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1 Climate change perception: A case study of Bardiya National Park (BNP), Thakurdwara, Bardiya, Nepal, Surendra Bam1, Suresh Bhandari2, Prakash G C3, Roshan Pokhrel 3, Durga Basnet 3 1Department of Environmental Sciences, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India 2Central Department of Environmental Science, Tribhuvan University, Nepal 3Department of Environmental Science, Amrit Campus, Tribhuvan University, Nepal
ABSTRACT This study presents an account of Climate change trends and their implications in Thakurdwara V.D.C. located at buffer zone of Bardiya National Park, Nepal. This study has adopted place based community vulnerability assessment approach which is based on participatory case studies. Primary data were collected through focused group discussion, household survey and interview where as climatological analysis was done with data obtained from Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (DHM). Trend Analysis of DHM data and survey result has clearly spelled that the study area has experienced changes over precipitation and temperature pattern. In case of Rani Jaruwa Nursery and Gulariya stations, which are near to the study area, precipitation is decreasing at the rate of 1.006 mm/yr and 0.315 mm/yr respectively. Whereas the temperature in both of Rani jaruwa Nursery station and Chisapani station is increasing at the rate of 0.004oC per year and 0.067oC per year respectively. Natural disasters, water scarcity, decrease in food production, change in vegetation composition and adverse health impacts are the major risks identified by the community. Therefore, our further action should be to formulate appropriate adaptation strategies and strengthen the community to better cope climate change. Key words: : Bardiya National Park (BNP), Climate Change, Community, Nepal, Vulnerability
2 Climate change perception: A case study of Bardiya National Park (BNP), Thakurdwara, Bardiya, Nepal, Surendra Bam1, Suresh Bhandari2, Prakash G C3, Roshan Pokhrel 3, Durga Basnet 3 1Department of Environmental Sciences, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India 2Central Department of Environmental Science, Tribhuvan University, Nepal 3Department of Environmental Science, Amrit Campus, Tribhuvan University, Nepal
This study presents an account of Climate change trends and their implications in Thakurdwara V.D.C. located at buffer zone of Bardiya National Park, Nepal. This study has adopted place based community vulnerability assessment approach which is based on participatory case studies. Primary data were collected through focused group discussion, household survey and interview where as climatological analysis was done with data obtained from Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (DHM). Trend Analysis of DHM data and survey result has clearly spelled that the study area has experienced changes over precipitation and temperature pattern. In case of Rani Jaruwa Nursery and Gulariya stations, which are near to the study area, precipitation is decreasing at the rate of 1.006 mm/yr and 0.315 mm/yr respectively. Whereas the temperature in both of Rani jaruwa Nursery station and Chisapani station is increasing at the rate of 0.004oC per year and 0.067oC per year respectively. Natural disasters, water scarcity, decrease in food production, change in vegetation composition and adverse health impacts are the major risks identified by the community. Therefore, our further action should be to formulate appropriate adaptation strategies and strengthen the community to better cope climate change. Key words: : Bardiya National Park (BNP), Climate Change, Community, Nepal, Vulnerability
3 Climate change perception: A case study of Bardiya National Park (BNP), Thakurdwara, Bardiya, Nepal, Surendra Bam1, Suresh Bhandari2, Prakash G C3, Roshan Pokhrel 3, Durga Basnet 3
This study presents an account of Climate change trends and their implications in Thakurdwara V.D.C. located at buffer zone of Bardiya National Park, Nepal. This study has adopted place based community vulnerability assessment approach which is based on participatory case studies. Primary data were collected through focused group discussion, household survey and interview where as climatological analysis was done with data obtained from Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (DHM). Trend Analysis of DHM data and survey result has clearly spelled that the study area has experienced changes over precipitation and temperature pattern. In case of Rani Jaruwa Nursery and Gulariya stations, which are near to the study area, precipitation is decreasing at the rate of 1.006 mm/yr and 0.315 mm/yr respectively. Whereas the temperature in both of Rani jaruwa Nursery station and Chisapani station is increasing at the rate of 0.004oC per year and 0.067oC per year respectively. Natural disasters, water scarcity, decrease in food production, change in vegetation composition and adverse health impacts are the major risks identified by the community. Therefore, our further action should be to formulate appropriate adaptation strategies and strengthen the community to better cope climate change.