us lead hectic and sedentary lifestyle, have poor eating habits and not having healthy meals, exposed to depleting environmental conditions (Pollution), face stress at every stage and have various health problems. All of these millions of people looking for good health. Hence, the present study has been undertaken to find out customers’ preference of Amway Nutrition Products by different customers’ in Coimbatore city
475 The Influence of Product Attributes towards Brand Loyalty of Masala products among women in Salem City, Dr. K.Krishnakumar, S.Kavitha.
The purpose of this article is to investigate the influence of brand loyalty on Masala product buying behaviour of female consumers of Salem city in the Tamilnadu. Questionnaires were distributed 100 female customers. Descriptive analysis and t-test were used in this study. The study concluded that there is a high level of influence of product attributes on brand loyalty among women in Salem.
476 The purpose of this article is to investigate the influence of brand loyalty on Masala product buying behaviour of female consumers of Salem city in the Tamilnadu. Questionnaires were distributed 100 female customers. Descriptive analysis and t-test were used in this study. The study concluded that there is a high level of influence of product attributes on brand loyalty among women in Salem., Dr. Nirmala Mohan, Dr. Florence John
Online banking, also known as Electronic banking , e-banking and virtual banking, is a service that allows customers to access their bank information, conduct financial transactions, make deposits, withdrawals and pay bills through the Internet without having to physically visit their bank. It provides the convenience of accessing banking facilities from the comfort of their home or office. The study is undertaken to know the customer’s level of awareness towards e-service provided by the nationalized banks and also to their satisfaction and problems faced by them,
477 Alternative investment Funds- The Rising Dominance of Hedge Funds, Ms. Nirmala .M.
The hedge fund industry has reshaped the investment landscape for its participants. Hedge funds- commonly categorized as Alternative Investment Funds(AIF)- are an exciting innovation to the range of professionally managed investment vehicles and have strongly confronted the traditional fund sector. Owing to the private nature of the fund, data on the industry is very scarce. There is extant literature on the hedge fund industry, in the international context, however there is dearth of literature and understanding of the attributes, evaluation and performance measurement of hedge funds in India. This paper proposes to bridge that gap by critically analyzing the dynamics of hedge funds and the parameters to be considered in the evaluation of a hedge fund. In the Indian context, Alternative Investment Funds remained a lucrative yet un-regulated sector. In 2011, Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI), released a concept paper along with draft regulations on AIFs. The new regulation- SEBI (Alternative Investment Funds) Regulations 2012 , was released in 2012, aiming at creating greater transparency and visibility to Alternative funds and alternative investments. This study has also examined the provisions of the above-mentioned regulations and their impact to the Indian Hedge Fund Industry.
478 Assessment of Customer Satisfaction towards Cellular Operators: An Empirical Study of Punjab Telecom Sector., Gaurav Vats
The study presents the findings of a primary study conducted to investigate the customer satisfaction towards cellular operators of the Punjab Telecom Circle. The Indian cellular industry has grown at an alarming rate due to low prices and entry of new operators. The Indian telecom industry is now focusing away from attracting new customers, towards retaining the existing profitable customers. A total of 150 respondents using the mobile phone services have been selected on the basis of convenience sampling. The study has been conducted to find the factors influencing customer satisfaction. Statistical analysis has been conducted through SPSS version 20. The findings of the study suggests that there is a significant relationship between customer satisfaction with different variables like network quality, price fairness, variety of value added services, customer care etc. The paper also presents the implications for cellular operators and other stakeholders.
479 A Robust Algorithm For 3D Mesh Watermarking Using Nbr Technique, Sheenu Gupta, Manshi Shukla
With the rapid development and wide use of Internet, information transmission faces a big challenge of security. People need a safe and secured way to transmit information. Digital watermarking is a technique of data hiding, which provide security of data. This paper presents a watermarking technique which least significant bits (LSB) NBR and Mesh watermarking, its steps and its process with matlab images.
480 Cyber-bullying among Youths on Social Networks: A Case of Western Ethiopia, Shafaat Hussain, Mohd. Arasad
We are moving to a world where youths have greater access to ideas, information and opportunities. This study explores whether or not the Ethiopian youths are practicing online harassment through social networks. The objective of this research is to analyze the age and gender dynamics of youths regarding cyber-bullying through social networks. There are three target population of this study from where the sample is drawn: teen cyber café visitors, cell phone using older youths and laptop using professional youths. For the first target population, systematic random sampling is used whereas for the second and third snowball sampling is applied. The sample size (n=264) comprises of questionnaire (n=252) supplemented by interview from key respondents (n=12). The data is collected and analyzed keeping in view the age and gender dynamics and the result is presented.
481 An Analysis of Offline Signature Verification System, G. Precilla Jansi Rani
In this high-tech era of growing e-society, the forgery detection has been a challenging area of Biometrics. The actions made by any individual can be utilized as an identification mark. Some of the metrics are handwritten signature, voice, etc., will be included in Behavioral Biometrics. Physiological Biometrics, which means the appearance of a person, will be used to identify a particular person such as Iris, Face, Gait and Fingerprints were used. For the human identification process, Signature Verification is most frequently used even before the invention of the computers. Signature Verification System hereinafter called SVS is categorized by two approaches. Online/ Dynamic approach uses digitized devices which can be produced dynamic information like Pressure, Velocity, etc., whereas in Offline/ Static Signature Verification approach, it uses the written signature of a person by using pen and paper. This paper presents a survey of related researches for various offline SVSs.
482 Festivals And Utsavas in Kurnool District of Andhra Pradesh, M. Venkata lakshmamma, N. Munirathnamma
Kurnool district has one historical importance. This district acts as main door of Rayalaseema acts as Capital city. During the freedom fighting it played an important role. Nallamala forest, popular temples acts as signs of our sanskriti. The aims of present investigation is to study and analyze the festivals and Jatharas like Devaragattu. For this I have been selected the Devaragattu area. The Devaragattu present in Holagundha mandal, Aluru constuency of Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh. The observation of present results were, annual ‘banni’ utsavam is held in a grand manner at Devaragattu hill on the outskirts of Neradi village in Holagunda mandal. About four lakh people from various places thronged the hill to watch the fete while 3,000 devotees clashed with each other with sticks, as part of ‘banni’ celebrations
483 Level of Knowledge of Sexual Transmitted infections (STIs) Among Senior Secondary School Students in Nsukka Urban, Enugu State of Nigeria., DR. C. C. IGBOKWE, MR. ANTHONY .I. ANIKE, SAMUEL I.C. DIBIA
The purpose of this study was to ascertain the level of knowledge of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among senior secondary school students in Nsukka urban. A sample of 373 subjects was selected for the study which adopted a cross-sectional survey design, using questionnaire as a tool for data collection. Three hundred and seventy one copies of the questionnaire were valid with 99.5 per cent return rate. Frequency table, percentages and grand mean were used to analyze the research questions while t-test was used to verify the hypothesis. The results showed that senior secondary school students in Nsukka urban possessed average level of knowledge (55.9%) about different types of STIs, average level of knowledge (56.1%) about modes of transmission, high level of knowledge (64.9%) about signs and symptoms. The t-test indicated that gender has significant influence on the knowledge of STIs(t=5.760>1.960(df=369),.05). The study recommended among other things that health education should be intensified in our secondary schools system to increase the level of knowledge of our secondary school students.
484 Adolescents and their role models, Dr Kuldeep Kaur
A role model may fascinate us, inspire us, lead us, help us to dream big and aim high, and may actually facilitate our self-realization. But all this may or may not be true depending upon the selection of our role model/s. Adolescence is an impressionable age and a wrong choice of role model can turn a teenager’s life into a disaster. Right from understanding the question as to ‘why one needs a role model?’ to the question as to ‘how to select a role model?’ one really has to be cautious. This study tries to understand whether our adolescents feel the need of a role model, and if yes, then do they have their role models? The study is descriptive in nature and conclusions are based on the responses of 100 adolescents.
485 Modelling Skills in Cultural And Creative Arts For Teachers Effectiveness in Upper Basic Education in Nigeria, OGBOJI, IGBOKWE, UCHE L.
This study examines the skills required by creative arts teachers in the Upper Basic Education (JS1-3) for clay modelling and pottery production in Cultural and Creative Arts (CCA). Two research questions were formulated to guide the study. A 27-item questionnaire structured on a four point Likert scale ranging from Strongly Agree (SA=4) to Strongly Disagree (SD=1) are administered to 110 teachers. The analysis was done using mean and standard deviation. Mean above 2.50 were accepted while below it were rejected. The results of the study show that 25 out of 26 skills listed are required by Creative Art teachers for effective teaching of clay modelling in CCA.
486 Construction and Standardization of Mathematical Aptitude test for Secondary Stage., Dr. Supreet Kaur, Meenu
This study focused on the necessity of construction and standardization of mathematical aptitude test. In referring to a person’s aptitude for mathematics or the arts or carpentry or law, we are looking for his future in these specialized areas. Mathematical aptitude signifies some aspects of the present ability of the individual that predicts some future performance in mathematics. The study discussed the need, for constructing standardized mathematical aptitude test for secondary stage learners. The aptitude test was constructed in mathematics for class 10th. In final draft there were 29 items. The opinion of experts was taken to find content validity. The reliability coefficient was found with the help of test-retest method. The reliability coefficient was found to be 0.786 which is significant at 0.01 level.
487 Solar Powered Stirling Engine- A New Hope, Rutansh Patel, Bhargav Pandya
The planet is progressively marching towards a serious energy crisis owing to an escalating desire of energy becoming greater than its supply. We have always accepted that the energy we make use of each day is not unrestricted, still we take it for granted. In the energy deficient world it is strongly felt that the use of solar energy as possible source is not being fully utilised. So in an attempt to deploy its use a novel concept of “Solar Powered Stirling Engine”is introduced in this paper. The StirlingEngine used here runs using solar heat radiation concentrate by ‘Solar Concentrator’. A Stirling engine is basically a heat engine that operates by cyclic compression and expansion of air or other gas, the working fluid, at different temperature levels such that there is net conversion of heat energy to mechanical work. In general Stirling engines have comparatively high thermodynamic efficiencies. Because they need only heat, Stirling engines also permits high fuel flexibility and allow for better control for emission. The purpose of this study is to provide an alternate energy source to operate Stirling engine.
488 A Secured Message Exchange Scheme in Post-Disaster Environment Using Delay Tolerant Network, CHANDRIMA CHAKRABART
Major Disasters turmoil human activity and disconnect communication services such as phones and Internet for weeks. To cope with such situations smart phone-based ad-hoc opportunistic network can be built to take rapid actions. Relief workers and victims can use these devices not only to produce information that can be incorporated into a shared situation awareness application, but also to validate the authenticity of information they use. In such sensational environment secure and immediate communication (or message exchange) among small groups and to remote monitoring system is quite important as there can be some malicious node intend to intercept and alter those sensitive data for the purpose of corruption. To implement secured message exchange, shared group keys can be assigned for encryption-decryption purposes to assure security. In this paper we can ensure secure communication among different components (called nodes) in Delay/Disaster Tolerant Network (DTN).The performance of the proposed scheme is evaluated using ONE simulator [8].
489 The Silver Screen Adaptation of Jhumpa Lahiri’s ‘The Namesake’: “The Theatre And The Pocket Theatre”., Suma Sreedhar
Writing is essential for both theatres and cinema. Stage and screens are vital part of creative writing. Although literature and film are two very different mediums and when a successful literary work is adapted successfully on celluloid, cinematic consideration of various kind has to be made. The book by Jhumpa Lahiri ‘The Namesake’ is dense in detail yet many incidents that are explained in the book naturally do not find place in the silver screen adaptation. Meera Nair’s film is still a faithful representation of the novel. The movie, despite various variances, is craftily made. Mira Nair very successfully negotiates such a daunting proposition is proof of her talent.
490 Shivasharana Philosophy on Emancipation of Women in Karnataka, Dr. Jagannath K, Dr. Manjula B. Chincholi
Women were suffered from secondary and subjugated position since medieval period in India. Though Government has made policies for achieving caste and gender equality, still equality is not achieved. Against this background, it is highlighted that there was caste and gender equality of all people in Karnataka in 12th Century as the people were following Shivasharana philosophy. The Shivasharanas (Philosophers) have written literary verses (Vachanas) to communicate their ideas and they were also practiced the equality among different castes and gender. Even there were Shivasharaneyas (Female Philosophers), who were contributed towards Vachana literature. There were discussions in Anubhava Mantapa related to life experiences, especially related to meditation, devotion, work, Dasoha (serving food), etc. Females were equally treated with male and participating equally in the discussions of Anubhava Mantapa. It shows that the contributions of Shivasharanas for the emancipation of women in 12th century are much appreciated.
491 Historical Tanks of Basavuru Kampana (With Special Reference To Heggere of Haveri), Dr.Jagadeesh Kivudanava, Shivayogi Korishettar
Abstract- Water is very much essential for our religious purpose as well as our daily life and we cannot think of anything without water. Hence, the Hindus spiritual activities are greatly attached with water and the members of royal families and rich individuals began to construct the tanks. Basa Uru or Basavuru-140 was an administrative unit (Kampana) in the province of Banavasi-12000 of ancient Kuntaladesa. This Kampana was existed from 8th century A.D. to 13th century A. D. Modern Hirebasuru of Hanagal taluk, was the head quarter. The rulers of Senavara and Khachara family ruled over Basavuru-140. The Kampana has many historical tanks. The Heggere is most important among them. The paper throws light on the historical tanks of Basa Vuru Kampana.
492 Education And It Companies in Relation To Happiness And Satisfaction in Human Resource information Systems (Hris), Devadesh Sharma, S. S. Nathawat
A comparative study between education and IT firms on employee happiness and satisfaction is conducted to ascertain the positive outcome of introduction of Human Resource Information System (HRIS). The data were collected by administering the questionnaire to 150 employees. The age ranges of the employees were 21-50 years. As per the position of the employees involved around 75% of the employees were of executive level. Only 25% of the employees were senior level executives. The study showed the tremendous response from the management of the companies in helping to find out the outcome of introduction of HRIS and maximizing the acceptance by the employees. The focus of the study was to find out and analyze the state of happiness and satisfaction of the employees after introduction of HRIS. The major findings of the study disclose that acceptance of HRIS is directly related with level of happiness and satisfaction.
493 Court Management: Need of the hour, Dr Kamaljit Kaur
PREFACE | The Constitution of India, 1950 was adopted, enacted and given to us, inter alia, to secure all citizens of this country, through the Preamble, which is considered to be the basic structure of the constitution . It is based on the ideals of Equality, liberty and JUSTICE – Social, Economic and Political. The State is obligated to establish social order in which the legal system of the country provides justice to all the citizens. And Access to justice has to be irrespective of social, economic and Political barriers; | Focusing on the judiciary, it won’t be false to state that it has gone through various stages since the adoption of the Constitution in November, 1949. For the benefit of the judiciary a Law Commission was set up which was supposed to look into various problems and reforms required for the same problem that possibly harmed the Indian Judicial System in a negative way. Till date, various Reports on Judicial Reforms have been submitted by the Law Commissions after in depth study, which have dealt with various aspects of Law both substantive and procedural, but most of the important recommendations made by the Law Commissions, from time to time, have not even been properly discussed, leave aside their implementation by the Government. This lack of interest makes it imperative to propagate the recommendations made by the law Commission which circled around the promotion of Court Management, Case Management and improvement in the Administration of Justice. | The Judiciary is alive to the shortcomings and ills facing it and, in order to keep pace with time and changed circumstances, the implementation of the recommendations in necessitated. For the same a proposal was placed before Hon’ble the Chief Justice of India 2012 (Justice Altamas Kabir) emphasizing the need for a comprehensive “National Court Management System” for the country that will enhance the quality, responsiveness and timeliness of Court. | Finally, Hon’ble the Chief Justice of India, in consultation with Hon’ble Minister of Law and Justice, Government of India, in 2012 directed that National Court Management Systems, for enhancing timely justice, may be established. |
494 Ethno-botanical Studies of Medicinal Plants used by Bodo Tribes of Baksa District, BTAD, Assam, Sandipan Das, Amrita Nigam, Rama Kanta Sharma
To enumerate the uses of plants for medicinal purposes, an ethnobotanical study was carried out in the fringe villages of local inhabitants of Bhuyapara and Bansbari Range of Manas National Park (MNP). During the course of field investigation from June 2011 to December 2011, Bodo traditional medicine practitioners were interviewed for general ailments of 15 diseases. A total of 28 numbers of medicinal plants of 20 different families were recorded for treatment of different ailments
495 An Investigation of Job Satisfaction of organizational Commitment of Software Employees, Dr.V.R.Nedunchezhian, G.Selvaraju
The purpose of this study is to determine whether feelings of job satisfaction would lead to organizational commitment by software employees. For assessing job satisfaction and organizational commitment of individuals in the context of IT industry, questionnaire has been applied to the employees of software firms in the IT industry. Using questionnaire responses ranged from strongly disagree to strongly agree, with higher scores indicating higher levels of each form of commitment. The measurement scale for job satisfaction was based on the Job Satisfaction Index which considered all facets of the job when measuring job satisfaction. The statistical tools are used to measure the job satisfaction of organizational commitment in this study. Out of 236 surveys requested, 156 responded yielding a 66% respond rate. The results from the survey on job satisfaction were compared to the results reported for the level of organizational commitment. The research revealed a relatively strong correlation between job satisfaction and organizational commitment.
496 A Study on Usage of Sharpe’s Single Index Model In Portfolio Construction With Reference To Cnx Nifty, Ms Apurva A Chauhan
Portfolio management is the crucial decision for any investor. It is important to decide where to invest and how much to invest. The present study focuses on constructing the optimal portfolio with the help of Sharpe Single Index model. Sharpe Single index model uses various inputs such as excess return to beta ratio, unsystematic risk, market return and variance etc to construct the optimal portfolio. In present study, portfolio is constructed from stocks of CNX nifty. Data is collected from top ten companies of CNX nifty based on their weights for the time period of August 2014. Out of 10 stocks, 4 stocks are selected for investing namely State Bank of India, Tata Motors Ltd, Housing Development Finance Corporation Ltd, Reliance Industries Ltd. Sharpe model suggest investors to invest major portion of their money (54.14%) in State Bank of India.
497 E-Waste Recycling Units in Developing Economies, Vikrant Srivastava
E-waste and its hazards have denied maintaining the tranquility in the modern human’s brain. Now that we are aware of the entire arduous task that lies behind us to take care of the waste which we are generating has slowly started to intervene with our conscience of what we leave for the future generation. Heavy metal contamination? Poisonous environment to live on? Will the scenario be so bad one of the coming days that we’ll need to pay for our environment? Pay for air? That shouldn’t be a surprise! We all pay for pure water now! What further? | It was this disturbed tranquility which leads us to work upon the jeopardize we and our presumptuous behavior has created. The concept of developing and developed economies is brought about because the developed economies have a better approach towards management of this e-waste. The concepts of who should be accepted by the developed economies not because of just the profit factor but also because it is necessary for every individual on earth to sensitize himself to protect his native place. Here, meaning the planet Earth. | This paper presents a holistic view on requirements to set up a recycling unit and how the developing countries are facing the problems to set up an efficient unit. |
498 Measuring Service Quality in the U.A.E Banking Industry using Servqual , Karthikeyan Lenin, Khyati Shetty
Service quality is considered pivotal to the success of all service industries and provides numerous benefits to banking industry like better corporate image, enhancement in customer satisfaction, cross selling opportunities and to build close cooperative and partnering relationships with their customers. Quality of services should not be considered as selective or optional strategy because it has a significant impact on a bank’s success and performance. The objective of this article is to investigate the relationship between service quality and customer satisfaction and the means through which service firms can enhance and manage the process of delivering quality standards to their customers. For this purpose the author mainly focuses on the three banks in U.A.E to measure their service quality using Servqual model. The results suggests that a detail cause and effect study should be carried out to find possible sources of errors and delays.
499 Ethicalissues in Digital Marketing, Dr Harish Gautam
In this era of digital marketing, communication and information technology have changed the scenario of the way marketers approach consumers. It is preferred because it is least in cost as compared to offline approach and is most effective.It is widely adopted by online virtual mega stores. But, there are many instances of fraudulent practices on the part of online stores. This is resulting in the negative attitude formation of consumers towards online shopping. Indian Consumer is already scared and is slowly gaining confidence. But, news and instances of cheating, fraud and misuse of bank account information are putting hurdles in progress of digital marketing at the infant stage itself. Not only this, many marketers are following unethical ways to approach the consumer. We all are aware, it is easy to wear the mask of any other online user by fiddling with the IP address and even spoof the email ids. Unethical or misusage of digital marketing for fraud against the common consumer has raised the guards and thus made the task of marketers difficult. Only awareness of consumers can help them distinction between the good and the bad. This paper is an attempt to bring conceptual clarity about functioning of mail servers;giving us the ability to judge the difference in genuine and fake emails; drawing the framework of ethics in digital marketing andfinally, to suggest technical safety measures to be adopted by consumers.
Multimedia Communication is growing with rapid rate and it is very important to have secure communication. The communication is done via text, images or video files. Numerous encryption schemes are present today for image and video encryption, but are not much efficient. In this paper we give a method to generate an encrypted video by using encrypted video-frames. An effective and faster approach of video encryption, which is based on secure video scheme in which one can encrypt the image or video and share the encrypted message to decrypt it. So the objective behind this research paper is to propose new algorithm which will encrypt the video comparatively faster and remove the necessity of sharing the key.
501 Training Students For The Development of Pupils' Mathematical Abilities on The Historical Material With The Use Of Ict, B.R.Kaskatayeva, G.B. Kamalova
The contents and methods of training the students for the development of mathematical abilities of the pupils at the lessons of the history of mathematics with the use of information and communication technologies are stated. The most important methods included: an interactive method; search and heuristic method for the solution of educational tasks; decision of the historical tasks; independent work of students; scientific-research work of students.
502 Effectiveness of Progressive Muscle Relaxation(Pmr) In Alleviating Psychophysical Disorders-A Systematic Review(1982-2012), Krystyna Boro?-Krupi?ska, Les?aw Kulmatycki
Contemporary medicine requires holistic approach to the patient. The more and more attention is paid to involve patients in the process of alleviating symptoms, including psychological aspects of the disease. Conventional methods are supplemented with additional activities as becoming popular relaxation, both physical and mental, which may be identified with progressive muscle relaxation according to Jacobson. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the effectiveness of progressive muscle relaxation as a supplementary method in alleviating psychophysical disorders. This paper covers 16 source materials on the application of this method in various fields of medicine. PMR is one of the alternative and holistic methods, supporting the mitigation of various psychophysical disorders. It is used both in the field of cardiology, neurology, oncology and respiratory diseases, psychiatry and pain management. The most of cited studies under PMR proved to be an effective method, complementary in a holistic approach to the patient.
503 A Comparative Study of Effect on Brassica Oleracea (Cauliflower) Using Different Washing Methods W.s.r. to Estimation of Pesticide Residue, Dr. AmbikaDhiman, Dr. S.K.Hiremath
The potential deleterious effects of environmental chemical exposure caused serious and high concern threat to the life which indeed has gained considerable interest for research works. Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis L.), is one such vegetable where the maximum spraying of pesticides is in practice. There are undeniable evidences regarding the hazardous effects of the sprayed pesticides. Ayurveda has explained the purification measures for all kinds of articles which are poisoned or mixed with chemical.1Three samples of Cauliflower were randomly collected from the field which were cut into 4 equal parts. One part was kept as control and remaining three were applied with washing techniques by washing with Tap water, Boiled water and Boiled haridra water respectively. Those all parts were then extracted and subjected to GC-MS for evaluation of concentration of the sprayed pesticides viz. Chlorpyrifos, cypermethrin, profenofos and indoxacarb. Hence, Washing with Boiled haridra water was found more efficient method of washing, which is cost effective and easily practicable.
504 Implication of Rheumatoid Factors In Amavata, Dr. Manjula Kivadasannavar, Dr. B V Prasanna, Dr.Prasanna. Mogasale, Dr. Satej Banne
The discussion on Amavata amongst the healthcare providers has gained paramount importance, even as the best available treatment is insufficient to provide complete cure to Amavata caused by Amadosha i.e Annonya sammurchita dusta dosha, affecting all the joints. The illness is characterized by severe pain, swelling, restricted movements of the joints. In a long run leading to verities of deformities like khanja, Pangu, Khalli. Hence a definite and timely diagnosis of the disease Amavata is required. However the History, Clinical picture, Physical examination are incorporated in diagnosis, and Quantified RA Titer is utilized for its significance in Amavata. The existence of correlation between severity of Amavata and RF titer is evaluated statistically.
505 Detection of Aflatoxins- A Critical Review, Sana Ali
Aflatoxins are metabolic products produced by toxigenic strains of Aspergillus species. They are mutagenic and carcinogenic substances. Assesment of exposure to these toxic metabolites is of prime importance both in environmental and food commodities as well as in vivo in human samples. There are several electrochemical and immunochemical methods of detection of aflatoxins. Also, some newer techniques have been developed in recent years. This review is an attempt in this direction to discuss the methods of aflatoxin detection so that potential and actual exposure to aflatoxins can be determined.
506 Wonder of Nanotechnology – A Review, Dr. Chandan Kumar Sinha, Sarit Pritam Dwibedy, Shweta Shashikant Patel, Sudip Mandal
Nanotechnology is the creation and utilization of materials, devices, system through the control of the properties and structure of the matter at the nanometric scale. Nanotechnology is an emerging technology that has the potential for use in a broad array of foods, medical products and cosmetics. These nanomaterials can have different chemical, physical as well as biological properties. This review is focused on applications of nanotechnology in agriculture as well as in medicines. Nanotechnology can be used for combating the plant diseases either by controlled delivery of functional molecules or as diagnostic aids for disease detection. The potential contribution of nanotechnology in the medical sector is extremely broad and includes new diagnostic tools, imaging agents and methods, drug delivery systems and pharmaceuticals, therapies, implants and tissue engineering
507 Thermoacoustical Study of the Binary Mixture of L-Asparagine With Water at Different Temperatures, Priyanka Shamkuwar, O.P.Chimankar
The ultrasonic velocity (u), density (?) and viscosity (?) have been measured at 2 MHz frequency in the binary mixtures of L-Asparagine with water over entire range concentration at temperature range 293-323K using ultrasonic Pulser Receiver technique. The experimental data have been used to calculate acoustical parameter namely adiabatic compressibility (?a), acoustic impedance (z), free length (Lf) with a view to investigate the nature and strength of molecular interaction in the binary liquid mixture. The obtained result support the occurrence of complex formation through intermolecular hydrogen bonding in there binary liquid mixtures.
508 Itemized Analysis of Questions of Multiple Choice question (Mcq) Exam, Jasmin Parmar, Ravi Thaker
The present study is a cross-sectional study. The aim of present study was to statistically evaluate the quality of questions asked in an MCQ exam of I MBBS students of Smt. NHL Municipal Medical College, Ahmedabad. By measuring Difficulty Index (p) and Discrimination Index (DI) an examiner can know if an individual question was too difficult or too easy and whether it discriminated better performing students from less performing students. Thus this analysis of questions can be useful for development of better questions in the future. MCQ items having optimum Difficulty Index and Excellent Discrimination should be regarded as best framedquestions.
The paper tries to discuss about the plight of tribals with the advent of globalization. Nature is the gift for the tribals. Forest is the resource of their livelihood. Hills are the play grounds for them. The environment is the roof for their sustenance. With the inception of globalization, they have been worst affected on the ground of displacement and disposition. Under this scenario, their life became a curse for themselves. Economic liberalization, privatization and globalization (LPG) model of development in India is virtually depriving the tribal people of their traditional means of sustainable livelihood by promoting the unregulated growth of mineral-based industries in the tribal regions of Odisha. In the name of modernization and the country’s economic development, the elites in India are taking over the life sustaining resources of the poor and pushing them into a further marginalized state of living as a result of displacing them from their land and homes. Such development serves the interests of these elites while it impoverishes the tribal people and poor peasants in these regions who are dependent on the life sustaining resources of the ecosystems in which they live. The globalization and its forces induced displacement and dispossession in the tribal areas of Odisha. In 21st century, the deprivation of land and forests are the worst forms of oppression that the tribal people face in Odisha.
510 Consumer Right Knowledge And Factors That influence Consumer Choice of Products Among Students of Abia State University Uturu, Nigeria, DR. C.C. IGBOKWE, AZUBUIKE, AMARACHI. SALOME, IGBOKWE, B. C.
The purpose of the study was to determine the consumer right knowledge and factors that influence consumer choice of product among students of Abia State University Uturu. The study adopted a descriptive research design. Specifically, three researchquestions and four null hypotheses guided the study. A multistage sampling procedure using simple random sampling technique of balloting without replacement was used to select the sample size of 240 students. The instrument for data collection was a researcherself developed questionnaire. Data generated were analyzed using frequencies and percentages. The chi square statistics was used to test the null hypothesis at .05 level of significance. The result showed that student had low knowledge of consumer right and students were easily influenced through frequent exposure to advertisement, brand name, and quality of product among others. There is no significant differenceon consumer right knowledge based on gender but there is significant difference on factors affecting consumer choice among students of AbiaState University based on gender and age. Based on these findings, the researchers recommended among others that consumer health education should be a compulsory course in the school, public health educators and all health professionals should intensify efforts towards effective implementation of consumer health education.
511 Personality Traits and Adjustment of Adolescentswith and without Disability: A Comparative Study, JijiMolV.R, Sreejith Sudhakar, Sreehari Ravindranath, Joseph Thomas R
Adolescence is a time of enormous flux and development, with changes occurring in almost every domain of a young person’s life; from the physical, to the psychological, the interpersonal and the socio cultural (Davey, Yucel& Allen, 2008). Personality development and Adjustment are part of psychological development.Personality is the sum total of everything that constitutes a person's mental make-up. Adjustment on the other hand involves health, home, and school, social and personal life. However adolescents with and without disabilities are repeatedly studied to understand the many facts of one’s behavior which synthesize equilibrium among themselves thus making adjustment a reality. Personality and adjustment are related to each other, and any marked specific disabilities are likely to have an effect on personality.The main of the study is to compare the personality traits and adjustment of adolescents with and without disability. A total of 60 adolescents where taken for the study. Bells adjustment inventory and Neo five factor inventories were used in this study. Result and discussion are discussed in this paper.
512 A Study to Assess the Awareness on Healthy Lifestyle among Geriatric Population in a selected village of Trichy District, Tamilnadu, Mrs.J.Fermina, Dr. (Mrs.) S.Revathi
Awareness on healthy lifestyle among geriatric population was assessed in a selected village of Trichy District, Tamilnadu. The study was conducted by adopting descriptive survey design. The sample size was102 and they were selected by convenience sampling technique. Structured Questionnaire was used to collect the data related to Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of elderly people regarding healthy life style. The findings revealed that the majority of the elderly people reported moderately adequate knowledge, healthy life style practices and desirable attitude towards healthy lifestyle.
513 Cyto-Histo Grading Correlation in Breast Malignancies, Supriya sandeepa, Udayakumar M
Background : A palpable breast lump is a common diagnostic problem. The breast lesions are spectrum of diseases ranging from non-neoplastic to neoplastic lesions. Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology(FNAC) is an important tool in the diagnosis of breast lesions. It is important not only to diagnose breast lesion as benign or malignant, but also to assay the prognosis. Objectives of study : The purpose of the present study was to compare cytologic grading of breast carcinoma by Simplified Black grading system with histologic grading by Nottingham modification of Bloom-Richardson grading system. Methods : The study included smears from 25 cases of palpable breast lump diagnosed as malignant on FNAC. The cytological grading by Simplified Black system was compared with histopathologic grading by Nottingham modification ofBloom Richardson. The statistical test used was Chi – square test. Results : Cytologic grading by Simplified Black system and histologic grading by Nottingham modification ofBloom Richardson done in 25 cases of breast carcinoma had good correlation (p value < 0.05). Conclusion : Fine needle aspiration cytology is a safe, rapid and minimally invasive procedure for the diagnosis of breast lesions. It is effective replacement for open biopsy. Cytologic grading by Simplified Black system correlates well with histologic grading by Nottingham modification ofBloom Richardson. Hence it must be included in the cytology report of breast carcinoma whenever possible as it helps in determining the tumour aggressiveness and further treatment plan.
The main purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of validation therapy upon the level of cognition of old age people. 60 samples were selected aged between 60-75years at Sree seva mandhir old age home, Virugambakkam, Chennai. The experimental group (N=30) and the control group (N=30). Descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation were used to describe the demographic variables, clinical variables, Mini-mental status examination. Inferential statistics such as paired t-test (to analyze the difference in cognition score before and after validation therapy.) and chi-square (to analyze the association between cognition score and selected variables) were used to analyze the results.
515 Decolourising Efficiency of Oscillatoria Subuliformis With Coir Pith in Textile Dye Effluent, Nivetha E, Bela R. B, Shanmugapriya N, Malliga P
Environmental pollution is one of the major problems of the world and its increasing day by day due to urbanization and industrialization. A study was carried out using marine cynobacterium Oscillatoria subuliformis with coir pith for the reduction of physiochemical parameters such as BOD, COD and simultaneous removal of heavy metals such as zinc, nickel, mercury , copper , chromium, iron, nitrogen, phosphorous , potassium, manganese in textile dye effluent. Improved results were obtained in combined treatment using O. subuliformis along with coir pith compared to control and other treatments. The treated effluent was used as foliar spray on the plant Tagetes erecta and various morphological parameters were studied.
516 Outcomes of Responsible Tourism (RT) as Antecedents for The Sustainabe Commitment for Cultural Preservation – A Proposal, MANESH N A, PAUL V MATHEW
Deterioration of traditions, culture and heritage in tourism destination are often cited as a looming crisis. Direct and long exposure of indigenous people towards diverse culture and the community’s interest towards economic opportunities sometimes tempt them to move away from the original culture. When financial objectives score over culture and traditions, a need for strategic interventions to preserve and maintain indigenous culture and tradition arise. Empowerment of community to own their own recourses and develop an affective commitment among themselves is a need of this hour. Being Responsible Tourism emerged as a most popular sustainable tourism strategy, present study proposes a theoretical model for sustainable cultural preservation; comprises of Responsible Tourism, material well-being, community engagement, cultural identity, cross cultural interaction, community services, exposure and awareness of the local community, and the commitment of community towards cultural preservation (Sustainable Commitment).
517 Palliative Radiotherapy Between Scientific Evidence and Technological Evolution: Role of Clinic Appropriateness an the Choice of Treatment , Sara Falivene, Rossella Di Franco, Francesca Maria Giugliano, Valentina Borzillo, Angela Argenone, Vincenzo Ravo, Paolo Muto
Purpose: purpose is to assess the impact of radiatiotherapy with palliative purposes in the department of Radiation Oncology , use of advanced technologies in palliation and impact on management of patients were to be enrolled in medical treatments Methods and Materials: We have evaluated the treatments made in 2013 in our department. At the Institute can effect treatments in 3DCRT, brachytherapy, and from November 2012 Cyberknife® system is available for SRT and SRS treatments. We have considered impact of treatments with palliative purposes for each type of technique used. Risultati: In 2013, 874 patients were treated: for brain metastases, 149 in total, were performed with 3DCRT technique (Whole Brain) in 22 patients, with special technique in 127 patients including (77% radiosurgery ; 23% fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy. SRT have a dominant role in presence of a number of secondary encephalic lesions less than or equal to 4 because SRT is a selective treatment that preserves whole brain, and structures as the brainstem, chiasm, optic nerves, and then fits the cognitive functions and relationships. 110 treatments were done for bone metastases with 3DCRT (68 treated with 8 Gy, 76 with 30 Gy, 44 with 20 Gy, 2 with 40 Gy); in 2012 started the experience with the Cyberknife® system and were treated 199 patients with 3DCRT, 1 patient with the Cyberknife® system for retreatment of spinal metastasis. In 2013, 203 palliative treatments for bone metastases were performed, with 3DCRT technique in 185 patients,18 with special technique. Conclusion: Our experience shows that palliation is a common indication in radiotherapy, but careful patient selection is essential for the choice of radiotherapy technique and dose fractionation. We should not consider the palliative treatment of secondary importance, so even in the palliation need to promote research and technology to optimize results.
518 Adolescents and Their Role Models, Dr Kuldeep Kaur
A role model may fascinate us, inspire us, lead us, help us to dream big and aim high, and may actually facilitate our self-realization. But all this may or may not be true depending upon the selection of our role model/s. Adolescence is an impressionable age and a wrong choice of role model can turn a teenager’s life into a disaster. Right from understanding the question as to ‘why one needs a role model?’ to the question as to ‘how to select a role model?’ one really has to be cautious. This study tries to understand whether our adolescents feel the need of a role model, and if yes, then do they have their role models? The study is descriptive in nature and conclusions are based on the responses of 100 adolescents.
519 Effect of Nutritional Stress on Allometric Parameters of Non Descript Indian Buck(Capra Hircus) in a Controlled Thermoneutral Condition, Hari Abdul Samad, Shyma K. latheef, Anuraj KS, VP Maurya
Goat rearing is the backbone of the economy of small and landless farmers in India. Indian goat industry is facing many constraints like non-availability of high-yielding breeding stock, low level of nutrition and lack of scientific knowledge on assessing the breeding soundness of animal at farmer’s doorstep. Allometric parameters are simple and effective tool for breeding soundness evaluation in breeding buck. The major indirect effect of climate change is crunch in feed resources. Goat production is severely affected by feed scarcity and energy deficiency. So the present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of nutritional stress on the allometric parameters (Body Weight,Body Condition Score(BCS), and Heart Girth) in breeding bucks. The study consisted of eight native non descript breeding bucks weighing 23-25 kg under same age group. Total duration of trial was 20 weeks. In the initial 10 weeks, animals were considered as control group and were fed with full feeding as per ICAR requirement for breeding buck. In the next 10 weeks same animals were considered as treatment group and were provided with a 50% concentrate restricted ration.The entire trial was conducted inside the climatological chamber where temperature and relative humidity kept uniform in thermoneutral zone. Allometric parameters were studied at fortnightly interval. Body weight and HG reduced significantly (P < 0.05) in feed restricted group in the last 4 weeks of study whereas BCS reduced significantly (P < 0.05) inlast 6 weeks. It can be concluded from the present study that allometric parameters were reduced significantly in 50% concentrate restricted group and this would ultimately affect the production parameters of breeding buck. Farmers can rely upon the allometric parameters for predicting the breeding potential of animal at their door step.
520 Distribution and Economic Status of Uzi Fly Exorista Bombycis Louis, A Parasitoid of Mulberry Silk Worm Bombyx Mori L. in Maharashtra, Dr. AD Jadhav, AS Desai, Dr. TV Sathe
Uzi fly Exorista bombycis Louis (Diptera:Tachinidae) is larval parasitoid of mulberry silk worm Bombyx mori L. (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae). In Maharashtra, mulberry sericulture is spread in 26 districts out of which E. bombycis was distributed in 09 districts. Uzi fly was more prevalent in the districts connected to Andhra pradesh and Karnataka namely, Kolhapur, Sangli, Solapur, Latur, Nanded, Parbhani, Nagpur and Bhandara with percent mortalities 62%, 36%, 55%, 20%, 12%, 10%, 02% and 22% respectively in silkworms. However, the incidence and economic damage to silkworms by Uzi fly much higher in western Maharashtra than Marathwada and Vidarbha. With preventive control measures and using Uzi tab and a biocontrol agent Nesolynx thymus the Uzi fly can be controlled in Maharashtra.
521 Breeding Performance of Palm Dove (Streptopelia Senegalensis) in and Around Sikar (Rajasthan), India, Dr. Maha Singh Rao
Breeding performance of the Palm Dove (Streptopelia senegalensis) was studied in Sikar region, Rajasthan state during March, 2008 to November, 2009. The population of S. senegalensis was more observed in human habitat region than the non-human habitat region of the study area. Palm Dove is a common breeder bird in this region. During study period total 24 nests were observed. Breeding period was observed March to November in 2008 and 2009. S. senegalensis prefers medium and small, leafy and dense bushes and tree for the nesting. It prefers different plant species as a nesting site. It is found that the hatching success was 53 %, nestling success was 37% and nesting success was 19 %. It is found that in this region the breeding performance of the Palm Dove was low. Reasons for the low breeding performance are due to predation, food availability, starvation and desert environmental conditions.
