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Paper Details

A Review on Lung Diseases in Special Reference to Asthma and its Impact

Stuti Shrivastava1, Pratibha Rani Dwivedi1, Seema Tiwari1*, Rashmi Arnald2, Arti Saxena3 and Snehlata Pandey4

Journal Title:Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences
Abstract


The lung is the essential respiration organ in many air-breathing animals, including most tetrapods, a few fish and a few snails. In mammals and the more complex life forms, the two lungs are located in the chest on either side of the heart. Their principal function is to transport oxygen from the atmosphere into the bloodstream, and to release carbon dioxide from the bloodstream into the atmosphere. In addition to their function in respiration, the lungs also alter the pH of blood by facilitating alterations in the partial pressure of carbon dioxide. Convert angiotensin I to angiotensin II by the action of angiotensin-converting enzyme. It may serve as a layer of soft, shock- absorbent protection for the heart, which the lungs flank and nearly enclose. Immunoglobulin-A is secreted in the bronchial secretion and protects against respiratory infections.

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