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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development

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1 Where is Home for the Abuja, Nigeria Urban Poor , Obiadi Bons N. | Onochie A. O. | Nzewi N. U.
Abuja faced the challenges like all the new nation's capital relocation, resettlement and development. Development was taken to areas which hitherto were not only generally sparsely populated but also contributed quite little to the national economies. The design concept and physical development of the new capitals have been underpinned by the theory and principles of garden city by Ebenezer Howard 1898 which influenced the building of Letchworth in 1902 and Welwyn in 1920 as new towns, dealing with urban poverty, inadequacy of housing and spatial integration. The present work aims to indicate, that Abuja, Nigeria, has not followed her Master Plan as a result, has not made provisions for adequate housing for the urban poor. The authors adopted content base analysis secondary data sources , where they carefully analyzed and interpreted works of other authors and used them in buttressing their points as applied to the issue at hand, “where is home for the Abuja urban poor ” Abuja, however, has not followed the urban development principles that guided both Letchworth and Welwyn. The Master Plan was abused, neglected and not followed. The Abuja urban design principles saw a lot of inconsistencies that result in Abuja urbanization, inadequacy of housing, urban poverty, etc. Informal land development provided shelter for Abuja urban poor.
2 Phylotype Analysis of Ralstonia Solanacearum Causing Bacterial wilt in Eggplants in Orissa in India , Rakesh Kumar | Ramachandran, E. | Koteshwar Yadav
Eggplant is prone to attack by several pests including bacteria, fungi, nematodes and insects. In this study, we have analyzed phylotype of bacterial wilt Ralstonia solanacearum infection in eggplant plants collected from Bhubaneswar Orissa in India. Bacterial wilt symptomatic five plant samples were collected from brinjal field in Bhubaneswar in 2016. The samples were macerated in sterile distilled water and grown on Kelman's triphenyltetrazolium chloride TZC agar media. Total genomic DNA of the bacterium were extracted and subjected to PCR amplification using the R. solanacearum specific universal primer pair 759 760. An expected single 280 bp fragment amplified in all the samples confirmed the identity of these as Ralstonia. To reconfirmed isolate of bacterium, the amplicon was sequenced in sequencer. In NCBI blast, the nucleotide sequence was 100 similar with Ralstonia solanacearum strain RS lpxC DOB 1 AB910593 and the sequence was submitted in NCBI database under Acc. No. KY393266. To determined phylotype of strain used specific multiplex PCR with phylotype specific primers Nmult 21F1 2, Nmult 22InF, Nmult 23AF, Nmult 22RR revealed that all the five infected samples belonged to phylotype I as a 144 bp amplicon were observed in agarose gel. On the basis of above finding concluded that the bacterial wilt infected eggplant collected from Bhubaneswar was Ralostonia solanacearum, Phylotype I. Rakesh Kumar | Ramachandran, E. | Koteshwar Yadav "Phylotype Analysis of Ralstonia Solanacearum Causing Bacterial wilt in Eggplants in Orissa in India" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21580.pdf  
3 A Critical Study of Electronic Voting Machine EVM Utilization in Election Procedure , Dr. A. V. Nikam | Dr. P. C. Shetiye | Dr. S. D. Bhoite
We can experience fast and sudden changes in the life of human being due to the information technology IT . Information technology is used individually as well as in business then how it could be exception for election. In our democracy there are three levels Loksabha, Vidhan Sabha and Sthanik Swarajya Sanshta. Information technology is useful in preparing voters list, proper voting and prediction of which candidate will be winner etc. Providing the proper services to the voters regarding election for sake of this it has been prepared a software app called too voter. Using this app voter can easily search his name in voter list and his election centre etc. It can also be possible to see the expenditure of election through this app. This app is useful to all citizens, voters, election officers, political parties, self service centre, media and political analyst. The main and important step is actual voting though Electronic Voting Machine EVM . At the beginning many questions were raised whether literate and illiterate can use this machine properly. It seen that everyone is using this machine. Presently the button called None of the above NOTA become part of discussion. Due to EVM following points become possible 1 Fast counting of voting 2 Accurate counting of voting. 3 Avoidance of misbehavior misconduct. Even promotion and dissemination by candidate is possible through information technology. It can possible to get likes about opinions and image of candidate through facebook and twitter. Dr. A. V. Nikam | Dr. P. C. Shetiye | Dr. S. D. Bhoite "A Critical Study of Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) Utilization in Election Procedure" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23046.pdfPaper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/23046/a-critical-study-of-electronic-voting-machine-evm-utilization-in-election-procedure/dr--a-v-nikam  
4 Research of Practical and Scenario Method in the Teaching of Cost Accounting , Wang Meiying | Li Deheng
Traditional cost accounting teaching is lack of practice teaching, students theoretical study is separated from practice, practical and scenario teaching method is the combination of practice and students' interest in an organic whole, which solve the students' passively accept knowledge in the process of learning, and build a bridge between the theory and practice, thus have good teaching application value.   by Wang Meiying | Li Deheng "Research of Practical and Scenario Method in the Teaching of Cost Accounting"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21428.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/accounting-and-finance/21428/research-of-practical-and-scenario-method-in-the-teaching-of-cost-accounting/wang-meiying"  
5 Evaluate Impact of Water Metabolism on Metalwork Craftsmen for Effective Job Performance and Productivity , Akegbejo, David A. | Asaaju Raymond O. | Eludire Isaac I
This paper presents evidence on the impact of water metabolism on metalwork craftsmen for effective job performance and productivity. This study was conducted on 60 electric arc welders, 40 panel beaters, 10 black smiths and 10 foundry workmen in Akoko land. In 120 individuals investigated were exposed to thermal stresses that need adequate water consumption for effective job performance and productivity. The inclusion criterion for this study was working in an environment that included a heating process. The study adopted a survey research design. The study used structured questionnaire as an Instrument for data collection to elicit the opinions from the respondents. The instrument was validated. The responses to the items were based on a four-point scale, with numerical value of 4, 3, 2 and 1. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the data collected from the study for answering the research question. The study was carried out in Akoko South-West and Akoko South-East Local Government Area of Ondo State. The population of this study comprised all 120 metalwork craftsmen. There was no sample all enter population of 120 was used. The findings of the study showed that the respondents agreed that water metabolism help in effective job performance and productivity. Based on findings and discussion, conclusions were drawn and recommendations made, among was that one should not wait until is thirsty to drink water. Akegbejo, David A. | Asaaju Raymond O. | Eludire Isaac I ""Evaluate Impact of Water Metabolism on Metalwork Craftsmen for Effective Job Performance and Productivity"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21434.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/strategic-management/21434/evaluate-impact-of-water-metabolism-on-metalwork-craftsmen-for-effective-job-performance-and-productivity/akegbejo-david-a  
6 Bacopa Monnieri - A Review , Dr. Siva Rami Reddy E
In recent times, the use of herbal products has increased enormously across the globe. Numerous natural products such as those isolated from plants have been evaluated as therapeutics for the treatment of variety of diseases. Bacopa monnieri also referred to as water hyssop and "Brahmi," has been used in the Indian system of medicine since time immemorial. It belongs to the family Scrophulariaceae and is an annual creeping plant found in wet, damp, and marshy areas. Phytochemical analysis of Bacopa monnieri extracts revealed the presence of various biochemical compounds such as alkaloids, bacosides, flavonoids, glycosides, triterpenoids and saponins etc. The major therapeutic chemical constituents of this plant identified through various researches are the triterpenoids saponins, bacosides. Bacoside A has been recognized as the chief component responsible for therapeutic effects. Bacopa monnieri is conventionally used for diverse ailments, but is best known as memory enhancer. A vast range of studies using methanolic and ethanolic extracts of Bacopa monnieri have shown its effect in treatment of wide range of diseases like diabetes, depression, cancer, inflammation etc. Bacopa monnieri appears to demonstrate low toxicity in various rat, mice models including humans however, long term studies of toxicity in humans still need to study in great details. This review focuses on the studies that have traced both pharmacological and phytochemical properties of plant Bacopa monnieri covering wide range of its effect on antidepression, anti epileptic, anti oxidative amongst many others which can surely help in betterment of mankind. Dr. Siva Rami Reddy E ""Bacopa Monnieri - A Review"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21390.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21390/bacopa-monnieri---a-review/dr-siva-rami-reddy-e  
7 A Basic Review on Diabetic Neuropathy , Dr. Siva Rami Reddy E
Diabetic neuropathy is a major cause of neuropathy worldwide and may lead to amputations and incapacity. This study aimed at a detailed and updated review on diabetic neuropathy, focusing on its epidemiology, classification, clinical features, risk factor, diagnostic investigation and treatment. Dr. Siva Rami Reddy E ""A Basic Review on Diabetic Neuropathy"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21391.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21391/a--basic-review-on-diabetic-neuropathy/dr-siva-rami-reddy-e  
8 Air Cushion Mobility System , Nitesh A Pachpor | Priti P Lad
In any industry we use various material handling system. Most of them required high power and energy but in Air Cushion Mobility System requires less power and effort to move considerable heavy load. An air cushion mobility system is any system that employs a cushion of air the load from the ground. Air casters are systems which use air pressure to facilitate the movement materials in the industry. It uses continuous air pressure to create a cushion of air upon which the load platform floats. An air caster is a pneumatic lifting device used to move heavy loads on flat, nonporous surfaces. Its operation is similar to a hovercraft, as it uses a thin layer of air as a way to float a very small distance off the ground. Compressed air enters an airbag shaped like a torus, and when the bag is filled it creates an airtight seal with the ground, and forces more air into the centre of torus, eventually causing the air to flow over the bag and to raise the load above the ground. Nitesh A Pachpor | Priti P Lad "Air Cushion Mobility System" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21415.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/21415/air-cushion-mobility-system/nitesh-a-pachpor  
9 Efficacy of rice-stubble allelochemicals on vegetative growth parameters of some oil-yielding crops , S. P. Adhikary
A laboratory experiment was conducted to investigate allelopathic potential of water extract of rice-stubble leachate on certain oil-yielding crops mustard, sesamum and sunflower . A wide range of rice-stubble concentration i.e. 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 and 40 were prepared and used for testing of seedling growth parameters Length, fresh and dry weight of shoot and root of oil-yielding test crop seedlings. The experimental results found that the different seedling growth parameters were reduced with increased concentration of rice-stubble leachate in compared to control set. Root growth was more sensitive than shoot growth with increase of leachate concentration of rice-stubble. This experimental results show the existence of several bioactive compounds i.e. allelochemicals in rice-stubble. These bioactive compounds might serve as a source of natural herbicides. S. P. Adhikary ""Efficacy of rice-stubble allelochemicals on vegetative growth parameters of some oil-yielding crops"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20251.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/biological-science/botany/20251/efficacy-of-rice-stubble-allelochemicals-on-vegetative-growth-parameters-of-some-oil-yielding-crops/s-p-adhikary  
10 Productivity of Horticulture in Remote Tribal Areas of Andhra Pradesh , Appalanaidu Pappala
The present study reveals that horticultural crops i.e. mango, guava, banana, pineapple, etc. in remote agency area of Andhra Pradesh state, productivity of horticulture helps to reduce an extensive deforestation. The qualitative data collected from 45 key informants both sexes belonging to tribal population of the Kurnool, Prakasam, Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram and Srikakulam districts. For data collection, observation and interview methods employed. Appalanaidu Pappala ""Productivity of Horticulture in Remote Tribal Areas of Andhra Pradesh"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20253.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/social-science/20253/productivity-of-horticulture-in-remote-tribal-areas-of-andhra-pradesh/appalanaidu-pappala  
11 An Analysis of Zeno's View Regarding Motion , Dr. Sudipta Chattopadhyay
Zeno of Elea about 489 BC , is the favorite disciple of Parmenides about 514 BC . Zeno devotes himself in refuting the views of the opponents of Parmenides. Arguments against the possibility of motion, is first found in The Dialectic of Zeno. To examine the reality of motion, it is necessary to make a new look towards Zeno's reaction on motion. The ancient Greek philosophers are confused to think about space, time and motion. Zeno is the first who deeply thinks about these. His arguments, generally known as his paradoxes, seem to show that motion is simply an illusion which is not possible in any circumstances. Arguments of Zeno are based upon the argument which may be called the antinomy, i.e., a proof that since two contradictory propositions equally follows from a given assumption that must be false of infinite divisibility. But in our times, we know that the fallacies of his proofs, the confusion of the infinite divisibility of space and time with infinite dividedness, he does not notice himself. He argues from the geometrical line to the actual line. Indeed, a geometrical point has no magnitude and a geometrical line is infinitely divisible. But in everyday life the movement between any distance, is not infinitely divisible, nor any observed time which we live through as short or long, is infinitely divisible into moments. Zeno confused an analytic proposition with a synthetic proposition. An analytic proposition does not require any observation to confirm or disconfirm its truth while a synthetic proposition can be true if it corresponds to an actual state of affairs. A distance or time is infinitely divisible, is only an analytic proposition but actual distance traversed in same observed time is not infinitely divisible. Without motion our usual life would be stopped. Sun, moon, stars, planets and other stars cannot move without motion. If motion is not accepted then astronomy would be in vein. Even we cannot speak and write without the movement of our vocabulary organs and that of fingers respectively. So, the existence of motion has to accept in usual life, in scientific research and in all other aspects of life. Dr. Sudipta Chattopadhyay ""An Analysis of Zeno's View Regarding Motion"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20256.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/philosophy/20256/an-analysis-of-zeno%E2%80%99s-view-regarding-motion/dr-sudipta-chattopadhyay  
12 Problems of Agriculture in Doda District , Mukhtyar Ahmed
Agriculture is one of the most important economic activities practiced in the country as well as in Jammu And Kashmir State since time immemorial. It's simply means rearing of plants and animals. It is also considered as a backbone of the economy. The state is also an agricultural state where most of the people are directly or indirectly dependent on agriculture. It contributes nearly 60 of the state revenue which satisfactorily explains the over dependence of the state on agriculture. About 92 of the geographical area of the state consists of high mountains and only 5 of land is available for cultivation. Over 27 of the total area of the state is under forests. Permanent pastures cover 5.16 of the area, 14 of land is non-agricultural and a slight more 9 is barren land. ""The state has been declared as agriculture export zone for apples and walnut."" Doda district constitutes as one of the agricultural based region of the state. As compared to other districts Doda has some unique geographical characteristics which make it different from rest of the state. It has very rugged and mountainous terrain and uneven topography. The area can also be called as the land of lofty mountains, deep gorges, valleys and meadows, showing great variation in elevation. The district includes Greater Himalaya, Lesser Himalaya and Pir Panjal ranges which are interwoven by numerous small forested hills leaving a limited space for cultivation. Except for Chenab and small river valleys, the topography of the district is mountainous and forested and many areas are covered with snow during winter season. The district includes a few plain and low level areas with a minimum height of 740 meters. Instead of all these obstacles the practice of agriculture are still carried out and is relevant theme for discussion. Mukhtyar Ahmed ""Problems of Agriculture in Doda District"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd19103.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/biological-science/other/19103/problems-of-agriculture-in-doda-district/mukhtyar-ahmed  
13 Study of Barthel Score among CKD Patients Belonging from Tribal Areas in Tertiary Care Hospital, Chhattisgarh , Dr. Dolly Ajwani Ratre | Rashmi Nande | Navin Kumar Ratre
Chronic Kidney Disease CKD is one of the independent diseases which can lead to sever disability and it is a major emerging public health concern worldwide because it often leads to poor patient outcome 1 . Some of the associated factor with impaired functional status with CKD patients has not been fully elucidated, but some traditional such as cardiovascular diseases hypertension, myocardial ischemia , cerebrovascular diseases, and diabetes mellitus as well as non-traditional factors such as malnutrition-inflammation syndrome and depression may involve. A cross-sectional and longitudinal study has shown that risk of low functional status is directly proportional to kidney impairment 2, 3 . Thus, individuals with chronic kidney disease CKD have 40-70 higher risk of functional limitation than those without CKD 4 . In one study to assess the functional status of the CKD patients by using Barthel index found that 50 patients were dependent for the basic activities of daily life 5 In the current study, we hypothesize that there is a close relationship between the presence of CKD and the functional status of renal patients. We conducted this study with objective to assess the functional status of patients with Chronic Kidney Disease by using Barthel Index as a assessment tool on patients who were admitted under Nephrology Unite of Dr. B.R.A.M Hospital Raipur, CG. Dr. Dolly Ajwani Ratre | Rashmi Nande | Navin Kumar Ratre ""Study of Barthel Score among CKD Patients Belonging from Tribal Areas in Tertiary Care Hospital, Chhattisgarh"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20266.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/medicine/other/20266/study-of-barthel-score-among-ckd-patients-belonging-from-tribal-areas-in-tertiary-care-hospital-chhattisgarh/dr-dolly-ajwani-ratre  
14 Assessment of Climate Change Awareness and Risk Perception Among Rural People in Funtua Local Government Area, Katsina State, Nigeria , Abdulrahman Isah Hazo | Bulus Ajiya Sawa | Mamman Musa
Climate change has become the dominant topic of discourse among scientists and other stakeholders in climate science in this century. Several researches have been conducted to assess its magnitude, causes, adverse impacts and possible solution to its challenges at various scales where adaptation and mitigation were the fundamental recommendations. While public awareness and perception of the change, are the necessary pre-requisites to achieve true adaptation and mitigation, in the context of sustainable development. However, most of the negotiations were made at international level making it Top-Down affair with little regard to national dynamics of individual countries. The aim of this research was to assess the level of awareness and risk perception of climate change, among rural people in Funtua Local Government Area, Katsina State, Nigeria. A household questionnaire survey method was used in collecting the primary data from 384 randomly selected respondents, in which 97.7 response rate was recorded. Descriptive statistics such as frequency and percentage distribution, mean score and tables were used in analyzing and presenting the data. While Binomial Logistic Regression Analysis was used to ascertain the effect of some socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents, on their likelihood of been aware of climate change and perceiving it as a risk. The study revealed that climate change awareness was impressively high 78 of the respondents were aware of it, though with poor knowledge of its causes among the respondents. While majority 73 of the respondents agreed that climate change is a great risk to their individual lives and the society. The study further revealed that, sex, level of educational attainment, and main occupation of the respondents p .005 significantly predicts their level of climate change awareness. But, only level of education and main occupation p .005 significantly predicts risk perception of the adverse change among the respondents. The study then recommended that, the Governments should tailored their climate change policy and programmes, toward educating the rural people, so as to enhance their level of awareness of the scenario for better participation in adaptation and mitigation programmes the Government at both federal and state levels through their relevant agencies, should double their effort in public awareness campaign, especially on causes and the risk associated with climate change to the rural people that, extension agencies should double their efforts in public awareness campaign about climate change and adaptation techniques to especially those engaged in climate-sensitive activities and that further study should be conducted to assess adaptive capacity and adaptation strategies adopted among the rural people. Abdulrahman Isah Hazo | Bulus Ajiya Sawa | Mamman Musa ""Assessment of Climate Change Awareness and Risk Perception Among Rural People in Funtua Local Government Area, Katsina State, Nigeria"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20289.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/enviormental-science/20289/assessment-of-climate-change-awareness-and-risk-perception-among-rural-people-in-funtua-local-government-area-katsina-state-nigeria/abdulrahman-isah-hazo  
15 Cross-Cultural Mistakes by Renowned Brands - Evaluating the Success and Failures of Brands in Host Nations , Dr. Mohan Dass | Dr Sree (Sunny) Vinnakota
Cross-cultural management is the utmost challenge being faced by the organisations when the plan to work in the host nations. Mistakes are part and parcel of the businesses, and even big giant companies make a blunder as they often fail to get all the needed insights to capture the particular market in the host nation. The research paper examines the Cross-cultural mistakes by renowned brands this has been explained by the help of stances of various brands that failed and also the ones that succeeded. In the paper, the use of qualitative research method has been used that involves reviewing the existing data available on the topic under consideration. The findings of the study showed brands like KFC, Coca-Cola, IKEA, etc. are the top MNCs Multi-National Corporations that faced cross-cultural severe issues when it comes to entering the host countries. Dr. Mohan Dass | Dr Sree (Sunny) Vinnakota ""Cross-Cultural Mistakes by Renowned Brands - Evaluating the Success and Failures of Brands in Host Nations"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20268.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/marketing/20268/cross-cultural-mistakes-by-renowned-brands-%E2%80%93-evaluating-the-success-and-failures-of-brands-in-host-nations/dr-mohan-dass  
16 A Study of Rehabilitation of CKD Patient's on Hemodialysis in Tribal Population , Dr. Dolly Ajwani Ratre | Rashmi Nande | Navin Kumar Ratre
Chronic kidney disease CKD worldwide is rising markedly becoming a priority public health problem. The progression of CKD cause functional limitation and severe disability with poor quality of life. The aim of present review was to highlight the effect of rehabilitation in CKD and ESRD subjects. The rehabilitative process is unique in treating disabled people according to a holistic approach with the aim of supporting a persons independent living and autonomy. CKD are associated with an increased risk of functional impairment, independent of age, gender, and co-morbidities. Clinicians should counsel patients with CKD including frail elder people to increase physical activity levels and target that regular physical activity including aerobic or endurance exercises training benefits health. In old subjects with CKD and multiple functional impairments, the traditional disease based model should be changed to individualized patient-centered approach that prioritizes patient preferences. Patients receiving haemodialysis have a considerably lower exercise tolerance, functional capacity, and more muscle wasting than healthy subjects or patients with less severe CKD. Exercise training or comprehensive multi-dimensional strategy and goal-oriented intervention should be also provided in ESRD older subjects. Structured prevention programs based on reducing the risk factors for CKD and rehabilitative strategies could reduce disability occurrence. 1 Rehabilitation Medicine and Neuro-Rehabilitation Unit, Scientific Institute, Hospital 'Casa Sollievodella Sofferenza, San Giovanni Rotondo Foggia , Italy Dr. Dolly Ajwani Ratre | Rashmi Nande | Navin Kumar Ratre ""A Study of Rehabilitation of CKD Patient's on Hemodialysis in Tribal Population"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20267.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/medicine/urology/20267/a-study-of-rehabilitation-of-ckd-patient%E2%80%99s-on-hemodialysis-in-tribal-population/dr-dolly-ajwani-ratre  
17 Viability of Narrowing Global Marketing Strategies to the State Level A Study of Domino's Glocal Strategies in Ahmedabad City , Sonal Gogri | Minouti Jani
There was a time when people were attracted to consistent global products. However, this standard of same product could not build loyal customer base. Thus, global brands and MNC's started experimenting with customized brands for different culture of consumers. This combination of Global strategies with the tint of cultural strategies influenced locally, called upon for Glocal strategies. Brands like Pizza Hut, McDonalds and Dominos among others have used this strategy successfully. In this paper, Feasibility of Dominos latest Glocal strategy in Gujarat state, especially in Ahmedabad city has been studied. The study is mainly based on analysis of secondary data, case studies, ethnography and observation. The results of the study will be helpful to the marketers and strategic decision makers. Sonal Gogri | Minouti Jani ""Viability of Narrowing Global Marketing Strategies to the State Level: A Study of Domino's Glocal Strategies in Ahmedabad City"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20279.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/strategic-management/20279/viability-of-narrowing-global-marketing-strategies-to-the-state-level-a-study-of-domino%E2%80%99s-glocal-strategies-in-ahmedabad-city/sonal-gogri  
18 To Study the Genomic Fingerprinting of Relatedness in Strains of Bacillus Sp. by RAPD Analysis , Sasmita Das | Pratima Pradhan | Ajay Kumar Sahu
The aim of the present investigation was to study the genomic adaptation of Bacillus sp. isolated from chromium contaminated environment and normal environment. For this purpose ten highly chromium resistant Bacillus sp. CSB-1 to10 and ten normal Bacillus sp. NB-1 to 10 were isolated from soil samples collected from mine and it's adjacent areas of Sukinda, Odisha. The genomic DNA was isolated from 20 Bacillus species and made free from contamination of RNA by RNAase treatment. The molecular weight of DNA from 20 Bacillus species were determined by comparing with DNA . The genomic variation study of 10 chromium resistant and 10 normal strains of Bacillus was done by RAPD analysis. Among the 10 primers used only two OPT 01 and OPT 05 gave the amplification. OPT 01 primer gave lesser bands in normal Bacillus species than those obtained in chromium resistant Bacillus species. The presence of those DNA fragment band in chromium resistant Bacillus can be used as a molecular marker to identify chromium resistant Bacillus from normal Bacillus. These chromium resistant Bacillus species after further assessment of their potential to reduce the toxic hexavalent form to its nontoxic trivalent form can be exploited for the bioremediation of toxic and carcinogenic soluble hexavalent chromium containing industrial effluents. Sasmita Das | Pratima Pradhan | Ajay Kumar Sahu ""To Study the Genomic Fingerprinting of Relatedness in Strains of Bacillus Sp. by RAPD Analysis"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20284.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/biological-science/biotechnology/20284/to-study-the-genomic-fingerprinting-of-relatedness-in-strains-of-bacillus-sp-by-rapd-analysis/sasmita-das  
19 Analysis of Vapor Absorption Refrigeration Machine Performance with Different Configuration of Water Supply , Anil Kumbhar | Viveka Kaur | Dr. Sunil S. Bhagwat
In this article we analyzed the performance of the heat based single effect vapor absorption refrigeration machine, with the different configuration of cooling water supply. The comparison in these configuration is done on the basis of concentration of libr in the weak as well as in the strong aqueous solution, and requirement of heat load into generator .also observed the percent reduction of heat load with composition of libr XG .all the configuration has a specific significance but we try to find out that appropriate configuration which is more economically feasible without reach the crystallization limit in the strong solution side. Anil Kumbhar | Viveka Kaur | Dr. Sunil S. Bhagwat ""Analysis of Vapor Absorption Refrigeration Machine Performance with Different Configuration of Water Supply"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20275.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/chemical-engineering/20275/analysis-of-vapor-absorption-refrigeration-machine-performance-with-different-configuration-of-water-supply/anil-kumbhar  
20 Energy Efficient Routing Strategies for Large Scale Wireless Sensor in Heterogeneous Networks , O. Sampath | . P. Suryanarayana Babu
The efficiency of a wireless sensor network depends on its life time. By conserving the energy of each sensor for increase in the network life time. The basic operations of a wireless sensor network are sensing 1 the data to the energy sink term is for next transmitting node. The communication or routing 2 process operation be allowed in any operations for all nodes 3 . We propose to select a specific collection of nodes for communication with considering the importance of wireless sensor where security 4 and power usage 5 is taken as top priority. O. Sampath | . P. Suryanarayana Babu ""Energy Efficient Routing Strategies for Large Scale Wireless Sensor in Heterogeneous Networks"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20281.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/computer-network/20281/energy-efficient-routing-strategies-for-large-scale-wireless-sensor-in-heterogeneous-networks/o-sampath  
21 The Status of Corruption in Chennai District , Dr. M. Govardhana Singh
Corruption is a multifaceted phenomenon which makes it difficult to have a single definition. There are several schools of thought on the degree of impact of corruption, but there is a consensus that corruption stifles growth, hampers development, worsens income inequality, and affects poor people the most. The development of a country depends on four aspects, namely, growth in agricultural production, development in the industrial activities, maintaining a huge amount of foreign exchange reserves and possessing adequate gold reserves to strengthen the financial activities in the country. These four aspects play an important part in the progress of a country. In fact, almost all the developmental activities are marred by corruption. Most of the funds allotted for various programmes and policies are siphoned in the name of implementation and the desired results are not achieved within the stipulated time. The well-known reason is corruption. It is prevalent everywhere and Tamil Nadu State is not an exception to this one. Generally, Bureaucrats are supposed to play a pivotal role, but in the words of Nobel Laureate Economist Amartya Sen ""bureaucrats exercise discretionary powers in the absence of rules due to an incomplete contract situation which often leads to corruption,"" says Nobel Laureate economist Amartya Sen. Further to say that India's anti-corruption institutions have been facing a growing shortage of resources of varied nature from funds to personnel. To reduce corruption citizens trust is a must and more importantly simplified government procedures are the need of the hour in reducing corruption in essential services,"" said B.K. Chaturvedi, a former cabinet secretary who headed several committees on governance reforms. There are three pillars considered essential for the country's growth, namely, the legislative, the executive and judiciary. These pillars when they are deviating from the established righteous path, corruption erupts to an unimaginable level. The present study focusses on Tamil Nadu State primarily and the outcome of the study shown by way of using simple percentage analysis. Dr. M. Govardhana Singh ""The Status of Corruption in Chennai District"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20286.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/business-economics/20286/the-status-of-corruption-in-chennai-district/dr-m-govardhana-singh  
22 A Review on Bandwidth Improvement using Metamaterial , Miss. Varsha Chavan | Mr. Uday Patil
Over the past one decade, there is a rapid growth in development of various applications involving wireless communication. The performance of all such wireless systems depends on the design and proper functioning of the antenna. Metamaterials are artificial metallic structures having simultaneously negative permittivity and permeability µ , which leads to negative refractive index. No other material in the world shows the above properties like Metamaterial. Due to these unusual properties Metamaterial can change the electric and magnetic property of electromagnetic wave passing through it and because of these reasons when Metamaterial is used in the fabrication of antennas the required properties can be enhanced. Using this Metamaterial antenna the demerits of ordinary patch antenna like narrow bandwidth can be overcome. Miss. Varsha Chavan | Mr. Uday Patil ""A Review on Bandwidth Improvement using Metamaterial"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd18246.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/18246/a-review-on-bandwidth-improvement-using-metamaterial/miss-varsha-chavan  
23 Machine Learning in Medicine A Primer , Matthew N. O Sadiku | Sarhan M. Musa | Adedamola Omotoso
Machine learning is the field that focuses on how computers learn from data. Today, machine learning is playing an integral role in the medical industry. This is due to its ability to process huge datasets beyond the scope of human capability, and then convert the data analyzed into clinical insights that aid physicians in providing care. Machine learning is a powerful, relatively easy to implement tool with numerous possibilities to enhance medical practice. The applications of machine learning in medicine are advancing medicine into a new realm. Therefore, educating the next generation of medical professionals with machine learning is essential. This paper provides a brief introduction to applying machine learning in medicine. Matthew N. O Sadiku | Sarhan M. Musa | Adedamola Omotoso ""Machine Learning in Medicine: A Primer"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20255.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/other/20255/machine-learning-in-medicine-a-primer/matthew-n-o-sadiku  
24 JomSecurity Localized Attack of IPS , Siew, J. X. | Lim, J. T.
Internet became a vital part of our life so from a small to big company has set up their own network. Thus, to prevent the companys network security breached and private information might leak out it is important to implement good network security. The current limitation of IPS only relies on the global signature to determine packet. A mix mode method will be used to collect primary data via survey and interview. The sample size selection criteria for the questionnaire is Private University Students, lecture and industry experts who have networking knowledge. Furthermore, the simulation test will be done using virtualization to simulate the network environment to implement the self-updated IPS to protect the server. This helps to validate the workability of the proposed. Last with the implementation of the security measure of a network that able to help the user to gain the trust towards the digital society. Siew, J. X. | Lim, J. T. ""JomSecurity: Localized Attack of IPS"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20273.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/computer-security/20273/jomsecurity-localized-attack-of-ips/siew-j-x  
25 Equilibrium Study of Natural Non Toxic Solvents for Recovery of Trans- Aconitic Acid by Reactive Extraction , R. P. Nimbalkar | R. P. Ugwekar | S. K. Deshmukh
Trans-aconitic acid Propene-1 2 3-tricarboxylic acid is an organic acid and is generally found in sugar cane. It is used as accidulent in food industry and can be used in synthesis of plasticizers. It is widely used in tissue engineering application. The present work focused on extraction of Trans- aconitic acid from its aqueous solution by using Aliquat 336 using natural non toxic diluents like Sunflower oil, Groundnut oil and Rice bran oil. Physical extraction and chemical extraction has been done to find out equilibrium parameters such as distribution constant, degree of extraction, loading ratio and equilibrium complexion constant. The experimental results are distribution coefficient sunflower oil 2.81 , groundnut oil 2.80 and for Rice oil 2.92 , degree of extraction 56 to 81 for sunflower oil, 59 to 86 for groundnut oil, 58 to 82 for Rice bran oil , loading ratio 0.5 and equilibrium complexation constant 1.1152 l gm equi for Sunflower oil, 1.6128 l gm equi for groundnut oil and 4.5556 l gm equi for Rice Bran Oil. Water co extraction has also been studied, not more than 3 . R. P. Nimbalkar | R. P. Ugwekar | S. K. Deshmukh ""Equilibrium Study of Natural Non Toxic Solvents for Recovery of Trans- Aconitic Acid by Reactive Extraction"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20252.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/chemical-engineering/20252/equilibrium-study-of-natural-non-toxic-solvents-for-recovery-of-trans--aconitic-acid-by-reactive-extraction/r-p-nimbalkar  
26 Food Politics , Matthew N. O. Sadiku | Tolulope J. Ashaolu | Sarhan M. Musa
Food politics refers to the social relations that impact the production, distribution and consumption of food. It has become a part of the popular consciousness in the last two decades. The use of food in performance is a means of engaging public consciousness and addressing American food politics. This paper provides a brief introduction to food politics. Matthew N. O. Sadiku | Tolulope J. Ashaolu | Sarhan M. Musa ""Food Politics"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20229.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/home-science/food-science/20229/food-politics/matthew-n-o-sadiku  
27 Overconfidence Bias in Thirukkural , Subramaniam V. A.
Thirukkural is a tamil literature with full of thoughts on every aspect of human life. Behavioural finance is an emerging field which incorporates psychologiacal aspects with finance. Overconfidence bias is an important bias under behavioural finance. The objective of the study to bring out the thoughts on overconfidence in Thirukkural. Overconfidence thoughts are available in Thirukkural and they also indicate the relationship between overconfidence bias and performance. Subramaniam V. A. ""Overconfidence Bias in Thirukkural"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20296.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/accounting-and-finance/20296/overconfidence-bias-in-thirukkural/subramaniam-v-a  
28 Media Trial - an Overview , K. G. Prithvi | M. Punnagai
A day without the influence of media in our lives is implausible. We have become completely dependent on it in divergent ways. Media is not confined to one particular medium or unit. Its rapid advancement into digital media made it even hard to fix itself into a particular entity. Thanks to the evolution of media, it is now being considered as the fourth pillar of democracy along with the judiciary, executive and legislature. Apart from the tremendous assistance by media in the society, it has also brought in a lot of chaos by involving in the judicial proceedings. This article comes up with a detailed study on 'Media trial', which makes a mess of the judiciary. The authors have deciphered the rights and restrictions of the media after pondering over the history and evolution of media. This discussion is succeeded by the explanation on media trial and its consequences with regard to the right to fair trial and right to privacy. Subsequently, the authors have thrown a light on the cases regarding media trial and the reference of media trial in other countries. Meanwhile, various comments on media trial by the International conventions have also been inserted. K. G. Prithvi | M. Punnagai ""Media Trial - an Overview"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20295.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/law-and-management/20295/media-trial---an-overview/k-g-prithvi  
29 A Study on Global Warming and its Effects , Prof. S. S. Patil
Global warming is a long-term rise in the average temperature of the Earths climate system, an aspect of climate change shown by temperature measurements and by multiple effects of the warming. A worldwide temperature alteration, the wonder of expanding normal air temperatures close to the surface of Earth over the past one to two centuries. Atmosphere researchers have since the mid-twentieth century assembled itemized perceptions of different climate marvels, for example, temperatures, precipitation, and storms and of related influences on atmosphere, for example, sea flows and the airs compound creation . These information demonstrate that Earths atmosphere has changed over pretty much every possible timescale since the start of geologic time and that the influence of human exercises since in any event the start of the Industrial Revolution has been profoundly woven into the specific texture of environmental change. Prof. S. S. Patil ""A Study on Global Warming and its Effects"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20301.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/geography/20301/a-study-on-global-warming-and-its-effects/prof-s-s-patil  
30 The Evaluation of Teaching Practice from the Perspective of Cooperating Teachers , Ambei Moses Chu
Teacher education is the bedrock of the quality of the educational system of every country. For this quality to be realized, it is important to constantly monitor the stages theoretical, teaching practice, research project involved in teacher education. This study sought to investigate the effectiveness of the teaching practice stage of the teacher education programme in the University of Buea from the perspective of cooperating teachers. More specifically, the study sought to determine from the perceptions of cooperating teachers on whether student teachers command a mastery of the subjects they teach. The research methodology used was a survey of the opinions of 194 cooperating teachers selected through the simple random sampling technique. The subjects completed a self-response questionnaire made up of open and closed-ended items. Data analysis was done using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences to obtain frequencies, simple percentages, mean scores, and standard deviations were used. The results obtained revealed that participants were divided in their opinions ON the objective that guided the study. Based on these findings, recommendations were made to guide relevant practice, policy and research. Ambei Moses Chu ""The Evaluation of Teaching Practice from the Perspective of Cooperating Teachers"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20290.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/20290/the-evaluation-of-teaching-practice-from-the-perspective-of-cooperating-teachers/ambei-moses-chu  
31 Study and Analysis of Nonlinear Constrained Components A Study of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle , Sadia Andaleeb
Today transportation is one of the rapidly evolving technologies in the world. With the stringent mandatory emission regulations and high fuel prices, researchers and manufacturers are ever increasingly pushed to the frontiers of research in pursuit of alternative propulsion systems. Electrically propelled vehicles are one of the most promising solutions among all the other alternatives, as far as reliability, availability, feasibility and safety issues are concerned. However, the shortcomings of a fully electric vehicle in fulfilling all performance requirements make the electrification of the conventional engine powered vehicles in the form of a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle PHEV the most feasible propulsion systems. Sadia Andaleeb ""Study and Analysis of Nonlinear Constrained Components (A Study of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle)"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20308.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/20308/study-and-analysis-of-nonlinear-constrained-components-a-study-of-plug-in-hybrid-electric-vehicle/sadia-andaleeb  
32 An Automated Solution for Extracting and Counting of White Blood Cells in a Blood Smear Images , Chaya P
There are various tools present commercially for automatic counting of Blood Cells. These tools are used for counting and finding the different types of Blood Cells present in the Blood Smear. The count of White Blood Cells is important for detecting various diseases as well as to follow the accurate treatment for the diseases like Anemia, Leukemia, Inflammation, Systemic illness, Allergy and Burn-Induced etc. The White Blood Cell count gives the vital information about the disease's which is used for diagnosing the patients. The old conventional method of counting White Blood Cells under microscope gives an inaccurate and unreliable results depending upon how the laboratory technician works on it. Another method for White Blood Cell counting is done through cell counter machine, which is very expensive and cannot be afforded to remote rural areas, hence to overcome such problems this paper proposes a cost-effective approach, i.e, automated solution using smart phone based solution for extracting and counting of White Blood Cells. Chaya P ""An Automated Solution for Extracting and Counting of White Blood Cells in a Blood Smear Images"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20293.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/information-technology/20293/an-automated-solution-for-extracting-and-counting-of-white-blood-cells-in-a-blood-smear-images/chaya-p  
33 Modelling and Control of STATCOM in Power System under Fault Conditions , Simranpreet Singh
This paper deals with compensation of frequently time-variable loads by means of 24 pulse STATCOM controllers. An different faults are considered as a heavily distributing load. The STATCOM system was used to ensure good power quality at the point of common coupling. For analysis of the system performance, the PSCAD EMTDC programme was applied. Simulation models of the load and two types of STATCOM controllers, 12-pulse and 24-pulse, are discussed in the paper. A MATLAB Simulink model of a measurement block is also proposed for power quality assessment. Some results of simulation are presented, which show the compensation effectiveness. Simranpreet Singh ""Modelling and Control of STATCOM in Power System under Fault Conditions"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20314.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/20314/modelling-and-control-of-statcom-in-power-system-under-fault-conditions/simranpreet-singh  
34 STATCOM A Review on Different Configurations and Topologies , Simranpreet Singh
Synchronous static compensators STATCOMs have been presented as a member of flexible alternating current transmission systems devices family in both distribution and transmission levels, namely distribution STATCOM and transmission STATCOM, respectively. These compensators have an important role in increasing the power quality in power systems because of having features investigated in various studies and because of the proper implementation of power functions, especially in compensating the voltage flicker. Studies on STATCOM can be categorized in two different parts. The first part is about the various topologies of the electronic converters used in the compensator and different arrangements of the coupling transformers with the network, which can be named as the power part. The second part is about theorizing at the control level, which eventually ends in producing the proper gate signals to control the switching of the electronic power switches in the power part. Considering the fact that two comprehensive reviews on STATCOM have been published in 2002 and 2009, this paper based on the aforementioned categorization reviews the studies fulfilled in the field of synchronous static compensator, especially the relevant studies in recent years published in creditable journals. The paper makes connections among the control methods and compares the ideas about power stage from different perspectives, so that conducted studies will be organized in a systematic order. Simranpreet Singh ""STATCOM: A Review on Different Configurations and Topologies"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20315.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/20315/statcom-a-review-on-different-configurations-and-topologies/simranpreet-singh  
35 Fuel Cell System and Their Technologies A Review , Rameez Hassan Pala
Renewable energy generation is quickly rising in the power sector industry and extensively used for two groups grid connected and standalone system. This paper gives the insights about fuel cell process and application of many power electronics systems. The fuel cell voltage drops bit by bit with increase in current because of losses related with fuel cell. It is difficult to control large rated fuel cell based power system without regulating tool. The issue associated with fuel based structural planning and the arrangements are extensively examined for all sorts of applications. In order to increase the reliability of fuel cell based power system, the combination of energy storage system and advanced research methods are focused in this paper. The control algorithms of power architecture for the couple of well-known applications are discussed. Rameez Hassan Pala ""Fuel Cell System and Their Technologies: A Review"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20316.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/20316/fuel-cell-system-and-their-technologies-a-review/rameez-hassan-pala  
36 Operation and Control of Grid-Connected Fuel Cell System , Rameez Hassan Pala
This paper describes a dynamic model of a SOFC fuel cell, which can be used in transient stability studies. The model is applied to a distributed utility grid that uses a fuel cell and a gas turbine as distributed generators DGs . Transient stability of the system is investigated for different DGs power outputs using a software developed based on the commercial Power System Tool Box and SIMULINK in MATLAB. A method for interfacing the fuel cell to the grid is presented. Transient stability is enhanced through a control design of the firing angle of the fuel cell inverter for the couple of well-known applications are discussed. Rameez Hassan Pala ""Operation and Control of Grid-Connected Fuel Cell System"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20317.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/20317/operation-and-control-of-grid-connected-fuel-cell-system/rameez-hassan-pala  
37 HVDC System a Need for Future Power Transmission , Mohd Liaqat
The continuously increasing demand for electric power and the economic access to remote renewable energy sources such as off-shore wind power or solar thermal generation in deserts have revived the interest in high-voltage direct current HVDC multiterminal systems networks . A lot of work was done in this area, especially in the 1980s, but only two three-terminal systems were realized. Since then, HVDC technology has advanced considerably and, despite numerous technical challenges, the realization of large-scale HVDC networks is now seriously discussed and considered. For the acceptance and reliability of these networks, the availability of HVDC circuit breakers CBs will be critical, making them one of the key enabling technologies. Numerous ideas for HVDC breaker schemes have been published and patented, but no acceptable solution has been found to interrupt HVDC short-circuit currents. This paper aims to summarize the literature, especially that of the last two decades, on technology areas that are relevant to HVDC breakers. By comparing the mainly 20 years old, state-of-the art HVDC CBs to the new HVDC technology, existing discrepancies become evident. Areas where additional research and development are needed are identified and proposed. for the couple of well-known applications are discussed. Mohd Liaqat ""HVDC System: a Need for Future Power Transmission"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20318.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/20318/hvdc-system-a-need-for-future-power-transmission/mohd-liaqat  
38 Modelling and Operation of HVDC Based Power Transmission System , Mohd Liaqat
Submodule overcurrent caused by DC pole-to-pole fault in modular multilevel converter HVDC MMC-HVDC system is one of the important research objects about its electrical characteristics. In this paper, the fault mechanism before and after the converter blocked was analyzed respectively and the circuit model for the analysis of submodule overcurrent was explored. The analytic equation for overcurrent calculation was deduced and a detailed analysis was also performed. The changes of submodule overcurrent stress with different circuit parameters were obtained and the key issues were also summed up. The results indicate that the submodule overcurrent is the AC system three-phase short-circuit current superposed the discharging current before the converter blocked, and the submodule overcurrent is the AC system three-phase short-circuit current superposed the valve reactor freewheeling current after the converter blocked. From the computation and simulation results, it is concluded that the analytical method is feasible and its calculation results are comparatively precise. Mohd Liaqat ""Modelling and Operation of HVDC Based Power Transmission System"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20319.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/20319/modelling-and-operation-of-hvdc-based-power-transmission-system/mohd-liaqat  
39 Mother Tongue-Based Bilingual Education and Concept Formation in Children in Bafut Sub-Division , Angu Roland Nji
This study aimed at investigating mother tongue-based bilingual education and concept formation of children in Bafut in the North West Region of Cameroon. A quasi-experimental design was adopted whereby 20 male and female children were purposefully selected for the study. An adapted version of the Mayer and Mayer 1975 picture description task, a language comprehension test, as well as a sociolinguistic Questionnaire were used to measure the language proficiency of participants. Both the bilingual and monolingual samples were administered the symbol substitution task, the Dimension Change Card Sort DCCS , Test of Linear measurement and object classification task to measure their concept formation abilities. Data were analyzed using a pre-designed EpiData Version 3.1, SPSS version 21.0, Mann-Whitney U test and Spearman's Rho correlation test. Results indicate that there was no bilingual advantage in the various tasks. The main explanation for no bilingual advantage lies in the fact that a predominantly subtractive bilingual sample was used. Recommendations were made to stake holders, as well as suggestions for further research and conclusion. Angu Roland Nji ""Mother Tongue-Based Bilingual Education and Concept Formation in Children in Bafut Sub-Division"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20276.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/20276/mother-tongue-based-bilingual-education-and-concept-formation-in-children-in-bafut-sub-division/angu-roland-nji  
40 The Distribution of Human Intestinal Stool Parasites with Respect to Gender and Age in a District Hospital Setting in Biyem-Assi Yaound: A Retrospective Study , Ekwale Emilia Ada
In this study, the distribution of human stool parasites with respect to gender and age was reviewed in a retrospective and descriptive study. Patient's records over two years 1995 and 1996 were reviewed at the Biyem - Assi District Hospital in Yaound:. During the study period, 1387 patients suspected to have been suffering from intestinal parasites according to their symptoms had their stools analyzed in the laboratory of this hospital.   The objectives of the study were 1. To investigate whether the global prevalence of intestinal parasites is below 50 2. To investigate whether the positive cases of intestinal parasites are lower than the negative cases. 3. To investigate whether mates haves higher risk of intestinal parasites than females. 4. To investigate whether the prevalence rate of intestinal parasites is higher in adolescents especially between the ages of 11 - 15 years. 5. To investigate whether the most prevalent intestinal protozoa is Entamoeba histolytica and whether the most prevalent intestinal helminthe is Ascaris lumbricoides. 6. To investigate whether the prevalence rate of Entamoeba histolytica is higher in males than in females and whether the prevalence rate of Ascaris lumbricoides is higher in females than in males. 7. To investigate whether the most prevalent intestinal protozoa which occurs between the ages 0 - 15 years is Entamoeba histolytica while the most prevalent intestinal helminthes between the ages of 0 - 15 years are Trichiuris trichiura and Ascaris lumbricoides. 8. To investigate whether there is the existence of associations between human intestinal helminthes between human intestinal protozoa and between human intestinal helminthes and protozoa.   The hypotheses stated in the null form were 1. The global prevalence of intestinal parasites is not below 50 . 2. The positives cases of intestinal parasites are not lower than the negative cases. 3. The males do not have a higher risk of intestinal parasites than females. 4. The prevalence of human intestinal parasites is not high in adolescents between the ages of 11 - 15 years. 5. The most prevalent intestinal protozoa is not Entamoeba histolytica while the most prevalent intestinal helminthe is not Ascaris lumbricoides. 6. The prevalence rate of Entamoeba histolytica is lower in males than in females and the prevalence rate of Ascaris lumbricoides is lower in females than in males. 7. The most prevalent intestinal protozoa which occurs between the ages of 0 - 15 years is not Entamoeba histolytica while the most prevalent intestinal helminthes between the ages of 0 - 15 years are not Trichiuris trichiura and Ascaris lumbricoides. 8. There are no associations between human intestinal helminthes human intestinal helminthes between human intestinal protozoa human intestinal protozoa and between human intestinal helminthes human intestinal protozoa Ekwale Emilia Ada The Distribution of Human Intestinal (Stool) Parasites with Respect to Gender and Age in a District Hospital Setting in Biyem-Assi Yaound:: A Retrospective Study"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20277.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/20277/the-distribution-of-human-intestinal-stool-parasites-with-respect-to-gender-and-age-in-a-district-hospital-setting-in-biyem-assi-yaound%C3%A9-a-retrospective-study/ekwale-emilia-ada  
41 The Effect of Gender, Self Concept, Socioeconomic Status of Parents and Type of School on Students General Academic Achievement and Students Achievement in Biology , Ekwale Emilia Ada
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of gender, self concept, socio economic status of parents and type of school on academic achievement of students in biology in the Calabar municipality. 280 Senior Secondary School II SSS II students offering biology in their various schools were randomly selected from ten out, of the fifteen schools in the Calabar municipality. Six out of the ten schools were coeducational schools, two were boy's schools and the other two were girl's schools. Eight research questions were formulated to guide the study.    The following hypotheses were tested  1. There is no significant difference in the academic achievement of biology between male students and female students.  2. There is no significant relationship between students' academic achievement in biology and students' self concept.  3. There is no significant difference in the academic achievement in biology of students in co-educational schools and those in single sex schools.  4. There is no significant difference in the academic achievement in biology between students from high socio-economic background and those from low socioeconomic background.  5. There is no significant difference between the general academic achievement of male students and that of female students.  6. There is no significant relationship between students' general academic achievement and self concept.  7. There is no significant difference in the general academic achievement of students in coeducational schools and those in single sex schools.  8. There is no significant difference in the general academic achievement between students from high socio-economic background and those from low socioeconomic background.    The instrument used to collect data for academic achievement in biology was the SSS II second term examination scores in biology. The instrument used to collect data for general academic achievement was the SSS II second term examination average scores for all subjects. A questionnaire was constructed by the researcher which contained two sections.    Section A and B.  Section A contained students' personal data including gender, parents' socioeconomic background high and low socioeconomic background and type of school co-educational or single sex school.    Section B contained questions which purport to measure social, academic and emotional self concept. Fifteen out of the forty questions measured academic self concept, fifteen measured emotional self concept and ten measured social self concept. Twenty of the questions were positively framed while the other twenty were negatively framed.    The independent t-test was used as the test statistics for hypotheses 1, 3, 4, 5, 7 and 8 and the Pearson Product Moment Correlation was used as the test statistic for hypotheses 2 and 6.    For hypothesis one, the calculated t valve of 0.78 was almost the same with the critical value of 0.92 at 0.05 levels of significance.  For hypothesis two, the calculated r value of 2.780 was almost the same with the critical value of 2.820 at 0.05 levels of significance and a calculated r value of 2.780 and a critical value of 2.756 at 0.01 alpha levels of significance.  For hypothesis three, the calculated t-value of 5.88 was higher than the critical value of 1.960 at 0.05 levels of significance.  For hypothesis 4, the calculated t value of 5.32 was higher than the critical t-value of 1.56 at 0.05 alpha levels of significance.  For hypothesis 5, the calculated t-test value of 5.34 was higher than the critical value of 1.96 at the alpha levels of significance of 0.05.  For hypothesis 6, the calculated r-value of 1.960 was higher than the critical value of 1.630 at 0.05 alpha levels of significance.  For hypothesis 7, the calculated t-value of 1.96 was higher than the critical value of 1.63 at 0.05 alpha levels of significance.  For hypothesis 8, the calculated t-value of 2.36 was higher than the critical value of 1.63 at 0.05 alpha levels of significance.    Ekwale Emilia Ada "The Effect of Gender, Self Concept, Socioeconomic Status of Parents and Type of School on Students General Academic Achievement & Students Achievement in Biology" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20278.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/20278/the-effect-of-gender-self-concept-socioeconomic-status-of-parents-and-type-of-school-on-students-general-academic-achievement-and-students-achievement-in-biology/ekwale-emilia-ada  
42 Social Security for Women Workers in Unorganized Sector A Study , Ranjith Kumar | Ramya M
Social security means the overall security for a person in the family, work place and society. Social security is a system to meet the basic needs as well as contingencies of life in order to maintain an adequate standard of living. It is not a charity rather a right. But women workers are living below the minimum accepted standards without adequate facilities and having very lower income that did not meet their daily needs of life. Objective of the study to know the present status of women workers in unorganized sector and to know the social. Security Act in India, the study is based on purely from secondary sources collected form different articles newspaper and websites. Ranjith Kumar | Ramya M ""Social Security for Women Workers in Unorganized Sector: A Study"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20302.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/economics/other/20302/social-security-for-women-workers-in-unorganized-sector-a-study/ranjith-kumar  
43 Analysis of Thermal Criteria on Cryogenic Pressure Vessel , Chintu Jagadeesh | K. Srinivasa Rao
After a cryogenic liquid has been liquefied and purified to the desired level it should then be put away and transported. Cryogenic fluid storage-vessel and transfer line design has progressed rapidly as a result of the growing use of cryogenic liquids in many areas of engineering and science. The development of the Dewar vessel represented such an improvement in cryogenic fluid storage vessels that it could be classed as ""break-through"" in container design. Cryogenic Pressure vessels are weight vessels are utilized for capacity cryogenic fluids with least warmth in-spill into the vessel from the outside beyond what many would consider possible. The test of configuration is to utilize such materials that dont lose their alluring properties at such a low temperature. Here the most extreme care is taken to plan a capacity vessel fulfilling both mechanical and Thermal Properties. The outcomes will be contrasted with the current vessel of industry. Glass epoxy can be utilized which will decrease warm exchange from conduction of Surge plates which are bolster from external vessel to inward vessel. The glass epoxy significantly with stands the temperature. They appear in these sectors as industrial compressed air receivers and domestic hot water storage tanks. Other examples of pressure vessels are diving cylinders, re compression chambers, distillation towers, pressure reactors, etc. Chintu Jagadeesh | K. Srinivasa Rao ""Analysis of Thermal Criteria on Cryogenic Pressure Vessel"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20307.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/20307/analysis-of-thermal-criteria-on-cryogenic-pressure-vessel/chintu-jagadeesh  
44 CFD Analysis of a Double Pipe Heat Exchanger by using Fluid Based Nanomaterials , Golkonda Venkata Apparao | K. Srinivasa Rao
Double pipe heat exchanger design is a device which we using for heat transfer applications straightforward. This maintains one heat exchanger pipe inside another. After determining the required heat exchanger surface area, for either counter flow or parallel flow, the pipe sizes and number of bends for the double pipe heat exchanger can be selected. In double pipe heat exchanger design, an important factor is the type of flow pattern in the heat exchanger. A double pipe heat exchanger will typically be either counterblow or parallel flow. Cross flow just doesnt work for a double pipe heat exchanger. The flow pattern and the required heat exchange duty allow calculation of the log mean temperature difference. That together with an estimated overall heat transfer coefficient allows calculation of the required heat transfer surface area. Then pipe sizes, pipe lengths and number of bends can be determined. The convective heat transfer, friction factor and effectiveness of different volume concentrations of Fe3O4 Nano fluid flow in an inner tube of double pipe heat exchanger with return bend has been estimated experimentally and turbulent flow conditions. The test section used in this study is of double pipe type in which the inner tube diameter is 0.019 m, the annulus tube diameter is 0.05m and the total length of inner tube is 5 m. At a distance of 2.2mfromthe inlet of the inner tube the return bend is provided. The hot Nanofluids flows through an inner tube, whereas the cold water flows through an annulus tube. The volume concentrations of the nanoparticles used in this study are 0.03 and 8 lpm ,10 lpm mass flow rate with Reynolds number range from 9,000 to 30,000.in the process analyze the CFD analysis is performed in Ansys Fluent 15.0 workbench and its used different nanofluids used, which nanofluids better heat transfer rate find base on the results.In this process choose different nanofluids Al2o3, Cuo ,Fe3o4 this nanofluids properties taken by different base papers. Golkonda Venkata Apparao | K. Srinivasa Rao ""CFD Analysis of a Double Pipe Heat Exchanger by using Fluid Based Nanomaterials"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20306.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/20306/cfd-analysis-of-a-double-pipe-heat-exchanger-by-using-fluid-based-nanomaterials/golkonda-venkata-apparao  
45 Assessment on Accumulation of Heavy Metals and its Effect on Liver Tissues of Harpodon Nehereus from Mumbai Coast of Maharashtra, India , Archana Oza | Leena Muralidharan
Heavy metal pollution is a very serious issue in the present world and is caused by release of toxic substances from industrial and domestic sources into the sea water leading to harm marine organisms. Marine fishes are commonly consumed for its nutritional benefits' and thus lead to transfer toxic metals into the food chain. Harpodon nehereus is a common and local fish from west coast of Maharashtra with high consumption rate among local population. Fish organs particularly liver being major site of detoxification shows structural alterations on exposure to pollution stress from their surrounding environment. Histopathological examination provides an indication of organ impairment to evaluate the health status of selected fish and the degree of pollution in marine environment. The present research effort was done to evaluate the concentration of heavy metals and to study histopathological alterations in liver tissues of largely consumed fish Harpodon nehereus collected from Sassoon dock, west Coast of Maharashtra, India. The research was carried out during the post-monsoon season of the year. High accumulation of lead 11.8 ± 8.34 mg kg , copper 20.46 ± 11.06 mg kg and Zinc 286.26 ± 114.5 mg kg were observed in liver tissues. Further histopathological study of present investigation reveals heavy damages in liver tissues of Harpodon nehereus representing that the selected fish is under high threat of pollution stress. Archana Oza | Leena Muralidharan ""Assessment on Accumulation of Heavy Metals and its Effect on Liver Tissues of Harpodon Nehereus from Mumbai Coast of Maharashtra, India"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20250.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/biological-science/zoology/20250/assessment-on-accumulation-of-heavy-metals-and-its-effect-on-liver-tissues-of-harpodon-nehereus-from-mumbai-coast-of-maharashtra-india/archana-oza  
46 Approach to the Social and Political Problems of Female Agricultural Labourers , Dr. Sanjay Babu
The idea of a person is both the motivator and the result of his her behavior. To study the behaviour of a person. It is necessary to know his her throughts and attitudes, his her thinking and ideology. In the research paper presented from this perspective, it is also necessary to get knowledge of their thoughts and attitudes in order to gain knowledge of different situations and problems of life of female agricultural labourers. Attempts were made to see that the appropriate age of bridegroom at the time of marriage of female agricultural labourers, their attitude in realtion to inter-cast-marriages, her thoughts regarding dowry practice include her involvement in the family decisions of family and her views towards the social practices related to the marriage, family and dowry. In the current society socio-economic, political, educational and cultural fields are changing repidly. In the present period of female education, female awarners and female's movement and progressive and modernization, the female agricultural labourers are still the nutritionals of conservative ideas and attitudes or represent progressive ideas. This research paper is an attempt to study attitude of the female agricultural labourers. Dr. Sanjay Babu ""Approach to the Social and Political Problems of Female Agricultural Labourers"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20292.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/political-science/20292/approach-to-the-social-and-political-problems-of-female-agricultural-labourers/dr-sanjay-babu  
47 Invitro Assessment of the Growth and Biomass Level of Chlorella in Textile and Tannery Wastewater , P. S. Subashini | Dr. P. Rajiv
Chlorella has the capacity to sustain in both fresh water and wastewater. The present study deals with a comparison of the growth and yield of Chlorella in fresh water and textile and tannery wastewaters. The wastewaters used in the study were collected from textile and tannery dyeing units. The wastewater was diluted with tap water in different dilutions 60 , 70 and 80 . Higher dilution yields better biomass parallel to tap water. The result of present study confirms that Chlorella can sustain in almost all wastewaters but gives the maximum yield in textile wastewater. P. S. Subashini | Dr. P. Rajiv ""Invitro Assessment of the Growth and Biomass Level of Chlorella in Textile and Tannery Wastewater"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20291.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/biological-science/biotechnology/20291/invitro-assessment-of-the-growth-and-biomass-level-of-chlorella-in-textile-and-tannery-wastewater/p-s-subashini
48 Energy Efficient Wireless Sensor Networks A Survey on Energy-Based Routing Techniques , Soumya Dath G
Wireless sensor network WSN is composed of sensing and detecting nodes distributed in the wireless communication region to access and sense the surrounding information of the particular deployed area. The distributed nature of WSN provides accessibility to tiny detecting nodes to sense the information statistics as well as various environmental and physical states. Efficient energy utilization is a considerable issue to maintain, expand and increase the lifetime of the wireless sensor network, as network contains battery-operated devices nodes . Due to its sensing capability effect of nodes, WSN has a wide area of applications, such as environmental sensing, industrial process sensing, and health monitoring. These applications demand for the maintenance of network lifetime, energy efficiency, and QoS communication. These issues can be overcome with the energy efficient routing protocols. In literature, a number of routing protocols designed to address the energy efficiency, network lifetime and network capacity. To give complete understand of energy based routing mechanisms designed for WSN and cover the path for forthcoming research this article deals with detailed information about various energy efficient routing techniques designed for WSN. Soumya Dath G ""Energy Efficient Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey on Energy-Based Routing Techniques"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20304.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/computer-network/20304/energy-efficient-wireless-sensor-networks-a-survey-on-energy-based-routing-techniques/soumya-dath-g  
49 A Study on Bellier Turbidity Temperature Test BTTT as Tool for Identification of Groundnut Oil from Different Seed Varieties in India , Dr Shashikant Pardeshi
BTT values prescribed for the certain vegetable oils comes under the mandatory food laws in some countries but due to development towards hybridization in oil seeds, reconsideration in laws is required. In this study an attempt has been made to investigate the applicability of BTTT to groundnut oils obtained from different varieties of seeds grown in different parts of India and thereby examine the influence of geographical variations on BTTT. In the present data analysis, low oil yielding groundnut seed varieties oil content 35-40 such as Shivpuri Sv and SB11 exhibited BTT in the range of 39 to 39.5 0C while High oil yielding varieties oil content 44-45 such as Rajasthan nago RD 1 10 RRD 1 10 and G10 Gujarat G10g displayed BTT in the range of 40-410C. The result have demonstrated the reproducibility through the analyzed data. Hence It is observed that groundnut oil fulfils BTTT values as per Regulation Food Products and Standards 2011 of Food Safety Standards and Act 2006. The coefficient of variation is in between 0.24-0.43 in case of BTT while in case of percentage of oil yielding, it is 0.12-0.43. Dr Shashikant Pardeshi ""A Study on Bellier Turbidity Temperature Test (BTTT) as Tool for Identification of Groundnut Oil from Different Seed Varieties in India"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20282.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/chemistry/food-science/20282/a-study-on-bellier-turbidity-temperature-test-bttt-as-tool-for-identification-of-groundnut-oil-from-different-seed-varieties-in-india/dr-shashikant-pardeshi  
50 Analysis and Evaluation of the Effect of Heavy Metals in Fruits and Vegetables , Hassan Abdullahi
Heavy metal contamination of fruits and vegetables cannot be undervalued as they are vital components of human diet. Fruits and vegetables are rich sources of vitamins, minerals, and fibers, and also have beneficial anti oxidative effects. However, intake of heavy metal-contaminated fruits and vegetables is a threat to human health. In this research work, the analysis and evaluation of the effect of heavy metals in fruits and vegetables were investigated. The apparatus equipment used in this research work include atomic absorption spectrometer AAS Model Perkins Elmer A analyst 100 , weighing balance, blending machine, plungers syring, beaker 100 ml , funnel, white man filter paper, distilled water, wash bottle, cotton wool, squeezer, volumetric flask and pipette 10 ml . Fruits and vegetables samples were collected from local market in Nigeria. The selected fruits and vegetables used in this present work include orange fruit, pineapple fruit, water leaf, and pumpkin leaf. The analysis is basically connected with the analytical determination of the heavy metals i.e., lead, zinc, iron, nickel, copper and cadmium concentration present in fruits and vegetables. The analyses of the aforementioned heavy metals were conducted with an Atomic Absorption spectrometer AAS with model Perkins Elmer AA100. The results obtained reveal that Iron has the highest value of concentration followed by Zinc in all samples analyzed. However, the concentration of metals present in the selected fruits and vegetables were below the maximum permissible limit of 0.30mg l which is WHO FAO standard except for Iron Fe . Thus, the fruits and vegetables can be consumed. Hassan Abdullahi ""Analysis and Evaluation of the Effect of Heavy Metals in Fruits and Vegetables"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20298.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/food-engineering/20298/analysis-and-evaluation-of-the-effect-of--heavy-metals-in-fruits-and-vegetables/hassan-abdullahi  
51 Design, Construction, and Simulation of a Solar Fish Dryer , Sule Salisu | Oyejide Oluwayomi Joel | Akusu Onomine Murray
The use of solar thermal systems in the agricultural sector to conserve vegetables, fruits, coffee, fish and other crops has proved to be practical, and economical feasible. Solar heating system to dry fish, food and other crops can improve the quality of the product, reducing wastage of food as a result of lack of proper preservation. Fish is traditional dry in Nigeria via smoking which is unhygienic. The traditional method of using wood fuel has negative impact on our eco-system. In this research work, design, construction and optimization of a solar fish dryer were carried out. The temperature of the inner surface of the glass dryer was determined as 94.8°C. The result obtained from the design of the drying chamber shown that an area of 0.12m2 is required for the system. Moreover, the area of the flat plate collector was obtained as 0.49m2. The temperature of the sun acting on the outer surface of the plane glass was obtained as 268.4°C while the effective heat gain is obtained as 0.115kw. Sule Salisu | Oyejide Oluwayomi Joel | Akusu Onomine Murray ""Design, Construction, and Simulation of a Solar Fish Dryer"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20299.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/20299/design-construction-and-simulation-of-a-solar-fish-dryer/sule-salisu  
52 Biosorption Capability of Kambu-Ay Pila ampullacea Shell as Accumulation Indicator for Local Monitoring of Lead Pb and Mercury Hg Pollutions In Agusan Marsh , Jennyvi H. Papellero | Anthon Mark Jay A. Rivas | Bianca A. Munez | Farrah Leah U. Ebe | El Veena A. Rosero
Improper disposal of toxic metals such as mercury Hg and lead Pb from transport and industrial activities can cause harmful environmental and biological effects. Hg contamination can damage the organ-systems. Meanwhile, Pb causes behavioral and learning problems, seizures and death. In Agusan Marsh, leaded gasoline is used by residents. In nearby areas, mining is present. Surveying and monitoring of toxic metal accumulation levels are to be taken seriously to ensure protection of wildlife in this ecologically significant wetland. For monitoring toxic metal accumulation, Kambu-ay Pila Ampullacea shells were collected in Masagansang Creek, a part of Agusan Marsh where livelihood activities occur. The shells were pounded and then subjected to Direct-Air-Acetylene Flame AAS and Cold Vapor AAS to determine the inherited levels of Pb and Hg, respectively. The shells were further tested for accumulation and elimination of these heavy metals under 50 mg L-set-up laboratory condition to determine if biosorption was still possible. Result showed that Kambu-ay shell contained 0.22 mg L of Hg and 220mg L of Pb. Further examination revealed that the shells were able to remove an average of 49.43 mg L of Pb and 43.88 mg L of Hg in laboratory set-up. The project's contribution is two-fold. First, Kambu-ay shell was proven to remove heavy metals. Second, the strong accumulation of contaminants by the shell is well suited for local monitoring programs. Caution should be taken if the meat of the shell is eaten. Continuous bioaccumulation of heavy metals in the food chain will threat Agusan Marsh's biodiversity. Thus, monitoring is necessary. Jennyvi H. Papellero | Anthon Mark Jay A. Rivas | Bianca A. Munez | Farrah Leah U. Ebe | El Veena A. Rosero ""Biosorption Capability of Kambu-Ay (Pila ampullacea) Shell as Accumulation Indicator for Local Monitoring of Lead (Pb) and Mercury (Hg) Pollutions In Agusan Marsh"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20310.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/biological-science/biotechnology/20310/biosorption-capability-of-kambu-ay-pila-ampullacea-shell-as-accumulation-indicator-for-local-monitoring-of-lead-pb-and-mercury-hg-pollutions-in-agusan-marsh/jennyvi-h-papellero  
53 A Review on Genetic Dominant Disorder-Polydactyly , Akshata. B. Kichadi | Dr. Uma B Gopal | Santhosh Singarapu | Chaitra. S | Manukrishnan. K | Jeevankumar. Giri
Polydactyly is genetic disorder in which there is mutation of gene that is located on short arm of chromosome 7. One gene that can cause polydactyly is GLI3 and it is one among number of genes that are known to be involved in the patterning of tissues and organs during development of the embryo. Mutations of GLI3 gene during development will cause two types of polydactyly. Those are postaxial ulnar and preaxial radial polydactyly. The treatment plan is based on the outcome of analysis of patient's medical history, social history, motivation, social and psychological disturbance. Akshata. B. Kichadi | Dr. Uma B Gopal | Santhosh Singarapu | Chaitra. S | Manukrishnan. K | Jeevankumar. Giri ""A Review on Genetic Dominant Disorder-Polydactyly"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20232.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/medicine/anatomy/20232/a-review-on-genetic-dominant-disorder-polydactyly/akshata-b-kichadi  
54 Remedial Instruction in Language Disfluencies in the Non-Psycho-Expert Lens , Mick Mars P. Silvano, LPT, Maelt | Evelyn C. Bandoy, LPT, EdD
This qualitative case study discovered and explored the plights of languages teachers conducting remedial instruction in language disfluencies, the way teachers conduct remedial instruction in language disfluencies in the non-psycho-expert lens, and the way learners progress in the kind of remediation they receive. The informants of the study were the language teachers of Buenavista National High School. These teachers are selected purposively as those who have encounter in remedial instruction for language disfluencies in the non-psycho-expert lens. The data were gathered through interviews with the informants. The study revealed that language teachers conducting remedial instruction in language disfluencies in the non-psycho-expert lens face dire situations on insufficiency in terms of background knowledge on language disfluencies, time, and resources for remediation. Another problem that they face is the learner's attitude toward remedial instruction as well as parental or stakeholder support. Weak retention of the learners, insignificant change in the learning behavior and the use of colloquial words also contribute to the unwanted scenario of students undergoing remediation. Language teachers conduct remedial instruction in language disfluencies in the non-psycho-expert lens through utilizing various teaching strategies, going back to the basics, having awareness on learner diversity, seeking parental or stakeholder support, exemplifying passion for teaching, and having an encouraging class environment. Learners progress in such kind of remediation through the use of language in praxis or utilizing the communicative language teaching by teachers where students use language practically. Learners as well show activeness in the class knowing that they both share the same learning pace among peers. Most importantly, learners progress due to the acceptance and understanding of the teachers on the type of learners they have. Mick Mars P. Silvano, LPT, Maelt | Evelyn C. Bandoy, LPT, EdD ""Remedial Instruction in Language Disfluencies in the Non-Psycho-Expert Lens"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20303.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/english/20303/remedial-instruction-in-language-disfluencies-in-the-non-psycho-expert-lens/mick-mars-p-silvano-lpt-maelt  
55 Advantages and Disadvantages of the Objective Structured Clinical Examination OSCE in Nursing Education A Literature Review , Izzeddin A. Abu Bdair | Hala F. Abuzaineh | Hala M. R. Burqan
Background The objective structured clinical examination is a valuable evaluation strategy to assess students' competencies in a range of skills. It has been increasingly integrated into nursing education. Purpose The purpose of this literature review was to identify the advantages and disadvantages of using the objective structured clinical examination in nursing education. Design A comprehensive search of the recent literature related to the objective structured clinical examination was undertaken. Methods A review of literature published over the last 15 years on a wide variety of recent studies in nursing and related discipline in the field of objective structured clinical examination was performed. Results Most studies indicated that the objective structured clinical examination was poorly addressed in nursing education particular in Arab academic nursing institutions. The objective structured clinical examination is an effective evaluation method to assess the students' competencies in performing clinical nursing tasks. Students and instructors showed a positive attitude toward using the objective structured clinical examination as an evaluation method. The advantages and disadvantages of using the objective structured clinical examination in nursing education are summarized. Discussion Overall, it is evident that the objective structured clinical examination has been growing use in nursing education. The OSCEs have a variety of favorable advantages that argue implementation in nursing education, however, there are many obstacles to apply. Therefore, investigating the barriers to use this assessment method and developing appropriate interventions are recommended. Izzeddin A. Abu Bdair | Hala F. Abuzaineh | Hala M. R. Burqan ""Advantages and Disadvantages of the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) in Nursing Education: A Literature Review"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20269.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/medicine/nursing/20269/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-the-objective-structured-clinical-examination-osce-in-nursing-education-a-literature-review/izzeddin-a-abu-bdair  
56 Corporate Governance and Corporate Profitability Empirical Study of Listed Land and Property Companies in Sri Lanka , S. Anandasayanan | H. Thavarasasingam
Corporate governance is concerned with ways in which all parties interested in the well- being of the organization attempt to ensure that mangers and other insiders take measures or adopt mechanisms that safeguard the interests of the stakeholders.. The purpose of the study is to find out the impact of corporate governance on profitability of listed Land and Property companies in Sri Lanka. Return of Assets is used as dependent variable. To measure the corporate governance, Board size, Board composition and independent directors of Remuneration committee. number of auditors are considered in this study. Firm size was considered as control variable in this study. The data were collected from firms' annual financial reports and Data Stream over the period of 2011to 2016, from the CSE website. Descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, multiple linear regression analysis were used to analyse the data and examine the hypotheses by using the E-views 10 version, in this study. The findings revealed that there is a positive and significant relationship between ROA with auditors, board composition. Independent directors of Remuneration committee and board size are insignificantly correlated with ROA. Furthermore, it was found that the control variable firm size was insignificant in influencing firm performance ROA ..This study provides useful information for policy makers, regulators in improving the corporate governance policies in the future and also helps in increasing and understanding the relationship between corporate governance and firm's performance. S. Anandasayanan | H. Thavarasasingam ""Corporate Governance and Corporate Profitability: Empirical Study of Listed Land and Property Companies in Sri Lanka"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20309.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/accounting-and-finance/20309/corporate-governance-and-corporate-profitability-empirical-study-of-listed-land-and-property-companies-in-sri-lanka/s-anandasayanan  
57 Implication of Educational Technology on Quality Teaching Appraisal from the Perspective of Secondary Schools in the South West Region of Cameroon , Mbah Emmanuel Teke
The purpose of this research paper was to find out the implications of educational technology on quality teaching in secondary schools in the South West Region of Cameroon. The study had just one objective and was carried out in six divisions in the south west region. The survey research design was used and the sample was selected using the simple random sampling and the appropriate stratified random sampling technique. The sample consisted of 330 students and 100 teachers. The questionnaire and the interview were instruments used in the study to collect data. The descriptive statistics comprised tables, percentages, bars and pie charts while for inferential statistics, chi square test of independence was used to verify hypothesis. The results show that the null hypothesis was rejected and the alternative retained. Some recommendations were made to better the use of ICTs in the teaching and learning process to both teachers and students Mbah Emmanuel Teke ""Implication of Educational Technology on Quality Teaching: Appraisal from the Perspective of Secondary Schools in the South West Region of Cameroon"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21338.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/21338/implication-of-educational-technology-on-quality-teaching-appraisal-from-the-perspective-of-secondary-schools-in-the-south-west-region-of-cameroon/mbah-emmanuel-teke  
58 Prevalence of Gene Polymorphisms in Intervertebral Disc Degenerative Diseases , Mr. C. Marimuthu | Dr. V. Pushpa Rani | Dr. V. Judia Harriet Sumathy
Intervertebral disc diseases is otherwise known as breakdown of one or more discs that separate the bone of the spine, Which cause pain in the back, neck as well as frequent pain in legs and arms. The general role of intervertebral discs is to provide the cushioning between vertebrae and absorb the pressure that is exerted on the spine. Generally low back pain LBP is considered as common disorder from disc degenerative diseases. The main reason of the LBP is due to contribution of intervertebral disc diseases and combination of genetic and environmental factors. Most of these factor identified , But some of these remain unidentified. However recent researches identified that variations in several genes may influence the risc of intervertebral disc diseases . Most of the variations associated with genes related with immune function leads to increase risk of intervertebral disc diseases . Most of these genes plays a vital role in immune response like inflammation and water loss dehydration of the discs, Which causes their degeneration. This review focuses on the evidence of genetic disposition, the genes or biological processes that are implicated, and the need to consolidate resources and clarify phenotype definition to take advantage of the new technologies in genetic analysis to enhance our understanding of this condition. Mr. C. Marimuthu | Dr. V. Pushpa Rani | Dr. V. Judia Harriet Sumathy ""Prevalence of Gene Polymorphisms in Intervertebral Disc Degenerative Diseases"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd19153.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/biological-science/molecular-biology/19153/prevalence-of-gene-polymorphisms-in-intervertebral-disc-degenerative-diseases/mr-c-marimuthu  
59 Rectus Sternalis Muscle - A Rare Variant , Dr. Surendra Chaudhary | Dr. Uma B. Gopal | Dr. Muteeba Naz | Dr. Jeevan Kumar Giri | Dr. Simi C. P. | Dr. Daiarisa Rymbai
Rectus sternalis muscle is a rare morphological variation of the musculature of the anterior abdominal wall. A unilateral right sided Rectus sternalis muscle was found during routine dissection of a 55 years old female cadaver with hefty built at Department of Rachana Sharir, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Ayurveda and Hospital, Hassan, Karnataka. The muscle was present in right hemithorax, superficial to right pectoralis major muscle. The cranial parts of the muscle was attached into manubrium sterni and sternocleidomastoid muscles while the caudal part was attached into 5th and 6th costal cartilages just lateral to the right sternal margin. The knowledge of this uncommon variation will help the radiologists, physicians and surgeons in interventions and diagnostic procedures as the muscle may be confused for an abnormal lesion or mass. The muscle may be useful in plastic surgery for reconstruction purpose. This anomalous muscle in chest region will raise awareness about its possible presence in the body and its clinical importance. Dr. Surendra Chaudhary | Dr. Uma B. Gopal | Dr. Muteeba Naz | Dr. Jeevan Kumar Giri | Dr. Simi C. P. | Dr. Daiarisa Rymbai ""Rectus Sternalis Muscle - A Rare Variant"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21348.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/medicine/other/21348/rectus-sternalis-muscle---a-rare-variant/dr-surendra-chaudhary  
60 Studies on Hybrid Material Reinforced Copper Based Composites- A Review , Goutham M | Mahesh V M | Muralidhara B K
Copper hybrid composites are a new generation of metal matrix composites that have the potentials of satisfying the recent demands of advanced engineering applications. These demands are met due to improved mechanical properties, amenability to conventional processing technique and possibility of reducing production cost of Copper hybrid composites. The performance of these materials is mostly dependent on selecting the right combination of reinforcing materials since some of the processing parameters are associated with the reinforcing particulates. This paper attempts to review the different reinforcing materials used in the processing of hybrid copper materials. The major procedures for fabricating these materials and research areas for further improvement on copper hybrid composites are suggested. Goutham M | Mahesh V M | Muralidhara B K ""Studies on Hybrid Material Reinforced Copper Based Composites- A Review"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20226.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/20226/studies-on-hybrid-material-reinforced-copper-based-composites--a-review/goutham-m  
61 Experimental Enhancement of Bio Gas Production from Industrial Wastage , M. Shanmugaraj
The present work investigates the biogas production was performed using Industrial wastage. The laboratory experiment was conducted in floating drum type anaerobic digester capacity of 1m3 made of fiber material at continues process. The cow dung used as an inoculum of the anaerobic digester. Then raw material feeded as a waste in two state one wet and dry wastage 1 1 waste water equal ratio and fermentation process at 30°C to 35°C was maintained in mesophilic condition. The initial pH, biogas yield, Methane concentration, and HRT these parameters was studied in the experiments. The maximum biogas yield was 0.68m3 and methane concentration was reached in 67 . The maximum biogas production reported as 30min in meso philic condition using inflammable time. The pH maximum level of 7.1 and end of the digestion period pH acid production was decreased. HRT days calculated as 45 days. M. Shanmugaraj ""Experimental Enhancement of Bio Gas Production from Industrial Wastage"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21331.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/21331/experimental-enhancement-of-bio-gas-production-from-industrial-wastage/m-shanmugaraj  
62 Robotic Automated External Defibrillator Ambulance for Emergency Medical Service in Smart Cities , Nasir Ahmad
Robotic systems are one of the key solutions for providing smart services. Time is a critical issue when dealing with people who experience a sudden cardiac arrest that unfortunately could die due to inaccessibility of the emergency treatment. Therefore, an immediate treatment using Automated External Defibrillator AED must be administered to the victim within a few minutes after collapsing. Hence we have designed and developed the Ambulance Robot, shortened as Ambubot, which brings along an AED in a sudden event of cardiac arrest and facilitates various modes of operation .The prototype with biomedical sensors are used for monitoring the patient health continuously, the location of the patient can also be tracked in case of emergency via gsm. Nasir Ahmad ""Robotic Automated External Defibrillator Ambulance for Emergency Medical Service in Smart Cities"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21334.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/21334/robotic-automated-external-defibrillator-ambulance-for-emergency-medical-service-in-smart-cities/nasir-ahmad  
63 An Empirical Study on the Rural Consumer Behaviour with Reference to Refrigerator , S. A. Parbadiya M.Com., B.Ed., M.Phil
Now a day refrigerator is one of the widely used household appliances in the rural area, which used to preserving food, reducing frequent purchasing and minimize the wastage. India is one of the fast developing countries in the world and also rapidly change in rural consumers. At present the refrigerator is an appliance owned and used by the urban rich. It is slowly becoming a necessity and has started reaching the rural too. Rural people have started to realize its importance in preserving food, reducing frequent purchasing and minimize the wastage. With this back draft, this study makes an attempt to analyze the reason for using Refrigerator, problem faced while using of Refrigerator, and also determine the behaviour of the consumer's, in case of Price, and overall satisfaction level of refrigerator users in rural area of vadgam and danta taluka. S. A. Parbadiya M.Com., B.Ed., M.Phil ""An Empirical Study on the Rural Consumer Behaviour with Reference to Refrigerator"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21335.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/economics/commerce/21335/an-empirical-study-on-the-rural-consumer-behaviour-with-reference-to-refrigerator/s-a-parbadiya-mcom-bed-mphil  
64 Food Law , Matthew N. O. Sadiku | Tolulope J. Ashaolu | Sarhan M. Musa
These days consumers are showing keen interest in the way food is produced, processed, and marketed. The increasing globalization of the food supply chain has resulted in unprecedented interest in the development of food standards and regulations. International food trade is disrupted by frequent disputes over food safety. Food law has emerged in pieces over decades in response to food safety challenges. This paper provides a brief introduction to food law s . Matthew N. O. Sadiku | Tolulope J. Ashaolu | Sarhan M. Musa ""Food Law"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21355.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/food-engineering/21355/food-law/matthew-n-o-sadiku  
65 Bioengineering A Primer , Matthew N. O. Sadiku | Tolulope J. Ashaolu | Sarhan M. Musa
Bioengineering is the application of engineering principles, practices, and technologies to the fields of biology and healthcare. This newly emerging eld is characterized by its multidisciplinary nature, cutting across science, engineering and medicine. Bioengineers are expected to have a solid education in engineering and a sound knowledge of biology, physiology, and medicine. This paper provides a brief introduction to bioengineering. Matthew N. O. Sadiku | Tolulope J. Ashaolu | Sarhan M. Musa ""Bioengineering: A Primer"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21356.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/bio-mechanicaland-biomedical-engineering/21356/bioengineering-a-primer/matthew-n-o-sadiku  
66 Traditional Indian Medicine , Matthew N. O. Sadiku | Tolulope J. Ashaolu | S. R. Nelatury | Sarhan M. Musa
Nutrition is a basic human need. Dietary supplements and herbal remedies are popular complementary products people take. It is a well-known fact that traditional medicines supplement modern medicine in meeting the global healthcare needs. Traditional Indian Medicine or Ayurveda is among the well known global traditional systems of medicine and it is becoming increasingly popular. Ayurvedic drugs are used as food supplements in US, Europe, and Japan. This paper provides an overview of Ayurveda, the traditional Indian medicine. Matthew N. O. Sadiku | Tolulope J. Ashaolu | S. R. Nelatury | Sarhan M. Musa ""Traditional Indian Medicine"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21358.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/food-engineering/21358/traditional-indian-medicine/matthew-n-o-sadiku  
67 Innovative Teaching Strategies in Mathematics and Statistics , Kalpana Abhay Ghatpande
During II world war the Military Officials used the system of planning the war material for the future days, that was actually system of Mathematical Modeling. The idea of Statistical Methods. The impact of this has started to change course content and structure, in both introductory and advanced courses for statisticians as scientists and academicians . So for future directions in the teaching and learning of statistics must take into account new innovative pedagogical instructions, educational technologies and the abundance of Web resources that are now available. With the Statistics, Mathematics is very much important Subject to study but much hard to learn and study. This paper gives the new solution to this problem. And currently identified challenges in the teaching and learning of statistics and Mathematics of useful strategies and innovations for developing research-based statistics courses in the context of recommendations for reforms, outlining the place of information technology within this framework. and a review of the literature on the topic of statistics and Mathematics education and gives instructors a set of guidelines for generating new and effective teaching material. Kalpana Abhay Ghatpande ""Innovative Teaching Strategies in Mathematics and Statistics"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20331.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/mathemetics/statistics/20331/innovative-teaching-strategies-in-mathematics-and-statistics/kalpana-abhay-ghatpande  
68 Impact of Capital Expenditure on Working Capital Management An Application on Hotel and Travel Companies Listed in Colombo Stock Exchange , Piriya Muraleetharan
This study is designed to examine on impact of capital expenditure on working capital management, an application on hotel and travel companies listed in Colombo stock exchange. Capital expenditure of the hotel and travel was used as the independent variable for the study whilst the dependent variables constituted some characteristic indicators that can affect the hotel and travel such as, net liquidity balance and working capital requirement. Data was collected from 125 annual reports which are related to 25 hotel and travel listed in Colombo Stock Exchange for five years from 2012 to 2016. Researcher used to regression analyze the data. Regression model was used for analyzing the relationship between Capital Expenditure and Working Capital Management for the sample firms. A significant negative relationship was found between net liquidity balance and Capital Expenditure, which implies that these firms don't increase the balance of most liquid assets when faced with capital expenditure since they don't have enough internally generated funds to be used in long term fixed investments. Furthermore, a significant negative relationship is also found between working capital requirement and Capital expenditure, which implies that these firms are efficiently managing the non-financial components to enhance their cash, balances to be used in speculative and operational activities. Piriya Muraleetharan ""Impact of Capital Expenditure on Working Capital Management: An Application on Hotel and Travel Companies Listed in Colombo Stock Exchange"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21360.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/economics/accounting/21360/impact-of-capital-expenditure-on-working-capital-management-an-application-on-hotel-and-travel-companies-listed-in-colombo-stock-exchange/piriya-muraleetharan  
69 Energy Management System Using Renewable Energy Sources , Shweta Doddamallappanavar | Deepa S Haveri | Asst. Prof. Chaitanya K Jambotkar
Energy usage index indicates the country's state of economy, growth and standard of living. But the rate at which the energy demands and prices are increasing, it may be difficult to get the correct rate of development. The result of the same is to enforce retarding action on the growth and industrialization programs of developing countries like India for the want of sufficient energy reserves. Energy management refers to efforts made to reduce energy consumption. Smart homes hold the potential for increasing energy efficiency, decreasing costs of energy use, decreasing the carbon footprint by including renewable resources. This article presents a discussion of state of the art in electricity management and conserving the renewable energy sources. Shweta Doddamallappanavar | Deepa S Haveri | Asst. Prof. Chaitanya K Jambotkar "Energy Management System Using Renewable Energy Sources" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21343.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/21343/energy-management-system-using-renewable-energy-sources/shweta-doddamallappanavar