522 The New Diverse accession to the list of the Monospecific Genera Bixa orellana L., a Natural Food Dye Plant from Bangalore, Karnataka., S. Poornima, SR Ambika
Bixa orellana L., is an evergreen shrub or a small tree, measuring 2-8 m and is a native of Brazil. The tree is Cultivated for its Non-Toxic, Edible Food dye Bixin also called popularly as Annatto having Orange- red color. Bixa orellana L., is one of the 13 natural food dye yielding plants. The pigment bixin extracted from its seeds are economically important next to caramel and saffron .Bixin also replaces the most expensive saffron as a colouring agent in various food preparations as it is not all that expensive as saffron. Bixa orellana L., being Monospecific genera, there are no concrete evidences in the literature to classify the various species in this genus. Our earlier studies reported the existence of Intraspecific diversity by identifying the 5 diverse accessions out of 20 accessions of Bixa orellana L., identified and studied from various areas of Bangalore, Karnataka showing Morphological, Physiological and Genetic Variations and also variations in the dye-Bixin content among the above mentioned 5 diverse accessions of the same. The present study reported the 6th diverse accession of Bixa orellana L., identified from Bangalore itself in confirmation of our earlier reports of the existence of intraspecific diversity in the same.
523 Synthesis and Characterization of Some New Substituted Diazepine Derivatives, RAJALAKSHMI.S, ARUNA.S
A series of new substituted diazepine derivatives have been synthesized by condensing substituted phenyl cyano ester with semicarbazide and thiosemicarbazide. These findings promoted us to synthesize compounds containing diazepine moiety and evaluate for anti-inflammatory activity. All these diazepindione derivatives are characterized by IR, 1H, 13C NMR and Mass spectral studies. These compounds are found to possess anti-bacterial activity.
524 Synthesis and Characterisation of Citric Acid Based Polyester - Hydroxyapatite Nanocomposites, Indira R. Sivakumar E. K .T., Hariharapri G., Jaisank V.
The incorporation of nanoscale hydroxyapatite (n-HAp) into biodegradable polymers can potentially mimic the native structure of bone and influence the mechanical properties and the extent of bioactivity. In this investigation, nanocomposites of poly(1,6-Hexanediol-Maleate-Citrate) (PHMC) containing 5, 10 and 15 wt% n-HAp were fabricated and characterised. The polyester was characterized by solubility studies, 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectral studies. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was performed to analyze the interactions between n-HAp and PHMC matrix. X-ray diffraction analysis was carried out to study the structural information of nanocomposite. Tensile tests were conducted to evaluate the mechanical properties of the nanocomposites and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was carried out to study the thermal properties of n-HAp/PHMC nanocomposites. The Young’s modulus and tensile strength of nanocomposites were increased with higher concentration of n-HAp. Thermal studies showed that the Tg of the nanocomposites decreased with increase in n-HAp contents. The morphological studies were characterized by SEM. This study provides an insight into how the hydroxyapatite nanoparticle content can modulate the physical properties of n-HAp/PHMC nanocomposites.
525 Tea Industry in West Bengal – Hopes and Challenges, Prof. Basudeb Sadhukhan
The slow growth of tea industry of India, particularly West Bengal during last few years compels Govt. and tea producers to come forward for developing specific remedial measures. Annual production and consumption at international level shows rising trend whereas reveals situation prevails here. India is the largest producer of tea in the world. It is one of the largest employer employing approximately more than six crore of people (mostly women) in several ways of production, processing, packaging etc. West Bengal is the second largest producer of tea in India and contributes 24% of the total tea production. In West Bengal, the first commercial tea gardens were planted by British in the year 1852. The focus of this paper is to examine the causes of West Bengal and to suggest some proposals for its survival. Darjeeling tea has a reputation both in India and outside India. No doubt, in near future this industry will earn handsome revenue for the state.
526 Dual Responsibility of Rural Women Entrepreneurs – Issues and Challenges, Bhagyalaxmi. M, Dr. Ishwara. P
An entrepreneur is a person who organises, manages and takes the risk of running an enterprise. The phenomenon of women entrepreneurs is largely confined to metropolitan cities and by towns in India. However, women entrepreneurs are also found in rural areas. Rural women entrepreneurs face a wide variety of barriers and challenges right from the beginning till the enterprise functions. Work and family life is a challenge for rural women entrepreneurs. In rural areas women are associated with their housework like kitchen, child-rearing, elder care etc, and along with this, they started doing entrepreneurial work. Because of family responsibilities along with their work, rural women entrepreneurs have less time than men as they have to look after both family and entrepreneurial work, and there is a need to balance their work with the family. They became an earning member of the family and also responsible civilian of the country/society.
527 Relationship Between Demographic Variables and Leaderships Styles Adopted by Owner-Managers In Selected Small Scale Indian Industries, Dr.Mohd. Ashraf Ali, Mushtaq Ahmad, Javed Sarfraz
Leadership is an important factor in any form of organization whether it is small or big. One of the most significant features of the leadership situation is the style or behaviour of the leaders. It became a focal point in the emergence of modern human resources management in the organizational psychology. Many studies were undertaken on leaderships styles adopted in bigger organizations. But relatively only few attempts have been made to study the leadership styles adopted by owner-managers as leaders in Small Scale Industries. A study of this feature is necessary to understand the leadership in its Toto as many of the small scale industries are being managed by owner-managers themselves. Hence, this paper is an attempt in this direction.
528 A Study on the Level of Attitude of Employees On Factors Contributing To Training Programme, Promotion And Job Rotation In Private Sector Banks, Dr. S. Namasivayam, Dr.MS Ranjith Kumar, Dr. B.Thangaraj, Mr. S. Mohan
Human resources assume importance from economic standpoint at national level and at the levels of individual enterprise. They have been viewed as a form of capital and as the product of investment whereby production is acquired. Importance of human resources arises from the non-economic factors. The concept of freedom of enterprise and equality of persons indicate that individuals should have maximum freedom of opportunities to avail their potentialities. Thus, from the political standpoint, the human resources have a prominent place in organizations as their participants. Hence, the present study was conducted.
529 A Study on Farmers’ Problems in Production and Marketing of Onion in Sulur Taluka, Coimbatore District, Dr.M.Jayanthi, A.Vaideke
Marketing of agricultural goods is more complicated when compared to marketing of non agricultural goods. Farmers are facing many problems in both cultivation and marketing of onion. Agricultural production is generally depends on fertility of land, climate condition, and rain fall. Onion is one of the important agricultural commodity and spice crop. Onion is a perishable agricultural product it requires proper storage facility. Hence the research finds initiative to study the problems of farmers in cultivation and marketing of onion and provides suitable measures for the same.
530 Corporate Social Responsibility and its Financial Impact to an Organization, Sumitha R
Over the last 15 years, there has been an ever increasing academic and practitioner interest in Corporate Social Responsibility. Today corporate social responsibility, sustainability, and ethical responsibility are common knowledge among business circles. The reason is obvious. Embracing sustainability helps avert costly setbacks from environmental disasters, political protests, and legal expenses. Corporate Social Responsibility is an efficient formula to attain sustainability which comes with a financial cost. It also comes with enormous benefits to an organization. This paper is a study undertaken to evaluate the financial implications of corporate social responsibility to an organization. Apart from helping the organization build a brand value, this study uncovers that Corporate Social Responsibility in fact benefits the organization financially. Thus, the paper explores the relationship between Corporate Social Responsibility and Financial Performance of an organization.
531 Implementation of Information Technology in Banking Sector, A. Chiranjeevi, B. Umamheswari
Indian banking industry, today is in the midst of an Information Technology revolution. A combination of regulatory and competitive reasons has led to increasing importance of total banking automation in the Indian Banking Industry. Information Technology has basically been used under two different avenues in Banking. One is Communication and Connectivity and other is Business Process Reengineering. Information technology enables sophisticated product development, better market infrastructure, implementation of reliable techniques for control of risks and helps the financial intermediaries to reach geographically distant and diversified markets. The term “Information Technology” describes the phenomenon created by the convergence of technologies associated with computing, communication and office systems. In the past, most accounting procedures in banks were paper oriented. With the advent of new technique like computers, electronic equipments and communication network, the modern accounting system have undergone a sea change both in their preparation and presentation. The traditional system of preparing the account at quarterly, half yearly and annual lost their relevance since the information are constantly updated and made available at anytime and anywhere. The information technology enabled the banking organisations to redesign and restructure their functioning.
532 A Study on Quality Work Life Among the Women Nurses, Dr. ARKanagaraj, R. Venkatesan, N. Priyanandhini
Nursing is a healthcare profession focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of life from conception to death. Nurses work in a large variety of specialties where they work independently and as part of a team to assess, plan, implement and evaluate care. The authority for the practice of nursing is based upon a social contract that delineates professional rights and responsibilities as well as mechanisms for public accountability. In almost all countries, nursing practice is defined add governed by law, and entrance to the profession is regulated at national or state level. So an attempt has been made by the researcher to study on quality of work life among women nurses based on the age and quality of life, between marital status and quality of life, between education and quality of life. Published under: Human Resource Management
533 A Study on Brand Preference of Packaged Spices in Maduri, Dr. V. Kamarasan
Spices trade is a big business from time immemorial. Spices from India and far Eastern Asia were in demand from Ancient times;.. “Instead of trying to market what is easier for us to make, we must find out much more about what the consumer is willing to buy. we must apply our creativeness more intelligently to people, and their wants and needs rather than to product.In the modern marketing area consumer’s satisfaction is very essential. Now there are many packaged spices powder factories all over the country with different brand names.. In order to find out the consumers brand preferences, their likings with regard to various varieties available under different brands, the present study focuses attention on marketing of packaged spices powder, by various packaged spices powder factories and also various factors influencing the consumers.
534 A Empirical Study on Job Satisfaction of Employees in A Retail Firm (with Special Referance to Coimbatore), MSRANJITH KUMAR DR, DR B. THANGARAJ, DR.M.PRAKESH
Job satisfaction is one of the important factors that increase the efficiency of employees. This paper analyses the job satisfaction level of employees in a retail firm at Coimbatore with respect to various factors provided by Herzberg’s two factor theory. This study also indicates the overall job satisfaction level of employees and the influence of demographic features over job satisfaction. The tools of analysis used in the study are simple percentage, Likert scales and chi square analysis. Weighted arithmetic mean was used to find out the factors influencing job satisfaction and Chi square test was used to find the influence of demographic factors over job satisfaction. The findings reveal that that the employees are more satisfied in their relationship with peers (Hygiene factor) and promotion opportunities (Motivation factor). The overall job satisfaction level was medium and the demographic factors have no influence over employee satisfaction.
535 Implement Agility to Improve Today’s Business in Software Developing Companies, Hemina C. Bhavsar
Today’s software development companies deliver software in a shortest time. Software systems that once took years to deliver can now be created in months. The enabler of this transformation is the agile software process. As changes arise in software, developer has to implement changes in a correct manner. For impalement changes agility is the most important method. This paper shows actual meaning of agility. I had written why agility necessary in development. This paper also shows agile process, agile methods and advantages. Developers who apply the agility into development have to follow some agility principles which are also mention in this paper.
536 Routing Mechanics of on-Demand Route Discovery of Aodv, Gaurang Panwala
Wireless mobile ad-hoc networks are characterized as networks without any physical connections. In these networks there is no fixed topology due to the mobility of nodes, interference, multipath propagation and path loss. Hence a dynamic routing protocol is needed for these networks to function properly. Many Routing protocols have been developed for accomplishing this task. The purpose of this thesis is to give the brief introduction of Routing Protocols and mainly study, understand, analyze, discuss and evaluate the performance of mobile ad-hoc routing protocol AODV. The AODV is a reactive protocol, which finds a route to a destination on demand, whenever communication is needed. Considering the bandwidth, throughput and packet loss, in AODV routing protocol, AODV is suited for general Ad-hoc networks.
537 Analysis of Various Database Using Clustering Techniques, Khushbu Patel
Data mining basically refers to information elicitation from data warehouses. One of the data mining techniques is clustering. Data clustering is a process of putting similar data into groups. Cluster analysis results usually strongly depend on the clustering algorithm selected. Cluster analysis can be used to group samples and to develop ideas about the multivariate data set at hand. This paper review three of the most representative off-line clustering techniques: K-means clustering, Hierarchical clustering and Filtered clustering. Performance of clustering techniques in this paper are measured and compared. This comparison is done by using data mining tool (i.e. WEKA).
538 A Review on India’s Experience with Poverty Since Independence-Conceptual Framework, Trends and Approaches for its Eradication, Dr.Parvathamma. GL
India’s economic structure has changed dramatically over last 5-6 decades. But the benefits of growth not widely spread to various sections in society, reached only marginally to low income groups .Even more than 60 years after independence from almost two centuries of British rule, large scale poverty remains the most shameful blot on the face of India. Of its nearly 1 billion inhabitants, an estimated 350-450 million are below the poverty line, 75 per cent of them in the rural areas. More than 40 per cent of the population is illiterate, with women, tribal and scheduled castes particularly affected. It would be incorrect to say that all poverty reduction programmes have failed. The growth of the middle class indicates that economic prosperity has indeed been very impressive in India, but the distribution of wealth has been very uneven. Though the middle class has gained from recent positive economic developments, India suffers from substantial poverty. According to the new World Bank's estimates on poverty based on 2005 data, India has 456 million people, 41.6 percent of its population, living below the new international poverty line of $1.25 (PPP) per day. The World Bank further estimates that 33percent of the global poor now reside in India. Moreover, India also has 828 million people, or 75.6percent of the population living below $2 a day, compared to 72.2percent for Sub-Saharan Africa. Inequality increased in recent years after reforms. Income elasticity of poverty has fallen. A given growth will be associated with more limited gains for the poor. Because, of weak participation of poor, limited access to education, land, credit, low agricultural growth, underdeveloped infrastructure such as irrigation, roads, electricity in poorer states. Poverty depends on per capita household income which in turn affected by employment, wage rate, land productivity, industrialization, expansion of service sector and other general growth and distribution factors. In this back ground the present paper made an attempt to analyse causes of poverty, poverty and Poverty Line in India, , Intellectual genesis of poverty, Historical trends in poverty statistics, Measurement of Poverty, Comparison of Poverty after Reforms, estimation of poverty, Alternative Poverty Measures, the factors affecting incidence of poverty and Outlook for Poverty Alleviation. The study is concluded by giving some Long term suggestions for Poverty eradication in future.
539 Motivational Factors Among Entrepreneurs in Mokokchung Town, Dr. Jamir Temjenzulu
In regions with growing poverty and unemployment, the role and importance of entrepreneurs should not be undermined. Entrepreneurs not only contribute significantly to economic development but more importantly they serve as exemplary models for the next generation in practising self reliance. However for successful entrepreneurship to mushroom in an economy, motivation factor is imperative. This study was carried out as the role of entrepreneurs has gained significance in today’s environment. The main purpose of this study is to examine the motivational factors that exist across different activities with regard to starting their business and to analyse the motivational factors and choice of business. The strongest motivating factor among the entrepreneurs is “Improve quality of life” followed by “personal characteristics”.
540 Fiscal Sector Reforms in India, Kalkikumar S. Soni
Fiscal sector reforms play an important role in overall macroeconomic framework in India. Fiscal sector reforms helps to raise the rate of saving and investment which further enhances the productivity of government expenditure. Fiscal sector reforms in India include tax reforms, expenditure reform and systematic reform in government borrowing process. The core objective of this paper is to discuses fiscal sector reforms in India. The concluded that major purpose of the fiscal reforms programme was to achieve reduction in the size of the deficit and debt in relation to GDP.
541 Correlative Study of Self-Esteem of English and Marathi Medium D. T. Ed Student Teacher, Dr. Pravin Laxman Kothawade
An attempt has been made to find out status of Self esteem of D.T.Ed.Student Teachers of English & Marathi Medium . The sample for the present study comprised of 100 D.T.Ed.Student Teachers (50 D.T.Ed.Student Teachers from Marathi &50 D.T.Ed.Student Teachers from English medium) selected S.N.D. D.T. Ed College Babhulgoan from Nashik district of North Maharashtra. Random sampling was used for selection of sample. Standardized test of Self esteem Ryden M. B. self-esteem inventory. to the sample by investigator. The Independent variables were i) Gender ii) Student teacher of English & Marathi medium and the dependent variable was Self esteem for purpose of analysis and interpretation of data ,descriptive and inferential statistical techniques like Mean, S.D. , correlation & t-test wereused. The findings of the study were i ) 1) Self-esteem of English medium and Marathi medium student teacher is significantly at below average Overall percentage of it is 61.2) Self-esteem correlation between English medium and Marathi medium D. T. Ed. is positive & it is of high level. 3) Self-esteem of female student is higher than male student teacher of D. T. Ed. English medium
542 Linking Degree Programme Curricula and Employability: Need of Innovation in Higher Education Institutions of India, Dr.A.Vimala, S.Murugaia, V.Senthil Kumar
Employability implicitly refers to the full-time student who enters higher education at around the age of 18 and who graduates at the age of 21 or 22, and deals with matters beyond the boundaries of the subject discipline(s) concerned. For older students (many of who will opt to study part-time), employability may take on a different colouring, since they may well have experienced employment and/or voluntary work prior to (or whilst they are) engaging in higher education. For them, the emphasis that they give to employability may be on the development of subject-specific understanding to complement what they have already learned about employability in general. There is also a need to acknowledge the employment-relevant learning that ostensibly full-time students derive from part-time employment as they seek to fund their passage through higher education. Students, therefore, will develop their employability in ways that reflect their particular circumstances. One of roles for the higher education (HE) sector is to supply suitably skilled graduates to the work place. However, the ability of the HE sector to achieve this task has been questioned. Consequently, for HE to meet this role some degree of change within HE curricula might be required.
543 RUSA: the Roadmap to Revamping Higher Education in India, Sandeep Paul, Rajinder Singh
Education is the most powerful instrument in the progressive transformation of a society. The higher education especially contribute to constructive dynamism, critical thinking and creative evolution of people. Indian higher education is currently in a flux. Our higher education system is facing a lot of challenges over the decades, more so in recent years . In 21st century the main objective of our HE system is to focus on increasing productivity & employability .
544 Teachers’ Voices Towards the Problems Faced in Implementation of Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation, Vanita Chopra
The study aims to bring the voice of teachers central to teaching-learning process with respect to continuous and comprehensive evaluation so that it provides a deep insight into the status of implementation of CCE in the schools of Delhi, India. Structured open -ended interview were carried out with 20 teachers of class 9th belonging to both Central Government and private schools. Observation of assessment practices were also carried out. The study revealed that teachers were not so happy with the introduction of Continuous and comprehensive evaluation at secondary level in 2009 and shared various loopholes pertaining to physical, psychological, pedagogical and administrative areas.
545 Lecture Handout An Instructional Tool in Undergraduate Medical Education, N.Hephzibah Kirubamani
Handouts are widely used as instructional tools, but little research has been done. Handouts provided to them just before lecture , was conducted among final year medical students ( n=95) of Saveetha Medical college. Handout containing outline in the form of questions about the subject with a blank space and few case scenarios, were given . Analysis of the students’ completed questionnaire revealed that 89.9 %students expressed ,contents and clarity was adequate, filling up of hand out gave mental exercise in 94%. their level of understanding which was good in 87.7%, recollection was good in 91% of students, 96%students expressed that discussion was good ,subject was made easy in 98% ,they were made to think laterally in 89%.It can be a supplement during exams was expressed by 94% students ,exercises done will be useful in managing real cases in 98% and 94% students welcomed handouts .They prefer to have all lectures with handouts.
546 Need of in Service Teacher Training in Primary Education to Enhance Learning Outcome of Students, Deepa Awasthi
Primary Education is very important in life of an individual because it provide a base on which you can weave your future dreams but unfortunately the field of primary education in India remain neglected for long time. Due to survey and reports of various national and international organisations reflecting the unsatisfactory status of primary level education in country, Government has made a lot of efforts in recent years for bringing improvement in primary education. Due to this enrolment of children, number of new schools and position of girl education has improved. Government is investing a big budget on one time training of Government teachers but not giving due importance to in service teacher training programme in country, which is also essential for providing quality education at primary level. Attitude of trainers and trainees has also been a matter of concern. Government should apply a systematic approach to implement in service teacher training programme. This paper will try to find out the challenges in implementing in service teachers training programme and reasons why in service teacher training is important for improving learning outcome of students and also the areas to be covered under such training programme. This paper will also try to focus on use of internet based training programme as alternative method of providing in service teacher training
547 Information based Networking and Database for Manufacturing with Ambient Intelligence, A.Sinduja, Fahad Iqbal, A. Siva Subramanian
In this ever changing environment the field of manufacturing which plays a vital role in each and every countries economy has to adapt to new techniques and ways of approach to sustain in globalized market. The manufacturing is field which involves high range of information sharing within its floor as well as between the departments such as Human resource, Maintenance, Sales, Logistics which not only supports but also boons its performance in company’s overall standing among its competitors. To be market performer the company should look at its Information sharing capacity within its departments which help each other to do its activity productively and effectively. The paper is about making data and information about the company‘s various departments and its activities, information supporting them to carry out their functions centric i.e. integrated in single database with ambient intelligence technology as a support in shop floor which would help in monitoring activities of people in the floor. The main study will be focused on bringing all those information get integrated for sharing data to manufacturing department to overcome its stochastic nature of working. The information based networking is controlled and supported by AmI as AmI is an emerging trend in smart home environment. This AmI is a technology which brings electronics and Human Activities together to make life more easy and pleasure.
548 Measurement of The Strong Em Near-Field and its Effect Over The Carbon Nanotubes in The Proximity of The Multi Turns Inductive Solenoid, Under Pantis, Nicolae Crisan, George Mihai, Monica Borda
The aim of the paper is to characterize the distribution of the electromagnetic field inside and near the solenoid applicator which should destroy the nanocarbon samples inside a multiwell culture plate. This approach, involving the use of nanotechnologies is of great interest nowadays in Cancer treatment. The paper presents some technical achievements as a result of ongoing collaboration between Ion Chiricuta Oncological Institute and Technical University of Cluj-Napoca. The anticipated demand in patients ongoing treatment led to the idea of broadening the frequency band of the applicator in-between 5-25 MHz, against other existing methods, that allow only a narrow band around 13.56 MHz. This approach has a great impact over the samples and increases the rate of cell necrosis.
549 Performance Enhancement of Air Cooled Heat Exchanger in Winter Conditions, Neeraj.P.Badola, Swati.V.Prajapati
In this present work, attention is focused on studying and analyzing”-Performance Enhancement of Air Cooled Heat Exchangers (ACHEs) under Winter conditions “.It is found that ambient conditions in winter is limiting the operation of air cooler due to temperature drop and low sweet gas flow. To solve this problem several iterations are done using HTRI software. Further for minimum fan selection software of Hudson TUFLITE V5-7 has been used to achieve optimized air flow rate as per the conditions. Finally validation has been done using empirical formulas.
550 Optimalsizingofa Hybrid Solar and Wind Energy Micro-Generationsystems and Battery Storage Combination for Armidale Nsw, Australia, Yasser Maklad
Intermittency is an apparent characteristic of some renewable energy sources, this specifically applies to solar, wind and tidal renewable sources. Thus, battery storage is a real important element of any hybrid photovoltaic (PV) and wind energy generation systems. As well, sizing ofbattery storageplaysa vital role in achieving an optimal operationofsuch asystem.Emphasis is greatly required to proper sizing of battery storage.Inthiscontext, daily global solarradiationdata and mean daily wind speed for (14) years during the period1997–2010 were meteorologically measured and recordedatArmidale, NSW, Australia. Those data havebeenanalysedtoinvestigatetheoptimal sizeofbatterystoragecapacityfor stand-alone PV and wind energy systems. Several sizingconfigurationshavebeensimulated.Four case studies of Armidale’s houses/units with occupancy of (1, 2, 4 and 6) persons are considered to fulfil fifty percent of the average daily electrical load demand of each occupancy category using PV energy system equipped with battery storage. Calculations showed various combinations of capacities of PV energy system and its related battery storage. Optimal size of hybrid PV and wind energy system and relevant battery storage for each occupancy category are conducted based on techno-commercial basis.
551 Intermittency is an apparent characteristic of some renewable energy sources, this specifically applies to solar, wind and tidal renewable sources. Thus, battery storage is a real important element of any hybrid photovoltaic (PV) and wind energy generation systems. As well, sizing ofbattery storageplaysa vital role in achieving an optimal operationofsuch asystem.Emphasis is greatly required to proper sizing of battery storage.Inthiscontext, daily global solarradiationdata and mean daily wind speed for (14) years during the period1997–2010 were meteorologically measured and recordedatArmidale, NSW, Australia. Those data havebeenanalysedtoinvestigatetheoptimal sizeofbatterystoragecapacityfor stand-alone PV and wind energy systems. Several sizingconfigurationshavebeensimulated.Four case studies of Armidale’s houses/units with occupancy of (1, 2, 4 and 6) persons are considered to fulfil fifty percent of the average daily electrical load demand of each occupancy category using PV energy system equipped with battery storage. Calculations showed various combinations of capacities of PV energy system and its related battery storage. Optimal size of hybrid PV and wind energy system and relevant battery storage for each occupancy category are conducted based on techno-commercial basis., P. Suresh Kumar, Dr. N. Samba Siva Rao
Many Software concerns are adopting Agile development as a flexible way to develop new software applications. An important part of any software application is testing. Agile development have similar aims as traditional software testing, but the structure of the team is different, testers need to support quality infusion through the entire team. Test automation and selection of test automated testing tool can help project teams deliver more effectively, and in shorter timescales. Automation test cases are helpful to capture and store the test documents, test cases etc. by allowing them to regularly getting a satisfaction and saving some time for the organization. Agile development is all about working piece of software, individuals, close collaboration of customer and quick respond to change. The challenges in testing of Distributed Database Systems are visible in the tools for automatic test case execution. This paper addresses some of these challenges and also highlights every aspect of software testing process in Agile development.
552 Road Safety Audit for Kapurai - Dabhoi Section of State Highway-11, Oza Daksheshkumar B., Prof. S. M. Damodariya
Road network of any country has a notable role to play for countries economy and growth. Transportation through road networks satisfies the basic needs of people. Many lives are lost and huge amount of property damage occurs due to accidents. This paper is an attempt to analyze the traffic safety situation Kapurai - Dabhoi Section of SH-11, Gujarat, India and to identify countermeasures for stretches in which the total harm caused by crashes can be substantially and readily reduced. In this study I have identified the road accidents, its causes, variation with respect to yearly, monthly, hourly, user type vehicle, age, seasonal. I have also identified black spots in the study area and given suggestion to improve safety of road users. I have also created linear regression model in which I have establish relationship between years with type of accidents.
553 Economical Aspects of Hybrid Staging Systems for Elevated Storage Reservoir, Keyur Y. Prajapati, Dr. H. S. Patel, Prof. A. R. Darji
Elevated water tanks are prominently in public view and visible from near as well as long distances. It is therefore important that the shape and form of the container and the supporting structure must receive due attention from the point of aesthetics. Innovations in the shape and form should be encouraged when they improve the ambience and enhance the quality of the environment. The main aim of this study is to compare cost for conceptualize innovative hybrid staging systems of ESR, considering seismic loading and analyzed with SAP2000. Economical aspects are studied for different innovative water tanks staging systems with reference to conventional frame type and shaft type staging of ESR. The present rate of steel and concrete are taken in to consideration for study. Analysis follows the guideline for “Seismic Design of Liquid Storage Tanks” provided by the Gujarat State Disaster Management Authority and Indian Standard and IS: 11682 “Criteria for design of RCC staging for over head water tanks”.
554 Parking Study for Multiplexes and Commercial Buildings in Vadodara City, Siddharth N. Gupte, Prof. Suresh M. Damodariya
In this paper, the various aspects of parking have been described. Various types of parking have been described. Parking is a derived demand. People will tend to park for availing of facilities near the parking zone. Linear regression models have been developed for parking turnover with various independent variables influencing the parking turnover.
555 Land Cover Classification of Bangalore Metro Using Satellite Imageries - A Comparative Study, Dr. Malini A. Shetty, Prof. R.K. Somashekar
Land Use is an major element in temporal studies of urban imagery, its precise and revised information is indispensable for understanding the environmental consequences of corresponding changes. Impervious surface ratio (ISR) and green cover ratio (GCR are important elements in determining urban environments, which can be employed to assess urban flood phenomenon, vegetation percentage. In the current study temporal study of BBMP is made by procuring satellite imagery 0f 1992, 2000, 2005 and 2010. The imageries are classified into four classes like Water, Built ups, Vegetation and Others by superwised classification. . The overall classification accuracy of 90.56% was achieved for the four urban land cover types. The different imageries from 1992 to 2010 showed phenomenal variation in vegetation cover over the years. The Green cover shows initial increase from 1992 to 2000 and then we could observe rapid depletion from 2005 to 2010. The Impervious surface ratio shows more than 50% increase from 1992 to 2010 and the increase is more prominent in the periphery of the city
556 Assessment of Landuse/Landcover Using Geoinformatics: A Case Study Of Pulwama District (Kashmir) India, Aamir Bin Masood, Sana Khan
Land use maps are useful tools for agricultural and natural resources studies as a base data. Due to dynamism of natural resources, updating these maps is essential. Employing traditional methods through aerial photos interpretation to produce such maps are costly and time consuming. Satellite data is suitable for such purpose, as a consequence of its fast repeatability, wide and unique view and availability of data from most part of electromagnetic spectrum. The present study is conducted to investigate the capability of IRS-P6 LISS-III data on land use mapping of Pulwama District, J&K. The studied area was 1462 km2. Image of 24th October, 2007 were registered to 1:50000 digital topographic maps. Images were enhanced using contrast enhancement and a standard False Color Composite (FCC) was developed. On-screen visual interpretation and simultaneous digitization was performed to prepare landuse/ landcover map of Pulwama District. The overall accuracy of 89% was obtained in the final maps.
557 Corporate Fundamentals and Intrinsic Value, the Real Investment Drivers, Dr. N. Kusuma, Mrs. Ch. Chaitanya
Every investor is interested in knowing the appropriate timing for investment, as well as the best avenue for investment. Thus, investing in equity is always a challenging and a rewarding task. While in the process of investing, to know the real value of the scrip becomes primary thing for the investor. There comes the fundamental and technical analysis to help the investors in finding out the real value / intrinsic value of the scrip and thereby selecting a best stock. Fundamental analysis helps to evaluate financial stability, financial strengths and weakness of the companies. Which in turn help the investor to identify undervalued and overvalued scrips. Thus, this research work aims at finding the intrinsic value of shares facilitating the investor to know about the real worth of the scrip before taking any investment decision. More importantly, the research studies the relevancy of the applied methodology in finding the intrinsic values of sample scrips, then by comparing, and revalidating them with the prevailing average annual market prices of the years 2012 and 2013 respectively
558 Study of Morpho Histology of Alimentary Canal in Relation to Feeding Behaviour of Channa Punctatus From the Wetlands (Chaur) of Begusarai District N. Bihar india, Swapna Choudhary, Uttam Kumar, Utpal Kumar
Murrels are very common fish available in the wetland (chaurs) of North Bihar India. In the present study one of the most important species of murrels the Channa punctatus has been selected for the study of its morphohistology and its relation with the feeding behaviour .The study will be helpful for the culture and farming of Channa species. The Anatomy and histology of alimentary canal of Channa punctatus was found to be of carnivorous type . The alimentary canal has a short relatively broad oesophagus, stomach with cardiac and pyloric region with two pyloric ceaca, intestine of moderate size and rectum is not externally differentiated. The histological structure consists of four layers mucosa, submucosa, muscularis and serosa. Histologically the different region of the alimentary canal has their own peculiarity. The stomach has cardiac and pyloric region the cardiac part has gastric glands .The intestine has numerous mucosal folds for absorption. Channa punctatus is a carnivorous and surface feeder fish .Its food consist of mainly of fish, crustaceans, insects, mollusk, shells, plant parts and semi digested food. The feeding intensity is minimum during breeding season and the food varies according to the season and avaibility of food. Average R L G value was .85 throughout the study period.
559 Effects of Monogenean Fish Parasites on Indian Major Carp, Labeo rohita (Ham.) with reference to Abundance and Pathophysiology, Biraj Bikash Sharma, Gadadhar Dash, Sk.Sahanawaz Alam, Debajit Chakraborty
The study was conducted to evaluate the abundance and pathology of monogenean fish parasites in Indian Major Carp, Labeo rohita fingerlings (Average length 10.75±0.8 cm and weight 17.25±0.5 g) with special reference to the prevailing low water temperature in Ri-Bhoi district of Meghalaya. The stream water was converted to the aquaculture ponds with three different stocking densities i.e. Pond A, Pond B and Pond C maintaining the other water quality parameters constant. Among the three ponds, Pond C showed the highest abundance (1.84±0.75) of monogenean parasite where as there was no significant differences (P>0.05) in the Pond A and Pond B. The Mean Intensity (MI) was also estimated (3.96±0.70) during the study period which showed the significant difference (P
560 Urban Sex Ratio: A Study on Regional Wise Towns in Erstwhile Andhra Pradesh, India, Dr. Ashok Kumar Lonavath
Sex composition is an important aspect of the demographic structure. It is the result of a number of factors working together over a period. Imbalance is caused either by differential birth rate or differential death rate, which may be due to war or due to the custom of female infanticide or feticide. In addition to these, migration also causes significant difference in sex composition in a particular age group, which normally appears in the subsequent age group in due course of time. Imbalance in sex composition influences social, economic and community activities in a number of ways. Majority of one sex in the marriageable age group affects the marital life and later affects the natural growth rate. Males outnumbered in work force of the region in occupations such as mining and heavy industries where women cannot be absorbed. Variation in sex composition is a characteristic feature of towns. Sex composition differs greatly from suburbs and the rural areas due to the rural-urban migration and because of better medical facilities in the urban areas which has reduced mortality rates. Otherwise the sex variation at birth is same in rural and urban areas. Sex ratio is one such demographic factor which utters the development and intervenes of the technology directly or indirectly on men to women ratio. Insecurity among the women rose along with the developmental process and processes of urbanization. Hence the changing pattern of urban sex ration in the erstwhile Andhra Pradesh is studied with the help of the census data from 1961 to 2011.
561 A Study on Groundwater Quality in and Around Salem City Tamilnadu using Applied Statistical Methods, Vijayakumar N.
The Salem city is one of the fast developing cities in Tamil Nadu. The quality of Ground water is changing as a result of rapid Urbanisation. 40 ground water samples were collected from the places in and around Salem city, Tamilnadu. They were analyzed for major cations and anions comprisingCa, Mg, Na, K, CO3, HCO3, SO4 and Cl. Apart from standard hydro geo chemical methods, applied statistical methods are also used to interpret the chemical relationship with specific process that controls the quality of ground water.
562 A Study of Bhakti Literature During The Kakatiya Period, Prof. T. Nagamma, Mr. V. Krishna Mohan
The changes and developments in brahmanical religion especially Saivism which took place in twelth and thirteenth centuries in South India in general and Tamil and Telugu countries in Particular caused for the growth of literature by the poets and scholars of that period. Generally, Sanskrit occupied first place in contribution of literature during this period. The Telugu country contributed under the rulers of Kakatiyas during this period for the development of literature in different sphere of religions. Though they were ardent Saivas but had religious tolerances and encourage and extend their patronage to the poets, scholars, writers and authors in various fields to produce works. So, in the present paper, “A study of Bhakti literature during the Kakatiya period” is presented.
563 Christian Historiography: Changing Perspectivesand Approaches in the Study of Christianity in India, Potana Venkateswara Rao
History of Christianity in India had been written and interpreted by Westerners and it is true that some of the early Christian historians distorted and twisted the real history of Christianity in India. In fact, most of the Christian historians, Protestants and Catholics, perceived history of Christianity in India as a “triumphant story of missions, missionaries, and missionary methods” (Webster 1979:98). In response to this western approach to history of Christianity in India, there is a changing approach which perceived Indian Christian historiography as a history of Indian church rather than of foreign missions. In this context the purpose of this paper is an exploration of the changing perspectives and approaches in the study of Christianity in India.
564 Negative Features of Purulia Bangla, Mr. Apurba Saha
Purulia ia a small district in the western part of West Bengal which is almost 350 kms from Kolkata. There are certain areas of sentence construction in the Bangla spoken in and around Purulia which differ from the Standard Bangla. Negation is one such area. The negative markers in Purulia Bangla are /loi/ and /noi/. In Purulia Bangla negation is generally used before the verb. This is perhaps because of the influence of Hindi on Purulia Bangla.
565 Linguististic Ecological Problems in The Kazakh Language, Dyusupbaeva Karlygash Sovethanovna, Sapina Sabira Minatayevna, Jolchibekova Kulandam Jumagulovna, Nurkanova Zhamal Talkanovna
In this article the authors regarded the certain Kazakh language ecological problems in linguistics, which are considered to be a new branch of science in the Kazakh society. The authors pay much attention to the main issues of linguistic ecology, identifying its purpose and objectives, analyzing some research made in this field on the basis of the Russian and Kazakh linguistics. This article shows the importance of preserving of the linguistic ecology for the Kazakh language.
566 Recognition of a Third Gender-A Way Forward, Madhubrata Mohanty
This article is an attempt by the author to throw some lights on the most sensitive issue of the present day, i.e., regarding the position and recognition of the transgender people, who by virtue of their birth only, are facing lot many discriminatory activities everywhere. Being devoid of all enjoyments which every human being have a right to avail, the Trans people raise their voice throughout the World, resulting the activism of the judiciary as well as the legislature. Finally their battle is over getting the recognition as a third gender in most of the countries. No more they have to live their life under the cover of a man or woman, they are free now to touch the sky with independent identity
567 Ethical Values for Library Professionals, M. P. Raina
Ethics has been gaining attention of academicians and researchers around the globe. Ethics has its application in all fields and library and information professionals are required to abide by ethics as well. These professions are required to perform their duties in an ethical manner for the well being of all those who are directly and indirectly associated with them. In fact, many organisations of Library and Information professionals have adopted codes of professional ethics. Such codes of professional ethics provide library and information professionals with guiding principles and norms to face ethical dilemmas or obtaining solutions to various problems. Ethics of library professionals includes: fairness, truthfulness, transparency, accountability and responsibility of these professions towards themselves, users, organisation/institution, peers and society as well. Ethical behaviour increases the images of these professionals along with the organisation/institution. Various codes have been formulated in different countries and their successful implementation is the need of the hour. The aim of this paper is to explore the various ethical values to be followed by the library and information professionals.
568 The Theme of ‘Spiritual Quest for Truth’ in The Serpent and the Rope, Mayur Wadhwaniya
The Serpent and the Rope unfolds with Ramaswamy narrating the events of his life as well as the truth hidden behind them. Rama was born a Brahmin - that is devoted to Truth. He believes that a "Brahmin is one who knows the Brahman. He knows the Brahmasutras and read the Upanlshads. The story of Ramaswamy, essentially a spiritual biography with its emphasis on getting at the Truth becomes the unfolding of a Vedanta-based vision of India and deals with the magnitude, mystery, complexity, philosophy and metaphysics of India from the point of view of one who seeks Brahman and whose sensibility and values are uncompromisingly Indian.
569 Application of Big Five Model of Personality for Employee Presenteeism in the Workplace, Debayan Nandi, Nandita Nandi
Employee presenteeism refers being present in the work with physical illness. This study scrutinizes the extent to which magnitudes of the Big Five model of personality (which is also termed as 5-factor model of personality) are related to employee presenteeism in the workplace .This article also focuses on the development of interest in presenteeism among the employees. Managerial and professional correlates of attending work during ill health were assessed, as are health correlates of consequential yield loss in the tea gardens of West Bengal. Data were collected from a sample of 250 tea garden workers across Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri and Uttar Dinajpur districts of West Bengal. Results suggest that among big five factors only extraversion and conscientiousness envisage employee presenteeism, but not all.
