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Paper Details

Impact of Areal and Demographic Changes on Urban Growth of Srinagar City

Wani Rashid A

Journal Title:Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

The world population is predicted to grow from 6.9 billion in 2010 to 8.3 billion in 2030 and to 9.1 billion in 2050(UNDESA, 2009a) and 68% of these 9 billion people will reside in urban settings (UNDESA, 2009b). The detection and analysis of land use changes using remotely sensed data and GIS in the urban environment is an important issue in planning. Within the last four decades the proportion of people living in urban centres has considerably increases. The present study was conducted to analyze the expansion, pace and direction of the Srinagar city from 1971 to 2001. The population of the city increased from 122,618 in 1901 to 971357 in 2001. Srinagar had an area of 12.8 Km in 1901, which increased 278.1 Km in 2001, transforming its nearby agricultural land and other marshy land into social-urban use. For the sustainable utilization of the land resources, it is highly imperative to know location, extent and characteristics of the various land uses. Haphazard and unplanned growth of Srinagar city is the result of increasing population growth and density, transmigration from rural to urban areas, economic opportunities, agriculture land capture etc. Hence, an attempt has made in the present study to monitor the growth of Srinagar city for proper planning. The growth of the city has mainly occurred along the road corridors.