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1 Unconventional Adulterants in Seized Heroin Samples: Forensic Insight , Kavita Goyal, Neha Tomar, Sweta Sinha, Rakesh Kumar & Sunil Kumar Mahato
Drug abuse is a global predicament. The illicit market of drugs consistently witnesses experiments to deceive law regulatory agencies during manufacturing and trading of these regulated drugs. Drug traders amalgamate core drug compound with other chemical moieties to deceive regulatory agencies, to enhance potency and to escalate the tempt for consumption. Diacetylmorphine, commonly called smack/heroin is substantially seized round the globe, which clearly indicates its large scale abuse. This study presents some unusual additives in 252 seized samples for suspected heroin, referred to Forensic Science Laboratory (FSL), Delhi in the year 2019. The samples were isolated, screened and identified using GC-MS technique. Besides other consistent additives, four unusual novel adulterants were detected in confiscated heroin samples in Delhi, India. The study will update forensic chemical experts in detection of new adulterants in seized drugs, besides disseminating awareness and knowledge among those concerned with drug regulation, monitoring and policy making.
2 Unconventional Adulterants in Seized Heroin Samples: Forensic Insight , Kavita Goyal, Neha Tomar, Sweta Sinha, Rakesh Kumar & Sunil Kumar Mahato
Drug abuse is a global predicament. The illicit market of drugs consistently witnesses experiments to deceive law regulatory agencies during manufacturing and trading of these regulated drugs. Drug traders amalgamate core drug compound with other chemical moieties to deceive regulatory agencies, to enhance potency and to escalate the tempt for consumption. Diacetylmorphine, commonly called smack/heroin is substantially seized round the globe, which clearly indicates its large scale abuse. This study presents some unusual additives in 252 seized samples for suspected heroin, referred to Forensic Science Laboratory (FSL), Delhi in the year 2019. The samples were isolated, screened and identified using GC-MS technique. Besides other consistent additives, four unusual novel adulterants were detected in confiscated heroin samples in Delhi, India. The study will update forensic chemical experts in detection of new adulterants in seized drugs, besides disseminating awareness and knowledge among those concerned with drug regulation, monitoring and policy making.
3 Development and Performance Evaluation of Power Driven Chopper , Abayineh Awgichew
Maize and sorghum stalk considered among the most fodder materials in Ethiopia. Therefore the chop machine was adapted and evaluated. The research was conducted at Asella Agricultural Engineering Research Center (AAERC), Arsi Negelle and Zuway Dugda districts to evaluate the machine performance in terms of chopping efficiency, throughput capacity, cutting efficiency and fuel consumption at different speed of cutter shaft. The output of chopper was found to be remarkable achievement. The chopping efficiency was decreased from 97.28 to 92.43 % on maize stalk and 95 to 90.2 % on sorghum stalk as rpm increases from 1150 to 1850 respectively. Throughput capacity of chopper was increases from 8.13 to 12.6 kg/min on maize stalk and 10.26 to 14.5 kg/min on sorghum stalk as rpm increases from 1150 to 1850 respectively. The mean of chopping length and cutting efficiency of 3.5 cm and 96.64 % on maize and also 2.53 cm and 97.63 % on sorghum stalk respectively.
4 Stature Estimation from Index and Ring Finger in Kashmiri Population , Riya Gupta & Surender Singh Sehrawat
Background: Estimation of stature plays a very important role in personal identification and medico legal examination in activities like mass disaster, bomb explosive, air crash, terror etc. For the purpose of identification, it becomes quite easy when whole of the body is available but in cases where the only the fragments of body found, it becomes extreme difficult to continue with the process of identification. Aim: The aim of this study is to find regression equation through hand various measurements particularly in Kashmiri Pandit’s with pure trait residing in territory of Jammu, India. Subject and Method: For this study, 126 females and 144 males with age groups 20-45 years were taken. Length of both the hand was done with the help of vernier caliper from bracelet crease to the tip of middle finger, length of index and ring finger was measured from proximal flexion to their respective tips while the hand breadth was taken with vernier caliper from meta carpel radiale to meta carpel ulnar. The total height of the individual was measured with anthropometric scale and all these measurements were done after informed consent. Data was analyzed with the help of SPSS-16 using basic statistics -linear regression, multiple regression and t-test. Results: Significant co-relations between stature and entire hand dimensions were established except the hand breadth. The highest co relation with the stature was observed with hand length and ring finger than the other variables. Linear and multiple regression were calculated separately for males and females. Conclusion: The present study has provided with regression equations from various hand parameters that can be applied for stature estimation only in Kashmiri Pandit population only.