570 Acquirer’s Preference on the Housing Property with Reference to Coimbatore, M.Jayakumar, Dr.S. Prabakar
The real estate sector in India is witnessing rapid growth in the residential, commercial and industrial segments. Real estate development, once restricted to bigger cities, have shown marked progress in smaller cities and towns owing to availability of banks loans, higher earnings and improved standard of living. Due to the changing demographic profile in India, there has been a steady decline in the portion of households living in rented premises. To a certain extent, this may be attributed to rising income levels. The situation being conductive to the buyers to purchase a property for self use as they are currently staying in rented houses. Thus the study focuses on the social attributes and financial attributes of the acquirer’s preference on the housing property
571 A Case Study on the Need to Constructive Feedback in Functional Relationships and Distorted Interpersonal Skills and Its Repercussions on Teamwork , Ms. Seema Kuamri Gupta, Dr. S. Sheela Rani
This case is basically aimed at rendering of ample feedback and interpersonal relationship to the working professional in an organization from time to time. The case study also focuses to train business manager to handle their team effectively by sharing feedback timely & appropriately and also to maintain better working inter-personal relationship amongst the employees .The author of the case attempted to project the behavior of the business manager who is impulsive and hasty at functional relationships further the author also tried to explain the need for appropriate training to the business manager to bring about behavioral changes and sharpen the delivery ability of feedback and also have a better inter-personal relationship with their team member for yielding higher outcomes.
572 Shale Gas; The Future Energy Source, Vidhusekhar P.
The Research paper reviews the emergence of new energy source, shale gas. It gives the advantage in shale production and consumption. Paper highlights the strength of developing countries in shale exploration. It discusses the stand taken by pro and anti nations of shale gas. It narrates US success in this area. The recent political change in Ukraine and its role in Shale gas is also highlighted.
573 Hr Practices and Employee Turnover Intentions. A Corelational Analysis, Zahid Farooq Bhat
This study correlates select HR practice, organizational commitment, and employee turnover intention. The understudy population is call centre employee working across the Kashmir valley. The said industry is continuously face high employee turnover. Employee turnover is one of the important aspects of every organization, especially in the call centres. In this direction an attempt has been made to make the assessment of employee turnover intentions as the antecedent of HR practices, along their psychological contact such as organizational commitment and person-organizational commitment. High employee turnover is detrimental because it results in high monetary and non monetary costs to the administration. Employees’ turnover is a much studied phenomenon. However, conclusive evidence supporting why people leave organisations is still lacking. Therefore, a profound understanding of the employee turnover phenomena needs to be developed, more specifically, the sources of employee turnover. This study attempts to investigate employee turnover intentions with a manageable number of HR practices. These HR practices were considered as antecedents, having impact on behavioural consequences such as person-organization fit and organizational commitment, which ultimately leads employee turnover intentions. It was concluded that there is a clear link between HR practices and their consequences in determining employee turnover intentions. As such, employees’ turnover intentions were found negatively related with employees’ sense of organizational commitment and personorganizational fit. While as HR practices were found significant predictor of organizational commitment and person-organizational fit.
574 A Study on Working Capital Management of Salem District Cooperative Milk Producer Union Ltd, Salem, Dr.V.R.Palanivelu, V.Kalaiselvi
The importance of working capital in any industry needs no special emphasis. Working capital is considered to be lifegiving force to an economic entity. Management of working capital is one of the most important functions of corporate management. Every organization, whether profit oriented or not, irrespective of its size and nature of business, needs requisite amount of working capital. Capital to keep an entity working is working capital.
575 Examining the Role of Technological Factors in Faculty Knowledge Sharing Behavior, Soofi Anwar, Dr. Pranab Kumar
Role of technology is crucial in knowledge management especially in facilitating and accelerating communications among employees. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between technological factors and faculty knowledge sharing behavior. Following Pearson correlation analysis data collected from faculty members teaching management discipline in universities in UAE was analyzed. The analysis shows that there is a significant positive relationship between technological factors and actual knowledge sharing behavior of faculty members. Perceived usefulness of technology has the greatest influence on faculty knowledge sharing behavior, followed by technology usage and technology support and infrastructure.
576 Organizational Climate in Information Technology (It) Companies With Special Reference to Chennai City – A Study, A. K. Subramani, Dr. S. Panneerselvam
Organisational climate plays a vital role in all kinds of industry, in particular, Information Technology – IT services Sector has influence from various internal and external factors of the organisation. The main aim of the researcher is to identify the employees’ perception towards different dimensions of organizational climate and the influence of demographic variables such as gender, educational qualification etc., in employees’ perception of organizational climate. The outcomes of the research concludes that the employees of IT Companies perceive organisational climate positively.
577 Blended Learning in The College of Engineering: Why Now?, M.RADHIKA SHREE
Blended Learning refers to a mixing of different learning environments. The phrase has many specific meanings based upon the context in which it is used. Blended learning gives learners and teachers a potential environment to learn and teach more effectively. Definitions of blended learning range from some so broad that practically any learning experience that integrates some use of educational technology might qualify, to others that focus on a specific percentage combination of online curriculum and instruction in a face-to-face setting. By upending the structure of undergraduate courses, blended learning not only harnesses the convenience of online lectures, but helps students benefit from a sturdy educational principle. Blended learning produces the same or better learning outcomes at the same or lower cost than other learning modalities.
578 Role of Research Methodology in Academic projects of Management Students, RINOJ P K
The Research paper reviews the Research Methodology role in academic projects of Management students. It explains various methodologies adopted in decision making. It also high lights the availability of software in Methodology. Study has undertaken in the campus after reviewing the application of scientific tools used by students in academic projects.
579 Fair Price Policy for Long Term Business , Vidhusekhar P.
The Research paper reviews the anomalies of price quotation in Services and Goods based products. It gives the long term advantage in fairer long term business. Paper highlights the issue of value addition. Customer retention is highlighted as a loyalty strategy. It narrates demand supply issues of service products.
580 The Challenges to Develop and Implementing Mis in an Organization, Rinoj P. K.
This paper reviews about Management Information System and the challenges to implement it in organization To facilitate the management decision making at all levels of company, the MIS must be integrated.. MIS is available for the Top management. The top management of company should play an active role in designing, modifying and maintenance of the total organization wide management information system. Efforts have been made for collection and retrieval of information, however, challenges still remain in the selection analysis and interpretation of the information that will further improve decision making and productivity.
581 Employee Satisfaction-An Overview, Ms. C. Swarnalatha, S.Tephillah Vasantham
Employee satisfaction or job satisfaction is, quite simply, how content or satisfied employees are with their jobs. Employee satisfaction is typically measured using an employee satisfaction survey. These surveys address topics such as compensation, workload, perceptions of management, flexibility, teamwork, resources, etc.
582 Impact of Globalisation-Integration And Transformation of Hr as A Strategic Partner in Business Operations, Shammy Shiri
The increase in the pace of globalization has brought tremendous changes in business opportunities. This transformation caused by globalization has not only had an effect on all the department in an organization but also human resource management (HRM).The main objective of this paper examines the impact of globalization and the issues and challenges that confront the HRM in the global market and also its benefit to HRM. It also focuses on understanding the functions of HR and how it can transform itself and contribute in business operations and become a business partner. A quantitative approachwere in Twenty-one companies within Karnataka(India) was taken purposively which included manufacturing, IT, and service industry. There were a total of 254 respondents.Results provide insights that globalization has brought a drastic changes in the working system,culture, technology and tools of HR, increased the engagement level of HRprofessionals provided autonomy in their work and thus the human resource department can transform itself to be a strategic business partner.
583 A Study on Employees Career Planning and Development, Dr. A.R. KANAGARAJ, S.ARCHANA, K.MALATHI
The most efficient machinery in the world will not produce at an optimum level unless the people who operates the machinery know how to make it perform as its best and importantly , are motivated to make their equipment produce efficiently. To extract the best out of people , therefore , the organization must provide a healthy work climate when they can exploit their talents fully while realizing goals assigned to them. For the purpose of the career planning and development the study is conducted to find out whether the devising point of the organizational system of career movement and growth opportunities from the point of an individual in employment to the point of retirement. Hence the organization should chart different paths which should be made known to all employees. As every employee desires for a bright future, these career paths do provide the hope to achieve success. Simple random sampling method was used in the present study to collect the data.
584 Latest Trends in Financial Support & Innovation for Msme’s Growth & Development in Delhi / Ncr, Jeetendra Narayana Patel, Dr. Anil Kumar Bhatt
MSMEs are one of the most progressive, vibrant and sensitive sectors of the Indian economy with a GDP contribution of around 8 percent and the largest after agriculture in employability. With globalization, expansion has been seen in supply of superior technology, which has also forced MSMEs to face bitter competition from large domestic firms and MNCs. The sector has undergone several changes regarding definition. The current paper is an attempt to critically analyze the latest trends in financial support & innovation for MSME’s growth & development in Delhi/ NCR. This research has analyzed the present status of the financial support & innovation for MSME’s growth & development. A total of 100 MSMEs were randomly selected from a cross section of a population of 150 MSMEs spread in NCR. Participants were selected through a simple random sampling process. Primary data for analysis was taken with the help of questionnaire and interview. The responses to the questionnaires were complemented with personal interviews of the key operators. Moreover, findings and discussion were drawn and conclusion recommendations were made for future growth of MSME sector in NCR.
585 Freedom Struggle of 1857 And Role of Dehli Urdu Akhbar, Abdullah
The British rule in India had created chaos and unrest among the Indian people, which led them to revolt against the British government, culminating in the war of independence of 1857. Though this war of independence was a total failure and Indians could not resist this powerful tyrant rule.Urdu journalism was one of those means which played an outstanding role in infusing the spirit of freedom among the people and making their opinion against the suppressive government. Delhi Urdu Akhbar was one of them whose role was very significant and matchless.
586 The Effects of Using Groundnut Hay and Concentrates on Performance and Physical Measurements of Post-Weaned Desert Lambs (Tribal Subtypes Hamari and Kabashi) in Kordofan Region, Sudan, Mohamed Ali, M.A. Abdella, H.O. El imam, M.E. Tibin, I.M. Jadalla, J.B. Neama Adam Eshag
Twenty Kabashi weaned male lambs (4 months old and average live weight 25.25 Kg) and similar number of Hamari lambs were used for growth performance and different body measurements for a post-weaning period (60 days). Ten lambs, five from each subtype, were left free grazing. Similar numbers of animals were kept on experimental diet. Body weights and physical measurements were recorded weekly for eight weeks. Pen fed lambs had higher body gains, food conversion ratios (FCR) and increased physical measurements compared to free grazing ones. Pen fed Hamari lambs recorded higher length of the legs whereas Kabashi had better values for heart girth and pelvic cavity. The latter subtype also had higher daily gains (0.152 Vs 0.144 Kg) and total gains (9.10 Vs 8.64 Kg) as well as better FCR (6.88 Vs 7.53). The study also concluded that groundnut hay can be used successfully as basal feed for fattening lambs in Sudan.
587 A Prospective Randomized Interventional Study to Evaluate The Effect of Yoga on Quality of Life of Menopausal Women, Mrs. B.JAYABHARATHI, Dr.A.Judie
Background: Menopause is an opportunity for the fullest blossoming of a woman’s power, wisdom and creativity. Aim: This study tested the effect of yoga on quality of life of menopausal women. Methods: The study was conducted in selected areas in Chennai, Tamilnadu. Simple random sampling technique was used for the study. Of 260 menopausal women ,130 of them were allotted to study group and 130 of them to control group. The study group underwent yoga training and practiced yoga daily for 35-40mints /day for 12 weeks. Standardized WHO QOL BREF Scale was used to assess the menopausal women’s quality of life. Result: There was extremely high significant difference found in all domains of quality of life at p=0.001 level between study group and control group at 12 weeks. Conclusion: The study concluded that, yoga is an effective intervention in improving the quality of life of menopausal women.
588 Role of Pft(Pulmonary Function Test) in Copd(A Study of 50 Cases), Dr Tejas Shah, Dr. Dharmendra Ahir, Dr. Rutika Chaudhari
50 cases of COPD were studied from August 2011 to October 2013. All patients were subjected to spirometry test in which the conclusion is 80% of patients showed moderate obstructive pattern on PFT and decreasing of FEV1 value was more in elder patients as compared to younger and in males as compared to females and as pack year smoking index increases, value of FEV1 decreases every year rapidly
589 Hand Chondroma – A Case Report, Dr. Pushkar A Deshpande
Soft tissue chondromas are rare tumors. They are benign & slowly progressive in nature. It presents as a slowly growing mass, most commonly in the hands and feet. It should be differentiated from benign tumors like ganglion cyst, myositis ossificans, pseudomalignant osseous tumor etc. We report a case of hand chondroma at wrist dorsal aspect. 53 yrs male patient, farmer by occupation, presented with a painless hard mass over right wrist dorsal aspect which had grown slowly for 2 years. FNAC was inconclusive-ray shows no evidence of synovial connection. Excisional biopsy done revealed well encapsulated white hard tumor, microscopic examination confirmed presence of hyaline cartilage indicating extraskeletal soft tissue chondroma. 6 month follow up showed no evidence of recurrence.
590 PTSA Catalysed Expeditious Synthesis and Antimicrobial Activities of Dihydro-3, 5-Diphenylisoxazole Derivatives, Dr. Shalini Jaiswal
There is increasing interest in the utility of environmentally benign reagents and particularly solvent-free conditions under microwave irradiation. Chalcone are associated with wide range of biological activities. Chalcone can be modified by the reaction of the substituted benzaldehyde with acetophenone and 10% NaOH under microwave irradiation in domestic oven. This method of synthesis is of great importance and in recent years organic reaction in the absence of solvent has been attracting the synthetic organic chemists because of their simplicity and synthetic value. Organic synthesis without using solvent keeps the environment pollution free by making no use of hazardous solvent like dioxin or strongly acidic and tedious work-up method. This paper describe the use of PTSA as a catalyst in the synthesis of 4,5-dihydro-3,5-diphenylisoxazole derivatives from chalcone and hydroxyl amines hydrochloride under solvent-free condition. The reaction time, yield and 1HNMR spectra are summarized
591 Study of Wound Infection: Major morbidity after Caesarean Section, Dr. Arti J.Patel, Dr. Shuchi P. Velani
This is a retrospective analytical study conducted of patients undergoing caesarean section at tertiary centre in Ahmedabad,India, between JUNE 2012 to JULY 2013 with the aim to assess incidence of caesarean wound infections, its severity and associated risk factors. The study shows that 30.36% are c-section among total deliveries conducted at the institute. Post-operative complications were 2% UTI, 10% unexplained fever, 1.2% puerperal sepsis, 6.51% wound infection, 3% paralytic ileus.Most common complication is post-operative unexplained fever; complication which increases morbidity is wound infection. It increases hospital stay, hospital expenditures and interferes with mother-infant interaction. Major factors related to wound infection are poor nutrition (iron deficiency anaemia and protein calorie malnutrition), poor hygiene, pregnancy induced hypertension, indication of surgery and labor duration. No significant difference is found in emergency and elective surgeries. Wound infection was higher in unregistered patients. Most common isolate from the wound infections was staphylococcus aureus.
592 Evaluation of Maternal Practice in Infants Care in Zahedan City of Iran, Tahereh Boryri, Noor Mohammad Noori, Alireza Teimouri
Introduction: At birth a new born baby makes a transition from life inside the womb to an independent existence outside. In this world babies are unable to save themselves against risk factors. Proper practices of mothers in early days of life can save them from many death risks. This study aimed to evaluate maternal practice on the healthy child care in two, nutritional and traditional aspects. Methods: A based population cross-sectional study among 555 women of reproductive age group in Zahedan city belongs to the southeast zone of Iran was operated. Sample size was calculated on the basis of percent distribution of mothers in different health centers. Researchers made questionnaire was used with a total of 23 questions in three parts, demographic, nutritional and traditional practices and developed according to the researcher team experience and after factor analysis was consisted. The data was analyzed in SPSS. Results: mothers in 50.1 % and 49.5 % of having boys and girls respectively were distributed. The means of mother‘s age at the time of survey and at marriage were 27.1 (5.88) and 17.8 (4.11) respectively. in nutritional cares, colostrums for first feeding of newborns, breastfed for infant feeding, formulae milk for mothers’ practice when they have not enough milk, lateral position for baby sleeping position after lactating and six months for onset age to start Complementary foods had the highest percentage of 96.89%, 83.39%, 69.94%, 53.10% and 90.35% respectively in compared to other options in each care. In traditional cares in yes and no options the percentages of mothers who answer yes were 87.27%, 24.35%, 51.59%, 64.08%, 24.71% and 31.33% in swaddling, using pacifier, dragging surme in eyes, given water in hot weather, referred for routine checkup and in having vaccination card respectively. Mother age had significant association with both traditional and nutritional cares (r=0.118, p=0.013 and r=0.120, p= 0.011). Mother age at marriage was associated significantly only with traditional cares (r=0.157, p=0.004). Number of children in household had significant association with traditional and nutritional cares (r= -0.203, p= 0.000) and(r=0.103, p=0.034).Conclusion: Some of practices related to traditional cares may not have any harmful effects on health, while others do so. Therefore, it is required that traditional health care practices should be investigated more and those which are useful should be preserved, but that harmful ones should replaced by useful ones. This replacement could be effect when is according a systematic planning and long term programs.
593 Caries Risk Assessment At Dental Students and its Association with Caries Experience, Catalina Iulia Saveanu, Lucia Barlean, Vlad Danila, Iulia Roxana Ionescu, Vlad IoanCovrig, Corina Cheptea
Introduction: The 'Cariogram' aiming to illustrate the multifactorial background of dental caries in a simple way. This study aimed to determine whether caries risk from Cariogram relates to caries experience in younger population. Methods: One hundred sixty-two subjects and Cariogram files were completed from patients aged twenty-two to twenty-four years (mean: 23.5) completed the Cariogram. The percentage of “chances of avoiding new lesions” (caries risk) was obtained from Cariogram, and the subjects were classified into five risk groups. Statistical data processing was performed with SPSS 14.00 for Windows, p ? 0.05. Results: Caries risk assessment revealed that most subjects showed a low risk of caries 70.4% (114). Most subjects presented average values 39.5% (64) or low values for 35.2% (57) of their caries experience. Conclusion: Caries risk assessment using Cariogram appears to be unrelated with caries experience in this younger population.
594 Effect of AerobicandProgressive Resistance Training on Functional Capacity, Quality of Life and CD4 Count in People with HIV/AIDS, Vaiyapuri Anandh, Ivor Peter D'SA, Jagatheesan Alagesan
Background : Exercise training in the management of HIV/AIDS patient is not under research in India and if proper exercise training is been proved then quality of life for the HIV affected patients will improve significantly and it might set a new dimension in exercise training. This is the first study in India tried with aerobic and progressive resistance training program for HIV- infected persons to improve functional capacity, Quality of Life and CD4 Count in People with HIV/AIDS. The present study aims to find the effect of Aerobic and Progressive Resistance Training onFunctional capacity, Quality of Life and CD4 Count in People with HIV/AIDS. Methods : A total of 36 participants were selected by Simple Random Sampling method for the study based on selection criteria were allocated to Aerobic Training Group, Progressive Resistance Training Group and the Control Group with 12 subjects in each group. Aerobic training with intensity of 50% during firstmonth, 60% during second month and 70%during thirdmonthof target heart rate by Karvonen’s Formula, Progressive Resistance Trainingaccording to DeLorme’s Protocol with intensity of exercise (10 RM) calculated every week. Control group was advised not to do any training, but to carry on their Activities of daily living. Functional capacity was assessed by Six Minute Walk Test, Quality Of Life was assessed by MOS-HIV Health Survey and Immune System was assessed by CD4 count. All three outcome measures were tested by blinded evaluator. Results : 36 subjects were recruited for the study and randomly divided in to 3 groups with Mean±SD age of 42.21±5.92 years. Three groups were homogenous at base line in all three outcome measures. Aerobic Exercise, Progressive Resistance group showed significant improvement in all three outcome measures with p < 0.05 where as control group showed no change in CD4 count and quality of life and detrimental change in 6 minute walk test. Conclusion : This study concludes that aerobic training and progressive resistance training can be recommended with confidence for improving functional capacity, immune system and quality of lifeand also a better adjunct to pharmacological therapy for people living with HIV/AIDS.
595 A Study to Assess Nutritional Status of Hospitalized Geriatric Age Group Patients of A Tertiary Care Hospital of Central India Using Mini Nutritional Assessment Score, Vivek Nagar, Saket Kale, Seema Patel, Ankur Joshi, J S Meena
Introduction: Malnutrition in hospitalized patient in geriatric age group is a neglected problem in setting of India, with little attention towards nutritional assessment. Objective: The current study aims for nutritional assessment in geriatric population utilizing Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA). Methodology: A cross sectional study in a tertiary care hospital of central India conducted on patients ? 60 years admitted during the period of Sep to Dec 2013 using MNA tool, excluding patients with severe disability and those in Intensive care unit (ICU). Result: A significant association was found between malnutrition & older age (P=0.0001), malnutrition & female gender (0.0096) and negative correlation between MNA score and age(r= -0.488, P=0.000), using chi square test & pearsons’ correlation coefficient. Conclusion: This study is first of its kind in the setting of central India and lays a foundation of further research in context of geriatric age group in hospitalized.
596 Dhat Syndrome: An Overview, Dr Rohit Kant Srivastava
Dhat syndrome, a culture bound syndrome is commonly found in Indian subcontinent. Patients suffering from this syndrome reports fatigue, weakness, anxiety, guilt, depressive features which they attribute to loss of semen as a vital substance in nocturnal emission, through urine or masturbation. These patients lack proper education and they suffer lot in hands of quacks and non specialists. They also develop various myths associated with it. It needs proper education, cognitive behaviour therapy and management by a specialist like clinical Psychologist and Psychiatrist.
597 Neurohistopathologicaleffectsofmercury on Hippocampus of Adult Albimo Rat, Brajesh Ranjan, S. M. Dawar Husain, S. M. Yunus
Mercury is toxic to almost every organ of body, including central nervous system. The aim of present study is to observe the histopathological changes in the hippocampus of rat induced by oral administration of mercuric chloride in adult albino rats. A total number of 20 adult albino rats of either sex were included in the present study,consisting of equal numbers in both control and experimental groups. Experimental group received mercuric chloride in distilled water for aperiod of 15 days, then animals of both groups were anaesthetized with ether and perfused with 10% formalin. Hippocampus was dissected out. 10µ thick sections, obtained by usual histological procedure, were stained with H&E. On light microscopic observation, hippocampus from experimental group revealed increased cellularity of neurons with marked pyknosis of nuclei, increased cellularity with highly pleomorphic neuronal cells and markedly hyperchromatic nuclei in the molecular cell layer It was concluded that mercury has toxic effects on the central nervous system including hippocampus which may explain the clinical manifestation of mercury neurotoxicity.
598 Precision Attachment: A Precise Solution for Distal Extension Case, Dr. Ashwin Kodgi, Dr. Ravikumar Akulwar, DR. Ashwini M. Khandare
Treating unilateral or bilateral distal extension case has been always a challenge for the dentist. Kennedy’s classification of partially edentulous arches is still a milestone for all of us in visualizing & treating the patients. Studies involving treating the partially edentulous patients with distal extension case show significant problems, especially till the introduction of implants in market. Difficulty in chewing & mastication is of special concern in such a patient. Though removable partial denture could be the choice of treatment; precision attachment can definitely deliver better satisfaction to the patient if proper technique is followed. Precision attachment acts as a retentive element and this form of treatment is considered as one of the most sophisticated treatment. Few retrospective studies available shows survival rate of 83.3% for 5 years and 67.3% for 15 years. Proper case selection followed by comprehensive treatment planning is essential in success of precision attachment cases.
599 Risky Sexual Behavior among Secondary and Tertiary Level Students, Hawassa, Ethiopia, Asressie Molla, Debebe Shaweno, Dr.P.Surender Reddy
Introduction: HIV/AIDS remains one of the most serious challenges to global public health for more than 25 years. 15-24 aged people represent 45% new HIV infections worldwide. Objective: To assess risky sexual behaviors and related factors among students at secondary and tertiary level Hawassa, Ethiopia. Methods: cross-sectional study with stratified random sampling from1550 respondents. Results: 37.5 % had ever sex with the commonest time of preparatory level (33.2%) grades nine and ten (31.5%) with 6.5% of them initiated their first sex with commercial sex workers. 9.7% had paid sex, 13.4% with non regular partner and 34.8% of them had multiple sexual partners. 20% committed paid sexes without condom, 27.5% non regular partners who committed paid sex (47.3%) use it inconsistently. Summary: Condom non use is common with all types of partners. HIV Risk perception is very low. Behavioral change intervention on misperceptions, safe sexual practices should be more strengthened.
600 Synthesis, Characterisation of Azathioprine Loaded Chitosan based Nanoparticles, Suhasini. K, Jagadeesh S Sanganal, Phani A.R, Shridhar.N.B, Narayanaswamy H.D, Narayanaswamy M., Jayashree Pattar
Chitosan (CS) nanoparticles were prepared by ionic gelation technology, and then used for trapping Azathioprine. Combination drugs were encapsulated into CS nanoparticles as a result of electrostatic interactions, which was confirmed by Fourier transform spectroscopy (FTIR). Efficient encapsulation efficiency (EE) and loading capacity (LC) were achieved which were correlated to their initial drug concentration. The drug free CS nanoparticles are roughly spherical in shape with a size distribution range of 39.4 to 59.4 nm in diameter, drug loaded CS nanoparticles is in the range of 700 to 806 nm. The zeta potential of the chitosan nanoparticles is 42.7 mV, while zeta potential of the Azathioprine loaded chitosan nanoparticles is 50.6 mV. The drug loading capacity of Azathioprine loaded chitosan nanoparticles was 32.2%.
601 Effect of Cardiac Fitness Exercises on Selected Physiological Variable, Ankit Shukla, Vijay Kumar
The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of cardiac fitness exercises on pulse rate of school students of Indore. Fifty male subjects were selected from the Indore local school student were between the chronological age of 13 to 18 years. They were divided into two groups (25 each) one experimental group and another control group. The pre test and post test design was selected for collecting the data. The criterion variables selected for the study was on the basis of assessment of effect of cardiac exercises on pulse rate of school going children through trained persons. The training was organised at morning for 5 days per week for five weeks for 45-60 minute. Result shows that the cardiac fitness exercises significantly affect the pulse rate of school students.
602 Effect of Anxiety and Relaxation on Sport Skills, GHOLAMREZA ZOURMAND
Although psychological pressure is a common problem among athletes, but results show when increase this pressure, too, has an impact on the quality of exercise and skills. This psychological pressure in sport competitions can provide the athlete's anxiety and excessive anxiety can be effective on their skills and reduce the quality of their skills. Therefore, in this study researcher wants to study the effects of anxiety on performance. This study was done semi-experimental and using questionnaires to assess personality characteristics. Statistics society was all male physical education students who have chosen badminton with age between 18-24. Sample consisted of two groups (control group, experimental group) which are selected randomly (n=15).tool was Sports Personality Questionnaire (SPQ20). One of the factors that measured by the questionnaire of 24 questions is anxiety. Subjects divided two groups experimental (teaching with relaxation) and control (teaching without relaxation).experimental group done pre-designed and regular activities 8 weeks, 2 sessions per week and 40 minute per session. After 8 weeks subjects completed questionnaire again as a post-test was used. Results showed anxiety is significant effect on Fine skills, Serial skills, Continuous skills, open skills and complex skills. Results showed anxiety is not significant effect on simple skills, close skills, discrete skills and Gross skills. Results showed anxiety effect on skills that need to attention, thinking and accuracy. Then teachers and coach when feel athlete have anxiety can change the strategy and use the skills in teams program that anxiety not effect in skills and have most stable.
603 Comparative Status of Strength and Speed Between Different Team Games, Sorabh Trikha
The purpose of the study was to compare the physical fitness variables of Football and Hockey players. To fulfill the objective of the study, 30 Football and 30 Hockey male players were selected from Haryana state who was attending national/interuniversity camp. The data were collected in different coaching camps. The age of the selected subjects ranged from 18 to 25 years. Standing Board Jump and 60 yard dash tests were used to measure the selected Physical fitness variables of the players. In order to analyze the data t-test was used to analyze the data and investigator observed the significant difference between Football and Hockey players of selected physical fitness components.
604 Impact of Small Sided Games on Strength Endurance and Dribbling of Inter Collegiate Level Soccer Players, G.Rajasekar, Dr.M.Rajashekaran, Dr R. Desingurajan
Aim of the study was designed to investigate the impact of small sided games on strength endurance and dribbling of inter collegiate level soccer players. Thirty men football players who participated in the Anna university zone XIV inter collegiate tournaments were selected as subjects and segregated into two groups of fifteen subjects each as experimental group and control group following random procedure. The experimental group underwent small sided games training over a period of twelve weeks where as control group did not participate in any of the training except their regular play. Strength endurance and Dribbling were assessed before and after the experimental period by using Sit-ups and Dribbling tests respectively. ANCOVA was used to analyze the collected data. The results of this study showed that there was a significant difference between experimental group and control group on strength endurance and dribbling.
605 Attitude And Suggestive Measures of Regular School Teachers on Inclusive Education of Children With Learning Disabilities, Sankaranaryanan Paleeri, Lima Raj
Mainstreaming or inclusion is the most accepted method of education for children with disabilities in India now. Inclusion can help to reduce stigma towards disabled children. Regular schooling gives more opportunities for interaction and hence there have possibilities for social development. Finding teachers’ attitude towards teaching disabled children under inclusive system is very relevant. Successful inclusion of a child in to the normal education pattern is strongly depends up on the attitude and interest of teachers and also the implementation of their suggestions on inclusion. The study was conducted under qualitative design. Sample was 24 school teachers. Responses based analysis was used to derive findings. It is found that: a. Teachers have favourable attitude towards inclusive education of children with learning disabilities. b. There have slight gender difference in the attitude of teachers towards inclusive education of children with learning disabilities. Female teachers have more favourable attitude than that of male teachers. c. The type of management of schools has no role on determining teachers’ attitude towards inclusive education of children with learning disabilities. Teachers have put forwarded fourteen creative suggestions for smooth functioning of inclusive education approach. The suggestions lights to school arrangements, special training to teachers, optimum attention to L D children and relationship with other children. Since they are suggestions from teachers’ own experience, they are worthy and acceptable.
606 A Study on Organizational Characteristics of Self Help Groups in India: How do they contribute in Social Support & Psychological Well-being of Rural Poor?, ANAMIKA DEY, DR. DEBASIS NEOGI
Unemployment is the most vital factor behind the incidence of poverty. Creating self employment opportunity is the main objective of formation of Self Help Groups (SHGs). SHG is a group of rural poor with homogeneous social and economical background. Exchange of ideas, participation in decision making process and mutual help to each other characterise the social environment of SHG. To some extent the SHGs are successful in raising the earning capacity of the people engaged in it. The present paper makes a study on the SHGs operating in Tripura state of North-East India. The study tries to find out the organizational characteristics of SHGs. It also aims to know the psychological well-being of the members through their participation in SHGs. To study the organisational characteristics, some parameters like frequency of group meetings, attendance of the members in group meetings, marketing channels used by the groups etc are analysed. The psychological well being is analysed with indicators like duration of membership of an individual in SHGs, motivation to join the group, relation between the group members etc. The study is based on the primary data which is collected through a structured questionnaire.
607 Socio-Economic and Health Profile of the Community With A Focus on Population Education, Dr. B. Raveendra Naik, Dr. M. Venkata Kumar
The growth of population has become one of the most fundamental of the human problem in India and the world. Age at marriage effects population growth through its direct effect on family size. To create awareness and to help in rational decision-making population education has to b e extended to all group without any exception. Nutritional status of the population has to be improved through imparting of nutrition education explaining the dietary value of the locally available cheap food stuffs and also eradication of among notion about certain of the food items which are of much importance to maintain sound health. Satisfied adopters through proper channel and make them to go in a right path.
608 Empowerment of Tribal Women in Karnataka: Myths and Realities, Dr Nagaraja. S., Dr. . Pallavi.S. Kusugal
The empowerment process encompasses several mutually reinforcing components but begins with and supported by economic independence. In determining the empowerment of women, factors such as role in the decision-making power in the family and community, their educational status, their participation in social and political activities, their position in various professions. Here, this paper examines the Empowerment of Tribal Women: myths & realities, with reference Chitradurga district of Karnataka state.
609 Financial Inclusion Process in India: An Analysis, Dr. Pallavi. S. Kusugal, Dr. Nagaraja.S
Financial inclusion can be defined as delivery of banking services at an affordable cost to the vast sections of disadvantaged and low-income groups. In the case of credit, the proper definition of the financially excluded would include households who are denied credit in spite of their demand. Rapid progress in SHG formation has now turned into an empowerment movement among women across the country.
610 Marriage Among Kuruba Community, Dr. Dhruva. B. Joythi, Sanjay Gandhi
Every individual has to play a number of roles in his life at various institutional settings. Of the various roles one has to play, two of roles have a great significance. One is economic role and other one is marital or family role, among the two role marital role is more important than economic role as because it involves in primary a relation which is essentially unlimited, particularistic, emotionally involved, altruistic and spontaneous and primary relation in marriage performs two important functions. One is gratification and other is social control. Rather than this we find a unique type of marriage system among kuruba community who are more emotional, traditional and have a great respect towards their ancestral norms and practices thus marriage is equilibrium of the system requires adjustment between the two partners so that the role enactment of one (partner) corresponds to the role expectations of the other (Robert ‘O’ Blood, 1960:189) Thus study of marriage system among kurubas is essential for every research. In kuruba community marriage is properly ritualized, the important ritual that are practiced at marriage are Kanyadana, panigrahana (Holding brides hand by bridegroom) Saptapadi (Bridegroom and bride taking seven steps on saptapadi)
611 Guanine Nucleotide Oxidation and Cell Death by Bactericidal Antibiotics, Harikrishna Pillai, Anuraj K.S., Harikumar S. Kartha
Emergence of antibiotic resistance by pathogenic bacteria is a very serious problem nowadays. So for the derivation of new class of antibiotics and clinically useful adjuvants for current antimicrobial therapies, a detailed understanding of the mechanisms underlying the antibiotic killing is important. Its shown that the three major classes of bactericidal antibiotics (?-lactams, quinolones and aminoglycosides), regardless of drug target interaction, stimulate the production of highly deleterious hydroxyl radical in gram negative and gram positive bacteria. These hydroxyl radicals ultimately cause cell death by specific oxidation of guanine nucleotide pool and its subsequent use in nucleic acid transactions by a tranlesion DNA polymerase called Din B polymerase that can use 8-oxo-deoxyguanosine triphosphate (8-oxo-dGTP) as the incoming nucleotide pairing it with either deoxycytidine or deoxyadenosine (dC or dA), with a preference to dA. This will lead to accumulation of lethal mutations or formation of lethal double stranded breaks (DSB) resulting in cell death.
612 An Overview on the Economic Impacts of Animal Trypanosomiasis, Angara T-E.E, Ismail A. A, Ibrahim A.M.
Animal diseases constitute a major impeder to the development process. Zoonoses in particular are an important constraint to human development and ability for increased agricultural production. Setting priorities for disease control is an essential element for decision making process especially in resource deficit conditions. The socio-economic studies play a vital role for the priority setting of diseases control. The objective of this review was to focus on what had been written in literature on the socio–economic aspects of Animal Trypanosomiasis. More than 20 papers on the subject were consulted, and the findings were categorized to qualitative and quantitative impacts. The result showed that worldwide the disease has serious socio-economic impacts especially in Africa. The results were discussed and conclusions were drawn.
613 Slaughter Studies on Large White Yorkshire Pigs Fed on Dried Tuna Fish Waste Silage, Anuraj K S, Ajith M K, Shyama K
This study was carried out in large white yorkshire piglets to evaluate the effect of feeding dried tuna waste silage on carcass characteristics. Eighteen piglets were randomly divided into three groups of six animals each. Dried tuna waste silage was used to replace dried fish on protein basis at 0, 50 and 100 per cent, in isocaloric and isonitrogenous grower and finisher rations as dietary treatments T1, T2 and T3, respectively. The feeding trial continued till the animals attained body weight of 70 kg and then animals were slaughtered to study the carcass characteristics. There was no significant difference between animals in the three groups with regard to carcass characteristics which indicates that there was no effect of feeding dried tuna waste silage on carcass characteristics on large white yorkshire pigs.
614 A Study on the Effect of Yogic Practices on Liver Functions, Dr. K Krishna Sharma, Dr. Thirumaleshwara Prasada H, Dr. Udayakumara K, Praveen Kumar K
A study on the effect of Yogic Practices on Liver functions” conducted in the Dept. of Human Consciousness and Yogic Sciences, Mangalore University. 20 police officers between the age groups 40- 60 years were selected randomly for the study. A 45 days practical session were conducted for 1 hr, with a total of 10 subjects included in Group I ie., Experimental group. Another 10 subjects were selected for control group. The experimental group was progressively introduced to the series of Asana, Pranayama, Mudras and Relaxation techniques. The control group was not given any of these. The initial and final readings were taken for two groups by testing SGOT and SGPT before and after the study. After Yoga therapy, the experimental group showed a significant result in SGOT and SGPT test. There was no significant change in Control group. This depicts that the regular practice of the selected yogic practices improve the function of liver in the experimental group subjects.
615 Abundance of Pisces and Status of Water of mathabhanga-Churni River in Indo-Bangla Border Region., Bidhan Chandra Biswas, Ashis kumar Panigrahi
Measurement of water quality parameters plays a vital role in determining the pollutional load and correctness of a particular water body for aquatic organisms. The present investigations was carried out to measure the physiochemical parameters of Mathabhanga- Churni river in Indo-Bangla Border region to assess the pollution status for a period of one year from June 2012-to May 2013. The calculated physiochemical parameters revealed that the average ranges of Temperature, pH, DO, BOD, COD, Hardness, Alkalinity, Nitrate, Organic carbon and Freeco2 were 33.150c and 19.260c, 8.4 and 6.4, 5.1mg/l and 0.88mg/l, 46mg/l and 2.04mg/l, 420mg/l and 250mg/l, 660mg/l and 322mg/l, 560mg/l 380, 95mg/l and0.99 mg/l, 54mg/l and 16.4mg/l, 22mg/l and 05mg/l respectively. The results obtained from study showed that the measured parameters exhibit a great seasonal variation in different months of the year during the investigation and showed great difference in standard criteria of water quality indicates huge pollution effect on aquatic organisms especially on fish faunal diversity.33 fishes were identified during the investigation from one year and most of the species were carps and cat fishes. Labeo rohita, Cirrhina mrigala, Catla catla are dominant among carps and Heteropneustus fossilis,Clarius batrachus,Notopterus notopterus, Mystus cavasius, Mystus vitatus are most common among the cat fishes. Eutopiictys vacha, Puntius sophore, Notopterus chitala,Corica saborna and Gudusia chapra, Rita rita are rarely found during investigation. The river faces a great ecological threat affecting the fish diversity. Some protecting measure should be taken to combat water pollution in order to save the valuable natural resources.
616 Biodiversity of Ants (Hymenoptera : Formicidae) of Amba Reserve Forest of Western Ghats, Maharashtra., Dr. Bhoje P. M., Shilpa H. Kurane, Desai A.S., Dr. Sathe T. V.
Ants are significant part of ecosystem not only because they represent a great part of the animal biomass but also they acts as ecosystem engineers. We collected 65 ant species, distributed in 35 genera. The most specious subfamily was Myrmicinae (26 Specious) followed by Formiciniae ( 16 Species ), Ponerinae (11species) ,Pseudomermicinae (4 Species),Dolichoderinae (3 Species), Cerpachyinae, Acnictinae ( 2 Species each ) and Dorylinae ( 1 Species ).