70 Smart Grid Communication Protocols , Sahana V Sangam | Sahana S Kulkarni | Asst. Prof. Chaitanya K Jambotkar
Present power grids are getting replaced by smart grids, mainly for improving performance of existing power grid. Integration of electrical, electronics and computer science have led this technology more popular. Smart grid technology is characterized by full duplex communication, automatic metering infrastructure, renewable energy integration, distribution automation and complete monitoring and control of entire power grid. Wireless sensor networks WSNs are small micro electrical mechanical systems that are deployed to collect and communicate the data from surroundings. Security of wireless sensor based communication network is a major concern for researchers and developers. The address oriented design and development approach for usual communication network requires a paradigm shift to design data oriented WSN architecture. This paper is presents different communication protocols used in smart grid technology. Sahana V Sangam | Sahana S Kulkarni | Asst. Prof. Chaitanya K Jambotkar "Smart Grid Communication Protocols" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21344.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/21344/smart-grid-communication-protocols/sahana-v-sangam
71 Evolution of Electronic Aid for Navigation , Afroz Sultana Pathan | Athar Mustafa | Imran Khazi | Chaitanya Krishna Jambotkar
Evolution of technology has always been endeavored with making daily life simple. With a fast paced life everybody today is harnessing the benefits of technology except some parts of the society .One of them is the visually impaired who have to rely on others for travelling and other activities. The paper aims at providing one such theoretical model which incorporates the latest technologies to provide efficient and smart electronic aid to the visual impaired. The basic objective of the electronic aid is to provide a convenient and easy navigation aid for visual impaired which helps in artificial vision by providing information about the environmental scenario of static and dynamic objects around them. IR sensors can be used along with ultrasonic range finder circuit for hurdle detection. Bluetooth module along with GPS technology and an Android application for blind will provide voice assistance to desired location and in panic situations will send SMS alert to registered mobile number. Afroz Sultana Pathan | Athar Mustafa | Imran Khazi | Chaitanya Krishna Jambotkar "Evolution of Electronic Aid for Navigation" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21345.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/21345/evolution-of-electronic-aid-for-navigation/afroz-sultana-pathan
72 Significance of Catalyst Terminologies in Management Publications , Mohd Ridzuan Nordin | Haizal Hussin
The article report on the findings of study on the significance of catalyst related terms used in management publications. This study adopted the qualitative research methods using the content analysis of publications containing catalyst related term such as catalysts, catalytic leader and organisational catalyst. Catalyst related terms are being used to describe organisation related transformations. The most common reactants are Organisation, Process and Follower. The most commonly used catalysts are Process and Leader. This illustrate the importance of process improvement and leadership in driving organisation improvement. The findings indicate the significance of catalyst related terms in management publications to describe organisational transformation. Mohd Ridzuan Nordin | Haizal Hussin "Significance of Catalyst Terminologies in Management Publications" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21361.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/other/21361/significance-of-catalyst-terminologies-in-management-publications/mohd-ridzuan-nordin
73 A Retrospective Study on Evaluation of Patients with Uterine Fibroid in a Tertiary Care Hospital , Anju Mam Thomas | Blessy Rachal Boban | Jiya Ann Mathew
Uterine fibroids are a major cause of morbidity in women of reproductive age. Hence it is important to evaluate the occurrence of fibroid. An observational retrospective study was carried out in Obstetric and Gynecology Department over a period of 2 months. Each of the cases was scrutinized for sociodemographic, clinical profile and other necessary information. In this study, Fibroid was found to be predominant in premenopausal women. .Parity and number of abortions had no much significance with fibroid diagnosed. The primary management of obese patients were found as weight reduction and diet control. Hysterectomy was done based on large fibroid size. Anju Mam Thomas | Blessy Rachal Boban | Jiya Ann Mathew "A Retrospective Study on Evaluation of Patients with Uterine Fibroid in a Tertiary Care Hospital" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20311.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/pharmacy/pharmacy-practice/20311/a-retrospective-study-on-evaluation-of-patients-with-uterine-fibroid-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital/anju-mam-thomas
74 Finite Element Analysis of Micro End Mill and Simulation of Burr Formation in Machining a Review , Aman Singhai | H. S. Sahu
The recent technological progressions in industries have offered ascent to the continually growing requests for microstructures, sensors, and parts. Micro-milling is a promising method to create these scaled down structures, sensors, and parts. Yet, micro-milling still confronts some significant difficulties, tormenting further provision of this innovation. The most noticeable around them is micro burr formation. Burrs created along the completed edges and surfaces in micro-milling operation have huge effect on the surface quality and performance of the completed parts and microstructures. In any case, deburring of micro-parts is not conceivable because of bad accessibility and tight tolerances in micro segments. One of the methods to minimize micro burr formation in micro milling is by enhancing the geometry of the device. As minimization of micro burrs still remains a key test in micro machining, not many researchers have worked in this field. The main aim of the research work is to present finite element analysis of flat end mill micro cutters used in micro milling by varying geometry of the tools. Apart from this, study has been done in detail on burr formation in micro milling and what factors affect it. Burr formation simulation has been carried out while varying the tool geometry. Aman Singhai | H. S. Sahu "Finite Element Analysis of Micro End Mill and Simulation of Burr Formation in Machining a Review" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21369.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/21369/finite-element-analysis-of-micro-end-mill-and-simulation-of-burr-formation-in-machining-a-review/aman-singhai
75 Cyber-Stalking Threat to People or Bane to Technology , H. M. Shambhavee
A day without the use of technology in our lives seems like an impossible mission. We have become entirely dependent on it in divergent ways. Technology has helped us in creating great ideas that we can communicate with people present anywhere on this earth. Apart from the fact that technology has made our lives easy, it also bought in a lot of difficulties. With the massive advancement of technology along with the evolution of time, the crime rate of cyber offences keeps increasing every day. One such cyber assault that requires immediate attention is cyber stalking. Cyber stalking involves continuous or persistent following of a person through electronic media with or without the person's consent. Cyber stalking, unlike the offline stalking, is severe as the identity of the perpetrator is unknown and geographical proximity is no barrier. The severity of cyber talking has increased in the recent times as the current generation is found all the time surfing on their phones or laptops and being busy with social networking media like Facebook, Instagram, Whatsapp and many more. The reason why one may become a cyber-stalker can be because of revenge, obsession, sadism, denial, insult and many more. The post effects of cyber stalking to a victim can be psychologically overwhelming that there are cases where the victims have committed suicide being incapable of coping with the psychological and emotional stress. Cyber stalking can be used to blackmail victims as well. It can also include morphing of the victim's image with nude pictures and posting it on public and social websites thus destroying the reputation and dignity of the victim. One of the highly disadvantageous facts in cyber offences is that once such obscene picture of the victim is posted, the post gets shared to more and more people. Therefore even if the perpetrator is found and the origin where the obscene pictures were posted is deleted, it is difficult to find all places where the post has been shared. Thus it's high time that more emphasis is laid on introducing effective and efficient laws in field of newly formed cyber offences such as cyber stalking. H. M. Shambhavee "Cyber-Stalking: Threat to People or Bane to Technology" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21354.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/law-and-management/21354/cyber-stalking-threat-to-people-or-bane-to-technology/h-m-shambhavee
76 An Overview of Conflict and Insurgency with Special Reference to Assam , Bhaskar Gogoi
The Northeast region of India comprising of eight states- Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura and Sikkim. Northeast India is a region poorly connected to the Indian mainland by a small corridor-Siliguri corridor also known as chiken neck with a narrow width of only 23 kilometers. North Eastern India has been facing problems of insurgency and conflict for near 5 decades, but things are now settling down and peace started to prevail. The insurgency is a reflection of its social, cultural, ethnic and linguistic diversity, terrain, socio-economic development, politico-economic conditions, historical evolution and changes in the environment of the area. On the other hand, this is reflected in the pattern of conflicts, which are varied in their nature and the stance of insurgent groups which remain divergent and ever changing. In these research, highlighted the insurgency status in Assam is classified as very active. Conflicts in Assam can be broadly grouped under the different categories those are elaborated in further. Bhaskar Gogoi "An Overview of Conflict and Insurgency with Special Reference to Assam" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20320.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/political-science/20320/an-overview-of-conflict-and-insurgency-with-special-reference-to-assam/bhaskar-gogoi
77 An Internet of Things Approach for RFID Smart Tollgate Automation , S. Nedunchezhian
With the significant development in Roadways, there is an increase in the number of toll plazas. These toll plazas have long queues and the time consumed in paying cash and returning change causes all the more delay. In this project, an IOT based Toll booth Manager System is designed in which a person can use an RFID to pay the Toll charge. The system would check if it has sufficient balance and then deduct the toll charge and update the balance through IOT. Internet of Things IoT is basically the network of 'things' by which physical things can exchange data with the help of sensors, electronics, software and connectivity. These systems do not require any human interaction. IoT Technology is found in many industries like healthcare, Energy, Transportation etc. In this project, the data of the RFID card is sent to the website, through IOT. S. Nedunchezhian "An Internet of Things Approach for RFID Smart Tollgate Automation" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21341.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/21341/an-internet-of-things-approach-for-rfid-smart-tollgate-automation/s-nedunchezhian
78 A Survey on VLC Based Massive MIMO-OFDM for 5G Networks , Keerti Gupta | Neetu Sikarwar
Exponential growth of number of mobile users has led to the increasing demand for bandwidth and channel capacity. Thus 5G has to support new multitude of various mobile applications. The 5G networks not only has capacity constraints but also existing challenges such as network reliability, coverage, energy efficiency and latency with current communication systems. Visible light communication provides broadband wireless data connectivity for high capacity channels. VLC system utilizes intensity modulation, where the information is conveyed through the intensity of LEDs and detected by photodiodes PDs at the receivers. In this survey paper the various techniques for supporting 5G networks using massive MIMO - OFDM concept using visible light technology have been discussed. Keerti Gupta | Neetu Sikarwar "A Survey on VLC Based Massive MIMO-OFDM for 5G Networks" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21368.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/21368/a-survey-on-vlc-based-massive-mimo-ofdm-for-5g-networks/keerti-gupta
79 Golden Era of Indian Textile Industry , Dr. Rohit Agarwal
It could well be considered the beginning of the Golden Era for the Indian textile industry. The current year and beyond promises to be an excellent period of growth for the industry. In our recent interaction with industry leaders, a sense of optimism and confidence was quite evident. The Government is expected to announce its new textile policy with an ambitious target of achieving 20 per cent share of the global textile trade and helping the domestic industry attain a size of $650 billion by 2024-25 by focussing on investments, skill development and labour law reforms. The policy blueprint, termed the 'Vision, Strategy and Action Plan' for the textiles and apparel industry, lays thrust upon diversification of exports through new products and markets along with increasing value addition and promoting innovation and RandD activities. Dr. Rohit Agarwal "Golden Era of Indian Textile Industry" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21374.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21374/golden-era-of-indian-textile-industry/dr-rohit-agarwal
80 Computational Analysis of RNA Nucleotide Sequences , Shall Juneja | Deepayan Mukherjee | Sachi Garg
One of the most fascinating and deeply researched fields of all of the biochemical components are the nucleic acids and proteins, especially because of their dynamic structure and function and their fundamental role in the course of evolution. Sequence studies have been carried out and is still being researched on to decode completely the world of genetics and molecular biology. And so, here we present our concept in the form of a simple program that has been developed for analyzing the Amino acid sequence from a given sequence of RNA nucleotide bases, and using the result of which, further, interpretation of the corresponding protein can be done. Shall Juneja | Deepayan Mukherjee | Sachi Garg "Computational Analysis of RNA Nucleotide Sequences" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21342.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/biological-science/bioinformatics/21342/computational-analysis-of-rna-nucleotide-sequences/shall-juneja
81 Modeling and Analysis of Energy Efficient Cellular Networks , Iram Masood Hamdani | Raj Kumar Jain
Energy consumption has become a primary concern in design and operation of wireless communication networks due to two main reasons- Environmental concerns and Cost. The next generation network systems will have to consider energy efficient designs in any aspect. The 5G network which is most awaited today though proposes better data rates but also speaks about energy efficiency in its agenda. Iram Masood Hamdani | Raj Kumar Jain "Modeling and Analysis of Energy Efficient Cellular Networks" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21381.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/21381/modeling-and-analysis-of-energy-efficient-cellular-networks/iram-masood-hamdani
82 Application of Geographic Information System GIS For Urban Renewal A Case Study of Yelwan Tudu of Bauchi State, Nigeria , Efunnuga Oluwayemisi Bunmi | Ituma Chijioke Gideon | Idakwo Victor Iko-Ojo
Urban renewal has been regarded as a sound approach to promoting land values and improving environmental quality. An urban renewal programs is supposed to address undesirable urban conditions. However, the real problem in this regard is that the determination of the level of substandard situations that can be considered undesirable is usually based on planning standards and varies from place to place and time to time. This study attempts to review the general concept of urban renewal and various approaches. It highlights the existing physical and socio-economic characteristics of the study area. To establish how urban renewal programs can be achieved simultaneously using GIS .The methodology included digital mapping techniques, ground survey to establish the factors responsible for deterioration in the study area, conversion of surveyed data into digital form as attribute of the spatial data variables considered and query of each variables to show individual conditions in the study area. The results obtained showed that GIS easily allowed the linking of spatial data with attribute data based on which queries and spatial analysis carried out. The level of deterioration is determined using weighted index analysis method of identifying a slum, thus major rehabilitation is suggested as the best approach for the study area. Finally, a renewal plan is proposed as way of solving the identified problems in the study area. Efunnuga Oluwayemisi Bunmi | Ituma Chijioke Gideon | Idakwo Victor Iko-Ojo "Application of Geographic Information System (GIS) For Urban Renewal: A Case Study of Yelwan Tudu of Bauchi State, Nigeria" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21395.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/environment-engineering/21395/application-of-geographic-information-system-gis-for-urban-renewal-a-case-study-of-yelwan-tudu-of-bauchi-state-nigeria/efunnuga-oluwayemisi-bunmi
83 Seismic Analysis of Soil-Foundation Interaction under a Bridge Pier Due to Chauk Earthquake Excitation of 0.12g to 0.5g , Zin May Hnin | Nyan Myint Kyaw | Kyaw Kyaw
In this study, seismic analysis of soil-foundation interaction under a bridge pier are studied with different earthquake excitations. In 2016, August 25, a magnitude of 6.8 happened near Bagan region. Pakokku Bridge, the longest of the bridges over the Irrawaddy, is situated on 37.8 miles from the epicentre of 2016 Chauk earthquake. That is why the safety performance of long-span Bridge Pakokku Bridge especially for the safety of the foundation system subjected to soil-foundation interaction is necessary to investigate for unexpected future seismic excitation. Firstly super structural loadings on the pile cap are estimated by using STAAD PRO V8i. And then, p-y curves are determined by Reese 1974 method for the static and National Cooperative Highway Research Program NCHRP for dynamic conditions. Based on the development of p-y curves, theoretical ultimate soil resistance pcr and pcd due to wedge and flow failure are determined to produce critical depth xcr. After that, finite element software ABAQUS is used for the analysis of soil-foundation interaction under a bridge pier in static condition. And then, the behaviour of soil foundation interaction under a bridge pier is carried out due to Chauk earthquake. In this study, the behaviour of soil-foundation interaction such as deflections and settlements are produced. According to the analysis results in static condition, it is found that the vertical and horizontal displacements at the pile tip are 2.28mm and 0.14mm respectively. In dynamic condition, the vertical and horizontal displacements at the pile tip are 3mm and 2.94mm are found at 0.12g. After that, maximum ground acceleration of 0.5g is 14.5mm and 2.94mm in horizontal and vertical displacement of pile tip. Maximum shear stress and strain are found out the base of the pile cap. Finally it is found that the soil-foundation interaction under a bridge pier during earthquake motions presented in this study is reliable and reasonable with the limitation of AASHTO Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges. Zin May Hnin | Nyan Myint Kyaw | Kyaw Kyaw "Seismic Analysis of Soil-Foundation Interaction under a Bridge Pier Due to Chauk Earthquake Excitation of 0.12g to 0.5g" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21339.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/21339/seismic-analysis-of-soil-foundation-interaction-under-a-bridge-pier-due-to-chauk-earthquake-excitation-of-012g-to-05g/zin-may-hnin
84 The Rating Based Recommender System using Textual Reviews A Survey , Mohd. Danish | Meharban Ali
Nowadays online shopping is emerging as a growth of business. Customers are getting used to purchasing the items online. Online reviews are an essential resource for users choosing to buy a product, watch a movie or go to a hotel. When it needs to decide the items products through online, the opinions of other users through review matter a lot. It gives a good idea of the product to be purchasable or not. However, people face the information overloading problem. So the problem is as to how to get valuable information from user reviews so as to understand a user's preference and make an accurate recommendation. Recommender systems become risen as an essential tool to overwhelm the negative result of information overloading problem. The traditional recommendation system examines some factors like the user's buying records, product classification, and users geographic location. This paper is an attempt to discuss the three social factors with some rating prediction algorithms based on user sentiment similarity, item reputation and user circle influence and review the applicable sentiment dictionary to the recommender system. Mohd. Danish | Meharban Ali "The Rating Based Recommender System using Textual Reviews: A Survey" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21336.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/data-miining/21336/the-rating-based-recommender-system-using-textual-reviews-a-survey/mohd-danish
85 Smart Home Automation using Wi-Fi , Er. Bharti Sood | Er. Rahul Gupta
This paper aims to design an Advanced home automation system using normal web server and Wi-Fi technology. The devices can be switched ON OFF and sensors can be read using a Personal Computer PC through Wi-Fi. This paper helps to develop a home automation system that gives the user complete control over all remotely controllable aspects of his or her home. The automation system will have the ability to be controlled from a central host PC, the Internet, and also remotely accessed via a Pocket PC with a Windows Mobile based application. Er. Bharti Sood | Er. Rahul Gupta "Smart Home Automation using Wi-Fi" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21372.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/21372/smart-home-automation-using-wi-fi/er-bharti-sood
86 Automatic Parking Monitoring System using IOT , Er. Bharti Sood | Er. Rahul Gupta
With the increase in world population, vehicle production, giant industrialization and slow paced city development more and more parking spaces and facilities are required. With the advancement in technology now we can relate technology with our normal parking system resulting a development of a new era of parking system called as smart parking system. In this paper a new parking system called smart parking system to assist drivers to find vacant spaces in short time. This parking system works in two phases. In 1st phase the detection of vehicles in various parking slots using various sensors takes place, while the 2nd phase aimed at communicating the collected data to user remotely. The SPS provide various advantages including vacant parking space detection, improper parking detection, payment methods Er. Bharti Sood | Er. Rahul Gupta "Automatic Parking Monitoring System using IOT" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21373.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/21373/automatic-parking-monitoring-system-using-iot/er-bharti-sood
87 A Review on Green Technology Material Processing Through Microwave Energy , Zaheerabbas B. Kandagal. | V. G. Akkimaradi | A. N. Sonnad
To meet the demand of to days of industry, it has become necessary to develop the new processing and manufacturing techniques. These new techniques need to reduce the cost and enhance the properties. These new developed methods should be suited for all types of materials. Microwave processing is a new technology which can be applied to wide variety of materials. The microwave energy can be used for material joining, cladding, coatings etc. The microwave processing is economical and materials processed have better mechanical properties with lesser defects than the conventional methods. In this review paper, the recent published work on microwave joining is briefly summarized. Zaheerabbas B. Kandagal. | V. G. Akkimaradi | A. N. Sonnad "A Review on Green Technology Material Processing Through Microwave Energy" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21353.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/21353/a-review-on-green-technology-material-processing-through-microwave-energy/zaheerabbas-b-kandagal
88 Smart Water Monitoring System using Cloud Service , Divya YA
Water is the basic need for survival. Hence, the wastage of it is not tolerable. Water scarcity is the lack of sufficient available water resources to meet water needs within a region. Its effects are spread all over the world and around 2.8 billion people are affected by it. More than 1.2 billion people lack access to clean drinking water. Therefore, water monitoring has become an important subject of matter. The project Water Monitoring System for Smart Village using cloud service, as the name says it is all about monitoring of water right from small villages, townships to entire urban infrastructure. The project deals with the efficient monitoring of water using Internet of Things IoT technology enabled by sensors. The sensor network can be flexible expanded and shrunk according to the requirements of setup. It is used for remotely controlling the water flow, cutting the water supply, monitoring and analyzing the water usage across the nodes, with the help of cloud connectivity. Further, more statistical data can be gathered and can be used by govt. authorities for defining policies, strategies and billing calculations. So ultimately, this will help to conserve and efficiently utilize the natural resource. Using IoT takes into account of waste wastage right from small village to large scale. It can also control the water usage in a precise way. Divya YA "Smart Water Monitoring System using Cloud Service" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21379.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/21379/smart-water-monitoring-system-using-cloud-service/divya-ya
89 Socio - Cultural Concern in Margaret Atwood's Novels , Mrs. S. Selva Priya | T. Poornima
Margaret Atwood is a multi-faceted genius in Canadian literature. In her novel surfacing nameless protagonist of the story returns the undeveloped island, Northern Quebec, where she grew up, to search for his missing father. The protagonist realizes the gap between her natural self and her artificial construct only when she gets in direct contact with nature. Her association with nature raises her consciousness in regards to subordination of women. Since the novel introduces issue pertaining to feminism and environmentalism, it constitutes a representative literary example of ecological feminism. The Blind Assassin encompasses a science fiction story within the main narrative. Iris Chase, the eldest daughter of a wealthy man who owns a button factory is the narrator of the story. The readers follow the span of Iris's life as well as things going on around her community through her. With the help of her sister, her husband, her sister-in-law, and her dead parents, Iris discovers her family secrets her family's covered up stories and finds out that not everything is the way it seems. The Blind Assassin is a tale of loss of wealth, heartbreaks, deaths, and sufferings. The language, events and characters in this novel reflect a world that oppresses and dominates both women and nature. The study analyzes the novels in socio-cultural. Mrs. S. Selva Priya | T. Poornima "Socio - Cultural Concern in Margaret Atwood's Novels" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21365.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/english/21365/socio-%E2%80%93-cultural-concern-in-margaret-atwood%E2%80%99s-novels/mrs-s-selva-priya
90 The Role of HR Analytics in the Global Village , Dr. Mrs. Prajyakti Bakre
Today HR is changing very fast due to all sort of advancements, to understand the various aspect of people side which can impact business performance is becoming crucial. Hence HR professionals have not only to rely on metric and scorecard thing but also able to analyze different data they are having so many years and study it in connection with business outcomes from monetary aspect too. HR professionals need to face the new realities and adopt an integrated management model in order to provide the best actions regarding the management of human capital. An organization needs to understand and can quantify the HR's overall strategic impact by finding the proper ways for measuring its impact on the success drivers. This paper aims to identify and describe the various aspects of HR analytics in order to assess to asses HR's strategic role, by reviewing the relevant literature regarding the integration of HR into business performance measurement. Dr. Mrs. Prajyakti Bakre "The Role of HR Analytics in the Global Village" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21340.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/general-management/21340/the-role-of-hr-analytics-in-the-global-village/dr-mrs-prajyakti-bakre
91 Study on Social Network Mental Disorder Detection Based Markov Model , Teena Patidar | Prof. Avinash Sharma
With the explosive growth in popularity of social networking and messaging apps, online social networks OSNs have become a part of many people's daily lives. There are many mental disorder encountered noticed of social network mental disorders SNMDs , the basic parameter at which evaluate the mental level of user such as Cyber-Relationship Addiction, Information Overload, and Net Compulsion, have been recently noted. Symptoms of these mental disorders are usually observed day by day, resulting in delayed clinical intervention. In this work, the mining online social behaviour provides an opportunity to actively identify SNMDs at an early stage. It is challenging to detect SNMDs because the mental status cannot be directly observed from online social activity logs. Our approach, new and innovative to the practice of SNMD detection, does not rely on self-revealing of those mental factors via questionnaires in Psychology. Instead, now propose a machine learning framework, namely, Social Network Mental Disorder Detection SNMDD , that exploits features extracted from social network data log file to accurately identify potential cases of SNMDs. We also exploit multi-source learning in SNMDD and propose a new SNMDD based Markov Model SMM to improve the accuracy. To increase the scalability of SMM, we further improve the efficiency with performance guarantee. Our framework is evaluated via user study with 3126 online social network users. We conduct a feature analysis, and also apply SNMDD on large-scale datasets and analyze the characteristics of the three SNMD types. The results manifest that SNMDD is promising for identifying online social network users with potential SNMDs. Teena Patidar | Prof. Avinash Sharma "Study on Social Network Mental Disorder Detection Based Markov Model" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21398.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/computer-network/21398/study-on-social-network-mental-disorder-detection-based-markov-model/teena-patidar
92 The Influence of Binaural Meditative Sounds on Menses-Prosex Processes , Gabriela Iorgulescu | Liliana Neagu
Though the benefits of music have been recognized since ancient times, the muzicoterapiei remains unexplored as is proper in the sense of knowledge influence on various bodily functions as well as its use in the treatment or regulation of physiological, cognitive, affective and behavioral processes. Although many researchers have made their contribution in this respect, the scientific results are amazed every year by new discoveries made in laboratories or clinical halls, presented at numerous international conferences and symposia, thus highlighting the psychosomatic impact of music determined by various functions emotional, cognitive, physiological, pedagogical, social, therapeutic and entertainment . Our study aimed to know the influence of meditative binaural sounds on academic performance, the results reveal that they inhibit the ability to concentrate and learn work memory , diminish resistance to effort and generate psychosomatic discomfort. However, recording and storing images visual memory seems to be facilitated in the ultra-relaxing meditation state, confirming studies that claim that during the memorization of images, intense theta activity is recorded, and they are associated with deep meditation. Gabriela Iorgulescu | Liliana Neagu "The Influence of Binaural Meditative Sounds on Menses-Prosex Processes" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21399.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21399/the-influence-of-binaural-meditative-sounds-on-menses-prosex-processes/gabriela-iorgulescu
93 Gender Inequality in Politics Lesotho , Mukurunge | Takura Bhila
In developing countries, women`s involvement with the governance of a country is marginal primarily because of the traditional place of women in societal hierarchies. In Lesotho population statistics show that women are more than men. This research article sought to expose why few numbers of women especially at parliamentary and cabinet level and recommend some solutions for policy makers. The study sought to establish the Lesotho government's policy of gender inclusivity in political participation to see how the situation is being rectified. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were employed for data gathering and analysis. Mukurunge | Takura Bhila "Gender Inequality in Politics (Lesotho)" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21401.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/political-science/21401/gender-inequality-in-politics-lesotho/mukurunge
94 An Investigation into Gaps in the Flow of Communication at Institutional Level Case of Universities in Lesotho , Mukurunge | Takura Bhila
This study investigated the communication challenges between staff members and management within universities in Lesotho. These communication flow gaps are mainly caused by top to bottom mode of communication with management concentrating on channeling information down to subordinates leaving little room for subordinates to express themselves freely by initiating communication with management. This mode of communication has the negative effect of demoralizing staff causing high staff turnover in the institutions of higher learning and this is detrimental to the progress of the learner. The study gathered information through questionnaires and the data was presented and analyzed quantitatively through tables and graphs. The results reflect that the top to bottom communication model predominantly used by management in Lesotho is not effective in bringing the best out of university staff. Mukurunge | Takura Bhila "An Investigation into Gaps in the Flow of Communication at Institutional Level: Case of Universities in Lesotho" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21402.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/other/21402/an-investigation-into-gaps-in-the-flow-of-communication-at-institutional-level-case-of-universities-in-lesotho/mukurunge
95 Detection of Vampire Attacks in Ad-Hoc Wireless Sensor Network Evaluation and Protection , Anand. M
Wireless Sensor Networks WSNs in today's world are the means of communication. These contain nodes that act as transmitter and receivers are prone to different attacks leading to different types of losses. The resource depletion attack that is called vampire attack drains out the energy from the nodes leaving them useless. These attacks are protocol compliant, they are easy to implement. Since they are orthogonal in nature they can easily intrude into any routing protocol. They affect the entire network causing large loss of energy and A vampire attack is caused by the malicious node on the decentralized ad hoc wireless network. The paper analyses how protocols faces these attacks. Vampire attacks are not protocol specific rather uses its compliant message. The current security measures to prevent these attacks are been reviewed along with result of simulation of representative protocols in the presence of a vampire attack is been presented. The paper also describes how the existing sensor network protocol is been modified for protection from the vampire attacks for which PLGP Parno, Luk, Gaustad and Perrig solution is also been proposed. Anand. M "Detection of Vampire Attacks in Ad-Hoc Wireless Sensor Network Evaluation and Protection" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20300.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/computer-network/20300/detection-of-vampire-attacks-in-ad-hoc-wireless-sensor-network-evaluation-and-protection/anand-m
96 Smart Door Access using Facial Recognition , Amit Deshwal | Mohnish Chandiramani | Umesh Jagtap | Prof. Amruta Surana
Face is a complex multidimensional visual model and developing a computational model for face recognition is difficult. The paper presents a methodology for face recognition based on information theory approach of coding and decoding the face image. The goal is to implement the system model for a particular face and distinguish it from a large number of stored faces with some real-time variations as well. The Eigenface approach uses Principal Component Analysis PCA algorithm for the recognition of the images. It gives us efficient way to find the lower dimensional space. In today's world, face recognition is an important part for the purpose of security and surveillance. Hence there is a need for an efficient and cost effective system. Our goal is to explore the feasibility of implementing Raspberry Pi based face recognition system using conventional face detection and recognition techniques such as Haar detection and PCA. This paper aims at taking face recognition to a level in which the system can replace the use of passwords and RF I-Cards for access to high security systems and buildings. With the use of the Raspberry Pi kit, we aim at making the system cost effective and easy to use, with high performance. Amit Deshwal | Mohnish Chandiramani | Umesh Jagtap | Prof. Amruta Surana "Smart Door Access using Facial Recognition" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21363.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/artificial-intelligence/21363/smart-door-access-using-facial-recognition/amit-deshwal
97 Bifid Xiphoid Process- A Case Report , Manu Krishnan. K | Uma. B. Gopal | Pranav Krishnan | SantoshKumar Singarapu | Akshata. BK | Jeevankumar giri
The sternum is a flat bone forming the anterior median part of the thoracic skeleton. Xiphoid process is the smallest part of the sternum. It is at first cartilaginous, but in adult it becomes ossified near its upper end. It varies greatly in its morphology and lies in the floor of epigastric fossa. A bifid xiphoid process was observed during routine cadaveric dissection of the pectoral region, which was seen as an everted bulging mass in the epigastric pit between the two costal margins. There is a need for awareness of these findings as they may determine the accuracy of clinical and other procedures in thoracic region. Manu Krishnan. K | Uma. B. Gopal | Pranav Krishnan | SantoshKumar Singarapu | Akshata. BK | Jeevankumar giri "Bifid Xiphoid Process- A Case Report" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21397.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21397/bifid-xiphoid-process--a-case-report/manu-krishnan-k
98 Security using Location Based Key LBK System for Effective Multipath Attack and Protection for Location Discrimination in Wireless Sensor Systems , Dr. G. Karpaga Rajesh M.E., Ph.D | Vaishnu Priya. R | Kaviya R | Jaya Divya Aj
To obtain secured communication in Wireless Sensor Systems WSS , a secret shared keys is created between sensor nodes and neighboring nodes. The shortest path is found by using Dijkstra's Algorithm. By the use of this algorithm the energy consumption will be reduced. In this paper, location based key for WSS, with proper attention over the insider attacks is proposed. After reviewing and analysing present key management systems, Location Based Key LBK management is selected. To deal with the communication interference problem in LBK, a new key revision technique that involves grid-based location information is devised. Furthermore, a key renew and cancellation processes is constructed to withstand inside attackers in OFDM antenna. For analysis, a accurate simulation is conducted and proved that can increases connectivity and decreases the compromise ratio when the least possible number of common keys needed for key establishment is high. Dr. G. Karpaga Rajesh M.E., Ph.D | Vaishnu Priya. R | Kaviya R | Jaya Divya Aj "Security using Location Based Key (LBK) System for Effective Multipath Attack and Protection for Location Discrimination in Wireless Sensor Systems" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21377.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21377/security-using-location-based-key-lbk-system-for-effective-multipath-attack-and-protection-for-location-discrimination-in-wireless-sensor-systems/dr-g-karpaga-rajesh-me-phd
99 Impact of Prior Knowledge of Engineering Materials by Students of Metalwork Technology Education for Effective Practical Work , Akegbejo, David A. | Ikuesan Daniel A. | Oyeka Nzubechukwu
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of prior knowledge of engineering material by students of metalwork technology education for effective practical work. To achieve this objective, a research question was used to guide the study and a hypothesis was formulated and test at 0.05 level of significance. Survey research design was considered suitable for this study. The study was carried out in Adekunle Ajasin University, Ondo State and Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti. The population of this study comprised all 55 final year students and 13 lecturers in vocational and Technical Education Department. There was no sample all enter population of 68 was used. The instrument for data collection was a self-structured questionnaire, which contained seventeen items. The result from the analysis of data collected indicated that there was no significance difference between the mean ratings of the group of respondents on impact of prior knowledge of engineering material of lecturers and students in all the seventeen items on knowledge of engineering materials in university. The findings of the study showed that the respondents agreed that the metalwork students need all 17 knowledge of engineering material identified. Based on findings and discussion, conclusions were drawn and recommendations made, as the knowledge of engineering materials should be a one of core course in technical education in university. Akegbejo, David A. | Ikuesan Daniel A. | Oyeka Nzubechukwu "Impact of Prior Knowledge of Engineering Materials by Students of Metalwork Technology Education for Effective Practical Work" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21409.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/other/21409/impact-of-prior-knowledge-of-engineering-materials-by-students-of-metalwork-technology-education-for-effective-practical-work/akegbejo-david-a
100 Performance Evaluation of the Effect of pH and Temperature on the Biogas Yield of Co-Digestion of Pig Manure and Water Hyacinth , Nse Peter Essang
In this research work, the effect of pH and temperature on the biogas yield of co-digestion of Pig manure and water hyacinth were investigated experimentally in laboratory scale anaerobic bioreactors. The co-digestion was run for a Hydraulic Retention Time thirty six days. The volumetric yield of biogas was noted once there is biogas build up at regular intervals using water displacement method. A total of ten evacuations were made and the data obtained was used to evaluate the effect of the aforementioned anaerobic digestion parameters. The experimental results revealed that a neutral pH value of 7 yielded optimum biogas yields compared to a pH value above and below 7. Moreover, from all the experimental mesophilic temperature used in this research work, an optimum mesophilic temperature of 37 oC favoured the optimum biogas yield. Nse Peter Essang "Performance Evaluation of the Effect of pH and Temperature on the Biogas Yield of Co-Digestion of Pig Manure and Water Hyacinth" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21410.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/gas-engineering/21410/performance-evaluation-of-the-effect-of-ph-and-temperature-on-the-biogas-yield-of-co-digestion-of-pig-manure-and-water-hyacinth/nse-peter-essang
101 Simulation and Modelling of Pipeline Corrosion and Integrity Management in Oil and Gas Industry , Nse Peter Essang
In this research work, Monte Carlo Simulation and degradation models were used to predict the corrosion rate and reliability of crude oil pipelines. Discrete random numbers simulated from Inline Inspection Data were used to predict the corrosion rate using Linear and Power Law Model. The mean time for failure MTFF was estimated with the degradation models. The result of the study shows that the degradation models and Monte Carlo simulation can predict the corrosion rate of the pipelines to an accuracy of between 83.05-98.33 and 84.24- 97.94 respectively. From the plot the lowest degradation recorded was 1.67 Power law and highest 16.95 Power Law , for Linear Model Law, the lowest value recorded was 2.11 while the highest is 15.23 . In comparison to the value obtained from Monte Carlo Simulation 2.01 lowest and 15.76 highest , all the values fall between 1.67 to16.95 . Thus, RMSE of between 1.67 and 16.95 was recorded for the degradation models. Therefore, the statistical models give the expected number of failures. The results of the statistical models can be used in reliability analysis, risk analysis, and optimum maintenance decisions. Nse Peter Essang "Simulation and Modelling of Pipeline Corrosion and Integrity Management in Oil and Gas Industry" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21411.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/gas-engineering/21411/simulation-and-modelling-of-pipeline-corrosion-and-integrity-management-in-oil-and-gas-industry/nse-peter-essang
102 IoT Based Smart Farming in a Agriculture , Vijayalakshmi M. M
Internet of Things IOT advances can be used in smart farming to enhance quality of agriculture. Agriculture the backbone of Indian economy, contributes to the overall economic growth of the country. The paper aims making use of evolving technology. Monitoring environmental factors is the major factor to improve the yield of the efficient crops. The features of this paper includes detection of leaf disease, server based remote monitoring system, temperature sensing, Soil Moisture Sensing etc. It makes use of sensors networks for measurement of moisture, temperature and humidity instead of manual check. Various Sensors are deployed in various locations of farms, to control all these sensors it has been used one controller called Raspberry PI RPI and pic microcontroller. Leaf disease can be detected by the camera interfacing with RPI. Immediate status of a farm like a leaf disease and other environmental factors affecting crop like temperature and moisture is sent using WIFI Server through RPI to the farmers0and also message alert0will be sent to the owner0about the field0conditions through0mobile. Vijayalakshmi M. M "IoT Based Smart Farming in a Agriculture" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21362.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/agricultural-engineering/21362/iot-based-smart-farming-in-a-agriculture/vijayalakshmi-m-m
103 Forensic Existence of Blood as a Dynamic Evidence , Sanya Sharma | Shipra Rohatgi
Blood is one of the chief form of biological fluid which is recovered at the location of crime. This review article focus on blood as a prime forensic evidence which is most commonly encountered on crime scenes. The font of insipiration for the same is the variable facts and the frequent occurrence of blood as an evidence on the crime scene. The article pronounces the complete details of blood, including its composition, cell types, relation of blood to scientific science, handling liquid blood stains , wet blood stains, dried blood stains, and the post mortum blood and preservation methods followed by a detailed analysis preliminary and confirmatory test . The analysis of blood can be categorised on the basis of its physical and chemical properties. The major aim of this study is to provide all the relevant facts related to blood collection, packaging and the entire examination. Sanya Sharma | Shipra Rohatgi "Forensic Existence of Blood as a Dynamic Evidence" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21396.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/biological-science/cell-biology/21396/forensic-existence-of-blood-as-a-dynamic-evidence/sanya-sharma
104 Development of Srinagar under Ashoka , Tariq Amin | Prof. MC Dubey
Kashmir is perhaps to possess an authentic account of its History from the very earliest period. This past account of the valley, its culture and traditions, rise and fall of various Kingdoms, victory and defeats of the people have been noted carefully by the sons of its soil. Kashmir is an ancient principality. The Mahabarta and Buddhist literature refers to it as Kashmir, while for Greeks it was Kashperia. The famous chronicle of Kalhana, i-e Rajtarangni mentions about the great king Ashoha . Ashoka's reign was marked by great building activity and spread of Buddhism. Ashoka setup in Kashmir many Viharas and stupas and repaired an old siva temple at Vijayesvara. This research paper is an attempt to provide detailed account of the Ashoka's role in development of Srinagar Kashmir . Tariq Amin | Prof. MC Dubey "Development of Srinagar under Ashoka" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21388.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/history/21388/development-of-srinagar-under-ashoka/tariq-amin
105 The Study on Relationship between Gold and Oil - A General Perspective , Dr. S. Mahalingam | K. Perumal
This article focus on "The Study on Relationship between Gold and Oil - A General Perspective" The aim of this article is to analyze and determine the character of the co-movement between price levels. This article also presents the basic characteristic and determinants of current price trends. The work uses methods of analysis and synthesis of theoretical knowledge from literature Gold and Oil published article and other publications. There is also included a quantitative analysis of the variable. This paper reveals the extreme of a long term relationship analyses variable. Dr. S. Mahalingam | K. Perumal "The Study on Relationship between Gold and Oil - A General Perspective" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21382.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/equality-diversity-and-inclusion/21382/the-study-on-relationship-between-gold-and-oil-%E2%80%93-a-general-perspective/dr-s-mahalingam
106 Productivity as an Indicator of Proper use of Human Resource Management of Presbyterian Secondary Schools in Cameroon , Lemnyuy Bongajum Dora
The study sought to access the degree level of training and development of workers of Presbyterian secondary schools in the North West, South West and Littoral regions of Cameroon as one of the factors that influence efficiency effectiveness leading to productivity. As methodology, related literature on the historical and contextual development of formal education in Cameroon which has Presbyterian education authority as a co-provider of education to Cameroonians was reviewed. The two main concepts of training development and productivity were also reviewed. The survey designed was employed for the study. Data was collected with the use of reports, diaries, written documents, questionnaire, interviews and focused group discussion. A sampled size of 156 made up of teachers, administrators and students of Presbyterian secondary school in Cameroon was used. The following conclusions were made A. Majority of PEA workers are not trained teachers and administrators. They are degree holders in various subjects. B. If productivity of Presbyterian secondary schools in Cameroon is measured using external examinations, then two major issues arises GCE ordinary advanced level in both general and commercial sections are apparently good. Scores are above 90 averagely for a period of five years. Quantitatively, the results are very efficient. Qualitatively, the results are poor thus qualifying the Presbyterian secondary schools as less effective. Above 60 scored from C and E on both levels. C. Base on the research question, workers of Presbyterian secondary schools in Cameroon are trained and developed. The level degree of development in human resource management is just average thereby negatively influencing productivity of Presbyterian secondary schools in Cameroon. The following recommendations were made Administrators training be included in the ISTP programme and be sent for further training in educational administration at the University of Buea or any other training institution. Secondly, a teaching training institution be open by the Presbyterian Church in Cameroon to train her teachers of the secondary school level. Lemnyuy Bongajum Dora "Productivity as an Indicator of Proper use of Human Resource Management of Presbyterian Secondary Schools in Cameroon" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21427.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/hrm-and-retail-business/21427/productivity-as-an-indicator-of-proper-use-of-human-resource-management-of-presbyterian-secondary-schools-in-cameroon/lemnyuy-bongajum-dora
107 Green Waste Disposal , Matthew N. O. Sadiku | Nana K. Ampah | Sarhan M. Musa
Green waste includes grass clippings, leaves, tree limbs, Christmas trees, and organic materials. Green waste management practices protect the environment and residents from the detrimental health effects of pollution and climate change. Serious treatment of the environmental issues associated with the dumping of the green wastes is in progress worldwide. This paper provides a short introduction to the green waste disposal. Matthew N. O. Sadiku | Nana K. Ampah | Sarhan M. Musa "Green Waste Disposal" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21359.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/enviormental-science/21359/green-waste-disposal/matthew-n-o-sadiku
108 Capital Punishment , V. Anandavenu
The paper begins with examining in detail the history of capital punishments tracing back to the middle ages. The author has described in detail the grotesque and barbaric nature of the horrifying methods inflicted upon the prisoners in the same era. Then the author has explained in detail the international scenario of executions. The article dwells into the international law on capital punishment. Under Article 6 of ICCPR the limitations pertaining to death penalty is being discussed. The author then vocalises his opinion upon the subject which is followed by a suitable conclusion. V. Anandavenu "Capital Punishment" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21352.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/social-science/21352/capital-punishment/v-anandavenu
109 A Case Study on Hyderabad Traffic , G Chandra Mohan | Dr. V Kesava Reddy | S Someshwar
The traffic in Hyderabad is hastily increasing day by day because of population and migration of people from rural areas to city areas this results in the increase of traffic. Now Hyderabad has become a financial hub with commercial enterprise quarter, purchasing department shops, schools, hospitals etc. The Traffic congestion is viable for any mode of transportation particularly we centered on traffic congestion on roadways because of vehicles. Street networks is categorized primarily based on the following factors like lower velocity, long trips and queuing of the car for an extended duration. On this paper the causes for traffic congestion with illegal parking, traffic rules, seasonal factors, pavement failures, encroaching of footpath, passage of heavy goods vehicle on narrow roads, accidents and incorrect lane management are diagnosed and remedial measures to reduce the visitors congestion had been mentioned in brief at the study location of Hyderabad. G Chandra Mohan | Dr. V Kesava Reddy | S Someshwar "A Case Study on Hyderabad Traffic" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21389.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/environmental-science/21389/a-case-study-on-hyderabad-traffic/g-chandra-mohan
110 Studies the Effects of Imidacloprid on Enzymatic Activities in Clay Loam Soil , Aloke Purkait | Dipak Kumar Hazra | Pabitra Kumar Biswas | Ashim Chowdhury
In-vivo experiment was conducted for toxicity evaluation of Imidacloprid on soil enzyme activities arylsulphatase, acid-phosphatase and dehydrogenase activities in the treated soil under control condition for 60 days at different application rate 3.97µg mL FR , 7.94µg mL 2FR and 39.7µg mL 10FR . Imidacloprid has significant toxic at 2FR and 10FR doses but not on the recommended field rate FR . Acid phosphatase activity was stimulated at FR rate, whereas at higher dose 10FR inhibited the activity. A significant drop of dehydrogenase activity was observed irrespective of doses at 30 days of application and after that the enzymatic activity slowly increased. Application of Imidacloprid at FR to agriculture soil of Tripura is not likely to show any detrimental effects on soil acid phosphatase and dehydrogenase activities but at higher elevated doses there appear some harmful effects which was also very much transient. Aloke Purkait | Dipak Kumar Hazra | Pabitra Kumar Biswas | Ashim Chowdhury "Studies the Effects of Imidacloprid on Enzymatic Activities in Clay Loam Soil" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21406.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/chemistry/analytical-chemistry/21406/studies-the-effects-of-imidacloprid-on-enzymatic-activities-in-clay-loam-soil/aloke-purkait
111 Tribologoical Properties of Vinyl Ester Based Hybrid Composite with Tio2, Al2o3 and Mos2 Fillers , Mr. Kuruba Harish | Mr. D. Harshavardhan | Mr. A. Ramesh
Composite materials play a vital role in many industrial applications. Researchers are working on fabrication of new composite materials worldwide to enhance the applicability of these materials. In view of this the mechanical performance of the composite material is essential. The aim of this project is to assist in the main objective of optimizing the quantity of the filler material Al2O3, TiO2 and MoS2. Thus the mechanical properties as well as the wear properties of 7.5 , 10 and 12.5 of the filler material as mentioned above has been investigated to obtain an optimum composition for the application in suitable fields. The purpose of this project is to perform an experimental study of the pin on disc wear of neat Vinyl Ester and Al2O3, TiO2 and MoS2 filler of 7.5 , 10 and 12.5 filled particulate reinforced composites have been investigated along with the subsequent study of the Wear Properties of the material with the intention to contribute to the final aim of optimizing the composition of the composite material. The investigation is carried out by mixing different weight percentages of the powder with the polyester resin and preparing individual samples. After CSM preparation, the materials were properly mixed using the hand-lay techniques and different specimens were prepared with different compositions of the powder. After all the samples were prepared, Wear Testing is done by pin on disc Wear Testing Machine in ASTM-G99 standard using abrasive paper. The load applied 1KN , 2KN and 3KN in this experiment with sliding distances of 353.25m , 706.5 and 1059.75m respectively. Mr. Kuruba Harish | Mr. D. Harshavardhan | Mr. A. Ramesh "Tribologoical Properties of Vinyl Ester Based Hybrid Composite with Tio2, Al2o3 & Mos2 Fillers" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21385.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/21385/tribologoical-properties-of-vinyl-ester-based-hybrid-composite-with-tio2-al2o3-and-mos2-fillers/mr-kuruba-harish
112 Optimized Intrusion Detection System using Deep Learning Algorithm , Prof P. Damodharan | K. Veena | Dr N. Suguna
A method and a system for the detection of an intrusion in a computer network compare the network traffic of the computer network at multiple different points in the network. In an uncompromised network the network traffic monitored at these two different points in the network should be identical. A network intrusion detection system is mostly place at strategic points in a network, so that it can monitor the traffic traveling to or from different devices on that network. The existing Software Defined Network SDN proposes the separation of forward and control planes by introducing a new independent plane called network controller. Machine learning is an artificial intelligence approach that focuses on acquiring knowledge from raw data and, based at least in part on the identified flow, selectively causing the packet, or a packet descriptor associated with the packet. The performance is evaluated using the network analysis metrics such as key generation delay, key sharing delay and the hash code generation time for both SDN and the proposed machine learning SDN. Prof P. Damodharan | K. Veena | Dr N. Suguna "Optimized Intrusion Detection System using Deep Learning Algorithm" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21447.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/other/21447/optimized-intrusion-detection-system-using-deep-learning-algorithm/prof-p-damodharan
113 Analysis of Accounting Standards IFRS and IND AS , Rishi Agarwal | Dr. R. K. Agarwal
1. Meaning - Indian Accounting Standards abbreviated as Ind AS are a set of accounting standards notified by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs which are converged with International Financial Reporting Standards IFRS IND AS is notified by NACAS on 25th Feb 2011. NFRA= National Financial Reporting Authority U s 132 Rishi Agarwal | Dr. R. K. Agarwal "Analysis of Accounting Standards: IFRS & IND AS" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21403.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/accounting-and-finance/21403/analysis-of-accounting-standards-ifrs-and-ind-as/rishi-agarwal
114 Gongronema Latifolium A Plant with Cardioprotective Potentials , Justin Atiang Beshel | Favour Nyoh Beshel | Clement Oshie Nku | Daniel Udofia Owu
Gongronema latifolium GL has gained research interest in the field of Medicine. The present study investigated the cardioprotective potentials of the ethanolic and ethyl acetate fraction of the leaves extract of G.L. 18 Male Wistar rats were divided equally into three groups. Group 1 was the control group, and was administered 0.9 normal saline. Group 2 was administered 200mg kg ethanolic leaves extract of GL. Group 3 received 200mg kg ethyl acetate fraction of the leaves extract of GL. Administration was via oral gavage and lasted for 14 days. The rats were sacrificed under chloroform anaesthesia. Blood was collected via cardiac puncture, allowed to clot, and later centrifuged to get serum. Laboratory assays were done for serum concentrations of total cholesterol Tc , total triglycerides Tg , high density lipoprotein HDL-c , low density lipoprotein LDL , malondialedyde MDA , total antioxidant capacity TAC , and total plasma peroxide TPP . The heart, aorta, and kidneys were also harvested for organ weight and histological studies. Administration of GL extracts resulted in an increase p 0.001 serum concentrations of HDL-c and TAC, with a consequent reduction in the serum concentrations of Tg, LDL-c, VLDL, MDA, and TPP. There was no significant p 0.01 change in organ weights of the heart, aorta, and kidneys across the groups. Histology of the blood vessels showed intact layers across the groups. There was no derangement of cellular architecture in the heart and kidney. This study therefore concludes that Gongronema latifolium leaves extract is cardioprotective, and thus provides a basis for the use of this plant as an alternative for the prevention, management or control of cardiovascular diseases. Justin Atiang Beshel | Favour Nyoh Beshel | Clement Oshie Nku | Daniel Udofia Owu "Gongronema Latifolium: A Plant with Cardioprotective Potentials" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21431.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/medicine/physiology/21431/gongronema-latifolium-a-plant-with-cardioprotective-potentials/justin-atiang-beshel
115 Computational Mechanics , Matthew N. O. Sadiku | Adedamola Omotoso | Sarhan M. Musa
Computational mechanics CM is concerned with the use of computational techniques to characterize, predict, and simulate physical phenomena and engineering systems governed by the principles of mechanics. Over the years, CM has made a significant contribution in the design and development of new products and systems. This paper provides a brief, clear introduction to computational mechanics. Matthew N. O. Sadiku | Adedamola Omotoso | Sarhan M. Musa "Computational Mechanics" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21422.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/other/21422/computational-mechanics/matthew-n-o-sadiku
116 Immunoauppresive Drugs for Renal Transplantation , Neha Sharma
For most patients with chronic kidney failure, kidney transplantation has the greatest potential for restoring a healthy and productive life. The risk of acute rejection is the highest in the first months after transplantation induction phase and diminishes afterwards maintenance phase . Immunosuppression should be at the highest level in the early period and reduced for long-term therapy. At present, conventional immunosuppressive protocols consist of the triple therapy a calcineurin inhibitor, an adjunctive agent, corticosteroids. The development of new immunosuppressives drugs is aimed not only at improving short-term outcomes, but also achieving better safety, less nephrotoxicity and minimal side effects. Suppression of allograft rejection is the central issue in renal transplantation RT . Thus, development of immunosuppressive agents is the key for successful allograft function. Immunosuppression agents in RT have evolved over the last six decades beginning with total lymphoid irradiation to the currently available immunosuppressive strategies, which have significantly reduced the incidence of acute rejection episodes and improved short-term graft and patient outcomes. However their use is associated with long-term graft dysfunction, hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, diabetes mellitus, infections and malignancies. Chronic antibody-mediated rejection and chronic allograft dysfunction still remain the major problems, often leading to graft loss and shortened long-term graft survival. Immunosuppressive agents are used for induction, maintenance and reversal of established rejection. The use of multidrug regimen tailored to the immunological risk of patient and adverse-effect profile of the drug provides the optimum outcomes. This review focuses on the evolution of immunosuppression agents used in RT over last six decades and highlights the newer agents under investigation. Neha Sharma "Immunoauppresive Drugs for Renal Transplantation" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21413.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21413/immunoauppresive-drugs-for-renal-transplantation/neha-sharma
117 Library and Information Science Literacy in India History- Development, Growth and Present Status of LIS Literacy in India , Raj Kumar Sharma
Educational Development of Library and Information Science education in India, when Maharaja of Baroda invited an American librarian to set up public libraries in the state after independence, Library Associations in the country continued with the efforts for the development of Library and Information Science education in India. The discipline got recognition with the introduction of many courses at the university level. It has seen periods of growth and maturation. It is time for Introspection and a need to know the present status of LIS and areas that need improvement. Raj Kumar Sharma "Library and Information Science Literacy in India: History- Development, Growth and Present Status of LIS Literacy in India" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21433.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/social-science/21433/library-and-information-science-literacy-in-india-history--development-growth-and-present-status-of-lis-literacy-in-india/raj-kumar-sharma
118 Analysis of Text Classification Algorithms A Review , Nida Zafar Khan | Prof. S. R. Yadav
Classification of data has become an important research area. The process of classifying documents into predefined categories based on their content is Text classification. It is the automated assignment of natural language texts to predefined categories. The primary requirement of text retrieval systems is text classification, which retrieve texts in response to a user query, and text understanding systems, which transform text in some way such as answering questions, producing summaries or extracting data. In this paper we are studying the various classification algorithms. Classification is the process of dividing the data to some groups that can act either dependently or independently. Our main aim is to show the comparison of the various classification algorithms like K-nn, Naïve Bayes, Decision Tree, Random Forest and Support Vector Machine SVM with rapid miner and find out which algorithm will be most suitable for the users. Nida Zafar Khan | Prof. S. R. Yadav "Analysis of Text Classification Algorithms: A Review" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21448.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/21448/analysis-of-text-classification-algorithms-a-review/nida-zafar-khan
119 Burzahom Burzohama a Neolithic Site in Kashmir , Sartaj Ahsan Bhat | M C Dubey
Kashmir perhaps possess an authentic account of its History from the very earliest period. The Neolithic site of Burzahom throws a light on the different phases of the earliest history of Kashmir. The Burzahom site is a prehistoric settlement in the village of the same name in the Valley of Kashmir, a valley located between the Karakoram and the Pir Panjal Range. It is located between 34010' N and 73054 E. It is 16 kilometers 9.9 miles to the northeast of Srinagar on the Naseem-Shalimar road. The elevation of the site is 1,800 meters 5,900 t above sea-level. It is the northernmost excavated Neolithic site of India. The site is on an ancient Pleistocene lake bed1.The location is in a high terrace which is part of the floodplain of the Jhelum River and has Karewa soil clay formation. The site has a commanding view of the Dal Lake which is about 2 kilometers 1.2 miles away. In the Kashmiri language Burzahom means birch , a tree species that generally grows in the elevation range of 3,000 to 4,200 meters 9,800 to 13,800 ft. in the Himalayas , which is found in the excavated housing area in the form of roofing material, and thus confirming the existence of the tree even in the pre-historic Neolithic times2. Sartaj Ahsan Bhat | M C Dubey "Burzahom (Burzohama) a Neolithic Site in Kashmir" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21440.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/history/21440/burzahom-burzohama-a-neolithic-site-in-kashmir/sartaj-ahsan-bhat
120 Proton Beam Therapy for Prostate Cancer An Overview , Suhag V | Sunita BS | Vats P
Patients diagnosed with localized prostate cancer have many curative treatment options including several forms of advanced conformal Radiotherapy. Proton radiation is one such radiation treatment modality and, due to its unique physical properties, offers the appealing potential of reduced side effects without sacrificing cancer control. Patients of proton beam therapy PBT for prostate cancer had been continuously growing in number due to its promising characteristics of high dose distribution in the tumor target and a sharp distal fall-off. While theoretically beneficial, its clinical values are still being demonstrated from the increasing number of patients treated with proton therapy, from several dozen proton therapy centers around the world. High equipment and facility costs are often the major obstacle for its wider adoption. The picture will be clearer in coming decade as more and more centers throughout the world avail access to this technique and more data emerges on PBT. Suhag V | Sunita BS | Vats P "Proton Beam Therapy for Prostate Cancer: An Overview" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21439.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/medicine/oncology/21439/proton-beam-therapy-for-prostate-cancer-an-overview/suhag-v
121 Thyroid Abnormalities in Correlation with Stage of CKD in Tribal Population of Chhattisgarh , Priya Banjare
Chronic Kidney Disease is a worldwide health problem with an increasing incidence and prevalence. Abnormalities in the structure and function of the thyroid gland and in the metabolism and plasma concentration of thyroid hormones are common in patients with CKD. In view of variability of thyroid profile in CKD patients in previous studies, a prospective study of various thyroid function has been undertaken to establish a correlation if any between thyroid dysfunction and severity of renal diseases . Total number of 50 patients with Chronic Kidney Disease on conservative management fulfilling the criteria for CKD who were admitted in Department of Medicine under nephrology unit, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar Hospital Raipur C.G. , during the period of February 2018-March 2018 were selected in this prospective study. The result showed that out of the 50 patients with CKD 29 patients had low T3 syndrome 0.2-2.0ng ml, mean 0.67 which accounts for 58 of the patients, 12 patients had low T4 syndrome 0.5-8.5µg ml, mean 5.65 which accounts for 24 of the patients and 4 patients had primary hypothyroidism TSH 20µIU ml. Excluding Primary Hypothyroidism, analysis of serum T3, T4 and TSH in the study subjects shows very high significance, p 0.001. Thyroid Dysfunction occurred in 66 of the patients with chronic kidney disease in our study, it does not indicate a state of hypothyroidism, but a reflection of the state of chronic illness malnutrition. The low T3 state of CKD can be viewed as being protective, promoting conservation of protein. The number of patients with low T3 syndrome progressively increases with the severity of renal failure. Priya Banjare "Thyroid Abnormalities in Correlation with Stage of CKD in Tribal Population of Chhattisgarh" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21418.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21418/thyroid-abnormalities-in-correlation-with-stage-of-ckd-in-tribal-population-of-chhattisgarh/priya-banjare
122 Basics of Nephrotic Syndrome , Savita Sahu
On the basis of observational studies, the most common cause of nephrotic syndrome in school-aged children is minimal change disease. On the basis of research evidence and consensus, corticosteroids are considered first-line therapy for treatment of nephrotic syndrome. On the basis of consensus, prednisone therapy should be initiated at doses of 60 mg m2 per day 2 mg kg per day administered for 4 to 6 weeks, followed by 40 mg m2 per dose 1.5 mg kg every other day for at least 6 to 8 weeks. On the basis of consensus and expert opinion, it is important to recognize and manage the complications that can arise in patients with nephrotic syndrome, such as dyslipidemia, infection, and thrombosis. On the basis of research evidence, consensus, and expert opinion, several alternative therapies have been observed to have variable efficacy in children with both corticosteroid-dependent and corticosteroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome, although caution must be exercised in the administration of these corticosteroid-sparing medications secondary to toxic adverse effects. On the basis of observational studies, the course of nephrotic syndrome in most patients is that of relapse and remission. Savita Sahu "Basics of Nephrotic Syndrome" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21436.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21436/basics-of-nephrotic-syndrome/savita-sahu
123 Towards Sudan Investment Map , Sahar Ismael Mohieldeen | Adil M. A. Elsinnari
This paper aims to identify the toward of the Sudan investment map, and accordingly the concept of investment, investment map and investment in Sudan has been identified. In order to obtain an investment map for Sudan, it is necessary to pass through five phase these are inception modelling, conceptual modelling, logic modelling, physical modelling and representation modelling. The general framework for obtaining the investment map for Sudan and the mold to be put in it has been reached. Sahar Ismael Mohieldeen | Adil M. A. Elsinnari "Towards Sudan Investment Map" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21456.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/other/21456/towards-sudan-investment-map/sahar-ismael-mohieldeen
124 Inception Modelling for Sudan Investment Map , Sahar Ismael Mohieldeen | Adil M. A. Elsinnari
The main objective of this paper is Sudan investment map inception modelling, a lot of work has been carried out. A large number of output results have been obtained, where the domain, directives and objectives of Sudan investment map were clarified, as were suggested 12 dataset as the fundamental databases, and then was put the scenarios and policies for it. Sahar Ismael Mohieldeen | Adil M. A. Elsinnari "Inception Modelling for Sudan Investment Map" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21457.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/other/21457/inception-modelling-for-sudan-investment-map/sahar-ismael-mohieldeen
125 Use of Waste Material in Concrete , Salman | Mr Chitranjan Kumar
Concrete is one of the most widely used construction materials in the world. However, the production of Portland cement, an essential constituent of concrete, leads to the release of significant amount of CO2, a greenhouse gas one ton of Portland cement clinker production is said to creates approximately one ton of CO2 and other greenhouse gases GHGs . Environmental issues are playing an important role in the sustainable development of the cement and concrete industry Naik and Moriconi, 2005 .There is a need to replace a part of cement by some pozzolanic material to reduce the consumption of cement and the environmental pollution can be checked to some extent. Some of the industrial wastes like fly ash, silica fume, blast furnace slag etc have already established their usage in concrete. Recently the research has shown that the waste glass can be effectively used in concrete either as glass aggregate or as a glass pozzolana. Waste glass when grounded to a very fine powder shows some pozzolanic properties because of silica content. Therefore the glass powder to some extent can replace the cement and contributes for thestrength development and also enhances durability characteristics Chikhalikar S.M. and Tande S.N., 2012 . Demand for recycled glass has considerably decreased in recent years, particularly for mixed-glass. Glass is cheaper to store than to recycle, as conditioners require expenses for the recycling process. There are several alternatives for the reuseof composite-glass. According to previous studies, all these applications, which require pre-conditioning and crushing,are more or less limited and unable to absorb all the quantities of waste glass available. In order to provide a sustainable solution to glass storage, a potential and incentive way would be to reuse this type of glass in concrete Idir R,2009 .This paper present literature review on replacement of cement by waste glass powder which includes current and future trends of research on the use of crushed glass powder in Portland cement concrete. Salman | Mr Chitranjan Kumar "Use of Waste Material in Concrete" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd18445.pdf Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/18445/use-of-waste-material-in-concrete/salman
126 Unit Testing to Support Reusable for Component-Based Software Engineering , Khin Moe Sam
Unit testing is a practical approach to improve the quality and reliability of software. Unit testing is usually performed by programmers and is the base for all other tests such as integration testing and system testing. Unit Testing can be done manually and or automatically. The automated unit tests are written by the developers after the completion of functionality coding. The number of defects reduced when automated unit tests are written iteratively similar to test driven development. This framework proved that significant portions of windows application can be automatically tested without manual intervention. This reduces the manpower involved in testing each and every unit of the application and increases the quality of the software product. Khin Moe Sam "Unit Testing to Support Reusable for Component-Based Software Engineering" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21458.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/21458/unit-testing-to-support-reusable-for-component-based-software-engineering/khin-moe-sam
127 Thermal Transport Properties Analysis of MWCNT-RT21Nanofluids , V. Vigneshwaran | V. K. Aravindraman | K. Venkatachalam | V. Raveendran
Phase change materials find potential application in the field of Heating ventilation and air conditioning HVAC . Paraffin, one ofthe commonly used organic phase change material exhibits high thermal storage capacity, chemical stability and low sub cooling. The major limitation despite the above merits is its poor thermal conductivity. The main aim of this work is to improve the thermal transport properties of the phase change material Paraffin RT21 by dispersing Multiwall Carbon Nanotube MWCNT nanoparticles in it. The thermal properties and rheological properties of the nanofluid for different volume fractions of MWCNT in the presence and absence of surfactant were evaluated. The result explicates that the efficiency of the nanofluid with MWCNT nanoparticles are in the better side than the Paraffin RT21. V. Vigneshwaran | V. K. Aravindraman | K. Venkatachalam | V. Raveendran "Thermal Transport Properties Analysis of MWCNT-RT21Nanofluids" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21435.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/21435/thermal-transport-properties-analysis-of-mwcnt-rt21nanofluids/v-vigneshwaran
128 Renal Transplantation in Children , Sangeeta Dewangan
The goal of a successful transplant has beep accomplished in more than three fourths of the children with end-stage kidney disease treated in a special program undertaken at Los Angeles Childrens Hospital some years ago. In general, rehabilitation both physical and psychologic and growth have been highly satisfactory, the latter especially when transplantation was carried out before puberty. Although the number of children with end-stage renal disease ESRD in need for renal transplantation is small compared with adults, the problem associated with renal transplant in children are numerous, varied, and often peculiar. Pre-emptive transplantation has recently been growing in popularity as it avoids many of the associated long-term complications of ESRD and dialysis. Changes in immunosuppression to more potent agents over the years will have affected transplant outcome there is also evidence that tacrolimus is more effective than cyclosporine. This review will discuss the short- and long-term complications such as acute and chronic rejection, hypertension, infections, and malignancies as well as factors related to long-term graft function. Chronic allograft nephropathy is the leading cause of renal allograft loss in pediatric renal transplant recipients. It is likely that it reflects a combination of both immune and nonimmune injury occurring cumulatively over time so that the ultimate solution will rely on several approaches. Transplant and patient survival have shown a steady increase over the years. The major causes of death after transplantation are cardiovascular disease, infection and malignancy. Transplantation in special circumstances such as children with abnormal urinary tracts and children with diseases that have the potential to recur after transplantation will also be discussed in this review. Non-compliance with therapeutic regimen is a difficult problem to deal with and affects patients and families at all ages, but particularly so at adolescence. Growth may be severely impaired in children with ESRD which may result in major consequences on quality of life and self-esteem a better height attainment at transplantation is recognized as one of the most important factors in final height achievement. Sangeeta Dewangan "Renal Transplantation in Children" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21432.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21432/renal-transplantation-in-children/sangeeta-dewangan
129 A Study of Customer Purchasing Behaviour of Automobiles in Kukatpally, Hyderabad , Dr. Mayuri Chaturvedi | Baddam Harish Reddy
In this competitive world automobiles have become an important part of daily transportation and the competition between different automobile industries lead to the high level innovations in automobiles in order to reach the needs of people. This research attempts to answer some of the questions regarding brand personality of selected cars by conducting the survey. This research will help in knowing what a customer thinks about a given brand of car and what are the possible factors guiding a possible purchase. The main aim of this research is to analyse sales of a particular automobile company and to identify the advertisements and sales promotion activities adopted by the automobile companies. The present study is an attempt to evaluate the consumer purchase behaviour of automobiles. This research highlights the various factors which influence the consumer behaviour towards four wheeler, small sedan cars purchase decision and their behaviour and level of satisfaction. Dr. Mayuri Chaturvedi | Baddam Harish Reddy "A Study of Customer Purchasing Behaviour of Automobiles in Kukatpally, Hyderabad" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21376.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/consumer-behaviour/21376/a-study-of-customer-purchasing-behaviour-of-automobiles-in-kukatpally-hyderabad/dr-mayuri-chaturvedi
130 Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Devkunwar Salam
Basic CPR competency is a foudational skill in both basic and advanced life support training and ample data supports the need to improve ongoing maintenance of competency. Many out-of-hospital cardiac arrest victims do not receive CPR before the arrival of professional rescuers. Video-based instruction effectively trains students more quickly than traditional classroom based courses and evidence suggests ongoing refresher training benefits skill retention. Real time feedback devices improve CPR quality in both training and actual resuscitation. Devkunwar Salam "Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21417.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21417/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation/devkunwar-salam
131 Tumors of Kidney , Miss. Surbhi Markam
Kidney tumors, also known as renal tumors, are tumors, or growths, on or in the kidney. These growths can be benign or malignant cancerous . They may be discovered on medical imaging incidentally i.e. anincidentaloma , or may be present in patients as an abdominal mass, hematuria, abdominal pain, or manifest first in aparaneoplastic syndrome that seems unrelated to the kidney. The most common form of kidney cancer in adults is renal cell carcinoma. Renal cell carcinoma usually does not cause obvious symptoms, especially in the early stages. As a result, the cancer may not be discovered until it is advanced. Kidney cancer is a disease in which kidney cells become malignant cancerous and grows out of control, forming a tumor. Almost all kidney cancers first appear in the lining of tiny tubes tubules in the kidney. This type of kidney cancer is called renal cell carcinoma. Both benign and malignant tumours occur in the kidney, the latter being more common. These may arise from renal tubules adenoma, adenocarcinoma , embryonic tissue mesoblastic nephroma, Wilms' tumour , mesenchymal tissue angiomyolipoma, medullary interstitial tumour and from the epithelium of the renal pelvis urothelial carcinoma . Benign renal neoplasms constitute a rather large and heterogeneous group of renal lesions that can be found in the kidney. The Bosniak classification for renal cystic lesions is the most useful and widely employed method for characterizing renal cystic lesions. Malignant tumors include renal cell carcinoma, risk factor smoking, obesity, using certain pain medication, having a family history of kidney cancer, high blood pressure, lymphoma. Symptoms include blood in urine, lump in side or abdomen, pain,extreme fatigue, anemia. Another malignant tumors are Wilm's Tumour one of commonest intra-abdominal tumours 10 yrs age, but still not common, occasionally bilateral, mostly 1-5 years can even be congenital , usually quite big tumor. Symptoms are fever, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, blood in urine. Prevent kidney cancer quit smoking, maintain a healthy weight, control high blood pressure, life style modification can reduce incidence of cancer. Miss. Surbhi Markam "Tumors of Kidney" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21438.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21438/tumors-of-kidney/miss-surbhi-markam
132 Student Teachers' Self-Efficacy Appraisal from the Perspective of Professional Competence , Lysinge née Magdalene Limunga Njoh
Self-efficacy beliefs, which are the confidence student teachers have in their professional competence are closely related to academic and professional training outcomes. The purpose of this study was to appraise the effects of student teachers' self-efficacy on their professional competence. One research questions and hypothesis was formulated to guide the study. It was a survey research. A sample of 323 student teachers selected purposively from five Government Teacher Training Colleges in the South West Province completed an adapted version of teacher-efficacy scale developed by Woolfork-Hoy 1990 . The data were analysed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences SPSS Software version 12.0 for windows. The finding showed that self-efficacy of student teachers was high and they tended to have above average scores in academic performance. The results were discussed and some recommendations and suggestions for further studies have been made. Prevent kidney cancer quit smoking, maintain a healthy weight, control high blood pressure, life style modification can reduce incidence of cancer. Lysinge née Magdalene Limunga Njoh "Student Teachers' Self-Efficacy: Appraisal from the Perspective of Professional Competence" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21466.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/21466/student-teachers%E2%80%99-self-efficacy-appraisal-from-the-perspective-of-professional-competence/lysinge-n%C3%A9e-magdalene-limunga-njoh
133 Implications of Gender on Teachers' Teaching Efficacy , Lysinge Née Magdalene Limunga Njoh
Self-efficacy beliefs, which are the confidence student teachers have in their professional competence are closely related to academic and professional training outcomes. The purpose of this study was to examine the implications of gender on teachers' teaching efficacy. One research question and hypothesis were formulated to guide the study. It was a survey research. A sample of 323 student teachers selected purposively from five Government Teacher Training Colleges in the South West Province completed an adapted version of teacher-efficacy scale developed by Wool fork-Hoy 1990 . The data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences SPSS Software version 12.0 for windows. The finding showed that there was no significant difference between the teaching efficacy of female and male student teachers. The results were discussed and some recommendations have been made. Lysinge Née Magdalene Limunga Njoh "Implications of Gender on Teachers' Teaching Efficacy" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21467.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/21467/implications-of-gender-on-teachers%E2%80%99-teaching-efficacy/lysinge-n%C3%A9e-magdalene-limunga-njoh
134 The Impact of Principals use of Information and Communication Technologies ICTS in Effective Administration in Public Secondary Schools in Fako Division , Ligondo Joseph Mwambo
This study sought to examine the principals' use of Information and Communication Technologies ICTs in effective administration in Public Secondary Schools in Fako Division. A quantitative research approach was applied to conduct this study and a structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 100 principals and vice principals in 40 secondary schools in Fako Division. The study sought to identify examine principals use of ICTs in effective administrative planning, organizing, controlling, implementing and monitoring activities which were the main aspects of effective administration considered in this study. The findings of this study revealed that most principals in Public Secondary Schools in Fako use ICTs - phones, computers, printers, internet, and radio, television and photocopy machines in administrative duties which these tools ease duties in different ways. ICTs has the potential in terms of time saving, accuracy, legibility, data storage, record check, and amenable for further references, comparative statements, task calculations, and preparation of report of school activities and performances as those principal the indicated frequent and high used ICTs also indicated a more efficient administrative planning, organizing, controlling, implementing and monitoring activities in their schools. Thus, the statistical test indicated that there is significant positive association between the use of ITC and effective administration in public secondary schools Fako as such it is recommended that principal should improve their level of proficiency in the use of this efficiency. Ligondo Joseph Mwambo "The Impact of Principals use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTS) in Effective Administration in Public Secondary Schools in Fako Division" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21468.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/21468/the-impact-of-principals-use-of-information-and-communication-technologies-icts-in-effective-administration-in-public-secondary-schools-in-fako-division/ligondo-joseph-mwambo
135 Psychosocial Factors that Contribute to Underachievement among Pupils in Rural Areas of Fako Division , Zora Ikala Ekonde
This study examined, Psychosocial Factors that Contribute to Underachievement among Primary School Pupils in the Rural Areas of Fako Division in the South West Region, Republic of Cameroon. The survey research design was used. The sample consisted of 150 pupils, 28 teachers and 50 parents. The table of random numbers was used to select pupils, the purposive sampling technique was used to select parents and all the teachers of the sampled schools were used for this study. Instruments for data collection were two sets of questionnaires, one for teachers and another for pupils interview guide for pupils. One was formulated to guide the study. The finding showed that there is a high relationship between pupils' self perception and their underachievement in rural areas and at the end, recommendations were made. Zora Ikala Ekonde "Psychosocial Factors that Contribute to Underachievement among Pupils in Rural Areas of Fako Division" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21469.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/21469/psychosocial-factors-that-contribute-to-underachievement-among-pupils-in-rural-areas-of-fako-division/zora-ikala-ekonde
136 Comedy of Manners in the Importance of Being Earnest , Mrs. M. Kokila | Mrs. S. Abarna
Oscar Wilde, an English author, was born in Dublin. Oscar distinguished himself in classics or the standard books of Greek and Latin authors at Trinity College, Dublin. At Oxford he gave evidence of his keen devotion to the subject of 'Art for Art's sake' and became one of the most prominent writers. His Works 'A Woman of No Importance' in 1893, 'An Ideal Husband' 1895, and 'The Importance of Being Earnest' 1895. As a writer exception of 'The Importance of Being Earnest'- their merits are wholly shallow but not deep and their merits are derived from other writers. As a Dramatist 'Wilde might have become a great playwright- certainly a great maker of 'artificial' comedy."The Importance of Being Earnest", produced February 14, 1895, bears witness to that, for there he is himself, his witty paradoxes expressed with a fine sense of dramatic form, and not flung into the play as brilliant irrelevancies. Mrs. M. Kokila | Mrs. S. Abarna "Comedy of Manners in the Importance of Being Earnest" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21454.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/other/21454/comedy-of-manners-in-the-importance-of-being-earnest/mrs-m-kokila
137 Earnings Management, the Influence of Size, Indebtedness and Performance The Case of Moroccan Listed Companies , Baghar Nezha
This study attempts to contribute to the research literature in the field of management of earnings results and how it is put into practice by Moroccan listed companies. The main question that the paper attempted to investigate is whether these companies' managers use accounting results management in an opportunistic way. The study was conducted on a sample of 54 companies on the Casablanca Stock Exchange between 2014 and 2016.The findings indicate that the guarantee of a stock market valuation to influence investors' decisions is not at the heart of results management in Moroccan listed companies. Nevertheless, the importance of the size factor and the satisfaction of the conditions imposed by the creditors to justify the level of the discretionary behavior of the managers in terms of accounting and financial information are noteworthy. Baghar Nezha "Earnings Management, the Influence of Size, Indebtedness and Performance: The Case of Moroccan Listed Companies" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21387.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/accounting-and-finance/21387/earnings-management-the-influence-of-size-indebtedness-and-performance-the-case-of-moroccan-listed-companies/baghar-nezha
138 An Internet of Things Approach for RFID Smart Tollgate Automation , Poorani. P | Kiruthika. K | Lavanya. A
In today's era vehicles area unit giant in variety, the cubicle appears to become bottleneck to meet up with the gates because of their manual operations. This process may take few minutes to pass the toll system. In order to decrease this passing time, the process of toll system can be automated by technology enablement of Internet of Things IoT and identification of vehicle with the help of radio frequency. Automated Toll Collection System used for collecting tax automatically. A vehicle will hold an RFID tag. This tag is nothing however distinctive positive identification allotted. This will be assigned by RTO or traffic governing authority. As vehicles don't have to stop in a queue, it assures time saving and fuel conservation. This approach would reduce the manual work and hence would make the passing of the vehicles much faster as compared to traditional toll system and also introduce identification system for vehicles against which stolen and accident cases. Poorani. P | Kiruthika. K | Lavanya. A "An Internet of Things Approach for RFID Smart Tollgate Automation" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21424.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/21424/an-internet-of-things-approach-for-rfid-smart-tollgate-automation/poorani-p
139 JomNetwork GLBP in Medium Size Enterprise , Siew, J. X. | Josephng, P. S. | Lim, J. T.
Nowadays network play a very important role, every company need network. It is because, there are a lot of work done by network based and need to monitor through network. Once network of a company down it will affect the whole company. Either lower down the productivity or the whole company have to stop working. Normally in a big company they can get the most expensive and good solution for their company because Big company have sufficient money to get the best solution but for medium size company they do not have much money. Therefore, in this paper will provide a best high availability solution for medium size enterprise. Siew, J. X. | Josephng, P. S. | Lim, J. T. "JomNetwork: GLBP in Medium Size Enterprise" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20285.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/computer-network/20285/jomnetwork-glbp-in-medium-size-enterprise/siew-j-x
140 Dynamic Analysis of Model Steel Structures Retrofitted with GFRP Composites under Microtremor Vibration , Sertaç Tuhta | Furkan Günday | Hakan Aydin
There are many varieties of the structural and architectural structures strengthened with different FRP composites are gaining popularity, and there is a growing need to understand and compare the behavior of these structures before-after GFRP composite strengthening. In this study, model steel structure was tested on the bench-scale earthquake simulator The Quanser Shake Table using ambient vibration, to determine the dynamic response. After this, slabs of the model steel structure was strengthened with GFRP composite, and tested on the bench-scale earthquake simulator The Quanser Shake Table using ambient vibration, to determine the dynamic behavior. Finally, dynamic responses of model steel structure before and after GFRP composite strengthening, such as displacements and maximum-minimum acceleration, were compared. At the end of the study, it is seen that displacements had decreased along the height of the model steel structure. Also, it is seen from the earthquake analyses that GFRP strengthening is very effective on the dynamic responses of the model steel structure. Sertaç Tuhta | Furkan Günday | Hakan Aydin "Dynamic Analysis of Model Steel Structures Retrofitted with GFRP Composites under Microtremor Vibration" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21455.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/21455/dynamic-analysis-of-model-steel-structures-retrofitted-with-gfrp-composites-under-microtremor-vibration/serta%C3%A7-tuhta
141 Conceptual Framework on Reward Systems in Organizations for Success and its Impacts A Wide View , Dr. G. Balamurugan | A. Princia
Organizations in both the public and indeed the private sector consider their employees as a critical asset in the organization towards the attainment of the organizational goals. As a consequence of competitive markets, technological advancements and globalization, organizations are facing challenges in retaining their human capital. In addition to the direct costs, the exit of employees also implies the loss of valuable intellectual capital and thus competitive advantage changed essential frame of reference for considering issues of human resource management. Traditional sources of success such as product and process technology, protected markets, economies of scale, etc. can still provide competitive leverage but an organization's human resources are more vital for its sustainability. In order to retain its staff, organizations often focus on main retention strategy as rewards could be effective in reducing the risk of staff turnover in organizations through their relationship with effective commitment and motivation. Organizational reward systems play a critical role in enhancing employee satisfaction as the primary aim of the reward system is to enhance performance and extrinsic motivation by satisfying an individual employee's needs. This study will have lots of contributions to the business world. Organizations may improve or change their reward systems to survive in today's environment with the help of this study. They may renew their reward systems and put more efficient and effective ones. Dr. G. Balamurugan | A. Princia "Conceptual Framework on Reward Systems in Organizations for Success and its Impacts: A Wide View" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21445.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/hrm-and-retail-business/21445/conceptual-framework-on-reward-systems-in-organizations-for-success-and-its-impacts-a-wide-view/dr-g-balamurugan
142 A Study of Customer Behaviour towards Online Shopping in Hyderabad , Dr. E. Murali Dharshan | Japa Asritha Reddy
Electronic commerce, commonly known as e-commerce, refers to the buying and selling of products or services over electronic systems such as internet and other computer networks. Internet is the growing media during the past decade. Especially, online shopping is a rapidly growing ecommerce area. Online stores are usually available 24 hours a day, and many consumers have internet access both at work and at home. An online shopping system is that permits a customer to submit online orders for items or services from a store that serves both walk-in customers and online customers. This study aims to establish a preliminary assessment, evaluation and understanding of the characteristics of online shopping. An effort has been made to investigate online consumer behaviour, in Kukatpally, Hyderabad which in turn provides E-marketers with a constructional frame work for their E-businesses' strategies. The major objectives are To study attitude of consumers towards online shopping. To identify the issues faced by customers while online shopping. To identify the main factors that affect the online consumer when considering and making a purchase over the Internet. And also to find out which age group of people use frequently online shopping. Dr. E. Murali Dharshan | Japa Asritha Reddy "A Study of Customer Behaviour towards Online Shopping in Hyderabad" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21407.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/consumer-behaviour/21407/a-study-of-customer-behaviour-towards-online-shopping-in-hyderabad/dr-e-murali-dharshan
143 Managing Guidance and Counselling Services for Patriotism and Values Re-Orietation among the Students of Colleges of Education in Ankpa Education Zone of Kogi State , Yakubu Hassan | Shaibu Leonard
The study investigated managing guidance and counselling services for patriotism and values re-orientation among the students of colleges of education in Ankpa education zone of Kogi state. Two research questions guided the study. The study adopted descriptive research design. A sample of 300 students was randomly selected for the study. Students' Patriotism and Values Adherence Level Parameter SPLP and Students Values Adherence Parameter SVAP were used as instruments. The data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation. The cumulative analysis of mean and standard deviation for research question one shows the calculated values of 3.56 and 0.05 revealing that guidance counselling services does not influence students' level of patriotism in colleges of education in Ankpa education zone. The cumulative analysis of mean and standard deviation for research question two shows the calculated values of 1.77 and 0.19 revealing that management of guidance counselling services influence colleges of education students' in the practice of the societal values in Ankpa education zone of Kogi state to a little extent. It was recommended that guidance counselling services should be given top priority by the stakeholders in education industry to enhance the level of students' patriotism and strict adherence to practices of Nigerian values. Yakubu Hassan | Shaibu Leonard "Managing Guidance and Counselling Services for Patriotism and Values Re-Orietation among the Students of Colleges of Education in Ankpa Education Zone of Kogi State" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21463.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/21463/managing-guidance-and-counselling-services-for-patriotism-and-values-re-orietation-among-the-students-of-colleges-of-education-in-ankpa-education-zone-of-kogi-state/yakubu-hassan
144 Emerging Trends in Financial Services Sector and its Implications , Dr. P. Hima Jagathi
India has a diversified financial sector undergoing rapid expansion, both in terms of strong growth of existing financial services firms and new entities entering the market. As emerging markets demand more financial flexibility, banks and microfinance institutions will need to adapt quickly to survive. Digital financial services are becoming the norm. Many emerging trends in financial services sector like digital payment, security, robo-trading, artificial intelligence, is helping financial institutions in providing innovating solutions. Dr. P. Hima Jagathi "Emerging Trends in Financial Services Sector and its Implications" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21451.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/accounting-and-finance/21451/emerging-trends-in-financial-services-sector-and-its-implications/dr-p-hima-jagathi
145 Marketing Research in Project Ukrainian Studies Platform Demobilized Soldiers of the Ato Area - The Educational Action Plan A Step to Entrepreneurship , Margarita IÅ¡oraite
Marketing research is the solution to any marketing problem advertising effectiveness research, pricing strategy research, etc. . The purpose of these studies is to identify qualitative changes. The key to marketing research is to provide the information you need to make marketing decisions. The content of marketing research can be defined in several aspects as a business process, as a whole in the knowledge of marketing research as a source of methods and tools. Margarita IÅ¡oraite "Marketing Research in Project Ukrainian Studies Platform (Demobilized Soldiers of the Ato Area) - The Educational Action Plan "A Step to Entrepreneurship"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21498.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/21498/marketing-research-in-project-ukrainian-studies-platform-demobilized-soldiers-of-the-ato-area---the-educational-action-plan-a-step-to-entrepreneurship/margarita-iÅ¡oraite
146 Studies on Lysine Accumulation in the Broth Culture of Bacillus Species using Carbohydrates as Carbon Sources and Seed Meals as Nitrogen Sources , Okpalla J. | Ekwealor I. A.
