• We are available for your help 24/7
  • Email: info@isindexing.com, submission@isindexing.com

Paper Details

Prevalence of LBW and Macrosomic Newborns in the Neonatal Ward of Vlora Hospital

Ela Peto1*,Emirjona Kiaj1, Xheladin eka2, Emiljana Coraj3, Vasilika Prifti1

Journal Title:Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Birth weight of the newborn has a great impact on their health. There are many maternal factors that contribute in it. To evaluate the prevalence of macrosomic newborns and LBW, to distribute them according to demographic maternal factors during January - December 2013.This is a cross sectional study realized in the neonatal ward of Vlora hospital. This study included 652 newborns. We used a self-administered questionnaire based on clinical charts. The study included 652 newborns, 85.3% of them were 2500 3999 grams, 4% were < 2500 grams and 10.7% were ? 4000 grams. With the increase of the mothers age over 30 years old, we noticed that the number of macrosomic newborns increased, while the percentage of LBW stayed the same. The pre-gestational BMI affects the increase of the macrosomic newborns. With parity increase, we notice a decrease in LBW newborns, and an increase of the macrosomic newborns. Parity is an important factor that affects the weight of the newborn. When the parity increases, so does the number of macrosomic newborns, the number of newborns with LBW decreases. Overweight and obese mothers have a higher tendency to have macrosomic newborns. The gestational age is another important factor on the birth weight, gestational age increases, LBW newborn decrease, macrosomic increase. Macrosomic newborns are mainly males, LBW are mostly females.