5 Design of Circularly Polarized Transmit array Antenna using Low-Profile Dual-Linearly Polarized Elements , N.Khadarbasha & A.Yogeshwaran
A low-profile dual-linearly-polarized unit cell in X-band, and its capability is demonstrated by a circularly polarized transmit array. The unit cell comprises three metallic layers etched on two dielectric slabs without air gap. Cross strips are inserted in cross slots on the top and bottom layers, and the T-slot structure is etched on the middle layer. The proposed unit cell has high isolation between the dual polarizations, and its total thickness of the unit cell is only 1 mm. Prototype of a 341-element transmit array, the incoming incident linearly polarized wave is transformed into the outgoing circularly polarized wave, is simulated. The measured results show that the proposed transmit array realizes 3.5% (9.8-10.15 GHz), axial ratio bandwidth and 4% (9.7-10.1 GHz) 1-dB gain bandwidth. The measured peak gain at 10 GHz is 21.9 dBi, with the aperture efficiency of 36%.
6 Innovative Fluid Machine that Can Operate both as a Turbine and as a Pump , Stefano Farné
The Integrated turbine electric generator (ITEG) machine has been designed by Stefano Farné and Vito Lavanga and it is the subject of a registered patent that has also received WIPO positive research reports. ITEG allows to integrate a fluid dynamic machine and an electric motor into a single device, making it versatile and allowing a wide range of use both as a pump, giving prevalence to a fluid, and as a turbine, generating electric power. Thanks to the extreme simplicity of installation and to the low maintenance request, since it is gearless, ITEG can be more convenient than traditional machines, both for hydroelectric energy production and for pumping purposes. The present paper shows the various aspects of the design of this innovative machine, presents the literature review examined in terms of scientific articles and patents and illustrates the mathematical model that allows ITEG sizing and the simulation of its operation.
7 Performance Comparison of IEEE802.11a, IEEE802.11b, IEEE802.11g and IEEE802.11n in Multiple Routers , Khandaker Mohammad Mohi Uddin, Nayeema Islam, Nur-A-Alam & Jahanara Akhtar
Nowadays, WLAN (Wireless Local Area Networks) has evolved into one of the most auspicious and lucrative technology. The most prominent use of the application of wireless network technology is 802.11 WLAN. IEEE 802.11(Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) standard specified the frequencies of different WLAN standards. The aspiration of this research is to scrutinize and compare the performance of different wireless LAN standards for the increasing number of routers in a predefined area. For evaluating the performance Wireless LAN throughput, wireless LAN load delay, and wireless LAN media access delay metrics are used. For all combinations of the number of routers, IEEE802.11b shows the highest and IEEE802.11n shows the lowest WLAN media access delay and average wireless LAN delay for 64 nodes.
8 Design and Construction of an Installation for Testing Bubble Generators Used for Water Aeration , M. F. Ştefănescu, N.V. Sima, M. M. Boltinescu, M. Petroşel & M. Constantin
The paper presents an installation comprising four fine bubble generators each with a circular perforated plate with ∅ 0.2 mm orifices. There is a water tank inside the installation in which compressed air is introduced. The installation is designed so as to ensure the monitoring of the following parameters: 1 - The size of the air bubbles; 2 - The appearance of bubble coalescence; 3 - Increasing the dissolved oxygen concentration in water; 4 - The amount of pressure loss that occurs when air passes through the bubble generator; 5 - The efficiency of the aeration process; 6 - Efficacity of the aeration process; 7 - Air consumption; 8 - Electricity consumption; 9 - Air temperature; 10 - Water temperature; 11 - Compressed air pressure; 12 - Hydrostatic load (H).
9 An Analysis on the Application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Teaching Health Education Students in Tertiary Institutions of Adamawa State, Nigeria , Mohammed Adamu, Danjuma M. Baba, Nuhu I. Musa, Ibrahim Goni, Usman Mohammed & Wamanyi Yohanna
The paper sought to analyse the application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in teaching Health Education students in tertiary institutions in Adamawa State. A survey research design was used for the study. The population for the study comprised of 4 tertiary institutions offering Health Education out of which 2 were sampled. A simple random sampling was used in selecting 150 students from each of the institutions sampled making a total of 300 respondents. Data was collected with the use of questionnaire which was subjected to validity and reliability test. The mean and ANOVA was used in establishing the correlation between the variables in the study. The researcher accepts a result if the average mean is above 2.6 which is on the high side and shows a significant relationship. The researchers also reject a result if the average mean is below 2.5 which is on the low side and shows no significant relationship. Based on the findings of this study, it is recommended that: institutions and their management should have more ICT training centers on campus, the management of the institutions should urgently make sure ICT facilities are available for students’ use, the students should be given assignments, course project, group work, which will involve sourcing for information from the internet, lecturers should encourage students to organize mini seminars for presentation of assignments through the use of power point among others.
