EPIDEMIOLOGY OF ACUTE ENCEPHALITIS SYNDROME /JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS A MOSQUITO - BORNE DISEASE IN GORAKHPUR DISTRICT
Ahirrao K. D., Sanjay Kumar and S. R.Magare
Journal Title:SCHOLARLY RECSEARCH JOURNAL FOR INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES
Mosquitoes are carriers of various diseased pathogens. Poor drainage system grows population
of mosquitoes which is mostly a problem of megacities
. Japanese Encephalitis is the leading
cause of viral encephalitis in various parts of world.
epidemics of several hundred to several thousand cases in Japan, Korea and Taiwan, and occurs
in eastern Si
beria, China, Okinawa, Jawa, Th
land, Malaya, Singapur, and India. Reports of a
disease resembling JBE go back to 1871.
ologic agent was characterized by Japanese
workers during a severe epidemic in 1924.
In 1958 there were 5700 cases with 1322 deaths
reported in Korea, and 1800 cases with 519 deaths in Japan.
outbreak in Taiwan
involved 704 reported cases. Elsew
here (except in
China) the disease occurs as
small outbreaks or sporadic cases.
A vast range of facility from 0.3 to 60 % depends upon
different age group of the popul
ation. Mosquito borne Japanese Encephalitis was previously
known as Japan
ese B Encephalitis which is a member of Flaviviridae. Generally transmission of
animal diseases occurs by help of vector like
Mosquitoes are important vectors in the
transmission of animal diseases. It involves the transmission of viruses, bacte
ria, fungi, Protozoa