617 Phytoplankton Diversity, Density and Palmer’s Pollution Index of Freshwater Lake, Rural Area of Ahmedabad, Kotadiya Nikesh G., Nilesh R. Mulia
The present study was carried out on Ghuma lake of Ghuma village. Ghuma village is situated in Daskroi taluka of Ahmadabad district, Gujarat State. Current population of Ghuma village is about 15000. Ghuma lake is situated on western side of the village. The plankton were collected, counted and were identified by using the method suggested by APHA, (1995) Prescott, (1970) and W. T. Edmondson, (1959). The plankton were counted by using Sedgwick Rafter counting cell. During the study period bacillariophyceae was recorded as a dominant class in Ghuma lake. The study was carried out monthly but was tabulated seasonally by using statistical method. Palmer stated that composite rating of algae, tolerating organic pollution and developed an index to establish the status of the aquatic body. In this method to determine the level of organic pollution by studying the algae present in a sample of water
618 Phytochemical Screening of the Leaves of Cleome Gynandra Linn (Cleomaceae), Jupitara Deka, J. C. Kalita
Phytochemical screening has opened a new area of research in biological science. It is proven that phytochemicals provide human beings with treatment of various diseases. Phytochemical techniques have played a significant role in searching raw materials and resources for pharmaceutical industry. Preliminary phytochemical tests are helpful in finding and locating chemical constituents which are source of pharmacologically active principles. During the present study, the medicinally important plant i.e. Cleome gynandra, was investigated for its phytochemical constituents. The methanolic extract of the plant was used and tested for alkaloids, phenols, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, steroids and protein. Cleome gynandra showed absence of alkaloid except all the phytochemical mentioned above. Moreover Cleome gynandra leaf extract showed strong reducing power. In the DPPH radical scavenging assay, the percentage yields were found to be 0.78, 2.34, 4.46% for concentrations viz. 10µg, 50µg and 100µg respectively. The phytochemical study was performed by using standard phytochemical methods.
619 Relationship between Service Seeker’s Satisfaction and CRM in Corporate Hospitals, Syed Shaukath Hussain, Ayub Khan Dawood
Healthcare is one significant area without which a country cannot survive healthily. Healthcare of any society is dependent on its hospitals and its services offered to the society. Its contribution to the society in terms of its service determines the healthy medical setup that gives a psychological strength to its people. Researcher has attempted this study in Chennai city by choosing most predominant top ten hospitals to study the relationship between Service seekers’ satisfaction and CRM in hospitals. The factors influencing CRM were identified as Influence, Maintenance services, Relationship services, Core Benefits and Value added benefits. This study has tested the relationship between these factors influence on the service seekers’ satisfaction in corporate Hospitals. The data was collected from the respondents using non-probability convenience sampling method. Pearson’s’ Correlation analysis was used to study the correlation between the variables. The significance of the findings from the study has been discussed below.
620 Physico – Chemical Characteristics and Correlation Studies on GW and SW of Balco Industrial Area of Korba, District (C.G.), India., Vaishnav M.M, Dewangan S., Rajangdale P.K.
This paper presents the analytical results of different water quality and selected metallic elements of GW and SW sources of Balco industrial area in Korba district (C.G.) India. For this purpose we have selected ten water sampling stations, which are significant for high degree pollution view. The collected water samples were analyzed by the standards methods and compared with the standard value for drinking water stipulated by WHO (2008) and BIS (1991). The results for SW pH( 9.970), EC (2521 ? S cm-1), Turb.( 151 NTU), TDS (2250 mg L-1), Total Alkalinity( 863 mg L-1) , TH( 989 mg L-1),Al( 6.700 mg L-1) and Fe( 7.510 mg L-1) up to obtained. These concentrations are higher than GW as well as standard value. The amount of iron was detected 21.490 mg L-1,in ground water sources. Strong positive correlation values were established between Mn vs TH (0.910; 10.764), Zn vs TH (0.875; 8.859), TDS vs TS (0.899; 10.046). WQI calculated and ranges were obtained from 1100.598 (BS1) to 6045.697 (BS5), just far beyond the standard ranges (0 to 50). These results indicate the water sources of study area are highly polluted by the undesired foreign materials.
621 Global Warming: Impact on Animal Diseases, Dr Sivanarayanan T B, Dr Vysakh Mohan, Dr Muhasin Asaf V N, Dr Susanth V.S, Dr Renjith Sebastian
Global warming is one of the major concerns of recent years owing to its multiple impacts on human beings and animals. Most of the discussions are focussed on the contribution of livestock on increasing the temperature, while a less concern has been given on its impact on emergence of different animal diseases. The present paper puts on record the effects of global warming on epidemiology of animal diseases, important animal diseases and the challenges faced by the veterinarians and public health personnel during the current scenario.
622 Fishery Co-operative Societies in India: Problems and Prospects, Dr. B.S. Chandrashekar
The National Co-operative Development Corporation has revised its pattern of assistance to fisheries co-operatives. Poverty in fishing communities in the country necessitates liberalization of norms for fisheries co-operatives and provides support through low interest rates.The present study is tries to study the growth of fishery co-operatives in India and to study the problems faced by co-operative fisheries sector in India. The study shows that there is a positive and stable growth over a period 7 years. Though there is little variation in the growth rate of membership, it is also growing positively. This clearly indicates that the public are interested in these types of societies. There is a need to coordinate the Government of India and state governments to achieve continued growth in the fishery co-operative sector which is so vital to the economy and poor people.
623 Teaching Abilities of Primary School Teachers : An Empirical Study, A. SWAMINATHAN, Dr. P. SEKAR, Dr. K. V. S. N. MURTY
The aims of present investigation is to find out the teaching abilities of primary school teachers with respect to gender, years of teaching experience and the levels of teaching abilities. Survey method was adopted for the present study. Teaching Abilities Inventory constructed and validated by the investigator was used for collecting the data. The sample consists of 600 primary school teachers working in various management schools in Vellore District of Tamilnadu. The data was analysed by using descriptive and differential analyses. The study reveals that the teachers have moderate level of teaching ability. Further, it is found that female teachers are significantly higher on teaching ability as compared to the males. As well, the young teachers (Below ten years of teaching experience) are significantly differed on teaching ability as compared to the teachers with more experience (10 – 20 years and above 20 years of teaching experience).
624 Differentiated Instruction and e-learning in Corporate Sector – A Study, Dr. Madhavi Reddy Kesari
In today’s scenario, education and training is not limited to classroom alone. Technology has made it available for learners to seek training and gain competence in the respective areas of study or to perform the job skills in everyday businesses outside the classroom. Technology, though cannot replace teachers entirely, can certainly help teachers to create better experiences through the use of differentiated instructions. This paper intends to focus on how differentiated instruction helps to meet individual needs by taking the example of one of the training programs imparted to adult learners in corporate sectors.
625 Joint Ventures in India, Prof. J.M. Ramanuj
The world is looking at India as an attractive investment destination with strategic advantages and lucrative commercial incentives. Over the past year, while numerous economies saw negative GDP growth rates, India posted a growth rate of over 6%. The Indian economy, while not significantly affected during the global recession, is preparing itself for another round of aggressive growth. We have witnessed this through the tremendous growth experienced over the last 10 years in India, in sectors ranging from manufacturing to information technology and services industries. Beyond this, India offers a vast internal market for various products and services. It is therefore apparent that India has a lot to offer to anyone looking to do business here from both the producers’ and consumers’ perspectives.
626 Modified Epidemic Model with Immigration and Non-monotonic Incident Rate under Treatment, Nidhi Nirwani, V.H.Badshah
An epidemic model with non-monotonic incident rate under a limited resource for treatment is proposed and analyzed by Kar and Batabyal[7]. We have reinvestigated the model by considering that the treatment rate is proportional to the number of infective when it is below the capacity and is a constant when the number of infective is larger than the capacity. Existence and stability of the diseases free and endemic equilibrium are considered. Numerical results are also provided to justify the stability.
627 Assessment of the Potential in Terms of Regional Sustainable Development, Zita Izakovicova
This paper focuses on the potential assessment for the needs of regional development. The territorial potential is the determining prerequisite for the development. Natural potential represents for humans a certain offer for development of their activities. Socio-economic potential is a supporting and sometimes determining factor of such development because the way how this potential is exploited depends on the level of human sophistication. Use of the potential in turn determines the character of landscape imprinting it its typical physiognomy: farming landscape, recreation, industrial, etc. Humans do not always use the landscape potential in an efficient and optimal way. It leads to the environmental but also socio-economic problems. This paper presents the theoretical and methodological guidance for the assessment of the potential in terms of regional sustainable development.
628 Indian Corporate Governance and The Need for An Overarching Focus Shift of Policies; A Review Based on Sahara Group Scam, Prince.TC
The term ‘Corporate governance’ is the acceptance by management of the inalienable rights of shareholders as the true owners of the corporation and of their own role as trustees on behalf of the shareholders. It is the system of principles, policies, procedures, which clearly defined the responsibilities and accountabilities of different stakeholders of corporate-houses. The concept "corporate code of conduct" refers to companies' policy statements that define ethical standards for their conducts. According to the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE), fraud is “a deception or misrepresentation that an individual or entity makes by knowing that it can result in some unauthorized benefits to the individual or to the entity or some other party. The chairman of Sahara India Pariwar, Mr.Subrata Roy has landed in a controversy in connection with Rs.24, 000-crore deposits, which his companies made from several millions of investors without following directives of SEBI. The bone of contention between Sahara and SEBI was that former has two additional firms under separate names and they are Sahara Housing Investment Corporation and Sahara India Real Estate Corporation. These two companies issued optionally fully-convertible debentures (OFCD) for collecting money from investors. As per SEBI rule, If OFCDs are issued, then the process "would be" instead of must be completed within 10 working days but these firms of Sahara continued to collect money from investors more than two years and therefore, it found a total violation of SEBI rule regarding issuing of optionally fully-convertible debentures. The vindications of Sahara in connection with aforesaid case at Supreme Court, as follows.These two companies not listed in any stock exchange of India and subsequently, their conducts are outside the jurisdiction of SEBI, which is regulator for listed firms only. It calls for necessary policy shift in the provisions of SEBI in dealing with business and protecting the interests of different share-holders, as well.
629 The Prospects of Demographic Dividend of India and The Need for Pre-Emptive Policy Initiatives, Prince.TC
According to census survey 2011, India has 62.5 percent of working age population ranges from 15 to 59 years old against the aged population of above 60 years old (non working population or dependent population), which constitutes nearly 8 percent of total population. India has now a window of opportunities to utilise with her young working age population and it possible, only if we put in place right kind of policy initiatives together with prioritising the strategic areas, which require immediate attention from the government and other nodal agencies concerned, as well. The term ‘demographic dividend’ is defined as a rise in the rate of economic growth due to rise in share of working age people in population. In utilising the demographic dividend effectively for the development of a nation, it is required to have in place well drafted pre-emptive policy initiatives on a wide variety of issues of national importance. As for a country, there is a positive correlation between the size of working age population and economic productivity, but effectiveness of both requires a consistent set of policy initiatives based on national priority. The following areas must require a special attention from the side of the government including health sector, education sector, investments in backward areas, and research & development initiatives on areas of public importance, creation of employment opportunities, extent foreign direct investments (FDI) in to traditional sectors and ensure women participation in formal employment sectors. Besides these, it is necessary to have put in place necessary policy initiatives for the inclusive growth of the country with a clear cut sense of direction.
630 Public Interest Litigation (PIL), Mr. Rakesh Kumar
The purpose of this paper was to review the meaning, purpose and procedure of Public Interest Litigation. The paper described the meaning, purpose and procedure of Public Interest Litigation. On the behalf of this study, it’s concluded that Public interest litigation (PIL) has a vital role in the civil justice system in that it could achieve those objectives which could hardly be achieved through conventional private litigation.PIL, for instance, offers a ladder to justice to disadvantaged sections of society, provides an avenue to enforce diffused or collective rights, and enables civil society to not only spread awareness about human rights but also allows them to participate in government decision making. However, the Indian PIL experience also shows us that it is critical to ensure that PIL does not become a facade to fulfill private interests, settle Political scores or gain easy publicity
631 Pharmacognostic Effects of Achyranthes aspera roots and Ocimum sanctum roots and Leaves on Streptococcus mutans Causing Dental Caries., Sheeba Samson, Sumer Singh, Sheel Singh
Dental caries is one of the most important problems in public health because of its ubiquitousness in civilized populations.S. mutans is known as the causative bacteria in the formation of dental plaque and dental caries. The acid producing S. mutans inhabiting the mouth causes damage by dissolving tooth structures in the presence of fermentable carbohydrates such as sucrose, fructose, and glucose (Kleinberg I, 2002).This study was done to check the use of chemicals present in a very well known toothpaste X and to provide the knowledge of the use of herbal antimicrobial i.e.Achyranthes aspera roots and Ocimum sanctum roots and leaves. Bacterial sample was collected from saliva and dental plaque. Estimation of Streptococcus mutans was done using sheep blood agar medium, Mitis salivarius, bacitracin agar medium and gram staining. Confirmatory tests like catalase and carbohydrate fermentation were also performed. MIC was done using serial dilution method and brain heart infusion was taken as supplement media. Bacterial isolates were identified as positive Gram stained, catalase negative, spherical or ovoid shape, negative growth at pH 9.6, alpha haemolytic, Bacitracin resistant and sucrose positive. Aqueous and alcoholic extract of Achyranthes aspera rootsandOcimum sanctum roots and leaves was prepared atconcentration of 0-50% and 1-10% respectively to observe MIC. Similarly aqueous and alcoholic extract of Toothpaste X was also prepared at all concentrations but found no MIC at any concentration (Graph 3). Aqueous and alcoholic extract of Ocimum roots also did not show MIC at any concentration. Comparable work on both aqueous and alcoholic extract of Achyranthes aspera rootsandOcimum sanctum leaves showed that alcoholic extract of Ocimum sanctum leaves is most effective at 6%.
632 Training and Progress in The Market Research Industry : An Efficacy Check, Dr. Sneha Mankikar
Jobs are becoming more independent and demanding high problem solving skills, and companies while working on their core competencies must also be prepared for change management in the business dynamics, which is possible through training. In order to support the needs of various industries the organizations in market research industry will train the employees with wide range inputs by using different methodologies. In order to understand different training methods implemented in market research industry and to find the most effective mode of training that is implemented in market research industry. In addition to the above, the study is conducted to know the relation between the leadership style implemented by the management in their organization and the effectiveness of the training programs in the organizations. A survey was conducted among the employees from various organizations of the market research industry to study and understand the training programs implemented in the market research industry.
633 Performance of SHG-Bank Linkage Programme in Assam (An Inter-District Analysis), Kalyan Das
The micro finance programme in the State of Assam has not performed in the same manner as it has performed in other parts of the country. This is mainly because of the lack of awareness and exposure among the various stakeholders. However, the microfinance sector has witnessed visible progress under the SHG-Bank Linkage Programme in the State of Assam since 2000 onwards. The present paper examines the overall growth of the SHG-Bank Linkage Programme in the State of Assam since its inception in the State. Moreover, inter-district comparison of the performance of the SHGs under different parameters like Per-SHG Savings, PerSHG Bank Loan Disbursed and Per-SHG Bank Loan Outstanding has also been done. The finding of the study shows that the SHG-Bank Linkage Programme has grown quite rapidly during 1998-99 to 2010-11 with high degree of inter-district variations.
634 Investors’ Experience-Expectation Gap & Mental Accounting – The Unexplained Relationship, Tarak Paul
The present paper examines the association between the mutual fund investors’ state of mental accounting and level of the gap betweentheir perceived experience and their future expectation in respect of customer solution dimension of mutual fund marketing. The study observed that the association between mental accounting and the level of gap is not explained by the relationship between the two. The association between mental accounting and level of gap in respect of customer solution is better explained bythe association between investors’ level of past experience and state of mental accounting; and the association between investors’ state of mental accounting and level of expectation.
635 A study on measuring the level of terrorism insurance in Guwahati City, Ms. Aruna Deb Roy, Mr. Rajat Bhattacharjee
Terrorism insurance is an insurance purchased by property owners to cover their potential losses and liabilities that might occur due to terrorist activities. It is a combination of uncertainty and potentially huge losses which makes the setting of premiums a difficult aspect.The market for terrorism insurance is slowly raising its head in the current Indian scenario. The present study intends to find the level of awareness of people about terrorism insurance in Guwahati city.
636 A Comparative Study on Personality Traits Between Collage Students, Chayan Majumder, Bapi Das, Biswajit Biswas
The purpose of the present study was measured personality traits between with physical education and B.P.Ed students. The subjects were selected randomly from Netaji Satabarshiki Mahavidyalya and P.G.G.I.P.E Banipur of North 24 parganas district of West Bengal. The age group of the subjects was ranged from (18- 25) years. In the present study Personality was measured by 16 pf questionnaires test. The study was conducted Thirty (N1=30) general college students with physical Education and Thirty (N3=30) B.P.Ed students were taken as the subjects for the present study. Thus total no of subjects were (N=60) sixty only. Mean and standard deviation were calculated. The data of the selected variables were analyzed through Statistical procedure by using‘t’ ratio. Statistical significance was tested at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the present study showed that there was no significant difference in personality traits between with physical education and B.P.Ed students
637 Utilization Pattern of Information and Community Technologytools Among Commercial Poultry Farmers of Andhra Pradesh, Dr.R.HARILAL
The distribution of respondents according to ICT utilization was mostly medium level among all three categories upto the extent of 56.67 per cent in each of layer, broiler and total farmers. Farming performance index developed by including six components i.e bio-security measures, income through sale of birds, body weight at marketing age, mortality rate, common diseases and record keeping. The farming performance was medium among layer (60.00%), broiler (55.00%) and total farmers (57.50%) and 25 to 31.66 per cent of poultry farmers had high farming performance.
638 Strategy for Improving the Farming Performance Through Ict of Anandhra Pradesh, Dr.R.HARILAL
The suggested strategies for increasing farming performance of poultry farmers through utilization of ICTs include: 1) provision of adequate infrastructure, 2) provision of information access to farmers through creating awareness, 3) establishing information kiosk at each village, 4) orientation of human resources towards ICT extension, 5) developing IT related curricula through distance education mode, 6) promotion of public-private partnership and 7) attitude of Veterinary scientists and extension service providers towards utilizing ICT for commercial poultry development.
639 Inter Correlation Between ICT Utilization and Farming Performance of Commercial Poultry Farmers of Andhra Pradesh, Dr.R.HARILAL
An expost facto research design followed in the present investigation for which 120 commercial poultry farmers ( 60 layer + 60 broiler farmers) of Rangareddy, Chittoor and East Godavari districts were selected randomly to study the impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) on farming performance of commercial poultry farmers. The data pertaining to dependent variables viz. ICT utilization and farming performance and independent variables collected with the help of a pre-tested interview schedule developed for the purpose. After collection of data, farmers were divided into three groups based on type of flock i.e. layer farmers, broiler farmers and total farmers for better analysis and presentation of results.
640 Problems and Suggestions in Utilization of ICT Tools of Commercial Poultry Farmers of Andhra Pradesh, Dr.R.HARILAL
The problems voiced by both layer and broiler farmers put together, were No regular mechanism for dissemination of scientific information (76.67%), Non availability of market information on feeds, prices etc (70.83%), Dependence for information on technical persons of hatcheries (68.33%), No efforts on customer education on value added poultry products (50.00%), Non availability of experts during emergency / crisis (31.67%), Lack of awareness on food quality standards (29.16%), with percentage in parenthesis. The suggestions perceived by both broiler and layer farmers put together, were ‘Availability of latest scientific information on production aspects in local language (80.83%), ‘Forecasting of market trends, availability of feed ingredients etc’ (79.17%), Better access to information technology innovations (72.00%), ‘Provision of value added information such as marketing through mobile telephones’ (70.83%), ‘Provision of infrastructure in the vicinity (56.67%), ‘Development of interactive ICT tools – expert systems, multimedia modules etc’ (30.83%), ‘Proper management of data and information’ (25.00%), in the order of ranking. The suggested strategies for increasing farming performance of poultry farmers through utilization of ICTs include: 1) provision of adequate infrastructure, 2) provision of information access to farmers through creating awareness, 3) establishing information kiosk at each village, 4) orientation of human resources towards ICT extension, 5) developing IT related curricula through distance education mode, 6) promotion of public-private partnership and 7) attitude of Veterinary scientists and extension service providers towards utilizing ICT for commercial poultry development.
641 Prediction of Independent Variables Contributed for Maximum Variation in ICT Utilization of Commercial Poultry Farmers of Andhra Pradesh, Dr.R.HARILAL
The step down multiple regression analysis revealed that independent variables viz. knowledge on ICT, information seeking behavior, rationality in decision-making and scientific orientation explained 66.20 per cent variation in ICT utilization by layer farmers. The variables viz. knowledge on poultry production, socio economic status, information seeking behaviour, knowledge on ICT, economic motivation, management orientation, and achievement motivation explained 75.00 per cent variation in ICT utilization among broiler farmers. In case of total farmers, the variables such as knowledge on ICT, information seeking behavior, scientific orientation and knowledge on poultry production contributed to 58.60 per cent variation. Step down regression analysis found that variables viz. ‘knowledge on ICT, rationality in decision-making, achievement motivation, poultry farm size and management orientation’ accounted for 71.50 per cent variation among layer farmers. The variables viz. knowledge on poultry production, socio economic status, information seeking behaviour, knowledge on ICT and achievement motivation explained 73.10 per cent variation among boiler farmers. In case of total farmers, poultry farm size, rationality in decision making, achievement motivation and management orientation contributed to 65.60 per cent variation.
642 Assessment of Macro Benthic Organisms in Relation to Physico-Chemical Parameters of Water At Hebbal Lake, Bangalore, S. Ramakrishna
Lake study was conducted from April-2013 to March-2014, to evaluate the water quality using the macro benthic invertebrate community. Physico-chemical variables were determined using standard methods. A total of 2546 macro invertebrates were recorded. Ten different taxa were recorded. The high number of Diptera (1932) was recorded, followed by Annelida. The physico-chemical condition of the studied lake polluted during the summer months.
643 Effect of Nutritional Stress on Physiological Responses of Non Descript Indian Buck (Capra Hircus), Hari abdul Samad, Shyma K. latheef, Anuraj K.S, V.P. Maurya
Goat farming, an integral part of agricultural production in India, mainly predominates in semi-arid tropical areas. Animal production and reproduction are severely hampered under such environmental conditions due to feed scarcity and energy deficiency. So the present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of nutritional stress on the physiological responses (rectal temperature, heart rate and respiration rate) in native bucks. The study comprised of eight native breeding bucks of 23-25 kg which were treated as control animals forthe first 10 weeks by providing full feeding as per ICAR requirement. The same animals were considered as treatment group for next 10 weeks in order to avoid the individual variations and fed with fifty percentage concentrate restriction. Rectal temperature, heart rate and respiration rate were taken daily on both morning and evening and calculated the mean weekly values. Physiological responses were significantly reduced (P
644 Prospects and Challenges in Brand Building, Mr. S. Boopathy, Mrs.Poornie Goppi
This case study focuses on the prospects and challenges faced by a budding pharmaceutical company named Supradent Drugs Limited. It is a company which was started with a motto “For the dentist; By the dentist” in Dharmapuri district, South India. Supradent was established with an innovative concept, where likeminded dentists joined hands to deliver world class dental service. In this organization the dentist are shareholders and run their business to take care of all their clinic’s dental needs. The company was started with an objective to help the dentist’s society, where the dental practice is becoming a herculean task with rising costs in running a clinic. In this case the author have discussed how supradent have carried out its brand building activity for its flag ship product named “KIDZ” tooth paste among its end users. The current study also reveals the bottlenecks faced by the company in promoting their new product.
645 Racial Discrimination as A Form of Violence: A Challenge to Education Today, Adriana Lira, Denise Maria Soares Lima
Racial inequalities in schools are demonstrated by the differentiated treatment meted out to black students in the form of their discriminatory representations in teaching books where they are either omitted, belittled or negatively portrayed, by the absence of the History of Negroes in school curricula and by many other means amply registered in the literature. In that regard the study made use of descriptive and analytic research with a qualitative approach, to investigate what measures schools adopt to foster sociability and respect for diversity as a means of overcoming racism, and racial prejudice and discrimination which generate inequality in the school environment and outside of it. The overall objective is to discuss racism as being a serious form of violence in the ambit of Young People and Adult Education. The authors carried out their field research in 2011 in a government-run school in Brasília where they listened to 06 teachers and 90 students from the morning and night classes and on the basis of their statements inferred that silencing and omission are tolerated in the school when in reality it should be preparing the school community to acquire an understanding of African and Afro-Brazilian History and Culture, to respect the various different cultures, and to value the black population, thereby fostering a culture of peace. How can that be done? The paper makes some suggestions.
646 Car Owners’ Perception and Behaviour Pertaining to the Purchase and Use of Cars With Reference to Namakkal City, Dr. N.CHANDRASEKARAN
Human beings, in general, are complex creatures who often do not seem even to know their own minds. It is seldom easy, and sometimes impossible, to generalize about human behaviour. Marketers can justify their existence only when they are able to understand consumers’ wants and satisfy them. Objectives of the study, To analyse the level of satisfaction among the respondents in Namakkal City. Design of the study, Descriptive and analytical research designs have been used in this study. The present study is based on the perceptions, behaviour and satisfaction of the consumers for passenger cars. Sources of primary and secondary data are discussed. This study is based both on the primary and the secondary data. The primary data were collected from January 2014 to March 2014 by way of field survey, with the help of the interview schedule. Findings of the study, Correlation Analysis was used to find the extent of relationship between influencing factors and satisfaction factors. The correlation results show that influencing factors have more correlation with its own satisfaction factors. Suggested in this study, Due to steady increase of petrol/diesel prices, fuel efficiency needs to be improved. Constant improvement and technical upgradation for better fuel efficiency alone will attract more customers. Concludes in this study, It may be concluded that consumer behaviour has a greater role to play in the LPG era of economic activities for which a necessary survey and research should be conducted in an efficient manner.
647 A Study on Coir Industry With Reference to Coimbatore District, G. VIGNESH, Dr. G. CHANDRA SEKARAN
The development of coir industry has all along been in areas where there is concentration of coconut cultivation and availability of coconut husks. The coir pith business is facing its downturn recently. In the year 2012 the exports to China, Europe, Germany, Japan and Korea have amounted to a yearly turnover of 400 crores. Recently it cannot meet its demand due to problems in price fixation, raw material shortage, adverse climatic conditions and non cooperation among the workers (Editorial, 2013). Thus the present study was carried out to know the problems of coir industry in Coimbatore district.
648 Cash Flow Statements of Meghmani Chemicals Ltd. and Clariant Chemicals Ltd. : A Comparative Study, KALPESH GELDA, Dr. BHAVSINH M. DODIAYA
A cash flow statement is required as part of a complete set of financial statements prepared in conformity with Indian Accounting Standards. AS-3 lays down a formal structure for the cash flow statement. Cash flows should be classified under the following three standard headings: “Operating activities”, “Investing activities”, “Financing activities”. The classification of cash flows among operating, investing and financing activities is essential to the analysis of cash flow data. Net cash flow (the change in cash and equivalents during the period) has little informational content by itself; it is the classification and individual components that are informative. Although the classification of cash flows into the three main categories is important, it should be mentioned that classification guidelines are arbitrary.
649 Effect of Twilight Airglow on The Vertical Profiles of Aerosols, Dr. Pratibha B. Mane
Aerosol measurements have been carried out at Kolhapur (16°42?N, 74°14?E) by using newly designed Semiautomatic Twilight Photometer, which now yields a reasonable qualitative picture of the day-to-day variability of the vertical distribution of the aerosols from about 6 km to a maximum of 350 km. The basic principle of this technique is that, if more number of aerosols exists in the atmosphere then more scattering takes place. The main aim of this study is to demonstrate the measurement capabilities offered by semiautomatic twilight photometer and it is the first attempt in India made by the authors to study the twilight airglow emission lines by twilight sounding method (TSM).
650 Biochemical Studies on Myrothecium Roridum Tode. Ex. Fries Causing Leaf Spot of Soyabean, D. Talukdar, R. K. Dantre
Myrothecium leaf spot of soyabean caused by Myrothecium roridum Tode.ex. Fries is an important disease occurring in almost all the major soyabean growing areas of India causing about 30 per cent yield loss. The culture filtrate M. roridum resulted in maximum per cent loss of viscosity in CMC (88.57 %) and PG (90.67 %) at PH 7.0. Culture filtrate in attached leaf of soyabean caused necrosis and browning appeared after 6 days of inoculation and death of the plant occurred after 15 days.. Out of three different methods of inoculation, leaf scratch method was found most suitable for disease development in detached method as symptoms of uniform browning appeared after 3 days of inoculation and 100 per cent leaf area turned blackish after 11 days. Germination of soyabean seeds after inoculation by standard blotter method resulted in 85.00 per cent total mortality in treated seed, where as 90 per cent mortality was found in blotter treated and 100 per cent in seed and blotter treated method.
651 Harmful Scale Insects (Coccidae: Hemiptera) of Mango and Their Control, Dr. T. V. Sathe, Dr. P. M Bhoje, A. S. Desai
Scale insects (Coccidae: Hemiptera) are very destructive pests of mango and many other horticultural crops. They suck the cell sap from leaves, twigs and fruits and affect the yield seriously. They also cause sooty moulds, affect photosynthesis, growth and the crop yield. Hence, in the survey studies (2012-2014) 19 species of scales have been reported damaging mango varieties including Hapus, hybrids and indigenous. Hapus and hybrid varieties were attacked mostly by the scales and indigenous varieties were more resistant to the scales than others. The scales completed their life cycle from 1 to 2 months. On hapus varieties 56% fruits were affected. As a part of ecofriendly control, natural enemies such as ants, mantids, lace wings, lady bird beetles and some parasitoids have been reported on scales. However, the scales can be controlled effectively by spraying the crop with 0.03% phosphamidon/Azadiractin or 0.04% diazinon/ monocrotophos or 0.03% Rogor or 0.2% Carbaryl/ 0.03 DDVP.
652 Role of Brumus Sp. (Coccinellidae : Coleoptera ) in Population Control of Jassid Amrasca Kerri Pruthi (Cicadellidae : Hemiptera) The Pest of Cowpea in Kolhapur Region of Maharashtra, India, Dr. T. V. Sathe, Nilam Shendage, Chandani Kamble
Amrasca kerri Pruthi (Cicadellidae : Hemiptera ) is potential cell sap sucking pest of cowpea Vigna unquiculata (L.) Walp in Kolhapur region of Maharashtra. As a biocontrol agent of A. kerri role of Brumus sp. (Coccinellidae : Colecoptera) has been tested in the field and laboratory conditions (25±1oC, 65-70% RH, 12 hr photoperiod). Brumus sp. is good biocontrol agent of A. kerri. Per day Brumus sp. consumed 4-5 jassids in the laboratory. In the field Brumus sp. was associated with pest with the proportion of increase or decrease of the pest population throughout the persistence of the crop during summer season.
653 Biology of Actia monticola Mall (Diptera: Tachinidae), an internal larval parasitoid of Tarache notabilis (Walker) (Noctuidae: Lepidoptera), Nilam Shendage, Dr. T. V. Sathe
Actia monticola Mall (Diptera: Tachinidae) is an internal larval parasitoid of cotton semilooper Tarache notabilis (Walker) (Noctuidae: Lepidoptera). The parasitoid completed its life cycle within 14 days at laboratory conditions (25±1oC, 65-70% R.H., 14 hr photoperiod). Incubation period was 2-3 days, larval period was 6 days and pupal period was 6 days. Adults survived for 15 days and 17 days in males and females respectively. A. monticola is good biocontrol agent of T. notabilis. The present work will be helpful for mass rearing of A. monticola and further its utility in biological control programmes.
654 Gallic Acid Content and Antioxidant Activity of the Dried Fruit and the Processed Fruit of Amla - Emblica Officinalis L, Nisha Nigam, Mona Kejariwal
Indian traditional health care system (Ayurveda) named Rasayana proposed Phyllanthus emblica Linn. (syn. Emblica officinalis), commonly known as Indian gooseberry or amla, family Euphorbiaceae, is an important herbal drug used in unani (Graceo - arab) and ayurvedic systems of medicine. The plant is used both as a medicine and as a functional food to promote vitality and vigor. E. Officinalis is highly nutritious and could be an important dietary source of vitamin C, amino acids, and minerals. Although, the E. Officinalis extract exhibits higher levels of antioxidant activity, the bioavailability of phenolic acids in the processed fruit is still poorly known. Therefore, in the present study, gallic acid efficacy as an antioxidant was evaluated in two different samples of E. Officinalis. Reliable and feasible HPLC and UFLP methods with diode array detection have been developed and compared for the determination of gallic acid in E. Officinalis dried fruit sample (DFS) and dried processed fruit sample (DPFS) prepared according to one of the Ayurveda principles. The antioxidant effects of both the extracts have also been compared with standard gallic acid by different antioxidant tests like DPPH and ABTS. The amount of gallic acid (20.16 mg/100g) in DPFS was higher in contrast to DFS (8.02 mg/100g) of E. Officinalis fruit which demonstrated higher antioxidant activity. Additionally, It has also been found that gallic acid accounts for approximately 35-71% of the antioxidant activity. UFLP system showed rapid and effiecint determination of gallic acid samples in comparison to HPLC system.
655 Informal Credit System Through Social Entrepreneurs in Tiruchirappalli District, Tamil Nadu, Dr. C. Paramasivan, T. Kannan
As a group of registered social entrepreneurs having homogenous social and economic backgrounds, voluntarily coming together to save regular small sums of money, mutually agreeing to contribute to a common fund and to meet their emergency needs tackles social issues such as reduction in poverty, unemployment and facilitating social entrepreneurship. To contribute positively to the sustainability of the SHG is a multi-pronged approach has been taken in with the NGOs movement, placing a focus on saving and other interventions of social empowerment, education and health are differentiate it from the strictly microfinance model. This paper is part of a research study undertaken by the social entrepreneurship in Tiruchirappalli district in Tamilnadu.
656 Factors Responsible for The Profitability to Analyze The Andrew Yule & Co. Ltd., Tea Company in India., N. Selvakumar, Dr. S. Renuga Devi
Tea is one of the most important non-alcoholic beverage drinks in the world and has been gaining further popularity as an important ‘health drink’ in view of its purported medicinal value. It is taken as a common drink by nearly 2/3 of the world population daily. Tea plantation industry is an important industry in India. It plays crucial roles in income generation, foreign exchange earnings and employment generation both directly and indirectly. Financial Performance is the snapshot of a position of concern and ability to withstand the ever-changing environment. Objectives of the study, to measure the extent of influence of the factors responsible for the profitability in either direction and also to analyze the direct and indirect effects of the factors on the profitability of Andrew Yule & co. is a tea company in India. Simple random sampling technique has adopted in this study, Secondary data has been used in this study. Multiple regression analysis has used in this study. Suggested in this study, to regularize and optimize the use of cash balance, proper techniques may be adopted for planning and control of cash. The investments in inventories should be reduced and need to introduce a system of prompt collection of debts. Conclude in this study, there is need to bring about technological improvement, structural changes, and liberalization from controls and regulations, increased productivities of labor and machine and reliable quality assurance systems to meet the present day needs.
657 Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in India: A Review of Performance, J. Rama devi, Prof. B. Ramachandra Reddy
Micro, Small and Medium enterprises (MSMEs) play a key role in the development of economies with their effective, efficient, flexible and pioneering entrepreneurial spirit. It is one of the most vital sectors of the Indian economy in terms of employment generation, the strong entrepreneurial base that helps to create its share in production and mass employment. There is enough evidence to suggest that a strong and vibrant Small and Medium Enterprises sector is one the key elements responsible for attaining ‘financial inclusive growth’. Creation of higher levels of employment per capital invested, addressing the issue of employment to a large number of the under-privileged and disadvantaged sections of society, overcoming the obstacles for rural and semiurban prosperity, optimizing utilization of locally available resources, providing an enabling environment for the millions of young Indians to participate in the nation-building task are areas of foremost concern in India’s agenda for development. There are different size of the enterprises, variety of products and services and level of technology. It helps in the industrialization of rural and backward areas. It reduces regional imbalances. It provides equitable distribution of national income and wealth. MSMEs have the advantages of generating gainful employment with low investment, diversifying the industrial base, reducing regional disparities through dispersal of industries into rural, semi – urban and backward areas.
658 Handloom Weaver’s Co-Operative Societies in Chittoor District: A Case Study, L. Subramanyam Naidu, Prof. K. Jayachandra
Co-operative form of organization is considered most suitable for the age old traditional and biggest industry in India. According to the census of 2011 it is estimated that 833 million people are currently lives in rural India. At present 150000 weavers co-operative societies and 35 million weavers across the country are benefited. Andhra Pradesh has traditionally been one of the major handloom weaving regions of India. This activity provides full time employment to 367 lakh persons and part-time employment to nearly 85000 persons. Every village in Andhra Pradesh is a weaving centre and various types of sarees, dhotis and khadi are manufactured. In the Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh, there are 39 weavers co-operative societies, provide an employment opportunity to nearly 2500 members.
659 Impact of Interest Rate on Nationalised Bank and Their Investors: A Study with Respect to Indian Banking System, Prof.Prashant Vijaysing Patil, Dr.Devendrasing V.Thakor
The objective of creating a large financial, especially banking, network was satisfied by the 1980s. Post-nationalisation, banking in India acquired a broad mass base and emerged as an important instrument of socio-economic change. By its worst in 1991 statutory stipulations came to account for as much as 63.5 per cent of the deposit mobilization by the banking system, further limiting the scope for portfolio optimization by the banking system. Furthermore, the imperative of maintaining low interest rates in order to contain the interest rate cost of public debt and to provide concessional credit to various sectors resulted in a degree of financial repression in the economy. The Present Paper aims at offering a comprehensive perspective on central banking in India. To place the issue in context, it begins by tracing the evolution of central banking, against the backdrop of the debates in the much-contested field of monetary economics. Against this historical background, the Paper turns to three contemporary issues in central banking: formulation and conduct of monetary policy, strengthening financial stability and management of the changes in Interest rates of Reserve Bank of India.
660 E-Tailing -An Untrodden Path. A Study of Comprehensive Model, Preeti Khitoliya
The present age is exploded with technology in whatever we do. Rapid Internet penetration has made consistent access to technology possible. Altogether changing the way we used to live our lives. One such example is shopping. Internet is changing the very culture of shopping too. People can enjoy shopping around 24*7 due to e-tailing . The existing literature revealed that e-tailing is very common in developed countries but it is still at its formative stage in developing countries. This has opened up a new gateway for researchers to dig out more information to facilitate e-tailing in developing countries too. Since the literature available for understanding the attitude, intention, and perception towards online shopping is relatively less, the present study therefore, focuses on exploring the factors that affect the perception, purchase intention, and attitude of people towards online shopping and to serve the purpose a Model has been evolved considering the expectations of iGen.
661 Customizing Clustering Algorithm for Data Mining for Lead Generation, E. Manigandan, Dr.V.Shanthi, Magesh Kasthuri
Lead generation is a technique used to attract or generate customer leads using lead generation techniques like contextual advertising (to be discussed below). It is an easy and painless way of attracting people/users and cultivating prospective customers out of them. This study is taken to customize Clustering Algorithm for Data mining process in a Customer Relationship Management field as the space of data is more and variant [17]. Also proving the usability of customized Clustering Algorithm in Data Mining and the efficiency in processing mechanism compared to other costlier methods used in current situation of Data mining in Customer Relationship Management is part of this study. Clustering Algorithm is broadly used as Spectral algorithm in Social media [2], where a reference of a contact is used and mined further for various combinations of suggested friends and lookups.
662 Conceptions of Social Enterprise and Social Entrepreneurship in Europe and in Albania: Convergences and Divergences, Nada Krypa (Tapjia)
Social enterprise and social entrepreneurship concepts are relevant in human resource practice as they help in solving social challenges that come with development. Ideally, a social enterprise is an institution that applies business strategies so as to put into good use the environmental and human welfare rather than focusing on profit increase for shareholders that are not within an organization.This paper tends to explain the contexts of social enterprises and entrepreneurship in Europe and in Albania. Also in the paper are explained the convergence and divergence between Europe and Albania.
663 Role of Middleman in Pricing of the Product, Prof. Basudeb Sadhukhan
Everybody knows that the middle traders are required to reach the goods from the producers to consumers. But in case of industrial goods, a trader plays a minimum role for controlling the share of income. In this system, the producer will fixed his and other traders share of income. On the other hand, for agricultural goods, a producer or farmer produces goods but in many cases middle traders fix the price and distribution of income between the producer and traders. So in this system, traders play a key role sharing of income. In this system the distribution of income, the average earning of the farmer is lower than the traders. As a result, the trend of cultivation of various crops like paddy, wheat, jute, onion decreases rapidly in our country and in near future agricultural growth as well as economic development will effect seriously and problems of producing various agricultural goods will arise.
