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Journal of Interdisciplinary Sciences

Journal Papers (15) Details Call for Paper Manuscript submission Publication Ethics Contact Authors' Guide Line
1 All Publication Archive can be downloaded from the link http://journalofinterdisciplinarysciences.com/publication-archive/ Volume 1, issue 1. 2017 November Volume 2, Issue 1, 2018 May Volume 2, issue 2, 2018 November  Volume 3, Issue 1, 2019 May volume 3, Issue 2, 2019 November , Journal of Interdisciplinary Sciences (JIS)   http://journalofinterdisciplinarysciences.com/publication-archive/
Journal of Interdisciplinary Sciences (JIS)   http://journalofinterdisciplinarysciences.com/publication-archive/
2 Acknowledgement to reviewers , Editor-in-Chief
The Journal of Interdisciplinary Sciences (JIS) wishes to thank all the reviewers for their intellectual contributions by timely reviewing manuscripts, and supporting the journal’s vision of “Enriching Beautiful Minds towards Intelligent Minds”. From the desk of the Editor-in-Chief, the Journal of Interdisciplinary Sciences (JIS) would like to thank all the reviewers who made it possible to publish this volume, Volume 4, Issue 1, May 2020. Let us join and collaborate together to ENRICH the BEAUTIFUL MINDS TOWARDS INTELLIGENT MINDS Mani Man Singh Rajbhandari Ekaterina Khitruk Hanna David Dhikru Adewale Yagboyaju Adebola A. Alade Sandra Kemp Kevin R. Clark Katarina Kostelić Samah Khaled Zahran Janelle Gardiner Maria Emerita I. Shrestha Amasa Philip Ndofirepi
3 Attitudes to and awareness of Safety and Risk among Professional and Semi-Professional Footballers in Ireland: A Cross-Sectional Study , Conor Buggy, Nicola Coffey, Martin Lawless and Seamus Kelly
This paper examines the attitudes towards safety and risk among professional and semiprofessional footballers during the 2014 League of Ireland season. As part of a broader nationallyrepresentative study examining occupational safety and health and concussion injury awareness among professional footballers, this study is the first and largest investigation of its kind in Ireland. A census survey using an anonymous questionnaire was provided to all clubs that were available in the League of Ireland clubs between March and May 2015. Permission to access players was provided by the Professional Footballers Association of Ireland. Participation was voluntary. At the time, there were 250 professional and semi-professional players within the League available to participate of which 149 footballers participated voluntarily and anonymously. Sixty per cent of the participants were employed on a semi-professional basis, and the majority of all participants were aged between 18 and 30. Analysis indicated that there were few significant associations between players’ professional status and attitudes towards issues relating to safety management and risk taking. Players in general have an unacceptable level (<20%) of awareness concerning their clubs safety programs. The results have implications for stakeholders responsible for management of safety and risk in professional football clubs.
4 History and Philosophy of Sustainable Development: Road-Mapping Interdisciplinarity for Wellbeing , Akeem Amodu
Issues and problems of sustainable development continue to characterize and shape global discourse. Sustainable development finds mention in virtually every conceivable discipline and endeavour: medicine, literature, politics, community development, globalisation and deep ecology, among others. Just as the growing literature on sustainable development reflects interdisciplinarity, the embrace of sustainable development processes and practices across cultures reflects desirability. The recent interdisciplinary literature on sustainable development not only suggests its desirability but also reflects the desideratum for the development of a distinctive area of scholarship - History and Philosophy of Sustainable Development, - a discipline that neither comes up, simpliciter, a science, a social science, nor an art. It is the critical concern of this paper to discursively outline what may be considered the imperative contents of History and Philosophy of Sustainable Development with particular reference to the question of sustainable development in developing and less developed countries. Through the method of content analysis, the paper critically reflects on selected secondary sources on sustainable development. Against the background of its finding of a growing concern for sustainable development in the 21st century global society, the paper recommends measures for entrenching the teaching and learning of History and Philosophy of Sustainable Development as a veritable tool for sustainable wellbeing.
