Late Planting of Wheat Varieties vs. Climate Change Adaption: Prospects for Resilient Varieties and Features
Orjeta Jaupaj1, Ilirjana Stamo2, Vladimir Malo4, Nikoll? Bardhi3,
Aranit Shkurti5, Af?rdita Laska1
Journal Title:Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences
The issue of building resilience to the climate change has already become a
concern for the worldwide research activities. Nevertheless, one of the major
apprehensions should be related to ensuring food security for the public at large.
Actually, Albania is expected to cope with an increase of extreme climatic events
caused by hard and intense precipitations mainly occurring during autumn months.
Therefore, such events are likely to threaten the planting process of wheat culture in
the western part of Albanian territory, which happens to be prone to constant floods
when such events occur.
This study aims at evaluating the resilience of three wheat varieties, i.e., LB7, DxM
and STF4 against their late planting. To serve this purpose, 1000 plants for each
variety have been sown in two different periods consisting of normal and late planting
time. In the anthesis stage of crops, the concentration of photosynthetic pigment
occurring in flag leafs as well as their surface area has been analyzed in each plot.
Besides, the number of kernels in the spike and their weight has been evaluated at the
end of the vegetative period.Based on the given results, conclusions have been drawn regarding the varieties
which ought to be planted if flood events occur in Albania. Moreover, considerations
have been made regarding the features which ought to be improved in the following
research aiming at better adaption of the crops to the changing climatic conditions.