664 Education As Poverty Removal Instrument: A Study in India, Tarannum Siddiqui
The relationship between education and poverty reduction is thus quite straight and linear as education is empowering; it enables the person to participate in the development process; it inculcates the knowledge and skills needed to improve the income earning potential and in turn the quality of life. Moreover, education of girls and women helps in improving the number of other indicators of human development. As a matter of fact education is inversely proportionate to Poverty. In other words education reduces poverty in poor countries as better educated people have a greater probability of being employed, are economically more productive, and therefore earn higher incomes.
665 Development of Indian Small Scale Industries in Western Coast (1700-1800A.d) : A Historical Study, Dr. Littan Sarkar
Industries occupy a place of strategic importance in Indian economy in view of its considerable contribution to employment, production and exports, however, 1700-1800A.D.industries in India find themselves in an intensely competitive environment due to globalization, domestic economic liberalization and dilution sector specific protective measures. Most the industries in this western coastal area during 18th century were essentially cottage based handcrafts. Almost all villages had such small scale industries fulfilling the requirements of the local people. Their base was agrarian. The paper tries to bring a relationship between the effects economic reforms in our country and the harsh realities of our growth story of industries development.
666 Classroom Climate At The Higher Secondary Stage, P. THAMILSELVI, Dr. P. SEKAR
In the present study, efforts have been made to study the influences of classroom climate on academic achievement of higher secondary students. Sample of four hundred students selected from various higher secondary schools located in Vellore District of Tamilnadu. Survey method adopted for data collection. Descriptive and differential analyses are used to test the hypotheses. The findings revealed moderate level of classroom climate found in the schools. And no significant gender differences were observed in (i) physical climate; (2) physiological climate, and (iii) academic achievement.
667 School Atmosphere in Relation with Life Stress of Teachers, Dr. N. Prema
The aim of the study is to be aware of the difference in school atmosphere and life stress of school teachers based on gender, marital status, locality of school and gender of principal. And next a question emerged in the mind of the researcher was, can the investigator discover any relationship between school atmosphere and life stress of school teachers? Seeking answer to this question, 98 School Teachers were selected as sample for the study by employing simple random sampling technique. Two separate questionnaires were distributed to collect the relevant data by adopting survey method. By using ‘t’ test and correlation co efficient the collected Data has been analyzed. The results revealed that there is a significant difference exists in the school atmosphere based on locality of school. There is a significant difference exist in life stress of Teachers with respect to marital status of Teachers and gender of their principal. There was a low correlation found between School atmosphere and life stress.
668 Attitudes of Pupils of Secondary Schools Towards Science as School Subjects in the District of Burdwan, West Bengal, Dr. Sanat Kumar Ghosh
This paper aimed to provide an understanding and to study the attitude towards Science as School subjects of the Secondary Schools. In this connection 100 boys and 100 girls student of Burdwan district were selected as sample to estimate their attitude. Data were analyzed by adopting appropriate methods. It was observed from the findings that (i) maximum students expressed their favourable attitude towards science as school subjects (ii) Major percentage of students having average degree of attitude towards science as school subjects (iii) The findings also indicate the positive relation between Socio-Economic status and attitude towards science as school subjects. (iv) Attitude towards science as school subjects was independent of sex variation of the students.
669 Attitude Towards Small Family and Population Education in Relation to Academic Status and Gender: A Comparative Study of Two Districts of Haryana, Mrs. Harmeet Kaur, MRS. SHALINI RAJPUT
The present study aimed to assess the attitude of educated and uneducated individuals towards small family and population education .The investigator used the descriptive survey method to serve the purpose of the study. Keeping in view the objectives and hypotheses of the study, Attitude Scale Towards Small Family and Population Education by Dr. T.S. Sodhi and Dr. Guru Dev Sharma (2011) was used to serve the purpose. From the results, it was found that educated individuals of two different districts possess same attitude towards small family and population education while there is significant difference between attitude of educated and uneducated persons regarding small family and population education .The result reveals that some measures should be taken to change the attitude of uneducated individuals to cope up with this problem of population explosion.
670 Information Technology and Environmental Related Health Issues with Special Reference to Past, Present and Future, Ananya Banerjee, Angana chakraborty
An environment has become a threat for the existence of life. A study was made to assess the environmental problem issues with their various attributes in the past, present and future. Various attributes like Warming up of the atmosphere, the ozone layer’s thinning, the process of dissertations, the progressive devastation of the tropical and rain forests etc. It is evident that the environment was adequately habitable during the past throw the traditional practices but at the present due to heavy industrialization, urbanization and deforestation, environment pollution has come to a such a saturated position that it has become increasingly difficult for the habitation for the man and animals. Measures have been suggested keeping in view information technology in mind to mitigate the above stated environmental issues.
671 Ipomoea Carnea As Fuelwood Substitute in Domestic Cooking through Gasification in A Fixed Bed Gasifier, Gautam Borthakur, Dr. Dimbendra Kr. Mahanta
This paper investigates on potentiality of a noxious weed Ipomoea carnea as an alternative biomass to substitute fuelwood in domestic cooking applications. The weed has created a lot of problem due to its invasive nature; as a biomass it is considered as low grade fuel to be used in traditional combustion based devices. The objective of the work is to derive energy from woody stems of Ipomoea through gasification process. A gasifier based stove is developed and experiments are performed to study its performance using Ipomoea and compared with fuelwood. Results of experiments are analysed and presented. Thermal efficiencies of the stove have been found to be 28% and 26% respectively for fuel wood and Ipomoea. The flame temperature obtained for both the fuels is above 700 °C. The stove delivered power in the range of 2.8 kW to 3.3 kW which is sufficient for domestic cooking for a standard family. It has been revealed that the weed could be used to substitute fuelwood in cooking through gasification process in an appropriate device
672 Study of Thermodynamical Properties of Aqueous Polyvinyl Pyrrolidone (Pvp) Solution, Sugandha V. Khangar, Omprakash P. Chimankar, V.D.Bhandakkar
The propagation of ultrasonic waves and the measurement of their velocity in solutions form an important tool for the evaluation of various acoustical and thermo dynamical parameters which give an insight into the nature of miscibility and molecular interactions in polymer solutions. In the present study, the ultrasonic velocity, density, viscosity measurements have been made in polyvinyl pyrrolidone solution using pulse echo technique at temperature range 288K- 308K at the different concentrations (wt.%) of PVP in water. Thermo- acoustical parameters viz., adiabatic compressibility (?a), acoustic impedance (z), relaxation time (?), free length (Lf ), isothermal compressibility (?i ), volume expansivity (?), Moelwyn-Hughes parameter (C1 ) and internal pressure have been computed from the experimental data. The nature of polymer solvent interaction and the effect of concentration on the molecular interaction are studied. The nonlinear variations of polyvinyl pyrrolidone in water have been studied. The variation of ultrasonic velocity and other thermoacoustical parameters shows linear increase or decrease with concentration (wt.%) which suggest compatibility of the polymer in the given solvent.
673 Zooplankton Diversity in Dal Lake - A Comparative Study , Tanveer. H. Bhat, Dr.Rashmi Arnold
Comparison of Zooplankton at the selected sites of Dal Lake was carried out (Nov. 2002 to Oct. 2004 and May 2010 to Apr 2011) to find the changes in the water quality over the years. For physico-chemical analysis of water, sampling was done once in a month and samples were collected from surface of the Lake in polyethylene bottles of 1 L capacity from pre-selected sites with the help of Ruttner type water sampler. The water temperature in general ranged from 4-27?C with usual trend maximum in summer and minimum in winter. The pH values fluctuated between 7.1 and 9.3 indicating the Lake to be on alkaline side. A total of 40 taxa of Zooplankton were recorded during both the periods of study. In the studies carried out from Nov. 2002 to Oct. 2004, a total of 27 rotifer and 13 crustaceans and from May 2010 to Apr 2011, 8 rotifer and 5 crustacean taxa were recorded respectively.
674 A Study on Distribution of Arbuscular Mycorrhizae (Am) Fungi in Red Sanddunes, Bheemili, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh., V.R.Prasnthi, B.Lakshmi Pavan, V.Divya Rao, Y.AVASN.Maruthi
AM fungi are ubiquitous in nature. They have shown a marked development in plant shoot and roots when inoculated with AM fungi.AM fungi is well known for its nature to survive in nutrient deficient conditions especially the deficiency of Phosphates. Bheemili is well known for Red Sand Dunes which has vast plantation of Cashew. Soil samples were collected from all four directions. The collected soil samples were analysed for physico-chemical (Nitogen, Potassium, Phosphates (NPK), pH, Conductivity) parameters. All the collected soil samples were screened for AM fungi. The nutrient level recorded in all the soil samples were low focusing on NPK while indirectly showed less isolated AM fungi number.
675 Natural Environment Zoning of West Georgia for Identifying The Perspective Regions of Actinidia Chinensis Planch Culture Spreading, Seperteladze Zurab Kh., Davitaia Eter F., Aleksidze Tamar, Memarne Guram, Khalvashi Neli, Gaprindashvili George
The methods to estimate the agro-resource potential of a territory are developed and relevance of using the said method is identified. The regularities of spatial distribution of agroclimatic potential favorable for Actinidia Chinensis Planch (kiwi) culture in west Georgia are identified depending on the proximity to the standard model (hypsometric stages and types of landscape). By creating and processing numerous databases and by using GIS-technology, a large-scale landscape map was drafted.
676 Green Revolution: Changing Village Land use and Cropping Patterns (A Case Study of Hisar District, Haryana), Dr. Suman Rani
This paper attempts to explore the changing village land use and cropping pattern in an agriculturally developed district of Hisar in Haryana under impact of Green Revolution. It has been captured through the fieldwork conducted in randomly selected 23 villages. A well-structured pre-tested schedule was used to collect the information. The survey brings out that after Green Revolution there is a significant change in the village land use and cropping patterns in the district transforming the basic subsistence nature of agriculture into commercial one.
677 Integrated Analysis of Geomorphic, Pedologic and Remote Sensing Data for Digital Soil Mapping, Sana Khan, Shakil.A.Romshoo
The information about the soils is very essential for understanding a number of hydrologic, agriculture and climate processes. The study focuses on the integrated use of geomorphic, remote sensing, GIS and field pedologic observations to develop a digital soil map and attribute database. This study gains tremendous importance keeping in view the fact that no or little amount of digital soil data is available for Kashmir valley. The study was conducted in the Pulwama district of Kashmir valley having a geographical area of 1398 Sq. Kms. The datasets used for the study include satellite data (LANDSAT ETM image), Digital Elevation Model (DEM), geological map, ancillary data including various reports and publications, field data, texture and physicochemical analysis data and land use / land cover information. From the remotely sensed data, 9 soil classes were identified visually using image interpretation key based on image elements. DEM was used to generate the landform map that helped to further refine the soil classes. Texture analysis of the soil samples, collected from the field during ground truthing, was carried out to find the particle size distribution. The multi-thematic data was integrated in the GIS to generate the final soil map of the area. The final soil map represented eight soil textural classes with Silty clay- loam being the most dominant class. A database of the soil map was developed, which consisted of the physicochemical parameters and texture of the soil classes.
678 Emergence and Development of the Indian National Congress, Madan Mohan Mandal
The National Congress was founded in 1885 by Allan Octavian Hume. The Indian National Congress abbreviated INC and commonly known as the Congress is one of the two major political parties in India. It is the largest and oldest democratically-opening political parties in the world.The party`s modern liberal platform is largely considered to be on the Centre left of the Indian political spectrum.Next time the Indian National Congress became pivotal participant in the Indian Independence Movement. After independence in 1947, the congress has won an outright majority on six occasions and has led the ruling coalition a further four times, heading and central government for a total of 49 years.
679 Knowledge, Attitude, Practice of School Going Children Regarding Phytochemical Intake, Sangita Tomar, Dr. Munira Husain
This study deals about phytochemicals consumption by school going children. 300 school children aged 8- 14 years through purposive sampling method were studied. Twenty four hour recall was taken to collect information regarding dietary phytochemical intake according to the serving of fruits and vegetables consumed per week. KnowledgeAttitude-Practice assessment was done through multiple-choice questionnaire. Statistical Analysis has been done for data analysis and making inferences. Results showed that children 120, 100 and 80 children found taking low, moderate and high phytochemical consumption status. Their energy, protein, iron intake found increasing with increase in phytochemical intake. Similarly, good knowledge level was found in 30.83%, 21 % and 27.5 %, good attitude among 25%, 35 % and 10% children, and good practices found among 16.6%, 24 % and 17.4%, respectively of low, moderate and high phyto-intake groups. So, a significant association between phyto-intake and Knowledge-Attitude-Practice and nutritient intake has been indicated from the results.
680 Effect of Nutrition Education on Selected Minerals (Iron and Calcium) Status and Outcome of Pregnancy, Lokeswari M, Jyothi A
The prenatal period is very important for both the mother and the child. If the mother has the knowledge about her diet in prenatal period, it leads to good health of mother, prevention of complications and healthy child. Some of the rectifying strategies include proper intake of diet during pregnancy, creating awareness on nutrition in pregnancy and supplementation of additional requirements. The present study was under taken to assess the nutritional status during pregnancy before and after nutrition education and to assess the impact of nutrition education on birth weight. Sample of the study consisted of 400 pregnant women out of which 200 were experimental and 200 were control group subjects who are attending antenatal clinics in selected health centers, chittoor. Results revealed that A significant difference @1% was identified in the nutritional status in the experimental group when compared to control group Fifty three percent Birth weights (Between 2.5-4kgs) of newborn babies were more than the normal weight that is 2 kgs. When compared to the control group thirty six percent this may be due to effective nutrition education.
681 The Identity Crisis in Saadat Hasan Manto’s Short Story “Toba Tek Singh”, Nafisa Zargar
The Partition of India transformed for millions the very thought of home. People who had certainly not been out of their cut off villages for generations were all of a sudden strained to choose a country and this in addition changed for them the idea of nation. Possibly for many, nationhood became a conscious truth only because of the Partition, when companions became rivals because they were of the other religion and compelled them to escape to a land far away. Under such state of affairs personal identity became a transferable place in itself. People who left their homes and migrated to new land to help the progression of identityformation underwent an identity change themselves. A similar identity crisis has been depicted by Saadat Hasan Manto in his short story “Toba Tek Singh”.
682 Users Perception and Satisfaction Towards E-Collection and Services in Selected Engineering Colleges in Madurai District: A Case Study, Mrs. R. SHARMILA, Dr. B. SURESH
In this era of Information Revolution, not only the books and journals but also the digital information and online resources are of paramount importance for the students. The books, CDs and Online journals are now being used by the users of the library. However, these resources are not fully utilized by students and staff members. They are mostly browsing through internet. Apart from teaching, research and extension activities students and scientists are exploring and reforming library facilities for updating their knowledge.
683 Knowledge Portal as a New and Innovative Approach for The Public Libraries in a way of Self Service Application: a Study of Offshoot Technology, Dr. D. K. Shrivastava, Pritima Vyas
Knowledge Portals (KPs) are highly integrative Knowledge Management Systems (KMS) that promise to synthesize widely dispersed knowledge and to interconnect individuals in order to provide a ‘one-stop knowledge shop’. Yet, KPs face major challenges in practice, as the intricacies of knowledge exchange are subject to varied individual and social factors. At the same time, growing anecdotal evidence from case studies indicates KPs’ enormous potential. In this paper, describes the concepts of the knowledge portal, feature, components architecture, process and disadvantage of knowledge portal..It concludes with the remarks that the Public library and Community Centre Professionals should play a proactive role in the creation of the knowledge portal and accept the advantage offered by the knowledge portal. It also discusses the importance and beneficiary Role of Knowledge Portal for the Public Libraries and also highlighted the various facet and issues of Knowledge Portal. Information and Communication technology (ICT) and it offshoot technologies such as Internet, Intranet, electronic databases, web directories , web Portal and E Portals, Knowledge Portals etc. have played a significant Role in the Public Libraries and Community Centers. Owing to various information needs, integration and collaboration of knowledge, single point access to resources and information technology has changed the scenario of the Public library and information centers in information organization. Public Libraries and Community Centers are creating a library portal and knowledge portal to fulfill the need of their users. To cope with these problems Public Libraries and Community Centers have been creating knowledge portal.
684 The Righteous Strategy: Occupy The Moral High Ground through Social Entrepreneurship, Mr. Samarth Sharma, Dr. Shashank, Mrs. Payal
In a corporate world, the cause you are fighting for must seem more just than the competitor’s. Think of this as moral terrain that you and the other are fighting over; by questioning your enemies’ motives and making them appear evil, you can narrow their base of support and room to maneuver. Aim at the soft spots in their public image, exposing any hypocrisy on their part. Never assume that the justice of your cause is self-evident; publicize and promote it. When yourself come under moral attack from a clever enemy, do not whine or get angry; fight fire with fire. If possible, position yourself as the underdog, the victim, the martyr. The central feature of the exterior maneuver “is to assure for oneself the maximum freedom of action while at the same time paralyzing the enemy by a multitude of deterrent checks, somewhat as the Lilliputians tied up Gulliver. As with all operations designed to deter, action will of course be primarily psychological; political, economic, diplomatic and military measures will all be combined towards the same end. The procedures employed to achieve this deterrent effect range from the most subtle to the most brutal: appeal will be made to the legal formulae of national and international law, play will be made with moral and humanitarian susceptibilities and there will be attempts to prick the enemy’s conscience by making him doubtful of the justice of his cause. By these methods, opposition from some section of the enemy’s internal public opinion will be roused and the same time some sector of international public opinion will be whipped up; the result will be made to co-opt the more unsophisticated sympathizers by arguments based upon their own preconceived ideas.
685 Corporate Governance in Banking System Case Study Albania, DR. Marsida Ashiku
The financial sector in the Balkan countries, especially the banking sector is having gradual improvement on the last years. The Corporate Governance in banks is one of the most important discussions overall the world, being reinforced especially after the crises period. Recently, it has been noticed a fast reaction and total focus from all banks on building and improving their structures of Corporate Governance. This study aims to analyze the corporate governance policy in the major banks of Albania. The research methodology used is mainly empirical through researches in the annual reports and websites of the banks, information published in the websites of banks in Balkan countries especially in Albania.
686 Corruption in Public istribution System – A Micro Analysis, V. CHANDRA SEKARAN
Our Government’s primary role to its citizen is to assure food for all. To carry out this, the Government of India under Ministry of Consumer affairs, Food and Public Distribution distributes food materials to the State Governments and it is a joint venture of both the governments to fulfil the very basic need of the people. The Central Government has established Ration shops in several States across the Country. In 2014-15, Our Finance Minister allocated1.15 trillion rupees for food subsidy. But, in reality the people living below poverty line have not been benefitted by the food subsidy provided by the government due to corruption from top to bottom. There are as many examples about corruption in public distribution. I just present one state as an example. The state of Andhra Pradesh has a population of 21million households as per census of 2011, but they have issued 24.5 million below poverty line card holders to get food subsidy. For every BPL card holder the family receives 35 kgs rice or wheat at subsidized price. This simply proves that 3.5 million cards are forged and it further paves way to receive the subsidized food items the same in the open market at a higher rate. Thus, this articles tries to elaborate the system is not functioning in a proper manner and also focuses on how to eradicate and provide healthy subsidised food to the people those who are really living below the poverty line.
687 A Study on Community Tourism in Kerala - Upcoming Potential Market, VINAY RAJ R
Community tourism means considering the construction of tourist destinations from the angle of community, instructing the overall planning and arrangement of tourist districts with the mutuality theory of community, and improving the efficiency of tourist flow by optimizing the structure of tourist community in order to seek for the harmonious unification and optimization of the tourist destinations’ economic, environmental and social benefits. Community tourism has offered a new way to realize the sustainable development of tourism. Compared with the traditional tourism and eco-tourism, community tourism presents a more advanced idea of tourism exploitation. Traditional industries manufacturing such items as coir, handlooms, and handicrafts employ around one million people. Money makes the world go round, or so it is told. When you are offered with a business opportunity, it is astute to ask yourself a pair of vital questions before getting involved. Owing to that, you ought to get the technique to make a living, and for entrepreneurs they are always searching for an excellent business opportunity. When it comes to find out a potential market. No need to go any were but to look for God’s Own Country-Kerala
688 WORK STRESS – A STUDY, Sunder Arumugam
Stress has become a pervading feature of people’s life in modern world. The modern world which is said to be a world of achievements is also a world of stress. Stress is everywhere, whether it is in the family, business organization, enterprise, institute or any other social or economic activity. Right from birth till death, an individual is invariably exposed to various stressful situations. Despite tremendous advancements in science and technology, and remarkable growth of economy and sources of luxury, people all over the world seem to experience stress in various spheres of their lives. In the past also, the societies were not entirely free from stress. However the causes of stress in those societies were episodic in nature, low in severity and frequency. But during the last two decades the span of psychosocial stress has drastically increased. The basic reason is the changed physical and socio-cultural environment of the contemporary societies and life style of the people. People’s life has become more demanding, complicated, mechanical and dependent running by the clock. Ever increasing needs and aspirations, high competition, pressures of meeting deadlines, uncertainty of future and weak social support system have made the life of people stressful in modern societies. This article would certainly highlight the various causes of stress and ways to reduce work stress.
689 Management Methodology for Research Projects, KASETTI VENKATESWARLU
Research Methodology means the complete strategy and approach towards the objective. Methodology is a body of practices, procedures, and rules used by those who work in a discipline or engage in an inquiry, using a set of working methods. Research Methodology essentially requires support and application of an integrated management methodology for achieving a desired accomplishment. The management methodology essentially is of a systems approach, consisting of: strategy, planning, resources optimization, feedback and control. Any research work has to be dealt with appropriate project management methods. This is because research is all about future, unknown, uncertainty, change and working under constraints with many agencies about which the researcher has little control. The essentials ingredients such as work identification inform of activities and components, field work arrangements and practice of ethical code/guidelines at every stage of research project are discussed suitably
690 A Study on Industry Practices Relating To Working Capital Policies, Dr .R.Kavitha, Dr. R.Shanmugam
Working capital plays a vital role in the firm’s operations and requires the efficient management. Most of the companies have informal working capital policy and company size has an influence on the overall working capital policy and approach -conservative, moderate or aggressive. The objective of the study is to analyze the industry practices relating to working capital policies of the selected firm. The data required for the study have been collected from the ‘PROWESS’ of CMIE and Capitaline Plus database of Capital Market Publishers India Pvt. Ltd, Mumbai, India. There are twenty one out of thirty large pharmaceutical firms has been selected for the study for the period of ten years from 2000-01 to 2009-10. Ratio analysis, descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA, Tukey’s Honestly Significantly Different (HSD) tests, rank order correlation and regression analysis have been used in the analysis. According to the study, pharmaceutical firms are found to follow conservative investment and financing policies. There is no uniformity in the policies of firms even though they belong to same industry. There is a change in policies of all the firms over the period. There is a strong stability in each industry’s relative level of aggressiveness with respect to working capital investment policies over a period of time. It found that there is a negative relationship between working capital policies and profitability.
691 Thermoelastic Analysis on A Circular Plate Subjected to Annular Heat Supply, Pravin P.Bhad, Dr. Vinod Varghese
Closed form expressions are developed for determining the quasi-static thermal stress in a circular plate with boundary conditions of radiation type subjected to annular heat flux, the curved surfaces being assumed insulated. It is assumed that temperature field is axisymmetric along the circumference of a circle over the upper face with zero temperature on the lower face. Numerical estimates for heating medium are obtained in terms of Bessel’s functions and depicted graphically.
692 UterineBalloonTamponade in the Management of Severe PostpartumHaemorrhage-Evaluation of Effectiveness, Nasreen Noor, ShaziaParveen, Rajyashri Sharma
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of uterine balloon tamponade in the management of postpartum haemorrhage. Study Design: Prospective study. Material &Methods: Twenty women with intractable postpartum haemorrhage managed by uterine balloon tamponade using Foley’s catheter when medical management was not effective and prior to surgical intervention. Results: During the study period 20 cases were revived. In 14 cases (70%) haemostasis was achieved, while in 6 cases (30 %) uterine tamponade using Foley’s catheter failed in arresting haemorrhage. Of the 6 failures none of the women underwent hysterectomy, but haemostasis was achieved with conservative measures. Among the failed cases there was one maternal death due to cardiac arrest and postpartum haemorrage secondary to coagulopathy. In cases were the balloon was successful it was removed around 24hrs later. In these cases no further bleeding was observed and no complications occurred from the placement of Foley ‘s catheter. Conclusion: Uterine tamponade using Foley’s catheter successfully control atonic PPH refractory to medical management .It is simple , inexpensive and in those with successful placement no surgical morbidity was observed. In areas with limited resources and inexperienced operators. It is useful adjunct in the management of PPH
693 The Relationship between Characteristics of Personality and Depression in The Elderly South Indian Population., Dr.M.Ganesh, Dr.S.A.Sridevi, Dr Lashmayan. M.
The Indian subcontinent has a growing population of geriatric age group. The ability of the elderly population to cope with the problems of ageing determines the possibility of depression developing in the cognitive apparatus of the subjects. Personality aspects have been mentioned as factors that may contribute for the development of depression in old age. The aim of the study is to understand the relationship between the personality type and the onset of depressive symptoms in elderly population. The study is done on 86 individuals, aged between 60-86 years. Consent properly obtained from all the subjects for willingness to the study. Meyers Briggs Type Indicator is used to assess the type of personality whereas the level of depression is evaluated using the geriatric depression scale (GDS) along with the demographic and social status information. When the data analyzed, it is found that the individuals may be divided into two groups (group 1 and 2) based on their personality characteristics. Group I is found to be more preoccupied with others while group 2 more self centered. There is a clear indication of an association existing between personality characteristics and depression in the elderly. The subjects in group 1, who are more devoted to the others, more deferential, organized, persistent and interactive, present more depressive symptoms in relation to those in group 2, who are more self-centered, less interactive and less dominant. Measures to manage the ageing process successfully by involving the elders in more social events need to be stressed.
694 Antitumor Effect of Phyllanthusniruri on Irradiated Breast Cancer Tissue in Rat Through Activation of IFN? and CD95, Bambang Soeprijanto, Juliati Hood Assegaf
This study aims to investigate whether the aqueous extract of Phylanthus niruri administered orally contribute to the antitumor effect on irradiated breast cancer in rats.interferron gamma and cluster of differentiation 95 (CD95)had benn knownto have an antitumor effect.An experimental study was carried out in rat with breast cancer induced by the 7.12-Dimethylbenz (a) anthracene (DMBA) and then irradiated (6Gy). The research sample were divided randomly in 3 groups (pretest, treatment and control). Each group had 10 rats. The treatment group was given the plant extract orally (250 mg/kg. b. wt). A significant increase in the number of cells expressing IFN?(p
695 A Comparative Study of Phenomenology of Depression between The HIV Positve Patients Attending HIV Clinic and The Patients Attending Psychiatry OPD, Dr Rohit Kant Srivastava
Depression is very common in HIV positive patients. It often goes undiagnosed and untreated as it is assumed that depressive symptoms are an inevitable reaction to being diagnosed with HIV. Depression not only causes more suffering in HIV positive patients but also contributes to poor adherence to treatment. Keeping this fact in a view this cross sectional comparative study of phenomenology of depression between the HIV positive patients attending HIV clinic and the patients attending psychiatry OPD was conducted. The study included 132 HIV positive patients and 105 psychiatry OPD patients. Depression was diagnosed on SCID-I ( based on DSM IV ) and phenomenology was studied on first 27 questions of SADS-CB. Appropriate standardized statistical tools were applied. Among the screened HIV positive patients , 23.48% (31 patients) were found to be suffering from depression. There was no statistically significant difference was found in phenomenology of depression between two group. The study concluded that depression is very high in HIV positive patients. Therefore every HIV positive patients attending the HIV clinic should also be assessed thoroughly for depression.
696 Effectiveness of A Protocol in Reducing The Noise Level in Nicu, Malarvizhi M, Akilesh P M, Jolly Sebastian
Background: A neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is an intensive care unit, specializing in the care of ill or premature newborn infants.Materials and Methods: Case study method was used for this study. The study was conducted in the NICU of Father Muller Medical College Hospital, Mangalore. The hospital is a 1250 bedded multi- speciality hospital. This NICU has the bed strength of 25 and has modern equipment’s to manage critically ill new-borns. Purposive sampling technique was used. Digital sound level meter (Model: SL 4010) was used to measure the sound level. Results: The mean and standard deviation of pretest noise level was 62.19 dB ± 0.844 and posttest noise level was 50.74 dB ± 1.373. Conclusion: Average noise levels of equipment’s and activities were reduced
697 Mesentric Cyst lymphangioma- A case report, Dr. Amit Garud, Dr. Abhay Chougale, Dr. Mrs. Vaishali Gaikwad, Dr. Sheetal Murchite, Dr. R. M. Kulkarni
Abdominal cystic lymphangiomas are rare congenital benign malformations of the lymphatic system that are usually located in the mesentric area of small intestine. Intraabdominal and retroperitoneal cystic lymphangiomas are cystic benign tumours of congenital origin and thought to occur as a result of the proliferation and dilatation of the lymphatic sacs due to developmental defects of lymphatic vessels. Here we present a case report of a 48 year old female, diagnosed with a mass in abdomen and complaining of abdominal discomfort. The patient was operated and the cyst excised. The cyst was histopathologically diagnosed as mesentric cyst lymphangioma. The patient had no complaints post-operatively and was discharged on 7th day after surgery.
698 A Rare Case of Aspergillus Fumigatus Necrotizing Pneumonia in Immunocompetent Pediatric Patient, Dr. Kalpana. T. Suryavanshi
Aspergillus fumigates is a saprophytic mold, having potential to cause fatal infections in immunosuppressed & neutropenic patients. Pathologic sequalae is dependent on host human system & it is rare to see it in immunocompetent patients. Our rare case depicts necrotizing pneumonia in otherwise healthy pediatric patient. Patient was incompletely treated in other hospitals for unresolving pneumonia before referred to our hospital. Bronchosopy, aerobic culture of respiratory specimens could diagnose the rare case of Aspergillus fumigates necrotizing pneumonia but unfortunately we lost the patient to follow up.
699 Ophthalmomyiasis Externa in Western Maharashtra, India - A Case Report, Dr.Veerendra Godbole, Dr.Swapnagandha Halikar
Ophthalmomyiasis externa is an infestation of the ocular surface with larvae of most common sheep nasal boat fly ( Oestrus ovis). It is relatively rare condition.In this case report we describe a 30yr. old female presented with severe irritation,foreign body sensation, redness in right eye of one day duration.Slit lamp examination revealed presence of tiny,translucent larvae crawling in the palpebral conjunctiva, four in number. These larvae were removed under topical anaesthesia with the help of forceps and indentified as first stage larvae of Oestrus ovis causing ophthalmomyiasis externa.Patient was treated with combination of topical steroids and antibiotic therapy.
700 Endometrial Hyperplasia - Changing Concept, Dr Yogendra Madan
Introduction: The World Health Organization (WHO) (1994) classification of endometrial hyperplasia is plagued by poor diagnostic reproducibility and suboptimal prognostic prediction. In 1998 Drs, Mutter and Baak provide newer data to diagnose endometrial hyperplasia. Aim: To reclassify endometrial hyperplsia into two broad categories, Endometrial intraepithelial hyperplasia (EIN) and benign hyperplasia (non-EIN) and compare this with WHO hyperplasia classification. Material and method: The present study consists of 201 cases of endometrial hyperplasia lesions.After processing all the endometrial material received was subjected to haematoxylin and eosin stain. All the lesions were classified by five independent observers using WHO (1994) classification and again reclassified by applying EIN criteria.Results: In the present study out of 201 cases of WHO classified endometrial hyperplasias 91 were reclassified as EIN lesion and rest 110 diagnosed as non-EIN lesion. Variance of WHO endometrial hyperplasia classification is16.3,10,16.3 and 50.5 for simple typical, complex typical, simple atypical and complex atypical hyperplasia respectively whereas variance for EIN is 1.299. Conclusion: EIN classification system has good reproducibility. It is valuable to reclassify WHO hyperplasia classification by EIN criteria as unnecessary hysterectomies, its surgical complications and high cost of treatment can be prevented by applying EIN criteria.
701 To Evaluate the Effect of Aging on Complete Blood Count Parameters Done by Automated Cbc Analyzer, DR YOGENDRA MADAN, DR R VARADHARAJA PERUMAL, DR VANI SANTOSH JOSHI
Introduction: Complete blood count (CBC) is one of the most common and conventional blood test done as daily routine. However the results of this test are affected by different factors such as, the duration of incubation, Aim: This survey was to evaluate the effect of time of incubation on CBC. Method: In a cross-sectional study of 400 randomly selected adequate blood samples collected in k2EDTA vacutainer were analyzed by fully automated three part hematology analyzer at time interval of 20 min, then after 2, 8, 24, 72 hours at room temperature. Result: MCV, MPV, Hct and RDW increases significantly with passage of time while MCHC decreases. WBC and platelet count were reliable upto 24 hour at room temperature. MCH, RBC and hemoglobin values were stable parameter for more than 72 hours. Conclusion: It is better to do the CBC test after blood taking as soon as possible. Various parameter change significantly with passage of time. RBC and hemoglobin values were stable if test is carried out following a delay.
702 Memory Impairment in Young Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Males: An Alarming Concern!, Dr. ParulKodan, Dr. Jayakumar Jeganathan, Dr. Seemanthini T.S
This study was undertaken to compare the memory profile of 30-55 years old men with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus with age matched controls. It included 100 cases and 100 controls. Memory score was calculated for all patients in both the groups using PGI Memory Scale.Average PGIMS score in diabetic group was 80.76±8.75 and it was 87.68±7.39 in control group. The unpaired t-test was used to compare the results between cases and controls and it showed statistically significant better memory scoring in control (non-diabetic) group. When HbA1c was compared with PGIMS score, correlation coefficient was -0.253 suggesting trend of higher HbA1c had poor memory scoring. This study showed mild cognitive impairment in diabetic when compared to age matched controls.
703 Study on The Physico-Chemical and Microbial Profile of The Pond Water in Context of Pollution at Kolaghat Thermal Power Plant, West Bengal, India, Sambhunath Dinda, Harekrishna Jana, Soma Bhattacharya, Keshab Chandra mondal
We investigated the fluctuations of physico-chemical and microbial profile of pond water at different stations due to leaching of effluent and flying ash from Kolaghat thermal power plant (KTPP), West Bengal, India. The fluctuations of electrical conductivity, Water pH, water temperature, alkalinity, hardness, Dissolved oxygen (DO), Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), Chemical oxygen demand (COD), heavy metals and coliform load was observed with respect to direction and distance from thermal power plant. We observed that all the studied parameters are higher in the North and South side pond water which are mainly due to directly connected with ash disposal line and fly ash throughout the year. Therefore, proper monitoring is required to minimize the effect of fly ash and bottom ash originated from kolaghat thermal power plant, otherwise pose an adverse effect on socio-economic development in the kolaghat, purba Medinipur, West Bengal, India.
704 Management of Chilli Anthracnose by the Biopreservative Effect of Lactic Acid Bacteria , Vinamratha Patilkulkarni, K S Jagadeesh, Shamarao Jahagirdar
The biopreservation of fruits and vegetables using lactic acid bacteria is an innovative approach that helps in long term storage and improvement of the quality of the produce by minimizing the effect of storage fungi on perishables. In this study, Lactic Acid Bacterial (LAB) isolates were screened against Colletotrichum capsici Syd., causing anthracnose in chilli. The isolates LAB 75 and LAB 82 were more promising in inhibiting the growth of the fungus. In the in vivo assays, LAB 75 was more effective in reducing the severity of anthracnose disease on chilli fruits, under challenge inoculated conditions. Spraying with LAB 75 on to chilli fruits resulted in a lower per cent disease index (25.13 PDI) when compared to 59.36 PDI in the pathogen control after six days of challenge inoculation, accounting to about 60 per cent decrease in PDI. Further, the LAB population was the highest on chilli fruits in this treatment (300x104 cfu1 g). Thus, LAB 75 proved its potential to be used as a bio-preservative of chilli fruits by effectively managing anthracnose of chilli.
705 Evaluation of Selected Microbes for Control of Striga, A Parasitic Weed in Sorghum, Prashant. S. Subbapurmath, C. R. Patil, K. S. Jagadeesh
Ten promising microbial isolates with very high degree of inhibition of Striga germination were evaluated for their ability to reduce Striga parasitism on sorghum under pot cultures. The results have indicated that four isolates completely suppressed Striga germination (100%), while the extent of suppression ranged between 98 to 99 per cent with the rest of the isolates. This was further, reflected in the increased plant height, plant dry weight and N and P concentration in sorghum. And, PSS-34 bacterium was the most efficient isolate which inhibited Striga seed germination and emergence completely, besides increasing growth and biomass of sorghum.
706 Phytochemical Investigation and Evaluation of Antihyperlipidemic Activity of Ficus Carica Linn Fruit Extracts , Dayanand Kannur, Kishanchandra Khandelwal
Ficus carica Linn the common fig belongs to family Moraceae is a source of energy and nutrition. The ethanolic and hexane extracts of were screened for the antihyperlipidemic activity using; High fat diet induced Hyperlipidemia and Triton X -100 model in Wistar Albino rats. Biochemical parameters such as Total Cholesterol, Triglycerides, HDL, LDL, VLDL, Liver Cholesterol, SGOT & SGPT levels were estimated. It was clearly observed that after feeding the animals with High fat diet for one month Hyperlipidemia was induced and the animals gained weight. In both the models the Hexane and ethanolic extract were found to lower the elevated Cholesterol as well as triglyceride levels. The Hexane extract was significant in increasing the HDL ratio as well. The extracts were able to control the elevated Liver lipid levels too. The results clearly indicate the potential capability of Ficus carica Linn fruit extracts to lower elevated Lipid levels.
707 Basic CS-MCM-41: Synthesis , Characterization and Activity in Synthesis of Methine Dyes as Green Chemistry Approach, Pritee P. Hundekar, Manish R. Deshpande, Uday D. Joshi
The objective of the present study is to provide Cs-MCM-41 as catalyst for the Knoevengel condensation of salicylaldehyde with ethyl cynoacetate. Cesium was dopped in MCM-41 via ion exchange method and the catalytic performances of the samples were investigated for an efficient, high-yielding, one-pot synthesis of 3-cynocoumarine. The influence of cesium loading on the basic properties of MCM-41 was also studied.
708 On Job Stress: A Study of Private and Public School Female Teachers from Urban Area, Krupa A. Vyas
Working women are handling two important tasks. These tasks involve, justifying the responsibilities at work place and handling the responsibilities at home front. Balancing these two roles at home and work is very challenging task and causes stress at different levels. Different facets involves in evolving the stress in working women’s life. These stresses cause the imbalance at the front of work and handling family responsibility. The study is focusing on the stress causes among working women of urban area school teachers. A sample of 200 working school teachers from Urban area participated in this study. Out of this, 100 each are from private and public school respectively. A non-experimental, cross-sectional survey design was conducted using Demographic information form. The inventory used is based on 5 point scale. Using correlation and regression analysis, the result shows that there were significant difference in stress level between female teachers working in public and private schools. The measurement of stress level of occupational stress among working female teachers indicates the impact and occurrence of justification of job duties. The result can be applied for further research on working married women, especially concerning the impact and occurrence of job stress on student’s mental health. These results can be further applied to the studies concerning to mental health among the working women.
709 A Study of ‘Adjustment’ with Respect To ‘Sociality’ Among Students of P.t.c. Colleges of Anand District, Ms. Dipali H. Patel
Present report represents a study of ‘Adjustment’ with respect to ‘Sociality’ among students of P.T.C. arts colleges of Anand district. Here we have chosen Government colleges, Self-financed colleges. ‘Adjustment’ measurement was carried out by using ‘Adjustment Inventry for College Students (AICS)’ scale developed by Prof. A.K.P. Sinha and Prof. R. P. Singh. We have studied ‘Adjustment’ by taking three independent variables using F-Anova test with 2x2x2 factorial design.
