1 Prevalence of Glycemic Status, Obesity & Waist Circumference in Punjabi Type 2 Diabetics, Kumar, Ashok
Aim-To observe the prevalence of glycemic status, obesity and waist circumference in Punjabi male Type 2 Diabetics. Materials & Methods-Two hundred forty type 2 diabetics Punjabi males with age ranging from 30 to 70 years volunteered to participate in this study as subjects. The glycemic status (fasting blood sugar & glycated haemoglobin, HbA1c), obesity (BMI) & waist circumference (WC) were recorded with standard procedures. WHO criteria determined BMI and WC categories. The statistical analysis was done by using SPSS version 16.0 and the level of significance was
2 Effect of Aerobic Dance on the Body Fat Distribution and Cardiovascular Endurance in Middle Aged Women, Jaywant, S.P
Dance aerobics is a popular means of exercise in the urban population. This study evaluates effect of Dance Aerobics on cardiovascular endurance and body fat percentage in middle aged women. To ensure uniformity in the findings, Cooper Protocol, a standardised protocol for dance aerobics was followed, ensuring optimal exercise intensity and minimal musculotendinous damage. 120 middle aged women divided in two groups were examined for VO2max and body fat percentage .Group I comprised 60 women engaged in regular aerobic dance sessions, since 6 months. Group II did not engage in any exertional physical activity. Unpaired t test was used. p= 0.001 considered significant. Aerobic dancers exhibited i) no significant difference in VO2max (p=0.00201) ii) lower fat percentage (p= 0.01462), indicating aerobics is highly effective in weightloss, but effects on cardiovascular endurance are not pronounced. Increasing intensity of existing protocol to achieve increased VO2max may hasten musculotendinous damage. This should be considered before an individual selects aerobic dancing as fitness activity.
3 Efficacy of Myofascial Release in Fibromyalgia, Thakur, Manisha, Narkeesh, A. & Kanimozhi
Fibromyalgia is a syndrome of widespread pain, decreased pain threshold and other characteristic symptoms. These other symptoms include undue fatigue, insomnia, joint pain, headache, chest pain, irritable bowel syndrome, jerky leg movements, numbness and tingling in various body parts. For the management of these symptoms many medical and physiotherapeutic interventions are used. Myofascial release is an important technique which is used to reduce these symptoms. Previous studies have been done to find out the effect of myofascial release in fibromyalgia. But there are not much studies which elucidate how myofascial release is effective in reducing these symptoms. The present study made an effort to find out the efficacy of myofascial release on patients with fibromyalgia and how its influence on VAS scale, Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Self Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire. (FIQ). The mean, standard deviation, t value and t test for all the variables were calculated. It was concluded that myofascial release has a significant effect on VAS scale however there is reduction in ESS, STAI, FIQ but not upto significant level.
4 Effect of Wrist Manipulation & Cyriax Physiotherapy Training on Pain & Grip Strength in Lateral Epicondylitis Patients, Goyal, M., Kumar, Ashok, Monga, M. and Moitra, M.
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effect of manipulation of wrist technique and Cyriax physiotherapy training in reducing pain and improving grip strength in lateral epicondylitis. A total of 30 patients (male =16; female=14) were selected as subjects and they were further divided into 2 groups. Each group comprising of 15 subjects (male=8; female=7). Results of this study suggest that there was an improvement in the mean values of Numeric Pain Rating Scale and Grip Strength after treatment in both groups. But the improvement was statistically more significant in wrist manipulation group than the Cyriax physiotherapy training receiving group. It was concluded that the patients of lateral epicondylitis procured more substantial benefits from wrist manipulation as compared to Cyriax physiotherapy after three weeks.
5 Comparative Study of the Age Related Structural Changes in the Knee between Sportspersons and Non Sportspersons, Saini, Gagandeep Kaur., Multani, N. K.
Knee joint degeneration is the major cause of disability among the Indian population. The structural changes subject to differ among the sportspersons and non sportspersons. The aim of the study was to compare the structural changes in the knee between age-matched sportspersons and non sportspersons. Thirty sportspersons and thirty non sportspersons aged ?50 years were randomly selected on the basis of selection criteria. Physical examination that included effusion, tenderness, atrophy, knee joint range, lower extremity muscle strength, physical activity levels and knee injury and osteoarthritis status was done in all the sixty subjects. Digital X ray examination was then carried out for measurement of joint space width and Kellgren Lawrence grading. Statistically significant difference was found in the joint space width and Kellgren Lawrence grades between the sportspersons and non sportspersons. Also significant difference was found in effusion, tenderness, atrophy, knee joint range, lower extremity muscle strength, physical activity levels and knee injury and osteoarthritis status between the sportspersons and non sportspersons. The study concluded that sportspersons have less worsened structural knee changes, better knee joint range of motion, muscle strength, physical activity levels and a better quality of life as compared to the age-matched non sportsperson peers.
6 Comparison on Imagery and Self-Esteem of Various Level Footballers, Mazumder, S. & Ghosh, S.S.
The present study was conducted for the comparison on imagery and self-esteem of various levels of footballers. Twenty five district level footballers (N1=25) and twenty five state levels footballers (N2=25) of West Bengal were taken as the subjects for the present study. Thus total no of subjects were (N=50) fifty only. The age group of the subjects ware ranged from 15 to 19 years. Imagery and Self-Esteem were the variables for the present study. Imagery was measured by the Sports Imagery Questionnaire (Cumming, 2002) and Self-Esteem was measured by the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (1965). Mean and standard deviation of each variable were calculated. The means of respective variables between two games were compared by using t-test. Statistical significance was tested at 0.05 level of confidence. The results of the present study showed that there was statistically significant difference in the mean value of imagery and self-esteem between the district and state level footballers.
