Mastitis, an Infection of Cattle Udder: A Review
Subhasree Patnaik1, Arun Prasad1and Subha Ganguly2*
Journal Title:Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences
Mastitis the chronic inflammation of the mammary gland of cattle and
can have infectious and non-infectious etiology1. It is characterized by physical,
chemical and usually bacteriological changes in the milk and pathological changes
in the glandular tissue of the udder and affects quality and quantity of milk2.
Mastitis is usually caused by bacteria that invade the udder, multiply and produce
toxins which are harmful to the mammary gland3.
It remains the most economically important disease of dairy industries around the
world producing great economic loss to farmers. There are two forms of mastitis
viz., clinical mastitis (CM) and Sub clinical mastitis (SCM).