710 A Study of ‘Work Value’ with Respect To ‘Promotion’ Among Government and Non-Government Employees, Ms. Arpita J.Chavda
Present report represents a study of ‘Work value’ with respect to ‘promotion’ among government and non-government employees. Here we have chosen government and Non-government employee. ‘Work value’ measurement was carried out by using scale developed by Super Donald (2002). We have studied ‘Work value’ by taking three independent variables using F-Anova test with 2x2x2 factorial design.
711 Role of Pseudomonas Species in Bioremediation of Contaminated Soil, Pragya Rathore
The waste released into the environment contaminates the soil and these contaminants are from many industries including petroleum, oil refineries, pharmaceuticals, etc. Out of all, the toxicity of phenol has been widely accepted and their ruinous effects towards human and environment is greatly concerned. Indigenous microorganisms from the xenobiotic polluted soil are excellent tools for the bioremediation of such contaminated soils. Samples were collected from the contaminated soil and the organisms were isolated on the mineral salt medium with no carbon source except phenol. The potential of these isolates was tested for the degradation of phenol and the Pseudomonas species demonstrated the maximum capacity to degrade the phenols. The study was undertaken to observe the effects of in situ isolates on xenobiotic compounds like phenol and to know their effectiveness for bioremediation of such contaminated soils.
712 Contribution of “Ranwata Nisarg ani Paryavaran Sauvardhan Mandal”NGO, in Environmental Protection of Satara District, Dr. M. S. Shinde
The environment is an integral part of human life. The nature fulfills all the requirements of human life. The excessive use of natural resources has created serious environmental problems. They have become the global problems as well as posed serious challenges and threats to all living beings on the earth. The government has made various laws, but these laws are not sufficient to maintain the eco-balance. The NGOs play a vital role in maintaining the balance of nature. The government cannot solve these problems, so the non-governmental organizations have entered in the field of environmental protection and conservation. Moreover, there is a need of creating awareness about the environmental problems and it is necessary to have participation of people, law enforcement and direct action to solve these problems. The GOs and NGOs conduct various activities for the protection and conservation of environment and sustainable development for the survival of society. 'Ranwata' organization has made considerable efforts regarding this.
713 The Role of Naturopathy in the Management of Diabetes, Dr .I. Maria Yesuraja, Ann TressaSabu
Lifestyle diseases are more common as countries become more industrialized and are caused by an inappropriate and non-harmonious relationship of people with their environment. Around the world, diabetes is affecting the health and well-being of alarge volume of people. According to Naturopathy it is a usual metabolic disorder chiefly related to digestive system & functions of liver, though it is commonly believed as a disorder of the pancreas. Whatever may be the cause of or course of the disease it generally brought to control only by a healthy life style. Naturopathic doctors are well-trained and are able to provide patients with excellent individualized treatment options. A comprehensive treatment plan that includes regulated diet, exercise, hydrotherapy, mud therapy and other medications is the best way to regulate blood sugar and manage diabetes. Many scientific studies have validated the use of naturopathic treatments for helping achieve optimal health for diabetics.
714 Religious Rituals of the Mising Tribe of Assam, Dr. Ranjit Kaman
One of the component of the sacred performance mainly performed by the priest or his assistant, where rituals or sacrifice played an very important role to propiate the deities and spirits. The worship and offering are associated with shamanistic performance. The sacred performances are essentially solemn situations of worship those are observed during the sacrifices. Purity is strictly observe in all occasions otherwise the spirits may become displeased and it may be resulted disaster to the persons , family and village concerned. The Mising are second largest tribal community of Assam. They mainly inhabit in the eight district of Upper Assam. Their rich traditional culture distinguished them as separate community from other communities of the region. Since the time immemorial they perform some Uies to propiate their Gods and Goddess. This paper throw light the rites and rituals performed by the Mising in their life cycle and also unfold method followed and food items used for the perform the ritual. The rituals performs to appease two types of spirits-Agam Uie(benevolent) and Pomjir Uie( malevolent)also discussed. It also categorized the sacred performances as individual, family and community. The objective of sacred performance is discussed clearly in this paper. It is thrown light on the role of Mibu(priest) and Satulla(clergy)in their socio-religious life. Domestic animals are very important part in their religious life. After migrating to the plains of Assam, the culture of plain considerably impacted their culture. The penetration of alien culture and it impact on their cultural life minutely discussed in the paper.
715 Water Quality Index of Mansi Ganga, Radha and Shyam Kunds of Govardhan, Mathura, Maheepal Singh, S.K Singh
The present study deals with the analysis of physicochemical parameters such as pH, temperature, color, turbidity, alkalinity, hardness, sulphate, chloride, fluoride, nitrate, phosphate, total suspended solids, total dissolved solids, dissolved oxygen and biochemical oxygen demand and faecal coliforms in water samples of Mansi Ganga, Radha and Shyam kunds in Govardhan at Mathura. The mean value, standard deviation and percentage of coefficient of variance were computed for each parameter and compared with standards stated by World Health Organization (WHO). On comparison, parameters such as color, turbidity, hardness, sulphate, chloride, BOD and COD exceed the WHO limits for all the kunds. Water Quality Index was also calculated to detect the overall water quality. The WQI was found between 45-49 which denotes poor water quality indicating requirement of treatment before consumption and recreational purposes.
716 Effects of Water Borne Iron on Toxicity and Path Physiology of Indian Major Carp – A Review, Biraj Bikash Sharma, Gadadhar Dash, Sk.Sahanawaz Alam, Debajit Chakraborty
Extensive studies have been carried out for the influences of toxic metals on aquatic organisms worldwide. Ferrous iron is considered to be the most toxic form of iron (Fe). Indian major carps (IMC) are most important cultured species in India and it is essential to protect them against metal toxicity. Several studies have been taken up for spawn and fry whereas in case of fingerlings it is scanty. Among the IMC spawn, Mrigal showed least tolerance to Fe followed by Catla and Rohu. In case of Catla fingerling highest mortality was observed at 13 mg l-1 and 15 mg l-1 concentrations. Rohu fingerlings had the lowest mean LC50 concentration for 30-days fish, followed by 60 and 90-days respectively. Physiological evidences indicated that ferrous form of Fe preferentially crosses the apical membrane of both gill and intestine (Ilavazhahan et al., 2010). Accumulation of Fe in liver and kidney was highest in case of Rohu fry compared to Catla and Mrigal. Mrigal showed highest accumulation of Fe in muscle followed by Catla and Rohu. Among spawn, Catla growth was affected most by the Fe concentration followed by Mrigal and Rohu (Debnath, 2011)
717 Repellency and Toxicity of Some Plant Extracts Against Tribolium castaneum (Herbst), SANTA KALITA, R. K. BHOLA
Dichloromethane extract of Lantana camara L., Jatropha curcas L., Calotropis procera Ait. and Datura metel were evaluated for their repellent effects and mortality on the stored grain pest, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst). The plant extracts exhibited significant effects on T. castaneum. Highest repellency (80%) was recorded when 8mg/ml extract from Jatropha curcas was used for 24 hour exposure time against T. castaneum followed by Calotropis procera (72%), Lantana camara (62%) and Datura metel (52%). The extracts showed significant toxic effects against T. castaneum producing higher mortality than the control. J. curcas showed strongest toxicity with LC 50 value of 40mg/g followed by C. procera (46.5mg/g) and L. camara (53mg/g). Of the four extracts studied, D. metel showed the least toxicity with LC 50 value of 66mg/g.
718 Zooplankton Seasonal Abundance in Relation to Physico-Chemical Features in Yelahanka Lake, Bangalore, S. Ramakrishna
Physico-chemical analysis and zooplankton survey of the yelahanka was carried out on monthly basis for the period of one year from April-2013 to March-2014. PH determined alkaline nature of the lake ranging 7.5 to 8.2, Dissolved oxygen was recorded in the range of 3.50 to 4.80 mg/l, while other parameters recorded were alkalinity (180 to 320 mg/l), total Hardness (172 to 290 mg/l), chlorides (110 to 170 mg/l). The nutrients like phosphates and nitrates were at peak in summer and minimum in rainy season. During the study period, total 41 species of zooplankton were identified by four groups such as Rotifera (21 sp), cladocera (6 sp), copepoda (3 sp) and protozoa (11 sp). The highest numbers of zooplanktons were recorded in summer months and lowest in rainy season.
719 A Study on Monthly Variations in Distribution and Diversity of Cladocera Population in Godavari River Water, Kolhe B. G., Shinde S. M.
The current study deals with the monthly variations in the distribution and diversity of Cladocera population in Godavari river water from four different sampling sites (SS) during May 2009 to April 2010. Total six species of Cladocera belonged to six different families and genera were observed during study period. Highest Cladocera populations were recorded in July at sampling site 1.
720 Production of Grape wine by the use of yeast, Saccharomycese cerevisiae, Aakriti Guleria
Present study was done for production of Grape Wine from yeast, Saccharomycese cerevisiae.The production was done in Abhilashi Institute of Life Sciences. Fresh grapes for wine production were taken from nearby shops.Rotten grapes were also taken for isolation of Saccharomycese cerevisiae.Wine is traditionally an alcoholic beverage arising from the fermentation of fruit juice by the action of yeast.Wine was prepared from grape juice as a raw material and Saccharomycese cerevisiae was isolated from rotten part of grapes under laboratory conditions.To study the fermentation process,sample was drawn after an interval of 5 days and microbiological and biochemical characterization was done.For microbial investigation,samples drawn after intervals of 5 days were grown on specific media by serial dilution technique.The microflora grown on specific media was identified by staining techniques.The predominant microorganism identified was yeast, Saccharomycese cerevisiae.It increases gradually due to its tolerance power towards low pH ,high acidity and ethanol content.Biochemical analysis includes pH,total acidity,reducing sugar,ethanol content etc.In the investigation of biochemical aspects,it was concluded that the pH of sample was decreased whereas the titrable acidity of sample was increased during fermentation process. Wine was prepared after 21 days of fermentation
721 Informatization of Education in the Republic of Kazakhstan: Current Status and Future Prospects, B.R.Kaskatayeva
Our research was aimed at determining the influence of a state policy of the Republic of Kazakhstan for informatization of educational process as well as the impactInformation and Communication Technologies (ICT) competence on the formation of highly qualified competitive specialists in various spheres of activity. The study was conducted during 2005-2012. The analysis of education management information system in the Republic of Kazakhstan was made, themonitoring of teaching staff, Internetization, the digital interactive multimedia educational resources (DIMER) was carried out and introduction of "MOODLE"distance learning system was evaluated in this study. The results of our research identified the influence levels of informatization of the educational process in the Republic of Kazakhstan as well as measuresthat should be taken toward the development of educationinformatization.
722 Passengers’ Expectation on Service Quality Dimensions in Domestic Airline Services, Dr.P.BABY
This research paper aimed to measure the passengers’ expectation levels of service quality in the domestic airline services in Tamilnadu against their perceptions levels of the service quality and also to find out the gap between customers’ expectations and their perceptions of the service quality. In this study, the airlines services are classified into three stages such as pre-flight, in-flight and post-flight services. Using a SERVQUAL survey instrument a study was conducted with a sample of 400 by applying proportionate random sampling method. The study found that customers have higher expectations for service quality in domestic airline services.
723 Comparison of Antibacterial Activities of Coelomic Fluid of Local Species of Earthworms of Gulbarga, Dr Shankerappa S.Hatti
Coelomic fluid of earthworm is having bactericidal activity. It was our interest to know the bactericidal activity of the coelomic fluid of Polypheretima elongata,Perionyx sansibaricus and Dichogaster bolaui against pathogenic bacteria like Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas, Proteus, and Bacillus. Polypheretima elongata, Perionyx sansibaricus and Dichogaster bolaui are local species of earthworms present in Gulbarga. Bactericidal activity coelomic fluid of the earthworm was tested among the three species and in comprision with the commercial antibiotics available in the market. The batricidal activity of the coelomic fliud of the earthworm was determined by the zone of inhibition by coelomic fluid of earthworm Polypheretima elongata, Perionyx sansibaricus and Dichogaster bolaui against pathogenic bacterial strains. Our results show that the zone of inhibition varies from species to species, and it is species specific to particular bacteria. It is clear that antibacterial activity is exhibited at different levels by coelomic fluid of Polypheretima elongata,Perionyx sansibaricus and Dichogaster bolaui.The coelomic fliud of Polypheretima elongata exhibited highest bactericidal activity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Perionyx sansibaricus has highest bactericidal activity against Proteus and Pseudomonas.Dichogaster bolaui against Stphylococcus aureus and Bacillus
724 ?urricular Impact of International Trends on the Russian Linguistic Education System, Elena Sokolova
In the context of globalization the promotion of the necessary international dimensions in higher education and research of innovative teaching methods and techniques become relevant. These innovations presuppose not only the reformation of the whole degree system but also the creation of a new curriculum, completely different from the existing one. The traditional teaching approach where the training of practice material is preceded by rule-presentation (explanation + mechanical formoriented practice) doesn’t meet the requirements of constantly developing rational language processing. Contemporary studies are considering the ways how to allow second language learners to be rational in the sense that their mental models of language functioning are the most optimal. This paper outlines current trends in the Russian educational system and cognitive perspectives on second language teaching.
725 Aspirations of Post Graduate Students, K. Shireesha, M.Srikala
Aspiration is defined as the desired future state of being with respect to standards of living, social status, marriage and family, education and career. The participation of post graduate students in agricultural education had been constantly increasing since 2001 which reflects the raising interest of students on research in different disciplines of agriculture offered by Central and State Agricultural Universities. The main objective of the research is to study the aspirations of post graduate students. The total sample selected for the study constituted 120 post graduate students belonging to various divisions. The research findings are 58.33 per cent of the post graduate students had aspired ‘to complete Post Graduation only’; 58.33 per cent of the post graduate students aspired ‘to do State Public Service; 62.50 per cent of post graduate students have aspired only ‘to raise standard of living of family’; 41.67 per cent of the post graduate students have aspirations ‘to prefer as a service provider instead of service man.
726 Analysis of Distribution Channels of Life Insurance Business, Aditya Nath Jha
Distribution channels are systems of economic institutions through which a producer of goods delivers them into the hands of their users. Any sequence of institutions from the producer to the consumer, including none or any number of middlemen is called channel of distribution. Marketing channel is an integral part of the life insurance business. In the liberalized insurance market there are multiple distribution channels to face the competitive market. This Paper is a modest attempt on channel distribution practices used for Insurance businesses in India as well as their impact on the success of this industry
727 Status of Root Rot Disease (Fusarium solani f. sp. phaseoli) of Beans at Gurez in Jammu and Kashmir., Z. A. Badri, Nazir A. Bhat, F.A. Raina
Root rot (Fusarium solani), was found prevalent in all the villages of Gurez with incidence 7.99 to 30.33 % and 9.77 to 36.77 % and intensity 4.61 to 25.03 % and 4.71 to 28.75 % in 2011 and 2012, respectively. The maximum mean disease incidence (17.94 % in 2011 & 33.55 % in 2012) and intensity (13.46 in 2011 & 26.89 % in 2012) was recorded in village Wanpora of lower Gurez and minimum mean disease incidence (8.88 & 14.38 % include similarly) and intensity (4.66 & 11.67 %) was recorded in village Gujran of upper Gurez. Both the root rot incidence and intensity increased with crop growth stage in both the years.
728 Public-Private Participation in Higher Education; An Introspection on The Quality Delivery and of Social Inclusion., Prince.TC
It is my earnest attempt to view the public-private venture in Indian higher education through the prisms of quality delivery and of social inclusion of marginalized sections; and furthermore, whether the collaboration acts as a catalyst for an organized upward social mobility? While this is the case, (PPP model) what is the role of the government and its various agencies in sustaining the very objectives of the University Grants Commission such as expansion, equity and excellence of higher education? The strategic role of private sector in Indian higher education The public-private partnership involves long lasting relationships between these sectors and both are equally benefiting out of the venture. Many countries in the world over have successfully been experimented this partnership model in different sectors including health, education, telecom, banking, construction etc. Indian higher education, on the one hand is undergoing a phase of apprehension-cantered transition, as opportunities along with required standard of facilities on a wide variety of subjects remain disproportionate to the number of students eligible for higher studies, followed by irregular funding; and on the other hand is a series of crisis ranging from policy-paralysis to implementation delay and from autonomy to assessment as well. The private sector now accounts for nearly 64% of the total institutions for higher education and 59% of total student enrolment of higher education in India. We therefore should not omit the role and contribution of private sector side by side with public sector for the sustained growth of Indian higher education system , in general and of professional education , in particular. The very debut of private- stake in Indian higher education therefore, seeks mainly to address two extremes of problem that policy bottle-neck and financial bottle neck. The quality delivery and social inclusion of Indian higher education The public-private partnerships in higher education are often found of not fulfilling the mandatory provisions of India, including quality delivery of services against international standards and inclusion of weaker sections –SC/ST/OBC, minorities and physically disabled population, as well. For the better quality assurance, it is inevitable to make a shift of criteria for measuring the effectiveness of higher education from traditional point of view (teaching, research and community services) to modern point of view (market ready work force, the conducive input support system with a modern outlook for academic improvements and research &teaching capabilities with world class quality retention).
729 Higher Education and Women Participation in India, ARCHANA.RENJU
In the words of Mahatma Gandhi, " If you educate the man, you educate the person but if you educate the woman, you educate the nation". Women are part of our socio-economic system. They up hold our rich cultural and traditional values as they have a strong bond with the society. Their progress is often equated with the nation's progress and therefore, their participation in development activities of the societies is always a concern. The educational background of a woman has a direct bearing on her development. One can see that there is a great disparity in the distribution of women's employment between urban and rural areas.Formulating laws and policies are not enough as it is seen that most of the times these laws and policies just remain for the inaugural of the event. The ground situation on the other hand just remains the same and in many instances worsens further. Addressing the malice of gender discrimination of Higher Education in India, it becomes a long drawn battle for empowerment against powerful structural forces in the society. Education is the nourishment of the mind with knowledge and as such it helps in the formation of an integrated personality of an individual. Higher education in India has witnessed an impressive growth over the years. Clearly, for the government, it necessarily has to pool the energies and resources needed to promote female education at all educational levels. Most Indian women do accept their traditional role of dependency on male relatives. But with the possibility of economic independence, through respectable employment, it becomes a reality for women. In this paper I shall delineate the extracts of Indian women participation in higher education. The implications of gender inequality gap under this purview shall also be discussed. Suggestions shall be cited eventually to accelerate the participation of women in higher education in India
730 An Observational Study on Millennial Trends and its Impact on Organizational Change, Mrs.R.SONA, Mrs.G.MURALIMANOHARI
Millennial, the current generation, were born between 1980 and 2000. The learning styles, attitudes, and approaches of millennial differ from those of previous generations and this throws number of challenges to the corporate world towards how to accommodate the differences into account when designing the job. Thus this article brings out the picture of general characteristics, expectations of millennial and recommendations on how they can be managed at workplace based on the observation of 300 millennial employees at Coimbatore City. The research findings throw light on aspects such as myths on millennial that influence the organizations and suggest how organizations shall utilize these talents for mutual growth.
731 ''Bhartiy Shahity Me Vegnanik Evam Samajik Chetna: Ek Adhyatmik Adhyayan'', Shalini Yadav, Renu Gupta, Rajesh Dubey, Kanchan
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732 A Study of Effective Modern Marketing Methods & their Impact on Consumer, Jitendra Kumar Singh, Manvendra Singh, Amit Gupta, Rajesh Dubey
Marketing, more than any other business function deals with customer. It revolves around the customer. Building relationship based on customer value and satisfaction is at the very heart of modern marketing. The pricing strategies adopted the promotional tools selected; the design, shape and size of the product and the place of sales etc. are all decided after finding out the lifestyle, culture, buying habits and media consumption habits etc, of all customers. Marketing links producers and consumers together for mutual benefits production will be meaningless if goods produced are not supplied to consumers through appropriate marketing mechanism. When we saw around us we find marketing in advertisements that fill our T.V. spice up our magazines, stuff our mailbox or enliven our web pages. At home, at school, where we play, and where we work. We came across the marketing in almost everything that we do. Behind it all is a massive network of people and activities competing for our attention and purchases.
733 The Study of Direct Selling Management Strategies and Consumer Behavior an Example of the Companies in India, Manish Singh Sengar, Dr. Piyush Kant Srivastava, Rajesh Dubey
Companies in a variety of industries often use sales& selling to dispose of unsold capacity. Although this may generate incremental in a short term,the long-term consequences of such a strategy are not immediately obvious: more discountedlast-minute tickets may lead to more consumers anticipating the discount and delaying thepurchase rather than buying at the regular (higher) prices, and hence potentially reducingrevenues for the company. To mitigate such behavior, many service providers have turned toopaque intermediaries such as hotwire.com that hide many descriptive attributes of the service so that the buyer cannot fully predict the ultimateservice provider. Using a stylized economic model, this paper attempts to explain and comparethe benefits of lastminute sales directly to consumers vs. through an opaque intermediary.
734 A Study of Multi-Level Plans and Scheme, Rajesh Kumar Srivastava, Dr. Piyush Kant Srivastava, Rajesh Dubey
Concern for decentralized planning with people’s participation in India is as old as planning itself. The first Plan document is eloquent on it and has emphasized that planning from below with people’s participation helps efficient utilization of resources and more equitable distribution of benefits. However, the attempt for decentralized planning was sporadic. Decentralized planning received increased attention with the 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments which made planning a mandatory function of local bodies. The democratic base widened after 1993 enabling horizontal planning and implementation. Planning now is done at many layers of government - Centre, State, district, block, village, and municipality. Thus, now we practice multi-level planning. Local bodies at sub-State level come under the decentralized multi-level planning framework.
735 Emotional Intelligence in Retail Banking Employee, Shikha Shekhar, Dr. Amit Gupta, RajeshDubey
The aim of the current research paper is to assess the factors of customer perceived value in the retail banking sector during the period of economic recession. The research method involved the survey conducted with 200 retail customers of commercial banks in Lithuania. In addition, this research specifically examines the perception of value in the transitional economy. The study results revealed that in the period of economic recession the dimensions of emotional (affective) value (i.e., the relia¬bility and security of bank, good psychological climate when contacting with bank personnel) and functional value (i.e., the quality of service provision, the competence of contact personnel) are rated higher by customers. Meanwhile, the factors of social value (i.e., the established long-term relationship, personal beliefs, social integration, the opinion and recommendations of relatives, acquaintances and/or friends) are rated lower.
736 Bending Stress and Deformation Analysis of Spur Gear by Fem, Sachindra Kumar, Anjani Kumar Singh, Nitesh Kumar, Sushil Patel, Ajit Kumar
This research work on characteristics of an involute gear system including, bending stresses of gears in mesh. Gearing is one of the most critical components in a mechanical power transmission system, and in most industrial rotating machinery. The variations of the whole gear body stiffness arising from the gear body rotation due to bending deflection, shearing displacement and contact deformation. Many different positions within the meshing cycle were investigated. Transmission error is considered to be one of the main contributors to noise and vibration in a gear set. Transmission error measurement has become popular as an area of research on gears and is possible method for quality control. To estimate transmission error in a gear system, the characteristics of involute spur gears were analyzed by using the finite element method. The contact stresses were examined using 2-D FEM models. The bending stresses in the tooth root were examined using a 3-D FEM model.
Lignin degradation was done by several microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi and cyanobacteria. Cyanobacteria are a photosynthetic nitrogen fixing group that survive in wide variety of habitats (soil, rock and water) and abate various kinds of pollutants. Hence, the study was carried out to analyse the degradation process of coir pith by a fresh water cyanobacterium (Oscillatoria annae) and examine various parameters.
738 Ethical & Legal Issues In Medical Genetics: A review article, Bandopadhyay Debasis Lt Col
Background: Ethical issues in human genetics poses more challenges because genetic identity impinges not only on the individual but also on the extended family and society in general. The fundamental ethical principles of autonomy (self determination), beneficence (to do good), non maleficence (not to harm) and justice (fairness for patient) are not absolute and limitations arise due to conflicts amongst the principles. Hence an acceptable ethical framework needs to be worked out that would balance the principles against each other. Practical approach to ethics in medical genetics: Ethical issues need to be considered if the benefits are maximised and the harms minimised from the increasing ability to use genetic testing to analyse an individual’s genetic information. The ethical issues generally arise from: The shared nature and ownership of genetic information. The doctor’s ethical responsibilities include balancing the privacy and confidentiality of the individual and prevention of harm to others. In patients of balanced translocations and X-linked recessive disorders confidentiality cannot be limited to the patient (the right to complete confidentiality has to be partially breached) and necessary disclosure has to be made to close family relatives who must understand carrier status (that they could be also carriers) & therefore the risk of having affected baby. Limitations of genetic testing. The genetic tests are diagnostic (prenatal and newborn screening) and predictive (for late onset dominant autosomal disorders). The prenatal and screening tests should aim to provide maximum information to the patient so that they can make an “informed choice” of having a baby. Treatment options are limited for genetic disorders and moreover these diagnostic tests cannot predict the severity and the age of onset of the disease. To inform a child about adult onset dominant autosomal disorders will be unethical as it leads to social discrimination and should ideally be postponed till the child reaches the age of consent. Ethical issues experienced in the application of human genetics technologies. The possibility of misuse of gene therapy for the purpose of eugenics, commercial exploitation of the donor mother in cases of “three parent babies” and conceiving “savior babies” through pre-implantation genetics tests are future ethical challenges. Patenting of genes. A gene patent is a patent on a specific isolated gene sequence, its chemical composition, the processes for obtaining or using it. It is a constant ethical issue as to who owns the tissue (genes) – the patient or the laboratory. Patents act under Section 3C of Indian law states a gene is “patentable” only if it is “recombinant”. Conclusion: There are no easy or correct solutions for difficult ethical problems in medical genetics. With new discoveries new ethical dilemmas will emerge. Medical genetics community has to ensure that interests of their patients & families take precedence.
739 Use of Cotton Meal (De-Oiled Cake) During Composting And Mushroom Production, Dr. Parveen Garg
Considering the constraints due to unavailability of uniform quality chicken manure in local market, three different combinations of wheat and Cotton meal (de-oiled cake) were tested for their ability to affect yield and cost of production of Button Mushroom (Agaricus bisporus). Compost was prepared by mixing 18, 22 and 25% Cotton meal with wheat straw by short method of composting. 80% chicken manure with wheat straw was the control. All the ingredients composted for 18 days of two phases composting using tunnel for peak heating as advocated by Shandilya et al, 1976, fresh grain spawn was obtained from Bharat Mushrooms, Delhi, India. Formaldehyde treated casing soil (2:1 mixture of 2 year old farm yard manure and garden soil) was used for casing of beds. The results indicate that all the combinations affected yield and proved to be promising factors for low cost production of mushroom. Combination with 22% Cotton meal gave the maximum production of Mushroom (226 Kg/ton of compost).
740 Evaluation on the Effect of Mutation of FKS1 Gene in Candida albicans Strains Resistant to Caspofungin in Iran, Leila Fozouni,Dr Mansour Bayat
Candida albicans has an instable resistance to common anti-fungal medicines,which is mainly because of fluctuations in the structural and regulatory genes of the fungus. The present study aims to investigate the anti-fungal effects of caspofungin on clinical strains of Candida albicans . Different tests were taken to identify Candida albicans yeast.The gene regions of samples were enhanced by 514 bp using PCR method. Sequencing was then conducted on 6 PCR products.Upon reviewing PCR products, it was found out that the protein sequence in 35 isolates were similar to the wild type of Candida albicans; while the protein sequence was changed in 6 isolates and the main changes were diagnosed in serine 645 position in FKS1 gene.In the present study, it was found out that major point mutations in the serine 645 position in FKS1 gene leads to the resistance of Candida albicans strains to caspofungin.
741 Histomorphological Study on cornea and sclera of the adult Surti Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis), Malsawmkima,Barhaiya, R. K.,Vyas, Y. L, Bhayani, D. M
The present studywas conducted on 10 pairs of eye balls to study the histomorphological structures of cornea and sclera. The cornea was composed of four layers such as (i) Anterior epithelium (ii) Corneal stroma (iii) Descemet’s membrane and (iv) Endothelium. The sclera was composed of three layers such as (i) episclera (ii) sclera proper (iii) lamina fusca. The mean value of the total thickness of the cornea was 798.607±69.17 µm at the periphery and it was 789.13±64.20 µm at the center.The micrometrical mean values of the thickness of the sclera at the periphery was 445.96±23.05 µm and that of the center was 856.95±33.84 µm.
742 in Vitro Pharmacological Studies of Some 6, 8-Dibromo Quinazolin-4(3H) Ones Derivatives, N.B. Patel,G. G. Barat
Some nitrogen containing 6, 8-dibromoquinazolin-4(3H) one derivatives were synthesized by the base catalyzed cyclisation of acrylamide with phenyl hydrazine hydrate. The structural confirmation of the synthesized compounds was carried out on the basis of elemental analysis, IR and NMR spectra results. The title compounds were screened for antibacterial and antifungal activities in vitro.
743 Analytical Study of Body Mass Index and selected Physical fitness Variables between Rural and urban School going Girl students, Upma Bhagat
The purpose of the study was in relation to rural and urban students where the body mass index and selected physical fitness variables were analyse. A total of 50 girl students 25 rural and 25 urban school going girl students which were selected from the Govt. middle school Shahbad(batala) ,H.P.P.girls school dhariwal ,and S.G.A.D.khalsa senior secondary school (burj sahib) dhariwal (gurdaspur) (Punjab) India. They were not given any physical training before taking body mass index and physical fitness variables test. After the selection of 50 girl students who had their age ranging from 12-15 years studying in different classes i.e. 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th they were administered tests on selected criterion variables. The body mass index and selected Physical Fitness variables were speed, agility, strength (right and left hand grip, leg strength). Which were tested on rural and urban school going girl students. To compare body mass index and selected Physical fitness variables among rural and urban school going girl students mean, standard deviation and t-test were employed with the help of statistical package of SPSS. To test the hypothesis the significance level was set at 0.05 percent.
744 Impact of Organization culture on Business Performance in India, PROF. INDUBHAI B PATEL
This paper explores the relationship between the structure and culture of an organization. The starting assumption is that organizational structure and organizational culture impact each other, and that there is a causal relationship due to which the agreement of the two components of organization leads to better performance. First, the mechanism through which organizational culture impacts the design of organizational structures and the manner in which organizational structure affects the maintenance, strengthening or changing of organizational culture is explained at the conceptual level. Then, based on the known classifications of organizational structure and culture, they are put into a relationship of direct mutual interdependence. This is done by generating hypotheses about the agreement of particular types of organizational culture and particular types of organizational structure.
745 Tools In Data Mining for the Use of Business Applications And Research, R.SUBALAKSHMI
Data mining tools predict future trends and behaviors, allowing businesses to make proactive, knowledge-driven decisions. Data mining tools can answer business questions that traditionally were too time consuming to resolve. They scour databases for hidden patterns, finding predictive information that experts may miss because it lies outside their expectations.In western countries and in Asia, companies and governments are using data mining to make great discoveries .This paper presents an overview of the data mining tools like Weka, Rapid Miner, Orange.
746 Food Selection and Financial Management Practices of Married Female Secondary School Teachers in Delta State of Nigeria, BRIDGET UYOYOU NORA IMONIKEBE,EZE NGOZI
Human and material resources available to each family are limited and as such have to be adequately managed in order to meet their needs. Income allocated to feeding must be properly managed if the family is to be well fed to maintain good nutritional and health status. The study investigated the food selection and financial management practices of married female secondary school teachers in Delta State of Nigeria. The sample for the study was made up of 150 female teachers. Questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. The data was analyzed by computing the percentages, mean, standard deviation and variance of each item. The followings were identified as the major food selection and financial management practices of the teachers. Selection of foods in season, selection of good quality foodstuffs, purchasing of alternative but rich food items, purchasing of foodstuffs directly from wholesalers, making purchases on market days when prices of foodstuffs are usually low. Aavoidance of impulse buying, purchasing of more of foods in season; adequate bargaining before purchase of foodstuffs from market; engaging in bulk purchase. It was recommended amongst others that the female teachers should attend workshops/seminars on Consumer Education and effective financial management programmes.
747 Corporate Scams and its Impact on Indian Economy: A Case on ‘Saradha Chit Fund’ , Prof. (Dr.) Sreekumar Ray
Scam and India are two sides of a coin. Since independence India has been attacked by few Indians having unholy nexus with Government machineries. It has been observed that always the high profile Government officials are involved hand in hand with the corrupt people who are engaged in scams. These include financial, political, or corporate scams. Few scams are 2G scam in 2008, Satyam scam in 2009, and Coal scam in 2012, Saradha Chit Fund scam in 2013. If the total amount of the scam would have been channelized in to the capital market, India would have been the permanent member of trillion dollar club long before 2007 and would have been the leader in the world capital market. In 2013 the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Government of India, has published a list of bogus chit funds operating all over India. It is found that more than 80% (72 out of 86) are operating actively in West Bengal. So the state West Bengal has got the disgusting title of 'Ponzi capital of India'. Here an effort has been made to examine the details of Saradha Chit Fund scam.
748 Influence of Emotional Intelligence on Teaching Learning Process , S. SUMITHRA,Dr. M. PARIMALA FATHIMA
This study is an attempt to discuss the role of emotion in learning process. Emotions are important for generating energy around the concept, for building commitment to goals, and for developing high-performing learners .Students who have positive experiences during the learning process generate positive emotions leading to the retaining of information effectively, and thereby they feel pride to continue to learning. Teachers will understand how their students’ emotions affect their learning. . Teachers will understand the need to make judgments during the periods when emotions are interfering with or supporting learning
749 Application of Multi-Criteria Method in Construction Material Selection, Orkun ALPTEKÄ°N
In selection of construction materials and products, there are many criteria that should be considered according to the characteristics of them. These criteria also change according to the needs and alternatives. Therefore, material selection in construction is one of the important decision-making problems. In decision making problems, there are a few of multi- criteria decision methods that can be used in solving problems. Each of these methods uses numeric techniques to help decision makers choose among a discrete set of alternative decisions. This is achieved on the basis of the impact of the alternatives on certain criteria and thereby on the overall utility of the decision makers. In choice of which method can be used, it is important to have an understanding of the comparative value between the alternatives. In this article by examining the multi criteria methods, which ones should be used to choose the best material in different conditions is examined and by associating the material selection and multi criteria decision methods a flow diagram for material selection is proposed.
750 The Lost ‘Africanah’ in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s Americanah, Sajna P
In the novel Americanah (2013), Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, looks into the Nigerian immigrant experience in the United States and Britain. The novel adopts a non-linear narrative structure focusing on the life of the protagonists, Ifemelu and Obinze. The novel is a critique on the dependence of the Nigerian elite on overpriced American and European trends. The paper discovers the status of Lagos- whether it is a heaven of capitalist enterprising or an unequal city illustrative of the lack of equity wrought by capitalism’s iron fist. The African and Nigerian nationalist sentiments are portrayed in the characters. Race and immigrant experience of poverty, xenophobia, and cross-cultural learning teach Ifemelu and Obinze to not place American lifestyles on a pedestal above that of their own local, Nigerian identities. The novel renders a sense of dislocation felt by both characters in two countries with wholly different histories and class structures.
751 Nawalgarh Haveli Paintings: a Theme Depended on the Partial Avataras, Dr. Madan Lal Rajyora
Wall painting as an art genre enjoyed great popularity in India starting in the 2nd century B.C., but attaining its pinnacle only in the 6th century A.D., with the splending paintings of Ajanta and then others. In the 16-17th centuries they underwent a vigorous revival and played an important role in the decoration of the royal palaces, in the homes of the noble and rich, in temples and cenotaphs. Unfornmately the inveterate Indian custom of periodically 'renovating' the decoration of homes and temples by repainting them or drastically erasing parts of them is leading to the destruction of important works of art from the past. The aim of the present book is also to document the serious damage caused to this Indian artistic heritage. The earliest examples of Indian painting, that we find evidence of, are on the walls of some of the caves in the Kaimur Range of Central India, Vindhya Hills and some places in Uttar Pradesh. Nawalgarh is a town in Jhunjhunu district of Indian state Rajasthan. It is part of the Shekhawati region and is midway between Jhunjhunu and Sikar. Nawalgarh is famous for its fresco and havelis and considered as Golden City of Rajasthan. It is also the motherland of some great business families of India. The theme of the wall painting or frescoes decorating the beautiful “havelis” of Shekhawati region has changed over a period of time. In the earlier days at the time of its inception, mythology dominated the themes of frescoes, which shows the local legends, animal, portraits, hunting and wrestling. But a century later there was a change in the theme of the paintings to reflect the British influence in Indian culture. The traditional subjects were replaced by cars, trains, balloons, telephones, gramophones, men in suits hunting and portraits of havili owners immaculately dressed.
752 Trade of Human Eggs- a Current Trend of Reproductive Organ Trafficking, Mrs. Pyali Chatterjee,Debmita Mondal
Commercial Surrogacy has become one of the most flourishing industries for revenue generation. A direct impact is the increased trafficking of women and children from the entire world to meet the demand of their supply in such industries and mostly the victims of such crimes are from the poor societies of the world. For the process of Gestational Surrogacy, surrogate mother as well as egg donor is required and the egg should not belong to surrogate mother. The procedure of egg removal involves various severe side-effects because of the use of Synthetic Hormones and sometimes results in death of the egg donor. An infamous example of such dire consequence of egg removal is the Romanian Scandal in 2009 and the death case of Sushma Pandey of India, in 2010. Such instances grabbed the attention of the researchers, lawyers, medical professionals and human right activists universally and important questions relating to law regarding right and life of the egg donors and their trafficking are being raised and debated. The lack of laws and guidelines both at international and national level, for the removal of human eggs for surrogacy, is one of the reasons for victimization of egg donors. Neither the World Health Organization’s “Draft Guiding Principles on Human Organ Transplantation”, nor The Transplantation of Organs Act, 1994 in India deals with transplant and trade of human eggs. Even the ART Bill, 2008 of India is silent on this issue. Thus there is a need felt for international and national laws regulating removal of eggs and its trade for Commercial Surrogacy. The authors in this paper aim to survey the existing literature and propose appropriate guidelines and strict laws for the same.
753 A Gap Analysis on Regulation of Collective Investment Schemes in India, ISHAAN GEORGE,RUKMA GEORGE
The Securities and Exchange Board of India was created to promote, regulate and protect the securities market as also the investors thereon and to this end it was vested with statutory powers. The increasing complexity of the financial markets witnessed in the eighties unravelled financial schemes that defrauded investors by promising exorbitantly high returns on their principal investment. It was in response to these Ponzi Schemes that the SEBI formulated regulations encompassing Collective Investment Schemes (CIS) that specifically characterised a unique manner of financial manipulations. However, a decade after its inception, CIS seems to be an uncontrollable behemoth wreaking havoc in an unregulated financial environment, the recent scams in the financial market bearing testimony to this. This submission seeks to briefly showcase what CIS is, and how they are regulated as whilst simultaneously studying the impact of the 2014 Securities Laws (Amendment) Act.
754 Margins of Mumbai: a Study on Representation of Margin in Jeet Thayil’s Narcopolis, Veena S
The study tries to analyze the representation of minority in Jeet Thayil’s Narcopolis against the tradition of Bombay novels. It performs a thematic study on the novel and also the representation of the androgynous protagonist.
755 Effectiveness assessment of labor preinduction using a Foley catheter in patients with unripe cervices, Agnieszka Maria Bien, Grazyna Stochmal, Grazyna Jolanta Iwanowicz-Palus,Maria Bozena Wawrzycka
Aim. The purpose of the study is to assess the effectiveness of labor preinduction using a Foley catheter in patients with unripe cervices. Methods. The study was based on the analysis of medical records of patients who underwent labor in the Maternity Ward of St. John of God Autonomous Public Provincial Hospital in Lublin (Poland). The course of labor was analyzed in 176 patients who had undergone Foley catheter labor preinduction. Results. Mean increase in Bishop score – 3.85 ± 1.62; mean increase in dilation – 1.06 ± 0.54; mean change in effacement – 0.82 ± 0.52. The mean time between catheter removal and delivery was 6 hours 6 minutes. Conclusion. Differences in values before and after preinduction are observed across all the components of the Bishop score. Using a Foley catheter in labor preinduction allows for a vaginal delivery, and does not increase the rate of cesarean sections or perinatal complications.