Lysine production in the broth culture of Bacillus species using carbohydrates as carbon source and seed meals as nitrogen source was investigated. Different carbohydrate and proteins seeds were sourced from an open market in Awka Anambra State South Eastern Nigeria and prepared in the laboratory using standard procedures. The carbohydrates carbon source and seed meals nitrogen source were added into Erlenmeyer flasks containing the basal medium and inoculated with different cultures of Bacillus subtilis PR13, B. subtilis PR9 and B. pumilus SS16. Maize hydrolysate recorded the highest reducing sugar 5.2mg ml , followed by sorghum 4.8mg ml and the least was recorded by sweet potato 2.1mg ml .The best carbon source for maximum lysine yield by B. subtilis PR13 was millet, while for B. subtilis PR9 and B. pumilus SS16 it was sorghum respectively. Maximum lysine production by B. subtilis PR13 was stimulated at a millet concentration of 6 , while enhanced lysine yield by B. subtilis PR9 and B. pumilus SS16 was observed at a sorghum concentration of 6 . The best nitrogen source for enhanced lysine yield by B. subtilis PR13 and B. pumilus SS16 was soyabean meal respectively, while for B. subtilis PR9 the best was peanut meal. Optimum lysine yield by B. subtilis PR13 and B. pumilus SS16 was observed at soyabean concentrations of 4 and 2 respectively, while maximum lysine accumulation by B. subtilis PR9 was observed at 4 . These findings indicate appreciable lysine production capability of Bacillus species when agricultural products are used as carbon and nitrogen sources. Okpalla J. | Ekwealor I. A. "Studies on Lysine Accumulation in the Broth Culture of Bacillus Species using Carbohydrates as Carbon Sources and Seed Meals as Nitrogen Sources" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21444.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/biological-science/microbiology/21444/studies-on-lysine-accumulation-in-the-broth-culture-of-bacillus-species-using-carbohydrates-as-carbon-sources-and-seed-meals-as-nitrogen-sources/okpalla-j
147 Development of Solar Energy Dryer for Fish and Meat Tested in Modibbo Adama University of Technology Yola , D. Y. Dasin | A. I. Zakari | I. Yahuza
A domestic solar dryer for drying meat and fish has been designed, constructed and tested in Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola - Nigeria. The dryer is a passive indirect mode type using natural convection with the collector unit attached to the dryer. It is made up of plywood, glass, mild steel sheet, wire net and paint. The collector dimension was 70cm x 60cm x 30cm. The drying chamber was 60cm x 60cm x 70cm it has two trays for drying purposes at 20cm spacing, which can hold 2 kg of fish and meat each. Fish and meat 0. 5 kilogram of each were dried in the dryer. The temperatures of the different components of the dryer increases with time and reaches maximum value of 370C for average ambient temperature, 350C for the product temperature, 400C for the average collector temperature and 420C for the average drying chamber temperature at 2 00 PM local time. The weight of the samples reduced were 0.029 kg and 0.019 kg at an average drying rate of 0.032 kg hr and 0.040 kg hr for meat and fish respectively, at an average solar radiation of 521W m2 and average relative humidity of 26.4 . The drying efficiency was obtained to be 27 . D. Y. Dasin | A. I. Zakari | I. Yahuza "Development of Solar Energy Dryer for Fish and Meat Tested in Modibbo Adama University of Technology Yola" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21484.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/21484/development-of-solar-energy-dryer-for-fish-and-meat-tested-in-modibbo-adama-university-of-technology-yola/d-y-dasin
148 A Survey Paper on Leave Automation , Snehal Vijay Kamble | Amruta Shivaji Kamble | Priyanka Sanjeev Babar | Sushmita Shrimant Kakmare | Mr. Nilesh D. Ghorpode
In the existing Leave Automation Record, every College Department follows manual procedure in which collage faculty enters information in a record book. At the end of each month, Administration Department calculates leave s of every faculty which is a more time taking process and there are chances of losing data or errors in the records. This module is a single leave automation that is critical for HR tasks and keeps the record of virtual information regarding leaves. It intelligently adapts to HR policy of the automation and allows employees and their line managers to manage leaves and replacements if required . In this module, Head of Department HOD will have permissions to look after data of every faculty member of their department. HOD can approve leave through this application and can view leave information of every individual. This system can be used in a college to reduce processing work load. This project's main idea is to develop an online centralized application connected to database which will maintain faculty leaves and their replacements if needed . Proposed System will reduce paperwork and maintain record in a more efficient and systematic way. This module will also help to calculate the number of leaves taken monthly annually and help gather data with respect to number of leaves, thereby helping in calculating the leaves working days by the HR Department. Snehal Vijay Kamble | Amruta Shivaji Kamble | Priyanka Sanjeev Babar | Sushmita Shrimant Kakmare | Mr. Nilesh D. Ghorpode "A Survey Paper on Leave Automation" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21370.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/21370/a-survey-paper-on-leave-automation/snehal-vijay-kamble
149 An Assessment of Parallel Foreign Exchange Market as a Veritable Source of Low Income Residential Real Estate Development Finance in Enugu Urban Area, Nigeria January - December, 2017 , Onwuka Nnenna Egbe | Aniagolu Celestine Obinna | Iyi Edmund Amuezuoke
Sourcing real estate development finance remains one of most difficult problems facing real estate development in Nigeria. This paper therefore investigates the parallel foreign exchange market as a veritable source of low income residential real estate finance in Enugu, Nigeria. The study tries to determine the volume of transactions that took place in Enugu Parallel Foreign Exchange Market from January - December, 2017, to make projection upto 2022 and to determine the percentage of the transactions that could be made available to real estate development. Survey research method was adapted and data was collected through primary and secondary sources. The study reveals that the market has potential for raising between N6.837B and N12.23B within the period studied. Also about 34 of these funds could be made available for Real Estate Development finance in Enugu. Again the study shows that between 259 and 463 three bedrooms low income residential housing units could be raised from the Parallel Foreign Exchange Market annually. The study recommended among other things that the Nigerian Institution of Estate Surveyors and Valuers should embark on collaborative research aimed at understanding how real estate development finance could be raised and sustained through the parallel foreign exchange markets in Nigeria. Onwuka Nnenna Egbe | Aniagolu Celestine Obinna | Iyi Edmund Amuezuoke "An Assessment of Parallel Foreign Exchange Market as a Veritable Source of Low Income Residential Real Estate Development Finance in Enugu Urban Area, Nigeria (January - December, 2017)" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21453.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/accounting-and-finance/21453/an-assessment-of-parallel-foreign-exchange-market-as-a-veritable-source-of-low-income-residential-real-estate-development-finance-in-enugu-urban-area-nigeria-january-–-december-2017/onwuka-nnenna-egbe
150 New Approach to Find the Maxima and Minima of a Function , Parameswaran. P
In this paper we have introduced a new and effective method to find the maxima and minima of a function. The proposed method is very short compared with existing methods. The proposed method is illustrated by the examples. Parameswaran. P "New Approach to Find the Maxima and Minima of a Function" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21483.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/mathemetics/calculus/21483/new-approach-to-find-the-maxima-and-minima-of-a-function/parameswaran-p
151 Effects of Deforestation on Environment Special Reference to Assam , Miss Bipasha Baruah | Mrs. Rekhamoni Barua
Deforestation posses a major challenge in developing countries like India. In our present study the specific area is Assam where we face a big problem of climate change due to deforestation and other many causes. Deforestation can be defined as the clearing or removal of forest for specific reasons such as rapid industrialization, tea plantation, poverty etc whereby the land available for non- forest use. This dissolve actions of mankind which are causing an intolerable imbalance in nature and is a major factor leading to climate change, extinction of rare animals, desertification and displacement of population etc. Deforestation is also one of the major cause of a disturbed water cycle, global warming and soil erosion. If not controlled, the imbalance is likely to threaten life on Earth. The paper discusses the causes and problems of deforestation in Assam and trys to give some suggestions and highlight the government schemes to reduce it. The study recommends that to reduce deforestation in our state the central and the state governments, the NGO and the public jointly should take some immediate steps for reforestation and the states forest policy need to be strengthen by acquiring legal support for better implementation of government scheme. Miss Bipasha Baruah | Mrs. Rekhamoni Barua "Effects of Deforestation on Environment: Special Reference to Assam" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21470.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/environmental-science/21470/effects-of-deforestation-on-environment-special-reference-to-assam/miss-bipasha-baruah
152 The Mathematics of Mobile Networks , Durga Devi S | Mythrae R
The mobile phones is used in our everyday life, the demand on mobile phone networks has increased steadily. Today, among other things like desktop laptops, mobile phones are used to access the internet, watch TV, read emails and use social media. The initial networks were designed to only transmit phone conversations. As technology improved, they had to be upgraded to deal with huge quantities of data. The Shannon-Hartley theorem is central to planning in the mobile phone industry. This formula relates the theoretical maximum bit-rate possible for a mobile phone user to the available bandwidth as licensed by the Government and the radio environment of the user. The radio environment of the user depends on a number of factors, most importantly the distance from the transmission tower, the power and frequency used by the transmission tower and the noise or interference from unwanted transmitters. In addition, it takes into account the ambient temperature of the day. Using this data, the mobile phone engineers are able to calculate the theoretical maximum bit-rate possible for information to be transmitted to the user. Then this result can then be compared with hardware limitations to evaluate the maximum transmission rate experienced by the user. Durga Devi S | Mythrae R "The Mathematics of Mobile Networks" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21492.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/mathemetics/other/21492/the-mathematics-of-mobile-networks/durga-devi-s
153 Intelligent Agriculture Mechanism using Internet of Things and Image Processing , Shubhada Bagal | Tejasvini More | Ankita Paranjape | Prof. Supriya Yadav
This project presents a novel idea of detection and classification of leaf diseases and soil Moisture Level. It is difficult for human eyes to identify the exact type of leaf disease which occurs on the leaf of plant. Thus, in order to identify the leaf diseases accurately, the use of image processing and machine learning techniques can be helpful. The images used for this work were acquired from the field using digital camera. In pre-processing step, background removal technique is applied on the image in order to remove background from the image. Then, the background removed images are further processed for image segmentation using Otsu thresholding technique. Different segmented images will be used for extracting the features such as color, shape and texture from the images. At last, these extracted features will be used as inputs of classifier. Leaf diseases cause significant damage and economic losses in crops. Subsequently, reduction in leaf diseases by early diagnosis results in substantial improvement in quality of the product. Erroneous diagnosis of disease and its severity leads to inappropriate use of pesticides. The goal of proposed work is to diagnose the disease using image processing of plant leaf. In the proposed system, leaf image with complex background is taken as input. Thresholding is deployed to mask green pixels and image is processed to remove noise using anisotropic diffusion. Then leaf disease segmentation is done. The diseased portion from segmented images is identified. The purpose of this project is to developed our irrigation system, to make it automated and smart irrigation system. There are many countries where economy is depends on agriculture and the climatic conditions lead to lack of rains. The farmers working in the farm lands are dependent on the rains and bore wells. Even if the farm land has a water-pump, manual involvement by farmers is required to turn the pump on off when on earth needed. The main purpose of this project is to measuring the moisture of agricultural soils by real-time method and to minimize this manual involvement by the farmer, which is why we are using a micro-controller. The sensor senses the amount of moisture present in the soil and presents an output in the form of resistance .If resistance is high then water is present in soil. Also we used another sensor to measure water level of well. Shubhada Bagal | Tejasvini More | Ankita Paranjape | Prof. Supriya Yadav "Intelligent Agriculture Mechanism using Internet of Things and Image Processing" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21485.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/21485/intelligent-agriculture-mechanism-using-internet-of-things-and-image-processing/shubhada-bagal
154 Digital Pedagogy , Matthew N. O. Sadiku | Adedamola Omotoso | Sarhan M. Musa
Digital pedagogy is using digital tools to enhance teaching and learning experience. It offers the possibility of enabling more interaction among students and instructors and increasing student academic success. Educators who incorporate digital pedagogy in classroom re-creates the contemporary worlds which their students encounter every day. This paper provides a brief introduction to digital pedagogy. Matthew N. O. Sadiku | Adedamola Omotoso | Sarhan M. Musa "Digital Pedagogy" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21490.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/other/21490/digital-pedagogy/matthew-n-o-sadiku
155 Electrical Properties of Enamel Wire Insulation , Asiwe Uchechukwu M | Edema Anthony | Edeafeadhe Godspower
Adjustable speed drives for rotating machines have become increasingly popular as they provide possibilities of smooth and accurate process control as well as for energy savings. In such systems, due to the fact that the voltage applied at terminals of motor windings is no longer purely sinusoidal but characterized by a high content of harmonics, the appearing electrical and thermal stresses yield premature failures of the winding insulation, mainly because of an increased partial discharge PD activity. To tackle the problem effectively, PD-resistant enamels have been developed, by introducing various inorganic fillers into the base polymer of the wire insulation, that exhibit an increased resistance to PD activity. The effect seems, in most of the cases, to be strongly dependent on the dielectric properties of the filler used and the degree of interactions with the host materials. To elucidate the effect of material properties on the PD behavior, the presented in this thesis study concentrates on electrical characterizations of the new enamel insulation by measuring and analyzing its electric conductivity and complex dielectric permittivity and comparing these parameters with of the properties of enamel without the filler. The performed analyses show that the addition of filler results in a highly conductive and dispersive material, as compared to the base enamel. As a consequence, the top coating layer of the enamel wire insulation activates suppression of PD activity, while the insulating properties of the bulk material are kept unchanged.. The material conductivity is increased because of enhancement of charge carrier mobility as well as a shift of the maximum of trap density distributions towards lower energy levels. Asiwe Uchechukwu M | Edema Anthony | Edeafeadhe Godspower "Electrical Properties of Enamel Wire Insulation" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21450.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/21450/electrical-properties-of-enamel-wire-insulation/asiwe-uchechukwu-m
156 Novel based Approach Schema for Processing Vehicle Tracking System through GPS SMS Gateways , Sermakani. A. M | Veena. T | Julia Faith. S
In recent years many systems are approached to track the vehicles in order to find out movement of any equipped vehicle from any location at any time. This paper implements formalised schema to develop a tracking system that is much cost effective that available in the market. Various technologies utilised are GPS Global Positioning System module to get geographic coordinates at regular time intervals. The GSM GPRS Global System Positioning General Packet Radio Service module is used to transmit and update the vehicle location to a database. The Google Maps API is used to display the vehicle position on the map in the Smartphone application. The tracking system here helps to identify the location of the college bus through our smart phone when a SMS Short Message Service is sent to a personal number thus indicating the bus location via SMS. By incorporating a GPS and GSM modem the location of the device by sending a SMS to the number specified. No external server or internet connection is used in knowing the location at user end which in return reduces the cost. We can also use this technology to reduce our time whenever we are waiting for buses by knowing their location on our mobile phones. If vehicle has been stolen then also we can track our vehicles. Sermakani. A. M | Veena. T | Julia Faith. S "Novel based Approach Schema for Processing Vehicle Tracking System through GPS SMS Gateways" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20205.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/computer-network/20205/novel-based-approach-schema-for-processing-vehicle-tracking-system-through-gps-sms-gateways/sermakani-a-m
157 Mandukparni Centella Asiatica L. Urban and Indigenous Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Potential through Biopesticides A Review , Dr. Lalit Raj Singh | Dr. Karan Singh | Rupam
Aim of this study was to review the efficacy of Mandukparni Centella asiatica L. Urban in curing various disorders disease. Phytoconstituents Secondary metabolites , safety, Purity, strength and therapeutic index of the organically cultivated plant species is higher. Organic cultivation of medicinal plants is supported by biopesticides resulting in enhanced secondary metabolites concentration along with weedicide activity. Organic cultivation of some of the medicinal and aromatic plants such as Mandukparni Centella Asiatica L. Urban , Giloy Tinospora cordiflia , Kaddu Cucurbita mexima , Haldi Curcuma longa , Alsi Linum usitatissimum , Akarkara Anacyclus pyrethrum , Aak Calotropis gigantea , Arand Ricinus communis , Marigold Calendule officinalis , Neem Azadirachta indica , Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis , Khus Vetiveria zizanioides , Tulsi Ocimum sanctum , Pamarosa Cymbopogon martini , Geranium Pelargonium graveolens , Pudina Mentha piperata and Rose Rosa indica may enhance livelihood of rural poor people through ethnopharmacy, better economic returns for organic agro-produce and offshoot of natural resources conservation. Dr. Lalit Raj Singh | Dr. Karan Singh | Rupam "Mandukparni [Centella Asiatica (L.) Urban] and Indigenous Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Potential through Biopesticides: A Review" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21473.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/pharmacy/pharmacology-/21473/mandukparni-centella-asiatica-l-urban-and-indigenous-medicinal-and-aromatic-plants-potential-through-biopesticides-a-review/dr-lalit-raj-singh
158 Experimental Study on "Risk Management in Residential Building Project" , Susheel Tiwari | Rakesh Sakale | Hirendra Pratap Singh
Risk can be described as the absence of information when a decision is to be made at any time throughout a process. The construction industry is often considered as complex and defragmented due to working in a project based format with a unique product and a process where there are times when decisions need to be made with insufficient information. Therefore, proper risk management processes can be vital to minimizing risks, maximizing opportunities and securing a successful project process This master thesis has been conducted at a large Swedish construction company that houses both a constructing unit and a residential development unit. Consequently, the focus of this thesis has been on analysing the risk management process when a residential project is both developed and constructed by the same company. The purpose of this master thesis is to describe and analyse risk management in a project based organization within the construction industry. The thesis aims to provide a better understanding of how risk management is used in practice but also what underlying factors that can affect risk management processes. The study will include both the perspective of the developer and the constructor as well as their separate and joint processes facilitating risk management. In regards to the purpose of this thesis, a general risk management model has been used to provide a framework for analysis. This model consists of four steps risk identification, risk assessment, risk mitigation and risk monitoring. Susheel Tiwari | Rakesh Sakale | Hirendra Pratap Singh "Experimental Study on: "Risk Management in Residential Building Project"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21500.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/21500/experimental-study-on-“risk-management-in-residential-building-project”/susheel-tiwari
159 Analysis of Tunnel Form Building Retrofitted with CFRP using Finite Element Method , Mahmoud Ziada | Sertaç Tuhta | Eren Hayati Gençbay | Furkan Günday | Yosra Tammam
Many regions where have the earthquake risk around the world, many buildings in developing countries are ineffective in front of earthquake forces. Recent years, the fabrics which are strengthening with carbon fiber-reinforced polymer CFRP have become a very common material to strengthen the reinforced concrete buildings. In our country, mostly column jacketing and partition systems are used. They are also followed with steel jacketing and trussed steel joist systems. Reinforcement with composites named FRP fiber-reinforced polymer are getting common slowly by slowly in our country. Since fibers are high-tensile steel, they increase the strength of joist and covering deflection. If it is used in the direction of tensile, it also saves the strength for shearing. In this study,1 mm CFRP hardware is applied to the each covering of a 16-floor reinforced concrete building which is made with tunnel formwork system. In this analysis done with SAP2000 program, increase in the frequency of a reinforced concrete building is observed structure which has less in cycle is appeared. These results show us that CFRP hardware's make and 38 increase in the rigid of structure. Mahmoud Ziada | Sertaç Tuhta | Eren Hayati Gençbay | Furkan Günday | Yosra Tammam "Analysis of Tunnel Form Building Retrofitted with CFRP using Finite Element Method" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21505.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/21505/analysis-of-tunnel-form-building-retrofitted-with-cfrp-using-finite-element-method/mahmoud-ziada
160 Novel Sources of Saccharomyces Species as Leavening Agent in Bread Making , Umeh, S. O | Okpalla, J. | Okafor, J. N. C.
Mega biodiversity of Nigerian's flora and fauna which include microorganism could be conserved and served as alternative source for baker's yeast, the leavening agent in bread making. This study was conducted in attempt to exploit the potential of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains isolated from two local beverages "burukutu" and "fura" and a tropical fruit shaddock as a leavening agent in bread making. The enrichment was carried out by fermenting the samples burukutu, fura and Shaddock juice in medium containing sterilized grape must at 30°C for 3 days followed by isolation of tentative yeasts at 30°C for 3 days. The samples tested showed the presence of yeasts and thirty 30 isolates from the three samples was selected for identification of S. cerevisiae strains through biochemical and physiological tests. Of the thirty yeast strains identified, 12 strains were chosen as baker's yeast due to their potential to tolerate ethanol concentration of up to 13 v v , grow at temperature of 30 - 45°C and low or no hydrogen sulphide production. They are able to flocculate intensively, grow at high stress levels and even showed better fermentative performance compared to commercial baker's yeast CY . These attributes thus indicate that the local beverages and fruits could be potential sources of indigenous S. cerevisiae strains for leavening agent in bread making and for other confectionary industries. Umeh, S. O | Okpalla, J. | Okafor, J. N. C. "Novel Sources of Saccharomyces Species as Leavening Agent in Bread Making" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21526.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/biological-science/microbiology/21526/novel-sources-of-saccharomyces-species-as-leavening-agent-in-bread-making/umeh-s-o
161 Public Perception on the Factors that Affecting Turkish Public Administrators Manager Choice , Akin Erdemir | Ramazan Erdem
The aim of this research to evaluate that whether the perception of the public differs according to the demographic variables on the factors that Affecting Turkish Public Administrators Manager Choice. Quantitative research method was used in the research and the data obtained from the survey method were analyzed with SPSS software. According to the results of the research the perception of the public on the factors that Turkish Public Administrators Manager Choice varies according to the demographic characteristics. Akin Erdemir | Ramazan Erdem "Public Perception on the Factors that Affecting Turkish Public Administrators' Manager Choice" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21508.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/public-sector-management/21508/public-perception-on-the-factors-that-affecting-turkish-public-administrators-manager-choice/akin-erdemir
162 Algebra in Real Life , S. Ambika | R. Mythrae | S. Saranya | K. Selvanayaki
To know about the real life application where Algebra is used. Mathematics is applied in day to day life, so we can now review the concepts of Algebra and its uses in daily life. Here in our work we have made a small split up of items in a bag while shopping. Basic Algebra is where we finally put the algebra in pre-algebra. The concepts taught here will be used in every math class you take from here on. Well introduce you to some exciting stuff like drawing graphs and solving complicated equations. Since we are learning Algebra, Geometry in the school days. But the is a real life application of Algebra which is used in Geometry. Now a days the social media has improved a lot. We can't able to solve those figured puzzles, hence we can solve them by using algebraic equations. S. Ambika | R. Mythrae | S. Saranya | K. Selvanayaki "Algebra in Real Life" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21517.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/mathemetics/algebra/21517/algebra-in-real-life/s-ambika
163 Prevalence of Disabled People in India , Chiranjit Majumder
During the students life, learning is the main thing. But in students learning process, disability condition can cause barriers in education. Disability can have direct impact on students learning. Nature of the disability can display the learning capacity of students. There are many kind of disabilities like physical disabilities, visual impairment, hearing impairment, speech and language disorders, intellectual disabilities including learning disabilities and autism spectrum disorder. According to Census 2011, in India, out of 121 Cr population, about 2.68 Cr persons are disabled that means 2.21 of the total population. A large number of disabled individuals comprised both children and young adults in South 24-Parganas district of West Bengal. 14.71 were diagnosed as significant hearing impairments in the Medinipur Sadar Subdivision, Paschim Medinipur district, West Bengal. Finding displayed that majority of respondents was men than women. The disability rates was 1635 per 100000 population in Tamil Nadu according to 2011 Census. It was observed that the prevalence rate of students with learning disability varies from 10.76 to 13.41 with mean percentage of 12.31 in two districts of Haryana. Besides that, Prevalence of disability 100000 population by types, residence and sex in India, 2011 and the total number of individuals associated with disability in West Bengal Disability Census, 2011 is also written. To prevent disability, good nutrition is needed when the child is in womb. Care is also needed and it is necessary to hear the disabled persons voice or any kind of signals that he she delivers. Chiranjit Majumder "Prevalence of Disabled People in India" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21495.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/home-science/food-and-nutrition/21495/prevalence-of-disabled-people-in-india/chiranjit-majumder
164 Experimental Study on Performance of Gap Graded Concrete using Partial Replacement of Titanium Dioxide and Msand , Angel Benish M | Uma Nambi J
This paper reports an experimental investigation on the development of Gap graded concrete providing the optimal combination of strength and water permeability using M sand and admixtures. In this study, the Gap graded concrete is obtained by removing the fine aggregate wholly 0 , 5 , 10 and 15 of replacing coarse aggregate with M sand. The titanium dioxide is used as partial replacement to cement to study its behavior on mechanical properties of Gap graded concrete. Gap graded concrete trial mixes with different size of aggregate, with and without fine aggregates. Tested for its mechanical properties such as compressive strength, water permeability, and porosity. Gap graded concrete is a porous concrete which allows water and air to pass through it. The Gap graded concrete specimen of cube size of 150mm x 150mm x 150mm and they were cured in water for the period of 7, 14, 28 days. The compressive strength test and permeability is done in laboratory after curing. Then the compressive strength of Gap graded concrete is compared to the compressive strength of M20grade of concrete. Angel Benish M | Uma Nambi J "Experimental Study on Performance of Gap Graded Concrete using Partial Replacement of Titanium Dioxide and Msand" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21515.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/21515/experimental-study-on-performance-of-gap-graded-concrete-using-partial-replacement-of-titanium-dioxide-and-msand/angel-benish-m
165 Study on Behaviour of Hybrid Fibre Reinforced Cementitious Composites , Meena J | Uma Nambi J
This paper highlights the material properties of the Bendable concrete for the effective development of new structures and maintenance of existing structures. The material researchers have conducted a lot of experiments based on sustainability, durability and safety point of view. As a result of the attempts, finally a new material was established in the last decade. The proper selection of the fibre, mixing of the composite exhibit strain hardening and multiple cracking behaviour of the material. The strain hardening behaviour of the Bendable concrete gives significant advantage under flexural loading. The crack width developed under loading is very small when compared with conventional concrete due to the bridging effect of the fibre. The material properties of Bendable concrete reinforced with following 0.5 , 1.0 , 1.5 , 2 of steel fibre and 0.1 , 0.15 , 0.2 , 0.25 of polypropylene fibre. The optimum strength attained at 1.0 of steel fibre and 0.1 of polypropylene fibre and has been claimed to be the most promising proportion of the fibre content. A series of experiments were carried out to determine the compressive strength, tensile strength and flexural characteristics of Bendable concrete. Meena J | Uma Nambi J "Study on Behaviour of Hybrid Fibre Reinforced Cementitious Composites" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21516.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/21516/study-on-behaviour-of-hybrid-fibre-reinforced-cementitious-composites/meena-j
166 The Role Played by Internal Locus of Control and Self Regulation in Learning Outcome , Mme Lysinge Magdalene Limunga
The purpose of this paper is to present information gathered from some studies investigating locus of control and related constructs that will help educators as a whole and teachers in particular to work with learners, so as to foster internal locus control, self motivated and self-regulated learning behaviours. This discourse is much needed because much has changed in recent years. Gone are the days when society used to blame learners failure on school inadequacy and teacher incompetence. Learners today are expected to develop self motivated learning behaviour, develop learning strategies and take responsibility for their learning outcome. Mme Lysinge Magdalene Limunga "The Role Played by Internal Locus of Control and Self Regulation in Learning Outcome" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21549.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/21549/the-role-played-by-internal-locus-of-control-and-self-regulation-in-learning-outcome/mme-lysinge-magdalene-limunga
167 Multi-Response Parameter Optimization Hardness and Unevenness Effect of Hardox Cutting Plate by High Tolerance Plasma Arc Cutting System , Patel Jitendra Kumar
High Tolerance Plasma Arc Cutting System 12mm plate thickness Hardox has been cut by high tolerance plasma arc cutting machine and the unevenness of cutting has been investigated. According to the experimental results, it has been seen that burning of particulars and distribution amount were increased when the cutting was performed measured the speeds. Moreover, it has been noticed that the change the speed which affects the cutting width of plate also change the unevenness of plate with cutting speed. in this study is that quality of the cut can be improved by means of a proper selection of cutting speed . The aim is to see how the cutting system and speed affect material structure up to what depth, it was determined that the hardness from the outer surface to the core decreased, while the hardness near to the outer surface which affected by the high temperature occurred during cutting increased. Patel Jitendra Kumar "Multi-Response Parameter Optimization Hardness and Unevenness Effect of Hardox Cutting Plate by High Tolerance Plasma Arc Cutting System" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21506.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/21506/multi-response-parameter-optimization-hardness-and-unevenness-effect-of-hardox-cutting-plate-by-high-tolerance-plasma-arc-cutting-system/patel-jitendra-kumar
168 Performance Analysis of CIR and Path Loss Propagation Models in the Downlink of 3G Systems , Mohamed Bechir DADI
This paper analyses the Carrier to Interference Ratio CIR and path Loss PL variation in downlink 3G FDD-UMTS mobile system. The evaluation was taken in urban, suburban and rural environments. Also, frequency band of 2110 Hz is used in this work. The received CIR analysis is based on comparative study of seven Path Loss propagation models COST- 231 Hata, COST-231 WIM Walfisch-Ikegami Model , SUI Stanford University Interim , FSM Free Space Model , PSM Standard propagation model , Ecricsson and ECC33 Electronic Communication Committee . Simulation results show that SUI and SPM models showed the lowest Path Loss for all environments. Also, we can show that received CIR is affected not only by the geometry of the UMTS base station location but also by the number of users presented in each cell. Mohamed Bechir DADI "Performance Analysis of CIR and Path Loss Propagation Models in the Downlink of 3G Systems" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21497.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/21497/performance-analysis-of-cir-and-path-loss-propagation-models-in-the-downlink-of-3g-systems/mohamed-bechir-dadi
169 Reactive Power Compensation with Fuzzy Logic in Electrical Facilities , Didem Altun
The inductive loads fed by the electrical installations are reflected as an additional load by pulling the reactive power from the mains. Inductive loads are an important and useful parameter in the formation of rotating field of motors, formation of magnetic field in transformers. However, it is a harmful parameter that decreases blackness in transmission and distribution lines. Therefore, in large-scale power plants, reactive power requirements are provided by compensator systems connected to the input terminals. Continuous control equipment and systems need to be developed to improve the continuity and efficiency of energy systems. In this study, reactive power compensation, fuzzy logic-controlled application was made. Thus, power factor correction, dynamic voltage control are provided, power transmission capacities of the transmission lines and losses caused by reactive power flow are minimized. However, the fact that this compensator system is not linear makes it difficult to mathematically model them by using system based control systems based on fuzzy logic theory. In this study, without a mathematical model of the system, a control process based on fuzzy logic applied to the result was realized by using the effective relationship between system output and input. Didem Altun "Reactive Power Compensation with Fuzzy Logic in Electrical Facilities" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21522.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/21522/reactive-power-compensation-with-fuzzy-logic-in-electrical-facilities/didem-altun
170 Youth in Contemporary Politics Roles and Benefits in Nigeria , Patrick Oromareghake, PhD | Oluka, Nduka Lucas
The youth in contemporary Nigerian politics has played the role of acting the political thug for older politicians in the country. In this study, the researchers set out to examine the role and benefits of the youth in modern-day politics with specific reference to the recent Nigerias ''Not-Too-Young-to-Run'' Bill. It is in this light that this paper adopted Role theory in explaining the role of the youth in contemporary Nigerian politics. It is obvious that with the Not-Too-Young-to-Run Bill, the youth in Nigeria can now participate effectively in the nation's political processes, and not continue to play the dirty role of hooligan on the payroll of the sit-tight political leader who wants to perpetuate himself in power. The paper contends that the Federal government and the electoral umpire body, the Independent National Electoral Commission INEC , should make it a priority to fully implement the Not-Too-Young-to-Run Bill, to give many more youths the opportunity to vie for electoral offices in the country. In addition, youths should be included in the nation's political processes by enlightening them on their role and benefits in such processes not just to function as political thugs but to aspire to run for electoral offices themselves. Patrick Oromareghake, PhD | Oluka, Nduka Lucas "Youth in Contemporary Politics: Roles and Benefits in Nigeria" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21518.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/political-science/21518/youth-in-contemporary-politics-roles-and-benefits-in-nigeria/patrick-oromareghake-phd
171 Comparison of Land use Practices and Their Limitations in Five Agrarian Communities in Southeastern Nigeria , Asadu, C. L. A. | Onyeme, E. | A. N. Asadu
A survey of land use practices was conducted in five agrarian communities in eastern Nigeria to obtained current dominant land uses in area and identify the farmer constraints the farmers face in order to proffer solutions so that the farmers can improve on their income and livelihood. Male farmers dominate the farming population with 52 against female farmers. Crop farming is the dominant land use type in all the five locations. Major crops grown are rice, yam, cassava, maize, pigeon pea and okra with rice ranking first in importance in all the locations except at Anaku where it was ranked second to yam probably due to the predominating traditional religious worshiping observed in the area. All farmers are classified as smallholders as the average farm holding was 6 ha. Other general land uses include residential housing, schools ,churches, markets, roads, mills etc Flooding of farms and farm road erosion are major land limitations because during the rains poor drainage characterize more the 95 of the areas and most farms are submerged. Input constraints include lack of mechanization equipment and agrochemicals including mineral fertilizers. Use of high mounds and raised beds and ridges up to 100 cm were recommended to control the flood where other arable crops other than rice are grown. Government intervention on input provision is apt to help the farmers boost their production. Asadu, C. L. A. | Onyeme, E. | A. N. Asadu "Comparison of Land use Practices and Their Limitations in Five Agrarian Communities in Southeastern Nigeria" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21552.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21552/comparison-of-land-use-practices-and-their-limitations-in-five-agrarian-communities-in-southeastern-nigeria/asadu-c-l-a
172 An Overview of MSME Sector in India with Special Reference to the State of Uttarakhand , Simranjeet Kaur Virk | Pinnacci Negi
MSMEs, considered as "Engines of Growth" are crucial for the economy of developing countries like India due to its potential of creating vast employment opportunities. This Sector has caught the attention of policy makers as it is labour intensive and has the potential of reducing the problem of regional imbalances, ensure financial independence of rural people and assist in sustainable development. The Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in India is being largely viewed as vital to the economic growth of the country in the 21st century. The present paper will focus on existing scenario and trends of MSME in India. This paper studies the current status of MSME sector in India, its performance, various initiatives taken by the government to accelerate the growth of this sector, as well as the problems faced by the MSMEs in Indian economy. Additionally, this paper dedicates one section to the MSMEs sector in the state of Uttarakhand. The State of Uttarakhand is facing the dire problem of intense migration of people from the hilly terrain particularly due to lack of employment opportunities in the rural areas of Uttarakhand and Uttarakhand badly needs sustainable and inclusive industrial growth of all sub regions of the state. Hence, this paper also analyses the status of MSMEs in the state of Uttarakhand and outlines the problems faced and also recommends the measures that should be taken to promote this sector. The study is a review which was conducted with the help of secondary data retrieved from MSME Annual Reports, other government reports, newspapers and research papers. Simranjeet Kaur Virk | Pinnacci Negi "An Overview of MSME Sector in India with Special Reference to the State of Uttarakhand" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21520.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/public-sector-management/21520/an-overview-of-msme-sector-in-india-with-special-reference-to-the-state-of-uttarakhand/simranjeet-kaur-virk
173 A Study on "Radar Helmet for Soldiers" , Rakshanda Kadam | Mayuri Kothavale | Madhura Ghane | Jyoti Mali
Soldiers are very essential part of any nation's security system. During, wars and search operations soldiers get injured and some of them go missing. As we all know soldier's health is important because they are the savior of our country who protects us from terrorist attacks and from many suspicious activities which can harm us and our nation too. This project will give an ability to track the location and monitor health of the soldiers in real time which goes missing at battlefield. It will minimize the time and rescue operation efforts of army control unit. It will help the army base station to track the location and monitor health of soldiers using GPS module and sensor such as temperature sensor, heart beat sensor, etc. The data coming from sensors and GPS receiver is transmitted wirelessly using Zigbee module having the range of 10 to 100m. A soldier can ask for help from control room using a panic switch and we have also used RADAR which will alert the soldier using vibrator within the range of 3cm to 4m. Rakshanda Kadam | Mayuri Kothavale | Madhura Ghane | Jyoti Mali "A Study on "Radar Helmet for Soldiers"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21527.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/21527/a-study-on-“radar-helmet-for-soldiers”/rakshanda-kadam
174 Green Supply Chain Management A Primer , Matthew N. O. Sadiku | Adedamola A. Omotoso | Sarhan M. Musa
Green supply chain management GSCM is about incorporating the environmental idea in every stage of a supply chain. It has emerged as a set of managerial practices that integrate environmental issues into supply chain management. It includes product design, material selection, manufacturing process, and delivery of the final product to consumers. The aim of GSCM is to minimize or eliminate wastage including hazardous chemical, emissions, energy and solid waste along supply chain. This paper provides a primer on GSCM. Matthew N. O. Sadiku | Adedamola A. Omotoso | Sarhan M. Musa "Green Supply Chain Management: A Primer" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21541.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21541/green-supply-chain-management-a-primer/matthew-n-o-sadiku
175 A Study on Linear Programming Problem , Sempavazhaam D | Jothi K | Kamali S | Nandhini A | Princy Rebekah J
Green supply chain management GSCM is about incorporating the environmental idea in every stage of a supply chain. It has The LPP is the simplest way to calculate the profit and loss of a management. The important application of LPP is cost reduction in various business fields. It is also used to solve many diverse combination problems. LPP is more adaptive and flexible to analyze solution in various problems. Here we have discussed about the revenue and income of a hotel using LPP. The problem is solved using simplex method. The simplex method is easy to find the solution to the problem. Sempavazhaam D | Jothi K | Kamali S | Nandhini A | Princy Rebekah J "A Study on Linear Programming Problem" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21539.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/mathemetics/other/21539/a-study-on-linear-programming-problem/sempavazhaam-d
176 CFD Analysis of Fluid Flow in Sand Casting , Rajiv Kumar N | Umar Ahamed P | Mohamed Anwar A U
In Casting process filling and solidification is difficult to visualize by experimental methods. The fluid flow, phase transfer, temperature distribution and velocity gradient is undesirable. So we are going to CFD software to control the solidification parameters. According to finite element theory, using FLUENT software and three dimensional model to simulate liquid metal free surface and temperature field of casting filling process numerically. Boundary and initial conditions, such as velocity, pressure, temperature, etc., was reasonably calculated by theoretically. The feasibility of using FLUENT to simulate three dimensional casting was studied the fluctuation of molten metal free surface was observed. The temperature distribution data on the end of filling was recorded, for further numerical simulation of casting solidification process which provided an accurate initial condition. Rajiv Kumar N | Umar Ahamed P | Mohamed Anwar A U "CFD Analysis of Fluid Flow in Sand Casting" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21553.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/21553/cfd-analysis-of-fluid-flow-in-sand-casting/rajiv-kumar-n
177 Impact of Employee Cadre towards Performance Management Outcomes An Empirical Study , P Madhavi Lakshmi | R Sireesha
The term performance management Performance management process is used to communicate organizational goals and objectives, reinforce individual accountability for meeting those goals, and track and evaluate individual and organizational performance results. It reflects a partnership in which mangers share responsibility for developing their employees in such a way that enables employees to make contributions to the organization. It is clearly defined process for managing people that will result in success for both the individual and the organization. An organization with good performance management system might have high productivity and profitability than the organizations having poor performance management system. Managing employee's performance is the key objective of establishing systematic Performance Management system in an organization. Also the performance management system may directly or indirectly relate to the job satisfaction or morale of employee. By providing better performance system to employees many organizations are striving hard to develop the organizational performance along with the individual development by providing great work place culture, employee development programs to the level of employee to raise productivity and daily performances, encouraging participative environment. Problem Statement By understanding the various articles which are published on performance management, it is found that the employees were facing certain difficulties by the working of performance management system. By knowing this problem this study is mainly focused on the factors that show impact on employee cadre towards performance outcomes so that the organizations can focus on those areas to develop the performance level among their employees. Research Methodology This study is carried down by using sample questionnaire and personnel interview among employees of selected government organization. The empirical study has been made by using the statistical tool called ANOVA to know the extent of impact of employee cadre towards performance outcomes. In this study certain factors have been identified which are Employee development Shared work place and communication Benefits in the form of rewards and incentives Employee motivation P Madhavi Lakshmi | R Sireesha "Impact of Employee Cadre towards Performance Management Outcomes: An Empirical Study" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21537.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/hrm-and-retail-business/21537/impact-of-employee-cadre-towards-performance-management-outcomes-an-empirical-study/p-madhavi-lakshmi
178 A Scrutiny on Differential Calculus in Criminology and Forensic Science , S. SathyaPriya | R. Ramya Priya | R. Deepa
Using mathematical methods to understand and model crime is a recent idea that has drawn considerable attention from researchers during those years. From the plethora of models that have been proposed, perhaps the most successful one has been a diffusion-type differential equations model that describes how the number of criminals evolves in a specific area. We propose a more detailed form of this model that allows for two distinct criminal types associated with major and minor crime. Newton's Law of Cooling also supports the models potential to describe crime. S. SathyaPriya | R. Ramya Priya | R. Deepa "A Scrutiny on Differential Calculus in Criminology and Forensic Science" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21540.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21540/a-scrutiny-on-differential-calculus-in-criminology-and-forensic-science/s-sathyapriya
179 Effect of Audit Quality on the Financial Performance of Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria , Muotolu, Peace Chikwemma | E. O. Nwadialor
This study investigated the effect of audit quality on the financial performance of deposit money banks in Nigeria. The Ex-post Facto research design was adopted. The Judgmental sampling was adopted to selected 14 from the 22 listed Deposit Money Banks on the Nigerian Stock Exchange. The data collected from annual reports and accounts of deposit money banks were analyzed using the simple regression and correlation analyses. Findings f revealed that Audit Committee Size ACSIZ has a positive but insignificant effect on the financial performance of deposit money banks in Nigeria. Audit Committee Independence ACIND and Audit Committee Meetings ACM both have a negative and insignificant effect on the financial performance of quoted deposit money banks in Nigeria while Auditor's Size BIG4A has a positive and statistically significant effect on the financial performance of quoted banks in Nigeria. Based on this, the study recommended among others that the management of the deposit money banks in Nigeria should employ the services of one of the big audit firms and where this is not possible, go for an audit firm whose character and integrity is beyond question. Muotolu, Peace Chikwemma | E. O. Nwadialor "Effect of Audit Quality on the Financial Performance of Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21557.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/accounting-and-finance/21557/effect-of-audit-quality-on-the-financial-performance-of-deposit-money-banks-in-nigeria/muotolu-peace-chikwemma
180 Biosorption studies of lead II from aqueous solution by immobilized Sugarcane bagasse Saccharum officinarum L. onto alginate Polvinyl glutaraldehyde , Anukthi C Poojari | Satish A. Bhalerao
The effectiveness of low-cost biosorbent immobilized Sugarcane bagasse Saccharum officinarum L. onto alginate Polvinyl glutaraldehyde, was studied for Lead II biosorption from aqueous solutions in a batch system. The FTIR study of acid treated biosorbent showed that the possibility of availability of function groups such as hydroxyl, carbonyl, carboxylic etc. The SEM represents a porous structure with large surface area.XRD used for phase identification of a crystalline material The effects of operational factors including solution pH, biosorbent dose, initial chromium VI concentration, contact time and temperature were studied. The equilibrium isotherm data were comparing by using the Langmuir, Freundlich, DKR and Temkin adsorption isotherm models in which Langmuir isotherm was found to be fitted best. The Kinetics of sorption of Lead II were described by a pseudo-First-order kinetic, pseudo kinetic, Elovich and Weber and Morris intra diffusion model in which pseudo second order model was found to be fitted best. Thermodynamic studies were also carried out. The results showed that immobilized sugarcane baggase Saccharum officinarum L. alginate Polvinyl glutaraldehyde beads was a low-cost capable sorbent to seize Lead II from wastewater. Anukthi C Poojari | Satish A. Bhalerao "Biosorption studies of lead (II) from aqueous solution by immobilized Sugarcane bagasse (Saccharum officinarum L.) onto alginate Polvinyl glutaraldehyde" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21554.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/biological-science/botany/21554/biosorption-studies-of--lead-ii-from-aqueous-solution-by--immobilized-sugarcane-bagasse-saccharum-officinarum-l-onto-alginate-polvinyl-glutaraldehyde/anukthi-c-poojari
181 Multiple Method Development and Validation for Simultaneous Estimation of Chlorzoxazone and Nimesulide in Bulk and Pharmaceutical Dosage Form , Swetha Yarramsetti | A. Elphine Prabahar | Rama Rao Nadendla
A simple, precise and accurate multiple analytical method has been developed for the simultaneous estimation of Chlorzoxazone and Nimesulide in bulk and tablet formulations by reversed-phase liquid chromatographic and UV-Visible spectrophotometric techniques. The chromatographic separation was achieved on C18 analytical column. A mixture of Methanol 0.1 Ortho-phosphoric acid 75 25 was used as mobile phase, at a flow rate of 1mL min and detection wavelength at 295 nm. The retention time of Chlorzoxazone and Nimesulide was found to be 4.69 and 5.45 min respectively. The linear dynamic ranges for HPLC were from 2-10 µg mL and for simultaneous equation method, derivative spectroscopy, Q-ratio Absorbance method, Dual wavelength it was 10-30 µg mL for both Chlorzoxazone and Nimesulide. The percentage recovery obtained for Chlorzoxazone and Nimesulide were 100.93 and 102.19 respectively for RP-HPLC, 9.7 and 100.1 for simultaneous equation method of CZ and NIM respectively, 99.97 and 99.78 for derivative spectroscopy of CZ and NIM respectively, 101.37 and 99.48 for Q-ratio Absorbance method of CZ and NIM respectively, 100.13 and 99.96 for dual wavelength method of CZ and NIM respectively. The validation of the proposed methods were carried out for linearity, accuracy, precision, limit of detection, limit of quantitation and robustness. The developed method can be used for routine quality control analysis of titled drugs in combination in tablet formulation. Swetha Yarramsetti | A. Elphine Prabahar | Rama Rao Nadendla "Multiple Method Development and Validation for Simultaneous Estimation of Chlorzoxazone and Nimesulide in Bulk and Pharmaceutical Dosage Form" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21503.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/pharmacy/analytical-chemistry/21503/multiple-method-development-and-validation-for--simultaneous-estimation-of-chlorzoxazone-and--nimesulide-in-bulk-and-pharmaceutical-dosage-form/swetha-yarramsetti
182 A Study on Customer Purchasing Behaviour on Durable Goods in Kukatpally, Hyderabad , Dr. E. Murali Darshan | Boosa Ravi Teja
The consumer durable goods industry is operating in a highly competitive, complex and rapidly changing business environment. The consumer buying preferences are rapidly changing and moving towards high-end technology products. Products which were once considered luxury items have become a necessity because of the changing lifestyle and rising income levels. The consumer is brand-conscious, but not necessarily brand-loyal. Buyers tend to exhibit different types of buying behavior when they are in the process of purchasing goods and services and the behaviors witnessed are influenced by the type of product he she wants to buy. It is a very long process where the consumer makes the final decision whether or not to buy the product. This is called buying decision making. There are various factors which influence consumer decision making which include demographic socio-economic and cultural status etc. The major factors that affect consumer buying behavior are age, gender, income, social influence. In addition, from the product side price, durability, brand name, product features, after sales service etc., may also have a great impact on decision making. This project deals with the study on the factors that affect the consumer purchase behavior on Durable goods. This study is helpful for both business firm to maintain good customer relationship and for the consumer also as he need not look for more alternatives. Dr. E. Murali Darshan | Boosa Ravi Teja "A Study on Customer Purchasing Behaviour on Durable Goods in Kukatpally, Hyderabad" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21493.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/consumer-behaviour/21493/a-study-on-customer-purchasing-behaviour-on-durable-goods-in-kukatpally-hyderabad/dr-e-murali-darshan
183 Social Media Analysis using Optimized K-Means Clustering , K. Madhuri | Mr. K. Srinivasa Rao
Now a day's social media place an important role for sharing human social behaviors and participation of multi users in the network. The social media will create opportunity for study human social behavior to analyze large amount of data streams. In this social media one of the interesting problems is users will introduce some issues and discuss those issues in the social media. So that those discuss will contain positive or negative attitudes of each user in the social network. By taking those problems we can consider formal interpretation social media logs and also take the sharing of information that can spread person to person in the social media. Once the social media of user information is parsed in the network and identified relationship of network can be applied group of different types of data mining techniques. However, the appropriate granularity of user communities and their behavior is hardly captured by existing methods. In this paper we are proposed optimized fuzzy means clustering algorithm for grouping related information. By implementing this algorithm we can get best group result and also reduce time complexity for generating cluster groups. The main goal of our proposed framework is twofold for overcome existing problems. By implementing our approach will be very scalable and optimized for real time clustering of social media. K. Madhuri | Mr. K. Srinivasa Rao "Social Media Analysis using Optimized K-Means Clustering" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21558.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/world-wide-web/21558/social-media-analysis-using-optimized-k-means-clustering/k-madhuri
184 A Smart Association Rule Bit Vector Matrix for Mining Behavioral Patterns from Wireless Sensor Network , Uppada Venkateswara Rao | Dr. Somaraju Mouli
Now a day's wireless sensor network interesting research area for discovering behavioral patterns wireless sensor network can be used for predicting the source of future events. By knowing the source of future event, we can detect the faulty nodes easily from the network. Behavioral patterns also can identify a set of temporally correlated sensors. This knowledge can be helpful to overcome the undesirable effects e.g., missed reading of the unreliable wireless communications. It may be also useful in resource management process by deciding which nodes can be switched safely to a sleep mode without affecting the coverage of the network. Association rule mining is the one of the most useful technique for finding behavioral patterns from wireless sensor network. Data mining techniques have recent years received a great deal of attention to extract interesting behavioral patterns from sensors data stream. One of the techniques for data mining is tree structure for mining behavioral patterns from wireless sensor network. By implementing the tree structure will face the problem of time taking for finding frequent patterns. By overcome that problem we are implementing associated correlated bit vector matrix for finding behavioral patterns of nodes in a wireless sensor network. By implementing this concept Uppada Venkateswara Rao | Dr. Somaraju Mouli "A Smart Association Rule Bit Vector Matrix for Mining Behavioral Patterns from Wireless Sensor Network" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21560.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/computer-network/21560/a-smart-association-rule-bit-vector-matrix-for-mining-behavioral-patterns-from-wireless-sensor-network/uppada-venkateswara-rao
185 A Tree Structure for Mining Behavioral Patterns from Wireless , Nandigam Srinivas | Mr. Simma Seshagiri
Now a day's wireless sensor network interesting research area for discovering behavioral patterns wireless sensor network can be used for predicting the source of future events. By knowing the source of future event, we can detect the faulty nodes easily from the network. Behavioral patterns also can identify a set of temporally correlated sensors. This knowledge can be helpful to overcome the undesirable effects e.g., missed reading of the unreliable wireless communications. It may be also useful in resource management process by deciding which nodes can be switched safely to a sleep mode without affecting the coverage of the network. Association rule mining is the one of the most useful technique for finding behavioral patterns from wireless sensor network. Data mining techniques have recent years received a great deal of attention to extract interesting behavioral patterns from sensors data stream. One of the techniques for data mining is tree structure for mining behavioral patterns from wireless sensor network. By implementing the tree structure will face the problem of time taking for finding frequent patterns. By overcome that problem we are implementing associated correlated bit vector matrix for finding behavioral patterns of nodes in a wireless sensor network. By implementing this concept Nandigam Srinivas | Mr. Simma Seshagiri "A Tree Structure for Mining Behavioral Patterns from Wireless" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21561.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/computer-network/21561/a-tree-structure-for-mining-behavioral-patterns-from-wireless/nandigam-srinivas
186 An Identity-Based Mutual Authentication with Key Agreement , B. V. S. Manikya Rao | Y. Triveni
Now days mobile networks are rapid development by performing the e-commerce transaction such as online shopping, internet banking and e- payment. So that to provide secure communication, authentication and key agreement is important issue in the mobile networks. Hence, schemes for authentication and key agreement have been studied widely. So that to provide efficient and more secure techniques is necessary. In this paper we are proposed random prime order key agreement protocol proposed for authentication and key agreement. Another technique is used to provide security of transferred data using key xor data transpose technique. By using this technique, we provide more security and more efficiency for transferring data. B. V. S. Manikya Rao | Y. Triveni "An Identity-Based Mutual Authentication with Key Agreement" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21562.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/computer-security/21562/an-identity-based-mutual-authentication-with-key-agreement/b-v-s-manikya-rao
187 Cloud Cryptography , Padmapriya I | Ragini H
Cloud computing is the emerging trend in today's world. Cloud computing is not a separate technology, it is platform which provides platform as a service, Infrastructure as a service and Software as a service. The most important thing with cloud is that we hire everything from a third party or store our important data's in a third parties place .Here comes the major issue of how our data's are secured. In this paper, we discuss about how to protect our data's in the cloud with various cryptographic techniques. Padmapriya I | Ragini H "Cloud Cryptography" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21547.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/computer-network/21547/cloud-cryptography/padmapriya-i
188 Phylotype Analysis of Ralstonia Solanacearum Causing Bacterial wilt in Eggplants in Orissa in India , Rakesh Kumar | Ramachandran, E. | Koteshwar Yadav
Eggplant is prone to attack by several pests including bacteria, fungi, nematodes and insects. In this study, we have analyzed phylotype of bacterial wilt Ralstonia solanacearum infection in eggplant plants collected from Bhubaneswar Orissa in India. Bacterial wilt symptomatic five plant samples were collected from brinjal field in Bhubaneswar in 2016. The samples were macerated in sterile distilled water and grown on Kelman's triphenyltetrazolium chloride TZC agar media. Total genomic DNA of the bacterium were extracted and subjected to PCR amplification using the R. solanacearum specific universal primer pair 759 760. An expected single 280 bp fragment amplified in all the samples confirmed the identity of these as Ralstonia. To reconfirmed isolate of bacterium, the amplicon was sequenced in sequencer. In NCBI blast, the nucleotide sequence was 100 similar with Ralstonia solanacearum strain RS lpxC DOB 1 AB910593 and the sequence was submitted in NCBI database under Acc. No. KY393266. To determined phylotype of strain used specific multiplex PCR with phylotype specific primers Nmult 21F1 2, Nmult 22InF, Nmult 23AF, Nmult 22RR revealed that all the five infected samples belonged to phylotype I as a 144 bp amplicon were observed in agarose gel. On the basis of above finding concluded that the bacterial wilt infected eggplant collected from Bhubaneswar was Ralostonia solanacearum,   BY Phylotype I. Rakesh Kumar | Ramachandran, E. | Koteshwar Yadav "Phylotype Analysis of Ralstonia Solanacearum Causing Bacterial wilt in Eggplants in Orissa in India"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21580.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/biological-science/microbiology/21580/phylotype-analysis-of-ralstonia-solanacearum-causing-bacterial-wilt-in-eggplants-in-orissa-in-india/rakesh-kumar
189 Analysis of Imbalanced Classification Algorithms A Perspective View , Priyanka Singh | Prof. Avinash Sharma
Classification of data has become an important research area. The process of classifying documents into predefined categories Unbalanced data set, a problem often found in real world application, can cause seriously negative effect on classification performance of machine learning algorithms. There have been many attempts at dealing with classification of unbalanced data sets. In this paper we present a brief review of existing solutions to the class-imbalance problem proposed both at the data and algorithmic levels. Even though a common practice to handle the problem of imbalanced data is to rebalance them artificially by oversampling and or under-sampling, some researchers proved that modified support vector machine, rough set based minority class oriented rule learning methods, cost sensitive classifier perform good on imbalanced data set. We observed that current research in imbalance data problem is moving to hybrid algorithms. Priyanka Singh | Prof. Avinash Sharma "Analysis of Imbalanced Classification Algorithms: A Perspective View" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21574.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/21574/analysis-of-imbalanced-classification-algorithms-a-perspective-view/priyanka-singh
190 Design and Analysis of a Multiple Cutting Hacksaw Automatic Machine , Hemant Singh Raghuwanshi
A hacksaw is a fine-toothed saw, mostly utilized in reason for cutting metal. Hacksaw can likewise be utilized to cut different materials for instance plastic material PVC pipes and pipe installations and wooden materials with them. There are two sort in particular, hand saw forms and fueled variants control hacksaws . Practically every one of the hacksaws are hand saws with a C-formed edge that holds an edge under strain with the maintenance screw. Such hacksaws have a handle, normally made of a wooden grasp, with pins for appending a restricted expendable hacksaw sharp edge. The bleeding edge of a saw is either a serrated sharp edge like teethes. The casings have additionally arrangement for acclimating to oblige sharp edges having distinctive lengths. A screw or other system is utilized to put the slender edge under strain. Hemant Singh Raghuwanshi "Design & Analysis of a Multiple Cutting Hacksaw Automatic Machine" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21543.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/21543/design-and-analysis-of-a-multiple-cutting-hacksaw-automatic-machine/hemant-singh-raghuwanshi
191 Business Analytics using Microsoft Power BI and AWS Redshift , Prashant Dutta
A Data-Warehouse is a repository that fetches data from many diverse sources within an organization for Business-Reporting and Business-Analysis. The reports created from intricate queries within a Data-Warehouse are used to improve business process, make optimal judgements, and even announce viable advantages. Since the Organizational Data is increasing exponentially day by day hence in-house Data warehouse is getting obsolete and a new concept of Cloud Based Data Warehouse is emerging. The leading player in this cloud based Data-Warehouse is AWS Redshift. After the data is collated inside the Data-Warehouse, the next step is to retrieve some analytical data and use it to boost business acumen and subsequently increase business revenue and efficiency. The above business analytics can be performed using various tools. The market leader in this regard is Microsoft Power BI. In this paper, we will try to analyze the working of Microsoft Power BI in coordination with AWS Redshift. Prashant Dutta "Business Analytics using Microsoft Power BI and AWS Redshift" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21545.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/21545/business-analytics-using-microsoft-power-bi-and-aws-redshift/prashant-dutta
192 Study on Coping Strategies and Factors Associated with Stress, Among Nurses Working in Intensive Care Unit, New Delhi, India , Sunil Kumar Sondhi | Tarika Sharma | Dr. Anjana Williams
Nursing professionals working in Intensive Care Units are challenged with high level of stress evolving due to critical condition of patients as well as urgency in decision making at life threatening situations. This makes Intensive Care Units more stressful place for working. Stress affects the emotional status which results into negative feelings hindering the care provided to patients. Study aimed to assess Coping strategies and factors associated with stress among staff nurses. Results showed the major coping strategies were used by the nurses including positive reappraisal, accepting responsibility and escape avoidance. Confronting coping was least used by the nurses. Factors like positive support and healthy work environment made level of stress less among nurses working in intensive units. Sunil Kumar Sondhi | Tarika Sharma | Dr. Anjana Williams "Study on Coping Strategies and Factors Associated with Stress, Among Nurses Working in Intensive Care Unit, New Delhi, India" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21551.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/medicine/nursing/21551/study-on-coping-strategies-and-factors-associated-with-stress-among-nurses-working-in-intensive-care-unit-new-delhi-india/sunil-kumar-sondhi
193 Comparing Methods of Estimating Missing Values in One-Way Analysis of Variance , Eze, Francis Chkwuemeka | Chukwunenye, Victor Gozie
It is obvious that the treatment of missing data has been an issue in statistics for some time now, and hence has started gaining the attention of researchers. This paper established the various methods usable in estimating missing values, determined which of the methods is the best in estimating missing values in one-way analysis of variance ANOVA , determined at which percentage level of Missingness is the method best and verified the effect of missing values on the statistical power and non-centrality parameters in one-way ANOVA. The methods examined are Pairwise Deletion PD , Mean Substitution MS , Regression Estimation RE , Multiple Imputation MI and Expectation Maximization EM . Mean Square Errors MSEs , that is variances of the methods were compared. It was found that MS had the least variance at 5, 10, 15, and 25 percent levels of Missingness while EM had the least variance at 20 percent Missingness level. PD method yielded the least statistical power at all the percentage levels of Missingness. Non-centrality parameters increased with increasing percentage level of Missingness and it was also found that at 25 percent level of Missingness after 20 percent , the statistical power started to reduce. EM method was recommended since MS yielded the least MSEs because of its limitations. Meanwhile PD should not be an option while dealing with missing data in one - way ANOVA due to loss of statistical power and possibly increased MSE. Eze, Francis Chkwuemeka | Chukwunenye, Victor Gozie "Comparing Methods of Estimating Missing Values in One-Way Analysis of Variance" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd18599.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/mathemetics/statistics/18599/comparing-methods-of-estimating-missing-values-in-one-way-analysis-of-variance/eze-francis-chkwuemeka
194 A Study on Beta Analysis of Banking Sectors Listed in NSE , B. Nisha
The Reserve Bank of India RBI is Indias central bank. Though public sector banks currently dominate the banking industry, numerous private and foreign banks exist. Indias government-owned banks dominate the market. Their performance has been mixed, with a few being consistently profitable. Several public sector banks are being restructured, and in some the government either already has or will reduce its ownership. India has an extensive banking network, in both urban and rural areas. All large Indian banks are nationalized, and all Indian financial institutions are in the public sector. The RBI has granted operating approval to a few privately owned domestic banks of these many commenced banking business. Foreign banks operate more than 150 branches in India. B. Nisha "A Study on Beta Analysis of Banking Sectors Listed in NSE" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd18978.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/other/18978/a-study-on-beta-analysis-of-banking-sectors-listed-in-nse/b-nisha
195 Challenges and Opportunities of Global Entrepreneurship and its Impact on Developing Country , Ms. N. Paramesswari
Global entrepreneurship is considered to be a characteristic which should be found in a global leader. Global entrepreneurs are those individuals who have global knowledge and understanding along with a global network which they use to identify transnational prospects to utilize in to value creating endeavors. Not all global entrepreneurs belong to profit making businesses many are excelling in the non-profit world too where they are creating global social enterprises. Some global leaders use global intrapreneurship, where they consume their efforts from within organizations and create more value and global prospects for it Hisrich, 2010 . This research paper will discuss the opportunities and challenges of global entrepreneurship using secondary research data and carrying out a content analysis on how global entrepreneurship is practiced. There are many opportunities that are present in global entrepreneurship for the leader who is operating in and searching for new international markets for their products. The biggest opportunity for the entrepreneur is that the sales of the business or product will likely increase as new markets in the international arena will be explored and this will eventually lead to more growth and profitability. This also helps in decreasing the dependence on the shops of the home country and gives the opportunity to explore a whole new marker of customers with different variety of tastes and demands. Ms. N. Paramesswari "Challenges and Opportunities of Global Entrepreneurship and its Impact on Developing Country" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd18945.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/general-management/18945/challenges-and-opportunities-of-global-entrepreneurship-and-its-impact-on-developing-country/ms-n-paramesswari
196 Parents Sex Differentiated Behaviours and Adolescent Girls' Educational Achievement and Career Interests in Lebialem Division, South West Region of Cameroon , Efuetngwa Diana Fobellah. Ph.D. | Njungwa Zinkeng Martina. Ph.D.