5 Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Communication/Collaboration Among Nursing and Allied Health Students , Lynette Watts, Randy Case, Jessyca Wagner, Catherine Pankonien and Lauren Jansen
Lack of teamwork among health science students can be especially challenging in emergency settings. A simulated neonatal intensive care (NICU) exercise was held with nursing, radiology, and respiratory therapy students to determine if students valued interdisciplinary education and felt the experience enhanced clinical skills. A mixed methods study was conducted to determine if there was a significant difference in students’ perceptions of their resuscitation and professional communication skills after the experience. A t-test addressed the following: H1: There will be an increase in students’ perception of their confidence in using their professional skills in a hospital setting after the interdisciplinary communication NICU experience. H2: There will be an increase in students’ perception of their ability to communicate with other disciplines after the interdisciplinary communication NICU experience. Students answered six pre-experience open-ended questions and seven post-experience open-ended questions; responses were coded, and multiple themes emerged. Students reported gaining confidence in using their skills within the hospital setting after participating in the experience and reported possessing more high quality interdisciplinary communication skills after participating in the experience. The open-ended questions indicated students valued the simulations, and they felt more prepared to interact in an interdisciplinary manner in the clinical setting. Students also desired more simulations during their education. Limitations were discrepancies in student clinical experiences, sample size, and self-reported levels of communication, skills, and teamwork abilities. This study could determine the potential need for growth and development of interdisciplinary simulation experiences within healthcare education course design and standards.
6 Transgressing for Access: A Call for Higher Education Reform to Support Black Females in STEM , Beverly A King Miller
There continues to be the global demand for a qualified workforce in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). Yet, for Black females in South Africa this means combating the legacy of Apartheid to overcome challenges due to race and gender. This paper draws data from a qualitative study of four Black South African females in STEM careers. Through their voices they identify ways in which they transgress gender and race to gain access to STEM careers. Further, their families transgress cultural norms in order to offer support for unfamiliar career pathways. Their narratives call for a transformative change in higher education to address the physical and safety needs of Black females in South Africa and the removal of the burden of educational fees for Black families. This is echoed in the 2015 #FEESMUSTFALL movement. Finally, there is a need for the creation of quality higher education institutions near Black townships.
7 Economy Pandemic: A Crisis Management towards Post COVID-19. A Commentary Opinion , Mani Man Singh Rajbhandari
COVID-19 Corona Virus pandemic is not only destroying the lives of people but it is equally scattering the economic lives of people all around the world. The COVID 19 pandemic has led to a widespread economic shut down thus raising the issue of post effect of COVID-19 towards the global economy. It has become a global economic crisis and brought about an economic pandemic to humankind with unemployment, business closure, shut down or fast tract economic boosting plans. The purpose of this study is to shed theoretical perspectives towards crisis management to boost growth for organizational economy. Theories of economic and management were interconnected to analyse this study on scientific realities. However, an economic pandemic may not be hard to overcome if crisis management is applied strategically through business diversification but not by crisis avoidance and crisis ignorance. Crisis management is all about having a newer vision through business diversity by creating newer business lines and creating spaces for small and medium enterprises and cottage industries to operate. This further enhances employment and keeps the purchasing power equilibrium intact for stagnant demand and supply ratio. This crisis management can be maintained through diversity management and the best strategic option is the pruning diversity strategy. Crisis ignorance and crisis avoidance are situational but that crisis management is long term.
8 EDITORIAL (Volume 4, Issue 1. 2020 MAY , Mani Man Singh Rajbhandari Editor-in-Chief
Dear Readers, We are pleased to announce the publication of Volume 4, Issue 1 2020. This issue covers manuscripts from different discipline to incorporate interdisciplinary sciences into one platform. Published in this issue, research papers related to economic, sciences, education, social and outdoor/sports leadership are published. Our next issue will be published in November 2020 and we invite authors, researchers, managers, leaders, scientists, students and others for paper submission. The Journal of Interdisciplinary Sciences is an open access, which offers free submissions, free publication and free open access to download its published research paper from the journal’s website http://journalofinterdisciplinarysciences.com/. Globally we all are facing the painstaking challenges to overcome this COVID-19 Novel Coronavirus Pandemic, this is the time to remain strong and overcome this pandemic with peace, calm and inner strength. Remain Safe and keep well. Let us join and collaborate together to ENRICH the BEAUTIFUL MINDS TOWARDS INTELLIGENT MINDS Mani Man Singh Rajbhandari. Ph.D. Founder and Editor-in-Chief Journal of Interdisciplinary Sciences (JIS) www.journalofinterdisciplinarysciences.com