756 Relationship Between Leadership Aspects And Employee Retention in Information Technology Organizations, Shaji.Y,Dr.Kinslin. D
Employee attrition has been a serious concern across industries in today’s world. India being a central integral part of the IT services provider, in recent times has been hit by a severe setback associated with employee attrition. With the tremendous growth in the Information Technology arena in India, employees are exposed to greater opportunities which attract employees that they do not look to stay in an organization for a longer period. Line managers (leaders/managers/supervisors)part in retaining the employees have become the highlight off late that organizations have started to encourage the line manager to help them retaining their employees. This research tries to identify the relationship between various leadership aspects and the employee’s willingness to be retained in the organization. This research concludes that there exists a strong and positive relationship between various leadership aspects of line managers and the willingness of the employees to be retained. With some additional effort that line managers can put on the leadership aspects, they get to retain their employees.
757 Entrepreneurial Support and its Relation to Levels of Success, Dr. Habib-ur-Rahman,Dr. H. Ramananda Singh
Micro, Small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) play significant roles in creating jobs and contributing to countries export and growth of GDP. Apart from personality traits, knowledge and skills; support factors also play important role in the process of making successful entrepreneur. It is important for the researcher to know whether there is any relationship between the levels of entrepreneurial support and levels of success. This paper proposes to examine the levels of entrepreneurial support, levels of success and the relationship between levels of support and their levels of success. A representative sample of 85 entrepreneurs is selected from Assam using multistage random sampling method. A well structured questionnaire is used to collect the data. Appropriate statistical tools are used to analyse the data. The study reveals that there is significant relationship between entrepreneurs’ levels of support and their levels of success.
758 Higher Dimensional cosmological Models with Accelerated Expansion in Lyra’s Geometry, PRATIMA OJHA, R.K.DUBEY
In this paper we have constructed a higher dimensional (m+1 dimensional) spherically symmetric cosmological model in Lyra’s geometry. FRW models of the universe have been studied in the cosmological theory based on Lyra’s manifold. Exact solutions of the field equation are obtained with constant acceleration parameters. Some physical properties of the models are also discussed.
759 Telememonitoring in Cystic Fibrosis: Treatment’s Adherence and Economical Evaluation in a Period of Three Years, Bella, Sergio,Murgia, Fabrizio.,Bianciardi Valassina, Maria Francesca,Cilli, Mirella
We examined data related to Adherence to telemonitoring in our Cystic Fibrosis patients followed at home for a period of 3 years. We tested the possible presence of a saving for Italian National Health Service. We kept electronic records of transmissions, in spreadsheet format. A summary of the activities was carried out automatically. A monthly average percentage of Adherence to prescribed frequency of transmissions is calculated. We performed an economic analysis of the costs for patients followed at home by telemonitoring, recalled under suspicion of acute pulmonary recurrence. We received, from February,15 2010 to May,31 2013, 2097 data transmissions overall. The average compliance in the reporting period was 28,86%, with increasing trend. We calculated a saving compared to traditional home care of €5.320,33 /year/patient. We conclude that the improvement of outcome in FC necessarily passes through an improvement of the Adherence to treatment. The presence of an economic advantage is once again, although not significant. More controlled psychological and behavioral studies are needed to establish the real long-term effectiveness of the use of Telehomecare in CF.
760 A Study on Internal Fixation Versus Primary Hemiarthroplasty in Unstable Intertrochanteric Fractures in Elderly Patients., Dr. Kevin Rajesh Choksey,Dr. H.P. Bhalodiya,Dr. Z.M.Patel,Dr. Kalpesh Mehta,Dr. Yusuf A harmal,Dr. Rahul R.Parmar
DHS may result in cut-out,instability, & delayed weight bearing. For unstable osteoporotic trochanteric fractures, hemiarthroplasty can transfer axial load from hip to middle femur. Between 2012 & 2013, 20 patients underwent hemiarthroplasty using a cemented bipolar prosthesis. 30 patients underwent internal fixation using a DHS. There were no significant differences between 2 groups in terms of sex, age, fracture type, Singh index, follow-up period,rate of complications and functional evaluation after 6 months. Hemiarthroplasty patients were allowed full weight bearing significantly earlier. Among hemiarthroplasty, 2 infections, 1 foot drop, 1 dislocation and among internal fixation group, complications were 2 lag screw cut outs, 2 nonunions, 1 avascular necrosis, 2 deep seated infections. Harris hip score in hemireplacement was 83% and 71% in fixation.To allow earlier postoperative weight-bearing & to avoid excessive collapse at the fracture site, prosthesis is a good option. In unstable IT fractures, early complications are less with hemiarthroplasty
761 Papillary Carcinoma of Breast – a Rare Entity , Dr. Debish Anand,Dr. Priyanka Jadhav,Dr. Ali Reza Shojai,Dr. Raviraj Jadhav
Papillary carcinoma is a rare form of breast carcinoma seen mostly in post menopausal women, easily misdiagnosed as fibroadenoma. These tumors rarely attain a size greater than 3 cm. We present the case of a 65 years old postmenopausal female who presented with a complaint of a lump in left breast which gradually increased to present size in upper outer quadrant since 2 years. FNAC reports suggested it to be fibroadenoma. Lumpectomy was done and specimen was sent for histopathological examination (HPE). HPE report suggested intraductal papilloma with foci of low grade papillary carcinoma. Modified radical mastectomy was done. 2 nodules measuring 0.4 cm in size was seen in axillary region with similar histopathological findings as that in lumpectomy specimen. The patient is on regular follow up.
762 Osteoporosis and Osteopenia in Pre and Post Menopausal Women – a Cross-Sectional Study, Dr. M. A. Q. Ansari,Dr. M. Asif Ali
A cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the prevalence of osteoporosis and Osteopenia in pre and post menopausal women by measuring their bone mineral density. A total of 350 women were enrolled for the study, of whom 190 were pre menopausal and 160 were post menopausal. BMD was measured by Ultrasound attenuation in the calcaneus bone. T-scores were used to categorise subjects into normal, osteoporosis and Osteopenia based on WHO criteria. It was observed that, of all the subjects recruited for the study 39.4%(n=138) were osteoporotic, 49.4%(n=173) were osteopenic and only 11.2%(n=39) had normal BMD. The prevalence of osteoporosis was high(71.2%) in post menopausal women whereas Osteopenia was found to be more(72.1%) in pre menopausal women. There is a need to study the risk factors associated with high prevalence of osteoporosis in post menopausal women and take preventive measures at an early age in pre menopausal women to reduce the incidence of this metabolic bone disease and the morbidity associated with it.
763 Study of Elongated Styloid Process in Dry Human Skulls and its Clinical Importance., Dr. Pinky R. Chauhan,Dr. Taruna V. Rathod,Dr. Astha A. Jain,Dr. Maulik D. Patel,Dr. Dipali J. Trivedi,Dr. T.C.Singel
Aim and Objective: The objective of present study is to know the incidence of elongated styloid process and to determine the average length of styloid process. Materials & Method: .The present study was conducted on 110 dry human skulls of unknown age and sex taken from Anatomy Department at B. J. Medical College, Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad and GMERS Medical college, Gandhinagar. Results: Out of 110 unknown dry human skulls, 16(14.5%) had elongated styloid process. Conclusion: Knowledge from the present study will be helpful to the clinicians, dentists and otolaryngologists for treatment of Eagle’s syndrome.
764 Non-Formal Education, the New Pluralist and Functional Alternative in the Educational Process, Elena Moldovan
The study tries to show that now, in the beginning of the third millennium, education will be forced to diversify the seeking of optimal, present and perspective solutions that can respond to the new challenges with which the human civilization is faced with. Education cannot offer definitive solutions or treatments. It is dynamic and in continuous motion as is social life itself. Often enough, education itself becomes a tool, a source of inequalities, a source of “social and cultural reproduction”, a source of social, ethnic and religious “fractures:, sometimes being quite conservative. Non-formal education is one of the major tools for teachers, regional and local communities and the state for ensuring a deep social cohesion and forming action of a new open and flexible attitude towards the international community and other nations. It is why the role of the latter must be revised and the strength of education – non-formal included – be recaptured in a globalised world. The study has pedagogical optimism and trust in the power of the renowned education to which every success becomes problematic.
765 Anthropogenic Activities on Grassland Ecosystem in Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, South India, Tamil Nadu, A. Agnes Deepa,C. Gunasekaran, M.Elanchezhian. B
Grassland represents a widespread vegetation type at the world scale and it support critical habitat, wildlife migration corridors, and important habitat links between riparian areas and mountains. According to a rough estimate, about 282 taxa of grasses occur in the Nilgiri district of which about 130 is reported from the shola-grasslands. 33 of these are endemics of which 8 species are found only in the Nilgiri. Grasslands also have an enormous number of insects. Anthropogenic fires are a common feature of the shola grassland as the indigenous communities, mainly the Tribal peoples burned the grassland to enhance the productivity and augment fodder for their buffalo and cattle herds. Much of the grassland ecosystem has been burned naturally, probably from fires sparked by lightning. The maintenance of these grasslands is essential to safeguard the interests of indigenous communities and well-being of natural biota. This study summarizes the present conservation issues in the grasslands and presents future prospects for the conservation and management of the grasslands in the study area.
766 Analysis and General Solution of Normal Equations for Five Associate Class PBIB Designs, Davinder Kumar Garg,Gurinder Pal Singh
With the availability of the general solution of the normal equations in the intra – block analysis of PBIB designs, it becomes very easy to get the estimates of various treatment effects and also to get the estimates of different elementary treatment contrasts. In this paper, we have attempted to find the general solution of the normal equations in the intra – block analysis of PBIB designs having five associate classes which is not available in the available literature. Here, we have provided the general solution of normal equations of PBIB designs with five associate classes by solving five normal equations simultaneously and get the efficiencies factors for five kinds of comparisons as well as average efficiency factor (A.E.F).
767 Novel Architecture for Delay Reduction in the Back Pressure Scheduling Algorithm, Anjaneyulu Mittapalli,M.Srilekha
Back-pressure-based adaptive routing algorithms where each packet is routed along a possibly different path have been extensively studied in the literature. However, such algorithms typically result in poor delay performance and involve high implementation complexity. In this paper, we develop a new adaptive routing algorithm built upon the widely studied back-pressure algorithm. We decouple the routing and scheduling components of the algorithm by designing a probabilistic routing table that is used to route packets to per-destination queues. The scheduling decisions in the case of wireless networks are made using counters called shadow queues. The results are also extended to the case of networks that employ simple forms of network coding. In that case, our algorithm provides a low-complexity solution to optimally exploit the routing–coding tradeof
768 Effect of Bael (Aegle Marmelos) and Giloy (Tinospora Cordifolia) Alone and in Combination on Growth and Feed Conversion of Broiler Chicks., Singh Ajay,Kaushik, P.K.,Yadav, P.K,Yadav.P
In an attempt to determine effect of incorporation of herbs i.e., Bael (Aeglemarmelos) and Giloy (Tinospora cordifolia) alone and in combination at different levels in the ration of broilers to assess the effect of feeding of herbs alone and in combination as feed additive on growth and feed conversion of broilers, a feeding trial of six weeks was conducted, using Bael, Giloy and their combination at 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 % levels, using 300 broiler chicks (cobb-400) in completely randomized block design. The experimental starter and finisher rations contained 22.40 and 21.10% C.P, respectively. The body weight, body weight gain, feed consumption, feed conversion ratio, were recorded for all ten treatment groups.Significant effect of dietary treatments i.e., incorporation of Bael, Giloy and their combination at different levels on body weight, body weight gain were observed whereas on feed consumption, feed conversion ratio the effect was revealed to be non significant.The findings of present study in respect of all parameters included in the study indicated that incorporation of Bael and Giloy alone and in combination could be effective in the ration of broiler chicks without any adverse effect on growth and feed conversion. The optimum level adjudged from present study for growth and efficient feed conversion are 1.0-1.5% for Bael, 0.5-1.0% for Giloy and 1% for Bael and Giloy combination.
769 A Study on the Influence of Demographic and Work Related Aspects on the Work Life Balance of Marketing Professionals, R.Anitha,Dr.K.Muralidharan
Today the deadlines are getting tighter and an individual’s job is not only to match that deadline but also to give quality output. Due to this work pressure it becomes exceedingly difficult to maintain a family life. It becomes very difficult to have the engagement of mind with the engagement of body. In every individual’s life as there are four stake holders, own personality, job, family and society. Marketing Professionals are the personnel who find out the needs or wants of a specific requirement of someone and to satisfy the mutual and continuous transaction involved with regard to economy. This study is focussed on the influence of demographic and work related variables on the work life balance of the marketing professionals. Thus the present study concludes that a low level of work life balance was found among the marketing professionals.
770 Combined Effect of Yoga and Endurance Exercises on Selected Football Performance Variable Among Players, C.Karthikeyan, Dr A. Uthirapathy
The purpose of the study was to find out the combined effect of Yoga and Endurance exercises on selected Football performance variables among players. For this study forty five (N=45) men Football players studying various Engineering College in the Zone-XIII affiliated to Anna University, Chennai Tamilnadu, India during the academic year 2011-2012 were selected randomly as subjects. The subjects were divided into three groups of fifteen each(n=15),Group-I underwent Yoga practices (n=15), Group-II underwent Endurance training (n=15) and Group-III underwent Combined Yoga and Endurance training. The training period was limited to twelve weeks. Among various Football Skill, Dribbling only selected as Dependent variable and it was measured through zig zag dribbling test. The dependent variable was assessed prior to and immediately after the training period of 12 weeks. The obtained data from the three experimental groups were analyzed with Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). Whenever the ‘F’ ratio for adjusted post test means was found to be significant, Scheffe’s post hoc test was followed to determine which of the paired mean differences was significant. In all the cases 0.05 level of confidence was fixed to test the hypotheses. The results of the study concluded that there was a significant difference among Yoga practices, Endurance training and Combined Yoga and Endurance training on Football dribbling performance among Inter Collegiate Football players, further the results revealed that Combined Yoga and Endurance Training group had significantly improved the selected dependent variable namely Football Dribbling.
771 A Study on Labour Absenteeism of Among Garments Employees (With special reference to Tiruppur Region), YUVARAAJ. D, POONGODI. S.K
Absenteeism has been variously defined by different authorities. According to Webster’s dictionary, “absenteeism is the practice or habit of being an absentee and an absentee is one who habitually stays away. Absenteeism in Indian industry is not a new phenomenon. The royal commission on labour reported that “high absenteeism prevails among industrial labour mainly due to their rural orientation”. Since, a number of individual researchers have investigated the problem, and have pointed out that absenteeism in our industry varies from 7% to 15%. This incidence is high in plantation and mines and higher in North India then in South India. It has been observed that the phenomenon of absenteeism does not exist only in India industry; it is a universal fact. The difference is only in terms of magnitude. The rate of absenteeism varies from 7% to nearly 30%. In some occupations, it has rises to the abnormal level of 40% in some reasons. The extent of absenteeism may differ from Industries to Industries, place to place and occupations. So this study will be conducted to bring out the details about the employee absenteeism prevailing in the Industry at Tiruppur Garments and find out what is to be done for the betterment of regular work in future
772 Women Entrepreneurship and Milk Cooperatives in India, M. PRABAKARAN
Women entrepreneurship has been recognized as an important source of economic growth. The improvement of women’s livelihoods is to be seen as a necessary precondition to sustainable development. Government of India taken up a project called White Revolution / Operation Flood through cooperatives by implementing Anand Pattern throughout India for improving the living standards of the rural people, rural economy as well as empowerment and entrepreneurship of Women. The milk cooperatives at various levels give concentrated attention to encourage women to take up departmental work. The main aim of this article is to analyze the phenomenal growth of women entrepreneurship through encouraging household women farmers to keep more milch animals, movement of procurement and input systems, enrolment, registering and managing women milk cooperative societies. The main objective of the study is to analyze the improvement of socio economy status, entrepreneurship and empowerment of women farmers.
773 Study on Recycled Waste Plastic Concrete, P.MANIKANDAN,Dr.S.SENTHAMIL KUMAR
Utilization of waste materials and byproducts is a partial solution for environmental and ecological problems. Here Plastics are the most important and toxic waste materials compare to other wastes. Use of these plastic materials are not only helps in getting them utilized in cement, concrete and other construction materials, it helps in reducing the cost of cement and concrete manufacturing, but also has numerous indirect benefits such as reduction in landfill cost, saving in energy, and protecting the environment from possible pollution effects. Plastic wastes consist of the waste of plastics bags, water bottles, drums, straws and some polythene sheets. An experimental study is made on the utilization of plastic waste particles as coarse aggregates in concrete with a percentage replacement ranging from 0 % to 20% on the strength criteria of M25 Concrete. This project gives the basic mechanical properties and strength of conventional concrete M25 grade.
774 Determinants of Dividend Pay-Out Ratios - A Study of Pharmaceuticals Companies, Dr. D. UMAMAHESWARI
Profitability has always been considered as a primary indicator of dividend pay-out ratio. There are numerous other factors other than profitability also that affect dividend decisions of an organization namely cash flows, corporate tax, sales growth and market to book value ratio. Available literature suggests that dividend pay-out ratio is positively related to profits, cash flows and it has inverse relationship with corporate taxes, sales growth and market to book value ratio. This paper is an attempt to empirically analyze the determinants of dividend pay-out ratio of Indian Pharmaceuticals industry. The current study focuses on the determinants of dividends and its performance of select pharmaceutical companies in India. This study evaluates the performance of various pharmaceutical companies and their annual compound growth rate.
775 Factoring – An Untapped Resource For Indian SMEs, P.MUTHULAKSHMI
Factoring service, which is perceived as complimentary to bank finance, enables the availability of much needed working capital finance for the small and medium scale industries especially those that have good quality receivables but may not be in a position to obtain enough bank finance due to lack of collateral or credit profile. Factoring is making the small and medium enterprises prosper in one way or the other in terms of financial stability. It offered dedicated services to the SMEs in managing their working capital diligently. During the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s, interest rates were on the rise and banks were increasingly regulated. This made it difficult for companies to get traditional financing. Further, a large section of Micro and Small Enterprises need handholding. The lack of financial literacy represents a formidable challenge for MSE borrowers underscoring the need for facilitation by banks in these critical financial areas. To effectively and decisively address these handicaps, RBI introduced a mechanism called factoring, which provides liquidity to SMEs against their receivables and can be an alternative source of working capital. World over, factoring is a preferred route of accessing working capital for SMEs and even larger organisations. Factoring became even more popular, since it did not require the same sort of credit checks. Small business, startups and rapidly growing businesses benefitted especially from this increase in factoring. Factoring grew as a service as business people found their options contracting. This paper is based on secondary data and prepared with a view to analyse the pros and cons of factoring services and its magnitude
776 Accounting Practices of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in the Tirunelveli Municipal Corporation of Tamilnadu, D.HEPZIBAH VINSYAH JEYASEELI, Dr. E. RAJA JUSTUS
Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) have a crucial role to play because of their potential contributions to: improvement of income circulation, employment creation, poverty reduction and the export growth and development of entrepreneurship, industry and rural economy. The MSMEs have been promoting grassroot economic growth and equitable sustainable development is significant. Every business needs to keep track of basic accounting. For MSMEs, it becomes all the more important. Accounting gives us the financial snapshot of the enterprises in order to make decisions about the current status or projected future health of the enterprises. However, the applications of these techniques are limited in MSMEs in India. There is a wide gap between theory of accounting and the actual practices by the MSMEs. The importance of maintaining proper books of accounts and sound accounting practices has been emphasized in ensuring proper financial management in MSMEs. Against this backdrop, the present paper attempts to investigate the accounting practices followed by MSMEs in the Tirunelveli Municipal Corporation through data based on responses to a structured interview schedule.
777 The Role of Security And Technology Support in The Adoption of E-Banking, PREETHI SHESHADRI,SHEELA RANI
Banking is Information challenging business and information technology (IT) plays a key role in it. The growing competitive situations in the financial services market have forced to broaden and activate other delivery channels. The latest delivery channel to be set off is the electronic banking. This paper discusses the effect of security on the adoption of e banking. It also discusses how technology support offered to the respondents leads to a rise in customer adoption of e banking. The study was conducted among 346 respondents in Chennai city. The respondents were e banking users and comprised of both males and females. All respondents had graduation as their minimum qualification level. It was revealed from the study that both gender and occupation does not influence the technology support. On the other hand there is a significant difference in the age groups regarding the technology support in the usage of e banking. The study also reveals that there is significant correlation among security, Technology support and customer adoption.
778 The Association among Demographic Variables and Selfishness of IT and BPO Employees of Information Technology- A Case Study with Reference to Bangalore., Dr. M.A.SURESH KUMAR, RUMESH.P
The aim of this study is to identify and explore the association among Demographic variables and selfishness of IT and BPO employees of Information Technology. Quantitative and qualitative approaches were used to measure the variables. To obtain the quantitative data a sample of 150 professional IT employees working in Bangalore were participated in this study. The Questionnaire based on work – related cultural value scale was used to measure selfishness and Maoism. To obtain qualitative data, the structured interview was conducted with 20 IT and BPO Managers. Findings from both quantitative and qualitative data suggested that there was a significant difference between the two fields of Information technology. It also showed that selfishness and Maoism was significantly associated with the size of the organization, education and experience of both the groups. Findings of this study have implications on practice, research and Administrative efficiency to retain the employees. The study also found demographic and general characteristics have significant relationship between job attachment, empowerment and job fulfilment in their respective field.
779 A Study on HRD Practices and its Impact Towards Job Satisfaction in BSNL, Three Different SSAs, R. GOPINATH, Dr. SHIBU.N.S
The aim of this paper is to study investigates that the Human Resource Development (HRD) Practices influencing Job Satisfaction with special reference to BSNL, three different Secondary Switching Areas (SSA), the names of the SSAs are Trichy, Thanjavur and Madurai SSA. The human resource management is a function which is mainly concerned with people at work and with their relationship within the organization. The human resource management function has emerged as one of the most important areas of organizational practice. For conducting this research a sample of 300 employees taking in BSNL, three SSAs. To examine the level of HRD Practices associated with Job Satisfaction among BSNL employees. Job satisfaction may be defined as a pleasurable positive emotional state resulting from the appraisal of one’s job or job experiences. The aim of the study was to explore the impact of HRD Practices on Job Satisfaction. From the study, the researcher found that to sum up the overall Human Resource Development practices of BSNL is accepted by its employees. Some important implications for future research are also derived from the study.
780 Communication: From Multicultural Team Perspective, M.JAYANTHI, Dr. K.V.R. RAJANDRAN
Global business environment made multicultural teams as an essential part of the working environment. People from various backgrounds including different culture, language, social status and different countries work together are commonly seen. Internationally grown multinational industries are increasing rapidly. This change brought a variety of opportunities and challenges to the business environment. Global business environment mainly relies on good communication, that lead success of any business. Effective communication lays a bridge between different people involved in the business, connecting various cultural and organizational backgrounds. Poor communication in a multicultural environment creates poor relationships between employees and unfriendly work atmosphere which may lead to failure of an organization. Difficulties in communication among multicultural team have been examined through a random sampling technique from various participants who belongs to a multicultural working team through email. The result shows that poor communication is a major problem of any organization. Common modes communications were phone, email and face to face communication. Phone and email were identified as a problematic mode. Also nonverbal and pictorial representation is problematic style of communication. Eeffective listening, use of official format, common language, common communicator and language translator application are the factors that help better communication process.
781 Employees Perception Towards Training on E-Banking Services - An Empirical Study, S.THANGA HELINA,Dr. R.RATHIHA
Learning happens all the time whether or not we are fully aware of it. Giving training to the employee at right time and right manner is the responsibility of the banking industry. In the current transformation era, contours of banking services dynamically altering the face of banking services and the banks are stepping towards e-banking from tradition banking. The present study focuses on perception of bank employees towards e-banking service in Kanniyakumari district. Questionnaire was used to collect data. Stratified random sampling method was adopted and 160 employees of public and private banks in Kanniyakumari district were selected on random basis. Training provide several benefits to the banks like increased efficiency of employees, reduced supervision, less amount of wastage etc, The impact of training of the bank employees has been analysed with the help of factor analysis and found that the important factor that impact the training for employees is ‘Confidence’. The study concludes that a separate body should be allocated to continuously assess the technological and social changes to inherit the same in the aspect of training.
782 Significance of Stress Free Environment for Sustaining Business in India, V SIVASUBRAMANIAN,Dr. RAJANDRAN K.V.R
Following liberalization in 1991 and introduction of reforms in the Indian industries during past two decades, there has been intense competition among all fields of industries. The existence of tough competition to have market edge over each other results in the adoption of newer operational methods. This also leads to introduction of new products, services and marketing techniques which generates stress among employees. This organizational stress originates in organizational demands that are experienced by the individual. Stress is built up in the concept of role which is conceived as the position, a person occupies in a system. Naturally, all the employees have had to adapt to workplace changes which have caused stress among employees. However, management of each industries must aim at reducing stress breeding environment in their organization, thus infuse a sense of belongingness among employees which in turn act as force multiplier and motivate employee to work with devotion and dedication towards achieving goal of organization.
783 Strategies for Effective Indian E-Governance Readiness, Kumar D, Dr. N. Panchanatham
The process of governance has been and is continuously impacted by the developments in various technologies. It brings down the cost, improves the process quality and makes a speedy reach to all the objects targeted. E-Governance is generally considered as a wider concept than e-Government, since it can bring about a change in the way how citizens relate to governments and to each other. The objective of e-Governance is to engage, enable and empower the citizen. E-Participation, e-Voting, e-Transparency, e-Accountability are some of the dimensions of e-Governance. It considers social, economic and environmental aspects in the decision making of its policies. E-Readiness is the ability to use Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) to develop state's economy and to foster state's welfare. While e-readiness is a larger concept that measures a nation’s comprising of citizens, businesses and government taking advantage of the digital revolution, it mainly relates to the processes involving the government transformation using the tools of ICT. E-readiness touches upon the state of all interfaces viz. G2G, G2B, B2B, B2C and C2C. This paper stretches its objectives for a critical review on the concept of e-Readiness in Governance with special focus to Indian E-Governance initiative. Some of the Indian projects for E-Readiness are analyzed to know its impact in the E-Governance implementation process. The main goal of this paper is to bring out concerns related to Effective E-Governance Readiness through the case studies.
784 Factor Analysis on Job Involvement with special reference to Women Faculties of Engineering Colleges, R. KALPANA, DR. SHIBU.N.S
Job involvement as the individual’s belief towards his or her present job and he also stated that job involvement acts as a catalyst to satisfy the individual present’s needs. The present study reveals that the Factor Analysis on job involvement with special reference to women faculties of engineering colleges. The universe of the study 1000 women faculties working in 20 engineering colleges in Trichy region of Anna university.Out of the universe a sample unit of 250 women faculties taken up for the study the sample unit is chosen on Stratified Proportionate sampling method.In this study, the researchers found the four factors of job involvement were inter-correlated with them and job involvement. So there is a significant difference between job involvement factors affecting job involvement.
785 Models on Employee Engagement Practice in the Business Scenario, Dr.P.S.VIJAYA LAKSHMI
Employee engagement is the degree to which an employee is cognitively and emotionally attached to his work and organization. It reflects his/her the level of identification and commitment an employee has towards the organization and its values. As a team member, an engaged employee is aware of the business contextand works to improve the performance in the job for the benefit of the organization. Employees engaged are concerned about the future of the organization and are willing to invest discretionary efforts for the organization for the future benefits. There are eight different organizational factors that drive employee engagement - 1) Trust and Integrity, 2) Nature of the Job, 3) Line-of-Sight Between Individual Performance and Company Performance, 4) Career Growth Opportunities,5) Pride About the Company, 6) Co-workers/Team Members, 7) Employee Skill Formation and Development, and 8) Personal Relationship with One’s Manager. There are four models of employee engagement. This paper throws light on the four models. Besides, the paper also discusses we relationship of Employee Engagement with other constructs. Finally the paper brings out the significant relationships that exist between engagement and performance and the impact of employee perceptions that they have the power to make decisions, sufficient knowledge and information to do the job effectively, and rewards for high performance. High-involvement management practices are positively associated with Employee Engagement.
786 An Empirical Study on Showcasing & Two-wheeler Marketing in Tiruchirappalli, J. MARTIN LEONARD, Dr.N.S.SHIBU
This study provides a brief idea about the showcasing and marketing strategies for two-wheelers. Taking as a research area of two-wheelers marketing, really can’t have a better way of reaching out to the customer except with a strong dealers’ network and their showrooms. The Two-wheeler showroom helps to build image and create demand for the product of the manufacturers. This study covers a sample of 40 staff picked from four Two-wheeler showrooms namely Shriraj TVS, PL.A TVS, Gemini Yamaha, and Kavi Bajaj and a sample of 150 customers visiting these showrooms in Tiruchirapalli. At the rate of 50 customer of each from three showrooms were selected conveniently as contacting and eliciting their views were a tough task. This study deals with customer’s preference and perception to the dealers services and also it examines the customer’s opinion, desires, and their level of satisfaction regarding the facilities provided by the dealers. Further this study also analyzes the general features of two-wheeler showcasing, and other promotional activities of dealers to market their vehicle, and highlights the various aspects of showcasing techniques for the two-wheelers and the company’s responsibilities and requirements for the two-wheeler sales. As an outcome of the study suggestions certain made were to tone up the customer services to attract more customers.
787 A Study on the role of Cloud Computing for Sustainable Business Development , KARPAGAVALLI.G
The current trend in our consumption of the earth’s resources is unsustainable and is creating major environmental problems. Climate changes, resource depletion, loss of biodiversity, and air pollution have a major impact on many citizens and the earth, thus we need to focus on changing our current behavior. Green computing through cloud technologies is a new trend, where companies try to achieve the necessary business growth without harming the environment. Cloud computing is the delivery of computing services over the Internet. Cloud services allow individuals and businesses to use software and hardware that are managed by third parties at remote locations. In today's world, people do take note of the importance of green technologies and the ways in which it helps the planet. There have been many steps taken towards creating technologies that entice the businesses towards greener computing by offering huge savings in energy costs. The advantage of adopting such technologies indirectly helps to reduce carbon footprints and greenhouse gas emissions. But the biggest apprehension that businesses have when eco-friendly computing solutions are proposed, is whether these would be compatible with their business growth. But rising expenditures incurred due to power consumption in conventional data centers and the inability to meet the rising demand for physical workspace is forcing such business enterprises to seek greener computing platforms. As a result, not only due to environmental concern but to meet their own commercial interests, many organizations have come forward to adopt greener, sustainable computing solutions. The present paper made an attempt to highlight the role of cloud computing in Business development.
788 Green Consumerism and Ethics in Green Marketing, Dr.P.S.VIJAYA LAKSHMI
Successful marketing is the crux of any business and more so in modern times wherein there are acute competitors. Green marketing has become inevitable as resources are scarce against unlimited human wants. Hence the means are to be used in judicious manner for the present and future generations. In this respect, Green marketing assumes prime importance. Green marketing is the process of developing products and services and promoting them to satisfy the customers who prefer products of good quality, performance and convenience at affordable cost, which at the same time do not have a detrimental impact on the environment. It includes a broad range of activities like product modification, changing the production process, modified advertising, and change in packaging that aimed at reducing the detrimental impact of products and their consumption and disposal on the environment. Companies all over the world are striving to reduce the impact of products and services on the climate and other environmental parameters. Determinants of Green Marketing are Setting Green Objectives; Demonstrate Social Responsibility; Comply with the legislation; Respond to competitive initiatives; Provide accurate environmental information; Identify products with green characteristics; Focus product development on sustainability; Set realistic prices; Eliminate unnecessary packaging; Practice greener distribution; Promote green credentials efficiently; and make it easy for customers to be green. Green marketing takes into account the wider relationship of the organization and its products to the surroundings. It is about a more aware, open, targeted and sensitive approach that integrates the strategic link between the company, the environment and marketing, rather than being primarily concerned with tactical communication opportunities for profit alone. The prime emphasis is on, developing relationships and satisfying separate stakeholder needs in an environmentally and socially responsible manner. The key stakeholders are customers, investors, the parent company, directors, employees, the community, legislators, pressure groups, supplier, and the media. This paper attempts to shed the light on the new concepts namely green marketing and green consumerism. The green consumerism fixes responsibility on producers for producing environmental-friendly goods so that the environment will be preserved for the future generations too. It also deals with determinants of and ethical issues, involved in green marketing.
789 Secure Communication in Mobile Ad-Hoc Network Using SATEM, S.P.RAMYA,M.MALIK,K.NIVETHA, V.R.SINDHUJA
To ensure fair and secure communication in Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANETs), the applications running in these networks must be regulated by proper communication policies. However, enforcing policies in MANETs is challenging because they lack the infrastructure and trusted entities encountered in traditional distributed systems. This project presents the design and implementation of a policy enforcing mechanism based on trusted execution monitor built on top of the Trusted Platform Module. Under this mechanism, each application or protocol has an associated policy. Two instances of an application running on different may engage in communication only if these nodes enforce the same set of policies for both the application and the underlying protocols used by the application. In this way, nodes can form trusted application centric networks. Before allowing a node to join such a network, Satem verifies its trustworthiness of enforcing the required set of Policies. If any of them compromised, Stem disconnects the node from the network. We demonstrate the correctness of our solutions through security, and its low overhead through performance evolution of the applications
790 A Study on Security Analysis in Cloud Computing, L.ARUNA,Dr.M. ARAMUDHAN
Cloud computing has become one amongst the foremost essential in IT trade recently, watching the potential impact on its varied business applications to boot as in our life-style, it will be same that this troubled technology is here to remain. Several of the alternatives that build cloud computing partaking, haven't challenged the prevailing security system simply, however have created serious security problems. This paper provides association with nursing perspective, collaborate degree analysis of the prevailing cloud computing security problems supported by a full survey. Together, it makes a straight up clarification to the protection that challenges in coding system package as a Service (SaaS) model of cloud computing and along doesn’t fail to produce future security analysis directions.
791 Binarization of Ancient Tamil Scripts From Stone Inscriptions, T. S. SUGANYA,Dr. S. MURUGAVALLI
Tamil character recognition is one of the most difficult tasks in the pattern recognition system. There are lots of difficult things which can be solved through image processing technique, separating each character, recognizing character fonts and writing styles used in different centuries. Many researchers try to apply many techniques for breaking through the complex problem of Tamil character recognition. Currently there are widely available digital image processing algorithm and implementation that are able to detect characters from raw images. In character recognition system most of the applications use grey/binary images since processing color images is computationally high. Such images may also contain non-uniform background so it is difficult to extract the images without performing preprocessing. In this research paper an attempt has been done to analyses the various approaches and challenges in recognitions of Tamil characters and issues related to recognitions method that can convert color image into binary form.
792 A Study of Factors Having Impact on Impulse Buying Behavior for Chocolates - With Special Reference to Students Aged Between 6 To 13 Years in Indore City, Dr. Vishal Soni, Dr. Harish B. Bapat
Impulse purchase or impulse buying describes any purchase which a customer makes without making and planning in advance. This study is an attempt to find out the factors that have impact consumer impulse buying behavior for chocolates in Indore. The impact of various variables like discount offer, various scheme, festival season etc on consumer impulse buying behavior was analyzed. The study is based on the primary data collected Indore city with the help of structured questionnaire. Data analysis has been done using SPSS software. The statistical analysis method employed in this study is Reliability analysis. After the reliability analysis, Multiple regression was applied through SPSS.
793 Data Mining and Agribusiness, Dr. Rahul G. Thakkar, Prof. Bhavesh D. Patel, Dr. Bankim L. Radadiya
Data mining in agriculture is a very recent research topic. It consists in the application of data mining techniques to agriculture. Recent technologies are nowadays able to provide a lot of information on agricultural-related activities, which can then be analyzed in order to find important information. A related, but not equivalent term is precision agriculture. The wide availability of huge amounts of agriculture data has generated an urgent need for the research of data mining. Generating rules with higher accuracy for Agriculture databases can be done using different techniques of data mining. As the analysis of agriculture dataset is usually a complex work.
794 Prospects of Cloud Computing in Agriculture in India, Prof. Bhavesh D. Patel, Dr. Rahul G. Thakkar, Dr. Bankim L. Radadiya
In recent years, new ICT technologies are being implemented in every sector of India. The principal source of income & livelihood is the agriculture. To reach out the various farmers and serving their variety of information needs like Weather Forecasting, Agri Input supply, Agro Advise services, location specific agriculture marketing information, and many information needs of the Indian farmers can be reached out with the help of ICTs. For greater adoption of ICT in the agriculture sector it requires integrated ICT from the finger tips of the farmers. Cloud computing applications in the agriculture can provide the all the required the various information service needs by using the Cloud Computing Applications.
795 Comparative Study on Life Style Stress and Depression Among the Women Professionals and House Wives, K.Selvi, Dr.K.Muralidharan
Depression is a serious condition that can impact every area of life. It can affect the social life, relationships, career, and sense of self-worth and purpose. For women in particular, depression is common. In fact, according to the National Mental Health Association, about one in every eight women will develop depression at some point during her lifetime. Women are more prone to depression than men, but the causes of female depression and even the pattern of symptoms are often different. The findings of the present study thus conclude that life style stress was found to be low among the working professionals and moderate among the house wives. The level of depression was found to be high among both working professionals and house wives. The study also concludes that the type of family influences the lifestyle stress of the respondents.
796 Effect of High Intensity Interval Training on Aerobic Capacity of Male Handball Players, Dr. B. Chittibabu
The purpose of this study is to find out the efficiency of high intensity interval training on aerobic capacity of male handball players. To achieve the purpose thirty (30) male handball players were selected from Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Annamalai University, Tamilnadu, India. These subjects were tested on aerobic capacity before and after eight weeks of high intensity interval training (HIIT). The mean maximal aerobic speed 4.21 m/s was used as a criterion velocity to set running paces for high-intensity interval training. Statistical technique used in the present study was ANCOVA for aerobic capacity. The result of the study revealed that eight weeks of high intensity interval training resulted in 8.20% of improvement in aerobic capacity (F(1,27) =108.04, p < 0.05). It is concluded that high intensity interval training for eight weeks resulted in improvement of aerobic capacity of male handball players.
797 Comparison of Body Composition Among South Zone Inter University Male Handball Player, Dr. B. Chittibabu
The purpose of the study was to compare the body composition among south zone inter university male handball players. Sixty four (64) male handball players were selected from south zone inter university competition for the year 2013-14. Percent body fat, lean body mass and fat mass were measured by Durnin and Womersley (1974) proposed four sites was used. The results of ANOVA showed that percent body fat, lean body mass and fat mass showed no significant difference among the groups (p > 0.05). It is concluded that south zone inter university male handball players tend to show no difference in body composition. However, Periyar university players had greater percent body fat and fat mass than other team players.
798 A Review on the Yoga Way of Life for the Reduction of Job Burnout of Managers, Dr.Sangeetha Vinod, Dr.Sudhakar B
"Burnout is the biggest occupational hazard of the 21st century," Job burnout is debilitating psychological condition which has serious repercussions for an individual’s personal health as also on the organizational effectiveness. Yoga way of life has direct relevance to address the issue of stress and burnout. It is aimed at making managers more evolved individuals with better understanding of their job situation in the overall context of life. The main contribution of this chapter is to present a comprehensive literature study in this area and present a description of empirical studies conducted by yesteryear researchers
799 Some Regular Properties of the Strong Product of Two Fuzzy Graphs, Dr. K. RADHA, Mr. S. ARUMUGAM
In this paper, regular properties of the strong product of two fuzzy graphs are studied. It is illustrated that when two fuzzy graphs are regular then their strong product need not be a regular fuzzy graph. With some restrictions it is proved that the strong product of two regular fuzzy graphs is regular and it is proved that the strong product of two full regular fuzzy graphs is full regular.
