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Paper Details

Mastitis, an Infection of Cattle Udder: A Review

Subhasree Patnaik1, Arun Prasad1and Subha Ganguly2*

Journal Title:Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Mastitis the chronic inflammation of the mammary gland of cattle and can have infectious and non-infectious etiology1. It is characterized by physical, chemical and usually bacteriological changes in the milk and pathological changes in the glandular tissue of the udder and affects quality and quantity of milk2. Mastitis is usually caused by bacteria that invade the udder, multiply and produce toxins which are harmful to the mammary gland3. It remains the most economically important disease of dairy industries around the world producing great economic loss to farmers. There are two forms of mastitis viz., clinical mastitis (CM) and Sub clinical mastitis (SCM).