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Paper Details

Assessment of the Risk Factors of Oral Candidiasis among Commercial Sex Workers in Ijebu Ode Local Government Area of Ogun Satate, Nigeria

Quadri J.A1, Ojure M.A2 and Mosobalaje F.K3

Journal Title:Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Small amount of candida fungus are present in the mouth, digestive tract, and skin of most healthy people and are normally kept in check by other bacteria and microorganisms in the body. However, certain factors such as low immunity, oral sex, long term and long term antibiotic therapy, can disturb the delicate balance, causing the fungus candida to grow out of control, causing thrush. This research was carried out to assess the risk factors of oral candidacies among commercial sex workers in Ijebu-Ode area of Ogun state. Purposive sampling method was used to select the areas for the study while simple randomly sampling was used to select the fifty (50) commercial sex workers. Questionnaire was administered and analyzed using chi-square test at 0.05 level of significance. The finding shows that 48% of the subjects were at different time on long term antibiotics therapy while 40% do practice oral sex which is one of the major risk factors of oral candidiasis; it also showed that 40% commercial sex workers had STI (sexually transmitted infection) at different times. It appeared from the result that 44% of commercial sex workers have experienced oral candidiasis. Two of the three hypotheses were accepted. The outcome of the research shows that there is need for more education on the risk factors of oral candidiasis among commercial sex workers and teenagers, so that the menace of this deadly disease can reduced if not totally eradicated.