800 Non Fatal Occupational Injuries Among Mechanics of Udupi Taluk: A Cross Sectional Study, Garima Verma, Shubhi Tomar, CNV Sai Bharath
Background: Mechanics suffer from occupational health hazards. They perform tasks such as spray painting, repairing, cleaning, welding, and servicing. They were exposed to work stressors like radiations, hot and noisy environment, oil, dust and fumes. Objectives: To estimate the non-fatal occupational injuries among mechanics of Udupi Taluk. Methods: Mapping and listing of all the shops in Udupi Taluk was done. About 100 workers were included in the study. Interviewer administered questionnaire was used to assess occupational injuries. Results: There were about 75% reported non fatal injuries. Cuts and scratches were the chief injuries reported. There is significant association between the injury sites and task the mechanics perform at work. Conclusion: There was high percentage of non fatal occupational injuries among mechanics of Udupi Taluk. Therefore, there is a need to articulate functional occupational and safety measures among mechanics of Udupi Taluk
In this chapter an attempt has been made to analyze the role of information access pattern of users of selected Higher Educational Institution in and around Chennai. To achieve this, the investigator has used the survey method to collect data from the higher educational institution users.
802 Industry-Academia Interface: an Overview of Employability Gap, Dr. Pallavi Kapooria, Satish Sumbria
In context of the changing global economic environment there is a need to assess the relevancy of academic output from higher academic institutions to the industry specially the country like India. Population of 1.3 billion, of which about 0.8 billion in the working age - India in 2020 is surely something the world can look forward to. According to economic predictions, that time would be the golden ‘Growth’ era in the demographic dividend. We would not only have enough manpower to meet our needs but we can help the rest of the world as well. In the glitz and glamour of these numbers, one often chooses to ignore that in today’s era of knowledge based economy, creating a skill pool that can be employed readily by corporate is a mamoth task. The present paper is an overview of the gap between academic output and industrial requirement & aims to analyse the relevancy of academic output which may serve as a useful tool in the hands of educationists, policy makers and corporations and make them reflect upon and implement right interventions to bridge the gaps.
803 Impact of Emotional Intelligence of Project Team Members on Project Success: A Study of Select IT companies., Moiz Mohd, Dr. Rajeesh Viswanathan
Many MNCs make use of global teams to manage and operate their global operation or projects. Sometimes these teams consists of group of employees from different country or culture who join forces to work on a project. There are two type of global teams, one is the global virtual team and the other is global co-located team. Not only do teams vary in their degree of heterogeneity and tasks, but they also vary regarding the location of their team members. At one extreme, team members who are form different cultures and countries are all located in the same place and meet face to face to accomplish most of the tasks. At the other extreme, team members are form different countries and cultures and dispersed around the globe and seldom meet or never meet face to face .Instead tasks are accomplished virtually, with the help of information and communication technologies such as email, telephone, and video conferencing .When working in global multicultural virtual teams disturbed across different work cultures, the team members may face cultural differences. This demands cultural sensitivity to work successfully in the project environment. One of the important challenges is to create a positive team environment in a virtually distributed team, where the members many never meet each other. Leading a global team can be a highly intense, stressful and challenging experience. Sometimes such global distributed teams may fail to reach their objectives because of the challenges they face. There are also global multicultural teams which are collocated. This type of team also face some challenges because the team may consist of people who are form different cultures. Managing a global teams is multidimensional and complex. The virtual and cultural differences make the managing the global teams more complex. Under such circumstances Emotional Intelligence play an important role in the achieving the intended project performance outcomes i.e. Time, Budget and Quality. This paper will try to understand the role of emotional intelligence of team members play to achieve the intended project outcomes i.e. adhering to the Time schedules, Budget and Quality. This study is intended to investigate the global project environments and impact of the emotional intelligence on the team members in projects in general and the project outcomes in particular and also the emotional intelligence of the team members in working cohesively in the multicultural project environments.
804 Teaching language to Generation Y: Learner Autonomy, Dr. Davut Aktas
Language teaching is a wide spread issue for the countries to sort out in the challenging world. The aim of the study is to explore the priorities, preferences, habits, life styles, choices, etc. of Generation Y (Millennial students), who currently study in language preparatory schools. The paper also aims to take into consideration learner priorities in curriculum designing process.The questionnaire was administered to 401 voluntarily participated respondents in this study and the results were analysed through SPSS 20 program.This study revealed the strategies, methods, and goals of preparatory students in foreign language learning. Outcomes can, be useful to administration, teacher, and curriculum designers, be useful in establishing the link between learner priorities-centred and university-centred curriculum. As a consequence, it is important to use learner priorities in curriculum design process to empower students to learn and use the language in practice, maintain high level of motivation, and accelerate learning process.
805 Risk Management Practices in Banks, Dr. Haresh Barot
In current globalized market banking industry is rapid growing sector with significant part in economy of the country. Banking sector is highly competitive in current era as more and more public as well as private sector banks are being a part of development. The cost and management profession has biggest opportunity as the banking sector needs different tools and systems of cost reduction to survive, grow and maintain their profitability in highly competitive era. We analyze the risk management practices in banks
806 Effectiveness of 3-day continuous glucose monitoring for improving glucose control in type 2 diabetic patients in clinical practice, Lokesh Kc, Pranay Gandhi, Swetha C
Effectiveness of 3-day continuous glucose monitoring for improving glucose control in type 2 diabetic patients in clinical practice. BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate whether continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) might lead to improved glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We reviewed the medical charts of 172 patients who used the CGMS for 1 year starting in December 2008 and the records of 1,500 patients who visited their regular outpatient clinics during December 2008. Of these patients, a total of 65 CGMS patients and 301 regular outpatients (control group) were enrolled in the study after propensity score matching. RESULTS: The CGMS group showed a significant improvement in the HbA1c level compared to the control group at 3 months (7.9%±1.6% vs. 7.4%±1.2%, P=0.001) and at 6 months (7.4%±1.2% vs. 7.9%±1.6%, P=0.010). CONCLUSION: Using a 3-day CGMS was advantageous for improving glucose control in patients with type 2 diabetes and may help these patients to optimize glycemic control in clinical practice.
807 Current concepts in blood glucose monitoring, Pranay Gandhi, Lokesh Kc, Swetha C
Blood glucose monitoring has evolved over the last century. The concept of adequate glycemic control and minimum glycemic variability requires an ideal, accurate and reliable glucose monitoring system. The search for an ideal blood glucose monitoring system still continues. This review explains the various blood glucose monitoring systems with special focus on the monitoring systems like self- monitored blood glucose (SMBG) and continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS). It also focuses on the newer concepts of blood glucose monitoring and their incorporation in routine clinical management of diabetes mellitus.
808 Demographic and Clinical Profile of Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis at A Tertiary Eye Care Center in India., Manju J. Loya, Lokesh Kc, Pranay Gandhi
Purpose: To study the demographic and clinical profile of patients with vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) at a tertiary eye care center in India. Materials and Methods: Retrospective chart analysis of 468 patients of VKC seen from January 2006 to December 2006. Results: Mean age at presentation was 12 years. Majority of the patients had mixed pattern disease (72%). Chronic perennial disease was seen in 36% patients. Personal or family history of allergies was noted in 5% patients. Severe disease based on clinical grading was present in 37% patients. Moderate to severe vision loss was seen in 12% of total population. Persistent disease beyond 20 years of age was found in 12% patients. VKC-related complications such as corneal scarring (11%), shield ulcer (3%), keratoconus (6%), and limbal stem cell deficiency (1.2%) were seen. Treatment-related complications like corticosteroid-induced cataract and glaucoma were seen in 6% and 4% of patients, respectively. Conclusion: Clinical pattern of VKC seen in the tropical climate of India is essentially similar to that seen in other tropical countries. Few distinct features that we noted represent chronic perennial disease, low association with atopy, and higher propensity for disease and treatment-related complications.
809 Economic Viability of solar irrigation pumps for Sustainable Agriculture in Maharashtra: - Adoption Response by farmers, Dr. Parmeshwar Honrao
Present paper investigates the Economic Viability of proposed scheme of solar powered irrigation pumps in Maharashtra where farmers could be used to gather solar energy for existing submersible and diesel pump. The Maharashtra agriculture sector is already facing many problems relating to sustainability. Since the solar pumping systems are integrated with micro irrigation, the inherent multifold advantages of micro irrigation which include huge water saving increase in yields, fertilizer savings and other input cost savings are at the door-step of the farmers. Apart from this, increase in productivity would lead to increase in net income of farmers by 3-4 times as compared to rain fed farming. Small and marginal farmers are deprived of both water and power. Most of them hardly have any irrigation facility. Majority of the small farmers have to depend on rain-fed farming for their livelihood. Their income levels are very low. This innovative model of Integrated Solar Powered Micro Irrigation involving different components such as development of on-farm water source, like farm ponds, solar pumping systems, piping and micro irrigation systems would ensure reliability of water supply and power supply to the small farms in Maharashtra.er for watering their farms.
810 Biodiversity; Relevance and Challenges For Humanity , Dr. Anil Kumar Sangwan
Biodiversity is made of two words i.e. Bio means life and diversity means variety or difference meaning variety of living organisms. It is both a measure of variety of life and an indicator of overall health of our planet the Earth. The most unique feature of the Earth is the existence of life and most beautiful feature is its diversity. Approximately 9 million types of plants, animals, fungi and about 7.5 million people inhabit the Earth. Biodiversity is not spread equally around the globe. Some areas possess rich species and some have not. These species or living organisms play central role in the environment. Biodiversity is of different type like Ecological diversity, Genetic diversity, Species diversity and Functional diversity. Biodiversity is the foundation for human health but its continuing loss threaten directly to human health.
811 Rainwater Harvesting in the Heritage Buildings: A Case Study of Victoria Memorial Hall, Kolkata, Dr. Anadi Gayen, Amlanjyoti Kar
Owing to environmental hazards caused by over pumping of groundwater inside Victoria Memorial Hall (VMH) campus led the VMH authority to seal all the tube wells and Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) was directed to supply the required quantity of water to VMH. On the issue of water level decline (5- 15 cm/yr) in KMC area including that of the VMH campus, Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has carried out a detailed study in the campus and advocated artificial recharge of groundwater at VMH. As a possible recharge source, the surplus water from the lakes was considered. Presence of deleterious compound and coliform bacteria hindered the option of artificial recharge from lake water. Hence, rainwater harvesting has found out the alternative option to solve the water problem. Rainwater harvesting in VMH through a specially designed structures was ruled out in view of handicapping stability and the aesthetic beauty of the monument site. The problem was addressed through the studies include assessment of optimal rainwater harvesting tapping the surplus rainfall runoff. The study also revealed the presence of unique inbuilt rainwater harvesting arrangement in VMH. The recommended design would help to store 8 lakh litres rainwater in the harvesting tank of water, which is equivalent to the volume of water that KMC supplies to VMH every day.
812 Reliability Check of Positioning Accuracy Under The Canopy of Broadleaf Deciduous Forest (Broadleaf Oak-Quercus Conferta)Using Network-Based Rtk Techniques, Chrysanthi Argiropoulou, Kosmas Aristotelis Doucas
The creation of Permanent Reference Stations and the implementation of network positioning techniques can significantly improve the accuracy in positioning in forest and forest area.The HEPOS System (HEllenicPOsitioning System)is the first Network of Permanent GPS Reference Stations that developed in Greece. The system provides high accuracy satellite-based positioning services. The aim of the paper is to investigate the positioning accuracyunder the canopy of broadleaf deciduous forest(Quercusconferta)in accordance with different growth seasons(with and without leaves).So two measurement testing courses were established: during the summerwhen the tress had leaves and during the springwhen the trees had no leaves.TheGPS receiver Leica GS09 GNSS and the Total Station LEICA TRC 407 (for true values) are used.Real Time Kinematic positioning (RTK)are applied by using theHEPOS. Four RTK GPS techniques: the VRS, the MAC, the Single-Base and the Network-based DGPS technique were implemented.
813 Mutual Funds : Risk vs Return, Awareness among Investors, Ms. Arpita Gupta, Dr. R K Gopal
With the development of capital market, investment in stocks became a good option for generating higher returns. However, greater risk and lack of knowledge about the movement of stock prices were also associated with them. Therefore, mutual funds emerged as an ultra-modern method of investment to lessen the risk at low cost with experts’ knowledge. Because of the large number of mutual fund companies and schemes, retail investors are facing problems in selecting right funds. Also, it is of paramount importance for policy makers, governing bodies and mutual fund companies to analyse as which schemes are efficient performers. Therefore, to study the performance of mutual funds in terms of efficiency and the methods of improving it is of crucial importance.
814 Impact of Emotional Intelligence on Women Lawyers in Coimbatore District , S. Pavithra, Dr. G. Barani
Emotional Intelligence is a vital factor dependable for influential success in life and emotional well being. It seems to play an significant role in determining the interface between individuals and their work environment. This paper critically reviews the ideas and empirical evidence in support of Emotional Intelligence (EI) and its claimed role in the work-related environment. The purpose of this study is to identify the variables that influence the EI of women lawyers in Coimbatore District. This paper investigates the ways in which EI contributes all round individual development and enhancement in organizational efficiencies. The Emotional Intelligence (therefore will be termed as EI) is one, which has been taken into concern in order to make the lawyers work more efficiently
815 A Study on Venture Capital Financing for Micro Small & Medium Enterprises (Msme) in India, Prof. B. Vijayalakshmi, Dr. K. Tirumalaiah, Mrs. W. R. Sony
The venture capital (VC) finance focuses on companies, which are not listed in a stock exchange. The VC- finance is usually equity finance, which can be directly placed on the share capital or through mezzanine finance form indirectly to shares. Venture capital investment is timely limited, in general for 3 - 5 years. Venture capital financier has a target to bring with capital also the know- how which investor supplies to the company in a form of consulting or advising the company. The venture capital investment is based on the shareholders agreement between investor and the company. The agreement includes of the pricing principles of the shares from the start phase to the exit stage.
816 A Study of Consumer Sensitivity in the Direction of Branded Petrol and Dieselin Kadi and Mehsana City, Dr. Prof. Chanduji Thakor, Prof. Jignesh Patel
The external environments affecting the organization are changing. These have led to increase in pressure on the firm. Threats in the form of competition, product commonality, increasing cost of attracting new customers have brought the firms under pressure. In the new business scenario, brands are becoming the most valuable assets that a business can possess. Competition is customer friendly. It shifts the balance of power form seller to the buyer. Brands in this context are new business warriors. They connect corporations with customers. They are tools of monopoly creation within the competitive setting. Petroleum Companies like IOC, BPCL, and Reliance are trying to differentiate their products by branding them. In this paper the researchers have tried to find how the concept of branding is successful in the case of petrol and diesel. The researchers have surveyed 100 petrol and diesel consumers from North Gujarat region on the basis of convenience sampling method. To make the research the middleman i.e. petrol pump owners/managers/employees are also surveyed.
817 The Mapping of Quality System in Management Education, Dr. Nirmal Kumar Sharma
Research in management education is directed to those concerned with the functioning of the post-secondary education, including three-year and four-year colleges, universities, graduate and professional schools. It is of primary interest to institutional researchers and planners, faculty, college and university administrators, student personnel specialists and behavioral scientists. Generally, empirical studies are sought which contribute to an increased understanding of an institution or allow comparison between institutions, which aid faculty and administrators in making more informed decisions about current or future operations, and which improve the efficiency or effectiveness of the institution. Of particular interest are topics such as: administration and faculty; curriculum and instruction; student characteristics; alumni assessment; recruitment and admissions; prediction and student academic performance; campus climate; retention, attrition and transfer. The management of academic quality is through the practice of self-evaluation to improve outcomes for students and other stakeholders and to ensure compliance with regulatory requirements. Quality Management system (QMS) is recognized as an important management philosophy and is widely used. It has been used very successfully in the development and acquisition of systems including management education. Over the last few years, QMS has been applied in the education industry. Most of the applications have been in the administrative side of the institutions, but some management institutions have applied TQM to curriculum development. To survive and thrive in today’s cut-throat business world, it is mandatory to implement some quality management programs & bring innovative changes in the management education system; if require, with the sole aim of delivering a qualitative edge in productivity, profitability and efficiency, the base of which is qualitative management educational system.
818 A Study on Investment Behaviour with Special Reference to Kollam Corporation., Gowari Nair, Pravitha N R
We have made a systematic survey to understand the present investment trends in Kollam Corporation. We prepared a questionnaire which consist various investment trends and distributed these questionnaires among various investors. We know those law income groups are not interested in investments, because they are having only for their daily needs. According to the details which we collected from the survey people of Kollam Corporation.are more interested in investment alternatives like F D, Gold, Real Estate, Life Insurance, Post Office income etc. Survey was not just a study to know the investments trends in Kollam Corporation.It was an initiative to give much awareness to the people about the various investments opportunities.
819 Linkage Between Service Quality, Customer Satisfaction and Loyalty: A Study in Luxury Hotels in Bangalore, India, Dr. R. Kannan, D. S. Duke Thavamin
The present research was conducted in a bank in Tehran, Iran, in 2009/2010. This report is the outcome of a field research, which aimed to determine the quality of services offered by Sepah Bank, and also to study the relationship between the service quality, satisfaction and loyalty. In this research, the service quality standard model has been used for evaluation of service quality, Gremler and Brown (1996) model with some revision was used for evaluating the loyalty, and the instrument offered by Bitner and Hubbert (1994) was used for evaluation of customer satisfaction. The focus of this research is a Sepah Bank branch around Fatemi St., Tehran, Iran, and 147 customers of this bank were sampled. The results of this research show that in all aspects, customers expectation, are higher than their perceptions of the Bank’s operation, and in fact the quality of offered services is low. Besides, this research findings show that the customer satisfaction plays the role of a mediator in the effects of service quality on service loyalty. These findings are further explored
The key success of automobile industry lies not only having good products but also in being able to provide the customer with their desire satisfaction level because of increasing competitiveness in the Indian automobile industry. Almost all manufacturers have invested valuable resource on customer satisfaction and product promotion as a tool of maximizing the sales and capturing the maximum market share. Moreover a large portion of society depends upon two-wheelers for transportation and travel, therefore the relationship between the customers and the market players must be established and explored to make the marketing effort fruitful and profitable. Performance plays a major role in prompting the consumers to at least enquire about the product and on a optimistic note (successful), to purchase the product. This study has been conducted to know the factors influencing the customer to purchasing motor cycle and to know the reasons to choose the motor cycle .It s based on the response of 150 customers.
821 Student Satisfaction and Quality of Service: A study on Student Information System at the Al-Buraimi University College, Mrs. Maya Manoj, Mrs. Omaima Mohammad Abdallah
Services provided to students and its quality is one among the critical factors that influence the success of higher education institutions. To maintain the level of competitive advantage in the higher education sector, it is very important to assess the quality of educational services provided to students to get feedback from them. The challenges faced by universities and colleges in the highly demanding environment require that they are continuously updated with the recent trends. Student Satisfaction is the most critical and crucial factor that helps a higher education institution to meet the increasing challenges from current and potential competitors and to enjoy a favorable educational setting. This paper is an attempt to measure student satisfaction based on quality of service of Student Information System (SIS) installed in the college. The results of the study signify that the students are satisfied with the SIS.
822 A Study on Challenges Faced in Technology Innovation in Outshine R&D Organisations:a Global Perspective, R Sudalai Kannu, Dr. S. Madhavan,
Innovations have acquired a key-role in the growth and competition strategies of the firms. They are regarded as an essential tool to stimulate growth and enable firms to master the competition brought about by the forces of globalization. At the same time, innovations in today’s “globalized” world are hardly feasible in isolation. Worldwide economic reforms and far-reaching technological advancements have brought to fore new economic powerhouses, such as China and India, which possess strong scientific capabilities. Products are marketed internationally which often necessitates adaptation to specific needs of targeted markets. All these developments are leading to the “globalization of innovation”. Based on recent empirical studies conducted by the author in this field, this paper presents the challenges faced by outshine R & D industry, particularly Space Research industry, wherein the System Reliability and the Technological Innovation are the prime concern. The results from statistical analysis of the data indicates that in the outshine Space research industries are able to attain their position of excellence, in terms their better technological innovation, by proper handling of their resources in an optimal way.The study indicates that in the outshine organizations, the employees enjoy the freedom of time and resources to make their contributions towards the attainment of organizational goals, undergo reasonable amount of stress in task execution owing to time and resources constraints, learn new technologies and adapt them and exercise autonomy which enables self-expression and learning. This Study aims at understanding the Challenges faced in technology innovation in Outshine R&D organizations in global perspective. This paper further suggests for proper technology innovation with appropriate forecasting, design & transfer of technology in the outshine
823 Trend Analysis of Nifty in 2015: A Technical View, Dr E. M. Naresh Babu, Mr. A. Venkateswarlu
824 Semi-Symmetric Non Metric Connection on an Almost Contact Metric Manifold, Shashi Prakash
In 1924, Friedmann and Schouten have introduced the idea of Semi-Symmetric linear connection in a differentiable manifold. In 1970, Semi-Symmetric Connection were studied by K. Yano in a Ricmannian manifold. In 2008, S. K. Chaubey and R. H. Ojha defined a new Semi-Symmetric non metric and Quarter Symmetric metric connections. The purpose of the present paper is to study some properties of Semi-Symmetric non metric connections in an almost contact metric manifold, several useful Algebraic and geometrical properties have been studied
825 A Series of Sirenomelia (Apus, Unipus, Dipus), Dr Virendra K. Kurrey, Dr, Pratima Beck
Introduction : Sirenomelia (Mermaid Syndrome) is a rare and lethal congenital anomaly. It has been considered as an extreme form of caudal regression syndrome Characterized by fusion of the lower limbs giving a characteristic mermaidlike appearance to the affected fetus. Commonly associated with Genito-urinary, Gastrointestinal, and Cardiovascular and Neural tube anomalies with an incidence of 1.5-4.2 per 100,000 births. There are approximately 300 cases reported in the literature, 15% of which are associated with twinning, most often monozygotic. Series report : Here we are reporting three cases of different type of sirenomelia, symelia apus, symelia unipus, symelia dipus. Conclusion : Prognosis of mermaid syndrome is very poor because of the condition involves variable major anomalies.
826 Study the Role of Phenobarbitone in the treatment Of Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia in Low Birth Weight Neonates AN Open Labeled Randomised Control Trial, Aditilingayat, Patil Ps, Rahulkamble
Objective: To study the role of phenobarbitone in the treatment of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in low birth weight neonate and the adverse effects of phenobarbitone. Methods: All the low birth weight neonates admitted in NICU over a period of 2yr from November 2010 to November 2012 were enrolled in the study. 80 cases were randomized into 40 cases and 40 controls. Neonates fulfilling inclusion criteria randomized according to computer generated random number table, oral phenobarbitone 10mg/kg loding dose at the start of therapy followed by 5mg/kg/day in two divided doses for subsequent 4days along with phototherapy was given to A Group; only phototherapy for B Group. Serum bilirubin will be done on admission then every 12hrly for 3 days and every 24 hrly for next 2 days. Results: The baseline characteristics were similar in two groups. There was no significant difference in mean peak serum bilirubin levels and no significant difference in reduction of serum bilirubin levels estimated over 5 days after use of phenobarbitone in these neonates. Phenobarbitone will not decrease the duration of phototherapy required and exchange transfusion requirement in both of these group. The only adverse noted with phenobarbitone is drowsiness. Conclusions: Phenobarbitone has no role in treatment of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia.
827 Supplementation with Vitamin D3influence Better Outcome in Surgically Treated Hip Fractures, Trpeski S. , Pop Amp Ndash Jordanova N. , Kaftandziev I.
Hip fractures represent the most frequent pathology in patients presenting to the traumatology department. It’s been well documented that adequatedoses of vitamin D are correlated with the better lower-extremities function in elderly people. Aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of vitamin D3 supplementation on the reparation of hip fractures in elderly patients treated surgically at the University Clinic of Traumatology. This is the first study of this kind in our small country. It was shown correlations between biochemical markers and age and gender, especially this of alkaline phosphatase.The study confirms the importance of vitamin D in the recovery of hip fractures. Supplementation of vitamin D must start the day of hospitalization and it must be included in all protocols. All elderly people, especially postmenopausal women must take preventive dose of vitamin D for diminishing risk for fractures.
828 Solvency Analysis of Selected Pharmaceutical Companies in India, Prof. Hiral Desai
In this paper an attempt has been made to know the solvency position of selected pharmaceutical companies in India. The study covers top four pharmaceutical companies namely Lupin, Dr. Reddy’s Lab, Cadila Healthcare & Cipla.The purpose of this study is to analyze the financial performance in terms of solvency of the selected companies. To achieve these objectives, data has been collected for five years from 2010-2011 to 2014-2015 from secondary sources and for getting results various kind of accounting technique like ratio and statistical tools like average, Standard Deviation and Co-efficient of variation have been applied.
829 A Study of Role Played by Nabard in the Priority Sector Lending, Prof. Dr. Vandana K. Mishra
Indian economy is agricultural economy and real India lies in villages. Without the development of the rural economy, the objectives of economic planning cannot be achieved. Hence, banks and other financial institutions are considered to be a vital role for the development of the rural economy in India. NABARD are playing a pivotal role in the economic development of the rural India. The present study is a modest attempt to make an appraisal of the rural credit structure and the role played by NABARD in the Priority Sector Lending. The paper analyses the role of NABARD in rural development. Purpose wise Flow of Priority sector lending (agricultural credit) during the year 2013-14 is also analyzed. It also throws a light on NABARD's past and present performance and its major achievements for the year 2013-14. The study finds and concludes that NABARD in India has significantly improved rural economy
830 Is our Present Education System Values driven?, Dr Mala Sharma
831 Art and computer usage: Representational environments of digital games and handling them as non-verbal communication actions, Papadopoulou Agness
The question that arises is what the role of computer environments and specifically digi-tal games which are used in the learning process is and how art is involved. The goal was and remains the concord of nature with our cognitive ability, while the notorious cyber-culture (posthuman) in recent decades leaned towards the view of an osmosis of humans and machines. Insurmountable obstacles for that osmosis are the processes of subjectifi-cation, as technologies de-subjectify. However, digital machines possess informational transparency, encode information and constitute an additional tool. On the other hand, art opens ways to the immaterial, today, of course, different from the experiments of art-ists during the 1960’s. Art achieves the rupture with the limits that the real world sets and lends enormous possibilities for the depiction of structures, either adapted and with a specific cultural content representations or provoking the collaboration between imag-ination and intellect.
832 Study of Socio Demographic and Reproductive Risk Factors Associated with Breast Cancer in a Tertiary Care Center, Hashmi S J, Gaikwad A V
Aim and Objectives: 1.study of epidemiological factors associated with breast cancer patients attending a tertiary care centre.2. To know socioeconomic and demographic factors associated with breast cancer.3. To know other (hormonal and reproductive) risk factors associated with breast cancer. Methodology: Descriptive observational study was carried out in a tertiary care center. All patients with diagnosed breast cancer registering in Aurangabad cancer registry throughout the whole year of 2012 were included in the study. Results: Age distribution in our study ranged from 22-75 years with mean age at diagnosis 50.75 years with standard deviation of 10.81.maximum number of cases i.e 73% are between 41-50 years.2.9 % of cases are from age group of 21-30 years of age. 59 % belongs to class IV of modified BG Prasads classification of socioeconomic status. 53.3 % are laborer by occupation followed by 38.1 % of cases are housewives. 6.7% of cases are doing some type of service while only1.5% are being unemployed. Educational stautus of case in our study shows that Mojority of population that is 59% of cases in our study were illiterate and only 4.3 % in graduate category.14.3% are educated upto primary school and 12.4% are educated upto middile class. in 69 % of cases age at menarch was below 12 years. Results of present study shows that 45.7 % of cases have given first birth at age of 16-20 years while 38.1 % between 21-25 years in our study. 16(7.1%) of case in our study were never been pregnant. Mean age at meopause is 48 .3 years with SD of 4.8 . Maximum that 36.7 % of cases are premenopausal women
833 Energy and Psychology, Matthew T. Gailliot
The current work is a review of recent findings on energy. Ego depletion, or decreases in self-control caused by prior use, has been found in the areas of sex, aggression, helping, death thought, social norms, crime, emotion regulation, self-views, and passivity. Hunger impaired self-control, and eating restored it. Self-control uses large amounts of bloodstream glucose and brain glycogen and is impaired when these metabolites are low. Minor reductions in oxygen use reduced the number of conscious thoughts that people had. Energy is limited, and energy use by one process can divert it from others.
834 A Case Series of Results of Anterior Cervical Plate, Dr. Hardik Vaghela, Dr. Nisarg Parikh, Dr. Prabhav Tijoriwala
The QWL approach considers people as an ‘asset' to the organization rather than as ‘costs'. It believes that people perform better when they are allowed to participate in managing their work and make decisions. This approach motivates people by satisfying not only their economic needs but also their social and psychological ones. To satisfy the new generation workforce, organizations need to concentrate on job designs and organization of work. In this process, organizations are coming up with new and innovative ideas to improve the quality of work and quality of work life of every individual in the organization. Various programs like flex time, alternative work schedules, compressed work weeks, telecommuting etc., are being adopted by these organizations. This paper discusses few examples of such initiatives taken by organizations in India
835 Study of Blood Pressure and Influence of Addiction in Adolescent Males of Slum Area of Raipur City, Chhattisgarh , Dr P. Beck, Dr Prafull Dawle, Dr Virendra K. Kurrey
Introduction: Non communicable diseases like hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, also a major health problem in adolescent along with communicable diseases. This study to know the prevalence of hypertension and influence of addiction among adolescents male (10-19 years). Materials & methods: 600 adolescent males living in slum area were undergone anthropometric measurement including Body mass index (BMI) and three times blood pressure measured and result were compared with WHO standards. Results: Out of the total 600 adolescent males, 13 (2.1%) cases were hypertensive. The mean systolic blood pressure 108.72 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure 64.23 mm Hg. Raised blood pressure seen in 5.2% of addicted population as compared to 1.44% in non addicted population. Conclusion: Prevalence of hypertension increases with age, BMI and addiction.
836 Knowledge and Practices Regarding Foot Care Amongst Patients of Diabetes Mellitus Attending Government Hospitals of Jamnagar District., Dr. Nitin Lodha, Dr. Sudha Yadav
Of all the complications of diabetes, those that occur in the foot are considered the most preventable. People with poor knowledge and practice regarding diabetic foot care are known to have a higher incidence of foot ulcers. Aim is to assess the knowledge of foot-care measures and practices adopted by diabetic patients for foot-care. Total 400 patients were included in study. Only 78.5% patients had awareness regarding importance of inspection and washing of feet daily, 95.5% were aware regarding not walking barefoot, 51% regarding clipping of nails with care and avoid trauma and 54.8% regarding consultation with health care provider. Regarding practice, 65% inspect feet daily, 80.2% not go bare foot out-side, 31.5% clip toe nails with care and 26.75% consult health care when injured.
837 Fracture resistance of maxillary premolars restored with adhesive intraradicular and intracoronal materias., Dr. Preeti Chaudhary, Dr. Vipin Arora, Dr. Shikha Jaiswal, Dr. Vineeta Nikhil
Aim To evaluate the fracture resistance of maxillary premolars obturated with different adhesive root filling materials and restored with different adhesive restorative materials. Methodology 120 extracted maxillary premolars were selected. Standardized access cavities were prepared and root canals were instrumented using rotary files (taper 4%). Samples were divided into 6 groups (n=15): Group 1: ActiV GP (AGP) + Silorane based Composite (Comp), Group 2: ActiV GP + Nano filled Resin modified glass ionomer cement (nRMGIC), Group 3: ActiV GP + Temporary restorative material (Temp), Group 4: RealSeal (RS) + Silorane based Composite, Group 5: RealSeal + nRMGIC, Group 6: RealSeal + Temp, Group 7: unobturated teeth Group 8: Intact teeth.The specimens were mounted in Instron and compressive force applied at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min.The data so obtained was statistical analysed using Student ‘t’ test and one way ANOVA test. Results. The mean values were 872.87 N, 676.47 N, 630.07 N, 578.53 N, 539.60 N, 482.33 N, 481.07 N, 293.80 N for group 8, group 2, group 4, group 5, group 1, group 3, group 6, group 7 respectively with significant difference between the groups. Conclusions ActiV GP and RealSeal can be regarded as a viable choice to increase the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth. nRMGIC and silorane based composite showed nearly similar reinforcement.
838 Study of the Normal and Variant Branching Pattern of the Aortic Arch: the Clinical and Embryological Significance, Dr. Bhavana Junagade, Dr. Aruna Mukherjee
A knowledge of the branching pattern of the arch of aorta is of great importance today as the arch is assuming a key role in many endovascular surgeries. The varying branching pattern of the arch, a result of the complicated development, is one of the main risk predictors in endovascular surgeries such as carotid artery stenting. The present study,for the branching pattern of the aortic arch has been done on 35 embalmed human cadavers, at MGM Medical College, Navi Mumbai The arch showed variant branching pattern in 11.43% cadavers. In variations, the arch was found to give rise to only 2 branches in 3(8.58%) cadavers and 4 branches in 1(2.58%) cadaver as against normal pattern of 3 branches. The arch morphology is variable and becomes more so with the advancing age. In this era of increasing vascular invasive procedures the knowledge thus gained will be useful to the cardiologists, cardiothoracic surgeons and radiologists in various diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.
839 Pant Kavya Ke Vividh Ayam, Sushil Kumar Shelly
840 Influences of Internet on Social Skill Development of Rural and Urban Adolescents in Coimbatore District, Ipsita Borgohain, Dr. S. Jaya
The quality and availability of Internet facilities are differ between urban and rural regions. Urban adolescents enjoy the benefits of high-speed Internet facilities which enable them to develop various skills. Adolescents residing in rural areas are disadvantaged by low quality access to Internet services due to lack of infrastructure development. So both rural and urban adolescent Internet users have developmental differences of various skills. The main objective of the present study was to find out the influence of Internet on developmental differences of social skills of rural and urban adolescent Internet users. The study was conducted on 600 adolescents age group of 15-17 residing and studying in class IX, X and XI of two government and two private higher secondary schools in rural and urban areas in Coimbatore district, Tamilnadu. Simple random sampling technique was used to select the sample of one hundred and fifty students from each school. Survey based method and self–constructed questionnaire was used to collect the data. The main result from the present study is that the adolescents of urban areas were more positively influenced by Internet and developed more social skills than adolescents of rural areas.
841 Molana Rumi and Stormy Ocean of Sufism, Mahdieh Boostani, Nasrin Sharifizad
Theology, Philosophy, and Sufism are the main rational domainsof Muslim thought.“MuslimMysticism” is pattern of life.An important aim of the “Muslim Mysticism” is how to be a perfect being.Jalal al-Din Rumi, the great Persian Sufi master and poet had the main important points of Sufism in his poetry. Drawing upon Rumi’s writings of the thirteenth century, it can be understood that there is something beyond religion, and a hopeful domain of spirituality is clear in his poetry. We should climb a ladder of Sufism for understanding Rumi. This article attempts to discuss Sufism, origin of Sufism, and the message of Sufism which is hidden in Rumi’s poetry
842 Vermicomposting potential of earthworm species of Jammu on leaf litter of avenue trees., Sajaad Iqbal Khan, R. K. Rampal
In present study the dry leaf litter of avenue trees has been vermicomposted in 28-44 days using four local earthworm species Perionyx sansibaricus (Michaelsen, 1891), Lampito mauritti (Kinberg, 1866), Metaphire posthuma (Vaillant, 1868) and Amynthas morrisi (Beddard, 1892). Out of four species the Perionyx sansibaricus produced maximum vermicompost exhibiting vermicomposting potential of 29%, 30.96%, 25.07% and 26.0% during May-July, Aug-Oct, Nov-Jan. and Feb-Apr. respectively. The vermicompost produced by Perionyx sansibaricus also showed a maximum concentration of NPK.
843 Expressions of CAVEOLIN 1 in Human Uterine Mesenchymal Tumors and Normal Myometrium, Takuma Hayashi
Although most smooth muscle neoplasms detected in the human uterus are benign, uterine leiomyosarcoma (Ut-LMS) is extremely malignant with high rates of recurrence and metastasis. CAVEOLIN 1 (CAV1) levels in the epithelial cells of some carcinomas have been reported to increase during tumor progression. We herein evaluated the relationship between CAV1 expression and the pathological features of patients diagnosed with uterine mesenchymal tumors at several clinical facilities. No clinical link was observed between CAV1 expression and the malignancy of human uterine mesenchymal tumors. CAV1 expression was decreased in the normal myometrium, whereas it was markedly expressed in uterine mesenchymal tumors. However, the expression of CAV1 was not a potential biomarker to distinguish human Ut-LMS from other types of uterine mesenchymal tumors. The perivascular expression of CAV1 was clearly observed in myometria and all types of uterine mesenchymal tumors. Therefore, the results of the present study suggest that CAV1 may not act as a potential biomarker of uterine malignant mesenchymal tumors. However expression of CAV1 may do biological effects in the development of uterine mesenchymal tumors
844 A Study of Comparison Between Vicryl 3-0 and Prolene 3-0 in Cases of Choledochoduodenostomy, Dr Hiren Modi, Dr Kunal Modi, Dr Jatinkumar Modi
BACKGROUND: There are various indications of choledochodudenostomy(CDD) like stones, stricture of lower end of common bile duct or as a drainage procedure in periampullary tumors. In this choledocholithiasis is one of the most common and serious disease in biliary tract. In Choledochodudenostomy, side to side anastomosis done between common bile duct and first part of duodenum by interrupted stitches. Various types of suture material are used like dexon, silk, vicryl, prolene. OBJECTIVE: Compare between vicryl 3-0 and prolene 3-0 in cases of choledochodudenostomy and look out for which one is better and less complicative. METHODS: A Prospective randomized study was conducted in civil hospital on 50 patients who presented with common bile duct stones and managed by choledochoduodenostomy. We had a study of 50 cases for choledochoduodenostomy in which 25 cases with vicryl 3-0 and 25 cases with prolene 3-0. RESULTS: In immediate complications 2 out of 50 patients were devloped hemorrhage. In this CDD done with vicryl 3-0 had mortality on 1st post operative day other CDD with prolene 3-0 managed conservatively. Bile leak occur in 10 % patients on 2 to 3rd post operative days. Out of them 2 patients have CDD with vicryl 3-0 and other 3 patients with prolene 3-0. All were managed conservatively. Wound infection occurred in 28 % of patients. In late complications, 3 out of 50 patients devloped cholangitis at on first month follow up. All of them had a history of bile leak. 2 patients had CDD with vicryl 3-0 devloped cholangitis. 3 out of 50 patients developed recurrent stones at 1 year follow up.2 out of 50 patients have CDD with prolene 3-0. CONCLUSION: In our small comparative study of 50 cases between vicryl 3-0 and prolene 3-0, we could not conclude which one is better or less complicative. But in this study bile leak occur more in prolene than vicryl but it is not significant. However recurrent stones common with prolene 3-0 may be due to their non-absorbable nature which was lead to act as a foreign body. Till this time most of the surgeons preferred vicryl 3-0 due to their absorbable nature and least chance of recurrent stones. But in our study use of prolene 3-0 also gave the same results. So prolene 3-0 is as better as vicryl 3-0. Cost effectiveness not considered in this study
845 Advertising Translation: the Power of Semiotic Systems to Hide Ideology, Rodr Iacute Guez Arcos, Irene
In times of globalization where people, goods and discourses continually flow, the translator has to face the new challenges posed by the media and specifically advertising. In highly ideologically charged advertising campaigns, everything –from linguistic elements to colors, clothes, models’ gazes, attitudes, and much more– become signs whose ideological meaning should be translated for other cultures. This paper constitutes an attempt of showing that, apart from interlinguistic translation, intersemiotic translation –the one carried out between different systems of signs– is not only present in advertising campaigns, but also constitutes a powerful tool of persuasion and ideology transmission. We will attempt to show how through these two translation techniques messages and discourses can be transmitted surreptitiously, as well as analyzing the power and ethical consequences which derivate from these translator’s decisions.
846 Comparative Study of Seasonal Incidence of Chicken Coccidia in Gangapur and Vaijapur Tehsil of Aurangabad District in Maharashtra, Bhimrao N. Jadhav
During the period of 12 months (