9 Editorial: Volume 4, Issue 2, November 2020 , Mani Man Singh Rajbhandari (PhD.).
Dear Readers, It is our pleasure to announce our publication of Volume 4, Issue 2 November 2020. It is our aim to bring the multi-interdisciplinary subjects into one platform within which the Journal of Interdisciplinary Sciences (JIS) has successfully published various papers related to different disciplinary areas in our previous four volumes with eight issues. Within these issues, numerous research papers reflecting multi-interdisciplinary subjects have published. In this publication Volume 4, Issue 2, November 2020, we have again attempted to integrate research/scientific papers from various subject areas. This accumulates scientific papers from the areas of psychology, research methodology, political sciences, and economics. The JIS wishes to thank the author(s) and the reviewers for making this issue successful in publication. The Journal of Interdisciplinary Sciences (JIS) receives number of manuscripts submission for publication consideration. For this Volume 4, Issue 2, November 2020, more than twenty manuscripts were submitted by authors from different disciplines. Among these submitted manuscripts only five were accepted after peer review, other submitted manuscripts were rejected during initial screening, editorial reviews and some were rejected during the peer review process. The JIS follows strict guidelines of Publication Ethic and Malpractices (PEMS), in regard to this, one of the manuscripts which was accepted after peer review had to be forcefully removed from publication after the completion of paper layout design, it was due to the journal’s PEMS guidelines. It is highly advisable to all author(s) to follow the publication ethic. It is a moral duty of an author(s) to practice publication ethic- submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal while the paper is in the review process is considered as malpractice and is an offence to publication ethics, which can/may also be considered as a Publication Dysfunctional Behavioural Practices (PDBP). Our next issue will be published in May 2021 for which we invite researchers, managers, leaders, scientists, students and others for paper submission. The call for paper submission is also announced in the journal’s announcement portal http://journalofinterdisciplinarysciences.com/announcement/. The Journal of Interdisciplinary Sciences (JIS) is an open access, which offers free submissions, free publication and free open access to download its published research paper from the journal’s website http://journalofinterdisciplinarysciences.com/. It is recommended that all author(s) submitting their manuscript to JIS are advised to read the author guidelines from the journal website http://journalofinterdisciplinarysciences.com/submit-your-papers/authors-guidelines/ Let us join and collaborate together to ENRICH the BEAUTIFUL MINDS TOWARDS INTELLIGENT MINDS Mani Man Singh Rajbhandari. Ph.D. Founder and Editor-in-Chief Journal of Interdisciplinary Sciences (JIS) www.journalofinterdisciplinarysciences.com
10 Note to Readers "Addressing Complex, Societal Challenges through Interdisciplinary Research" , Richard Callahan
The complexity of societal problems drives the need for interdisciplinary research. For example, the current COVID-19 pandemic illustrates the need for various disciplines to address worldwide challenges. Clearly, epidemiologists in a well-funded public health system (Maani and Galea, 2020) are needed to generate the basic science on the disease spread. However, beyond the disciplinary boundaries of epidemiology are the need for public organizations to effectively collect and act on the data, coordinating between elected and appointed officials (Kirlin, 2020). Moreover, disciplines researching budgets and finance and connecting lessons learned across nations provide valued insights in understanding the varied dimensions of responding to the pandemic (Holzer and Newbold, 2020). The Journal of Interdisciplinary Sciences (JIS) welcome submission, offering an opportunity to bring together varied research traditions, across varied disciplines to address complex, dynamic societal problems.
