Diversification: the Key to Better Livelihood Opportunities
Journal Title:SCHOLARLY RECSEARCH JOURNAL FOR INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES
The agricultural sector in India is facing deceleration in growth and is posing a major challenge
manifested through food inflation and lack of proper planning of crop management. The
two major sources of growth in agriculture are area expansion and increase in productivity.
These sources of growth have serious limitations. The scope of area expansion
is limited due to
the inelastic supply of land. Hence it is necessary to chalk out a strategy to improve production
with the available technology and arable land .The traditional wheat paddy system which
flourished and thrived during the Green Revolution i
s facing major roadblocks. Most of the
states which adopted the traditional rice or wheat cropping systems are at present facing serious
economic, social and ecological problems such as deceleration in productivity growth, fall in
over exploited ground water resources and decline in soil fertility.
Intensive cultivation with chemical fertilizers has precipitated the problem of increased costs of
cultivation and environmental pollution, and ground water depletion which have undermine
efforts to increase production. A study of the cropping patterns in India clearly brings out the
diversification which is taking place in India from food crops to non food crops in certain
regions especially in the southern and western states.