This study examines the relationship between parents' sex differentiated behaviour and adolescent girls' educational achievement and career interest in Lebialem Division. The sample comprised 652 adolescents selected from nine secondary schools in Lebialem Division. Data collected were subjected to descriptive and inferential statistical analysis using the statistical package for the social science SPSS . The Results revealed "There is a significant relationship between parents' sex differentiated behaviour and adolescent girls' educational achievement and career interests. Based on this result, some recommendations were made parents who are the earliest and most sustained source of contact with the children should be aware of the dangers involved in discriminating between their sons and daughters when education and career choice are concerned. They parents may be able to socialize the children in gender fair manner, send both boys and girls to school, and reduce the work load for girls at home so as to enable them have more time for studies like their brothers. Efuetngwa Diana Fobellah. Ph.D. | Njungwa Zinkeng Martina. Ph.D. "Parents Sex Differentiated Behaviours and Adolescent Girls' Educational Achievement and Career Interests in Lebialem Division, South West Region of Cameroon" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21584.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/21584/parents-sex-differentiated-behaviours-and-adolescent-girls’-educational-achievement-and-career-interests-in-lebialem-division-south-west-region-of-cameroon/efuetngwa-diana-fobellah-phd
197 The Role of NSCDC in Crime Prevention in Nigeria Conceptual and Emperical Analysis , Usman Suleiman Sarki | Mansur Ya'u
Peace is necessary for the development of any society because no society can develop in the state of conflict and insecurity. Despite the fact that all society are characterized with crime, the need to prevent and control crime in the society has become necessary which lead to the establishment of both formal and informal by the society in order to control the menace of crime and help society achieved social order. The issue of safety of lives and property of the citizens in Nigeria is obviously increasing despite the presence of the formal law enforcement agencies such as the Nigerian police force. In an efforts to curtail the increase rate of crime in the country, the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria provide for the establishment of more security agencies such as the Nigerian Security and Civil Defence Corps NSCDC in order to prevent menace of crime in the society. Against this background, this paper empirically analyze the role of Nigerian Security and Civil Defence Corps NSCDC in preventing crime in Nigeria with a view assess its achievements and challenges so as to proffer more ways of enhancing its performance in crime prevention. Usman Suleiman Sarki | Mansur Ya'u "The Role of NSCDC in Crime Prevention in Nigeria: Conceptual and Emperical Analysis" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21585.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/sociology/21585/the-role-of-nscdc-in-crime-prevention-in-nigeria-conceptual-and-emperical-analysis/usman-suleiman-sarki
198 Discourse and Dissent in the Coverage of Hyderabad Blasts by the Leading Indian English Dailies , Saima Riyaz | Dr Aaliya Ahmed
Print media is a mass media that serves as a vigilant watchdog in a society. It analyses the latest policies of the government and builds up public opinion, and works as a bridge between people and the government. Media has the power to generate a specific reaction from the public by the way a news story is portrayed. Newspapers have a significant impact on public perception of violent crime, far more than any other news source Paulsen, 2002 . During a conflict, the media plays a crucial role in shaping perception. The ways media constructs discourse vis a vis terrorist attacks needs to be recognized. “The credibility of media messages, their sources, and the messengers communicating those messages, as well as the context within which the messages are delivered, all mediate the influence of news on consumers” Baum and Groeling, 2009 . Since the terrorist attacks, in addition to involving perpetrators and victims, also involves the audience. It can be said that the way news about the attacks is covered has an influence on how the masses perceive the incident. Such attacks have become a common occurrence, however, the focus of the current study is to analyze the discourse that has been generated by the media in the coverage of the Hyderabad blasts. The study also analyses the dissent in Indian print media by analyzing the reportage of the Hyderabad blasts by the four leading Indian English newspapers.   BYSaima Riyaz | Dr Aaliya Ahmed "Discourse and Dissent in the Coverage of Hyderabad Blasts by the Leading Indian English Dailies"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21609.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/journalism/21609/discourse-and-dissent-in-the-coverage-of-hyderabad-blasts-by-the-leading-indian-english-dailies/saima-riyaz
199 The Role of Human Resource Accounting for Gaining Competitive Advantage , Supriya. Gk
Human resource accounting is the accounting methods, systems, and techniques, which coupled with special knowledge and ability, assist personnel management in the valuation of personnel in their knowledge, ability and motivation in the same organization as well as from organization to organization. The Human Resource Audit is an organized official process, which is designed to investigate the strategies, policies, procedures, documentation, structure, systems and practices with respect to the organizations human resource management. Human resource accounting and auditing helps management in identifying, measuring data and to audit human resource capital. Human resource accounting frames policies, procedures and various steps that is required for an organization. It is the measurement of the cost and value of human being to organization. It involves measuring costs incurred by private firms and public sectors to recruit, select, hire, train and develop employees and judge their economic value to the organization. Human resource audit is also a systematic formal process. Human resources are the people in an organization, so a human resources audit is a look at those people and the processes that put them in place to make sure the system is working efficiently. Human resource accounting and auditing are not legally binding in nature. The present paper focuses on the role and importance of Human resource accounting towards business competitiveness. The paper will also highlight the need, , benefits and challenges of Human resource accounting . Supriya. Gk "The Role of Human Resource Accounting for Gaining Competitive Advantage" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21555.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/accounting-and-finance/21555/the-role-of-human-resource-accounting-for-gaining-competitive-advantage/supriya-gk
200 Exterior Beam Column Joint An Assessment , Pramod Verma | Prof. Pratiksha Malviya
In a multi-storied building, the beam-column joint is one of the most critical regions. Usually the beam-column joint was considered as rigid frames. Various researchers over the past years indicated that the joint is not rigid. Now it is also stated that instead of the failure in beam and column, failure can also occur in joint hence joint must be considered as a structural member. The Indian standards define a joint as the portion of the column within the depth of the deepest beam that frames into the column. In framed structures the bending moment and shear forces are maximum at the junction area. So, beam column joint is one of the failure zones. Among the beam column joints, the exterior joint is more critical. The exterior beam column joint have been a study for about 30 years since now. Still there are many more to be understood. In the present work a building is designed in STAAD. Pro V8i and an exterior beam column joint is considered. This joint is modelled in NX CAD and imported to ANSYS to analyse it to derive the shear stress and the corresponding deformation. Pramod Verma | Prof. Pratiksha Malviya "Exterior Beam Column Joint: An Assessment" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21589.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/21589/exterior-beam-column-joint-an-assessment/pramod-verma
201 Why are Humans so Afraid of Insects , Vidya Jose
Fear of wild animals have been considered as an evolutionary adaptation for long period, because most of them are potential predators to humans. But less known is whether insects elicit similar fear in humans. In this paper an attempt is made to examine, if fear of insects in humans were similarly justified, that is if the excessive stigma associated with insects and entomophobia were related to the danger insects posed to humans, or not. This hypothesis was tested by examining the human response of fear owing to either disgust or perception of danger to real pictures of insects. The methodology followed in this study is critical analysis based on theoretical approach and survey by following the tools of questionnaire. Pictures of ten different type of insects were presented to 44 students who categorized each animal into one of the four groups based on the fear they had, fear of being bitten, fear of contamination, fear of infestation and disgust. In this research, systematic method is applied to find out the veracity of facts and their interrelations. Efforts are being made to attain relevant knowledge and to analyse research problem by means of collection, analysis, tabulation and interpretation of data, utilization of interdisciplinary approach by evaluation of behaviour and attitude of individuals by observation and pre-structured questionnaire. Apart from these, primary and secondary sources are utilized for this venture. The objective method has been applied for this perusal in order to expose the work, on a rational basis. The qualitative approach intensifies the nature of the methodology of this study. In sum, the study is analytical, and objective in nature. The results are analysed systematically and scientifically. Vidya Jose "Why are Humans so Afraid of Insects?" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21564.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/biological-science/other/21564/why-are-humans-so-afraid-of-insects/vidya-jose
202 Fatigue Life Prediction of Leaf Spring used in the Suspension System of Light Commercial Vehicle , B. M. Swami Punniakodi | N. Karthik
The fatigue is mostly the common cause of failure in most structural elements subjected to repeated and cyclic loads. This is mostly localized and takes place in elements of constant cyclic load application. This project deals with the fatigue in leaf spring carried out in spring steel 55SiMn90 to find the premature failure in the leaf spring due to variation in application of load. The spring is subjected to both tensile and compressive stress by means of fatigue testing machine. The leaf spring is obtained from the light commercial vehicle and it is subjected to varying stress until the failure occurs in the material. The results are obtained from the test specimen is evaluated to find its tensile and compressive strain. These values obtained will be helpful in analyzing the failure of the material subjected to reversed stress. It is also used for assistance to arrest the failure by implementing measures to culminate the effect of failure to certain extent. B. M. Swami Punniakodi | N. Karthik "Fatigue Life Prediction of Leaf Spring used in the Suspension System of Light Commercial Vehicle" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21573.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/21573/fatigue-life-prediction-of-leaf-spring-used-in-the-suspension-system-of-light-commercial-vehicle/b-m-swami-punniakodi
203 A Comprehensive Comparative Study of MOM for Adaptive Interoperability Communications in Service Oriented Architecture , Najhan Muhamad Ibrahim | Mohd Fadzil Hassan
Numerous software platforms have developed to support several application systems with a variety of techniques and solution. The communications between those platforms are required to ensure tasks distributed across different application systems. The collaboration between distinct application systems to grow, in tandem with the growth of SOA in which the resources of each SOA application might be developed and implemented using different standard and specification. Within this context, interoperability communications is significant to consolidate the optimization of these resources. Additionally, identifying the requirements attribute related to interoperability communications are the first step required in the development of interoperability communications. MOM can be considered as a tool for enabling the communications between distributed applications where the transaction or event notifications are delivered between distributed applications through the message. MOM provides a program to program connection by message passing. Most of the MOM environments are implemented using queued message store and forward capability, which is Message Queuing Middleware MQM . In addition, an adaptive interoperability communications can be defined as the computer system that enables self coordination to distribute computing resources and an adaptive to the new environment while hiding fundamental complexity from the operators and users. The intelligent system has the capability of self management to overcome the rapidly growing complexity in computing systems. The system makes decisions on its own by using the rules that have been identified. Intelligent system also provides an adaptive and dynamic environment for the process of communication. The framework of an intelligent system, fundamentally consists of intelligent elements. Each element performs a fixed function and interacting with other elements in a very dynamic environment.   BY Najhan Muhamad Ibrahim | Mohd Fadzil Hassan "A Comprehensive Comparative Study of MOM for Adaptive Interoperability Communications in Service Oriented Architecture"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21595.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/artificial-intelligence/21595/a-comprehensive-comparative-study-of-mom-for-adaptive-interoperability-communications-in-service-oriented-architecture/najhan-muhamad-ibrahim
204 Experimental Analysis of a Diesel Engine Run on Different Biodiesel Fuel Blends , Vidya Sagar Mishra | Dr. Nitin Tenguria
Ever increasing rate in the production of automotive vehicles and the significance of decreasing the pollutions in nature trigger numerous researches to find the alternative solution. Biodiesel has been considered a vital fuel for diesel engine view point. In the present study a single cylinder diesel engine was run fully on non-petroleum fuels blends. In this regard Jatropha methyl ester JME and waste transformer oil WTO were selected as a fuel for the replacement of diesel. diesel engines such as fuel direct injection method is used. The WTO at low percentages 10-40 at regular intervals of 10 on a volume basis , was blended with diesel, to get the fuel blends for the investigation. The performance and emission terms were compared, analyzed and presented in this article. Vidya Sagar Mishra | Dr. Nitin Tenguria "Experimental Analysis of a Diesel Engine Run on Different Biodiesel Fuel Blends" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21582.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/21582/experimental-analysis-of-a-diesel-engine-run-on-different-biodiesel-fuel-blends/vidya-sagar-mishra
205 Understanding Trend and Variation of Electrical Energy usage Among Students in the National University of Malaysia , Noorazuan Md Hashim | Muhammad Khaidir Bin Azmi | Yaakob Mohd Jani
The National University of Malaysia UKM is one of the prestige public university in Malaysia. Therefore, the University's management is always proactive in planning the best student facilities every year. The growth in electricity consumption and demand, however, has increased. Hence, this study aims to look at the comparison trend of electricity consumption of several colleges at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia and the daily consumption rate of electricity used. Generally, this study is based on a quantitative scientific exploration study where energy consumption information is measured based on actual records between August and October 2017. In addition, observation on energy consumption of the student is also conducted. The findings show that the range of utility cost ratio with the total of students is between 49.5 kWh student and 80.8 kWh student and the average energy consumption is around 65.2 kWh student. The findings reveal that there is an imbalanced in the trend of energy consumption among the college dwellers. Responses from the Khazanah and college management revealed the necessity to study in depth in particularly the operation and management factors that may have an impact on these significant differences. Generally, the findings of random observations in UKMs campus residential colleges have found that a small percentage of students do not concerned on energy savings. Electricity awareness and savings campaigns should be one of the students activities in the colleges. In addition, the Universitys managers also need to think of a comprehensive action plan that is in line with the needs of sustainable or green campus in the future.   BY Noorazuan Md Hashim | Muhammad Khaidir Bin Azmi | Yaakob Mohd Jani "Understanding Trend and Variation of Electrical Energy usage Among Students in the National University of Malaysia"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21586.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/enviormental-science/21586/understanding-trend-and-variation-of-electrical-energy-usage-among-students-in-the-national-university-of-malaysia/noorazuan-md-hashim
206 Adsorption Characteristics and Behaviors of Natural Red Clay for Removal of BY28 from Aqueous Solutions , Omer Lacin | Ali Haghighatnia | Fatih Demir | Fatih Sevim
The present study deals with the analysis and adsorption of Basic Yellow 28 BY28 onto low-cost natural red clay NRC . Adsorbent characterized by XRD, SEM, TG DTA, BET and BJH. The effect of the contact time, the temperature, the initial concentration, the pH and the adsorbent mass and on adsorption process were investigated using by batch adsorption technique and then the adsorption isotherm, kinetics, thermodynamics and equilibrium studies were performed. The pH effect on the removal of BY28 efficiency was not important. It was found that the isotherm model best suited to the equilibrium data obtained from the adsorption of BY28 on NRC was the pseudo-second order. It was found that the kinetic model best suited to the data obtained from the adsorption of BY28 on NRC was the Langmuir model. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacity was 370 mg. g-1. In the thermodynamic studies, it can be said that the adsorption of BY28 onto NRC takes place spontaneously, physically and endothermic ally. Finally, the use of NRC shows a greater potential for the removal of cationic dyes, as no costly equipment is required. Omer Lacin | Ali Haghighatnia | Fatih Demir | Fatih Sevim "Adsorption Characteristics and Behaviors of Natural Red Clay for Removal of BY28 from Aqueous Solutions" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21544.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/engineering-chemistry/21544/adsorption-characteristics-and-behaviors-of-natural-red-clay-for-removal-of-by28-from-aqueous-solutions/omer-lacin
207 Performance Enhancement of DC Load and Batteries in Photovoltaic System , Dr. N. Prakash
To avoid the pollution and to save the non conventional resources, use of renewable energy sources such as wind energy, bio gas, hydro and solar potential has increased and become essential to adopt a low cost generating system in remote areas. Besides the variety of energy sources, solar power advantages are easy to make apparent compared to other methods. For many years, solar energy is the series source of vast amounts of freely available energy, but modern technology has harnessed it. In this paper a proper battery charge controller used in the Standalone Photovoltaic PV system. The power is transfer to the dc load and manages storage level available in this proposed technique. From the PV array the maximum power is extracted by using three different methods. In this proposed technique ‘perturb and observe' and the ‘incremental conductance' control methods and algorithms are analyzed. The system modelling as well as simulation results are presented.   BYDr. N. Prakash "Performance Enhancement of DC Load and Batteries in Photovoltaic System"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21638.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/21638/performance-enhancement-of-dc-load-and-batteries-in-photovoltaic-system/dr-n-prakash
208 Flame Retardants Finish on Hand Mittens of Woollen Fabs , Mrs. D. Anitarachel | Abilash Kumar. B
Processes on fire resistance in the kitchen linen yields of 100 Woollen Fabrics were discussed. Evaluating the Woollen fabrics on kitchen products such as dining category on fire resistance are it is analyzed based on the result of using some techniques and usage of softeners the Products are Woollen Glove, Pot Holder and Oven Mitten, Flame retardant chemicals and natural minerals. There are many dangers in using cloths without fire resistance or fire proof flame retardant finishes in kitchen linens, and then selecting of fire resisted in cloth is worse and so by giving numerous tests with softeners such as oils, wax, tallow, soda ash, ammonia and organic phosphorous with Flame resisting chemicals. To obtain the kitchen linens sets such as hand towels, place mats, runners, napkins, pot holders, apron, oven mitts, table cloth, and chair pads with the softeners treatment. Mrs. D. Anitarachel | Abilash Kumar. B "Flame Retardants Finish on Hand Mittens of Woollen Fabs" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21570.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/medicine/other/21570/flame-retardants-finish-on-hand-mittens-of-woollen-fabs/mrs-d-anitarachel
209 Analysing Impact of Brand Image on Customer Preference A Comparative Study of Public and Private Sector Banks in Kumaun Region of Uttarakhand , Dr. Deepak Dhariyal | Mukesh Sharma
The modern age of banking constitutes the fundamental basis of economic growth. The term Bank is being used since long time. There was a time when dwellers of the city alone could enjoy their services. Now banks offer access to even a common man and their activities extend to areas seems too untouched. Banks cater to the needs of agriculturalists, industrialists, traders and to all the other sections of the society. In modern age, the banking constitutes the fundamental basis of economic growth. Thus, they accelerate the economic growth of a country and steer the wheels of the economy towards its goals. Every bank of both sectors is putting its best efforts to attract customers. Promotional mix is being used in high level to increase the number of service holders by each company. Service and customer support system is at its peak. This study aims to find the impact of brand image on customer preference of selecting a bank as well as to identify the most convenient and influencing factors which convinced customers to get associated with their banks as a customer. The sample of 20 is collected from various banks of Kumaun, Uttarakhand using the convenient sampling method. Data collected through the questionnaire has been given a proper code in MS Excel sheet and processed through the statistical software SPSS 16. Results show that there is a difference between the influencing factors of public and private sector banks along with a relation between brand name and their preferences.   BY Dr. Deepak Dhariyal | Mukesh Sharma "Analysing Impact of Brand Image on Customer Preference: A Comparative Study of Public and Private Sector Banks in Kumaun Region of Uttarakhand"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21404.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/consumer-behaviour/21404/analysing-impact-of-brand-image-on-customer-preference-a-comparative-study-of-public-and-private-sector-banks-in-kumaun-region-of-uttarakhand/dr-deepak-dhariyal
210 Social Media Marketing and Small Business , Ramandeep Kaur
Today, we are in 21st century and people do not find time to come and interact with each other. Social media helps in connecting themselves with social networking sites through which now people can stay far and yet remain connected. Social media also create a platform to post comment on any event which needs to be publicized and also can be utilized as a promotional technique. These days' Social media applications have become most efficient and effective tool for small business entrepreneurs because of cost effectiveness and almost all small businesses are using social media to advertise and market their products and services. They make fan pages for the followers and they welcome the suggestions and opinions which help in improving their business. The objective of this research paper is to find out the strategies which can be used by small business entrepreneurs and its impact on building their community strong enough to make marketing effective and initiative buying. Ramandeep Kaur "Social Media Marketing and Small Business" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21501.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/marketing/21501/social-media-marketing-and-small-business/ramandeep-kaur
211 Analysis of Heat Transfer for Solar Air Heater - A Perspective View , Shashi Shukla | Prof. H. S. Sahu
Solar air heater is one of the most valuable heat sources of energy with variety of applications such as industrial process heating, space heating, drying of fruits and vegetables, etc. It is renewable as well as pollution free for space heating and when it is used in commercial buildings or industries could be very expensive. The solar air heating is a process in which the radiant energy emitted from the sun is captured on an absorber plate and is used for space heating. Improvement in thermal performance of a solar air heater can be done by enhancing the heat transfer. Providing artificial roughness on a heat transferring surface is one of the methods for effective enhancement of heat transfer to fluid flow, the other is to introduce the copper wire mesh screen matrix and by passing the fluid through it. In this paper, reviews of heat transfer techniques with the use of Artificial Roughness Geometry and wire mesh in order to improve performance and the effect of various parameters of porous media like pitch, number of layers, bed depth, porosity, thermal conductivity, pitch to wire diameter ratio have been discussed. Shashi Shukla | Prof. H. S. Sahu "Analysis of Heat Transfer for Solar Air Heater - A Perspective View" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21612.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/21612/analysis-of-heat-transfer-for-solar-air-heater-–-a-perspective-view/shashi-shukla
212 Where is Home for the Abuja, Nigeria Urban Poor , Obiadi Bons N. | Onochie A. O. | Nzewi N. U.
Abuja faced the challenges like all the new nation's capital relocation, resettlement and development. Development was taken to areas which hitherto were not only generally sparsely populated but also contributed quite little to the national economies. The design concept and physical development of the new capitals have been underpinned by the theory and principles of “garden city” by Ebenezer Howard 1898 which influenced the building of Letchworth in 1902 and Welwyn in 1920 as new towns, dealing with urban poverty, inadequacy of housing and spatial integration. The present work aims to indicate, that Abuja, Nigeria, has not followed her Master Plan as a result, has not made provisions for adequate housing for the urban poor. The authors adopted content base analysis secondary data sources , where they carefully analyzed and interpreted works of other authors and used them in buttressing their points as applied to the issue at hand, “where is home for the Abuja urban poor ” Abuja, however, has not followed the urban development principles that guided both Letchworth and Welwyn. The Master Plan was abused, neglected and not followed. The Abuja urban design principles saw a lot of inconsistencies that result in Abuja urbanization, inadequacy of housing, urban poverty, etc. Informal land development provided shelter for Abuja urban poor.   BY Obiadi Bons N. | Onochie A. O. | Nzewi N. U. "Where is Home for the Abuja, Nigeria Urban Poor?"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21656.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/enviormental-science/21656/where-is-home-for-the-abuja-nigeria-urban-poor/obiadi-bons-n
213 Application of Modern Security Devices in Senior Secondary Schools A Tool for Addressing Safety Schools Management under Insurgency , Ibrahim Mohammed | Mohammed Goni Isa
This article focused attention on the application of modern security devices in senior secondary schools, as a strategy for reducing insurgent attacks in educational institutions in Nigeria. The study gave reference to the Northeast, where the Jama'atul Ahlil Sunnah Lidda'awati Wal Jihad popularly known as Boko Haram are terrorizing the population, destruction of school buildings and sometimes abduction of school students especially female students. Learning environments need constant protection from both internal and external threats to avoid loss of lives and properties. A safe school environment is free from physical or psychological harm. Therefore, the article emphasized the need to apply modern security devices, such as Closed Circuit Television, Scan Cards, Buzzer System, Surveillance Camera, Tracking Device, Intercom, and Computer, among others. These should be part of schools' operation in order to reduce the rate of attacks and delay the actions intended by the insurgents. The paper also highlighted the factors determining school location, types of security devices needed were also discussed, guiding principles in planning safe schools, and challenges to the planning. It also recommended that government should increase the allocation of funds in education sector, to enable the provision of security gadgets, constant training and regular supervision to ensure the conditions of these devices for safety and educational development. The article concludes that, modern security devices are neglected in most of Nigerian educational institutions of learning especially in Northeastern State where Boko Haram engaged in killing students, destroying schools and abduction of school students. Ibrahim Mohammed | Mohammed Goni Isa "Application of Modern Security Devices in Senior Secondary Schools: A Tool for Addressing Safety Schools Management under Insurgency" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21613.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/21613/application-of-modern-security-devices-in-senior-secondary-schools-a-tool-for-addressing--safety-schools-management-under-insurgency/ibrahim-mohammed
214 SWAYAM The Dream Initiative of India and its uses in Education , Chiranjit Majumder
Education is a prime element for the progress of any country. In the India, there are several challenges to give quality education, such as quality education resources lack . A massive wave of scope has knocked the door of constructive education in the forms of MOOCs which stands for Massive Open Online Courses. In distance education, MOOCs are of very recent origin, started somewhere in the mid of 2011. They are known as ‘massive' because they are available for the masses. These courses is fully taken through online aimed at unlimited participation and open access via the web. ‘Study Webs of Active Learning for Young Aspiring Minds' SWAYAM is an jointly initiative by Ministry of Human Resource Development MHRD and All India Council for Technical Education AICTE , Government of India to provide an integral teaching learning platform in online mode. SWAYAM is mobile and web based interactive open education interface where courses are found from high school to university level Government of India, 2015 . SWAYAM is designed to achieve the three primary principles of education policy such as, access, equity and quality. If digital devices like computers is included in the all schools, and institutions of India in future, the learners will be more benefited because they will get more quality of teaching from best institutions.   BY Chiranjit Majumder "SWAYAM: The Dream Initiative of India and its uses in Education"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21617.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/home-science/food-and-nutrition/21617/swayam-the-dream-initiative-of-india-and-its-uses-in-education/chiranjit-majumder
215 A Complete Reference for Informatica Power Center ETL Tool , Abhishek Gupta
today we are living in the world of data science, where we have to handle bulk amount of data to run any organization. To accomplish the goal of any organization it's mandatory to take right decision at the right time. For this data is maintained in the form of data ware housing and for the extract, transform and load majorly informatics power center tool is used by organization. So in this paper we have shared the complete informatics power center logics, that will be useful not only for organization's but also be useful for data scientists as a complete reference. Abhishek Gupta "A Complete Reference for Informatica Power Center ETL Tool" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd19045.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/19045/a-complete-reference-for-informatica-power-center-etl-tool/abhishek-gupta
216 Experience of Vascular Interventional Procedures of Adana Numune Research and Training Hospital , Abdurrahman Sönmezler | Semih Giray
Objective The aim of this study was to analyze our experiences of interventional procedures for diagnosis and treatment. Methods This study was performed retrospective between January 2016 and June 2016. 38 patients were included in this study in Neurology clinic of Adana Numune Research and Training Hospital. Results The mean age of the patients was 58.6. A number of males were 19. A number of females were 19. 21 55.3 of the patients underwent diagnostic angiography, 6 15.8 underwent stenting and 11 28.9 underwent thrombectomy or endovascular coiling operation. Conclusions The use of interventional neurological procedures is increasing. Interventional neurological procedures are very risky. But diagnosis and treatment options are very beneficial for well-selected patient groups. Experienced experts are needed. Investments should be made for the progression of neuro endovascular therapies in our country. Abdurrahman Sönmezler | Semih Giray "Experience of Vascular Interventional Procedures of Adana Numune Research and Training Hospital" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21597.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/medicine/other/21597/experience-of-vascular-interventional-procedures-of-adana-numune-research-and-training-hospital/abdurrahman-s%C3%B6nmezler
217 Study of FPGA Based Multi Channel Analyzer for Gamma Ray and X Ray Spectrometry , M. N. Islam | H. Akhter
Study of FPGA Based Multi channel Analyzer MCA for Gamma ray and X ray Spectroscopy has been presented in this article. For the systems, FPGA has been chosen as the central pulse processor. And NaI Tl scintillation counter, BF3 or Silicon Drift Detector followed by Voltage Preamplifier VPA or Fast Amplifier, Shaping Amplifier of 150 ns and 450 ns and high resolution ADC 8 12 bit, 50 MHz . Special features for the systems are Pulse Pile up Detection and Rejection, Clipping Pulses and Base line Restoration BLR . The system performance varies from 332 KCPS to 400 KCPS. Energy spectrum in the presence of 137Cs, 60Co, 232Th and broadband X ray beam by different nuclear detectors has been also presented.   BY M. N. Islam | H. Akhter "Study of FPGA Based Multi-Channel Analyzer for Gamma-Ray and X-Ray Spectrometry"    Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd19113.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/nuclear-engineering/19113/study-of-fpga-based-multi-channel-analyzer-for-gamma-ray-and-x-ray-spectrometry/m-n-islam
218 Sympathetic Skin Response in Children with Iron Deficiency Anemia , Abdurrahman Sönmezler | Mahmut Abuhandan | Tahir Kurtulus Yoldas | Yesim Oymak | Mustafa Çalik | Bülent Güzel | Hakim Çelik
BACKGROUND Iron deficiency anemia IDA is particularly high in children in developing countries .Sympathetic skin response SSR is a polysynaptic reflex, and its final efferent pathway involves pre- and post-ganglionic sympathetic sudomotor fibers that ultimately activate the sweat glands through sympathetic outflow . The aim of this study was to investigate whether IDA is involved in SSR. METHODS 24 patients 17 girls, 7 boys with IDA and 20 healthy children 11 girls, 9 boys were enrolled in the study. RESULTS Significant differences were observed between the palmar SSR results latency, ms of the patient and the control groups 1.09±0.24, 0.92±0.30, p= 0.048 . There was no correlation between ferritin levels and SSR results of the patient group p=0.65 . CONCLUSIONS The evidence from this preliminary study suggests that efferent C fibers of the sympathetic nervous system may not intact in IDA. The sudomotor autonomic function test may be useful to detect autonomic involvement earlier. Abdurrahman Sönmezler | Mahmut Abuhandan | Tahir Kurtulus Yoldas | Yesim Oymak | Mustafa Çalik | Bülent Güzel | Hakim Çelik "Sympathetic Skin Response in Children with Iron Deficiency Anemia" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21593.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/medicine/other/21593/sympathetic-skin-response-in-children-with-iron-deficiency-anemia/abdurrahman-s%C3%B6nmezler
219  The Invisible Eye , Ms. R. Selvapriya | Raghul. D
The main agenda of this work is to design advanced security with affordable and less complex system referred as “Invisible Eye”. In this modern era, property crimes are more predominant which necessitates developing an advanced security system. In order to overcome predominant and contagious crimes the researchers used the technology in a more efficient way to prevent the theft. This method uses sensors, cameras and AI systems to detect, capture and send information respectively to the cops.   BY Ms. R. Selvapriya | Raghul. D "The Invisible Eye"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21627.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/other/21627/the-invisible-eye/ms-r-selvapriya
220 Theoretical Study of Thermodynamic and Elastic Properties of Ti50Be34Zr16 BMG - A Pseudopotential Method , Alkesh L. Gandhi | Aditya M. Vora
Pseudo-Alloy atom model under pseudopotential concept is effectively exploited to determine the elastic and thermodynamic properties of a bulk metallic glass BMG . Such a study helps in finding novel applications of BMG. Here, the vibrational or phonon dynamics of BMG has been theoretically studied in terms of longitudinal and transverse mode of phonon eigen frequencies. The electron-ion interactions are represented by a well-established model potential with widely accepted local field correction functions. The computed results of the phonon dispersion curves PDC produce respective phononic nature in the amorphous glassy alloy. Alkesh L. Gandhi | Aditya M. Vora "Theoretical Study of Thermodynamic and Elastic Properties of Ti50Be34Zr16 BMG - A Pseudopotential Method" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21550.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/physics/computational-physics/21550/theoretical-study-of-thermodynamic-and-elastic-properties-of-ti50be34zr16-bmg-–-a-pseudopotential-method/alkesh-l-gandhi
221 Review Paper on Study on Properties of Black Cotton Soil using Stone Dust and Sisal Fiber , Wankhade Ashutosh Purushottam | Pratiksha Malviya
Soil is basic and important element in Civil Engineering field. Stability of every structure depends on the type and characteristics of foundation which in turn depends on the type of soil. Many problems irrupt if expansive soil, Natural soil is to be used in foundation, because of its shrinkage and swelling properties. There are many methods to make natural soil stable for various constructions. Natural soil is comfortable for road work, compared to other types of soil. There are two ways to enhance the quality of sub grade soil “Replacement of soil” or “Soil stabilization”. Soil stabilization can be done chemically or mechanically. Chemical stabilization is carried out by adding different chemicals in suitable proportion, while Mechanical stabilization is achieved by addition of admixtures which helps to improve the properties of soil. Wankhade Ashutosh Purushottam | Pratiksha Malviya "Review Paper on Study on Properties of Black Cotton Soil using Stone Dust and Sisal Fiber" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23537.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/23537/review-paper-on-study-on-properties-of-black-cotton-soil-using-stone-dust-and-sisal-fiber/wankhade-ashutosh-purushottam
222 Treating Migraine Ardhavbhedaka with Ayurveda A Single Case Study ,  Dr. Shyam Kumar Sah | Dr. Deeraj Bc | Ashwini Mj
Migraine is one of the most common neurovascular disabling disorders encountered in Shalakya practice. Migraine can be defined as a paroxysmal affection having a sudden onset accompanied by usually unilateral severe headache. In Ayurveda, Migraine is described as Ardhaavabhedhaka which is a major health issue among people of age group 20 to 50 years. According to WHO, migraine is the third most common disease in the world with an estimated global prevalence of 14.7 around 1 in 7 people .1 Chronic Migraine affects about 2 of world population2 with female and male ratio 3 1.3 The attack gives warning before it strikes black spots or a brilliant zigzag line appears before the eyes or the patient has blurring of vision or halos around the light, this type of headache is called headache with aura. It is also called as “sick headache” because nausea and vomiting occasionally accompany the excruciating pain which lasts for 4 to 5 hours. Ayurveda believes in treating the disease at its root cause from within. The present article is a case report of 27 years old male who visited ENT OPD at SDM college of Ayurveda and Hospital, Hassan, Karnataka with a known case of migraine since 6 years. The patient was treated with Ayurvedic managements both sodhana and shamana chikitsa, under IPD and then OPD basis for 2 months. The patient experienced no attack of migraine even within 2 months of interval. This helps to achieve complete curative and prophylactic management of migraine through Ayurveda. This article may aid a new treatment option among practitioners of new era where there is no permanent cure for migraine.   BY Dr. Shyam Kumar Sah | Dr. Deeraj Bc | Ashwini Mj "Treating Migraine (Ardhavbhedaka) with Ayurveda: A Single Case Study"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21556.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/medicine/ophthalmology/21556/treating-migraine-ardhavbhedaka-with-ayurveda-a-single-case-study/dr-shyam-kumar-sah
223 Review Paper on Properties of Concrete of by Partial Replacement of Sand and Cement with Copper Slag and Rice Ask Ash , Agnimesh Singh Tomar | Pratiksha Malviya
The value of concrete in present society cannot be underestimated. We can see concrete structures everywhere, such as buildings, roads, bridges, and dams. There is no escaping the impact concrete makes on your everyday life. Concrete is a composite material which is made up of filler and a binder. Typical concrete is a mixture of fine aggregate sand , coarse aggregate rock , cement, and water. Cement and lime are usually used as binding materials, while the sand binder is mixed as fine aggregates and crushed stones, gravel, broken bricks clinker is employed as coarse aggregates. The concrete having cement, sand and coarse aggregates mix up in an appropriate percentage in addition to water is called cement concrete. In this kind of concrete, cement is used as a binding substance, sand as fine aggregates and gravel, crushed stones as coarse aggregates. Agnimesh Singh Tomar | Pratiksha Malviya "Review Paper on Properties of Concrete of by Partial Replacement of Sand and Cement with Copper Slag and Rice Ask Ash" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23538.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/23538/review-paper-on-properties-of-concrete-of-by--partial-replacement-of-sand-and-cement--with-copper-slag-and-rice-ask-ash/agnimesh-singh-tomar
224 Study of Glutathione Peroxidase GPX Activity Among Betel Quid Chewers of Indian Population , Aniket Adhikari | Madhusnata De
Introduction Betel quid BQ chewing, a habit practiced in Eastern and North Eastern part of India, has known to be associated with cancer of the oral or buccal cavity. BQ is also one of the common mood elevating substances among Indian population. The BQ is a mixture of areca nut Areca catechu , catechu Acacia catechu and slaked lime calcium oxide and calcium hydroxide wrapped in a betel leaf Piper betel .BQ products have been classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer IARC as group I human carcinogens . Glutathione peroxidise GPx , one of the major enzymatic antioxidant defence system, responsible for scavenging free radicals. Antioxidant enzymes catalyze decomposition of ROS. Overall balance between production and removal of ROS may be more important in various cancers including OSCC Oral squamous cell carcinoma or oral cancer. Methods In this study subjects were screened from Department of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery andE.N.T. of Ramakrishna Mission Seva Pratishthan Hospital RKMSP , Kolkata and different areas of West Bengal and North Eastern states of India. Quantitative in vitro determination of glutathione peroxidase activities in whole blood were estimated manually with 0.05 ml whole blood. The samples were assayed by UV Visible Spectrophotometer SPECORD 50 PLUS at a wavelength of 340nm. Results Most of the subjects had betel quid chewing habit. Glutathione peroxidase values are higher in healthy control than Cancer cases and Pre cancer with betel quid chewing habit, which is statistically significant. Conclusion Reactive oxygen species are generated due to slaked lime, one of the important constituents of betel quid which can modulate the oral pathology and promote carcinogenesis.   BY Aniket Adhikari | Madhusnata De "Study of Glutathione Peroxidase (GPX) Activity Among Betel Quid Chewers of Indian Population"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21619.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/biological-science/biochemistry/21619/study-of-glutathione-peroxidase-gpx-activity-among-betel-quid-chewers-of-indian-population/aniket-adhikari
225 Novelty Governance Mechanisms to Govern Cameroon to Sustainable Peace, Prosperity and Thriving Growth , Maxwell N. Achu
Barbara Walter reportedly said 'old wars restarted by the same rebels after a period of peace’ a trend apparently common in the continent . According to Walter’s study 90 per cent of all civil wars by the year 2000, were repeated civil wars. What is the underlying defect Bad governance is at the core to such relapse in armed conflicts. By this, I wish to stress that, orthodox peace making procedure would not apply in the anglophone context as many of such complex armed conflicts was not solved by such peace making therapies rather, a re-modeling of governance strategies by the central government is the requirement through holistic peacebuilding programs. As Walter further stressed, civil wars are more likely to repeat themselves in countries where government elites are unaccountable to the public, where the public is hindered from absolute participation in the political life of the state, and where information is not transparent . 'It is not democracy or poverty per se’, she concluded, 'but very specific accountability mechanism that make countries more or less likely to experience repeat war’. This is core to governance, as I have illustrated below the link between the level of peacefulness a country enjoys and its governance mechanisms. This brings my earnest objective to the fore, which is to re-stimulate the seemingly bleak governance environment in Cameroon and make appropriate interventions through suggestions for the attention of the government in particular and the Cameroonian people in general. For this cause, I have elaborated on the reasons for Cameroon’s fragility and proposed resolutions and timely interventions to contribute in mitigating the rising risk that comes with fragility – violence. Given that the nation is already plagued with high levels of violence and the recent post-election violent environment, coupled with political instability, I have proposed some innovations along the lines of governance devices to prevent further escalation of violence and other forms of armed conflict. Whether governance mechanism succeed lies in the impartial and equitable commitment of policymakers in the implementation of pro-equity social policies, and solving the commitment problem is crucial to bind political power- players and policymakers to commit and deliver upon earmarked social and economic pledges. In all, my utmost desire is to see the improvement of development variables growing on the hinges of high quality governance, and set Cameroon on the stage to meet up global developmental goals, as the world becomes better for successful living. Ultimately, this would make Cameroon become more secure, peaceful, reduce violence containment expenditure as well as spur growth and macroeconomic development. Maxwell N. Achu "Novelty Governance Mechanisms to Govern Cameroon to Sustainable Peace, Prosperity and Thriving Growth" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21461.pdf   Paper URL:https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21461/novelty-governance-mechanisms-to-govern-cameroon-to-sustainable-peace-prosperity-and-thriving-growth/maxwell-n-achu
226 Cassava, Plantain and Moringa Grown in an Alfisol and their Resilience to Bush Fire in Eastern Nigeria , Asadu, C. L. A | B. O. Unagwu | A. G. O. Dixon | R. Okechukwu | P. Ilona | A. N. Asadu
Research on the resistance of cassava to fire is scarce because ordinarily researchers would not set their cassava farms on fire for such evaluation. Stems rendered useless by fire were commonly reported by farmers but no information on root yields and shoot regeneration. This study compared the superiority of two improved International Institute of Tropical Agriculture IITA cassava varieties “Yellow root” and “Agric” over plantain and moringa in a cassava plantain moringa intercropping arranged in a randomized complete block design at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Research Farm. The original aim was to compare the performances of the crops in the mixture. It was set on fire by unknown persons in early February 2018. Crop growth data were collected after six months. Less than 5 and 4 of plantain and moringa stands regenerated respectively. The stands appeared impoverished. More than 90 of both cassava varieties regenerated stems suitable for use as cuttings. Average fresh root yield obtained was 18.5 t ha 1 with Ëœ 95 marketable and only 5 rotten. The “Yellow root” gave significantly higher starch content 30.9 vs 19.7 than “Agric”. The root shoot ratio 3.35 vs 5.28 , fresh root weight 22.5 vs 14.5 t h1 and marketable root weight 21.61 vs 13.72 t ha1 for both varieties were statistically similar. This evaluation confirmed cassava as a better food security crop than plantain and more resilient to fire than both plantain and moringa. The two IITA improved varieties proved to be equally resilient to bush fire.   BY Asadu, C. L. A | B. O. Unagwu | A. G. O. Dixon | R. Okechukwu | P. Ilona | A. N. Asadu "Cassava, Plantain and Moringa Grown in an Alfisol and their Resilience to Bush Fire in Eastern Nigeria"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21664.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21664/cassava-plantain-and-moringa-grown-in-an-alfisol-and-their-resilience-to-bush-fire-in-eastern-nigeria/asadu-c-l-a
227 Socially Aware Device To Device Communications , Dhananjay Sinha | T. Lakshmi Kiran | Dr. L. Mary Gladence
Device to Device D2D correspondence is a basic part towards the appropriation of new ideal models, for example, edge and haze figuring. While a ton of work has shown the extraordinary capability of D2D correspondence, it is as yet vague whether the advantages of the D2D approach can truly be utilized by and by. It is contended that immediate correspondences worldview points of interest may not be completely caught without grasping the ideas of the social space. Following the blast of informal organizations and brilliant cell phones, social associations among versatile clients empower the advancement of D2D co tasks. Cell phones are a basic piece of our everyday life. We utilize cell phones for correspondence, amusement, social mindfulness, diversion. Here we focus on Social mindfulness as can be present moment and long haul. Present moment synchronous mindfulness is attention to a social circumstance at a specific minute. Long haul nonconcurrent mindfulness is consciousness of the social circumstance when all is said in done and over a specific timeframe. This commitment is put together both with respect to the writing study and on the experimental information gathered among particular social administration office. As the fundamental objective of this application is to contribute for a superior comprehension of the issue on supporting social mindfulness among the general public and to give a last arrangement of condition issue. Moment notice and refresh for the reasons of social issues to survive.   BY Dhananjay Sinha | T. Lakshmi Kiran | Dr. L. Mary Gladence "Socially-Aware Device-To-Device Communications"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21577.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/21577/socially-aware-device-to-device-communications/dhananjay-sinha
228 Design for Additively Manufactured Structure An Assessment , Deependra Sharma | Prof. Vivek Babele
The design of lightweight structures realized via additive manufacturing has been drawing considerable amount of attentions in academia and industries for a wide range of applications. However, various challenges remain for AM lightweight structures to be reliably used for these applications. For example, despite extensive advancement with geometric design, there still lacks adequate understanding with the process material property relationship of AM lightweight structures. In addition, a more integrated design approach must also be adopted in order to take non uniform material design into consideration. In our works, a design approach based on unit cell cellular structure was taken in the attempt to establish a comprehensive design methodology for lightweight structures. Analytical cellular models were established to provide computationally efficient property estimation, and various design factors such as size effect, stress concentration and joint angle effect were also investigated in order to provide additional design guidelines. In addition, it was also found that the geometry and microstructure of the cellular structures are dependent on both the process setup and the feature dimensions, which strongly support the argument to establish a multi scale hierarchical cellular design tool.   BY Deependra Sharma | Prof. Vivek Babele "Design for Additively Manufactured Structure: An Assessment"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21674.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/21674/design-for-additively-manufactured-structure-an-assessment/deependra-sharma
229 Comparative Study of Different Approaches for Measuring Difficulty Level of Question , Ayesha Pathan | Dr. Pravin Futane
Semantics based information representations such as ontologies are found to be very useful in repeatedly generating important factual questions. Formative the difficulty level Of these system generated questions is helpful to successfully make use of them in various learning and specialized applications. The accessible approaches for result the difficulty level of factual questions are very simple and are limited to a few basic principles. We suggest a new tactic for this problem by considering an edifying theory called Item Response Theory IRT . In the IRT, facts skill of end users learners are considered for assigning difficulty levels, because of the assumptions that a given question is apparent differently by learners of various proficiencies. We have done a detailed study on the features factors of a question statement which could perhaps determine its difficulty level for three learner categories experts, intermediates, and easy .   BY Ayesha Pathan | Dr. Pravin Futane "Comparative Study of Different Approaches for Measuring Difficulty Level of Question"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21532.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/21532/comparative-study-of-different-approaches-for-measuring-difficulty-level-of-question/ayesha-pathan
230 Real Time Implementation and Investigation of Wireless Device of Electrical Stimulation for Peripheral Nevers , Mrs. R. Ponni | S. Manisha | A. Monisha | G. Nandhini | R. Priyatharcini
Electrical nerve stimulation ENS is the delivery of electricity across the intact surface of the skin to activate underlying nerves generally with the objective of pain relief. Wearable Intensive Nerve Stimulation WINS is an emerging form of ENS in which the device is wearable, automated, and designed for intensive use. This enables regular use throughout the day and night, whenever the patient experiences pain, which is essential for the management of chronic pain. Hence we design and develop a wireless controlled smart tiny wearable medical device that is capable of passing electricity through underlying nerves of human beings for symptomatic relief and management of chronic pain. This project can be applicable for coma persons. When there is a slight improvement in their acceleration, this device will stimulate the peripheral nerves accordingly.   BY Mrs. R. Ponni | S. Manisha | A. Monisha | G. Nandhini | R. Priyatharcini "Real Time Implementation and Investigation of Wireless Device of Electrical Stimulation for Peripheral Nevers"    Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21672.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/21672/real-time-implementation-and-investigation-of-wireless-device-of-electrical-stimulation-for-peripheral-nevers/mrs-r-ponni
231 An Appraisal of the Features of Admiralty Jurisdiction under Maritime Law , Mantinkang FMantinkang Formbasso Lawrence (PhD)ormbasso LawrenceD
The operation of admiralty jurisdiction depends on well known features. Maritime lien being a historic feature of modern maritime law has its root in the medieval European lex maritime. This lien which arose by operation of law is a privilege claim on maritime property. Maritime claims given rise to maritime lien under the common law and civil law are greatly different in scope. Within the former legal system claims which give rise to maritime lien will include damage caused by a vessel, salvage, crew accrued wages, master's wages and disbursement. In addition to these claims, under the civil law system repairs to ships, supply of bunkers and other necessaries, stevedores' claim and damage to cargo can also give rise to maritime lien. Saisie conservatoire conservatory measure and quasi in rem are part of civil jurisdiction maritime practice and afford better security to a claimnt in a maritime dispute than does the mareva injunction under the common law jurisdiction where injunction is not a right. In maritime practice the possibility of conflict of laws cannot be eliminated. This is due to mobility of ships across international maritime boundaries. Claims in personam and claims in rem are also features which can give rise to a maritime dispute. The analysis of these three features constitutes the objective of the paper.   BY Mantinkang FMantinkang Formbasso Lawrence (PhD)ormbasso LawrenceD "An Appraisal of the Features of Admiralty Jurisdiction under Maritime Law"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21587.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21587/an-appraisal-of-the-features-of-admiralty-jurisdiction-under-maritime-law/mantinkang-fmantinkang-formbasso-lawrence-phdormbasso-lawrenced
232 Fake Product Review Monitoring System , Piyush Jain | Karan Chheda | Mihir Jain | Prachiti Lade
In the current scenario, the data on the web is growing exponentially. Social media is generating a large amount of data such as reviews, comments, and customer's opinions on a daily basis. This huge amount of user generated data is worthless unless some mining operations are applied to it. As there are a number of fake reviews so opinion mining technique should incorporate Spam detection to produce a genuine opinion. Nowadays, there are a number of people using social media opinions to create their call on shopping for product or service. Opinion Spam detection is an exhausting and hard problem as there are many faux or fake reviews that have been created by organizations or by the people for various purposes. They write fake reviews to mislead readers or automated detection system by promoting or demoting target products to promote them or to degrade their reputations. The proposed technique includes Ontology, Geo location and IP address tracking, Spam words Dictionary using Naïve Bayes, Brand only review detection and tracking account used.   BY Piyush Jain | Karan Chheda | Mihir Jain | Prachiti Lade "Fake Product Review Monitoring System"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21644.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21644/fake-product-review-monitoring-system/piyush-jain
233 Phytochemical Analysis and Antibacterial Determination of Costus Igneus Leaves , Sapna Patil | Malika Ahuja
Costus igneus belongs to the Costaceae family. Costus igneus common name is ‘Fiery Costus' or ‘Spiral Flag', is a species of herbaceous plant in the Costaceae family Costus igneus is traditionally know as insulin plant in Maharashtra. In India it is grow in garden as ornamental plant. This plant is becoming popular because of its anti diabetic property. In the study is preliminary effort to provide basic analytical value for Costus igneus leaf powder. Identification of the secondary metabolites from Costus igneus plant in therapeutic application of diabetes is of growing interest as they contain many active phytochemical constituents against hyperglycaemic condition. The antibacterial potential of Costus igneus hot and cold aqueous extract was tested by using agar well diffusion method.   BY Sapna Patil | Malika Ahuja "Phytochemical Analysis and Antibacterial Determination of Costus Igneus Leaves"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21654.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/biological-science/microbiology/21654/phytochemical-analysis-and-antibacterial-determination-of-costus-igneus-leaves/sapna-patil
234 Investigation of Socially Intelligeble Young People Introduction to the Labour Market , Laima Steibliene
Youth unemployment is a problem relevant to the whole world, and Lithuania is not different. Although in recent years, due to the efforts of various government and non government organizations, youth unemployment has a tendency to decrease, however, it has been higher than the total unemployment rate in the country during the whole Lithuanias independence. The social costs of youth unemployment are very high. Youth unemployment today is a growing social problem tomorrow. The behaviour of young people in the labour market depends on many social, economic, demographic and other closely related factors. Youth unemployment, as a socio economic phenomenon, is a particularly disadvantageous result of the interaction of these factors. Article analyses youth unemployment and respondents opinion about socially intelligible young peoples introduction to the labour market. Laima Steibliene "Investigation of Socially Intelligeble Young People Introduction to the Labour Market" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21691.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/21691/investigation-of-socially-intelligeble-young-people-introduction-to-the-labour-market/laima-steibliene
235 Influence of Home and School Based Factors on Pupils Academic Performance at Kenya Certificate of Primary Education in Makadara Sub County, Nairobi County , Prof. Lewis Ngesu | Awuonda Faith Atieno
The aim of primary education is to provide education at the basic level of all ongoing primary school pupils. This study was carried out to investigate influence of home and school based factors on pupil's academic performers at Kenya certificate of primary education in Makadara sub county, Nairobi County. The study adopted the ex post facto design which involved the studies that investigate possible causes and effects by observing an existing condition and searching back in time for possible causal factors. It involved testing out possible antecedents of events that had happened and cannot be manipulated by the investigator. The study sampled 240 teachers, 39 Parents Association members and 150 pupils from class 6 and 7. The data collection instruments comprised of questionnaires and interview guide. Data collected was categorized, coded, analyzed then tabulated. The analysis was done using Statistical Package for Social Sciences SPSS . The analysis was both qualitative and quantitative. Quantitative analysis considered use of frequency counts and distribution, tabulation totals and calculation of percentages aimed at generating the data collected into meaningful groups and frequency tables for further analysis. Qualitative analysis involved the conclusions from the respondents' opinions. The study established that most parents had a college educational level, majority of the teachers were female whereas majority of the students were males. It also established that parental level of income influenced pupils' performance in KCPE at 60 s. Physical facilities and teaching and learning resources were also cited as factors that highly influence performances. The researcher recommended that the parents should provide a conducive learning environment at home to give the pupils ample time and space to study. Parents ought to strive to provide the basic required learning materials that are vital for a good performance in the KCPE exam irrespective of their level of income. The government should endeavor to allocate funds to be used for improving on the existing teaching and learning resources in public primary schools while adding more. The government should allocate enough funds that will enable provision of key physical learning facilities.   BY Prof. Lewis Ngesu | Awuonda Faith Atieno "Influence of Home and School Based Factors on Pupils Academic Performance at Kenya Certificate of Primary Education in Makadara Sub-County, Nairobi County"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21607.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/sociology/21607/influence-of-home-and-school-based-factors-on-pupils-academic-performance-at-kenya-certificate-of-primary-education-in-makadara-sub-county-nairobi-county/prof-lewis-ngesu
236 Solvent Extraction of Neem Oil from Neem Seed for Development of Ecofriendly Pesticides , Rita Awasthi | Deepti Shikha
The objective of this paper is to study the efficacy of the extraction and isolation of natural toxic constituents present in some well known tree borne oil seeds for effective utilization in pesticide formulations. Neem seed kernels prior to their extraction for oil were pre treated in single stage with different solvents, viz., isopropanol, acetone and ethanol, in pure as well as in aqueous forms. The aqueous ethanol water ethanol 15 85 v v was also employed for three stage counter current pre treatment of neem seed kernels, which gave the best results. Further, development of safer pesticides from natural products has been necessitated due to the fact that synthetic organochlorine and organo phosphorus pesticides have created health hazards to mammals and have polluted the ecosystem.   BY Rita Awasthi | Deepti Shikha "Solvent Extraction of Neem Oil from Neem Seed for Development of Ecofriendly Pesticides"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21684.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/chemistry/environmental-chemistry/21684/solvent-extraction-of-neem-oil-from-neem-seed-for-development-of-ecofriendly-pesticides/rita-awasthi
237 Color Digital Sign Board using Altium Designer , Khin San Aye
Digital signage is ultimately less costly and more efficient than print, while delivering greater message control and a more engaged audience. LED display, as the board size is getting larger, the time needed for data transfer between LED dot matrix arrays is also very important using display technology, video technology, multimedia technology, network technology, computer technique and automatic control technology to display various information factors. In this paper, first using of Altium Designer, is a PCB design software. Designers provide consistent and standardized project file, create the right parts for design and then made of PCB board is proposed. As the main functional unit, the proposed method uses the PSoC analog coprocessor, octal transparent D type latches and high speed CMOS Decoder De multiplexer are deployed. In addition, DC to Dc power converter and a power MOSFET transistor are used. Khin San Aye "Color Digital Sign Board using Altium Designer" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22970.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/other/22970/color-digital-sign-board-using-altium-designer/khin-san-aye
238 Eco Friendly Environment by Managing Waste Disposal , Vivek Dwivedi
Waste dumps are health and environmental hazards for the millions of people. It involves all the activities and actions required to manage waste from its inception to its final disposal i.e. collecting, transporting, disposing, re cycling and monitoring waste generated through human activities. Different types of waste viz. hospital wastes, non biodegradable wastes, biodegradable mass and toxic chemical wastes affects our health and environment. The objectives of this paper are to study the current practices related to the various waste management initiatives taken in India for human wellbeing. It offers deep knowledge about the various waste management initiatives in India and find out the scope for improvement in the management of waste for the welfare of the society.   BY Vivek Dwivedi "Eco-Friendly Environment by Managing Waste Disposal"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21683.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/physics/-/21683/eco-friendly-environment-by-managing-waste-disposal/vivek-dwivedi
239 Performance and Analysis of Weld Joint by using Two Dissimilar Electrodes E6010 and E7018 , P. Varalakshmi | K. Manohar | K. Mallikarjun | K. Lokesh
In this project we discussed the characteristics and performance of electrodes on the MS metal in arc welding method. In this two different electrodes E6010 and E7018 welding parameters investigated. After that the dye penetration test conducted for knowing the defects due to electrodes and welding ,again the welded specimens were cut and machined to standard configurations for tensile test. The results showed that selecting different welding electrodes had a remarkable effect on the mechanical properties such as the ultimate tensile strength, hardness, elongation percentage, and yield strength of the welded specimens. The increment in the electrical current for each electrode in the welding processes led to increase in yield strength and tensile strength. The initial increase in tensile strength and yield strengths were observed. This behaviour was attributed to the fact that different welding electrodes and increased the required electrical current to melting for the welding electrode, increased the electrical current led to increased heat input on heat affected zone HAZ , then the observed change mechanical properties which could create area for defect. The welding processes and tensile test at a room temperature was performed. P. Varalakshmi | K. Manohar | K. Mallikarjun | K. Lokesh "Performance and Analysis of Weld Joint by using Two Dissimilar Electrodes E6010 and E7018" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23172.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/manufacturing-engineering/23172/performance-and-analysis-of-weld-joint-by-using-two-dissimilar-electrodes-e6010-and-e7018/p-varalakshmi
240 Social Networking , Matthew N. O. Sadiku | Adedamola A. Omotoso | Sarhan M. Musa
Social networks constitute the greatest global information platform on the Internet today. They have become an indispensable part of our daily lives as people spend more time socializing on the Internet. They have witnessed their collective fortunes rise as they become ubiquitous in our lives. The penetration of these technologies into the popular culture has been pervasive. However, creating online social networks raises privacy concerns of possible misuse. This paper provides a brief introduction to social networking and its diverse applications.   BY Matthew N. O. Sadiku | Adedamola A. Omotoso | Sarhan M. Musa "Social Networking"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21657.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21657/social-networking/matthew-n-o-sadiku
241 Synthesis and Characterization of Magnesium Borate via Sol Gel Method and Electrospinning Method , Esra Nur Dogana | Fatih Demir
The sol gel and electrospinning techniques were used to prepare the magnesium borate polyvinyl alcohol composite. The fibers of magnesium borate about 150 nm diameters, were synthesized from the inorganic organic composite fibers by high temperature calcination process. The synthesized magnesium borate nanofibers were structurally investigated by thermogravimetric differential thermal analysis TG DTA , Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy FT IR , X ray diffractometry XRD and Scanning electron microscopy SEM , respectively. Due to the Mg modification of the B2O3 network, incomplete crystallization of the samples was observed when heat treated at 800 °C. But, completely crystalline fibers were obtained after calcined at 1200 °   BY C. Esra Nur Dogana | Fatih Demir "Synthesis and Characterization of Magnesium Borate via Sol-Gel Method and Electrospinning Method"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21662.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/chemical-engineering/21662/synthesis-and-characterization-of-magnesium-borate-via-sol-gel-method-and-electrospinning-method/esra-nur-dogana
242 Measurement of GHT Glucose, Heart Rate, Temperature Using Non Invasive Method , Kailash. S | Karthick Raja. A | Mahesh. R | Murugappan. S | V. Mangaiyarkarasi M.E
The medical field has been emerged in the various sectors but the current blood glucose monitoring BGM are invasive as they require a finger prick blood sample, a repetitively painful process that creates the risk of infection. Hundreds of millions of dollars have been invested in companies who have sought the solution to this long standing problem. Approaches that have been tried include near infrared spectroscopy measuring glucose through the skin using light of slightly longer wavelengths than the visible region , measuring the amount that polarized light is rotated by glucose in the front chamber of the eye containing the aqueous humor ,and many others. This device provide a solution by interfacing a electronic device that has the capability of monitoring the glucose level, heart rate and temperature using non invasive method which has less risk factors. This is a continuous monitoring device. So it helps to prevent the organ losses due to the low and high level of glucose, heart rate, temperature.   BY Kailash. S | Karthick Raja. A | Mahesh. R | Murugappan. S | V. Mangaiyarkarasi M.E "Measurement of GHT (Glucose, Heart Rate, Temperature) Using Non-Invasive Method"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21670.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/biological-and-bio-system-engineering/21670/measurement-of-ght-glucose-heart-rate-temperature-using-non-invasive-method/kailash-s
243 Study of Energy Efficient Images with Just Noticeable Difference Threshold Based on Feature Transform , Ankit Kumar Soni | Prof. Madhuvan Dixit
A novel method is presented for producing energy efficient images, i.e., images that consume less electrical energy on energy adaptive displays, yet have the same, or very similar perceptual quality to their original images. The proposed method relies on the fact the energy consumption of pixels in modern energy adaptive displays like OLED displays are directly proportional to the luminance of the pixels. Hence, in this work to reduce the energy consumption of an image while at the same time preserving its perceptual quality, it is proposed to reduce the luminance of the pixels in the image by one just noticeable difference JND threshold. To determine the JND thresholds, a Feature Transform based just Noticeable Difference Threshold FTJNDT model is developed. In the proposed model, the JND thresholds of each block in the given image are elevated by two non linear saliency modulation functions using the visual saliency of the block. The parameters of the saliency modulation functions and obtain feature value are estimated through an adaptive optimization framework, which utilizes a state of the art saliency based objective image quality assessment IQA method. To evaluate the proposed methods, a set of subjective experiments were conducted, and the real energy consumption of the produced energy efficient images were measured by accurate power monitor equipment on an OLED display. The obtained experimental results demonstrated that, on average, the proposed method is able to reduce the energy consumption by about 4.31 while preserving the perceptual quality of the displayed images. Ankit Kumar Soni | Prof. Madhuvan Dixit "Study of Energy Efficient Images with Just Noticeable Difference Threshold Based on Feature Transform" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23215.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/23215/study-of-energy-efficient-images-with-just-noticeable-difference-threshold-based-on-feature-transform/ankit-kumar-soni
244 Measurement of GHT Glucose, Heart Rate, Temperature Using Non Invasive Method , Kailash. S | Karthick Raja. A | Mahesh. R | Murugappan. S | V. Mangaiyarkarasi M.E
The medical field has been emerged in the various sectors but the current blood glucose monitoring BGM are invasive as they require a finger prick blood sample, a repetitively painful process that creates the risk of infection. Hundreds of millions of dollars have been invested in companies who have sought the solution to this long standing problem. Approaches that have been tried include near infrared spectroscopy measuring glucose through the skin using light of slightly longer wavelengths than the visible region , measuring the amount that polarized light is rotated by glucose in the front chamber of the eye containing the aqueous humor ,and many others. This device provide a solution by interfacing a electronic device that has the capability of monitoring the glucose level, heart rate and temperature using non invasive method which has less risk factors. This is a continuous monitoring device. So it helps to prevent the organ losses due to the low and high level of glucose, heart rate, temperature.   BY Kailash. S | Karthick Raja. A | Mahesh. R | Murugappan. S | V. Mangaiyarkarasi M.E "Measurement of GHT (Glucose, Heart Rate, Temperature) Using Non-Invasive Method"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21670.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/biological-and-bio-system-engineering/21670/measurement-of-ght-glucose-heart-rate-temperature-using-non-invasive-method/kailash-s
245 Portable Centre Pivot Irrigation System with Advanced Control through Sensors A Review , Sanjay Kumar | Naveen Kumar | Ayush Goel | Ashwini Mishra | Amul Barnawal | Awanish Kumar Yadav | Ashish Gaur
Being hailed as the best mechanical development in farming since the substitution of draft creatures by the tractor, focus rotate water system frameworks inundate crops with a noteworthy decrease in both work and water needs contrasted with conventional water system techniques, for example, flood water system. Over the most recent couple of decades, the sending of focus rotate water system frameworks has expanded significantly all through the United States. Sensors, Relay Module, Microcontrollers have been used to meet the creating eagerness for site express water framework using center turn and parallel move water framework structures. Sensors are used to control the activity of the irrigation and portable makes it more easy to carry and easy to handle in any field. Sanjay Kumar | Naveen Kumar | Ayush Goel | Ashwini Mishra | Amul Barnawal | Awanish Kumar Yadav | Ashish Gaur "Portable Centre Pivot Irrigation System with Advanced Control through Sensors: A Review" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23183.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23183/portable-centre-pivot-irrigation-system-with-advanced-control-through-sensors-a-review/sanjay-kumar
246 Evaluation of Tungsten Inclusions in Fusion Welded Duplex Steel by Gamma Ray Radiation , P. Varalakshmi | K. Santhosh Reddy | P. Sruthi | M. Praveena | P. Indu
NDE has evolved as an essential demand in much modern engineering equipment's like Heat Exchangers, Marine Industries and Oil Refineries. The performance levels and reliability of the NDE is more important to the end use of the object being inspected. Failure is the primary threat to the integrity, safety and performance of marine structure. Duplex Steel 2205 of dimensions 200X170X12 weldments are chosen for this project in view of its applications in heat exchangers, marine and oil refineries. It was taken for this project in the form of plate and welded by Tungsten Inert Gas welding TIG . The basic NDT experimental methods such as Liquid Penetrating Test, Magnetic Particle Test, Ultrasonic Test, and Radiography Test are chosen for quality assurance of the materials. Penetrant testing for to surface defects, Ultrasonic testing to detect the subsurface and internal defects, Gamma Ray Radiography for internal defects. The results from methods were analysed. Surface defects were detected by penetrant testing and internal defects like inclusions, blow holes, porosity, lack of penetration were detected by both Radiography testing and Ultrasonic testing. P. Varalakshmi | K. Santhosh Reddy | P. Sruthi | M. Praveena | P. Indu "Evaluation of Tungsten Inclusions in Fusion Welded Duplex Steel by Gamma Ray Radiation" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23179.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23179/evaluation-of-tungsten-inclusions-in-fusion-welded-duplex-steel-by-gamma-ray-radiation/p-varalakshmi
247 Automatic Question Paper Generator System , Ms. R. Selvapriya M.Sc. MPhil | Ganesh. K
Information and intelligence are two vital columns on which development of humankind rise and knowledge has significant impact on operating of society. Student assessment is a crucial part of teaching and is done through the process of examinations and preparation of exam question papers has consistently been a matter of interest. Present day technologies assist the teacher to stock the questions in a computer databases but the problem which emerges is how the present day technologies would also assist the teachers to automatically create the variety sets of questions from every now and then without worry about replication and duplication from the previous exam while the question bank keeps growing. Ms. R. Selvapriya M.Sc.   BY MPhil | Ganesh. K "Automatic Question Paper Generator System"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21646.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/other/21646/automatic-question-paper-generator-system/ms-r-selvapriya-msc-mphil
248 Status of Information and Communication Technology Training and Support for Science and Technology Teacher Educators in Colleges of Education in Southeast, Nigeria , Ezenma Chimezie Bernard
Education is perceived in this piece as a process of learning in which the knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, support and research. ICT has a very significant place in the education process that involves teachers and instruction. Information and communication technology have become within a very short time, one of the basic building blocks of modern society including Science and technology teachers. The purpose of the study is to determine the status of ICT training and support for science and technology teacher educators in colleges of education within Southeast Nigeria. The study adopted a survey research design. The population of the study consisted of 454 science and technology teacher educators in colleges of education within Southeast state Nigeria. The instrument was subjected to face validation by three experts. The reliability coefficients of the instrument for the study is 0.98 using Cronbach's Alpha formula. Five research questions that guided the study were answered using mean and standard deviation. Five research hypotheses were tested at 0.5 level of significance using one way ANOVA. Among the findings of the study were that, there is low ICT training, support and competence for science and technology teacher educators. It was concluded, among others, that government should help. Ezenma Chimezie Bernard "Status of Information and Communication Technology Training and Support for Science and Technology Teacher Educators in Colleges of Education in Southeast, Nigeria" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21511.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/multimedia/21511/status-of-information-and-communication-technology-training-and-support-for-science-and-technology-teacher-educators-in-colleges-of-education-in-southeast-nigeria/ezenma-chimezie-bernard
249 Prevalence of Undernutrition among Baalwadi Going Children between 2 5 Years of Age in Western Mumbai , Shraddha Shripal Parmar | Dr Rupali Sengupta
Children are the backbone of any country. Under nutrition is the underlying cause of more than half of all deaths in children aged less than five years worldwide. This study was designed majorly to study the prevalence of undernutrition in children. The objectives of the study were to assess the prevalence of undernutrition stunting, underweight and wasting in children between 2 5 years of age and to analyse major determinants influencing undernutrition. 102 children aged between 2 5 years of age were selected from two different baalwadis of Mumbai through purposive, random sampling. Socio demographic data was collected using a self designed, structured questionnaire from mothers. Anthropometric measurements like weight, height, MUAC were done to determine nutritional status. Anthropometric data revealed that out of total children screened n=102 , 34 children were well nourished and 66 children were undernourished where 27 children were underweight, 24 were wasted 16 were stunted. 55 children had low MUAC. The factors that were found to be significantly associated with child undernutrition were age p=0.046 , gender p=0.000 , maternal education p=0.007 , employment status of mother p=0.001 and number of meals taken by the child daily p=0.000 . The prevalence of undernutrition among children of Baalwadi was high considering the sample size was small. Shraddha Shripal Parmar | Dr Rupali Sengupta "Prevalence of Undernutrition among Baalwadi Going Children between 2-5 Years of Age in Western Mumbai" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23133.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/home-science/child-care-and-development/23133/prevalence-of-undernutrition-among-baalwadi-going-children-between-2-5-years-of-age-in-western-mumbai/shraddha-shripal-parmar
250 Comparative Evaluation of Pot in Pot and Metal in Pot Evaporative Cooling Systems , Olaifa, O. Peter | Osaguona, P. O.
Two methods of evaporative cooling system were compared to ascertain the most effective method for the storage of vegetables and okra in New Bussa, Niger State, Nigeria. Two different sizes of earthen pots were installed on a small hole. A small clay pot with bottom surrounded with polythene to prevent leakages was kept inside a bigger clay pot and the inter space was filled with river bed sand which was made moist always by adding water thrice a day In the morning, afternoon, and evening. The pot had a wooden cover. The thermometer and hygrometer were installed to take the record of temperature and relative humidity at interval of time for 14days. The same procedure was repeated in metal in pot but the smaller pot was replaced with 18 liter tin of kerosene. The result obtained showed that there were significant differences p 0.05 in the values of temperature recorded. The highest temperature for both ESC was recorded in the afternoon and the least in the morning this is due to high intensity of the sun in the afternoon and cooling in the morning. Also, the highest relative humidity for both ESC was recorded in the morning due to high cooling effect. It was concluded that pot in pot ESC was more effective compared to metal in pot ESC for storing Okra but none was suitable for storing vegetables in New Bussa region of Niger state, Nigeria and other places of equal climatic data and storage condition. Olaifa, O. Peter | Osaguona, P. O. "Comparative Evaluation of Pot-in-Pot and Metal in Pot Evaporative Cooling Systems" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23218.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/23218/comparative-evaluation-of-pot-in-pot-and-metal-in-pot-evaporative-cooling-systems/olaifa-o-peter
251 Cohesive Software Design , Janani Tharmaseelan
This paper presents a natural language processing based automated system called DrawPlus for generating UML diagrams, user scenarios and test cases after analyzing the given business requirement specification which is written in natural language. The DrawPlus is presented for analyzing the natural languages and extracting the relative and required information from the given business requirement Specification by the user. Basically user writes the requirements specifications in simple English and the designed system has conspicuous ability to analyze the given requirement specification by using some of the core natural language processing techniques with our own well defined algorithms. After compound analysis and extraction of associated information, the DrawPlus system draws use case diagram, User scenarios and system level high level test case description. The DrawPlus provides the more convenient and reliable way of generating use case, user scenarios and test cases in a way reducing the time and cost of software development process while accelerating the 70 of works in Software design and Testing phase Janani Tharmaseelan "Cohesive Software Design" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22900.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/other/22900/cohesive-software-design/janani-tharmaseelan
252 Additive Manufacturing and Testing of a Prosthetic Foot Ankle Joint , Yogesh Avula | Adi Seshan Mula | Vishal Onnala | Kartheek Merugu
Ankle replacement is a fairly new concept and is one of the popular treatments of ankle fractures and arthritis. This project focuses on modelling and 3D Printing of a prosthetic talocrural joint. The standard sizes of tibia which is the larger bone of lower leg and talus being lower part of the ankle joint, are observed and modeled accordingly by using CATIA with standard dimensions. The prototype is made with PLA plastic using an FDM Fused Deposition Modelling 3D printer. The analytical tests carried on ANSYS by applying human weight on the tibial surface and physical tests are conducted on Universal testing machine. The compression force is applied on the prototype and observed till failure. Results obtained are compared for static position of the foot, of both analytical and physical outcomes. Yogesh Avula | Adi Seshan Mula | Vishal Onnala | Kartheek Merugu "Additive Manufacturing and Testing of a Prosthetic Foot Ankle Joint" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23216.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/bio-mechanicaland-biomedical-engineering/23216/additive-manufacturing-and-testing-of-a-prosthetic-foot-ankle-joint/yogesh-avula
253 Neem the Wonder Herb A Short Review , Rudra Prasad Giri | Dr. Ajit. K. Gangawane | Dr. Sucheta Ghorai Giri
Neem Azadirachta indica has much importance. Usefulness of neem has already mentioned in several literature. Ayurveda has mentioned its use in many disease conditions. Now public awareness for herbal products are increasing highly so it has been found demand of neem products are increasing day by day. Neem is a plant who's every parts holds multiple usage. Researcher has reported many medicinal benefits of neem. Neem is known for its anti diabetic, anti inflammatory, anti cancer effect. Neem is used in many hindu rituals. This review work represents several usage of neem which will provide a great knowledge to people and let them know about the wonder of neem. Rudra Prasad Giri | Dr. Ajit. K. Gangawane | Dr. Sucheta Ghorai Giri "Neem the Wonder Herb: A Short Review" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23038.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/biological-science/biotechnology/23038/neem-the-wonder-herb-a-short-review/rudra-prasad-giri
254 The Macrofungi in the Island of San Antonio, Northern Samar, Philippines , Rockett Rikki T. Jusayan | Manuela Cecille G. Vicencio
This study aimed primarily to identify the different macro fungi species in the Island of San Antonio, Northern Samar. Specifically, its objectives were to identify the different species of macro fungi in the study are to classify hierarchically the macro fungi species to determine the kind of substrate where macro fungi grow and to know the economic uses of macro fungi in the study area. It was conducted in the Island of San Antonio Northern Samar, which is composed of ten 10 barangays namely Vinisitahan, Dalupirit, San Nicolas, Rizal, Manraya, Pilar, Burabod, Ward III, Ward II, and Ward I during the months of October and November 2012. A total of twenty six 26 macro fungi species were present in ten 10 sampling sites. These macro fungi species were, namely Amanita sp. , Ampulloclitocybe clavipes, Auricularia polytricha, Bjerkandera adusta, Coprinus lagopus, Cortinarius corrugants, Fomes fomentarius, Ganoderma adspersum, G. lucidum, Helvella lacunose, Infundibulicybe gibba, Inocybe rimosa, Laccaria laccata, Lycocerdon mammiforme, Marismius scoradoniusqa, Phallus indusiatus, P. multicolour, Pycnoporus cinnabarinus, Pleurocybella porrigens, Podoscypha petalodes, Polyporus arcularius, Spongipellis pachydon, Tremella fuciformis, Tramatese legans, T. hirsute and T. trogii. The macro fungi species in the study area were mostly found on dead wood, soil, tree branches, coconut husk and decaying banana trunks. In terms of economic issues, the twenty six 26 macro fungi species were familiar to the residents, but they have unknown uses or benefits to them. Rockett Rikki T. Jusayan | Manuela Cecille G. Vicencio "The Macrofungi in the Island of San Antonio, Northern Samar, Philippines" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23228.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/biological-science/other/23228/the-macrofungi-in-the-island-of-san-antonio-northern-samar-philippines/rockett-rikki-t-jusayan
255 Experimental Study on High Strength Concrete using Industrial Wastes , Sriram R | Mr. Prabakaran | Mrs. Uma Nambi
Generally the river sand is used as a fine aggregate on concrete and is obtained by mining the sand from river bed. Increased sand mining not only affects the aquifer of the river bed but also causes environmental problems. In recent days demand for river sand is increasing due to its lesser availability. Therefore the practice of replacing river sand with Metakaolin is taking a tremendous growth. It is inferred from the literature that replacement of Metakaolin upto 40 gives tremendous increase in the strength of the concrete above which the strength starts to decrease. Various literatures show that replacing with green sand 30 to 40 replacement seems to be effective. In both the cases the workability decreases with the increase in its quantity. Also Bottom ash and Metakaolin replacement results in the decrease of workability and it leads to uneconomic in the project. This paper presents the replacement of fine aggregate up to 40 . The river sand is replaced by Green sand, and Marble powder. The replacement levels of Green sand and marble powder varies from 5 , 10 , 15 and 20 . From the mix design, the w c ratio is taken to be 0.40. The specimens are to be casted, cured for the respective mix proportions and various strength characteristics of the concrete at 28 days are to be performed. The suitability of the replacement materials as fine aggregate for concrete has been assessed by comparing its strength. Sriram R | Mr. Prabakaran | Mrs. Uma Nambi "Experimental Study on High Strength Concrete using Industrial Wastes" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23155.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/23155/experimental-study-on-high-strength-concrete-using-industrial-wastes/sriram-r
256 Comparative Study of Cloud Services Offered by Amazon, Microsoft and Google , Pranay Dutta | Prashant Dutta
With the accelerated development in processing and storage technologies and the boom of the Internet, IT Hardware have become inexpensive, more potent and highly available than ever before. This has triggered the commencement of a new computing model called cloud computing, in which IT Resources are catered as general utilities that can be hired and released by users through the Internet in an on demand fashion. According to Gartner Survey Report, The marketplace for public cloud is predicted to reach from ‘$260 billion' in 2017 to around ‘$411 billion in 2020'. As more and more IT systems are externalized, it is getting more imminent for us to choose the right cloud service provider for long term success. However, the challenge is to choose the best cloud service provider from the vast number of options like AWS, Azure and GCP to the smaller CSP's. As per Market share the Top 3 Global leaders are AWS, Azure and GCP1. In this paper, we will try to make analysis of between the three market leaders in cloud services namely Amazon, Microsoft and Google. We will also compare and contrast what AWS, Azure, and GCP offer in terms of storage, compute, management tools etc. Pranay Dutta | Prashant Dutta "Comparative Study of Cloud Services Offered by Amazon, Microsoft & Google" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23170.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/23170/comparative-study-of-cloud-services-offered-by-amazon-microsoft-and-google/pranay-dutta
257 An Autonomous UAV for Pesticide Spraying , Kislaya Anand | Goutam R.
The use of pesticides in agriculture is essential to maintain the quality of large scale production. The spraying of these products by using aircraft speeds up the process and prevents compacting of the soil. However, adverse weather conditions e.g. the speed and direction of the wind can impair the effectiveness of the spraying of pesticides in a target crop field. Thus, there is a risk that the pesticide can drift to neighboring crop fields. It is believed that a large amount of all the pesticide used in the world drifts outside of the target crop field and only a small amount is effective in controlling pests. However, with increased precision in the spraying, it is possible to reduce the amount of pesticide used and improve the quality of agricultural products as well as mitigate the risk of environmental damage. In the past several years, UAV has been extensively used in agriculture. However, the efficiency is still not as high as desired and the phenomenon of pesticide pollution is still existing. This is mainly because of the following two problems 1 the autonomy of most existing UAV system is still very limited. Actually, most of them are still operated through remote controlling. 2 the UAV's operating precision is not high enough due to the low accuracy flight control near the plants. The paper presents combination of new approaches and technologies in modern day agriculture. Perspectives and benefits of usage of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in different spheres of agriculture considered on the base of spraying drone project called “AeroDrone”. Kislaya Anand | Goutam R. "An Autonomous UAV for Pesticide Spraying" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23161.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/automotive-engineering/23161/an-autonomous-uav-for-pesticide-spraying/kislaya-anand
258 Estimation of Fetal Size and Weight using Various Formulas , Dr. Pushpamala Ramaiah | Dr. Lamiaa Ahmed Elsayed | Dr. Grace Lindsey | Dr. Ayman Johargy
Birth weight is an important factor in delivery management. Antenatal ultrasound has turned out to be one of the clinicians most vital devices for surveying fetal age, growth and prosperity. Contrasted Physical examination of the pregnant uterus is the most precise strategy for evaluating fetal size and growth along with the utilization of ultrasound imaging and estimating of the different fetal parameters. Objective To evaluates the antenatal assessments of fetal weight in pregnancies by using Johnson's formula, Hadlock's formula and Ultrasonography. Comparison of these different methods with the actual birth weight of these babies after delivered. Material and methods Two hundred singleton term pregnancies within 48 hours were randomly selected to participate in this prospective cohort study. Variables included such as abdominal circumference, Biparietal diameter, and Femur length. Parameters to obtain estimated fetal weight Results The mean birth weight of Hadlock formula is closest to the mean of actual birth weight. In the study population, more primigravida delivered babies with very low birth weight and more multigravida delivered babies of birth weight 3500 gms. Johnson's and ultrasound Hadlock's formula had a marked tendency to overestimate the fetal weight. Error was within 350 Gms in 84.7 , 70.8 and 84 of cases by Dare's, Johnson's and ultrasound Hadlock's formula. Dr. Pushpamala Ramaiah | Dr. Lamiaa Ahmed Elsayed | Dr. Grace Lindsey | Dr. Ayman Johargy "Estimation of Fetal Size and Weight using Various Formulas" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23231.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/medicine/nursing/23231/estimation-of-fetal-size-and-weight-using-various-formulas/dr-pushpamala-ramaiah
259 Cloud Computing using Mobile Phone , Sumit | Ms. Kirti Bhatia | Ms. Shalini Bhadola
Mobile Cloud Computing MCC which consolidates versatile processing and distributed computing, has turned out to be one of the business trendy expressions and a noteworthy dialog string in the IT world since 2009. As MCC is still at the beginning period of improvement, it is important to get a handle on an exhaustive comprehension of the innovation so as to call attention to the course of future research. With the last point, this paper introduces a survey on the foundation and standard of MCC, attributes, ongoing examination work, and future research patterns. A concise record on the foundation of MCC from portable processing to distributed computing is given and after that pursued an exchange on attributes and ongoing exploration work. It at that point examinations the highlights and framework of versatile distributed computing. The remainder of the paper investigations the difficulties of versatile distributed computing, rundown of some examination ventures identified with this territory, and calls attention to promising future research bearings. Sumit | Ms. Kirti Bhatia | Ms. Shalini Bhadola "Cloud Computing using Mobile Phone" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23145.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/23145/cloud-computing-using-mobile-phone/sumit
260 Storage of Biometric Data in Database , Ashish Dabas | Ms. Shalini Bhadola | Ms. Kirti Bhatia
Storage of multi biometric information is required to encourage quick inquiry in expansive scale biometric frameworks. Past works tending to this issue in multi biometric databases concentrated on multi case ordering, fundamentally iris information. Scarcely any works tended to the ordering in multi modular databases, with fundamental competitor list combination arrangements restricted to joining face and unique mark information. Iris and unique finger impression are generally utilized in vast scale biometric frameworks where quick recovery is a critical issue. This work proposes joint multi biometric recovery arrangement dependent on unique finger impression and iris information. This arrangement is assessed under eight distinctive hopeful rundown combination approaches with variable multifaceted nature on a database of 10,000 reference and test records of irises and fingerprints. Our proposed multi biometric recovery of unique finger impression and iris information brought about a decrease of the miss rate 1 hit rate at 0.1 entrance rate by 93 contrasted with unique finger impression ordering and 88 contrasted with ordering. Ashish Dabas | Ms. Shalini Bhadola | Ms. Kirti Bhatia "Storage of Biometric Data in Database" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23146.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/23146/storage-of-biometric-data-in-database/ashish-dabas
261 Reduction of Interference , Vinay Pokharna | Manisha Kumawat | Suresh Bhati
A remote correspondence framework can involve at least two antennas that meddle with each other through free space coupling, surface wave crosstalk, dielectric spillage, or other interference impact. The interference impact can deliver an obstruction motion on one of the reception apparatus. A crossing out gadget can stifle antenna obstruction by producing a gauge of the interference flag and subtracting the gauge from the interference flag. The retraction gadget can produce the gauge dependent on examining signals on a reception apparatus that creates the obstruction or on a receiving wire that gets the impedance. The wiping out gadget can include a model of the crosstalk impact. Transmitting test motions on the communication framework can characterize or refine the model. Vinay Pokharna | Manisha Kumawat | Suresh Bhati "Reduction of Interference" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22896.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/22896/reduction-of-interference/vinay-pokharna
262 Audio Transmission using Li Fi Technology , Bolli Jagadeeswari | Charapu Sai Anusha | Dangeti Monisa | Medisetti Preethi
In Wireless communication, Wi Fi is the most versatile and effective technology which compact with radio frequencies for data transmission. But because of multiple accesses Wi Fi is facing many challenges namely capacity, availability, efficiency and security. The Wi Fi emits radio waves which are very harmful for the patients and the radio waves interpret the medical instruments. This paper focuses on developing a light fidelity Li Fi based system and analyzing its performance. This protocol can be adapted where radio waves are restricted, such as airplanes hospitals, and in some research facilities. Li Fi is a novel technology for high density wireless data transfer relieving no radio interferences in confined areas so it can be used in biosensors to measure various health parameters. This technology envisions a future where data for laptops, smart phones, and tablets will be transmitted in an economic and eco friendly medium of light in room. Bolli Jagadeeswari | Charapu Sai Anusha | Dangeti Monisa | Medisetti Preethi "Audio Transmission using Li-Fi Technology" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23156.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/23156/audio-transmission-using-li-fi-technology/bolli-jagadeeswari
263 Design and Analysis of Connecting Rod of Diesel Engine , A. Vijay Kumar | K. Mihir | M. Mrudul | P. Pavan Kumar
The main objective of this study is to review the weight optimization and cost reduction of a connecting rod in a Diesel engine. To get the idea about designing the connecting rod, various stresses to be considered while designing the connecting rod .This has entailed performing a detailed load analysis. The most important factors that are concentrated are stress distribution and deflections. In this project the connecting rod is designed with respect to all the available constraints using advanced cad software CATIA. Later the product file is converted to .stp file format standard exchange of product file and imported to ANSYS workbench to find deformation and analytic valve with respect to the model or product definitions. A. Vijay Kumar | K. Mihir | M. Mrudul | P. Pavan Kumar "Design and Analysis of Connecting Rod of Diesel Engine" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23182.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23182/design-and-analysis-of-connecting-rod-of-diesel-engine/a-vijay-kumar
264 Multi Operational Machining and Controlling with the Help of Electro Magnetic Clutch , Dr. Rahul Saini | Mr. Naveen Kumar | Desh Deepak | Ashutosh Kushwaha | Ambrish Pandey
The whole concept of multi operational machining and controlling with the help of electro magnetic clutch revolves around the small scale and medium scale production industries. The idea is to reduce the floor space and cost of the machineries as well as power consumption also has to be reduce for better controlling of the machine parts the electro magnetic clutch is also provided. The proposed model is capable of sawing cutting ,drilling and grinding with the help of dc motor. In this model all the operations can be done individually as well as simultaneously. In future scope individual speed controller can also be provided with the help of programmable motherboards. Dr. Rahul Saini | Mr. Naveen Kumar | Desh Deepak | Ashutosh Kushwaha | Ambrish Pandey "Multi-Operational Machining and Controlling with the Help of Electro-Magnetic Clutch" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23181.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23181/multi-operational-machining-and-controlling-with-the-help-of-electro-magnetic-clutch/dr-rahul-saini
265 Analytical Research for Improvement of Solid Waste Management in Jaipur City , N. K. Agawral | Dr. Bharat Nagar
Jaipur municipal region had a population of 30.73 lace in 2011 which is projected to grow 81.10 lace 2031 Jaipur as Fastest moving city cleanness in all over India in Swachh Sarvekshan 2018. Ranking of Jaipur is declared in 2018 for cleanness in all over India is 39 and got 43 rank in 2019, therefore, need of the achievement well justified to achieve Zero West City . Ensuring 100 coverage of Primary waste collection activity through Door to Door Collection system. Instill operational discipline monitoring digital solutions. Enhance service standards. Involve citizens in the monitoring process and empower them to do so by digital solution. Improving Jaipurs image to achieve top ranking Swach Survekshan by making public spaces clean and hygienic and use new innovative technologies for processing the waste. Many new projects and regulations such as a new scientific landfill, a composting service, and stricter penalties for littering and dirtying the city are currently underway, which should greatly improve Jaipur's cleanliness. As part of the Central Governments initiative Swatch Bharat Mission , ULBs are exploring options for maximum recovery of resources from wastes like compost, refuse derived fuel RDF , recyclables like paper, plastics, metal, glass etc. by processing the waste. Recovery of Solid Recovered Fuel SRF is being considered as a sustainable disposal route of MSW i.e. recovery of different fractions of the waste in segregated form. N. K. Agawral | Dr. Bharat Nagar "Analytical Research for Improvement of Solid Waste Management in Jaipur City" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23198.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/environmental-engineering/23198/analytical-research-for-improvement-of-solid-waste-management-in-jaipur-city/n-k-agawral
266 Evaluation of Porosity in Fusion Welded AA2014 Plates using X Ray Radiography , Mr. N. Nagendra Kumar | R. Akshay | P. Durga Kishore | V. Sai Kiran
NDT has evolved as an essential demand in much modern engineering design in aircraft applications. The performance levels and reliability of the NDE is more important to the end use of the object being inspected. Failure is the primary threat to the integrity, safety and performance of aircraft structure. The aero grade material AA 2014 was taken for this project in the form of plate and welded by Tungsten Inert Gas welding TIG . The following NDT methods was done on this material Penetrant testing for to reveal surface defects, Ultrasonic testing to detect the subsurface and internal defects, X Ray Radiography for internal defects. Apart from conventional methods, remote crack inspection was carried using the Ultrasonic phased array. The results from methods were analysed. The acoustic emission test was conducted for the calibration of equipment for testing of AA 2014 material. Surface defects were detected by penetrant testing and internal defects like inclusions, blow holes, porosity and lack of penetration were detected by both Radiography testing and Ultrasonic tests. Very fine porosity was detected by ultrasonic phased array method, which could not be detected by Radiography testing and Ultrasonic testing. Mr. N. Nagendra Kumar | R. Akshay | P. Durga Kishore | V. Sai Kiran "Evaluation of Porosity in Fusion Welded AA2014 Plates using X-Ray Radiography" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23186.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23186/evaluation-of-porosity-in-fusion-welded-aa2014-plates-using-x-ray-radiography/mr-n-nagendra-kumar
267 A Review on Bionic Arm , M. Sreedhar | S. Sai Mani Shekar | K. Aditya Vardhan | S. Vaibhav Krishna
Bionic Arm is the best revolution idea for amputees across the world. This is as close as we can get to our natural limb. This paper is about the study of the prosthetic arm used for amputees and gives an overview of upper limb evolution based on control technologies. It focused on the mechanical parameters like actuation system and prototyping techniques that are required to meet the design specifications. The drive systems which hold the key for proper functioning are described and their pros and cons are stated. A review of materials for prosthetic applications and role of 3D printing as a manufacturing method is discussed This would further enable to choose a system based on variables like dexterity, patient's need, a weight of the system and feasibility. Detailed research of robotic limb generation could help us to develop a prosthetic limb that mimics the salient features of the limb. M. Sreedhar | S. Sai Mani Shekar | K. Aditya Vardhan | S. Vaibhav Krishna "A Review on Bionic Arm" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23221.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/bio-mechanicaland-biomedical-engineering/23221/a-review-on-bionic-arm/m-sreedhar
268 Modelling and 3D Printing of Crankshaft , T. Venkata Ramana | Sagam Kunta Subhash | Sangem Devendra Kumar | Vanga Balakrishna
Power from the burnt gases in the combustion chamber is delivered to the crankshaft through the piston, piston pin and connecting rod. The crankshaft changes reciprocating motion of the piston in cylinder to the rotary motion of the flywheel. Crankshaft is designed for multi cylinder engine and its 3D model is created using modeling software CATIA V5R20.The 3D printer prints the CATIA design layer by layer forming a real object. 3D printing process is derived from inkjet desktop printers in which multiple deposit jets and the printing material, layer by layer derived from the CATIA data. 3D printing significantly challenges mass production processes in the future. This type of printing is predicted to influence industries, like automotive, medical, education, equipment, consumer products industries and various businesses. T. Venkata Ramana | Sagam Kunta Subhash | Sangem Devendra Kumar | Vanga Balakrishna "Modelling and 3D Printing of Crankshaft" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23224.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23224/modelling-and-3d-printing-of-crankshaft/t-venkata-ramana
269 Design and Development of Spur Gear by using Three Dimensional Printing , P. Naresh | Aman Raj | J. Tarun | Ejazur Rahman | G. Bharat
Gears are power transmission devices in between input and output of machines, these power transmitting elements are very compact, and they transfer power with minimum loss. Due to the nature of their different speed ratios they are used for different applications like high speed marine engines, automobiles etc. Different materials are used for preparation or fabrication of gears like metals steel or brass , plastics nylon or polycarbonate . In this project spur gear is designed by CAD software and fabricated by using 3D printer, for 3D printing materials require like plastics or ceramics but for this project plastic material is used that is polylactic acid PLA . By using 3D printer spur gear is produced within a small period with better dimensional accuracy than conventional method like milling etc. P. Naresh | Aman Raj | J. Tarun | Ejazur Rahman | G. Bharat "Design and Development of Spur Gear by using Three Dimensional Printing" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23236.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23236/design-and-development-of-spur-gear-by-using-three-dimensional-printing/p-naresh
270 Experimental Investigation on TIG Welded Aluminium Alloy 6082 Weldment using Non Destructive Evaluation , I. S. N. V. R Prashanth | B. Manohar | K. Prudhvi Raj | P. Rohith
NDE Non destructive Evaluation has evolved as an essential demand in much modern engineering equipment's like Heat Exchangers, Marine Industries and Oil Refineries. The performance levels and reliability of the NDE is more important to the end use of the object being inspected. Failure is the primary threat to the integrity, safety and performance of marine structure. Aluminum Alloy 6082 of dimensions 200X170X12 weldments are chosen for this project in view of its applications in heat exchangers, marine and oil refineries. It was taken for this project in the form of plate and welded by tungsten inert gas welding TIG . The basic NDT experimental methods such as liquid penetrating test, magnetic particle test, ultrasonic test, and radiography test are chosen for quality assurance of the materials. penetrant testing for to surface defects, ultrasonic testing to detect the subsurface and internal defects, gamma ray radiography for internal defects. the results from methods were analysed. I. S. N. V. R Prashanth | B. Manohar | K. Prudhvi Raj | P. Rohith "Experimental Investigation on TIG Welded Aluminium Alloy-6082 Weldment using Non-Destructive Evaluation" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23238.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23238/experimental-investigation-on-tig-welded-aluminium-alloy-6082-weldment-using-non-destructive-evaluation/i-s-n-v-r-prashanth
271 Systematic Review Obstacles for Discontinuation of Breast Feeding , Dr. Lamiaa Ahmed Elsayed Ahmed | Dr. Pushpamala Ramaiah | Dr. Grace Lindsay
Breastfeeding has benefits for mother and important determinant for infant normal growth and development. This study identified and recommends evidence based practice intervention aimed at overcoming BF constrain to increase continuation among mothers and to identify the factors that help to develop successful breastfeeding promotion strategies. Aims This review of article aims is to review existing literature to identify the main obstacles for breastfeeding among mothers to their infants. Method A search of Pro Quest, MEDLINE, CINAHL, MEDLINEINDEX, Clinically KEY, EBSCO, and Google Scholar was conducted to retrieve studies from January 2010 to December 2017. Using inclusion criteria, we selected both qualitative and quantitative studies that described barriers to breastfeeding. Key words used were Breastfeeding mothers exclusive breastfeeding infant breastfeeding maternal barriers of breastfeeding challenges, obstacles or problems of breastfeeding. Results Fifteen articles were included in this review six studies addressing maternal barriers for BF, five studies addressing obstacles for appropriate EBF duration and four studies addressing factors associated with early breastfeeding cessation. Result from the studies reviewed identified 30 constraints or barriers, which may lead to discontinue breastfeeding for infant. The literature is rich in documentation stating that continuation of BF is associated with many obstacles. Dr. Lamiaa Ahmed Elsayed Ahmed | Dr. Pushpamala Ramaiah | Dr. Grace Lindsay "Systematic Review- Obstacles for Discontinuation of Breast-Feeding" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23289.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/medicine/nursing/23289/systematic-review--obstacles-for-discontinuation-of-breast-feeding/dr-lamiaa-ahmed-elsayed-ahmed
272 RFID and GSM Based Safe Petrol Distribution System with Adulteration Prevention , Prof. Harsha Sarode | Sahil Mattoo | Supda Kate | Santosh Satam
Detection of fuel adulteration in real time is the most important need of the world as it generates the hazardous effects on the environment, living and nonliving things. Various automotive users and fuel providers may mix kerosene in petrol and diesel. Adulterated fuel increases air pollution, as well as reduces the performance of vehicle engines. Such a malpractice needs to be stopped, in order to that we have proposed a system to detect adulteration using LDR sensor, which will be later reported to the Fuel Manufacturing Company. We also focused on automating the process of ordering the fuel using GSM technology. Also our system provide safe transportation of fuel with accurate distribution as per fuel requirements of various pump using RFID technology Prof. Harsha Sarode | Sahil Mattoo | Supda Kate | Santosh Satam "RFID and GSM Based Safe Petrol Distribution System with Adulteration Prevention" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23129.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/23129/rfid-and-gsm-based-safe-petrol-distribution-system-with-adulteration-prevention/prof-harsha-sarode
273 Analysis of Air Conditioning Arrangement for Two Floor Shopping Complex by using Revit MEP Software , S. Visweswara Rao | Badisha Gopi | Aggidi Harish | Boda Sumanth
Heating, ventilation and air conditioning HVAC system provides thermal comfotness to occupants by supplying cooling air from air conditioning system through duct arrangement in building. The aim of this project is to analyse air conditioning arrangements for two floor shopping complexes using Revit MEP software. First and second floors layouts and ceiling with duct arrangements are created in software and then given positions like spacing and zonings to duct arrangements, finally by analysing the layouts individual cooling and heating loads are generated automatically. Compared to first floor second floor require more load. S. Visweswara Rao | Badisha Gopi | Aggidi Harish | Boda Sumanth "Analysis of Air Conditioning Arrangement for Two Floor Shopping Complex by using Revit MEP Software" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23257.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23257/analysis-of-air-conditioning-arrangement-for-two-floor-shopping-complex-by-using-revit-mep-software/s-visweswara-rao
274 Problems of Women Education in India A Case Study of Mangalagiri Mandal in Guntur District of A.P , Sudhir Maddela | Pradeep M.
