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Paper Details

Rain water harvesting in Indore City: A demanding need for sustainable development

Dheeraj Mandloi1*, Deepak Khare2 and Teena Pareek3

Journal Title:Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Demand for water is growing in most cities across India as every urban citizen now requires almost double the amount of water needed five years back. With urban India growing by leaps and bounds, it is expected to experience a severe water crisis by 2020 and the per capita availability of water is projected to be less than 1,000 cubic metres. By the year 2020, says a World Bank report, most major Indian cities will run dry. India's supply of water too is rapidly dwindling primarily due to increasing population, mismanagement of water resources, although over-pumping and pollution are also significant contributors. Water security, like food security, is becoming a major national and regional priority in many areas of the world. The shortage of water points to a grim situation as it is bound to adversely affect economic and agricultural growth too. Not long ago, most of our cities were selfsufficient in meeting their water needs from the extensive urban water bodies. Today, these water bodies have disappeared. Municipalities have been stretched to their limits to find water for the growing populations. Groundwater is being mindlessly extracted by the government as well as by private parties.These are the reasons that make rainwater harvesting indispensable for a country like ours. With industrialization being the need of the hour, we just cannot afford to ignore it. In fact, many environmental groups in India are demanding that water harvesting should be made mandatory for all new buildings and housing societies in the urban areas across the country in order to fulfill our water needs to some extent. Various methods and practices followed in Indore city are explained in this paper.