10 Development and Sizing of an Innovative System, Based on Natural Evaporation Processes and Convective Motions, for Salty and Brackish Water Depuration , Farné Stefano
The need of replacing fossil fuels in many areas of human activities is strongly felt, in particular for the primary resource "freshwater", that must be regenerated, where the natural availability is not present or it has been depleted. The technologies for the production of desalinated water, normally make use of electrical (reverse osmosis) or thermal energy (distillation using gas / oils combustion) from fossil sources. The present paper is the continuation of the AJAST article, of the same author, Theoretical setting, mathematical model and operating principles of an innovative system, based on natural evaporation processes, for salty and brackish water purification, in which the innovative system named “Solar Desalination Geoassisted Continuous”, covered by an Italian patent, registered by Vito Lavanga and Stefano Farné, was presented. In this paper, the SDGC plant is developed and sized for a case study, which can be used for a detailed design and the construction of a pilot plant.
11 Calsiara Tablets: A Clinical Study on Calcium Citrate malate for Bone Health , Dr. M. Sampoorna, S. V. Bhavani, Asst. Prof. K. Jayasurya & Asst. Prof. Badugu Kranthi kumar
Calcium citrate malate is most easily absorbed by the body. Calcium is essential for many diverse processes in the body, including bone formation, muscle contraction, and enzyme and hormone functioning. Calcium is very essential in muscle contraction, oocyte activation, building strong bones and teeth, blood clotting, nerve impulse, transmission, regulating heart beat and fluid balance within cells. Calcium supplementation in pregnancy has the potential to reduce adverse gestational outcomes, in particular by decreasing the risk of developing hypertensive disorders during pregnancy, which are associated with a significant number of maternal deaths and considerable risk of preterm birth, the leading cause of early. Calcium citrate maleate and other nutrients are essential for cell growth and the production and functioning of DNA – the body's genetic blueprint. Based on clinical evidences Calsiara™ is essential for Pregnancy Mother and Fetal development. Along with to improve the mineral density of bone.
12 Triclosan Persistence in Environment and Its Potential Toxic Effects on Algae , Saif Al Ghais, Vibha Bhardwaj & Pramod Kumbhar
Triclosan (TCS) is widely used as an antibacterial agent in various industrial products, such as textile goods, soap, shampoo, liquid toothpaste and cosmetics, and often detected in wastewater effluent. Triclosan is highly toxic to aquatic animals, and is particularly highly toxic to the algae, which was used as a test organism in this study. Algae represent the first nutritional base on the aquatic food chain due to their ability to synthesize organic molecules using sunlight and carbon dioxide. Thus, the cultivation of algae has been an integral part for the production of commercially important species on aquaculture. This has been the reason to make great efforts in order to understand effect of triclosan to natural periphyton communities (algae). However, there is a paucity of data on the toxicity of triclosan and its effects on aquatic organisms. In this study, the toxicity of triclosan to a microalga was examined. The present investigation showed that “chlorophyll a” pigment in control algae was 5.92 mg/L and it decreased, when algae was treated with different concentration of triclosan (10-50 ppm). The study revealed that, as the concentration of triclosan increased then algae growth declined. It was observed that conductivity also increased because of decreased “chlorophyll a” and decreased phytoplankton levels. This result indicates that triclosan exerts a marked influence on algae, which are important organisms being the first-step producers in the ecosystem; therefore, the possible destruction of the balance of the ecosystem is expected if triclosan is discharged into the environment at high levels. The bioaccumulation of TCS in human impregnation from foodstuff exposure (in particular fish) and likely risk for human population also.
13 Researching How Cloud Computing Enhances the Businesses Growth , Arshad Nanakkal
The Internet of Things (IoT) changes several sectors, including education, logistics, and manufacturing. The IoT is a web-based system that integrates and syncs a wide range of machines or appliances with gates, third-party technologies, and apps on machinery and cloud computing networks. Cloud computing performs a significant part in the framework layer with the thriving development of IoT. In a range of industries cloud computing technology was built into unique forms of cloud computing: Everything-as-a-Sevice (Xaas), Education-as-a-Service (EaaS), Logistics-as-a-Service (LaaS), and Manufacturing-as-a-Service (MaaS). Researchers and professionals have drawn substantial attention to the applicability of cloud computing in different sectors. Essential evaluation, framework architecture, and structural study are the primary forms of science. Large data, computational technology, service orientation, and IoT refer to cloud computing systems (e.g., XaaS, EaaS, LaaS, MaaS). This research analyzed the technological patterns in new cloud computing technology and examined cloud computing studies. The results demonstrate that knowledge and innovation are the main concerns guiding cloud science.