Rapidly changing technologies and increasing globalization suggests that better education and training have become essential for sustainable development improved livelihoods and the competitiveness of the economy. Education and training needs are required to be placed at the centre of the rural development agenda in order to contribute to eradicating poverty and backwardness, to ensure sustainable growth and to build human capacity for rural development. Education is the process that liberates the mind. It is liberation from all forms of darkness and ignorance. Women's literacy is essential for economic viability and independence. Acquisition of knowledge is one of the prerequisites of human development. Today all development agencies agree on the importance of educating women in order to promote and maintain family education, health, nutrition and general well being. The aim of education should be to train women in such a way that they apply their acquired knowledge to the pursuits of daily life and fit them for the position they have to fill. Sudhir Maddela | Pradeep M. "Problems of Women Education in India (A Case Study of Mangalagiri Mandal in Guntur District of A.P)" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23148.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/economics/development-economics/23148/problems-of-women-education-in-india--a-case-study-of-mangalagiri-mandal-in-guntur-district-of-ap/sudhir-maddela
275 Environmental Impact of Geothermal Power Plant , Manish Navriya | Piyush Agarwal | Jobin Thomas | Devendra Kumar Doda
Energy in any form is the main and important factor of any developing nation and Energy is must require for surviving with honor. Geothermal energy is renewable energy source and it is clean and sustainable energy source but the development still required and going. At the time of electricity generation by geothermal power plant can cause many effects like surface disturbance, physical effect and environmental effects like noise pollution, water pollution, air pollution, hazard gasses emission etc. The main motive of this paper is to elaborate many bad impact on the atmosphere of the geothermal power plant and the amount of the different pollutions are discussed here.   BY Manish Navriya | Piyush Agarwal | Jobin Thomas | Devendra Kumar Doda "Environmental Impact of Geothermal Power Plant"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21663.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/21663/environmental-impact-of-geothermal-power-plant/manish-navriya
276 Design and Modeling of Pull Rod and Push Rod Suspension System , Sateesh Kumar Revoor | Mittapally Nikhil | Jatothu Sucharitha | D. Anil
The main criterion of this project is to design a suspension system practically to a student formula vehicle and for systems, now loads are distributed to front and rear side. The stiffness of the spring is calculated by considering front and rear loads. The design of the spring, dash pot, rocker arms and push rod were done by LOTUS SHARK and modelling of these is done in SOLIDWORKS software. Later, the assembly of all parts and mono spring rocker arm front suspension system were designed racing cars. The dynamic loads are to be considered for the design of wheel assembly, frame, and transmission, steering and braking. Sateesh Kumar Revoor | Mittapally Nikhil | Jatothu Sucharitha | D. Anil "Design and Modeling of Pull Rod & Push Rod Suspension System" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23263.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23263/design-and-modeling-of-pull-rod-and-push-rod-suspension-system/sateesh-kumar-revoor
277 RFID Technology Adoption Rate in Warehousing A Study of Manufacturing Companies in Johor , Law Chong Seng | Dr. Lim Kim Yew
Radio frequency identification RFID is a technology capable of providing real time information about supply chain operations. It has been used in warehousing to achieve reduced shrinkage, improved material handling and tacking as well as increased accuracy of data collection. This research provides analysis of the RFID adoption rate and identified adoption deciding criteria, benefits and barriers in manufacturing companies in Johor, Malaysia. The data collected from the survey were used in descriptive statistic percentage, cross tabulation and correlation test. The analysis results showed that there were high acceptances of variables for i Deciding criteria size of company, technical know how, type and flow of system, investment costs, staff competencies, products and customer requirements, and top management support. ii Adoption benefits improved inventory management, warehouse operation enhancements, and warehouse operation costs reduction. iii Adoption barriers implementation cost as key barrier, lack of awareness, uncertainty of return of investment ROI , uncertainty of technology, no business benefits, popularity of traditional bar code, lack of skilled workforce, and insufficient market acceptance.   BY Law Chong Seng | Dr. Lim Kim Yew "RFID Technology Adoption Rate in Warehousing: A Study of Manufacturing Companies in Johor"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21681.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/operations-management/21681/rfid-technology-adoption-rate-in-warehousing-a-study-of-manufacturing-companies-in-johor/law-chong-seng
278 Process Parameter Optimization for Resistance Spot Welding using Response Surface Methdology , Manjunath R. Rawal | Vaibhav Varane | Rakesh R. Kolhapure
Quality of product and process are mainly depends upon their process parameters and their levels selected for design and manufacturing. So, it is important to decide optimal levels of process parameters to get desired output variables. The study focuses on finding out optimal levels of process parameters in Resistance Spot Welding RSW and its effect on tensile strength and nugget diameter. The Response Surface Methodology RSM is employed for multi objective optimization of responses for maximizing tensile strength and minimizing nugget diameter. Response optimizer with desirability function is found for optimum results of response surface methodology. Analysis of variance ANOVA is carried out for analyzing contribution of each process parameter on the performance of RSW. Manjunath R. Rawal | Vaibhav Varane | Rakesh R. Kolhapure "Process Parameter Optimization for Resistance Spot Welding using Response Surface Methdology" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23151.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23151/process-parameter-optimization-for-resistance-spot-welding-using-response-surface-methdology/manjunath-r-rawal
279 Understanding the Need of Implementation of Lean Techniques in Manufacturing Industries A Review , G. K. Kiran Kumar
In competitive environment lean manufacturing is necessary in every industry. Lean production is a standard manufacturing mode of the 21st century All the manufacturing industries have put a continuous efforts for its survival in these current world. In order to handle the critical situations manufacturers are trying to implement new and innovative techniques in their manufacturing process. Later on lean was formulated and developed as the solution to the fluctuating and competitive business environment. Due to rapid change in business environment the manufacturing organization are forced to face challenges and complexities in the competition. The concept of lean manufacturing was developed for maximize the resource utilization and minimize the wastes. The main focus of the lean manufacturing is to satisfy customer demands for high quality and low cost. The technique not only identifies the reasons for waste but also helps in its removal through marked principles and guidelines. Lean Manufacturing is an efficient and fast growing approach in the world of competition. Lean manufacturing utilizes a wide range of tools and techniques the choice of tools is based on the requirement. Many parameters contribute success of lean. Organizations which implemented lean manufacturing have higher level of flexibility and competitiveness. However, lean manufacturing provides an environment that is highly conducive to waste minimization. The majority of the study focuses on single aspect of lean element, only very few focuses on more than one aspect of lean elements, but for the successful implementation of lean the organization had to focuses on all the aspects such as Value Stream Mapping VSM , Cellular Manufacturing CM , U line system, Line Balancing, Inventory control, Single Minute Exchange of Dies SMED , Pull System, Kanban, Production Leveling etc., G. K. Kiran Kumar "Understanding the Need of Implementation of Lean Techniques in Manufacturing Industries: A Review " Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23194.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23194/understanding-the-need-of-implementation-of-lean-techniques-in-manufacturing-industries-a-review-/g-k-kiran-kumar
280 Content Based Image Retrieval An Assessment , Santosh Kumar Swarnkar | Prof. Avinash Sharma
The explosive increase and ubiquitous accessibility of visual data on the Web have led to the prosperity of research activity in image search or retrieval. With the ignorance of visual content as a ranking clue, methods with text search techniques for visual retrieval may suffer inconsistency between the text words and visual content. Content based image retrieval CBIR , which makes use of the representation of visual content to identify relevant images, has attracted sustained attention in recent two decades. Such a problem is challenging due to the intention gap and the semantic gap problems. Numerous techniques have been developed for content based image retrieval in the last decade. The purpose of this paper is to categorize and evaluate those algorithms proposed during the period of 2003 to 2016. We conclude with several promising directions for future research.   BY Santosh Kumar Swarnkar | Prof. Avinash Sharma "Content-Based Image Retrieval: An Assessment"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21708.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/21708/content-based-image-retrieval-an-assessment/santosh-kumar-swarnkar
281 Impact of Demonetization in India on MSME , Dr. Shweta Chaudhary | Ms. Aditi
Demonetization of Indian currency notes of Rs. 500 and 1000 is considered as boldest move taken by PM Narendra Modi. The decision was announced on the evening of November 8th 2016. The reason behind this decision is to keep a check on corrupt and black money hoarders. It is expected that this move of government will be helpful in reducing inflation which will be a great relief for general public of India. Though the decision is sudden and quick hence it will definitely have major impact on economy. Almost all sectors of economy get affected by demonetization. The small and medium business sector in India has a heavy influence on the economy. It provides employment to millions of people every year and contributes a good 8 to country's GDP. A large part of our population rely on this sector for employment hence the importance of MSME in India cannot be overlooked. Keeping g all these factors in mind the present paper is an attempt to measure the impact of demonetization on MSME. The study will be descriptive in nature. Data collected for the purpose of this study is based on secondary sources as researcher has reviewed more than 50 articles and research paper for the purpose of collectind data for the same. Dr. Shweta Chaudhary | Ms. Aditi "Impact of Demonetization in India on MSME" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23049.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/23049/impact-of-demonetization-in-india-on-msme/dr-shweta-chaudhary
282 Preprocessing of Low Response Data for Predictive Modeling , Farzana Naz | Imaad Shafi | Md Kamre Alam
For training a model, the raw data have to go through various preprocessing phases like Cleaning, Missing Values Imputation, Dimension Variable reduction, and Sampling. These steps are data and problem specific and affect the accuracy of the model at a very large extent. For the current scenario, we have 2.2M records with 511 variables. This data was used in a Direct Mail Campaign of some Life Insurance Products and now we know which record had a positive response for the campaign. Rows records 2,259,747 Columns 511 Rows with positive response 2,739, i.e. Response Rate 0.1212 . The dataset is not complete, i.e. we have to take care of missing values.   BY Farzana Naz | Imaad Shafi | Md Kamre Alam "Preprocessing of Low Response Data for Predictive Modeling"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21667.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/21667/preprocessing-of-low-response-data-for-predictive-modeling/farzana-naz
283 Design and Fabrication of Economical Air Filter , Dr. B. Vijaya Kumar | M. Naveen | P. Kalyan | P. Bhavana | K. Nikhil
The most general problem of today's environment is the presence of dust. The dust stability in air will lead to instability in human routine in the form of health disorders. The filtration of this kind of impurities from air is one of the best possible epidemiology and probably an economical and less expensive filtration system will further help to overcome this situation. The work in this project puts its concentration on the above mentioned factors. An air filter produced form the very often fetch of simple materials is designed, analyzed and fabricated. The trapezium modeled air filter with slots embedded in it, facilitate the fatigue replacement of materials after the expiry of the same. The incoming air is forced through an Exhaust fan for a faster movement of air rather than depending on the conventional method of air income. The air entering from the inlet gets protruded through different layers of filtration. The entire model, its analysis and results are discussed in the below work. Dr. B. Vijaya Kumar | M. Naveen | P. Kalyan | P. Bhavana | K. Nikhil "Design and Fabrication of Economical Air Filter" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23256.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23256/design-and-fabrication-of-economical-air-filter/dr-b-vijaya-kumar
284 Knowledge Regarding Post Operative Self Care Activities of Cataract Patients , Sharma N | Kaur H | Prakash K | Pugazhendi S
Eyes are same like a camera. If the lens in the camera gets scratches abrasions then, pictures will be appeared blur. This condition is called cataract. If this condition is left untreated can lead to the opacity or clouding of the natural lens of eyes and further may lead to permanent loss of vision. Good eyesight is an essential part of the body for proper growth and development of the individual. The main aim of the study is to assess the knowledge of cataract patient regarding post operative self care activities. A quantitative descriptive survey study was conducted to assess the knowledge regarding post operative self care activities of cataract patients and to find the association between knowledge score and demographic variables of the cataract patients. Total 155 study participants were selected by purposive sampling technique from Eye ward, Himalayan Hospital Dehradun, Uttarakhand. Data revealed that most 97 62.5 had moderately adequate level of knowledge, 31 20.1 had inadequate and 27 17.4 had adequate level of knowledge regarding post operative self care activities. Domains were included “cleaning of eyes”, “instillation of eye drop” and “post operative precautions” to assess the knowledge regarding self care. The result findings shown that the cataract patients had maximum 27.8 knowledge regarding post operative precautions and only 7.6 regarding the instillation of eye drops. It was concluded that cataract patients had moderate knowledge regarding post operative self care activities.   BY Sharma N | Kaur H | Prakash K | Pugazhendi S "Knowledge Regarding Post-Operative Self Care Activities of Cataract Patients"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21631.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21631/knowledge-regarding-post-operative-self-care-activities-of-cataract-patients/sharma-n
285 Multiple Products Testing on Single Circular Conveyor , Neeraj Kumar Sharma | Apoorv Sharma | Aayushi Pandey | Chandrakant Jaiswal | Akarsh Gupta
This paper proposes to solve the problem occurring at the time of segregation of products which are manufactured in the industry. There are several industries that produces multiple products which have different attributes, because of the presence of multiple products each type of product requires a different setup for its inspection and this causes more space requirement which leads to more capital investment. Therefore to eradicate this problem of different setups and space requirement we have developed the system which deals with multiple product testing on single circular conveyor which reduces the space tremendously. Neeraj Kumar Sharma | Apoorv Sharma | Aayushi Pandey | Chandrakant Jaiswal | Akarsh Gupta "Multiple Products Testing on Single Circular Conveyor" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23240.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23240/multiple-products-testing-on-single-circular-conveyor/neeraj-kumar-sharma
286 Path Navigation in ACO Using Mobile Robot , P. Hema Suganthi | Mrs. K. Subha
Ant colony algorithm suffers drawbacks such as slow convergence and easy to trap into local optimum, therefore the path planning for mobile robot based on an improved ant colony optimization algorithm is proposed. The workspace for mobile robot is established with grid method. A hybrid ant colony which is composed of common ants and exploratory ants is utilized to avoid trapping into local optimum. To increase the convergence speed, the pheromone update mechanism is improved by enhancing the sensitivity of the ants to the optimal path with reserving the elite ants. The optimal collision free path can be planned rapidly in the workspace with multiple obstacles. Simulation and experiment results show that the algorithm is practical and effective.   BY P. Hema Suganthi | Mrs. K. Subha "Path Navigation in ACO Using Mobile Robot"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21642.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/21642/path-navigation-in-aco-using-mobile-robot/p-hema-suganthi
287 Health Psychology Psychological Adjustment to the Disease, Disability and Loss , Agathi Argyriadi | Alexandros Argyriadis
This article discusses the psychological adjustment of adults to severe or incurable diseases or other loss. The stress that results from a diagnosis of illness or loss depends on many factors, such as the beliefs of each individual and the social context. Considering the diversity of human perceptions, feelings and behaviors, it was considered important for the present study to include a theory of stress and treatment related to physical illness. At the center of attention are end stage individuals, not their organic problems but mainly their psychological state and that of their families. Reference is then made to the loss of loved one and the period of mourning. As regards the disease response, there is a difference between the immediate reaction to loss, what we call mourning, and the adaptation to a new way of life without the loved one. Finally, the role of therapeutic communication between patients and their families and mental health professionals, as well as the need to maintain psychological balance, is also described. Agathi Argyriadi | Alexandros Argyriadis "Health Psychology: Psychological Adjustment to the Disease, Disability and Loss" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23200.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/psychology/23200/health-psychology-psychological-adjustment-to-the-disease-disability-and-loss/agathi-argyriadi
288 Secondary Filtration of Closed Loop in DC Locomotive , Dr. K Muthukumar | V. Nagendra Kumar
The use of hydraulics has increased tremendously in the recent past due to the various advantages it provides such as high power to weight ratio, elimination of complex components, ease of transportation and safety to name a few. Moreover the main advantage that hydraulic locomotives provide over conventional locomotives is constant velocity. Though there are various advantages to using hydraulics, contamination of working fluid poses a severe threat to components such as premature wear of components, a corrosion of components which would require replacing them well before their life incurring significant loss. Contamination of hydraulic fluids cannot be prevented or eliminated but can be contained to a certain extent. The safe levels of contamination are arrived at by comparing to recommended oil cleanliness values defined by NAS. Even though hydraulic systems are provided with an in built filter known as primary filter to remove solid or particulate impurities at cleanliness value at recommended levels. The controlling of contamination levels in the hydraulic oil by use another filtration unit externally, will reduce the level of contamination significantly and increases the life of the hydraulic drive system. To monitor the level of contamination of various sizes closely, a particle counter added to the additional unit proves to be beneficial. This project investigates the change in level of contamination in the working fluid after addition of the secondary filtration unit. Dr. K Muthukumar | V. Nagendra Kumar "Secondary Filtration of Closed Loop in DC Locomotive" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23220.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23220/secondary-filtration-of-closed-loop-in-dc-locomotive/dr-k-muthukumar
289 A Modern Technique for Unauthorized Human Detection and Intimation , Keerthanna G. S | Praveen Kumar P | Vishnu Prasad K | Ms. S. Sri Heera
Technological advancements are inevitable and the field of IoT is no exception. The utilization of the technologies in various sectors is highly employed. Even though we use technology in various sectors, the employment of technology for security purposes is very low. The Existing security in various places only CCTV is used for monitoring and recording. Even there are existing security systems where an alert is sent via an email which requires a stable internet connection. It is unlikely that we expect the user to be always connected to an internet source. In the Proposed system, authorized users faces will be trained and stored in a Database. Initially, when an unknown known person enters in the zone the camera module will capture the intruders face. The captured intruder's face will be compared with the trained faces in the database. If the person's face doesn't match, the micro controller will send an alert SMS to the recognized user and also the intruder's captured image will be E mailed to the user. The authorized user should acknowledge the SMS message. If he fails to acknowledge the message within a threshold time limit, an alert call will be made to the concerned user. By this the user gets intimated in real time.   BYKeerthanna G. S | Praveen Kumar P | Vishnu Prasad K | Ms. S. Sri Heera "A Modern Technique for Unauthorized Human Detection and Intimation"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21659.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/21659/a-modern-technique-for-unauthorized-human-detection-and-intimation/keerthanna-g-s
290 Ayurvedic Medical Destination Selection Criterion Preference of Coimbatore City , Sr. Kritikaa
Primary reasons for the growth of ayurvedic medical tourism in India, is the very effective treatments, faith of the foreigners and domestic patient on the Indian's age old techniques of treatments. Moreover, numbers of ayurvedic centers are functioning in various Indian states owned by both State Government agencies and the private entrepreneurs, which are world renowned center. This study aim to identify the primary reasons stated by the tourist for selection of Coimbatore for medical tourist. The study declared that Coimbatore is considered as mostly reliable ayurvedic medical tourist destination. The city also offers very cost economic medical tourism center, the doctors and therapists, who are also considered as well trained and knowledgeable. The authors suggested the private ayurvedic medical institutions to pay more attention in promoting Coimbatore as the more reliable hub for ayurvedic treatments, rejuvenation and metal cum physical relaxation. Sr. Kritikaa "Ayurvedic Medical Destination - Selection Criterion (Preference of Coimbatore City)" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23176.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/medicine/ayurvedic/23176/ayurvedic-medical-destination---selection-criterion-preference-of-coimbatore-city/sr-kritikaa
291 A Study to Assess the Level of Anxiety among Tuberculosis Patients Admitted in Government Hospital, Sasaram, Rohtas District Bihar , Maheshwaran. K | Senthil Thirusangu | Deepak Kumar Singh
Tuberculosis is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity around the world, infecting approximately 8 billion people, with an annual death rate of close to 1 million. India shares almost a third of this global tuberculosis burden. Nearly 2 million incidents cases and half a million deaths annually, tuberculosis is certainly an enormous public health problem in this country. Anxiety is an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, worried thoughts and physical changes like increased blood pressure. In our study anxiety is a condition in which an individual feels ashamed or humiliated at various social setting. Patients with anxiety usually avoid the situations due to their excessive concerns they commonly isolated themselves from the social interaction. Non experimental survey was conducted in Government Hospital, Sasaram, Rohtas District Bihar. 30 tuberculosis patients were selected by using Purposive sampling technique. Five point rating scale is used to assess the level of anxiety among the tuberculosis patients admitted in Government Hospital, Sasaram, Rohtas District Bihar The collected data was analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics. The result of the study shows that 20 66.7 the tuberculosis patients had moderate level of anxiety, 10 33.3 patients had severe level of anxiety and no one had mild level of anxiety. The study concluded that majority of tuberculosis patient admitted in Government Hospital, Sasaram, Rohtas District Bihar has moderate level of anxiety 66.7 and severe level of anxiety 33.3 . In this study, the results reveal that there is association between the demographic variables like age in year, gender, marital status, religion, area of residence and educational status with the level of anxiety.   BY Maheshwaran. K | Senthil Thirusangu | Deepak Kumar Singh "A Study to Assess the Level of Anxiety among Tuberculosis Patients Admitted in Government Hospital, Sasaram, Rohtas-District Bihar"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21700.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21700/a-study-to-assess-the-level-of-anxiety-among-tuberculosis-patients-admitted-in-government-hospital-sasaram-rohtas-district-bihar/maheshwaran-k
292 Military Radar System , Vinay Jangir | Manisha Kumawat | Manish Kumar Sharma
This paper describes about military radar system is going now a days and in future development of the system. How‘s the military operation performed by the radar system. the basically three type of radar are in the radar system , Land based air defense radar , Space borne radar system , ,Airborne surveillance radar .Some conceivable employments of radar information are appeared and how this will improve the adequacy of arranging, planning, coordinating also, controlling of military activities. Vinay Jangir | Manisha Kumawat | Manish Kumar Sharma "Military Radar System" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23026.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/23026/military-radar-system/vinay-jangir
293 Third Party Public Auditing Scheme for Security in Cloud Storage , Heeth Shah | Jill Shah | Ushma Desai
By means of cloud storage, users can distantly store their data and enjoy the on demand high quality applications and services from a shared group of configurable computing resources, without the burden of local data storage and maintenance. However, the information that users no longer have physical ownership of the outsourced data makes the data integrity protection in cloud computing a difficult task, particularly for users with constrained computing resources. Moreover, users should be able to just use the cloud storage space as if it is local, without worrying about the need to verify its integrity. Thus, to enable public auditability for cloud storage is of serious importance so that users can rely on a third party auditor TPA to verify the integrity of outsourced data and be worry free. To securely introduce a well organized TPA, the auditing process should bring in no new vulnerabilities to user data privacy, and introduce no additional online burden to user. However we propose a secure cloud storage system supporting privacy preserving public auditing and monitoring. We additional would extend our result to enable the TPA to perform audits for multiple users simultaneously and efficiently, also integrity of data in cloud. Extensive security and performance analysis show the future schemes are provably secure and highly well organized. Our beginning tryouts would be conducted on Amazon EC2 instance additional demonstrating the fast performance of the design.   BY Heeth Shah | Jill Shah | Ushma Desai "Third Party Public Auditing Scheme for Security in Cloud Storage"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21687.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21687/third-party-public-auditing-scheme-for-security-in-cloud-storage/heeth-shah
294 Invitro Assessment of Antibacterial and Antioxidant Property of Biofabricated Silver Nanoparticles using Aqueous Extract of Bauhinia Tomentosa , Mohanapriya. P
Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles is an eye catching area of a modern research field. It is simple, single step, non toxic and eco friendly method. In the present investigation, the aqueous extract of Bauhinia tomentosa is used to synthesise silver nanoparticles and it was confirmed by UV Visible spectrometer. Due to surface Plasmon resonance, the peak obtained at 440.0 nm. The functional group present at the surface of the silver nanoparticles was confirmed by FT IR analysis. Further, the synthesized silver nanoparticles were subjected to antibacterial activity by Well diffusion method and also antioxidant activity performed by hydrogen peroxide scavenging assay. As concentration of silver nanoparticles increases the bactericidal activity is raised and also the antioxidant activity is increased. Thus it reveals that due to presence of various bioactive compounds present in the plant extract acting as reducing agent to reduce the size of silver ions into silver nanoparticles. Therefore, the biosynthesized nanoparticles is utilized for various biomedical applications. Mohanapriya. P "Invitro Assessment of Antibacterial and Antioxidant Property of Biofabricated Silver Nanoparticles using Aqueous Extract of Bauhinia Tomentosa" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22780.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/nano-technology-/22780/invitro-assessment-of-antibacterial-and-antioxidant-property-of-biofabricated-silver-nanoparticles-using-aqueous-extract-of-bauhinia-tomentosa/mohanapriya-p
295 Fabrication and Analysis of Mechanical Properties of Metal Matrix Nano Composite using Magnesium and CNT as the Blending Material , B. M. Swami Punniakodi
The composite is used in almost every industry because of its high strength to weight ratio. The project focuses on fabrication of metal matrix nano composites and to checks its mechanical properties according to the ASTM standards. The carbon nano tube metal matrix composite is fabricated using powder blending sintering technique and it is cured for several hours to obtain a complete composite. It is found that the mechanical properties of carbon nano tube metal matrix composite such as tensile, hardness and wear strength varies according to the composition of carbon nano tubes in the magnesium matrix.   BY B. M. Swami Punniakodi "Fabrication and Analysis of Mechanical Properties of Metal Matrix Nano Composite using Magnesium and CNT as the Blending Material"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21721.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/21721/fabrication-and-analysis-of-mechanical-properties-of-metal-matrix-nano-composite-using-magnesium-and-cnt-as-the-blending-material/b-m-swami-punniakodi
296 Design and Implementation of Bluetooth Based Industrial Automation , B. Shiva Kuamar | B. Satya Satwik | N. Anil Kumar | A. V. Tarun Kumar
The paper Design and Implementation of Bluetooth Based Industrial Automation is used to control the circuit from a short distance during fire accidents .In this project we are using microcontroller, LDR ,flame sensor, Bluetooth sensor. Microcontroller is used to control the entire device by giving the commands. The project presents the design and implementation of low cost but a flexible and secure Bluetooth based industrial automation system. The communication between the cell phone and Arduino Bluetooth board is wireless. B. Shiva Kuamar | B. Satya Satwik | N. Anil Kumar | A. V. Tarun Kumar "Design and Implementation of Bluetooth Based Industrial Automation" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23180.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/23180/design-and-implementation-of-bluetooth-based-industrial-automation/b-shiva-kuamar
297 Methanol Extract of Unfermented Theobroma Cacao Promotes Normal Lipid Profile of Wistar Rats , Eyuwa Ignatius Agwupuye | Justin Atiang Beshel | Assumpta Chioma Anosike | Lawrence U. Ezeanyika
Abnormal lipid metabolism is a major pathogenic factor for various cardiovascular diseases. The present study investigated the lipid profile of methanol extract of unfermented Theobroma cacao TC in Wistar rats. 24 Male Wistar rats were divided equally into four groups. Group 1 was the control group, and was administered 0.9 normal saline. Groups 2, 3 and 4 were administered 200mg kg, 400mg kg and 800mg kg methanol extract of unfermented TC. Administration was via oral gavage and lasted for 21 days. The rats were sacrificed under chloroform anaesthesia. Blood was collected through cardiac puncture, allowed to clot, and later centrifuged to get serum. Laboratory assays were done for serum concentrations of total cholesterol Tc , triacylglycerides TAG , high density lipoprotein HDL c , and low density lipoprotein LDL c . Administration of TC extract resulted in an increase p 0.05 serum concentration of HDL c, with a consequent reduction in the serum concentrations of Tc, TAG, and LDL c when compared with the control. The observed results showed that consumption of unfermented Theobroma cacao within the experimental dose promotes normal lipid profile of Wistar rats. Thus, if these results are extrapolated to man, consumption of unfermented Theobroma cacao is encouraged.   BY Eyuwa Ignatius Agwupuye | Justin Atiang Beshel | Assumpta Chioma Anosike | Lawrence U. Ezeanyika "Methanol Extract of Unfermented Theobroma Cacao Promotes Normal Lipid Profile of Wistar Rats"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21730.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/biological-science/other/21730/methanol-extract-of-unfermented-theobroma-cacao-promotes-normal-lipid-profile-of-wistar-rats/eyuwa-ignatius-agwupuye
298 3D Printing , Shwetha Shanmugam | Sandhiya Bharathidasan | S. Abinayaa
inventive plans. At the end of the day, we can say that a robot fit for building confused structures from brilliant holds by all itself. The results are exceptionally modern in nature. Whats more, this could change the development component. In simple future, numerous nations and organizations will utilize these 3D printing systems to build inventive structures. The reasons why we would love to utilize 3D printing is that it is particularly less expensive than the customary strategy. Not just the expense of development it likewise incorporates the expense of materials utilized, cost of works and so forth. At the point when contrasted with customary strategy it requires less exertion, time utilization is likewise less. The strategy will likewise cut expenses and natural harm by decreasing the measure of broken blocks that is utilized. The thought is that the base of the robot is fixed with the arm sufficiently long to achieve any piece of the structure being manufactured. Exact situating is accomplished by a fixed marker in an alternate position from the robot. The entire procedure is robotized. The developments will be in xyz arranges. Stepper engines are utilized for developments. Timing belts are utilized for straight movements. DC engines will be utilized for gripper system. The structure never should be contacted by human hands. Regardless of whether they are compact printers utilized nearby or are housed in a stockroom, 3D printers can possibly totally reform the constructed condition. With such huge numbers of potential advantages of Smart Construction, theres nothing unexpected that this technique is advancing through an assorted number of ventures and rapidly turning into a most loved device of dynamic advertisers. Looking at the various points of interest, applications and future extension, we can reason that the Smart blocks and its innovation can make next mechanical unrest in Field of Construction. Shwetha Shanmugam | Sandhiya Bharathidasan | S. Abinayaa "3D Printing" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23284.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/23284/3d-printing/shwetha-shanmugam
299 Unit Test using Test Driven Development Approach to Support Reusability , Myint Myint Moe
Unit testing is one of the approaches that can be used for practical purposes in improving the quality and reliability of software. Test Driven Development TDD adopts an evolutionary approach which requires unit test cases to be written before implementation of the code. TDD method is a radically different way of creating software. Writing test first can assure the correctness of the code and thus helping developer gain better understanding of the software requirements which leads to fewer defects and less debugging time. In TDD, the tests are written before the code is implemented as test first. The number of defects reduced when automated unit tests are written iteratively similar to test driven development. If necessary, TDD does the code refactoring. Refactoring does to improve the internal structure by editing the existing working code, without changing its external behavior. TDD is intended to make the code clearer, simple and bug free. This paper focuses on methodology and framework for automation of unit testing.   BY Myint Myint Moe "Unit Test using Test-Driven Development Approach to Support Reusability"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21731.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/21731/unit-test-using-test-driven-development-approach-to-support-reusability/myint-myint-moe
300 Some Characteristics of Weibull Distribution and its Contribution to Wind Energy Analysis , K. Sukkiramathi | C. V. Seshaiah
Weibull distribution is a proper distribution to use in modelling the life time data for more than four decades. The Weibull distribution has been found to be a suitable fit for the empirical distribution of the wind speed measurement samples. In brief this paper consist of presentation of general review of important properties and characters in Weibull distribution. Also we discuss the application of the two parameter Weibull distribution to wind speed measurements. The estimation of unknown parameters in Weibull distribution along with some properties of moment method are also discussed.   BY K. Sukkiramathi | C. V. Seshaiah "Some Characteristics of Weibull Distribution and its Contribution to Wind Energy Analysis"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21685.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/applied-mathamatics/21685/some-characteristics-of-weibull-distribution-and-its-contribution-to-wind-energy-analysis/k-sukkiramathi
301 Experimental Study on Mechanical Properties of Sintered Fly Ash Aggregate in Concrete , Anupriya T | Jayapal A
There is heavy demand for the building materials in the domestic market, which is becoming scarce day by day. Presently in India the power sector depends on coal based thermal power station, which produce a huge amount of fly ash approximately to be around 200 million tones annually. The mass utilization of fly ash in concrete, essentially focused on sintered fly ash aggregate replaced by natural coarse aggregate is thought of in this investigation.   BY Anupriya T | Jayapal A "Experimental Study on Mechanical Properties of Sintered Fly Ash Aggregate in Concrete"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21679.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/21679/experimental-study-on-mechanical-properties-of-sintered-fly-ash-aggregate-in-concrete/anupriya-t
302 Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis A Case Report , Blessy Rachal Boban | Cillamol K. J | Elena Cheruvil | Sheffin Thomas | Tony Abraham
Hypokalemic periodic paralysis HPP is a medical emergency with prevalence of 1 in 100,000 . Rapid management is very important since, very low potassium levels can lead to cardiac complications . In this case, a twenty four year old female without a similar history in the family, having hypokalemia periodic paralysis attack is presented. This case report study has been presented for the consideration of the rare HPP in patients presenting with sudden muscle weakness.   BY Blessy Rachal Boban | Cillamol K. J | Elena Cheruvil | Sheffin Thomas | Tony Abraham "Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis: A Case Report"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21658.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/pharmacy/pharmacy-practice/21658/hypokalemic-periodic-paralysis-a-case-report/blessy-rachal-boban
303 Modelling and Analysis on Water Tube Boiler Drum   ,  R. Duraipandian | Shishira Srinivasa
Human Resources Management is a function in organizations formulated to augment employee performance in service of an employers strategic objectives. An employee is affected by intrinsic and extrinsic factors at work and his her success depends on how he she overcomes those factors and creates a good name in the Organization among his her peers. Knowledge process outsourcing KPO describes the outsourcing of core information related business activities which are competitively crucial and forms an essential part of a companys value chain. KPO requires strengthened analytical and technical skills as well as a high degree of specialist expertise. Stress in the workplace has the potential to impact employees of all categories, and managers as well as other kinds of workers who are vulnerable to work overload. However, less powerful employees those who have less control over their jobs are more likely to experience stress than employees with more power. R. Duraipandian | Shishira Srinivasa "A Study on Stress Management by Middle Level Employees with Special Reference to Knowledge Process Outsourcing Company" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21632.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/other/21632/a-study-on-stress-management-by-middle-level-employees-with-special-reference-to-knowledge-process-outsourcing-company/r-duraipandian
304 Accountability and Public Sector Performance in the Third World Country A Case Study of Nigeria , Oloruntoba Sunday Rufus | Gbemigun Catherine O
This study focuses on accountability and public sector performance in the third world country A case study of Nigeria. The study is a demonstration of simple random sampling techniques on the bases of which a survey administration of questionnaires was done. The data collected was analysed by using chi square statistical tool. The result revealed that there is relationship between appraisal of transparency public office holders and public sector performance using a case study of Ose Local Government Area Secretariat, Ose, Ondo State Nigeria. The findings revealed that there is relationship between appraisal of integrity of public office holders and performance output within short and long period their regime using a case study of Ose Local Government Area Secretariat, Ose, Ondo State Nigeria. The paper recommends that issue of immunity clause as treated in the 1999 Constitution as amended must be revisited to improve accountability of public officeholder in Nigeria public service. Public officeholders need be made to answer for any suspected acts of funds misappropriation or mismanagement irrespective of social status.   BY Oloruntoba Sunday Rufus | Gbemigun Catherine O "Accountability and Public Sector Performance in the Third World Country: A Case Study of Nigeria"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21748.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/accounting-and-finance/21748/accountability-and-public-sector-performance-in-the-third-world-country-a-case-study-of-nigeria/oloruntoba-sunday-rufus  
305 Challenges of Hybrid Electric Vehicle for Military Application , Prashant Gocher | Pradeep Kumar | Gaurav Srivastava
Hybrid electric vehicles are relentlessly happening as expected in the business advertise because of their demonstrated advantages in efficiency and lesser emanation of toxins. For defense purpose, the drivers for half and half electric vehicles are very unique in spite of the fact that the mileage remains an attractive component in business and defense areas. The defense requirements for half and half electric live in their capacity to produce noteworthy dimension of electricity locally available the vehicles to fulfill the need of the war fighter in this manner extending his main goal abilities as far as portability, survivability and lethality. The Army perceives the adjustments of half and half electric impetus for strategic and battle vehicles.   BY Prashant Gocher | Pradeep Kumar | Gaurav Srivastava "Challenges of Hybrid Electric Vehicle for Military Application"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21699.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/21699/challenges-of-hybrid-electric-vehicle-for-military-application/prashant-gocher
306 Heat Load Calculation with Duct Design of a Multi Storeyed Residential Building , Basavaraja K. T | T. Kiran | T. Sushanth | Thummala Saiteja Reddy
The heating, ventilation, and air conditioning HVAC system is arguably the most complex system installed in a building and is responsible for a substantial component of the total building energy use. Maintaining optimal temperature and air circulation are the basis of a comfortable indoor environment 1 . This role is played by HVAC Heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems. The heat load calculations along with the duct design for a HVAC system installed in a multistorey residential building is calculated and analyzed to maintain a desired temperature based on outer environmental temperature. The duct design is analyzed which create an impact on system performance. The layout of a multistorey residential building is made by using Autodesk REVIT software. A complete air conditioning system was designed along with ducts and VAV system to control the indoor environment conditions like temperature, relative humidity, air movement, etc. Based on the obtained Heat Load Calculations CFM and T.R values were found for each spaces and ducting design was done for all the spaces by considering the quantity of CFM to be supplied. A suitable air handling unit AHU is selected based on the CFM value for multi storey residential building. With this the capacity of equipment was estimated and selected for the installation. Basavaraja K. T | T. Kiran | T. Sushanth | Thummala Saiteja Reddy "Heat Load Calculation with Duct Design of a Multi Storeyed Residential Building" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23301.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23301/heat-load-calculation-with-duct-design-of-a-multi-storeyed-residential-building/basavaraja-k-t
307 Effect of Service Quality Gaps in Hospital Industry , Dr. C. Thirumal Azhagan | S. Jeyabal
Quality is considered as one of the imperative factors. In hospital industry patient is a consumer of the hospital whose fulfillment must be taken note. The fulfillment of the patient has relied upon the service execution which has been performed by the hospital. The quality of the service measures the expectation and perception of the patient about service quality which has been given by the administration, so the level of a gap can be addressed. Service dissatisfaction in the hospital industry emerges because of gaps that emerge in patient service. In the event that the service gave meets the patient desire at that point the patient is satisfied, in case the service gave meet not up to the patient expectation then the patient is dissatisfied. The gap between the two will indicate whether the service quality is high or low on each of this variable service engagement, patient safety, staff capacity, admission and discharge process, a culture of respect in order to measure service quality by using SERVQUAL model.   BY Dr. C. Thirumal Azhagan | S. Jeyabal "Effect of Service Quality Gaps in Hospital Industry"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21713.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/marketing/21713/effect-of-service-quality-gaps-in-hospital-industry/dr-c-thirumal-azhagan
308 Modal Analysis of a Square Plate with Reinforcement with Number of Stiffeners , Praveen Mirji
This Modal analysis is a major technique to determine the vibration characteristics of engineering structures and its component's. It is a process by which the natural frequencies, mode shapes of the structure can be determined with a relative ease. It should be a major alternative to provide a helpful contribution in understanding control of many vibration phenomena which encompasses in practice. In this work comparison of the natural frequency of the square plate with different number of reinforcement is found by using FEA .The main objective of this paper is to determine the natural frequency and mode shape of a square plate with different number of reinforcements. The number of ribs is increased in each iteration. Praveen Mirji "Modal Analysis of a Square Plate with Reinforcement with Number of Stiffeners" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23207.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23207/modal-analysis-of-a-square-plate-with-reinforcement-with-number-of-stiffeners/praveen-mirji
309 Broadcasting Emergency Message in VANET during an Emergency Event , Preethika D | Dr. M. Babu
Broadcasting emergency message to vehicles in the region in advance to reduce accidence so that the vehicle can take preventive measure to avoid accidents. It is a big provocation to broadcast emergence messages to the exact vehicle at right time without any delivery latency. Even though many protocol have been proposed to deliver emergency message in Vehicular ad hoc networks VANETs they suffer from many issues, like some protocols obligatory to receive nearby information to broadcast emergency message which again raise delivery latency. We propose a new protocol which reduce delivery latency during broadcasting emergency message to the vehicle nearby without creating any chaos to the vehicles in the adjacent lane.   BY Preethika D | Dr. M. Babu "Broadcasting Emergency Message in VANET during an Emergency Event"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21673.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/21673/broadcasting-emergency-message-in-vanet-during-an-emergency-event/preethika-d
310 Modelling and 3D Printing of Differential Gear Box , Yogesh Avula | Vanga Rajeev Narayana Reddy | VojaAnand Swaroop | Varikuppala Srisailam
The main aim of the project is to focus on the modeling and 3D printing of differential gear box. Differential permit each of the driving wheels to rotate at different speeds, while for most vehicles supplying equal torque to each of them. A vehicles wheels rotate at divergent speeds, mainly when turning corners. The differential is designed to operate a pair of wheels with same torque while permit them to rotate at different speeds. Differential gear box is designed in CATIA V5 software and manufactured using additive manufacturing 3D printing . The function of gear is to protect and provide a platform for gear transmission. It also provides supports for moving parts and protection from outside environmental condition. Yogesh Avula | Vanga Rajeev Narayana Reddy | VojaAnand Swaroop | Varikuppala Srisailam "Modelling and 3D Printing of Differential Gear Box" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23287.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23287/modelling-and-3d-printing-of-differential-gear-box/yogesh-avula
311 Analysis and Investigation of Ms Weldment Using Unbaked E7018 Electrode , Dr. B. Vijaya kumar | N. Yashwanth | P. Madhav | P. Srinath | N. Pradeep
In this project we investigate the weld parameters of unbaked E7018 electrode low hydrogen covered electrode on MS weld metal. After welding the specimen, we conducted some prilimary tests on weld metal. This tests shows the weld metal characteristics and electrode performance. Also evaluate the effect of the current and voltage of the electrode on the weld metal. This electrode parameters shows effect of hardness and tensile strength of weld metal. Also we evaluate the effect of HAZ Heat Affected Zone on weld metal, there is a concern related to how the mechanical properties in the heat affected zone HAZ influence the behaviour of the joint. If electrode diameter and current increases the HAZ also increases. In this project for given dimensions 150 150 8 mm of weld metal we modify the current and size of the electrode and perform the welding operation on weld metal, and bring the results of weld joint in efficient manner. The welding and prilimary tests was performed at room temperature. Dr. B. Vijaya kumar | N. Yashwanth | P. Madhav | P. Srinath | N. Pradeep "Analysis and Investigation of Ms Weldment Using Unbaked E7018 Electrode " Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23307.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/manufacturing-engineering/23307/analysis-and-investigation-of-ms-weldment--using-unbaked-e7018-electrode-/dr-b-vijaya-kumar
312 An Exploratory Study to Identify the Perceived Stress and Coping Abilities of Primary Dysmenorrhea among Adolescent Girls in Nandhanar Girls Higher Secondary School, Chidambaram , Dr. Jeyalakshmi. S | Mrs. Kalaiyarasi. D | Mrs. Bharathi. S
Primary dysmenorrhoea, which affects from 43 to 91 of adolescent girls, is defined as painful uterine cramps that precede and accompany menses. Paediatricians and gynaecologists should thus be more actively involved in the diagnosis of adolescent primary dysmenorrhoea. The present study aimed to assess the stress and coping among adolescent girls during menstrual period. Descriptive research design was used, convenience sampling technique used. Results showed that adolescents girls had 7 inadequate coping, 76 moderate coping, 17 adequate coping during their menstruation and had 4 mild stress, 17 moderate stress, 79 severe stress during their menstruation, there was no significant association between the coping of the subjects and the selected demographic variables. Thus the selected hypothesis H1 was rejected.   BY Dr. Jeyalakshmi. S | Mrs. Kalaiyarasi. D | Mrs. Bharathi. S "An Exploratory Study to Identify the Perceived Stress and Coping Abilities of Primary Dysmenorrhea among Adolescent Girls in Nandhanar Girls Higher Secondary School, Chidambaram"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21709.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21709/an-exploratory-study-to-identify-the-perceived-stress-and-coping-abilities-of-primary-dysmenorrhea-among-adolescent-girls-in-nandhanar-girls-higher-secondary-school-chidambaram/dr-jeyalakshmi-s
313 Design and Developing of Two Wheeler Handle Gripper Using 3D Printing Technology , S. Suresh | Duppelly Vamshi | Boda Rahul | Dharavath Ashok Kumar
This paper provides information about design and developing of two wheeler handle gripper using the 3D printing. This technology allows to build a part in such a wat that thermoplastic material through nozzle deposited layer by layer and manufacture with high degree of freedom unachievable with the traditional manufacturing method. These two wheeler handle grippers TWHG play important role in providing grip to driver during vehicle running and idle conditions, it is difficult to make firm grip between hand and handle without handle gripper on two wheeler handle. For this paper purpose handle gripper model is created in CATIA V5, it is fully three dimensional modelling software, by using this model of handle grippers 3D printed handle grippers are created by the method of fused deposition process of rapid prototyping technology. S. Suresh | Duppelly Vamshi | Boda Rahul | Dharavath Ashok Kumar "Design and Developing of Two-Wheeler Handle Gripper Using 3D Printing Technology" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23311.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23311/design-and-developing-of-two-wheeler-handle-gripper-using-3d-printing-technology/s-suresh
314 Analyses of a Flat Plate Photovoltaic and Thermal Solar Collectors , Chandrakant Sharma | Dr. Virendra Sangtani
This paper shows a one dimensional limited volume model of an unglazed photovoltaic warm PVT sun oriented gatherer. The unit comprises of an ordinary sun based photovoltaic PV gatherer combined with an appropriate warmth exchanger. Specifically, the gatherer incorporates a move security heat exchanger and it isnt furnished with back and outline protection. The framework is discretized along the stream bearing longitudinal of the co generative authority. For each limited volume component of the discretized computational area, mass and vitality adjusts are actualized. The authority geometry and materials parameters are taken from a monetarily accessible gadget. An on field trial examination is performed so as to approve the proposed model. The model is utilized to assess both electrical and thermodynamic parameters for every component of the space and for fixed working conditions. At long last, an affectability examination is likewise performed so as to explore the enthusiastic execution of the co generative gatherer as an element of the primary plan natural parameters.   BY Chandrakant Sharma | Dr. Virendra Sangtani "Analyses of a Flat Plate Photovoltaic and Thermal Solar Collectors"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21707.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/21707/analyses-of-a-flat-plate-photovoltaic-and-thermal-solar-collectors/chandrakant-sharma
315 Software Piracy Protection , Mrs. D. Seema Dev Aksatha | M. Blessing Marshal
Software piracy by users is generally believed to harm both software firms through lower profits and buying customers through higher prices . Thus, it is thought that perfect and cost less technological protection would benefit both firms and consumers. The model developed here suggests that in some circumstances, even with significant piracy, not protecting can be the best policy, both raising firm profits and lowering selling prices. Key to the analysis is joining the presence of a positive network security with the fact that piracy increases the total number of program users. The network security exists because consumers have an incentive to economize on post purchase learning and customization costs.   Mrs. D. Seema Dev Aksatha | M. Blessing Marshal "Software Piracy Protection"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21705.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/computer-security/21705/software-piracy-protection/mrs-d-seema-dev-aksatha
316 Dynamic Analysis of Bionic ARM , Mr. M. Sreedhar | Mrs. P. Varalakshmi | R. Naveen | S. Bharath Kumar | T. Akhil Reddy
In this day and age there is an expanding need to make artificial arms for various cruel circumstances where human communication is troublesome or incomprehensible. They may include taking readings from a dynamic spring of gushing lava to diffusing a bomb. This paper presents a study on dynamic analysis of multi degree freedom of a bionic arm that is designed in CATIA V5. The prototype is converted into standard for the exchange of product .stp file and is imported in the ANSYS software for the calculation of parameters such as maximum and minimum of deformations, stresses, strains, velocities, and acceleration. The analysis is done with giving different materials for the better optimization of the parameters such as reduced weight, less friction, and more strength. The fingers are revolute pairs that are free to rotate about certain degrees this motion is given by actuators. The arm can be improvised by using sensors, actuators and mechatronic chips so that it mimics the artificial hand. Mr. M. Sreedhar | Mrs. P. Varalakshmi | R. Naveen | S. Bharath Kumar | T. Akhil Reddy "Dynamic Analysis of Bionic ARM" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23237.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23237/dynamic-analysis-of-bionic-arm/mr-m-sreedhar
317 E Ball Technology , Ms. R. Selvapriya | Jebaseeli Beula. J
A new concept of pc is coming now that is E Ball concept pc. The E Ball concept pc is a sphere shaped computer which is the smallest design among all the laptops and desktops. This computer has all the feature like a traditional computer, elements like keyboard or mouse. dvd,large screen display. E Ball is designed that pc is be placed on two stands, open by presenting and holding the two buttons located on each side of the E Ball pc, this pc is the latest concept technology. The E Ball is a sphere shaped computer concept which is the smallest design among all the laptops and desktops have ever made.   BY Ms. R. Selvapriya | Jebaseeli Beula. J "E-Ball Technology"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21698.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/computer-hardware/21698/e-ball-technology/ms-r-selvapriya
318 Design and Analysis of Mixed Flow Pump Impeller , B. Naresh | P. Krishna | N. Sunny Deepak | P. Laxmi Prasanna
Mixed flow pump impeller is a centrifugal pump device where the transition of fluid flow takes place in both axial and radial direction. In this work a mixed flow pump impeller has been designed using CATIA V5 software tool and analyzed using the fundamentals of fluid mechanics and turbo machinery. As per many researchers there are many methods are used to design the impeller but still the optimized design of the mixed flow pump impeller blade has been a cumbersome work. The impeller blades have been designed by varying the semi cone angle. The CFD analysis is the advanced tool used in pump industry to improve the efficiency hence the CFD analysis is carried over the model to predict analytical values and to solve problems the problems that involves the fluid flow using ANSYS workbench 16.0. Because of its anti corrosive property stainless steel is used as material for impeller and water liquid used as a fluent which flow around the impeller. From the CFD analysis the velocity and pressure in the outlet is predicted. The outlet values will be useful for calculating the efficiency of the pump. B. Naresh | P. Krishna | N. Sunny Deepak | P. Laxmi Prasanna "Design and Analysis of Mixed Flow Pump Impeller" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23305.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23305/design-and-analysis-of-mixed-flow-pump-impeller/b-naresh
319 Wireless Power Transmission using SPS , Karan Sharma | Prateeek Saini | Naveen Jangid | Dr. Himani Goyal Sharma
In this paper, we present the idea of sun based vitality satellites sun oriented cells in the satellite Convert daylight into power, which will transform into radio recurrence vitality, at that point a collector will achieve the site Earth was re jolted by utilizing the reception apparatus with the innovation of remote and accepting it Power transmission is transmitting power i.e., as microwave for lessening transmission and dispersion. In this paper we want to elaborate all the aspect related to the wireless power transmission using solar power satellite by which the overall efficiency, reliability will be increased.   BY Karan Sharma | Prateeek Saini | Naveen Jangid | Dr. Himani Goyal Sharma "Wireless Power Transmission using SPS"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21719.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/21719/wireless-power-transmission-using-sps/karan-sharma
320 Design and Analysis of Upright for Formula Vehicle , Dr. B. Vijaya Kumar | B. Ruchitha | Narender Goud Edigi | Hemant Kumar
Upright is modified version of knuckle. It is one of the most critical components in an automotive. Upright is the part that is connected with suspension arms, the hub brake caliper mounting and also the steering tie rod in formula vehicle. For Formula vehicle the goal is to design a light weight, yet sufficiently strong upright. All the loads reacted by the wheels are transmitted to the chassis through the ‘A' arms indirectly from the upright. Generally the nature of the loads is bending. Different materials are used for manufacturing upright components like Aluminum alloys Al 7075 T6 for light weight applications, Al alloy 6061 T6 for moderate weight and moderate cost or steel in case of low cost application. First the upright is design in solid work with respect to the suspension mounting points. The model is meshed using ANSYS and analyzed based on the loads calculated using analytical method using formulae for various manures possible. Previously manufactured upright of Al alloy 6061 T6 had weight of 2 kg. In this project, the upright is designed with Al 7075 T6, reducing the weight to 1.17 kg and also sustaining the loads better than the previous design. Dr. B. Vijaya Kumar | B. Ruchitha | Narender Goud Edigi | Hemant Kumar "Design and Analysis of Upright for Formula Vehicle" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23303.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23303/design-and-analysis-of-upright-for-formula-vehicle/dr-b-vijaya-kumar
321 Study on Speech Compression and Decompression by using Discrete Wavelet Transform , Sandar Oo
Speech signal can be compressed and decompressed by discrete wavelet transform technique. Discrete wavelet transform compression is based on compressing speech signal by removing redundancies present in it. Speech compression is a technique to transform speech signal into compact form. Objective of compressing speech signal is to enhance transmission and storage capacity. The compression parameters in speech such as Signal to Noise Ratio SNR , Peak Signal to Noise Ratio PSNR , Normalized Root Mean Square Error NRMSE , Compression Factor CF and Retained Signal Energy RSE are measured using Matlab.   BY Sandar Oo "Study on Speech Compression and Decompression by using Discrete Wavelet Transform"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21727.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/physics/engineering-physics/21727/study-on-speech-compression-and-decompression-by-using-discrete-wavelet-transform/sandar-oo
322 Quantitative Analysis of Histamine Production in Idli Batter , Rubasri Gunasekaran | Murugan A | Prathapkumar Shetty
Biogenic amine formed from protein rich foods is menace throughout the world. Fermented food products are major concern due to the presence of histamine, leading to histamine poisoning. Related in human, Histamine consumption may leads to severe health concerns at chronic levels due to effects on the restless, headache, vomiting, hypotension, flushing. Dried fish are known to be one of the most popular fish products consumed in the Indian subcontinent, often prepared under unhygienic conditions. The present study was aimed to determine the occurrence of histamine and histamine forming bacteria in dried fish and idli batter procured from Pondicherry markets by high performance liquid chromatography. Rubasri Gunasekaran | Murugan A | Prathapkumar Shetty "Quantitative Analysis of Histamine Production in Idli Batter" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22942.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/home-science/food-biotechnology/22942/quantitative-analysis-of-histamine-production-in-idli-batter/rubasri-gunasekaran
323 Analytical Method Development and Validation of Teneligliptin by using RP HPLC with ICH Guidelines , Dr. Pradnya Lokhande
Teneligliptin is drug used against type 2 diabetes mellitus and it is also a member of class of anti diabetic drugs known as dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitors or gliptins . A simple, sensitive and accurate RP HPLC method has been developed for the determination of Teneligliptin in bulk formulation. The max of the Teneligliptin was found to be 246 nm in Methanol Phosphate buffer pH 3 70 30 v v . The method shows high sensitivity with linearity 10 to 50 µg ml regression equation y = 54647x 74133 r2 = 0.9968 . The various parameters according to ICH guidelines are followed for validating and testing of this method. The Detection limit and quantitation limit were found to be 0.109 µg ml –1 and 0.3305 µg ml–1 in Methanol Phosphate buffer pH 3 70 30 v v respectively. The purity of tablet formulation was found to be 99.57 . The results demonstrated that the procedure is accurate, specific and reproducible RSD 2 , and also being simple, cheap and less time consuming and appropriate for the determination of Teneligliptin in bulk and pharmaceutical formulation.   BY Dr. Pradnya Lokhande "Analytical Method Development and Validation of Teneligliptin by using RP-HPLC with ICH Guidelines"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21735.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/chemistry/chromatography/21735/analytical-method-development-and-validation-of-teneligliptin-by-using-rp-hplc-with-ich-guidelines/dr-pradnya-lokhande
324 Investigation on Mechanical Properties of TIG Welded Joint and its Efficiency , Mr. I. S. N. V. R. Prashanth | K. Lavanya | Meherkeziah | P. Navya
This work mainly pertains to improvement in the mechanical properties of IS 2062 steel plates welds through gas tungsten arc welding GTAW process. TIG Tungsten inert gas welding are well known welding techniques, that are being used in industries in the current age. Mild steel was the only commonly used material in TIG welding. Mild steel is the first material consumption. The comparison is done on the basis of the mechanical properties of the welded joint of TIG welding. This study is done on mechanical testing and non destructive tests DPT and radiography tests of TIG welding on IS 2062 Mild steel plates. Mr. I. S. N. V. R. Prashanth | K. Lavanya | Meherkeziah | P. Navya "Investigation on Mechanical Properties of TIG Welded Joint and its Efficiency" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23244.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/manufacturing-engineering/23244/investigation-on-mechanical-properties-of-tig-welded-joint-and-its-efficiency/mr-i-s-n-v-r-prashanth
325 A Study of Community Entrepreneurship Development Research A Resource of Clarification and Forecast , J Jose Prabhu
Community entrepreneurship, as training and a field for academic research, gives an exceptional chance to test, question, and reevaluate ideas and suppositions from various fields of the executives and business look into. This article advances a perspective on Community entrepreneurship as a procedure that catalyzes social change and addresses critical social needs in a way that isnt ruled by direct money related advantages for the business visionaries. Community entrepreneurship is viewed as varying from different types of business in the moderately higher need given to advancing social esteem and improvement as opposed to catching financial esteem. To animate future research the creators present the idea of embeddedness as a connection between hypothetical viewpoints for the investigation of Community entrepreneurship.   BY J Jose Prabhu "A Study of Community Entrepreneurship Development Research: A Resource of Clarification and Forecast"    Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21741.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/new-venture-start-up/21741/a-study-of-community-entrepreneurship-development-research-a-resource-of-clarification-and-forecast/j-jose-prabhu
326 Centralized Tool for Software and USB , Prof. Bhanu Tekwani | Shubhangi Mishra | Mythri Ravindra
We propose a standalone application which facilitates a user to send request for USB access to the server, and after an approval from the administrator the user can use the USB. Along with that, the application also generates report for the administrator regarding hardware configuration and list of software in a computer, in a given network. Another additional feature includes, automated and silent software installation in the client computers over a network. Prof. Bhanu Tekwani | Shubhangi Mishra | Mythri Ravindra "Centralized Tool for Software and USB" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23187.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/computer-network/23187/centralized-tool-for-software-and-usb/prof-bhanu-tekwani
327 Analysis of Energy in Wireless Sensor Networks An Assessment , Anupam Jain | Prof. Madhuvan Dixit
In the past decades, Wireless Sensor Network WSN has become a wide area of research. In WSN, numerous sensor nodes are randomly setup with different energy level. Energy acts as power source and is available to each sensor node in limited quantity. The limiting factor is that sensor nodes are energy constrained and recharging or replacing battery is costly and complex process. This paper explores the different energy consumption factors which effect the lifetime and performance of the WSN's. The main factors which effect the energy consumption in WSN's are scalability, load balancing, reliability, communication, collision, over hearing, ideal listing and latency. Researchers have proved that the node near to sink node discharge very fastly. Apart from these, most of the energy is consumed during the transfer of data from sender to receiver. In this paper effort is made to analyze the effect of different factors on energy consumption in WSN's.   BY Anupam Jain | Prof. Madhuvan Dixit "Analysis of Energy in Wireless Sensor Networks: An Assessment"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22789.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/computer-network/22789/analysis-of-energy-in-wireless-sensor-networks-an-assessment/anupam-jain
328 Generation of Air Conditioning by using Exhaust Gases and Cooling Water of an Automobile Engine , Dr. M. Sampath Kumar | Karthik Payam | Rajesh Medi | Srikanth Chennam | Aditya Mothukuri
Air conditioning system of car or buses works on principle of vapor absorption cycle of refrigeration VAR . This system reduces the fuel economy of fuel of vehicle. When vehicle moving with air conditioning, it consumes more amount of fuel than vehicle rubs without AC, typically, it consumes 15 to 20 more amount of fuel. Exhaust gases coming from engine of vehicle have temperature ranges to 300 to 400 degree centigrade at full load it carries 25 to 30 of heat supplied by fuel. For A.C. of an automobile, the heat of exhaust gases is utilized to run vapor absorption refrigeration cycle instead of vapour compression refrigeration system. Resulting, it improves fuel economy of A. C. heavy vehicle. In this project try to integrate the vapor absorption refrigeration system with car or bus or heavy vehicle engine exhaust. Comparative study has been carried out when car running with VCR and vapor absorption system of refrigeration. Dr. M. Sampath Kumar | Karthik Payam | Rajesh Medi | Srikanth Chennam | Aditya Mothukuri "Generation of Air Conditioning by using Exhaust Gases and Cooling Water of an Automobile Engine" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23318.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23318/generation-of-air-conditioning-by-using-exhaust-gases-and-cooling-water-of-an-automobile-engine/dr-m-sampath-kumar
329 An Experimental Study on Rapid Chloride Penetration Test of Self Compacting Concrete , Mr. R. Jeya Prakash | Ms. R. Nirmala
Self compacting concrete SCC is a very fluid concrete and a homogeneous mixture that solves most of the problems related to ordinary concrete. Self Compacting Concrete gets dense and compacted due to its own self weight. An experimental investigation has been carried out to determine different characters like filling ability, passing ability, segregation resistance workability and strength of Self Compacting Concrete SCC . And finally determining the chloride penetrability of SCC. Self Compacted Concrete is generally defined as the “Concrete, which does not need Compaction.” Due to these characteristics, SCC is ideally suited for concreting structures, which have heavily congested reinforcement or difficult access conditions. In this project, M40 grade concrete were made using European method. The compressive strength, split tension test obtained at the ages of 7, 14 and 28 days.   BY Mr. R. Jeya Prakash | Ms. R. Nirmala "An Experimental Study on Rapid Chloride Penetration Test of Self Compacting Concrete"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21650.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/21650/an-experimental-study-on-rapid-chloride-penetration-test-of-self-compacting-concrete/mr-r-jeya-prakash
330 Design of an Air Distribution System for a Multi Storey Office Building , M. Pruthvi Raj | K. Prashanth Reddy | Mussan Shankar Reddy | B. Kranthi Kumar
Earlier the use of air conditioning for comfort purpose was considered to be expensive, but now a day, it has been a necessity for all human beings. Window air conditioners, split air conditioners are used in small buildings, offices etc. But, when the cooling load required is very high such as big buildings, multiplex, multi story buildings, hospitals etc. centralized unit central air conditioners used. The central AC's systems are installed away from building called central plant where water or air is to be cooled. This cooled air not directly supplied to the building rooms. When the cooled air cannot be supplied directly from the air conditioning equipment to the space to be cooled, then the ducts are provided. The duct systems carry the cooled air from the air conditioning equipment for the proper distribution to rooms and also carry the return air from the room back to the air conditioning equipment for recirculation. When ducts are not properly designed, then it will lead to problem such as frictional loss, higher installation cost, increased noise and power consumption, uneven cooling in the cooling space. For minimizing this problem, a proper design of duct is needed. Equal friction method is used to design the duct, which is simple method as compared with the other design methods. These work gives the combination of theoretical and software tool to provide a comparative analysis of the duct size. It also gives the comparison between rectangular duct and circular duct. M. Pruthvi Raj | K. Prashanth Reddy | Mussan Shankar Reddy | B. Kranthi Kumar "Design of an Air Distribution System for a Multi Storey Office Building" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23319.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23319/design-of-an-air-distribution-system-for-a-multi-storey-office-building/m-pruthvi-raj
331 Self Rechargeable Paper Thin Film Batteries , Vaibhav Singh | Gaurav Saxena
This paper covers the use of cellulose paper simultaneously as electrolyte, separation of terminals, and physical help of a battery controlled battery. The testimony on the two substances of a paper sheet of metal or metal oxides dainty layers with different electrochemical potential outcomes, independently as anode and cathode, such as Cu and Al, lead to a yield voltage of 0.70 V and a stream thickness that varies between 150 n A cm and 0.5 m A cm, subject to the paper structure, thickness and the dimension of OH species adsorbed in the paper matrix. The electrical yield of the paper battery is self governing of the terminals thickness yet strongly depends on the climatic relative stickiness RH , with a stream thickness redesign by various solicitations of significance when RH changes from 60 to 85 . Other than versatility, negligible exertion, low material use, regular very much arranged, the power yield of paper batteries can be changed in accordance with the perfect voltage– current required, by genuine mix. A 3 V demonstrate was made to control the ON OFF state of a paper. Vaibhav Singh | Gaurav Saxena "Self-Rechargeable Paper Thin-Film Batteries" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22872.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/22872/self-rechargeable-paper-thin-film-batteries/vaibhav-singh
332 Concepts and Technology of Flexible Ac Transmission Systems , Keshav Kumar | Praveen Kumar | Kusum Meena
FACTS indicate versatile AC transmission and this innovation release new doors for observance the facility and up the consumption limit of recent additionally as new and upgraded lines. These opportunities arise because of the provision of FACTS Controllers that controls the reticulated parameters like shunt series ohmic resistance, current, voltage, and different parameters. A difficulty emerging from the pressure of expanding power transmission and distribution limit could be effectively settled by growing the system and introducing more transmission lines. In any case, natural and monetary factor contradict the utilization of this goals. These elements have built the forward research on planning power systems to give greatest transmission limit at least expense. The consequence of the constant analysis led to the use of flexible AC Transmission Systems FACTS that is completely supported power hardware, to expand transmission limit, improve irresponsibleness and dynamic conduct of the framework and guarantee higher power quality. This paper can refer basically the importance of FACTS in our systems, its segments, the earliest innovation used Static volt ampere Compensator SVC , and also the latest innovation used Unified Power Flow Controller UPFC .   BY Keshav Kumar | Praveen Kumar | Kusum Meena "Concepts and Technology of Flexible Ac Transmission Systems"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21746.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/21746/concepts-and-technology-of-flexible-ac-transmission-systems/keshav-kumar
333 Designing of Solar Air Conditioning for Four Wheeler , Basavraja K. T | M. Rajes | M. Krishnaven | P. Sachin
In present day scenario natural resources like fuel, coal are used extremely and in the coming years the availability of these resources would fall down drastically. So it's high time for the people all over the world to find the alternative other than these resources. Electrical vehicles operated with batteries is one example to say that technology is progressing at a brisk phase. Another example of the natural source of energy is sun, and in this project solar energy is used as a remedy to optimize its fullest. To use solar energy and convert it further into electrical energy requires some components and their functions are to be well understood. A PV solar cell is used to directly change solar energy into electrical energy, a battery for storage of collected solar energy and a single phase DC motor which is run by battery power. The purpose of the motor is to transfer power to compressor to move and start the process. By the functioning of these components, making a note of dimension of the vehicle, material used for preparing vehicle outer body and glass heat load calculations are calculated and a result is not favorable for designing solar air conditioning system In future solar energy is going to be one of the predominant sources of energy in coming the days due to its abundant availability. Basavraja K. T | M. Rajes | M. Krishnaven | P. Sachin "Designing of Solar Air Conditioning for Four Wheeler" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23281.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23281/designing-of-solar-air-conditioning-for-four-wheeler/basavraja-k-t
334 Air Water System Design using Revit Mep for a Residential Building , B. Shushma | M. Uday Bhaskar | N. Balaji | G. Srujan Yadav
In this project we discussed the study and performance of air conditioner, air refrigeration and water conditioner system in a single unit. The main objective of this project is to develop the multifunctional system which can provide refrigeration effect, cold water and air conditioning effect with in regular air or space conditioning system. Air and water systems conditioning spaces by distributing the both conditioned air and water to the terminal units installed in the spaces for which the basic plan is given by civil department and the basic design is done by using REVIT MEP software. The air and water are heated or cooled in a central mechanical equipment room. The air supplied is termed as primary air to distinguish it from the recirculated or secondary room air. By using the peak cooling load values obtained in the heating and cooling load calculations the ton of refrigeration values for individual and total area is calculated which will be helpful for selection of accurate design for the residential building. B. Shushma | M. Uday Bhaskar | N. Balaji | G. Srujan Yadav "Air-Water System Design using Revit Mep for a Residential Building" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23314.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23314/air-water-system-design-using-revit-mep-for-a-residential-building/b-shushma
335 A Brief Study on Śvetāśvataropaniṣad , Nilachal Mishra
Upani ads are the highest portion of Veda and upani ads are called as vedanta. It is the compound word of Sanskrit like upa ni sad, which denotes sitting at the feet or presence of a guru. The upani ads are called disclosure of god. There are one hundred and eight upani ads in Indian philosophical tradition. But their numbers exceed two hundred Among of them 11 number of upani ads are treated as major upani ads. The svetasvataropani ad is a major upani ad and there are 113 mantras in this upani ad and which belongs to k ayajurveda. The svetasvataropani ad describes the yoga, its usages and merits vividly. There are seen many more descriptions of the supreme soul and the descriptions about the individual soul in this upani ad very beautifully.   BY Nilachal Mishra "A Brief Study on Åšvetāśvataropaniá¹£ad"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21743.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/sanskrit/21743/a-brief-study-on-Å›vetāśvataropaniá¹£ad/nilachal-mishra
336 Design and Analysis of Electric Bike , B. Praveen Kumar | B. Sushma | Amith.G | Ch. Akhileshwar Reddy | L. Vishal Patel
The goal of the project is to design an electric bike which is suitable for use as a daily commuter. The electric bike is powered by a 2 KW BLDC 48Volts motor with peak rotational speed of 3000 RPM. The rear wheel of the bike is chain driven. By considering factors like power density, weight and cost, Lithium ion batteries of type LiFePO4 Lithium iron phosphate are best suited for electric bike. The position of driver is very crucial as it affects center of gravity, weight distribution and ergonomics of the driver. The sub components of an electric bike are as follows chassis, prime power, propulsion, displays and controls. The modelling software used to develop the frame is Solid works and using solid works various FEA are carried out. The frame structure should be optimized for having a strong and light weight structure by considering load paths, bending moments and stress concentration. B. Praveen Kumar | B. Sushma | Amith.G | Ch. Akhileshwar Reddy | L. Vishal Patel "Design and Analysis of Electric Bike" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23310.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23310/design-and-analysis-of-electric-bike/b-praveen-kumar
337 Rethinking Gandhian Principles in Post Colonial Era , Krishnanunni R | Vishnu Achutha Menon
India gained its independence in 1947 and the pivotal role played by Gandhi in snatching its own peoples liberty is indispensable and still thrives to be a landmark in the Indian history. This paper examines attempts to quantify the significance and relevance of Gandhian principle in post colonial period.   BY Krishnanunni R | Vishnu Achutha Menon "Rethinking Gandhian Principles in Post Colonial Era"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21750.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/sociology/21750/rethinking-gandhian-principles-in-post-colonial-era/krishnanunni-r
338 Estimation of Cooling Load Calculations for a Commercial Complex , I. S. N. V. R. Prashanth | V. Nikitha | B. Aravind | N. Mahesh
In this project we discussed the cooling load calculations for a commercial building by using revit software Window air conditioners, split air conditioners are used in small buildings and offices etc but in big buildings and commercial complex we use central air conditioning systems this systems are installed far away from the buildings. The cooled air is supplied to the building with the help of ducts. When ducts are not properly designed, then it will lead to problem such as frictional loss, higher installation cost, increased noise and power consumption. For minimizing this problem, a proper design of duct is needed. Equal friction method is used to design the duct it gives the comparison of pressure drop in rectangular duct and circular duct. Central air conditioning is more reliable for easy operation with a lower maintenance cost. Cooling load items such as, people heat gain, lighting heat gain, infiltration and ventilation heat gain can easily by using REVIT SOFTWARE. The programme can also be used to calculate cooling load due to walls and roofs. And results were compared with the standard data given by ASHRAE and CARRIER. The RULE OF THUMB method is used to calculate the heat developed in the rooms. These methods are used for lower power consumption capital cost and improve aesthetics of building I. S. N. V. R. Prashanth | V. Nikitha | B. Aravind | N. Mahesh "Estimation of Cooling Load Calculations for a Commercial Complex" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23322.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23322/estimation-of-cooling-load-calculations-for-a-commercial-complex/i-s-n-v-r-prashanth
339 Fiducial Point Location Algorithm for Automatic Facial Expression Recognition , D. Malathi | A. Mathangopi | Dr. D. Rajinigirinath
We present an algorithm for the automatic recognition of facial features for color images of either frontal or rotated human faces. The algorithm first identifies the sub images containing each feature, afterwards, it processes them separately to extract the characteristic fiducial points. Then Calculate the Euclidean distances between the center of gravity coordinate and the annotated fiducial points coordinates of the face image. A system that performs these operations accurately and in real time would form a big step in achieving a human like interaction between man and machine. This paper surveys the past work in solving these problems. The features are looked for in down sampled images, the fiducial points are identified in the high resolution ones. Experiments indicate that our proposed method can obtain good classification accuracy.   BY D. Malathi | A. Mathangopi | Dr. D. Rajinigirinath "Fiducial Point Location Algorithm for Automatic Facial Expression Recognition"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21754.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/data-miining/21754/fiducial-point-location-algorithm-for-automatic-facial-expression-recognition/d-malathi
340 Modelling and Analysis of Go Kart Chassis , Srinivasa Reddy | N. Sharathchandra | Mustafa | P. Jayanth
The best way to evaluate a functioning go kart would be testing its performance under various conditions and points. Therefore, a new go kart called Mech Tech initial was presented in this report. Mech Tech initial was constructed based on the common go kart size found in the market but with slight difference in the frame design. Mech Tech initial's chassis was built using steel pipes, bent and welded together, with consideration to the position, braking system, steering system, seat position and many more. Other go kart's components such as engine, seat, steering wheel, brake system, bumper and wheels are mounted to chassis to test the performance. The chassis dimensions were taken for further testing and future reference. Among the tests applied are weight distribution on each wheel, and 17 degree method. Srinivasa Reddy | N. Sharathchandra | Mustafa | P. Jayanth "Modelling and Analysis of Go-Kart Chassis" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23268.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23268/modelling-and-analysis-of-go-kart-chassis/srinivasa-reddy
341 Extreme Computing A Primer , Matthew N. O. Sadiku | Adedamola A. Omotoso | Sarhan M. Musa
The ever increasing demand of computing power has led to the development of extremely large systems that consist of millions of components. Sustainable large scale computing systems can extend themselves to extreme scales. Both extreme and exascale computing defy the common wisdom of HPC and are regarded as unorthodox, but they could turn out to be indispensable necessities in the near future 1 . This paper provides a primer on extreme computing.   BY Matthew N. O. Sadiku | Adedamola A. Omotoso | Sarhan M. Musa "Extreme Computing: A Primer"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21723.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/other/21723/extreme-computing-a-primer/matthew-n-o-sadiku
342 Automatic Plant Irrigation System , Md. Sajid Abbas | Md. Aswer Mohiddin | N. Y. S. Pavan Teja | Ch. Nanda Kumar
Agriculture is the source of living of majority Indians and it also has a countless influence on economy of the country. The objective of our project is to reduce this manual involvement by the farmer by using an automated irrigation system which purpose is to enhance water use for agricultural crops . This paper deals with automatic irrigation system senses the moisture content of the soil and automatically switches the pump when the power is on. In this project an automation of farm irrigation and soil moisture control by Arduino using soil moisture sensor and L293D module. This automatic irrigation system senses the moisture content of the soil and automatically switches the pump when the power is on. Md. Sajid Abbas | Md. Aswer Mohiddin | N. Y. S. Pavan Teja | Ch. Nanda Kumar "Automatic Plant Irrigation System" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23222.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/23222/automatic-plant-irrigation-system/md-sajid-abbas
343 Critical Analysis of Wheat Bran as Therapeutic Source , Manali Chakraborty | Dr Savita Budhwar
Increasing population now a days is one of the most crucial phases of upcoming future troubles. Food wastage along with the nutritional expenditure should not be entertained. Several milling by products of crops viz., wheat bran, are principle pool of nutrients. It is very much essential to study and gain knowledge about the nutrients, anti oxidants, anti nutritional components and their effect upon diseased condition along with the probability of production of edible food stuffs for human. Though there is enough production of wheat bran, most of the amount is either wasted or used as livestock fed. It has been shown that bran part has potential efficiency to be used as therapeutic tool for various diseases such as, cancer, obesity and diabetes, bowel irritation etc. Its role as a prebiotic might also prove an asset to remarkably influence gut microflora. Its anti nutritional content is also lower than the rice bran and that is also manageable for the further use as food stuff. The physicochemical properties along with its nutrient as well as anti nutrient contents must be utilized and regulated as requirement to combat malnourishment besides hunger issues and therapies.   BY Manali Chakraborty | Dr Savita Budhwar "Critical Analysis of Wheat Bran as Therapeutic Source"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21755.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/biological-science/biochemistry/21755/critical-analysis-of-wheat-bran-as-therapeutic-source/manali-chakraborty
344 RFID Technology An Overview , Sapna Yadav | Pratibha Jha
Radio Frequency Identification RFID is a programmed innovation and helps machines or PCs to distinguish objects, record metadata or control singular focus through radio waves. Associating RFID reader to the terminal of Internet, the reader can distinguish, track and screen the articles appended with labels all inclusive, consequently, and progressively, if necessary. This is the supposed Internet of Things IOT . Radio Frequency Identification RFID is an innovation that utilizes correspondence through electromagnetic waves to trade information between a terminal and an electronic label joined to an article, with the end goal of ID and tracking Sapna Yadav | Pratibha Jha "RFID Technology: An Overview" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23247.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/23247/rfid-technology-an-overview/sapna-yadav
345 Design of Chiller for Air Conditioning of Residential Building , Srihari. M | Md. Irshad | K. Mahesh | K. Sai Teja
The main objective of the project is to design and draft a fully functional Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditional HVAC system for computer center. From residential to commercial structures such as apartments, laboratories, hospitals, etc..., can be designed with HVAC components. HVAC is used to adjust the comfort level of both ambient temperature and air humidity to feel comfortable in enclosed spaces. As we want the heating, cooling, and ventilating system to perform well, we needed to start with an efficient duct design. In this project, we designed a duct system using the protocols based on ISHRAE Indian Society of Heating Refrigeration and Air conditioning Engineers and ASHRAE American Society of Heating Refrigeration and Air conditioning Engineers standards. The underlying principle was to design a duct system, which delivers the correct Cubic Feet per Minute CFM air flow to the residential building against the friction created by the ducts and fittings, with the static pressure available from the blower. When there is more surface area exposed to the air flow from the blower, amount of friction will increase and the blower must work more competently to achieve the required air flow. To provide greater air flow by overcoming the friction, radius elbow ducts are used, which provides smooth radius ensuring uniformity of air flow, reduces turbulence which in turn results in very low pressure drop. For Duct design calculations we used AUTO DESK REVIT design software. For space references and calculations, Autodesk Revit plan was taken from the civil department and the position of duct was identified. Based on the obtained Heat Load Calculations and cubic feet per minute are calculated by using E 20 form sheet and by using ISHRAE handbook, duct sizes were design and chiller size was estimated for residential building. Srihari. M | Md. Irshad | K. Mahesh | K. Sai Teja "Design of Chiller for Air-Conditioning of Residential Building" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23291.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23291/design-of-chiller-for-air-conditioning-of-residential-building/srihari-m
346 Advanced Active Filter AAF with Reduced DC Link Voltage , Tamil Selvan P | Vinothkumar K | Sugumar V
In recent years voltage and current harmonics are become serious problem in transmission and distribution system. To eliminate these voltage and current harmonics and to achieve clean grids, AAF are been used. The existing AAF technology requires a higher dc link voltage to achieve the THD requirement therefore this paper presents an Advanced Active Filter AAF for IGBT and LCL network in order to maintain voltage balance among dc link. This method is well capable of balancing charging and discharging of dc link voltage without increasing circuit complexity. This modulation technique is very effective in terms of voltage balancing as well as for maintaining voltage output THD at low level. The proposed system is implemented in Simulink platform of MATLAB software and performance shows its effectiveness over conventional IGBT used for inverter   BY Tamil Selvan P | Vinothkumar K | Sugumar V "Advanced Active Filter (AAF) with Reduced DC Link Voltage"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21764.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/21764/advanced-active-filter-aaf-with-reduced-dc-link-voltage/tamil-selvan-p
347 Heat Load Calculations and Duct Design for Commercial Building G 2 , R. Sateesh Kumar | J. Deepak | O. Srinivas | T. Prashanth
The modern commercial or office building consists of the HVAC system which is Heating, Ventilation, Air conditioned. In this report, we'll going to identify the purpose and goals of HVAC system, describe HVAC types, describe HVAC parts and describe how this part works together or its working cycle. outsides to air conditioning there are ventilation systems like ceiling fan, fresh air supply and exhaust fan where ceiling fan is used is used to ventilate the air with rotating blades and exhaust fan is used to displace the inside air to the outside environment, fresh air supply is used to displace the inside air to the outside environment by supplying fresh air from the outside air. And also the design of duct by using the heat load calculations based on that how much amount of air to be carried out to gain the required cooling inside the area is determined and also creating the comfortable zone for the humans. R. Sateesh Kumar | J. Deepak | O. Srinivas | T. Prashanth "Heat Load Calculations and Duct Design for Commercial Building G+2" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23309.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23309/heat-load-calculations-and-duct-design-for-commercial-building-g2/r-sateesh-kumar
