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Paper Details

EPIDEMIOLOGY OF ACUTE ENCEPHALITIS SYNDROME /JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS A MOSQUITO - BORNE DISEASE IN GORAKHPUR DISTRICT

Ahirrao K. D., Sanjay Kumar and S. R.Magare

Journal Title:SCHOLARLY RECSEARCH JOURNAL FOR INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES
Abstract


Mosquitoes are carriers of various diseased pathogens. Poor drainage system grows population of mosquitoes which is mostly a problem of megacities . Japanese Encephalitis is the leading cause of viral encephalitis in various parts of world. Japanese Enc ephalitis has caused epidemics of several hundred to several thousand cases in Japan, Korea and Taiwan, and occurs in eastern Si beria, China, Okinawa, Jawa, Th a i land, Malaya, Singapur, and India. Reports of a disease resembling JBE go back to 1871. The eti ologic agent was characterized by Japanese workers during a severe epidemic in 1924. In 1958 there were 5700 cases with 1322 deaths reported in Korea, and 1800 cases with 519 deaths in Japan. In 1961 ,an outbreak in Taiwan involved 704 reported cases. Elsew here (except in the mainland of China) the disease occurs as small outbreaks or sporadic cases. A vast range of facility from 0.3 to 60 % depends upon different age group of the popul ation. Mosquito borne Japanese Encephalitis was previously known as Japan ese B Encephalitis which is a member of Flaviviridae. Generally transmission of animal diseases occurs by help of vector like mosquitoes . Mosquitoes are important vectors in the transmission of animal diseases. It involves the transmission of viruses, bacte ria, fungi, Protozoa and Helminthiasis.

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