7 Treatment of Plantar Fasciitis by Taping vs. Iontophoresis: A Randomized Clinical Trial, Goyal, M., Kumar, Ashok, Mahajan, N. and Moitra, M.
The purpose of the study was to observe the effect of combination of a Taping and Iontophoresis or Taping alone in the treatment of Plantar Fasciitis pain. A total of 30 patients (male =16; female=14) were selected as subjects and they were further divided into two groups. Each group comprising of 15 subjects (male=8; female=7). The results of the present study show an improvement in the mean values of Visual Analog Scale, and Foot Functional Index scores after treatment in both groups. But it was found that an improvement was statistical significant more in Taping and Iontophoresis group than Taping group alone. It was concluded that if the patients of plantar fasciitis were treated with combination therapy (Taping & Iontophoresis) then there was noticed significant recovery from pain and disability in them.
8 Effect of Positional Release Therapy and Deep Transverse Friction Massage on Gluteus Medius Trigger Point - A Comparative Study, Doley , M,, Warikoo, D. & Arunmozhi, R.
Study Objectives: To compare the effectiveness of Positional Release Therapy & Deep Transverse Friction Massage On Gluteus Medius Trigger Point. Methods: 30 subjects were randomly recruited from various hospitals and community center in Dehradun and Guwahati based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The subjects were divided into two Groups (PRT (Group A) & DTFM (Group B). Outcome Measure: Pressure pain threshold. Results: Both Groups A and B shown significant improvement in pressure pain threshold when comparison is made within the group. However Group B shown significant improvement in pressure pain threshold (p= 0.001) post intervention between the group. Conclusion: Deep transverse friction massage is better choice of treatment in improving pain threshold in subjects with gluteus medius trigger point.
9 Impact of Chronicity on Lipid Profile of Type 2 Diabetics, Singh, Gurdeep & Kumar, Ashok
Aim: To study the impact of chronicity of type 2 diabetes on lipid profile in type 2 diabetics. Material & Methods: This study was conducted on 120 Punjabi male type 2 diabetics. Their age ranged from 30 to 70 years. The subjects were categorized into three groups, on the basis of the duration of detection of type 2 diabetes- group 1(below 4 years), group 2 (between 4 to 8 years) and group 3(above 8 years).Results: There was sharp and definite increase in the percentage of patients having >200mg/dl total cholesterol after four years of diabetes mellitus from 16% to 25% and then to 55% after 8 years of duration. The percentage of patients having >150mg/dl of low density lipoproteins (LDL) after 8 years of diabetes mellitus was much high (67%) as compared to group 1 (29%) and group 2 (49%) . There was also an increase in the percentage of patients having
10 Comparative Dose-Response Study of Stretching On Strength of Proximal (Hamstring) and Distal (Calf) Muscle, Khan, M., Quddus, N., Chawla C, Anwer, S,
Objective: To compare the stretching induced strength changes between the proximal and distal groups of muscles. Methods: Twenty-eight recreationally active male individuals participated in this study. They were assigned into Group A for proximal muscle (hamstring) and group B for distal muscle (calf) with 14 subjects in each group. This study is an experimental trial of self-stretching for 2 minutes (SS2). This stretch duration involved a 30 second stretch and a 20 second relaxation period, intermittently. Maximum Isometric Voluntary Contraction Force (MIVCF) was measured in both groups before (pretest) and immediately after (posttest) stretching. Change in pre-stretching and immediately post-stretching MIVCF was compared between the two groups. Results: Maximum Isometric Voluntary Contraction Force increased with SS2 in the hamstring by 1.31% and in calf muscle, it increased by 2.92%. However, these changes were statistically insignificant between the two groups (p>0.05). Conclusion: Shorter stretching (2 minute) increases maximum isometric voluntary contraction force in both muscles but relatively more in the calf.
11 Effeciveness of Integrated Soft Tissue Mobilization on the Functional Outcome in Chronic Low Back Pain Patients, Leo Aseer, Antony P, Subramanian, Iyer Lakshmi
The experimental study is aimed to analyze the effectiveness of integrated soft tissue mobilization on the pain, lumbar spine mobility and the outcome on functions in chronic low back pain (CLBP). Irrespective of low back pathologies, soft tissues are vulnerable for dysfunction and paves way for pain-spasm vicious cycle. Very few studies in CLBP are being performed to explore its effect and integrated approaches in soft tissue mobilization were not studied. Totally sixty participants were randomized into control and experimental groups in the present study. Baseline measurements of pain severity, lumbar spine mobility and Oswestry disability Index (ODI) were measured. The control group received treatment in the form of strengthening program and stretching maneuvers. The experimental group received the all form of soft tissue mobilization. After three weeks of follow up, all the measurements were taken again. The experimental group showed significant improvement as compared to the control group in terms of lumbar spine mobility, reduction of disability and moderate improvement in pain severity. This study adds the importance of integrated soft tissue mobilization in recovery from CLBP. It further establishes soft tissue mobilization as a part of functional mobilization in rehabilitating CLBP.
12 A Case study of a Rare Case of Turner's Hypoplasia and Unilaterally Fused Deciduous and Permanent Lateral Incisor Caused By Trauma, Verma, Leena
Orofacial trauma is a serious orodental and general health problem that may have medical, esthetic and psychological consequences for children and their parents. When the root of the primary tooth is close to the unerupted permanent tooth, primary tooth trauma may result in developmental disturbances and pulpal reaction in that permanent tooth. We report an unusual case of an 8 year old girl who met with trauma at 15 months of age in which injury to the primary dentition resulted in developmental disturbances in the crown of the permanent tooth and fusion between permanent and deciduous tooth. Localized malformation of the crown and enamel hypoplasia was treated with a light-cured composite resin restoration. The treatment of fused permanent and deciduous incisor is also discussed.