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Paper Details

Fisheries Resources of Kashmir: A case study of River Jhelum

Ajmair Singh Sodhi, J.D.Saroch and Jyoti Verma

Journal Title:Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences
Abstract


The Kashmir is world famous for its scenic beauty and charm. It is blessed with the loftiest mountains, lush green meadows and rich aquatic resources. The water resources of Kashmir include Indias largest fresh water Wular lake, world famous Dal lake, mighty river Jhelum, besides innumerable streams and springs. The valley of Kashmir has a total water spread area of about 32765.3 hectares which constitutes about 2% of the total area of Kashmir. The River Jhelum is considered as the life line of the Kashmir. Its origin is from a spring known as Verinag at the foot of Pir Panjal range in the south Kashmir and travels a distance of about 724 km before merging into Chenab River in Pakistan. It passes through the major districts of Kashmir valley before crossing line of control (LOC) and entering into POK (Pakistan occupied Kashmir). River Jhelum has dozen of tributaries distributed in both India and Pakistan. River Jhelum harbors different varieties of fish that include Trout, Schizothorax, Mahseer and Carps. The river Jhelum has been a source of livelihood for many fishermen living in the vicinity of river Jhelum. Due to different anthropogenic activities, the fish production of river Jhelum has taken a declining trend and demands the immediate conservational measures. In the present paper the authors gives an account of the features along river Jhelum, its fish fauna, fishing activities, fish catch and composition.

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