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Paper Details

Causative Factors of Pediatric Obesity and Interventions to Combat Obesity Among School Children at Madurai, Tamilnadu

G.G. Kavitha Shree, S. Parvathi and J.Pushpa

Journal Title:Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences
Abstract


In a study the prevalence of overweight was 84 per cent and obesity was 16 per cent in the selected children. It found that prevalence of overweight and obesity was significantly higher in girls when compared to boys. The study reveals that there was a significant relation between body mass index of the children and body mass index of their mothers. The findings indicated that majority of the children belonged to high family income group. There was a significant and positive relationship between Body Mass Index, Waist Hip Ratio and Waist circumference in the selected children. It found that one per cent increase in waist hip ratio would contribute 34.6 per cent of BMI in children and one-centimeter increase in waist circumference would increase 0.11 per cent BMI in children. Regarding eating habits of the selected children, 88 per cent of the children were non-vegetarians. Majority of the children (94.7%) preferred to take food outside. It found that children preferred to take foods in fast food restaurants and foods on wheel. About 85.3 per cent of the children were taking snack foods, 68 per cent of the children were consuming beverages and ice creams and 69.3 per cent of the children were taking bakery products while eating out. Majority (60%) of the children informed that they were taking snacks twice in a day. It found that children take fried foods(81.3%), bakery products (73.3%), sweets (66.7%) fast food items (89.3%) and softened beverages (56%) daily. It found that only 13.3 per cent of the children were taking raw vegetables and fruits daily. It was found that 69.3 per cent of the children preferred to share snacks from friends and 82 per cent of the children preferred snacks advertised through medias. Majority of the children (89.3%) were taking snacks while watching television. Majority (50.7%) of the children were spending 2-3 hours and 49.3 per cent of the children were spending 4-5 hours in watching television, computers and playing video games. It observed that 81.3 per cent of the children were not doing any exercises. There was a significant (t-7.22) retention in knowledge after 15 days in children. The results indicated that the parents had significant (t-25.05) gain in knowledge and significant retention (t-2.76) in knowledge after 15 days to the exposure of education programme through the developed compact disc.

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