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Paper Details

A STUDY OF CAUSES OF DROPOUT AND FAILURE AT ELEMENTARY STAGE IN RURAL AREAS OF TEHSIL HIRANAGAR OF DISTRICT KATHUA IN J&K STATE

Mohd.Zubair Kales

Journal Title:SCHOLARLY RECSEARCH JOURNAL FOR INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES
Abstract


Education works as a lever in raising financial and social status of the individuals. Education is that which makes human being a social one. So, it must be given from the first day of life informally. Formal education begins at elementary stage, so elementary education is called fundamental education Elementary education means the first few years of education of an individual when he/she goes to school . Primary is usually used for first five years of schoolin g. It is called primary education because it is of primary of first importance to a person and secondly, it is a first step towards his total education in life. Thus, in simple words, the elementary education means eight years of schooling dividing the sta ges into two sub - stages, five years of primary school stage and three years of middle school stage. The Indian constitution under article 45 also provides for eight years of elementary education in the age - group of 6 - 14. Elementary education is the level o f education, which needs to be provided to all individuals. It lays down the foundation stone for further attainment like social, moral, physical, intellectual etc. That is why in all the democratic countries of the world, elementary education has been com pulsory, universal and free. The main aim of elementary education is to give children education of citizenship to fulfill their basic needs, start socialization process train children for reading and playing in group, to develop social attitude, to develop in them healthy attitudes or habits. Other aims are literacy, attainment of numeracy, technocracy and to develop a respect for national symbols like the flag and the anthem and for the democratic processes and institutions of the country. It develops in t he child healthy attitudes towards human labour and its dignity, to develop habits of cleanliness and healthful living.

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