348 Aseptic Packaging "“ A Novel Technology to the Food Industry , Sanjana M. C. | Hemegowda R. | Sushma R. E.
Aseptic packaging is very well accepted in food and beverage applications worldwide as a safe and high quality packaging option. Aseptic processing is the process by which a sterile aseptic product typically food is packaged in a sterile container in a way which sustains sterility. Aseptic processing sterilizes food products by destroying the harmful bacteria and pathogenic micro organisms through a tightly controlled thermal process and combines the sterile product with the sterile packaging material in a sterile environment. Thus, the shelf stable product requires no refrigeration. Basic operations in aseptic packaging are heating the product to sterilization temperatures 140 150°C for few seconds , maintaining the sterility of the products till they are cooled packed and filling into sterile containers and sealing aseptically. Packaging materials play a very important role in packaging the products so 1st generation materials are paper board plastic foil plastic laminates and 2nd generation materials are plastic containers. Aseptic Packaging offers the important advantages they are food safety, convenience, affordability, cost effective in transport and storage with minimal environmental impact, no need for a cold chain. Innova Database analysis indicates that the dairy and soft drinks markets most readily utilize aseptic packaging. More recently aseptic packaging has been applied for wine, small particle foods like soups and salsas, waters like natural spring water, vitamins and energy water drinks and customized functional waters. New product applications in aseptic packaging are in traditional core segments like Juices, Iced teas, Dairy based beverages, and Low acid foods.   BY Sanjana M. C. | Hemegowda R. | Sushma R. E. "Aseptic Packaging – A Novel Technology to the Food Industry"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22779.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/22779/aseptic-packaging-%C3%A2%E2%82%AC%E2%80%9C-a-novel-technology-to-the-food-industry/sanjana-m-c
349 Experimental Studies of Optimization of Automotive wheel Rim using ANSYS , R. Ashok Kumar | G. Amarnath | K. Padmanaban | S. Karuppusamy | I. Justin Antony Raj
Purpose The purpose of this work is to investigate the optimization of automotive wheel rim using ansys. Design Methodology Approach In this study heavy stresses in the rim was developed, the critical stress and number cycles to failure were to be found. The purpose of the car wheel rim was to provide a firm base to hold the tire .Its dimensions and shape should be suitable to accommodate the particular tire required for the vehicle .In this study ,a car wheel rim considered .The wheel rim was designed by using modeling software SOLID WORKS V13.The solid model was then imported to ANSYS for static analysis. Findings The experimental results indicate that the static analysis is carried out by considering the three different materials namely steel alloy, alluminium alloy and their relative performance have been observed .In addition to this the rim is subjected to fatigue analysis using MSV fatigue software and its performance is observed .The results of static and fatigue analysis obtained from three different materials reveals that the steel alloy is the best material of wheel rim. Originality value This paper explains the effect of different materials on the wheel through by vonmises stresses and number of cycles in fatigue analysis.   BY R. Ashok Kumar | G. Amarnath | K. Padmanaban | S. Karuppusamy | I. Justin Antony Raj "Experimental Studies of Optimization of Automotive wheel Rim using ANSYS"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22778.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/22778/experimental-studies-of-optimization-of-automotive-wheel-rim-using-ansys/r-ashok-kumar
350 Hemodynamic Dimension Trend between Non Conversion and Conversion Lumbar Epidural Anesthesia to General Anesthesia Explored using Pulse Oximeter Technology , Zafri Bin Yusoff | Ir. Dr Ahmad Faizul Bin Shamsudin
Background Lumbar epidural anesthesia was considered to be the gold standard in anesthesia practice. It caused some form sympathetic blockade and changed baseline peripheral vascular tone including some dynamic changes. However, failure of epidural anesthesia was a clinical problem together with difficult to predict failure based on clinical parameter and hemodynamic changes Methods Parturient undergoing lower segment caesarean section LSCS surgery under epidural anesthesia enrolled in this mono centric study. Parturient were in the range of age 16 45 years old with ASA 1, II and II involved in the study The total of 160 parturient respondents planned for elective and emergency lower segment caesarean section LSCS surgery obtained from Yamane formula n = N 1 Ne2 calculation with the Universal Convenience Sampling. Clinical observational and interventional methods were applied using a formatted checklist. Visual analogue pain scores VAPS, Bromage scale and perfusion index PI were used as instrument to assess lumbar epidural anesthesia blockade. After the administration of hyperbaric anesthetic drug into epidural space, hemodynamic changes of perfusion index PI were recorded every five minutes. Simultaneously, somatosensory, visual analogue pain scores VAPS, Bromage scale were assessed. Statistical analyses with SPSS version 24 were performed using Independent T – Test, ANOVA and Bivariate analysis for numerical variable. Levene's Test for equality of variances assumption was used to check for homogeneity of numerical variables. Recommendation Future direction Technology advances should be used as way to predict epidural failure such as Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation TENS . Ultrasound imaging of the spine could be proposed to facilitate identification of the epidural space and predict difficult spine identification, especially in women with abnormal lumbosacral anatomy scoliosis and those who were obese. Results The hemodynamic dimension of initial blood pressure did not influence the trend of perfusion index PI for both groups of non conversion and conversion of lumbar epidural anesthesia. These were elaborated through Systolic r = 0.01, p 0.05 , Diastolic r = 0.70, p 0.05 . Similarly the initial pulse rate as element of hemodynamic did not influence the trend of perfusion index as r = 0.10, p 0.05. It was a novelty finding that initial pulse rate influenced the hemodynamic trend of initial blood pressure Systolic r = 0.31, p 0.05 , Diastolic r = 0.44, p 0.05 . Also, there was a significant changed in the mean perfusion index with the rate of 115.4 increased of perfusion index PI for non conversion group in 20 minutes duration. The perfusion index PI for non conversion group increased with the rate of 80.0 in 20 minutes duration. Hemodynamic dimension especially referring to perfusion index PI p 0.05 at parameter value of base line 3.99 ± 0.44 contributed to the lumbar epidural anesthesia failure. Our overall lumbar epidural anesthesia failure rate was 3.8 in this study. Conclusions Perfusion index PI considered a reliable and simpler hemodynamic assessment for lumbar epidural anesthesia failure for parturient undergoing lower segment caesarean section LSCS surgery. Perhaps new heuristics in new Transition Policy Anesthesia Analysis TAPA could be developed for addressing more holistic in determination of lumbar epidural anesthesia failure among parturient undergoing lower segment caesarean section LSCS surgery in terms of hemodynamic dimension.   BY Zafri Bin Yusoff | Ir. Dr Ahmad Faizul Bin Shamsudin "Hemodynamic Dimension Trend between Non Conversion and Conversion Lumbar Epidural Anesthesia to General Anesthesia Explored using Pulse Oximeter Technology"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21766.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21766/hemodynamic-dimension-trend-between-non-conversion-and-conversion-lumbar-epidural-anesthesia-to-general-anesthesia-explored-using-pulse-oximeter-technology/zafri-bin-yusoff
351 Review on Bio Mimitic Robotic Bird , Mr. Sreedhar | B. Pavan | D. V. Anirudh | G. Shiva Krishna
The present world has reached to a stage where most of the sophisticated and sensitive tasks are mostly done by artificial hands. This paper discuss about the details of artificial birds are also called as ornithopters which belongs to Micro Arial vehicle MAV category. Bio mimicking robots have been replaced the place of human with their uncompromised accuracy and efficiencies. However the real challenges in developing MAVs is still unsolved and not interpreted as it flies in the transient and low Reynolds number flow. This paper investigated the aerodynamic factors of fly's which influence their flight, different kinematic mechanisms which drives the vehicle and different types of designs for wings and their performance. In line with this, both past and future of this innovative area were discussed. One other hand selection of material is also plays vital role in case of MAVs weight consideration . So, this paper explain the different material which suited for this kind of flying machine. Mr. Sreedhar | B. Pavan | D. V. Anirudh | G. Shiva Krishna "Review on Bio-Mimitic Robotic Bird" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23346.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23346/review-on-bio-mimitic-robotic-bird/mr-sreedhar
352 Identification of Disease in Leaves using Genetic Algorithm , K. Beulah Suganthy
Plant disease is an impairment of normal state of a plant that interrupts or modifies its vital functions. Many leaf diseases are caused by pathogens. Agriculture is the mains try of the Indian economy. Perception of human eye is not so much stronger so as to observe minute variation in the infected part of leaf. In this paper, we are providing software solution to automatically detect and classify plant leaf diseases. In this we are using image processing techniques to classify diseases and quickly diagnosis can be carried out as per disease. This approach will enhance productivity of crops. It includes image processing techniques starting from image acquisition, preprocessing, testing, and training. K. Beulah Suganthy "Identification of Disease in Leaves using Genetic Algorithm" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22901.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/22901/identification-of-disease-in-leaves-using-genetic-algorithm/k-beulah-suganthy
353 Experimental in Structural Dynamics Base Isolation System Modelling , Khin Thanda Htun | Kyaw Kaung Cho
This project is to understand and have the ability to perform dynamic test. Furthermore in this project, the author can investigate how the dynamics of a multistory building is modified by base isolation. The dynamic properties are also very important for the dynamics analysis of the structure. The main task in this project is to determine the dynamic behavior of a 5 storey steel structure model with base isolation system and without base isolation system by experimentally and numerically. In this section the author examine the vibration properties, natural modes and the earthquake response of two systems 1 Five storey building on a fixed base, 2 Same five storey building supported on the isolation system. In this whole project, the following tasks have to do. First the five storey structure has to model in SAP2000 numerically. After that by the definition of reference sensor positions, sensor setups and excitation locations, the first experimental modal test has planned to do. Then the data assessments have to do like model identification, comparison of test results with the numerical model and also simulate the tests numerically. Again it needs to modify the structure in the numerical model and analyzed it again. In the second test, the system has to prepare with base isolation system. There also have to do second data assessments like model identification, comparison of test results with the numerical model with respect to base isolation system and braced system. Since the dynamic behavior of a linearly behaving structure can be described by its modal parameters natural frequencies, mode shapes, modal damping it is important to carry out tests to identify these parameters. From a numerical analysis study, how response of the building with proposed isolation system under multi direction excitation is then presented followed by the conclusion.   BY Khin Thanda Htun | Kyaw Kaung Cho "Experimental in Structural Dynamics (Base Isolation System: Modelling)"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21704.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/21704/experimental-in-structural-dynamics--base-isolation-system-modelling/khin-thanda-htun
354 Changing Wind Versus the Primeval Voices A Reconceptualization of Indian Adivasis in Contemporary Context , Dr. Santosh Kumar Nayak
This paper tries to unveil the different tribes of Odisha and their cultural significance. Synchronously attempts have been taken to unfurl the impacts of globalization, homogenization and so called politics on the indigenous culture, society, people and values. Especially, the impact of all these things on the tribal women and solutions of those problems are also given. The special qualities and specialties of the Adivasi people have been discussed here. Meticulously light has been thrown to the different tribes of Odisha. Dr. Santosh Kumar Nayak "Changing Wind Versus the Primeval Voices (A Reconceptualization of Indian Adivasis in Contemporary Context)" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23300.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/odia/23300/changing-wind-versus-the-primeval-voices-a-reconceptualization-of-indian-adivasis-in-contemporary-context/dr-santosh-kumar-nayak
355 A Crowd Sourcing to Track Individuals in Highly Active Industries , R. Mahalakshmi | S. Janani | R. Sivasankari
This paper represents an idea to track employee in highly active industries using mobile application. The majority of geographic positioning systems had been designed to operate within environments that have a long term stable macro structure with potential small scale dynamics. These assumptions enable the present positioning systems to supply and utilize maps. In extremely active industrial settings these assumptions are not valid and so the task of tracking employees is very difficult because of large scale changes in structure. In this project, an unique positioning system for following individuals in highly active industries such as construction sites, marketing and so on. However our system uses cross modality coaching in order to track the environmental changes by utilizing occlusion maps and how these maps can be used in conjunction with social forces to predict human movement and increase the tracking accuracy.   BY R. Mahalakshmi | S. Janani | R. Sivasankari "A Crowd Sourcing to Track Individuals in Highly Active Industries"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22777.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/other/22777/a-crowd-sourcing-to-track-individuals-in-highly-active-industries/r-mahalakshmi
356 Language in Glocal Cultural Context , Dr. Santosh Kumar Nayak
The Paper tries to unveil the vital actions and counteractions of language and culture upon each other. A language neither can originate nor live without the culture. Language and culture, thus, are inseparable. Language rolls on the concrete passage of time encountering many alike and opposite processes like a culture, de cultures and re culture and gathers moss. Particularly, in post colonial context Odia language encounters some radical changes and reaps new products with respect to words, morphology, prefixes, suffixes and many more things. In post colonial context, we encounter a special kind of language called ‘hybrid language' or ‘glocal language'. The paper emphasizes the dimensions of language change with a global perspective as well as with local perspectives. Dr. Santosh Kumar Nayak "Language in Glocal Cultural Context" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23304.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/odia/23304/language-in-glocal-cultural-context/dr-santosh-kumar-nayak
357 Design and Working of Pedal Operated Flour Mill , Dr. Kishorkumar Guru | Saurabh Pratap Singh | Saurabh Tiwari | Saurabh Pal | Saurabh Kumar Shukla
Due to industrial development, use of natural fuel is increasing continuously that's why there is need of alternating source of senergy. Eg Human energy. To reduce use of natural fuel we can use bicycle technology to run a machine using human power. Dynapods Greek word for power and foot. Dynapods can be run by one or two person. We are transmitting rotary motion from paddle to wheel of mill. Human input is low as compare to hand operated machine Dr. Kishorkumar Guru | Saurabh Pratap Singh | Saurabh Tiwari | Saurabh Pal | Saurabh Kumar Shukla "Design and Working of Pedal Operated Flour Mill" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23297.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23297/design-and-working-of-pedal-operated-flour-mill/dr-kishorkumar-guru
358 Voltage Coordinated Control Technology , Pritam Kumar Sen | Rahul Rajora | Gaurav Srivastava
As of late, as disseminated age, new loads and new FACTS gadgets generally utilized, the current voltage control innovation of network have been not able meet the new necessities under the new circumstance on the control goals, control methodology and control implies. In part of control targets, it just satisfy the responsive power equalization and voltage qualified rate of control transport, doesnt viably mirror the client end need of fantastic power supply, in this way it is hard to accomplish the worldwide ideal. In voltage control implies, it have not secured the Reactive Power gadget of circulation and request side. In voltage control system, it centres on the transmission arrange advancement. Thus, this article advances the planned control framework that dependent on the current three level voltage control, expanding receptive voltage control of dispersion and request side and completely meet the necessities of the client end.   BY Pritam Kumar Sen | Rahul Rajora | Gaurav Srivastava "Voltage Coordinated Control Technology"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21736.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/21736/voltage-coordinated-control-technology/pritam-kumar-sen
359 Density Based Traffic Lightcontrol System using Raspberry Pi , Y. Himanth | B. V. Pavan Kumar | M. Lalitha Bhavani
In present days, vehicular traffic is increasing throughout the world, especially in urban areas. As the number of road user's increase constantly a smart traffic control will become a very important issue in the future. Congestion in traffic is becoming a serious issue. Many vehicles are waiting at the signal for a long time due to this the time consumption is more for the human and there is a lot of problem for the people who go to their work and some to the business works. In existing system the traffic control is not according to the density, and is not reducing the effect of traffic in urban areas. The traffic signals are prepared previously fixed for some time only after that time the signal will be changed to another signal. This makes the other side roads delay for long time. In some places traffic lights did not work properly. In the proposed system by using the image processing along with the raspberry pi, the vehicle count is measured and accordingly the traffic will be reduced. Emergency vehicles like ambulance and fire are easily allowed from the traffic by using the RF transmitter and receiver. Ambulance like vehicles send the signal to the receiver and make the green signal to glow on that road. This makes the safety of the people in the ambulance and this will be applicable to fire vehicles also. IR sensors are used to avoid the crossings of the road when the red light is on. Traffic updates are monitored with help of density based traffic control system. The hardware components used in the project are raspberry pi and modules like camera, IR sensor, RF transmitter and receiver and actuator. These modules are interfaced to raspberry pi to control the traffic and maintain the output to be accurate. Software implementation is done by image processing technique back ground subtraction method. The programming language used for implementing is python language. By using this software and hardware components the implementation is done by using VNC viewer application. The program is previously dumped in the application and the module will run according to the program. Y. Himanth | B. V. Pavan Kumar | M. Lalitha Bhavani "Density Based Traffic Lightcontrol System using Raspberry Pi" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23293.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/23293/density-based-traffic-lightcontrol-system-using-raspberry-pi/y-himanth
360 Educational Status of Differently Abled Persons and Developed Policies in India , Chiranjit Majumder
A powerful instrument of social change is Education and often initiates upward movement in the social structure. Most important vehicle for Children with Disabilities CWDs is Education. A considerable segment of CWDs excluded from educational system in India. According to 2011 Census in India, the percentage of disabled persons who are Illiterate is about 45.48. The disabled male percentage with Illiteracy is about 37.63 and for disabled females is about 55.44 that means disabled females are more Illiterate than disabled males. The percentage of disabled persons who are Literate is about 54.52. The disabled persons who are Literate but below Primary level is about 10.59 , have primary level of education but below Middle is about 13.26 ., have middle but below Matric Secondary is about 9.13 , have Secondary level of Education but below Graduate is about 12.86, have graduate and above is about 4.65 . However, Indian Government stated to take some important steps for CWDs. Various report, commission, policy, committee and programme is responsible to improve the educational status of special persons. Such report, commission, policy, committee and programme are Sergeant report, Kothari commission, National Education Policy, National Policy on Education and Programme of Action, Integrated Education for the Disabled Children, Bahrul Islam Committee, Programme of Action, District Primary Education Programme, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan. The objective of maximum of this is to take disabled children into general education system and to improve the quality of education.   BY Chiranjit Majumder "Educational Status of Differently Abled Persons and Developed Policies in India"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21762.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/home-science/food-and-nutrition/21762/educational-status-of-differently-abled-persons-and-developed-policies-in-india/chiranjit-majumder
361 PCA and DCT Based Approach for Face Recognition , Manish Varyani | Pallavi Narware | Lokendra Singh Banafar
Recognizing the identity of the target. The research of face recognition has great theoretical value involving subject of pattern recognition, image processing, computer vision, machine learning, and physiology and so on, and it also has a high correlation with other biometrics recognition methods. In recent years, face recognition is one of the most active and challenging problems in the field of pattern recognition and artificial intelligence. Face recognition has a lot of advantages which are not involved in biometrics recognition methods such as nonaggressive, friendly, conveniently, and so on .Therefore, face recognition has a prospective application foreground, such as the criminal identification, security system, file management, entrance guard system, and so on . Research in the field of face recognition knew considerable progress during these last years. Among the most evoked techniques we find those which employ the optimization of the size of the data in order to get a representation which makes it possible to carry out the recognition. For these methods, the images of faces are seen like points in a space of very great dimensions. The face space is defined by Eigen face which are eigenvectors of the set of faces. In the DCT approach we take transform the image into the frequency domain and extract the feature from it. For feature extraction we use two approach. In the 1st approach we take the DCT of the whole image and extract the feature from it. In the 2nd approach we divide the image into sub images and take DCT of each of them and then extract the feature vector from them. Manish Varyani | Pallavi Narware | Lokendra Singh Banafar "PCA and DCT Based Approach for Face Recognition" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23283.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/23283/pca-and-dct-based-approach-for-face-recognition/manish-varyani
362 Friction Stir Spot Welding of Aluminium Alloy AA6063 , Dr. B. Vijaya Kumar | B. Srikanth | B. Raju | Ch. Sandeep | D. Indu
Friction stir spot welding FSSW is a simplest and quick process for joining aluminium alloys of AA6063 . The FSSW it is a different welding for other resistance spot welding. Aluminium sheets used in Aeorospace applications, high speed trains, ship buildings and also automotive industries. By using aluminium alloys we can reduce the weight of the body.in friction stir spot welding FSSW process radial drilling machine was used as a main component for increase Tool speed and Feed. For this FSSW process on aluminium Alloy the spectial friction stir tool is prepared to spot weld. H13 and EN36 material drill bits used as friction stir spot welding tools. By using aluminium alloys increasing the safety performance. FSSW is as solid state welding technique. I this FSSW process the heat generate between friction stir tool and aluminium alloys. By producing this heat we can make a accurate joint. In this joining processby the help of producing heat metal will be method and comes into solid state then the joint will be done. Dr. B. Vijaya Kumar | B. Srikanth | B. Raju | Ch. Sandeep | D. Indu "Friction Stir Spot Welding of Aluminium Alloy (AA6063)" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23316.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23316/friction-stir-spot-welding-of-aluminium-alloy-aa6063/dr-b-vijaya-kumar
363 Proposed Wind Power System in Pyay District in Myanmar , Dr. Zarchi San | Daw Yin Aye Mon | Daw Lin Lin Phyu
There are many aims for this paper such as to apply renewable energy for everyone in Myanmar, to supply electricity to rural areas not only offgrid but also ongrid and to construct wind turbines widely in costal region starting from this research. The proposed wind power system is 450W in Pyay. This proposed system may be costed around US $1700. As Bago Mountainuous Region is also situated in Pyay District, wind power can produce electricity. Moreover, 49 villages is no electricity among 567 villages. In this paper, five main components is expressed such as wind turbine, permagnet generator, rectifier, battery and inverter.   BY Dr. Zarchi San | Daw Yin Aye Mon | Daw Lin Lin Phyu "Proposed Wind Power System in Pyay District in Myanmar"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22782.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/22782/proposed-wind-power-system-in-pyay-district-in-myanmar/dr-zarchi-san
364 Analysis of Air Conditioning System used in Automobile , Dr. S. Sreenatha Reddy | P. Akhil | N. Raju | K. Vishnu | N. Ashok
Air conditioning has great importance in many areas of life. Especially it is crucial in transportation sector. Many people spend long time in an automotive cabin during business, travel, shopping, etc., every day. The aim of this study is to analyze the performance of a bus shell by considering identifying practical solutions in order to reduce the impact of air conditioning on bus, consumption and, therefore, on air pollution. The analysis is carried considering several parameters, including passenger capacity, local climatic conditions, fuel consumptions, and latitude and longitude of starting destination of the places. For the analysis, a bus with passenger capacity of 60 people is selected and then it's heat load capacity will be determined by considering different conditions like seasons and various loads. The influence of the refrigerant decrease and the change of the air temperature which gets to exchangers on the refrigeration efficiency of the system to be analyzed. Also, its effectiveness and the power required to drive the compressor will be analyzed. The entire model, its analysis and results are discussed in the below work. Dr. S. Sreenatha Reddy | P. Akhil | N. Raju | K. Vishnu | N. Ashok "Analysis of Air Conditioning System used in Automobile" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23357.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23357/analysis-of-air-conditioning-system-used-in-automobile/dr-s-sreenatha-reddy
365 Magnetic Abrasive Flow Machine Based Super Surface Finishing , Prof. Saurabh A. Bobde | Prof. Satish G. Sonwane | Prof. Harshyu A. Bhimgade
Today, there is a need of compact and efficient design of any product with good strength has increased. This requires hard materials like carbide and ceramics for achieving better service life. Conventional machining processes when applied to these newer materials are uneconomical, Produce poor degree of surface finish and accuracy, Produce some stress, highly insufficient. It is impossible to achieve good and desired surface finish in compact, complex, intricate shapes, profiles, curved splines etc, where conventional machine tool faces difficulties during machining and consumes much time. It experience same problem with micro nano finishing like small size diameters use in fuel injector etc. Abrasive flow machining AFM is relatively new process among non conventional machining processes. Low material removal rate happens to be one serious limitation of almost all processes. Magneto abrasive flow machining is a new development in AFM.   BY Prof. Saurabh A. Bobde | Prof. Satish G. Sonwane | Prof. Harshyu A. Bhimgade "Magnetic Abrasive Flow Machine Based Super Surface Finishing"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21733.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/21733/magnetic-abrasive-flow-machine-based-super-surface-finishing/prof-saurabh-a-bobde
366 Design and Fabrication of Thermo Electric Refrigerator , Dr. S. Sreenatha Reddy | G. Naveen Kumar | K. Sridhar | M. Sai Siri
In the recent years, we have many problems such as energy crises and environment degradation due to increasing CO2 emissions on ozone layer depletion has become the primary concern to both developed and developing countries. Using thermo electric module is going to be one of the most effective, clean and environment friendly system. The main advantage of the thermoelectric refrigerator is no need of any refrigerant and mechanical devices like compressor, prime mover, etc for its operation. Thermo electric refrigerator works on the principle of Peltier effect, when a direct current is passed between two electrically dissimilar materials heat is absorbed or liberated at the junction. The direction of the heat flow depends on the direction of applied electric current. The materials used for the thermo electric refrigerator are Silicon germanium and its alloys. The main objective is to design and fabrication of thermo electric refrigerator with an interior cooling volume of 0.0258m3 Dr. S. Sreenatha Reddy | G. Naveen Kumar | K. Sridhar | M. Sai Siri "Design and Fabrication of Thermo Electric Refrigerator" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23356.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23356/design-and-fabrication-of-thermo-electric-refrigerator/dr-s-sreenatha-reddy
367 Enhancing the Cash Point using Multimode Biometric System , Mr. T. Karthikeyan | Ms. Aarthi. S | Ms. Amirtha. P | Ms. Divya. R | Ms. Sowndarya. S
Frauds attacking the automated teller machine have increased over the decade which has motivated us to use the biometrics for personal identification to procure high level of security and accuracy This paper describes a system that replaces the ATM cards and PINs by the physiological biometric face and iris authentication. In this system during enrolment the genuine users face and iris samples of are retained in the database. The process of transaction begins by getting and matching face and iris patterns. The system will automatically distinguish between real legitimate trait and fake samples. If a fake biometric is recognized a GSM module connected to the controller will message OTP by the system to the registered mobile number. After the valid OTP is entered the user can either withdraw or deposit cash or check his her balance. We have included another biometric called Palm Vien. By using Palm Vein we can access the ATM.   BY Mr. T. Karthikeyan | Ms. Aarthi. S | Ms. Amirtha. P | Ms. Divya. R | Ms. Sowndarya. S "Enhancing the Cash Point using Multimode Biometric System"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21768.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/21768/enhancing-the-cash-point-using-multimode-biometric-system/mr-t-karthikeyan
368 Job Applicants Preference Towards Selection of Employment"“ A Study in Tirupur Garment Industries , P. Sankarakarthikeyan | Balaji. M | K. Prabha Kumari
Work is an integral part of everyday life, as it is our livelihood or career or business. On an average we spent twelve hours daily life and it is the one third of our entire life. The Preference of work in selected garment industries is very important by considering the factors like Infrastructure, pay scale, Transportation, company locations , Interpersonal relationship with Superiors and Housing facilities of the organization. The preference of job is the important aspect for the human resource for selecting the new venture in the organization. The Quality of work life is considered for both the employees and organization and it is involved with job satisfaction, productivity, job involvement, job enrichment etc. Every organization's success is highly dependent on how it attracts recruits, motivates, and retains its workforce. Todays organizations need to be more flexible so that they are equipped to develop their workforce and enjoy their commitment. In this study the Researcher analyze the preference of selecting job in Tirupur garment industries and certain recommendations given to the fresher's to give preference for effective job in   BY Garment industries. P. Sankarakarthikeyan | Balaji. M | K. Prabha Kumari "Job Applicants Preference Towards Selection of Employment– A Study in Tirupur Garment Industries"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21767.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/hrm-and-retail-business/21767/job-applicants-preference-towards-selection-of-employment%C3%A2%E2%82%AC%E2%80%9C-a-study-in-tirupur-garment-industries/p-sankarakarthikeyan
369 Wireless SCADA , Nirmal Kumar | Kulwant Singh Rajpurohit | Er. Gaurav Srivastava
The assembling businesses requires expanding requests of individuals along these lines assuming a noteworthy job in regular day to day existence and on the contrary hand, there is a requirement for speedy and safe delivering technique also. In the present time, remote and brought together administration is the need of control framework. Vast scale businesses with higher monitory wellbeing can without much of a stretch make utilization of SCADA Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition gadgets accessible in the market. SCADA is that the word structure for Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition , it is generally utilized in industry for oversee, control, screen and information procurement of mechanical procedures. Customary SCADA frameworks use PC, note pad for oversee and control framework. Remote SCADA utilizing a Java empowered cell phone as a customer in an example SCADA application so a to appear and regulate the different procedures of industry. A real execution of the on line controlling of the procedures by means of cell phone or transportable gadget. The remote correspondence between the cell phone and the SCADA server can performed by Global framework for portable GSM , Bluetooth, Zigbee or Internet and so forth. Cell phone based SCADA coordination utilizing the remote exchange plan will improve the execution of the business without causing an expansion in the reaction times of SCADA capacities. The administrator can imagine and alter the plant parameters utilizing his portable, while not achieving the area. This may build the efficiency and decrease the upkeep cost of industry.   BY Nirmal Kumar | Kulwant Singh Rajpurohit | Er. Gaurav Srivastava "Wireless SCADA"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22790.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/22790/wireless-scada/nirmal-kumar
370 Moving Grocery Store using A.I Powered Robots , Nirmal Ram | Mohamed Fasin A F | Annrija Paul | Anila Thomas
Robot made many impact on many different sectors. Nowadays Robots are powered with A.I and Machine Learning to make it more powerful and to meet specific requirement of customers. On January 2018 we started a research on robotics and a.i which can make a impact on E commerce sector. Our objective behind this project is to replace human effort in transporting order placed by customer through e commerce platform. And finally we made a breakthrough. on November 2018 we exhibited our project titled as Junky Box Robot The Moving Grocery Store. Our robot is able to deliver orders placed by customer using the technologies like Computer Vison , Machine Learning , Artificial Intelligence, Deep learning, Sensor Fusion etc. We tested this robot in a selected locality and passed all obstruction and all security measures. Nirmal Ram | Mohamed Fasin A F | Annrija Paul | Anila Thomas "Moving Grocery Store using A.I Powered Robots" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23328.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/23328/moving-grocery-store-using-ai-powered-robots/nirmal-ram
371 IOT Based Weather Monitoring and Reporting System Project , Anita M. Bhagat | Ashwini G. Thakare | Kajal A. Molke | Neha S. Muneshwar | Prof. V. Choudhary
The IOT based Weather Monitoring and Reporting System project is used to get Live reporting of weather conditions. It will Monitor temperature, humidity, moisture and rain level. Suppose Scientists nature analysts want to monitor changes in a particular environment like volcano or a rain forest. And these people are from different places in the world. In this case, SMS based weather monitoring system has some limitations. Since it sends SMS to few numbers. And time for sending SMS increases as the number of mobile numbers increases. In order to know the information about weather of a perticular place then they have to visit that particular sites. Where everyone can see it.   BY Anita M. Bhagat | Ashwini G. Thakare | Kajal A. Molke | Neha S. Muneshwar | Prof. V. Choudhary "IOT Based Weather Monitoring and Reporting System Project"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21677.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/21677/iot-based-weather-monitoring-and-reporting-system-project/anita-m-bhagat
372 The Concept of Smart Room in Hotels , Honey Tyagi | Amol Patvekar
The concept of smart room the foremost feature comes into our mind is automated, highly efficient, use of technology and more. The way world is shaping towards more and more technological advancement is bound to happen and thus changes in the dynamics of a guest room is also changing with time. The guest expectation towards the hospitality industry is also changing and the same old question of how to satisfy guest expectation comes back into the picture. The answer is the smart room. Smart room can include a variety of features and structure. It could include AI assisted rooms, rooms controlled through smart phones, touch controls master panel inside the room, energy efficient, mood lighting, environment friendly and more. Honey Tyagi | Amol Patvekar "The Concept of Smart Room in Hotels" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23312.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/consumer-behaviour/23312/the-concept-of-smart-room-in-hotels/honey-tyagi
373 Review Paper on Properties of Properties of Concrete using Steel Fiber Waste , Hitesh Malviya | Pratiksha Malviya
The plain cement concrete has very low tensile strength, restricted pliability, and little protection from breaking. Inward miniaturized scale breaks are innately present in the concrete and its poor rigidity is because of the proliferation of such small cracks, in the long run prompting fragile disappointment of the concrete. The most generally acknowledged solution for this flexural shortcoming of cement is the regular fortification with high quality steel. Regardless of the way that these procedures offer flexibility to people, they however dont grow the trademark unbending nature of solid itself. In like manner the help putting and profitable compaction of RCC is amazingly troublesome if the solid is of low workability especially by virtue of overpowering solid M 25 . In plain concrete and near feeble materials, assistant parts scaled down scale breaks become even before stacking, particularly on account of drying shrinkage or distinctive purposes behind volume change. The width of these breaks on occasion outperforms a few microns, yet their two estimations may be of higher enormity. Whenever stacked, the miniaturized scale airs out proliferate and up, and attributable to the impacts of pressure fixation, extra breaks frame in spots of minor deformities. The auxiliary splits continue gradually. The advancement of such miniaturized micro crack is the primary driver of inelastic twisting in concrete. It has been perceived that the expansion of little, firmly divided and consistently scattered strands to cement would go about as break arrester and would considerably enhance its static and dynamic properties. This sort of cement is known as fibre reinforces concrete.   BY Hitesh Malviya | Pratiksha Malviya "Review Paper on Properties of Properties of Concrete using Steel Fiber Waste"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22858.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/22858/review-paper-on-properties-of-properties-of-concrete-using-steel-fiber-waste/hitesh-malviya
374 Investigations on Properties of Concrete using Steel Fiber Reinforced as Partial Replacement of Coarse Aggregate , Hitesh Malviya | Pratiksha Malviya
Scope of using alternate materials as partial replacement of Coarse Aggregate is being searched for Concrete without sacrificing strength or increasing strength from economical and other aspects like using industrial waste for its efficient use. Investigations were done on M 25grade concrete by replacing coarse aggregate partially by steel fiber to get maximum strength. This Study presents the satisfactory results on various strength tests of concrete containing steel fiber as a partial replacement of coarse aggregate and would help to resolve solid waste disposal problem. However, further research work is still necessary in order to have a more in depth understanding.   BY Hitesh Malviya | Pratiksha Malviya "Investigations on Properties of Concrete using Steel Fiber Reinforced as Partial Replacement of Coarse Aggregate"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22861.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/22861/investigations-on-properties-of-concrete-using-steel-fiber-reinforced-as-partial-replacement-of-coarse-aggregate/hitesh-malviya
375 Bit Error Rate Performance Evaluation of Different Digital Modulation and Coding Techniques with Varying Channels , Parvesh Kumar | Shalini Bhadola | Kirti Bhatia
This paper focuses mainly on Bit Error Rate BER , Signal to Noise Ratio and different Rayleigh channels. We have designed four Rayleigh channels. This paper describes the comparative analysis of different digital modulation techniques like BPSK, QPSK, 8PSK, 16PSK and 16QAM for four Rayleigh channels which are designed. We also compare the convolution coding with different code rates i.e. 1 2, 1 3 and 2 3 code rate for various channels. Here we use MATLAB2009b software. Parvesh Kumar | Shalini Bhadola | Kirti Bhatia "Bit Error Rate Performance Evaluation of Different Digital Modulation and Coding Techniques with Varying Channels" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23227.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/23227/bit-error-rate-performance-evaluation-of-different-digital-modulation-and-coding-techniques-with-varying-channels/parvesh-kumar
376 Evaluation of BER in LTE System using Various Modulation Techniques over different Modulation Schemes , Parvesh Kumar | Shalini Bhadola | Kirti Bhatia
Wireless communication is one of the mainly active areas of tools progress and has become an ever more essential and prominent part of everyday life. Simulation of wireless channels accurately is very important for the intend and performance evaluation of wireless communication systems and components. We evaluated the act of available transmission modes in LTE. However, performance analysis can be done straightforward using evaluation of LTE. The performance of transmission modes are evaluated by calculating probability of Bit Error Rate BER versus Signal Noise Ratio SNR under the frequently used three wireless channel models AWGN, Rayleigh and Rician . We will consider the data modulation and data rate to analyze performance that is BER vs. SNR. A comparative analysis of QPSK and 16QAM, 32 QAM and 64 QAM will also provide knowledge base which helps for application development in real world. Parvesh Kumar | Shalini Bhadola | Kirti Bhatia "Evaluation of BER in LTE System using Various Modulation Techniques over different Modulation Schemes" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23315.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/23315/evaluation-of-ber-in-lte-system-using-various-modulation-techniques-over-different-modulation-schemes/parvesh-kumar
377 Facial Emoji Recognition , N. Swapna Goud | K. Revanth Reddy | G. Alekhya | G. S. Sucheta
Facial emoji recognition is a human computer interaction system. In recent times, automatic face recognition or facial expression recognition has attracted increasing attention from researchers in psychology, computer science, linguistics, neuroscience, and similar fields. Facial emoji recognizer is an end user application which detects the expression of the person in the video being captured by the camera. The smiley relevant to the expression of the person in the video is shown on the screen which changes with the change in the expressions. Facial expressions are important in human communication and interactions. Also, they are used as an important tool in studies about behavior and in medical fields. Facial emoji recognizer provides a fast and practical approach for non meddlesome emotion detection. The purpose was to develop an intelligent system for facial based expression classification using CNN algorithm. Haar classifier is used for face detection and CNN algorithm is utilized for the expression detection and giving the emoticon relevant to the expression as the output. N. Swapna Goud | K. Revanth Reddy | G. Alekhya | G. S. Sucheta "Facial Emoji Recognition" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23166.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/23166/facial-emoji-recognition/n-swapna-goud
378 Automatic Temperature Controlled Air Cooler Design, Assembly and Testing , Vijay Kumar Gupta | Himanshu Singh | Kunwar Utkarsh | Ankit Kumar | Abhinav Kumar Vishwakarma | Mohak Gupta
Temperature control is defined as to maintain the temperature at desired set point. It is widely used process. In modern era temperature control is an important factor as it has many applications. Automatic temperature control is the best way to control the temperature automatically in any electrical appliance. This method has improved significantly in temperature control as it functions with least or minimal manual intervention. The result shows the temperature is controlled in an effective and precise manner. In addition, it was observed that Automatic Temperature Controlled Air Cooler was cost efficient as compared to the conventional air cooler. Vijay Kumar Gupta | Himanshu Singh | Kunwar Utkarsh | Ankit Kumar | Abhinav Kumar Vishwakarma | Mohak Gupta "Automatic Temperature Controlled Air Cooler: Design, Assembly and Testing" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23327.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23327/automatic-temperature-controlled-air-cooler-design-assembly-and-testing/vijay-kumar-gupta
379 An Experimental Study on Partial Replacement of Aggregate by E Waste for Flexible Pavement , Manjay Kumar Singh | Pratiksha Malviya
In India, bituminous surfaced flexible pavements comprise of majority of the roads. Distress symptoms, such as cracking, rutting, etc. are being increasingly caused at earlier stages due to high traffic intensity, over loading of vehicles and significant variations in daily and seasonal temperature of the pavement. Investigations have revealed that modifiers can be used to improve rheological properties of bitumen and bituminous mixes to make it more suitable for road construction. Bituminous mix design involves mixing various size aggregate and bitumen contents in optimum proportions. Electronic waste or e waste are the discarded electrical or electronic items, which are destined for reuse, resale, recycling or disposal. Informal processing of electronic electrical waste in developing countries may cause serious health and pollution problems, as these countries have limited regulatory oversight of e waste processing. Solid waste management is one of the major environmental concerns in our country now days. The present study covers the use or recycled e wastes as replacement of coarse aggregates in bitumen. The objective of the study is to investigate the change in mechanical properties of bitumen mix with the addition of e wastes in bitumen concrete as replacement of aggregate.   BY Manjay Kumar Singh | Pratiksha Malviya "An Experimental Study on Partial Replacement of Aggregate by E-Waste for Flexible Pavement"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22865.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/22865/an-experimental-study-on-partial-replacement-of-aggregate-by-e-waste-for-flexible-pavement/manjay-kumar-singh
380 Experimental Investigations and Analysis of Thermoelectric Refrigerator with Multiple Peltier Modules , Harvind Yadav | Durgesh Srivastav | Gaurav Kumar | Amit Kumar Yadav | Akshay Goswami
As the conventional refrigeration system are large in size and consumes a lot of electrical energy which in terns leads to releases of more green house gases for production of electricity which is major environmental concern nowadays. Thermo electric refrigerators are compact and consume less electrical energy which supports use of renewable energy resources such as solar, tidal, wind power, etc. major applications of thermo electric refrigerator are in medical storage systems, blood tissue transfer and as a portable refrigerator. Harvind Yadav | Durgesh Srivastav | Gaurav Kumar | Amit Kumar Yadav | Akshay Goswami "Experimental Investigations and Analysis of Thermoelectric Refrigerator with Multiple Peltier Modules" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23332.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23332/experimental-investigations-and-analysis-of-thermoelectric-refrigerator-with-multiple-peltier-modules/harvind-yadav
381 Review Paper on Properties of Concrete using Granite Dust and Fly Ash as a Partial Replacement of Fine Aggregate and Cement , Sanjeev Sehgal | Pratiksha Malviya
Concrete is the most widely used construction material in the world it is a mixture of cement, sand, coarse aggregate and water. Cement is binding material in the cement concrete and its role is to provide strength to concrete. Cement fills up voids existing in the fine aggregate and makes the concrete impermeable. Provides strength to concrete on setting and hardening and binds the aggregate into a solid mass by virtue of its setting and hardening properties when mixed with water. Fine aggregate consist of small angular or rounded grains of silica. It is commonly used as the fine aggregate in cement concrete. It fills the voids existing in the coarse aggregate it reduces shrinkage cracking of concrete. It helps in hardening of cement by allowing the water through its voids. To form hard mass of silicates as it is believed that some chemical reaction take place between silica of sand and constituents of cement, Coarse aggregate makes solid and hard mass of concrete with cement and sand .it increase the crushing strength of concrete.   BY Sanjeev Sehgal | Pratiksha Malviya "Review Paper on Properties of Concrete using Granite Dust and Fly Ash as a Partial Replacement of Fine Aggregate & Cement"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22866.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/22866/review-paper-on-properties-of-concrete-using-granite-dust-and-fly-ash-as-a-partial-replacement-of-fine-aggregate-and-cement/sanjeev-sehgal
382 Digital Tachometer using Aurdino , A. Sriharsha Kumar | Ch. Venkatesh | K. V. Durga Prasad | S. Balaji
A Digital RPM Meter is a measuring instrument which can measure the rotational speed of a rotary machine digitally. In industries we can use this type of digital tachometers which will reduce human effect. The industrial name of this instrument is “Tachometer”. It is an important measuring device in the field of electrical engineering and widely used in industries and laboratorial work. Here we are going to design an Aurdino based digital tachometer using IR sensor module to detect object for count rotation of any rotating body and the programming is given by the FTDI programmer. As IR transmits IR rays which reflect back to IR receiver and then IR Module generates an output or pulse which is detected by the aurdino controller when we press start button. It counts continuously for 5 seconds. After 5 seconds aurdino calculate RPM for a minute using given formula. Here we demonstrate this project using ceiling fan. A. Sriharsha Kumar | Ch. Venkatesh | K. V. Durga Prasad | S. Balaji "Digital Tachometer using Aurdino" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23223.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/23223/digital-tachometer-using-aurdino/a-sriharsha-kumar
383 An Experimental Study on Properties of Concrete using Granite Dust and Flyash as a Partial Replacement of Fine Aggregate and Cement , Sanjeev Sehgal | Pratiksha Malviya
Concrete is the most widely used construction material in the world it is a mixture of cement, sand, coarse aggregate and water. Storage and safe disposal of industrial byproduct such as fly ash and granite dust is a huge problem everywhere, reuse of these waste eliminates reduce the problem. In this experiment fine aggregate is replaced 0 , 10 , 20 , 30 and 40 of its weight by granite dust and cement is replaced 10 of its weight by fly ash in all concrete mix and there effects are studied. In this experiment the compressive strength of the concrete is increased. It is found that the strength increases with the replacement of cement and fine aggregate by fly ash at about 10 and granite dust at about 40 , and beyond this the workability of concrete will not achieved.   BY Sanjeev Sehgal | Pratiksha Malviya "An Experimental Study on Properties of Concrete using Granite Dust and Flyash as a Partial Replacement of Fine Aggregate & Cement"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22867.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/22867/an-experimental-study-on-properties-of-concrete-using-granite-dust-and-flyash-as-a-partial-replacement-of-fine-aggregate-and-cement/sanjeev-sehgal
384 Time Dependent Settlement Response Model of Tested Piles in Coastal Region of Nigeria , Akpila S. B. | Jaja G. W. T.
Prediction of pile settlement has been a major challenge to geotechnical engineering researchers and professionals, due to the nonlinear behavior of the soil. This paper focuses on developing a predictive model for determining settlement time response of pile load tests from the coastal region of Nigeria. Non parametric statistical analysis was carried out on the load settlement response data of static load test of piles from five locations in Lagos metropolis, Nigeria. Regression analysis was done on the predictive settlement data to determine the required predictive model. The maximum settlement observed was 9.991 mm with a mean value of 7.892 mm. A significant correlation of more than 50 existed for the various settlement data. Consequently, a predictive model was developed for determining settlement time response of static pile load tests. Akpila S. B. | Jaja G. W. T. "Time Dependent Settlement Response Model of Tested Piles in Coastal Region of Nigeria" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23306.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/23306/time-dependent-settlement-response-model-of-tested-piles-in-coastal-region-of-nigeria/akpila-s-b
385 Consumer Awareness about Privacy and Security Risk for Online Shopping , Mr. Robinson. M | Surya. R
This paper provides an analysis of shoppers perception on security and privacy problems in online shopping .The most objective of this analysis is to analyse the shoppers perceptions on security and privacy and formulate recommendations supported the findings that might contribute in eradicating these problems and boosting customer confidence. It additionally provides a quick discussion on the implications of online buying each customers and firms, the rising issues over privacy and security, and also the importance of shoppers perceptions on security and privacy problems in bolstering online searching adoption. Determining the perceptions of shoppers on security and privacy problems associated with e commerce can profit IT security suppliers and internet businesses in crafting a multifarious approach in addressing those perceptions, one that effectively combines technological solutions and psychological approaches so as to resolve one among the last remaining obstacles to the widespread use of on line shopping.   BY Mr. Robinson. M | Surya. R "Consumer Awareness about Privacy and Security Risk for Online Shopping"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21695.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21695/consumer-awareness-about-privacy-and-security-risk-for-online-shopping/mr-robinson-m
386 Staff Development Opportunities and Turnover Intention of Public Secondary School Teachers in Meru County, Kenya , Peter Kalunge Ekabu
The study aimed at establishing whether there was any relationship between staff development opportunities and turnover intention of public secondary school teachers in Meru County. The study was a descriptive survey design where both quantitative and qualitative approaches were used in data collection and analysis. A total of 518 respondents were involved in the study that included 503 secondary school teachers and 15 public secondary school principals. Staff development opportunities were examined to determine their relationships with the dependent variable, turnover intention. Data obtained from questionnaires were analyzed quantitatively using SPSS version 21.Hypothesis was tested using Pearson product moment correction coefficient and chi square goodness of fit at 95 , p 0.05. The results of product moment correlation showed a negative linear relationship between the independent variable, staff development opportunities and the dependent variable, turnover intention. The results of tests of hypothesis using Chi squire corroborated by showing a significant relationship between staff development opportunities and turnover intention of public secondary school teachers in Meru County. The study concluded that teachers' motivation in secondary schools in Meru County is low with many teachers having low morale and low levels of commitment to their jobs due to failure of most schools and their employer, Teachers Service Commission to offer them opportunities for learning and development resulting to high turnover intention. The study recommends that the Teachers Service Commission, the Ministry of Education, and the various Boards of Management consider issues of staff development as a way of motivating and reducing turnover intention hence retention in teaching service. Peter Kalunge Ekabu "Staff Development Opportunities and Turnover Intention of Public Secondary School Teachers in Meru County, Kenya" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23329.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/23329/staff-development-opportunities-and-turnover-intention-of-public-secondary-school-teachers-in-meru-county-kenya/peter-kalunge-ekabu
387 The Effect of Ganesh Idol Immersion on the Water Quality of Gorai Jetty, Mumbai the Environmental Health Perspective , Dr. Pradnya A. Lokhande
Water is one of the most important substances on earth. All plants and animals must have water to survive. If there was no water there would be no life on earth. Various factors play a part in this worrying state of affairs in India, such as dumped industrial and household waste and open defecation. But a surprisingly high level of pollution comes from religious ceremonies. The Ganesh festival is one of the biggest festivals in Mumbai. These idols are made up of non biodegradable materials like plaster of Paris PoP and synthetic paints used are also a major source of contamination and sedimentation. This can pose a serious threat to water quality and the flora and fauna the festival also generates a large amount of holy waste Nirmalya in the form of flowers, decoration materials, oil and other religious offerings. After the festival the Ganesha idols are immersed at the various beaches and lakes and creeks across the Mumbai city. To assess the water quality, the water samples were collected from Gorai creek before and after the Ganapati immersion and analysed for different physico chemical parameters. The parameters like pH, Temperature, DO, COD, Chloride, Sulphate, turbidity etc. were studied to find out the effect of idol immersion on quality of water. It has been observed that the values of some parameters were significantly increased during the immersion period and then declined in the post immersion period.   BY Dr. Pradnya A. Lokhande "The Effect of Ganesh Idol Immersion on the Water Quality of Gorai Jetty, Mumbai - the Environmental Health Perspective"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22806.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/chemistry/environmental-chemistry/22806/the-effect-of-ganesh-idol-immersion-on-the-water-quality-of-gorai-jetty-mumbai---the-environmental-health-perspective/dr-pradnya-a-lokhande
388 Study of Effect of Friction on the Pin of Pantograph Mechanism , Chetan Rajoria | Ayush Johri | Harshit Nangia | Abhinav Goswami | Alok Shukla | Ajeet Kumar Yadav
The research paper study the equivalent stress and shear stress generated on the pin due to friction between pin and links of a pantograph mechanism. The pin is subjected to biaxial loading of varying magnitude. The analysis comprises CAD model and simulated using a FEM solver. Materials of pin and links are selected considering real life applications and their coefficient of friction values are referred from variety of sources. Both static and dynamic coefficient of friction values are taken into consideration for analysis. Results thus obtained are tabulated and graphically demonstrated for better understanding of the outcomes. Chetan Rajoria | Ayush Johri | Harshit Nangia | Abhinav Goswami | Alok Shukla | Ajeet Kumar Yadav "Study of Effect of Friction on the Pin of Pantograph Mechanism" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23288.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23288/study-of-effect-of-friction-on-the-pin-of-pantograph-mechanism/chetan-rajoria
389 Status Analysis of Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidayala KGBV in Ganjam District , Madhuchhanda Samantaroy | Dr Arundhati Rath
India is one of the largest democratic country in the world. It has a systematic education system which has a huge demand. But after 67 years of independence of India we are away from the goal of universal literacy. Till now, SC ST Woman rural people etc. are considered as deprived social group of our society in every side. They are suffering from a lot of problems and cannot go ahead of course. Government of India be either announces many welfare schemes for weaker section of our society time to time. These schemes could be either central, state specific or a joint collaboration between centre and state. Madhuchhanda Samantaroy | Dr Arundhati Rath "Status Analysis of Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidayala (KGBV) in Ganjam District" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23358.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/home-science/other/23358/status-analysis-of-kasturba-gandhi-balika-vidayala-kgbv-in-ganjam-district/madhuchhanda-samantaroy
390 Precision Farming , Kartikeya Bhatia | Devendra Duda
precision mean ”the quality of being clear or exact”. Farmer tries hard to get the result but we need the smart way and result oriented. The history of India's development has been inexorably linked to that of its farmers, and the nation's growth with that of its agronomics. Agronomics provides highest contribution to nation income. Agronomics needed top most priority because the Government and the nation would both fail to succeed if agronomics could not be successful. Today we are living in 21st century where automation is playing significant role in human life. Automation allows us to control appliances automatic control. Today industries are using automation and control machine which is high in cost and not suitable for using in a field. So as to help both government and our farmer, we can use intelligent irrigation techniques with the use of IoT internet of things and by building network of farmer and agriculturist to share their ideas and experience, as a full fledged force solution to the need .this can be easily done by organizing and analysing the live and collected over time data ,allowing farmers to take pre emptive action for healthy harvest of their crops collecting live data using sensors which are placed across the land further sent to the cloud further under taking predictive analytics to enhance crops nutrition thus using predictive analysis on data to find better solution. The IoT connected devices stream live data on the land allowing data informed decisions on planning the resources and harvesting of farm.   BY Kartikeya Bhatia | Devendra Duda "Precision Farming"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22793.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/22793/precision-farming/kartikeya-bhatia
391 Two Wheel Controlled Spy Robot , B. Phanindra Kumar | . Shiva Kumar | Md. Rafeeq | V. Sai Kumar | T. Navaneetha
Spy robot is a Wi Fi controlled robot. A camera mounted on the robot sends real time video signals on to the user side, which can be seen on a display. Robot movements can be monitored looking at the display. Saving human life and providing security to the same both are two different aspects, but both are essential and instead mandatory. A robot is a sort of human replacement which is controlled by human itself. Areas where human cannot be sent, or life of human is endangered robots can be used in such cases. In various military applications and for security purposes our project can also provide live streaming of various on goings which the robot witness at the site. The more advanced features used in this spy robot is to climb the vertical and inclined surfaces, obstacle detector, night vision camera to detect the objects in darkness. The goal of spy robot is to search interesting stuff from where people are not able to reach. This project has three subsystems Hardware, Software and Mechanical. The project is comprised of basically three modules, which handles all the basic Functionalities of the robot. B. Phanindra Kumar | . Shiva Kumar | Md. Rafeeq | V. Sai Kumar | T. Navaneetha "Two Wheel Controlled Spy Robot" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23359.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23359/two-wheel-controlled-spy-robot/b-phanindra-kumar
392 Financial Inclusion A Study on Role of Commercial Banks in the State of Karnataka with Special Reference to Rural Areas , Dr. Muthu Kumar V | Mr. Shashi Kumar M
Financial inclusion is the process of providing financial service for the weaker of section of the society and make sure that all the section peoples are also availing all the financial service. It emphasis on the financial systems for the development of economy. Financial inclusion increase in the saving habit of individuals which lead to the overall development of economy developing to the developed economy. Future Financial inclusion helps in the exploitation of lower section adoption of borrowing facilitates from the banks instead of money lending agency by facilitating easy access to formal credit. Hence a study is proposed to be undertaken to study how for commercial banks playing their role to include the financially excluded people in the state of Karnataka with special reference to rural areas. The samples is selected by administering Random sampling technique. The total numbers of samples are 300, the collected data are analyzed with the help of statistical tool.   BY Dr. Muthu Kumar V | Mr. Shashi Kumar M "Financial Inclusion- A Study on Role of Commercial Banks in the State of Karnataka (with Special Reference to Rural Areas)"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21603.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/accounting-and-finance/21603/financial-inclusion--a-study-on-role-of-commercial-banks-in-the-state-of-karnataka-with-special-reference-to-rural-areas/dr-muthu-kumar-v
393 Sentiment Analysis , Prof. Richa Mehra | Diksha Saxena | Shubham Gupta | Joy Joseph
Sentiment Analysis SA is an ongoing field of research in text mining field. SA sentiment analysis is the computational treatment of opinions, sentiments and text. This s paper deals in a comprehensive overview of the recent updates in this field. Many recently proposed algorithms amend and various SA applications are investigated and presented briefly in this paper. The related fields to SA transfer learning, emotion detection, and building resources that attracted researchers recently are discussed. The main objective of this paper is to give nearly full image of SA techniques and the related fields with brief details. The main contributions in this paper include the sophisticated categorizations of a large number of recent articles and the illustration of the recent trend of research in the sentiment analysis and its related areas. Prof. Richa Mehra | Diksha Saxena | Shubham Gupta | Joy Joseph "Sentiment Analysis" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23375.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/23375/sentiment-analysis/prof-richa-mehra
394 A Comprehensive Study on Organized Retailing with Reference to Customer Preferences and Customer Loyalty in Indian Context , Pritam Chattopadhyay
The initiation of economic reforms made globalization an indispensible observable fact across all the countries irrespective of some protestations from a few parts of the globe. Globalization in quintessence means free trade of goods and services, capital, intellectual skill and knowledge among different countries. This in turn offers variety of products and services to the global market. Due to which the market has become highly heterogeneous and complex and also made the competition stiffer among the marketers. The needs, tastes and preferences of the customers are rapidly changing at a much faster rate. In order to sustain this highly ever changing customer's needs, tastes, demands and preferences, the marketer need to be more organized to withstand and sustain the highly competitive market. Changing customer demand and lifestyle in turn has given rise to organized retailing in India. Retailing is one of the rapidly growing sectors in the service industry. It is one of the active and attractive sectors of the last decade and has become an intrinsic part of everyday lives. This emerging market is witnessing a significance change in its growth and investment plan. There is a stiff competition between the retail giants organized sector and unorganized kirana shops. The organized retail formats rapidly emerged in India because of the economic fundamentals, nuclear families, easy financing options, increase in the population of working women, rising disposable income, Dual Income No Kids. But its impact on unorganized sector is severe. It will take over the profitability and presence of unorganized sector in the years to come. Irrespective of that, organized retailers facing problems such as rigid tax structure, inadequate infrastructural facilities, high cost of real estate, stringent foreign direct investment FDI policies etc. Because of the support of government and the buying nature of the Indian consumer, unorganized retail sector is still predominating over organized sector in India, unorganized retail sector constituting 96 of total trade, while organized retailing accounts only for 4 . In the near days to come the entire gamut may get changed due to technological advancements and changing lifestyle of customers. Finally it develops a model for strategizing the marketing for retail industry.   BY Pritam Chattopadhyay "A Comprehensive Study on Organized Retailing with Reference to Customer Preferences and Customer Loyalty in Indian Context"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22807.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/business-and-retail-research/22807/a-comprehensive-study-on-organized-retailing-with-reference-to-customer-preferences-and-customer-loyalty-in-indian-context/pritam-chattopadhyay
395 Automated Timer Socket using Arduino , G. Chakra Mahesh Babu | I. Mahesh Veera Bhadrarao | M. Venkata Balaji | Ch. Sai Praveen
A glace view of our idea is designing a new innovative idea which can monitor the flow of power supply to the existing plug sockets. As in India demand for electricity is increasing day by day, there is a need to implement an idea in order to meet this problem. So not only synthesizing an method to generate the electricity but also a method to save the electricity. Even though there are smart house systems basing on home automation, they only disconnect the electrical or electronic devices form the supply but the power supply to the socket in which the appliance is plugged in can't be stopped. The myth about overcharging your phone is a common one. The amount of charge going into your device shouldnt be an issue as most are smart enough to stop taking a charge once full, just topping up as needed to stay at 100 per cent. The problems occur when the battery overheats, which can cause damage. So.in our paper we are proposing and implementing the automated timer socket using arduino for real time applications. G. Chakra Mahesh Babu | I. Mahesh Veera Bhadrarao | M. Venkata Balaji | Ch. Sai Praveen "Automated Timer Socket using Arduino" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23157.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/23157/automated-timer-socket-using-arduino/g-chakra-mahesh-babu
396 Analytical Method Development and Validation of Metformin Hydrochloride by using RP HPLC with ICH Guidelines , Mr. Nilesh Nikam | Dr. Avish Maru | Dr. Anil Jadhav | Dr. Prashant Malpure
A simple and reproducible method was developed for Metformin MET by Reverse Phase High Performance Liquid Chromatography RP HPLC . Metformin was separated on C18 column 4.6x250mm, particle size 5µm , using combination of phosphate buffer with pH of 3.0 and Methanol at the UV detection of 238nm. Isocratic elution of phosphate buffer with pH of 3.0 and Methanol was used as a mobile phase with various ratios and flow rates, eventually 30 70 v v phosphate buffer with pH of 3.0 and Methanol was being set with the flow rate of 1mL min. The statistical validation parameters such as linearity, accuracy, precision, inter day and intra day variation were checked, assay studies of Metformin were within 98 to 102 indicating that the proposed method can be adoptable for quality control analysis of Metformin.   BY Mr. Nilesh Nikam | Dr. Avish Maru | Dr. Anil Jadhav | Dr. Prashant Malpure "Analytical Method Development and Validation of Metformin Hydrochloride by using RP-HPLC with ICH Guidelines"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22812.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/pharmacy/analytical-chemistry/22812/analytical-method-development-and-validation-of-metformin-hydrochloride-by-using-rp-hplc-with-ich-guidelines/mr-nilesh-nikam
397 Fabrication of Electric Two Wheeler , B. Phanindra Kumar | S. Soumya Reddy | R .Sudharshan | P. Vamshi Krishna
The percentage of pollutants in the air from vehicular emission has increased as market constitutes of more fossil fuel powered vehicles than new green technology. Now days demand of the fossil fuel is reduced in the market we are encourage the new technology and green technology that convent electrical energy to mechanical energy with eco friendly. In this project all conventional parts engine, petrol tank of two wheeler replaced with electrical components motor, battery and controller . This project electric drive is given to back wheel same like the IC engine powers the back wheel drive. Thus the project prototype can drive on rechargeable battery as a fuel with the help of the controller and throttle. When throttle is raised according to that motor shaft runs similarly with chain drive and speed varies. As the IC Engine is least efficient at low speed traffic condition , electrical vehicle can give more efficient in this case. The electric drive is not only silent but also low heat dissipation compared to petrol powered two wheeler. The electric vehicle can't travel a long distance, but it can carry heavy loads. Due to these reasons, Electric vehicles are coming into the market with more benefits. B. Phanindra Kumar | S. Soumya Reddy | R .Sudharshan | P. Vamshi Krishna "Fabrication of Electric Two Wheeler" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23377.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23377/fabrication-of-electric-two-wheeler/b-phanindra-kumar
398 The Dilemma of Civilians Caught in an Armed Conflict , Lucy Nkongho Diffang
What becomes a full blown armed conflict usually begins with a small grievance which is most often neglected by those in position to solve them. The English adage which says “a stitch in time saves nine” is more often than not neglected with grievous consequences. A simple demand that could have been solved with just the click of fingers may become what will plunge the entire country into untold hardship. Once the level of frustration increases and the population becomes engaged in a conflict, it becomes very difficult to control what happens. This is because other sub groups spring up and even if the initial demand is met, it will be insufficient to quell the anger of the already aggrieved population,. This is because many opportunist groups spring up with varied demands that make it near impossible for those in authority to address. Peace is priceless. But this is a lesson that is learned a little too late as many people join peaceful or violent demonstration with little or no idea of the consequences of their actions. Many are coerced to belief that the government will bow to pressure and grant their demands. Far from it! What befalls them is senseless loss of lives and property, hunger, poverty, fragmentation of the society, mass exodus of people and total lawlessness.   BY Lucy Nkongho Diffang "The Dilemma of Civilians Caught in an Armed Conflict"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22804.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/social-science/22804/the-dilemma-of-civilians-caught-in-an-armed-conflict/lucy-nkongho-diffang
399 Preparation of Fan Coil Unit using Revit Software , A. Vijay kumar | O. Ajay kumar | K. Bala Kumar | M. Dinesh kumar
This project “Fan coil unit preparation by using Revit software” deals with the study of air conditioner and water conditioner system in a single unit. The main object behind this project is to supply chilled water through MS pipes based on load calculations by considering the required standards. In this pipe design calculations are done by using the AUTODESK REVIT MEP software to design pipes with proper adjustments and fittings. This fan coil unit system is to be designed only for places where natural ventilation is available. The multifunctional system which can provide cold water, refrigeration effect and air conditioning effect with regular air or space conditioning system. Fan coil unit is based on indirect refrigeration system mostly used as secondary refrigeration system. In this project we have using water as primary refrigerant. Along with this, air and water systems are used primarily for perimeter building spaces with high sensible loads and where close control of humidity is not a primary criterion. These systems work well in the residential buildings, office buildings, hospitals, schools, apartment buildings, and other buildings where their capabilities can meet the project design intent and criteria. In most climates, these systems are designed to provide all of the required heating and cooling needs for perimeter spaces, and simultaneous heating and cooling in different spaces during intermediate seasons. A. Vijay kumar | O. Ajay kumar | K. Bala Kumar | M. Dinesh kumar "Preparation of Fan Coil Unit using Revit Software" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23376.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23376/preparation-of-fan-coil-unit-using-revit-software/a-vijay-kumar
400 Concept of Room up Sell Index and its Utility in Rooms Division in Star Rated Hotels , Prof Pratik R Satpute
Today, we find that the hospitality industry has flourished and become a major source of revenue generation all over the world. The growth of hospitality industry led to emergence of many hotel chains in India. The increasing competition and over supply of rooms has led to fall in the prices of room rates thus affecting the room revenue, average room rate and revenue per available room in all major cities of India. This condition has compelled the hotels to work on strategies and techniques to maximize the room revenue. Up selling is one such strategy. The paper will put light on the concept of room up sell and room upgrade. On basis of these parameters we will study the concept of up sell index and finally present its utility in rooms division in star rated hotels.   BY Prof Pratik R Satpute "Concept of Room up Sell Index and its Utility in Rooms Division in Star Rated Hotels"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22805.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/other/22805/concept-of-room-up-sell-index-and-its-utility-in-rooms-division-in-star-rated-hotels/prof-pratik-r-satpute
401 Authenticated Access of ATM Cards , Poornima D | Preethi Mariam Oommen P | Nirmala Devi K
Due to the rise and rapid growth of E commerce the use ATM cards has drastically increased which caused an explosion in the ATM card frauds. In real life fraudulent transaction are scattered with genuine transactions Hence simple pattern matching techniques, for instance Personal Identification Number PIN are not enough to detect these frauds accurately. Implementation of efficient fraud detection system has become imperative to reduce people loss. Our project aims to prevent the use of ATM cards without the authorization of owner or card holder. At present the card can be accessed if the PIN is known. The amount withdrawn or transferred is notified by the card holder only after complete transaction .Hence the process can't be retrieved. But the project intimates the card owner before the transaction begins even if the PIN is known. This is limited only to card transaction and not to online mode. Hence the verification can be extended to online process. Poornima D | Preethi Mariam Oommen P | Nirmala Devi K "Authenticated Access of ATM Cards" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23330.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/23330/authenticated-access-of-atm-cards/poornima-d
402 Synthesis of Nanoparticles an Overew, a Review Article , S. D. Jadhav | I A Shaikh
Nanotechnology is an interdisciplinary subject. A large number of techniques like physical, mechanical, chemical, biological and hybrid are available to synthesize different types of nanomatericals. Synthesized nanoparticles are in the form of colloids, clusters, powders, tubes, rods, wires and thin films etc. The technique to be used depends upon the material of interest, type of nanomaterial, size and quantity. A full potential of this technology can be exploited for the advantage of mankind. However, to fully exploire the potential of nanotechnology, it is essential to know what are nanomaterials, how these materials can be synthesized. An attempt is made for this by giving some of techniques used to synthesize nanomaterials by this review article.   BY S. D. Jadhav | I A Shaikh "Synthesis of Nanoparticles an Overew, a Review Article"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22816.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/chemistry/other/22816/synthesis-of-nanoparticles-an-overew-a-review-article/s-d-jadhav
403 Detection and Intimation of Human Presence using UAV Drones , V. Chandra Prasad | Raaghavardhani. B | Sowndharya. P | Vishalakshi Sundar
Quad copter is capable of achieving a vertical flight. It can fly in a stable manner and can be used to monitor and collect data in a specific form from different regions. The Unmanned Aerial Vehicles UAVs are being operated in risky environment and its use is becoming more common day by day. We can make use of these unmanned aerial vehicles as a platform which supports the use of various sensors, and other computer operated systems which help us to reach even those areas that are currently inaccessible and can perform the required tasks with ease. Finding the people who are trapped due to some natural disasters is very hard because we are not aware of their exact location thereby making it very time consuming and a complex process. The main application of this drone is detecting the presence of humans where natural disasters have affected the surrounding areas and giving intimation by means of a GSM to the nearby rescue team.   BY V. Chandra Prasad | Raaghavardhani. B | Sowndharya. P | Vishalakshi Sundar "Detection and Intimation of Human Presence using UAV (Drones)"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22836.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/22836/detection-and-intimation-of-human-presence-using-uav-drones/v-chandra-prasad
404 Virtual and Augmented Reality An Overview , Pratibha Jha | Sapna Yadav
Augmented reality is an innovation which allows a user to the computer simulated environment, regardless of whether that condition is a reproduction of this present reality or a conjured up universe. It is the way to encountering, feeling and contacting the past, present and whats to come. It is the medium of making our very own reality, our own customized reality. It could go from making a computer game to having a virtual walk around the universe, from strolling through our very own fantasy house to encountering a stroll on an outsider planet. With computer generated reality, we can encounter the scariest and exhausting circumstances by playing safe and with a learning point of view. Not many individuals, be that as it may, truly realize what VR is, the thing that it is fundamental standards and its open issues are. In this paper a chronicled outline of computer generated reality is displayed, essential wording and classes of VR frameworks are recorded. A savvy investigation of normal VR frameworks is done and finds the difficulties of Virtual Reality. Augmented reality, in which virtual substance is reliably planned with grandstands of genuine scenes, is a creating zone of natural arrangement. With the climb of individual cellphones prepared for making charming augmented reality conditions, the tremendous ability of AR has begun to be examined. This paper audits the present forefront in expanded reality. It delineates work performed in different application territories and clears up the leaving issues experienced when building extended reality applications considering the ergonomic besides, specialized confinements of cell phones. Pratibha Jha | Sapna Yadav "Virtual and Augmented Reality: An Overview" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23351.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/23351/virtual-and-augmented-reality-an-overview/pratibha-jha
405 Compressibility Behaviour of Peat Stabilized with Fly Ash Using DMM An Experimental and Numerical Study , M. Nithurshan | R. Nitharshan | M. C. M. Nasvi
Peat is a type of soil made up of partially decomposed plant matters and contains high amount of pores. Therefore, it has high compressibility and low shear strength, which makes it as a geotechnically problematic soil. Two main methods of ground improvement include mechanical and chemical methods. In this research, chemical stabilization was used as ground improvement techniques and this method stabilizes the soil through the addition of chemical admixtures such as ordinary Portland cement OPC , fly ash, lime etc. Major aim of this research was to study the compressibility characteristics of peat stabilized with ASTM class F fly ash FA using deep mixing method DMM , and an experimental and numerical based study was adapted to achieve the aim. As part of the experimental study, testing including index properties test, direct shear test and consolidation test using Rowe cell apparatus were conducted, while PLAXIS 2D numerical package was used to simulate the laboratory Row Cell consolidation test to predict the consolidation characteristics of peat and FA stabilized peat. A FA dosage of 10 by weight was used to prepare the stabilized peat sample. Based on the experimental findings, peat used was classified as sapric amorphous peat. Addition of 10 FA increases the cohesion c and decreases angle of friction F . Further compressibility parameters coefficient of consolidation Cv , coefficient of secondary compression Ca and compression index Cc decrease with the addition of 10 FA and it is due to the chemical reaction between FA and water in the peat, producing a stiffer peat FA stabilized matrix. Percentage reduction in Cv and Ca are 12.7 33.4 and 7.1 25.93 depending on the normal stress, while the percentage reduction in Cc is 10.5 . In addition, it was observed that PLAXIS can predict the consolidation behaviour of peat reasonably well.   BY M. Nithurshan | R. Nitharshan | M. C. M. Nasvi "Compressibility Behaviour of Peat Stabilized with Fly Ash Using DMM: An Experimental and Numerical Study"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22904.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/22904/compressibility-behaviour-of-peat-stabilized-with-fly-ash-using-dmm-an-experimental-and-numerical-study/m-nithurshan
406 Violence against Women with Special Reference to Domestic Violence Act, 2005 , Avrida Jan
This paper examine violence against women emanates from the social hypothesis of superiority of men over women. Insubordination of women legitimizes gender violence and grants social sanction to the ignoble treatment meted out to women. Manifestations of violence encompass physical aggression, such as blows of varying intensity, burns, sexual abuse and rape, physiological violence through insults, humiliation, coercion, blackmail, economic and emotional threats and control over speech, action and behavior. In extreme cases the result of this violence is death. The incidence of violence prevalent in man woman relationship takes place in the context of the family, state and society. In most cases the male aggression towards women and girls remains tacit, hidden or unrevealed. Avrida Jan "Violence against Women with Special Reference to Domestic Violence Act, 2005" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23344.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/-/23344/violence-against-women-with-special-reference-to-domestic-violence-act-2005/avrida-jan
407 Enhancing Survival during Fire Accidents using Quad Copter , S .P. Cowsigan | D. Renuga | G. Salome Packiavathy | S. Vinitha Mahi
Quad copters are unmanned Ariel Vehicle UAV , generally a miniature model of helicopter lifted in the air using four rotors attached with propellers. The unmanned vehicles is widely used and it is one of the growing applications in various domains. It can be attributed to the ability of operating in inaccessible areas, reducing the human loss in major accidents, and making it easily accessible to dangerous conditions. The main target of this paper is to explain the usage of drone in fire fighting accidents and its rescue. This paper focuses on the components that can be used for a fire fighting drone to reduce the overall weight and cost for developing the drone.   BY S .P. Cowsigan | D. Renuga | G. Salome Packiavathy | S. Vinitha Mahi "Enhancing Survival during Fire Accidents using Quad Copter"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22837.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/22837/enhancing-survival-during-fire-accidents-using-quad-copter/s-p-cowsigan
408 Chemical Safety in Textile Industry , Ligori Aruldass. T | Arun Karthik. V. M
Material industry in India contributes a considerable measure to the development of Indian economy and assumes a vital part in giving the work to the rustic and urban populace in India however it neglects to cultivate instruction and wellbeing as key segment of human advancement. There are distinctive risks looked by the laborers in material industry, for example, introduction to cotton dust, presentation to synthetic substances, commotion and ergonomics issues and so on. There are likewise a few variables, which are dependable to make the perils in the workplace I.e. work stressed, ill advised utilization of individual defensive hardware stretch, unfortunate workplace and poor working conditions and so on. The majority of the specialists are unskilled and dont have the foggiest idea about that what defensive measures ought to be embraced for their occupations. To keep the medical problems of specialists in ventures it is basic that the laborers know about the different word related risks in the business. It is additionally fundamental that the administration should find a way to shield specialists from potential dangerous circumstance. The wide utilization of synthetic concoctions in material generation is basic learning, while next to no has been done to unveil the possibly destructive mixes stowing away in our storage room. Ligori Aruldass. T | Arun Karthik. V. M "Chemical Safety in Textile Industry" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23135.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23135/chemical-safety-in-textile-industry/ligori-aruldass-t
409 A Review Paper on WiVi Technology , Sharath Kumar Nair | Tarun Mehta
Innovation is gaining exponential ground and is making numerous things less demanding. As the inventive reasoning of people is expanding each and every day, new techniques for remote systems administration have been advanced of which our present subject Wi Fi is the most acknowledged innovation. Wi Fi is famous remote systems administration innovation which gives an office permitting PCs, Smartphones or different gadgets to associate with the Internet or speak with each other remotely inside a given territory. Wi Fi systems have no physical association among sender and beneficiary. Wi Fi utilizes the radio waves to give arrange network. Remote Vision WiVi is another innovation like a similar idea of Wi Fi which enables seeing through dividers with the assistance of Wi Fi pointer. Wi Fi can likewise expand our faculties, empowering us to see the moving items through dividers and away from plain view. Specifically, we can utilize such pointer to locate the quantity of individuals in a shut room and their relative areas. We can likewise discover basic motions which are made behind a divider, and join the arrangement of marker to convey messages to a remote recipient without conveying any sort of transmitting gadget. By the utilization of Wi Fi pointer and MIMO correspondence, a remote vision gadget has been made which catches the humanoid movement behind the divider or shut room. We use MIMO impedance nulling to kill reflections off static articles and spotlight the beneficiary on a moving target.   BY Sharath Kumar Nair | Tarun Mehta "A Review Paper on WiVi Technology"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22827.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/22827/a-review-paper-on-wivi-technology/sharath-kumar-nair
410 Design of Solar Powered Air Conditioning System , Saraf Akshay Avinash
The demand of air conditioning is increasing due to the effect of climate change and global warming. If we still rely on the conventional electric air conditioning it will be harmful in future because electricity is generated from fossil fuels, the greenhouse gas emission would continuously worsen global warming, in turn the demand of air conditioning would be further increasing. Also the rate of electricity is increased by 6 which will goes on increasing in future. The solar powered air conditioners which are available in market are direct current air conditioners, we are designing a system for running a current air conditioner on solar which runs on alternate current. So in order to reduce the global warming and the green house gas emission effect we should adopt the natural way for the generation of electricity which in turn reduces the cost of electricity by conventional way. As the temperature of the earth is increasing day by day, the need of cooling is also increasing. But the bitter truth is that the temperature of earth is always goes on increasing. So in future there should be the need of centralized air conditioning. And as temperature increases we will get more amount of solar energy. Saraf Akshay Avinash "Design of Solar Powered Air Conditioning System" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23347.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23347/design-of-solar-powered-air-conditioning-system/saraf-akshay-avinash
411 An Introduction to Competency Based Language Teaching to Undergraduate Students in Universities , Toe Toe | Tin Tin Ohn
Unlike a traditional way, competency based language learning and teaching become influential in the education sector. This paper focuses on introduction to competency based language teaching to undergraduate students in universities. To reflect the subject matter, the definition of competency and characteristics of competency are presented. It is followed by course goals and learning objectives and instructional outcomes which are the foundation of Blended course design. Also, the teacher roles in competency based education and instructional strategies for undergraduate students to achieve the learning objectives are also discussed. methods of assessing student learning are also presented to gain evidence that the students are able to meet their learning goals. Toe Toe | Tin Tin Ohn "An Introduction to Competency-Based Language Teaching to Undergraduate Students in Universities" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23196.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/23196/an-introduction-to-competency-based-language-teaching-to-undergraduate-students-in-universities/toe-toe
412 A Review on Hyperloop Transportation System , Mohit Bansal | Pravin kumar
This system works on the principle of electromagnetic attraction forces. This system uses both electromagnet and permanent magnets to levitate, propel and control the pod. This type of transportation system was proposed in USA which is an ultrahigh speed transportation system in a vacuum medium with reduced air resistance and pressure. This ultra low pressure inside the tube causes problem for the passengers so we are solving this problem with the help of different methods for the safety of passengers due to the leakage problem.   BY Mohit Bansal | Pravin kumar "A Review on Hyperloop Transportation System"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22831.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/22831/a-review-on-hyperloop-transportation-system/mohit-bansal  
413 Removal of Pb II from Aqueous Solutions using Activated Carbon Prepared from Garlic Waste , R. Mary Nancy Flora | Ashok | Ramanathan
The recent study explains about the removal of Pb II ions from aqueous solution using activated carbon prepared from Garlic waste. Garlic peels have been used for the production of Carbon by treating with conc.H2SO4 for metal ions removal. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and Boehm titration have been used for various physicochemical characterization of the outcome of activated carbon which proclaimed the presence of oxygen containing surface functional groups like phenolic, lactonic and carboxylic in the carbons. In a batch adsorption process the effect of pH and initial metal ion concentration was calculated. The optimum pH for lead adsorption is found to be equal to 6.The resultant activated carbon showed maximum adsorption capacity of Pb II was 210 mg g 1. The waste material which is used in this work is cost effective and easily available for the production of activated carbon. Hence the removal of Pb II from water using the carbons prepared from Garlic peels can act as possible low cost adsorbents for the removal of Pb II from water. R. Mary Nancy Flora | Ashok | Ramanathan "Removal of Pb (II) from Aqueous Solutions using Activated Carbon Prepared from Garlic Waste" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23365.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/chemical-engineering/23365/removal-of-pb-ii-from-aqueous-solutions-using-activated-carbon-prepared-from-garlic-waste/r-mary-nancy-flora
414 Effectiveness of Home Based Toilet Training on Knowledge and Practice of Mothers , Rashmi Joshi | Sanjenbam Emon Chanu | Vandana Chauhan
Background Toilet training is one of the most important phenomena during childhood. At the age of three children must train enough to control the bowel and bladder. They should acquire to adapt not only to delight his and her loved ones additionally also to preserve self integrity. Therefore it's a moral responsibility of the caregivers to train their child for toilet training.1The objectives of the study were to compare the post test knowledge and practice of mothers in control group and experimental group. Materials and Methods The study was conducted at selected Village, Doiwala Block, Dehradun, Uttarakhand. One hundred and thirty nine participants were selected based on inclusion criteria conveniently and assigned randomly to control and experimental group. Data was collected by administering structured knowledge questionnaire and self reported practice checklist. Results Findings suggest that the mean post test knowledge score 15.03±1.926 of experimental group was higher than the control group 12.48±2.40 . The independent‘t' test was applied to find the difference between two means. The difference was found 6.906 which was significant at the level of p 0.05. There was no difference in mean post test practice score of experimental group and control group. Conclusion Based on the findings of the study it was concluded that home based toilet training was effective in improving the knowledge of mothers.   BY Rashmi Joshi | Sanjenbam Emon Chanu | Vandana Chauhan "Effectiveness of Home Based Toilet Training on Knowledge and Practice of Mothers"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22829.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/medicine/pediatrics/22829/effectiveness-of-home-based-toilet-training-on-knowledge-and-practice-of-mothers/rashmi-joshi
415 Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ADHD in DSM 5 A Trial for Cultural Adaptation in Bangladesh , Shaheen Akhter | Sajani Akter | Mir Ayesha Akter | Sadia Afrin | Tanmi Akhter
The aim of this study was to adapt Attention deficiency hyperactivity disorder criteria in DSM 5 for measuring ADHD level of children of Bangladesh. Data were collected from 238 students ages between 5 to 17 years of three different schools of Dhaka city. Psychometric properties were measured through Cronbach's alpha 0.748 , split half 0.785 , test retest 0.793 , which were satisfactory, respectively at 0.05, 0.05 and 0.01 level of significance. The demonstration of construct validity with Conner's Parent Rating Scale CPRS R was 0.659 also satisfactory. Thus psychometric results support that ADHD criteria in Bangla is suitable for use in Bangladeshi context. Mental health professionals can use Bangla adapted ADHD criteria as a useful tool to assess children's attention deficiency and hyperactivity. Shaheen Akhter | Sajani Akter | Mir Ayesha Akter | Sadia Afrin | Tanmi Akhter "Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in DSM-5: A Trial for Cultural Adaptation in Bangladesh" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21675.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/psychology/21675/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-in-dsm-5-a-trial-for-cultural-adaptation-in-bangladesh/shaheen-akhter
416 Modal Analysis of a Square Plate with Different Shape Cut Out , Praveen Mirji
This Modal analysis is a major technique to determine the vibration characteristics of engineering structures and its component's. It is a process by which the natural frequencies, mode shapes of the structure can be determined with a relative ease. It should be a major alternative to provide a helpful contribution in understanding control of many vibration phenomena which encompasses in practice. In this work comparison of the natural frequency of the square plate with different cross sectional cut out is found by using FEA .The main objective of this paper is to determine the natural frequency and mode shape of a square plate with different shape cut outs. The area of cut out of different shapes is maintained same.   BY Praveen Mirji "Modal Analysis of a Square Plate with Different Shape Cut Out"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22847.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/22847/modal-analysis-of-a-square-plate-with-different-shape-cut-out/praveen-mirji
417 A Study on Food Habits and Social Habits as Risk Factors among Patients Undergoing Percatenous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty PTCA , Mrs. Meena Kumari | Mrs. Y. V. Phani Kumari | Gwyneth Madhulika Bashapaga | Ittamala Jaya Rachel
AIM A study on food habits and social habits as risk factors among patients undergoing Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty PTCA OBJECTIVE To know the association of food habits and social habits as risk factors for PTCA. To observe various co morbidities among the patients To study the bio chemical parameters in patients such as heamoglobin, PVC, platelet count, bilirubin levels. To observe various social habits in the patient, such as smoking and alcohol consumption. Food consumption pattern. METHODOLOGY The sample population n = 60 of 28 80 years of age were chosen from a multi speciality hospital in Hyderabad. All the patients were of different age groups, sex, socio economic status, ethnicity with different co morbidities. A pre tested format consisting of patients profile, subjective data, objective data, biochemical data, medications and 24 hour dietary recall followed by medical nutrition therapy during the hospital stay. RESULTS Among n=60 subjects from 28 80 years of age, the detailed study identified the common risk factors with respect to cardiovascular diseases. The study showed a higher percentage of age from 28 70 years and is mostly in males. Majority of the patients are with increased BMI and are alcholics smokers. Obesity, Hypertension and Diabetes are predominant and dietary patterns recorded are mostly non vegetarians with high calorie, high fat and high protein consumption. CONCLUSION From the result it is very clear that majority of the patients studied with cardiovascular diseases belong to the age group 28 70 years and is mostly seen in males. Majority of them are accompanied with co morbidities with obesity, hypertension and diabetic. And predominantly follow a high calorie and high fat diet .Thus leading to a conclusion that consumption of high calorie and high fat food, presence of co morbidities and smoking could be the risk factors of PTCA. Mrs. Meena Kumari | Mrs. Y. V. Phani Kumari | Gwyneth Madhulika Bashapaga | Ittamala Jaya Rachel "A Study on Food Habits and Social Habits as Risk Factors among Patients Undergoing Percatenous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA)" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23372.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/23372/a-study-on-food-habits-and-social-habits-as-risk-factors-among-patients-undergoing-percatenous-transluminal-coronary-angioplasty-ptca/mrs-meena-kumari
418 A Need for Sesame Thresher , Er. B. Kailashkumar
Sesame Sesamum indicum L. crop is grown in all seasons of the year and being a short duration crop, fits well into various cropping systems. The international market of sesame is on the rise due to high demand and various uses. It was reported that there is about 5 to 10 percent loss from the time of harvest to cleaning and storing. The losses notice dare mainly contributed to non uniform maturity and improper threshing operation Status paper on oil seeds, 2014 . One of the measures to avoid post harvest losses is timely harvesting with proper method and adoption of modern mechanical methods of threshing and winnowing.   BY Er. B. Kailashkumar "A Need for Sesame Thresher" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22862.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/agricultural-engineering/22862/a-need-for-sesame-thresher/er-b-kailashkumar
419 IOT Based Smart Cities , Mukesh Kumawat | Mr. Durgesh Kumar | Dr. Garima Mathur
Since the development of advanced metering and digital technology, Smart City has been equipped based on things IOT in different electronic devices, and therefore smarter than before. The purpose of this paper is to carry out the concept of smart cities and their motivation and application of a comprehensive review. In addition, the survey describes the intelligent networking technology and smart cities and major components of urban functions. This also explains the major challenges and experiences around the world. Mukesh Kumawat | Mr. Durgesh Kumar | Dr. Garima Mathur "IOT Based Smart Cities" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23246.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/23246/iot-based-smart-cities/mukesh-kumawat
420 All Terrain Offensive and Defensive Robot , Dr. M. Sampath Kumar | Anchal Mohanty | Meghana Beesu | E. Sai Kiran
Generally, various risky tasks or certain difficult operations cannot be done completely by humans and thus there is need for change in present era. As robots play vital roles in different fields of industries, medical, colleges, home appliances, military and defence, thus robots can be good and effective option for such difficult purposes. The proposed work is to develop an all terrain robot prototype. The robots which are presently in the market works on simple terrains while this project claims to make a prototype which can work on plain surfaces as well as rough surfaces such as forests, hilly and rocky areas. This project presents a offensive and defensive robot which uses different technologies like Arduino, Android Application, Bluetooth module and Laser Module. It develops a low voltage power supply, low cost and wireless robot prototype which is controlled using microcontroller and android application. Dr. M. Sampath Kumar | Anchal Mohanty | Meghana Beesu | E. Sai Kiran "All Terrain Offensive and Defensive Robot" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23370.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23370/all-terrain-offensive-and-defensive-robot/dr-m-sampath-kumar
421 Real Time Video Surveillance for Automated Weapon Detection ,
Closed circuit television systems CCTV play a vital role in evidence collection against crimes and criminals. The existing systems does not classify normal and abnormal events leading the police to become more reluctant to attend the crime scenes unless there was a visual verification, either by manned patrols or by electronic images from the surveillance cameras. The Proposed work is being used for surveillance, monitoring and classifications of weapons, live tracking and many more purposes. In this work, live surveillance videos is taken for monitoring and detecting the abnormal events based on real time image processing techniques. Operations of proposed project has three processing modules, first processing module is for object detection using Convolutional Neural Networks CNN and second processing module will handle the classification of weapons, monitoring and alarm operations will be carried out by the third processing module. CCTV will monitor circular area and it will automatically perform all operations and be controlled. Shape detection algorithms and object detection algorithms have been tested to find accuracy in detection and analysis the processing time before implementing in such environment and results provide optimal accuracy in matching weapons and objects type with name and shape in predefined database like ALEXNET. The proposed work drastically reduces the crime rate and it also provide a higher level security in certain areas and it will reduce the time required to catch the criminal.   BYBhagyalakshmi. P | Indhumathi. P | Lakshmi. R | Dr. Bhavadharini "Real Time Video Surveillance for Automated Weapon Detection"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22791.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/other/22791/real-time-video-surveillance-for-automated-weapon-detection/bhagyalakshmi-p