11 The Kantian Effect: Reconceiving the Integration of Knowledge in Interdisciplinary Theory   , Jeremy K. Dennis
In interdisciplinary studies, multiple definitions and practices proliferate. Interdisciplinarians such as William H. Newell claim that complex systems theory provides the rationale that we need to guide reform. However, complex systems theory alone cannot rationalize interdisciplinarity and inform what Ernest Boyer calls the scholarship of integration. Language and texts also play a key role. This claim is just as significant today as it was when Immanuel Kant noted the importance of texts in his controversial blueprint for higher education. Not only is Kant one of the fathers of modern philosophy and constructivism, but he is also a key architect of the disciplinary silos that instrumentalists such as Newell claim to oppose but indirectly reinforce through reductionist practices. A dialogic conceptual framework recalibrates these practices and their correlates, thus improving interdisciplinary education in the digital age. This article reveals that a study of Kantian architectonics and its dialogic reinterpretation by Mikhail Bakhtin has much to teach educators about interdisciplinarity as an agent for integrative learning and higher education reform.
12 The Psychological Impact of Covid-19 Lockdown Measures on Cypriots’ Mental Health and Quality of Life   , Hadjicharalambous Demetris, Parlalis Stavros and Erotocritou Koulla
This study examines the psychological impact of Covid-19 lockdown measures on Cypriots’ mental health and quality of life in Cyprus. The survey has been carried out in Cyprus with 464 participants. The sample includes 358 women (77%) and 106 men (23%). They were all given the General Health Questionnaire-28, the Life Satisfaction Inventory (LSI) and they were asked to answer the questionnaires on the Internet platform known as enklikanketa, from April 09 to April 20, 2020. This study identifies a major mental health burden on the general population during epidemic Covid-19. The results show that 17.1% of the general population experienced keener Social Dysfunction, 8.7% presented Severe Depression, 27.7% had Insomnia / Anxiety, 17.7% had Somatic Symptoms, 15.6% had mental health problems and 37.4% had a low quality of life. Evidence-based findings showed also that participants who have been working regularly and those who stayed home have been more affected and presented more noticeable somatic symptoms, anxiety and insomnia, health and mental health problems and lower quality of life than participants who have been working from home indeed. Research findings showed that lockdown measures and social isolation affect people’s quality of life and mental health.
13 Politeness in Political Discourse: Face Threatening Acts (FTAs) in American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) Speeches   , Tarak Dridi
Face Threatening Acts (FTAs) are politeness forms which have been struggled over in the past and now as they are pragmatically deemed relevant in identifying centripetal and centrifugal movements exerted by political actors on their interlocutors. Political discourse has been qualitatively approached from sociological, cognitive and pragmatic perspectives. Pragmatically speaking, the findings on approaching political discourse from politeness perspective have been controversial and ranged from being confined to the interactional level to negotiating implicit power relations. This study offers a politeness theoretical framework to examine American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) political annual speeches between 2006 and 2012. The target of this research is to understand which politeness strategies political actors deploy when addressing the audience and how these political speakers please the other and fulfill political ends. The results display an over-reliance on Face Threatening Acts on record with redressive action at the expense of Face Threatening Acts on record without redressive action and Face Threatening Acts off record. Positive politeness, notably expressive speech acts, play an inclusive role, gain the audience sympathy and reshape public opinion. The study fills the gap in the study of the impact of positive politeness on political discourse and calls for the consideration of expressive speech acts as means of power negotiation rather than mere interaction.
14 Practical Applications of Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches in Interdisciplinary Sciences: A New Perspective   , Wanqing Zhang
Discussions regarding the choice of quantitative and qualitative methods for addressing research questions within the intra-individual study design are well established. However, little discussion has focused on how researchers look beyond research designs in a single layer and context. This article describes a hybrid research framework using both qualitative and quantitative methods at four different research levels in the highly interdisciplinary field of occupational science and occupational therapy. The aim is to illustrate that multiple research methods have broad research applications in a large methodological framework, beyond research designs that focus on methods within a single study. This article discusses an interdisciplinary approach to research design and knowledge generation across research levels, which is essential for successful implementation of evidence-based practice. In interdisciplinary sciences, qualitative and quantitative methods work best when maximizing the capacity to bridge science and practice. Researchers need to apply appropriate qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches to suit the specific needs at various levels of the science-practice interface.
15 Acknowledgement to reviewers ,
Mani Man Singh Rajbhandari (PhD.). Editor-in-Chief