422 EEG Classification using Semi Supervised Learning , Shivshankar Kumar Yadav | Veena S.
The major challenge in the current brain–computer interface research is the accurate classification of time varying electroencephalographic EEG signals. The labeled EEG samples are usually scarce, while the unlabeled samples are available in large quantities and easy to collect in real applications. Semi supervised learning SSL methods can utilize both labeled and unlabeled data to improve performance over supervised approaches. However, it has been reported that the unlabeled data may undermine the performance of SSL in some cases. This study proposes a three stages technique for automatic detection of epileptic seizure in EEG signals. In practical application of pattern recognition, there are often diverse features extracted from raw data which needs to be recognized. Proposed method is based on time series signal, spectral analysis and recurrent neural networks RNNs . Decision making was performed in three stages i feature extraction using Welch method power spectrum density estimation PSD ii dimensionality reduction using statistics over extracted features and time series signal samples iii EEG classification using recurrent neural networks. This study shows that Welch method power spectrum density estimation is an appropriate feature which well represents EEG signals. We achieved higher classification accuracy specificity, sensitivity, classification accuracy in comparison with other researches to classify EEG signals exactly 100 in this study. To improve the safety of SSL, we proposed a new safety control mechanism by analyzing the differences between unlabeled data analysis in supervised and semi supervised learning. We then develop and implement a safe classification method based on the semi supervised extreme learning machine SS ELM . Following this approach, the Wasserstein distance is used to measure the similarities between the predictions obtained from ELM and SS ELM algorithms, and a different risk degree is thereby calculated for each unlabeled data instance. A risk based regularization term is then constructed and embedded into the objective function of the SS ELM. Extensive experiments were conducted using benchmark and EEG datasets to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed method. Experimental results show that the performance of the new algorithm is comparable to SS ELM and superior to ELM on average. It is thereby shown that the proposed method is safe and efficient for the classification of EEG signals. Shivshankar Kumar Yadav | Veena S. "EEG Classification using Semi Supervised Learning" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23355.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/23355/eeg-classification-using-semi-supervised-learning/shivshankar-kumar-yadav
423 Seismic Response Analysis of Structure A Perspective View , Khileshwari Verma | Prof. Pratiksha Malviya
From past earthquakes it is proved that many of structure are totally or partially damaged due to earthquake. So, it is necessary to determine seismic responses of such buildings. There are different techniques of seismic analysis of structure. Time history analysis is one of the important techniques for structural seismic analysis generally the evaluated structural response is nonlinear in nature. For such type of analysis, a representative earthquake time history is required. In this project work seismic analysis of RCC buildings with mass irregularity at different floor level are carried out. Here for analysis different time histories have been used. This paper highlights the effect of mass irregularity on different floor in RCC buildings with time history and analysis is done by using ETABS software.   BY Khileshwari Verma | Prof. Pratiksha Malviya "Seismic Response Analysis of Structure: A Perspective View"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22919.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/22919/seismic-response-analysis-of-structure-a-perspective-view/khileshwari-verma
424 Evaluation of Student Development Programs in the State Universities and Colleges of Samar Island , Ronaldo A. Amit
This study evaluated of the student development programs among state universities in Samar Island. The four 4 SUC's in Samar Island were selected as the locale of this study. These were the University of Eastern Philippines Main Campus Catarman , North West Samar State University Main Campus Calbayog City , Samar State University Main Campus Catbalogan City and Eastern Samar State University Main Campus Borongan City with the university presidents, deans directors of the Student Affairs and Services, personnel, and students as respondents. Frequency counts, percentages, and weighted mean computations were used to analyze the descriptive data obtained from the respondents of the study who were chosen through complete enumeration for presidents, deans directors and personnel and random sampling for the students, respectively. As to status of implementation of the students' development programs and services, the respondents rated the following programs and services as “very satisfactory” cultural development program, leadership training program, multi faith services, social and community development program, sports development program, student organization and services, student publications, and student council government.   BY Ronaldo A. Amit "Evaluation of Student Development Programs in the State Universities and Colleges of Samar Island"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22920.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/22920/evaluation-of-student-development-programs-in-the-state-universities-and-colleges-of-samar-island/ronaldo-a-amit
425 Design and Analysis of Pedal Box with Braking System , Md. Hameed | B. Praveen Kumar | B. Rohit | B. Surya Sai | G. Sai Kiran
A design process for an automotive pedal box system is presented in this paper. The work begins with a review of research carried out on pedal box system. It is followed by the process of designing a complete pedal box system. Reverse engineering process by using a steel pedal box system by use of MS Plate. The Pedal box design with proper pedal ratio and the use of single brake for both front and rear braking is designed. Md. Hameed | B. Praveen Kumar | B. Rohit | B. Surya Sai | G. Sai Kiran "Design and Analysis of Pedal Box with Braking System" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23413.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23413/design-and-analysis-of-pedal-box-with-braking-system/md-hameed
426 Implementation of Environmental Education Policies in the Hinterlands of Northern Samar , Felisa P. Lucero-Sanico
The perceptions of the faculty members, school officials and students in terms of the implementation of the environmental education policies in the hinterlands of Northern Samar specifically in Silvino Lobos, Northern Samar were analyzed in this work. A positive response on waste reduction and management and a rejection on the use of plastics and individual bulk packaging of products from suppliers were manifested. Further perceived was the disliking of artesian well as the source of water agreed on the composting biodegradables and the segregating waste in academic institutions and proper sealing of hazardous wastes before disposal. Eight 8 environment themes were integrated in the curriculum specifically in Music, Health and Physical Education, English, Social Studies, Filipino, and Mathematics, which run counter to the non availability of a general policy on environment by the local government unit. Environmental policy must be reflected in the vision and mission of the local government unit, as the schools follow and implement certain operational standards that are environment friendly, and integrate environmental education in most of the subjects.   BY Felisa P. Lucero-Sanico "Implementation of Environmental Education Policies in the Hinterlands of Northern Samar"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22930.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/enviormental-science/22930/implementation-of-environmental-education-policies-in-the-hinterlands-of-northern-samar/felisa-p-lucero-sanico
427 Plastic Film from Dioscorea Hispida Dennst KOROT Tuber , Franz Joy A. Caballa | Melinda C. Getalado
This study was conducted to produce a biodegradable plastic film from the Dioscorea Hispida Dennst korot tuber extract. Specifically, it aimed to determine the physical properties of prepared plastic film from korot extract in terms of effect of strong acid and base, flammability, pH, transparency, tensile strength and texture. It also aimed to determine the mechanical properties of prepared plastic film from “korot” extract and determine the permeability in water of the plastic film. The test for effect on strong acid and base in the two formulations showed that the plastic films were both soluble in strong acid and base. The film was flammable with luminous flame, with pH of 6.3. The produced film was smooth and transparent. The tensile strength test for formulation B was more stretchable and stronger than formulation A, and the weight resistance of formulation B was 1.2 kg while 0.8 kg for formulation A which is comparable to commercial plastic film. The two formulations differ in texture for which the formulation A was smooth and thinner than formulation B which was slightly rough. The produced plastic film was permeable in water. The prepared film was incomparable to commercial plastic wrap, for the prepared film water lost was 4.0 mL to 6.0 mL higher than 1.4 mL for commercial plastic film. The researcher found out that “korot” tuber can be used as main raw material in preparing commercial plastic and the formulation A is better than formulation   BY B. Franz Joy A. Caballa | Melinda C. Getalado "Plastic Film from Dioscorea Hispida Dennst (KOROT) Tuber"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22936.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/22936/plastic-film-from-dioscorea-hispida-dennst-korot-tuber/franz-joy-a-caballa
428 Beetles in Selected Barangays of Catarman, Northern Samar, Philippines , Jehosaphat C. Jazmin | Abel Alejandro U. Flores, Jr.
This initial research effort was conducted to identify the beetle species in five selected barangays of Catarman, Northern Samar, and describe the environmental factors that affect the presence of beetles in the study area. It used the descriptive method of research, with the purposive sampling technique as the sampling procedure utilized.Due to limitations of the researcher, a total of only seventeen 17 beetle species, belonging to eleven 11 families, were found present in different sampling sites. The most abundant of the beetle species individual was Harmonia axyridis, constituting 76.14 of the total number of beetles in the study area, while the least abundant were Alaus sp., and Diphucephala sp., each with only one 1 individual present, accounting for a relative abundance of only 0.46 . The air and soil temperature range between 27oC to 29oC. Grasses, trees, shrubs, and herbs were the common vegetation present in the study sites where beetles were found. This implies that environmental factors were conducive for the beetles to thrive in the area. The presence of different beetle species indicates the study area has a diverse beetle fauna, albeit it is only a small fraction of the total beetle species listed in the country. It is imperative that conservation efforts should be strengthened by the LGU in order to conserve not only the beetle population in the study area, but other organisms, both flora and fauna, as well.   BY Jehosaphat C. Jazmin | Abel Alejandro U. Flores, Jr. "Beetles in Selected Barangays of Catarman, Northern Samar, Philippines"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22937.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/22937/beetles-in-selected-barangays-of-catarman-northern-samar-philippines/jehosaphat-c-jazmin
429 Birds of Pambujan, Northern Samar, Philippines , Joseph L. Lucban, Jr. | Abel Alejandro U. Flores, Jr.
This assessment was specifically carried out to identify the avian species present in the study area, describe its distribution, determine its frequency, ascertain their conservation status, and enumerate the anthropogenic factors that influence their presence in the sampling sites. In each of the five barangays, representing different habitat types, a 1 kilometer trail was established and visited twice a day until the species accumulation asymptote was reached. During each visit, photographic images of the avian species present were taken for documentation and identification purposes. There were 27 species of birds, belonging to 17 families, present in the sampling sites. Of these species, Passer montanus, Artamus leucorhynchus, and Hirundo tahitica were the most frequently sighted. On the other hand, Bulbopsittacus lunulatus was the least frequently observed bird. Majority of the birds inhabited the forest area, while others were found along riverbanks, in grasslands, and along the coasts. Except for Ceyx melanurus, which is listed as “vulnerable”, all other species were categorized as “least concern” under the IUCN Guidelines. Swidden agriculture slash and burn or kaingin and hunting for food and the pet trade affect the presence of birds in the sampling sites. Although there are still a number of species present, it is imperative that adequate protection and conservation measures are adopted and strictly implemented by the local government units.   BY Joseph L. Lucban, Jr. | Abel Alejandro U. Flores, Jr. "Birds of Pambujan, Northern Samar, Philippines"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22938.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/biological-science/other/22938/birds-of-pambujan-northern-samar-philippines/joseph-l-lucban-jr
430 Pontential Germicidal Soap of Mangifera Indica Linn. Mango Fruit Peel Extract , Raquel L. Crebello | Maria Judy M. Somoray
The study focused mainly on the determination of the potential germicidal soap of Mangifera indica Mango fruit peel extract. It aimed to determine the physical properties in terms of color, melting point, odor, pH value, and solubility. Also, it sought to determine the acid value, iodine value of mango peel soap for its chemical properties. Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus was used for the determination on antimicrobial sensitivity test, the researcher concluded that the prepared soap doesn't have the capability to reduce the excrescency of the microorganisms. Therefore the researcher concluded that Mangifera indica peel can be made into germicidal soap but not comparable to commercially available germicidal soap.   BY Raquel L. Crebello | Maria Judy M. Somoray "Pontential Germicidal Soap of Mangifera Indica Linn. (Mango) Fruit Peel Extract"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22939.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/22939/pontential-germicidal-soap-of-mangifera-indica-linn-mango-fruit-peel-extract/raquel-l-crebello
431 Vital Force "“ A Vitality in Modern Epoch , Kanupriya | Rukiayya. D. Shaikh | Arun. B. Jadhav
Vital force is energy or a spirit like force which animates the human body in a harmonious manner. It is dynamic in nature .It can be deranged when some external influence attacks the material body and vital force goes in diseased conditions .A homoeopathic medicine will be administered to cure the human body. This vital force is related to modern concepts of torque, spin rotation, quantum field, gyroscope to ensure the presence of vital force in the body which helps to regulate the body   BY Kanupriya | Rukiayya. D. Shaikh | Arun. B. Jadhav "Vital Force – A Vitality in Modern Epoch"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22856.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/22856/vital-force-%C3%A2%E2%82%AC%E2%80%9C-a-vitality-in-modern-epoch/kanupriya
432 A Critical Study of Electronic Voting Machine EVM Utilization in Election Procedure , Dr. A. V. Nikam | Dr. P. C. Shetiye | Dr. S. D. Bhoite
We can experience fast and sudden changes in the life of human being due to the information technology IT . Information technology is used individually as well as in business then how it could be exception for election. In our democracy there are three levels Loksabha, Vidhan Sabha and Sthanik Swarajya Sanshta. Information technology is useful in preparing voters list, proper voting and prediction of which candidate will be winner etc. Providing the proper services to the voters regarding election for sake of this it has been prepared a software app called too voter. Using this app voter can easily search his name in voter list and his election centre etc. It can also be possible to see the expenditure of election through this app. This app is useful to all citizens, voters, election officers, political parties, self service centre, media and political analyst. The main and important step is actual voting though Electronic Voting Machine EVM . At the beginning many questions were raised whether literate and illiterate can use this machine properly. It seen that everyone is using this machine. Presently the button called None of the above NOTA become part of discussion. Due to EVM following points become possible 1 Fast counting of voting 2 Accurate counting of voting. 3 Avoidance of misbehavior misconduct. Even promotion and dissemination by candidate is possible through information technology. It can possible to get likes about opinions and image of candidate through facebook and twitter. Dr. A. V. Nikam | Dr. P. C. Shetiye | Dr. S. D. Bhoite "A Critical Study of Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) Utilization in Election Procedure" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23046.pdfPaper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/23046/a-critical-study-of-electronic-voting-machine-evm-utilization-in-election-procedure/dr--a-v-nikam
433 Smart Laboratory , Deepak Adhav | Rahul Pagar | Ravi Sonawane | Sachin Tawade
In this era of Digitization and Automation, the life of human beings is getting simpler as almost everything is automatic, replacing the old manual systems. Nowadays humans have made internet an integral part of their everyday life without which they are helpless. Internet of things IOT provides a platform that allows devices to connect, sensed and controlled remotely across a network infrastructure. Our project basically focuses on Laboratory automation using smart phone and computer. The IOT devices controls and monitors the electronic electrical and the mechanical systems used in various types of buildings. The devices connected to the cloud server are controlled by a single admin which facilitate a number of users to which a number of sensor and control nodes are connected. The system designed is economical and can be expanded as it allows connection and controlling of a number of different devices.   BY Deepak Adhav | Rahul Pagar | Ravi Sonawane | Sachin Tawade "Smart Laboratory"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22840.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/22840/smart-laboratory/deepak-adhav
434 Employees' Job Satisfaction and Organizational Performance A Case of KSRTC , Mr. Harish Tigari M.Com, PGDMM, D.Ed | Mr. Puneeth. A M.com
Managing the people in the organization is the crucial task which helps to get the greatest return in terms of productivity. The management of workforce starts with acquiring the required human resource, providing extensive training and development thereby enhancing employability, maintaining the compensatory issues and finally separate the human resource based on the functional specification. One of the factors of production which contributes the greatest return to the organizational growth and development is employees of the organization. Means they play a crucial role in the organization. The Organization has three major objectives of managing the human resource such are, provide Job satisfaction, optimum utilization of available human resources and, to provide employment opportunities. on this context, the present research addresses the job satisfaction of employees in KSRTC Davangere. The study based on primary data which is collected from a structured questionnaire with Likert five point scale by a random sample of 50 respondents in Davangere.   BY Mr. Harish Tigari M.Com, PGDMM, D.Ed | Mr. Puneeth. A M.com "Employees' Job Satisfaction and Organizational Performance: A Case of KSRTC"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22841.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/economics/commerce/22841/employees%C3%A2%E2%82%AC%E2%84%A2-job-satisfaction-and-organizational-performance-a-case-of-ksrtc/mr-harish-tigari-mcom-pgdmm-ded
435 720 Degree Performance Appraisal Systems , Aishwarya M. Patil | Dr. C. S. Dalvi
Human resource HR , the most important asset in any organization and its significance to any company is very well known accordingly. The picture in present scenario tells us that the overall performance of the company depends on its ability to observe the performance of its members. The specific measure on which an organization’s performance depend, by using the same measure we can improve and optimize the employee’s performance. The performance appraisal system plays very important role in human resource framework. This concept has stated in 20th century. It is the process of obtaining, analyzing and recording information about an employee to evaluate and improve their performance. This appraisal system has started from 90 degree to the 720 degree till date. Before the 720 degree appraisal system, the companies are using 360 degree system. But in modern management, the 720 degree appraisal system is about to work efficiently. It is an integrated method where the employee’s performance is evaluated from 360 degree Management, Colleagues, Self and Customers and timely feedback is given. The performance is evaluated against the set targets. Therefore, we can state 720 degree appraisal as twice 360 degree appraisal. As the name suggests, the 720 degree performance appraisal is one of the recently introduced concept and the evaluation of the performance from all the aspects and gives timely feedback. In this paper, we are going to analyze and study the 720 degree performance appraisal system on various aspects. Aishwarya M. Patil | Dr. C. S. Dalvi "720 Degree Performance Appraisal Systems" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23048.pdfPaper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/hrm-and-retail-business/23048/720-degree-performance-appraisal-systems/aishwarya-m-patil
436 A Study on Brand Impact of Apparels on Consumer Buying Behaviour in Kukatpally Area , Dr. R. Narsaiah | R Shashi Preetham
The paper is about the results of the primary research which purpose was to know the impact of apparels brand on consumers to purchase a product. The aim of the paper is to make the fact clear that the brand has an impact on customer decision making process. The Primary data has been collected from 128 respondents within the region of Kukatpally area. Questionnaire is framed containing 20 questions which were asked to consumers in Kukatpally area. The secondary data has been collected from internet, books, references etc. Though the different media spread awareness but television advertising plays a vital role in buying behaviour of consumers. The outcome generated from descriptive statistics is that most of the respondents has positive opinion on television advertisements. From the findings, we can also see that there is no significant association between gender of respondents and buying behaviour towards branded apparels. There is a significant association between income of the respondents and frequency of buying branded apparels. There is no difference between male and female groups with respect to the awareness of television advertisements.   BY Dr. R. Narsaiah | R Shashi Preetham "A Study on Brand Impact of Apparels on Consumer Buying Behaviour in Kukatpally Area"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22838.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/consumer-behaviour/22838/a-study-on-brand-impact-of-apparels-on-consumer-buying-behaviour-in-kukatpally-area/dr-r-narsaiah
437 Isolation and Screening of Exoelectrogenic Bacteria from Waste Water , Asmita Genge | Ranjana Khade
Renewable energy is an increasing need in our society. Microbial fuel cell MFC technology is a bioreactor that converts organic waste material into electrical energy through catalytic reactions of microorganisms. This environmentally friendly process produces electricity without the combustion of fossil fuel. The objective of this study was to isolate Exoelectrogenic microorganisms with a potential to generate electricity and simultaneously treat waste water. The polluted water used in this study was obtained from Ulhas river Dist. Thane, Maharashtra and analysed for pH, salinity, hardness TDS, TSS, TS, COD and BOD. Exoelectrogenic bacteria were isolated from the polluted water sample and screened their ability to generate electricity by constructing cost effective MFC. The potential exoelectrogenic bacteria were then identified as E.coli, Pseudomonas spp and S. aureus spp. Thus, the selected exoelectrogenic bacteria can be used for waste water treatment alongwith generation of electricity thereby reducing the environmental pollution. Asmita Genge | Ranjana Khade "Isolation and Screening of Exoelectrogenic Bacteria from Waste Water" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23352.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/biological-science/microbiology/23352/isolation-and-screening-of-exoelectrogenic-bacteria-from-waste-water/asmita-genge
438 Higher Order Low Pass FIR Filter Design using IPSO Algorithm , M. Santhanaraj | Rishikesh. S. S | Subramanian. A. N | Vijai Sooriya. Su
This paper presents an optimal design of digital low pass finite impulse response FIR filter using Improved Particle Swarm Optimization IPSO . The design target of FIR filter is to approximate the ideal filters on the request of a given designing specifications. The traditional based optimization techniques are not efficient for digital filter design. The filter specification to be realized IPSO algorithm generates the best coefficients and try to meet the ideal frequency response. Improved Particle swarm optimization PSO proposes a new equation for the velocity vector and updating the particle vectors and hence the solution quality is improved. The IPSO technique enhances its search capability that leads to a higher probability of obtaining the optimal solution. In this paper for the given problem the realization of the FIR filter has been performed. The simulation results have been performed by using the improved particle swarm optimization IPSO method.   BY M. Santhanaraj | Rishikesh. S. S | Subramanian. A. N | Vijai Sooriya. Su "Higher Order Low Pass FIR Filter Design using IPSO Algorithm"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22899.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/22899/higher-order-low-pass-fir-filter-design-using-ipso-algorithm/m-santhanaraj
439 A Study on Organizational Culture and its Impact on Employee Performance A Case Study of State Bank of India , Ms. Naila Zia | Prof. Nafees. A. Khan
Organizations have different kinds of culture, depending upon it strength, which have considerable impact on attitudes and behavior of the employees, their job performance, satisfaction and even of the employee turnover. For a long decade job performance of employees is one of the widely used dependent variable in the studies related to human resource because of the fact that the performance of an employee is of high relevance not only for the organisation but also for a like individuals. The present study has been conducted to examine the impact of Organisational culture on the performance of the employee working in state bank of India , Delhi .Data was collected through questionnaires designed on five point likert scale. The sampling technique used in the study is convenient sampling and the sample size is 57 employees. Multiple regression analysis was used as the statistical tool. The findings suggested that there is a significant impact of Organisational culture on the performance of employees in the bank under study. Ms. Naila Zia | Prof. Nafees. A. Khan "A Study on Organizational Culture and its Impact on Employee Performance: A Case Study of State Bank of India" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23374.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/other/23374/a--study-on-organizational-culture-and-its-impact-on-employee-performance-a-case-study-of-state-bank-of-india/ms-naila-zia
440 Effective Online Brand Building Strategy in India , Mr. Amar Janardan Sale | Dr. R. V. Kulkarni
Today’s competitive world every small and large organization focused on online brand building. Companies are using brand management strategy in today’s digital age are increasingly very firstly using through internet. Most organizations use of website development, blog, and search engine optimization, Social Media, Online Press Release, use of other marketplaces to establish strong relationship with consumers and build brand awareness. Mr. Amar Janardan Sale | Dr. R. V. Kulkarni "Effective Online Brand Building Strategy in India" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23050.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/strategic-management/23050/effective-online-brand-building-strategy-in-india/mr-amar-janardan-sale
441 Smart Alert for College , Mr. A. Vaishnav | Ms. R. Selvapriya Msc., Mphil.
In recent years VB.net has brought many drastic changes in building powerful web application development. This application provides a generalized solution to monitor the various works that are carried out by the Placement Cell. “Smart Alert for College” provides a simple interface for the maintenance of student placement information and to filter student interview process list based on company eligibility criteria. It can be used by educational institutes or colleges to maintain the records of students. The creation and management of accurate, up to date information regarding a students' academic career is critically important in the university as well as colleges. The purposed system helps the placement cell to manage the mark details of the students and their placement information and it automatically sends Interview alert to student mobile number based on company basic criteria. Smart Alert for College deals with all kind of student details, academic related reports, college details, course details, placement details. It allows to update the various placement notifications to the staff and students updated by the placement administration. It also facilitate us explore all the activities happening in the placement cell.   BY Mr. A. Vaishnav | Ms. R. Selvapriya Msc., Mphil. "Smart Alert for College"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21716.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/programming-language/21716/smart-alert-for-college/mr-a-vaishnav
442 A Review on HVDC Circuit Breakers , Om Prakash Regar | Pradeep Kumar | Mr. Gaurav Srivastava
he continuously increasing demand for electric control and the financial access to remote sustainable power source sources, for example, seaward wind control or sunlight based warm age in deserts have restored the enthusiasm for high voltage direct present HVDC multi terminal frameworks systems . A great deal of work was finished around there, particularly during the 1980s, however just two three terminal frameworks were figured it out. From that point forward, HVDC innovation has progressed impressively and, regardless of various specialized difficulties, the acknowledgment of huge scale HVDC systems is presently truly talked about and considered. For the acknowledgment and dependability of these systems, the accessibility of HVDC circuit breakers CBs will be basic, making them one of the key empowering advances. Various thoughts for HVDC breaker plans have been distributed furthermore, licensed, yet no satisfactory arrangement has been found to intrude on HVDC cut off. This paper intends to abridge the writing, particularly that of the most recent two decades, on innovation territories that are important to HVDC breakers. By contrasting the mostly 20 years old, cutting edge HVDC CBs to the new HVDC innovation, existing inconsistencies end up clear. Territories where extra innovative work are required are distinguished and proposed.   BY Om Prakash Regar | Pradeep Kumar | Mr. Gaurav Srivastava "A Review on HVDC Circuit Breakers"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22794.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/22794/a-review-on-hvdc-circuit-breakers/om-prakash-regar
443 Comparative CFD and Simulative Analysis of Flow Behaviour to Calculate Losses in Different Geometrical Pipes , Er. Ajay Rana | Er. Nishant Kumar
In order to transport the fluid effectively without suffering much energy loss it becomes very important to understand the frictional losses in fluid flow. And here basically two very crucial types of Losses are discussed such as Major Energy Loss this occur due to friction and other one is Minor Energy Loss this is due to sudden expansion, sudden contraction and bend in a pipe . This study will focus on calculating Losses like Major and Minor loss in turbulent fluid flow through pipes of different geometries expansion, contraction and bend . And the whole study will be performed using three different techniques firstly being experimentally performed in Fluid Mechanics and Machinery Laboratory, secondly at nodal centre of IIT DELHI using programme Virtual Labs, a project initiated by the MHRD, Govt. of India, and thirdly using ANSYS FLUENT a simulation and modelling software. The results obtained by using the three above discussed methods would be used for result validation and pointing the most effective method to calculate losses in flow through pipes. Er. Ajay Rana | Er. Nishant Kumar "Comparative CFD and Simulative Analysis of Flow Behaviour to Calculate Losses in Different Geometrical Pipes" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23381.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23381/comparative-cfd-and-simulative-analysis-of-flow-behaviour-to-calculate-losses-in-different-geometrical-pipes/er-ajay-rana
444 Will GST Make India an Economic Union Respect to Kolhapur Industrial Area , Mr. Amar S. Patil
As on 1st July 2017 Ministry of Finance Government of India administered harmonised system of taxation in India. The introduction of GST is really a game changer for Indian economy as it has replaced list of complex indirect tax structure with a simple, transparent and technology–driven tax regime called as GST. GST is enhancing ease of doing business in country by breaking interstate trade and commerce barriers. This study investigates the impact of GST on Small and medium enterprises. The research is conducted with a corporate view on GST to proving “ONE NATION, ONE TAX, ONE MARKET”. To investigate the effects of GST, the researcher used descriptive analysis of qualitative and quantitative data gathered from primary and secondary sources of data collection for 43 Small and Medium Enterprises in Shivaji Udyamnagar, Kolhapur Mr. Amar S. Patil "Will GST Make India an Economic Union? Respect to Kolhapur Industrial Area" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23051.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/economics/financial-economics/23051/will-gst-make-india-an-economic-union-respect-to-kolhapur-industrial-area/mr-amar-s-patil
445 Database Security Model using Access Control Mechanism in Student Data Management , Aye Mon Win | Khin Lay Myint
Database security means the protection of data against unauthorized disclosure, alteration, destruction. This paper present a procedure to implement a Data Access Policy to ensure the protection of privacy rights of students' records within student data management system. According to the system, the administration of different security levels, resources, users, tasks etc. is indispensable. This paper focused on a student data management system by using Data Access Control model. According to the concept, only the administrator has the privilege to manage or administer the data. She he provides all types of privileges required to maintain users, their authorization and access, and the authorized resources. The administrator controls the largest information. This system we present DAC access control mechanism using MySQL database.   BY Aye Mon Win | Khin Lay Myint "Database Security Model using Access Control Mechanism in Student Data Management"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22820.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/database/22820/database-security-model-using-access-control-mechanism-in-student-data-management/aye-mon-win
446 Analytical Study of Municipal Solid Waste Characteristics at Deonar Dumping Yard in Mumbai Region, Maharashtra, India , Dabhi Jagrutiben | Abhay Shelar
Waste management is an international sensation, rising population, industrialization and urbanization are accountable to produce a tremendous amount of waste. Today's daily waste generation rate is about 760,000 tons. By 2025, this rate will be increased to about 1.8 million tons per day. These approximations are conservative the real values are probably double of this amount. 1 The estimated municipal solid waste generation by 8 Municipal Corporations and 9 Municipal Councils in Mumbai Metropolitan Region MMR cumulatively generate more than 10,000 metric tons of solid waste per day. Due to growth in population, industrialization and urbanization, the generation of solid waste has increased frighteningly. There is a high need for systematic management of municipal solid waste and for that understanding of characteristics play a vital role in it. In these research paper characteristics of Deonar dumping, yard has been studied on pre monsoon and post monsoon bases and encounter that, it contained some amount of organic and recyclable part, which if managed well, will reduce the load on dumping yard considerably. Dabhi Jagrutiben | Abhay Shelar "Analytical Study of Municipal Solid Waste Characteristics at Deonar Dumping Yard in Mumbai Region, Maharashtra, India" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23333.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/environment-engineering/23333/analytical-study-of-municipal-solid-waste-characteristics-at-deonar-dumping-yard-in-mumbai-region-maharashtra-india/dabhi-jagrutiben
447 Performance Analysis of Different Combination of Mimo Antenna System using Digital Modulation , Anjali Juneja
The wireless communication system like MIMO OFDM Multiple Input Multiple Output Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing , the transmitter and the receiver have to be synchronized to each other in order to make efficient transmission. In this paper, OFDM based on the orthogonality are proposed for timing synchronization for Rayleigh channel using different combination of antenna system. This work simulate by Matlab R2013a tool by using communication block, and result shown between BER verses SNR.   BY Anjali Juneja "Performance Analysis of Different Combination of Mimo Antenna System using Digital Modulation"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21364.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/21364/performance-analysis-of-different-combination-of-mimo-antenna-system-using-digital-modulation/anjali-juneja
448 Gesture Control Robot using Arduino , Deepanshu Kiran | Himanshu Singh | Kushal Kant Singh Saxeriya
According to the World Federation of the Deaf, only 10 percent of the worlds Deaf population receives any education, and only 3 percent receives this education in sign language. Another problem these deaf and face is inability to communicate with a person who does not understand the sign language. This project aims to reduce these problems by presenting a Sign Language. The project uses a hepatic glove to acquire signals corresponding to various hand gestures. The glove is interfaced with robot using an Arduino. Accelerometers are used to measure the angular displacement of human hand motion .The accelerometer controls the movement of the robot. Device is made of mainly two parts, one is RF transmitter and another is RF receiver. The RF transmitter will transmit the signal according to the position of accelerometer attached on your hand and the RF receiver will receive the signal and make the robot move in respective direction. Deepanshu Kiran | Himanshu Singh | Kushal Kant Singh Saxeriya "Gesture Control Robot using Arduino" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23411.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/23411/gesture-control-robot-using-arduino/deepanshu-kiran
449 E commerce Users in India , Mrs. Arati Ramchandra Magdum
E commerce is playing very important role in the economic development of the country. The extension of ecommerce volumes in India is attracting the attention of players around the world. The e commerce has changed the way business is done in India. People have evolved as one of the most effective instruments of economic transformation. E commerce sector has been facing so many problems as number of Indian users are increasing rapidly. Today, the Indian people are more aware towards digital medium. Digital medium tools play vital role in their regular life. The main benefits of e commerce is Niche market dominance. The main challenges of e commerce are technological disruption, lack of awareness, security issues and no physical presence. Mrs. Arati Ramchandra Magdum "E-commerce Users in India" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23052.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/marketing/23052/e-commerce-users-in-india/mrs-arati-ramchandra-magdum
450 Performance Analysis of Preamble Detection at Maximum Throughput Level for OFDM , Ayushi Upadhyay
WiMAX which represents “Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access” is a major part of BWN “broadband wireless network” having IEEE 802.16 standard provides innovative fixed as well as mobile platform for broadband internet access anywhere in anytime. In this paper we, investigate signal detection and frame synchronization for wireless network signal using preamble detection method such as MSC, MGM, MMSE and MML and preamble we used AWGN and Reyligh channel, also used modulation techniques QAM with OFDM. The performance has been concluded based Sample versus Detection value and output through MATLAB R3013a Simulation.   BY Ayushi Upadhyay "Performance Analysis of Preamble Detection at Maximum Throughput Level for OFDM"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21380.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/21380/performance-analysis-of-preamble-detection-at-maximum-throughput-level-for-ofdm/ayushi-upadhyay
451 Violation of Child Rights in Institutions , Meenu Bala
Childhood is an important formative stage of human development as it hold the potential to the future development of any society. Children who are brought up in an environment which is conducive to their intellectual, physical, social health, grow up to responsible and productive member of society. The time has come to reexamine the saying, “spare the rod and spoil the child”. Children are at the receiving end of the rod both at their on homes and schools from parents, Teachers and non teaching school authorities. Child abuse has many forms physical, emotional, sexual, neglect and exploitation. These are potentially or actually harmful the child's health, survival, dignity and development are abuse. Child sexual abuse is a serious problem in India as it is in many parts of world today. Abuse can be conducted by an adult or another child who is developmentally superior to the victim. This includes using the child for pornography, sexual material, prostitution and unlawful sexual practices. Emotional abuse is also act of causing harm to child's development. when they could have been within reasonable control of person responsible for the child. Meenu Bala "Violation of Child Rights in Institutions" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23420.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/23420/violation-of-child-rights-in-institutions/meenu-bala
452 The Impact of Mobile Banking on Customer Satisfaction , Ashvini sanjay Khot
Technology is a driving force in the global age and is taking over in every way mobile and internet banking is just a few examples of the ever developing technology advancements. Mobile banking is a new way of banking, as it makes it easier for consumers to access their finances, even from rural remote areas. Mobile banking technology which is the third era of technological innovation of banking sector after phone and net banking and comparatively its growth is phenomenal when compared to the first two eras. Currently in India the Mobile Banking is growing fast because demonetization of economy, the customers are opted for online banking and M banking facilities provided by the bank and the world’s second largest subscriber base in mobile sector therefore this leads to increases the mobile banking users in India. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of mobile banking on customer satisfaction in banks. Ashvini sanjay Khot "The Impact of Mobile Banking on Customer Satisfaction" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23053.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/consumer-behaviour/23053/the-impact-of-mobile-banking-on-customer-satisfaction/ashvini-sanjay-khot
453 Effect of Treasury Single Account TSA on Selected Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria , Olaleye John Olatunde | Abbas Babajide Ayodeji
Successive governments in Nigeria have continued to operate multiple accounts for the collection and disbursement of government revenues in flagrant disregard to the provision of the constitution which requires that all government revenues be remitted into a single account. The Treasury Single Account TSA was recently implemented fully in the Nigerian economy by the present government in order to ensure prudence and probity in the management of financial resources. Treasury Single Account TSA came as a quick fix to regulate the level of accountability and transparency in managing the financial resources of the government of the country. With the TSA, government expects to block all loopholes and leakages of financial resources of the government and also ensure a robust financial management system. This paper therefore provides the conceptual meaning of the TSA, and also outline its expected benefits to the economy of Nigeria such as, enhanced system of financial management and control, unification of various Accounts of government, reduction of the costs of government borrowing and ensuring the optimum utilization of government financial resources. This paper also analyses the objectives of the TSA systems and its various Accounts such as TSA main account, Subsidiary Account, ZBAs, Transit and Imp rest Account among others. This paper finally discussed the prospects of the TSA system and its challenges and concludes that, the system requires political will, honesty and determination so as to overcome the various challenges identified in the paper in order to achieve the expected benefits of the system. Olaleye John Olatunde | Abbas Babajide Ayodeji "Effect of Treasury Single Account (TSA) on Selected Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23458.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/accounting-and-finance/23458/effect-of-treasury-single-account-tsa-on-selected-tertiary-institutions-in-nigeria/olaleye-john-olatunde
454 Design of Ceiling Fan Regulator Knob , Pravin Borkar | Prof. Vaibhav Bankar
  Injection moulds are divided into two types based on runner design i.e. Cold runner moulds and Runner less moulds i.e. hot runner moulds. In cold runner moulds, for multi cavity and multi point injection moulds, there is wreckage of material in runner area. Sometimes wreckage of material is more than component weight. For avoiding the above problem, the technique used is hot Runner moulds. Hot runner mould is the advanced manufacturing methods for multi cavity type moulds. These types of moulds are widely used for large production rate. While producing plastic components using normal standard multi cavity mould, we are facing the problems like partial filling, cavities in components, less product quality, injection pressure and temperature drop age and warpage etc. Thus we are redesigning the Ceiling Fan Regulator Knob by doing some modification in and this will be beneficial for our using purpose. We are making design of the component, mould flow analysis using software Solidworks.   BY Pravin Borkar | Prof. Vaibhav Bankar "Design of Ceiling Fan Regulator Knob"    Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,    URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22825.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/22825/design-of-ceiling-fan-
455 A Review – Mobile App for Retail Industry , Miss. Avanti A. Patil. | Dr. Kulkarni R. V.
In several years the use of E Commerce and its popularity are excessively growing. Retail industry is also playing the major role in E Commerce. Retail is the process of selling consumer goods or services to customers through multiple channels of distribution to earn profit. The growing number of internet users provides a great opportunity for online retail market. Innovative mobile technologies provide new features through mobile application by allowing consumers to make purchases by Smartphone. In this paper author had reviewed the role of Mobile Applications for Retail Industry. Miss. Avanti A. Patil. | Dr. Kulkarni R. V. "A Review – Mobile App for Retail Industry" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23054.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/consumer-behaviour/23054/a-review-–-mobile-app-for-retail-industry/miss-avanti-a-patil
456 Smart Solar Grass Cutter Robot , Ajit Singh Shekhawat | Nikesh Kumar | Roopal Yadav | Siddharth Tyagi | Arun Pratap Singh
Today, we know that solar energy is a renewable source of energy. And the fossils fuel may not be available in the future and it also pollutes to our environment. So we have to use, one of the most promising source of energy where everyone focusing on the concept of solar power and its utilization. Smartly grass cutting robot detects obstacles by the ultrasonic sensor with servo in wide range for avoiding obstacles without any need of human interaction. All the motors, sensors and cutting operation are automatically controlled by the Arduino and manually by Bluetooth module. And the cutting operation is performed by single metallic thread which is operated by DC motor 10000 rpm . Cutting robot batteries charged by a charging dock which is located in the ground separately. Charging dock is attached with the Solar panel and charging controller. Ajit Singh Shekhawat | Nikesh Kumar | Roopal Yadav | Siddharth Tyagi | Arun Pratap Singh "Smart Solar Grass Cutter Robot" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23320.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23320/smart-solar-grass-cutter-robot/ajit-singh-shekhawat
457 Personality Traits and Risk Perception of Indian Investors , Ms. Fozia Mehtab | Dr. H Nagraj
The present research paper explores the relation between the personality traits of individual investors and their risk perception in the investment management by using personality traits of MBTI Personality Model given by Carl Gustav Jung. Data has been collected from 1000 individual Indian investors by using judgment sampling through a structured questionnaire. The data has been analyzed through linear regression analysis by the use of SPSS version 24. The results of the study indicate a significant relationship between personality traits and risk perception of the investors. The findings of the study could be useful for individual investors in improving their investment decisions and consequently the investment return by understanding their personality traits and the adverse effects of them on their risk perception towards investment decisions. Apart from this the financial advisors also could take advantage from the findings of the present study by understanding the personality traits and the risk perception of their client and accordingly suggesting them the best investment option available for them in the Indian financial market.   BY Ms. Fozia Mehtab | Dr. H Nagraj "Personality Traits and Risk Perception of Indian Investors"    Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22874.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/accounting-and-finance/22874/personality-traits-and-risk-perception-of-indian-investors/ms-fozia-mehtab
458 CSR Contribution made by selected Indian Manufacturing Multinational Companies , Miss. Charuta P. Kulkarni
The concept of CSR has gained lot of significance lately. But in India, complying provisions of CSR becomes mandatory after introduction of CSR policy in Indian Companies Act, 2013 for the companies who fulfill the certain criteria as mentioned. The rationale behind CSR is to embrace the responsibility for companies’ action and encouraging the positive impact through its activities on environment, healthcare, livelihood, rural development, education and so on. The present study has made an attempt to understand the CSR policy initiatives made by four major companies in India. All the data collected and used for research work is secondary in nature like official websites and reports published by companies, magazines, journals and other reference books. The purpose of this paper is to know the contribution made by four top Indian manufacturing MNC and analyze the same. These companies are drawn from ‘The CSR Journal Miss. Charuta P. Kulkarni "CSR Contribution made by selected Indian Manufacturing Multinational Companies" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23055.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/strategic-management/23055/csr-contribution-made-by-selected-indian-manufacturing-multinational-companies/miss-charuta-p-kulkarni
459 Profile Identification through Face Recognition , Mr. B. Ravinder Reddy | V. Akhil | G. Sai Preetham | P. Sai Poojitha
This project is Profile identification through facial recognition system using machine learning, based on K neighbors algorithm. The K neighbours algorithm has high detection rate and fast processing time. Once the face is detected, feature extraction on the face is performed using histogram of oriented gradients which essentially stores the edges of the face as well as the directionality of those edges. Histogram of oriented gradients is an effective form of feature extraction due its high performance in normalizing local contrast. Lastly, training and classification of the facial databases is done where each unique face in the facial database is a class. We attempt to use this facial recognition system on two sets of databases and will analyse the results and then provide the profile of an individual which is written in the Data base created in Firebase. Mr. B. Ravinder Reddy | V. Akhil | G. Sai Preetham | P. Sai Poojitha "Profile Identification through Face Recognition" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23439.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/other/23439/profile-identification-through-face-recognition/mr-b-ravinder-reddy
460 Viral Hepatitis "“ Disease Burden, Challenges and Gap Analysis with Existing Response , Mr. Keshava Reddy M | Mr. Senthil Thirusangu
Viral hepatitis is a global public health problem of epidemic proportions that caused 1.34 million deaths in 2015 a number comparable to deaths caused by tuberculosis and higher than those caused by HIV. Infection can be caused by the five known hepatitis viruses – A, B, C, D and E HAV, HBV, HCV, HDV and HEV . Many of these infections are preventable. Hepatitis B and C are responsible for 96 of overall hepatitis mortality. In India, the estimated burden of hepatitis is very high, necessitating focus on prevention and control measures to mitigate morbidity and mortality arising out of hepatitis.   BY Mr. Keshava Reddy M | Mr. Senthil Thirusangu "Viral Hepatitis – Disease Burden, Challenges and Gap Analysis with Existing Response"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22823.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/medicine/nursing/22823/viral-hepatitis-%C3%A2%E2%82%AC%E2%80%9C-disease-burden-challenges-and-gap-analysis-with-existing-response/mr-keshava-reddy-m
461 Coping Strategies among Youth of Professional Colleges , Dr. K. N. Ranbhare | Supriya Mangaonkar
Medical and Engineering students experience stress from their 1st academic year. There are many studies which have assessed stress level of students but very few studies covered how they prevent or cope up with the stress. Hence this study was attempted with an objective to understand the influence of Gender, Academic stream, Income and Type of Family on coping strategies among medical and engineering students in Kolhapur city. Proportionate Random Sampling method was used to select respondents. Data was collected by using Cope Inventory Scale and was analyzed in SPSS. Result indicated that Medical students have high coping level abilities as compare to engineering students. Whereas, gender, family income, type of family didn’t have significant relation with coping strategies. Dr. K. N. Ranbhare | Supriya Mangaonkar "Coping Strategies among Youth of Professional Colleges" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23056.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/strategic-management/23056/coping-strategies-among-youth-of-professional-colleges/dr-k-n-ranbhare
462 Floristic Diversity Assessment of Home Garden in Palayamkottai Region of Tirunelveli District, Tamil Nadu a Means of Sustainable Biodiversity Conservation , J. Vijayakumari | V. Sundara Prabha | E. Jebarubi | T. Leon Stephan Raj | S. Beschi Antony Rayan
Home garden is an integrated system which consists of different plants in its small area that produces a variety of foods and agricultural products including vegetables, fruits, medicinal plants, ornamentals etc. All home gardeners were individually interviewed about home garden management and plant utilization, among other information. The biological and cultural significance of agro biodiversity in home gardens are highlighted with the future obligation and prospect in home gardens to improve our natural resource and avoid the pollution with free air circulation. The main objective of this study was to assess the status, composition and diversity of plants in an urban home gardens with the help of socio economic factors of households. The study was carried out in Palayamkottai region of Tirunelveli district of Tamil Nadu, India. A total of 182 species were observed, which belonging to 159 genera and 71 families. Most of plants were dicot with 53 families and 150 species, whereas monocot with 15 families and 29 species and third one gymnosperm were presented with 2 families and 2 species and a single species of Pteridophyte also were documented. Fabaceae, Apocyanaceae and Solanaceae were the most dominant family in this home garden. J. Vijayakumari | V. Sundara Prabha | E. Jebarubi | T. Leon Stephan Raj | S. Beschi Antony Rayan "Floristic Diversity Assessment of Home Garden in Palayamkottai Region of Tirunelveli District, Tamil Nadu a Means of Sustainable Biodiversity Conservation" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23390.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/biological-science/botany/23390/floristic-diversity-assessment-of-home-garden-in-palayamkottai-region-of-tirunelveli-district-tamil-nadu-a-means-of-sustainable-biodiversity-conservation/j-vijayakumari
463 The Ethnic Conflict as Reflected in Umakanta Sarmah's Novel "˜Bharanda Pakhir Jaak' The Bharandas A Comprehensive Evaluation , Chandan Jyoti Chutia
An image of divisive, decaying and unstable condition gradually coming down to the communal lives of the bodos and other ethnic groups who have been coexisting in Assam for long is drawn in the novel ‘Bharanda Pakhir Jaak' written by Umakanta Sarma two Bodo dominated areas Sesakhuli and Sonaphali are used as the background of the novel. Besides the Bodos people of different communities like caste Hindu, Muslim, Nepali etc. also inhabit in Sesakhuli and there is no dearth of unity among them. The new generation of the Bodo youths becomes angry after being aware of the threats suddenly coming to the existence of different ethnic groups many years after the independence of India. But they split into two factions after difference of opinion erupted among them. Meanwhile the Bodos and the Assamese caste Hindus also get divided after difference of opinion among them on various subjects violence and retaliation creates an unstable condition in the surrounding areas. The situation gradually deteriorates and crosses the limits of control. In this way a section of people get deeply involved in the self created problem. A picture of crisis faced by people during the rise of Bodo National consciousness is drown in the novel. The national consciousness created among the new generation of the Bodo youths has tied all the events of that time with the same thread. In other words the sense of national awareness of the new generation of Bodo youths seems to be the driving force of the events in the novel. This heart touching novel reflects the gradually broken values of the long neglected Bodo society in an unstable environment. It presents the awakening of the Bodo youth, the value crisis in their public life and the conflict between old and new thoughts in a clean and fresh way. It has achieved the excellence of an epic by maintaining appropriate co ordination of the background subject matter, conflict, characterization, etc. Umakanta Sarma's ‘Bharanda Pakhir Jaak' reflects tribal conflict in an excellent and thoughtful way.   BY Chandan Jyoti Chutia "The Ethnic Conflict as Reflected in Umakanta Sarmah's Novel ‘Bharanda Pakhir Jaak' (The Bharandas): A Comprehensive Evaluation"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22943.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/22943/the-ethnic-conflict-as-reflected-in-umakanta-sarmah%C3%A2%E2%82%AC%E2%84%A2s-novel-%C3%A2%E2%82%AC%CB%9Cbharanda-pakhir-jaak%C3%A2%E2%82%AC%E2%84%A2-the-bharandas-a-comprehensive-evaluation/chandan-jyoti-chutia
464 Entrepreneurship Challenges Lessons from an Automotive Start Up , Mylavarapu Monika Jahnavi
The present paper describes an automotive start up company, Quadratech Autocomp Private Limited. This company was established by four entrepreneurs in Pune city in the year 2010 and manufactures specialised starter motor housings required in two wheelers. The research paper gives an overview of the company, the driving force behind its establishment, the challenges faced in the initial years of establishment and how these were tackled to make Quadratech number 1 tier 2 supplier in Pune city. In the era of focus on start ups, the exposure of Quadratech gives a good lesson on challenges faced by new units and the strategies that can be adopted to overcome them. Mylavarapu Monika Jahnavi "Entrepreneurship Challenges: Lessons from an Automotive Start-Up" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23057.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/new-venture-start-up/23057/entrepreneurship-challenges-lessons-from-an-automotive-start-up/mylavarapu-monika-jahnavi
465 Gender Inequality and Child Abuse in India , Gurushikha Kundu | Himanshu Sharma
Regardless of a high development rate and abundant Government measures to empower sexual orientation balance, the Gender Inequality hole still exists in India. Absence of sex uniformity not just restrains ladies entrance to assets and openings, yet in addition endangers the existence prospects of things to come age. In the present article an endeavor has been made to look at the issue of sexual orientation imbalance in India. In this procedure, the article not just talks about the degree, causes and outcomes of the issue, yet in addition proposes approach measures to diminish sex disparity in India. Gender Inequality or the sexual orientation hole keeps on being an enormous issue of worry in India regardless of its accomplishing high rates of financial development as of late. Conventional male centric traditions and standards have consigned ladies to an optional status inside the family and work environment. Gender Inequality is reflected in Indias low positioning on the World Economic Forums Gender Gap Index GGI , 2014, with scores underneath normal on parameters, for example, instructive achievement, financial support and wellbeing and survival. On instructive accomplishment, India positioned 126 with a female to male proportion in the education rate of 0.68. On the paradigm of monetary investment and openings, India was positioned 134. Its female to male proportion in labor drive support was 0.36. India was the second most reduced performing nation on wellbeing and survival, positioning 141, only in front of Armenia. In general, the nation positioned 127th out of 146 nations with a score of 0.563 on the sexual orientation imbalance file and came 114th on the planet as far as Gender Inequality. Gurushikha Kundu | Himanshu Sharma "Gender Inequality & Child Abuse in India" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23407.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/sociology/23407/gender-inequality-and-child-abuse-in-india/gurushikha-kundu
466 Biochemical and Therapeutic Properties of Withania Somnifera in Traditional Medicinal System , Neha Singh | Dr. Anita R. J. Singh
Withania somnifera Ashwagandha is a very important medicinal plant of Ayurveda. Roots are used as Rejuvenating drug, tonic, Alternative pungent, astringent, Aphrodisiac, anti inflammatory agent. Root powder has been found to be effective against Asthma, bronchitis, leucoderma, Arthritis, emenagogue cold, asthma, Tuberculosis, fever. Leaves are effective against Ulcers, painful swelling Fever, chest pain, sores, swelling. Seeds contains Diuretic, narcotic and hypnotic properties. Ashwagandha contains anti Diabetic, anti cancer, anti oxidant Effects, anti inflammatory, antimicrobial, Anti stress, Aphrodisiac, anti arthritic, Cardiovascular and Immunomodulatory effects. Biotechnological, and Modern Genomics tools may play an important role in the field of discovery of other secondary metabolites and development of improved plant varieties.   BY Neha Singh | Dr. Anita R. J. Singh "Biochemical and Therapeutic Properties of Withania Somnifera in Traditional Medicinal System"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd21715.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/biological-science/biotechnology/21715/biochemical-and-therapeutic-properties-of-withania-somnifera-in-traditional-medicinal-system/neha-singh
467 Job satisfaction Factors of Employee in Virtual Workplace Review , Mr. Maheshkumar Devendra Mohite | Dr. R. V. Kulkarni
Business success depends on Job satisfaction of employees. It is essential key part of organization. There is need to understand factors behind job satisfaction and need of employee for better output. It will help in increasing business activities. Now a day’s, most employees work at virtual place. Knowing his or her factors of job satisfaction of such employees, it will get most important source of information for improving companies’ overall growth, increasing product and services level. There are various factors affects on Job satisfaction it may be common or different. This paper is focusing on literature reviews of paper on Job Satisfaction factors of employees who work in virtual workplace. To Knows Job Satisfaction Factors of Employee will helps to all. Mr. Maheshkumar Devendra Mohite | Dr. R. V. Kulkarni "Job satisfaction Factors of Employee in Virtual Workplace: Review" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23059.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/hrm-and-retail-business/23059/job-satisfaction-factors-of-employee-in-virtual-workplace-review/mr-maheshkumar-devendra-mohite
468 Mining Health Examination Records A Graph Based Approach , Jayashri A. Sonawane | Dr. Swati A. Bhavsar
EHR Electronic Health Records collects data on yearly basis and it is used in many countries for healthcare.HER Health Examination Records collects the data on regular basis and identifies the participants at risk that is important for early warning and prevention.the fundamental challenge is for learning classification model for risk prediction with unlabelled data and live data string that established the majority of the collected dataset.the unlabelled data string describes the participants in health examintions whose health conditions can be vary from healthy to highly risky or very ill.in this paper, we propose a graph based,semisupervised learning algorithm called SHG health semi supervised heterogenous graph on Health for risk prediction and assessment to classify a progressively developing condition with the majority of the data unlabelled. An efficient iterative algorithm is designed and developed to proof the convergence is given.extensive experiments based on both real health examination dataset and live datasets to show effectiveness of our method. Jayashri A. Sonawane | Dr. Swati A. Bhavsar "Mining Health Examination Records - A Graph Based Approach" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22810.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/22810/mining-health-examination-records---a-graph-based-approach/jayashri-a-sonawane
469 Agricultural Credit and Farm Output of Cooperative Members in Anambra State, Nigeria , Francis O. Nwankwo PhD | Okenwa C. Ogbodo PhD | Faith C. Onwuchekwa
This study examined the effect of agricultural credit on farm output of members of selected cooperative societies in Anambra State Nigeria. Data was collected from 260 cooperative farmers from 10 cooperative societies in Anambra East LGA in Anambra State. Also 260 non cooperative farmers were equally selected to act as control group Descriptive and inferential were applied to collected data. Evidence from the study showed that cooperative members had more access to agricultural credit than non members. Furthermore, results from the regression analysis showed that farm size, farm inputs, credit and access to cooperative credit were positive and important determinants of farm output. The implication of the significance of access to cooperative credit is a confirmation of the primacy of cooperative as a source of credit to rural farmers. Indeed, significance of use of credit and access to cooperative credit equally confirms the main thrust of Vroom's expectancy theory that a particular course of action is chosen based upon perceptions, attitudes, and beliefs of a positive return. Francis   BY O. Nwankwo PhD | Okenwa C. Ogbodo PhD | Faith C. Onwuchekwa "Agricultural Credit and Farm Output of Cooperative Members in Anambra State, Nigeria"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22955.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/other/22955/agricultural-credit-and-farm-output-of-cooperative-members-in-anambra-state-nigeria/francis-o-nwankwo-phd
470 Modeling of Water Absorption by Dried Palm Nut Soaked at Room Temperature , Orua Antia | Ubong Assian | Olosunde William
In cracking palm nuts by application of appropriate impact energy, one of the predominant factors that would enhance the release of either high percentage of whole or split kernels is the percentage level of moisture content in the nuts. The split kernels encourage rancidity of oil since the oily surface of the kernel is exposed to environmental influence. There is therefore need to study the absorption of water in dried palm nuts as a pointer to condition dried nuts to moisture content range that would enhance the production of whole kernels. In this study, dried Dura and Tenera palm nuts varieties were obtained from a palm oil processing mill, classified based on their minor diameter into three size ranges of small, medium and large sizes. These nuts were further dried to bone dry mass followed by immersion of each size range of nuts into different vessels containing water. The rate of water absorption was monitored at 3 hourly intervals. The data generated were analyzed. The result showed that the rate of water absorption per nut unit area had similar curves pattern as the drying curve established for palm nuts. Models for water absorption process involving the dried palm nut was developed based on basic underlying principles and data generated from experimental runs. The models were then validated and found to be very useful in describing the water absorption process per nut unit area in a given time and predicting moisture content of bone dry mass of nut soaked in water and kept at room temperature. Orua Antia | Ubong Assian | Olosunde William "Modeling of Water Absorption by Dried Palm Nut Soaked at Room Temperature" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23471.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/food-engineering/23471/modeling-of-water-absorption-by-dried-palm-nut-soaked-at-room-temperature/orua-antia
471 A Review Role of Mobile Application for Medical Services , Miss. Naina S Thorat | Dr. R. V Kulkarni
In advanced mobile communications and portable computation devices are now combined in handheld devices called “smart mobile phones, IPADs, Tablet PC”, which are also capable of running third party software. The number of smart mobile phones users is growing rapidly, including among healthcare professionals. The purpose of this study was to classify smart mobile phones based healthcare technologies as discussed in academic literature according to their functionalities, services and summarize articles in each category. Many medical applications for smart mobile phones have been developed and widely used by health professionals, doctors, consultant and patients. The use of smart phones is getting more attention in healthcare and medical services day by day. Medical service provider applications make smart mobile phones useful tools in the practice of evidence based medicine at the point of care, in addition to their use in mobile clinical communication with an correct references. Also, smart mobile phones can play a very important role in patient education, disease self management, and remote monitoring of patients. Miss. Naina S Thorat | Dr. R. V Kulkarni "A Review- Role of Mobile Application for Medical Services" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23060.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/programming-language/23060/a-review--role-of-mobile-application-for-medical-services/miss-naina-s-thorat
472 Bacterial Endotoxin Test by Gel Clot Method , Faiz Hashmi | Ankush Thakur
The Bacterial Endotoxin Test BET is a test to quantify Endotoxin from ‘Gram negative bacteria using ‘amoebocyte lysate' extracted from ‘Limulus polyphemus or Tachypleus tridentatus' i.e. horseshoe crab. Three techniques are used for the confirmation of endotoxins, those are the gel clot technique, the turbidimetric technique, and the chromogenic technique. Endotoxins are toxic complexes which is invariably associated with the cell wall of the Gram negative bacteria irrespective of bacterial pathogenicity. Endotoxins are rarely fatal, but they cause fever and hence Endotoxin carrying bacteria are known as ‘Pyrogen'. The test can be done by any of these three techniques. Among all, the gel clot method is chosen to be superior. The test is carried out in a manner to avoid endotoxins contamination. Mostly bacterial Endotoxin test are performed for the inject able pharmaceutical products, e.g. SWFI Sterile Water for Injection , Normal Saline Sodium Chloride Sterile and other injections like Amikacin sulphate, Ascorbic acid, etc. Endotoxin had been authenticated as inflammatory agent, onset clinical diabetes, obesity, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, etc. Endotoxins are thus very necessary to get removed out from the inject able pharmaceutical products.   BY Faiz Hashmi | Ankush Thakur "Bacterial Endotoxin Test by Gel-Clot Method"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22945.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/pharmacy/biotechnology-/22945/bacterial-endotoxin-test-by-gel-clot-method/faiz-hashmi
473 Voltage Generation using Piezo Crystals , Yusra Wangde | Pranay Mendhe | Daniya Soparker | Vicky Gupta | Prof. Jyoti Dange
This work describes the recent advancements in piezoelectric energy harvesting concepts for smart city applications. Several works have been reported which discussed the detailed design and use of different piezoelectric materials to harvest energy from vibration. In the smart city context there are many opportunities to convert mechanical to electrical such as human motion, sounds, machines and streets. Researchers have studied the factors that affect the amount of the output generated power from various sources to determine its efficiency. Effect of harvester structure, material that is used in fabricating the harvester mobility of human in its location, and other factors have been studied. Efficiency of piezoelectric harvesters is an essential parameter to judge the performance of the prototype for the betterment of energy resources. Yusra Wangde | Pranay Mendhe | Daniya Soparker | Vicky Gupta | Prof. Jyoti Dange "Voltage Generation using Piezo-Crystals" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23440.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/23440/voltage-generation-using-piezo-crystals/yusra-wangde
474 Corporate Expectations and Students Skills – Gap Analysis in Career Carver Group –Baramati , Mrs Nikita Sarthak Patil
A corporate skill means talent of staff or skills, or interpersonal way of doing things.” In today’s world, most of the people have knowledge but what really differentiates them from others is the way they represents themselves by using their soft skills. A corporate skill improves interaction within the organization at different level. In day to day corporate work culture, working style etc., depend on how you communicate with your network. “Degree and credentials are important, but the developments of corporate skills skills that are more social than technical are a crucial part of fostering a dynamic workforce and are always in high demand” According to Myers From the above Myers, focused that, these corporate skills are interpersonal skills, that develops and polishing the human personality in corporate world. Corporate skills is a comprehensive term including various skills project management skills, problem solving skills, time management, communication skills, computer and technical skills, adaptability etc. In the corporate world, you need to have both effective oral as well as written communication skills. If you are looking for promotion, you should be an effective speaker maintaining good eye contact, with good vocabulary. These are the essential skills that corporate seek in today’s competitive marketplace.The Rationale of the study focused on corporate skills ,builds strong relationship with corporate as well as its effectiveness . It has been determine the gap between student’s skills and corporate skills, and giving suggestion. Mrs Nikita Sarthak Patil "Corporate Expectations and Students Skills – Gap Analysis in Career Carver Group –Baramati" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23061.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/23061/corporate-expectations-and-students-skills-–-gap-analysis-in-career-carver-group-–baramati/mrs-nikita-sarthak-patil
475 Applications of Quantitative Techniques in Decision Making of Business Organisation , Dr. A. Malleswari Devi | Mrs. A. Devaki
In the business world, and in fact, in practically every aspect of daily living, quantitative techniques are used to assist in decision making. Quantitative techniques are used to assist in decision making. Managers must be able to use quantitative techniques in a confident and reliable manner. Accountants make decisions based on the information relating to the financial state of organization. Economists make decision based on the information relating to the economic framework in which the organization operates. Marketing staff make decisions based on customer response to product and design. Personnel managers make decisions based on the information relating to the levels of employment in the organization, and so on. Such information is increasingly quantitative and it is apparent that managers need a working knowledge of the procedures and techniques appropriate for analysing and evaluating such information. The important techniques that aid the manager in decision making are operations research and other quantitative techniques are Operations Research, Models, Project management, Linear Programming, PERT and CPM, Probability Theory Analysis., etc.   BY Dr. A. Malleswari Devi | Mrs. A. Devaki "Applications of Quantitative Techniques in Decision Making of Business Organisation"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22889.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/randd-management/22889/applications-of-quantitative-techniques-in-decision-making-of-business-organisation/dr-a-malleswari-devi
476 Power Flow Analysis for Four Buses System by NR Method , Wint Yu Yu Zaw
Power flow studies provide a systematic mathematical approach for determination of various bus voltages, there phase angle, active and reactive power flows through different branches, generators and loads under steady state condition. In this paper, the purpose of power flow analysis is to determine four bus system power flows. Case studies have been performed on Lawpita Taungoo Kamarnat Hlawga 230kV Line Myanmar . This paper presents a reliable method to meet the requirements by developing a Newton Raphson based load flow calculation program through which control setting of Shunt Compensator can be determined directly. This program computes the voltage magnitude and angle at each bus in a power system under balanced steady state conditions. Real and reactive power flows for all buses, as well as line flow and line losses, are also computed. And then the compensation of shunt capacitor is proposed for load flow analysis and also for overall loss minimization and improvement in system voltage profile. Wint Yu Yu Zaw "Power Flow Analysis for Four Buses System by NR Method" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23472.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/23472/power-flow-analysis-for-four-buses-system-by-nr-method/wint-yu-yu-zaw
477 Digital Marketing a Boost for Industries A Study with Respect to Miraj Taluka , Dr. Sudhakar D. Bhoite | Mr. Omkar N. Pethakar
Today, digital marketing is of foremost importance to any business, industries as digital presence has become an essential necessity to make their presence. The world is now moving from old newspaper advertisements to new handy Smartphone advertisements and so is India. The old days are gone when industries would rely on distributing surveys to collect information about the market. Data analyses, data gathering are the trending ways for a business to do its market research. The biggest problem in India’s digital marketing scenario, primarily in tier 2 and tier 3 cities like Sangli, Miraj is poor internet infrastructure and technology adoption. But this scenario is changing rapidly because India is modernizing at a very fast pace and internet is a necessity as food, shelter and clothing. Hence tier 3 cities are also gradually evolving to be tech friendly and therefore businesses should start pacing their strategies accordingly soon! Dr. Sudhakar D. Bhoite | Mr. Omkar N. Pethakar "Digital Marketing a Boost for Industries: A Study with Respect to Miraj Taluka" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23062.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/marketing/23062/digital-marketing-a-boost-for-industries-a-study-with-respect-to-miraj-taluka/dr-sudhakar-d-bhoite
478 Humanoid Robot Moving in Path and Obstacle Avoidance , T. Mariya John
Humanoid Robot is controlled to move in a path and obstacle avoidance is proposed. The robot avoids obstacles by collecting information about its surrounding environment using sensors. The validity of proposed method is confirmed. The Robot moves in the proposed path with help of Colour sensors and avoids obstacle by Ultrasonic Sensors.   BY T. Mariya John "Humanoid Robot Moving in Path and Obstacle Avoidance"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22873.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/artificial-intelligence/22873/humanoid-robot-moving-in-path-and-obstacle-avoidance/t-mariya-john
479 Effect of Operating Temperatures on the Performance of a SOFC GT Hybrid System , Abdulrazzak Akroot
This article presents a steady state thermodynamic model of a solid oxide fuel cell gas turbine hybrid cycle which developed by using a simulation software, MATLAB®. The hybrid model integrates a zero dimensional level SOFC model with gas turbine. The hybrid system was used to study the effects of some operation parameter such as SOFC operating temperature, and current density on the specific work output, electrical efficiency, and exergy efficiency of a generic hybrid cycle. The results show that if the SOFC operating temperature, the power output, electrical efficiency, and exergy efficiency increase. The electrical efficiency of the hybrid system increase from 62 to 68 , and the exergy efficiency of the hybrid system increases from 60 to 66 when the operation temperature increases from 600°C to 750°C at a current density of 6000 A cm2. On the other hand, the system efficiency and exergy decreases with an increase in the current density. Abdulrazzak Akroot "Effect of Operating Temperatures on the Performance of a SOFC/GT Hybrid System" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23412.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23412/effect-of-operating-temperatures-on-the-performance-of-a-sofcgt-hybrid-system/abdulrazzak-akroot
480 A Model for Encryption of a Text Phrase using Genetic Algorithm , Dr. Poornima G. Naik | Mr. Pandurang M. More | Dr. Girish R. Naik
In any organization it is an essential task to protect the data from unauthorized users. Information Systems hardware, software, networks, and data resources need to be protected and secured to ensure quality, performance, and integrity. Security management deals with the accuracy, integrity, and safety of information resources. When effective security measures are in place, they can reduce errors, fraud, and losses. In the current work, the authors have proposed a model for encryption of a text phrase employing genetic algorithm. The entropy inherently available in genetic algorithm is exploited for introducing chaos in a text phrase thereby rendering it unreadable. The no of cross over points and mutation points decides the strength of the algorithm. The prototype of the model is implemented for testing the operational feasibility of the model and the few test cases are presented Dr. Poornima G. Naik | Mr. Pandurang M. More | Dr. Girish R. Naik "A Model for Encryption of a Text Phrase using Genetic Algorithm" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23063.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/data-processing/23063/a-model-for-encryption-of-a-text-phrase-using-genetic-algorithm/dr-poornima-g-naik
481 Optimization of Turning Process Parameters for EN24 Steel Alloy using Experimental Design , C. Shobha | Dr. K. Ganesh Babu | N. Mohammed Raffic
The overarching aim of this work is to optimize the various process parameters involved in turning of EN 24 Steel alloy using Tungsten Carbide inserts to enhance the tool life and surface finish. Appropriate or random selection of cutting parameters have serious effect over the final output responses such as Surface Roughness , Tool life and other related properties of both the work piece and tool . Controlling the effective parameters is the need of the hour in any product manufacturing system. In the present work three different turning process parameters such as Cutting Speed, Feed rate and Depth of cut are considered for optimization study by varying them with three levels. The experimental design matrix for conducting experiments were prepared using Taguchi's Orthogonal Array and calculation of Signal to Noise ratio is done for identifying the best combination of parameters. Through ANOVA it is observed that Cutting speed is the most influencing parameter with a maximum contribution of 80.23 comparing to the other input parameters over surface roughness. The S N ratio method Smaller is Better have shown that the parameter level combination A3B1C1 2000m min, 0.05 mm rev, 0.2 mm can provide good surface finish of the material with enhanced tool life.   BY C. Shobha | Dr. K. Ganesh Babu | N. Mohammed Raffic "Optimization of Turning Process Parameters for EN24 Steel Alloy using Experimental Design"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22911.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/22911/optimization-of-turning-process-parameters-for-en24-steel-alloy-using-experimental-design/c-shobha
482 Implementation of a Robotic Vehicle using an RF Module , S. O. N. Okonye | U. M. Asiwe
The field of robotics is an area in which computational intelligence is embedded in physical machines, creating systems with capabilities far exceeding the core components alone. Robotic vehicles are machines that move “autonomously” on the ground, in the air, under the sea, or in space. In general, these vehicles move by themselves, under their own power, with sensors and computational resources on board to guide their motion. Robotic ground vehicles are developed with wheels and tread much like automobiles. Use was made of an RF transmitter receiver for sending and receiving data and a microcontroller as data handlers both in the transmission and receiving stages establishing a circuit that can be easily re programmed for other applications.In this work, the Pulse Width Modulator “PWM” technology is adopted for controlling the motors. The device was tested and found to be workable. S. O. N. Okonye | U. M. Asiwe "Implementation of a Robotic Vehicle using an RF Module" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23474.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/23474/implementation-of-a-robotic-vehicle-using-an-rf-module/s-o-n-okonye
483 Towards Green Campus in BDCE , Prof. P. R. Khobragade
A green campus is a place where environmentally responsible practice and education go hand in hand and where environmentally responsible tenets are borne out by initiatives. In this project we would make vermi compost by decomposting paper waste, vegetatives etc., by minimizing use of plastic, little practice to save energy using solar energy, harvesting rainwater and introducing community garden. On the basis of our project “Towards Green Campus” we have concluded that after analyzing and implementing the campus of BDCOE, Sevagram various points such as Quality of water has been tested and as for the result it is found portable for the drinking. Waste can be reduced by methodology of composting of waste Solid Waste Waste. It is helpful by implementing the principle of 3R.The good result by maintaining the greenery in campus by implementing our effective techniques. Prof. P. R. Khobragade "Towards Green Campus in BDCE" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22915.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/22915/towards-green-campus-in-bdce/prof-p-r-khobragade
484 A Study on Effectiveness of Branding Activities on Customer Awareness , Dr. Prakash B. Kundaragi
This study is undertaken to assess the effectiveness of branding activities following by the Gokak Textiles Mills Ltd., and its effectiveness on customer awareness about the products produced by the Gokak Textiles Mills Ltd is vital in this research. To collect the primary data self employed questionnaire was followed. Non probabilistic convenient sampling method was followed to select 100 customers. Pearson’s correlation and ANOVA was employed to thorough SPSS 20.0 to analyze and interpret the data. It has been found that as increase in the branding activities leads to increase in the customer awareness. Dr. Prakash B. Kundaragi "A Study on Effectiveness of Branding Activities on Customer Awareness" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23064.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/marketing-management/23064/a-study-on-effectiveness-of-branding-activities-on-customer-awareness/dr-prakash-b-kundaragi
485 Study on Bio Mimetic Portable Robotic Arm , Mr. B. Naresh | S. Rushikeshwar | T. Madhu | V. Shanthi Kumar | Shailendra Kumar
The purpose of the project is to encourage automation in almost every activities which require much labor for the completion of the job. Many industries spend a lot of money and time in hiring the labors to carry out their day to day physical activities like transportation of goods, assembly of delicate components in electronics industry, packaging of products etc. Moreover, a variant of this robot model can be employed in areas which risks the human life for example, in Coal Mines, Deep tunnels within the surface of the earth, Defusing bombs, In other defense works etc. The main purpose of the gripper is to hold the items and place them as per the user requirement. For control system, the model constitutes of a microcontroller whose responsibility is to control the motions of the model, DC motor, Motor Drivers, Servo motors, Potentiometers, Joystick controls. The advanced version of the model can be implemented to perform complex human activities performing a surgery also can be used in various fields like Automobile industry, Instrumentation industries, military applications etc. This models holds the promise to re define the meaning of automation in the evolving digital era. Mr. B. Naresh | S. Rushikeshwar | T. Madhu | V. Shanthi Kumar | Shailendra Kumar "Study on Bio-Mimetic Portable Robotic Arm" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23394.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23394/study-on-bio-mimetic-portable-robotic-arm/mr-b-naresh
486 Structures to Resist the Effects of the Accidental Explosions , Kota Sudeep | V. Narasimha Rao
Currently in the field of civil engineering the requirement regarding knowledge blast loads are essential. Every country in the world are having terrorist threats. As the scenario of terrorist attacks are unpredictable neither location nor blast material used. This provides an outline to analysis and design to resist blast loads. We have taken an example model to illustrate evaluation of blast parameters which are used in the analysis. The analysis and design of structures to resist blast explosive loads is having utmost importance compared to the conventional type of structures. Where Loading is actually independent of time variation. From past few decades terrorist attacks are becoming a new threat to people lives material used, its quantity, and distance from structure etc. Since we don't know when the blasting activity is going to be happened and type of charge material is used, depends on importance of structure we have to make sure the design of structure should be such that it should resist the failure against blasting activities and to property also. The amount of damage caused to structure is depends upon type of charge. Blast loads, its contribution to structures and other required provisions are opted from Technical Manual 5 1300 and IS 4991 1968.The design method used is Equivalent Static Approach. Analysis of frames of structure is done with software package. Kota Sudeep | V. Narasimha Rao "Structures to Resist the Effects of the Accidental Explosions" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23455.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/23455/structures-to-resist-the-effects-of-the-accidental-explosions/kota-sudeep
487 Machine Learning Approach for Employee Attrition Analysis , Dr. R. S. Kamath | Dr. S. S. Jamsandekar | Dr. P. G. Naik
Talent management involves a lot of managerial decisions to allocate right people with the right skills employed at appropriate location and time. Authors report machine learning solution for Human Resource HR attrition analysis and forecast. The data for this investigation is retrieved from Kaggle, a Data Science and Machine Learning platform 1 . Present study exhibits performance estimation of various classification algorithms and compares the classification accuracy. The performance of the model is evaluated in terms of Error Matrix and Pseudo R Square estimate of error rate. Performance accuracy revealed that Random Forest model can be effectively used for classification. This analysis concludes that employee attrition depends more on employees’ satisfaction level as compared to other attributes. Dr. R. S. Kamath | Dr. S. S. Jamsandekar | Dr. P. G. Naik "Machine Learning Approach for Employee Attrition Analysis" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23065.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/artificial-intelligence/23065/machine-learning-approach-for-employee-attrition-analysis/dr-r-s-kamath
488 RP 75 Formulation of two Special Classes of Standard Congruence of Prime Modulus of Higher Degree , Prof. B M Roy
In this paper, two special classes of congruence of prime modulus of higher degree are considered for formulation. Author's sincere efforts established the corresponding formulae for solutions. The congruence were not formulated earlier. Due to this formulation, it becomes an easy task to solve the said congruence orally when p is comparatively small. Formulations of the congruence is the merit of the paper. Prof. B M Roy "RP-75: Formulation of two Special Classes of Standard Congruence of Prime Modulus of Higher Degree" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23417.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/mathemetics/other/23417/rp-75-formulation-of-two-special-classes-of-standard-congruence-of-prime-modulus-of-higher-degree/prof-b-m-roy
489 Design and Development of IoT and Cloud Based Smart Farming System for Optimum Water Utilization for Better Yield , S. A. Nagaonkar | Dr. S. D. Bhoite | 30129
India is a land of farmers Agriculture plays major role in the economical development and growth of our country, it contributes nearly 17 18 of total GDP according to 2017 18 economic survey .It acts as the main source of employment for 60 of the population. Nearly 70 of rural households and farmers depends upon the agriculture .Indian farming relies on either rain fed farming or irrigation system for the water usages in agriculture , very less states and places of our country falls under rain –fed farming where as maximum farming is dependent on Irrigation system but the availability of water resources in our country for agriculture is very less hence there is a need of water conservation for better yield and maximise the cost of production . Most of the framers are using old irrigation systems like Drip irrigation, micro irrigation, sprinklers, pivot etc to reduce the utilisation of water .They still follow the traditional methods of watering the crops thereby watering the crops unevenly, sometimes they may water the crops less or more or sometimes unnecessarily this may lead to wastage of water and soil moisture level may decrease. In the proposed smart agricultural system the researcher focuses to overcome the problems in this traditional irrigation systems used for agriculture by implementing the IoT and cloud is .In this system various vegetable crops and soil samples with different moisture level are considered and sensors are placed in the fields that provides soil moisture levels as input to the aurduino uno and this uploads the soil moisture levels frequently to the cloud through internet and WIFI module and depending upon these soil moisture levels the motor switches to ON OFF state there by watering the crops only when the soil becomes dry at certain level according to threshold values programmed in the Microcontroller. This system works with very less human involvements .The farm statistical report can be viewed by the farmer anytime on the App , thereby making optimal utilization of water for better crop yield S. A. Nagaonkar | Dr. S. D. Bhoite | 30129 "Design and Development of IoT and Cloud Based Smart Farming System for Optimum Water Utilization for Better Yield" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23066.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/other/23066/design-and-development-of-iot-and-cloud-based-smart-farming-system-for-optimum-water-utilization-for-better-yield/s-a-nagaonkar
490 Relationship between Banker and Customer , Kuldeep Singh
Customers are those who avail a service of any goods and services provided by the manufacturer or service provider with due consideration of money. In the same way the moment an individual opens an account with the banker, then he becomes a customer of the bank. Then there exists a special relationship of different duties and obligations between customer and banker. In view of the various services offered by a banker these days to his customers, the relationship between a banker and customer could be of various types . for instance, when a customer leaves some articles in safe custody with the bank, the relationship is one of the bailor and bailee. On another occasion when the banker collect collects a cheque for his customer and pays money on his behalf , the relationship is of principal and agent, It means banker must do their job very efficiently, while providing these services to the customer for the purpose of any transaction. In the same way in a relationship of of debtor and creditor, when the customer took a loan advances from the bank then the banker will creditor and customer will debtor. Then it imposes a special duty obligation cast upon the customer debtor to pay the instalments at proper time, there should be no delay for paying the instalments to discharge the loan amount. Due to these reasons both the banker and customer, after enter into in this relationship they bound to each and every condition with regard to their obligations and duties. Otherwise they can avail the legal remedy against each other for any of kind breach between them. To understand more clearly about this relationships, It is important to know who is a banker and who is a customer. In this research paper researcher research that about the meaning and definitions of the banker and customer, and also about the different relations between them with duties and obligation against each other. Kuldeep Singh "Relationship between Banker and Customer" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23441.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/23441/relationship-between-banker-and-customer/kuldeep-singh
491 Innovations in Higher Education for Teaching and Learning using Technology , Dr. Mrs. Sampada Gulavani | Dr. Rajesh Kanthe
Education is regarded as a process of interaction and interpersonal communication .In twenty first century with the appropriate use of evolving information and communication technologies ICT , there is innovation in education system. Knowledge and technology plays an important role in teaching and learning methodology. An innovative educator constantly formulate new ways and approaches to teaching and learning to maximize the output . Today since world is moving rapidly into digital media and information, so the role of ICT in education is very important .Higher education in the country is experiencing a major transformation in terms of access, equity and quality. ICT based education causes changes in the educational objectives in the conception of the teaching and learning process. Approaches of technology and innovative teaching techniques in higher education is necessary . Also measures required for technology based education need to be considered. In this regard, the paper addresses the innovations in higher education by integration of technology in various aspects of higher education in the present scenario. Dr. Mrs. Sampada Gulavani | Dr. Rajesh Kanthe "Innovations in Higher Education for Teaching and Learning using Technology" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23068.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/23068/innovations-in-higher-education-for-teaching-and-learning-using-technology/dr-mrs-sampada-gulavani
492 An investigation into the challenges with the South African Qualifications Authority for students with qualifications from universities outside South Africa , Tawanda Mukurunge | Neo Tlali | Tsepiso Mncina | Takura Bhila
Students from universities across the SADC region and beyond who did not attain degrees from South African universities are required to go through the South Africa Qualifications Authority SAQA evaluation in order to enroll for further studies in South African universities. The challenge is that they cannot attain outright admission without the SAQA certification despite having attained undergraduate qualifications at university level. This study therefore seeks to establish how universities in the SADC region can standardize qualifications in order to harmonize university degree weighting and grading for the students to proceed to South African universities for further studies. The study will use document analysis and in depth interviews in order to glean requisite information from stakeholders. Tawanda Mukurunge | Neo Tlali | Tsepiso Mncina | Takura Bhila "An investigation into the challenges with the South African Qualifications Authority for students with qualifications from universities outside South Africa" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23490.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/23490/an-investigation-into-the-challenges-with-the-south-african-qualifications-authority-for-students-with-qualifications-from-universities-outside-south-africa/tawanda-mukurunge
493 Study of Performance Appraisal System for Faculty Members in Selected Management Institutes Affiliated to Shivaji University Kolhapur , Mr. Santosh V. Hasure | Mr. Viraj V. Jadhav
Performance Appraisal provides a periodic review and evaluation of an individual’s job performance. Although the appraisal forms may only be completed once a year, the job of performance appraisal is continuous – sometimes daily and requires effective communication on both the part of the supervisor and the Respondent. The supervisor is ultimately responsible to make sure these conversations actually take place and are documented. It is essential that the supervisor hold all performance discussions and documentation in complete confidence. Every organization is having an objective towards optimum performance and the Respondent is the key in achieving it. It is necessary that the Respondents performance should reach optimality for the success of the organization. Many organizations are having performance appraisal systems to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of their Respondent using linguistic labels to their performance. In a production unit, Respondent performance is proportional to the quality and quantity of production, where as in case of educational institute there is no such direct tool available to evaluate the productivity of its faculty members. In judging efficiency of faculty members, often the institute deals with vague or imprecise data resulting to an inconsistence performance evaluation. This study has been particularly taken by the researcher to understand the present scenario of the institute performance appraisal system in these colleges. Researcher wants to find out the weather appraisal is really helping Respondents for the better future or not. Mr. Santosh V. Hasure | Mr. Viraj V. Jadhav "Study of Performance Appraisal System for Faculty Members in Selected Management Institutes Affiliated to Shivaji University Kolhapur" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23069.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/hrm-and-retail-business/23069/study-of-performance-appraisal-system-for-faculty-members-in-selected-management-institutes-affiliated-to-shivaji-university-kolhapur/mr-santosh-v-hasure
494 Automatic Car Washing and Drying using Microcontroller 8051 , Satbhai Sneha Nitin | Gavhane Pamabai Raghunath | Dharmadhikari Rushikesh Vinayak
Automatic car washing system is very common in developed countries. Car washing system is usually associated with fuel filling stations. It consists of large machines with automated brushes controlled by program logical controllers. Automatic car washing system is fully automated with different stages of foaming, washing, drying and brushing. Different types of car washing systems are discussed in this paper. This system uses large quantity of water, thus water recycling plant is also an integral part of the automatic car washing system but at this level we are only presented the car washing only. Satbhai Sneha Nitin | Gavhane Pamabai Raghunath | Dharmadhikari Rushikesh Vinayak "Automatic Car Washing and Drying using Microcontroller 8051" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23433.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/23433/automatic-car-washing-and-drying-using-microcontroller-8051/satbhai-sneha-nitin
495 Design and Development of An Environmental Temperature Controller for Application to A Poultry Environment with An SMS Alert Feature Using A Microcontroller A Risk Reduction Approach , S. O. N. Okonye | U. M Asiwe
This work focus on design and development of an environmental temperature controller for application to a poultry environment with an sms alert feature a risk reduction approach. The poultry farmer needs to be assured that his investment is secure against risks that are beyond his control. This risks have most of their origins in the variable temperature of the environment. The objective of the project is to control or regulate the temperature in the poultry environment to make for effective functioning of the biological activities taking place inside the bodies of the birds. This objective was realized using a microcontroller to help the farmer be able to regulate the temperature in the farm. In the case of abrupt temperature variation, is able to be aware via an sms alert feature and empowered to control it. Results obtained proved to be very helpful to poultry farmers. S. O. N. Okonye | U. M Asiwe "Design and Development of An Environmental Temperature Controller for Application to A Poultry Environment with An SMS Alert Feature Using A Microcontroller: A Risk Reduction Approach" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23492.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/23492/design-and-development-of-an-environmental-temperature-controller-for-application-to-a-poultry-environment-with-an-sms-alert-feature-using-a-microcontroller-a-risk-reduction-approach/s-o-n-okonye
496 A Study on Equity Research of Selected FMCG Companies Listed on NSE , Shubhangi Anil Patil | Viraj Vijay Jadhav
A Fast Moving Consumer Goods FMCG sector is an escalating sector among all other growing sectors in India. It is the fourth largest sector in India. Changing lifestyles, growing awareness and easier access are the major drivers for the growth of the FMCG sector. The governments growing focus on agriculture, health care, infrastructure and employment in the union budget is expected to directly influence the FMCG sector. FMCG sector consists of a huge number of companies servicing the society by proving various kinds of goods and services which fulfill the growing needs of the society. The FMCG sector in the last few years has shown more growth in rural areas as compared to urban areas. It is projected that the FMCG sector will continue to grow by 13 14 percent in the next 5 10 years and is likely to become a $220 240 billion industry by 2025. Among the various companies the most rapidly growing companies like Marico Ltd, Godrej Industries Ltd, Dabur India Ltd, Emami Ltd, and Nestle India Ltd listed on the National Stock Exchange NSE have been studied for getting an idea about their performance. For the purpose of analyzing the companies, various parameters have been used to compare the growth performance of the companies. The ratios like Price Earnings ratio, Total Debt to equity ratio, Return on Equity ratio and Dividend yield ratio are calculated to compare the performance of the companies which also gives the further idea about the financial position of the selected companies. The focus of this paper is on giving the idea to investors about how the companies and their stocks are to be chosen which will benefit them in the long term and will grow their investments. Shubhangi Anil Patil | Viraj Vijay Jadhav "A Study on Equity Research of Selected FMCG Companies Listed on NSE" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23070.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/public-sector-management/23070/a-study-on-equity-research-of-selected-fmcg-companies-listed-on-nse/shubhangi-anil-patil
497 A Study on Scenario of Fast Food Industry in India , Miss Siddhi Prashant Chitnis
The traditional economic scenario of Indian society differed from that of today’s situation. Majority of Indian consumers had strong preference towards home cooked food. Unlike that today the modern culture of dining out is rapidly changing the mindset of Indian society. Now several fast food brands have established its place in India, as they have powerful market in India due to current fast moving lifestyle, busy schedules, competition, increase in number of working women, nuclear family concept etc. Based on favorable demographics, changing consumer choices and rising disposable income, India is experiencing enormous growth in the fast food sector. The number of people opting to eat out is creating great opportunities to the various international brands. The growth in fast food consumption is considered as co ordination with urbanization, which shows modernization India is on its way in food industry. The purpose of this study is to investigate and understand the overall scenario of fast food industry in India. Miss Siddhi Prashant Chitnis "A Study on Scenario of Fast-Food Industry in India" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23071.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/23071/a-study-on-scenario-of-fast-food-industry-in-india/miss-siddhi-prashant-chitnis
498 Remote Operated Shutter System with Fingerprint Lock , Prof. S. J. Kulkarni | Prof. S. N. Jadhav | Prof. Dhavale M. R.
The ultimate purpose of this project is to develop a remote controlled rolling shutter using a sensor. In this project the main objective is the shutter operate as manual and also motor, this is two in one process. In the project the bevel gear mechanism is used to sensor this type is INFRARED. This remote control is used to ON OFF the motor. The final outcomes the project is the running the shutter using remote control. The scope of the project is to reduce the manual work and human injuries due to shutter operation. Prof. S. J. Kulkarni | Prof. S. N. Jadhav | Prof. Dhavale M. R. "Remote Operated Shutter System with Fingerprint Lock" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23435.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/23435/remote-operated-shutter-system-with-fingerprint-lock/prof-s-j-kulkarni
499 Nanotribology and its Need A Review , Lovelesh Malav | Praveen Kumar Tyagi
tribology is a texture of two latin words tribo and lodgy . Tribo refers adding glove and lazy data. The Greeks first added it to appreciate the development of huge stones on the surface of the world. Today Tribology accepts a fundamental job in different imaginative districts in advanced mechanical organizations of semiconductor and data emissions, helps in the upgradation of tribological cleaning strategies and substrate oil accumulating the data. Tribology Expands the Future of mechanical parts. Under any circumstances, the methods of different current days are required to have a bare cognitive diagnosis of tribology on the nanometer scale. Progress of treatment in vehicle business, endless supply of mono layers to nanometer layers or surface of the material. Being together of parts can depend on the understanding of the materials on the scale of the nanometer length. Along with these lines, nanotropiology rises in the form of a strong piece of nano technology and today it is ended diligently to consider it.   BY Lovelesh Malav | Praveen Kumar Tyagi "Nanotribology and its Need-A Review"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22908.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/22908/nanotribology-and-its-need-a-review/lovelesh-malav
500 A Comparative Study of Schools under Government and Private Management with Respect to Academic Achievement and School Resources at Secondary Stage of Education , Dr. Shaikh Ehteshamuddin | Dr. Syed Azaz Ali
One of the most enduring questions in educational research is how and sometimes even whether, the resources provided to schools relate to student achievement. This question has been summarized into the seemingly simple question Does money matter to student outcomes A close examination of the historical origins of this question as well as recent studies attempting to examine the influence of resources on student achievement highlights the tension between the competing priorities of efficiency and equity in Indian schooling. It also raises issues about the ways in which certain questions develop and become central to educational research. This research entails information about the existing condition of school resources and achievement of students in Maharashtra state especially Marathwada. The Government school students are performing far better than private school students. Dr. Shaikh Ehteshamuddin | Dr. Syed Azaz Ali "A Comparative Study of Schools under Government and Private Management with Respect to Academic Achievement and School Resources at Secondary Stage of Education" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23454.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/23454/a-comparative-study-of-schools-under-government-and-private-management-with-respect-to-academic-achievement-and-school-resources-at-secondary-stage-of-education/dr-shaikh-ehteshamuddin
501 Effect of Monetary Policy on Economic Growth in Nigeria , Onwuteaka, Ifeoma Cecilia | Okoye, P. V. C | Molokwu, Ifeoma Mirian
The chequered history of the Nigeria monetary policy has created a visible asymmetry in the two known monetary regimes before and after SAP in the country. Years after the Structural Adjustment Programme SAP , the Nigeria economy grew to become the strongest economy in Africa and suddenly plunging into recession, a situation that have adversely affected the growth and development of the economy by ways of rising unemployment rate, soaring poverty and swollen external debt, thus suggesting that the failure of the monetary policy in curbing price instability has caused growth instability as Nigeria's record of growth and development has become very poor. This study therefore examines the effect of monetary policy on economic growth in Nigeria using secondary data covering the period of 1980 2017 that were sourced from the Central Bank of Nigeria statistical bulletin. The model's estimates were estimated via multiple econometric model of the ordinary least square to ascertain the effect of money supply, credit in the economy, interest rate on credit, infrastructure, inflationary rate, external debts, price index on growth in Nigeria. The results show that money supply, interest rate on credit, infrastructure and external debt were statistically significant in explaining its impacts on economic growth while other variables used in the study were all found to be statistically insignificant in explaining the growth rate of the Nigerian economy. The study recommends among others that for effective operation of the monetary policy measures in the Nigerian economy, the Central Bank of Nigeria should be granted full autonomy on its monetary policy functions. Partial autonomy should be replaced with full autonomy for the central banks in the developing economies at large which is invariably subjected to government interference and its politics.   BY Onwuteaka, Ifeoma Cecilia | Okoye, P. V. C | Molokwu, Ifeoma Mirian "Effect of Monetary Policy on Economic Growth in Nigeria"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22984.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/economics/22984/effect-of-monetary-policy-on-economic-growth-in-nigeria/onwuteaka-ifeoma-cecilia
502 Examining the Implications of Massification of Education on Quality Assurance and Assessment in Higher Institutions in Lesotho , Neo Tlali | Tawanda Mukurunge | Takura Bhila
In recent years, we have witnessed rapid growth of tertiary institutions in Africa and this expansion has led to the massification and privatization of higher education. “Massification has been defined as the mass adaptation of a phenomenon by the suppression of its distinguishing features”. Scott 1995 “used the term massification in the context of higher education HE systems to describe the rapid increase in student enrolment in the latter part of the twentieth century”. Lesotho has not been spared from this system and there has been growth of various higher institutions in the country mainly privately owned. Students have been enrolled in huge numbers in these institutions and this has resulted in large numbers of students and shrinking number of lecturers leading to disproportional ratios of lecturers to students. Students joining these institutions are faced with various challenges emanating from lack of resources, congestion, alienation and subsequent workload for academic staff. Demands and challenges of massification in higher education have also seen academics with added responsibilities of diversifying to improve the quality of delivery with scant resources. This paper explores the experiences and challenges faced by academics as well as students in higher institutions during this expansion era. Massification has been an issue of debate by both higher education researchers and policy makers globally hence the research intends to investigate how these policies have been addressed in other countries and how they can best be adopted to higher education in Lesotho. The study also attempts to learn about existing policies which are intended to revamp the quality of higher education, and or make considerable suggestions to higher education or how best quality can be maintained in the wake of massification. The study further hinges on the number of local higher learning centres institutions and the students enrolling in these establishments and how institutions ensure quality and proper assessment on learning, teaching and assessment. Neo Tlali | Tawanda Mukurunge | Takura Bhila "Examining the Implications of Massification of Education on Quality Assurance and Assessment in Higher Institutions in Lesotho" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23493.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/23493/examining-the-implications-of-massification-of-education-on-quality-assurance-and-assessment-in-higher-institutions-in-lesotho/neo-tlali
503 Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , Ms. Sonal Gawade
Cloud Computing means the data and or software is hosted on remote servers i.e. located in place other than on local servers and data is accessed, modified, retrieved using internet visualised as a Cloud . Financial Management greatly relies on information for its investment, financing and dividend decisions. It is no wonder that usage of technology for better and quicker decisions in financial systems have resulted into innovative blend called as “Fintech”. On the similar lines we see that “Cloud Accounting” is another portmanteau integrating the concepts of traditional accounting systems with internet usage for combined benefits. This paper is aimed at enhancing the comprehension of cloud computing and its role application in financial management and accounting. The paper also aims to generate an understanding of the issues, challenges and potentials while managing such integrations. The facts and information mentioned, which are utilised to analyse and derive conclusions are available in form of featured articles and news articles in various websites. Thus analytical research methodology based on analysis of secondary data is applied in development of this paper. The finding of the paper focuses on the role played by cloud computing in financial management and accounting. It also highlights the future of this fusion considering the issues and challenges that need to be addressed. Time and Finances are limiting factors in conducting the study. The study is majorly based on the secondary data. Ms. Sonal Gawade "Fostering Innovation, Integration & Inclusion through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23072.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/23072/fostering-innovation-integration-and-inclusion-through-interdisciplinary-practices-in-management/ms-sonal-gawade
504 Application of Cartoon Like Effects to Actual Images , Chinmay Joshi | Devendra Jaiswal | Akshata Patil
This paper represents different techniques of converting image to cartoon. Using any one of below mentioned techniques it is possible to convert all types of captured images to cartoon such as images of person, mountains, trees, flora and fauna etc. There are several other techniques for image to cartoon conversion such as using photoshop, adobe illustrator, windows MAC, paint.net and much more   BY Chinmay Joshi | Devendra Jaiswal | Akshata Patil "Application of Cartoon Like Effects to Actual Images"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22928.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/22928/application-of-cartoon-like-effects-to-actual-images/chinmay-joshi
505 Impact of Cyber Crime Issues and Challenges , Dr. Renu | Pawan
The facilities of computer technology have not come out without drawbacks. Though it makes the life so speedy and fast, but hurled under the eclipse of threat from the deadliest type of criminality termed as Cybercrime' without computers, entire businesses and government operations would almost cease to function. This proliferation of cheap, powerful, user friendly computers has enabled more and more people to use them and, more importantly, rely on them as part of their normal way of life. As businesses, government agencies, and individuals continue to rely on them more and more, so do the criminals Restriction of cybercrimes is dependent on proper analysis of their behavior and understanding of their impacts over various levels of society. Therefore, in the current manuscript a systematic understanding of cybercrimes and their impacts over various areas like Soci eco political, consumer trust, teenager etc. With the future trends of cybercrimes are explained. Dr. Renu | Pawan "Impact of Cyber Crime: Issues and Challenges" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23456.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/other/23456/impact-of-cyber-crime-issues-and-challenges/dr-renu
506 EHV Transmission Line Capacity Enhancement through Increase in SIL Level , Kuntal Verma | Mratyunjay Sisodiya | Dr. Babita Jain
This is a review paper based on EHV transmission line capacity enhancement through increase in SIL Surge impedance loading level. EHV transmission lines are being implemented to increase the transmission efficiency. For the better utilization of electric power capacity of transmission lines should be improved. The power that can be transmitted depends on thermal limits and stability SIL limits. Capacity of a long EHV transmission line is limited by its surge impedance loading limit. By increasing SIL level of a EHV transmission line capacity of transmission line can be enhanced. Surge impedance loading, various methods of improving SIL level and factors influencing SIL level are discussed in paper. Advantages and issues associated with high SIL loading are also discussed in paper.   BY Kuntal Verma | Mratyunjay Sisodiya | Dr. Babita Jain "EHV Transmission Line Capacity Enhancement through Increase in SIL Level"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22868.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/22868/ehv-transmission-line-capacity-enhancement-through-increase-in-sil-level/kuntal-verma
507 Autonomous Driving using Deep Reinforcement Learning in Urban Environment , Hashim Shakil Ansari | Goutam R
Deep Reinforcement Learning has led us to newer possibilities in solving complex control and navigation related tasks. The paper presents Deep Reinforcement Learning autonomous navigation and obstacle avoidance of self driving cars, applied with Deep Q Network to a simulated car an urban environment. “The car, using a variety of sensors will be easily able to detect pedestrians, objects will allow the car to slow or stop suddenly. As a computer is far more precise and subject to fewer errors than a human, accident rates may reduce when these vehicles become available to consumers. This autonomous technology would lead to fewer traffic jams and safe road”. Hashim Shakil Ansari | Goutam R "Autonomous Driving using Deep Reinforcement Learning in Urban Environment" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23442.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/23442/autonomous-driving-using-deep-reinforcement-learning-in-urban-environment/hashim-shakil-ansari
508 Effect of Human Resource Development on Organization Productivity A Study of Selected Manufacturing Firms in Anambra State, Nigeria , Ofodeme, Eugenia Amaka | Ezeanolue Uju Scholastica | Nwakoby, Nkiru Peace
This study examines the effect of human resource development on organization productivity A study of selected manufacturing firms in Anambra State. The model's estimates were estimated via multiple econometric model of the ordinary least square to ascertain the effect of Learning and Education LandE , Experience and Expertise EandE and Innovation and Creativity IandC on organization productivity of selected manufacturing firms in Anambra State. The results show that Learning and Education LandE , Experience and Expertise EandE and Innovation and Creativity IandC have significant impact on productivity of selected manufacturing firms in Anambra State. This study therefore recommends that Manufacturing firms should strive to employ competent employees in order to improve their productivity. Employees that have developed expertise from experience should be retained and encouraged by firms because they are source of improving productivity. Manufacturing firms should invest in human resource development to produce innovative and Creative IandC employees for the organizations. Manufacturing firms should encourage and include Learning and Education LandE , Experience and Expertise EandE and Innovation and Creativity IandC in their budget because they have been found to significantly impact on productivity of manufacturing firms. Ofodeme,   BY Eugenia Amaka | Ezeanolue Uju Scholastica | Nwakoby, Nkiru Peace "Effect of Human Resource Development on Organization Productivity: A Study of Selected Manufacturing Firms in Anambra State, Nigeria"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,    URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23004.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/hrm-and-retail-business/23004/effect-of-human-resource-development-on-organization-productivity-a-study-of-selected-manufacturing-firms-in-anambra-state-nigeria/ofodeme-eugenia-amaka
509 Intelligent Healthbot for Transforming Healthcare , Ojas Kadu | Shubham Sihasane | Swapnil Naik | Vivek Katariya | Prof. Vitthal S Gutte
Healthcare bot is a technology that makes interaction between man and machine possible by using natural language processing with the support of dialogflow. Now a day people tend to seek knowledge or information from internet that concern with health through online healthcare services. The basic aim of this system is to bridge the vocabulary gap between the doctors by proving instant replies to the questions posted by patients. Automatic generated content for healthcare services are chosen instead of traditional community generated systems because they are reliable, compatible, and provide instant replies. This project report proposes a conversational Healthcare bot that is designed to prescribe, suggest and give information on generic medicines for diseases to the patients. The study introduces a computer application that act as a healthcare consultant for the patients or parents who are confused with the generic and various types of medicines for diseases Ojas Kadu | Shubham Sihasane | Swapnil Naik | Vivek Katariya | Prof. Vitthal S Gutte "Intelligent Healthbot for Transforming Healthcare" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23467.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/artificial-intelligence/23467/intelligent-healthbot-for-transforming-healthcare/ojas-kadu
510 A Study on Retailing in India Growth and Challenges , Supriya Udaykumar Mogale | Dr. C. S. Dalvi
Retailing in India has several outstanding achievements as well as impressive growth during last few decades. Indian retail market is one of the top five retail markets in the world by economic value and also it is considered as one of the fastest growing retail markets in the world. Retailing in India is the most important pillar of its economy and accounts of about 10 of its GDP. Indian retail industry is classified into organized and unorganized sectors. There is a rapid development of retailing which leads to shifting of customers from unorganized to organized sectors and it is mainly because of changing behavior and preferences of consumers. This changing behavior of consumers is due to increased income and changed life styles. Now the customer is very much aware about the product and services. He is becoming very specific and conscious about getting services by the retailers. His expectations are increasing day by day. Customers want everything under one roof i.e. shopping, food and entertainment and hence retailing in India is developing very fast. This is paper fully based on secondary data. This paper provides information about role of organized and unorganized sectors in India. It also includes various formats of retailing, current scenario, growth and challenges of retail industry and the future prospects of retailing in India. Supriya Udaykumar Mogale | Dr. C. S. Dalvi "A Study on Retailing in India: Growth and Challenges" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23073.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/retail-management-and-comm/23073/a-study-on-retailing-in-india-growth-and-challenges/supriya-udaykumar-mogale
511 Real Time Physiological Status Monitorinig through Telemetry System for on Spot Accident Patients using IoT , S. Rabia Jebin | N. Mohamedbeemubeen
In today's era, Internet of Things is playing an important role in health care management systems, which is not only for monitoring but also to communicate, stores and display. The prime aim of this study is to design and implement effective real time healthcare monitoring dashboard for on spot accident patients who is injured and went to unconscious state. The proposed system monitor the ECG, EEG, EMG waveforms, Temperature, heart beats etc, and transmit those vital parameters wirelessly through wifi technology. The transmitted patients data is displayed in the PC based application called the central nurse station where PC with the receive wifi acts as hub. This data gets updated into database continuously. From the database of the android application fetches all the updated data, stores and displays it. This enables the doctor to receive the current status of an accident patient in real time. The parameters of a particular patient go beyond a threshold value an automated notification will pop up in doctor android mobile application. This android application can also generate call option if the doctor will not notifynotification messages. Additionally system is also able to generate alarm to notify nurse around for emergency treatment and by using GSM module the patient data's can also be send to the authorized person i.e friends, relatives etc. Ultimate goal of this project is to implement a low cost, high efficient and effective wireless real time system for health monitoring through telemetry system. S. Rabia Jebin | N. Mohamedbeemubeen "Real Time Physiological Status Monitorinig through Telemetry System for on-Spot-Accident Patients using IoT" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23470.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/bio-mechanicaland-biomedical-engineering/23470/real-time-physiological-status-monitorinig-through-telemetry-system-for-on-spot-accident-patients-using-iot/s-rabia-jebin
512 Development of Smartphone Application for Radon Safety Monitoring System , Jai-Won Chung | Gyu-Sik Kim
When radon is staying at alveoli and bronchial tubes, the collapse of radon creates progeny nuclides alpha ray, beta ray, gamma ray, etc. . They emit radiation causing a mutation in the chromosome of the cell, resulting in lung cancer. In other words, the main cause of lung cancer is radiation emitting as the result of radon collapse rather than radon gas. In this paper, we connected a Wi Fi wireless communication module to the PIN photodiode radon counter and implemented the radon monitoring system using a smartphone application. As well as the output of radon data using LCDs on pin photodiode radon counters, the stored data is printed on the PC using wired communication, and the data is also displayed on a smartphone using a Widget.   BY Jai-Won Chung | Gyu-Sik Kim "Development of Smartphone Application for Radon Safety Monitoring System"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23006.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/other/23006/development-of-smartphone-application-for-radon-safety-monitoring-system/jai-won-chung
513 E Banking ICT Plus Banking for Boosting Business , Mrs. Surekha A Sangrulkar
After the demonetisation exercise of November 2016 E Banking has come to receive a renewed impetus. Today even owner of small shops in cities offer you an e payment option. Strong banking system is a prerequisite for healthy and prosperous economy. Today Information and communication technology ICT has taken the centre stage in almost every aspect of human life. ICT helps the banks to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the services offered to the customers and enhances the business processes. E banking is one way how ICT has transformed banking. Today I am no longer customer of a bank branch rather I am a customer of the entire banking system. ICT has connected all the banks as well as customers of all banks. Today need to visit a brick and mortar bank branch is minimal only to deposit money in one’s account. This is saved businesses a lot of time and efforts. To be successful in the 21st century, every part of the world needs to move towards innovation in every domain life, based on an adequate and intensive use of information and communication technology ICT . Towards this, paper aims to examine the impact of ICT in general and e banking in particular on transforming businesses. This paper is mainly based on secondary source for data collection. Finance and time is limiting factor for this study. Mrs. Surekha A Sangrulkar "E-Banking- ICT Plus Banking for Boosting Business" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23074.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/operations-management/23074/e-banking--ict-plus-banking-for-boosting-business/mrs-surekha-a-sangrulkar
514 Minority Rights Development Needed , Sharanbir Kaur
This paper trying to discuss in detail the concept of minorities and the problem of absence of an appropriate and largely accepted definition and how it is high time that these minorities needed to be protected by their respective nation states apart from that the development of these rights from the past centuries to the present position. Then in the next section the international legal protective instruments are studied. In the second last part of paper the rights from which minorities are deprived are discussed and in final section it has been concluded. Sharanbir Kaur "Minority Rights: Development Needed" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23487.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/other/23487/minority-rights-development-needed/sharanbir-kaur
515 Survey on Natural Language Generation , Joe G. Saliby
In this paper, we are discussing the basic concepts and fundamentals of Natural Language Generation, a field in Natural Language Engineering that deals with the conversion of non linguistic data into natural information. We will start our investigation by introducing the NLG system and its different types. We will also pin point the major differences between NLG and NLU also known as Natural Language Understanding. Afterwards, we will shed the light on the architecture of a basic NLG system, its advantages and disadvantages. Later, we will examine the different applications of NLG, showing a case study that illustrates how an NLG system operates from an algorithmic point of view. Finally, we will review some of the existing NLG systems together with their features, taken from the real world.   BY Joe G. Saliby "Survey on Natural Language Generation"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22903.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/artificial-intelligence/22903/survey-on-natural-language-generation/joe-g-saliby
516 Non Performing Assets A Study of Shree Warana Co operative Bank Ltd. Warananagar , Mr.Tushar Patil | Prof. Sagar Sutar
The three letters “NPA” strike fright in banking sector and business circle today. NPA is a short form of “Non Performing Assets”. In banking, NPA are loans given to doubtful customers who may or may not repay the loan on time. There are two types of assets viz. performing and non performing. Performing loans are standard loans on which both the principle and interest re secured and their return is guaranteed. Non performing assets NPA is result of asset Liability mismatch, A NPA account in the books of accounts is an asset as it indicates the amount receivable from the defaulters. It means if any bank gives loan to the customer if the interest for the loan is not paid by the customer till 90 days then the account is called as NPA account. NPAs reflect the performance of the banks. Mr.Tushar Patil | Prof. Sagar Sutar "Non-Performing Assets: A Study of Shree Warana Co-operative Bank Ltd. Warananagar" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23075.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/accounting-and-finance/23075/non-performing-assets-a-study-of-shree-warana-co-operative-bank-ltd-warananagar/mrtushar-patil
517 Reduction in Size of Vars by using Different Materials in Generator , Prof. Animesh Kumar | Om Singh Patel | Nishi Yadav | Pooja Shakya | Muzzafar Ayub Khan
In present scenario to achieve refrigeration effect, we have to supply high grade energy which take from shaft which decreases the millage of automobile and increase in cost of fuel. It is not economical to produce refrigeration effect by VCRS .In VARS system we use wasteful energy from exhaust gases of automobile to produce refrigeration effect hence saving cost of fuel. Optimization of length of tubes of heat exchanger generator is done for different material like stainless steel, aluminium, copper to achieve 1TR Refrigeration effect. Inlet temperature of generator is 25°C and COP of refrigerator is 0.7. Prof. Animesh Kumar | Om Singh Patel | Nishi Yadav | Pooja Shakya | Muzzafar Ayub Khan "Reduction in Size of Vars by using Different Materials in Generator" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23473.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23473/reduction-in-size-of-vars-by-using-different-materials-in-generator/prof-animesh-kumar
518 Design and Implementation of Digital Image Transformation Algorithms , Joe G. Saliby
In computer science, Digital Image Processing or DIP is the use of computer hardware and software to perform image processing and computations on digital images. Generally, digital image processing requires the use of complex algorithms, and hence, can be more sophisticated from a performance perspective at doing simple tasks. Many applications exist for digital image processing, one of which is Digital Image Transformation. Basically, Digital Image Transformation or DIT is an algorithmic and mathematical function that converts one set of digital objects into another set after performing some operations. Some techniques used in DIT are image filtering, brightness, contrast, hue, and saturation adjustment, blending and dilation, histogram equalization, discrete cosine transform, discrete Fourier transform, edge detection, among others. This paper proposes a set of digital image transformation algorithms that deal with converting digital images from one domain to another. The algorithms to be implemented are grayscale transformation, contrast and brightness adjustment, hue and saturation adjustment, histogram equalization, blurring and sharpening adjustment, blending and fading transformation, erosion and dilation transformation, and finally edge detection and extraction. As future work, some of the proposed algorithms are to be investigated with parallel processing paving the way to make their execution time faster and more scalable.   BY Joe G. Saliby "Design & Implementation of Digital Image Transformation Algorithms"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22918.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/computer-graphics/22918/design-and-implementation-of-digital-image-transformation-algorithms/joe-g-saliby
519 The Fourth Industrial Revolution I4.0 in India Challenges and Opportunities , Viraj Vijay Jadhav | Ravindra Mahadeokar | Dr. S. D. Bhoite
The fourth industrial revolution as it is called, is emerging globally as a powerful force and is being touted as the next industrial revolution. It is characterized by the increasing digitization and interconnection of products, value chains and business models. Industry 4.0 is driven by an amalgamation of emerging technologies like data volumes, computational power, Internet of Things IoT , business analytics, augmented reality, artificial intelligence, elemental design, simulation, advanced robotics, additive manufacturing, sensor based technologies and cyber physical systems. Industry 4.0 would mean the convergence of real and virtual worlds the next phase in bringing together conventional and modern technologies in manufacturing. This will result in the “Smart Factory”, which is characterized by versatility, resource efficiency, ergonomic design and direct integration with business partners for manufacturing. Viraj Vijay Jadhav | Ravindra Mahadeokar | Dr. S. D. Bhoite "The Fourth Industrial Revolution (I4.0) in India: Challenges & Opportunities" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23076.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/business-and-retail-research/23076/the-fourth-industrial-revolution-i40-in-india-challenges-and-opportunities/viraj-vijay-jadhav
520 Question Bank Maker , Dr. Arun Thomas | Sheethal Shaji | Shery Shaju | Silji Simon C | Vishnu Narayan V
The project is a question bank maker .It is helpful for the students to prepare themselves for learning important topics for the exam . Referring the previous question papers is a part of exam preparation. Learning the same after covering all the topics may be late in most of the cases. Thus if we could sort out and arrange all the questions in module wise it will be easier to go through previous questions. the question bank maker , sorts the Questions module wise, Year wise , Exam wise and mark wise. Question bank maker will produce the questions sort wise easily for the welfare of the students . The students will be able to go through previous questions easily as a part of exam preparations. In future the question bank maker can be fully automated to get question papers after exams identify chapters or module of each questions by itself with machine learning and generate files automatically after exams. Question bank maker is more than a simple question maker or question creator. Here you can upload the question papers as a pdf format and we can sort the question papers in module wise, mark wise and exam wise. Dr. Arun Thomas | Sheethal Shaji | Shery Shaju | Silji Simon C | Vishnu Narayan V "Question Bank Maker" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23208.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/23208/question-bank-maker/dr-arun-thomas
521 Preparation and Biological Screening of Novel Heterocyclic Compounds , Pranay Shah | R. I. Patel | P. J. Vyas
The Pyrimidone derivatives say, N arylidine 6 methyl 2 oxo 4 phenyl 1,2,3, 4 tetrahydropyrimidonecarbohydrazides 2a e were synthesized by condensation of Benzaldehyde derivatives with 6 Methyl 2 oxo 4 phenyl 1,2,3,4 tetrahydro pyrimidone carbohydrazides 1 in good yield. The so called hydrazone were cyclocondensed with succinic anhydride to afford 1 6 methyl 2 oxo 4 phenyl 1,2,3, 4 tetrahydropyrimidone 5 carboxamido 5 oxo 2 aryl pyrrolidine 3 carboxylic acid 3a e . These 3a e on Mannich reaction with formaldehyde and morpholine offered 2 aryl 1 6 methyl 2 oxo 4 phenyl 1, 2, 3, 4 tetrahydropyrimidine 5 carboxamido 4 morpholinomethyl 5 oxopyrrolidine 3 carboxylic acid 4a e . Further 4a e on condensation with 1, 2 benzenediamine yield N 3 1H benzo d imidazol 2 yl 2 aryl 4 morpholinomethyl 5 oxopyrro lidin 1 yl 6 methyl 2 oxo 4 phenyl 1, 2, 3, 4 tetrahydropyrimidine 5 carboxamide 5a e . Their structures were confirmed by elemental contents and spectral features. The antimicrobial activities of all three series have also been evaluated. The whole synthetic route is shown below.   BY Pranay Shah | R. I. Patel | P. J. Vyas "Preparation and Biological Screening of Novel Heterocyclic Compounds"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22815.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/22815/preparation-and-biological-screening-of-novel-heterocyclic-compounds/pranay-shah
522 The Short and Long Term Peace Strategies: "Anglophone" Crisis, Cameroon , Maxwell N. Achu
Just like in Ethiopia, the unrest in the Republic of Cameroon is rooted in the country's history, which dates back to many years. This paper seeks to analyze the institutional and attitudinal elements on the way forward for the restoration to normalcy of the state of affairs within the national territory. It is not a recipe for apportioning blames but of principles and options to a pacific settlement of disputes within the national territory. Maxwell N. Achu "The Short and Long Term Peace Strategies: “Anglophone” Crisis, Cameroon" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23512.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/other/23512/the-short-and-long-term-peace-strategies-%C3%A2%E2%82%AC%C5%93anglophone-crisis-cameroon/maxwell-n-achu
523 Do Consumers Go by the Cover A Survey of Selected Bakeries in Kolhapur , Dr. Vishakha Apte | Mr. Monish A. Motwani
“Packaging can be theater, it can create a story.” Said once Steve Jobs, legend in the concept of innovative and interactive design. The master who understood the pulse of the modern markets and created a history.Packaging is the first introduction of the product to the consumer. Packaging is also the first identity of the product. Packaging serves multiple purposes for the producer and also for the consumers. It is an important part of the middlemen’s handling comfort and transporters’ essential safety measure. In the competitive environment it is a tool of marketing in general and advertising in particular.A study conducted in selected bakeries of Kolhapur for understanding the Role of Packaging in determining, Consumer Buying Behavior of food products is presented in this paper. It is a general observation that the packaging for the products of frequent purchase are not given due importance by the manufacturer such as the products sold in the bakery. The general perception is that, consumers buy such products on daily basis and hence they are not likely to notice its packaging. The objective of this paper is to find out the effect of the packaging on consumers buying decisions in case of food products sold in bakeries. Is Packaging a factor affecting consumers choice of the food products sold in bakeries Consumers’ purchase decision is a hardly a spontaneous action, there is a series of psychological and behavioral elements affecting it, also the marketing and informational tactics are in the play. The final opportunity to influence consumer’s choice is through packaging. This important aspect is addressed in the paper. Dr. Vishakha Apte | Mr. Monish A. Motwani "Do Consumers Go by the Cover? A Survey of Selected Bakeries in Kolhapur" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23077.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/mis-and-retail-management/23077/do-consumers-go-by-the-cover-a-survey-of-selected-bakeries-in-kolhapur/dr-vishakha-apte
524 Impact of Land Right Arrangements on the use of Irrigation Resources in the Lower Niger River Basin Development Authority of Nigeria , Ajiboye Abiodun | A. O Adekunmi | O. A Adeleke | A. O Awoyemi
The study examined the two tenancy conditions in the Lower Niger River Basin Development Authority of Nigeria LNRBDA and the differences in the pattern that the farmers under both conditions use resources in the area. Hypotheses were put forward to test whether or not significant differences existed among the three types of efficiency indices obtained for each of the two tenure settings and whether the differences in the physical quantities of the resources used by farmers in both were significant. Data was drawn on 414 small scale irrigation farms under the two existing tenure Systems in 7 irrigation schemes located in 7 different Local Government Areas under the Lower Niger River Basin Development Authority in both Kwara and Kogi States of North –Central Nigeria. The result showed that there were lots of discrepancies in the t tests results of the two settings. Consequently, government did not intentionally establish one setting to be superior to the other in terms of production performance.   BY Ajiboye Abiodun | A. O Adekunmi | O. A Adeleke | A. O Awoyemi "Impact of Land Right Arrangements on the use of Irrigation Resources in the Lower Niger River Basin Development Authority of Nigeria"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22927.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/22927/impact-of-land-right-arrangements-on-the-use-of-irrigation-resources-in-the-lower-niger-river-basin-development-authority-of-nigeria/ajiboye-abiodun
525 Conclusions of the "Anglophone Crisis" Risk Assessments, and the Predictability of the Crisis' Intensity, the Clock Is Ticking , Maxwell N. Achu
Equivalent to 12.4 per cent of the world's GDP is $US14.76Trillion – which is the cost and impact of violence to the global economy in 2018. Redistributing this figure to the world's population, $US1.988 will be each person on the planet's entitlement. Violence, as a development impediment increases enormous weight on conflict affected countries' economies like Cameroon, Syria et al. In Syria, violence has devastated the economy with estimated economic cost at $US240Billion PPP or nearly 400 per cent of the Syrian GDP as at 2014. Nevertheless, the question is, with the anglophone crisis gathering momentum, can Cameroon become like Syria Inversely, an appropriate question should be, what range of measures is Cameroon taking to circumvent the Syrianization of the anglophone crisis The author's research verdicts these questions in the preceding paragraphs. Maxwell N. Achu "Conclusions of the “Anglophone Crisis” Risk Assessments, and the Predictability of the Crisis' Intensity, the Clock Is Ticking" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23513.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/other/23513/conclusions-of-the-%C3%A2%E2%82%AC%C5%93anglophone-crisis%C3%A2%E2%82%AC-risk-assessments-and-the-predictability-of-the-crisis%C3%A2%E2%82%AC%E2%84%A2-intensity-the-clock-is-ticking/maxwell-n-achu
526 Study on Effects of Social Networks Usage on PG Students , Dr. Sudhakar D. Bhoite | Miss - Snehal A. Patil | Miss Nisha S. Patil
In the business world the uses of ICT has been increased to such an extent that all the businesses are revolving the terms like cloud computing big data, internet of things IOT and effective uses of social network media. Due to dramatic changes in the communication arena, which has made drastic impact on the every aspects of human life. The education sector has also been witnessing a severe impact of social media and networks. Social networks has now become a consistent platform for today’s learners as a medium of sharing the thoughts, ideas, feeling and assisting in connecting friends, people, relatives and also as a learners platform. Dr. Sudhakar D. Bhoite | Miss - Snehal A. Patil | Miss Nisha S. Patil "Study on Effects of Social Networks Usage on PG Students" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23078.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/marketing-management/23078/study-on-effects-of-social-networks-usage-on-pg-students/dr-sudhakar-d-bhoite
527 Identifying Three Phase Induction Motor Equivalent Circuit Parameters from Nameplate Data by Different Analytical Methods , Anushree Rajendrarao Helonde | Mr. Mahesh Mankar
The induction motor equivalent circuit parameters are required for many performance and planning studies involving induction motors. These parameters are typically calculated from standardized motor performance tests, such as the no load, full load, and locked rotor tests. However, standardized test data is not typically available to the end user. Alternatively, the equivalent circuit parameters may be estimated based on published performance data for the motor. Methodologies for obtaining the parameters of the equivalent circuit for an induction motor from the information on the nameplate and an analysis is presented so that the typical parameters of an equivalent circuit can be readily estimated.   BY Anushree Rajendrarao Helonde | Mr. Mahesh Mankar "Identifying Three Phase Induction Motor Equivalent Circuit Parameters from Nameplate Data by Different Analytical Methods"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22934.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/22934/identifying-three-phase-induction-motor-equivalent-circuit-parameters-from-nameplate-data-by-different-analytical-methods/anushree-rajendrarao-helonde
528 Solar Tracker in P.T.U E.P Department , Dr. Zarchi San | Daw Pan Wint Hmone Htwe | Daw Kkhaing Wint
The main importance for this paper is that sixth year students can be used laptop and projector in presentation for their mini thesis though the light is off. As four 90W solar panel is connected in parallel, total power is 360W that is reliable for our loads. In this paper, the comparison between single axis and dual axis tracker radiation for Pyay District is expressed. Moreover, Ardunio program is applied for dual axis solar tracker. Myanmar is more suitable solar power to store energy in battery during sunny days as renewable. Dr. Zarchi San | Daw Pan Wint Hmone Htwe | Daw Kkhaing Wint "Solar Tracker in P.T.U E.P Department" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23468.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/23468/solar-tracker-in-ptu-ep-department/dr-zarchi-san
529 A Comparative Study on Mutual Fund Schemes of Selected AMC’s In India , Anuja Magdum | CA. Girish A. Samant
Mutual funds are becoming a popular avenue for investment. Investors, who want enjoy the benefits of returns of stock market but less aware of it, for them mutual fund is the best investment option. The Indian mutual fund industry’s asset under management has crossed 25 Lakh Crore. There are numbers of schemes which can satisfy the different needs of investors. Different Asset Under Management companies are launching various schemes with diversified risk. In this paper, an attempt has been made to analyse the equity based mutual fund schemes. A total of 21 schemes offered by 2 public sector companies and 2 private sector companies have been studied over a period of January 2013 to September 2018 5 years . The analysis has been made using a risk return relationship and the Capital Asset Pricing Model CAPM .CAPM is used as a tool to determine the comparison between selected mutual fund schemes returns.From the analysis, it is found that that the private sector ABSL and ICICI mutual fund schemes have been moderate risky and more rewarding as compared to the public sector SBI and UTI ones. Anuja Magdum | CA. Girish A. Samant "A Comparative Study on Mutual Fund Schemes of Selected AMC’s In India" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23079.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/accounting-and-finance/23079/a-comparative-study-on-mutual-fund-schemes-of-selected-amc’s-in-india/anuja-magdum
530 Minimization of Starting Torque and Inrush Current of Induction Motor by Different Starting Methods using MATLAB SIMULINK , Suraj Grover | Mr. Mahesh Mankar
Induction motors are considered nowadays the most commonly used electrical machines, which are mainly used as electrical induction motors and sometimes as generators. This is mainly due to the simplicity of composition, low price, light weight, high reliability, easy to command and control performance and not containing parts that could easily breakdown compared with DC machines and synchronous machines. Starting the IM is the most important and dangerous step, where the motor properties play a major role in the evaluation of all electrical motors, and these properties are defined by the following factors Starting torque. starting current. transient state. smoothness of the starting, simplicity and economics of starting. In this paper, three different methods of starting three phase Induction Motor are discussed and compared through curves of currents, torque, speed. These methods are Direct On Line, Auto Transformer, Star Delta, for a constant power load condition. Simulation is made in MATLAB SIMULINK and comparatively results are estimated to evaluate the best starting method for different range of induction motor rating.   BY Suraj Grover | Mr. Mahesh Mankar "Minimization of Starting Torque and Inrush Current of Induction Motor by Different Starting Methods using MATLAB/SIMULINK"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22935.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electrical-engineering/22935/minimization-of-starting-torque-and-inrush-current-of-induction-motor-by-different-starting-methods-using-matlabsimulink/suraj-grover
531 Effect of E Taxation on Revenue Generation in Anambra State , John-Akamelu Chitom R. | Iyidiobi Felicia C.
This study assessed the effect of e taxation on revenue generation in Anambra state. Specifically, the study intends to examine the effect of e taxation on tax revenue generation in Anambra state determine whether the adoption of e taxation has reduced tax malpractice in Anambra state and ascertain the tax revenue improved based on the e taxation adoption in Anambra state. Survey design was employed. Data collected were analyzed and one sample t test was used to test the formulated hypotheses. The study found that E taxation has effect on tax revenue generation in Anambra state and adoption of e taxation has reduced tax malpractice in Anambra state. Another finding is that tax revenue has improved based on the adoption of e taxation in Anambra state. Based on this, the researchers recommended among others that well equipped database on tax payers should be established by the governments with the aim of identifying all possible sources of income of tax payers for tax purpose. John-Akamelu Chitom R. | Iyidiobi Felicia C. "Effect of E-Taxation on Revenue Generation in Anambra State" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23520.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/accounting-and-finance/23520/effect-of-e-taxation-on-revenue-generation-in-anambra-state/john-akamelu-chitom-r
532 A Meta Analysis on Review of Studies on Water Management , Prof Anuradha Gaikwad | Dr S. D. Kadam
Water is one of the most important resources available on this earth that has an influence on human activities. All important aspects such as agriculture, industry, day to day life is dependent on water. It is the most important factor for survival of life on this earth. As such it becomes imperative that we find out what is the status of various studies that have been conducted on various aspects of water management.The present paper is an attempt to summarise various aspects of issues involved with use and consumption of water and studies involved therein. It focuses on theoretical concepts like definition of water management, compounding of water as well as actual practices of water management in various parts of the world. Prof Anuradha Gaikwad | Dr S. D. Kadam "A Meta-Analysis on Review of Studies on Water Management" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23081.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/strategic-management/23081/a-meta-analysis-on-review-of-studies-on-water-management/prof-anuradha-gaikwad
533 Towards Inclusive Education Reconciling Household Obligatory Financing and the Problem of Access to Secondary Education in Cameroon , Prosper Mbelle Mekolle
Current international trends in education provision are tilted towards inclusive practices that place learners at the center of education by valuing their diverse needs, creating a sense of belonging and learning conditions that fosters the success of all. In Cameroon like other SSA countries, a large number of adolescents of secondary school age continue to remain unaccounted for by the educational system due to multifaceted reasons, but largely as a result of systems barriers related to the cost of education and the failure to address the inherent or innate disadvantages and disparities amongst individuals. Very often, policies on compulsory financing are based on grounds that it will augment the stock of educational financing and help close funding gaps. This paper places four key questions at the center of its discussion questions which require consideration by the government and policy makers Does the current obligatory financing policies and practices truly constitute an effective means to close the resource gaps that characterizes educational systems Are there potentials, including under effective governance and management of resources for developing countries secondary education systems to effectively accommodate the educational needs of all without relying on second stream funding to achieve this end Should the perpetual exclusion resulting from the inability of some individuals to meet the full cost of schooling be overlooked by the state although having a moral duty to fairly distribute existing opportunities or give a chance to all Does the socioeconomic context of household obligatory financing and the greater need for secondary education to equip large numbers of youths with the skills required to accelerate economic growth towards emergence, in congruence with many developing countries goals, not necessitate an urgent need to revisit and review the current policies Whatever the case may be, it is imperative that no one is excluded from benefiting from educational services of quality. The paper highlights the experiences and good practices in other developing countries, with significant schooling outcomes. A new policy approach to the financing of an inclusive secondary education project that values the needs of all is suggested in the recommendations. Prosper Mbelle Mekolle "Towards Inclusive Education: Reconciling Household Obligatory Financing and the Problem of Access to Secondary Education in Cameroon" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23521.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/23521/towards-inclusive-education-reconciling-household-obligatory-financing-and-the-problem-of-access-to-secondary-education-in-cameroon/prosper-mbelle-mekolle
534 Assessment of Noise Level During Ganesh Festival in Residential Zone of Kolhapur City , C. P. Sathe | A. M. Kadam | K. D. Ahire
The present work deals with the study of noise level during Ganesh festival in residential zone of Kolhapur city. In recent time city is facing noise pollution problems during festival due to increased population, use of high volume systems and modernized man made human activities. The present work is being carried out at the Department of Environment Management, Chhatrapati Shahu Institute of Business Education and Research Kolhapur. Rajarampuri residential area is selected for monitoring of noise level during Ganesh festival. The noise level has monitored with the help of sound level meter SL 100 Leutron in decibel unit dB and directly equivalent sound level is measured Leq . The increasing noise level is compared to the limits prescribed by the Central Pollution Control Board CPCB . C. P. Sathe | A. M. Kadam | K. D. Ahire "Assessment of Noise Level During Ganesh Festival in Residential Zone of Kolhapur City" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23082.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/other/23082/assessment-of-noise-level-during-ganesh-festival-in-residential-zone-of-kolhapur-city/c-p-sathe
535 Soft Computing Techniques Based Image Classification using Support Vector Machine Performance , Tarun Jaiswal | Dr. S. Jaiswal | Dr. Ragini Shukla
n this paper we compare different kernel had been developed for support vector machine based time series classification. Despite the better presentation of Support Vector Machine SVM on many concrete classification problems, the algorithm is not directly applicable to multi dimensional routes having different measurements. Training support vector machines SVM with indefinite kernels has just fascinated consideration in the machine learning public. This is moderately due to the fact that many similarity functions that arise in practice are not symmetric positive semidefinite. In this paper, by spreading the Gaussian RBF kernel by Gaussian elastic metric kernel. Gaussian elastic metric kernel is extended version of Gaussian RBF. The extended version divided in two ways time wrap distance and its real penalty. Experimental results on 17 datasets, time series data sets show that, in terms of classification accuracy, SVM with Gaussian elastic metric kernel is much superior to other kernels, and the ultramodern similarity measure methods. In this paper we used the indefinite resemblance function or distance directly without any conversion, and, hence, it always treats both training and test examples consistently. Finally, it achieves the highest accuracy of Gaussian elastic metric kernel among all methods that train SVM with kernels i.e. positive semi definite PSD and Non PSD, with a statistically significant evidence while also retaining sparsity of the support vector set. Tarun Jaiswal | Dr. S. Jaiswal | Dr. Ragini Shukla "Soft Computing Techniques Based Image Classification using Support Vector Machine Performance" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23437.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/artificial-intelligence/23437/soft-computing-techniques-based-image-classification-using-support-vector-machine-performance/tarun-jaiswal
536 Optimization of EDM Process Parameters using Response Surface Methodology for AISI D3 Steel , Dr. N. Mahesh Kumar | Mr. P. Chinna Rao
The present work demonstrates the optimization process of material removal rate MRR of electrical discharge machining EDM by RSM Response Surface Methodology . The work piece material was EN31 tool steel. The pulse on time, pulse off time, pulse current and voltage were the control parameters of EDM. RSM method was used to design the experiment using rotatable central composite design as this is the most widely used experimental design for modeling a second–order response surface. The process has been successfully modeled using response surface methodology RSM and model adequacy checking is also carried out using Minitab software. The second order response models have been validated with analysis of variance. Finally, an attempt has been made to estimate the optimum machining conditions to produce the best possible responses within the experimental constraints. Dr. N. Mahesh Kumar | Mr. P. Chinna Rao "Optimization of EDM Process Parameters using Response Surface Methodology for AISI D3 Steel" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23535.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23535/optimization-of-edm-process-parameters-using-response-surface-methodology-for-aisi-d3-steel/dr-n-mahesh-kumar
537 Experimental Study on Properties of Black Cotton Soil Mixed Stone Dust and Sisal Fiber , Wankhade Ashutosh Purushottam | Pratiksha Malviya
Experimental Studies were conducted to see the effects on strength behavior of Black cotton soil using stone dust and Sisal fiber. In this study, the stabilizing effect of sisal Fiber Natural Fiber on soil properties. Keeping this in view an experimental study is conducted on locally available i.e. expensive soil mixed with varying percentage of Stone dust and Sisal fiber. Soil samples for California bearing ratio CBR tests are prepared at its maximum dry density MDD corresponding to its optimum moisture content OMC in the CBR mould without and with sisal fiber. Tests result indicates that both unsoaked and soaked CBR value of soil increases with the increase. Soaked CBR value increases from 3.97 to 9.75 and un soaked CBR value increases from 8.1 to 40.7 of soil mixed with stone dust and sisal fiber. Due to sisal fiber reinforcement CBR is increased resulting lesser thickness of pavements are used in construction works. Soil becomes ductile in nature. This is because of composite effect of sisal fibre Natural Fibre changes the brittle behavior of the soil to ductile behavior. Wankhade Ashutosh Purushottam | Pratiksha Malviya "Experimental Study on Properties of Black Cotton Soil Mixed Stone Dust & Sisal Fiber" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23536.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/23536/experimental-study-on-properties-of-black-cotton-soil-mixed-stone-dust-and-sisal-fiber/wankhade-ashutosh-purushottam
538 Investigations on Properties of Concrete by Partial Replacement of Sand and Cement with Copper Slag and Rice Ask Ash , Agnimesh Singh Tomar | Pratiksha Malviya
The Natural resources are getting exhausted rapidly so construction technology is moving toward the utilization of alternative materials industrial waste by product such as copper slag and agriculture waste such as rice ask ash. In this study use of copper slag in partial replacement of sand and cement from 0 to 20 and 0 to 20 Rice Husk ash by weight using design mix by satisfying different quality parameters has been done. M30 grade were prepared and the different strength parameters i.e. compressive strength, tensileand flexure strength. Partial substitution of Copper waste in concrete with shows good resistance to sulphate attack. Cost of Concrete production reduces when Copper Slag is used as a fine aggregate in concrete as replacement. Agnimesh Singh Tomar | Pratiksha Malviya "Investigations on Properties of Concrete by Partial Replacement of Sand and Cement with Copper Slag and Rice Ask Ash" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23539.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/23539/investigations-on-properties-of-concrete-by-partial-replacement-of-sand-and-cement-with-copper-slag-and-rice-ask-ash/agnimesh-singh-tomar
539 An Analytical Study on Consumer Buying Behaviourf for Bakery Products , Harish Jadhav | Dr. Pravin Chavan
Bakery product refers to the products which are sold in a bakery or store to the consumer in a packed form. Indias growing middle class and their changing food habits are giving huge opportunities to the fast food and bakery industry. In a competitive marketplace, it is important to know the consumer behavior to increase consumer satisfaction. Consumer purchase decision is influence by various factors. Marketers have to understand those factors and create marketing stimuli to influence the consumer by their product. The bakery products are consumed as fast food product and consumption is also been used as staple food and daily consumption. Exploratory factor analysis results reveals that Product and Brand Recognition, Affordability and Available and packaging are the important factors influence on preference for bakery products. Hypothesis testing results shows that Product Taste and Brand Recognition for bakery products is dependent on the Income of the consumer. Besides Affordability and Availability and Efficient packaging are independent of income of the consumer. Harish Jadhav | Dr. Pravin Chavan "An Analytical Study on Consumer Buying Behaviourf for Bakery Products" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23083.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/consumer-behaviour/23083/an-analytical-study-on-consumer-buying-behaviourf-for-bakery-products/harish-jadhav
540 Object Detection An Overview , P. Rajeshwari | P. Abhishek | P. Srikanth | T. Vinod
The goal of the project is to run an object detection algorithm on every frame of a video, thus allowing the algorithm to detect all the objects in it, including but not limited to people, vehicles, animals etc. Object recognition and detection play a crucial role in computer vision and automated driving systems. We aim to design a system that does not compromise on performance or accuracy and provides real time solutions. With the importance of computer vision growing with each passing day, models that deliver high performance results are all the more dominant. Exponential growth in computing power as well as growing popularity in deep learning led to a stark increase in high performance algorithms that solve real world problems. Our model can be taken a step further, allowing the user the flexibility to detect only the objects that are needed at the moment despite being trained on a larger dataset. P. Rajeshwari | P. Abhishek | P. Srikanth | T. Vinod "Object Detection: An Overview" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23422.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/artificial-intelligence/23422/object-detection-an-overview/p-rajeshwari
541 A Study on Moving Average of Selected Stocks in Banking Sector using Technical Analysis , Mr. Krishnat H. Chougale
The study is about analysis of moving average of shares in banking sector by using technical analysis. The technical analysis shows the turning points, which predicts when to buy or sell the stock. This paper helps to know which bank performs better compared to other banks based on the price fluctuation by using technical analysis. Mr. Krishnat H. Chougale "A Study on Moving Average of Selected Stocks in Banking Sector using Technical Analysis" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23084.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/equality-diversity-and-inclusion/23084/a-study-on-moving-average-of-selected-stocks-in-banking-sector-using-technical-analysis/mr-krishnat-h-chougale
542 Additive Manufacturing of Leaf Spring , K. Vinay Kumar Reddy | B. Bhaskar | Gautam Raj | G. Vinay Kumar
Additive manufacturing AM , colloquially known as 3 D printing, refers to set of emerging technological that offer unique capabilities However, this design freedom is countered by build envelope and production rate constraints characteristic of most commercially available AM equipment. This paper presents an approach for architecting complex additively manufactured products using the design structure matrix DSM , a methodology that can map out components and interfaces at the system level. By building and manipulating a DSM of a proof of concept product, various architectures are explored considering size and structural constraints of additively manufactured components. K. Vinay Kumar Reddy | B. Bhaskar | Gautam Raj | G. Vinay Kumar "Additive Manufacturing of Leaf Spring" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23528.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23528/additive-manufacturing-of-leaf-spring/k-vinay-kumar-reddy
543 An Overview on Personality Development , Dr. Sudhakar D. Bhoite | Lalita S. Shinde
This study is conceptualized from a theoretical background. This indicates that the current study to explore the knowledge of personality. In our culture with its emphasis on the importance of being liked by people, nothing is more important than ‘Personality’. In modern popular sense personality is conceived by most as an intangible quality that make individual attractive or unattractive to his follows. This paper attempts an individual personality with theories and reviewing of literatures. Dr. Sudhakar D. Bhoite | Lalita S. Shinde "An Overview on Personality Development" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23085.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/consumer-behaviour/23085/an-overview-on-personality-development/dr-sudhakar-d-bhoite
544 IoT Based Smart Horticulture Monitoring System , Shahin. K | Kanimozhi. R | Balachandar. A
For smart horticulture system, one person take care of everything is some difficult due to his busy life style, but the healthy food and financially feasible life time is very important. Now a days the vegetables containing more chemical wastages that affect the human life time. The smart horticulture systems provide the each one to create the food healthy and ensure the quality of the vegetables to create home itself using this horticulture. The normal person can keep the horticulture running and the plants healthy in case the primary person becomes unavailable. The horticulture production needs less labour, less capital, has faster returns than normal production. And it cannot be easily influenced by the climate. Therefore the nurseries are wanted subsequent to next to vegetable under growers. It be extremely easier said than done en route for be alive inside incriminate of scattered horticulture lacking a isolated atmosphere monitor arrangement. In current technology, there appeared a canopy remote monitoring system based on Ethernet. In this system we make use of dissimilar module such since Global System Monitoring, 8051 next to the alike moment as organizer, be on fire detecting antenna, warmth detect feeler, dampness detect feeler, and exhibit the being there of gab resting on 16X2 LCD lying on the receiver surface. If any gas exceeds the value automatically send alert message has to be given to concerned person .whether prediction can be predicted by using machine learning technique so we aware of the whether condition due to climate changes. This project is created as a product and gives the healthy life and small scale level business. Shahin. K | Kanimozhi. R | Balachandar. A "IoT Based Smart Horticulture Monitoring System" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23466.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/23466/iot-based-smart-horticulture-monitoring-system/shahin-k
545 A Study of Motivation in Foundries of Kolhapur District , Mrs Madhuri Prakash Rasal
Employee motivation is the force acting on or within a person that causes the person to behave in a specific goal directed manner. The motivation process has become a principal need of organizations, managers because employee motivation will be the deciding factor in work performance, success or failure of an organization. Samuel and Chipunza, 2009 . “Foundry is a factory that produces metal casting. Metals are cast into different shapes by melting them into liquid, pouring into moulds and remove moulds. Kolhapur is one of the develop city, foundry industry plays important role in its development. Different types of motivation techniques are followed by managers to get the work done by them. It leads the foundries towards the success. Managerial skills and motivation methods can improve the performance of employees and increase organization profit. So researcher has decided to study motivation methods followed by different types of foundry industries and its effect on organization effectiveness. Mrs Madhuri Prakash Rasal "A Study of Motivation in Foundries of Kolhapur District" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23086.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/education/23086/a-study-of-motivation-in-foundries-of-kolhapur-district/mrs-madhuri-prakash-rasal
546 Effectiveness of Self Instructional Module SIM on Level of Knowledge Regarding Recent Advancements in Infertility Treatment among the Staff Nurses Working in Obstetrics and Gynecological Departments , Bhawna Sharma | Priscilla John | Asha
Background Fertility is the natural capability to produce offspring. A lack of fertility is infertility while a lack of fecundity would be called sterility. The term infertility is defined as the inability to conceive despite regular and unprotected intercourse for 2 years. However, risk factors such as the womans age, abnormal menstrual periods, history of pelvic inflammatory disease and whether there has been previous abdominal or pelvic surgery, history of undescended testicles may warrant earlier investigations and treatment of infertility. Couples should be aware that 80 will conceive within a year and 90 within two years if they dont use contraception and have regular intercourse.1 Materials and Methods A pre experimental has provided comparison between a group of subjects before and after the experimental treatment used for this study. The sample consisted 60 staff nurses those were working in obstetrics and gynecology department in selected hospital Haridwar . They were selected by Convenient non – probability Sampling Technique. Data was collected by using a structured knowledge questionnaire regarding recent advancement in infertility treatment. Data analysis is done by using descriptive and inferential method. Results Findings suggest that the pre test knowledge score was 15.45 ±3.88 which has increased to post test knowledge score 30.11 ±3.4. Independent sample “t” test was calculated to find the significant difference between means of pretest and post test knowledge scores. The calculated t value was 23.036 df=59 at p 0.05 . This significant improvement in the knowledge can be attributed to the intervention. Conclusion Based on the findings of the study after the implementation of self instructional module, there is a significant increase in knowledge of staff nurses regarding the recent advancement in infertility treatment.   BY Bhawna Sharma | Priscilla John | Asha "Effectiveness of Self Instructional Module (SIM) on Level of Knowledge Regarding Recent Advancements in Infertility Treatment among the Staff Nurses Working in Obstetrics and Gynecological Departments"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22929.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/22929/effectiveness-of-self-instructional-module-sim-on-level-of-knowledge-regarding-recent-advancements-in-infertility-treatment-among-the-staff-nurses-working-in-obstetrics-and-gynecological-departments/bhawna-sharma
547 Design and Analysis of Crankshaft for Internal Combustion Engine , Md. Hameed | Chova Deekshith | Gorge Bhanu Prasad | Chalamala Teja
In this project design and analysis of the crankshaft for the combustion engine. These components have a large volume component with complex geometry and need huge investment. These will be converts reciprocating or linear motion of the piston into a rotary motion. In this project the product is modeled in a 3D model with all available constraint by using advanced cad software CATIA V5. this model will be converted to initial graphics exchange specification IGES format and imported to ANSYS workbench to perform static analysis. Finite element analysis FEA is performed to obtain the various stress and critical location of crankshaft under loads by using ANSYS software. This project helps to many researchers to select best material to production of crankshaft. Md. Hameed | Chova Deekshith | Gorge Bhanu Prasad | Chalamala Teja "Design and Analysis of Crankshaft for Internal Combustion Engine" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23531.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/mechanical-engineering/23531/design-and-analysis-of-crankshaft-for-internal-combustion-engine/md-hameed
548 Student Preference and Perception towards Online Education in Hyderabad City , Mr. Anjum Pasha | Jarupla Gorya
The purpose of study an online education industry in its totality and appreciate the use of an integrated approach in understanding the environmental issues and problems. From the last few years the technological advancement and increased users of internet made everything's easier for everyone. If you want to purchase anything you will access online Shopping sites and order product to get at your hand. Whereas new way of getting education is online education virtual education E learning. Like shopping sites, internet also made easier to get education via online. This is really made easy for those who want to work as well as study further. In this report I compared both online education and traditional way of education. We also listed out top 10 international educational sites as well as top 5 Indian online educational sites.   BY Mr. Anjum Pasha | Jarupla Gorya "Student Preference and Perception towards Online Education in Hyderabad City"   Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019,   URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22876.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/management/marketing/22876/student-preference-and-perception-towards-online-education-in-hyderabad-city/mr-anjum-pasha
549 Drunk and Drive Detection using Raspberry Pi , A. Siri Pallavi | K. Varun Kumar | T. Vamsi Krishna | S. Sandeep | T. S. Jyothi Lakshmi
In this modern era unnatural deaths are increasing day by day but major part of the unnatural deaths are caused by the drunk driving. Driving while drunk is very dangerous and it leads to vehicle crashes , roadway wounds. Many preventions measures had been taken likewise seizing vehicle permit, fine and punishment, seizing licence. Despite the fact that many prolepsis have been taken still the percentage of accidents due to drunk driving is increasing. This module is proposed to prevent people from unnecessary deaths caused by road accidents due to drunken driving. This module consists of Raspberry Pi model 3, alcohol detection sensor MQ 3 , GPS module and relay to control speed. A. Siri Pallavi | K. Varun Kumar | T. Vamsi Krishna | S. Sandeep | T. S. Jyothi Lakshmi "Drunk and Drive Detection using Raspberry Pi" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23251.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/electronics-and-communication-engineering/23251/drunk-and-drive-detection-using-raspberry-pi/a-siri-pallavi
550 4 G Wave of Mobile Services in India , Ms. Mamata Alias | Aishwarya Rammrao Desai | Dr. C. S. Dalvi
Telecommunication industry is one of the most rising industry which evolved at faster rate in last 10 15 years. Recently, India is the world’s second largest telecommunication market and still growing. Mobile economy in India is increasing very fast and will add significantly to India’s GDP. 4G technology is originated through 1G, 2G as well as 3G technology. 4G technology is the indicator of brisk growth of wireless communication technologies. The growth of 4G technology generates new services which are useful for the customers for various purposes like internet accessing with high data rate, global roaming, videos anywhere, any time and at any place with full grown support for all other multimedia. 4G technology is a very encouraging generation of wireless communication that will change the people life to wireless world in coming days. This paper deals with the current scenario of 4G mobile services. There are various competitors in the telecommunication market such as Bharati Airtel, Vodafone, Idea Cellular, Reliance Jio and BSNL. The current scenario of 4G mobile services which includes current market share of different companies, different schemes and offers provided to their customers in terms of mobile data, pricing, call rates, the growth of the companies and their marketing strategies. It also throws light on competitive edge over other service providers. Entry of reliance jio has made great turbulence in the telecommunication market by providing schemes like free internet, free calling, 4G network provide a serious threat to other competitor. Due to this, Reliance Jio is preferable choice for all the customers. Other service providers are facing challenges and find difficulty to cope up with the new game in the communication market. Reliance Jio marketing strategies have captured the more market share as compared to other competitors. It is very difficult for others to survive in the market. The other competitors are trying to survive in the market by changing their marketing strategies, satisfy their customers demand and retain their customers and refrain to switch to Reliance Jio or any other competitor. Ms. Mamata Alias | Aishwarya Rammrao Desai | Dr. C. S. Dalvi "4 G Wave of Mobile Services in India" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | Fostering Innovation, Integration and Inclusion Through Interdisciplinary Practices in Management , March 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd23087.pdf   Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/computer-science/other/23087/4-g-wave-of-mobile-services-in-india/ms-mamata-alias
551 Deep Learning for X ray Image to Text Generation , Mahima Chaddha | Sneha Kashid | Snehal Bhosale | Prof. Radha Deoghare
Motivated by the recent success of supervised and weakly supervised common object discovery, in this work we move forward one step further to tackle common object discovery in a fully unsupervised way. Mainly, object co localization aims at simultaneously localizing the objects of the same class across a group of images. Traditional object localization detection usually trains the specifi